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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 193 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advanced Materials Technologies     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 94)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 349)
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Batteries & Supercaps     Hybrid Journal  
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 307)
ECTI Transactions on Computer and Information Technology (ECTI-CIT)     Open Access  
ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 123)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 104)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 103)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Embedded Systems Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage     Hybrid Journal  
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
EPE Journal : European Power Electronics and Drives     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 209)
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access  
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 100)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 75)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 73)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Energy Systems Integration     Open Access  
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access  
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Industrial Technology Research Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Hybrid Intelligence     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access  
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 182)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Jurnal ELTIKOM : Jurnal Teknik Elektro, Teknologi Informasi dan Komputer     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Learning Technologies, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Magnetics Letters, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Nanotechnology Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Open Electrical & Electronic Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Optical Communications and Networking, IEEE/OSA Journal of     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Pulse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Revue Méditerranéenne des Télécommunications     Open Access  
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Services Computing, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Software Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Solid State Electronics Letters     Open Access  
Solid-State Circuits Magazine, IEEE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal  
Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ural Radio Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Visión Electrónica : algo más que un estado sólido     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wireless and Mobile Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Wireless Power Transfer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Women in Engineering Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Електротехніка і Електромеханіка     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Haptics, IEEE Transactions on
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.536
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1939-1412
Published by IEEE Homepage  [191 journals]
  • News from the Field
    • Authors: Lynette Jones;
      Pages: 224 - 226
      Abstract: This year's World Haptics Conference was held in Tokyo, Japan, from 9-12 July. Over 260 technical papers, posters demos, and design showcase presentations were presented at the conference. The Awards Committee determined the finalists and winners of each of the awards. In this "News from the Field" we present the winners of the Best Paper, Best Student Paper, Best Demo, Best Work-in-Progress Paper, and Best Design Showcase Awards. Abstracts of the winning papers are included.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Wearable and Hand-Held Haptics
    • Authors: Domenico Prattichizzo;Miguel Otaduy;Hiroyuki Kajimoto;Claudio Pacchierotti;
      Pages: 227 - 231
      Abstract: The papers in this special section examine the technology of wearable and hand-held haptic devices. These papers reflect several key directions in current research in this area. Researchers and engineers are devising new ways to better overcome the intrinsic limitations of these types of haptic interfaces, exploiting a renewed understanding of the perceptual basis of haptics and an improvement in the available design and manufacturing techniques. We expect knowledge in this area to continue to grow, thanks to the fertile interactions between activities in mechatronics, ergonomics, robotics, and haptics, as well as for the need for wearable and hand-held haptics driven by fast-growing applications such as gaming, rehabilitation, training, and medicine.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Getting Your Hands Dirty Outside the Lab: A Practical Primer for
           Conducting Wearable Vibrotactile Haptics Research
    • Authors: Jeffrey R. Blum;Pascal E. Fortin;Feras Al Taha;Parisa Alirezaee;Marc Demers;Antoine Weill-Duflos;Jeremy R. Cooperstock;
      Pages: 232 - 246
      Abstract: As haptics have become an ingrained part of our wearable experience, particularly through phones, smartwatches, and fitness trackers, significant research effort has been conducted to find new ways of using wearable haptics to convey information, especially while we are on-the-go. In this paper, instead of focusing on aspects of haptic information design, such as tacton encoding methods, actuators, and technical fabrication of devices, we address the more general recurring issues and “gotchas” that arise when moving from core haptic perceptual studies and in-lab wearable experiments to real world testing of wearable vibrotactile haptic systems. We summarize key issues for practitioners to take into account when designing and carrying out in-the-wild wearable haptic user studies, as well as for user studies in a lab environment that seek to simulate real-world conditions. We include not only examples from published work and commercial sources, but also hard-won illustrative examples derived from issues and failures from our own haptic studies. By providing a broad-based, accessible overview of recurring issues, we expect that both novice and experienced haptic researchers will find suggestions that will improve their own mobile wearable haptic studies.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Resonant Frequency Skin Stretch for Wearable Haptics
    • Authors: Peter B. Shull;Tian Tan;Heather Culbertson;Xiangyang Zhu;Allison M. Okamura;
      Pages: 247 - 256
      Abstract: Resonant frequency skin stretch uses cyclic lateral skin stretches matching the skin's resonant frequency to create highly noticeable stimuli, signifying a new approach for wearable haptic stimulation. Four experiments were performed to explore biomechanical and perceptual aspects of resonant frequency skin stretch. In the first experiment, effective skin resonant frequencies were quantified at the forearm, shank, and foot. In the second experiment, perceived haptic stimuli were characterized for skin stretch actuations across a spectrum of frequencies. In the third experiment, perceived haptic stimuli were characterized by different actuator masses. In the fourth experiment, haptic classification ability was determined as subjects differentiated haptic stimulation cues while sitting, walking, and jogging. Results showed that subjects perceived stimulations at, above, and below the skin's resonant frequency differently: stimulations lower than the skin resonant frequency felt like distinct impacts, stimulations at the skin resonant frequency felt like cyclic skin stretches, and stimulations higher than the skin resonant frequency felt like standard vibrations. Subjects successfully classified stimulations while sitting, walking, and jogging, perceived haptic stimuli was affected by actuator mass, and classification accuracy decreased with increasing speed, especially for stimulations at the shank. This paper could facilitate more widespread use of wearable skin stretch. Potential applications include gaming, medical simulation, and surgical augmentation, and for training to reduce injury risk or improve sports performance.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Wearable Tactile Display Based on Thermal Expansion of Nichrome Wire
    • Authors: Hiroyuki Kajimoto;Lynette A. Jones;
      Pages: 257 - 268
      Abstract: A wearable tactile display needs to be compact and lightweight, and ideally should be able to present vibration, force, and temperature information to the hand. In many contexts spatially distributed tactile information is needed such as when identifying the shape of objects. In this paper, a multi-element tactile display is described based on the thermal expansion and contraction of nichrome wire. The device comprises elastic rods that are pulled by nichrome wires (30 μm in diameter). When an electrical current is applied to the wire, displacement of the elastic rod occurs with thermal elongation of the wire. The wire cools quickly and vibration results. The nichrome wire that is the basis of this display overcomes many of the material restrictions associated with shape memory alloys that have often been used for thermally driven tactile displays. Experiments that characterized the performance of the tactile display indicated that perceptible vibrations up to 320 Hz can be presented. Psychophysical studies revealed that both position and movement cues can be displayed effectively with the device. A miniaturized version of this display for wearable applications has been built and undergone preliminary evaluation.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Passive Force-Feedback Gloves With Joint-Based Variable Impedance Using
           Layer Jamming
    • Authors: Yu Zhang;Dangxiao Wang;Ziqi Wang;Yuru Zhang;Jing Xiao;
      Pages: 269 - 280
      Abstract: Force feedback gloves have a great potential in enhancing the fidelity of virtual reality and teleoperation systems. It is a challenge to develop multifinger and lightweight force feedback gloves. In this paper, we propose a solution using layer jamming sheet (LJS) on each finger joint. In simulating free space, the LJS is soft and easy to deform, which allows the finger joints to move freely with a small resistance force. In simulating constrained space, the LJS becomes stiff, which provides resistance torques to prevent the rotation of finger joints. Possible solutions for mounting the LJS on finger joints are investigated. Mechanical models of the LJS are derived by quantifying the relationship between the bending stiffness and the pressure, material, and geometry of the layer. Experiments are performed to characterize the mechanical behavior of the LJS actuator and to validate the performance of the different design solutions in simulating free space and constrained space. Experimental results indicate the potential of the proposed joint-based LJS-actuated approach in developing lightweight force feedback gloves.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • FW-Touch: A Finger Wearable Haptic Interface With an MR Foam Actuator for
           Displaying Surface Material Properties on a Touch Screen
    • Authors: Dapeng Chen;Aiguo Song;Lei Tian;Liyue Fu;Hong Zeng;
      Pages: 281 - 294
      Abstract: The haptic interface plays an increasingly important role in enhancing the realism and immersion of the user's interaction with the touch screen. Inspired by the wearable haptic system, this paper proposes a finger wearable device called FW-Touch for touch screen interaction. The device provides normal force, lateral force, and vibrotactile feedback for the interaction of the finger and the touch screen through three internally integrated actuators. By displaying the hardness, friction, and roughness of a virtual surface, the device is capable of simulating the active exploration and sensing process of the finger on a real surface. This paper describes the design and specifications of the FW-Touch, and details the design process of a magnetorheological (MR) foam actuator that uses a Hall sensor to correct the output force. Through physical measurements and psychophysical experiments, we comprehensively evaluated the force feedback performance of the FW-Touch and its ability in displaying the stiffness and friction of the virtual surface. The results show that improving the accuracy of force feedback is necessary for virtual stiffness display, and the accuracy and effectiveness of the FW-Touch in displaying virtual surface features can be confirmed from the measured stiffness and friction Weber fractions.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Implementation of a 6-DOF Parallel Continuum Manipulator for Delivering
           Fingertip Tactile Cues
    • Authors: Eric M. Young;Katherine J. Kuchenbecker;
      Pages: 295 - 306
      Abstract: Existing fingertip haptic devices can deliver different subsets of tactile cues in a compact package, but we have not yet seen a wearable six-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) display. This paper presents the Fuppeteer (short for Fingertip Puppeteer), a device that is capable of controlling the position and orientation of a flat platform, such that any combination of normal and shear force can be delivered at any location on any human fingertip. We build on our previous work of designing a parallel continuum manipulator for fingertip haptics by presenting a motorized version in which six flexible Nitinol wires are actuated via independent roller mechanisms and proportional-derivative controllers. We evaluate the settling time and end-effector vibrations observed during system responses to step inputs. After creating a six-dimensional lookup table and adjusting simulated inputs using measured Jacobians, we show that the device can make contact with all parts of the fingertip with a mean error of 1.42 mm. Finally, we present results from a human-subject study. A total of 24 users discerned 9 evenly distributed contact locations with an average accuracy of 80.5%. Translational and rotational shear cues were identified reasonably well near the center of the fingertip and more poorly around the edges.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Power Law Based “Out of Body” Tactile Funneling for Mobile
           Haptics
    • Authors: Payal Patel;Rahul Kumar Ray;Muniyandi Manivannan;
      Pages: 307 - 318
      Abstract: ``Out of body” tactile illusions can serve as a tool to exploit the limitations of human perception to augment the information displayed in the mobile haptic devices. The objective of this study was to establish a psychophysics based mathematical relationship between the intensity of physical and phantom stimulus rendered “out of the body.” In order to achieve this objective, three experiments were conducted, the first experiment was to compare three existing algorithms (linear, logarithmic, and square) defined for “on the body” when extended to “out of the body,” the second experiment was to test the pertinence of the best performing algorithm from first experiment, and the third experiment was designed to identify an ideal mathematical relation using psychophysical studies. Fifteen subjects participated in the experiments and the physical stimuli were provided to the index fingers of both the hands such that the phantom stimulus was perceived in the mid-air between them. Results of the first experiment depicted that the “square algorithm” was the best among the three. Results of the second experiment proved “square algorithm” to be better than other two algorithms but not ideal to define mathematical relation for “out of body” tactile funneling illusion. Results of the third experiment established a novel and better performing algorithm using “power relationship” between the intensity of physical and phantom stimulus leading to “out of body” tactile funneling. Although this paper defines the power relationship between the phantom and physical stimulus intensity, the relationship between location of phantom stimulus and the physical stimulus inten-ity remains the future scope of this study.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Avatar Embodiment Enhances Haptic Confidence on the Out-of-Body Touch
           Illusion
    • Authors: Mar Gonzalez-Franco;Christopher C. Berger;
      Pages: 319 - 326
      Abstract: In the real world, our bodies influence how we perceive ourselves and how others perceive us. Our body can also affect estimations of object sizes and distances. But how does our body affect our haptic experience' Here, we examined the modulation of a visuo-haptic illusion of touch on a virtual stick in virtual reality, when participants were embodied in an avatar and when they were not. During the experiments participants (n = 49) received successions of three taps delivered from two independent controllers while they saw visual stimuli presented sequentially along the virtual stick. The stimulation pattern resulted in a robust illusion of tapping directly on the virtual stick. After each trial, participants were asked to report where they perceived the taps. We found that participants in both the body and no-body conditions displaced the second tap toward the center of the stick, and reported similar levels of certainty about their reported location. However, the illusion of touch on the stick, as measured by the reported location of the tap, was significantly stronger for those who had a virtual body than those who did not. Therefore, our study shows that avatar embodiment can change haptic perception.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Representing Interpersonal Touch Directions by Tactile Apparent Motion
           Using Smart Bracelets
    • Authors: Taku Hachisu;Kenji Suzuki;
      Pages: 327 - 338
      Abstract: We present a novel haptic interaction to vibro-tactually connect an interpersonal touch using bracelet devices. A pair of bracelet devices identifies the user who is actively touching and the other who is passively touched, defining the direction as being from the former to the latter. By controlling the vibrational feedback, the pair induces a tactile apparent motion representing the direction between two hands. The bracelets are comprised of our developed interpersonal body area network module, an acceleration sensor, and a vibrator. The devices communicate with each other through electrical current flowing along the hands to identify the direction by sharing accelerations just before a touch and to synchronize the feedback in less than ten milliseconds. Experiment 1 demonstrates that the vibration propagated from a bracelet device to the wearer's hand is perceivable by another. Experiment 2 determines sets of optimal actuation parameters, stimulus onset asynchrony, and duration of vibration to induce the tactile apparent motion based on a psychophysical approach. In addition, vibration propagation between hands is observed. Experiment 3 demonstrates the capability of the developed device to present the haptic interaction.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Can Wearable Haptic Devices Foster the Embodiment of Virtual Limbs'
    • Authors: Jakob Fröhner;Gionata Salvietti;Philipp Beckerle;Domenico Prattichizzo;
      Pages: 339 - 349
      Abstract: Increasing presence is one of the primary goals of virtual reality research. A crucial aspect is that users are capable of distinguishing their self from the external virtual world. The hypothesis we investigate is that wearable haptics play an important role in the body experience and could thereby contribute to the immersion of the user in the virtual environment. A within-subject study (n=32) comparing the embodiment of a virtual hand with different implementations of haptic feedback (force feedback, vibrotactile feedback, and no haptic feedback) is presented. Participants wore a glove with haptic feedback devices at thumb and index finger. They were asked to put virtual cubes on a moving virtual target. Touching a virtual object caused vibrotactile-feedback, force-feedback or no feedback depending on the condition. These conditions were provided both synchronously and asynchronously. Embodiment was assessed quantitatively with the proprioceptive drift and subjectively via a questionnaire. Results show that haptic feedback significantly improves the subjective embodiment of a virtual hand and that force feedback leads to stronger responses to certain subscales of subjective embodiment. These outcomes are useful guidelines for wearable haptic designer and represent a basis for further research concerning human body experience, in reality, and in virtual environments.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Human–Robot Team Interaction Through Wearable Haptics for
           Cooperative Manipulation
    • Authors: Selma Musić;Gionata Salvietti;Pablo Budde gen. Dohmann;Francesco Chinello;Domenico Prattichizzo;Sandra Hirche;
      Pages: 350 - 362
      Abstract: The interaction of robot teams and single human in teleoperation scenarios is beneficial in cooperative tasks, for example, the manipulation of heavy and large objects in remote or dangerous environments. The main control challenge of the interaction is its asymmetry, arising because robot teams have a relatively high number of controllable degrees of freedom compared to the human operator. Therefore, we propose a control scheme that establishes the interaction on spaces of reduced dimensionality taking into account the low number of human command and feedback signals imposed by haptic devices. We evaluate the suitability of wearable haptic fingertip devices for multi-contact teleoperation in a user study. The results show that the proposed control approach is appropriate for human-robot team interaction and that the wearable haptic fingertip devices provide suitable assistance in cooperative manipulation tasks.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • SwarmTouch: Guiding a Swarm of Micro-Quadrotors With Impedance Control
           Using a Wearable Tactile Interface
    • Authors: Evgeny Tsykunov;Ruslan Agishev;Roman Ibrahimov;Luiza Labazanova;Akerke Tleugazy;Dzmitry Tsetserukou;
      Pages: 363 - 374
      Abstract: To achieve a smooth and safe guiding of a drone formation by a human operator, we propose a novel interaction strategy for a human-swarm communication, which combines impedance control and vibrotactile feedback. The presented approach takes into account the human hand velocity and changes the formation shape and dynamics accordingly using impedance interlinks simulated between quadrotors, which helps to achieve a natural swarm behavior. Several tactile patterns representing static and dynamic parameters of the swarm are proposed. The user feels the state of the swarm at the fingertips and receives valuable information to improve the controllability of the complex formation. A user study revealed the patterns with high recognition rates. A flight experiment demonstrated the possibility to accurately navigate the formation in a cluttered environment using only tactile feedback. Subjects stated that tactile sensation allows guiding the drone formation through obstacles and makes the human-swarm communication more interactive. The proposed technology can potentially have a strong impact on the human-swarm interaction, providing a higher level of awareness during the swarm navigation.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
  • Haptic Feedback Perception and Learning With Cable-Driven Guidance in
           Exosuit Teleoperation of a Simulated Drone
    • Authors: Carine Rognon;Vivek Ramachandran;Amy R Wu;Auke J Ijspeert;Dario Floreano;
      Pages: 375 - 385
      Abstract: Robotics teleoperation enables human operators to control the movements of distally located robots. The development of new wearable interfaces as alternatives to hand-held controllers has created new modalities of control, which are more intuitive to use. Nevertheless, such interfaces also require a period of adjustment before operators can carry out their tasks proficiently. In several fields of human-machine interaction, haptic guidance has proven to be an effective training tool for enhancing user performance. This paper presents the results of psychophysical and motor learning studies that were carried out with human participant to assess the effect of cable-driven haptic guidance for a task involving aerial robotic teleoperation. The guidance system was integrated into an exosuit, called the Flyjacket, that was developed to control drones with torso movements. Results for the just noticeable difference and from the Stevens Power Law suggest that the perception of force on the users' torso scales linearly with the amplitude of the force exerted through the cables and the perceived force is close to the magnitude of the stimulus. Motor learning studies reveal that this form of haptic guidance improves user performance in training, but this improvement is not retained when participants are evaluated without guidance.
      PubDate: July-Sept. 1 2019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2019)
       
 
 
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