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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advanced Materials Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 100)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Batteries & Supercaps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 309)
ECTI Transactions on Computer and Information Technology (ECTI-CIT)     Open Access  
ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 124)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 109)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 103)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elektronika ir Elektortechnika     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Emitor : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
EPE Journal : European Power Electronics and Drives     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 102)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
IEEE Embedded Systems Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Letters on Electromagnetic Compatibility Practice and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Magnetics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
IEEE Open Journal of Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Open Journal of the Industrial Electronics Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
IEEE Pulse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 367)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 74)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 227)
IEEE Transactions on Haptics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
IEEE Transactions on Services Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79)
IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Energy Systems Integration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Technology Research Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Hybrid Intelligence     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access  
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 189)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Jurnal ELTIKOM : Jurnal Teknik Elektro, Teknologi Informasi dan Komputer     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Open Electrical & Electronic Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Revue Méditerranéenne des Télécommunications     Open Access  
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Solid State Electronics Letters     Open Access  
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.941
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 13  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0018-9316
Published by IEEE Homepage  [229 journals]
  • [Front cover]
    • Abstract: Presents the front cover for this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting
    • Abstract: Presents a listing of the editorial board, board of governors, current staff, committee members, and/or society editors for this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting information for authors
    • Abstract: These instructions give guidelines for preparing papers for this publication. Presents information for authors publishing in this journal.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting Special Issue on: Convergence of
           Broadcast and Broadband in the 5G Era
    • Authors: David Gomez-Barquero;Jae-Young Lee;Sungjun Ahn;Cristiano Akamine;Dazhi He;Jon Montalaban;Jintao Wang;Wei Li;Yiyan Wu;
      Pages: 383 - 389
      Abstract: The Fifth generation of mobile broadband (BB) networks, popularly known as 5G, aims to revolutionize different vertical industries, including media broadcasting. Although it remains to be seen the real impact and timescale of the 5G revolution, 5G may represent an opportunity rather than a threat for broadcast (BC), especially when considering new approaches for BC and BB evolving into new converged platforms inter-connecting terrestrial BC and cellular/wired BB systems together [item 1) in the Appendix]. Hybrid BC-BB platforms are already a success in several countries, based, e.g., on HbbTV in EU, hybridcast in Japan and Ginga in Brazil. But the increasing importance of fixed and mobile BB IP delivery for television services, well-illustrated by the new IP-based ATSC 3.0 standard [item 2) in the Appendix] and the on-going DVB-I (Internet) specification, and the fact that the 5G system will support and be interoperable with non-3GPP access technologies, potentially allowing multiple access technologies to be used simultaneously for one or more services, opens the door to new convergence scenarios.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • 5G Mixed Mode: NR Multicast-Broadcast Services
    • Authors: E. Garro;M. Fuentes;J. L. Carcel;H. Chen;D. Mi;F. Tesema;J. J. Gimenez;D. Gomez-Barquero;
      Pages: 390 - 403
      Abstract: This work presents a potential solution for enabling the use of multicast in the 5G New Radio Release 17, called 5G NR Mixed Mode. The proposed multicast/broadcast mode follows one of the two approaches envisaged in 3GPP, which enables a dynamic and seamless switching between unicast and multicast, both in the downlink and the uplink. This paper also provides a performance evaluation of several IMT-2020 KPIs, including available data rate and spectral efficiency, user and control plane latencies, energy efficiency, and mobility, highlighting the potential advantages of this solution over unicast in relevant scenarios. Finally, other multipoint–based KPIs such as coverage or packet loss rate are also evaluated by means of system level simulations.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • 5G Radio Access Network Architecture for Terrestrial Broadcast Services
    • Authors: Mikko Säily;Carlos Barjau Estevan;Jordi Joan Gimenez;Fasil Tesema;Wei Guo;David Gomez-Barquero;De Mi;
      Pages: 404 - 415
      Abstract: The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) has defined based on the Long Term Evolution (LTE) enhanced Multicast Broadcast Multimedia Service (eMBMS) a set of new features to support the distribution of Terrestrial Broadcast services in Release 14. On the other hand, a new 5th Generation (5G) system architecture and radio access technology, 5G New Radio (NR), are being standardized from Release 15 onwards, which so far have only focused on unicast connectivity. This may change in Release 17 given a new Work Item set to specify basic Radio Access Network (RAN) functionalities for the provision of multicast/broadcast communications for NR. This work initially excludes some of the functionalities originally supported for Terrestrial Broadcast services under LTE, e.g., free to air, receive-only mode, large-area single frequency networks, etc. This paper proposes an enhanced Next Generation RAN architecture based on 3GPP Release 15 with a series of architectural and functional enhancements, to support an efficient, flexible and dynamic selection between unicast and multicast/broadcast transmission modes and also the delivery of Terrestrial Broadcast services. The paper elaborates on the Cloud-RAN based architecture and proposes new concepts such as the RAN Broadcast/Multicast Areas that allows a more flexible deployment in comparison to eMBMS. High-level assessment methodologies including complexity analysis and inspection are used to evaluate the feasibility of the proposed architecture design and compare it with the 3GPP architectural requirements.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Towards NR MBMS: A Flexible Partitioning Method for SFN Areas
    • Authors: He-Hsuan Liu;Hung-Yu Wei;
      Pages: 416 - 427
      Abstract: The demand for multimedia services is increasing at an astonishing speed. To deal with the overwhelming data traffic, approaches such as extending available bandwidth are proposed in wireless communication technology. Apart from the enlargement of bandwidth, the enhancement of the efficiency of resource usage is also grabbing the eye. 3GPP has introduced MBMS as a solution to improve the efficiency of resource usage since LTE release 8. Although going through many further enhancements in the recent releases, MBMS still needs modification to meet the requirements for applications in the future. Hence, for the emerging NR MBMS, more flexible network structure, deployment, and resource usage are the main topics for enhancements. In this paper, we identify that the system performance can be improved by adjusting the SFN area with the existence of inter-bearer interference. By allocating the same resources to different SFN areas, the system performance enhances in some cases. As such, we propose a graph-based solution called GGPA to address the problem of utility optimization. After an exclusion stage and a merging stage, GGPA outputs a result which partitions a given topology into multiple non-overlapping SFNs. The simulation results show that GGPA attains the sub-optimality in each identified scenario; in addition, it consumes less calculation time compared with exhaustive search. With the dynamic configuration of MBSFN areas resulting from GGPA, the NR MBMS could achieve better resource efficiency.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Enabling Multicast and Broadcast in the 5G Core for Converged Fixed and
           Mobile Networks
    • Authors: Tuan Tran;David Navrátil;Peter Sanders;Jon Hart;Roman Odarchenko;Carlos Barjau;Baruch Altman;Christophe Burdinat;David Gomez-Barquero;
      Pages: 428 - 439
      Abstract: The fifth generation of cellular technologies, 5G, promises to deliver a wide variety of services. However, the first release of 5G (3GPP Rel-15) did not consider multicast capabilities in the 5G system including both access and core networks. This article fills the gap by describing solutions for 5G mobile core network architecture incorporating multicast and broadcast capabilities. Two innovative solutions to provision multicast and broadcast, based on 3GPP Rel-15 arechitecture, have been proposed and analyzed. One is 5G architecture friendly with low imprint over Rel-15 while the other is based on the evolution of LTE Broadcast architecture. The architectural solutions feature two new main transmission modes: transparent multicast transport and point-to-multipoint services. The former enables the 5G network as a network pipe supporting multicast traffic providing a cost-effective delivery mode for multimedia while the latter enables multicast and broadcast as a service. The paper also presents a convergent fixed wireline and mobile network architecture based on the proposed mobile network architecture altenatives. The proposed architecture alternatives are suitable for different verticals and applications such as Digital Terrestrial Television, Public Warning, Internet of Things, V2X (vehicle to everything) and mission critical communications (MCC).
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • IP-Based Cooperative Services Using ATSC 3.0 Broadcast and Broadband
    • Authors: Jae-young Lee;Sung-Ik Park;Hyun-Jeong Yim;Bo-Mi Lim;Sunhyoung Kwon;Sungjun Ahn;Namho Hur;
      Pages: 440 - 448
      Abstract: This paper presents Internet protocol (IP)-based convergence of broadcast and broadband networks using Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) 3.0–the next generation terrestrial broadcasting standard. In the broadcast network, the combination of Layered Division Multiplexing (LDM) and Scalable High Efficiency Video Codec (SHVC) is used, enabling efficient use of spectrum when mobile and fixed services are intended in a single radio frequency (RF) channel. The proposed use case of IP-based convergence is that a service is largely consumed through the high power high tower (HPHT) based broadcast network, and then alternative streams are requested via unicast for areas where broadcast signals are not receivable. The implementation details of broadcast and broadband convergence include MPEG Media Transport (MMT)/Real-time Objective delivery over Unidirectional Transport (ROUTE) description for broadcast useand Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (DASH) for broadband use. To achieve seamless convergence between broadcast and broadband, transmission and reception systems based on ATSC 3.0 are hardware-developed and their implementation details are described. The proposed IP-based convergence use case of ATSC 3.0 broadcast and broadband is verified in a real-field environment using a public cellular network.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • ATSC 3.0 Broadcast 5G Unicast Heterogeneous Network Converged Services
           Starting Release 16
    • Authors: Michael Simon;Ebenezer Kofi;Louis Libin;Mark Aitken;
      Pages: 449 - 458
      Abstract: In this paper, the ATSC 3.0 broadcast Radio Access Technology (RAT) is aligned with 3GPP 5G NR RAT in the context of 5G convergence starting in Release 16. The 5G system architecture release 16 includes a new 5G physical layer known as 5G NR “New Radio” and a “Cloud Native” 5G Core (5GC) using cloud computing. The 5GC is agnostic to the type of radio access technology used and is enabler of many types of convergence. A novel shared multi-tenant broadcast core network architecture designed to interwork with 5GC is discussed. With the 3GPP 5G NR unicast and Non-3GPP ATSC 3.0 broadcast synergistically aligned using methods of Release 16. This includes using 3GPP Access Traffic Steering, Switching, Splitting (ATSSS) and a multi-radio dual simultaneous connected User Equipment (UE). This aligns ATSC 3.0, the first forward looking (non-backward-compatible) native IP OFDM broadcast standard, with 3GPP LTE/5G unicast as a converged 5G vertical. The proposed method and architecture are orthogonal to LTE broadcast Release 16 and is synergistic to 5G NR mixed-mode multicast unicast in future.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Cellular Terrestrial Broadcast—Physical Layer Evolution From 3GPP
           Release 9 to Release 16
    • Authors: Ayan Sengupta;Alberto Rico Alvarino;Amer Catovic;Lorenzo Casaccia;
      Pages: 459 - 470
      Abstract: We present the latest developments in the physical layer evolution for the transmission of Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (MBMS) over fifth generation (5G) cellular networks. We first provide an overview of how the MBMS physical layer has evolved during the initial releases of the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) specifications and provide motivations and insights for key developments that have helped mature MBMS into a competitive broadcasting solution. We provide an overview of dedicated MBMS carriers for Multimedia Broadcast multicast service Single Frequency Network (MBSFN) transmission as well as Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) numerologies with longer cyclic prefixes to support MBSFN transmission over large geographical areas with large distances between cooperating cell sites. Next, we describe the most recent enhancements to the MBMS physical layer, addressing advanced use cases in the recently completed release of the 3GPP specifications (Release 16). First, we describe the physical layer design for enabling MBSFN-based MBMS services for rooftop receivers with inter-site distances between cooperating cell sites as large as 125 km. In this realm, we demonstrate the need for an OFDM numerology with a 300-microsecond cyclic prefix to communicate effectively over channels with very large delay spreads. Next, we explain how support for high mobility up to 250 kmph was added to the standards by using an OFDM numerology that gracefully trades off inter-symbol interference due to large delay spreads and inter-carrier interference due to large doppler spreads to achieve better performance than existing numerologies at high speeds. Finally, we describe the enhancements that were made to the Cell Acquisition Subframe (CAS)--specifically, the introduction of larger aggregation levels for the Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH) and the support of Physical Broadcast Channel (PBCH) repetitions--that significantly increase the co-erage for the control and system information associated with MBMS that are carried by these subframes.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Overview of Physical Layer Enhancement for 5G Broadcast in Release 16
    • Authors: Dazhi He;Wanting Wang;Yin Xu;Xiuxuan Huang;Hao Cheng;Xiaohan Duan;Yihang Huang;Hanjiang Hong;Yiwei Zhang;Wenjun Zhang;
      Pages: 471 - 480
      Abstract: 3GPP is now carrying forward the development of the point to multipoint transmission mode of 5G on the basis of the cellular infrastructure and standard. Since the dedicated proposal for multimedia broadcast multicast system (MBMS) was approved, the MBMS technologies are evolving with the update of the requirements from 3G to 5G. This paper reviews the latest progress during the evolved MBMS standardization, which focuses on the LTE-based 5G terrestrial broadcast mode. Some agreements in terms of two widely discussed topics during 3GPP meetings, cell acquisition subframe (CAS) enhancement and numerology refinement, are presented. The enhancement of CAS and the update of numerology aim to deal with the service outage issue in the case of covering large area and serving high-mobility users. To verify the improvement brought by the CAS enhancement and the new numerology, simulations from system level and link level are carried out by several organizations and the representative results are presented and analyzed in this paper.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Enhancements on Coding and Modulation Schemes for LTE-Based 5G Terrestrial
           Broadcast System
    • Authors: Yin Xu;Na Gao;Hanjiang Hong;Yang Cai;Xiaohan Duan;Dazhi He;Yiyan Wu;Wenjun Zhang;
      Pages: 481 - 489
      Abstract: Broadcasting and broadband network is moving towards integration and LTE-based 5G terrestrial broadcast is now researched in Release 16 in Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) standardization meetings. However, the work scope of LTE-based 5G terrestrial broadcast focuses on specifying new numerologies and some minor improvement on cell acquisition subframe, which is insufficient. In this paper, limitations in coding and modulation schemes of LTE-based 5G terrestrial broadcast system, e.g., Turbo codes and Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM), are detailedly analyzed. To further enhance the spectrum efficiency of LTE-based 5G terrestrial broadcast system, LDPC (Low Density Parity Check) codes from 5G new radio (NR) standard and newly designed non-uniform constellations (NUCs) are adopted in this paper to replace Turbo codes and QAM respectively. Extensive simulations and complexity analysis show that the proposed LDPC coding and NUC modulation scheme, either standalone or combined, can provide significant performance gain over Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) and Tapped Delayline (TDL) channels, without additional complexity. To summarize, this paper investigates the weakness of the coding and modulation schemes in current systems and provides potential alternatives for the enhanced future broadcast in 3GPP standard.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Using Non-Orthogonal Multiplexing in 5G-MBMS to Achieve
           Broadband-Broadcast Convergence With High Spectral Efficiency
    • Authors: Liang Zhang;Wei Li;Yiyan Wu;Yu Xue;Elvino Sousa;Sung-Ik Park;Jae-Young Lee;Namho Hur;Heung-Mook Kim;
      Pages: 490 - 502
      Abstract: The development of 5G system provides a unique opportunity to implement a unified wireless transmission platform that can simultaneous deliver unicast, multicast and broadcast services using the same spectrum and the same infrastructure. This can be achieved by developing a more capable point-to-multipoint transmission (PTM) system component, also called 5G Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Services (5G-MBMS). A properly designed 5G-MBMS could achieve the convergence of terrestrial mobile broadband and TV broadcasting systems.By inherently allowing dynamic spectrum allocation among different types of services, this converged system could offer significant higher spectrum utilization. In this paper, the power-based non-orthogonal multiplexing (P-NOM) technology is proposed in addition to the existing orthogonal time-division-multiplexing (TDM) scheme. Significant capacity gains could be achieved by using P-NOM in a 5G-MBMS system for delivering different types of broadcast services, and for delivering mixed unicast and broadcast services. The capacity benefits of a 5G-MBMS with P-NOM is demonstrated by both theoretical analysis and computer simulations. A key finding is that using a two-layer P-NOM can essentially deliver a broadcast service on top of a unicast network, each achieving nearly full capacity. Next, a complexity analysis will reveal that implementing P-NOM in a 5G-MBMS system does not require significant additional complexity at consumer devices. Finally, it will be shown that, different from the non-orthogonal-multiple-access (NOMA) technologies, using P-NOM in 5G-MBMS system requires little or no change to the existing radio resource allocation mechanisms in LTE and 5G, when one power layer is used for broadcast services delivery.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Using NOMA for Enabling Broadcast/Unicast Convergence in 5G Networks
    • Authors: Eneko Iradier;Jon Montalban;Lorenzo Fanari;Pablo Angueira;Liang Zhang;Yiyan Wu;Wei Li;
      Pages: 503 - 514
      Abstract: This paper addresses the challenge of broadcast and unicast convergence by proposing a PHY/MAC (Physical Layer/Medium Access Control) architecture for 5G New Radio (NR). The solution is based on Power domain Non Orthogonal Multiple Access (P-NOMA). The main PHY/MAC configuration parameters have been analyzed theoretically and their impact on the service configurations is presented in this manuscript. The system concept has been translated into a prototype model and different evaluation tests are presented. First, simulations show that the PHY layer performs better than Time Division Multiplexing/Frequency Division Multiplexing (TDM/FDM) choices of current broadband access systems. Second, performance tests using a network simulation tool are described. The results for capacity, latency and reliability demonstrate that the proposed solution offers an excellent broadcast/unicast convergence choice with significant gain values with respect to legacy PHY/MAC alternatives.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Lightweight 3-D Beamforming Design in 5G UAV Broadcasting Communications
    • Authors: Wang Miao;Chunbo Luo;Geyong Min;Zhiwei Zhao;
      Pages: 515 - 524
      Abstract: Owning the merits of flexible networking, rapid deployment, strong line-of-sight communications and so on, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) has been regarded as a promising technology for the Fifth-Generation (5G) wireless network to realise its ambition of ubiquitous connectivity to support the various applications, e.g., broadcasting/multicasting services. However, the unique features of the UAV systems, e.g., highly agile mobility in the three-dimensional space, and the significant size, weight and power constraints, pose new challenges for 5G broadcasting communications. In order to fully harvest the benefits of UAV-aided 5G communications for broadcasting services, a new position based lightweight beamforming technology is proposed in this paper to enhance the capability of signal reception in 5G UAV broadcasting communications. Instead of relying on the channel estimation to form beams, which would cause significant broadband consumption, the position and mobility information of UAV system is exploited to predict UAV movement and form narrow beams to track UAV for signal enhancement and interference cancellation. To flight against the inherent position error, a new position correction method is designed to jointly utilise the DoA information of 5G system and the position information of the UAV system. Comprehensive simulation experiments are conducted based on 3GPP 5G specifications and the results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the benchmark Zero-Forcing (ZF) without position prediction and position-based beamforming without position correction.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Future 5G mmWave TV Service With Fast List Decoding of Polar Codes
    • Authors: Tao Hong;Tao Tang;Xinjie Dong;Rongke Liu;Weiting Zhao;
      Pages: 525 - 533
      Abstract: The commercial deployment of 5G technology has brought new opportunities and challenges to digital broadcasting service. Digital broadcasting, together with other applications, will have to rely on 5G mmWave channel to transmit high quality signals. In mmWave band, channel coding is a key technology to ensure reliable information transmission and quality of service. This paper correspondingly proposes a fast simplified multi-bit successive cancellation list (Fast-SMSCL) decoding method for polar codes, with FPGA implementation details. Simulation study shows that our proposed method makes fully use of consecutive information bits and achieves prominent latency reduction compared to the conventional simplified multi-bit successive cancellation list decoding.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • 5G Internet of Radio Light Positioning System for Indoor Broadcasting
    • Authors: Lina Shi;Dayu Shi;Xun Zhang;Benjamin Meunier;Hequn Zhang;Zhan Wang;Andrei Vladimirescu;Wei Li;Yue Zhang;John Cosmas;Kareem Ali;Nawar Jawad;Rudolf Zetik;Eric Legale;Matteo Satta;Jintao Wang;Jian Song;
      Pages: 534 - 544
      Abstract: Many features of 5G are definitely important to the broadcasting service, including diverse content services such as follow-me TV, video-on-demand, but also gaming, Virtual reality (VR) and Augmented reality (AR) and many others. Meanwhile, those services depend more and more on the user’s position accuracy, especially in indoor environment. With the increase of broadcasting data traffic indoors, to obtain a highly accurate position is becoming a challenge because of the impact of radio interference. In order to support a high-quality indoor broadcasting service, a high-accuracy positioning, radiation-free, and high-capacity communication system is urgently needed. In this paper, a 5G indoor positioning system is proposed for museums. It utilizes unlicensed visible light of the electromagnetic spectrum to provide museum visitors with high-accuracy positioning, multiple forms of interaction services, and high-resolution multimedia delivery on a mobile device. The geographic data and the location-related data integrated into the 5G New Radio (NR) waveform are detailed. A general-purpose system architecture is provided and some basic techniques to enhance system performance are also investigated. A preliminary demonstration is built in the laboratory environment. It supports over 45.25 Mbps data rate and a mean positioning error of 0.18 m.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Beamspace MIMO-NOMA for Millimeter-Wave Broadcasting via Full-Duplex D2D
    • Authors: Jianguo Li;Xiangming Li;Aihua Wang;Neng Ye;
      Pages: 545 - 554
      Abstract: In order to meet the tremendous requirements on the convergence between broadband and broadcast, this paper proposes to incorporate layered division multiplexing (LDM), an important variant of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) technologies, into Millimeter wave (mmWave) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system with device-to-device (D2D) communications to simultaneously provide broadcast and unicast services. The performance of the proposed full-duplex D2D-aided mmWave MIMO-NOMA with randomly deployed users is then analyzed under practical assumptions. Closed-form expressions of both the outage probability and the ergodic capacity are then derived by using the Laplace transform technique. Finally, detailed numerical results reveal the performance gains of the proposed scheme compared with the LDM without D2D communications and conventional time division multiplexing based scheme. The impacts of the antenna array gain and the transmission power of both the base station and the full-duplex link on system performance are also presented. Besides, we observe that it is vital to optimal the transmission power of the full-duplex link which ensures less self-interference to enhance the system capacity.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Demonstrating Immersive Media Delivery on 5G Broadcast and Multicast
           Testing Networks
    • Authors: De Mi;Joe Eyles;Tero Jokela;Swen Petersen;Roman Odarchenko;Ece Öztürk;Duy-Kha Chau;Tuan Tran;Rory Turnbull;Heikki Kokkinen;Baruch Altman;Menno Bot;Darko Ratkaj;Olaf Renner;David Gomez-Barquero;Jordi Joan Gimenez;
      Pages: 555 - 570
      Abstract: This work presents eight demonstrators and one showcase developed within the 5G-Xcast project. They experimentally demonstrate and validate key technical enablers for the future of media delivery, associated with multicast and broadcast communication capabilities in 5th Generation (5G). In 5G-Xcast, three existing testbeds: IRT in Munich (Germany), 5GIC in Surrey (U.K.), and TUAS in Turku (Finland), have been developed into 5G broadcast and multicast testing networks, which enables us to demonstrate our vision of a converged 5G infrastructure with fixed and mobile accesses and terrestrial broadcast, delivering immersive audio-visual media content. Built upon the improved testing networks, the demonstrators and showcase developed in 5G-Xcast show the impact of the technology developed in the project. Our demonstrations predominantly cover use cases belonging to two verticals: Media & Entertainment and Public Warning, which are future 5G scenarios relevant to multicast and broadcast delivery. In this paper, we present the development of these demonstrators, the showcase, and the testbeds. We also provide key findings from the experiments and demonstrations, which not only validate the technical solutions developed in the project, but also illustrate the potential technical impact of these solutions for broadcasters, content providers, operators, and other industries interested in the future immersive media delivery.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Multimedia Public Warning Alert Trials Using eMBMS Broadcast, Dynamic
           Spectrum Allocation and Connection Bonding
    • Authors: Tero Jokela;Juha Kalliovaara;Menno Bot;Heikki Kokkinen;Baruch Altman;Carlos Barjau;Peter Sanders;David Gomez-Barquero;Jarkko Paavola;
      Pages: 571 - 578
      Abstract: The European Commission requires all European Union (EU) Member States to use telecommunications networks to alert the population of an ongoing crisis or an upcoming threat by June 2022. Public Warning System in Long Term Evolution (LTE) and 5G System currently supports a text-based warning using Cell Broadcast technology. Cell Broadcast does not support multimedia warning message delivery. This paper analyses requirements that need to be fulfilled to support multimedia warning message delivery in the 5G System and describes trials of a broadcast multimedia public warning alert system. The trials demonstrate delivery of multimedia public warning messages using Evolved Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (eMBMS), dynamic spectrum management and bonded connections. By using eMBMS the public warning messages can be sent with additional robustness and in multicast mode, resulting also in less congestion to the network as the messages do not need to be sent separately to each user. Dynamic spectrum management system allows to dynamically obtain spectrum resources for the public warning system messages and the bonded connections improves the throughput and reliability of the delivery by combining the capacity of several different networks.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Media Casting as a Service: Industries Convergence Opportunity and Caching
           Service for 5G Indoor gNB
    • Authors: Nawar Jawad;Mukhald Salih;John Cosmas;
      Pages: 579 - 588
      Abstract: Fifth-Generation (5G) mobile networks are expected to perform according to the stringent performance targets assigned by standardization committees. Therefore, significant changes are proposed to the network infrastructure to achieve the expected performance levels. Network Function Virtualization, cloud computing and Software Defined Networks are some of the main technologies being utilised to ensure network design, with optimum performance and efficient resource utilization. The aforementioned technologies are shifting the network architecture into service-based rather device-based architecture. In this regard, we introduce Media Casting as a service (MCaaS) and IoRL-Cache service (IoRL-C). The former is a service that proposed as an integration solution between the broadcasting industry and Mobile Network Operators, while the latter proposed as a solution for improving IoRL small-cells caching efficiency. IoRL is an emerging 5G small-cell for indoor environment, which utilises mmWave and Visible Light Communications (VLC) as access technologies, while exploiting Software Defined Networking (SDN) and Network Function Virtualisation (NFV) technologies to offer flexible and intelligent services to its clients. In this paper, we introduce MCaaS and IoRL-C services, we perform simulation work for testing IoRL-C as a proof of concept for both services. The network was simulated using OMNeT++ simulation tool, and we validated the services efficiency by comparing their performance with traditional deployments. We have also examined the cache service performance at different link lengths, and found out that IoRL-C is able to support IoRL small-cells with more than 50+Km separation distances.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • A Utility-Based Framework for Performance and Energy-Aware Convergence in
           5G Heterogeneous Network Environments
    • Authors: Jon Montalban;Gabriel-Miro Muntean;Pablo Angueira;
      Pages: 589 - 599
      Abstract: The integration of a broadcast oriented RAN architecture into a convergent framework for heterogeneous networks offers two major contributions. On the one hand, it presents an interesting solution to satisfy the exponential growth of the mobile video data traffic, and on the other hand, it is also identified as a promising key technology, that can contribute to improve the energy efficiency of 5G networks. This work proposes a novel Convergent Architecture for Broadcast, Broadband and Cellular services (CABS). This architecture is complemented with the Performance and Energy-aware Access (PEC) network selection algorithm. This joint solution offers a balanced trade-off between the user perceived QoS and the network energy efficiency in challenging heterogeneous scenarios. Furthermore, this approach guarantees the broadcast service continuity in harsh environments, and therefore, is helpful in one of the most critical scenarios for broadcasting industry: mobile and indoor reception. The proposed solution was modelled and tested in Network Simulator version 3 (NS-3), in which among other updates, a first version of an ATSC 3.0 model was introduced.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • Smart Mode Selection Using Online Reinforcement Learning for VR Broadband
           Broadcasting in D2D Assisted 5G HetNets
    • Authors: Lei Feng;Zhixiang Yang;Yang Yang;Xiaoyu Que;Kai Zhang;
      Pages: 600 - 611
      Abstract: As an emerging broadband service pattern in the 5G era, VR broadcasting needs a considerable amount of bandwidth and strict quality of service (QoS) control. The traditional eMBMS or enTV transmission mode in HetNets consisting of macro cells and small cells cannot bring about a good trade-off between broadband performance and resource utilization for VR broadcasting service. D2D multicasting applied to VR broadcasting can improve the performance of edge users and resource utilization. Motivated by the rapid development of AI techniques, this paper proposes a novel hybrid transmission mode selection based on online reinforcement learning to address this problem. Each VR broadband user can be associated by one of the three modes: macrocell broadcasting, mmWave small cell unicasting and D2D multicasting. This paper first models this intelligent mode decision process as a problem to pursue the optimal system throughput. Then, an online machine learning-based method is proposed to solve this problem, which consists of a fast D2D clustering module based on unsupervised learning and a smart mode selection module based on reinforcement learning. The simulation results verify that the WoLF-PHC and Nash Q-learning perform better than other algorithms in large-scale scenarios and small-scale scenarios, respectively. The proposed intelligent transmission mode selection can also achieve larger VR throughput than traditional broadcasting strategies with a good balance between broadband performance and resource utilization.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
  • IEEE Broadcast Technology Virtual Events
    • Pages: 612 - 612
      Abstract: Presents information on IEEE Broadcast Technology virtual events.
      PubDate: June 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 66, No. 2 (2020)
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