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  Subjects -> ELECTRONICS (Total: 207 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 277 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Electronica Malaysia     Open Access  
Advanced Materials Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 100)
Advances in Magnetic and Optical Resonance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Microelectronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Power Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
Advancing Microelectronics     Hybrid Journal  
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Annals of Telecommunications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Electrical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Batteries     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Batteries & Supercaps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bell Labs Technical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Bioelectronics in Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BULLETIN of National Technical University of Ukraine. Series RADIOTECHNIQUE. RADIOAPPARATUS BUILDING     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Chinese Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal  
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Consumer Electronics Times     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308)
ECTI Transactions on Computer and Information Technology (ECTI-CIT)     Open Access  
ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Edu Elektrika Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electrica     Open Access  
Electronic Design     Partially Free   (Followers: 124)
Electronic Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Electronic Materials Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 109)
Electronics and Communications in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electronics For You     Partially Free   (Followers: 103)
Electronics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Elektronika ir Elektortechnika     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Elkha : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Emitor : Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Energy Harvesting and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Storage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Energy Storage Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
EPE Journal : European Power Electronics and Drives     Hybrid Journal  
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Electronics and Energetics     Open Access  
Foundations and Trends® in Communications and Information Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Foundations and Trends® in Signal Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Frequenz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Optoelectronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IACR Transactions on Symmetric Cryptology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 102)
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
IEEE Embedded Systems Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IEEE Journal on Exploratory Solid-State Computational Devices and Circuits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Letters on Electromagnetic Compatibility Practice and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Magnetics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
IEEE Open Journal of Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Open Journal of Industry Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Open Journal of the Industrial Electronics Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Power Electronics Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
IEEE Pulse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 369)
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 74)
IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 227)
IEEE Transactions on Haptics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
IEEE Transactions on Information Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
IEEE Transactions on Services Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79)
IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
IEICE - Transactions on Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEICE - Transactions on Information and Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
IET Cyber-Physical Systems : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Energy Systems Integration     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
IET Nanodielectrics     Open Access  
IET Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
IET Smart Grid     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IET Wireless Sensor Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IETE Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IETE Journal of Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IETE Technical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
IJEIS (Indonesian Journal of Electronics and Instrumentation Systems)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Technology Research Journal Phranakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Informatik-Spektrum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Instabilities in Silicon Devices     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Electronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Advances in Telecommunications, Electrotechnics, Signals and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Granular Computing, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Hybrid Intelligence     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Image, Graphics and Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Review in Electronics & Communication Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Wireless and Microwave Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAREE (Journal on Advanced Research in Electrical Engineering)     Open Access  
Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Advanced Dielectrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Circuits, Systems, and Computers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Computational Intelligence and Electronic Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access  
Journal of Electrical Bioimpedance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Electrical Engineering & Electronic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Informatics     Open Access  
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Electronic Design Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Electronic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Electronics (China)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Energy Storage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Field Robotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 189)
Journal of Information and Telecommunication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Procedures in Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Low Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Low Power Electronics and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Microelectronics and Electronic Packaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Optoelectronics Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Power Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Power Electronics & Power Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Semiconductors     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Signal and Information Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Jurnal ELTIKOM : Jurnal Teknik Elektro, Teknologi Informasi dan Komputer     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa Elektrika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Elektro     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Elektro     Open Access  
Kinetik : Game Technology, Information System, Computer Network, Computing, Electronics, and Control     Open Access  
Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Elektro : Journal of Electrical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Metrology and Measurement Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Microelectronics and Solid State Electronics     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Nanotechnology, Science and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nature Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Networks: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Open Electrical & Electronic Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Paladyn. Journal of Behavioral Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Power Electronics and Drives     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Problemy Peredachi Informatsii     Full-text available via subscription  
Progress in Quantum Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Embedded System & Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Revue Méditerranéenne des Télécommunications     Open Access  
Security and Communication Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Semiconductors and Semimetals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sensing and Imaging : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Solid State Electronics Letters     Open Access  
Solid-State Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Superconductor Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Synthesis Lectures on Power Electronics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Technical Report Electronics and Computer Engineering     Open Access  
TELE     Open Access  
Telematique     Open Access  
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Transactions on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.616
Citation Impact (citeScore): 7
Number of Followers: 23  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1937-3333
Published by IEEE Homepage  [229 journals]
  • IEEE Reviews on Biomedical Engineering publication information
    • Abstract: Presents a listing of the editorial board, board of governors, current staff, committee members, and/or society editors for this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering (R-BME)
    • Abstract: Presents a listing of the editorial board, board of governors, current staff, committee members, and/or society editors for this issue of the publication.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Editorial: Health Engineering for Urgent Challenges in Cardiovascular
    • Pages: 3 - 4
      Abstract: Reports on the challenges that exist in treatment of cardiovascular disease. Despite remarkable and unprecedented progress in improving cardiovascular care, cardiovascular disease (CVD) still remains the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, CVD accounted for 17.9 million deaths globally in 2018. With the increase in aging population, the prevalence of all CVDs is projected to continue to rise over the next decades if no effective and preventive measures are taken.The advancement of health engineering aims to provide new tools for the early prediction, early prevention, early diagnosis, and early treatment of chronic diseases especially cardiovascular diseases by helping patients to monitor and improve their fitness and health conditions. Four core enabling technologies in health engineering have joined forces to solve some of healthcare’s biggest problems and to assist in alerting these CVD trends: 1) wearable technologies, 2) micro-nano-biosensors for ultra-sensitive detection of biomarkers that pertains to CVDs, 3)multi-modal technologies and multi-scale medical imaging technologies for precise evaluation of the vulnerability of blood plaque, and 4) artificial intelligence.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Prediction of Sudden Cardiac Death in Implantable Cardioverter
           Defibrillators: A Review and Comparative Study of Heart Rate Variability
    • Authors: Ashkan Parsi;Declan O’Loughlin;Martin Glavin;Edward Jones;
      Pages: 5 - 16
      Abstract: Over the last four decades, implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have been widely deployed to reduce sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk in patients with a history of life-threatening arrhythmia. By continuous monitoring of the heart rate, ICDs can use decision algorithms to distinguish normal cardiac sinus rhythm or supra-ventricular tachycardia from abnormal cardiac rhythms like ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation and deliver appropriate therapy such as an electrical stimulus. Despite the success of ICDs, more research is still needed, particularly in decision-making algorithms. Because of low specificity in practical devices, patients with ICDs still receive inappropriate shocks, which may lead to inadvertent mortality and reduction of quality of life. At the same time, higher sensitivity can lead to the use of newer tiered therapies. The purpose of this study is to review the literature on common signal features used in detection algorithms for abnormal cardiac sinus rhythm, as well as reviewing datasets used for algorithm development in previous studies. More than 50 different features to address heart rate changes before SCD have been reviewed and general methodology on this area proposed based on variety of studies on ICDs functionality. A comparative study on the prediction performance of these features, using a common database, is also presented. By combining these features with a support vector machine classifier, achieved results have compared well with other studies.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Point-of-Care Testing Devices for Heart Failure Analyzing Blood and Saliva
    • Authors: Evanthia E. Tripoliti;Penelope Ioannidou;Petros Toumpaniaris;Aidonis Rammos;Dominique Pacitto;Jean-Christophe Lourme;Yorgos Goletsis;Katerina K. Naka;Abdelhamid Errachid;Dimitrios I. Fotiadis;
      Pages: 17 - 31
      Abstract: Heart failure (HF) is the most rapidly growing cardiovascular condition with an estimated prevalence of >37.7 million individuals globally. HF is associated with increased mortality and morbidity and confers a substantial burden, in terms of cost and quality of life, for the individuals and the healthcare systems, highlighting thus the need for early and accurate diagnosis of HF. The accuracy of HF diagnosis, severity estimation, and prediction of adverse events has improved by the utilization of blood tests measuring biomarkers. The contribution of biomarkers for HF management is intensified by the fact that they can be measured in short time at the point-of-care. This is allowed by the development of portable analytical devices, commonly known as point-of-care testing (POCT) devices, which exploit the advancements in the area of microfluidics and nanotechnology. The aim of this review paper is to present a review of POCT devices used for the measurement of biomarkers facilitating decision making when managing HF patients. The devices are either commercially available or in the form of prototypes under development. Both blood and saliva samples are considered. The challenges concerning the implementation of POCT devices and the barriers for their adoption in clinical practice are discussed.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Haptic Telerobotic Cardiovascular Intervention: A Review of Approaches,
           Methods, and Future Perspectives
    • Authors: Amir Hooshiar;Siamak Najarian;Javad Dargahi;
      Pages: 32 - 50
      Abstract: Cardiac diseases are recognized as the leading cause of mortality, hospitalization, and medical prescription globally. The gold standard for the treatment of coronary artery stenosis is the percutaneous cardiac intervention that is performed under live X-ray imaging. Substantial clinical evidence shows that the surgeon and staff are prone to serious health problems due to X-ray exposure and occupational hazards. Telerobotic vascular intervention systems with a master-slave architecture reduced the X-ray exposure and enhanced the clinical outcomes; however, the loss of haptic feedback during surgery has been the main limitation of such systems. This paper is a review of the state of the art for haptic telerobotic cardiovascular interventions. A survey on the literature published between 2000 and 2019 was performed. Results of the survey were screened based on their relevance to this paper. Also, the leading research disciplines were identified based on the results of the survey. Furthermore, different approaches for sensor-based and model-based haptic telerobotic cardiovascular intervention, haptic rendering and actuation, and the pertinent methods were critically reviewed and compared. In the end, the current limitations of the state of the art, unexplored research areas as well as the future perspective of the research on this technology were laid out.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • A Review of Signal Processing Techniques for Non-Invasive Fetal
    • Authors: Radana Kahankova;Radek Martinek;Rene Jaros;Khosrow Behbehani;Adam Matonia;Michal Jezewski;Joachim A. Behar;
      Pages: 51 - 73
      Abstract: Fetal electrocardiography (fECG) is a promising alternative to cardiotocography continuous fetal monitoring. Robust extraction of the fetal signal from the abdominal mixture of maternal and fetal electrocardiograms presents the greatest challenge to effective fECG monitoring. This is mainly due to the low amplitude of the fetal versus maternal electrocardiogram and to the non-stationarity of the recorded signals. In this review, we highlight key developments in advanced signal processing algorithms for non-invasive fECG extraction and the available open access resources (databases and source code). In particular, we highlight the advantages and limitations of these algorithms as well as key parameters that must be set to ensure their optimal performance. Improving or combining the current or developing new advanced signal processing methods may enable morphological analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram, which today is only possible using the invasive scalp electrocardiography method.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Local Pulse Wave Velocity: Theory, Methods, Advancements, and Clinical
    • Authors: P. M. Nabeel;V. Raj Kiran;Jayaraj Joseph;V. V. Abhidev;Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam;
      Pages: 74 - 112
      Abstract: Local pulse wave velocity (PWV) is evolving as one of the important determinants of arterial hemodynamics, localized vessel stiffening associated with several pathologies, and a host of other cardiovascular events. Although PWV was introduced over a century ago, only in recent decades, due to various technological advancements, has emphasis been directed toward its measurement from a single arterial section or from piecewise segments of a target arterial section. This emerging worldwide trend in the exploration of instrumental solutions for local PWV measurement has produced several invasive and noninvasive methods. As of yet, however, a univocal opinion on the ideal measurement method has not emerged. Neither have there been extensive comparative studies on the accuracy of the available methods. Recognizing this reality, makes apparent the need to establish guideline-recommended standards for the measurement methods and reference values, without which clinical application cannot be pursued. This paper enumerates all major local PWV measurement methods while pinpointing their salient methodological considerations and emphasizing the necessity of global standardization. Further, a summary of the advancements in measuring modalities and clinical applications is provided. Additionally, a detailed discussion on the minimally explored concept of incremental local PWV is presented along with suggestions of future research questions.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Harnessing the Power of Machine Learning in Dementia Informatics Research:
           Issues, Opportunities, and Challenges
    • Authors: Gavin Tsang;Xianghua Xie;Shang-Ming Zhou;
      Pages: 113 - 129
      Abstract: Dementia is a chronic and degenerative condition affecting millions globally. The care of patients with dementia presents an ever-continuing challenge to healthcare systems in the 21st century. Medical and health sciences have generated unprecedented volumes of data related to health and wellbeing for patients with dementia due to advances in information technology, such as genetics, neuroimaging, cognitive assessment, free texts, routine electronic health records, etc. Making the best use of these diverse and strategic resources will lead to high-quality care of patients with dementia. As such, machine learning becomes a crucial factor in achieving this objective. The aim of this paper is to provide a state-of-the-art review of machine learning methods applied to health informatics for dementia care. We collate and review the existing scientific methodologies and identify the relevant issues and challenges when faced with big health data. Machine learning has demonstrated promising applications to neuroimaging data analysis for dementia care, while relatively less effort has been made to make use of integrated heterogeneous data via advanced machine learning approaches. We further indicate future potential and research directions in applying advanced machine learning, such as deep learning, to dementia informatics.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Automatic Neuroimage Processing and Analysis in Stroke—A Systematic
    • Authors: Róger M. Sarmento;Francisco F. Ximenes Vasconcelos;Pedro P. Rebouças Filho;Wanqing Wu;Victor Hugo C. de Albuquerque;
      Pages: 130 - 155
      Abstract: This article presents a systematic review of the current computational technologies applied to medical images for the detection, segmentation, and classification of strokes. Besides, analyzing and evaluating the technological advances, the challenges to be overcome and the future trends are discussed. The principal approaches make use of artificial intelligence, digital image processing and analysis, and various other technologies to develop computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems to improve the accuracy in the diagnostic process, as well as the interpretation consistency of medical images. However, there are some points that require greater attention such as low sensitivity, optimization of the algorithm, a reduction of false positives, and improvement in the identification and segmentation processes of different sizes and shapes. Also, there is a need to improve the classification steps of different stroke types and subtypes. Furthermore, there is an additional need for further research to improve the current techniques and develop new algorithms to overcome disadvantages identified here. The main focus of this research is to analyze the applied technologies for the development of CAD systems and verify how effective they are for stroke detection, segmentation, and classification. The main contributions of this review are that it analyzes only up-to-date studies, mainly from 2015 to 2018, as well as organizing the various studies in the area according to the research proposal, i.e., detection, segmentation, and classification of the types of stroke and the respective techniques used. Thus, the review has great relevance for future research, since it presents an ample comparison of the most recent works in the area, clearly showing the existing difficulties and the models that have been proposed to overcome such difficulties.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Automated Brain Tumor Segmentation Using Multimodal Brain Scans: A Survey
           Based on Models Submitted to the BraTS 2012–2018 Challenges
    • Authors: Mina Ghaffari;Arcot Sowmya;Ruth Oliver;
      Pages: 156 - 168
      Abstract: Reliable brain tumor segmentation is essential for accurate diagnosis and treatment planning. Since manual segmentation of brain tumors is a highly time-consuming, expensive and subjective task, practical automated methods for this purpose are greatly appreciated. But since brain tumors are highly heterogeneous in terms of location, shape, and size, developing automatic segmentation methods has remained a challenging task over decades. This paper aims to review the evolution of automated models for brain tumor segmentation using multimodal MR images. In order to be able to make a just comparison between different methods, the proposed models are studied for the most famous benchmark for brain tumor segmentation, namely the BraTS challenge [1]. The BraTS 2012-2018 challenges and the state-of-the-art automated models employed each year are analysed. The changing trend of these automated methods since 2012 are studied and the main parameters that affect the performance of different models are analysed.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Applications of Higher Order Statistics in Electroencephalography Signal
           Processing: A Comprehensive Survey
    • Authors: Seyed Alireza Khoshnevis;Ravi Sankar;
      Pages: 169 - 183
      Abstract: Electroencephalography (EEG) is a noninvasive electrophysiological monitoring technique that records the electrical activities of the brain from the scalp using electrodes. EEG is not only an essential tool for diagnosing diseases and disorders affecting the brain, but also helps us to achieve a better understanding of brain's activities and structures. EEG recordings are weak, nonlinear, and nonstationary signals that contain various noise and artifacts. Therefore, for analyzing them, advanced signal processing techniques are required. Second order statistical features are usually sufficient for analyzing most basic signals. However, higher order statistical features possess characteristics that are missing in the second order; characteristics that can be highly beneficial for analysis of more complex signals, such as EEG. The primary goal of this article is to provide a comprehensive survey of the applications of higher order statistics or spectra (HOS) in EEG signal processing. Therefore, we start the survey with a summary of previous studies in EEG analysis followed by a brief mathematical description of HOS. Then, HOS related features and their applications in EEG analysis are presented. These applications are then grouped into three categories, each of which are further explored thoroughly with examples of prior studies. Finally, we provide some specific recommendations based on the literature survey and discuss possible future directions of this field.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Robots and Tools for Remodeling Bone
    • Authors: Dave Hill;Tom Williamson;Chow Yin Lai;Martin Leary;Milan Brandt;
      Pages: 184 - 198
      Abstract: The field of robotic surgery has progressed from small teams of researchers repurposing industrial robots, to a competitive and highly innovative subsection of the medical device industry. Surgical robots allow surgeons to perform tasks with greater ease, accuracy, or safety, and fall under one of four levels of autonomy; active, semi-active, passive, and remote manipulator. The increased accuracy afforded by surgical robots has allowed for cementless hip arthroplasty, improved postoperative alignment following knee arthroplasty, and reduced duration of intraoperative fluoroscopy among other benefits. Cutting of bone has historically used tools such as hand saws and drills, with other elaborate cutting tools now used routinely to remodel bone. Improvements in cutting accuracy and additional options for safety and monitoring during surgery give robotic surgeries some advantages over conventional techniques. This article aims to provide an overview of current robots and tools with a common target tissue of bone, proposes a new process for defining the level of autonomy for a surgical robot, and examines future directions in robotic surgery.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Measuring Handrim Wheelchair Propulsion in the Lab: A Critical Analysis of
           Stationary Ergometers
    • Authors: Rick de Klerk;Riemer Jakobs K. Vegter;Vicky L. Goosey-Tolfrey;Barry S. Mason;John P. Lenton;Dirkjan H. E. J. Veeger;Lucas H. V. van der Woude;
      Pages: 199 - 211
      Abstract: There are many ways to simulate handrim wheelchair propulsion in the laboratory. Ideally, these would be able to, at least mechanically, simulate field conditions. This narrative review provides an overview of the lab-based equipment used in published research and critically assesses their ability to simulate and measure wheelchair propulsion performance. A close connection to the field can only be achieved if the instrument can adequately simulate frictional losses and inertia of real-life handrim wheelchair propulsion, while maintaining the ergonomic properties of the wheelchair-user interface. Lab-based testing is either performed on a treadmill or a wheelchair ergometer (WCE). For this study WCEs were divided into three categories: roller, flywheel, and integrated ergometers. In general, treadmills are mechanically realistic, but cannot simulate air drag and acceleration tasks cannot be performed; roller ergometers allow the use of the personal wheelchair, but calibration can be troublesome; flywheel ergometers can be built with commercially-available parts, but inertia is fixed and the personal wheelchair cannot be used; integrated ergometers do not employ the personal wheelchair, but are suited for the implementation of different simulation models and detailed measurements. Lab-based equipment is heterogeneous and there appears to be little consensus on how to simulate field conditions.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Optical and Electromagnetic Tracking Systems for Biomedical Applications:
           A Critical Review on Potentialities and Limitations
    • Authors: Angela Sorriento;Maria Bianca Porfido;Stefano Mazzoleni;Giuseppe Calvosa;Miria Tenucci;Gastone Ciuti;Paolo Dario;
      Pages: 212 - 232
      Abstract: Optical and electromagnetic tracking systems represent the two main technologies integrated into commercially-available surgical navigators for computer-assisted image-guided surgery so far. Optical Tracking Systems (OTSs) work within the optical spectrum to track the position and orientation, i.e., pose of target surgical instruments. OTSs are characterized by high accuracy and robustness to environmental conditions. The main limitation of OTSs is the need of a direct line-of-sight between the optical markers and the camera sensor, rigidly fixed into the operating theatre. Electromagnetic Tracking Systems (EMTSs) use electromagnetic field generator to detect the pose of electromagnetic sensors. EMTSs do not require such a direct line-of-sight, however the presence of metal or ferromagnetic sources in the operating workspace can significantly affect the measurement accuracy. The aim of the proposed review is to provide a complete and detailed overview of optical and electromagnetic tracking systems, including working principles, source of error and validation protocols. Moreover, commercial and research-oriented solutions, as well as clinical applications, are described for both technologies. Finally, a critical comparative analysis of the state of the art which highlights the potentialities and the limitations of each tracking system for a medical use is provided.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Computer-Assisted Techniques in Corrective Distal Radius Osteotomy
    • Authors: Giuliana Caiti;Johannes G. G. Dobbe;Simon D. Strackee;Gustav J. Strijkers;Geert J. Streekstra;
      Pages: 233 - 247
      Abstract: Malunion of the distal radius is a common complication following a distal radius fracture. The surgical treatment of a symptomatic distal radius malunion is a corrective osteotomy (CO) procedure aimed at the restoration of the anatomical alignment of the distal radius articular surface in the wrist joint. Traditional two-dimensional imaging techniques in the management of malunion have demonstrated to be limited in pre-, intra-, and postoperative imaging and visualization of the bone architecture. Over the past decades, with the advent of three-dimensional (3-D) imaging techniques, innovations have emerged in the field of preoperative planning, navigation, and 3-D printing. The aim of this paper is to review the existing literature and inform clinicians and biomedical engineers approaching the field about advantages, disadvantages, and future perspectives of existing computer-assisted technology for CO. Collected studies agree on showing the efficacy of the computed-tomography-based 3-D virtual planning. Currently, patient-specific 3-D printed guides and implants are the most promising technology to transfer the preoperative plan to the patient. However, further biomechanical studies, larger clinical trials, and a major exposure of clinicians to 3-D planning are needed to augment the feasibility of using these technologies in standard practice.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Selection of Features and Classifiers for EMG-EEG-Based Upper Limb
           Assistive Devices—A Review
    • Authors: Salman Mohd Khan;Abid Ali Khan;Omar Farooq;
      Pages: 248 - 260
      Abstract: Bio-signals are distinctive factors in the design of human-machine interface, essentially useful for prosthesis, orthosis, and exoskeletons. Despite the progress in the analysis of pattern recognition based devices; the acceptance of these devices is still questionable. One reason is the lack of information to identify the possible combinations of features and classifiers. Besides; there is also a need for optimal selection of various sensors for sensations such as touch, force, texture, along with EMGs/EEGs. This article reviews the two bio-signal techniques, named as electromyography and electroencephalography. The details of the features and the classifiers used in the data processing for upper limb assist devices are summarised here. Various features and their sets are surveyed and different classifiers for feature sets are discussed on the basis of the classification rate. The review was carried out on the basis of the last 10-12 years of published research in this area. This article also outlines the influence of modality of EMGs and EEGs with other sensors on classifications. Also, other bio-signals used in upper limb devices and future aspects are considered.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Toward Portable Artificial Kidneys: The Role of Advanced Microfluidics and
           Membrane Technologies in Implantable Systems
    • Authors: Bac Van Dang;Robert A. Taylor;Alexander J. Charlton;Pierre Le-Clech;Tracie Jacqueline Barber;
      Pages: 261 - 279
      Abstract: Globally, around 2.6 million people receive renal replacement therapy (RRT), and a further 4.9-9.7 million people need, but do not have access to, RRT [1]. The next generation RRT devices will certainly be in demand due to the increasing occurrence of diabetes, atherosclerosis and the growing population of older citizens. This review provides a comprehensive, yet concise overview of the cleared and remaining hurdles in the development of artificial kidneys to move beyond traditional dialysis technology-the current baseline of renal failure treatment. It compares and contrasts the state-of-the-art in `cell-based' and `non-cell-based' approaches. Based on this study, a new engineering perspective on the future of artificial kidneys is described. This review suggests that stem-cell-based artificial kidneys represent a long-term, complete solution but it can take years of development due to the limitations of current cell seeding technology, viability and complicated behaviour control. Alternatively, there is much potential for near- and medium- term solutions with the development of non-cell-based wearable and implantable devices to support current therapies. Based on recent fundamental advances in microfluidics, membranes and related research, it may be possible to integrate these technologies to enable implantable artificial kidneys (iAK) in the near future.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Near-Infrared Spectroscopy to Monitor Nutritional Status of Neonates: A
    • Authors: Alexander P. Miller;Fatin Hamimi Mustafa;Peter W. Jones;Heather E. Jeffery;Angela E. Carberry;Alistair L. McEwan;
      Pages: 280 - 291
      Abstract: The World Health Organization reported that half or more of all under five deaths were caused by under-nutrition in developing countries, with the majority of these deaths occurring in the first week of life. Even if the under-nourished neonates manage to survive, they are exposed to long-term health impacts, including obesity, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension. Along with those health-impacts they can be exposed to risks related to detrimental early development, such as physical impairment, stunting, brain dysfunction, and reduced cognitive development. Body fat percentage has been recognized to be closely associated with under-nutrition in neonates. In this article, the potential of near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), along with previous methods to measure body fat in neonates, is reviewed and discussed.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • A Newcomer's Guide to Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy
    • Authors: Rand K. Almajidy;Kunal Mankodiya;Mohammadreza Abtahi;Ulrich G. Hofmann;
      Pages: 292 - 308
      Abstract: This review presents a practical primer for functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) with respect to technology, experimentation, and analysis software. Its purpose is to jump-start interested practitioners considering utilizing a non-invasive, versatile, nevertheless challenging window into the brain using optical methods. We briefly recapitulate relevant anatomical and optical foundations and give a short historical overview. We describe competing types of illumination (trans-illumination, reflectance, and differential reflectance) and data collection methods (continuous wave, time domain and frequency domain). Basic components (light sources, detection, and recording components) of fNIRS systems are presented. Advantages and limitations of fNIRS techniques are offered, followed by a list of very practical recommendations for its use. A variety of experimental and clinical studies with fNIRS are sampled, shedding light on many brain-related ailments. Finally, we describe and discuss a number of freely available analysis and presentation packages suited for data analysis. In conclusion, we recommend fNIRS due to its ever-growing body of clinical applications, state-of-the-art neuroimaging technique and manageable hardware requirements. It can be safely concluded that fNIRS adds a new arrow to the quiver of neuro-medical examinations due to both its great versatility and limited costs.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • A Review of Automated Methods for the Detection of Sickle Cell Disease
    • Authors: Pradeep Kumar Das;Sukadev Meher;Rutuparna Panda;Ajith Abraham;
      Pages: 309 - 324
      Abstract: Detection of sickle cell disease is a crucial job in medical image analysis. It emphasizes elaborate analysis of proper disease diagnosis after accurate detection followed by a classification of irregularities, which plays a vital role in the sickle cell disease diagnosis, treatment planning, and treatment outcome evaluation. Proper segmentation of complex cell clusters makes sickle cell detection more accurate and robust. Cell morphology has a key role in the detection of the sickle cell because the shapes of the normal blood cell and sickle cell differ significantly. This review emphasizes state-of-the-art methods and recent advances in detection, segmentation, and classification of sickle cell disease. We discuss key challenges encountered during the segmentation of overlapping blood cells. Moreover, standard validation measures that have been employed to yield performance analysis of various methods are also discussed. The methodologies and experiments in this review will be useful to further research and work in this area.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Therapeutic Systems and Technologies: State-of-the-Art Applications,
           Opportunities, and Challenges
    • Authors: Mohamed Almekkawy;Jie Chen;Michael D. Ellis;Dieter Haemmerich;David R. Holmes;Cristian A. Linte;Dorin Panescu;John Pearce;Punit Prakash;Vesna Zderic;
      Pages: 325 - 339
      Abstract: In this review, we present current state-of-the-art developments and challenges in the areas of thermal therapy, ultrasound tomography, image-guided therapies, ocular drug delivery, and robotic devices in neurorehabilitation. Additionally, intellectual property and regulatory aspects pertaining to therapeutic systems and technologies are addressed.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • A Systematic Review of In Vitro and In Vivo Radio Frequency Exposure
    • Authors: Jared W. Hansen;Ellen M. Swartz;Jerika D. Cleveland;Sajid M. Asif;Benjamin Brooks;Benjamin D. Braaten;Daniel L. Ewert;
      Pages: 340 - 351
      Abstract: Recently, interest in the effects of radio frequency (RF) on biological systems has increased and is partially due to the advancements and increased implementations of RF into technology. As research in this area has progressed, the reliability and reproducibility of the experiments has not crossed multidisciplinary boundaries. Therefore, as researchers, it is imperative to understand the various exposure systems available as well as the aspects, both electromagnetic and biological, needed to produce a sound exposure experiment. This systematic review examines common RF exposure methods for both in vitro and in vivo studies. For in vitro studies, possible biological limitations are emphasized. The validity of the examined methods, for both in vitro and in vivo, are analyzed by considering the advantages and disadvantages of each. This review offers guidance for researchers to assist in the development of an RF exposure experiment that crosses current multidisciplinary boundaries.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • Pressure Injury Prevention: A Survey
    • Authors: Sam Mansfield;Katia Obraczka;Shuvo Roy;
      Pages: 352 - 368
      Abstract: Pressure injuries are caused by prolonged pressure to an area of the body, which can result in open wounds that descend to the bone. Pressure injuries should not occur in healthcare settings, and yet, they still affect 2.5 million patients in the United States and have an impact on quality of life. Pressure injuries come at a cost of $11 billion in the United States, and 90% of pressure injuries are a secondary condition. In this paper, we survey the literature on preventative techniques to address pressure injures, which we classify into two categories: active prevention strategies and sensor-based risk-factor monitoring. Within each category of techniques, we discuss the literature and assess each class of strategies based on its commercial availability, results of clinical trials when available, the ability for the strategy to save time for healthcare staff, and whether the technique can be tuned to an individual. Based on our findings, the most promising current solutions, supplementary to nursing guidelines, are electrical stimulation, pressure monitoring, and inertial measurement unit monitoring. We also find a need for a clinical software system that can easily integrate with custom sensors, use custom analysis algorithms, and provide visual feedback to the healthcare staff.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
  • 2020 Index IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering Vol. 13
    • Pages: 369 - 374
      Abstract: Presents the 2020 subject/author index for this publication.
      PubDate: 2020
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2020)
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