Subjects -> GARDENING AND HORTICULTURE (Total: 36 journals)
Showing 1 - 20 of 20 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Horticultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annales Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca. Horticulture     Open Access  
Concrete Garden     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Corps et culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Dekoratyviųjų ir sodo augalų sortimento, technologijų ir aplinkos optimizavimas     Partially Free  
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Horticultural Plant Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Horticulture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Indian Horticulture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Horticultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Horticultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Horticulture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Landscape Architecture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia     Open Access  
Landscape History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Landscape Online     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Landscape Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Landscapes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Media, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Mind Culture and Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Parallax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Polish Journal of Landscape Studies     Open Access  
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas     Open Access  
Science as Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Scientia Horticulturae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Studies in Australian Garden History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Studies in the History of Gardens & Designed Landscapes: An International Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1644-0692 - ISSN (Online) 2545-1405
Published by Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie Homepage  [5 journals]
  • SILICON NUTRITION IN ALLEVIATING SALT STRESS IN APPLE PLANT

    • Authors: Servet Aras
      Pages: 3 - 10
      Abstract: Salinity is one of the major environmental stresses that adversely affect fruit yield and quality. Thus, finding an effective way of ameliorating salinity damage is important for sustainable fruit production. Silicon (Si) treatment effectively counteracts the effects of many abiotic stress factors such as salinity, drought, cold, iron deficiency. To probe into the potential alleviating salinity malignant effects, we investigated the protective roles of Si. An apple plant (Malus domestica Borkh.) cv. ‘Fuji’ grafted on M9 clonal rootstock was chosen for the experiment and imposed to salinity stress for 4 months with 35 mM NaCl. Si with different three doses (0.5, 1 ve 2 mM) was applied to the roots of the salt-stressed apple plants except control. Si treatments inhibited apple plants growth depression through increasing stomatal conductivity, chlorophyll and decreasing electrolyte leakage. 0.5 mM Si improved root:shoot dry weight under salinity condition. The lowest values of membrane permeability were found in 0.5 and 2 mM Si treatments (21.45 and 21.55%, respectively) while salt had the highest value (48.43%). Salt exhibited a rapid decrease in stomatal conductivity by 49% compared to the control. We hypothesis that Si treatment contributed to cell walls, involving membrane stabilizing and fortification. Our findings showed that Si increased apple plant tolerance against salinity.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.1
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • DETERMINATION OF OPTIMUM CULTURE CONDITIONS FOR MYCELIAL GROWTH OF
           Macrolepiota procera MUSHROOM

    • Authors: Aysun Pekşen, Beyhan Kibar
      Pages: 11 - 20
      Abstract: Macrolepiota procera, commonly called the Parasol Mushroom, is a delicious mushroom collected from the nature and commonly consumed by the public in many regions of Turkey. This study was conducted to determine the optimum culture conditions (pH, temperature, carbon and nitrogen sources) for mycelial growth of M. procera. Three pH values (pH 5.0, 5.5 and 6.0), four incubation temperatures (15, 20, 25 and 30°C), seven carbon (C) sources (dextrose, glucose, lactose, maltose, mannitol, sucrose and xylose) and six nitrogen (N) sources ((NH4)2HPO4, NH4NO3 and Ca(NO3)2, malt extract, peptone and yeast extract) were investigated. In the second step of the study, the effect of seven pH values (4.0, 4.5, 5.0, 5.5, 6.0, 6.5 and 7.0) on the mycelial colony diameter was examined at 20 and 25°C since these temperatures gave the best mycelial growth in the previously conducted temperature experiment. The best mycelial growth was determined at pH 6.0. The optimum temperature for mycelial growth of M. procera was found as 25°C. The use of glucose as carbon source and yeast extract and peptone as nitrogen source in the culture medium gave the best results for mycelial growth. Determining of optimum culture conditions for mycelial growth of M. procera will provide important contributions to the fortcoming studies on it’s commercially cultivation in Turkey.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.2
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • ASSESSMENT OF PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS OF PLANTS OF THE
           GENUS Fragaria UNDER CONDITIONS OF WATER DEFICIT – A STUDY REVIEW

    • Authors: Marta Rokosa, Małgorzata Mikiciuk
      Pages: 21 - 39
      Abstract: The genus Fragaria belongs to the Rosaceae family. The most popular representatives of this species are the strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) and wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.), whose taste and health benefits are appreciated by a huge number of consumers. The cultivation of Fragaria plants is widespread around the world, with particular emphasis on the temperate climate zone. Increasingly occurring weather anomalies, including drought phenomena, cause immense losses in crop cultivation. The Fragaria plant species are very sensitive to drought, due to the shallow root system, large leaf area and the high water content of the fruit. There have been many studies on the influence of water deficit on the morphological, biochemical and physiological features of strawberries and wild strawberries. There is a lack of research summarizing the current state of knowledge regarding of specific species response to water stress. The aim of this study was to combine and compare data from many research carried out and indicate the direction of future research aimed at improving the resistance of Fragaria plants species to stress related to drought. These plants show patterns of response to stress caused by drought, such as: osmotic adjustment, reduction of transpiration and photosynthesis, and increased efficiency of water use. Drought also causes significant changes in the composition and palatability of the fruit of the Fragaria plant species.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.3
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • SALICYLIC ACID INDUCES PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN PEONY
           UNDER WATERLOGGING STRESS

    • Authors: Xiangtao Zhu, Haojie Shi, Xueqin Li, Songheng Jin
      Pages: 41 - 52
      Abstract: In this study, the effects of salicylic acid to antioxidative activity and photosynthetic characteristics in waterlogging stress of two peony cultivars (‘Fengdanbai’ and ‘Mingxing’) were investigated. 4-year-old peony grown in different levels of waterlogging stress and then different concentration prepared SA (0.0, 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 mmol L–1) sprayed on fresh leaves of peony. The antioxidative enzymes activities include superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and catalase (CAT), chlorophyll content, relative conductivity and MDA content were measured in leaves about different waterlogging treatment, the photosynthetic characteristics were also measured using photosynthetic measurement system. The results showed that waterlogging stress decreased the chlorophyll content in all peony cultivars leaves, but with SA treatment can inhibit the decrease of chlorophyll content. Relative conductivity increased as the extension of waterlogging time in two cultivars. SA treatment could effectively inhibit the increase of relative conductivity, and 0.5 mmol L–1 of SA was the most suitable concentration. SOD, POD, CAT activity increased first and then decreased in different waterlogging condition, SA significantly increased the activity of various enzymes. MDA content was increase as the expansion of waterlogging time in two cultivars. SA inhibits the increase of MDA content. Of all concentration of SA, 0.5 mmol L–1 was the best concentration to inhibit the waterlogging stress. For the photosynthetic characteristics, the net assimilation rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (Gs), transpiration rate (Tr) and intercellular CO2 (Ci) were decreased under different waterlogging condition. SA treatment can increase Pn, Gs, Tr and Ci of peony.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.4
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • INFLUENCE OF PARTIAL SPUR LEAVES REMOVAL ON FRUITLET SHEDDING, FRUIT
           QUALITY AND SHOOT GROWTH IN APPLE TREES AS A BASIS FOR MECHANICAL THINNING
           

    • Authors: Jerneja Jakopic, Robert Veberic
      Pages: 53 - 59
      Abstract: Knowledge of the physiology of natural fruitlet shedding is especially important to insure thinning efficiency in apple production. The effect of partial spur leaf removal on shedding, as well as on fruit quality and bourse shoot growth, was investigated. Removing spur leaves increased shedding, while there was no effect of partial leaf removal on mature fruit quality in terms of weight, firmness and sum of sugars, detected by HPLC-RI and resulted in lower contents of citric, fumaric and shikimic acids, detected by HPLC-UV. Growth of bourse shoots was poorer in treatments with leaf removal. To summarize, a decreased number of spur leaves caused more intensive fruitlet abscission and poorer bourse shoot growth but had no negative influence on fruit size. These results show the potential use of decreasing spur leaf area to stimulate more intensive natural shedding to support fruitlet thinning, which could be used in combination with prospective mechanical thinning.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.5
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • DETERMINATION OF THE QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF NATURALLY GROWING HAWTHORN
           IN SUŞEHRI

    • Authors: Erdal Ağlar, Ahmet Sümbül, Orhan Karakaya, Burhan Ozturk
      Pages: 61 - 70
      Abstract: The study was conducted in 2017 in the district of Sivas. In the study, 20 genotypes, which are considered to be different from each other, taking into account the fruit characteristics such as color and size and shape, were determined from the hawthorns that were naturally grown in the flora of Suşheri. At harvest time, the fruit, which would be adequate for pomological and biochemical measurements and analyzes, was harvested. According to the results of the measurements and analyzes in the study, fruit weight was found to vary between 0.68 g and 6.35 g, fruit width was between 10.52 and 29.48 mm and fruit length was between 11.40 and 20.67 mm. The highest firmness values were recorded with the genotype (G) 20 genotype, while the G4 had the lowest values in terms of the firmness values of the fruit flesh. While there are no significant differences between the pH values of the genotypes, the differences between the genotypes in terms of SSC, TA and vitamin C contents are quite significant. It has been found that there are significant differences between the genotypes in terms of total phenolic, total flavonoid and antioxidant activity. The total phenolic content ranged from 218.8 (G17) to 605.8 (G5 and G8) mg GAE kg–1 f.w., while the lowest total flavonoid content was 21.58 (G 17) and the highest total flavonoid content was 67.75 (G9) mg GAE kg–1 f.w. When the antioxidant activity was evaluated, the DPPH values were 1.08 (G17) – 15.43 (14) mmol TE kg–1 f.w., the FRAP values were 15.43 (G16) – 47.23 (G8) mmol TE kg–1 f.w. respectively.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.6
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EFFECTS OF ORGANIC CULTIVATION PATTERN ON TOMATO PRODUCTION: PLANT GROWTH
           CHARACTERISTICS, QUALITY, DISEASE RESISTANCE, AND SOIL PHYSICAL AND
           CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

    • Authors: Xu Feng, Yongqing Xu, Dan Liu, Lina Peng, Jiamin Dong, Shukuan Yao, Yanzhong Feng, Zhe Feng, Fenglan Li, Baozhong Hu
      Pages: 71 - 84
      Abstract: Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is one of the world’s most important cultivated vegetable. In the traditional
      cultivation methods, the excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers leads to an imbalance of nutrient elements in the soil, an increase in pests and diseases and a decrease in vegetable quality and yield. In the face of increasingly serious environmental and food problems, organic agriculture is considered to be an effective solution. In this experiment, the effects of organic cultivation patterns on the growth, quality, disease resistance in tomatoes, and the physical and chemical properties of soil were studied by different treatments. The results showed that the application of effective microorganisms (EM) bio-organic fertilizer in the cultivation process can significantly improve the yield, quality, and antioxidant enzyme activity of tomato. The use of straw mulching was found to significantly increase the growth, chlorophyll content, transpiration rate, and soluble sugar content of tomatoes. The application of EM bio-organic fertilizer or straw mulching significantly increased the activity of antioxidant enzyme and the expression of LeCHI gene in tomato leaves and enhanced tomato resistance to diseases. Organic production practices were found to significantly improve the soil.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.7
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • CHINESE CABBAGE BrMYB34.2 TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR REGULATES INDOLIC
           GLUCOSINOLATES BIOSYNTHESIS IN Arabidopsis

    • Authors: Ye Zhao, Yongqiang Zhang, Xianfeng Guo, Yan Ma, Peng Zhang, Hongling Liu, Gang Liu, Jing Guo
      Pages: 85 - 95
      Abstract: Glucosinolates (GS) are a group of sulfur- and nitrogen-rich plant secondary metabolites that originate from
      amino acids and exist mainly in plants in the order Brassicales, such as Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) and Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa ssp. pekinensis). To date, several regulatory components responsible for GS biosynthesis have been identified in Arabidopsis. However, the functions of GS biosynthesis regulators in Chinese cabbage have not been clarified. In our current study, a putative ATR1/MYB34 orthologous gene, BrMYB34.2, was isolated from Chinese cabbage leaves. To investigate the function of this gene, we engineered Arabidopsis plants that overexpress BrMYB34.2 ectopically and phenotypic analysis was performed. Moreover, we assayed the accumulation levels of indolic GS (IGS) and aliphatic glucosinolates in transgenic plants and test the expression of key genes of IGS biosynthesis and tryptophan synthesis by Real-time quantitative PCR. And further analysed the resistance of transgenic plants in 5MT stress treatment. The results indicate that ectopic expression of the BrMYB34.2 gene in Arabidopsis was able to up-regulate the accumulation level of IGS due to the increased expression of IGS and Trp biosynthetic genes. Moreover, overexpression of BrMYB34.2 conferred Arabidopsis 5MT resistance. These results suggest that the BrMYB34.2 gene may function as one of the regulators of IGS and Trp biosynthesis in Chinese cabbage.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.8
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • EFFECTS OF OXYFERTIGATION AND PLANT GROWTH PROMOTING RHIZOBACTERIA ON
           GREENHOUSE LETTUCE GROWN IN PERLITE

    • Authors: Gölgen Bahar Öztekin, Yüksel Tüzel
      Pages: 97 - 105
      Abstract: This study was conducted in order to determine the effects of oxygen enrichment of nutrient solution coupled with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on soilless grown iceberg lettuce (cv. ‘Papiro’) production. Seeds were treated with Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas putida, P. fluorescens, P. punonensis and combined application of B. subtilis + P. fluorescens and were sown into vermicompost : peat (1 : 1.5, v/v) mixture on January 14th, 2015. After germination in growth chamber, seedlings were moved to a greenhouse for seedling growing till they were ready for planting. Seedlings were transplanted to the polyethylene greenhouse 35 days after sowing. Perlite as growing medium was used in open-system soilless culture. Nutrient solution was aerated with an air compressor and applied to plants 2 days after planting with drip irrigation. To diffuse oxygen into nutrient solution in large bubbles, a circular air-stone commonly used in fisheries was used. The nutrient solution without oxyfertigation and plants not treated with bacteria constituted the control treatment. Experiments were conducted in randomized plots design with 2 factors and 3 replications. Heads were harvested 2 months after transplanting. Yield and head quality parameters of head were determined. It was concluded that oxygen enrichment of nutrient solution through a compressor (aeration) provided increases in yield and plant growth. Especially root development, head size and leaf number were higher in plants grown with aerated nutrient solution. Among the tested bacteria, B. subtilis, P. fluorescens and B. subtilis + P. fluorescens were found promising due to the their higher performance under aerated conditions on greenhouse lettuce grown in perlite.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.9
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • FOLIAR APPLIED BIOPREPARATIONS AS A NATURAL METHOD TO INCREASE THE
           PRODUCTIVITY OF GARDEN THYME (Thymus vulgaris L.) AND TO IMPROVE THE
           QUALITY OF HERBAL RAW MATERIAL

    • Authors: Cezary A. Kwiatkowski, Małgorzata Haliniarz, Elżbieta Harasim, Barbara Kołodziej, Alena Yakimovich
      Pages: 107 - 118
      Abstract: The aim of this experiment was to determine the effects of three foliar biopreparations applied once or twice (growth stimulant Bio-algeen, fertilizer Herbagreen Basic, and Effective Microorganisms in the form of EM Farming spray) on yield and quality of herbal raw material of organically grown garden thyme (Thymus vulgaris). It was proved that the Bio-algeen had an effect on increasing thyme productivity, whereas Effective Microorganisms had no impact at all on herb yield. The beneficial action of biopreparations was more evident under favorable hydrothermal conditions over the study period than under unfavorable conditions. The biopreparations stimulated an increase in the essential oil content in the thyme herb. Bio-algeen, especially when applied twice, had the greatest positive influence on the quality of raw material, Effective Microorganisms were found to have a smaller effect (positive and negative), whereas Herbagreen Basic had positive effect on thyme yield and essential oil content. The effect of Bio-algeen, and to a lesser extent that of Effective Microorganisms, on the content of natural antioxidants (phenolic acids, polyphenols) in the thyme raw material and, moreover, its impact on free radical scavenging and antioxidant activity should be considered to be a particularly valuable finding. Due to application of the Bio-algeen, herbal raw material characterized by the best health-promoting parameters can be obtained.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.10
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • VARIATION AND RELATIONSHIPS OF AERIAL YIELD, MORPHO-AGRONOMIC TRAITS AND
           ESSENTIAL OIL COMPOSITION IN DOMESTIC POPULATIONS OF Ziziphora tenuior IN
           IRAN

    • Authors: Reza Moradi, Mohammad Ali Alizadeh, Eslam Majidi Hervan, Parvin Salehi Shanjani, Shahab Khaghani, Ali Ashraf Jafari
      Pages: 119 - 130
      Abstract: The present study was carried out to evaluate aerial yield, agronomic traits, essential oil production, and their relationships in 21 populations of Ziziphora tenuior in Karaj, Iran over two years (2016–2017). The experimental layout was a randomized complete block design with three replications. Data were collected for GDD (Growth Degree Days), plant height, canopy area, stem number, flower number, aerial fresh yield, aerial dry matter (DM) yield, seed yield, essential oil percentage and oil production. The essential oil compositions were detected in accession 2929 (Tassoj) using GC/MS. Result of combined analysis of variance across two years showed significant differences between years, populations and population x year interaction for all traits (P < 0.01). In comparisons among populations, the population of Avaj and Ijroud with average values of 13.5 and 14.33 g/p had higher aerial dry yield and other agronomic traits followed by Meshkin2 and 3. For seed yield, Ormieh with average values of 3.11 g/p had higher production. For oil content, the populations of Tassoj, Salmas and Sharkord with average values of 1.25 to 1.56% had higher oil content and essential oil production. Result of correlation analysis showed that DM yield was positively correlated with GDD, plant height, canopy area, stem number, flower number. Oil content was negatively correlated with aerial DM yield. The results of PCA analysis showed that the first four components accounted for 50, 20, 12 and 10% of the total variation, respectively. Plant height, canopy area, stem number, flower number and aerial yield in the PCA1, essential oil content and oil production in the PCA2, seed yield in the PCA3 and GDD in PCA4 components were identified as important traits. Using Ward cluster method, the 21 populations were grouped into 3 clusters. In total, 23 compounds were identified in the essential oil from the aerial parts Z. tenuior. The major components in the essential oil were pulegone ranged (47.54 to 65.26%) followed by neo-iso-dihydro carveol, carvacrol, piperitenone, limonene, 1.8-cineole, p-mentha-3,8-dien, alpha-terpinene and terpinen-u-ol. It was concluded that there were wide range of variations for agronomic trait and essential oil in domestic germplasm of Z. tenuior to improved breeding new varieties in Iran.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.11
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • FRUIT YIELD AND QUALITY OF 'FLORIDA KING' PEACHES SUBJECTED TO
           FOLIAR CALCIUM CHLORIDE SPRAYS AT DIFFERENT GROWTH STAGES

    • Authors: Muhammad Owais Shahid, Atif Muhmood, Muhammad Ihtisham, Mati ur Rahman, Noor Amjad, Muhammad Sajid, Khawar Riaz, Asghar Ali
      Pages: 131 - 139
      Abstract: Peach fruit and trees are prone to various issues, regarding yield, quality and pest attack. Calcium plays several roles in plant and fruit development. Therefore the current study was conducted to evaluate the response of peach fruit to foliar application. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design with two factors factorial arrangement and three replicates. Calcium chloride was applied at the rate of 0, 1, 2 and 3%. The foliar application of calcium was done at pink bud stage, berry size fruit stage, and then at pit hardening stage of peach. The obtained resulted indicated that foliar application of calcium significantly improved peach fruit quality and yield. The highest fruit weight (142.6 g), yield tree–1 (15.6 kg), ascorbic acid content (6.67 mg‧100 g–1), total soluble solids (11.0°Bx), fruit juice pH (3.98), sugar to acid ratio (45.1), fruit firmness (3.90 kg‧cm–2) and fruit volume (155.6 cm3) was obtained with the application of 3% solution of calcium chloride at pit hardening stage but it significantly reduced the percent titratable acidity (0.3%) and disease incidence (5.8%). It was concluded that 3% calcium chloride applied at the pit hardening stage significantly boosted peach quality and fruit yield.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.12
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON POMOLOGICAL TRAITS, FATTY ACID COMPOSITION AND
           VOLATILE AROMA COMPOUNDS OF IRRIGATED AND RAIN-FED ALMOND

    • Authors: Fırat Ege Karaat
      Pages: 141 - 149
      Abstract: Rain-fed agriculture is a common growing system relies on rainfall for water requirements of crops. This fact
      brings some drawbacks in cultivation that causes significant differences in yield and quality. However, fruits
      from rain-fed trees are generally accepted as better tasting thanks to their richer flavor and aroma compounds. This study compares pomological parameters, some selected chemical properties, fatty acid composition and volatile aroma compounds of irrigated and rain-fed grown ‘Ferragnes’ and ‘Ferraduel’ almond cultivars. Results indicated significant differences between cultivars and growing systems. Total oil was significantly lower in rain-fed samples (24.8% for ‘Ferragnes’ and 24.9% for ‘Ferraduel’) when compared with irrigated samples (44.1% for ‘Ferragnes’ and 40.2% for ‘Ferraduel’). Palmitic and oleic acid was higher in irrigated samples, whereas linoleic acid was higher in rain-fed samples. Most of the aroma compounds detected in this present study are new record for almond aroma-active compounds. In an overall view, rain-fed samples resulted with higher contents of aroma compounds.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.13
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • NUTRIENT AND BIOACTIVE SUBSTANCE CONTENTS OF EDIBLE PLANTS GROWN NATURALLY
           IN SALIPAZARI (SAMSUN)

    • Authors: Esra Demir, Nezahat Turfan, Harun Özer, Nebahat Şule Üstün, Aysun Pekşen
      Pages: 151 - 160
      Abstract: This study was carried out for the determination of nutrient and bioactive substance contents of edible wild plants consumed as vegetables in Samsun's Salıpazarı district during September 2014 and August 2016 period. In the selected villages from identified locations, 11 species that naturally grow and are consumed as vegetables such as Alcea apterocarpa Boiss., Rumex crispus L., Urtica dioica L., Trachystemon orientalis L., Oenanthe pimpinelloides L., Smilax excelsa L., Capsella bursa-pastoris L., Aegopodium podagraria L., Arum italicum Miller, Ornithogalum sigmoideum Freyn et. Sint. and Amaranthus retroflexus L. have been identified. Protein, proline, free amino acid, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, lipid peroxidation level (MDA), glucose, sucrose, total soluble carbohydrate, chlorophyll, total carotenoids, β-carotene, lycopene, flavonoids, and anthocyanins contents of these plants were determined as 32.79–106.40 mg/g dry weight (DW), 5.71–47.66 µmol/g DW, 29.62–61.75 µg/g DW, 82.75–240.06 IU/mg protein, 106.36–531.05 µmol/g DW, 31.96–87.24 mg/100 g DW, 10.97–25.49 mg/100 g DW, 174.3–422.2 mg/100 g DW, 7.79–25.96 mg/100 g DW, 102.01–436.93 µg/100 g DW, 115.86–459.64 µg/100 g DW, 6.38–30.28 mg/100 g DW and 10.17–21.52 mg/100 g DW, respectively. As a result of the analyses, it was determined that there were significant differences (P < 0.01) in terms of all parameters examined among species.
      PubDate: 2020-02-21
      DOI: 10.24326/asphc.2020.1.14
      Issue No: Vol. 19, No. 1 (2020)
       
 
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