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  Subjects -> WATER RESOURCES (Total: 148 journals)
Showing 1 - 47 of 47 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acque Sotterranee - Italian Journal of Groundwater     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Oceanography and Limnology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Water Resource and Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Water Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Water Works Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Anales de Hidrología Médica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW. Land Reclamation     Open Access  
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Applied Water Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquacultural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Aquaculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Aquatic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Living Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aquatic Procedia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Water Resources     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Desalination     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Desalination and Water Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Developments in Water Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Science : Water Research & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
EQA - International Journal of Environmental Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European journal of water quality - Journal européen d'hydrologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Groundwater for Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Grundwasser     Hybrid Journal  
Hydro Nepal : Journal of Water, Energy and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hydrology Research     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Hydrology: Current Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
IDA Journal of Desalination and Water Reuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ingeniería del agua     Open Access  
International Journal of Climatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Nuclear Desalination     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of River Basin Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Salt Lake Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Waste Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Water Resources Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Soil and Water Conservation Research     Open Access  
Irrigation and Drainage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Irrigation Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Aquatic Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Contemporary Water Resource & Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Geophysical Research : Oceans     Partially Free   (Followers: 48)
Journal of Hydro-environment Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Hydroinformatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hydrology (New Zealand)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hydrometeorology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Limnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the American Water Resources Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Water and Climate Change     Partially Free   (Followers: 37)
Journal of Water and Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Water Process Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Water Resource and Hydraulic Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Water Resource and Protection     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Water Resource Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Water Reuse and Desalination     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Water Science & Environment Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Water Security     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Water Supply : Research and Technology - AQUA     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
La Houille Blanche     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Lake and Reservoir Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Lakes & Reservoirs Research & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Large Marine Ecosystems     Full-text available via subscription  
Liquid Waste Recovery     Open Access  
Mangroves and Salt Marshes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Marine Ecology Progress Series MEPS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Marine Ecosystem Stressor Response     Open Access  
Methods in Oceanography : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Osterreichische Wasser- und Abfallwirtschaft     Hybrid Journal  
Ozone Science & Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Paddy and Water Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Reviews in Aquaculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Revue des sciences de l'eau / Journal of Water Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
RIBAGUA - Revista Iberoamericana del Agua     Open Access  
Riparian Ecology and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
River Research and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
River Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SA Irrigation = SA Besproeiing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SABI Magazine - Tydskrif     Full-text available via subscription  
San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sciences Eaux & Territoires : la Revue du Cemagref     Open Access  
Scientia Marina     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Sri Lanka Journal of Aquatic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sustainability of Water Quality and Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sustainable Technologies, Systems & Policies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Tecnología y Ciencias del Agua     Open Access  
Texas Water Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Urban Water Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Waste Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Water     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Water & Sanitation Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Water and Environment Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Water Environment and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Water Environment Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Water International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Water Policy     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Water Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Water Practice and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Water Quality Research Journal of Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Water Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Water Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Water Resources and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Water Resources and Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Water Resources and Rural Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Water Resources Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Water Resources Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
Water SA     Open Access  
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Water Science : The National Water Research Center Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Water Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)
Water Wheel     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Water, Air, & Soil Pollution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Water21     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Waterlines     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wetlands Ecology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews : Water     Hybrid Journal  
WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Journal Cover Civil and Environmental Research
  [17 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2224-5790 - ISSN (Online) 2225-0514
   Published by IISTE Homepage  [37 journals]
  • Journal coverpage

    • Authors: Journal Editor
      Abstract: Journal coverpage
      Issue No: Vol. 9
       
  • Prediction of Optimal Maintenance Alternative for Iraqi Pavement
           Management Based on Multi-Objective Optimization Technique and Constraint
           Genetic Algorithm

    • Authors: Namir G. Ahmed, Ali J. Kadhim, Amani A. Ferman
      Abstract: Pavement management systems (PMS) are widely used to assist the transportation agencies to support the decision makers to select the best maintenance alternatives. To maintain a pavement network under a performance-based efficiently and cost-effectively in a long-term horizon, the local related agencies such as SCRB, mayoralty of Baghdad and Ministry of Municipalities need to provide balance multiple objectives (e.g., cost minimum, performance maximum) which are often different from the requirements of the traditional asset preservation practices. Accordingly, the main objective of this research is to develop a multi-objective optimization model to support the multi-year decision making process of the Iraqi pavement maintenance management system. Two optimization objectives are considered; maintenance cost minimization and pavement condition maximization. This study selects the flexible pavement section (R4/B-Expressway No.1) as the study area. Different field measurements are carried out to estimate the pavement performance indicators (PPI) which included; Pavement Condition Index (PCI), International Friction Index (IFI), and International Roughness Index (IRI) to formulate multi-objective optimization models to select optimal maintenance alternative for the selected case study. Keywords: pavement management system, pavement maintenance, multi-objective optimization, genetic algorithm.
      Issue No: Vol. 9
       
  • Impact of Burullus Lake on the Nile Delta Aquifer Overcoming Seawater
           Intrusion

    • Authors: Mustafa Elkhedr
      Abstract: Surface recharge of coastal aquifers is one of the management tools to overcome seawater intrusion. The success of this management tool depends on the geological settings and the hydrogeological characteristics of the site. This study addressed the impact of Burullus Lake on the Nile Delta aquifer overcoming the seawater intrusion. The Lake resides on a clay aquitard with a thickness of 25 m or even more. Eight scenarios were proposed and simulated. These scenarios include decrease of the water salinity in the Lake, increase of the water level in the Lake and/or reduction of the clay cap thickness. The baseline salinity in the Lake is 9000 mg/L. The aquifer salinity varies with depth and proximity to the shoreline. The simulation of the baseline scenario indicated that the aquifer salinity within the Lake footprint ranges from 2000 mg/L to 7700 mg/L. When the water salinity in the Lake is decreased to 3000 mg/L and 650 mg/L, the aquifer salinity decreases more than 8.5% and 17%, respectively after 10 years at a depth of 50 m at a middle point of the Lake footprint. Although decreasing the water salinity in the Lake had decreased the aquifer salinity in the upper parts of the aquifer, the salinity increased with time in all scenarios. This is attributed to the effect of seawater intrusion. Reducing the thickness of the clay aquitard, by 10% or 20%, within the Lake footprint had minor effect on aquifer salinity. Keywords: Coastal Aquifer, Burullus Lake, Seawater, Intrusion, Visual MODFLOW 
      Issue No: Vol. 9
       
  • A Study into the Use of Recycle Iron and Steel Slag as an Alternative
           Aggregate in Concrete Production

    • Authors: Olowu Oluwaleke Adekunle, Akerele Adebimpe Omorinsola, Akinsanya Akinwale Nurudeen, Akinsanya Abiodun Yesiru
      Abstract: The study researches into the use of recycle iron and steel slag as an alternative aggregate to granite in concrete production. X-ray diffract meter (XRD) and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) were implored to assess the mineral composition and morphology of the aggregate; mechanical properties of the aggregates that were assessed includes sieve analysis, water absorption, bulk specific gravity and Los Angeles abrasion value. In this study the workability of fresh concrete was assessed using slump and compacting factor tests and the strength of the concrete was assessed using the uniaxial compressive strength test to establish the suitability of recycle iron and steel slag aggregate as alternative aggregate in concrete production. Concrete of M20 grade was considered for a water cement ratio of 0.60 using 1:2:4 mix ratio, slag aggregate replacements were observed from 0 to 100% at interval of 10%.  The results of experimental investigations carried out to evaluate the fresh and hardened concrete properties showed that the slump value at 100% granite was 17mm (true slump) while at 100% slag was 28mm (shear slump); while the compacting factor are 0.79 at 0% slag replacement and 0.87at100% slag replacement; which confirms that concrete casted with granite is more workable than concrete casted with slag aggregate. The compressive strength at 7,14, 21 and 28days for the control cubes of 0%, 50% and 100% slag content are; 23.11, 21.78, 24.44 and 27.79N/mm²;  13.78, 20.00, 20.67 and 29.89N/mm² ; and 19.56, 22.67, 24.00 and 23.33N/mm² respectively. The results showed that maximum strength is obtained at 50% slag replacement; though all the results met the requirement of 20N/mm² by standard BS 5328: part 1: 1997. The results of mineral composition and morphology showed that granite and slag aggregates contained (70.2, 11.56, 1.19, 1.12, 0.96, 0.75, 3.26, 3.41, 0.00, 0.08 and 0.05) % and (13.7, 1.68, 10.32, 24.08, 45.16, 7.31, 0.19, 0.04, 0.03, 0.81 and 5.89) % of minerals composition respectively. The water absorption, abrasion value and specific gravity of granite and slag aggregate are (0.12%, 20.0 and2.20) and (0.82%, 23.0, and3.54) respectively. The result showed that the slag aggregate is more porous and absorbed water than granite aggregate and great care must be taken when using slag aggregate in concrete production as reduced water-cement ratio as compared to granite aggregate is required for better performance ; adequate stalking is also required prior to usage.  Based on overall observations it could be recommended that slag could be utilized as coarse aggregate in concrete production either as partial or full replacement of granite aggregate. Keywords: granite, iron and steel slag, X-ray diffract meter (XRD), scanning electron microscopic (SEM), mineral composition and morphology.
      Issue No: Vol. 9
       
  • Impact of Urban Expansion on the Livelihood of Peri- Urban Agricultural
           Community: Case of Wolaita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia

    • Authors: Paulos Lukas
      Abstract: This study investigates the effects of the expansion of the town on the livelihood of the dislocated farming community in Wolaita Sodo. A total of 100 sample households were selected by the probability proportional to size and each was interviewed for the purpose. Offa Gandaba, Offa Sere, Bosa Kecha and Kokate Marachere are peripheries of the town where the largest projects of residential expansion are being implemented dislocating the farming community from these areas. Household survey, participatory group discussions and key informants interviews were used to assess the situation. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics like mean, standard deviation, percentage, and frequency distribution were used to describe the socio economic characteristics of the sample households. In addition, p and chi-square tests were used to compare age of Households head, education level and family size, land size, means of livelihoods, credit utilization, infrastructure and job opportunity of dislocated farming community. A Probit model was used to estimate factors determining the livelihoods of peri-urban community. A total of thirteen explanatory variables, 7 continuous, 6 categorical and dummy, were included in the empirical model. Out of these, seven were found to be statistically significant. These variables include Age of Household head, Education level, Land Size, means of livelihood, Credit utilization, infrastructure and job opportunity. The age of household head has negative relationship with urban expansion effect on peri-urban community, but significant at 5% significance level. The results of the study indicated that the implemented expansion program is not participatory and have marginalized the farming community. The compensation schemes envisaged for the loss of assets excluded youth and women. The dislocation program implemented is not rehabilitative and negatively affected the livelihood of the dislocated farming community. Key terms:  urban expansion, dislocation, displacement, livelihood, Probit model.  
      Issue No: Vol. 9
       
  • Community Population Density Variation Implications on Sanitation System
           Cost – The Case of Kotoko Community in Suame (Kumasi), Ghana

    • Authors: Kabange; R. S., Graham, J.
      Abstract: A significant global population proportion lives in densely-populated peri-urban poor communities with inadequate sanitation facilities.  When serving poor people with sanitation however, cost and affordability concerns dominate the discourse, besides space availability.  There is also evidence that sanitation system cost is a function of population density.  Population density strong influence on the most cost-effective sanitation system solution selection is therefore not in debate.    Though sanitation systems cost literature exists, very few (if any) link these costs to the varying community population densities triggered by global population explosion, urbanization, and climate change.  This research therefore looked at the effects of population density variation on sanitation system cost for a low-income high-density multi-ethnic peri-urban Kotoko community of 2,200 people in Kumasi, Ghana.  The community’s earlier studies identified simplified sewerage (SS) and ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine as the most cost-effective.  These solutions were then subjected to population density and cost comparison with consideration for policy, socio-cultural and affordability influences.  The results revealed that SS was likely more cost-effective sanitation solution at the private level (one flush toilet per household) at an annualized household cost of USD46.  Simplified sewerage became cheaper than VIP latrine at a breakeven population density higher than 160 persons per hectare – a confirmation of Sinnatamby’s 1983 result for northeast Brazil.  Future population rises only made SS even cheaper.  Besides confirmation of SS as the better-cost option in high-density areas, this research showed that the breakeven population density at which SS was cheaper than VIP latrine varied with location.  This work also confirmed the growing evidence that people were already paying more for sanitation services.  The research concluded that SS was the first choice option for Ghana’s densely-populated peri-urban Kotoko community at all population densities over 160 persons per hectare.  To broaden the evidence base for decision-makers and allow determine whether the breakeven density for SS was unique to this community, it was recommended that more costing studies of this nature be carried out in similar communities in Kumasi.   The implementation of SS in the research community on pilot basis incorporating modern greywater use approaches for added benefits was also recommended. Keywords: annualized household cost, population density, sanitation system cost, simplified sewerage, VIP latrine
      Issue No: Vol. 9
       
  • Achieving Value for Money (VFM) in Construction Projects

    • Authors: Samuel Olusola; Olatunji, Timothy Oluwatosin, Olawumi, Oluwaseyi Alabi, Awodele
      Abstract: Value for Money is the client’s assessment of the project delivered and/or services rendered by the various project stakeholders as it met the pre-determined objectives. The study focused on ways by which the required value for money can be achieved in a project, these includes detailed risk analysis and appropriate risk allocation, drive for faster project completion, curtailment in project cost escalation, encouragement of innovation in project development, preparation of a detailed specification etc. Highlighted among management tools that can aid the achievement of the desired VFM includes Life Cycle Cost analysis, Value Management, Building Information Modelling, and Lean Construction methods. The study argued for the ex-ante VFM assessment to be carried out at the design stage of a project; the importance of an ex-post VFM assessment after project completion was stressed, this is due to the fact that it helps to determine whether or not value for money has actually been delivered. Meanwhile, the barriers to achieving value for money on investment for the client were discussed with recommendations for improving VFM practices. The findings of this research provide necessary information and instruments to assist the various project stakeholders to make informed and supportable decisions. Keywords: Value for Money (VFM), VFM techniques, barriers, construction projects
      Issue No: Vol. 9
       
  • Rainfall Floods as a Result of Land Use Alteration in a Syrian Refugee
           Camp in Jordan

    • Authors: Saad M. AlAyyash
      Abstract: The Zaatri Refugee Camp (ZRC) established summer 2012 shortly after the Syrian conflict started. Due to high flux of refugee fled the conflect south of Syria to Jordan and in a short notice, the international organizations with the Government of Jordan started to establish the camp with limited data on socio-economic and environmental impacts of the selected site. The camp is located in a nearly flat area which forms natural soil pan that used for cultivation. One of the environmental impacts for the selected site is the flooding in parts of the camp due to altering the hydrologic response of the area. This alteration is resulted in two ways: the first on is the building of earth wall around the camp which stops the runoff floods from getting into the natural water courses, the second alteration is the building of dense metal houses with compacted pathways in between. After establishing the camp, the land use changed completely, dense metal housings are built covering around 50% of the area. Networks of compacted roads between the housing blocks are built using imported crushed limestone aggregates. The change in land cover increased the Curve Number (CN) from 84 for the natural agricultural land to 92.5 for the built up area. The increase in CN due to altering the hydrologic parameters within the camp area increased the runoff depth by 82% to 614%, this resulting in more flood water trapped inside the boundaries of the camp. The flood volumes that accumulated can cover more than 10% of the camp area with average water depth 25 centimeters (cm) for 25-years return period storms. In other hand, the storms event that most probably occurs every other year (2-years return period) could result in flood that covers about 1.5% of the camp area with water depth that reaches 25 cm. Keywords: Rainfall floods, Land use alteration, Zaatari Refugee Camp, Jordan
      Issue No: Vol. 9
       
 
 
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