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  Subjects -> AERONAUTICS AND SPACE FLIGHT (Total: 120 journals)
Showing 1 - 30 of 30 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Astronautica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 484)
Advances in Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 66)
Advances in Aerospace Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Astronautics Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Space Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 454)
Aeronautical Journal, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Aerospace     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Aerospace Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 422)
Aerospace Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Aerospace Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aerospace technic and technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio : Journal of Aerospace Science, Technologies & Systems     Hybrid Journal  
AIAA Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1177)
Air Force Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Air Medical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual of Navigation     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
ASTRA Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Astrodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Aviation     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Aviation Advances & Maintenance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aviation in Focus - Journal of Aeronautical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Aviation Week     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 438)
Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
CEAS Aeronautical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Chinese Journal of Aeronautics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Ciencia y Poder Aéreo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Civil Aviation High Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Control Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 317)
Cosmic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COSPAR Colloquia Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Elsevier Astrodynamics Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Fatigue of Aircraft Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Gyroscopy and Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255)
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 276)
IEEE Journal on Miniaturization for Air and Space Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 383)
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Aeroacoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Aerodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 80)
International Journal of Aerospace Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Aerospace Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Applied Geospatial Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Aviation Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Aviation Technology, Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Crashworthiness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Satellite Communications Policy and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Space Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Space Structures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Space Technology Management and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Sustainable Aviation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Turbo and Jet-Engines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Investigación Pecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aerodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Aeronautical Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Aeronautics & Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Journal of Aerospace Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Aerospace Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Aerospace Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Aircraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 337)
Journal of Aircraft and Spacecraft Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Airline and Airport Management     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 204)
Journal of KONBiN     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 279)
Journal of Propulsion and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 609)
Journal of Space Safety Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 770)
Journal of Spatial Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the American Helicopter Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Astronautical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Life Sciences in Space Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
MAD - Magazine of Aviation Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mekanika : Jurnal Teknik Mesin i     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Microgravity Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
New Space     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nonlinear Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
npj Microgravity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Aerospace Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Population Space and Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Problemy Mechatroniki. Uzbrojenie, lotnictwo, inżynieria bezpieczeństwa / Problems of Mechatronics. Armament, Aviation, Safety Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Progress in Aerospace Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 79)
Propulsion and Power Research     Open Access   (Followers: 67)
REACH - Reviews in Human Space Exploration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Space Science & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
RocketSTEM     Free   (Followers: 6)
Russian Aeronautics (Iz VUZ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Science and Education : Scientific Publication of BMSTU     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Space and Polity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Space Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Space Research Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Space Safety Magazine     Free   (Followers: 51)
Space Science International     Open Access   (Followers: 193)
Space Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 97)
SpaceNews     Free   (Followers: 824)
Spatial Information Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Technical Soaring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transport and Aerospace Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportmetrica A : Transport Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Unmanned Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Вісник Національного Авіаційного Університету     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover
International Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.232
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 80  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-5966 - ISSN (Online) 1687-5974
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [343 journals]
  • Effects of Heat Addition on Wave Drag Reduction of a Spiked Blunt Body

    • Abstract: Drag reduction technology plays a significant role in extending the flight range for a high-speed vehicle. A wave drag reduction strategy via heat addition to a blunt body with a spike was proposed and numerically validated. The heat addition is simulated with continuous heating in a confined area upstream of the blunt body. The effects of heat addition on drag reduction in three flow conditions () were compared, and the influence of power density (,, and ) of heating was evaluated. Results show that the heat addition has a positive way to reduce the drag of the body with a spike alone, and more satisfactory drag reduction effectiveness can be achieved at a higher Mach number. The drag reduction coefficient increases with in the same flow condition, with a maximum of 38.9% () as . The wave drag reduction principle was discussed by a transient calculation, which indicates that the separation region has entrainment of the heated air and expanded with its sonic line away from the blunt cone, which results in an alleviation of the pressure load caused by shock/shock interaction.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Jan 2021 14:05:01 +000
       
  • Numerical Investigation of Inlet Thermodynamic Conditions on Solid Fuel
           Ramjet Performances

    • Abstract: In this work, 2D numerical RANS (Reynolds Average Navier-Stokes) simulations were carried out to investigate the thermodynamic performance of a solid fuel ramjet (SFRJ) with different inlet conditions. This is achieved by using an in-house FORTRAN code to simulate a 2D turbulent, reacting, unsteady flow in the ramjet engine. The inlet conditions are characterized by three key parameters: (1) swirl number (), (2) mass flow rate (), and (3) inlet temperature (). With the code numerically validated by benchmarking with a number of computed cases, it is applied to perform systematic studies on the turbulent flow recirculation, combustion, and heat transfer characteristics. It is found that increasing ,, or can dramatically enhance the combustion heat release rate, regression rate, and combustor average temperature. Furthermore, the analysis on the chemical reaction intermediate (CO) reveals that the chemical reaction is more sufficient with increased , but . In addition, a secondary vortex is generated at the corner of the backward facing step in the presence of a swirl flow resulting from the instability of the shear layer. Finally, the nonlinear correlations between the heat transfer, combustion characteristics, and flow field characteristics and the corresponding inlet thermodynamic parameters are identified.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jan 2021 14:05:01 +000
       
  • A New Compensation Method for DRR of a Roll-Pitch Seeker Based on ESO

    • Abstract: We propose a new DRR (Disturbance Rejection Rate) compensation method of a roll-pitch seeker based on ESO (extended state observer). The characteristics of a roll-pitch seeker and the DRR definition of two frames of a roll-pitch seeker are analyzed. The influence of different interference torques and different frequency bandwidths on the compensation effect is analyzed. Modeling and simulation of the guidance system of a roll-pitch seeker with the parasitic loop of DRR are carried out. Influence of the new DRR compensation method on dimensionless miss distance is analyzed. Mathematical simulation is established to compare the new ESO-based DRR compensation method with the existing methods such as the feedforward method and Kalman filter method. The analysis and simulation results show that the new ESO-based DRR compensation method has the advantages of high precision, good applicability, and easy adjustment, and the new method can effectively reduce the dimensionless miss distance with different types of input errors. The research of this proposed new method can provide a reference for the latest generation air-to-air missile operations in a high-altitude and high-speed environment and the high-precision research of a roll-pitch seeker.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jan 2021 13:05:00 +000
       
  • Analysis of Sensitive Parameters Affecting Unlocking Force of Finger Lock
           in Landing Gear

    • Abstract: The mechanical characteristics of the unlocking force of the landing gear finger lock were studied in this paper, the influence of its diameter, fingertip angle, wear, and other factors on the unlocking force in one complete working cycle was analyzed, and the sensitive parameters that affect the unlocking force were obtained. Firstly, the unlocking force and wear of finger lock were calculated theoretically, and the changing rule of the unlocking force and wear with each parameter was obtained. Then, the validity of the correlation coefficient and model was verified by experiment. Finally, combined with the effective coefficient obtained from the experiment, the Archard wear model was used to simulate the change rule of lock force. The results show that in one complete working cycle, the inner surface diameter is negatively related to the unlocking force, fingertip diameter has little effect on the unlocking force, fingertip angle is negatively related to the unlocking force, and wear is positively related to the unlocking force; friction coefficient and fingertip angle are high sensitive parameters that affect the unlocking force, which have obvious effect on the unlocking force. The inner surface diameter, fingertip diameter of finger lock, and wear are the low sensitive parameters that affect the unlocking force, and the influence on the unlocking force is weak.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2021 14:50:01 +000
       
  • Magnetohydrodynamic Control of Hypersonic Separation Flows

    • Abstract: Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) control of hypersonic laminar separation flows is investigated in this paper. A series of numerical simulations over various geometry configurations, namely, a compression corner and a double wedge ramp hypersonic inlet, have been conducted by application of an external electromagnetic field. Results show that the performance of MHD separation flow control is mainly determined by flow acceleration of the Lorentz force directed in the streamwise direction. The Joule heating term always brings negative effects on the MHD separation flow control and increased the static pressure locally, where the electromagnetic field is applied. With an external electromagnetic field applied, the low velocity fluid in the boundary layer can be accelerated. Moreover, there exists a best location for the MHD zone to be applied and completely eliminate the separation of the flow from the surface.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2021 14:35:00 +000
       
  • A Novel Self-Tuning Fuzzy Logic-Based PID Controllers for Two-Axis Gimbal
           Stabilization in a Missile Seeker

    • Abstract: Tracking a target is an essential function of a seeker for missiles. The target tracking mechanism of a seeker consists of gimbals, mounted with gyroscopes, and an antenna or some other energy receiving devices such as radar, infrared (IR), or laser. Stabilization of such a gimbal is necessary for any guided missile to maintain the tracking device always pointing towards the target. For the stabilization of the gimbal system, several control methods have been employed for making the gimbal to follow an input rate command by eliminating all the gimbal disturbances. Here, a new self-tuning fuzzy logic-based proportional, integral, derivative (PID) controller is introduced for the stabilization of a two-axis gimbal for a manoeuvring guided missile. The proposed control method involves tuning the gains of the PID controller based on the fuzzy logic rule bases considering the missile body rotation. The performance of the stabilization loops has been verified through MATLAB simulations for fuzzy logic-based PID controller compared with the conventional PID controller. The simulation results show the response of the gimbal system with stabilization loops met the control requirements with fuzzy PID controllers but not with conventional PID controllers.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jan 2021 14:05:01 +000
       
  • Multiphase Trajectory Optimization of a Lunar Return Mission to an LEO
           Space Station

    • Abstract: Lunar exploration architecture can be made more flexible and reliable with the support of a low-Earth orbit (LEO) space station. This study therefore evaluated a proposed hybrid optimization scheme to design the entire trajectory of a reusable spacecraft starting from trans-Earth injection (EI) at the perilune and ending at an LEO space station. As such a trajectory has multiple constraints and multiple dynamical models, it is divided into the trans-Earth phase, aerocapture phase, and postatmospheric phase. The optimization scheme is performed at two levels: sublevel and top level. At the sublevel, two novel pseudo rules are proposed to optimize the trans-Earth trajectory so that it satisfies the coplanar constraints of the space station. Then, in the aerocapture phase, the bank angle is optimized to satisfy the mission constraints, and in the atmospheric phase, the one-impulsive maneuver is performed and optimized to insert the spacecraft into the target space station orbit. The multiple phases are connected to each other by boundary conditions where the terminal state of the previous phase is transformed into the initial state of the following phase. At the top level, the vacuum perigee height is selected as the mission design variable based on problem characteristics analysis and a hybrid optimization scheme is conducted to minimize the total velocity increment. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed hybrid optimization method is effective for the design of an entire trajectory with acceptable velocity cost which is less than that in the previous study. The coplanar constraints of the space station and other mission constraints in each phase are also satisfied. Furthermore, the proposed trajectory design method is shown to be applicable to a reusable spacecraft returning to an LEO space station parked in any arbitrary orbital plane.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jan 2021 13:50:01 +000
       
  • Full-Field Displacement Measurements of Helicopter Rotor Blades Using
           Stereophotogrammetry

    • Abstract: This study presents a stereophotogrammetry approach to achieve full-field displacement measurements of helicopter rotor blades. The method is demonstrated in the wind tunnel test of a 2 m diameter rotor, conducted at the Aeroacoustic Wind Tunnel of China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center (CARDC). By arranging the retroreflective targets on the special hat installed directly above the rotor hub, the dynamic motion of the rotor shaft was tracked accurately, and a unified coordinate system was established on the rotor. Therefore, three-dimensional coordinates of instantaneously measured targets attached on the blade could be transformed to the unified rotor coordinate system, thereby providing a basis for consistently calculating the blade displacements at different test conditions. Moreover, location deviations of the blade caused by the vibration of the measuring system or the rotor due to freestream and rotor rotation were also effectively corrected through coordinate transformation. Comparisons of experimental and simulation results for a range of hover and forward flight conditions show good magnitude and trend agreements.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jan 2021 16:50:01 +000
       
  • A Centralized Algorithm with Collision Avoidance for Trajectory Planning
           in Preflight Stage

    • Abstract: In order to better understand pretactical phase flow management with the flight plan centralized processing at its core, based on the flight plan centralized processing system and track-based operation, the aircraft’s 4D trajectory planning challenges require a deeper level of analysis. Firstly, through establishing a flight performance prediction model, in which the flight plan data is extracted and the time when an aircraft passed a specified waypoint is calculated, a 4D flight prediction can be derived. Secondly, the air traffic flow of the waypoint is calculated, and a converging point along a flight route is selected. Through adjusting the time and speed of the aircraft passing this point, conflict between aircraft is avoided. Finally, the flight is verified by CCA1532, with the connecting flight plan centralized processing center set in line with the company’s requirements. The results demonstrate that according to flight plans, the 4D trajectory of the aircraft can be predicted with the nearest minute and second, and the flow of a total of 20 aircraft within one hour before and after the passage of CCA1532 at key point WADUK can be calculated. When there is a conflict of 88 s between the convergence point and flight B, the speed of B aircraft is adjusted from 789 km/h to 778 km/h, and the time of passing the WADUK point is increased by 7 s, thereby realizing the conflict-free trajectory planning of the two flights.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Jan 2021 13:50:01 +000
       
  • A Computational Design Analysis of UAV’s Rotor Blade in Low-Temperature
           Conditions for the Defence Applications

    • Abstract: This paper discusses about the critical situations faced by the Defence operations with drones in the area of Siachen Glacier in the Himalayas. The reasons for the structural failures in drone’s rotor blades and the low-performance efficiency of the drones at low-temperature conditions are highlighted. A possible solution to the above-mentioned problems has been addressed by introducing a new boundary design in the rotor blades and composite materials. The results which are shown in this paper are obtained by the computational analysis facility located at the Department of Aerospace Engineering, School of Technology, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Hyderabad. By mimicking the Siachen Glacier atmosphere conditions, the proposed rotor blade design has been analysed in CFD.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Jan 2021 03:35:01 +000
       
  • Experimental Investigation on Flow Field Characteristics of Impinging-Film
           Cooling

    • Abstract: This paper describes an experimental investigation on flow field characteristics of impinging-film cooling. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technology has been applied to observe the effect of blowing ratio (), temperature ratio (), jet-to-plate pitch (), and spacing of impinging holes () on the flow field patterns in an impinging-film cooling test rig under atmospheric pressure. Experiment results show that the near-wall entrained vortex at the downstream of the slit moves downstream of the test rig as the blowing ratio increases, which increases the effective protection length of the film. While the vortex at the end of the inducting slab is stronger, this will increase the mixing in the shear layer. The radial size of the near-wall entrained vortex tends to decrease as the temperature ratio increases at the low blow ratio, and the entrainment effect on the downstream of the slit becomes smaller, causing the separation zone to decrease. Increasing the jet-to-plate pitch, the size of the near-wall entrained vortex increases, and the thickness of the film layer increases, this strengthens the separation effect of the near-wall airflow from the wall surface. The larger the spacing of the impinging holes, the more uneven the velocity distribution of the film.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jan 2021 07:20:01 +000
       
  • Dynamics Modeling and Simulation of a Net Closing Mechanism for Tether-Net
           Capture

    • Abstract: Tether-net is a promising active debris removal technique, and a closing mechanism can ensure the reliable wrapping of space debris by using tether-net. This study focuses on the dynamics model of the split closing mechanism and the sliding joint between thread and ring. First, a new kind of closing mechanism is proposed, which drives the closing thread to close the net mouth through the split masses, and the mass-spring-damper method is used to model tether-net. Thereafter, for the first time, the model of thread-ring sliding joint is proposed based on the mass-spring-damper method, which can be used to simulate the closing process of tether-net. Finally, one-edge closure experiment of the net is carried out and the experimental results are compared with the simulation results, and the closing process of the tether-net is simulated by using the thread-ring sliding joint. Results reveal that the thread-ring sliding joint can be used to simulate the relative slip between the thread and the ring, and the tether-net can wrap the target reliably in a short time by using the split closing system. The split closing mechanism can make it possible for the tether-net to close successfully, whether it starts to work before or after the net contacts with the target.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Jan 2021 06:50:01 +000
       
  • UAV Path Planning under Dynamic Threats Using an Improved PSO Algorithm

    • Abstract: This paper presents the method to solve the problem of path planning for an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) in adversarial environments including radar-guided surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) and unknown threats. SAM lethal envelope and radar detection for SAM threats and line-of-sight (LOS) calculation for unknown threats are considered to compute the cost for path planning. In particular, dynamic SAM lethal envelope is taken into account for path planning in that SAM lethal envelope does change its direction according to the flight direction of UAV. In addition, terrain masking, nonisotropic radar cross section (RCS), and dynamic constraints of UAV are considered to determine the cost of the path. An improved particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is proposed for finding an optimal path. The proposed algorithm is composed of preprocessing steps, multi-swarm PSO algorithm, and postprocessing steps. The Voronoi diagram and Dijkstra algorithm as preprocessing steps provide the initial path for the multi-swarm PSO algorithm which uses multiple swarms with sub-swarms for the balance between exploration and exploitation. Postprocessing steps include waypoint insertion and 3D path smoothing. The computation time is reduced by using the map generation, the coordinate transformation, and the graphic processing unit (GPU) implementation of the algorithm. Various simulations are carried out to compare the performance of the proposed method according to the number of iterations, the number of swarms, and the number of cost evaluation points. The -test results show that the suggested method is statistically better than existing methods.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Dec 2020 13:05:00 +000
       
  • Joint Trajectory Planning of Space Modular Reconfigurable Satellites Based
           on Kinematic Model

    • Abstract: This paper investigates the application of particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm to plan joint trajectories of the space modular reconfigurable satellite (SMRS). SMRS changes its configuration by joint motions to complete various space missions; its movement stability is affected by joints motions because of the dynamic coupling effect in space. To improve the movement stability in reconfiguration progress, this paper establishes the optimization object equation to characterize the movement stability of SMRS in its reconfiguration process. The velocity-level and position-level kinematic models based on the proposed virtual joint coordinate system of SMRS are derived. The virtual joint coordinate system solves the problem of asymmetric joint coordinate system resulted by the asymmetric joint arrangement of SMRS. The six-order and seven-order polynomial curves are chosen to parameterize the joint trajectories and ensure the continuous position, velocity, and acceleration of joint motions. Finally, PSO algorithm is used to optimize the trajectory parameters in two cases. Consistent optimization results in terms of the six-order and seven-order polynomial in both cases prove the PSO algorithm can be effectively used for joint trajectory planning of SMRS.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Dec 2020 06:50:01 +000
       
  • Model-Free Attitude Control of Spacecraft Based on PID-Guide TD3 Algorithm

    • Abstract: This paper is devoted to model-free attitude control of rigid spacecraft in the presence of control torque saturation and external disturbances. Specifically, a model-free deep reinforcement learning (DRL) controller is proposed, which can learn continuously according to the feedback of the environment and realize the high-precision attitude control of spacecraft without repeatedly adjusting the controller parameters. Considering the continuity of state space and action space, the Twin Delayed Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (TD3) algorithm based on actor-critic architecture is adopted. Compared with the Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (DDPG) algorithm, TD3 has better performance. TD3 obtains the optimal policy by interacting with the environment without using any prior knowledge, so the learning process is time-consuming. Aiming at this problem, the PID-Guide TD3 algorithm is proposed, which can speed up the training speed and improve the convergence precision of the TD3 algorithm. Aiming at the problem that reinforcement learning (RL) is difficult to deploy in the actual environment, the pretraining/fine-tuning method is proposed for deployment, which can not only save training time and computing resources but also achieve good results quickly. The experimental results show that DRL controller can realize high-precision attitude stabilization and attitude tracking control, with fast response speed and small overshoot. The proposed PID-Guide TD3 algorithm has faster training speed and higher stability than the TD3 algorithm.
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Dec 2020 13:05:01 +000
       
  • Treating the Solid Pendulum Motion by the Large Parameter Procedure

    • Abstract: In this paper, we consider the dynamical description of a pendulum model consists of a heavy solid connection to a nonelastic string which suspended on an elliptic path in a vertical plane. We suppose that the dimensions of the solid are large enough to the length of the suspended string, in contrast to previous works which considered that the dimensions of the body are sufficiently small to the length of the string. According to this new assumption, we define a large parameter and apply Lagrange’s equation to construct the equations of motion for this case in terms of this large parameter. These equations give a quasi-linear system of second order with two degrees of freedom. The obtained system will be solved in terms of the generalized coordinates and using the large parameter procedure. This procedure has an advantage over the other methods because it solves the problem in a new domain when fails all other methods for solving the problem in such a domain under these conditions. It is one of the most important applications, when we study the slow spin motion of a rigid body in a Newtonian field of force under an external moment or the rotational motion of a heavy solid in a uniform gravity field or the gyroscopic motions with a sufficiently small angular velocity component about the major or the minor axis of the ellipsoid of inertia. There are many applications of this technique in aerospace science, satellites, navigations, antennas, and solar collectors. This technique is also useful in all perturbed problems in physics and mechanics, for example, the perturbed pendulum motions and the perturbed mechanical systems. The results of this paper also are useful in moving bridges and the swings. For satisfying the validation of the obtained solutions, we consider numerical considerations by one of the numerical methods and compare the obtained analytical and numerical solutions.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Dec 2020 13:05:01 +000
       
  • A Novel Method for Blunting the Leading Edge of Waverider with Specified
           Curvature

    • Abstract: An ideal waverider has an infinite sharp leading edge, which causes difficulty for manufacture and aerothermal protection. Therefore, the leading edge of the waverider must be blunted. For this purpose, a parametric method for blunting the leading edge of the waverider is proposed here, which can fulfill the goals of setting a leading-edge blunt radius, achieving geometric continuity, and realizing the parametric design. First is the blunting procedure of the proposed method incorporating the construction of two-dimensional blunt curves and the integration of these curves on a three-dimensional waverider configuration. Second, waveriders blunted with different geometric continuities are built with corresponding computing grids generated. Numerical methods are then introduced and validated by the benchmark cases. Finally, results from these blunted configurations are presented and compared in terms of their geometric and flow characteristics. It shows that the proposed method has a better performance in the head region of the waverider and is thereby more suitable for the practical design.
      PubDate: Mon, 21 Dec 2020 13:50:01 +000
       
  • Application of Improved Dynamic Substructure Finite Element Model-Based
           State-Space Techniques in Mistuned Blisks

    • Abstract: Aeroengine is a complex mechanical equipment, and it works at high temperature, pressure, rotational-speed, and severe loads. One of the core problems is that the vibration and mistuning of bladed disk lead to failure and affect the safety and reliability of aeroengine. Previously, one sector taken as the research object is not suitable; the integrally mistuned bladed disk (blisk) is taken as the research object is very necessary; however, the computational efficiency of mistuned blisk is very low. Therefore, a reduced-order model approach, i.e., an improved dynamic substructure finite element model-based state-space technique (IDSFEM-SST), is proposed to investigate the mistuned blisk. Firstly, the reduced-order substructure finite element model is established by this method, and then, the modal frequencies and modal strain energy amplitudes are investigated. Secondly, the maximum displacement responses are analyzed. Finally, the computational efficiency and accuracy of mistuned blisk via IDSFEM-SST is compared with that of the classical dynamic substructure finite element model and the high-fidelity finite element model to verify the effectiveness of this approach. This study has significance to the dynamic research and engineering practices for complex mechanical structures.
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Dec 2020 13:20:01 +000
       
  • Study on Dynamic Stall Control of Rotor Airfoil Based on Coflow Jet

    • Abstract: In this study, a dynamic stall control strategy, called the co-flow jet (CFJ), is applied to the rotor airfoil. The effect of the CFJ on the unsteady dynamic stall characteristics of the rotor airfoil is numerically investigated via numerical simulations of the unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) equations coupled with the Spalart-Allmaras (S-A) turbulence model. The numerical methods are validated by a NACA0012 pitching airfoil case and a NACA6415 airfoil case based on the CFJ, and good agreement with experiments is found. Via the study of the typical conditions of CFJ control to suppress the dynamic stall of the OA212 rotor airfoil, it is verified that this method has a good effect on dynamic stall suppression. The diffusion and blending of the turbulent shear layer between the CFJ injection jet and the main flow excite the main flow and enhance its ability to resist the reverse pressure gradient; this suppresses the generation and development of the separation vortex, thereby enhancing the aerodynamic characteristics, improving the hysteresis effect, and increasing the system stability. On this basis, the control parameters of the CFJ are further studied, including the influences of the jet momentum coefficient and the positions and sizes of the injection and suction slots on suppressing the dynamic stall of the rotor airfoil. It is found that there is a jet momentum coefficient that optimizes the suppression effect of the dynamic stall of the rotor airfoil. Moreover, the position of the injection slot is found to have a greater effect on the dynamic stall suppression, while the size of the injection slot and the position and size of the suction slot have little effect.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Dec 2020 15:50:00 +000
       
  • Experimental Validation of a Highly Damped Deployable Solar Panel Module
           with a Pogo Pin-Based Burn Wire Triggering Release Mechanism

    • Abstract: In this present work, a highly damped deployable solar panel module was developed for application in the 3 U CubeSat. The solar panel proposed herein is effective in guaranteeing the structural safety of solar cells under a launch environment owing to the superior damping characteristics achieved using multilayered stiffeners with viscoelastic acrylic tapes. A holding and release action of the solar panel was achieved by a new version of spring-loaded pogo pin-based burn wire triggering mechanism. A demonstration model of high-damping solar panel assembly was fabricated and tested to validate the effectiveness of the design. The holding and release mechanism achieved using a pogo pin was functionally tested through solar panel deployment tests under ambient room temperature and a thermal vacuum environment. The design effectiveness and structural safety of the solar panel module were validated through qualification-level launch and in-orbit environment tests.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Dec 2020 15:20:01 +000
       
  • Genetic Programming Method for Satellite System Topology and Parameter
           Optimization

    • Abstract: In this paper, a genetic programming method for satellite system design is proposed to simultaneously optimize the topology and parameters of a satellite system. Firstly, the representation of satellite system design is defined according to the tree structure. The genetic programming method is designed based on that representation. Secondly, according to the tree structure of different satellite schemes, different multiscale satellite models are established, in which various physical fields couple together. Then, an evaluation system is also proposed to test the performances of different satellite schemes. Finally, the application to the design of an earth observation satellite demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed method.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Dec 2020 08:35:00 +000
       
  • Effect Analysis on the Performance Enhancement and Emission Reduction of
           Diesel Engine Fueled with Biodiesel Fuel Based on an Improved Model

    • Abstract: To increase the efficiency and accuracy of computing, an improved combined weight coefficient is used to develop an improved heat transfer model in AVL-BOOST environment. Similarly, a five-component biodiesel skeletal mechanism is employed to investigate the combustion process of biodiesel fuel. Then, the AVL-BOOST model is validated by the experimental results under different conditions. Finally, the improved heat transfer model is employed to investigate the propulsion and load characteristics of diesel engine fueled with biodiesel fuel in terms of power, BSFC, soot, and NOx emission. The result shows that the errors between experiment and simulation are less than 2% and the simulation model can predict the propulsion and load characteristics of the diesel engine. In addition, the comprehensive characteristic of case 5 is the best. Moreover, the big inject orifice is not beneficial to the fuel atomization and more soot is produced. Thus, it is very important to choose the appropriate injection rate reasonably.
      PubDate: Fri, 11 Dec 2020 14:35:01 +000
       
  • Effect of Gap and Shims on the Strain and Stress State of the
           Composite-Aluminum Hybrid Bolted Structure

    • Abstract: The composite-aluminum hybrid bolted structures are widely used in aircraft. Due to low molding accuracy of composite components, gaps always occur between components during assembly. In this case, the bolt connection can cause a complex strain and stress state of component. It may adversely affect the mechanical properties or cause local damage of the structure. A simplified model of the composite-aluminum assembly structure was established in this paper. Then, the influence of forced assembly, liquid shim, and peelable fiberglass shim on the strain and stress state of the composite-aluminum hybrid bolted structure was studied. A bolt connection experimental device was designed to apply a preload to the specimen. The strain field on the specimen surface was measured using the 3D-DIC strain measurement system. The finite element model was established to study the interlaminar stress and damage state of composite laminates. It is found that the strain of specimen in the -direction is mainly affected by the bending deformation, while the strain in the -direction is mainly affected by the compression of bolt head. For composite laminates, the strain value in the -direction can be reduced by 8.31%-70.97% with shims. As for the strain value in the -direction, the liquid shim can only reduce it up to 23.93%when the gap is large. In addition, the liquid shim and peelable fiberglass shim cannot reduce the stress value of all interlaminar elements, but it can make the stress distribution more uniform and improve the stress state of the interlaminar element when the shim was more than 0.8 mm.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Dec 2020 15:05:01 +000
       
  • A New Erosive Burning Model of Solid Propellant Based on Heat Transfer
           Equilibrium at Propellant Surface

    • Abstract: Erosive burning refers to the augmentation of propellant burning rate appears when the velocity of combustion gas flowing parallel to the propellant surface is relatively high. Erosive burning can influence the total burning rate of propellant and performance of solid rocket motors dramatically. There have been many different models to evaluate erosive burning rate for now. Yet, due to the complication processes involving in propellant and solid rocket motor combustion, unknown constants often exist in these models. To use these models, trial-and-error procedure must be implemented to determine the unknown constants firstly. This makes many models difficult to estimate erosive burning before plenty of experiments. In this paper, a new erosive burning rate model is proposed based on the assumption that the erosive burning rate is proportional to the heat flux at the propellant surface. With entrance effect, roughness, and transpiration considered, convective heat transfer coefficient correlation proposed in recent years is used to compute the heat flux. This allows the release of unknown constants, making the model universal and easy to implement. The computational data of the model are compared with different experimental and computational data from different models. Results show that good accuracy (10%) with experiments can be achieved by this model. It is concluded that the present model could be used universally for erosive burning rate evaluation of propellant and performance prediction of solid rocket motor as well.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Dec 2020 15:05:00 +000
       
  • Effects of Flow Compressibility on Two-Phase Mixing in Supersonic
           Droplet-Laden Flows

    • Abstract: This research addresses a numerical analysis on the effects of flow compressibility on the characteristics of droplet dispersion, evaporation, and mixing of fuel and air according to the simulation of the spatially developing supersonic shear flows laden with evaporating n-decane droplets. A sixth-order hybrid WENO numerical scheme is employed for capturing the unsteady wave structures. The influence of inflow convective Mach number (), representing the high-speed flow compressibility, on the two-phase mixing is analyzed, in which is specified from 0.4 to 1.0. It is found that the shearing vortex is compressed spatially as increases, associated with the alternate distributions of compression and expansion regimes in the flow field. The flow compressibility changes not only the vortex structures but also the aerothermal parameters of the shear flows, and further influences the dispersion and evaporation of droplets. The two-phase mixing efficiency is observed to decrease as increases.
      PubDate: Tue, 08 Dec 2020 03:20:00 +000
       
  • The Effect of Rigging Angle on Longitudinal Direction Motion of
           Parafoil-Type Vehicle: Basic Stability Analysis and Wind Tunnel Test

    • Abstract: The paraglider, a flexible flying vehicle, consists of a parafoil with flexible wings, suspension lines, and a suspended payload. At this time, the suspension lines have several parameters to be designed. Above all, a parameter called Rigging Angle (RA) is sensitive to the aerodynamic characteristics of a paraglider during flight. In this study, the effect of RA is clarified using the two-dimensional stability analysis and a wind tunnel test. The mechanisms about the parafoil-type vehicle stability are clarified through the experimental and analytical approaches as follows. The RA has an allowable range for a stable flight. When the RA is set out of the range, the parafoil cannot fly stably. Furthermore, the behavior of the parafoil wing in the case of lower RA than the allowable range is different from the case of higher RA. The parafoil collapses from the leading edge of the canopy and cannot glide in the case of lower RA.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Dec 2020 15:50:01 +000
       
  • Geometry Design of Coaxial Rigid Rotor in High-Speed Forward Flight

    • Abstract: The aerodynamic performance analysis and blade planform design of a coaxial rigid rotor in forward flight were carried out utilizing CFD solver CLORNS. Firstly, the forward flow field characteristics of the coaxial rotor were analyzed. Shock-induced separation occurs at the advancing side blade tip and severe reverse flow occurs at the retreating side blade root. Then, the influence of geometrical parameters of the coaxial rigid rotor on forward performance was investigated. Results show that swept-back tip could reduce the advancing side compressibility drag and elliptic shape of blade planform could optimize the airload distribution at high advance ratio flights. A kind of blade planform combining swept-back tapered tip and nonlinear chord distribution was optimized to improve the rotor efficiency for a given high-speed level flight based on geometric parameter studies. The optimized coaxial rotor increases lift-to-drag ratio by 30% under the design conditions.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Dec 2020 15:35:00 +000
       
  • Corrigendum to “Study on Inlet and Engine Integrated Model with Normal
           Shock Position Feedback”

    • PubDate: Mon, 07 Dec 2020 03:50:00 +000
       
  • Nonlinear Static Bending and Free Vibration Analysis of Bidirectional
           Functionally Graded Material Plates

    • Abstract: Bidirectional functionally graded material (2D-FGM) plates have mechanical properties that vary continuously in both the thickness and one-edge directions; these plates are more and more widely used in design and engineering applications. When these structures are subjected to strong loads, they can be largely deformed; therefore, nonlinear calculations, in this case, are necessary. In this paper, nonlinear static bending and nonlinear free vibration behaviors of 2D-FGM plates are studied by using the finite element method based on the third-order shear deformation theory; the Newton-Raphson method is used to solve this problem. The accuracy of this approach is confirmed by comparing the results with respect to other papers. The effects of some numerical aspect ratios such as volume fraction index and thickness-to-length ratio on nonlinear static bending and free vibration of the plates are explored. This study shows that there is a big difference between the numerical results obtained from the nonlinear problem and those from the linear one.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 Dec 2020 17:20:01 +000
       
  • Numerical Study of Disturbance Resistance of Oblique Detonation Waves

    • Abstract: The stability of oblique detonation waves (ODWs) is a fundamental problem, and resistance of ODWs against disturbances is crucial for oblique detonation engines in high-speed propulsion. In this work, numerical studies on ODW stability in disturbed flows are conducted using the two-dimensional reactive Euler equations with a two-step induction-reaction kinetic model. Two kinds of flow disturbances are, respectively, introduced into the steady flow field to assess ODW stability, including upstream transient high-pressure disturbance (UTHD) and downstream jet flow disturbance (DJFD) with different durations. Generally, an ODW is susceptible to disturbances at larger wedge angles and stable at smaller wedge angles. In the unstable wedge angle range, different ODW structures and transition patterns are obtained after disturbances, including different locations of the primary triple points, different numbers of the steady triple points on the wave surface, and different transition patterns from the leading oblique shock wave to the ODW. It is found that the primary triple point tends to move upstream for the disturbances that can form a local strong detached bow shock wave near the wedge tip. In contrast, the wave surface and the transition pattern are susceptible to all of the disturbances introduced in this study. Despite the unstable responses of the ODWs to the disturbances, the ODWs can keep standing stability after disturbances, which is beneficial to the propulsion application of ODWs.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 Dec 2020 14:35:01 +000
       
 
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