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  Subjects -> TRANSPORTATION (Total: 130 journals)
    - AIR TRANSPORT (1 journals)
    - AUTOMOBILES (17 journals)
    - RAILROADS (4 journals)
    - ROADS AND TRAFFIC (5 journals)
    - SHIPS AND SHIPPING (10 journals)
    - TRANSPORTATION (93 journals)

TRANSPORTATION (93 journals)

Accident Analysis & Prevention     Partially Free   (15 followers)
AI & Society     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Archives of Transport     Open Access   (4 followers)
Bitácora Urbano-Territorial     Open Access   (1 follower)
Cities in the 21st Century     Open Access   (8 followers)
Economics of Transportation     Partially Free   (11 followers)
EURO Journal of Transportation and Logistics     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
European Transport Research Review     Open Access   (9 followers)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
IATSS Research     Open Access  
IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
IET Electrical Systems in Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
IET Intelligent Transport Systems     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
International Innovation – Transport     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Logistics     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
International Journal of Automotive Technology     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
International Journal of Aviation Management     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Aviation Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
International Journal of Crashworthiness     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
International Journal of Electronic Transport     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
International Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems Research     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
International Journal of Micro Air Vehicles     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
International Journal of Micro-Nano Scale Transport     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
International Journal of Mobile Communications     Hybrid Journal   (7 followers)
International Journal of Ocean Systems Management     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
International Journal of Services Technology and Management     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Sustainable Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
International Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering     Open Access   (10 followers)
International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
International Journal of Vehicle Systems Modelling and Testing     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
International Journal of Vehicular Technology     Open Access   (1 follower)
Journal of Advanced Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
Journal of Air Transport Management     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Journal of Airline and Airport Management     Open Access   (2 followers)
Journal of Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (16 followers)
Journal of Sport & Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Journal of the Transportation Research Forum     Open Access   (3 followers)
Journal of Transport and Land Use     Open Access   (7 followers)
Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management     Open Access   (4 followers)
Journal of Transport Geography     Hybrid Journal   (12 followers)
Journal of Transport History     Full-text available via subscription   (10 followers)
Journal of Transport Literature     Open Access  
Journal of Transportation Safety & Security     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Journal of Transportation Security     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Journal of Transportation Systems Engineering and Information Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (11 followers)
Journal of Transportation Technologies     Open Access   (7 followers)
Journal of Waterway Port Coastal and Ocean Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Les Dossiers du Grihl     Open Access  
Logistique & Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Marine Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Maritime Affairs:Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Mechatronics, Electrical Power, and Vehicular Technology     Open Access  
Modern Transportation     Open Access   (1 follower)
Nonlinear Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology     Open Access   (2 followers)
Pervasive and Mobile Computing     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
Proceedings of IMarEST - Part A - Journal of Marine Engineering and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
PS: Political Science & Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (17 followers)
Public Transport     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
Recherche Transports Sécurité     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Research in Transportation Business and Management     Partially Free   (3 followers)
Revista Transporte y Territorio     Open Access   (1 follower)
SourceOCDE Transports     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Sport, Education and Society     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
Sport, Ethics and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Streetnotes     Open Access   (2 followers)
Synthesis Lectures on Mobile and Pervasive Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Tire Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Transactions on Transport Sciences     Open Access   (3 followers)
Transport     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Transport and Telecommunication Journal     Open Access   (2 followers)
Transport in Porous Media     Hybrid Journal  
Transport Reviews: A Transnational Transdisciplinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (12 followers)
Transportation Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (20 followers)
Transportation Research Part B: Methodological     Hybrid Journal   (19 followers)
Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (12 followers)
Transportation Research Record : Journal of the Transportation Research Board     Full-text available via subscription   (26 followers)
Transportation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (14 followers)
TRANSPORTES     Open Access   (1 follower)
Transportmetrica A : Transport Science     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
Transportmetrica B : Transport Dynamics     Hybrid Journal  
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Транспортні системи та технології перевезень     Open Access  
Journal of Air Transport Management    [5 followers]  Follow    
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0969-6997
     Published by Elsevier Homepage  [2556 journals]   [SJR: 0.84]   [H-I: 30]
  • The impact of terminal re-organisation on belly-hold freight operation
           chains at airports
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 36
      Author(s): Rico Merkert , Boris Ploix
      While it is widely acknowledged that airport re-organisation from destination to dedicated airline group terminals makes passenger travel more seamless, more efficient and also more profitable for both airlines and airports, there is little known about the impacts of such change on freight and in particular belly-hold cargo chains. Our analysis includes data from all airports in Australia but focuses primarily on the proposed re-organisation of Sydney Kingsford Smith airport. This paper reveals a significant relationship between international freight volumes, terminal organisation and freighter operations. However, our interview results only confirm the volume/aircraft type relationship. The paper aims to contribute to the general discussion on the impact of passenger terminal organisation on belly-hold freight operations and more specifically to the consultation process around airport master planning.

      PubDate: 2014-01-25T04:32:44Z
  • Selected papers from the Air Transport Research Society World Conference
           Tainan, Taiwan, 2012
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 January 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Sveinn Vidar Gudmundsson , Tae Hoon Oum , Joel Zhengyi Shon

      PubDate: 2014-01-25T04:32:44Z
  • Airlines-within-airlines: A business model moving East
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 January 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): James Pearson , Rico Merkert
      Low-cost carriers (LCCs) are a significant threat to the sustainability of network airlines. That LCCs are growing – particularly within Asia-Pacific – exacerbates this problem and network airlines have reacted to this by creating lower-cost subsidiaries, known as airlines-within-airlines (AWAs). The purpose of this paper is to determine the necessary criteria for successful AWAs while updating analysis of past, present, and proposed and announced AWAs. For this, we revisit existing literature and airline data, mainly from annual reports, from such AWAs. Initial results indicate that AWAs have limited success, with 27 failures of an identified 67, although only three in Asia-Pacific. Of those presently operating, 58.1% are from Asia-Pacific with this region containing 40.0% of the proposed and announced carriers. In our view it is ill-defined strategies, late market entrance, excessive management control, insufficient dissimilarity from the parent, higher costs and less efficiency vis-à-vis low-cost competitors, and operating within highly competitive markets with excess capacity and comparatively low fares that are key reasons for failure. In contrast, the most successful AWAs have considerable autonomy from their parent, market dominance, decisive leadership, and less deviation from the pure LCC model unless a sufficient revenue premium is achieved.

      PubDate: 2014-01-21T03:08:02Z
  • The impact of airline alliance terminal co-location on airport operations
           and terminal development
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 36
      Author(s): Cheng-Lung Wu , Andy Lee
      The notion of co-locating alliance carriers to their designated terminals in airports has gained significant interest in recent years. While benefits on the part of airlines are made clear by existing literature on alliance-hubbing, the tangible benefits to airport operators are less clear due to a lack of studies in the literature. This paper considers existing cases of London Heathrow, Paris Charles de Gaulle and Tokyo Narita Airport, and applies their operational practices to a medium-sized airport in Asia Pacific to evaluate the universal applicability of alliance member co-location. Although some operational and financial improvements are observed, the paper concludes that implementation of this concept should not be done through a one-size-fits-all approach.

      PubDate: 2014-01-17T03:06:48Z
  • Benchmarking the performance of Chinese airlines: An investigation of
           productivity, yield and cost competitiveness
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 January 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Kun Wang , Xingli Fan , Xiaowen Fu , Yiran Zhou
      In the past decade, the Chinese airline industry experienced extraordinary growth in size and profitability. However, no quantitative study has investigated the performance of Chinese airlines in terms of productivity and cost competitiveness. This study investigates the leading Chinese airlines' productivity, yield, cost competitiveness and input prices, and benchmarks them against major airlines around the world. It finds that Chinese airlines' productivity has improved significantly in the past decade but still lags behind that of industry leaders. Chinese carriers enjoyed high yields and low input prices in the domestic market, which led to high profitability in recent years. However, their cost advantage has been diminishing. To sustain long-term growth, Chinese airlines need to adopt the industry's best practices in a timely manner. Both the aviation markets and input markets in China should be further liberalized.

      PubDate: 2014-01-13T04:38:06Z
  • The design of light-handed regulation of airports: Lessons from experience
           in Australia and New Zealand
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 January 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Margaret Arblaster
      The difficulties experienced with traditional forms of economic regulation of airports involving direct control of prices have led to an interest in light-handed regulatory frameworks. Experience with light-handed regulation of airports is primarily confined to Australia and New Zealand. The paper examines the design features of light-handed regulation in Australia and New Zealand in relation to the stated objectives associated with the introduction of light-handed regulation. The paper identifies important aspects associated with the design of light-handed regulation including the incorporation of a credible threat of stronger regulation and the characteristics of this, and an apparent trade-off in objectives achieved with different approaches to light-handed regulation.

      PubDate: 2014-01-13T04:38:06Z
  • Frequency and aircraft size dynamics in a concentrated growth market: The
           case of the Chinese domestic market
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 36
      Author(s): Kun Wang , Qiang Gong , Xiaowen Fu , Xingli Fan
      Despite the explosive growth of the Chinese aviation sector and the major industry reforms undertaken in recent decades, the Chinese domestic market remains highly concentrated with a significant element of regulation and governmental control in areas such as market entry and airline fleet planning. In this study, we investigate the frequency strategies and aircraft choices of airlines operating in this concentrated growth market. Our empirical investigation suggests that airlines mainly accommodate rapid traffic growth by flying more frequently, although increased aircraft size also contributes to market expansion. We also find a negative relationship between market concentration and flight frequency. Due to the more balanced market structure resulting from mergers among leading airlines since 2002, there has been a moderate reduction in market concentration at route level, contributing to a 3.7% increase in traffic volume from 2002 to 2008. The results of our study suggest that Chinese travelers have yet to fully enjoy the benefits of market liberalization, and airports should prioritize increasing capacity related to aircraft movements over the accommodation of larger aircraft.

      PubDate: 2014-01-13T04:38:06Z
  • Modeling the effects of wage premiums on airline competition under
           asymmetric economies of density: A case study from Brazil
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 36
      Author(s): Cícero R. Melo Filho , Lucia Helena Salgado , Renato Sato , Alessandro V.M. Oliveira
      This paper investigates the effects of wage premiums on the competition between Full Service Carriers (FSC) and Low Fare Carriers (LFC) in the airline industry. We study the impact of changes in the labor market and the resulting effects on performance in the product market and examine the role of economies of density. We develop an oligopoly model of airline competition with endogenous wages and simulate increases in labor costs. We apply the model to the case of the most important domestic route of Brazil using airline/route-specific demand and costs data. Our chief contribution relies on the empirical model of asymmetric economies of density for the competing business models. We estimate that LFCs have higher economies of density than FSCs. With the empirical models of demand, costs and wages, we compute the wage-elasticities of price-cost markups. We find that, on account of the higher sensitivity of marginal costs to labor costs of the FSCs, their markups are more affected by wage premium increases than the markups of the LFCs. The results are attenuated by higher economies of density, but amplified by higher price-elasticities of demand and lower economic growth.

      PubDate: 2014-01-13T04:38:06Z
  • The cost allocation approach of airport service activities
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 January 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Sui-Ling Li
      This study suggests a new allocation approach to the joint costs between airports and airlines and proposes estimates for airport service costs. Using correlation coefficients, data envelopment analysis and regression models, the research measures the relation and efficiency between service activity and airport operation costs. The regression outcomes not only reveal a significant management issue concerning the apron fee measurement, but also show that the airport physical activity cost drivers need to be considered with cost and revenue management. The DEA outcomes reflect the expansion of the terminal areas.

      PubDate: 2014-01-13T04:38:06Z
  • Technical efficiency of mainstream airlines and low-cost carriers: New
           evidence using bootstrap data envelopment analysis truncated regression
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 January 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Boon L. Lee , Andrew C. Worthington
      Between 2001 and 2005, the US airline industry faced financial turmoil while the European airline industry entered a period of substantive deregulation. Consequently, this opened up opportunities for low-cost carriers to become more competitive in the market. To assess airline performance and identify the sources of efficiency in the immediate aftermath of these events, we employ a bootstrap data envelopment analysis truncated regression approach. The results suggest that at the time the mainstream airlines needed to significantly reorganize and rescale their operations to remain competitive. In the second-stage analysis, the results indicate that private ownership, status as a low-cost carrier, and improvements in weight load contributed to better organizational efficiency.

      PubDate: 2014-01-13T04:38:06Z
  • Fuel hedging and airline operating costs
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 36
      Author(s): Siew Hoon Lim , Yongtao Hong
      Fuel hedging is a common risk management tool used in the airline industry. But past studies have not addressed the question of whether fuel hedging creates any benefit to airline operations. This study is the first work that empirically examines the role of fuel hedging in reducing airlines’ operating costs. Using US airlines data from 2000 through 2012, we find that, after accounting for the presence of cost inefficiency, fuel-hedging airlines had about 9–12% lower operating costs, but this effect is statistically insignificant. Irrespective of the hedging status, US airlines could reduce operating costs by an average of 12–14% per year without reducing output.

      PubDate: 2014-01-09T09:03:53Z
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35

      PubDate: 2014-01-09T09:03:53Z
  • Analytic Hierarchy Process assessment for potential multi-airport systems
           – The case of Cape Town
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 36
      Author(s): Davina Zietsman , Marianne Vanderschuren
      This paper discusses the application of an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) analysis for the assessment of a potential multi-airport development. The case study presented evaluates the potential introduction of a second airport in the City of Cape Town, which is currently served solely by Cape Town International Airport. With socioeconomic development, spatial planning, transportation improvement, environmental preservation and financial viability proposed as the main objectives of airport development, a survey of key stakeholders addressed the relative weighting of these criteria in the AHP. The multi-criteria decision-making assessment, as well as analyst judgement, concluded that the City of Cape Town should continue to utilise a single-airport system until passenger volumes per annum increase beyond the 27 Million Air Passengers per annum level.

      PubDate: 2014-01-09T09:03:53Z
  • Passenger airline choice behavior for domestic short-haul travel in South
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 January 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Se-Yeon Jung , Kwang-Eui Yoo
      When the Seoul-Busan line of South Korea's high-speed rail system, dubbed the Korea Train Express (KTX), entered service in November 2010, it was expected that this line would compete with air transport services for short-haul domestic journeys. Therefore this is a study about passengers' choice behavior when traveling short-haul domestic routes in South Korea. It utilizes MNL and NL logit models with selected variables, and the data required for the analyses were gathered through Stated Preference (SP) Techniques. The main SP survey was conducted for three weeks at departure lounges in Incheon International Airport in May 2012. The results reveal that fare, access time and journey time are significantly important with respect to passenger choice. The results further indicate that business travelers are more willing to pay than non-business travelers to reduce access and journey time. It is also noteworthy that reducing access time is more important than reducing journey time for short-haul domestic travelers. The conclusion is that it is significantly important for airline planners or local authorities that want to increase their local market share to invest in relatively fast access modes.

      PubDate: 2014-01-09T09:03:53Z
  • Air freight hubs in the FedEx system: Analysis of fuel use
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 36
      Author(s): Morton E. O'Kelly
      This paper provides a data based analysis of FedEx air freighter activities from selected hub locations. The basic idea is that air freighters have a set of range and payload parameters and their corresponding fuel burn depends on weight and distance. Data from 2011 to 12 (FlightAware) are used for 180,000 + flights on origin, destination and aircraft type. The particular aircraft vary widely in payload, but additional parameters may be derived from industry web sites and BTS. The research uses flight activity at hubs such as Memphis and Indianapolis (among others) and computes the aggregate distance flown on specific aircraft. The linkage between the hub and aggregate fuel use (assuming that the out bound flights are allocated to the hub) will give some quantifiable measures of the costs allocated to the hub. The paper examines particular aspects of the air freight system that are especially vulnerable to a spike in the costs of aviation fuel. These observations suggest that traffic to regional air express and air freight hubs is likely to respond in complex ways to fuel costs.

      PubDate: 2014-01-05T09:09:51Z
  • Air travel attitudes and behaviours: The development of environment-based
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 36
      Author(s): Lisa Davison , Clare Littleford , Tim Ryley
      In an era when the transport sector is increasingly contributing to environmental damage there is a need to better understand the behavioural response of consumers. Theories such as the Theory of Planned Behaviour and the Norm-Activation Model have had some success in explaining pro-environmental behaviours; this paper examines the application of these to air travel. It utilises insights from previous attitude behaviour research to develop a more detailed understanding of how normative influences, individual values and other psychological factors are affected by individual attitudes to air travel attitudes and how these influence behaviour. This informs recommendations for a policy response, which emphasises the need to bring air travel behaviour in line with other energy saving household behaviours.

      PubDate: 2014-01-05T09:09:51Z
  • Effects of internal resources on airline competitiveness
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 36
      Author(s): Joyce M.W. Low , Byung Kwon Lee
      This article examines the performances of 114 major international airlines between 1987 and 2010 using the resource-based theory. Results show that intangible resource is the most important resource among the human, physical and intangible resources at the aggregate industry level. In addition, successful airlines need to be able to provide an adequate level of service at relatively low cost. Nonetheless, some airlines enjoy higher profits than the others due to the country-specific differences arising from the bilateral open skies agreement between countries, the geographical location of the airline hub etc. There are also evidences suggesting an increasing consumer acceptance of new airlines, which connote that established airlines cannot be complacent. Following the emergence of budget airlines that provide point-to-point service to short distance destinations, full legacy carriers could differentiate themselves by offering direct connections on long-distant flights.

      PubDate: 2014-01-05T09:09:51Z
  • Customer satisfaction and service quality in the Chinese airline industry
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Clement Kong Wing Chow
      This paper focuses on studying the relationship between customer satisfaction, measured by customer complaints, and the service quality of Chinese carriers. By using a quarterly unbalanced panel data set covering twelve large and small carriers, our fixed effect Tobit analysis shows that customer complaints rise with increases in the number of damaged bags, but at a declining rate. By contrast, the on-time performance of scheduled flights has no significant effect on customer complaints. Furthermore, non-state or privately owned carriers receive significantly more customer complaints compared with state-owned carriers, and the largest number of complaints are made in the third quarter, which covers the high season of the summer holidays.

      PubDate: 2013-12-28T03:51:32Z
  • Experimental approach to NextGen benefits estimation: A case of
           single-airline Aircraft Arrival Management System
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Vitaly S. Guzhva , Ahmed Abdelghany , Tom Lipps
      The Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) embraces multiple operational and technological improvements that enable efficiencies for users and service providers. In managing the development of NextGen, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is assessing initiatives and potential components of the future system. One component is software that jointly optimizes the timing of arriving traffic to streamline flight arrivals at congested airports (Aircraft Arrival Management Systems or AAMS). Since most of the proposed NextGen improvements are not yet implemented, their evaluations typically are conducted through modeling, simulation, and/or subject matter expert surveys. In contrast, this study utilizes experimental settings in a real-time operating environment to examine potential benefits of the AAMS. During the experiment, a number of system performance variables were recorded in two data collection periods: a passive period, when the system was operating without the AAMS, and an active period, when the AAMS optimized arriving traffic of a dominant airline. Due to confounding data issues, the results indicate that with only 6.5 percent of arriving traffic optimized, there are no observable improvements in the overall system performance. However, the study documents tangible benefits for optimized flights and a positive interaction effect between the FAA's Traffic Management Advisor and the AAMS.

      PubDate: 2013-12-28T03:51:32Z
  • Performance requirements of future Trajectory Prediction and Conflict
           Detection and Resolution tools within SESAR and NextGen: Framework for the
           derivation and discussion
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Wolfgang Schuster , Washington Ochieng
      Future Air Traffic Management will increasingly be based on a strategic, collaborative and automated concept of operations. A key prerequisite is the capability to guarantee common situational awareness amongst relevant stakeholders as a function of time, extrapolated into the future in order to strategically optimise safe air traffic flow. This is achieved with Decision Support Tools (DSTs), including Trajectory Prediction (TP) and Conflict Detection and Resolution (CDR) tools. The functions and requirements which these tools must fulfil are dependent upon the application within the concept of operations. In order to optimise the development of the DSTs, it is important to understand the requirements for each of the applications. This paper reviews the key functions of the TP and CDR elements of DSTs in relation to these applications. It discusses the key performance drivers, derives performance metrics and develops a framework for the derivation of TP and CDR performance requirements, to support industry and standardisation bodies in the harmonisation process. A mapping exercise is undertaken to identify which of the functionalities are supported by state-of-the-art TP and CDR tools (in the public domain) and establishes those that require further research and development, highlighting some of the key challenges.

      PubDate: 2013-12-28T03:51:32Z
  • Validating delay constructs: An application of confirmatory factor
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Tony Diana
      This paper proposes to use confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to evaluate the relationship between six observed variables (arrival and departure counts, arrival and departure demand, taxi-out and airborne delays) and their underlying latent (unobserved) constructs (operations, demand, and delays) at six of the most delayed airports (EWR, JFK, LGA, MIA, ORD, and SFO) during the calendar years of 2006–2008. The CFA revealed a good fit between the six observed variables and the three factors that may explain on-time performance except in the case of JFK. The use of CFA can help analysts validate constructs when theory supports a priori predictions and relationships between observed and unobserved variables.

      PubDate: 2013-12-24T10:45:51Z
  • Estimating airport efficiency of New Zealand airports
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Wai Hong Kan Tsui , Andrew Gilbey , Hatice Ozer Balli
      New Zealand's airport industry has experienced substantial growth over recent years, but few studies have analysed the operational efficiency of New Zealand airports. This paper aims to extend the study of Francis and Lyon (2007) by exploring the efficiency and productivity changes of New Zealand's major airports between 2010 and 2012, using slacks-based measure (SBM) model and the Malmquist productivity index (MPI). The findings suggested that the majority of New Zealand airports increased efficiency and productivity during the period under investigation, but should decrease scale of operations in order to operate at their most productive size. Decomposition of the MPI showed that most New Zealand airports experienced gains in efficiency but, in terms of technology, they have regressed. Four significant factors (i.e. airport hub status, airport operating hours, airport ownership, and the Rugby World Cup 2011) were identified by the Simar–Wilson bootstrapping regression analysis as explaining variations in airport efficiency. Importantly, the significant effect of the Rugby World Cup 2011 (a major sport tournament) on New Zealand's air transport demand and airports' efficiency has been demonstrated in this research.

      PubDate: 2013-12-24T10:45:51Z
  • Investigating factors that influence passengers' shopping intentions at
           airports – Evidence from Taiwan
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Jin-Long Lu
      This study examines the influence of passengers' socio-demographic characteristics, trip characteristics and perceptions of airport shopping on their shopping intentions at airports. We collected a sample of passenger survey data at two major international airports in Taiwan. Two primary shopping intentions, namely pre-planned shopping and impulse shopping, are identified based on the results of factor analysis. A seemingly unrelated regressions (SUR) model is then adopted to measure the relationships between the two buying tendencies and potential determinants. Passengers' perceptions of airport shopping show positive impacts on their shopping intentions. The SUR results also reveal significant differences among the personal profiles of passengers in determining various shopping tendencies.

      PubDate: 2013-12-12T04:31:53Z
  • Are low-cost carrier passengers less likely to complain about service
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Michael D. Wittman
      Complaints made by airline passengers to the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) are often used in academic research and in the media as a proxy for the quality of commercial air service in the United States. In this paper, we test whether passengers of network carriers are more likely to make a complaint to the DOT about service quality failures than passengers of low-cost carriers. Through a fixed-effects regression, we find that passengers of low-cost carriers like Southwest Airlines are less likely to complain about service quality than passengers of network carriers like United Airlines, given the same levels of service quality and controlling for yearly fixed effects. This behavior could be explained by price-based expectations of service quality, lack of information about how to complain to the DOT, or qualitative differences in front-line customer service between airlines.

      PubDate: 2013-12-04T04:26:02Z
  • Do the regional growth effects of air transport differ among airports?
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 37
      Author(s): Florian Allroggen , Robert Malina
      This paper empirically studies the contribution of air transport to regional economic development in Germany. We find that the scale and direction of output effects of air services and airport infrastructure differ among airports. These differences are driven by ‘opportunity costs’ of airport capital and by positive output effects from air transport connectivity. We argue that the latter impacts potentially depend on traffic characteristics.

      PubDate: 2013-12-04T04:26:02Z
  • The moderating effects of involvement with respect to customer
           relationship management of the airline sector
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Stephen W. Wang
      This study examines the moderating effects of involvement with respect to customer relationship management of the airline sector, according to the perceptions of Taiwanese international air passengers. Results indicate that relationship bonding, perceived relationship investment, relationship quality and behavioral loyalty are positively related, with involvement moderately affecting how financial bonding, social bonding, structural bonding and perceived relationship investment are related. More specifically, social bonding and structural bonding significantly affect the perceived relationship investment for passengers with high involvement in air travel, while financial bonding significantly affects the perceived relationship investment for passengers with low involvement.

      PubDate: 2013-12-04T04:26:02Z
  • Editorial Board
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 34

      PubDate: 2013-11-30T04:32:32Z
  • Cost analysis of air cargo transport and effects of fluctuations in fuel
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Ching-Cheng Chao , Ching-Wen Hsu
      This study developed a model with cost functions formulated for different stages of cargo transport operation. A case analysis was performed with actual data from four air cargo traffic routes and eight aircraft types to validate the applicability of the model. The results show that the optimal payloads for various aircraft types vary with fuel price fluctuations. Furthermore, this study determined optimal types of freighter aircraft for different routes. Freight rates increase with rises in fuel price due to the corresponding increase in the fuel surcharge, thus bringing in higher total revenue. When the increase in total revenue exceeds the rise in fuel cost, the optimal payload will drop. Not only can the cost functions reveal the impact of fuel price fluctuations on different aspects of air cargo transport, they can also assist airlines in selecting the aircraft type with the best fuel economy for different route distances and cargo volumes.

      PubDate: 2013-11-30T04:32:32Z
  • Economies of traffic density and scale in the integrated air cargo
           industry: The cost structures of FedEx Express and UPS Airlines
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Paulos Ashebir Lakew
      This paper examines the cost structures of the leading integrated air cargo carriers, FedEx Express and UPS Airlines. A total cost model is estimated for the two carriers using quarterly data on domestic operations and costs over a nine-year period (2003–2011). The estimated model indicates that the integrated industry exhibits increasing returns to traffic density and constant returns to scale. Accounting for carrier-specific differences in cost structure and network size, FedEx Express is found to be more cost-efficient than UPS Airlines. Looking at the carriers individually, UPS Airlines exhibits substantial economies of traffic density and constant returns to scale while FedEx Express' cost structure is characterized by weak economies of density and constant returns to scale. The combined effect of returns to density and returns to scale on the cost structures of integrated carriers is captured by economies of size. Both FedEx Express and UPS Airlines exhibit economies of size, indicating that carriers in the integrated industry can be more cost efficient by making appropriate adjustments to their network size as their output grows. Moreover, the relative cost-efficiencies of the carriers are reversed when their network-size differences are not controlled.

      PubDate: 2013-11-30T04:32:32Z
  • An investigation of air accidents in Nigeria using the Human Factors
           Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) framework
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Adebukola Yewande Daramola
      Increasing air traffic growth has been achieved along with substantial improvement in safety globally. While air traffic is equally growing in Nigeria, safety levels do not appear to be growing side by side. This was gleaned from the spate of accidents and fatalities recorded in the last couple of decades. The study therefore set out to assess safety performance in Nigeria's air transport industry by comparing accidents and fatality rates with global average levels during the period 1985–2008. A content analysis of the accident reports was done using the Human Factors Analysis Classification System (HFACS) as a conceptual framework; this was augmented with results of industry experts assessment of the Nigerian aviation industry. Their assessments were also discussed in the context of the conceptual framework. Accidents and passenger fatality rates in Nigeria were higher than global average figures for most of the years included in the analysis period. Findings on aircraft ages show that these are also higher than world average levels. The aviation industry experts' assessment presented various challenges which include inadequate airport facilities, absence of timely meteorological information and dearth of skilled personnel in Nigeria's aviation industry. The content analysis of the accident reports using the HFACS shows that skill based errors; physical environment and inadequate supervision are the most frequently occurring categories influencing accident occurrences. The Chi-square and Fishers's test used to analyze significant relationships in the HFACS categories obtained in the accident reports showed five pairs of significant associations between adjacent categories. Based on these associations, Supervisory Violations:-Crew Resource Management:- Decision Errors path is deemed the most potent for accident occurrences. Findings from the research point to the need to address personnel skill, physical environment issues (mostly weather related) and supervisory competence.

      PubDate: 2013-11-30T04:32:32Z
  • Cost-benefit analysis of airport security: Are airports too safe?
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Mark G. Stewart , John Mueller
      This paper assesses the risks and cost-effectiveness of measures designed to further protect airport terminals and associated facilities such as car parks from terrorist attack in the U.S., Europe, and the Asia-Pacific area. The analysis considers threat likelihood, the cost of security measures, hazard likelihood, risk reduction and expected losses to compare the costs and benefits of security measures to decide the optimal security measures to airports. Monte-Carlo simulation methods were used to propagate hazard likelihood, risk reduction and loss uncertainties in the calculation of net benefits that also allows probability of cost-effectiveness to be calculated. It is found that attack probabilities had to be much higher than currently observed to justify additional protective measures. Overall, then, it is questionable whether special efforts to further protect airports are sensible expenditures. Indeed, some relaxation of the measures already in place may well be justified.

      PubDate: 2013-11-30T04:32:32Z
  • Towards proactive airport security management: Supporting decision making
           through systematic threat scenario assessment
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Mara Cole
      An airport is the gateway which facilitates access to air transport. As a reaction to very diverse attacks on the air transport system during the last decades a broad range of security measures has been introduced to mitigate possible threats. The challenge to provide a trouble free experience for the passenger and, at the same time, to operate more efficiently calls for a proactive approach. This requires the definition of future requirements that allow an adaptation of the security system. When dealing with uncertainty that future-oriented decisions inevitably display, it is important to gain as much knowledge as possible about a system's general structure. The approach described in this paper systematically documents elements and relationships of the airport security system. It consists of threat scenario elements as well as security measures. The development of a software tool, the so-called Scenario Builder, is described and its application for the identification of possible future threats explained. The presented approach offers intuitive access to the underlying structure of the airport security system. It provides decision makers with a possibility to interact with the system and anticipate effects of threat development, thereby enabling robust, future-oriented decisions.

      PubDate: 2013-11-26T04:34:40Z
  • Here we go again…the Permanently Failing Organization: An
           application to the airline industry in Eastern Europe
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 35
      Author(s): Yusaf Akbar , Adél Németh , Hans-Martin Niemeier
      This paper analyzes the performance of the Central and Eastern Europe airline industry through the lens of the “Permanently Failing Organization” (PFO) framework. Based on elite interviews from management in the three airlines but also from other organizations within the industry, it confirms the salience of key theoretical features of the PFO framework by providing evidence for the persistence of short-term decision making; ongoing contradictions between articulated strategy and its poor or non existent implementation and frequently assiduous intervention by governments that rather than fostering decisive decision-making served to do the opposite. These factors contributed to reinforcing deeply held beliefs in the management that they would survive despite the obvious problems they have faced. External stakeholders – especially governments should reflect carefully on their role in fostering permanent failure.

      PubDate: 2013-11-18T04:30:18Z
  • A model of inbound air traffic: The application to Heathrow airport
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 October 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Maria Virginia Caccavale , Antonio Iovanella , Carlo Lancia , Guglielmo Lulli , Benedetto Scoppola
      We present a model to describe the inbound air traffic over a congested hub and we show that this model gives a very accurate description of the traffic by comparing our theoretical distribution of the queue with the actual distribution observed at Heathrow airport. We also discuss the robustness of our model.

      PubDate: 2013-10-21T02:04:26Z
  • Airport airside safety index
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 September 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Ricardo Rodrigues Pacheco , Elton Fernandes , Eduardo Marques Domingos
      Rapidly growing air traffic and increasingly unstable climatic conditions have brought great pressure to bear on airport and airline Safety Management Systems (SMSs). Each item of airport infrastructure is designed to certain environmental specifications, which defines the pilot's perception of the risk of air accidents or incidents. This paper presents a fuzzy-logic methodology for measuring aviation accident risks at airports, based on the perceptions of a sample of pilots operating at the airport in question. The methodology is applied to two airports in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The results show the pilots' perceptions related to the most likely types of accident and the risks that should be prioritised in airport and airline SMSs.

      PubDate: 2013-09-27T02:01:04Z
  • A new method for boarding passengers onto an airplane
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 September 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): R. John Milne , Alexander R. Kelly
      We describe a new method to assign seats and to board passengers on an airplane that minimizes the total time to board. Steffen (2008) presents an optimum boarding method that assigns passengers to a specific numerical position in line that depends upon their ticketed seat location. Our method builds upon Steffen by assigning individual passengers to seats based on the amount of luggage they carry. Our heuristic method assigns passengers to seats so that their luggage is distributed evenly throughout the plane. Simulation results indicate that with our method, the total time to board all passengers on a fully loaded airplane is shorter than that of Steffen.

      PubDate: 2013-09-27T02:01:04Z
  • Economic–environmental trade-offs in long-term airline fleet
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 September 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Michael Rosskopf , Stephan Lehner , Volker Gollnick
      We examine the balancing of economic and environmental goals in long-term airline fleet planning. A multi-objective linear programming model optimizes fleet composition, fleet development, and fleet employment for a 10-year planning horizon. Model inputs include flight plan data, operational, technical, and cost parameters, existing fleet aircraft, and the availability of new, more efficient aircraft. The model determines trade-offs between an economically and an environmentally optimal fleet plan depending on user-defined weightings. Varying these weightings provides alternative Pareto-optimal fleet plans. An example for a major European airline shows that it would have to deviate by approximately 3% from its economic optimum to achieve a 6% improvement in the environmental goal. The study provides insights for policy makers when setting environmental targets for airlines and developing mechanisms to encourage environmental commitment.

      PubDate: 2013-09-27T02:01:04Z
  • Understanding air travellers' trade-offs between connecting flights and
           surface access characteristics
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 September 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Daniel Johnson , Stephane Hess , Bryan Matthews
      This paper reports on a study which seeks to improve our understanding of how people choose between different kinds of flight at competing airports, and how their choices are affected by access conditions. In particular, using stated choice data collected in Scotland, it investigates whether improving surface access to regional airports that are in relatively close proximity to one another (Glasgow and Edinburgh) leads people to avoid taking indirect flights from their nearest airport in favour of direct flights from an alternative airport. In line with expectations, our estimation results from Cross-Nested Logit models show strong aversion to connecting flights, resulting in a willingness to either pay higher fares for direct flights or accept non-trivial increases in access time. For the latter, even without the potential new direct rail link between the two airports, current access times are such that a scenario where direct flights were only available at the non-home airport, a substantial share of passengers would choose to travel from the alternative airport.

      PubDate: 2013-09-17T02:03:02Z
  • Long-haul specialization patterns in European multihub airline networks
           – An exploratory analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 September 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Guillaume Burghouwt
      Multihub airline networks are an important phenomenon in today's air transport market. An important question is to what extent different factors play a role in the specialization between hubs that are part of the same multihub network. This paper shows that total European market size to a certain long-haul destination and the ratio between the origin-destination market at the primary and the secondary hub are important variables for the role hubs play in the long-haul network of European multihub systems. Large long-haul markets are generally served from both the primary and secondary hub. Multihub carriers serve smaller long-haul markets uniquely from a single hub, depending on the relative advantage in the local origin-destination market. Looking at actual specialization patterns within European multihub networks, we distinguish between complementary multihub systems (such as Amsterdam–Paris CDG), overflow systems (such as Frankfurt–Munich) and regional systems (such as Paris CDG–Lyon).

      PubDate: 2013-09-17T02:03:02Z
  • Spatially dispersed employee recovery: An airline case study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 September 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Kristian A. Hvass , Embla Torfadóttir
      Employee recovery addresses either employee well-being or management's practices in aiding employees in recovering themselves following a service failure. This paper surveys the cabin crew at a small, European, low-cost carrier and investigates employees' perceptions of management practices to aid personnel achieve service recovery. Employee recovery within service research often focuses on front-line employees that work in a fixed location, however a contribution to the field is made by investigating the recovery of spatially dispersed personnel, such as operational personnel in the transport sector, who have a work place away from a fixed or central location and have minimal management contact. Results suggest that the support employees receive from management, such as recognition, information sharing, training, and strategic awareness are all important for spatially dispersed front-line employees' satisfaction with management's actions and overall employee recovery.

      PubDate: 2013-09-13T00:41:26Z
  • Economic contribution of essential air service flights on small and remote
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 September 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): İsmail Çağrı Özcan
      The Essential Air Service Program (EAS) has attracted considerable criticism and has been a target for either modification or complete termination almost since its inception through the Airline Deregulation Act in 1978. Although its opponents emphasize the program's inefficiency, its supporters claim that the program is crucial to accessing small and remote communities, which helps them develop economically and socially. This paper demonstrates the economic contributions of EAS flights to small and remote communities. Using a two-stage least squares estimation, the major findings indicate that a 1% increase in air passenger traffic in EAS airports with a minimum annual air passenger traffic of 1000 likely leads to a 0.12% increase in per capita income of the community served by that airport. Our results also suggest that EAS communities that are able to sustain their subsidized flights experienced higher per capita income growth in the 1999–2011 period than did ex-EAS communities that lost their flights as a result of non-eligibility.

      PubDate: 2013-09-13T00:41:26Z
  • Grounded: Characterising the market exit of European low cost airlines
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 September 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Lucy Budd , Graham Francis , Ian Humphreys , Stephen Ison
      The aim of this paper is to undertake a comprehensive study of low cost carrier (LCC) market entry and exit in Europe between 1992 and 2012. In the 20 year period between 1992 and 2012, 43 LCCs have taken advantage of the progressive liberalisation of the European aviation market and commenced scheduled flight operations within the continent. Of these 43, only 10 remain operational, a failure rate of 77%. This paper contributes to extant literature on LCCs by examining the market entry, business practices, operating longevity and fate of failed operators to characterise European LCC market exit. Drawing on the findings of a detailed continental-wide study, the paper identifies that an airline's start-up date, the nature and size of its operation and the size and composition of its aircraft fleet are key factors which influence LCC success and failure. The implications for both European and emerging LCC markets are discussed.

      PubDate: 2013-09-13T00:41:26Z
  • A conceptual evaluation framework for organisational safety culture: An
           empirical study of Taipei Songshan Airport
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 September 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Yan-Kai Fu , Tsung-Lung Chan
      This study included three phases. The first phase was to establish an evaluation hierarchy framework for organisational safety culture in accordance with the fuzzy Delphi method (FDM) and including expert perspectives. The second phase involved evaluating weight and rankings in order of importance using a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process. In the third phase, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the Scheffe multiple comparison test were used to compare the different evaluation constructs and criteria of the airport's various internal safety management units. The study results demonstrated that Taipei Songshan Airport's general management units believed that ‘Safety Supervision’, ‘Safety-oriented Working Environment’ and ‘System of Incentives and Penalties’ should be considered implementation priorities to improve overall performance in the airport organisational safety culture. In addition, the ANOVA results revealed significant differences among the airport's management units with respect not only to the personal dimension, including ‘Safety Values’, ‘Safety Evaluation Standards’ and ‘Safety Management Updates’, but also to the situational dimension, such as ‘Safety Communication and Commitment’ and ‘Injury Rate’.

      PubDate: 2013-09-09T00:39:53Z
  • Revenue and operational impacts of depeaking at U.S. hub airports
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 September 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Donald S. Katz , Laurie A. Garrow
      Historically, peaked schedules have been used with hub-and-spoke networks to maximize passenger connection opportunities. Although peaked schedules can generate more attractive connecting itineraries and revenue for an airline, they are costly to operate because additional manpower and equipment resources are needed to serve the peak periods. Several airlines experimented with depeaking their hubs as a way to reduce costs and improve operations in the 2000s. Prior studies have quantified operational improvements and cost savings associated with depeaking; however, none have quantified revenue impacts. We use difference-in-differences methods to quantify revenue and operational impacts associated with depeaking for five U.S. hubs. Results show that depeaking tends to improve operations, but may negatively impact revenue per available seat mile (RASM). In some cases, revenue losses exceed reported cost savings.

      PubDate: 2013-09-09T00:39:53Z
  • Customer value of purchasable supplementary services: The case of a
           European full network carrier's economy class
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 August 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Andreas Wittmer , Edward Rowley
      There is a general trend in the airline industry to try to find ways to generate ancillary revenue by offering additional or unbundled services. Low-cost carriers in particular are known to offer unbundled services, but only a few network carriers have started to unbundle their services and seek ancillary revenues. Meanwhile, others do not attempt this, due to a possible negative impact on customer perception and their brand image. The goal of this study is to determine the viability and customer value of purchasable supplementary services for economy class passengers of European full-service network carriers. The focus of the study lies in determining specific characteristics of the customer value concept in the context of purchasable supplementary services. By conducting a choice model the implicit preferences in regard to purchasable supplementary service of economy class passengers were analysed. A survey was conducted at Zurich Airport in Switzerland and the results and analysis were built on the data of 249 respondents. The results show that economy class passengers do perceive value in purchasable supplementary services and display a general intention to purchase such services provided they give the passenger added value and utility.

      PubDate: 2013-08-28T02:08:42Z
  • Assessment of land use compatibility and noise pollution at Imam Khomeini
           International Airport
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 August 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Maryam Kiani Sadr , Parvin Nassiri , Mohsen Hosseini , Masoud Monavari , Alireza Gharagozlou
      This study aimed to investigate land use planning around airports, by employing Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS), in conjunction with an optimization algorithm using an Integrated Noise Model (INM) software, to establish the potential effects of aircraft noise at Imam Khomeini International Airport (IKIA) in Tehran. We also checked for land use compatibility with the noise levels around IKIA and the residents' reaction to the noise. The research was carried out in three stages: a) the establishment of Strategic Noise Map (SNM) scenarios of the airport operation in the years 2011, 2020 and 2030 using the INM software; b) the assessment of the results with emphasis on the study area land uses and application of RS and GIS and the exposure of residents at different levels of environmental noise; and c) the assessment of the intensity of aircraft noise annoyance at various times of day and night. The results indicated that developing IKIA together with the residential development will increase airport noise. Hence proper management and control of noise at IKIA is essential.

      PubDate: 2013-08-24T02:06:54Z
  • Air transport policy and its impacts on passenger traffic and tourist
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 August 2013
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management
      Author(s): Yahua Zhang , Christopher Findlay
      This paper attempts to derive policy indices to quantify the restrictiveness of the aviation regimes in the Asia-Pacific region, and use the indices to establish the relationship between people movement and liberalisation in policy. Australia and Singapore have the most liberalised environment in this region. Evidence has been found that passenger traffic between city-pairs has been hampered by the restrictive air transport policies. Restrictions on the air transport sector also have a substantial negative impact on bilateral tourist flows. Further liberalisation in this sector could help build up a stronger tourism industry.

      PubDate: 2013-08-24T02:06:54Z
  • An algorithm to rationalize a DME network as a backup for GNSS aircraft
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 34
      Author(s): Pier Domenico Tromboni , Giovanni B. Palmerini
      The introduction of GNSS as primary mean of aircraft navigation calls for a rationalization of existing ground-based assistance networks. Several studies indicate the DME as the possible back-up solution, and therefore the only radio assistance to be maintained. The paper proposes an algorithm to optimize the DME network and reports, as a test, its application to the Italian case. The results indicate that a strong reduction, higher than 35%, in the number of sites, is possible. Furthermore, the paper confirms the validity of the genetic algorithms, which are the core of the proposed approach, for the network structuring problems.

      PubDate: 2013-08-03T17:08:52Z
  • An appraisal of the CORINE land cover database in airport catchment area
           analysis using a GIS approach
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 34
      Author(s): Pere Suau-Sanchez , Guillaume Burghouwt , Montserrat Pallares-Barbera
      This paper presents a free available dataset, the CORINE land cover that helps dealing with the biases caused by pre-defined and heterogeneous census district boundaries in airport catchment area analysis in Europe. Using this dataset and a conventional GIS software it is possible to measure the size of the population within catchment areas at the same spatial level for all EU airports, allowing for consistent comparisons among airports. To illustrate the potential of the CORINE/GIS approach, the size of the population in the catchment areas of all European airports was determined. The empirical exercise has an aggregate perspective, but this database presents many other possibilities of analysis to perform in a case-by-case basis.

      PubDate: 2013-08-03T17:08:52Z
  • Runway surface friction characteristics assessment for Lamezia Terme
           airfield pavement management system
    • Abstract: Publication date: January 2014
      Source:Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 34
      Author(s): Mario De Luca , Gianluca Dell'Acqua
      The main objective of this paper was to explore the relationship between runway friction and traffic data useful for the APMS of Lamezia Terme Airport (IATA: SUF, ICAO: LICA), located near Lamezia Terme in the Calabria region in southern Italy. Its IATA airport code SUF originates from Sant'Eufemia, the part of Lamezia Terme which the airport is closest to. The infrastructure is the most important Calabrian airport and is under continuous development. In the last few years, the number of passengers using the airport has risen enormously (more than 1.9 ml passengers in 2010), as have traffic and handling activities. The performance models proposed here are useful in predicting the decay of a runway's pavement surface characteristics. The results were obtained from a large number of experimental evaluations over the last nine years. The main model obtained in the study makes it possible to predict the decay curve as a function of aircraft structure, load and passages.

      PubDate: 2013-07-26T14:07:07Z
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