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  Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 1014 journals)
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    - MATHEMATICS (751 journals)
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MATHEMATICS (751 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Nonlinear Analysis     Open Access  
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Analysis. International mathematical journal of analysis and its applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio A – Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics and Computer Science     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ANZIAM Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Armenian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomath     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combinatorics, Probability and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Advanced Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Communications in Combinatorics and Optimization     Open Access  
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Compositio Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
Contributions to Game Theory and Management     Open Access  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Differentsial'nye Uravneniya     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae - General Algebra and Applications     Open Access  
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diskretnaya Matematika     Full-text available via subscription  
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Akademii Nauk     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eco Matemático     Open Access  
Econometrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Educação Matemática Debate     Open Access  
EduMatSains     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Combinatorics     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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Annals of Pure and Applied Logic
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.38
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0168-0072
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3160 journals]
  • Categories of Models of R-mingle

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 May 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Wesley Fussner, Nick Galatos We give a new Esakia-style duality for the category of Sugihara monoids based on the Davey-Werner natural duality for lattices with involution, and use this duality to greatly simplify a construction due to Galatos-Raftery of Sugihara monoids from certain enrichments of their negative cones. Our method of obtaining this simplification is to transport the functors of the Galatos-Raftery construction across our duality, obtaining a vastly more transparent presentation on duals. Because our duality extends Dunn's relational semantics for the logic R-mingle to a categorical equivalence, this also explains the Dunn semantics and its relationship with the more usual Routley-Meyer semantics for relevant logics.
       
  • On transformations of constant depth propositional proofs

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 May 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Arnold Beckmann, Sam Buss This paper studies the complexity of constant depth propositional proofs in the cedent and sequent calculus. We discuss the relationships between the size of tree-like proofs, the size of dag-like proofs, and the heights of proofs. The main result is to correct a proof construction in an earlier paper about transformations from proofs with polylogarithmic height and constantly many formulas per cedent.
       
  • When is scalar multiplication decidable'

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 May 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Philipp Hieronymi Let K be a subfield of R. The theory of R viewed as an ordered K-vector space and expanded by a predicate for Z is decidable if and only if K is a real quadratic field.
       
  • Fixed point theorems for precomplete numberings

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Henk Barendregt, Sebastiaan A. Terwijn In the context of his theory of numberings, Ershov showed that Kleene's recursion theorem holds for any precomplete numbering. We discuss various generalizations of this result. Among other things, we show that Arslanov's completeness criterion also holds for every precomplete numbering, and we discuss the relation with Visser's ADN theorem, as well as the uniformity or nonuniformity of the various fixed point theorems. Finally, we base numberings on partial combinatory algebras and prove a generalization of Ershov's theorem in this context.
       
  • Vaught's conjecture for monomorphic theories

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Miloš S. Kurilić A complete first order theory of a relational signature is called monomorphic iff all its models are monomorphic (i.e. have all the n-element substructures isomorphic, for each positive integer n). We show that a complete theory T having infinite models is monomorphic iff it has a countable monomorphic model and confirm the Vaught conjecture for monomorphic theories. More precisely, we prove that if T is a complete monomorphic theory having infinite models, then the number of its non-isomorphic countable models, I(T,ω), is either equal to 1 or to c. In addition, the equality I(T,ω)=1 holds iff some countable model of T is simply definable by (or, equivalently, freely interpretable in) an ω-categorical linear order on its domain.
       
  • Representing definable functions of HA ω by
           neighbourhood functions

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Tatsuji Kawai Brouwer (1927) claimed that every function from the Baire space to natural numbers is induced by a neighbourhood function whose domain admits bar induction. We show that Brouwer's claim is provable in Heyting arithmetic in all finite types (HAω) for definable functions of the system. The proof does not rely on elaborate proof theoretic methods such as normalisation or ordinal analysis. Instead, we internalise in HAω the dialogue tree interpretation of Gödel's system T due to Escardó (2013). The interpretation determines a syntactic translation of terms, which yields a neighbourhood function from a closed term of HAω with the required property. As applications of this result, we prove some well-known properties of HAω: uniform continuity of definable functions from NN to N on the Cantor space; closure under the rule of bar induction; and closure of bar recursion for the lowest type with a definable stopping function.
       
  • Algorithmic correspondence and canonicity for non-distributive logics

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Willem Conradie, Alessandra Palmigiano We extend the theory of unified correspondence to a broad class of logics with algebraic semantics given by varieties of normal lattice expansions (LEs), also known as ‘lattices with operators’. Specifically, we introduce a syntactic definition of the class of Sahlqvist formulas and inequalities which applies uniformly to each LE-signature and is given purely in terms of the order-theoretic properties of the algebraic interpretations of the logical connectives. We also introduce the algorithm ALBA, parametric in each LE-setting, which effectively computes first-order correspondents of LE-inequalities, and is guaranteed to succeed on a wide class of inequalities (the so-called inductive inequalities) which significantly extend the Sahlqvist class. Further, we show that every inequality on which ALBA succeeds is canonical. Projecting these results on specific signatures yields state-of-the-art correspondence and canonicity theory for many well known modal expansions of classical and intuitionistic logic and for substructural logics, from classical poly-modal logics to (bi-)intuitionistic modal logics to the Lambek calculus and its extensions, the Lambek-Grishin calculus, orthologic, the logic of (not necessarily distributive) De Morgan lattices, and the multiplicative-additive fragment of linear logic.
       
  • Characterising Modal Definability of Team-Based Logics via the Universal
           Modality

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Katsuhiko Sano, Jonni Virtema We study model and frame definability of various modal logics. Let Image 1 denote the fragment of modal logic extended with the universal modality in which the universal modality occurs only positively. We show that a class of Kripke models is definable in Image 1 if and only if the class is elementary and closed under disjoint unions and surjective bisimulations. We also characterise the definability of Image 1 in the spirit of the well-known Goldblatt–Thomason theorem. We show that an elementary class F of Kripke frames is definable in Image 1 if and only if F is closed under taking generated subframes and bounded morphic images, and reflects ultrafilter extensions and finitely generated subframes. In addition we study frame definability relative to finite transitive frames and give an analogous characterisation of Image 1-definability relative to finite transitive frames. Finally, we initiate the study of model and frame definability in team-based logics. We study (extended) modal dependence logic, (extended) modal inclusion logic, and modal team logic. We establish strict linear hierarchies with respect to model definability and frame definability, respectively. We show that, with respect to model and frame definability, the before mentioned team-based logics, except modal dependence logic, either coincide with Image 1 or plain modal logic ML. Thus as a corollary we obtain model theoretic characterisation of model and frame definability for the team-based logics.This article subsumes and extends the conference articles [30] and [31].
       
  • Negation and partial axiomatizations of dependence and independence logic
           revisited

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Fan Yang In this paper, we axiomatize the negatable consequences in dependence and independence logic by extending the systems of natural deduction of the logics given in [22] and [11]. We prove a characterization theorem for negatable formulas in independence logic and negatable sentences in dependence logic, and identify an interesting class of formulas that are negatable in independence logic. Dependence and independence atoms, first-order formulas belong to this class. We also demonstrate our extended system of independence logic by giving explicit derivations for Armstrong's Axioms and the Geiger-Paz-Pearl axioms of dependence and independence atoms.
       
  • A Logician's View of Graph Polynomials

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): J.A. Makowsky, E.V. Ravve, T. Kotek Graph polynomials are graph parameters invariant under graph isomorphisms which take values in a polynomial ring with a fixed finite number of indeterminates. We study graph polynomials from a model theoretic point of view. In this paper we distinguish between the graph theoretic (semantic) and the algebraic (syntactic) meaning of graph polynomials. Graph polynomials appear in the literature either as generating functions, as generalized chromatic polynomials, or as polynomials derived via determinants of adjacency or Laplacian matrices. We show that these forms are mutually incomparable, and propose a unified framework based on definability in Second Order Logic. We show that this comprises virtually all examples of graph polynomials with a fixed finite set of indeterminates. Finally we show that the location of zeros and stability of graph polynomials is not a semantic property. The paper emphasizes a model theoretic view. It gives a unified exposition of classical results in algebraic combinatorics together with new and some of our previously obtained results scattered in the graph theoretic literature.
       
  • The Expressive Power of k-ary Exclusion Logic

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Raine Rönnholm In this paper we study the expressive power of k-ary exclusion logic, EXC[k], that is obtained by extending first order logic with k-ary exclusion atoms. It is known that without arity bounds exclusion logic is equivalent with dependence logic. By observing the translations, we see that the expressive power of EXC[k] lies in between k-ary and (k+1)-ary dependence logics. We will show that, at least in the case when k=1, both of these inclusions are proper.In a recent work by the author it was shown that k-ary inclusion-exclusion logic is equivalent with k-ary existential second order logic, ESO[k]. We will show that, on the level of sentences, it is possible to simulate inclusion atoms with exclusion atoms, and in this way express ESO[k]-sentences by using only k-ary exclusion atoms. For this translation we also need to introduce a novel method for “unifying” the values of certain variables in a team. As a consequence, EXC[k] captures ESO[k] on the level of sentences, and we obtain a strict arity hierarchy for exclusion logic. It also follows that k-ary inclusion logic is strictly weaker than EXC[k].Finally we use similar techniques to formulate a translation from ESO[k] to k-ary inclusion logic with an alternative strict semantics. Consequently, for any arity fragment of inclusion logic, strict semantics is strictly more expressive than lax semantics.
       
  • A model-theoretic characterization of constant-depth arithmetic circuits

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Anselm Haak, Heribert Vollmer We study the class #AC0 of functions computed by constant-depth polynomial-size arithmetic circuits of unbounded fan-in addition and multiplication gates. No model-theoretic characterization for arithmetic circuit classes is known so far. Inspired by Immerman's characterization of the Boolean circuit class AC0, we remedy this situation and develop such a characterization of #AC0. Our characterization can be interpreted as follows: Functions in #AC0 are exactly those functions counting winning strategies in first-order model checking games. A consequence of our results is a new model-theoretic characterization of TC0, the class of languages accepted by constant-depth polynomial-size majority circuits.
       
  • 23rd Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation - WoLLIC
           2016

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Jouko Väänänen, Ruy J.G.B. de Queiroz
       
  • Descriptive complexity of graph spectra

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Anuj Dawar, Simone Severini, Octavio Zapata Two graphs are cospectral if their respective adjacency matrices have the same multi-set of eigenvalues. A graph is said to be determined by its spectrum if all graphs that are cospectral with it are isomorphic to it. We consider these properties in relation to logical definability. We show that any pair of graphs that are elementarily equivalent with respect to the three-variable counting first-order logic C3 are cospectral, and this is not the case with C2, nor with any number of variables if we exclude counting quantifiers. We also show that the class of graphs that are determined by their spectra is definable in partial fixed-point logic with counting. We relate these properties to other algebraic and combinatorial problems.
       
  • A logical approach to context-specific independence

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Jukka Corander, Antti Hyttinen, Juha Kontinen, Johan Pensar, Jouko Väänänen Directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) constitute a qualitative representation for conditional independence (CI) properties of a probability distribution. It is known that every CI statement implied by the topology of a DAG is witnessed over it under a graph-theoretic criterion of d-separation. Alternatively, all such implied CI statements are derivable from the local independencies encoded by a DAG using the so-called semi-graphoid axioms. We consider Labeled Directed Acyclic Graphs (LDAGs) modeling graphically scenarios exhibiting context-specific independence (CSI). Such CSI statements are modeled by labeled edges, where labels encode contexts in which the edge vanishes. We study the problem of identifying all independence statements implied by the structure and the labels of an LDAG. We show that this problem is coNP-hard for LDAGs and formulate a sound extension of the semi-graphoid axioms for the derivation of such implied independencies. Finally we connect our study to certain qualitative versions of independence ubiquitous in database theory and teams semantics.
       
  • Equivalence of bar induction and bar recursion for continuous functions
           with continuous moduli

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 April 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Makoto Fujiwara, Tatsuji Kawai We compare Brouwer's bar theorem and Spector's bar recursion for the lowest type in the context of constructive reverse mathematics. To this end, we reformulate bar recursion as a logical principle stating the existence of a bar recursor for every function which serves as the stopping condition of bar recursion. We then show that the decidable bar induction is equivalent to the existence of a bar recursor for every continuous function from NN to N with a continuous modulus. We also introduce fan recursion, the bar recursion for binary trees, and show that the decidable fan theorem is equivalent to the existence of a fan recursor for every continuous function from {0,1}N to N with a continuous modulus. The equivalence for bar induction holds over the extensional version of intuitionistic arithmetic in all finite types augmented with the characteristic principles of Gödel's Dialectica interpretation. On the other hand, we show the equivalence for fan theorem without using such extra principles.
       
  • Geometric stability theory for μ-structures

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Junguk Lee We introduce a notion of μ-structures which are certain locally compact group actions and prove some counterparts of results on Polish structures (introduced by Krupinski in [9]). Using the Haar measure of locally compact groups, we introduce an independence, called μ-independence, in μ-structures having good properties. With this independence notion, we develop geometric stability theory for μ-structures. Then we see some structural theorems for compact groups which are μ-structure. We also give examples of profinite structures where μ-independence is different from nm-independence introduced by Krupinski for Polish structures.In an appendix, Cohen and Wesolek show that a profinite branch group gives a small action on the boundary of a rooted tree so that this actions provides a small profinite structure on the boundary of a rooted tree.
       
  • Uniform interpolation and coherence

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 March 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Tomasz Kowalski, George Metcalfe A variety V is said to be coherent if every finitely generated subalgebra of a finitely presented member of V is finitely presented. It is shown here that coherence corresponds to a key ingredient of uniform deductive interpolation for equational consequence in V: the property that any compact congruence on a finitely generated free algebra of V restricted to a free algebra over fewer generators is compact. A general criterion is derived for establishing failures of coherence, and hence also of uniform deductive interpolation. The criterion is then applied in conjunction with properties of canonical extensions to prove that coherence and uniform deductive interpolation fail for certain varieties of Boolean algebras with operators (including varieties for the modal logic K and KT), double-Heyting algebras, residuated lattices, and lattices.
       
  • On the complexity of the Leibniz hierarchy

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 February 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Tommaso Moraschini We prove that the problem of determining whether a finite logical matrix determines an algebraizable logic is complete for EXPTIME. The same result holds for the classes of order algebraizable, weakly algebraizable, equivalential and protoalgebraic logics. Finally, the same problem for the class of truth-equational logic is shown to be hard for EXPTIME.
       
  • Model theoretic dynamics in Galois fashion

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 February 2019Source: Annals of Pure and Applied LogicAuthor(s): Daniel Max Hoffmann We fix a monster model D of some stable theory and investigate substructures of D which are existentially closed within the class of substructures equipped with an action of a fixed group G. We describe them as PAC substructures of D and obtain results related to Galois theory.Assuming that the class of these existentially closed substructures is elementary, we show that, under the assumption of having bounded models, its theory is simple and eliminates quantifiers up to some existential formulas. Moreover, this theory codes finite sets and allows a geometric elimination of imaginaries, but not always a weak elimination of imaginaries.
       
 
 
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