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  Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 1022 journals)
    - APPLIED MATHEMATICS (84 journals)
    - GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY (21 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (757 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (GENERAL) (41 journals)
    - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS (22 journals)
    - PROBABILITIES AND MATH STATISTICS (97 journals)

MATHEMATICS (757 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Nonlinear Analysis     Open Access  
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Analysis. International mathematical journal of analysis and its applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio A – Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics and Computer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ANZIAM Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Armenian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomath     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals : X     Open Access  
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combinatorics, Probability and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Advanced Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Communications in Combinatorics and Optimization     Open Access  
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Compositio Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
Contributions to Game Theory and Management     Open Access  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Differentsial'nye Uravneniya     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae - General Algebra and Applications     Open Access  
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diskretnaya Matematika     Full-text available via subscription  
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Akademii Nauk     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eco Matemático     Open Access  
Econometrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Educação Matemática Debate     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Algebra and Logic
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.531
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-8302 - ISSN (Online) 0002-5232
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Sessions of the Seminar “Algebra i Logika”
    • PubDate: 2019-05-31
       
  • Primitive Recursive Fields and Categoricity
    • PubDate: 2019-05-30
       
  • Universal Enveloping Lie Rota–Baxter Algebras of Pre-Lie and
           Post-Lie Algebras
    • Abstract: Universal enveloping Lie Rota–Baxter algebras of pre-Lie and post-Lie algebras are constructed. It is proved that the pairs of varieties (RBLie, preLie) and (RBλLie, postLie) are PBW-pairs and that the variety of Lie Rota–Baxter algebras is not a Schreier variety.
      PubDate: 2019-05-30
       
  • Hochschild Cohomologies of the Associative Conformal Algebra Cend 1,x
    • Abstract: It is stated that the second Hochshild cohomology group of the associative conformal algebra Cend1,x with values in any bimodule is trivial. Consequently, the given algebra splits off in every extension with nilpotent kernel.
      PubDate: 2019-05-30
       
  • Simple Right-Alternative Unital Superalgebras Over an Algebra of Matrices
           of Order 2
    • Abstract: We classify simple right-alternative unital superalgebras over a field of characteristic not 2, whose even part coincides with an algebra of matrices of order 2. It is proved that such a superalgebra either is a Wall double W2 2(ω), or is a Shestakov superalgebra S4 2(σ) (characteristic 3), or is isomorphic to an asymmetric double, an 8-dimensional superalgebra depending on four parameters. In the case of an algebraically closed base field, every such superalgebra is isomorphic to an associative Wall double M2[√1], an alternative 6-dimensional Shestakov superalgebra B4 2 (characteristic 3), or an 8-dimensional Silva–Murakami–Shestakov superalgebra.
      PubDate: 2019-05-30
       
  • Some Periodic Groups Admitting a Finite Regular Automorphism of Even Order
    • Abstract: We study the structure of an infinite group with automorphism of order 2p, where p is an odd prime leaving only the identity element fixed.
      PubDate: 2019-05-30
       
  • Projections of Finite Nonnilpotent Rings
    • Abstract: Associative rings R and R′ are said to be lattice-isomorphic if their subring lattices L(R) and L(R′) are isomorphic. An isomorphism of the lattice L(R) onto the lattice L(R′) is called a projection (or lattice isomorphism) of the ring R onto the ring R′. A ring R′ is called the projective image of a ring R. Whenever a lattice isomorphism φ implies an isomorphism between R and Rφ, we say that the ring R is determined by its subring lattice. The present paper is a continuation of previous research on lattice isomorphisms of finite rings. We give a complete description of projective images of prime and semiprime finite rings. One of the basic results is the theorem on lattice definability of a matrix ring over an arbitrary Galois ring. Projective images of finite rings decomposable into direct sums of matrix rings over Galois rings of different types are described.
      PubDate: 2019-05-30
       
  • Combinatorics on Binary Words and Codimensions of Identities in Left
           Nilpotent Algebras
    • Abstract: Numerical characteristics of polynomial identities of left nilpotent algebras are examined. Previously, we came up with a construction which, given an infinite binary word, allowed us to build a two-step left nilpotent algebra with specified properties of the codimension sequence. However, the class of the infinite words used was confined to periodic words and Sturm words. Here the previously proposed approach is generalized to a considerably more general case. It is proved that for any algebra constructed given a binary word with subexponential function of combinatorial complexity, there exists a PI-exponent. And its precise value is computed.
      PubDate: 2019-05-30
       
  • Generating Triples of Involutions of Groups of Lie Type of Rank 2 Over
           Finite Fields
    • Abstract: For finite simple groups U5(2n), n > 1, U4(q), and S4(q), where q is a power of a prime p > 2, q − 1 ≠= 0(mod4), and q ≠= 3, we explicitly specify generating triples of involutions two of which commute. As a corollary, it is inferred that for the given simple groups, the minimum number of generating conjugate involutions, whose product equals 1, is equal to 5.
      PubDate: 2019-05-30
       
  • Algebraic Geometry Over Algebraic Structures. IX. Principal Universal
           Classes and Dis-Limits
    • Abstract: This paper enters into a series of works on universal algebraic geometry—a branch of mathematics that is presently flourishing and is still undergoing active development. The theme and subject area of universal algebraic geometry have their origins in classical algebraic geometry over a field, while the language and almost the entire methodological apparatus belong to model theory and universal algebra. The focus of the paper is the problem of finding Dis-limits for a given algebraic structure \( \mathcal{A} \) , i.e., algebraic structures in which all irreducible coordinate algebras over \( \mathcal{A} \) are embedded and in which there are no other finitely generated substructures. Finding a solution to this problem necessitated a good description of principal universal classes and quasivarieties. The paper is divided into two parts. In the first part, we give criteria for a given universal class (or quasivariety) to be principal. In the second part, we formulate explicitly the problem of finding Dis-limits for algebraic structures and show how the results of the first part make it possible to solve this problem in many cases.
      PubDate: 2019-03-25
       
  • Free 3-Generated Lattices with Standard Element Among Generators
    • Abstract: We consider 3-generated lattices among generators of which there are elements of distributive and modular types, and one of the generators is necessarily standard. For each triple of such generators, we answer the question whether a lattice generated by that triple is finite.
      PubDate: 2019-03-25
       
  • Algebras of Distributions of Binary Isolating Formulas for Quite o
           -Minimal Theories
    • Abstract: Algebras of distributions of binary isolating formulas over a type for quite o-minimal theories with nonmaximal number of countable models are described. It is proved that an isomorphism of these algebras for two 1-types is characterized by the coincidence of convexity ranks and also by simultaneous satisfaction of isolation, quasirationality, or irrationality of those types. It is shown that for quite o-minimal theories with nonmaximum many countable models, every algebra of distributions of binary isolating formulas over a pair of nonweakly orthogonal types is a generalized commutative monoid.
      PubDate: 2019-03-25
       
  • Sessions of the Seminar “Algebra i Logika”
    • PubDate: 2019-03-22
       
  • Structure of Quasivariety Lattices. I. Independent Axiomatizability
    • Abstract: We find a sufficient condition for a quasivariety K to have continuum many subquasivarieties that have no independent quasi-equational bases relative to K but have ω-independent quasi-equational bases relative to K. This condition also implies that K is Q-universal.
      PubDate: 2019-03-22
       
  • A Combinatorial Classification of Finite Quasigroups
    • Abstract: For a finite groupoid with right cancellation, we define the concepts of a bicycle, of a bicyclic decomposition, and of a bicyclic action of the symmetric group of permutations on a groupoid. An isomorphism criterion based on a bicyclic decomposition gives rise to an effective method for solving problems such as establishing an isomorphism between finite groups with right cancellation, finding their automorphism groups, and listing their subgroupoids. We define an operation of the square of a groupoid using its bicyclic decomposition, which allows one to recognize a quasigroup in a groupoid with right cancellation. On a set of n-element quasigroups, we introduce the equivalent relations of being isomorphic and of being of a single type. The factor set of the single-type relation is ordered by an order type relation consistent with squares of quasigroups. A set of n-element quasigroups is representable as a union of nonintersecting sequences of quasigroups ordered by a relation of comparison of types of single-type classes that contain them.
      PubDate: 2019-03-22
       
  • Divisible Rigid Groups. III. Homogeneity and Quantifier Elimination
    • Abstract: A group G is said to be rigid if it contains a normal series G = G1 > G2 > . . . > Gm > Gm+1 = 1, whose quotients Gi/Gi+1 are Abelian and, treated as right ℤ[G/Gi]-modules, are torsion-free. A rigid group G is divisible if elements of the quotient Gi/Gi+1 are divisible by nonzero elements of the ring ℤ[G/Gi]. Every rigid group is embedded in a divisible one. Our main result is the theorem which reads as follows. Let G be a divisible rigid group. Then the coincidence of ∃-types of same-length tuples of elements of the group G implies that these tuples are conjugate via an automorphism of G. As corollaries we state that divisible rigid groups are strongly ℵ0-homogeneous and that the theory of divisible m-rigid groups admits quantifier elimination down to a Boolean combination of ∃-formulas.
      PubDate: 2019-03-22
       
  • Sessions of the Seminar “Algebra i Logika”
    • PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10469-018-9512-7
       
  • The Specht Property of L -Varieties of Vector Spaces Over an Arbitrary
           Field
    • Abstract: We study the Specht property for L-varieties of vector spaces embedded in associative algebras over an arbitrary field. An L-variety with no finite basis of identities over a field, which is the join of two Spechtian L-varieties, is exemplified. A condition under which L-varieties will have the Specht property is found.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10469-018-9508-3
       
  • The Axiomatic Rank of Levi Classes
    • Abstract: A Levi class L(ℳ) generated by a class ℳ of groups is a class of all groups in which the normal closure of each element belongs to ℳ. It is stated that there exist finite groups G such that a Levi class L(qG), where qG is a quasivariety generated by a group G, has infinite axiomatic rank. This is a solution for [The Kourovka Notebook, Quest. 15.36]. Moreover, it is proved that a Levi class L(ℳ), where ℳ is a quasivariety generated by a relatively free 2-step nilpotent group of exponent ps with a commutator subgroup of order p, p is a prime, p ≠ 2, s ≥ 2, is finitely axiomatizable.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10469-018-9510-9
       
  • Forcing Formulas in Fraïssé Structures and Classes
    • Abstract: We come up with a semantic method of forcing formulas by finite structures in an arbitrary fixed Fraïssé class . Both known and some new necessary and sufficient conditions are derived under which a given structure will be a forcing structure. A formula φ is forced on \( \overline{a} \) in an infinite structure ╟φ \( \left(\overline{a}\right) \) if it is forced in by some finite substructure of . It is proved that every ∃∀∃-sentence true in a forcing structure is also true in any existentially closed companion of the structure. The new concept of a forcing type plays an important role in studying forcing models. It is proved that an arbitrary structure will be a forcing structure iff all existential types realized in the structure are forcing types. It turns out that an existentially closed structure which is simple over a tuple realizing a forcing type will itself be a forcing structure. Moreover, every forcing type is realized in an existentially closed structure that is a model of a complete theory of its forcing companion.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10469-018-9509-2
       
 
 
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