Abstract: In this study, the optimum design dimensions and performance analyses of convective-radiative cooling fin subjected to magnetic field are presented using finite element method. The numerical solutions are verified by the exact analytical solution for the linearized models using Laplace transform. The optimum dimensions for the optimum performance of the convection-radiative fin with variable thermal conductivity are investigated and presented graphically. Also, the effects of convective, radiative, and magnetic parameters as well as Biot number on the thermal performance of the cooling fin are analyzed using the numerical solutions. From the results, it is established that the optimum length of the fin and the thermogeometric parameter increases as the nonlinear thermal conductivity term increases. Further analyses also reveal that as the Biot number, convective, radiative, and magnetic parameters, increases, the rate of heat transfer from the fin increases and consequently improves the efficiency of the fin. Additionally, effects of the thermal stability values for the various multiboiling heat transfer modes are established. It is established that, in order to ensure stability and avoid numerical diffusion of the solution by the Galerkin finite element method, the thermogeometric parameter must not exceed some certain values for the different multiboiling heat transfer modes. It is hope that the present study will enhance the understanding of thermal response of solid fin under various factors and fin design considerations. PubDate: Sun, 17 Feb 2019 13:05:15 +000

Abstract: In our present paper, we formulate and study a prey-predator system with imprecise values for the parameters. We also consider harvesting for both the prey and predator species. Then we describe the complex dynamics of the proposed model system including positivity and uniform boundedness of the system, and existence and stability criteria of various equilibrium points. Also the existence of bionomic equilibrium and optimal harvesting policy are thoroughly investigated. Some numerical simulations have been presented in support of theoretical works. Further the requirement of considering imprecise values for the set of model parameters is also highlighted. PubDate: Mon, 21 Jan 2019 07:05:16 +000

Abstract: Mexico is located within the so-called Fire Belt which makes it susceptible to earthquakes. In fact, two-thirds of the Mexican territory have a significant seismic risk. On the other hand, the country’s location in the tropical zone makes it susceptible to hurricanes which are generated in both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. Due to these situations, each year many communities are affected by diverse natural disasters in Mexico and efficient logistic systems are required to provide prompt support. This work is aimed at providing an efficient metaheuristic to determine the most appropriate location for support centers in the State of Veracruz, which is one of the most affected regions in Mexico. The metaheuristic is based on the -Means Clustering (KMC) algorithm which is extended to integrate (a) the associated capacity restrictions of the support centers, (b) a micro Genetic Algorithm GA to estimate a search interval for the most suitable number of support centers, (c) variable number of assigned elements to centers in order to add flexibility to the assignation task, and (d) random-based decision model to further improve the final assignments. These extensions on the KMC algorithm led to the GRASP-Capacitated -Means Clustering (GRASP-CKMC) algorithm which was able to provide very suitable solutions for the establishment of 260 support centers for 3837 communities at risk in Veracruz, Mexico. Validation of the GRASP-CKMC algorithm was performed with well-known test instances and metaheuristics. The validation supported its suitability as alternative to standard metaheuristics such as Capacitated -Means (CKM), Genetic Algorithms (GA), and Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS). PubDate: Thu, 20 Dec 2018 09:20:24 +000

Abstract: This paper presents the topology-aware two-phase I/O (TATP), which optimizes the most popular collective MPI-IO implementation of ROMIO. In order to improve the hop-bytes metric during the file access, topology-aware two-phase I/O employs the Linear Assignment Problem (LAP) for finding an optimal assignment of file domain to aggregators, an aspect which is not considered in most two-phase I/O implementations. The distribution is based on the local data stored by each process, and its main purpose is to reduce the total hop-bytes of the I/O collective operation. Therefore, the global execution time can be improved. In most of the considered scenarios, topology-aware two-phase I/O obtains important improvements when compared with the original two-phase I/O implementations. PubDate: Mon, 19 Nov 2018 08:26:48 +000

Abstract: Brain abnormality is a cause for the chief risk factors in human society with larger morbidity rate. Identification of tumor in its early stage is essential to provide necessary treatment procedure to save the patient. In this work, Jaya Algorithm (JA) and Otsu’s Function (OF) guided method is presented to mine the irregular section of brain MRI recorded with Flair and T2 modality. This work implements a two-step process to examine the brain tumor from the axial, sagittal, and coronal views of the two-dimensional (2D) MRI slices. This paper presents a detailed evaluation of thresholding procedure with varied threshold levels (Th=2,3,4,5), skull stripping process before/after the thresholding practice, and the tumor extraction based on the Chan-Vese approach. Superiority of JA is confirmed among other prominent heuristic approaches found in literature. The outcome of implemented study confirms that Jaya Algorithm guided method is capable of presenting superior values of Jaccard-Index, Dice-Coefficient, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and precision on the BRATS 2015 dataset. PubDate: Wed, 14 Nov 2018 06:54:23 +000

Abstract: We study the problem of optimal observability and prove time asymptotic observability estimates for the Schrödinger equation with a potential in , with , using spectral theory. An elegant way to model the problem using a time asymptotic observability constant is presented. For certain small potentials, we demonstrate the existence of a nonzero asymptotic observability constant under given conditions and describe its explicit properties and optimal values. Moreover, we give a precise description of numerical models to analyze the properties of important examples of potentials wells, including that of the modified harmonic oscillator. PubDate: Thu, 18 Oct 2018 07:31:47 +000

Abstract: Hamiltonian Cycle Problem is one of the most explored combinatorial problems. Being an NP-complete problem, heuristic approaches are found to be more powerful than exponential time exact algorithms. This paper presents an efficient hybrid heuristic that sits in between the complex reliable approaches and simple faster approaches. The proposed algorithm is a combination of greedy, rotational transformation and unreachable vertex heuristics that works in three phases. In the first phase, an initial path is created by using greedy depth first search. This initial path is then extended to a Hamiltonian path in second phase by using rotational transformation and greedy depth first search. Third phase converts the Hamiltonian path into a Hamiltonian cycle by using rotational transformation. The proposed approach could find Hamiltonian cycles from a set of hard graphs collected from the literature, all the Hamiltonian instances (1000 to 5000 vertices) given in TSPLIB, and some instances of FHCP Challenge Set. Moreover, the algorithm has O(n3) worst case time complexity. The performance of the algorithm has been compared with the state-of-the-art algorithms and it was found that HybridHAM outperforms others in terms of running time. PubDate: Tue, 16 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This paper describes a modified three-term Hestenes–Stiefel (HS) method. The original HS method is the earliest conjugate gradient method. Although the HS method achieves global convergence using an exact line search, this is not guaranteed in the case of an inexact line search. In addition, the HS method does not usually satisfy the descent property. Our modified three-term conjugate gradient method possesses a sufficient descent property regardless of the type of line search and guarantees global convergence using the inexact Wolfe–Powell line search. The numerical efficiency of the modified three-term HS method is checked using 75 standard test functions. It is known that three-term conjugate gradient methods are numerically more efficient than two-term conjugate gradient methods. Importantly, this paper quantifies how much better the three-term performance is compared with two-term methods. Thus, in the numerical results, we compare our new modification with an efficient two-term conjugate gradient method. We also compare our modification with a state-of-the-art three-term HS method. Finally, we conclude that our proposed modification is globally convergent and numerically efficient. PubDate: Thu, 27 Sep 2018 08:31:40 +000

Abstract: In the management of software testing, testing-recourse allocation is one of the most important problems due to the tradeoff between development cost and reliability of released software. This paper presents the model-based approach to design the testing-resource allocation. In particular, we employ the architecture-based software reliability model with operational profile to estimate the quantitative software reliability in operation phase and formulate the multiobjective optimization problems with respect to cost, testing effort, and software reliability. In numerical experiment, we investigate the difference of the presented optimization problem from the existing testing-resource allocation model. PubDate: Thu, 27 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: In this paper a new approach for designing a truck appointment system (TAS) at container terminals is proposed. While the vast majority of published research analyzes the TAS from the perspective of drayage companies and terminal operations, in this work this topic is centered around truck drivers. The objective of this approach is to show that it is possible to increase the satisfaction of drivers which will maintain the positive effects that the TAS provides to the port. To be more precise, the focus is on exploiting the fact that individual truck drivers perform multiple visits to the container terminal in a day. Based on this information, a scheduling problem is defined and the corresponding integer programming model is developed. The potential benefits of the proposed approach are evaluated for the ports of Los Angeles and the port of Seattle. This has been done by generating problem instances based on the distribution of the number of daily truck visits to the port, number of daily working hours of drivers, and distances (lengths) of individual dray moves for the corresponding ports. The results of the conducted computational experiments show that using the proposed approach can positively affect gate waiting times and truck driver satisfaction. Further, it is shown that this type of approach favors more experienced drivers, which has a potential to provide additional benefits to the port. PubDate: Mon, 17 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The efficient planning and operation of power distribution systems are becoming increasingly significant with the integration of renewable energy options into power distribution networks. Keeping voltage magnitudes within permissible ranges is vital; hence, control devices, such as tap changers, voltage regulators, and capacitors, are used in power distribution systems. This study presents an optimization model that is based on three heuristic approaches, namely, particle swarm optimization, imperialist competitive algorithm, and moth flame optimization, for solving the voltage deviation problem. Two different load profiles are used to test the three modified algorithms on IEEE 123- and IEEE 13-bus test systems. The proposed optimization model uses three different cases: Case 1, changing the tap positions of the regulators; Case 2, changing the capacitor sizes; and Case 3, integrating Cases 1 and 2 and changing the locations of the capacitors. The numerical results of the optimization model using the three heuristic algorithms are given for the two specified load profiles. PubDate: Sun, 03 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The main aim of this paper is to present a new hybridization approach for combining two powerful metaheuristics, one inspired by physics and the other one based on bioinspired phenomena. The first metaheuristic is based on physics laws and imitates the explosion of the fireworks and is called Fireworks Algorithm; the second metaheuristic is based on the behavior of the grey wolf and belongs to swarm intelligence methods, and this method is called the Grey Wolf Optimizer algorithm. For this work we studied and analyzed the advantages of the two methods and we propose to enhance the weakness of both methods, respectively, with the goal of obtaining a new hybridization between the Fireworks Algorithm (FWA) and the Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO), which is denoted as FWA-GWO, and that is presented in more detail in this work. In addition, we are presenting simulation results on a set of problems that were tested in this paper with three different metaheuristics (FWA, GWO, and FWA-GWO) and these problems form a set of 22 benchmark functions in total. Finally, a statistical study with the goal of comparing the three different algorithms through a hypothesis test (-test) is presented for supporting the conclusions of this work. PubDate: Sun, 27 May 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Competitive market factors, such as more stringent government regulations, larger number of competitors, and shorter product life cycle, in recent years have created more significant pressure on the management in all supply chain parties. To this end, the ability of analyzing and evaluating systems and related operations involving the deployment of complex multiobjective material handling systems is vital for distribution practitioners. In this respect, simulation modeling techniques together with optimization have emerged as a very useful tool to facilitate the effective analysis of these complex operations and systems. In this paper, we apply a multiobjective simulation-based optimization framework consisting of a hybrid immune-inspired algorithm named Suppression-controlled Multiobjective Immune Algorithm (SCMIA) and a simulation model for solving a real-life multiobjective optimization problem. The results show that the framework is able to solve large scale problems with a large number of parameters, operators, and equipment involved. PubDate: Mon, 21 May 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This paper presents an experimental study that aims to compare the practical performance of well-known metaheuristics for solving the parameter estimation problem in a dynamic systems context. The metaheuristics produce good quality approximations to the global solution of a finite small-dimensional nonlinear programming problem that emerges from the application of the sequential numerical direct method to the parameter estimation problem. Using statistical hypotheses testing, significant differences in the performance of the metaheuristics, in terms of the average objective function values and average CPU time, are determined. Furthermore, the best obtained solutions are graphically compared in relative terms by means of the performance profiles. The numerical comparisons with other results in the literature show that the tested metaheuristics are effective in achieving good quality solutions with a reduced computational effort. PubDate: Mon, 29 Jan 2018 08:23:28 +000