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MATHEMATICS (658 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Mathematical Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access  
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales UMCS, Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access  
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
BoEM - Boletim online de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
College Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eco Matemático     Open Access  
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Graph Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Elemente der Mathematik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Energy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Ensino da Matemática em Debate     Open Access  
Entropy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ESAIM: Control Optimisation and Calculus of Variations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Combinatorics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expositiones Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Mathematics and Informatics     Open Access  
Fasciculi Mathematici     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Computational Optimization and Applications
  [SJR: 1.481]   [H-I: 54]   [7 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-2894 - ISSN (Online) 0926-6003
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2354 journals]
  • COAP 2016 Best Paper prize
    • Pages: 473 - 478
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9959-9
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • Using negative curvature in solving nonlinear programs
    • Authors: Donald Goldfarb; Cun Mu; John Wright; Chaoxu Zhou
      Pages: 479 - 502
      Abstract: Minimization methods that search along a curvilinear path composed of a non-ascent negative curvature direction in addition to the direction of steepest descent, dating back to the late 1970s, have been an effective approach to finding a stationary point of a function at which its Hessian is positive semidefinite. For constrained nonlinear programs arising from recent applications, the primary goal is to find a stationary point that satisfies the second-order necessary optimality conditions. Motivated by this, we generalize the approach of using negative curvature directions from unconstrained optimization to equality constrained problems and prove that our proposed negative curvature method is guaranteed to converge to a stationary point satisfying second-order necessary conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9925-6
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • A primal majorized semismooth Newton-CG augmented Lagrangian method for
           large-scale linearly constrained convex programming
    • Authors: Chengjing Wang; Peipei Tang
      Pages: 503 - 532
      Abstract: In this paper, we propose a primal majorized semismooth Newton-CG augmented Lagrangian method for large-scale linearly constrained convex programming problems, especially for some difficult problems. The basic idea of this method is to apply the majorized semismooth Newton-CG augmented Lagrangian method to the primal convex problem. And we take two special nonlinear semidefinite programming problems as examples to illustrate the algorithm. Furthermore, we establish the global convergence and the iteration complexity of the algorithm. Numerical experiments demonstrate that our method works very well for the testing problems, especially for many ill-conditioned ones.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9930-9
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • On the use of the energy norm in trust-region and adaptive cubic
           regularization subproblems
    • Authors: E. Bergou; Y. Diouane; S. Gratton
      Pages: 533 - 554
      Abstract: We consider solving unconstrained optimization problems by means of two popular globalization techniques: trust-region (TR) algorithms and adaptive regularized framework using cubics (ARC). Both techniques require the solution of a so-called “subproblem” in which a trial step is computed by solving an optimization problem involving an approximation of the objective function, called “the model”. The latter is supposed to be adequate in a neighborhood of the current iterate. In this paper, we address an important practical question related with the choice of the norm for defining the neighborhood. More precisely, assuming here that the Hessian B of the model is symmetric positive definite, we propose the use of the so-called “energy norm”—defined by \(\Vert x\Vert _B= \sqrt{x^TBx}\) for all \(x \in \mathbb {R}^n\) —in both TR and ARC techniques. We show that the use of this norm induces remarkable relations between the trial step of both methods that can be used to obtain efficient practical algorithms. We furthermore consider the use of truncated Krylov subspace methods to obtain an approximate trial step for large scale optimization. Within the energy norm, we obtain line search algorithms along the Newton direction, with a special backtracking strategy and an acceptability condition in the spirit of TR/ARC methods. The new line search algorithm, derived by ARC, enjoys a worst-case iteration complexity of \(\mathcal {O}(\epsilon ^{-3/2})\) . We show the good potential of the energy norm on a set of numerical experiments.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9929-2
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • On the worst-case evaluation complexity of non-monotone line search
    • Authors: Geovani N. Grapiglia; Ekkehard W. Sachs
      Pages: 555 - 577
      Abstract: A general class of non-monotone line search algorithms has been proposed by Sachs and Sachs (Control Cybern 40:1059–1075, 2011) for smooth unconstrained optimization, generalizing various non-monotone step size rules such as the modified Armijo rule of Zhang and Hager (SIAM J Optim 14:1043–1056, 2004). In this paper, the worst-case complexity of this class of non-monotone algorithms is studied. The analysis is carried out in the context of non-convex, convex and strongly convex objectives with Lipschitz continuous gradients. Despite de nonmonotonicity in the decrease of function values, the complexity bounds obtained agree in order with the bounds already established for monotone algorithms.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9928-3
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • Inexact proximal stochastic gradient method for convex composite
    • Authors: Xiao Wang; Shuxiong Wang; Hongchao Zhang
      Pages: 579 - 618
      Abstract: We study an inexact proximal stochastic gradient (IPSG) method for convex composite optimization, whose objective function is a summation of an average of a large number of smooth convex functions and a convex, but possibly nonsmooth, function. Variance reduction techniques are incorporated in the method to reduce the stochastic gradient variance. The main feature of this IPSG algorithm is to allow solving the proximal subproblems inexactly while still keeping the global convergence with desirable complexity bounds. Different subproblem stopping criteria are proposed. Global convergence and the component gradient complexity bounds are derived for the both cases when the objective function is strongly convex or just generally convex. Preliminary numerical experiment shows the overall efficiency of the IPSG algorithm.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9932-7
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • $$\ell _p$$ ℓ p Regularized low-rank approximation via iterative
           reweighted singular value minimization
    • Authors: Zhaosong Lu; Yong Zhang; Jian Lu
      Pages: 619 - 642
      Abstract: In this paper we study the \(\ell _p\) (or Schatten-p quasi-norm) regularized low-rank approximation problems. In particular, we introduce a class of first-order stationary points for them and show that any local minimizer of these problems must be a first-order stationary point. In addition, we derive lower bounds for the nonzero singular values of the first-order stationary points and hence also of the local minimizers of these problems. The iterative reweighted singular value minimization (IRSVM) methods are then proposed to solve these problems, whose subproblems are shown to have a closed-form solution. Compared to the analogous methods for the \(\ell _p\) regularized vector minimization problems, the convergence analysis of these methods is significantly more challenging. We develop a novel approach to establishing the convergence of the IRSVM methods, which makes use of the expression of a specific solution of their subproblems and avoids the intricate issue of finding the explicit expression for the Clarke subdifferential of the objective of their subproblems. In particular, we show that any accumulation point of the sequence generated by the IRSVM methods is a first-order stationary point of the problems. Our computational results demonstrate that the IRSVM methods generally outperform the recently developed iterative reweighted least squares methods in terms of solution quality and/or speed.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9933-6
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • Shrinking gradient descent algorithms for total variation regularized
           image denoising
    • Authors: Mingqiang Li; Congying Han; Ruxin Wang; Tiande Guo
      Pages: 643 - 660
      Abstract: Total variation regularization introduced by Rudin, Osher, and Fatemi (ROF) is widely used in image denoising problems for its capability to preserve repetitive textures and details of images. Many efforts have been devoted to obtain efficient gradient descent schemes for dual minimization of ROF model, such as Chambolle’s algorithm or gradient projection (GP) algorithm. In this paper, we propose a general gradient descent algorithm with a shrinking factor. Both Chambolle’s and GP algorithm can be regarded as the special cases of the proposed methods with special parameters. Global convergence analysis of the new algorithms with various step lengths and shrinking factors are present. Numerical results demonstrate their competitiveness in computational efficiency and reconstruction quality with some existing classic algorithms on a set of gray scale images.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9931-8
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • An efficient algorithm for the single facility location problem with
           polyhedral norms and disk-shaped demand regions
    • Authors: André Berger; Alexander Grigoriev; Andrej Winokurow
      Pages: 661 - 669
      Abstract: The single facility location problem with demand regions seeks for a facility location minimizing the sum of the distances from n demand regions to the facility. The demand regions represent sales markets where the transportation costs are negligible. In this paper, we assume that all demand regions are disks of the same radius, and the distances are measured by a rectilinear norm, e.g. \(\ell _1\) or \(\ell _\infty \) . We develop an exact combinatorial algorithm running in time \(O(n\log ^c n)\) for some c dependent only on the space dimension. The algorithm is generalizable to the other polyhedral norms.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9935-4
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • MDTri: robust and efficient global mixed integer search of spaces of
           multiple ternary alloys
    • Authors: Peter A. Graf; Stephen Billups
      Pages: 671 - 687
      Abstract: Computational materials design has suffered from a lack of algorithms formulated in terms of experimentally accessible variables. Here we formulate the problem of (ternary) alloy optimization at the level of choice of atoms and their composition that is normal for synthesists. Mathematically, this is a mixed integer problem where a candidate solution consists of a choice of three elements, and how much of each of them to use. This space has the natural structure of a set of equilateral triangles. We solve this problem by introducing a novel version of the DIRECT algorithm that (1) operates on equilateral triangles instead of rectangles and (2) works across multiple triangles. We demonstrate on a test case that the algorithm is both robust and efficient. Finally, we offer an explanation of the efficacy of DIRECT—specifically, its balance of global and local search—by showing that “potentially optimal rectangles” of the original algorithm are akin to the Pareto front of the “multi-component optimization” of global and local search.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9922-9
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • Algorithms for generalized potential games with mixed-integer variables
    • Authors: Simone Sagratella
      Pages: 689 - 717
      Abstract: We consider generalized potential games, that constitute a fundamental subclass of generalized Nash equilibrium problems. We propose different methods to compute solutions of generalized potential games with mixed-integer variables, i.e., games in which some variables are continuous while the others are discrete. We investigate which types of equilibria of the game can be computed by minimizing a potential function over the common feasible set. In particular, for a wide class of generalized potential games, we characterize those equilibria that can be computed by minimizing potential functions as Pareto solutions of a particular multi-objective problem, and we show how different potential functions can be used to select equilibria. We propose a new Gauss–Southwell algorithm to compute approximate equilibria of any generalized potential game with mixed-integer variables. We show that this method converges in a finite number of steps and we also give an upper bound on this number of steps. Moreover, we make a thorough analysis on the behaviour of approximate equilibria with respect to exact ones. Finally, we make many numerical experiments to show the viability of the proposed approaches.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9927-4
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • Markov–Dubins path via optimal control theory
    • Authors: C. Yalçın Kaya
      Pages: 719 - 747
      Abstract: Markov–Dubins path is the shortest planar curve joining two points with prescribed tangents, with a specified bound on its curvature. Its structure, as proved by Dubins in 1957, nearly 70 years after Markov posed the problem of finding it, is elegantly simple: a selection of at most three arcs are concatenated, each of which is either a circular arc of maximum (prescribed) curvature or a straight line. The Markov–Dubins problem and its variants have since been extensively studied in practical and theoretical settings. A reformulation of the Markov–Dubins problem as an optimal control problem was subsequently studied by various researchers using the Pontryagin maximum principle and additional techniques, to reproduce Dubins’ result. In the present paper, we study the same reformulation, and apply the maximum principle, with new insights, to derive Dubins’ result again. We prove that abnormal control solutions do exist. We characterize these solutions, which were not studied adequately in the literature previously, as a concatenation of at most two circular arcs and show that they are also solutions of the normal problem. Moreover, we prove that any feasible path of the types mentioned in Dubins’ result is a stationary solution, i.e., that it satisfies the Pontryagin maximum principle. We propose a numerical method for computing Markov–Dubins path. We illustrate the theory and the numerical approach by three qualitatively different examples.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9923-8
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • Decomposition methods based on articulation vertices for degree-dependent
           spanning tree problems
    • Authors: Mercedes Landete; Alfredo Marín; José Luis Sainz-Pardo
      Pages: 749 - 773
      Abstract: Decomposition methods for optimal spanning trees on graphs are explored in this work. The attention is focused on optimization problems where the objective function depends only on the degrees of the nodes of the tree. In particular, we deal with the Minimum Leaves problem, the Minimum Branch Vertices problem and the Minimum Degree Sum problem. The decomposition is carried out by identifying the articulation vertices of the graph and then its blocks, solving certain subproblems on the blocks and then bringing together the optimal sub-solutions following adequate procedures. Computational results obtained using similar Integer Programming formulations for both the original and the decomposed problems show the advantage of the proposed methods on decomposable graphs.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9924-7
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • Variable neighborhood scatter search for the incremental graph drawing
    • Authors: Jesús Sánchez-Oro; Anna Martínez-Gavara; Manuel Laguna; Rafael Martí; Abraham Duarte
      Pages: 775 - 797
      Abstract: Automated graph-drawing systems utilize procedures to place vertices and arcs in order to produce graphs with desired properties. Incremental or dynamic procedures are those that preserve key characteristics when updating an existing drawing. These methods are particularly useful in areas such as planning and logistics, where updates are frequent. We propose a procedure based on the scatter search methodology that is adapted to the incremental drawing problem in hierarchical graphs. These drawings can be used to represent any acyclic graph. Comprehensive computational experiments are used to test the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed procedure.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9926-5
      Issue No: Vol. 68, No. 3 (2017)
  • Generalized symmetric ADMM for separable convex optimization
    • Authors: Jianchao Bai; Jicheng Li; Fengmin Xu; Hongchao Zhang
      Abstract: The alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) has been proved to be effective for solving separable convex optimization subject to linear constraints. In this paper, we propose a generalized symmetric ADMM (GS-ADMM), which updates the Lagrange multiplier twice with suitable stepsizes, to solve the multi-block separable convex programming. This GS-ADMM partitions the data into two group variables so that one group consists of p block variables while the other has q block variables, where \(p \ge 1\) and \(q \ge 1\) are two integers. The two grouped variables are updated in a Gauss–Seidel scheme, while the variables within each group are updated in a Jacobi scheme, which would make it very attractive for a big data setting. By adding proper proximal terms to the subproblems, we specify the domain of the stepsizes to guarantee that GS-ADMM is globally convergent with a worst-case \({\mathcal {O}}(1/t)\) ergodic convergence rate. It turns out that our convergence domain of the stepsizes is significantly larger than other convergence domains in the literature. Hence, the GS-ADMM is more flexible and attractive on choosing and using larger stepsizes of the dual variable. Besides, two special cases of GS-ADMM, which allows using zero penalty terms, are also discussed and analyzed. Compared with several state-of-the-art methods, preliminary numerical experiments on solving a sparse matrix minimization problem in the statistical learning show that our proposed method is effective and promising.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9971-0
  • Proximal quasi-Newton methods for regularized convex optimization with
           linear and accelerated sublinear convergence rates
    • Authors: Hiva Ghanbari; Katya Scheinberg
      Abstract: A general, inexact, efficient proximal quasi-Newton algorithm for composite optimization problems has been proposed by Scheinberg and Tang (Math Program 160:495–529, 2016) and a sublinear global convergence rate has been established. In this paper, we analyze the global convergence rate of this method, in the both exact and inexact settings, in the case when the objective function is strongly convex. We also investigate a practical variant of this method by establishing a simple stopping criterion for the subproblem optimization. Furthermore, we consider an accelerated variant, based on FISTA of Beck and Teboulle (SIAM 2:183–202, 2009), to the proximal quasi-Newton algorithm. Jiang et al. (SIAM 22:1042–1064, 2012) considered a similar accelerated method, where the convergence rate analysis relies on very strong impractical assumptions on Hessian estimates. We present a modified analysis while relaxing these assumptions and perform a numerical comparison of the accelerated proximal quasi-Newton algorithm and the regular one. Our analysis and computational results show that acceleration may not bring any benefit in the quasi-Newton setting.
      PubDate: 2017-11-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9964-z
  • Decomposition methods for the two-stage stochastic Steiner tree problem
    • Authors: Markus Leitner; Ivana Ljubić; Martin Luipersbeck; Markus Sinnl
      Abstract: A new algorithmic approach for solving the stochastic Steiner tree problem based on three procedures for computing lower bounds (dual ascent, Lagrangian relaxation, Benders decomposition) is introduced. Our method is derived from a new integer linear programming formulation, which is shown to be strongest among all known formulations. The resulting method, which relies on an interplay of the dual information retrieved from the respective dual procedures, computes upper and lower bounds and combines them with several rules for fixing variables in order to decrease the size of problem instances. The effectiveness of our method is compared in an extensive computational study with the state-of-the-art exact approach, which employs a Benders decomposition based on two-stage branch-and-cut, and a genetic algorithm introduced during the DIMACS implementation challenge on Steiner trees. Our results indicate that the presented method significantly outperforms existing ones, both on benchmark instances from literature, as well as on large-scale telecommunication networks.
      PubDate: 2017-11-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9966-x
  • A two-level graph partitioning problem arising in mobile wireless
    • Authors: Jamie Fairbrother; Adam N. Letchford; Keith Briggs
      Abstract: In the k -partition problem (k-PP), one is given an edge-weighted undirected graph, and one must partition the node set into at most k subsets, in order to minimise (or maximise) the total weight of the edges that have their end-nodes in the same subset. Various hierarchical variants of this problem have been studied in the context of data mining. We consider a ‘two-level’ variant that arises in mobile wireless communications. We show that an exact algorithm based on intelligent preprocessing, cutting planes and symmetry-breaking is capable of solving small- and medium-size instances to proven optimality, and providing strong lower bounds for larger instances.
      PubDate: 2017-11-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9967-9
  • Semidefinite programming approach for the quadratic assignment problem
           with a sparse graph
    • Authors: José F. S. Bravo Ferreira; Yuehaw Khoo; Amit Singer
      Abstract: The matching problem between two adjacency matrices can be formulated as the NP-hard quadratic assignment problem (QAP). Previous work on semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxations to the QAP have produced solutions that are often tight in practice, but such SDPs typically scale badly, involving matrix variables of dimension \(n^2\) where n is the number of nodes. To achieve a speed up, we propose a further relaxation of the SDP involving a number of positive semidefinite matrices of dimension \(\mathcal {O}(n)\) no greater than the number of edges in one of the graphs. The relaxation can be further strengthened by considering cliques in the graph, instead of edges. The dual problem of this novel relaxation has a natural three-block structure that can be solved via a convergent Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers in a distributed manner, where the most expensive step per iteration is computing the eigendecomposition of matrices of dimension \(\mathcal {O}(n)\) . The new SDP relaxation produces strong bounds on quadratic assignment problems where one of the graphs is sparse with reduced computational complexity and running times, and can be used in the context of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to tackle the assignment problem.
      PubDate: 2017-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9968-8
  • An augmented Lagrange method for elliptic state constrained optimal
           control problems
    • Authors: Veronika Karl; Daniel Wachsmuth
      Abstract: In the present work we apply an augmented Lagrange method to solve pointwise state constrained elliptic optimal control problems. We prove strong convergence of the primal variables as well as weak convergence of the adjoint states and weak-* convergence of the multipliers associated to the state constraint. In addition, we show that the sequence of generated penalty parameters is bounded only in exceptional situations, which is different from classical results in finite-dimensional optimization. In addition, numerical results are presented.
      PubDate: 2017-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10589-017-9965-y
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