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MATHEMATICS (643 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Algorithms Research     Open Access  
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Mathematical Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access  
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales UMCS, Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Numerical Analysis & Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal  
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access  
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BIBECHANA     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
BoEM - Boletim online de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CAUCHY     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
College Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Graph Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Elemente der Mathematik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Energy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Ensino da Matemática em Debate     Open Access  
Entropy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ESAIM: Control Optimisation and Calculus of Variations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Combinatorics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Expositiones Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Mathematics and Informatics     Open Access  
Fasciculi Mathematici     Open Access  
Finite Fields and Their Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fixed Point Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Formalized Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory
  [SJR: 0.278]   [H-I: 19]   [2 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1381-298X - ISSN (Online) 1572-9346
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • The Tangled Nature Model for organizational ecology
    • Authors: Rudy Arthur; Arwen Nicholson; Paolo Sibani; Michael Christensen
      Pages: 1 - 31
      Abstract: The Tangled Nature Model—a biologically inspired model of evolutionary ecology—is described, simulated, and analyzed to show its applicability in organization science and organizational ecology. It serves as a conceptual framework for understanding the dynamics in populations of organizations. A salient dynamical feature of this model is the spontaneous generation of a symbiotic group of core organizations. This core, consisting of several dominating species, introduces a mesoscopic level between that of the individual and the whole system. Despite prolonged periods of stability, this core is disrupted at random by parasitic interactions causing sudden core rearrangements. The size distribution of the core organizations is log-normal as predicted by theory and supported by empirical findings. As a simple application of the model, we study the adaptation of organizations to changes in resource availability in terms of population size, population diversity, and ecological efficiency. We find evidence that a temporary reduction in resources forces a consolidation resulting in a sustained increase in overall efficiency, suggesting that such reductions can be applied strategically to drive incremental improvements.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-016-9214-4
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Effects of asymmetric knowledge spillovers on the stability of horizontal
           and vertical R&D cooperation
    • Authors: Deming Zeng; Luyun Xu; Xia-an Bi
      Pages: 32 - 60
      Abstract: In order to investigate the role of asymmetric spillovers in the stability of R&D cooperation, this paper distinguishes two different types of cooperative partners, and uses a game theory approach to reveal the relationship between asymmetric spillovers and R&D investment in the horizontally and vertically related R&D cooperation. In the horizontal R&D cooperation, higher incoming spillovers and lower outgoing spillovers induce firms to invest on R&D efforts as agreed. However, it is the contradiction between horizontal firms’ attitudes towards asymmetric spillovers that leads to the inherent instability of the cooperation. In the vertical R&D cooperation, our results question the usually held opinion about the effects of asymmetric spillovers on the decision of R&D investment. The incoming spillovers are less important in the innovation process for vertically related R&D cooperation. A firm tends to under-invest on the arranged level of R&D efforts when its incoming spillovers increase. Our results also show that efficient mechanisms to restrain firms’ non-cooperative behavior are essential to improve the stability of horizontal and vertical R&D cooperation.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-016-9216-2
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Inferring final organizational outcomes from intermediate outcomes of
           exploration and exploitation: the complexity link
    • Authors: Sasanka Sekhar Chanda
      Pages: 61 - 93
      Abstract: The difficulty in definitively linking outcomes of managerial action to organizational outcomes has been a festering issue in organizational research. The problem arises because it is not easy to separate the distinctive contributions of managers at intermediate stages, as well as the contribution of external factors beyond the control of managers. Specifically, certain managerial actions focusing on exploratory or exploitative innovation produce an intermediate output, organizational knowledge. From this base of organizational knowledge, further management actions craft the final output that eventually faces the market test. Drawing from complexity concepts, I argue that the probability of correctly fashioning the subset of key elements in the intermediate output may be a good measure of the probability of organizational success. I use March’s iconic computational simulation model to demonstrate the merits of this principle. I model the effect of complexity on managerial intentionality towards exploratory and exploitative innovation. I elicit important insights for research and practice by comparing organizational knowledge outcomes with the outcomes for probability of organizational success, in stable and moderately turbulent environment.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-016-9217-1
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Controlling for false negatives in agent-based models: a review of power
           analysis in organizational research
    • Authors: Davide Secchi; Raffaello Seri
      Pages: 94 - 121
      Abstract: This article is concerned with the study of statistical power in agent-based modeling (ABM). After an overview of classic statistics theory on how to interpret Type-II error (whose occurrence is also referred to as a false negative) and power, the manuscript presents a study on ABM simulation articles published in management journals and other outlets likely to publish management and organizational research. Findings show that most studies are underpowered, with some being overpowered. After discussing the risks of under- and overpower, we present two formulas to approximate the number of simulation runs to reach an appropriate level of power. The study concludes with the importance for organizational behavior scholars to perform their models in an attempt to reach a power of 0.95 or higher at the 0.01 significance level.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-016-9218-0
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • Modeling the governance of cooperative firms
    • Authors: Harold Paredes-Frigolett; Pablo Nachar-Calderón; Carmen Marcuello
      Pages: 122 - 166
      Abstract: Most studies of cooperative firms have been conducted using neoclassically inspired economic models that consider the characteristics and behavior of capitalist companies and their owners, thus failing to accommodate the wide range of criteria that motivate the creation of cooperative firms. These models have traditionally been at odds with the real objectives of cooperative firms due to their inability to accommodate a series of often conflicting criteria. We put forth a set-theoretic model of governance of cooperative firms that allows us to investigate how different models of cooperative governance can be implemented and how cooperative decision-making can be solved using a multicriteria decision analysis approach.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-016-9219-z
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2017)
  • The meso-unit theory of post-merger integration
    • Authors: Terrill L. Frantz
      Abstract: This article introduces the meso-unit theory of post-merger integration. The theory offers that the number of constituent work-units involved in an organizational merger has a greater detrimental effect on the time-to-integration than does the total number of constituent personnel involved. Its establishment is based on the results of controlled experiments conducted in a virtual laboratory. The simulation utilizes agent-based modeling software that encapsulates organizational behavior models such as the knowledge-based view of the firm, social and communication network theory, and CONSTRUCT theory. The software is configured for a two-organization merger and implements classic behavior dynamics to simulate communicative behavior of information-seeking actors. As a result, detailed micro- and macro-level data on the integration progress is available for examination, analysis and interpretation. The results give rise to the development of the meso-unit theory, which directs integration managers’ attention toward a key aspect of the integration that is often overlooked.
      PubDate: 2017-03-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-017-9248-2
  • Neural networks in organizational research by David Scarborough and Mark
           John Somers
    • Authors: Terrill L. Frantz
      PubDate: 2017-02-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-017-9246-4
  • Confidence levels based Pythagorean fuzzy aggregation operators and its
           application to decision-making process
    • Authors: Harish Garg
      Abstract: Pythagorean fuzzy set, an extension of the intuitionistic fuzzy set which relax the condition of sum of their membership function to square sum of its membership functions is less than one. Under these environment and by incorporating the idea of the confidence levels of each Pythagorean fuzzy number, the present study investigated a new averaging and geometric operators namely confidence Pythagorean fuzzy weighted and ordered weighted operators along with their some desired properties. Based on its, a multi criteria decision-making method has been proposed and illustrated with an example for showing the validity and effectiveness of it. A computed results are compared with the aid of existing results.
      PubDate: 2017-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-017-9242-8
  • Operations research methods in political decisions: a case study on the
           European Parliament composition
    • Authors: Janusz Łyko; Radosław Rudek
      Abstract: In this paper, we show that operations research methods can be successfully applied to support decision-making in politics on the case study of the apportionment of seats in the European Parliament. The related political constraints and assumptions are quantitatively described and the optimization problem is formulated. On this basis, it is revealed that the current composition of the European Parliament as well as some intuitive propositions do not respect degressive proportionality as far as it was assumed. Nevertheless, our algorithm allows us to find better solutions, and among them, there is only one best allocation, which respects degressive proportionality as far as possible, according to the well known and often applied measures. Namely, over 9 thousands allocations consistent with the political requirement “nobody gains and nobody loses more than one” are referred to over 5.4 millions degressively proportional solutions, and only one allocation is revealed to be the best for all defined criteria under given populations of countries.
      PubDate: 2017-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-017-9243-7
  • Understanding ambidexterity at the individual level: task assignment
    • Authors: Kihoon Hong; Gun Jea Yu; Eunjung Hyun
      Abstract: While previous studies on ambidexterity have focused on the antecedents or consequences of organizational ambidexterity, not many studies have attempted to explore ambidexterity at the individual level. This study intends to fill such gap and provides arguments on the effects of three different types of task assignment (exploration only, exploitation only, and both exploration and exploitation) on individual performance to understand ambidexterity. We adopted a single-agent simulation model and examined the relationship between the three types of task assignment and individual performance measured by the knowledge creation level. Individual attitude toward risk and tension between exploration and exploitation are considered in our simulation model. The findings suggest that the assignment of the ambidextrous task (both exploration and exploitation) generates the highest individual performance under some conditions, which negates the assumption that individuals find it difficult to handle both exploration and exploitation.
      PubDate: 2017-02-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-017-9245-5
  • Collective action in organizational structures
    • Authors: Sergio F. Góngora y Moreno; J. Octavio Gutierrez-Garcia
      Abstract: Public goods games played by a group of individuals collectively performing actions towards a common interest characterize social dilemmas where both competition and cooperation are present. By using agent-based simulation, this paper investigates how collective action in the form of repeated n-person linear public goods games is affected when the interaction of individuals is driven by the underlying hierarchical structure of an organization. The proposed agent-based simulation model is based on generally known empirical findings about public goods games and takes into account that individuals may change their profiles from conditional cooperators to rational egoists or vice versa. To do so, a fuzzy logic system was designed to allow the cumulative modification of agents’ profiles in the presence of vague variables such as individuals’ attitude towards group pressure and/or their perception about the cooperation of others. From the simulation results, it can be concluded that collective action is affected by the structural characteristics of hierarchical organizations. The major findings are as follows: (1) Cooperation in organizational structures is fostered when there is a collegial model defining the structure of the punishment mechanisms employed by organizations. (2) Having multiple, and small organizational units fosters group pressure and highlights the positive perception about the cooperation of others, resulting in organizations achieving relatively high aggregate contribution levels. (3) The greater the number of levels, the higher the aggregate contribution level of an organization when effective sanctioning systems are introduced.
      PubDate: 2017-01-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-017-9244-6
  • Integration decision-making in technology-sourcing cross-border
           M&As: a mathematical model
    • Authors: Feiqiong Chen; Yao Chen; Fangfang Zhong
      Abstract: Post-merger integration plays a key role in the success of mergers and acquisitions, but how to choose the appropriate integration mode to achieve potential synergies in mergers and acquisitions (M&As) still lacks widely accepted theoretical support and practical experience. Therefore, this article establishes a mathematical model considering the similarity and complementarity of resources in an attempt to explore the optimal integration strategy (including the choices of integration degree and autonomy granted to the target) under different conditions of resources similarity and complementarity, thus building a comprehensive framework that considers pre- and post-merger factors together to jointly explain innovation realization in technology-sourcing cross-border M&As. The results show that the higher the resource similarity, the higher the degree of integration and the lower the degree of target autonomy. Conversely, the higher the resource complementarity, the lower the degree of integration and the higher the degree of target autonomy. Resource similarity and resource complementarity have negative interactions for integration and target autonomy. The higher the resource similarity, the faster the convergence of optimal degree of integration, while the higher the resource complementarity, the slower the convergence. The study results add to our knowledge of M&A integration management, and provide some implication for practitioners.
      PubDate: 2017-01-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-016-9241-1
  • An equilibrium model of how regulative and normative institutions
           influence micro-economic and organizational behavior
    • Authors: Walid F. Nasrallah; Karim A. Cheaib
      Pages: 383 - 411
      Abstract: This paper investigates how pre-existing institutions foster economic development through trade. A non-cooperative game-theoretic model is proposed that combines three strands of social science: economics, political science, and sociology. Idealized market participants follow rational decision theory within a reward structure that embodies two types of institutions. Regulative institutions operate on threat of punishment, and normative institutions on perceptions of what is good and right. This composite model allows a more quantitative analysis of the question, raised by Douglas North, of how societies diverge from the efficient state predicted by classical micro-economics. The main finding is that value can be created by different types of institution even when they are imperfect, and the range of minimum–maximum effectiveness varies with the types of economic transactions that are technologically possible. It is hoped that further refinements of the model will yield greater understanding of how the success of societies and organizations can be predicted by a few simple rules.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-015-9205-x
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 4 (2016)
  • Politics, strong institution and competitive advantage: an examination of
           organizational aspiration for competition
    • Authors: Inseong Song; Jonghoon Bae
      Pages: 412 - 443
      Abstract: This study seeks to elucidate the interplay of interfirm rivalry and aspiration formation. Organizational aspiration serves as a categorical judgment over a desirable level of organizational performance. While aspiration as a driver of collective decision-making inside the firm is well recognized, our understanding is still limited as to the competitive consequence of aspiration-induced actions. From a computational model of aspiration-induced R&D, where competition is biased towards the status quo, this study suggests that although radical innovation calls for flexibility and diversity inside the firm, aspiration-induced action favors consensus such as a firm with machine bureaucracy either (1) in a market where a majority of consumers are unable to discern a small quality improvement, i.e., demand difficult to satisfy or (2) in a market where competitive advantage dissipates quickly, i.e., an unstable environment. In particular, this study shows that: (1) the level of organizational aspiration has little to do with the sustainability of competitive advantage; (2) aspiration strength—i.e., the extent of consensus among decision makers of the firm as to a legitimate level of organizational aspiration—interacts with the change in competitive advantage. The leading firm is likely to lose its competitive advantage when a follower has a stronger aspiration than the leader in a market whose demand is difficult to satisfy; and (3) the effect of aspiration strength on the sustainability of competitive advantage increases whenever organizational assets depreciate over time.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-015-9206-9
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 4 (2016)
  • Evolutionary and classification methods for local labor markets
    • Authors: M. Pilar Alonso; M. Asunción Beamonte; Pilar Gargallo; Manuel Salvador
      Pages: 444 - 466
      Abstract: This paper proposes some new evolutionary and classification methods for the delineation of local labor markets (LLMs) in areas where there are a large number of small localities with little labor interaction. The evolutionary methods presented here, based on previous works of Flórez-Revuelta et al. (Int J Autom Comput 5:10–21, 2008a; PPSN X, LNCS 5199:1011–1020, 2008b) and Martínez-Bernabeu et al. (Expert Syst Appl 39:6754–6766, 2012), decrease their computational times (up to a 99 %) without deteriorating the quality and robustness of the solutions. Also, in this work we avoid geographical contiguity constraints because such restrictions might reduce the realism of the process. Another contribution of this paper is related to the location of new services—hospitals, schools, employment centers, etc.—taking into account the labor mobility patterns. In this context, we present a cluster partitioning of k-means procedure, which captures the common aspects of all the potential solutions of these evolutionary algorithms and allows us to rank the LLMs foci, understood as the main centers of activity of the markets. The performance of the algorithms is analyzed through a real commuting dataset of the region of Aragón (Spain).
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-015-9208-7
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 4 (2016)
  • Time series modeling of Army Mission Command communication networks: an
           event-driven analysis
    • Authors: Laura R. Marusich; Norbou Buchler
      Pages: 467 - 486
      Abstract: We examine the communication time series of a fully-networked Army coalition command and control organization. The network comprised two echelons of command, at the Division and Brigade levels, over a 2-week military scenario exercise involving a Mission Command staff communicating over email and phone. We used time series analysis to predict the communications record based on an external work variable of the number of important scenario events occurring across time. After taking into account structural features of the time series—decreasing communications over time, a network crash, and the transition between weeks—we examined the remaining variability in email and phone communication. We found that the exercise scenario events were not a significant predictor of the Divisional communications, which were best fit by an auto-regressive model of order 1, meaning that the best predictor of the volume of communications at a given time point was the volume of communications on the immediately preceding time point. The occurrence of scenario events, however, did predict the Brigade communication time series, which were well fit by a lag dependent variable model. These results demonstrate that Brigade communications responded to and could be predicted by battlefield events, whereas the Division communications were only predicted by their own past values. These results highlight the importance of modeling environmental work events to predict organizational communication time series and suggest that network communications are perhaps increasingly dependent upon battlefield events for lower echelons of command closer to the tactical edge.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-016-9211-7
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 4 (2016)
  • Modeling safety culture as a socially emergent phenomenon: a case study in
           aircraft maintenance
    • Authors: David Passenier; Colin Mols; Jan Bím; Alexei Sharpanskykh
      Pages: 487 - 520
      Abstract: Safety culture is often understood as encompassing organizational members’ shared attitudes, beliefs, perceptions and values associated with safety. Safety culture theory development is fraught with inconsistencies and superficiality of measurement methods, because the dynamic and political nature of culture is often ignored. Traditionally, safety culture is analyzed by survey-based approaches. In this paper we propose a novel, systemic, interdisciplinary approach for investigating safety culture that combines multi-agent system modeling with organizational ethnography. By using this approach, mechanisms of emergence of safety culture from daily practices, operations and interactions of organizational actors can be modeled and analyzed. The approach is illustrated by a case study from the aircraft maintenance domain, based on existing ethnographic data. Using the proposed approach we were able to reproduce and explain emergent characteristic patterns of commitment to safety in the maintenance organization from this study. The model can be used for theory development and as a management tool to evaluate non-linear impacts of organizational arrangements on workers’ commitment to safety.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-016-9212-6
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 4 (2016)
  • The impact of socio-technical communication styles on the diversity and
           innovation potential of global science collaboratories
    • Authors: Özgür Özmen; Levent Yilmaz; Jeffrey Smith
      Pages: 521 - 548
      Abstract: Emerging cyber-infrastructure tools are enabling scientists to transparently co-develop, share, and communicate about real-time diverse forms of knowledge artifacts. In these environments, communication preferences of scientists are posited as an important factor affecting innovation capacity and robustness of social and knowledge network structures. Scientific knowledge creation in such communities is called global participatory science (GPS). Recently, using agent-based modeling and collective action theory as a basis, a complex adaptive social communication network model (CollectiveInnoSim) is implemented. This work leverages CollectiveInnoSim implementing communication preferences of scientists. Social network metrics and knowledge production patterns are used as proxy metrics to infer innovation potential of emergent knowledge and collaboration networks. The objective is to present the underlying communication dynamics of GPS in a form of computational model and delineate the impacts of various communication preferences of scientists on innovation potential of the collaboration network. Gained insight can ultimately help policy-makers to design GPS environments and promote innovation.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-016-9213-5
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 4 (2016)
  • Nick Crossley, Elisa Bellotti, Gemma Edwards, Martin G. Everett, Johan
           Koskinen, and Mark Tranmer: Social network analysis for ego-nets
    • Authors: Terrill L. Frantz
      PubDate: 2016-12-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-016-9240-2
  • Managerial influence on attitude formation in organizations: how to manage
    • Authors: Peter van Woensel; Dick de Gilder; Peter van den Besselaar; Peter Groenewegen
      Abstract: The emergence of a shared attitude in organizations can be regarded as a self-organizing complex process in which a majority attitude emerges from the ensemble of interactions among individuals. Almost by definition, emerging processes seem beyond the control of management, which is in conflict with the task of management to steer an organization. By modeling the emergence of a shared attitude in organizations, we were able to demonstrate that management had a distinct influence on this process. Furthermore, the first round of interactions was decisive for the outcome. The key to influencing the emergence of a shared attitude is to reduce resistance against the preferred attitude. High levels of group conformity inhibited conversion to the preferred attitude. Although the emergence of a shared attitude can be influenced by management, there remains an intrinsic uncertainty in the outcomes of attitude development processes.
      PubDate: 2016-12-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10588-016-9239-8
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