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  Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 912 journals)
    - APPLIED MATHEMATICS (76 journals)
    - GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY (20 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (678 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (GENERAL) (41 journals)
    - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS (19 journals)
    - PROBABILITIES AND MATH STATISTICS (78 journals)

MATHEMATICS (678 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Mathematical Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access  
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales UMCS, Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
BoEM - Boletim online de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
College Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Combinatorics and Optimization     Open Access  
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
Contributions to Game Theory and Management     Open Access  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Differentsial'nye Uravneniya     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae - General Algebra and Applications     Open Access  
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diskretnaya Matematika     Full-text available via subscription  
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Akademii Nauk     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eco Matemático     Open Access  
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Graph Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Elemente der Mathematik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Energy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Ensino da Matemática em Debate     Open Access  
Entropy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ESAIM: Control Optimisation and Calculus of Variations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Combinatorics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics
  [SJR: 4.177]   [H-I: 74]   [3 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0010-3640 - ISSN (Online) 1097-0312
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1592 journals]
  • Open ASEP in the Weakly Asymmetric Regime
    • Authors: Ivan Corwin; Hao Shen
      Abstract: We consider ASEP on a bounded interval and on a half-line with sources and sinks. On the full line, Bertini and Giacomin in 1997 proved convergence under weakly asymmetric scaling of the height function to the solution of the KPZ equation. We prove here that under similar weakly asymmetric scaling of the sources and sinks as well, the bounded interval ASEP height function converges to the KPZ equation on the unit interval with Neumann boundary conditions on both sides (different parameter for each side), and likewise for the half-line ASEP to KPZ on a half-line. This result can be interpreted as showing that the KPZ equation arises at the triple critical point (maximal current / high density / low density) of the open ASEP.© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2018-02-16T02:45:22.670434-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21744
       
  • Regularity for Shape Optimizers: The Nondegenerate Case
    • Authors: Dennis Kriventsov; Fanghua Lin
      Abstract: We consider minimizers ofF(λ1(Ω),…,λN(Ω))+ Ω ,where F is a function strictly increasing in each parameter, and λk(Ω) is the kth Dirichlet eigenvalue of Ω. Our main result is that the reduced boundary of the minimizer is composed of C1,α graphs and exhausts the topological boundary except for a set of Hausdorff dimension at most n – 3. We also obtain a new regularity result for vector-valued Bernoulli-type free boundary problems.© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2018-02-13T07:40:21.064067-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21743
       
  • On Equilibrium Shape of Charged Flat Drops
    • Authors: Cyrill B. Muratov; Matteo Novaga, Berardo Ruffini
      Abstract: The equilibrium shapes of two-dimensional charged, perfectly conducting liquid drops are governed by a geometric variational problem that involves a perimeter term modeling line tension and a capacitary term modeling Coulombic repulsion. Here we give a complete explicit solution to this variational problem. Namely, we show that at fixed total charge a ball of a particular radius is the unique global minimizer among all sufficiently regular sets in the plane. For sets whose area is also fixed, we show that balls are the only minimizers if the charge is less than or equal to a critical charge, while for larger charge minimizers do not exist. Analogous results hold for drops whose potential, rather than charge, is fixed. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2018-01-31T06:55:35.042466-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21739
       
  • Large-Scale Behavior of Three-Dimensional Continuous Phase Coexistence
           Models
    • Authors: Martin Hairer; Weijun Xu
      Abstract: We study a class of three-dimensional continuous phase coexistence models, and show that, under different symmetry assumptions on the potential, the large-scale behavior of such models near a bifurcation point is described by the dynamical Φ3p models for p ∊ {2,3,4}. This result is specific to space dimension 3 and does not hold in dimension 2. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2018-01-25T02:25:23.702372-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21738
       
  • Boundary Layers in Periodic Homogenization of Neumann Problems
    • Authors: Zhongwei Shen; Jinping Zhuge
      Abstract: This paper is concerned with a family of second-order elliptic systems in divergence form with rapidly oscillating periodic coefficients. We initiate the study of homogenization and boundary layers for Neumann problems with first-order oscillating boundary data. We identify the homogenized system and establish the sharp rate of convergence in L2 in dimension three or higher. Regularity estimates are also obtained for the homogenized boundary data in both Dirichlet and Neumann problems. The results are used to establish a higher-order convergence rate for Neumann problems with nonoscillating data.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2018-01-23T06:50:43.182903-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21740
       
  • Landau Damping to Partially Locked States in the Kuramoto Model
    • Authors: Helge Dietert; Bastien Fernandez, David Gérard-Varet
      Abstract: In the Kuramoto model of globally coupled oscillators, partially locked states (PLS) are stationary solutions that capture the emergence of partial synchrony when the interaction strength increases. While PLS have long been considered, existing results on their stability are limited to neutral stability of the linearized dynamics in strong topology or to specific invariant subspaces (obtained via the so-called Ott-Antonsen (OA) ansatz) with specific frequency distributions for the oscillators. In the mean-field limit, the Kuramoto model shows various ingredients of the Landau damping mechanism in the Vlasov equation. This analogy has been a source of inspiration for stability proofs of regular Kuramoto equilibria. In addition, the major mathematical issue with PLS asymptotic stability is that these states consist of heterogeneous and singular measures. Here we establish an explicit criterion for their spectral stability and prove their local asymptotic stability in weak topology for a large class of analytic frequency marginals. The proof strongly relies on a suitable functional space that contains (Fourier transforms of) singular measures, and for which the linearized dynamics is well under control. For illustration, the stability criterion is evaluated in some standard examples. We confirm in particular that no loss of generality results in assuming the OA ansatz. To the best of our knowledge, our result provides the first proof of Landau damping to heterogeneous and irregular equilibria in the absence of dissipation.© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2018-01-22T06:30:43.67519-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21741
       
  • Ricci Curvature and Bochner Formulas for Martingales
    • Authors: Robert Haslhofer; Aaron Naber
      Abstract: We generalize the classical Bochner formula for the heat flow on M to martingales on the path space PM and develop a formalism to compute evolution equations for martingales on path space. We see that our Bochner formula on PM is related to two-sided bounds on Ricci curvature in much the same manner that the classical Bochner formula on M is related to lower bounds on Ricci curvature. Using this formalism, we obtain new characterizations of bounded Ricci curvature, new gradient estimates for martingales on path space, new Hessian estimates for martingales on path space, and streamlined proofs of the previous characterizations of bounded Ricci curvature.© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09T09:50:25.93503-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21736
       
  • Issue Information – TOC
    • Pages: 615 - 615
      PubDate: 2018-02-17T09:40:32.119035-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21742
       
  • Honeycomb Schrödinger Operators in the Strong Binding Regime
    • Authors: Charles L. Fefferman; James P. Lee-Thorp, Michael I. Weinstein
      Abstract: In this article, we study the Schrödinger operator for a large class of periodic potentials with the symmetry of a hexagonal tiling of the plane. The potentials we consider are superpositions of localized potential wells, centered on the vertices of a regular honeycomb structure corresponding to the single electron model of graphene and its artificial analogues. We consider this Schrödinger operator in the regime of strong binding, where the depth of the potential wells is large. Our main result is that for sufficiently deep potentials, the lowest two Floquet-Bloch dispersion surfaces, when appropriately rescaled, converge uniformly to those of the two-band tight-binding model (Wallace, 1947 [56]). Furthermore, we establish as corollaries, in the regime of strong binding, results on (a) the existence of spectral gaps for honeycomb potentials that break 𝒫𝒯 symmetry and (b) the existence of topologically protected edge states—states that propagate parallel to and are localized transverse to a line defect or “edge”—for a large class of rational edges, and that are robust to a class of large transverse-localized perturbations of the edge. We believe that the ideas of this article may be applicable in other settings for which a tight-binding model emerges in an extreme parameter limit.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-12-18T06:19:09.959209-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21735
       
  • A Priori Estimates for the Compressible Euler Equations for a Liquid with
           Free Surface Boundary and the Incompressible Limit
    • Authors: Hans Lindblad; Chenyun Luo
      Abstract: In this paper, we prove a new type of energy estimate for the compressible Euler equations with free boundary, with a boundary part and an interior part. These can be thought of as a generalization of the energies in Christodoulou and Lindblad to the compressible case and do not require the fluid to be irrotational. In addition, we show that our estimates are in fact uniform in the sound speed k. As a consequence, we obtain convergence of solutions of compressible Euler equations with a free boundary to solutions of the incompressible equations, generalizing the result of Ebin to when you have a free boundary. In the incompressible case our energies reduce to those in Christodoulou and Lindblad, and our proof in particular gives a simplified proof of their estimates with improved error estimates. Since for an incompressible irrotational liquid with free surface there are small data global existence results, our result leaves open the possibility of long-time existence also for slightly compressible liquids with a free surface.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-12-16T16:45:23.892077-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21734
       
  • Gaussian Curvature and Gyroscopes
    • Authors: Graham Cox; Mark Levi
      Abstract: We relate Gaussian curvature to the gyroscopic force, thus giving a mechanical interpretation of the former and a geometrical interpretation of the latter. We do so by considering the motion of a spinning disk constrained to be tangent to a curved surface. It is shown that the spin gives rise to a force on the disk that is equal to the magnetic force on a point charge moving in a magnetic field normal to the surface, of magnitude equal to the Gaussian curvature, and of charge equal to the disk's axial spin. In a special case, this demonstrates that the precession of Lagrange's top is due to the curvature of a sphere determined by the parameters of the top.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06T06:55:31.259268-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21731
       
  • A Mathematical Theory of Optimal Milestoning (with a Detour via Exact
           Milestoning)
    • Authors: Ling Lin; Jianfeng Lu, Eric Vanden-Eijnden
      Abstract: Milestoning is a computational procedure that reduces the dynamics of complex systems to memoryless jumps between intermediates, or milestones, and only retains some information about the probability of these jumps and the time lags between them. Here we analyze a variant of this procedure, termed optimal milestoning, which relies on a specific choice of milestones to capture exactly some kinetic features of the original dynamical system. In particular, we prove that optimal milestoning permits the exact calculation of the mean first passage times (MFPT) between any two milestones. In so doing, we also analyze another variant of the method, called exact milestoning, which also permits the exact calculation of certain MFPTs, but at the price of retaining more information about the original system's dynamics. Finally, we discuss importance sampling strategies based on optimal and exact milestoning that can be used to bypass the simulation of the original system when estimating the statistical quantities used in these methods.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-11-14T08:35:36.792501-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21725
       
  • Performance of Ensemble Kalman Filters in Large Dimensions
    • Authors: Andrew J. Majda; Xin T. Tong
      Abstract: Contemporary data assimilation often involves more than a million prediction variables. Ensemble Kalman filters (EnKF) have been developed by geoscientists. They are successful indispensable tools in science and engineering, because they allow for computationally cheap low-ensemble-state approximation for extremely large-dimensional turbulent dynamical systems. The practical finite ensemble filters like EnKF necessarily involve modifications such as covariance inflation and localization, and it is a genuine mystery why they perform so well with small ensemble sizes in large dimensions. This paper provides the first rigorous stochastic analysis of the accuracy and covariance fidelity of EnKF in the practical regime where the ensemble size is much smaller than the large ambient dimension for EnKFs with random coefficients. A challenging issue overcome here is that EnKF in huge dimensions introduces unavoidable bias and model errors that need to be controlled and estimated.© 2017 the
      Authors . Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics is published by the Courant Institute of Mathematics and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-11-07T09:55:35.803022-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21722
       
  • Elliptic Regularity and Quantitative Homogenization on Percolation
           Clusters
    • Authors: Scott Armstrong; Paul Dario
      Abstract: We establish quantitative homogenization, large-scale regularity, and Liouville results for the random conductance model on a supercritical (Bernoulli bond) percolation cluster. The results are also new in the case that the conductivity is constant on the cluster. The argument passes through a series of renormalization steps: first, we use standard percolation results to find a large scale above which the geometry of the percolation cluster behaves (in a sense, made precise) like that of euclidean space. Then, following the work of Barlow [8], we find a succession of larger scales on which certain functional and elliptic estimates hold. This gives us the analytic tools to adapt the quantitative homogenization program of Armstrong and Smart [7] to estimate the yet larger scale on which solutions on the cluster can be well-approximated by harmonic functions on ℝd. This is the first quantitative homogenization result in a porous medium, and the harmonic approximation allows us to estimate the scale on which a higher-order regularity theory holds. The size of each of these random scales is shown to have at least a stretched exponential moment. As a consequence of this regularity theory, we obtain a Liouville-type result that states that, for each k ∊ ℕ, the vector space of solutions growing at most like o( x k+1) as x ∞ has the same dimension as the set of harmonic polynomials of degree at most k, generalizing a result of Benjamini, Duminil-Copin, Kozma, and Yadin from k ≤ 1 to k ∊ ℕ. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-11-06T02:40:51.42388-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21726
       
  • Mixing Times of Critical Two-Dimensional Potts Models
    • Authors: Reza Gheissari; Eyal Lubetzky
      Abstract: We study dynamical aspects of the q-state Potts model on an n × n box at its critical βc(q). Heat-bath Glauber dynamics and cluster dynamics such as Swendsen–Wang (that circumvent low-temperature bottlenecks) are all expected to undergo “critical slowdowns” in the presence of periodic boundary conditions: the inverse spectral gap, which in the subcritical regime is O(1), should at criticality be polynomial in n for 1  4 in accordance with the predicted discontinuous phase transition. This was confirmed for q = 2 (the Ising model) by the second author and Sly, and for sufficiently large q by Borgs et al.Here we show that the following holds for the critical Potts model on the torus: for q=3, the inverse gap of Glauber dynamics is nO(1); for q = 4, it is at most nO(log n); and for every q > 4 in the phase-coexistence regime, the inverse gaps of both Glauber dynamics and Swendsen-Wang dynamics are exponential in n.For free or monochromatic boundary conditions and large q, we show that the dynamics at criticality is faster than on the torus (unlike the Ising model where free/periodic boundary conditions induce similar dynamical behavior at all temperatures): the inverse gap of Swendsen-Wang dynamics is exp(no(1)). © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-10-30T04:57:02.298355-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21718
       
  • Global Weak Solutions for SQG in Bounded Domains
    • Authors: Peter Constantin; Huy Quang Nguyen
      Abstract: We prove existence of global weak L2 solutions of the inviscid SQG equation in bounded domains.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-10-30T04:50:20.583363-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21720
       
  • Nonlinear Stability of Expanding Star Solutions of the Radially Symmetric
           Mass-Critical Euler-Poisson System
    • Authors: Mahir Hadžić; Juhi Jang
      Abstract: We prove nonlinear stability of compactly supported expanding star solutions of the mass-critical gravitational Euler-Poisson system. These special solutions were discovered by Goldreich and Weber in 1980. The expansion rate of such solutions can be either self-similar or non-self-similar (linear), and we treat both types. An important outcome of our stability results is the existence of a new class of global-in-time radially symmetric solutions, which are not homologous and therefore not encompassed by the existing works. Using Lagrangian coordinates we reformulate the associated free-boundary problem as a degenerate quasilinear wave equation on a compact spatial domain. The problem is mass-critical with respect to an invariant rescaling and the analysis is carried out in similarity variables.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-10-27T05:10:23.098241-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21721
       
  • Proof of the Achievability Conjectures for the General Stochastic Block
           Model
    • Authors: Emmanuel Abbe; Colin Sandon
      Abstract: In a paper that initiated the modern study of the stochastic block model (SBM), Decelle, Krzakala, Moore, and Zdeborová, backed by Mossel, Neeman, and Sly, conjectured that detecting clusters in the symmetric SBM in polynomial time is always possible above the Kesten-Stigum (KS) threshold, while it is possible to detect clusters information theoretically (i.e., not necessarily in polynomial time) below the KS threshold when the number of clusters k is at least 4. Massoulié, Mossel et al., and Bordenave, Lelarge, and Massoulié proved that the KS threshold is in fact efficiently achievable for k = 2, while Mossel et al. proved that it cannot be crossed at k = 2. The above conjecture remained open for k ≥ 3.This paper proves the two parts of the conjecture, further extending the results to general SBMs. For the efficient part, an approximate acyclic belief propagation (ABP) algorithm is developed and proved to detect communities for any k down to the KS threshold in quasi-linear time. Achieving this requires showing optimality of ABP in the presence of cycles, a challenge for message-passing algorithms. The paper further connects ABP to a power iteration method on a nonbacktracking operator of generalized order, formalizing the interplay between message passing and spectral methods. For the information-theoretic part, a nonefficient algorithm sampling a typical clustering is shown to break down the KS threshold at k = 4. The emerging gap is shown to be large in some cases, making the SBM a good case study for information-computation gaps. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-10-20T09:55:22.592784-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21719
       
  • Rectifiability of Varifolds with Locally Bounded First Variation with
           Respect to Anisotropic Surface Energies
    • Authors: Guido De Philippis; Antonio De Rosa, Francesco Ghiraldin
      Abstract: We extend Allard's celebrated rectifiability theorem to the setting of varifolds with locally bounded first variation with respect to an anisotropic integrand. In particular, we identify a sufficient and necessary condition on the integrand to obtain the rectifiability of every d-dimensional varifold with locally bounded first variation and positive d-dimensional density. In codimension 1, this condition is shown to be equivalent to the strict convexity of the integrand with respect to the tangent plane.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-08-28T05:45:23.053473-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21713
       
  • Regularity of the Level Set Flow
    • Authors: Tobias Holck Colding; William P. Minicozzi
      Abstract: We showed earlier that the level set function of a monotonic advancing front is twice differentiable everywhere with bounded second derivative and satisfies the equation classically. We show here that the second derivative is continuous if and only if the flow has a single singular time where it becomes extinct and the singular set consists of a closed C1 manifold with cylindrical singularities.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13T05:51:12.89847-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21703
       
  • Fluctuations of TASEP on a Ring in Relaxation Time Scale
    • Authors: Jinho Baik; Zhipeng Liu
      Abstract: We consider the totally asymmetric simple exclusion process on a ring with flat and step initial conditions. We assume that the size of the ring and the number of particles tend to infinity proportionally and evaluate the fluctuations of tagged particles and currents. The crossover from the KPZ dynamics to the equilibrium dynamics occurs when the time is proportional to the 3/2 power of the ring size. We compute the limiting distributions in this relaxation time scale. The analysis is based on an explicit formula of the finite-time one-point distribution obtained from the coordinate Bethe ansatz method.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
      PubDate: 2017-06-21T09:35:18.871629-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/cpa.21702
       
 
 
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