Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 1106 journals)
    - APPLIED MATHEMATICS (88 journals)
    - GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY (23 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (815 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (GENERAL) (45 journals)
    - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS (25 journals)

MATHEMATICS (815 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 401 - 538 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Computational Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Journal of Computational Physics : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Computer Engineering, System and Science (CESS)     Open Access  
Journal of Contemporary Mathematical Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Cryptology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Difference Equations and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Differential Equations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Discrete Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Discrete Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Engineering Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Evolution Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Experimental Algorithmics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Flood Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Formalized Reasoning     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Function Spaces     Open Access  
Journal of Functional Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geochemical Exploration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Geological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Geovisualization and Spatial Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Global Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Global Research in Mathematical Archives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Group Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Homotopy and Related Structures     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Honai Math     Open Access  
Journal of Humanistic Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hyperbolic Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Industrial Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inequalities and Applications     Open Access  
Journal of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Integrable Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of K-Theory     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Knot Theory and Its Ramifications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kufa for Mathematics and Computer     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Manufacturing Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of mathematical and computational science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematical Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematical Cryptology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mathematical Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematical Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Mathematics and the Arts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematics Education at Teachers College     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematics in Industry     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Metallurgy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Modern Mathematics Frontier     Open Access  
Journal of Multidisciplinary Modeling and Optimization     Open Access  
Journal of Multivariate Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Natural Sciences and Mathematics Research     Open Access  
Journal of Nonlinear Analysis and Optimization : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Numerical Cognition     Open Access  
Journal of Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Peridynamics and Nonlocal Modeling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Problem Solving     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Progressive Research in Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Quantitative Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Scientific Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Symbolic Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Egyptian Mathematical Society     Open Access  
Journal of the European Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Institute of Mathematics of Jussieu     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Nigerian Mathematical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Topology and Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Turbulence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Uncertainty Analysis and Applications     Open Access  
Journal of Universal Mathematics     Open Access  
Journal of Urban Regeneration & Renewal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Water and Land Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
JRAMathEdu : Journal of Research and Advances in Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
JUMLAHKU : Jurnal Matematika Ilmiah STKIP Muhammadiyah Kuningan     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
JURING (Journal for Research in Mathematics Learning)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmiah AdMathEdu     Open Access  
Jurnal Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Matematika Integratif     Open Access  
Jurnal Matematika, Sains, Dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal Natural     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Raflesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Sains (JPS)     Open Access  
Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Matematika dan Statistika     Open Access  
Jurnal Tadris Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi dan Sistem Komputer     Open Access  
Kontinu : Jurnal Penelitian Didaktik Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Le Matematiche     Open Access  
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Lettera Matematica     Hybrid Journal  
Lietuvos Matematikos Rinkinys     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Limits : Journal of Mathematics and Its Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Linear Algebra and its Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Linear and Multilinear Algebra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Lithuanian Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal  
LMS Journal of Computation and Mathematics     Free  
Lobachevskii Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Logic and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Logic Journal of the IGPL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Logica Universalis     Hybrid Journal  
manuscripta mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
MaPan : Jurnal Matematika dan Pembelajaran     Open Access  
Marine Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Matemáticas, Educación y Sociedad     Open Access  
Matematicheskie Zametki     Full-text available via subscription  
Matematika     Open Access  
Matematychni Studii     Open Access  
Mathematica Eterna     Open Access  
Mathematica Scandinavica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mathematica Slovaca     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical and Computational Forestry & Natural-Resource Sciences     Free  
Mathematical Communications     Open Access  
Mathematical Computation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematical Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences     Open Access  
Mathematical Medicine and Biology: A Journal of the IMA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematical Methods of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematical Modelling and Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mathematical Models in Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Mathematical Notes     Hybrid Journal  
Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mathematical Programming Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Mathematical Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Theory and Modeling     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Mathematical Thinking and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mathematics Education Forum Chitwan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics Education Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics Education Research Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 17)
Mathematics in Science and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems (MCSS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mathematics of Quantum and Nano Technologies     Open Access  
Mathématiques et sciences humaines     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Mathematische Annalen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematische Nachrichten     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematische Semesterberichte     Hybrid Journal  
Mathematische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
MathLAB Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
MATI : Mathematical Aspects of Topological Indeces     Open Access  
MATICS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Matrix Science Mathematic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Measurement Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Memetic Computing     Hybrid Journal  
Mendel : Soft Computing Journal     Open Access  
Metaheuristics     Hybrid Journal  
Metals and Materials International     Hybrid Journal  
Metascience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Milan Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Mitteilungen der DMV     Hybrid Journal  
MLQ- Mathematical Logic Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
MONA : Matematik- og Naturfagsdidaktik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Monatshefte fur Mathematik     Hybrid Journal  
Moroccan Journal of Pure and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Moscow University Mathematics Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
MSOR Connections     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multiscale Modeling and Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
MUST : Journal of Mathematics Education, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nagoya Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Nano Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nanotechnologies in Russia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Natural Resource Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
New Mathematics and Natural Computation     Hybrid Journal  
Nonlinear Analysis : Modelling and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nonlinear Analysis : Theory, Methods & Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA     Hybrid Journal  
Nonlinear Engineering     Open Access  
Nonlinear Oscillations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.207
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1735-9325 - ISSN (Online) 2251-7235
Published by SpringerOpen Homepage  [262 journals]
  • Tunable and reversible thermo-plasmonic hot spot imaging for temperature

    • Abstract: Abstract In the present study, a novel tunable two-dimensional thermo-plasmonic grating based on gold nanorods was demonstrated by combining the plasmonic properties of the gold nanostructure and the applied external voltage. In this structure, a thin layer of the gold grating was typically deposited on a patterned polydimethylsiloxane substrate using the nanoimprint lithography method. The surface plasmon resonance of the fabricated plasmonic structure was excited by the surface plasmon imaging system based on a high numerical aperture objective lens and the charged coupled device camera. Based on the results, the number of the plasmonic hot spots due to the thermo-plasmonic effect increased by the external voltage, leading to an increase in this effect. Therefore, this reversible and tunable temperature confinement can be used as the controller of each element including cells in a defined micro-position.
      PubDate: 2020-09-18
  • Terahertz emission during laser-plasma interaction: effect of electron
           temperature and collisions

    • Abstract: Abstract The electron-neutral collisions in the plasma become crucial with regard to the generation of THz radiation when thermal motion of the electrons is considerable. If we look at the mechanism of THz emission, this is only the movement/oscillations of the electrons which is responsible for the excitation of nonlinear current that generated the THz radiation. The present work aims to disclose the role of thermal motion of the plasma electrons to the resonance condition and the THz emission when two co-propagating super-Gaussian laser beams beat in the plasma. The dynamics of the plasma electrons and subsequent generation of nonlinear current are discussed in greater detail for the emission of THz radiation.
      PubDate: 2020-09-05
  • Inverse bremsstrahlung absorption in laser-fusion plasma

    • Abstract: Abstract Inverse bremsstrahlung absorption (IBA) is the most efficient absorption mechanism in laser-fusion plasma. IBA is the process in which an electron absorbs a photon while colliding with an ion or with another electron. IBA of laser energy in homogeneous and unmagnetized plasma has been studied using the Fokker–Planck equation. The isotropic function is considered as a q-nonextensive electrons distribution function. By considering a circular-polarized laser, kinetic theory and spherical coordinates, the first anisotropic function is calculated. A pulsed laser is considered, and the effect of the physical parameters such as temperature and q (q is a parameter quantifying the degree of nonextensivity) has been studied on the absorption value. Later, the results of continuous laser and pulsed laser have been compared. The calculations of IBA performed for a variety of q. According to our calculations, the IBA value in neighboring of the critical density layer for continuous laser is higher than pulsed laser. The final results show the IBA value increases with increase in \(q\) parameter and oppositely it decreases with temperature increasing.
      PubDate: 2020-09-01
  • Transmission of electromagnetic waves through a nonlinear over-dense
           plasma slab

    • Abstract: Abstract A study on the transmission of the electromagnetic waves from a structure consisting of an over-dense plasma layer with nonlinear effects is undertaken. The applied nonlinearity is presented due to the series expansion of the polarization in the medium. The nonlinear plasma layer is supposed to be placed between two linear dielectric layers. The transparency conditions are investigated for the p-polarized obliquely incident waves. It is shown that the formation of the surface waves can eventuate to the transmission of the incident waves. This fact has already be seen in the case of the linear over-dense plasma, but, here, it is examined in the presence of the nonlinear effects. To determine the propitious conditions for the surface wave excitation, the exact solutions of the electromagnetic field equations are used in all regions. The transmission, the reflection, and the dissipation rates of the electromagnetic waves from the entire structure are obtained, and the effects of the main parameters on them are discussed.
      PubDate: 2020-08-29
  • Fabrication of Au/ZnO/MWCNTs electrode and its characterization for
           electrochemical cholesterol biosensor

    • Abstract: Abstract In this work, a new sensitive enzyme-based electrode for electrochemical cholesterol biosensor was fabricated based on a nanocomposite of Au nanoparticles, ZnO nanoparticles and multi-wall carbon nanotubes (Au/ZnO/MWCNTs). The nanocomposite was prepared by sol–gel method and deposited on FTO substrate by dip coating, followed by cholesterol oxidase (ChOx) enzyme immobilized (ChOx/Au/ZnO/MWCNTs). Structural properties and morphology of the nanocomposite have been studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The sample was subjected to Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to determine functional groups. Electrochemical behavior of the electrode was studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) techniques as a function of cholesterol concentration. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was also considered to study of surface modified electrodes. The ChOx/Au/ZnO/MWCNTs electrode has been found to have enhanced electron transfer and display excellent analytical linear performances. The fabricated electrode exhibited low detection limit (0.1 μM), high sensitivity (25.89 μA/μM) evaluated from DPV data in the detection range of 0.1–100 µM and high selectivity in the determination of cholesterol over glucose and uric acid. The application of the ChOx/Au/ZnO/MWCNTs electrode in detection of cholesterol in human serum was also confirmed.
      PubDate: 2020-08-19
  • The effects of multiwall carbon nanotubes on the electrical
           characteristics of ZnO-based composites

    • Abstract: Abstract In this experimental work, the effects of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on electrical characteristics of zinc oxide–MWCNT–high-density polyethylene composite varistors have been investigated. All the samples were made at the temperature of 130 °C and pressure of 60 MPa by the hot-press method. Results show that increasing zinc oxide content in the mixture increases breakdown voltage up to 170 V, where the highest nonlinear coefficient (α ~ 13) corresponds to the samples with 95 wt% of ZnO. Results with regard to the effects of MWCNT as an additive reveal that increasing its content from 1 to 2.5% in the composites, the breakdown voltage decreases to 50 V, but the highest nonlinear coefficient (~ 14) corresponds to the sample with 1.5% of MWCNT content. It is also revealed that, heat treatment of the sample at a constant temperature of 135 °C and different time intervals from 2 to 10 h, the sample with 6 h annealing time shows maximum breakdown voltages (Vb = 140 V) with the highest nonlinear coefficient (~ 14). Investigation of the potential barrier height of samples shows a complete consistency with the breakdown voltage variations. The results have been justified regarding XRD patterns and SEM micrographs of samples.
      PubDate: 2020-08-18
  • Enhancement of charge breeding efficiency for rare isotope beam with the
           control of magnetic field profile and electron beam energy in EBIS

    • Abstract: Abstract The magnetic field in the ion trap of electron beam ion source (EBIS) determines the current density of electron beam and thus the depth of trap potential, which affects the charge breeding efficiency to desired charge state. An EBIS charge breeder has been constructed to be used for the Rare Isotope Science Project in Korea. A 6 T superconducting solenoid is used for the trap, and uniform magnetic field is extended with correction coils at the ends. The effect of field uniformity on the electron current density is evaluated using TRAK, and it is shown sizable improvement in the charge breeding efficiency for rare isotope beams can be obtained by elaborate magnetic design. Furthermore, the electron beam energy affects the ionization efficiency. The electron energy is often reduced in the trap for optimal matching with charge striping cross section. However, virtual cathode formation can appear in the process of energy reduction. Maximum beam currents limited by electron energy are studied analytically and by TRAK simulation in the view of improving the charge breeding efficiency.
      PubDate: 2020-08-13
  • Mitigation of disruption on IR-T1 tokamak by means of low-energy neutral
           beam injection to control runaway electron generation

    • Abstract: Abstract In a tokamak, the poloidal magnetic field provided by the toroidal plasma current forms an essential part of the magnetic field confining the plasma. However, instabilities of magnetohydrodynamic equilibrium can lead to an uncontrolled sudden loss of plasma current and energy, which is called a disruption. Disruptions are of significant concern to future devices due to the large amount of energy released during the rapid quenching of the plasma. One important consequence of disruption is the generation of significant current carried in multi-MeV runaway electrons that are eventually lost into plasma components. They can damage the tokamak walls and its structure if they are not controlled. Disruption control by neutral beam injection has been performed on IR-T1 to study the effect on runaway electron generated by plasma disruptions. Noble gases are used for injection, pure Hydrogen, Helium and Argon. The use of these non-reactive gases for disruption control ensures they fast removed from the vessel after the termination of a tokamak discharge. A piezo-valve is used for injection which has the precision of 1 ms. The effect of runaway electron generation control during disruption is studied using a comparison between reference disruptive discharge and a discharge into which different impurity species are injected. The data collected can then be used to optimize the performance of these energetic electrons control generated in disruption.
      PubDate: 2020-08-09
  • Transcriptional responses following seed priming with cold plasma and
           electromagnetic field in Salvia nemorosa L.

    • Abstract: Abstract This study was conducted to monitor the plant responses to seed priming with electromagnetic fields (0, 4, or 6 mT) or cold plasma (0, 80, or 100 s) in Salvia nemorosa. The cold plasma or electromagnetic field treatments significantly increased shoot fresh weight (49%), root fresh weight (41%), and root length (56%). The results highlighted that seed priming with cold plasma or the electromagnetic field is an effective method to modify seedling growth. The electromagnetic field and plasma treatments upregulated the AREB1 gene (mean = 3.9-fold). Except for the electromagnetic field of 4mT, the other treatments stimulated expressions of the WRKY1 gene by an average of 6.7-fold relative to the control. The cold plasma or electromagnetic field also induced the expression of cinnamoyl-CoA reductases (CCR2) gene (mean = fourfold). These treatments also changed the expression of the rosmarinic acid synthase by an average of sixfold. These findings may improve our knowledge of plant reactions to cold plasma and electromagnetic field for possible functions in seed technology.
      PubDate: 2020-08-08
  • Temperature dependence of EXAFS spectra of BCC crystals analyzed based on
           classical anharmonic correlated Einstein model

    • Abstract: Abstract In this work, the temperature dependence of extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) of the body-centered cubic crystals was investigated based on the anharmonic correlated Einstein model using the classical statistical theory. The oscillation of the anharmonic EXAFS spectra presented in terms of the cumulant expansion up to the fourth order. Here, the thermodynamic parameters of a system are derived from an anharmonic effective potential that has taken into account the influence of all nearest neighbors of absorbing and backscattering atoms. Analytical expressions of the first four EXAFS cumulants are obtained in simple forms of temperature or parallel mean-square relative displacement. The numerical results for crystalline molybdenum in the temperature range from 0 to 900 K are found to be in good agreement with those obtained using the other theoretical methods and experiments at various temperatures. The analytical results for the contributions of the cumulants to the amplitude reduction and phase shift of the EXAFS oscillation discover the role and meaning of high-order cumulants in analyzing the temperature dependence of the EXAFS spectra.
      PubDate: 2020-07-27
  • About dark matter as an emerging entity from elementary energy density
           fluctuations of a three-dimensional quantum vacuum

    • Abstract: Abstract A new suggestive explanation of dark matter as an emerging phenomenon determined by the polarization of a three-dimensional quantum vacuum, i.e., by opportune quantum vacuum energy density fluctuations, associated with processes of manifestation/demanifestation of virtual pairs of particles-antiparticles, in a background characterized by a fluctuating viscosity, is proposed. It is shown that the observed flattening of the orbital speeds of the arms of spiral galaxies is generated by an appropriate perturbative fluctuation of energy density of the three-dimensional quantum vacuum, which corresponds to a degree of viscosity, on the ultra-low frequencies. In this approach, a unifying re-reading of ordinary matter, dark matter, and dark energy as phenomena deriving from the energy density fluctuations of the same three-dimensional quantum vacuum is obtained.
      PubDate: 2020-07-25
  • Mathematical modeling of tumor growth as a random process

    • Abstract: Abstract A model is presented to study the random growth of the number of tumor cells. It contains deterministic growth and therapy terms, as well as a random term. The model is formulated as a Langevin equation and its corresponding Fokker–Planck equation is studied. Three forms for the time-dependence of the therapy are used and the results are compared to each other. Specifically, the ratio of the probability that the number of tumor cells be large to the probability that the number of tumor cells be small is investigated. The large time behavior of this ratio is considered as a figure of merit. Better therapies correspond to smaller values for this figure of merit. The behavior of this figure of merit in terms of various parameters of the therapy is investigated. It is seen that decreasing the amplitude or the period, decreases this figure of merit, hence improves the therapy.
      PubDate: 2020-07-22
  • The effect of mixed electric field on characteristic of ozone generation
           in a DBD plasma source

    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we have presented a new power supply structure for ozone generation in a dielectric barrier discharge reactor, so that a high-frequency pulse electric field is applied on the reactor simultaneously with a low-frequency sinusoidal electric field, referred as mixed electric field. In this study, the effect of mixed electric field variation on ozone production efficiency has been investigated and increasing effects on ozone production have been observed when the reactor temperature decreases. This performance has been achieved by modifying the mechanism of electrical discharge and decrease in filamentary discharge in plasma. By examining the spectral lines of atomic emission spectroscopy, the highest peak of the oxygen (O I) spectral lines was observed in the spectrum of the mixed electric field structure. Also by qualitative comparison of the spectral lines, the lowest intensity for the oxygen (O II) spectral lines was observed in this spectrum. Practically, this technique allows us to achieve higher ozone efficiency with less electrical power. Eventually, with the electric field mixing, we were able to achieve a 4.5% efficiency with 7.7 g/h of ozone generation at 2 kW/m2 with 2 L/min injector oxygen. In addition, by electric field mixing, we were able to reduce the reactor temperature from 66 to 41 °C.
      PubDate: 2020-07-19
  • Investigating the effect of geometrical asymmetry on conductance and TMR
           ratio in the ZnO rock salt-based MTJ: a DFT study

    • Abstract: Abstract Effects of geometrical asymmetry on spintronic properties of Fe/ZnO/Fe magnetic tunnel junction based on zinc oxide barrier tunnel with rock-salt crystalline structure is studied. Simulations are performed using density functional theory, and substituted layers of C, Mg, Al, Mo, and Ta are used to make geometrically asymmetric structures. The results indicate that this asymmetry has a substantial influence on the properties of the spin-dependent electronic transport, conductance, and the tunneling magneto-resistance (TMR) ratio of the pristine symmetric structure. Additionally, it is shown that geometrical asymmetry results in a sharp decrease in the TMR ratio in one of these junctions and causes a negative TMR ratio in the other four asymmetric structures. Due to the large conductance of the three pristine, C and Al substituted structures in the PA configuration, these structures can be used to generate the current with pure spin for experimental purposes.
      PubDate: 2020-07-09
  • Anti-corrosion properties of stainless steel 304L coated with Mn-based
           thin film and annealed with nitrogen flux exposed to saline solution under
           various temperatures

    • Abstract: Abstract In this work the corrosion resistance of stainless steel 304L coated with Mn-based thin film and post annealed with flow of nitrogen at 723 K in 0.6 M NaCl solution is reported. The latter was performed at three different solution temperatures of 293 K, 313 K and 333 K. X-ray diffraction analysis was used to determine the crystallographical structure and phases of the annealed samples. Atomic force microscope and field emission scanning electron microscope were employed to determine the morphology of the surface of the samples. Corrosion behavior of the samples in the corroding media was studied by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and polarization analysis. Results showed that the sample investigated in the 0.6 M NaCl solution at 293 K temperature has the highest corrosion resistance than those studied at higher temperatures. The correctness of the EIS results was confirmed by Kramers–Kronig transformation, while fitting of the data (Nyquist and Bode diagrams) to suitable equivalent electrical circuits showed that the highest corrosion enhancement is achieved for the Mn-based/SS304L sample in the 0.6 M NaCl solution at 293 K temperature, resulting in a 90.57% corrosion inhibition enhancement factor (η%). Polarization measurements also showed that this sample has the lowest corrosion current density, lowest corrosion rate and highest corrosion potential with a 96% corrosion inhibition efficiency factor (PE%). Consistent results are achieved for EIS and polarization measurements which are then correlated with the nanostructure of the films using X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscope analyses.
      PubDate: 2020-06-24
  • Microstrain and lattice disorder in nanocrystalline titanium dioxide
           prepared by chemical route and its relation with phase transformation

    • Abstract: Abstract The microstructure of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide (TiO2), synthesized by chemical route, is studied from X-ray peak profile analysis and transmission electron microscopy. The broadening of the X-ray diffraction peaks indicates the presence of small crystallites with a significant amount of disorder. The progression of broadening at lower annealing temperatures, suggests the decrease in the strain broadening. The nano-TiO2 was found to transform partially to rutile phase from its nanocrystalline anatase phase when annealed at a temperature of 750 °C. No further appreciable change was observed after annealing at higher temperature. The lattice parameters of the anatase phase change non-linearly with temperature. It was found that there is a discontinuous change in the value of crystallite size, microstrain and thermal parameter values accompanying with the phase transformation. The microstrain associated with the nanocrystalline grain is closely associated with thermal disorder and oxygen z-displacement. The value of thermal parameter reveals a significant deviation of the Ti atom from the regular lattice sites. The present study reveals that nanocrystalline anatase TiO2 prepared by chemical route shows significant static disorder, which decreases with the increase in the annealing temperature along with concomitant phase transformation.
      PubDate: 2020-06-23
  • A systematic study on chemically deposited cadmium sulfide (CdS) thin film

    • Abstract: Abstract In this work, the conventional chemical bath deposition (CBD) technique and its growth parameters were systematically studied to deposit CdS thin films on the glass substrate. The samples were prepared using a simple aqueous solution containing cadmium sulfate (CdSO4·8H2O), thiourea [SC(NH2)2], ammonium sulfate [(NH4)2SO4] as a source of cadmium, sulfur, and a complexing agent, respectively. The deposited films were characterized to study the surface morphology, crystallographic structure, chemical composition, optical and electrical properties. Through this study, the structure was determined to cubic with (111) preferential orientation and the crystallinity of the films was improved with the increase of film thickness. The transmission spectra were recorded in the range of wavelength 300–600 nm. The optical bandgap of the optimized CdS films was varied from 2.43 to 2.74 eV. All the films exhibit n-type of conductivity which was found in the order of 10–4 to 10–5 (1/Ω-cm), suggesting that it would be suitable for the buffer layer in thin-film solar cells.
      PubDate: 2020-06-03
  • Effect of thickness on characteristics of ZnSe thin film synthesized by
           vacuum thermal evaporation

    • Abstract: Abstract Zinc selenide (ZnSe) thin films with various thicknesses were grown on ultrasonically clean glass substrates using vacuum evaporation of 99.99% pure ZnSe powder. Thickness dependence of the structural, optical and electrical properties was thoroughly investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses revealed that (110) ZnSe plane is the dominant crystal plane for all the fabricated films. Both dislocation density and micro-strain go down with the increase in film thickness, indicating lower lattice defects and improvement in crystallinity at higher film thickness. Transmittance spectra show that all the films have almost linear upward tendency of transmittance in near-infrared region and small fluctuations in visible region for higher-thickness films. With the increase in film thickness, the optical bandgap increases and also an increasing tendency of dielectric constant was observed. Studies of electrical properties showed a sharp increase in carrier mobility and concentration with film thickness. As the film thickness increases from 30 to 90 nm, the carrier mobility goes up from 255 to 1250 cm2/VS and the carrier concentration increases from 2.14 × 1018 to 9.37 × 1018 cm−3. The electrical transport properties of the deposited thin films were explained in terms of scattering of the charge carrier.
      PubDate: 2020-06-02
  • Silver nanoparticles dispersed in nematic liquid crystal: an impact on
           dielectric and electro-optical parameters

    • Abstract: Abstract In the present study, nematic liquid crystal (NLC) 4′-(Octyloxy)-4-biphenylcarbonitrile dispersed with three different concentrations of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) is characterized by electro-optical and dielectric spectroscopy method. The dispersion of Ag NPs into NLC material leads to the change in physical parameters such as dielectric permittivity, photoluminescence, threshold voltage, response time and splay elastic constant. The AC conductivity and threshold voltage of Ag NPs-dispersed composite system have increased significantly. The increase in the AC conductivity for the composite system is attributed to the Ag NPs-assisted induced charge transfer mechanism in the system. Moreover, the increase in AC conductivity value for Ag NPs/NLC composite system discloses its importance in photovoltaic solar cell.
      PubDate: 2020-05-06
  • Electromagnetically induced grating in semiconductor quantum dot and metal
           nanoparticle hybrid system by considering nonlocality effects

    • Abstract: Abstract The optical polarization from a hybrid system including a closely spaced spherical SQD (modeled as a three-level V-type system) and a metal nanoparticle which are considered classically and are connected by the dipole–dipole interaction mechanism is investigated. The interaction between the SQD and the MNP shows an interesting optical response. In the weak probe field regime and MNP nonlocality correction, the absorption spectrum of the hybrid system exhibits an EIT window with two absorption peaks and the plasmon-assisted quantum interference plays an important role in the position and amplitude of these peaks, which are intensely altered by including the nonlocal effects. The probe diffraction grating is created based on the excitons-induced transparency by applying a standing-wave coupling field. The results of this study are useful in numerous areas of all-optical communications.
      PubDate: 2020-04-17
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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