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MATHEMATICS (651 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Mathematical Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access  
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales UMCS, Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access  
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access  
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
BoEM - Boletim online de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
College Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Graph Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Elemente der Mathematik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Energy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Ensino da Matemática em Debate     Open Access  
Entropy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ESAIM: Control Optimisation and Calculus of Variations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Combinatorics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expositiones Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Mathematics and Informatics     Open Access  
Fasciculi Mathematici     Open Access  
Finite Fields and Their Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fixed Point Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Formalized Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations
  [SJR: 2.455]   [H-I: 44]   [0 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-0835 - ISSN (Online) 0944-2669
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • A multidimensional Birkhoff theorem for time-dependent Tonelli
    • Authors: Marie-Claude Arnaud; Andrea Venturelli
      Abstract: Abstract Let M be a closed and connected manifold, \(H:T^*M\times {{\mathbb {R}}}/\mathbb {Z}\rightarrow \mathbb {R}\) a Tonelli 1-periodic Hamiltonian and \({\mathscr {L}}\subset T^*M\) a Lagrangian submanifold Hamiltonianly isotopic to the zero section. We prove that if \({\mathscr {L}}\) is invariant by the time-one map of H, then \({\mathscr {L}}\) is a graph over M. An interesting consequence in the autonomous case is that in this case, \({\mathscr {L}}\) is invariant by all the time t maps of the Hamiltonian flow of H.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1210-0
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • Construction of type II blow-up solutions for a semilinear parabolic
           system with higher dimension
    • Authors: Junichi Harada
      Abstract: Abstract This paper is concerned with blow-up solutions for a semilinear parabolic system with a power type nonlinearity. Non self-similar blow-up solution is constructed by the matched asymptotic expansions. One component of this solution converges to the singular steady state, and another component converges to zero in self-similar variables.
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1213-x
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • Selection problems of $${{\mathbb {Z}}}^2$$ Z 2 -periodic entropy
           solutions and viscosity solutions
    • Authors: Kohei Soga
      Abstract: Abstract \({{\mathbb {Z}}}^2\) -periodic entropy solutions of hyperbolic scalar conservation laws and \({{\mathbb {Z}}}^2\) -periodic viscosity solutions of Hamilton–Jacobi equations are not unique in general. However, uniqueness holds for viscous scalar conservation laws and viscous Hamilton–Jacobi equations. Bessi (Commun Math Phys 235:495–511, 2003) investigated the convergence of approximate \({{\mathbb {Z}}}^2\) -periodic solutions to an exact one in the process of the vanishing viscosity method, and characterized this physically natural \({{\mathbb {Z}}}^2\) -periodic solution with the aid of Aubry–Mather theory. In this paper, a similar problem is considered in the process of the finite difference approximation under hyperbolic scaling. We present a selection criterion different from the one in the vanishing viscosity method, which may depend on the approximation parameter.
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1208-7
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • Parabolic Lipschitz truncation and caloric approximation
    • Authors: L. Diening; S. Schwarzacher; B. Stroffolini; A. Verde
      Abstract: Abstract We develop an improved version of the parabolic Lipschitz truncation, which allows qualitative control of the distributional time derivative and the preservation of zero boundary values. As a consequence, we establish a new caloric approximation lemma. We show that almost p-caloric functions are close to p-caloric functions. The distance is measured in terms of spatial gradients as well as almost uniformly in time. Both results are extended to the setting of Orlicz growth.
      PubDate: 2017-07-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1209-6
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • The regularity of conformal target harmonic maps
    • Authors: Tristan Rivière
      Abstract: Abstract We establish that any weakly conformal \(W^{1,2}\) map from a Riemann surface S into a closed oriented sub-manifold \(N^n\) of an euclidian space \({\mathbb {R}}^m\) realizes, for almost every sub-domain, a stationary varifold if and only if it is a smooth conformal harmonic map form S into \(N^n\) .
      PubDate: 2017-07-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1215-8
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • Local uniqueness and periodicity for the prescribed scalar curvature
           problem of fractional operator in $${\mathbb {R}}^{N}$$ R N
    • Authors: Yuxia Guo; Jianjun Nie; Miaomiao Niu; Zhongwei Tang
      Abstract: Abstract Consider the following prescribed scalar curvature problem involving the fractional Laplacian with critical exponent: 0.1 $$\begin{aligned} \left\{ \begin{array}{ll}(-\Delta )^{\sigma }u=K(y)u^{\frac{N+2\sigma }{N-2\sigma }} \text { in }~ {\mathbb {R}}^{N},\\ ~u>0, \quad y\in {\mathbb {R}}^{N}.\end{array}\right. \end{aligned}$$ For \(N\ge 4\) and \(\sigma \in (\frac{1}{2}, 1),\) we prove a local uniqueness result for bubbling solutions of (0.1). Such a result implies that some bubbling solutions preserve the symmetry from the scalar curvature K(y).
      PubDate: 2017-07-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1194-9
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • On global and local minimizers of prestrained thin elastic rods
    • Authors: Marco Cicalese; Matthias Ruf; Francesco Solombrino
      Abstract: Abstract We study the stable configurations of a thin three-dimensional weakly prestrained rod subject to a terminal load as the thickness of the section vanishes. By \(\Gamma \) -convergence we derive a one-dimensional limit theory and show that isolated local minimizers of the limit model can be approached by local minimizers of the three-dimensional model. In the case of isotropic materials and for two-layers prestrained three-dimensional models the limit energy further simplifies to that of a Kirchhoff rod-model of an intrinsically curved beam. In this case we study the limit theory and investigate global and/or local stability of straight and helical configurations.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1197-6
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • The concentration behavior of ground state solutions for a fractional
           Schrödinger–Poisson system
    • Authors: Yuanyang Yu; Fukun Zhao; Leiga Zhao
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we study the following fractional Schrödinger–Poisson system 0.1 $$\begin{aligned} \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \varepsilon ^{2s}(-\Delta )^s u +V(x)u+\phi u=K(x) u ^{p-2}u,\,\,\text {in}~\mathbb {R}^3,\\ \\ \varepsilon ^{2s}(-\Delta )^s \phi =u^2,\,\,\text {in}~\mathbb {R}^3, \end{array} \right. \end{aligned}$$ where \(\varepsilon >0\) is a small parameter, \(\frac{3}{4}<s<1\) , \(4<p<2_s^*:=\frac{6}{3-2s}\) , \(V(x)\in C(\mathbb {R}^3)\cap L^\infty (\mathbb {R}^3)\) has positive global minimum, and \(K(x)\in C(\mathbb {R}^3)\cap L^\infty (\mathbb {R}^3)\) is positive and has global maximum. We prove the existence of a positive ground state solution by using variational methods for each \(\varepsilon >0\) sufficiently small, and we determine a concrete set related to the potentials V and K as the concentration position of these ground state solutions as \(\varepsilon \rightarrow 0\) . Moreover, we considered some properties of these ground state solutions, such as convergence and decay estimate.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1199-4
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • Injectivity and self-contact in second-gradient nonlinear elasticity
    • Authors: Aaron Z. Palmer; Timothy J. Healey
      Abstract: Abstract We prove the existence of globally injective weak solutions in mixed boundary-value problems of second-gradient nonlinear elastostatics via energy minimization. This entails the treatment of self-contact. In accordance with the classical (first-gradient) theory, the model incorporates the unbounded growth of the potential energy density as the local volume ratio approaches zero. We work in a class of admissible vector-valued deformations that are injective on the interior of the domain. We first establish a rigorous Euler–Lagrange variational inequality at a minimizer. We then define a self-contact coincidence set for an admissible deformation in a natural way, which we demonstrate to be confined to a closed subset of the boundary of the domain. We then prove the existence of a non-negative (Radon) measure, vanishing outside of the coincidence set, which represents the normal contact-reaction force distribution. With this in hand, we obtain the weak form of the equilibrium equations at a minimizer.
      PubDate: 2017-07-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1212-y
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • On geodesic completeness for Riemannian metrics on smooth probability
    • Authors: Martin Bauer; Sarang Joshi; Klas Modin
      Abstract: Abstract The geometric approach to optimal transport and information theory has triggered the interpretation of probability densities as an infinite-dimensional Riemannian manifold. The most studied Riemannian structures are the Otto metric, yielding the \(L^2\) -Wasserstein distance of optimal mass transport, and the Fisher–Rao metric, predominant in the theory of information geometry. On the space of smooth probability densities, none of these Riemannian metrics are geodesically complete—a property desirable for example in imaging applications. That is, the existence interval for solutions to the geodesic flow equations cannot be extended to the whole real line. Here we study a class of Hamilton–Jacobi-like partial differential equations arising as geodesic flow equations for higher-order Sobolev type metrics on the space of smooth probability densities. We give order conditions for global existence and uniqueness, thereby providing geodesic completeness. The system we study is an interesting example of a flow equation with loss of derivatives, which is well-posed in the smooth category, yet non-parabolic and fully non-linear. On a more general note, the paper establishes a link between geometric analysis on the space of probability densities and analysis of Euler–Arnold equations in topological hydrodynamics.
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1195-8
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • A sharp bound on the Hausdorff dimension of the singular set of a uniform
    • Authors: A. Dali Nimer
      Abstract: Abstract The study of the geometry of n-uniform measures in \(\mathbb {R}^{d}\) has been an important question in many fields of analysis since Preiss’ seminal proof of the rectifiability of measures with positive and finite density. The classification of uniform measures remains an open question to this day. In fact there is only one known example of a non-trivial uniform measure, namely 3-Hausdorff measure restricted to the Kowalski–Preiss cone. Using this cone one can construct an n-uniform measure whose singular set has Hausdorff dimension \(n-3\) . In this paper, we prove that this is the largest the singular set can be. Namely, the Hausdorff dimension of the singular set of any n-uniform measure is at most \(n-3\) .
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1206-9
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • Concentration profile of endemic equilibrium of a
           reaction–diffusion–advection SIS epidemic model
    • Authors: Kousuke Kuto; Hiroshi Matsuzawa; Rui Peng
      Abstract: Abstract Cui and Lou (J Differ Equ 261:3305–3343, 2016) proposed a reaction–diffusion–advection SIS epidemic model in heterogeneous environments, and derived interesting results on the stability of the DFE (disease-free equilibrium) and the existence of EE (endemic equilibrium) under various conditions. In this paper, we are interested in the asymptotic profile of the EE (when it exists) in the three cases: (i) large advection; (ii) small diffusion of the susceptible population; (iii) small diffusion of the infected population. We prove that in case (i), the density of both the susceptible and infected populations concentrates only at the downstream behaving like a delta function; in case (ii), the density of the susceptible concentrates only at the downstream behaving like a delta function and the density of the infected vanishes on the entire habitat, and in case (iii), the density of the susceptible is positive while the density of the infected vanishes on the entire habitat. Our results show that in case (ii) and case (iii), the asymptotic profile is essentially different from that in the situation where no advection is present. As a consequence, we can conclude that the impact of advection on the spatial distribution of population densities is significant.
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1207-8
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • A general pinching principle for mean curvature flow and applications
    • Authors: Mat Langford
      Abstract: Abstract We prove a sharp pinching estimate for immersed mean convex solutions of mean curvature flow which unifies and improves all previously known pinching estimates, including the umbilic estimate of Huisken (J Differ Geom 20(1):237–266, 1984), the convexity estimates of Huisken–Sinestrari (Acta Math 183(1):45–70, 1999) and the cylindrical estimate of Huisken–Sinestrari (Invent Math 175(1):137–221, 2009; see also Andrews and Langford in Anal PDE 7(5):1091–1107, 2014; Huisken and Sinestrari in J Differ Geom 101(2):267–287, 2015). Namely, we show that the curvature of the solution pinches onto the convex cone generated by the curvatures of any shrinking cylinder solutions admitted by the initial data. For example, if the initial data is \((m+1)\) -convex, then the curvature of the solution pinches onto the convex hull of the curvatures of the shrinking cylinders \(\mathbb {R}^m\times S^{n-m}_{\sqrt{2(n-m)(1-t)}}\) , \(t<1\) . In particular, this yields a sharp estimate for the largest principal curvature, which we use to obtain a new proof of a sharp estimate for the inscribed curvature for embedded solutions (Brendle in Invent Math 202(1):217–237, 2015; Haslhofer and Kleiner in Int Math Res Not 15:6558–6561, 2015; Langford in Proc Am Math Soc 143(12):5395–5398, 2015). Making use of a recent idea of Huisken–Sinestrari (2015), we then obtain a series of sharp estimates for ancient solutions. In particular, we obtain a convexity estimate for ancient solutions which allows us to strengthen recent characterizations of the shrinking sphere due to Huisken–Sinestrari (2015) and Haslhofer–Hershkovits (Commun Anal Geom 24(3):593–604, 2016).
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1193-x
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • Ground state solutions of Nehari–Pohozaev type for Kirchhoff-type
           problems with general potentials
    • Authors: X. H. Tang; Sitong Chen
      Abstract: Abstract This paper is dedicated to studying the following Kirchhoff-type problem 0.1 $$\begin{aligned} \left\{ \begin{array}{l@{\quad }l} -\left( a+b\int _{\mathbb {R}^3} \nabla u ^2\mathrm {d}x\right) \triangle u+V(x)u=f(u), &{} x\in \mathbb {R}^3; \\ u\in H^1(\mathbb {R}^3), \end{array} \right. \end{aligned}$$ where \(a>0,\,b\ge 0\) are two constants, V(x) is differentiable and \(f\in \mathcal {C}(\mathbb {R}, \mathbb {R})\) . By introducing some new tricks, we prove that the above problem admits a ground state solution of Nehari–Pohozaev type and a least energy solution under some mild assumptions on V and f. Our results generalize and improve the ones in Guo (J Differ Equ 259:2884–2902, 2015) and Li and Ye (J Differ Equ 257:566–600, 2014) and some other related literature.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1214-9
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • Blow-up analysis for approximate Dirac-harmonic maps in dimension 2 with
           applications to the Dirac-harmonic heat flow
    • Authors: Jürgen Jost; Lei Liu; Miaomiao Zhu
      Abstract: Abstract Dirac-harmonic maps couple a second order harmonic map type system with a first nonlinear Dirac equation. We consider approximate Dirac-harmonic maps \(\{(\phi _n,\psi _n)\}\) , that is, maps that satisfy the Dirac-harmonic system up to controlled error terms. We show that such approximate Dirac-harmonic maps defined on a Riemann surface, that is, in dimension 2, continue to satisfy the basic properties of blow-up analysis like the energy identity and the no neck property. The assumptions are such that they hold for solutions of the heat flow of Dirac-harmonic maps. That flow turns the harmonic map type system into a parabolic system, but simply keeps the Dirac equation as a nonlinear first order constraint along the flow. As a corollary of the main result of this paper, when such a flow blows up at infinite time at interior points, we obtain an energy identity and the no neck property.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1202-0
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • Korn’s inequality and John domains
    • Authors: Renjin Jiang; Aapo Kauranen
      Abstract: Abstract Let \(\Omega \subset \mathbb {R}^n\) , \(n\ge 2\) , be a bounded domain satisfying the separation property. We show that the following conditions are equivalent: \(\Omega \) is a John domain; for a fixed \(p\in (1,\infty )\) , the Korn inequality holds for each \(\mathbf {u}\in W^{1,p}(\Omega ,\mathbb {R}^n)\) satisfying \(\int _\Omega \frac{\partial u_i}{\partial x_j}-\frac{\partial u_j}{\partial x_i}\,dx=0\) , \(1\le i,j\le n\) , $$\begin{aligned} \Vert D\mathbf {u}\Vert _{L^p(\Omega )}\le C_K(\Omega , p)\Vert \epsilon (\mathbf {u})\Vert _{L^p(\Omega )}; \qquad (K_{p}) \end{aligned}$$ for all \(p\in (1,\infty )\) , \((K_p)\) holds on \(\Omega \) ; for a fixed \(p\in (1,\infty )\) , for each \(f\in L^p(\Omega )\) with vanishing mean value on \(\Omega \) , there exists a solution \(\mathbf {v}\in W^{1,p}_0(\Omega ,\mathbb {R}^n)\) to the equation \(\mathrm {div}\,\mathbf {v}=f\) with $$\begin{aligned} \Vert \mathbf {v}\Vert _{W^{1,p}(\Omega ,\mathbb {R}^n)}\le C(\Omega , p)\Vert f\Vert _{L^p(\Omega )};\qquad (DE_p) \end{aligned}$$ for all \(p\in (1,\infty )\) , \((DE_p)\) holds on \(\Omega \) . For domains satisfying the separation property, in particular, for finitely connected domains in the plane, our result provides a geometric characterization of the Korn inequality, and gives positive answers to a question raised by Costabel and Dauge (Arch Ration Mech Anal 217(3):873–898, 2015) and a question raised by Russ (Vietnam J Math 41:369–381, 2013). For the plane, our result is best possible in the sense that, there exist infinitely connected domains which are not John but support Korn’s inequality.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1196-7
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • Homotopically invisible singular curves
    • Authors: Andrei A. Agrachev; Francesco Boarotto; Antonio Lerario
      Abstract: Abstract Given a smooth manifold M and a totally nonholonomic distribution \(\Delta \subset TM \) of rank \(d\ge 3\) , we study the effect of singular curves on the topology of the space of horizontal paths joining two points on M. Singular curves are critical points of the endpoint map \(F\,{:}\,\gamma \mapsto \gamma (1)\) defined on the space \(\Omega \) of horizontal paths starting at a fixed point x. We consider a sub-Riemannian energy \(J\,{:}\,\Omega (y)\rightarrow \mathbb R\) , where \(\Omega (y)=F^{-1}(y)\) is the space of horizontal paths connecting x with y, and study those singular paths that do not influence the homotopy type of the Lebesgue sets \(\{\gamma \in \Omega (y)\, \,J(\gamma )\le E\}\) . We call them homotopically invisible. It turns out that for \(d\ge 3\) generic sub-Riemannian structures in the sense of Chitour et al. (J Differ Geom 73(1):45–73, 2006) have only homotopically invisible singular curves. Our results can be seen as a first step for developing the calculus of variations on the singular space of horizontal curves (in this direction we prove a sub-Riemannian minimax principle and discuss some applications).
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1203-z
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • Paneitz operator for metrics near $$S^{3}$$ S 3
    • Authors: Fengbo Hang; Paul C. Yang
      Abstract: Abstract We derive the first and second variation formula for the Green’s function pole’s value of Paneitz operator on the standard three sphere. In particular it is shown that the first variation vanishes and the second variation is nonpositively definite. Moreover, the second variation vanishes only at the direction of conformal deformation. We also introduce a new invariant of the Paneitz operator and illustrate its close relation with the second eigenvalue and Sobolev inequality of Paneitz operator.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1201-1
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • A minimal partition problem with trace constraint in the Grushin plane
    • Authors: Valentina Franceschi
      Abstract: Abstract We study a variational problem for the perimeter associated with the Grushin plane, called minimal partition problem with trace constraint. This consists in studying how to enclose three prescribed areas in the Grushin plane, using the least amount of perimeter, under an additional “one-dimensional” constraint on the intersections of their boundaries. We prove existence of regular solutions for this problem, and we characterize them in terms of isoperimetric sets, showing differences with the Euclidean case. The problem arises from the study of quantitative isoperimetric inequalities and has connections with the theory of minimal clusters.
      PubDate: 2017-07-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1198-5
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
  • The existence and nonexistence of global solutions for a semilinear heat
           equation on graphs
    • Authors: Yong Lin; Yiting Wu
      Abstract: Abstract Let \(G=(V,E)\) be a finite or locally finite connected weighted graph, \(\Delta \) be the usual graph Laplacian. Using heat kernel estimates, we prove the existence and nonexistence of global solutions for the following semilinear heat equation on G $$\begin{aligned} \left\{ \begin{array}{lc} u_t=\Delta u + u^{1+\alpha } &{}\, \text {in }(0,+\infty )\times V,\\ u(0,x)=a(x) &{}\, \text {in }V. \end{array} \right. \end{aligned}$$ We conclude that, for a graph satisfying curvature dimension condition \(\textit{CDE}'(n,0)\) and \(V(x,r)\simeq r^m\) , if \(0<m\alpha <2\) , then the non-negative solution u is not global, and if \(m\alpha >2\) , then there is a non-negative global solution u provided that the initial value is small enough. In particular, these results apply to the lattice \({\mathbb {Z}}^m\) .
      PubDate: 2017-07-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00526-017-1204-y
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 4 (2017)
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