Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 1106 journals)
    - APPLIED MATHEMATICS (88 journals)
    - GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY (23 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (815 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (GENERAL) (45 journals)
    - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS (25 journals)
    - PROBABILITIES AND MATH STATISTICS (110 journals)

MATHEMATICS (815 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 401 - 538 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Computational Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Journal of Computational Physics : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Computer Engineering, System and Science (CESS)     Open Access  
Journal of Contemporary Mathematical Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Cryptology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Difference Equations and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Differential Equations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Discrete Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Discrete Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dynamics and Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Engineering Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Evolution Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Experimental Algorithmics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Flood Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Formalized Reasoning     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Function Spaces     Open Access  
Journal of Functional Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geochemical Exploration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Geological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Geovisualization and Spatial Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Global Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Global Research in Mathematical Archives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Group Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Homotopy and Related Structures     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Honai Math     Open Access  
Journal of Humanistic Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hyperbolic Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Industrial Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inequalities and Applications     Open Access  
Journal of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Integrable Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of K-Theory     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Knot Theory and Its Ramifications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kufa for Mathematics and Computer     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Manufacturing Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of mathematical and computational science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematical Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematical Cryptology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mathematical Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematical Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Mathematics and the Arts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematics Education at Teachers College     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematics in Industry     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Metallurgy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Modern Mathematics Frontier     Open Access  
Journal of Multidisciplinary Modeling and Optimization     Open Access  
Journal of Multivariate Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Natural Sciences and Mathematics Research     Open Access  
Journal of Nonlinear Analysis and Optimization : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Numerical Cognition     Open Access  
Journal of Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Peridynamics and Nonlocal Modeling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Problem Solving     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Progressive Research in Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Quantitative Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Scientific Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Symbolic Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Egyptian Mathematical Society     Open Access  
Journal of the European Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Institute of Mathematics of Jussieu     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Nigerian Mathematical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Topology and Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Turbulence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Uncertainty Analysis and Applications     Open Access  
Journal of Universal Mathematics     Open Access  
Journal of Urban Regeneration & Renewal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Water and Land Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
JRAMathEdu : Journal of Research and Advances in Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
JUMLAHKU : Jurnal Matematika Ilmiah STKIP Muhammadiyah Kuningan     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
JURING (Journal for Research in Mathematics Learning)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmiah AdMathEdu     Open Access  
Jurnal Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Matematika Integratif     Open Access  
Jurnal Matematika, Sains, Dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal Natural     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Raflesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Sains (JPS)     Open Access  
Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Matematika dan Statistika     Open Access  
Jurnal Tadris Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi dan Sistem Komputer     Open Access  
Kontinu : Jurnal Penelitian Didaktik Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Le Matematiche     Open Access  
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Lettera Matematica     Hybrid Journal  
Lietuvos Matematikos Rinkinys     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Limits : Journal of Mathematics and Its Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Linear Algebra and its Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Linear and Multilinear Algebra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Lithuanian Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal  
LMS Journal of Computation and Mathematics     Free  
Lobachevskii Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Logic and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Logic Journal of the IGPL     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Logica Universalis     Hybrid Journal  
manuscripta mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
MaPan : Jurnal Matematika dan Pembelajaran     Open Access  
Marine Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Matemáticas, Educación y Sociedad     Open Access  
Matematicheskie Zametki     Full-text available via subscription  
Matematika     Open Access  
Matematychni Studii     Open Access  
Mathematica Eterna     Open Access  
Mathematica Scandinavica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mathematica Slovaca     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical and Computational Forestry & Natural-Resource Sciences     Free  
Mathematical Communications     Open Access  
Mathematical Computation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematical Journal of Interdisciplinary Sciences     Open Access  
Mathematical Medicine and Biology: A Journal of the IMA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematical Methods of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematical Modelling and Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mathematical Models in Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Mathematical Notes     Hybrid Journal  
Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mathematical Programming Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Mathematical Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Theory and Modeling     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Mathematical Thinking and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mathematics Education Forum Chitwan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics Education Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics Education Research Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 17)
Mathematics in Science and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems (MCSS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mathematics of Quantum and Nano Technologies     Open Access  
Mathématiques et sciences humaines     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Mathematische Annalen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematische Nachrichten     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematische Semesterberichte     Hybrid Journal  
Mathematische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
MathLAB Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
MATI : Mathematical Aspects of Topological Indeces     Open Access  
MATICS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Matrix Science Mathematic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Measurement Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Memetic Computing     Hybrid Journal  
Mendel : Soft Computing Journal     Open Access  
Metaheuristics     Hybrid Journal  
Metals and Materials International     Hybrid Journal  
Metascience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Milan Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Mitteilungen der DMV     Hybrid Journal  
MLQ- Mathematical Logic Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
MONA : Matematik- og Naturfagsdidaktik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Monatshefte fur Mathematik     Hybrid Journal  
Moroccan Journal of Pure and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Moscow University Mathematics Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
MSOR Connections     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multiscale Modeling and Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
MUST : Journal of Mathematics Education, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nagoya Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Nano Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nanotechnologies in Russia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Natural Resource Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
New Mathematics and Natural Computation     Hybrid Journal  
Nonlinear Analysis : Modelling and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nonlinear Analysis : Theory, Methods & Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA     Hybrid Journal  
Nonlinear Engineering     Open Access  
Nonlinear Oscillations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.803
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1866-6892 - ISSN (Online) 1866-6906
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Experimental Measurement of Temperature-Dependent Thermo-optical
           Parameters of Different Types of Olive Oil Using Terahertz Time-Domain
           Spectroscopy
    • Abstract: Abstract Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy has been used for the characterization of different types of olive oil, such as extra virgin, pure, extra light, and pomace olive oils. Temperature-dependent refractive indices and absorption coefficients have been measured in 0.2–1.6 THz spectral-frequency range. Temperature-dependent Sellmeier coefficients and thermo-optic coefficients of these oil samples have also been derived from the measured data. These results will benefit different oil-based optical devices requiring accurate knowledge of their refractive indices in THz range.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
       
  • Millimeter-Wave Complex Permittivity of Silica/Alumina-Filled
           Epoxy-Molding Compounds
    • Abstract: Abstract Composite materials made of micron-sized oxide particle fillers in an epoxy resin matrix that can be molded into desired shapes are widely used for packaging radiofrequency and microwave-integrated circuits (ICs). To potentially employ these materials with millimeter-wave ICs (MMICs), quantitative knowledge of the composites’ dielectric properties across a broad millimeter-wave band is necessary. Here, we present non-destructive measurements of the complex relative permittivity, εr = ε′ + jε″, on some possible MMIC packaging composites consisting of silica and/or alumina microsphere fillers dispersed in an epoxy matrix. Measurements using phase-sensitive transmission over the WR3 and WR5 frequency bands (140 to 325 GHz) show that ε′ ranged from 3.6 for pure silica filler to 7.2 for pure alumina filler, with very little frequency dispersion. In all materials, the loss tangent tanδ = ε″/ε′ was between 0.01 and 0.02 in this frequency range. An analysis using the theory of two-component composites is used to extract the real permittivity of the epoxy resin. The results could be used to model performance of packaged MMICs and to design composites having a tailored value of ε′.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
       
  • Impact Ionization Induced by Terahertz Radiation in HgTe Quantum Wells of
           Critical Thickness
    • Abstract: Abstract We report on the observation of terahertz (THz) radiation induced band-to-band impact ionization in HgTe quantum well (QW) structures of critical thickness, which are characterized by a nearly linear energy dispersion. The THz electric field drives the carriers initializing electron-hole pair generation. The carrier multiplication is observed for photon energies less than the energy gap under the condition that the product of the radiation angular frequency ω and momentum relaxation time τl larger than unity. In this case, the charge carriers acquire high energies solely because of collisions in the presence of a high-frequency electric field. The developed microscopic theory shows that the probability of the light-induced impact ionization is proportional to \(\exp (-{E_{0}^{2}}/E^{2})\) , with the radiation electric field amplitude E and the characteristic field parameter E0. As observed in experiment, it exhibits a strong frequency dependence for ωτ ≫ 1 characterized by the characteristic field E0 linearly increasing with the radiation frequency ω.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
       
  • Investigation of the Frequency Double-Multiplication Effect in a Sub-THz
           Gyrotron
    • Abstract: Abstract The effect of frequency multiplication was investigated for a fundamental-harmonic 0.263-THz kW-level gyrotron, in which a certain fraction of its radiation was observed experimentally at the doubled operating frequency. Accurate measurements of the power of such high-frequency generation were carried out based on cyclotron absorption of radiation in a HgTe/CdHgTe quantum-well heterostructure. The maximum power ratio of the second harmonic to the fundamental one is about 10−4 (an absolute power of 10–15 mW at a frequency of 0.526 THz), which agrees well with the results of simulations within the framework of the self-consistent averaged approach performed to describe the multimode generation in gyrotrons.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
       
  • Ultrabroadband and Low-Dispersion Multiple-Joint Transmission-Line for
           Terahertz Region
    • Abstract: Abstract A multiple-joint transmission line based on the principle of the periscope was developed to realize the flexible guidance of terahertz (THz) waves. The transmission line has a slightly larger diameter than the standard plastic hollow-pipe waveguide, sufficient stability, low transmission loss, ultrabroadband spectrum, and low dispersion. The transmission line is evaluated using a THz time-domain spectrometer consisting of reflective two-dimensional electro-optic sampling with a high-speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
       
  • MEMS Slow-Wave CPW Phase Shifter for mm-Wave Applications
    • Abstract: Abstract MEMS-based phase shifters show the best performance in terms of figure of merit, but their footprints are usually large and it is difficult to achieve several bits. This paper demonstrates a miniaturized phase shifter based on slow-wave CPW and MEMS that occupy 0.47 mm2. A total phase shift of 152° was obtained with a maximum insertion loss of 3 dB, resulting in a figure of merit of 50°/dB at 60 GHz. The 3-bit device showed an insertion loss variation of 1.3 dB and return loss better than 13 dB. The pull-in and pull-out voltages were measured to be 17 V and 10 V, respectively. The presented device is well suited for mm-wave phased array applications. Thanks to the proposed concept, more bits could be easily achieved and much higher frequencies could be addressed.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
       
  • Optical Properties of Highly Conductive SrMoO 3 Oxide Thin Films in the
           THz Band and Beyond
    • Abstract: Abstract Strontium molybdate (SrMoO3) thin films are grown epitaxially by pulsed laser deposition onto gadolinium scandate (GdScO3) substrates and characterized in the terahertz (THz) and visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum. X-ray diffraction measurements prove a high crystallinity and phase-pure growth of the thin films. The high-quality SrMoO3 thin films feature a room temperature DC conductivity of around \(3{\frac {1}{\mu {\Omega } m}}\) . SrMoO3 is characterized in the THz frequency range by time domain spectroscopy. The resulting AC conductivity is in excellent agreement with the DC value. A Lorentz-Drude oscillator approach models the THz and visible conductivity of SrMoO3 very well. We compare the results of the SrMoO3 thin films to a standard, sputtered gold film, with a resulting THz conductivity of \(8{\frac {1}{\mu {\Omega } m}}\) . The comparison demonstrates that oxide thin film–based devices can play an important role in future THz technology.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
       
  • Analytical Uncertainty Evaluation of Material Parameter Measurements at
           THz Frequencies
    • Abstract: Abstract Material parameter extraction algorithms are studied and simplified both for transmission-reflection and transmission-only methods. The simplified relations, which are closed-form in some cases, are analyzed to establish the uncertainty sensitivity coefficients and therefore, to clarify the main uncertainty contributions and reduce the systematic and random errors. Simple closed-form expressions presented in this paper show the sensitivity of the extracted permittivity to each input parameter such as S21 (phase and amplitude), frequency, and the material thickness. Results are presented for several material slabs for three waveguide frequency ranges 75–110 GHz, 140–220 GHz, and 500–750 GHz using VNA-based free-space technique in the THz domain. Comparison of results (and the associated uncertainties) between different algorithms can help to choose the optimal one suitable for lossy or low-loss materials, and thin or thicker slabs. This can explain why the same set of S-parameters data usually gives different final results (permittivity and permeability) with different algorithms and verify the reliability of the calibration and extraction process.
      PubDate: 2020-10-01
       
  • Sub-Terahertz Complex Permittivity Measurement Method Using Cavity
           Switches
    • Abstract: Abstract New method of measurement of dielectric constant and loss tangent for small samples of lossy dielectrics, including plain semiconductors, using non-oversized resonators being parts of the recently developed cavity switches for sub-terahertz bands is proposed. Strong influence of the tangent loss value to the Q-factor of the resonator is calculated and observed in experiments. A simple monosemantic algorithm to retrieve explicit mathematical expressions for the complex permittivity from the experimental data is demonstrated. The advantage of the new method over the known ones is much lower (up to million times) volume of the sample needed to analyze.
      PubDate: 2020-09-17
       
  • Correction to: “A Compact Two-Frequency Notch Filter for Millimeter Wave
           Plasma Diagnostics”
    • Abstract: The original article contains mistakes specifically in the presentation of references.
      PubDate: 2020-09-16
       
  • Modern Dielectric Materials for Output Windows of High-Power Microwave and
           Terahertz Sources
    • Abstract: Abstract Analysis of dielectric properties of several materials, BN, AlN with BN additive, crystalline quartz, MgAl2O4 spinel, 6H-SiC in the millimeter and submillimeter (terahertz) ranges, is presented. Basing on the experimentally measured dielectric losses of these materials and on their thermal and mechanical properties, we made a calculation to estimate the maximal achievable output power that can be transmitted through disks made of such materials. Prospects for using these materials for gyrotron barrier window production are discussed.
      PubDate: 2020-09-16
       
  • Terahertz Conductivity Analysis for Highly Doped Thin-Film Semiconductors
    • Abstract: Abstract The analysis of terahertz transmission through semiconducting thin films has proven to be an excellent tool for investigating optoelectronic properties of novel materials. Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) can provide information about phonon modes of the crystal, as well as the electrical conductivity of the sample. When paired with photoexcitation, optical-pump-THz-probe (OPTP) technique can be used to gain an insight into the transient photoconductivity of the semiconductor, revealing the dynamics and the mobility of photoexcited charge carriers. As the relation between the conductivity of the material and the THz transmission function is generally complicated, simple analytical expressions have been developed to enable straightforward calculations of frequency-dependent conductivity from THz-TDS data in the regime of optically thin samples. Here, we assess the accuracy of these approximated analytical formulas in thin films of highly doped semiconductors, finding significant deviations of the calculated photoconductivity from its actual value in materials with background conductivity comparable to 102Ω− 1cm− 1. We propose an alternative analytical expression, which greatly improves the accuracy of the estimated value of the real photoconductivity, while remaining simple to implement experimentally. Our approximation remains valid in thin films with high dark conductivity of up to 104Ω− 1cm− 1 and provides a very high precision for calculating photoconductivity up to 104Ω− 1cm− 1, and therefore is highly relevant for studies of photoexcited charge-carrier dynamics in electrically doped semiconductors. Using the example of heavily doped thin films of tin-iodide perovskites, we show a simple experimental method of implementing our correction and find that the commonly used expression for photoconductivity could result in an underestimate of charge-carrier mobility by over 50%.
      PubDate: 2020-09-15
       
  • Editorial Introduction to the Special Issue: THz Summer 2019 in Russia
    • PubDate: 2020-09-12
       
  • Waveguide-Type Multiplexer for Multiline Observation of Atmospheric
           Molecules using Millimeter-Wave Spectroradiometer
    • Abstract: Abstract In order to better understand the variation mechanism of ozone abundance in the middle atmosphere, the simultaneous monitoring of ozone and other minor molecular species, which are related to ozone depletion, is the most fundamental and critical method. A waveguide-type multiplexer was developed for the expansion of the observation frequency range of a millimeter-wave spectroradiometer, for the simultaneous observation of multiple molecular spectral lines. The proposed multiplexer contains a cascaded four-stage sideband-separating filter circuit. The waveguide circuit was designed based on electromagnetic analysis, and the pass frequency bands of stages 1–4 were 243–251 GHz, 227–235 GHz, 197–205 GHz, and 181–189 GHz. The insertion and return losses of the multiplexer were measured using vector network analyzers, each observation band was well-defined, and the bandwidths were appropriately specified. Moreover, the receiver noise temperature and the image rejection ratio (IRR) using the superconducting mixer at 4 K were measured. As a result, the increase in receiver noise due to the multiplexer compared with that of only the mixer can be attributed to the transmission loss of the waveguide circuit in the multiplexer. The IRRs were higher than 25 dB at the center of each observation band. This indicates that a high and stable IRR performance can be achieved by the waveguide-type multiplexer for the separation of sideband signals.
      PubDate: 2020-09-11
       
  • Optical Properties of Photobleached DAST Molecular Crystals in Terahertz
           Domain
    • Abstract: Abstract Highly nonlinear optical 4-(4-dimethylaminostyryl)-1-methylpyridinium tosylate (DAST) crystals have been successfully grown. The photobleaching effect was demonstrated by irradiation with an UV light at 405 nm during 120 h. The UV-Vis and terahertz absorption spectra of DAST in crystalline states before and after photobleaching were measured and compared. Results of photobleaching modification of DAST monocrystal have been demonstrated with the help of differential interference contrast microscopy (DIC). A possible explanation of photobleaching effect has been suggested. Since absorption in the terahertz range of crystalline materials is associated with vibrational modes of the crystal lattice, we can conclude that photobleaching leads to its destruction. Taking into account the obvious change of crystalline spectra in the UV-Vis and terahertz frequency range and the absence of changes in the molecular spectra from irradiated DAST in ethanol solution, we can conclude that the photobleaching process may be a photoactivated destruction of chemical in DAST molecules. The photobleaching technique was proposed to implement quasi-phase matching (QPM) structures for efficient nonlinear conversion by optical rectification.
      PubDate: 2020-09-01
       
  • Fast Terahertz Spectroscopic Holographic Assessment of Optical Properties
           of Diabetic Blood Plasma
    • Abstract: Abstract A new method for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus is proposed, which uses for measurement a lyophilized blood plasma sample prepared in the form of a pellet. The paper develops a methodology for fast spectroscopic measurements of such pellets with terahertz pulse time-domain holography. For that reason, blood plasma pellets were experimentally measured by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy system in transmission mode and its characteristics were obtained to be then used in numerical simulation of pulse terahertz hologram formation and extraction of its optical properties. Thus, a demonstration of the proof-of-concept was given for the techniques of pellet inspection, which contains information about the presence of glycated proteins, reflecting a diabetic pathology.
      PubDate: 2020-09-01
       
  • Universal Electron Gun Design for a CW Third Harmonic Gyrotron with an
           Operating Frequency over 1 THz
    • Abstract: Abstract The design of a magnetron-injection gun (MIG) suitable for using in the CW 3-rd harmonic gyrotron with an output frequency of 1.185 THz and an output power about 100 W, intended for DNP/NMR spectroscopy applications is described. To improve the mode selection, several electron optics schemes are investigated. The MIG allows using both single-beam and double-beam schemes of the gyrotron operation with two different operating modes. Requirements for the electron beam parameters were found. The design of the triode MIG forming two generating beams with a quality suitable for 3-rd harmonic operation is suggested and optimized. The specific feature of the MIG is the possibility to form either two beams or one beam using the same electrode geometry and different number of emitting rings. The suggested MIG is not sensitive to small misalignment and reasonable manufacturing errors. A key feature of the design is that to improve the mode selection an electron beam with increased velocity spread is proposed. It is shown that it is possible to form two beams with practically equal and quite high pitch factors in all range of operating currents and at the same time small enough coefficient of reflection from the magnetic mirror in spite of large enough value of velocity spread.
      PubDate: 2020-09-01
       
  • Investigation on a Ka Band Diamond-Supported Meander-Line SWS
    • Abstract: Abstract The microstrip meander-line traveling wave tube (TWT) is a kind of small sized, low voltage, low cost, and easy to fabricate TWT. It is an attractive choice for many applications, such as communication systems, phased array radars, security detectors, and electronic counter measure (ECM) instruments. In this paper, a Ka band U-shape meander-line slow wave structure (SWS) supported by a diamond rod is presented. The dispersion characteristics of this meander-line SWS are analyzed using CST MW Studio. The S-parameter simulation results show that the reflection is below − 15 dB between 32 and 38 GHz, and the particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation reveals that this meander-line TWT can produce 57 W output power at 36 GHz, when it is driven by a 8.1 kV, 0.04 A sheet beam with rectangular cross-sectional area of 1.0 mm × 0.12 mm. This meander-line SWS is manufactured, assembled, and tested. The good agreement between the simulated and measured S11 has been achieved and the mismatch between the simulated and measured S21 has been discussed at the end.
      PubDate: 2020-09-01
       
  • Theoretical Exploration of Terahertz Single-Photon Detection and Imaging
           by Nonlinear Optical Frequency Up-Conversion
    • Abstract: Abstract Terahertz single-photon detection and imaging have attracted full attention recently. Nonlinear optical frequency up-conversion is a promising technique that can be expected to satisfy this demand thanks to its high sensitivity and fast response. In this paper, theoretical analysis and numerical calculations based on the organic salt 4′-dimethylamino-N-methyl-4-stilbazolium tosylate (DAST) crystal were performed to show that the optimization of the detection of terahertz is different from that of the generation of terahertz, including the use of difference-frequency generation (DFG) technique, the larger thickness of the crystal, and especially the selection of the polarization direction of the pumping laser. For two different polarization configurations, the photons of the up-converted signal light both can be amplified compared with the number of incident terahertz photons under some optimal designs of the nonlinear frequency conversion process. Therefore, terahertz single-photon detection can be realized with single-photon detectors (SPDs) or even possibly with ordinary avalanche photodiodes (APDs). Furthermore, for terahertz single-photon imaging, the frequency up-conversion with the pumping laser polarized along b-axis of DAST crystal has a better performance, which is rarely used in terahertz generation.
      PubDate: 2020-08-12
       
  • Demonstration of W-Band 30-W Continuous-Wave Folded Waveguide Traveling
           Wave Tube with Lowered Operation Voltage and Improved Gain Flatness
    • Abstract: Abstract We have demonstrated and developed a W-band 30 W continuous-wave folded waveguide traveling wave tube (CW FWTWT) with 13.5-kV operation voltage and 4.8 dB gain flatness. In this paper, we quantitatively study the relationship between operating voltage and the key geometric dimensions of a folded waveguide, which is the key to the design of the low-voltage TWT. In addition, problems of improving beam transmission and suppressing oscillations are also studied, and the related design methodologies of the long-range electron gun, periodic permanent magnet (PPM) focusing system, low-voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) coupling system, and horseshoe attenuator are discussed. On the basis of the above analysis, we have designed and fabricated two types of W-band CW TWTs. The test results show that beam transmissions are over 98.5% at DC and better than 96.5% at the highest peak RF power. Measured saturated output powers are greater than 33.6 W with saturated gain more than 42.2 dB within frequency range of 91–99 GHz, and an improved gain flatness of 4.8 dB is achieved.
      PubDate: 2020-07-30
       
 
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