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  Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 1041 journals)
    - APPLIED MATHEMATICS (84 journals)
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    - MATHEMATICS (770 journals)
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    - PROBABILITIES AND MATH STATISTICS (98 journals)

MATHEMATICS (770 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Nonlinear Analysis     Open Access  
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access  
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Analysis. International mathematical journal of analysis and its applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio A – Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of PDE     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics and Computer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ANZIAM Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Armenian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomath     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the Iranian Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Mathematics / Journal canadien de mathématiques     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Canadian Mathematical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals : X     Open Access  
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combinatorics, Probability and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Advanced Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Communications in Combinatorics and Optimization     Open Access  
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Compositio Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription  
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
Contributions to Game Theory and Management     Open Access  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Differentsial'nye Uravneniya     Open Access  
Digital Experiences in Mathematics Education     Hybrid Journal  
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae - General Algebra and Applications     Open Access  
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Diskretnaya Matematika     Full-text available via subscription  
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Akademii Nauk     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cryptography and Communications
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.446
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 13  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1936-2455 - ISSN (Online) 1936-2447
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2574 journals]
  • On degree- d zero-sum sets of full rank
    • Abstract: Abstract A set \(S \subseteq {{\mathbb {F}}_{2}^{n}}\) is called degree-d zero-sum if the sum \({\sum }_{s \in S} f(s)\) vanishes for all n-bit Boolean functions of algebraic degree at most d. Those sets correspond to the supports of the n-bit Boolean functions of degree at most n − d − 1. We prove some results on the existence of degree-d zero-sum sets of full rank, i.e., those that contain n linearly independent elements, and show relations to degree-1 annihilator spaces of Boolean functions and semi-orthogonal matrices. We are particularly interested in the smallest of such sets and prove bounds on the minimum number of elements in a degree-d zero-sum set of rank n. The motivation for studying those objects comes from the fact that degree-d zero-sum sets of full rank can be used to build linear mappings that preserve special kinds of nonlinear invariants, similar to those obtained from orthogonal matrices and exploited by Todo, Leander and Sasaki for breaking the block ciphers Midori, Scream and iScream.
      PubDate: 2019-11-19
       
  • One construction of perfect ternary sequences
    • Abstract: Abstract We present a new construction of a family of perfect ternary sequences (PTSs) that is a generalization of one of the known families of PTSs. These PTSs of length N1N2 are derived from shift sequences of odd length N1 corresponding to m-sequences over GF(p) and PTSs of odd length N2. Ipatov PTSs are a special case where N2 = 1. For N2 ≥ 3, we find conditions under which the obtained PTSs are new. We also consider implementation issues of these sequences.
      PubDate: 2019-11-16
       
  • The 2-adic complexity of a class of binary sequences with optimal
           autocorrelation magnitude
    • Abstract: Abstract Recently, a class of binary sequences with optimal autocorrelation magnitude has been presented by Su et al. based on Ding-Helleseth-Lam sequences and interleaving technique (Designs, Codes and Cryptography 86, 1329–1338, 2018). The linear complexity of this class of sequences has been proved to be large enough to resist the B-M Algorithm by Fan (Designs, Codes and Cryptography 86, 2441–2450, 2018). In this paper, we study the 2-adic complexities of these sequences with period 4p and show they are no less than 2p, i.e., its 2-adic complexity is large enough to resist the Rational Approximation Algorithm.
      PubDate: 2019-11-14
       
  • On the number of the rational zeros of linearized polynomials and the
           second-order nonlinearity of cubic Boolean functions
    • Abstract: Abstract Determine the number of the rational zeros of any given linearized polynomial is one of the vital problems in finite field theory, with applications in modern symmetric cryptosystems. But, the known general theory for this task is much far from giving the exact number when applied to a specific linearized polynomial. The first contribution of this paper is a better general method to get a more precise upper bound on the number of rational zeros of any given linearized polynomial over arbitrary finite field. We anticipate this method would be applied as a useful tool in many research branches of finite field and cryptography. Really we apply this result to get tighter estimations of the lower bounds on the second-order nonlinearities of general cubic Boolean functions, which has been an active research problem during the past decade. Furthermore, this paper shows that by studying the distribution of radicals of derivatives of a given Boolean function one can get a better lower bound of the second-order nonlinearity, through an example of the monomial Boolean functions \(g_{\mu }=Tr(\mu x^{2^{2r}+2^{r}+1})\) defined over the finite field \({\mathbb F}_{2^{n}}\).
      PubDate: 2019-11-13
       
  • Two constructions for 16-QAM complementary sequence sets with
           non-power-of-two length
    • Abstract: Abstract Complementary sequences with quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) symbols have important applications in OFDM communication systems. The objective of this paper is to present two constructions of 16-QAM complementary sequence sets of size 4. The first construction generates four complementary sequences of length L = 2m− 1 + 2v, where m and v are two positive integers with 1 ≤ v ≤ m − 1. The second one leads to four complementary sequences of length L = 2m− 1 + 1. It turns out that the peak-to-mean envelope power ratios (PMEPRs) of constructed complementary sequence sets are upper bounded by 4.
      PubDate: 2019-11-12
       
  • A note on the minimal binary linear code
    • Abstract: Abstract Due to the wide applications in communications, data storage and cryptography, linear codes have received much attention in the past decades. As a subclass of linear codes, minimal linear codes can be used to construct secret sharing with nice access structure. The objective of this paper is to construct new classes of minimal binary linear codes with \(w_{\min \limits }/w_{\max \limits }\leq 1/2\) from preferred binary linear codes, where \(w_{\min \limits }\) and \(w_{\max \limits }\) denote the minimum and maximum nonzero Hamming weights in \(\mathcal {C}\) respectively. Firstly, we introduce a concept called preferred binary linear codes and a class of minimal binary linear codes with \(w_{\min \limits }/w_{\max \limits }\leq 1/2\) can be deduced from preferred binary linear codes. As an application of preferred binary linear codes, we get a new class of six-weight minimal binary linear codes with \(w_{\min \limits }/w_{\max \limits }< 1/2\) from a known class of five-weight preferred binary linear codes. Secondly, by employing vectorial Boolean functions, we construct two new classes of preferred binary linear codes and, consequently, these two new classes of preferred binary linear codes can generate two new classes of minimal binary linear codes with \(w_{\min \limits }/w_{\max \limits }\leq 1/2\) and large minimum distance.
      PubDate: 2019-11-08
       
  • New quaternary sequences with optimal odd-periodic autocorrelation
           magnitude
    • Abstract: Abstract A quaternary sequence is said to be optimal if its odd-periodic autocorrelation magnitude equal to 2 for even length, and 1 for odd length. In this paper, we propose three constructions of optimal quaternary sequences: the first construction applies the inverse Gray mapping to four component binary sequences, which could be chosen from GMW sequence pair, twin-prime sequence pair, Legendre sequence pair, and ideal sequences; the second one generates optimal sequences from quaternary sequences with optimal even-periodic autocorrelation magnitude; the third one gives new optimal quaternary sequences by applying the sign alternation transform and Gray mapping to GMW sequence pair and twin-prime sequence pair. In particular, some proposed sequences have new parameters.
      PubDate: 2019-11-08
       
  • A class of constacyclic BCH codes
    • Abstract: Abstract Constacyclic codes are a subclass of linear codes and have been well studied. Constacyclic BCH codes are a family of constacyclic codes and contain BCH codes as a subclass. Compared with the in-depth study of BCH codes, there are relatively little study on constacyclic BCH codes. The objective of this paper is to determine the dimension and minimum distance of a class of q-ary constacyclic BCH codes of length \(\frac {q^{m}-1}{q-1}\) with designed distances \(\delta _{i}=q^{m-1}-\frac {q^{\lfloor \frac {m-3}2 \rfloor +i }-1}{q-1}\) for \(1\leq i\leq \min \limits \{\lceil \frac {m+1}2 \rceil -\lfloor \frac {m}{q+1} \rfloor , \lceil \frac {m-1}2 \rceil \}\) . As will be seen, some of these codes are optimal.
      PubDate: 2019-11-06
       
  • Editorial: Special issue on Boolean functions and their applications 2018
    • PubDate: 2019-11-04
       
  • Image sets with regularity of differences
    • Abstract: Abstract In the last few decades we’ve seen several results connecting the image sets of some special functions to differences sets and partial difference sets. Examples here include planar functions (skew-Hadamard difference sets), and (more classically) monomials (cyclotomic DS). It can be observed that there is a commonality (in the main) among the behaviour of these functions, in that there tends to be a certain regularity in the number of times each image occurs. In this paper, we instigate a new approach to constructing sets with regularity of differences based on the above observation. Specifically, we show how functions over finite fields exhibiting a regularity of images can yield image sets that exhibit some sort of difference regularity.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • Upper bounds on the multiplicative complexity of symmetric Boolean
           functions
    • Abstract: Abstract A special metric of interest about Boolean functions is multiplicative complexity (MC): the minimum number of AND gates sufficient to implement a function with a Boolean circuit over the basis {XOR, AND, NOT}. In this paper we study the MC of symmetric Boolean functions, whose output is invariant upon reordering of the input variables. Based on the Hamming weight method from Muller and Preparata (J. ACM 22(2), 195–201, 1975), we introduce new techniques that yield circuits with fewer AND gates than upper bounded by Boyar et al. (Theor. Comput. Sci. 235(1), 43–57, 2000) and by Boyar and Peralta (Theor. Comput. Sci. 396(1–3), 223–246, 2008). We generate circuits for all such functions with up to 25 variables. As a special focus, we report concrete upper bounds for the MC of elementary symmetric functions \({{\Sigma }^{n}_{k}}\) and counting functions \({E^{n}_{k}}\) with up to n = 25 input variables. In particular, this allows us to answer two questions posed in 2008: both the elementary symmetric \({{\Sigma }^{8}_{4}}\) and the counting \({E^{8}_{4}}\) functions have MC 6. Furthermore, we show upper bounds for the maximum MC in the class of n-variable symmetric Boolean functions, for each n up to 132.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • Unicyclic strong permutations
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we study some properties of a certain kind of permutation σ over \(\mathbb {F}_{2}^{n}\), where n is a positive integer. The desired properties for σ are: (1) the algebraic degree of each component function is n − 1; (2) the permutation is unicyclic; (3) the number of terms of the algebraic normal form of each component is at least 2n− 1. We call permutations that satisfy these three properties simultaneously unicyclic strong permutations. We prove that our permutations σ always have high algebraic degree and that the average number of terms of each component function tends to 2n− 1. We also give a condition on the cycle structure of σ. We observe empirically that for n even, our construction does not provide unicylic permutations. For n odd, n ≤ 11, we conduct an exhaustive search of all σ given our construction for specific examples of unicylic strong permutations. We also present some empirical results on the difference tables and linear approximation tables of σ.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • Generalized bent functions into ℤpk$\mathbb {Z}_{p^{k}}$ from the
           partial spread and the Maiorana-McFarland class
    • Abstract: Abstract Functions f from \({\mathbb {F}_{p}^{n}}\), n = 2m, to \(\mathbb {Z}_{{p}^{k}}\) for which the character sum \(\mathcal {H}^{k}_{f}(p^{t},u)=\sum\limits _{x\in {\mathbb {F}_{p}^{n}}}\zeta _{p^{k}}^{p^{t}f(x)}\zeta _{p}^{u\cdot x}\) (where \(\zeta _{q} = e^{2\pi i/q}\) is a q-th root of unity), has absolute value \(p^{m}\) for all \(u\in {\mathbb {F}_{p}^{n}}\) and \(0\le t\le k-1\), induce relative difference sets in \({\mathbb {F}_{p}^{n}}\times \mathbb {Z}_{{p}^{k}}\) hence are called bent. Functions only necessarily satisfying \( \mathcal {H}^{k}_{f}(1,u) = p^{m}\) are called generalized bent. We show that with spreads we not only can construct a variety of bent and generalized bent functions, but also can design functions from \({\mathbb {F}_{p}^{n}}\) to \(\mathbb {Z}_{{p}^{m}}\) satisfying \( \mathcal {H}_{f}^{m}(p^{t},u) = p^{m}\) if and only if \(t\in T\) for any \(T\subset \{0,1\ldots ,m-1\}\). A generalized bent function can also be seen as a Boolean (p-ary) bent function together with a partition of \({\mathbb {F}_{p}^{n}}\) with certain properties. We show that the functions from the completed Maiorana-McFarland class are bent functions, which allow the largest possible partitions.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • If a generalised butterfly is APN then it operates on 6 bits
    • Abstract: Abstract Whether there exist Almost Perfect Non-linear permutations (APN) operating on an even number of bits is the so-called Big APN Problem. It has been solved in the 6-bit case by Dillon et al. in 2009 but, since then, the general case has remained an open problem. In 2016, Perrin et al. discovered the butterfly structure which contains Dillon et al.’s permutation over \(\mathbb {F}_{2^{6}}\). Later, Canteaut et al. generalised this structure and proved that no other butterflies with exponent 3 can be APN. Recently, Yongqiang et al. further generalized the structure with Gold exponent and obtained more differentially 4-uniform permutations with optimal nonlinearity. However, the existence of more APN permutations in their generalization was left as an open problem. In this paper, we adapt the proof technique of Canteaut et al. to handle all Gold exponents and prove that a generalised butterfly with Gold exponents over \(\mathbb {F}_{2^{n}}\) can never be APN when n > 3. More precisely, we prove that such a generalised butterfly being APN implies that the branch size is strictly smaller than 5. Hence, the only APN butterflies operate on 3-bit branches, i.e. on 6 bits in total.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • Changing APN functions at two points
    • Abstract: Abstract We investigate a construction in which a vectorial Boolean function G is obtained from a given function F over \(\mathbb {F}_{2^{n}}\) by changing the values of F at two points of the underlying field. In particular, we examine the possibility of obtaining one APN function from another in this way. We characterize the APN-ness of G in terms of the derivatives and in terms of the Walsh coefficients of F. We establish that changing two points of a function F over \(\mathbb {F}_{2^{n}}\) which is plateaued (and, in particular, AB) or of algebraic degree deg(F) < n − 1 can never give a plateaued (and AB, in particular) function for any n ≥ 5. We also examine a particular case in which we swap the values of F at two points of \(\mathbb {F}_{2^{n}}\). This is motivated by the fact that such a construction allows us to obtain one permutation from another. We obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for the APN-ness of G which we then use to show that swapping two points of any power function over a field \(\mathbb {F}_{2^{n}}\) with n ≥ 5 can never produce an APN function. We also list some experimental results indicating that the same is true for the switching classes from Edel and Pott (Adv. Math. Commun. 3(1):59–81, 2009), and conjecture that the Hamming distance between two APN functions cannot be equal to two for n ≥ 5.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • On a class of permutation trinomials in characteristic 2
    • Abstract: Abstract Recently, Tu, Zeng, Li, and Helleseth considered trinomials of the form \(f(X)=X+aX^{q(q-1)+ 1}+bX^{2(q-1)+ 1}\in \mathbb {F}_{q^{2}}[X]\), where q is even and \(a,b\in \mathbb {F}_{q^{2}}^{*}\). They found sufficient conditions on a, b for f to be a permutation polynomial (PP) of \(\mathbb {F}_{q^{2}}\) and they conjectured that the sufficient conditions are also necessary. The conjecture has been confirmed by Bartoli using the Hasse-Weil bound. In this paper, we give an alternative solution to the question. We also use the Hasse-Weil bound, but in a different way. Moreover, the necessity and sufficiency of the conditions are proved by the same approach.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • Frobenius linear translators giving rise to new infinite classes of
           permutations and bent functions
    • Abstract: Abstract We show the existence of many infinite classes of permutations over finite fields and bent functions by extending the notion of linear translators, introduced by Kyureghyan (J. Combin. Theory Ser. A 118(3), 1052–1061, 2011). We call these translators Frobenius translators since the derivatives of \(f:{\mathbb F}_{p^{n}} \rightarrow {\mathbb F}_{p^{k}}\), where n = rk, are of the form \(f(x+u\gamma )-f(x)=u^{p^{i}}b\), for a fixed \(b \in {\mathbb F}_{p^{k}}\) and all \(u \in {\mathbb F}_{p^{k}}\), rather than considering the standard case corresponding to i = 0. It turns out that Frobenius translators correspond to standard linear translators of an exponentiated version of f, namely to \(f^{p^{k-i}}\) with respect to \(b^{p^{k-i}}\). Nevertheless, this concept turns out to be useful for providing further explicit specification of a rather rare family {f} of quadratic polynomials (especially sparse ones) admitting linear translators. In this direction, we solve a few open problems in the recent article (Cepak et al., Finite Fields Appl. 45, 19–42, 2017) concerning the existence and an exact specification of f admitting classical linear translators. In addition, an open problem introduced in Hodžić et al. (2018), of finding a triple of bent functions f1,f2,f3 such that their sum f4 is bent and that the sum of their duals satisfies \(f_{1}^{*}+f_{2}^{*}+f_{3}^{*}+f_{4}^{*}=1\), is also resolved. We also specify two huge families of permutations over \({\mathbb F}_{p^{n}}\) related to the condition that \(G(y)=-L(y)+(y+\delta )^{s}-(y+\delta )^{p^{k}s}\) permutes the set \({\mathcal S}=\{\beta \in {\mathbb F}_{p^{n}}: T{r_{k}^{n}}(\beta )=0\}\), where n = 2k and p > 2. Finally, we give some generalizations of constructions of bent functions in Mesnager et al. (2017) and describe some new bent families using the permutations found in Cepak et al. (Finite Fields Appl. 45, 19–42, 2017).
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • Multiple characters transforms and generalized Boolean functions
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper we investigate generalized Boolean functions whose spectrum is flat with respect to a set of Walsh-Hadamard transforms defined using various complex primitive roots of 1. We also study some differential properties of the generalized Boolean functions in even dimension defined in terms of these different characters. We show that those functions have similar properties to the vectorial bent functions. We next clarify the case of gbent functions in odd dimension. As a by-product of our proofs, more generally, we also provide several results about plateaued functions. Furthermore, we find characterizations of plateaued functions with respect to different characters in terms of second derivatives and fourth moments.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • Several new classes of self-dual bent functions derived from involutions
    • Abstract: Abstract Bent functions are a kind of Boolean functions which have the maximum Hamming distance to linear and affine functions, they have some interesting applications in combinatorics, coding theory, cryptography and sequences. However, generally speaking, how to find new bent functions is a hard work and is a hot research project during the past decades. A subclass of bent functions that has received attention since Dillon’s seminal thesis (1974) is the subclass of those Boolean functions that are equal to their dual (or Fourier transform in Dillon’s terminology): the so-called self dual bent functions. In this paper, we propose a construction of involutions from linear translators, and provide two methods for constructing new involutions by utilizing some given involutions. With the involutions presented in this paper, several new classes of self-dual bent functions are produced.
      PubDate: 2019-11-01
       
  • Strongly regular graphs arising from non-weakly regular bent functions
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we study two special subsets of a finite field of odd characteristics associated with non-weakly regular bent functions. We show that those subsets associated to non-weakly regular even bent functions in the GMMF class (see Çesmelioğlu et al. Finite Fields Appl. 24, 105–117 2013) are never partial difference sets (PDSs), and are PDSs if and only if they are trivial subsets. Moreover, we analyze the two known sporadic examples of non-weakly regular ternary bent functions given in Helleseth and Kholosha (IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52(5), 2018–2032 2006, Cryptogr. Commun. 3(4), 281–291 2011). We observe that corresponding subsets are non-trivial partial difference sets. We show that they are the union of some cyclotomic cosets and so correspond to 2-class fusion schemes of a cyclotomic scheme. We also present a further construction giving non-trivial PDSs from certain p-ary functions which are not bent functions.
      PubDate: 2019-09-14
       
 
 
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