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  Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 867 journals)
    - APPLIED MATHEMATICS (69 journals)
    - GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY (19 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (645 journals)
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    - PROBABILITIES AND MATH STATISTICS (75 journals)

MATHEMATICS (645 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Mathematical Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access  
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales UMCS, Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access  
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access  
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BIBECHANA     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
BoEM - Boletim online de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
College Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Graph Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Elemente der Mathematik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Energy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Ensino da Matemática em Debate     Open Access  
Entropy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ESAIM: Control Optimisation and Calculus of Variations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Combinatorics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Expositiones Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Mathematics and Informatics     Open Access  
Fasciculi Mathematici     Open Access  
Finite Fields and Their Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fixed Point Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Formalized Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Foundations and Trends® in Econometrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Cognitive Computation
  [SJR: 0.692]   [H-I: 19]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1866-9964 - ISSN (Online) 1866-9956
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Cognitively Inspired Artificial Bee Colony Clustering for Cognitive
           Wireless Sensor Networks
    • Authors: Sung-Soo Kim; Sean McLoone; Ji-Hwan Byeon; Seokcheon Lee; Hongbo Liu
      Pages: 207 - 224
      Abstract: The swarm cognitive behavior of bees readily translates to swarm intelligence with “social cognition,” thus giving rise to the rapid promotion of survival skills and resource allocation. This paper presents a novel cognitively inspired artificial bee colony clustering (ABCC) algorithm with a clustering evaluation model to manage the energy consumption in cognitive wireless sensor networks (CWSNs). The ABCC algorithm can optimally align with the dynamics of the sensor nodes and cluster heads in CWSNs. These sensor nodes and cluster heads adapt to topological changes in the network graph over time. One of the major challenges with employing CWSNs is to maximize the lifetime of the networks. The ABCC algorithm is able to reduce and balance the energy consumption of nodes across the networks. Artificial bee colony (ABC) optimization is attractive for this application as the cognitive behaviors of artificial bees match perfectly with the intrinsic dynamics in cognitive wireless sensor networks. Additionally, it employs fewer control parameters compared to other heuristic algorithms, making identification of optimal parameter settings easier. Simulation results illustrate that the ABCC algorithm outperforms particle swarm optimisation (PSO), group search optimization (GSO), low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH), LEACH-centralized (LEACH-C), and hybrid energy-efficient distributed clustering (HEED) for energy management in CWSNs. Our proposed algorithm is increasingly superior to these other approaches as the number of nodes in the network grows.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-016-9447-z
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Observer-Based Stabilization Control of Time-Delay T-S Fuzzy Systems via
           the Non-Uniform Delay Partitioning Approach
    • Authors: Xiaohong Nian; Miaoping Sun; Hua Guo; Haibo Wang; Liqiong Dai
      Pages: 225 - 236
      Abstract: It is well known that intelligent control technology plays an important role in the design of many control systems, and intelligent control has aroused wide attention from scholars. Fuzzy control is also the case because fuzzy control is one branch of intelligent control. The Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy model is an effective approach when dealing with complex nonlinear systems, and the advantages of fuzzy controller design is that the linear control methods can be used. In addition, nonlinearity and time delay are inherent and not all states are available in many practical system. Therefore, the observer-based stabilization control for time-delay T-S fuzzy systems is of great significance. With the help of the non-uniform delay partitioning approach, a novel method is put forward to analyze the stability of the time-delay T-S fuzzy system and design the observer-based feedback controller via the parallel distributed compensation (PDC) scheme. The sufficient conditions of asymptotic stability for both nominal and uncertain time-delay T-S fuzzy system are derived based on the Lyapunov stability theory and linear matrix inequality (LMI) techniques. What is more, the solving methods to obtain the controller gain matrices, observer gain matrices, and upper bound of time delay are presented. Two illustrative examples are given to demonstrate the effectiveness and verify the superiority of our developed methods. From the simulation results, it can be found that the most prominent advantages of our proposed methods lie on larger delay bound and less decision variables compared with other related methods. The problem of observer-based stabilization control for continuous nonlinear time-delay systems is investigated in this paper, and the delay-dependent stability criteria are derived to achieve greater delay bound by virtual of the non-uniform delay partitioning approach. Numerical examples further confirmed the effectiveness and advantages of our developed methods.
      PubDate: 2017-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9448-6
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Cognitive Modeling of the Natural Behavior of the Varroa destructor Mite
           on Video
    • Authors: Melvin Ramírez-Bogantes; Juan P. Prendas-Rojas; Geovanni Figueroa-Mata; Rafael A. Calderon; Oscar Salas-Huertas; Carlos M. Travieso
      Abstract: The present work offers an innovative and automatic approach for detecting, tracking, analyzing, and reporting the natural behavior of the Varroa destructor mite and its activity from videos provided by the Tropical Apicultural Research Center (CINAT) in Costa Rica. These videos correspond to the presence of V. destructor in capped Africanized worker honeybee cells in a controlled environment. The main objective of this paper is to present an automatic report of the identification of the mite behavior based on mite information (bioinspired information). First, a calibration system was implemented to enhance the frame. This calibration was achieved by searching the movement-active area (MAA) and the geometrical definition of the V. destructor mite. Then, an automatic detection and tracking was applied. Finally, an automatic classification was used to establish the mite activity. This approach reached up to 92.83% for all processes: detection, tracking, behavior analysis, and activity reporting, in real time and showing a cognitive model of the mite. The proposed approach provides an automatic tool and objective measurement against manual and qualitative methods traditionally applied in this kind of analysis, with a significant potential to be used as a reference in the modeling of the behavior of the V. destructor mite.
      PubDate: 2017-05-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9471-7
       
  • Orthogonal Echo State Networks and Stochastic Evaluations of Likelihoods
    • Authors: N. Michael Mayer; Ying-Hao Yu
      Abstract: We report about probabilistic likelihood estimates that are performed on time series using an echo state network with orthogonal recurrent connectivity. The results from tests using synthetic stochastic input time series with temporal inference indicate that the capability of the network to infer depends on the balance between input strength and recurrent activity. This balance has an influence on the network with regard to the quality of inference from the short-term input history versus inference that accounts for influences that date back a long time. Sensitivity of such networks against noise and the finite accuracy of network states in the recurrent layer are investigated. In addition, a measure based on mutual information between the output time series and the reservoir is introduced. Finally, different types of recurrent connectivity are evaluated. Orthogonal matrices not only show the best results of all investigated connectivity types overall but also in the way how the network performance scales with the size of the recurrent layer.
      PubDate: 2017-05-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9466-4
       
  • Neuron Pruning-Based Discriminative Extreme Learning Machine for Pattern
           Classification
    • Authors: Tan Guo; Lei Zhang; Xiaoheng Tan
      Abstract: Extreme learning machine (ELM), as a newly developed learning paradigm for the generalized single hidden layer feedforward neural networks, has been widely studied due to its unique characteristics, i.e., fast training, good generalization, and universal approximation/classification ability. A novel framework of discriminative extreme learning machine (DELM) is developed for pattern classification. In DELM, the margins between different classes are enlarged as much as possible through a technique called ε-dragging. DELM is further extended to pruning DELM (P-DELM) using L2,1-norm regularization. The performance of DELM is compared with several state-of-the-art methods on public face databases. The simulation results show the effectiveness of DELM for face recognition when there are posture, facial expression, and illumination variations. P-DELM can distinguish the importance of different hidden neurons and remove the worthless ones. The model can achieve promising performance with fewer hidden neurons and less prediction time on several benchmark datasets. In DELM model, the margins between different classes are enlarged by learning a nonnegative label relaxation matrix. The experiments validate the effectiveness of DELM. Furthermore, DELM is extended to P-DELM based on L2,1-norm regularization. The developed P-DELM can naturally distinguish the importance of different hidden neurons, which will lead to a more compact network by neuron pruning. Experimental validations on some benchmark datasets show the advantages of the proposed P-DELM method.
      PubDate: 2017-05-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9474-4
       
  • Ensemble of Deep Neural Networks with Probability-Based Fusion for Facial
           Expression Recognition
    • Authors: Guihua Wen; Zhi Hou; Huihui Li; Danyang Li; Lijun Jiang; Eryang Xun
      Abstract: Convolutional neural network (CNN) is a very effective method to recognize facial emotions. However, the preprocessing and selection of parameters of these methods heavily depend on the human experience and require a large amount of trial-and-errors. This paper presents an ensemble of convolutional neural networks method with probability-based fusion for facial expression recognition, where the architecture of CNN was adapted by using the convolutional rectified linear layer as the first layer and multiple hidden maxout layers. It was constructed by randomly varying parameters and architecture around the optimal values for CNN, where each CNN as the base classifier was trained to output a probability for each class. These probabilities were then fused through the probability-based fusion method. The conducted experiments on benchmark data sets validated our method, which had better accuracy than the compared methods. The proposed method was novel and efficient for facial expression recognition.
      PubDate: 2017-05-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9472-6
       
  • DOA Estimation of Excavation Devices with ELM and MUSIC-Based Hybrid
           Algorithm
    • Authors: Jianzhong Wang; Kai Ye; Jiuwen Cao; Tianlei Wang; Anke Xue; Yuhua Cheng; Chun Yin
      Abstract: Underground pipelines suffered severe external breakage caused by excavation devices due to arbitral road excavation. Acoustic signal-based recognition has recently shown effectiveness in underground pipeline network surveillance. However, merely relying on recognition may lead to a high false alarm rate. The reason is that underground pipelines are generally paved along a fixed direction and excavations out of the region also trigger the surveillance system. To enhance the reliability of the surveillance system, the direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation of target sources is combined into the recognition algorithm to reduce false detections in this paper. Two hybrid recognition algorithms are developed. The first one employs extreme learning machine (ELM) for acoustic recognition followed by a focusing matrix-based multiple signal classification algorithm (ELM-MUSIC) for DOA estimation. The second introduces a decision matrix (DM) to characterize the statistic distribution of results obtained by ELM-MUSIC. Real acoustic signals collected by a cross-layer sensor array are conducted for performance comparison. Four representative excavation devices working in a metro construction site are used to generate the signal. Multiple scenarios of the experiments are designed. Comparisons show that the proposed ELM-MUSIC and DM algorithms outperform the conventional focusing matrix based MUSIC (F-MUSIC). In addition, the improved DM method is capable of localizing multiple devices working in order. Two hybrid acoustic signal recognition and source direction estimation algorithms are developed for excavation device classification in this paper. The novel recognition combining DOA estimation scheme can work efficiently for underground pipeline network protection in the real-world complex environment.
      PubDate: 2017-05-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9475-3
       
  • A Review of Sentiment Analysis Research in Chinese Language
    • Authors: Haiyun Peng; Erik Cambria; Amir Hussain
      Abstract: Research on sentiment analysis in English language has undergone major developments in recent years. Chinese sentiment analysis research, however, has not evolved significantly despite the exponential growth of Chinese e-business and e-markets. This review paper aims to study past, present, and future of Chinese sentiment analysis from both monolingual and multilingual perspectives. The constructions of sentiment corpora and lexica are first introduced and summarized. Following, a survey of monolingual sentiment classification in Chinese via three different classification frameworks is conducted. Finally, sentiment classification based on the multilingual approach is introduced. After an overview of the literature, we propose that a more human-like (cognitive) representation of Chinese concepts and their inter-connections could overcome the scarceness of available resources and, hence, improve the state of the art. With the increasing expansion of Chinese language on the Web, sentiment analysis in Chinese is becoming an increasingly important research field. Concept-level sentiment analysis, in particular, is an exciting yet challenging direction for such research field which holds great promise for the future.
      PubDate: 2017-05-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9470-8
       
  • Common Subspace Learning via Cross-Domain Extreme Learning Machine
    • Authors: Yan Liu; Lei Zhang; Pingling Deng; Zheng He
      Abstract: Extreme learning machine (ELM) is proposed for solving a single-layer feed-forward network (SLFN) with fast learning speed and has been confirmed to be effective and efficient for pattern classification and regression in different fields. ELM originally focuses on the supervised, semi-supervised, and unsupervised learning problems, but just in the single domain. To our best knowledge, ELM with cross-domain learning capability in subspace learning has not been exploited very well. Inspired by a cognitive-based extreme learning machine technique (Cognit Comput. 6:376–390, 1; Cognit Comput. 7:263–278, 2.), this paper proposes a unified subspace transfer framework called cross-domain extreme learning machine (CdELM), which aims at learning a common (shared) subspace across domains. Three merits of the proposed CdELM are included: (1) A cross-domain subspace shared by source and target domains is achieved based on domain adaptation; (2) ELM is well exploited in the cross-domain shared subspace learning framework, and a new perspective is brought for ELM theory in heterogeneous data analysis; (3) the proposed method is a subspace learning framework and can be combined with different classifiers in recognition phase, such as ELM, SVM, nearest neighbor, etc. Experiments on our electronic nose olfaction datasets demonstrate that the proposed CdELM method significantly outperforms other compared methods.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9473-5
       
  • Echo State Property of Deep Reservoir Computing Networks
    • Authors: Claudio Gallicchio; Alessio Micheli
      Abstract: In the last years, the Reservoir Computing (RC) framework has emerged as a state of-the-art approach for efficient learning in temporal domains. Recently, within the RC context, deep Echo State Network (ESN) models have been proposed. Being composed of a stack of multiple non-linear reservoir layers, deep ESNs potentially allow to exploit the advantages of a hierarchical temporal feature representation at different levels of abstraction, at the same time preserving the training efficiency typical of the RC methodology. In this paper, we generalize to the case of deep architectures the fundamental RC conditions related to the Echo State Property (ESP), based on the study of stability and contractivity of the resulting dynamical system. Besides providing a necessary condition and a sufficient condition for the ESP of layered RC networks, the results of our analysis provide also insights on the nature of the state dynamics in hierarchically organized recurrent models. In particular, we find out that by adding layers to a deep reservoir architecture, the regime of network’s dynamics can only be driven towards (equally or) less stable behaviors. Moreover, our investigation shows the intrinsic ability of temporal dynamics differentiation at the different levels in a deep recurrent architecture, with higher layers in the stack characterized by less contractive dynamics. Such theoretical insights are further supported by experimental results that show the effect of layering in terms of a progressively increased short-term memory capacity of the recurrent models.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9461-9
       
  • Reservoir Computing with Both Neuronal Intrinsic Plasticity and
           Multi-Clustered Structure
    • Authors: Fangzheng Xue; Qian Li; Hongjun Zhou; Xiumin Li
      Abstract: In the echo state networks, both reservoir states and network structure are essential for the performance of reservoir computing. In neuroscience, it has been confirmed that a single neuron can adaptively change its intrinsic excitability to fit various synaptic inputs. This mechanism is called intrinsic plasticity (IP) mechanism in the literature. This adaptive adjustment of neuronal response to external inputs is believed to maximize input-output mutual information. Meanwhile, the existence of multi-clustered structure with small-world-like property in the brain has been strongly supported by many neurophysiological experiments. Thus, it is advisable to consider both the intrinsic plasticity and multi-clustered structure of a reservoir network, rather than a random network with a non-adaptive reservoir response. In this paper, reservoir models with neuronal intrinsic plasticity and multi-clustered structure are investigated. The effects of two types of IP rules on the performance of several computational tasks have been investigated in detail by combining neuronal IP with multi-clustered reservoir structures. The first type is the Triesch’s IP rule, which drives the output activities of neurons to approximate exponential distributions; another is the Li’s IP rule, which generates a Gaussian distribution of neuronal firing. Results show that both the multi-clustered structures and IP rules can improve the computational accuracy of reservoir computing. However, before the application of the IP rules, the enhancement of computational performance for multi-clustered reservoirs is minor. Both IP rules contribute to improvement of the computational performance, where the Li’s IP rule is more advantageous than the Triesch’s IP. The results indicate that the combination of multi-clustered reservoir structures and IP learning can increase the dynamic diversity of reservoir states, especially for the IP’s learning. The adaptive tuning of reservoir states based on IP improves the dynamic complexity of neuronal activity, which helps train output weights. This biologically inspired reservoir model may give insights for the optimization of reservoir computing.
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9467-3
       
  • A Multiple-Input Strategy to Efficient Integrated Photonic Reservoir
           Computing
    • Authors: Andrew Katumba; Matthias Freiberger; Peter Bienstman; Joni Dambre
      Abstract: Photonic reservoir computing has evolved into a viable contender for the next generation of analog computing platforms as industry looks beyond standard transistor-based computing architectures. Integrated photonic reservoir computing, particularly on the silicon-on-insulator platform, presents a CMOS-compatible, wide bandwidth, parallel platform for implementation of optical reservoirs. A number of demonstrations of the applicability of this platform for processing optical telecommunication signals have been made in the recent past. In this work, we take it a stage further by performing an architectural search for designs that yield the best performance while maintaining power efficiency. We present numerical simulations for an optical circuit model of a 16-node integrated photonic reservoir with the input signal injected in combinations of 2, 4, and 8 nodes, or into all 16 nodes. The reservoir is composed of a network of passive photonic integrated circuit components with the required nonlinearity introduced at the readout point with a photodetector. The resulting error performance on the temporal XOR task for these multiple input cases is compared with that of the typical case of input to a single node. We additionally introduce for the first time in our simulations a realistic model of a photodetector. Based on this, we carry out a full power-level exploration for each of the above input strategies. Multiple-input reservoirs achieve better performance and power efficiency than single-input reservoirs. For the same input power level, multiple-input reservoirs yield lower error rates. The best multiple-input reservoir designs can achieve the error rates of single-input ones with at least two orders of magnitude less total input power. These results can be generally attributed to the increase in richness of the reservoir dynamics and the fact that signals stay longer within the reservoir. If we account for all loss and noise contributions, the minimum input power for error-free performance for the optimal design is found to be in the ≈1 mW range.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9465-5
       
  • Advances in Biologically Inspired Reservoir Computing
    • Authors: Simone Scardapane; John B. Butcher; Filippo M. Bianchi; Zeeshan K. Malik
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9469-1
       
  • Optimizing Echo State Networks for Static Pattern Recognition
    • Authors: Adam J. Wootton; Sarah L. Taylor; Charles R. Day; Peter W. Haycock
      Abstract: Static pattern recognition requires a machine to classify an object on the basis of a combination of attributes and is typically performed using machine learning techniques such as support vector machines and multilayer perceptrons. Unusually, in this study, we applied a successful time-series processing neural network architecture, the echo state network (ESN), to a static pattern recognition task. The networks were presented with clamped input data patterns, but in this work, they were allowed to run until their output units delivered a stable set of output activations, in a similar fashion to previous work that focused on the behaviour of ESN reservoir units. Our aim was to see if the short-term memory developed by the reservoir and the clamped inputs could deliver improved overall classification accuracy. The study utilized a challenging, high dimensional, real-world plant species spectroradiometry classification dataset with the objective of accurately detecting one of the world’s top 100 invasive plant species. Surprisingly, the ESNs performed equally well with both unsettled and settled reservoirs. Delivering a classification accuracy of 96.60%, the clamped ESNs outperformed three widely used machine learning techniques, namely support vector machines, extreme learning machines and multilayer perceptrons. Contrary to past work, where inputs were clamped until reservoir stabilization, it was found that it was possible to obtain similar classification accuracy (96.49%) by clamping the input patterns for just two repeats. The chief contribution of this work is that a recurrent architecture can get good classification accuracy, even while the reservoir is still in an unstable state.
      PubDate: 2017-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9468-2
       
  • A Novel Clustering Algorithm in a Neutrosophic Recommender System for
           Medical Diagnosis
    • Authors: Nguyen Dang Thanh; Mumtaz Ali; Le Hoang Son
      Abstract: Decision-making processes have been extensively used in artificial intelligence and cognitive sciences to explain and improve individual and social perception. As one of the most typical decision-making problems, medical diagnosis is used to analyze the relationship between symptoms and diseases according to uncertain and inconsistent information. It is essential to investigate the structure of a set of records on different levels such that similar patients can be treated concurrently within a group. In this paper, we propose a novel clustering algorithm in a neutrosophic recommender system for medical diagnosis. First, we define new algebraic structures for the system such as lattices, De Morgan algebra, Kleen algebra, MV algebra, BCK algebra, Stone algebra, and Brouwerian algebra. Based on these algebraic structures, we construct a neutrosophic recommender similarity matrix and a neutrosophic recommender equivalence matrix. A consecutive series of compositions between the neutrosophic recommender similarity matrices is performed to obtain the neutrosophic recommender equivalence matrix. From this matrix, a λ-cutting matrix is defined to conduct clustering among the neutrosophic recommender systems. Regarding the values of clustering validity indices, the Davies-Bouldin (DB) of the proposed method is approximately 20% better than those of the methods of Sahin (Neutrosophic Sets and Systems. 2014;2:18–24), Ye (J Intell Syst. 2014;23(4):379–89), and Ye (Soft Computing 2016;1–7). Analogously, the IFV and simplified silhouette with criterion (SSWC) of the proposal are better than those of the relevant methods with the improvement percentages being 30 and 70%, respectively. The results show that the proposed method is better than the related algorithms in terms of clustering quality whilst its computational time is slightly slower. The contributions of this research is significant in both algorithmic aspects of computational intelligence and and practical applications.
      PubDate: 2017-04-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9462-8
       
  • An Investigation of the Dynamical Transitions in Harmonically Driven
           Random Networks of Firing-Rate Neurons
    • Authors: Kyriacos Nikiforou; Pedro A. M. Mediano; Murray Shanahan
      Abstract: Continuous-time recurrent neural networks are widely used as models of neural dynamics and also have applications in machine learning. But their dynamics are not yet well understood, especially when they are driven by external stimuli. In this article, we study the response of stable and unstable networks to different harmonically oscillating stimuli by varying a parameter ρ, the ratio between the timescale of the network and the stimulus, and use the dimensionality of the network’s attractor as an estimate of the complexity of this response. Additionally, we propose a novel technique for exploring the stationary points and locally linear dynamics of these networks in order to understand the origin of input-dependent dynamical transitions. Attractors in both stable and unstable networks show a peak in dimensionality for intermediate values of ρ, with the latter consistently showing a higher dimensionality than the former, which exhibit a resonance-like phenomenon. We explain changes in the dimensionality of a network’s dynamics in terms of changes in the underlying structure of its vector field by analysing stationary points. Furthermore, we uncover the coexistence of underlying attractors with various geometric forms in unstable networks. As ρ is increased, our visualisation technique shows the network passing through a series of phase transitions with its trajectory taking on a sequence of qualitatively distinct figure-of-eight, cylinder, and spiral shapes. These findings bring us one step closer to a comprehensive theory of this important class of neural networks by revealing the subtle structure of their dynamics under different conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-04-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9464-6
       
  • Reservoir Computing with an Ensemble of Time-Delay Reservoirs
    • Authors: Silvia Ortín; Luis Pesquera
      Abstract: Reservoir computing (RC) has attracted a lot of attention in the field of machine learning because of its promising performance in a broad range of applications. However, it is difficult to implement standard RC in hardware. Reservoir computers with a single nonlinear neuron subject to delayed feedback (delay-based RC) allow efficient hardware implementation with similar performance to standard RC. We propose and study two different ways to build ensembles of delay-based RC with several delayed neurons (time-delay reservoirs): one using decoupled neurons and the other using coupled neurons through the feedback lines. In both cases, the outputs of the different neurons are linearly combined to solve some benchmark tasks. Simulation results show that these schemes achieve better performance than the single-neuron case. Moreover, the proposed architectures boost the RC processing speed with respect to the single-neuron case. Both schemes are found to be robust against small mismatches between delayed neuron parameters.
      PubDate: 2017-04-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9463-7
       
  • A Framework for Building an Arabic Multi-disciplinary Ontology from
           Multiple Resources
    • Authors: Ahmad Hawalah
      Abstract: Over recent years, the Internet has become people’s main source of information, with many databases and web pages being added and accessed every day. This continued growth in the amount of information available has led to frustration and difficulty for those attempting to find a specific piece of information. As such, many techniques are widely used to retrieve useful information and to mine valuable data; indeed, these techniques make it possible to discover hidden relations and patterns. Most of the above-mentioned techniques have been used primarily to process and analyse English text, but not Arabic text. Limited Arabic resources (e.g. datasets, databases, and ontologies), also make analysing and processing Arabic text a difficult task. As such, in this paper, we propose a framework for building an Arabic ontology from multiple resources. Thus, we will first extract and build an Arabic ontology from a publicly available directory, following which, we will enhance this ontology with rich data from the Internet. We will then use an Arabic online directory to construct a multi-disciplinary ontology that provides a hierarchical representation of topics in a conceptual way. Following this, we introduce an enhanced technique to enrich these ontologies with sufficient information and proper annotation for each concept. Finally, by using common information retrieval evaluation techniques, we confirm the viability of the proposed approach.
      PubDate: 2017-04-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9460-x
       
  • Extreme Learning Machine for Huge Hypotheses Re-ranking in Statistical
           Machine Translation
    • Authors: Yan Liu; Chi Man Vong; Pak Kin Wong
      Abstract: In statistical machine translation (SMT), a possibly infinite number of translation hypotheses can be decoded from a source sentence, among which re-ranking is applied to sort out the best translation result. Undoubtedly, re-ranking is an essential component of SMT for effective and efficient translation. A novel re-ranking method called Scaled Sorted Classification Re-ranking (SSCR) based on extreme learning machine (ELM) classification and minimum error rate training (MERT) is proposed. SSCR contains four steps: (1) the input features are normalized to the range of 0 to 1; (2) an ELM classification model is constructed for hypothesis ranking; (3) each translation hypothesis is ranked using the ELM classification model; and (4) the highest ranked subset of hypotheses are selected, in which the hypothesis with best predicted score based on MERT (system score) is returned as the final translation result. Compared with the baseline score (lower bound), SSCR with ELM classification can raise the translation quality up to 6.7% in IWSLT 2014 Chinese to English corpus. Compared with the state-of-the-art rank boosting, SSCR has a relatively 7.8% of improvement on BLEU in a larger WMT 2015 English-to-French corpus. Moreover, the training time of the proposed method is about 160 times faster than traditional regression-based re-ranking.
      PubDate: 2017-02-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9452-x
       
  • CLASS: Collaborative Low-Rank and Sparse Separation for Moving Object
           Detection
    • Authors: Aihua Zheng; Minghe Xu; Bin Luo; Zhili Zhou; Chenglong Li
      Abstract: Low-rank models have been successfully applied to background modeling and achieved promising results on moving object detection. However, the assumption that moving objects are modelled as sparse outliers limits the performance of these models when the sizes of moving objects are relatively large. Meanwhile, inspired by the visual system of human brain which can cognitively perceive the physical size of the object with different sizes of retina imaging, we propose a novel approach, called Collaborative Low-Rank And Sparse Separation (CLASS), for moving object detection. Given the data matrix that accumulates sequential frames from the input video, CLASS detects the moving objects as sparse outliers against the low-rank structure background while pursuing global appearance consistency for both foreground and background. The sparse and the global appearance consistent constraints are complementary but simultaneously competing, and thus CLASS can detect the moving objects with different sizes effectively. The smoothness constraints of object motion are also introduced in CLASS for further improving the robustness to noises. Moreover, we utilize the edge-preserving filtering method to substantially speed up CLASS without much losing its accuracy. The extensive experiments on both public and newly created video sequences suggest that CLASS achieves superior performance and comparable efficiency against other state-of-the-art approaches.
      PubDate: 2017-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12559-017-9449-5
       
 
 
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