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MATHEMATICS (651 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Mathematical Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access  
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales UMCS, Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access  
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access  
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
BoEM - Boletim online de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
College Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Graph Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Elemente der Mathematik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Energy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Ensino da Matemática em Debate     Open Access  
Entropy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ESAIM: Control Optimisation and Calculus of Variations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Combinatorics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expositiones Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Mathematics and Informatics     Open Access  
Fasciculi Mathematici     Open Access  
Finite Fields and Their Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fixed Point Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Formalized Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Catalysis in Industry
  [SJR: 0.182]   [H-I: 7]   [1 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2070-0555 - ISSN (Online) 2070-0504
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Organic fertilizers alter the composition of pathogens and arbuscular
           mycorrhizal fungi in maize roots
    • Authors: Ricardo Aguilar; Yazmin Carreón-Abud, Dante López-Carmona, John Larsen
      Pages: 448 - 454
      Abstract: Roots of agricultural crops, including maize, are hosts of different microorganisms, many beneficial, like plant growth and health-promoting arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), as well as pathogens including Pythium, Polymyxa and Microdochium. To improve crop nutrition and health, profound knowledge is required regarding how agricultural practices affect field populations of root-associated microorganisms. Hence, the objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of crop genotype and organic fertilizers on the plant growth performance of maize and their root-associated microorganisms. The experiment was conducted as a fully factorial greenhouse pot experiment with maize cultivars (two land races and two hybrids) and organic fertilizers (green manure, cow manure and compost) as the two main factors. Plants were harvested 8 weeks after sowing. In general, the different maize cultivars responded similarly to the applications of the organic fertilizers. Cow manure and compost increased plant growth, whereas green manure had limited effect on plant growth. Root colonization with AMF was reduced by green manure with rape. Infection with the root pathogens Pythium and Polymyxa was reduced by all organic fertilizers, whereas in contrast, infection with Microdochium increased with the majority of the organic fertilizers applied. In conclusion, both maize genotype and organic fertilizers affect the abundance of AMF and root pathogens in maize, which should be considered when developing management strategies of these root-inhabiting microorganisms.
      PubDate: 2017-05-09T01:10:25.041661-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12579
  • Occurrence of fenhexamid resistance in Botrytis cinerea from greenhouse
           strawberries in China
    • Authors: Feng Zhou; Fan Lu, Can Zhang, He-Xing Qi, Xiao-Dong Wang, Guo-Zhen Zhang
      Pages: 455 - 462
      Abstract: This study assessed the fenhexamid sensitivity of 143 Botrytis cinerea isolates collected from greenhouse strawberries in five regions of China between 2012 and 2013, and identified four isolates with moderate levels of resistance: two from the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and two from Hebei Province. The baseline fenhexamid sensitivity of B. cinerea exhibited a unimodal distribution with a mean EC50 value of 0.20 ± 0.10 μg/ml (SD). The EC50 values of the fenhexamid-resistant isolates ranged from 0.05 to 0.40 μg/ml. Molecular analysis of the fenhexamid target gene erg27 revealed that the resistant isolates collected from Xinjiang (163-6 and 163-22) contained three mutations that led to amino acid changes (V365A, E368D and A378T) known to be associated with fenhexamid resistance, but that the isolates from Hebei lacked any mutations, indicating that an alternative mechanism could be responsible for their resistance. Most of the biological characteristics of the fenhexamid-resistant isolates, such as mycelial growth, sclerotia production and pathogenicity, did not significantly differ from those of the sensitive ones (p ≤ .05), but it was noted that some of the resistant isolates exhibited reduced rates of sporulation and spore germination. In addition, the resistant isolates exhibited lower osmotic sensitivity than the sensitive ones. The study found no evidence of cross-resistance with other fungicides, but that there was negative cross-resistance with procymidone, iprodione, carbendazim and pyraclostrobin, which indicates that the inclusion of these fungicides within an integrated pest management (IPM) programme could help to minimize the risk of fenhexamid resistance developing in B. cinerea.
      PubDate: 2017-05-16T06:55:32.460647-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12580
  • Plant growth promotion and suppression of charcoal-rot fungus
           (Macrophomina phaseolina) in velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens L.) by root
           nodule bacteria
    • Authors: Abhinav Aeron; Dinesh Kumar Maheshwari, Shrivardhan Dheeman, Mohit Agarwal, Ramesh Chand Dubey, Vivek K. Bajpai
      Pages: 463 - 478
      Abstract: Root-nodulating bacteria are intimate associates of legumes. From a pool of rhizobia isolated from root nodules of Mucuna pruriens (Velvet bean/Kaunch), RMP66 and BMP17 were found to be capable of promoting siderophore and IAA production and phosphate solubilization (insoluble tri-calcium). Both symbionts were studied further to determine their abilities to promote plant growth and to control root-rot in Mucuna pruriens caused by the pathogenic plant fungus Macrophomina phaseolina. RMP66 and BMP17 were selected based on their excellent inhibitory activities against M. phaseolina (by 78% and 71%, respectively) in dual culture and in agar-well assays using cell-free culture filtrate (CFCF) (by 76% and 62%, respectively). Both strains inhibited fungal growth to a greater extent in iron-deficient medium (51% and 69%) than in iron-supplemented medium (37% and 0%), respectively. CFCFs of RMP66 and BMP17 obtained from Pikovskaya's broth and tryptophan-amended YEM broth inhibited fungal growth by 80%-55% and 70%-43%, respectively, and were identified as Sinorhizobium meliloti RMP66 and Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiens BMP17 by 16S rDNA sequencing. Centrifuged and pelleted cells harvested from exponentially grown cultures of S. meliloti RMP66 and B. diazoefficiens BMP17 were used to bacterize seeds of M. pruriens, which then showed enhanced seed germination (by up to 17% and 12%, respectively), and subsequent increases in other plant growth parameters in field trials. Considerable increases in seedling vigour indices (62%: 53% and 110%: 130%) and biomass (8%: 13% and 25%: 28%) were also observed for bacterial treatments. Tn5-mediated antibiotic-resistant marker strains showed enhanced nodule occupancy by up to 72% and 68%, respectively. This study describes a multifunctional legume nodule rhizobia that could be utilized in multicropping systems under different agroclimatic conditions as a bioinoculant and alternative to fertilizers.
      PubDate: 2017-06-02T06:20:35.384195-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12581
  • Quantification of yield losses caused by leaf anthracnose on sorghum in
    • Authors: Luciano Viana Cota; André Gomes Coelho Souza, Rodrigo Veras Costa, Dagma Dionísia Silva, Fabrício Eustáquio Lanza, Frederick Mendes Aguiar, José Edson Fontes Figueiredo
      Pages: 479 - 485
      Abstract: The leaf anthracnose disease in sorghum, caused by Colletotrichum sublineolum (Henn. ex Sacc. & Trotter), is widely distributed throughout its Brazilian cultivation areas. The disease can cause significant losses in grain yield and quality. This study aimed to quantify the effects of leaf anthracnose on grain yield of different sorghum genotypes. Two elite inbred lines of sorghum, BR009 (susceptible) and BR008 (moderately resistant), and the hybrids, BR304 and MR43 (susceptible), BRS310 and DKB599 (moderately resistant) and BRS308 and AG1060 (resistant), were planted in a complete randomized block design with three replicates. The disease severity (DS) was evaluated weekly, starting from the onset of the first foliar symptoms, and yield losses were estimated using linear regression analysis. Leaf anthracnose significantly reduced sorghum yields in the susceptible genotypes. The highest yield loss of 86% was observed in the inbred line BR009, when the disease severity reached 100%. For the hybrids, the grain yield loss varied from 35% (BRS310) to 72% (BRS308). According to the adjusted model, a grain yield reduction of 23.48 kg/ha for BR304, 14.57 kg/ha for BRS310 and 15.91 kg/ha for DKB599 was observed for every 1% increase in disease severity. We demonstrate for the first time the effect of leaf anthracnose disease on grain sorghum yields under Brazilian conditions. The results from this study provide a starting point for developing new strategies for the integrated disease management of sorghum anthracnose.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18T01:21:04.963595-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12582
  • Assessment of genetic diversity of coffee leaf rust pathogen Hemileia
           vastatrix using SRAP markers
    • Authors: Bharathi Kosaraju; Soundararajan Sannasi, Manoj Kumar Mishra, Daivasikamani Subramani, Muniswamy Bychappa
      Pages: 486 - 493
      Abstract: Coffee leaf rust caused by the fungus Hemileia vastatrix (Berk and Br.) is a major disease occurring in coffee plantations. Although the rust fungus exists in different physiological races, the genetic difference between them is meagrely understood. In this study, genetic diversity of 14 identified and two unidentified leaf rust races was determined by sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) markers. Of 48 SRAP primer pairs tested, 35 primers are polymorphic and generated 347 distinct scorable fragments. The number of fragments ranged from 4 to 18 with a mean of 9.97 fragments per primer combination. Of the total 347 amplified fragments, 185 fragments (53.31%) are polymorphic with an average of 5.41 fragments per primer combination. The average resolving power (Rp) and the average polymorphism information content (PIC) of the 35 SRAP primer combinations were 13.60 and 0.356, respectively. Of 35 SRAP primer pairs, 15 primer pairs were more informative and generated 25 unique fragments, which are useful for race discrimination. The study demonstrated the existence of genetic variability among various leaf rust races and this information will be helpful in coffee breeding programmes.
      PubDate: 2017-06-19T03:28:37.49666-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12583
  • Grafting on CM-334 controls serrano chili wilting caused by Phytophthora
           capsici and changes phenology but does not affect fruit yield
    • Authors: Luvia Marlen Pintado-López; Remigio Anastacio Guzmán-Plazola, Victoria Ayala-Escobar, Víctor Heber Aguilar-Rincón
      Pages: 494 - 499
      Abstract: Grafting is an alternative method of plant propagation used to prevent soil-borne diseases. This technique can improve the development of plants and therefore improve fruit yield and quality; however, several studies report that when a plant is grafted, there may be compatibility problems and changes in the phenological pattern of the crop and fruit yield and quality with respect to non-grafted plants. There are no reports in the literature on the behaviour of serrano chilli grafted on varieties resistant to Phytophthora capsici. In this study, we evaluated the phenological behaviour and response to inoculation with P. capsici in commercial serrano chilli (Camino Real, Harris Moran) grafted or not on CM-334 as a strategy to explore the possibility of incorporating the use of grafts in the production systems of serrano chilli. The plants were grafted at 55–60 days and maintained for 13 days in a curing chamber for the acclimatization process. At 36 and 43 days after transplantation, they were inoculated with the pathogen (300,000 zoospores/plant). None of plants grafted and inoculated with the pathogen showed wilt symptoms. All plants not grafted and inoculated with P. capsici died. There was a significant reduction in the production of leaves and flowers in the grafted plants, in relation to the non-inoculated and non-grafted plants, as well as a temporary delay in the beginning of fruit production with respect to the non-grafted plants, but this delay did not affect the overall yield of the crop.
      PubDate: 2017-05-24T00:55:28.437973-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12585
  • Fungi inhabiting knotwood of Pinus sylvestris infected by Porodaedalea
    • Authors: Wojciech Szewczyk; Hanna Kwaśna, Jolanta Behnke-Borowczyk
      Pages: 500 - 507
      Abstract: Abundance and diversity of fungi in naturally formed knots of Pinus sylvestris affected by Porodaedalea pini were investigated. Samples were taken from trees that were (i) affected, with internal heartwood decay and no conks, (ii) affected, with internal heartwood decay and conks and (iii) controls. The Illumina sequencing technology was used for amplification of DNA, sequencing and analysis. In total, 566,279 raw sequences were obtained from six samples. Sequences included 74% of culturable and 8.4% of non-culturable fungi and 17.6% of organisms with no reference sequences in NCBI. Abundance of organisms in knotwood, measured as number of OTUs, ranged from 36,272 (29,506 for fungi) to 178,535 (177,484 for fungi) and differed significantly between two trees in a stand and between stands. The highest and lowest average number of fungal OTUs occurred in infected trees with no conks and in trees with conks, respectively. Number of taxa ranged from 171 to 415 and often differed significantly between two trees in one stand and between stands. Greatest diversity occurred in control trees. The number of fungal taxa shared by two trees in one stand was 67–152 and that shared by two stands was 51–141. The majority of fungi were Ascomycota. Those most common in pines affected by P. pini were Coniochaeta hoffmannii and C. fodinicola (19.65%–59.92%). Infundichalara microchona, Leotiomycetes spp. and Rhinocladiella atrovirens were also present. Another common species, Lecanora conizaeoides, occurred most often in control trees (0.30%–8.82%). Porodaedalea pini was detected only sporadically. Non-culturable fungi were most frequent in the control trees. The greater average abundance and smaller average diversity of fungi in knots of trees infected by P. pini suggest that the pathogen successfully competes with some fungal species and does not inhibit the growth of survivors. Some fungi detected may contribute to production of natural biocides.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01T04:25:28.434198-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12586
  • Assessment of genetic diversity of Iranian Ascochyta rabiei isolates using
           rep-PCR markers
    • Authors: Nadia Azizpour; Kiomars Rouhrazi
      Pages: 508 - 514
      Abstract: Genetic diversity and population structure among 29 isolates of Ascochyta rabiei (AR) obtained from diseased chickpea plants in six different geographical origins in Iran was characterized by MAT and rep-PCR (BOX/ERIC/REP) markers. Both mating types were found in all six populations, and the frequencies of mating types were variable between populations. The majority of the isolates belonged to Mat1-1 (58.12%) with the remainder (41.88%) being Mat1-2. A dendrogram was calculated with Jaccard's similarity coefficients with unweighted pair group method clustering (UPGMA) for the combination of rep-PCR results, AR strains were differentiated into four clusters (A–D) at 60% similarity level. ERIC, REP and BOX showed a total of 19, 37 and 24 alleles per locus, respectively. Gene diversity (He) and Shannon's information index (I) were the highest in the REP (He = 0.82; I = 2.11), while the lowest values were estimated for the ERIC (He = 0.42; I = 1.3). Our result showed that among the three techniques studied, REP-PCR produced the most complex amplified banding patterns, which reflected a high degree of diversity among the Iranian AR strains. ERIC-PCR was the least discriminating method, and BOX-PCR was intermediate. To the best our knowledge, this is first study of assessment of genetic diversity of AR isolates by rep-PCR markers.
      PubDate: 2017-05-25T01:50:23.64435-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12587
  • Mutations of the β-tubulin gene fragments from carbendazim-resistant
           isolates of Pestalotiopsis sp. causing strawberry leaf blight in Chiang
           Mai, Thailand
    • Authors: Jitparpat Kummanid; Kazuya Akimitsu, Sarunya Nalumpang
      Pages: 515 - 521
      Abstract: Screening of field isolates of Pestalotiopsis sp. from strawberry leaf blight in Thailand identified 56 carbendazim-resistant isolates. Of 56 isolates, 39 highly resistant (HR) phenotypes grew well on PDA amended with carbendazim even at ≥500 mg/L. Isolates with carbendazim-resistant phenotype had a conspicuous mutation at particular sites in the beta-tubulin (β-tubulin) gene sequence. A β-tubulin encoding gene from this pathogen was cloned and sequenced. Analysis of the β-tubulin gene in highly resistant (HR) isolates showed a substitution at codon 79 and 102 from serine (AGT) to lysine (AAA) and valine (GTA) to alanine (GCA), respectively. The detection of such point mutations in the β-tubulin gene allows the rapid screening to detect carbendazim-resistant isolates in the field.
      PubDate: 2017-06-02T06:05:32.121647-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12588
  • Potato bacterial wilt suppression and plant health improvement after
           application of different antioxidants
    • Authors: Shahenda M. A. Farag; Kamel M.A. Elhalag, Mohamed H. Hagag, Abdel Salam M. Khairy, Heba M. Ibrahim, Moheb T. Saker, Nevein A. S. Messiha
      Pages: 522 - 537
      Abstract: Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is a devastating disease that often threatens potato production and exportation. The potential of four antioxidants (seaweed extract (SWE), yeast, chitosan and ascorbic acid (ASA)) in controlling the disease was evaluated in vitro, under glasshouse and field conditions. The field experiment was conducted in two naturally infested locations: Wardan, Giza (sandy soil), and Talia, Minufiya (silty clay soil). Only chitosan showed antibacterial properties against the pathogen in vitro. SWE, yeast and chitosan showed disease suppression under both glasshouse and field conditions. The disease suppression was accompanied by an increase in the ratio of soil copiotrophic to oligotrophic bacteria. The three antioxidants increased plant nitrogen content, decreased soil OM content and decreased C/N ratio. Disease suppression after chitosan application was clearly observed only in Wardan area, which was characterized by a higher soil alkalinity. A high percentage of antagonistic fluorescent strains similar to Pseudomonas putida group were detected for chitosan-treated plants in Wardan area (sandy soil). ASA drastically decreased the count of the pathogen in soil, but was conducive to the pathogen in plant tissues. A remarkable increase in microbial (bacterial and fungal) soil and rhizosphere diversity as indicated by PCR-DGGE analysis for bacterial 16S rRNA and fungal 18S rRNA was recorded. In Talia area (silty clay soil), the soil microbial community was more stable and was in general resistant to the disease where the soils were characterized by high electrical conductivity. SWE, yeast and ASA significantly increased crop production in Talia area only.
      PubDate: 2017-06-19T01:26:14.010635-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12589
  • Environmental factors impact temporal Passalora sequoiae conidia counts
           from Leyland cypress
    • Authors: Jean L. Williams-Woodward; Warren E. Copes
      Pages: 538 - 546
      Abstract: Needle blight disease, caused by Passalora sequoiae, results in a progressive loss of leaf tissue on Leyland cypress (×Cupressocyparis leylandii) within container and field tree nurseries, in the landscape and on Christmas tree farms. Fungicide schedules have been developed in response to seasonal symptom progression and conidia dispersion without clarification of the influence of weather conditions on disease. Conidia count data of P. sequoiae were collected approximately weekly from June to December in 2001 in Watkinsville, GA, and in 2002 in Dearing, GA. Peak conidia numbers were trapped in September and October. Daily weather data summaries were obtained from a weather station at each location. Deterministic models were developed individually for summer (1 June to 30 September) and fall (1 October to 21 December) seasons. A three-day moving average (MA) of average daily temperature (avgT) had a positive quadratic relationship with conidia counts in the summer season. A 10-day MA of avgT, vapour pressure deficit (VPD) and total solar radiation (SolR) had a positive quadratic, a negative linear and positive linear relationship, respectively, with conidia counts in the fall season. The models show that the seasonal shift to cooler fall temperatures, along with lower VPD and SolR, favour production and dispersal of P. sequoiae conidia.
      PubDate: 2017-06-02T06:15:32.141931-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12590
  • Tea polyphenol is a potential antifungal agent for the control of obligate
           biotrophic fungus in plants
    • Authors: Yuheng Yang; Yingjuan Chen, Fajing Chen, Yang Yu, Chaowei Bi
      Pages: 547 - 553
      Abstract: Tea polyphenol (TP) exhibits broad-spectrum antimicrobial properties. In this study, the in vitro and in vivo antifungal activities of TP on Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici (Pst), which is an obligate biotrophic fungus that causes severe wheat stripe rust disease, were evaluated to investigate the control efficacy of TP. In vitro experiments showed that, at a concentration of 1.0 mg/ml, TP significantly suppressed urediniospore germination and caused the aberrant growth of germ tubes. The inhibition ratio reached 100% by increasing the TP concentration. In vivo experiments showed that TP reduced incidence rate and the uredia coverage rate in a dose- and application time-dependent manner. TP treatment also induced the aberrant differentiation of Pst on wheat leaves. Results suggest that the ideal TP concentration range is 20–40 mg/ml, and TP may be a potential antifungal agent for the control of obligate biotrophic fungus in plants.
      PubDate: 2017-06-02T06:15:42.529794-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12591
  • Identification and antifungal activity analysis of two biocontrol
           antagonists to Colletotrichum musae
    • Authors: Canwei Shu; Qiguang Chen, Lei Pi, Detao Zhang, Qurban Ali Panhwar, Erxun Zhou
      Pages: 554 - 561
      Abstract: Postharvest anthracnose of banana caused by Colletotrichum musae is one of the major diseases resulting in huge economic losses worldwide. To control this disease using biocontrol agents, two antagonistic strains SD7 and NB20 with significant inhibitory effects on mycelial growth and conidial germination of C. musae were identified and evaluated in this study. The inhibitory effects of cell-free culture filtrates of SD7 and NB20 on conidial germination of C. musae were both 100%, and those on mycelial growth of C. musae were 97.7 ± 0.9% and 95.0 ± 0.6%, respectively. The antifungal activities of cell-free culture filtrates of both strains were still stable after they were stored at 4°C for 6 months. The control efficacies of cell-free culture filtrates of SD7 and NB20 on postharvest anthracnose of banana were 55.9 ± 4.1% and 33.2 ± 3.9%, respectively. The disease severity (mean scale value) in banana fruit fingers was significantly lower after the treatment with a cultural suspension of the bacterial strain SD7 (1.4 ± 0.49) or actinomycete strain NB20 (2.0 ± 0.63), compared to that in the control (4.8 ± 0.40). After subculturing for 10 generations, the antifungal efficiency of NB20 remained stable, whereas that of strain SD7 declined obviously. Lastly, based on the morphological, physio-biochemical and molecular characteristics, the bacterial strain SD7 was identified as Burkholderia cepacia, while the actinomycete strain NB20 was identified as Streptomyces katrae. The results from this study will provide the basis for developing an effective and novel biofungicide to control banana anthracnose disease.
      PubDate: 2017-06-14T23:40:25.88285-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/jph.12592
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