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MATHEMATICS (751 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Nonlinear Analysis     Open Access  
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Analysis. International mathematical journal of analysis and its applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio A – Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics and Computer Science     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ANZIAM Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Armenian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomath     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combinatorics, Probability and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Advanced Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Communications in Combinatorics and Optimization     Open Access  
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Compositio Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
Contributions to Game Theory and Management     Open Access  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Differentsial'nye Uravneniya     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae - General Algebra and Applications     Open Access  
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diskretnaya Matematika     Full-text available via subscription  
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Akademii Nauk     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eco Matemático     Open Access  
Econometrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Educação Matemática Debate     Open Access  
EduMatSains     Open Access  
Electronic Journal of Combinatorics     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Catalysis in Industry
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.258
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 1  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2070-0555 - ISSN (Online) 2070-0504
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Carbon Dioxide Hydrogenation under Subcritical and Supercritical
           Conditions in the Presence of 15% Fe/SiO 2 Catalyst
    • Abstract: Results are presented from a comparative study of CO2 hydrogenation under gas-phase and supercritical conditions for CO2 in the presence of 15% Fe/SiO2 catalyst. The reaction is studied in the temperature range of 300–500°C at atmospheric pressure under gas-phase conditions and at a pressure of 95 atm under supercritical conditions at an Н2 : СО2 molar ratio of 2 : 1. It is found that the process proceeding under supercritical conditions lowers CO selectivity from 90–95 to 30–50% over the range of temperatures and raises (up to 60%) the hydrocarbon selectivity. In contrast to gas-phase hydrogenation, the formation of alcohols is observed in the reaction under supercritical conditions. Using a combination of thermogravimetry, differential thermogravimetry, and differential thermal analysis (TG–DTG–DTA), it is shown that the process proceeding under supercritical conditions results in a 2.2-fold drop in the amount of carbon-like deposits on the catalyst surface. X-ray diffraction analysis shows that under gas-phase process conditions, graphite-like structures form on the catalyst surface; this effect is not observed under supercritical conditions. The developed catalyst and the process for CO2 hydrogenation can be recommended for the further modification and improvement of the properties of a catalyst based on iron nanoparticles that is much (10–100 times) cheaper than the previously reported CO2 hydrogenation catalysts.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Synthesis of Hydroxylamine Sulfate via NO Hydrogenation over Pt/Graphite
           Catalysts. I: Physicochemical State of Platinum Particles and the Surface
           of the Support in the Catalysts
    • Abstract: The physicochemical state of supported platinum and the surface of the support is studied for a number of industrial 0.5 wt % Pt/graphite (freshly prepared, after the synthesis of hydroxylamine sulfate via NO hydrogenation in sulfuric acid, and regenerated) by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy(TEM), X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and CO chemisorption. It is shown that platinum particles agglomerate in a catalyst during operation, and its regeneration results in finer dispersity of the supported metal. Despite the common opinion that a platinum surface is modified by sulfur during the synthesis or regeneration of such catalysts, no evidence of this is found via XPS. Data showing that the surface nitrogen-containing graphite groups formed during the preparation of a catalyst are responsible for the modification of the absorption properties of platinum particles with respect to CO are obtained for the first time. The latter seems to be one of the factors that influence the catalytic properties of platinum in NO hydrogenation.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Catalytic Activity of Amberlyst A-21 in the Disproportionation of
           Trichlorosilane at Critical Temperatures
    • Abstract: The catalytic properties of Amberlyst A-21 anion-exchange resin in the gas-phase disproportionation reaction of trichlorosilane (TCS) at temperatures (up to 423 K) critical for the resin are investigated for the first time. It is established using thermal desorprtion followed by pyrolysis that Amberlyst A-21 undergoes thermal destruction to form chloromethane and the spherical polymer matrix decomposes at above 423 K. In the temperature range of 333–423 K, the apparent activation energy of disproportionation of TCS with using Amberlyst A-21 is 37.12 kJ/mol and the reaction rate constant is 0.80 s−1 (at 423 K). Three months of testing of the resin in disproportionation of TCS at 423 K demonstrates its stable catalytic activity.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Studying the Steam Cracking of Heavy Oil over Iron- and
           Molybdenum-Containing Dispersed Catalysts in a Flow-Type Reactor
    • Abstract: Results are presented from studying the steam cracking of heavy oil at a temperature of 425°C and a pressure of 2.0 MPa over dispersed iron and molybdenum based catalysts in a slurry reactor. The catalysts are synthesized through the decomposition of water-soluble precursors of metal salts in situ. The yield of upgraded oil (the sum of liquid products) is found to grow with steam cracking, in comparison to thermal cracking (80 and 77%, respectively). The use of dispersed monometallic (iron- or molybdenum-containing) catalysts and a bimetallic catalyst for the catalytic steam cracking (CSC) of heavy oil increases the yield of SOPs. In addition, the yield of light fractions (Тb < 350°C) in the CSC process is found to grow in comparison to steam and thermal cracking, and the viscosity and density of products falls, relative to the initial feedstock.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Reduction of Menthone with Isopropanol in the Presence of Palladium on
           Sibunit (ICT-3-31)
    • Abstract: The catalytic properties of the industrial “palladium on sibunit” catalyst (ICT-3-31, 0.5 wt % Pd) were studied in the reduction of menthone into menthol. Menthone was reduced both at 250 and 350°C using isopropanol as an H-donor under the conditions of the hydrogen transfer reaction (HTR). For comparison, a noncatalytic reaction was performed under the same conditions. At 350°C the conversion of menthone was the same (61–62%) in the presence of the catalyst and without it. In the reaction with the catalyst, the selectivity on the desired product menthol decreased considerably (from 98% down to 23%), and the amount of the by-products increased (from 2 up to 77% based on changed menthone). When the temperature of the catalytic reaction was lowered to 250°C, the reduction selectivity increased to 42%, but the conversion of menthone decreased to 10%. All the products of menthone conversion were identified and pathways of their formation suggested. At 250–350°C the carbon support sibunit catalyzed the dehydration of menthone, which hindered the satisfactory yields of the target alcohol. Other side reactions catalyzed by ICT-3-31 were dehydrogenation into p-menthenes and their further aromatization resulted in the formation of substituted benzenes—p-cymene and thymol. ICT-3-31 can be effectively used in HTR, if more reactive organic substrates are involved in the reaction below 200–250°C or stronger H-donors are applied.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Synthesis and Catalytic Properties of Polymer-Immobilized Nanoparticles of
           Cobalt and Nickel
    • Abstract: It is shown that copolymers of polyethylene- and polypropyleneglycolmaleates (p-EGM and p‑PGM) with acrylic acid (AA) can be used as matrices for the preparation of effective metal-polymer complexes for hydrogenation of organic compounds. Electron microscope and dynamic scattering are used to determine the average nanoparticle size of 112 nm; the nanoparticles are spheres with a uniform distribution along the polymer’s cross section. The contents of nickel and cobalt in p-EGM/AA are 0.52 and 0.48 wt %, respectively, and 0.49 and 0.51 wt % in p-PGM/AA, respectively. It is found that raising the temperature from 25 to 40°C allows the rate of pyridine hydrogenation to be increased substantially as a result of catalyst activation and an increase in the number of catalyst active centers, due to the swelling of the polymer network and its transition from the tight globular to the expanded state. Raising the current’s strength from 1 to 3 A lowers the yield of piperidine, which does not allow the increase in the current density to be used to shorten the length of synthesis. It may be concluded that the experimental data allow a final product of hydrogenation with higher rates and yields to be obtained.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Catalytic Effect of the Iron-Containing Microspheres of Fly Ash on the
           Oxidation of Diesel Fuel in Vibrofluidized and Fluidized Beds of an Inert
    • Abstract: The oxidation of diesel fuel was studied using the vibrofluidized and fluidized beds of disperse river sand in the presence of iron-containing microspheres isolated from the fly ash of coal boiler stations: ferrospheres and cenospheres activated with iron oxide. The results were compared with the available data on the oxidation of diesel fuel using the microspheres of commercial catalysts for complete oxidation of organic compounds. In the presence of ferrospheres and cenospheres with deposited iron oxide at 500–600°C, deeper oxidation of diesel fuel was observed than in the vibrofluidized bed of an inert material (river sand). The most complete oxidation (84.3%) was observed with ferrospheres at 700°C. The ferrospheres used in the oxidation of diesel fuel in the fluidized bed of the inert material showed lower activity under these conditions than the commercial catalysts based on СuСr2О4/А12О3 and disperse Fe2O3. Nevertheless, higher oxidation rate, 97.8%, can be achieved in the presence of ferrospheres by arranging flare combustion of diesel fuel above the bed. In this case, the flame length decreases by half compared with that above the bed of the inert material. This, as well as the decreased CO content and unburnt carbon in combustion products, indicate the catalytic activity of ferrospheres fed to the flame.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Optimizing Single-Stage Processes of Microcrystalline Cellulose Production
           via the Peroxide Delignification of Wood in the Presence of a Titania
    • Abstract: The conventional way of producing microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) from wood raw materials is multistage; it is based on integrating the environmentally hazardous processes of pulping and bleaching of cellulose and the acid hydrolysis of the amorphous phase of cellulose. This work describes an improved single-stage catalytic method for the production of MCC from softwood and hardwood that is based on the peroxide delignification of wood in an acetic acid–water medium under mild conditions (100°C, atmospheric pressure) in the presence of an environmentally safe TiO2 solid catalyst. The processes of MCC production via the peroxide catalytic delignification of various wood species are optimized experimentally and mathematically. The following optimum modes for the production of MCC with a yield of 36.3–42.0 wt % of absolutely dry wood, a residual lignin content of ≤1.0 wt %, and a hemicellulose content of ≤ 6.0 wt % are determined: For aspen: 5 wt % H2O2, 25 wt % CH3COOH, and a liquid/wood ratio of 10. For birch: 5 wt % H2O2, 25 wt % CH3COOH, and a liquid/wood ratio of 15. For silver fir: 6 wt % H2O2, 30 wt % CH3COOH, and a liquid/wood ratio of 15. For larch: 6 wt % H2O2, 30 wt % CH3COOH, and a liquid/wood ratio of 15.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Prereforming of Arctic Diesel Fuel into Syngas
    • Abstract: The possibility of using arctic low-sulfur diesel fuel for the production of syngas suitable for solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFSs) in a single stage via the prereforming reaction over Ni-MgO structured catalysts based on a highly porous cellular foam material (HPCFM) made of nickel is demonstrated. Catalysts with mass compositions (wt %) 10.7NiO–10MgO/HPCFM and 20NiO–10MgO/HPCFM are prepared, and their properties in the prereforming of arctic diesel fuel at 550°C are studied. The microstructure of the coating of these catalysts is studied via transmission electron microscopy (TEM) before and after the reaction. The resistance of these prereforming catalysts to carbonization is revealed to be the key factor influencing their stability under operation. The kinetic parameters of this reaction are determined. The obtained results could be helpful in creating power generation units based on fuel cells operating on arctic diesel fuel under the conditions of the Far North.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Using Low-Temperature Molten Dialkylimidazole Salts in the Catalytic
           Reactions of Alkylation and Hydrodechlorination
    • Abstract: The possibility of preparing a mixture of 1,3-dialkylimidazole salts from commercially available reagents via multicomponent condensation is considered. The main factors affecting the yield of the target product, and the experimental data needed for scaling up the process, are discussed. It is shown that the prepared mixtures are close in some key properties (e.g., viscosity at different temperatures, heat capacity) to the pure salts. The possibility of using the prepared salts as solvents for catalytic hydrodechlorination and catalyst components for the alkylation of aromatic compounds is demonstrated.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Studying the Three-Phase Hydrogenation of Nitrobenzene to Aniline in the
           Presense of a Ruthenium Catalyst
    • Abstract: The catalytic hydrogenation of nitrobenzene (NB) is an important technological stage in the production of aniline (AN). The catalytic behavior of hypercrosslinked polystyrene based ruthenium catalyst 3%Ru/MN270 in the three-phase hydrogenation of NB to AN is considered in this work. The following parameters are varied: 0.12 to 0.24 mol/L of NB; 1.11 × 10−4 to 11.12 × 10−4 mol/L of catalyst; temperatures of 160 to 190°C; and partial hydrogen pressures of 0.113 to 1.013 MPa. The optimum process parameters are determined to ensure 98% selectivity toward aniline with 97% conversion of nitrobenzene.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • The Use of the Ru-Containing Catalyst Based on Hypercrosslinked
           Polystyrene in the Hydrogenation of Levulinic Acid to γ-Valerolactone
    • Abstract: RuO2 particles stabilized in a polymeric matrix of hypercrosslinked polystyrene of MN100 type (5% Ru/MN100) are characterized by physicochemical methods (low-temperature nitrogen adsorption, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy), and the catalytic activity of these particles is studied in the reaction of selective hydrogenation of levulinic acid (LA) to γ-valerolactone (GVL). It is shown that synthesized catalyst 5% Ru/MN100 ensures a GVL yield above 99% under mild reaction conditions (90°C; hydrogen partial pressure, 2 MPa) in an aqueous medium and can compete with commercial catalyst 5% Ru/C.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Comparative Analysis of the Composition and Properties of Fodder Enzyme
    • Abstract: The composition and properties of a wide variety of domestic and foreign enzyme preparations (EP) used as additives to feeds of farm animals and poultry are analyzed. Content of the main active enzymes – endoglucanases (beta-glucanases), cellobiohydrolases, and xylanases performing biocatalytic destruction of non-starch polysaccharides, which are anti-nutritional factors in feeds causing their incomplete digestion, is determined. It is shown that based on the component composition data and the level of different types of activity the studied enzyme preparations can be classified into three groups: a) with high xylanase and low cellulase (endoglucanase and cellobiohydrolase) content, b) with high cellulase and low xylanase content, c) containing cellobiohydrolases, endoglucanases and xylanases at a different ratio, but without significant prevalence of any of these enzymes. The ability of EP to reduce the viscosity of water-soluble non-starch polysaccharides – xylans and beta-glucans – has been studied. Among the enzyme preparations that have xylanase in their composition and belong to the groups b) and c) a number of preparations have been identified (Econase XT 25, Agroxyl Plus, Agroxyl Premium, Rovabio Max AP, Sunzyme), which reduced the viscosity of aqueous extract of rye containing xylans most effectively when used at the same dosage with regards to xylanase activity. It was shown that xylanase from precisely these EP was not inhibited by the protein inhibitors of rye. The viscosity of water-soluble beta-glucans of barley was most effectively reduced by the EP Xybeten CELL, Cellulase, Agroxyl, Agrocel, Axtra XB 201, Rovabio Max AP, and Vilzim used at the same dosage with regards to beta-glucanase activity. For all the studied EP, no inhibitory effect of the barley extract on beta-glucanase activity was found.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Modifying Zeolite ZSM-5 to Increase the Yield of Light Olefins in Cracking
           Feedstocks of Petroleum and Vegetable Origin
    • Abstract: The effect modifying the HZSM-5 zeolite contained in a bizeolite catalyst has on the conversion of hydrotreated vacuum gas oil, vegetable oil, and a vacuum gas oil–vegetable oil mixture under conditions of catalytic cracking is investigated. It is found that modification lowers both the specific surface area and the volume of the meso- and micropores of HZSM-5 zeolite; the higher the phosphorus content, the greater the reduction in the main characteristics of the pore structure of the zeolite. A drop in the total acidity of P/HZSM-5 and a quantitative redistribution of weak and medium-strength acid sites are also observed. Catalytic tests of the zeolites in the cracking process show that phosphorus modification helps increase the total yield of propane–propylene and butane–butylene fractions with high olefin contents. Alkaline treatment of HZSM-5 zeolite with a high SiO2/Al2O3 ratio facilitates the extraction of silicon and increases the specific surface area of mesopores considerably. In addition, weakening of the strong acid sites of the zeolite and/or a change in the accessibility of these sites due to the partial removal of silicon is observed.
      PubDate: 2018-10-01
  • Study of the Composition Effect of Molybdenum-Modified Nickel–Copper
           Catalysts on Their Activity and Selectivity in the Hydrogenation of
           Furfural to Different Valuable Chemicals
    • Abstract: The modification effect of NiCu–SiO2 catalysts by molybdenum on their activity and selectivity in the hydrogenation of furfural—a product of the acid hydrolysis of hemicellulose biomass—was studied. The original NiCu catalyst was synthesized by the sol–gel method and stabilized with 10 wt % SiO2 by impregnating the calcined sol–gel with an appropriate amount of ethyl silicate. Molybdenum was introduced by impregnation of the original catalyst with an aqueous solution of ammonium molybdate. The selective hydrogenation of furfural was carried out in a batch reactor at temperatures of 100–200°C and a hydrogen pressure of 6 MPa. It was shown that an increase in the process temperature in the presence of the molybdenum-containing catalyst increases the yield of 2-methylfuran and products of complete hydrogenation. At low process temperatures a small amount of 2-methylfuran is formed; the main products are furfuryl and tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohols. The modified NiCuMo–SiO2 catalysts exhibit higher activity in hydrogenation of furfural and greater 2-methylfuran selectivity than the respective parameters of NiCu systems, due apparently to the formation of NiMo(Cu) solid solutions, and the formation of Mox+ on the catalyst surface.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
  • Magnetically Recoverable Ruthenium-Containing Catalysts for Polysaccharide
    • Abstract: A new Ru-containing catalyst based on Fe3O4–SiO2 particles that exhibit magnetic properties is proposed for the hydrogenolysis of cellulose to glycols and the hydrolytic hydrogenation of inulin to mannitol. The effect of process parameters on the selectivity toward the main products is studied. Under optimum conditions of cellulose hydrogenolysis, the total glycol selectivity is ≈40% (ethylene glycol, 19.1%; propylene glycol, 20.9%) at 100% cellulose conversion. In the hydrolytic hydrogenation of inulin, the maximum mannitol selectivity is 44.3% at a 100% conversion of the feed polysaccharide. The proposed catalyst is stable under hydrothermal process conditions, and can be easily separated from the reaction mass using an external magnetic field.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
  • Approaches to Utilizing Flare Gases at Oil and Gas Fields: A Review
    • Abstract: Modern approaches to the utilization of hydrocarbon gases are analyzed. Such gases are a byproduct from the production of oil, shale oil, and rich natural gas, and are most often subjected to flare combustion at production fields.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
  • Cracking of Heavy Hydrocarbon Feedstocks in the Presence of Cobalt
    • Abstract: — More than 70% of the world’s reserves of hydrocarbons is in the form of heavy petroleum feedstocks. Increasing the efficiency and depth of processing of such feedstocks is an important problem of petroleum refining. Cobalt powders and their catalysts prepared in a single stage are tested for the first time in the cracking process at the Novokuibyshevsk petroleum refinery. The composition and properties of the samples are studied via X-ray phase analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and temperature-programmed reduction. Surfaces of cobalt contains oxygen in Co3O4 and CoO inside layers, while mechanoactivation redistributes some of these oxides and alters the composition of products of tar cracking. Cobalt has more catalytic activity in the cracking of tar after mechanoactivation than the original powder. The yield of light fractions is 70% with mechanically activated cobalt, 10 wt % higher than without mechanoactivation, and 25% higher than with no cobalt powders.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
  • Formation of Carbon from High-Molecular Hydrocarbons on Iron Subgroup
           Metals on the Sibunite Carbon Support
    • Abstract: The properties of iron subgroup metals (Fe, Co, Ni) on a mesoporous carbon Sibunite support during the formation of carbon in the catalytic pyrolysis of high-molecular alkanes (hexane, undecane, and hexadecane) were studied. In the case of the NiO/Sibunite catalyst, the rate of carbon formation at temperatures of 500–600оС decreased in the series hexane > undecane > hexadecane. Carbon is deposited in the form of carbon nanofibers. The activity series of reduced catalysts in carbon formation was determined: 10%NiО/Sibunite > 10%CoО/Sibunite > 10%Fe2О3/Sibunite. The morphology of carbon that formed on the 10%CoО/Sibunite catalyst depends on the particle size of the active component: multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MCNTs) grow on particles of 10–30 nm, and carbon nanofibers grow on particles larger than 30 nm. The X-ray diffraction studies of Fe2O3/Sibunite after the reaction showed that the active component can be in the form of metal or iron carbide, the fraction of each phase in the catalyst depending on the particle size of the active phase. For particles of 10–30 nm, iron is in the form of metal, for larger particles, it is in the form of carbide. It was concluded that iron carbide particles are responsible for the formation of carbon nanofibers, and iron particles are responsible for the formation of MCNTs.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
  • Enhancing the Yield of Bioethanol from the Lignocellulose of Oat Hulls by
           Optimizing the Composition of the Nutrient Medium
    • Abstract: The optimum composition is determined for a nutrient medium corresponding to the maximum yield of bioethanol during the alcohol fermentation of the enzymatic hydrolyzate of lignocellulosic material, produced by treating oat hulls with a diluted solution of nitric acid in trial production. The biotechnological steps of saccharification and fermentation are performed using commercially available enzymatic preparations CelloLux-A and BrewZyme BGX, plus a strain of Saccharomyces сerevisiae Y-1693 (VKPM) that is resistant to inhibitors from hydrolyzates. The composition of a nutrient medium that produced a bioethanol yield which was 89.9% of the theoretical one (8.4% higher than the native hydrolyzate) is found to have a 1.82 g/L concentration of ammonium sulfate, a 0.98 g/L concentration of potassium monophosphate, and a 6.47 g/L concentration of yeast extract.
      PubDate: 2018-07-01
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