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  Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 1021 journals)
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MATHEMATICS (757 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Nonlinear Analysis     Open Access  
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access  
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Analysis. International mathematical journal of analysis and its applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio A – Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics and Computer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ANZIAM Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Network Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Armenian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BIBECHANA     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biomath     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals : X     Open Access  
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combinatorics, Probability and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Advanced Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Communications in Combinatorics and Optimization     Open Access  
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Compositio Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription  
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
Contributions to Game Theory and Management     Open Access  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Current Research in Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Differentsial'nye Uravneniya     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae - General Algebra and Applications     Open Access  
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diskretnaya Matematika     Full-text available via subscription  
Dnipropetrovsk University Mathematics Bulletin     Open Access  
Doklady Akademii Nauk     Open Access  
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eco Matemático     Open Access  
Econometrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Educação Matemática Debate     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archive of Applied Mechanics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.79
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 6  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0939-1533 - ISSN (Online) 1432-0681
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Micromechanical modeling of unidirectional composites with random fiber
           and interphase thickness distributions
    • Abstract: Abstract Unidirectional composites having random fiber and interphase thickness distributions are considered, and the corresponding transverse effective mechanical properties are determined by the computational homogenization method developed based on linear elastic equilibrium relationship in multi-phase composite. The micromechanical unit cell model including random coated fibers is generated by a simple and efficient algorithm, and the periodic displacement constraints are applied on the cell boundary to keep the cell edges straight after deformation. Then, the effective transverse elastic properties of composites are determined numerically by the present computational model, which is validated through a comparison against available experimental and analytical/numerical results. Finally, the influences of micromechanical parameters on composites are investigated. It is observed that the nonuniformity of interphase thickness has little influence to the overall material properties of composites, which are significantly affected by the interphase thickness and elastic modulus, especially for the case of high fiber volume content.
      PubDate: 2019-09-14
  • Correction to: On inner constraints in plane circular arches
    • Abstract: The series expansions in Eq. (16) of [1] for trigonometric functions depending on a small evolution parameter shall be corrected.
      PubDate: 2019-08-26
  • Effective conductivity and the effect of electric current on thermal
           stress around an arbitrarily shaped inhomogeneity
    • Abstract: Abstract We consider the electric, thermal and elastic fields in an infinite conductor or semiconductor plate containing an arbitrarily shaped inhomogeneity. Complex variable and numerical methods are used to discuss effective conductivities and the effect of electric current on the thermal stress distribution. Our results show that the effective electric and thermal conductivities depend strongly on the shape and size of the inhomogeneity. In addition, the electric current generates considerable thermal stress in the vicinity of the inhomogeneity allowing for the possibility of enhancing or neutralizing any thermal stress induced by heat flux. Detailed analyses indicate that the remote electric current suppresses the maximum normal stress while either suppressing or enhancing the maximum shear and hoop stresses around an arbitrarily shaped inhomogeneity depending on the material parameters and shape of the inhomogeneity. Our findings also allow us to conclude that the electric current suppresses maximum normal and shear stresses on the interface in the case of a triangular inhomogeneity, which, of course, dramatically reduces the threat of interface debonding which is known to be one of the main causes of failure in composites. This research provides a theoretical basis for the prediction of the effective performance as well as for the control of thermal stress in composites.
      PubDate: 2019-08-12
  • Static–kinematic duality in the shells of revolution: Historical aspects
           and present developments
    • Abstract: Abstract In this work, an historical overview concerning the theory of shell structures is presented. Early conjectures proposed by, among others, French, German, and Russian authors are discussed. Moreover, considering a recent approach in the field of structural analysis, based on the static–kinematic duality concept, static and kinematic matrix operator equations are formulated in the case of shells of revolution, emphasizing how these operators are one the adjoint of the other. In this way, any possible inaccuracy provided by the previous approaches can be overcome.
      PubDate: 2019-08-12
  • Nonlinear dynamic behaviors of a bolted joint rotor system supported by
           ball bearings
    • Abstract: Abstract A dynamic model of the rotor-bearing system with bolted joint structure is set up based on the Lagrange’s equations, which considers the bearing clearance, the gyroscopic effect and the initial deformation due to the non-uniform preload. The nonlinear dynamic responses of the system were obtained by using the Runge–Kutta–Fehlberg method, and then the influence of the radial bearing clearance on the nonlinear dynamic behaviors of the rotor system is studied by means of bifurcation diagram, frequency spectrum, shaft orbits and Poincaré maps. The results indicate that the larger bearing clearance will make the system enter into chaotic motion at a lower rotating speed. In addition, with the increase in bearing clearance, the duration of the chaotic motion becomes longer. Furthermore, the influence of initial deformation on the stability of the bolted joint rotor system with bearing clearance is studied. The results show that when the bearing clearance is present, the instability speed of the rotor system will gradually rise with the increase in initial deformation. Meanwhile, as the bearing clearance continuously increases, the regions of the chaotic motion become less and smaller, and the motion state should be completely changed under certain initial deformation. The related results can provide guidance for the optimization and design of the bolted joint rotor-bearing system.
      PubDate: 2019-08-08
  • The effect of longitudinal cracks and interface adhesion on buckling of
           columns: analytical solution
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper focuses on development of a new mathematical model and its analytical solution for the buckling analysis of elastic columns with preexisted longitudinal cracks and finite adhesion between the cracked sections. Consequently, the analytical solution for the buckling loads is derived for the first time. The critical buckling loads are calculated for two different types of connections between the cracked sections, namely for slipping only and simultaneous slipping and uplifting between them. The parametric study is performed to analyze the effect of the crack length on the critical buckling loads. It is shown that the critical buckling load can be greatly affected by the crack length and type of the connection between the cracked sections. Finally, the presented results obtained can be used as a benchmark solution.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Crack analysis of circular bars reinforced by a piezoelectric layer under
           torsional transient loading
    • Abstract: Abstract In this article, the transient response of a cylinder, with a piezoelectric coating, weakened by multiple radial cracks is investigated. The problem is under torsional transient loading. First, the solution of the problem, weakened by a Volterra-type screw dislocation, is achieved by using Laplace and the finite Fourier sine transform. The solution is obtained for displacement and stress fields in the bar with a piezoelectric layer. At the next step, the dislocation solution is used to derive a set of Cauchy singular integral equations for analysis of bars with a circular cross section containing some radial cracks. The solution of the singular integral equations is used to determine the torsional rigidity of the cross section and also the stress intensity factors of the crack tips. In addition, several examples are presented to show the effect of the piezoelectric coating and torsional transient loading on the stress intensity factors and torsional rigidity of the system.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Analytic solution for reflection and transmission coefficients of joints
           in three-dimensional truss-type structural networks
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents an analytic solution method to evaluate transient response of the joints in the truss-type structural networks. The analytic method models the wave propagation along the elastic members connected to the joints and derives the functions for the reflection and transmission coefficients for the structural joints. The coefficients of wave reflection and transmission across the joints are functions of material properties and geometrical parameters of the elements connected to the joint. The present analytic solution considers the effects of abrupt change in material properties as well as the alignment of connected elements on the transmission and reflection coefficients of the joints. The analytic solution method derives the functions for the transmission and reflection coefficients at the connection point of two different coaxial elements as well as the joints in planar and space frame structures.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Uncoupled thermoelastic problem of a functionally graded thermosensitive
           rectangular plate with convective heating
    • Abstract: Abstract The main objective of the present paper is to study the temperature and thermal stress analysis of a functionally graded rectangular plate with temperature-dependent thermophysical characteristics of materials under convective heating. The nonlinear heat conduction equation is reduced to linear form using Kirchhoff’s variable transformation. Analytic solution of the heat conduction equation is obtained in the transform domain by developing an integral transform technique for convective-type boundary conditions. Goodier’s displacement function and Boussinesq harmonic functions are used to obtain the displacement profile and its associated thermal stresses. A mathematical model is prepared for functionally graded ceramic–metal-based material. The results are illustrated numerically and depicted graphically for both thermosensitive and nonthermosensitive functionally graded plate. During this study, one observed that notable variations are seen in the temperature and stress profile, due to the variation in the material parameters.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • On thin Timoshenko inclusions in elastic bodies with defects
    • Abstract: Abstract The paper concerns an analysis of equilibrium problems for elastic bodies with elastic Timoshenko inclusion in the presence of defects. Defects are characterized by a positive damage parameter. This parameter is responsible for a connection between defect faces. Asymptotic properties of solutions are investigated with respect to the damage parameters as well as with respect to a rigidity parameter of the inclusions. Limit models are investigated; in particular, different equivalent problem formulations are proposed.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Cluster of the Kendall-type adhesive microcontacts as a simple model for
           load sharing in bioinspired fibrillar adhesives
    • Abstract: Abstract The problem of multiple adhesive contact is considered for an elastic substrate modeled as a transversely isotropic elastic half-space. It is assumed that a large number of the Kendall-type microcontacts are formed between the substrate and circular rigid (i.e., nondeformable) and frictionless micropads, which are interconnected between themselves, thereby establishing a load sharing. The effect of microcontacts interaction is accounted for in the formulation of the detachment criterion for each individual microcontact. A number of different asymptotic models are presented for the case of dilute clusters of microcontacts with their accuracy tested against a special case of two-spot contact, for which an analytical solution is available. The pull-off force has been estimated and the effects of the array size and the microcontact spacing are studied. It is shown that the flexibility of the micropads fixation, which is similar to that observed in mushroom-shaped fibrils, significantly increases the pull-off force. The novelty of the presented approach is its ability to separate different effects in the multi-scale contact problem, which allows one to distinguish between different mathematical models developed for bioinspired fibrillar adhesives.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Determination of buckling loads for wooden beams using the elastic models
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a theoretical and experimental analysis of buckling load of the square wooden beams. The buckling tests were conducted on the wooden beams with three different lengths, and the critical buckling load was determined on the basis of the measured relation between the axial displacement and axial load. Analytical solutions for the critical buckling load of the beams were derived using the Euler–Bernoulli beam theory and Timoshenko beam theory. When deriving the models, both small and large deformation theories were considered. Moreover, the effect of a grain orientation was included in the models. The results show that the selected solution was in agreement with the values measured from the experiment. The paper provides a review of mathematical models and gives us a comparison between the theories and experiments with subsequent recommendations for practice.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Upward and down pitch-fork bifurcation of an elastic column with a
           flexible support in the initial post-buckling
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, the stability of an elastic column, one end of the column fixed and the other end supported by a spring, is studied under the Euler critical load with Koiter stability theory. The potential energy of the system is written as a functional of tangent angle, and the disturbance quantity is expanded into the Fourier series. The quadratic matrix of second-order variation of potential energy is obtained, and all order principal minor determinants are transformed into elementary expressions. The second-order variation is semi-positive definite. And the stability of the critical point depends on the higher-order variations of potential energy. The results show that the stability of the critical state of the flexible restrained column is related to the relative stiffness of the constraint. The post-buckling behavior is analyzed according to Koiter’s initial post-buckling theory. The post-buckling path is upward or downward corresponding to stable or unstable equilibrium, respectively. The critical loads of stability and instability under different relative stiffness values are solved accurately.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Multibody modeling and nonlinear control of the pantograph/catenary system
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, a closed-chain multibody model of a pantograph/catenary system is developed and used for the optimal design of a nonlinear controller based on an open-loop control architecture. The goal of the nonlinear controller is the reduction of the contact force arising from the pantograph/catenary interaction and, at the same time, the suppression of the mechanical vibrations of the pantograph mechanism. The analytical formulation employed in this paper for describing the nonlinear dynamics of the pantograph/catenary multibody system considers a Lagrangian approach and is based on a redundant set of generalized coordinates. The contact forces generated by the pantograph/catenary interaction are modeled in this work employing an elastic force element collocated between the pantograph pan-head and a moving support. The external support follows a prescribed motion law that simulates the periodic deployment of the catenary system. On the other hand, in this investigation, the algebraic constraints arising from the closed-loop topology of the pantograph multibody system are enforced employing a method based on the Udwadia–Kalaba equations recently developed in the field of analytical dynamics. Furthermore, the problem of the determination of an effective feedforward controller for reducing the pantograph/catenary contact force is formulated in this work as a nonlinear optimal control problem. For this purpose, the solution of the control optimization problem is carried out by using an adjoint-based computational procedure. Numerical simulations demonstrate the effectiveness of the nonlinear controller obtained in this investigation for the pantograph/catenary multibody system.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • The effect of vertical ground movement on masonry walls simulated through
           an elastic–plastic interphase meso-model: a case study
    • Abstract: Abstract The present paper proposes an interphase model for the simulation of damage propagation in masonry walls in the framework of a mesoscopic approach. The model is thermodynamically consistent, with constitutive relations derived from a Helmholtz free potential energy. With respect to classic interface elements, the internal stress contribute is added to the contact stresses. It is considered that damage, in the form of loss of adhesion or cohesion, can potentially take place at each of the two blocks–mortar physical interfaces. Flow rules are obtained in the framework of the Theory of Plasticity, considering bilinear domains of ‘Coulomb with tension cut-off’ type. The model aims to be a first research step to solve the inverse problem of damage propagation in masonry generated by vertical ground movements, in order to ex-post identify the cause of a visible damage. The constitutive model is written in a discrete form for its implementation in a research-oriented finite element program. The response at the quadrature point is analyzed first. Then, the model is validated through comparisons with experimental results and finally employed to simulate the failure occurred in a wall of an ancient masonry building, where an arched collapse took place due to a lowering of the ground level under part of its foundation.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Micromechanics analysis for thermal expansion coefficients of three-phase
           particle composites
    • Abstract: Abstract In the present investigation, a new equivalent micromechanics method is proposed, and then, an analysis model has been developed to estimate the nonlinear coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs) of three-phase composites. As Compared with previous analytical models, the innovative point of this paper is that the influence of the debonding surface thickness is investigated. It is noted that the parameters of thickness of debonding surface have a significant effect on both the longitudinal CTEs and transverse CTEs. The CTEs of composites are also very sensitive to the different inclusion aspect ratios. The constitutive equation curves for different variable parameters can describe the influence of debonding damage on thermal expansion coefficients (CTEs) of the composites. The new model provides a direct prediction of CTEs and can account for the effects of inclusion aspect ratio, volume fractions and thickness of debonding surface.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • A unified procedure for free transverse vibration of rectangular and
           annular sectorial plates
    • Abstract: Abstract A unified solution procedure applicable for analyzing the free transverse vibration of both rectangular and annular sectorial plates is presented in this study. For the annular sectorial plate, the basic theory is simplified by a variable transformation in the radial direction. The analogies of coordinate system, geometry and potential energy between the two different shapes are drawn and then unified in one framework by introducing the shape parameter. A generalized solving procedure for the two shapes becomes feasible under the unified framework. The solution adopts the spectro-geometric form that has the advantage of describing the geometry of structure by mathematical or design parameters. The assumed displacement field and its derivatives are continuous and smooth in the entire domain, thereby accelerating the convergence. In this study, the admissible functions are formulated in simple trigonometric forms of the mass and stiffness matrices for both rectangular and annular sectorial plates can be obtained, thereby making the method computationally effective, especially for analyzing annular sectorial plates. The generality, accuracy and efficiency of the unified approach for both shapes are fully demonstrated and verified through benchmark examples involving classical and elastic boundary conditions.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Looking at the collapse modes of circular and pointed masonry arches
           through the lens of Durand-Claye’s stability area method
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper addresses the problem of characterizing the mechanical behaviour and collapse of symmetric circular and pointed masonry arches subject to their own weight. The influence on the arch’s collapse features of its shape and thickness, as well as the friction between the arch’s voussoirs, is analysed. The safety level of arches is then investigated by suitably reworking in semi-analytical form the graphical method of the stability area proposed by the renowned nineteenth century French scholar, Durand-Claye. According to Durand-Claye’s method, the arch is safe if along any given joint both the bending moment and shear force do not exceed the values determined by some given limit condition. The equilibrium conditions corresponding to all possible symmetric collapse modes are individuated. As was expected, pointed and circular arches exhibit different collapse behaviours, in terms of both collapse modes and safe domain. The limit values of arch thickness and friction coefficient are determined and the results obtained consistently compared with those published by Michon in 1857.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Force finding of cable–strut structures using a symmetry-based
    • Abstract: Abstract Force finding of cable–strut structures is to identify self-equilibrated pre-stress states for structures with given shape, which is a crucial step in the structural design of flexible structures since pre-stresses significantly affect their mechanical behaviors. Utilizing symmetry properties of structures is generally considered as a practical way to facilitate the force finding process. To indicate the symmetric feature of structures, an algebraic indicator is proposed in the context of the equilibrium matrix theory. Furthermore, it is found that the orthogonal projection onto the null space of the equilibrium matrix could show the symmetry properties of structures geometrically. Then, a symmetry-based method of computing feasible pre-stress states is developed in the light of the above orthogonal projection. Finally, the proposed method is applied on three examples to confirm its validity and accuracy.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
  • Neutrality of a partially debonded rigid inclusion in anti-plane shear
    • Abstract: Abstract We consider a coated rigid inclusion inserted into an elastic matrix subjected to uniform remote anti-plane shear stresses and examine whether the inclusion can be made neutral (meaning that its introduction will not disturb the original uniform stress field in the surrounding uncut matrix) despite the presence of partial debonding along the inclusion–coating interface. Our analysis involves the introduction of a conformal mapping function (expressed in terms of a Laurent series) for the (thick) coating, a Laurent series expansion for the corresponding Plemelj function and simple matrix algebra. Our method demonstrates that coated neutral inclusions continue to be available under these challenging yet more realistic physical conditions. Numerical results are presented to demonstrate the feasibility of the solution method.
      PubDate: 2019-08-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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