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MATHEMATICS (642 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Abhandlungen aus dem Mathematischen Seminar der Universitat Hamburg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Academic Voices : A Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Applicandae Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Mathematica Hungarica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Mathematica Scientia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Mathematica Vietnamica     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Mathematicae Applicatae Sinica, English Series     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Complex Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Decision Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Difference Equations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Fixed Point Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Linear Algebra & Matrix Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Numerical Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Pure and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Pure Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aequationes Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Afrika Matematika     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algebra and Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algebra Colloquium     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Algebra Universalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Algorithmic Operations Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Algorithms Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Mathematical Analysis     Open Access  
American Journal of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Mathematical Monthly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Analele Universitatii Ovidius Constanta - Seria Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analysis Mathematica     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales Mathematicae Silesianae     Open Access  
Annales mathématiques du Québec     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales UMCS, Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Mathematica     Open Access  
Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Mathematics     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applications of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics & Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Mathematics - A Journal of Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal  
Applied Mathematics Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Mathematics Research eXpress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arab Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arabian Journal of Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archive for Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Arkiv för Matematik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Arnold Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Algebra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Current Engineering & Maths     Open Access  
Asian-European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Senior Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Axioms     Open Access  
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access  
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
BIBECHANA     Open Access  
BIT Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
BoEM - Boletim online de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletín de la Sociedad Matemática Mexicana     Hybrid Journal  
Bollettino dell'Unione Matematica Italiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Bruno Pini Mathematical Analysis Seminar     Open Access  
Buletinul Academiei de Stiinte a Republicii Moldova. Matematica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin des Sciences Mathamatiques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Communications in Mathematical Modeling and Differential Equations Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Brazilian Mathematical Society, New Series     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society     Hybrid Journal  
Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Carpathian Mathematical Publications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal  
CHANCE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Annals of Mathematics, Series B     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Collectanea Mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
College Mathematics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Contemporary Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications On Pure & Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complex Variables and Elliptic Equations: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Comptes Rendus Mathematique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computers & Mathematics with Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Concrete Operators     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Confluentes Mathematici     Hybrid Journal  
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal  
Cryptography and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Cuadernos de Investigación y Formación en Educación Matemática     Open Access  
Cubo. A Mathematical Journal     Open Access  
Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Demonstratio Mathematica     Open Access  
Dependence Modeling     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Developments in Clay Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Mineral Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discrete Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science     Open Access  
Discrete Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Doklady Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Duke Mathematical Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Edited Series on Advances in Nonlinear Science and Complexity     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Graph Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Elemente der Mathematik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Energy for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Ensino da Matemática em Debate     Open Access  
Entropy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ESAIM: Control Optimisation and Calculus of Variations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Combinatorics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Expositiones Mathematicae     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Mathematics and Informatics     Open Access  
Fasciculi Mathematici     Open Access  
Finite Fields and Their Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fixed Point Theory and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Formalized Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Foundations and Trends® in Econometrics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Foundations and Trends® in Networking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Journal Cover Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy
  [SJR: 0.351]   [H-I: 9]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1874-4621 - ISSN (Online) 1874-463X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2341 journals]
  • Agricultural Land Consumption in Periurban Areas: a Methodological
           Approach for Risk Assessment Using Artificial Neural Networks and Spatial
           Correlation in Northern Italy
    • Authors: Chiara Mazzocchi; Stefano Corsi; Guido Sali
      Pages: 3 - 20
      Abstract: Abstract In periurban areas, the phenomenon of land use change is particularly intense, and it involves both natural and agricultural areas. Agricultural areas have various functions, including environmental, cultural and recreational. One of the nonproductive functions of agricultural areas is the role of agriculture in land use control. This paper analyzes the risk of land use change in a very densely popultated periurban area in Northern Italy, the Milan and Monza e Brianza area, using a model based on artificial neural networks as a weighting method and spatial correlation as a clustering method. This approach provides a useful tool for decisional support in relation to agricultural policies. The results highlight the major risks related to agricultural land consumption area, specifically that the most significant factors causing agricultural land use changes are those related to urban pressure, visualized by a geographical information systems (GIS) map. The irrelevance of existing policies designed to protect agricultural lands is also highlighted.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9168-9
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
  • Assessing Neighbor and Population Growth Influences on Agricultural Land
    • Authors: Darren Haarsma; Feng Qiu
      Pages: 21 - 41
      Abstract: Abstract This study uses remote sensing data to assess the extent of agricultural land converted to developed (built-up) land in Alberta, Canada, from 2000 to 2012. Pairing aggregated conversion values with county-level census data, we further investigate the impacts of population growth and conversion activities in the neighboring areas on agricultural land conversion. To account for the omitted variable bias and spatial dependency, a first-differenced spatial regression model is used. The results show that spillover effects can be attributed to both neighbor conversion activities and neighboring population growth. Controlling for spatial dependence is important for producing estimates with minimized risk of bias. A policymaker who considers land use strategies in isolation from neighbors may make decisions with potentially adverse impacts. The dominant influences of population growth and spatial lag effects direct recommendations on regional planning mandates and mechanisms that promote densification in urban areas.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9172-0
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
  • Regional Endogenous Development Based on Conceptualizing a Regional
           Productivity Model for Application in Iran
    • Authors: Mohammad Hossein Sharifzadegan; Behzad Malekpourasl; Roger Stough
      Pages: 43 - 75
      Abstract: Abstract This paper attempts to conceptualize and examine regional productivity in terms of the regional endogenous development of Iran’s regions. The paper introduces a conceptual model for the study and then develops and tests the model with data for the primary regions of Iran. Large and positive correlation is found between measures of latent and explanatory independent and dependent variables in the regional productivity model. Specifically it is found that such endogenous factors as agglomeration and clustering is a critical driving force for achieving increased regional productivity and thus the tailoring of polices to support regional endogenous development and growth.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9169-8
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
  • Strategy of Spatial Panel Estimation: Spatial Spillovers Between Taxation
           and Economic Growth
    • Authors: K. Kopczewska; J. Kudła; K. Walczyk
      Pages: 77 - 102
      Abstract: Abstract Spatial panels are a powerful econometric tool for the estimation of space-dependent cross-sectional time-series models of economic phenomena. A plethora of parameters and possible specifications require a systematic approach to estimation. This paper presents a strategy of estimation to be considered in applied research on economic policy, including the concept of spatial spillovers and its local and global effects, direct and indirect impacts, as well as the role of different spatial weighting schemes. The paper presents fiscal factors affecting GDP between the years 2002–2015 in a number of European economies.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9170-2
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
  • Monetary Policy and the Time-Varying Spatial Effects of Bilateral Trade:
           Evidence from China-ASEAN-5 Countries
    • Authors: Po-Chin Wu; Shiao-Yen Liu
      Pages: 103 - 120
      Abstract: Abstract This paper examines the China–ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)-5 bilateral trade balances by using a time-space simultaneous gravity model with a panel smooth transition regression specification. This model can investigate both internal and external bilateral trade. The empirical results show that a larger real interest rate differential between China and a member country of the ASEAN-5 would switch the negative spatial effect to a positive one, causing a higher average spatial effect from the bilateral trade balance. The time-varying marginal effects of the determinants of bilateral trades are verified. However, the geographical distance of each country pair remains the most important deterrent to China–ASEAN-5 bilateral trade.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9175-x
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
  • A Spatiotemporal Analysis of Inter-County Migration Patterns in the United
    • Authors: Shrinidhi Ambinakudige; Domenico Parisi
      Pages: 121 - 137
      Abstract: Abstract The dynamic nature of internal migration flows has altered population redistribution and changed composition in the United States for more than a century. Socioeconomic push and pull factors have influenced people’s migration decisions during various internal migration waves in the United States. The main objective of this paper is to identify how effective internal migration flows have been in transforming the population distribution of the United States since the mid-1990s. We also examine the characteristics of the counties that gained or lost population during the last two decades. We analyze migration data from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) from 1994–95 to 2006–07 to achieve these objectives. The results show that migration was very effective in redistributing population from rural to urban areas. Although suburbanization was a major characteristic of urban growth, our study indicates that suburbanization was not as effective as rural-to-urban migration. The South continued to be the major population magnet in the United States. Counties with large black and Hispanic populations had a negative migration effect. During the last two decades, increase in the Hispanic population and economic inequality in American neighborhoods have also influenced migration patterns in the United States.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9171-1
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
  • Evaluation of the Matching Process of Disabled People Through a
           Macroeconomic Approach: the Italian Case
    • Authors: M. Agovino; A. Rapposelli
      Pages: 139 - 159
      Abstract: Abstract This paper estimates a spatial matching function for disabled people by using a panel of 20 Italian regions over the period 2006–2011. According to the results obtained, in the regional labour market analysed there is a congestion effect among unemployed disabled people, due to an excess of unemployed disabled people compared to available vacancies. In terms of policy, it is necessary to promote policy actions aimed at supporting private firms in their production processes, especially for those with a high number of temporary layoff hours.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9176-9
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2017)
  • New Spatial Mobility Patterns in Large Spanish Cities: from the Economic
           Boom to the Great Recession
    • Authors: Jordi Bayona-i-Carrasco; Fernando Gil-Alonso; Miguel Rubiales-Pérez; Isabel Pujadas-Rúbies
      Abstract: Abstract Until 2008—the beginning of the economic crisis—Spanish metropolitan areas were characterised by relatively high residential mobility, suburbanisation, and urban sprawl. Municipalities situated farthest away from the core cities were the areas that were expanding more rapidly, while urban cores were losing native population that was being replaced by foreign immigrants. All these features presumably changed when the Great Recession hit the Spanish economy and the housing bubble burst. Using two INE (Spanish National Statistical Institute) data sources, the Padrón, or local register, and the Estadística de Variaciones Residenciales, or residential moves statistics, this paper studies changing trends in residential mobility and migration between 1999 and 2012 in Spain, focusing on the country’s main urban areas: Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Seville. In particular, internal migration patterns during the economic expansion and crisis periods are compared. Despite the fact that high unemployment since 2008 has certainly affected pre-crisis trends, results show that residential mobility has decreased much less than expected. Nevertheless, territorial patterns have changed and are now much less polarised. Urban cores and inner-ring towns, which had previously been losing inhabitants because of people moving to outer-ring areas, are now losing less native population. By contrast, suburban municipalities, which had been the most attractive to internal migrants during the economic growth period, are now much less appealing, as corroborated by the fact that practically no new housing is being built in these areas and their housing market has plummeted.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9222-x
  • Deprivation, Healthcare Accessibility and Satisfaction: Geographical
           Context and Scale Implications
    • Authors: Pablo Cabrera-Barona; Thomas Blaschke; Gabriel Gaona
      Abstract: Abstract Indices explaining health phenomena are important tools for identifying and investigating health inequalities and to support policy making. Some of these indices are expressed at area-level, and the investigation of the areal influences of these indices on individual health outcomes have scale and geographical contextual implications that need to be assessed. In this study we calculated two area-level indices: one deprivation index and one index of healthcare accessibility. Using multilevel modelling, we calculated the area-level influences of these indices on an individual-level index of healthcare satisfaction considering three kinds of areas or contexts: a context of deprivation, a context of healthcare accessibility and a context combining the two characteristics of healthcare accessibility and deprivation. We evaluated two kinds of geographical problems using the statistical results of these area-level influences: the modifiable areal unit problem (MAUP) and the uncertain geographic context problem (UGCoP). Regarding the MAUP we evaluated the scale effects at two scales: census blocks and census tracts. Regarding the UGCoP we evaluated the differences in areal influences between the three kinds of contexts for both scales. The case study area was the city of Quito, Ecuador. The results of the performed analyses showed no severe MAUP and UGCoP, and revealed important evidence of the area-level influence of deprivation and healthcare accessibility on healthcare satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9221-y
  • Editorial: ASAP Ten Years On
    • Authors: John Stillwell
      PubDate: 2017-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9220-z
  • There’s No Place Like Home! Examining the Diffusion of Suicide Attacks
           Through Terrorist Group Locations
    • Authors: Yasutaka Tominaga
      Abstract: Abstract Suicide attacks have been widely used by many terrorist groups since the 1980s. It cannot be ignored that Al-Qaeda has played a role in diffusing this tactic, in particular among groups that have links with Al-Qaeda. However, the decision to adopt an innovative tactic is not without risk. Its implementation may inspire potential supporters, but may also cause a backlash from government and alienation from those whose support the group may be seeking. Thus, in their decision-making, it is crucial that terrorist groups learn the repercussions of their decision to adopt such tactics. In so doing, examination of the success or otherwise of other groups that adopt an innovation and its results can provide evidence for the predictability of their decision. This research argues that terrorist groups tend to learn and be influenced more by nearby groups due to the similarity of their environment of operation. The estimation is conducted through the logit model with the original terrorist group location dataset and the findings indicate that the influence of an Al-Qaeda link in adopting the tactics of suicide attack is larger when they are geographically close.
      PubDate: 2017-01-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9219-x
  • Small-Area Incomes: Their Spatial Variability and the Relative Efficacy of
           Proxy, Geodemographic, Imputed and Model-Based Estimates
    • Authors: Paul Williamson
      Pages: 463 - 489
      Abstract: Abstract This paper uses data from a UK Census Rehearsal to explore the problem of small-area income estimation. First, the nature of the problem is revisited through an examination of the way in which incomes vary spatially. Residential rather than labour market sorting is found to be the dominant driver; and the rich are found to exhibit greater spatial segregation than the poor. Even so, location is shown to capture only a small fraction of the overall variation in incomes. Second, the performance of competing small-area estimation strategies is assessed, uniquely comparing proxy, geodemographic, imputation and model-based estimates; and validating all of these against directly observed values. An area-level model, ecological regression, performs best. Unit-record imputation approaches capture similar levels of spatial variation in mean income, but have higher variances and greater systematic biases. The same can be said of a simple univariate proxy (% professionals), which even so proves surprisingly effective.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9163-1
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
  • Wage Taxes and Commuters—the Case of Pennsylvania
    • Authors: Ji Guo
      Pages: 491 - 502
      Abstract: Abstract The primary purpose of this paper is to study the relationship between worker flows and local wage taxes. It is motivated by results of theoretical analysis on asymmetric tax competition for mobile labor. A sample of 176 localities in metropolitan areas of Pennsylvania is examined. The Two Stage Least Squares estimation results show that inter-jurisdictional worker flow has an important effect on the determination of local wage tax rates. On the other hand, effect of wage tax rates on worker flow is not significant, but other factors including population, per capita income and per capita capital stock do have significant effects.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9159-x
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
  • Spatial Diffusion of Social Policy in China: Spatial Convergence and
           Neighborhood Interaction of Vocational Education
    • Authors: Jiafeng Gu
      Pages: 503 - 527
      Abstract: Abstract There has been a vast amount of discussion about the positive and negative regional effect on policy diffusion. During this debate, the role of neighborhood structure is ignored and the linear assumption is still prevailing in this field. By analyzing the spatial convergence of local vocational education development with data of 31 provinces from 1995 to 2008 in China, we explore the effects of neighborhood interactions on policy diffusion, paying specific attention to the dynamical role of neighborhood structures in policy diffusion. The empirical results clearly indicate that the development of local vocational education systems in China is spatially autocorrelated to the neighboring provinces. Local vocational education systems converge more slowly if a spatially lagged dependent variable is introduced, while they converge faster if a spatially error variable is introduced. The policy transition between neighbors considering their local spatial context is analyzed with Spatial Markov Chain and a fundamental nonlinear connection between neighborhood structure and policy transition is unveiled. Using spatial econometric models, we also find that the socio-spatial diffusion patterns with the social factors such as consumption, urban/rural distribution and occupation serve as barriers to and amplifiers of policy diffusion. These results not only resonate with conventional linear wisdom on policy diffusion but also offer a new nonlinear perspective on socio-spatial patterns of policy diffusion that are clearly embedded within the local neighborhood structures.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9161-3
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
  • Vulnerability and Exposure to Crime: Applying Risk Terrain Modeling to the
           Study of Assault in Chicago
    • Authors: Leslie W. Kennedy; Joel M. Caplan; Eric L. Piza; Henri Buccine-Schraeder
      Pages: 529 - 548
      Abstract: Abstract Prior research has applied risk assessment and spatial analysis techniques to the study of violence. This paper builds on those results, tying the practical outcomes of spatial risk analysis methods to broader spatial issues on the articulation of risky places for aggravated assault. We begin by conceptualizing key relationships, addressing the effects of environmental factors on creating distinct, identifiable areas that are conducive to crime. Propositions of the theory of risky places are posed and then empirically tested using a GIS based program, RTMDx, on aggravated assault data in an urban area. Given the current thinking about crime vulnerability based on concentration and spatial influence of features and events, this paper offers an analytical strategy to model risky places that combines the conceptual insights of crime emergence and persistence, advances in geo-spatial analytical techniques, and micro-level data.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9165-z
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
  • An Analysis of Italian Regional Social Expenditure on Disability and Other
           Social Measures: A Spatial Econometric Approach
    • Authors: Massimiliano Agovino; Giuliana Parodi
      Pages: 549 - 567
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this work is to implement a convergence analysis of social expenditure on disability and other social measures (e.g. families and children, disabled people, substances, old age, immigrants and nomadic people, poverty adult problems and homelessness, multineeds, total), taking into account spatial effects. To this purpose, we develop a two-step analysis focusing on Italian regional data for the period 2003–2008. In the first phase, we perform a descriptive analysis and a joint application of a measure of inequality and of the degree of spatial autocorrelation. We subsequently apply the beta and sigma convergence analysis to per capita expenses on social issues, with special emphasis on expenses on disability, broadly defined. The results show that Italian regions do tend to converge in total, and also specific items of per capita social expenditures. In addition, we observe that the discrepancy among per capita expenditures for social actions and services have not been reduced over time, and that spatial effects differ according to the various types of social expenses. Policy considerations are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9166-y
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
  • Agricultural Land Conversion Drivers in Northeast Iran: Application of
           Structural Equation Model
    • Authors: Hossein Azadi; Ali Akbar Barati; Parisa Rafiaani; Valiollah Raufirad; Kiumars Zarafshani; Mohsen Mamoorian; Steven Van Passel; Philippe Lebailly
      Pages: 591 - 609
      Abstract: Abstract Identifying driving forces behind agricultural land conversion (ALC) remains one of the most difficult challenges that agricultural and environmental scientists must continually deal with. The difficulty emerges from the fact that in ALC, multiple actions and interactions between different factors (i.e., economic, political, environmental, biophysical, institutional, and cultural) exist and make it difficult to understand the function of the processes behind the changes. The phenomenon of ALC in different countries is varied in terms of intensity, trends and drivers. The main goal of this study was to understand these drivers in Northeast Iran through applying structural equation model (SEM). Using multi-stage stratified random sampling, 101 executive officers participated in the study. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire. A multi-stakeholder analysis and a mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) approach were applied. Results revealed that not only from the policy makers’ perspective but also based on the SEM, “economic”, “political”, “technological”, “social” and “environmental” factors should respectively be the five major drivers of ALC. The results also showed that among other drivers, “more profitability of non-agriculture sectors”, “excessive rising of land prices”, “farmers’ income instability”, “land fragmentation”, “urban sprawl” and “inheritance laws” are the main six causes of ALC. Hence, it can be concluded that policy-makers and planners need to take these drivers and subsidiaries more into consideration in order to properly respond to ALC.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-015-9160-4
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 4 (2016)
  • Analyzing Spatiotemporal Patterns of Urbanization in Treasure Valley,
           Idaho, USA
    • Authors: Khila R. Dahal; Shawn Benner; Eric Lindquist
      Abstract: Abstract Knowledge of spatiotemporal patterns of urbanization in terms of overall urban growth, growth forms (or types) and land use types contributes to an understanding of the consequences of urban growth on human health, biodiversity and natural resources, thereby providing guidance for formulating effective land use policies. In this study, we delineated spatial extent of urban area in Treasure Valley of Idaho for five different years with a decadal interval beginning in 1974 based on remote sensing data. The newly urbanized area during each change period was categorized into three growth forms: edge-expansion, infill and outlying development, and into two built-intensity classes: high and low intensity development. We applied ten class-level landscape metrics to the urban class as a whole. Results show that edge-expansion dominated the growth with more than 60% of new development for each of the four study periods. Infill and outlying growth witnessed a temporal oscillation with an alternating dominance. Despite some regularities observed in spatiotemporal patterns of urban class and urban growth forms, we concluded that diffusion and coalescence are two concurrently occurring processes of urban growth rather than two dichotomous temporal phases. Our study documented that a combined study involving patch dynamics, gradient analysis, and time-series analysis of new development, growth forms and built intensity was effective in identifying different spatiotemporal patterns and associate them to underlying processes.
      PubDate: 2016-12-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9215-1
  • Book Review: R. Lovelace and M. Dumont. Spatial Microsimulation with R .
           CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida USA, 2016, 260 Pages, £57.99, ISBN
    • Authors: Mark A. Green
      PubDate: 2016-12-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9218-y
  • Market-Conscious Planning: A Planning Support Methodology for Estimating
           the Added Value of Sustainable Development in Fast Urbanizing China
    • Authors: Hong Hu; Stan Geertman; Pieter Hooimeijer
      Abstract: Abstract Planners need to adopt market-conscious planning to estimate how and where planning interventions create value for both investors and end-users. This article presents such kind of planning support methodology by incorporating difference-in-differences estimation into hedonic price models to examine the added value of sustainable development. It illustrates this methodology by using spatial panel data to compare market effects before and after the extension of the metro system in Nanjing, China. Results show that metro extension has positive effects in suburban areas, particularly in suburbs far away from metro stops before, while it has limited effects in central urban areas. Accessibility to financial and business services and open space also contributes to house prices after controlling for the effects of access to metros. Urban sustainable policies need to emphasize integration between land use and transportation planning in suburbs. This methodology provides planners with a means for determining market value of planning interventions, and contributes to more market-conscious planning.
      PubDate: 2016-12-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s12061-016-9217-z
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