Abstract: We investigate the influence of the surface effects on a diffusive process by considering that the particles may be sorbed or desorbed or undergo a reaction process on the surface with the production of a different substance. Our analysis considers a semi-infinite medium, where the particles may diffuse in contact with a surface with active sites. For the surface effects, we consider integrodifferential boundary conditions coupled with a kinetic equation which takes non-Debye relation process into account, allowing the analysis of a broad class of processes. We also consider the presence of the fractional derivatives in the bulk equations. In this scenario, we obtain solutions for the particles in the bulk and on the surface. PubDate: Thu, 09 Aug 2018 07:34:10 +000

Abstract: The traditional (G/G2) expansion method is modified to extend the symmetric extension to the negative power term in the solution to the positive power term. The general traveling wave solution is extended to a generalized solution that can separate variables. By using this method, the solution to the detached variables of the symmetric extended form of the 2+1-dimensional NNV equation can be solved, also the soliton structure and fractal structure of Dromion can be studied well. PubDate: Thu, 09 Aug 2018 07:29:54 +000

Abstract: Consider the following nonlocal integrodifferential system: , where is a general nonlocal integrodifferential operator, , is a fractional Sobolev critical exponent, , , is a lower order perturbation of the critical coupling term, and is an open bounded domain in with Lipschitz boundary. Under proper conditions, we establish an existence result of the ground state solution to the nonlocal integrodifferential system. PubDate: Wed, 08 Aug 2018 07:33:30 +000

Abstract: In this paper, an auxiliary equation method is introduced for seeking exact solutions expressed in variable coefficient function forms for fractional partial differential equations, where the concerned fractional derivative is defined by the conformable fractional derivative. By the use of certain fractional transformation, the fractional derivative in the equations can be converted into integer order case with respect to a new variable. As for applications, we apply this method to the time fractional two-dimensional Boussinesq equation and the space-time fractional (2+1)-dimensional breaking soliton equation. As a result, some exact solutions including variable coefficient function solutions as well as solitary wave solutions for the two equations are found. PubDate: Sun, 05 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: An adjoint method of data assimilation with the characteristic finite difference (CFD) scheme is applied to marine pollutant transport problems and the temporal and spatial distribution of marine pollutants are simulated. Numerical tests of two-dimensional problems of pollutant transport with two different schemes indicate that the error of CFD is smaller than that of central difference scheme (CDS). Then the inversion experiments of the initial field and the source and sink terms of pollutants are carried out. Applying CFD in the adjoint method of data assimilation cannot only reduce simulation error to get a good inversion but can also enable larger time step size to decrease computation time and improve the calculation efficiency. PubDate: Thu, 02 Aug 2018 09:21:59 +000

Abstract: In this paper, we study a nonlinear system involving the fractional p-Laplacian in a unit ball and establish the radial symmetry and monotonicity of its positive solutions. By using the direct method of moving planes, we prove the following result. For , if and satisfy the following nonlinear system and are nonnegative continuous functions satisfying the following: (i) and are increasing for ; (ii) , are bounded near . Then the positive solutions must be radially symmetric and monotone decreasing about the origin. PubDate: Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We construct solutions to the Johnson equation (J) first by means of Fredholm determinants and then by means of Wronskians of order giving solutions of order depending on parameters. We obtain order rational solutions that can be written as a quotient of two polynomials of degree in , and in depending on parameters. This method gives an infinite hierarchy of solutions to the Johnson equation. In particular, rational solutions are obtained. The solutions of order with parameters are constructed and studied in detail by means of their modulus in the plane in function of time and parameters ,,, and . PubDate: Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Based on projective synchronization and combination synchronization model, a type of combination-combination projective synchronization is realized via nonsingular sliding mode control technique for multiple different chaotic systems. Concretely, on the basic of the adaptive laws and stability theory, the corresponding sliding mode control surfaces and controllers are designed to achieve the combination-combination projective synchronization between the combination of two chaotic systems as drive system and the combination of multiple chaotic systems as response system with disturbances. Some criteria and corollaries are derived for combination-combination projective synchronization of the multiple different chaotic systems. Finally, the numerical simulation results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness and correctness of the synchronization scheme. PubDate: Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: It is shown that quasi-Frobenius Hom-Lie algebras are connected with a class of solutions of the classical Hom-Yang-Baxter equations. Moreover, a similar relation is discussed on Frobenius (symmetric) monoidal Hom-algebras and solutions of quantum Hom-Yang-Baxter equations. Monoidal Hom-Hopf algebras with Frobenius structures are studied at last. PubDate: Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This paper studies the convergence of Riemann solutions to the inhomogeneous modified Chaplygin gas equations as the pressure vanishes. The delta shock waves and vacuum states occur as the pressure vanishes. The Riemann solutions of inhomogeneous modified Chaplygin gas equations are no longer self-similar. It is obviously different from the Riemann solutions of homogeneous modified Chaplygin gas equations. When the pressure vanishes, the Riemann solutions of the modified Chaplygin gas equations with a coulomb-like friction term converge to the Riemann solutions of the pressureless Euler system with a source term. PubDate: Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We focus on the nonexistence of global weak solutions of nonlinear Keldysh type equation with one derivative term. In terms of the analysis of the first Fourier coefficient, we show the solution of singular initial value problem and singular initial-boundary value problem of the nonlinear equation with positive initial data blow-up in some finite time interval. PubDate: Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The singularity solution for the inhomogeneous Landau-Lifshitz (ILL) equation without damping term in -dimensional space was investigated. The implicit singularity solution was obtained for the case where the target space is on . This solution can be classified into four types that cover the global and local solutions. An estimation of the energy density of one of these types indicates its exact decay rate, which allows a global solution with finite initial energy under . Analysis of the four aperiodic solutions indicates that energy gaps that are first contributions to the literature of ILL will occur for particular coefficient settings, and these are shown graphically. PubDate: Wed, 01 Aug 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A simple link between matrices of the Duffin-Kemmer-Petiau theory and matrices of Tzou representations is constructed. The link consists of a constant unitary transformation of the matrices and a projection onto a lower-dimensional subspace. PubDate: Sun, 22 Jul 2018 06:47:48 +000

Abstract: This paper deals with a mathematical fluid-particle interaction model used to describing the evolution of particles dispersed in a viscous compressible non-Newtonian fluid. It is proved that the initial boundary value problems with vacuum admits a unique local strong solution in the dimensional case. The strong nonlinearity of the system brings us difficulties due to the fact that the viscosity term and non-Newtonian gravitational potential term are fully nonlinear. PubDate: Tue, 17 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This paper is concerned with two-layer complex networks with unidirectional interlayer couplings, where the drive and response layer have time-varying coupling delay and different topological structures. An adaptive control scheme is proposed to investigate finite-time mixed interlayer synchronization (FMIS) of two-layer networks. Based on the Lyapunov stability theory, a criterion for realizing FMIS is derived. In addition, several sufficient conditions for realizing mixed interlayer synchronization are given. Finally, some numerical simulations are presented to verify the correctness and effectiveness of theoretical results. Meanwhile, the proposed adaptive control strategy is demonstrated to be nonfragile with the noise perturbation. PubDate: Mon, 09 Jul 2018 07:45:04 +000

Abstract: We propose a new method for constructing an approximate solution of the two-dimensional Laplace equation in an arbitrary doubly connected domain with smooth boundaries for Dirichlet boundary conditions. Using the fact that the solution of the Dirichlet problem in a doubly connected domain is represented as the sum of a solution of the Schwarz problem and a logarithmic function, we reduce the solution of the Schwartz problem to the Fredholm integral equation with respect to the boundary value of the conjugate harmonic function. The solution of the integral equation in its turn is reduced to solving a linear system with respect to the Fourier coefficients of the truncated expansion of the boundary value of the conjugate harmonic function. The unknown coefficient of the logarithmic component of the solution of the Dirichlet problem is determined from the following fact. The Cauchy integral over the boundary of the domain with a density that is the boundary value of the analytical in this domain function vanishes at points outside the domain. The resulting solution of the Dirichlet problem is the sum of the real part of the Cauchy integral in the given domain and the logarithmic function. In order to avoid singularities of the Cauchy integral at points near the boundary, the solution at these points is replaced by a linear function. The resulting numerical solution is continuous in the domain up to the boundaries. Three examples of the solution of the Dirichlet problem are given: one example demonstrates the solution with constant boundary conditions in the domain with a complicated boundary; the other examples provide a comparison of the approximate solution with the known exact solution in a noncircular domain. PubDate: Mon, 09 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Based on the generalized dressing method, we propose a new integrable variable-coefficient -dimensional long wave-short wave equation and derive its Lax pair. Using separation of variables, we have derived the explicit solutions of the equation. With the aid of Matlab, the curves of the solutions are drawn. PubDate: Mon, 09 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This paper is devoted to a Radon-type transform arising in a version of Photoacoustic Tomography that uses integrating circular detectors. The Radon-type transform that arises can be decomposed into the known Radon-type transforms: the spherical Radon transform and the sectional Radon transform. An inversion formula is obtained by combining existing inversion formulas for the above two Radon-type transforms. PubDate: Tue, 03 Jul 2018 06:41:20 +000

Abstract: Motivated by the presence of deep connections among dynamical equations, experimental data, physical systems, and statistical modeling, we report on a series of findings uncovered by the authors and collaborators during the last decade within the framework of the so-called Information Geometric Approach to Chaos (IGAC). The IGAC is a theoretical modeling scheme that combines methods of information geometry with inductive inference techniques to furnish probabilistic descriptions of complex systems in presence of limited information. In addition to relying on curvature and Jacobi field computations, a suitable indicator of complexity within the IGAC framework is given by the so-called information geometric entropy (IGE). The IGE is an information geometric measure of complexity of geodesic paths on curved statistical manifolds underlying the entropic dynamics of systems specified in terms of probability distributions. In this manuscript, we discuss several illustrative examples wherein our modeling scheme is employed to infer macroscopic predictions when only partial knowledge of the microscopic nature of a given system is available. Finally, we include comments on the strengths and weaknesses of the current version of our proposed theoretical scheme in our concluding remarks. PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A (2+1)-dimensional fifth-order KdV-like equation is introduced through a generalized bilinear equation with the prime number . The new equation possesses the same bilinear form as the standard (2+1)-dimensional fifth-order KdV equation. By Maple symbolic computation, classes of lump solutions are constructed from a search for quadratic function solutions to the corresponding generalized bilinear equation. We get a set of free parameters in the resulting lump solutions, of which we can get a nonzero determinant condition ensuring analyticity and rational localization of the solutions. Particular classes of lump solutions with special choices of the free parameters are generated and plotted as illustrative examples. PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The method of conditional Lie-Bäcklund symmetry is applied to solve a class of reaction-diffusion equations , which have wide range of applications in physics, engineering, chemistry, biology, and financial mathematics theory. The resulting equations are either solved exactly or reduced to some finite-dimensional dynamical systems. The exact solutions obtained in concrete examples possess the extended forms of the separation of variables. PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We put forward an efficient quantum controlled teleportation scheme, in which arbitrary two-qubit state is transmitted from the sender to the remote receiver via two entangled states under the control of the supervisor. In this paper, we use the combination of one two-qubit entangled state and one three-qubit entangled state as quantum channel for achieving the transmission of unknown quantum states. We present the concrete implementation processes of this scheme. Furthermore, we calculate the successful probability and the amount of classical information of our protocol. PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This paper is concerned with the perturbed Riemann problem for the Aw-Rascle model with the modified Chaplygin gas pressure. We obtain constructively the solutions when the initial values are three piecewise constant states. The global structure and the large-time asymptotic behaviors of the solutions are discussed case by case. Further, we obtain the stability of the corresponding Riemann solutions as the initial perturbed parameter tends to zero. PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The function of displacements of external contour points of a friction pair hub that could provide minimization of stress state of a hub was determined on the basis of minimax criterion. The problem is to decrease stress state at that place where it is important. The rough friction surface model is used. To solve a problem of optimal design of friction unit the closed system of algebraic equations is constructed. Increase of serviceability of friction pair parts may be controlled by design-engineering methods, in particular by geometry of triboconjugation elements. Minimization of maximum circumferential stress on contact surface of friction unit is of great importance in the design stage for increasing the serviceability of friction pair. The obtained function of displacements of the hub’s external contour points provides the serviceability of friction pair elements. The calculation of friction pair for oil-well sucker-rod pumps is considered as an example. PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We consider an inverse problem for simultaneously determining the space-dependent source and the initial distribution in heat conduction equation. First, we study the ill-posedness of the inverse problem. Then, we construct a regularization problem to approximate the originally inverse problem and obtain the regularization solutions with their stability and convergence results. Furthermore, convergence rates of the regularized solutions are presented under a prior and a posteriori strategies for selecting regularization parameters. Results of numerical examples show that the proposed regularization method is stable and effective for the considered inverse problem. PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The application of minimal length formalism in Klein-Gordon equation with Hulthen potential was studied in the case of scalar potential that was equal to vector potential. The approximate solution was used to solve the Klein-Gordon equation within the minimal length formalism. The relativistic energy and wave functions of Klein-Gordon equation were obtained by using the Asymptotic Iteration Method. By using the Matlab software, the relativistic energies were calculated numerically. The unnormalized wave functions were expressed in hypergeometric terms. The results showed the relativistic energy increased by the increase of the minimal length parameter. The unnormalized wave function amplitude increased for the larger minimal length parameter. PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We aim to study the convergence properties of a modification of secant iteration methods. We present a new local convergence theorem for the modified secant method, where the derivative of the nonlinear operator satisfies Lipchitz condition. We introduce the convergence ball and error estimate of the modified secant method, respectively. For that, we use a technique based on Fibonacci series. At last, some numerical examples are given. PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The CIP-MOC (Constrained Interpolation Profile/Method of Characteristics) is proposed to solve the tide wave equations with large time step size. The bottom topography and bottom friction, which are very important factor for the tidal wave model, are included to the equation of Riemann invariants as the source term. Numerical experiments demonstrate the good performance of the scheme. Compared to traditional semi-implicit (SI) finite difference scheme which is widely used in tidal wave simulation, CIP-MOC has better stability in simulating large gradient water surface change and has the ability to use much longer time step size under the premise of maintaining accuracy. Besides, numerical tests with reflective boundary conditions are carried out by CIP-MOC with large time step size and good results are obtained. PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Through applying Galerkin method, we establish the approximating solution for one-dimension Klein-Gordon-Zakharov equations and obtain the local classical solution. By applying integral estimates, we also obtain the existence and uniqueness of the global classical solution of Klein-Gordon-Zakharov equations. PubDate: Thu, 28 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We derive exact traveling wave solutions to the (2 + 1)-dimensional Jaulent-Miodek equation by means of the complex method, and then we illustrate our main result by some computer simulations. It has presented that the applied method is very efficient and is practically well suited for the nonlinear differential equations that arise in mathematical physics. PubDate: Tue, 19 Jun 2018 00:00:00 +000