Abstract: We aim to refine the estimation of the finite stopping time when the disagreement in an opinion group is eliminated by a simple but novel noise intervened strategy. It has been proved that, by using this noise intervened control strategy, the divisive opinions would get synchronized in finite time. Moreover, the finite stopping time when resolving the disagreement has been clarified. The estimation of the finite stopping time will effectively reveal which factors and how they determine the consequence of intervention. However, the upper bound for the estimation of the integrable stopping time when noise is oriented has been quite conservative. In this paper, we investigate the finite stopping time of eliminating the disagreement by completely oriented noise and a much more precise formula for the estimation of the finite stopping time is obtained finally via direct calculation. PubDate: Thu, 19 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This paper gives an introduction to certain classical physical theories described in the context of locally Minkowskian causal structures (LMCSs). For simplicity of exposition we consider LMCSs which have locally Euclidean topology (i.e., are manifolds) and hence are Möbius structures. We describe natural principal bundle structures associated with Möbius structures. Fermion fields are associated with sections of vector bundles associated with the principal bundles while interaction fields (bosons) are associated with endomorphisms of the space of fermion fields. Classical quantum field theory (the Dirac equation and Maxwell’s equations) is obtained by considering representations of the structure group of a principal bundle associated with a given Möbius structure where , while being a subset of , is also isomorphic to . The analysis requires the use of an intertwining operator between the action of on and the adjoint action of on and it is shown that the Feynman slash operator, in the chiral representation for the Dirac gamma matrices, has this intertwining property. PubDate: Thu, 19 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We review the recent results on development of vector models of spin and apply them to study the influence of spin-field interaction on the trajectory and precession of a spinning particle in external gravitational and electromagnetic fields. The formalism is developed starting from the Lagrangian variational problem, which implies both equations of motion and constraints which should be presented in a model of spinning particle. We present a detailed analysis of the resulting theory and show that it has reasonable properties on both classical and quantum level. We describe a number of applications and show how the vector model clarifies some issues presented in theoretical description of a relativistic spin: (A) one-particle relativistic quantum mechanics with positive energies and its relation with the Dirac equation and with relativistic Zitterbewegung; (B) spin-induced noncommutativity and the problem of covariant formalism; (C) three-dimensional acceleration consistent with coordinate-independence of the speed of light in general relativity and rainbow geometry seen by spinning particle; (D) paradoxical behavior of the Mathisson-Papapetrou-Tulczyjew-Dixon equations of a rotating body in ultrarelativistic limit, and equations with improved behavior. PubDate: Wed, 18 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The mechanical behavior of geomaterials under plane-strain biaxial stress state (PSBSS, a special case of biaxial stress state) is often considered in geotechnical structures such as highwall and longwall coal pillars. In this study, a modified statistical damage constitutive model based on Weibull distribution was established to explain the mechanical behavior of rocks under the PSBSS. The modified Wiebols-Cook criterion, Drucker-Prager criterion, and extremum method were adopted in this model to estimate the peak strength of rock, the strength level of microscopic element, and the statistical parameters of model, respectively. Besides, laboratory tests for brittle and ductile geomaterials under PSBSS were conducted using the modified surface instability detection apparatus to validate the accuracy of the proposed statistical damage model. Finally, the relationships between mechanical parameters and statistical parameters were studied and discussed. PubDate: Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Contrast parameter expansion of the elastic fields for 2D composites is developed by Schwarz’s method and by the method of functional equations for the case of circular inclusions. A computationally efficient algorithm is described and implemented in symbolic form to compute the local fields in 2D elastic composites and the effective shear modulus for macroscopically isotropic composites. The obtained new analytical formula contains high-order terms in the contrast parameter and explicitly demonstrates dependence on the location of inclusions. As a numerical example, the hexagonal array is considered. PubDate: Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We present a systematic description of the basic generic properties of regular rotating black holes and solitons (compact nonsingular nondissipative objects without horizons related by self-interaction and replacing naked singularities). Rotating objects are described by axially symmetric solutions typically obtained by the Gürses-Gürsey algorithm, which is based on the Trautman-Newman techniques and includes the Newman-Janis complex transformation, from spherically symmetric solutions of the Kerr-Schild class specified by . Regular spherical solutions of this class satisfying the weak energy condition have obligatory de Sitter center. Rotation transforms de Sitter center into the equatorial de Sitter vacuum disk. Regular solutions have the Kerr or Kerr-Newman asymptotics for a distant observer, at most two horizons and two ergospheres, and two different kinds of interiors. For regular rotating solutions originated from spherical solutions satisfying the dominant energy condition, there can exist the interior -surface of de Sitter vacuum which contains the de Sitter disk as a bridge. In the case when a related spherical solution violates the dominant energy condition, vacuum interior of a rotating object reduces to the de Sitter disk only. PubDate: Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We study a boundary value problem for (3 + 1)-D weakly hyperbolic equations of Keldysh type (problem PK). The Keldysh-type equations are known in some specific applications in plasma physics, optics, and analysis on projective spaces. Problem PK is not well-posed since it has infinite-dimensional cokernel. Actually, this problem is analogous to a similar one proposed by M. Protter in 1952, but for Tricomi-type equations which, in part, are closely connected with transonic fluid dynamics. We consider a properly defined, in a special function space, generalized solution to problem PK for which existence and uniqueness theorems hold. It is known that it may have a strong power-type singularity at one boundary point even for very smooth right-hand sides of the equation. In the present paper we study the asymptotic behavior of the generalized solutions of problem PK at the singular point. There are given orthogonality conditions on the right-hand side of the equation, which are necessary and sufficient for the existence of a generalized solution with fixed order of singularity. PubDate: Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This paper presents an analytic derivation for the time-domain transmission across layered mediums. The transmission coefficient and attenuation coefficient are obtained in the time-domain from general electromagnetic theory. The transmission electric field can be obtained within a few seconds by convolving the coefficients with incident EMP. The results are accordant with the FDTD method, and this approach can deal with the multilayer mediums problem. The limitations of this approach are discussed in this paper. PubDate: Mon, 09 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: A rapid industrial development causes several environment pollution problems. One of the main problems is air pollution, which affects human health and the environment. The consideration of an air pollutant has to focus on a polluted source. An industrial factory is an important reason that releases the air pollutant into the atmosphere. Thus a mathematical model, an atmospheric diffusion model, is used to estimate air quality that can be used to describe the sulfur dioxide dispersion. In this research, numerical simulations to air pollution measurement near industrial zone are proposed. The air pollution control strategies are simulated to achieve desired pollutant concentration levels. The monitoring points are installed to detect the air pollution concentration data. The numerical experiment of air pollution consisted of different situations such as normal and controlled emissions. The air pollutant concentration is approximated by using an explicit finite difference technique. The solutions of calculated air pollutant concentration in each controlled and uncontrolled point source at the monitoring points are compared. The air pollutant concentration levels for each monitoring point are controlled to be at or below the national air quality standard near industrial zone index. PubDate: Tue, 03 Oct 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Fractional advection-dispersion equations, as generalizations of classical integer-order advection-dispersion equations, are used to model the transport of passive tracers carried by fluid flow in a porous medium. In this paper, we develop an implicit finite difference method for fractional advection-dispersion equations with fractional derivative boundary conditions. First-order consistency, solvability, unconditional stability, and first-order convergence of the method are proven. Then, we present a fast iterative method for the implicit finite difference scheme, which only requires storage of and computational cost of . Traditionally, the Gaussian elimination method requires storage of and computational cost of . Finally, the accuracy and efficiency of the method are checked with a numerical example. PubDate: Sun, 24 Sep 2017 08:20:12 +000

Abstract: One of the few accepted dynamical foundations of nonadditive (“nonextensive”) statistical mechanics is that the choice of the appropriate entropy functional describing a system with many degrees of freedom should reflect the rate of growth of its configuration or phase space volume. We present an example of a group, as a metric space, that may be used as the phase space of a system whose ergodic behavior is statistically described by the recently proposed -entropy. This entropy is a one-parameter variation of the Boltzmann/Gibbs/Shannon functional and is quite different, in form, from the power-law entropies that have been recently studied. We use the first Grigorchuk group for our purposes. We comment on the connections of the above construction with the conjectured evolution of the underlying system in phase space. PubDate: Wed, 20 Sep 2017 06:53:39 +000

Abstract: We develop a numerical method by using operational matrices of fractional order integrations and differentiations to obtain approximate solutions to a class of coupled systems of fractional order partial differential equations (FPDEs). We use shifted Legendre polynomials in two variables. With the help of the aforesaid matrices, we convert the system under consideration to a system of easily solvable algebraic equation of Sylvester type. During this process, we need no discretization of the data. We also provide error analysis and some test problems to demonstrate the established technique. PubDate: Wed, 20 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) is a widely used metaheuristic algorithm. Although fewer parameters in GSA were adjusted, GSA has a slow convergence rate. In this paper, we change the constant acceleration coefficients to be the exponential function on the basis of combination of GSA and PSO (PSO-GSA) and propose an improved PSO-GSA algorithm (written as I-PSO-GSA) for solving two kinds of classifications: surface water quality and the moving direction of robots. I-PSO-GSA is employed to optimize weights and biases of backpropagation (BP) neural network. The experimental results show that, being compared with combination of PSO and GSA (PSO-GSA), single PSO, and single GSA for optimizing the parameters of BP neural network, I-PSO-GSA outperforms PSO-GSA, PSO, and GSA and has better classification accuracy for these two actual problems. PubDate: Mon, 11 Sep 2017 09:41:33 +000

Abstract: Based on the symbolic computation, a class of lump solutions to the (2+1)-dimensional Sawada-Kotera (2DSK) equation is obtained through making use of its Hirota bilinear form and one positive quadratic function. These solutions contain six parameters, four of which satisfy two determinant conditions to guarantee the analyticity and rational localization of the solutions, while the others are free. Then by adding an exponential function into the original positive quadratic function, the interaction solutions between lump solutions and one stripe soliton are derived. Furthermore, by extending this method to a general combination of positive quadratic function and hyperbolic function, the interaction solutions between lump solutions and a pair of resonance stripe solitons are provided. Some figures are given to demonstrate the dynamical properties of the lump solutions, interaction solutions between lump solutions, and stripe solitons by choosing some special parameters. PubDate: Mon, 11 Sep 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The second-kind Chebyshev wavelets collocation method is applied for solving a class of time-fractional diffusion-wave equation. Fractional integral formula of a single Chebyshev wavelet in the Riemann-Liouville sense is derived by means of shifted Chebyshev polynomials of the second kind. Moreover, convergence and accuracy estimation of the second-kind Chebyshev wavelets expansion of two dimensions are given. During the process of establishing the expression of the solution, all the initial and boundary conditions are taken into account automatically, which is very convenient for solving the problem under consideration. Based on the collocation technique, the second-kind Chebyshev wavelets are used to reduce the problem to the solution of a system of linear algebraic equations. Several examples are provided to confirm the reliability and effectiveness of the proposed method. PubDate: Thu, 07 Sep 2017 06:43:53 +000

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to give the geometrical/physical interpretation of the conserved quantities corresponding to each Noether symmetry of the geodetic Lagrangian of plane symmetric space-times. For this purpose, we present a complete list of plane symmetric nonstatic space-times along with the generators of all Noether symmetries of the geodetic Lagrangian. Additionally, the structure constants of the associated Lie algebras, the Riemann curvature tensors, and the energy-momentum tensors are obtained for each case. It is worth mentioning that the list contains all classes of solutions that have been obtained earlier during the classification of plane symmetric space-times by isometries and homotheties. PubDate: Wed, 30 Aug 2017 10:18:42 +000

Abstract: The Riemann problem for a special Keyfitz-Kranzer system is investigated and then seven different Riemann solutions are constructed. When the initial data are chosen as three piecewise constant states under suitable assumptions, the global solutions to the perturbed Riemann problem are constructed explicitly by studying all occurring wave interactions in detail. Furthermore, the stabilities of solutions are obtained under the specific small perturbations of Riemann initial data. PubDate: Tue, 29 Aug 2017 07:07:03 +000

Abstract: Integrable deformations of an integrable case of the Rikitake system are constructed by modifying its constants of motions. Hamilton-Poisson realizations of these integrable deformations are given. Considering two concrete deformation functions, a Hamilton-Poisson approach of the obtained system is presented. More precisely, the stability of the equilibrium points and the existence of the periodic orbits are proved. Furthermore, the image of the energy-Casimir mapping is determined and its connections with the dynamical elements of the considered system are pointed out. PubDate: Sun, 27 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: This article presents a technique for synchronizing arrays of a class of chaotic systems known as Sprott circuits. This technique can be applied to different topologies and is robust to parametric uncertainties caused by tolerances in the electronic components. The design of coupling signals is based on the definition of a set of functionals which depend on the errors between the outputs of the nodes and the errors between the output of a reference system and the outputs of the nodes. When there are no parametric uncertainties, we establish a criterion to design the coupling signals using only one state variable of each system. When the parametric uncertainties are present, we add a robust observer and a low pass filter to estimate the perturbation terms, which are subsequently compensated through the coupling signals, resulting in a robust closed loop system. The performance of the synchronization technique is illustrated by real-time simulations. PubDate: Wed, 23 Aug 2017 09:18:45 +000

Abstract: We consider the special magnetic Laplacian given by . We show that is connected to the sub-Laplacian of a group of Heisenberg type given by realized as a central extension of the real Heisenberg group . We also discuss invariance properties of and give some of their explicit spectral properties. PubDate: Sun, 20 Aug 2017 09:33:52 +000

Abstract: The fractional order in a fractional diffusion model is a key parameter which characterizes the anomalous diffusion behaviors. This paper deals with an inverse problem of determining the multiple fractional orders in the multiterm time-fractional diffusion equation (TFDE for short) from numerics. The homotopy regularization algorithm is applied to solve the inversion problem using the finite data at one interior point in the space domain. The inversion fractional orders with random noisy data give good approximations to the exact order demonstrating the efficiency of the inversion algorithm and numerical stability of the inversion problem. PubDate: Thu, 17 Aug 2017 09:21:23 +000

Abstract: The mathematical model for describing combined conductive-radiative heat transfer in a dielectric layer, which emits, absorbs, and scatters IR radiation both in its volume and on the boundary, has been considered. A nonlinear stationary boundary-value problem for coupled heat and radiation transfer equations for the layer, which exchanges by energy with external medium by convection and radiation, has been formulated. In the case of optically thick layer, when its thickness is much more of photon-free path, the problem becomes a singularly perturbed one. In the inverse case of optically thin layer, the problem is regularly perturbed, and it becomes a regular (unperturbed) one, when the layer’s thickness is of order of several photon-free paths. An iterative method for solving of the unperturbed problem has been developed and its convergence has been tested numerically. With the use of the method, the temperature field and radiation fluxes have been studied. The model and method can be used for development of noncontact methods for temperature testing in dielectrics and for nondestructive determination of its radiation properties on the base of the data obtained by remote measuring of IR radiation emitted by the layer. PubDate: Wed, 16 Aug 2017 09:45:34 +000

Abstract: The role of permutation gates for universal quantum computing is investigated. The “magic” of computation is clarified in the permutation gates, their eigenstates, the Wootters discrete Wigner function, and state-dependent contextuality (following many contributions on this subject). A first classification of a few types of resulting magic states in low dimensions is performed. PubDate: Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We investigate the Navier-Stokes equation in the presence of Coriolis force in this article. First, the vortex equation with the Coriolis effect is discussed. It turns out that the vorticity can be generated due to a rotation coming from the Coriolis effect, . In both steady state and two-dimensional flow, the vorticity vector gets shifted by the amount of . Second, we consider the specific expression of the velocity vector of the Navier-Stokes equation in two dimensions. For the two-dimensional potential flow , the equation satisfied by is independent of . The remaining Navier-Stokes equation reduces to the nonlinear partial differential equations with respect to the velocity and the corresponding exact solution is obtained. Finally, the steady convective diffusion equation is considered for the concentration and can be solved with the help of Navier-Stokes equation for two-dimensional potential flow. The convective diffusion equation can be solved in three dimensions with a simple choice of . PubDate: Mon, 14 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: The spinor–vector duality was discovered in free fermionic constructions of the heterotic string in four dimensions. It played a key role in the construction of heterotic–string models with an anomaly-free extra symmetry that may remain unbroken down to low energy scales. A generic signature of the low scale string derived model is via diphoton excess that may be within reach of the LHC. A fascinating possibility is that the spinor–vector duality symmetry is rooted in the structure of the heterotic–string compactifications to two dimensions. The two-dimensional heterotic–string theories are in turn related to the so-called moonshine symmetries that underlie the two-dimensional compactifications. In this paper, we embark on exploration of this connection by the free fermionic formulation to classify the symmetries of the two-dimensional heterotic–string theories. We use two complementary approaches in our classification. The first utilises a construction which is akin to the one used in the spinor–vector duality. Underlying this method is the triality property of representations. In the second approach, we use the free fermionic tools to classify the twenty-four-dimensional Niemeier lattices. PubDate: Thu, 10 Aug 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We present a new family of solutions for the Jackiw-Teitelboim model of two-dimensional gravity with a negative cosmological constant. Here, a metric of constant Ricci scalar curvature is constructed, and explicit linearly independent solutions of the corresponding dilaton field equations are determined. The metric is transformed to a black hole metric, and the dilaton solutions are expressed in terms of Jacobi elliptic functions. Using these solutions, we compute, for example, Killing vectors for the metric. PubDate: Mon, 31 Jul 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We propose and apply coupling of the variational iteration method (VIM) and homotopy perturbation method (HPM) to solve nonlinear mixed Volterra-Fredholm integrodifferential equations (VFIDE). In this approach, we use a new formula called variational homotopy perturbation method (VHPM) and variational accelerated homotopy perturbation method (VAHPM). This approach is based on the form of He’s polynomials and on a new form of He’s polynomials. We discuss the convergence of the technique. Some numerical examples are introduced to verify the efficiency of this technique. PubDate: Sun, 30 Jul 2017 00:00:00 +000

Abstract: We consider the compressible models of magnetohydrodynamic flows giving rise to a variety of mathematical problems in many areas. We derive a rigorous quasi-geostrophic equation governed by magnetic field from the stratified flows of the rotational compressible magnetohydrodynamic flows with the well-prepared initial data and the tool of proof is based on the relative entropy. Furthermore, the convergence rates are obtained. PubDate: Tue, 25 Jul 2017 09:34:12 +000

Abstract: We investigate the diffusion of two different species in a semi-infinite medium considering the presence of linear reaction terms. The dynamics for these species is governed by fractional diffusion equations. We also consider the presence of an adsorption-desorption boundary condition. The solutions for this system are found in terms of the function of Fox and by analyzing the behavior of the mean square displacement a rich class of diffusion processes is verified. In this sense, we show how the surface effects modify the bulk dynamics and promote an anomalous diffusion of system. PubDate: Tue, 25 Jul 2017 08:32:28 +000

Abstract: Differential invariants and their corresponding canonical forms for systems of three 2nd-order ODEs possessing three-dimensional Lie algebras are constructed. Their extension up to th-order system of three 2nd-order ODEs is presented. Furthermore singularity in invariant structure for the canonical forms is investigated. In addition integrability of these canonical forms is discussed. Illustrative physical examples from mechanics of system of particles are provided. PubDate: Sun, 16 Jul 2017 00:00:00 +000