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 Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics   [5 followers]  Follow         Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)    ISSN (Print) 1934-8371 - ISSN (Online) 0005-1055    Published by Springer-Verlag  [2345 journals]
• Niklas Luhmann’s concept of social communication and documentary
information theory: Cross points
• Authors: E. A. Pleshkevich
Pages: 1 - 5
Abstract: Niklas Luhman’s concept of social communication is considered. The relationship between communication concepts and information theory is shown. The heuristic potential of Luhmann’s theory with respect to the document and information disciplines is analyzed.
PubDate: 2017-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517010046
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 1 (2017)

• From documentation to neo-documentation
• Authors: E. A. Pleshkevich
Pages: 6 - 11
Abstract: This paper reviews the materials published in the special issue of The Proceedings from the Document Academy (Tromsø, Norway), dedicated to its 20th anniversary, exploring the development, main ideas, and future prospects of neo-documentation.
PubDate: 2017-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517010058
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 1 (2017)

• Service-oriented architecture for a scientometric information system
• Authors: P. A. Kalachikhin
Pages: 12 - 19
Abstract: Issues are discussed that relate to designing a state automated scientometric information system. A conceptual model is developed. The model, as well as its software analogues, is used to analyze the experience in the design of scientometric information systems in Russia and abroad. An original scheme is proposed for the implementation of the program architecture. The main feature of the scheme is the ability to collect all the necessary data and provide functionality to end users through the import and export of web services.
PubDate: 2017-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517010010
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 1 (2017)

• A JSM intelligent system for toxicity. Analysis of functional cumulation
of chemical compounds
• Authors: N. V. Kharchevnikova; V. G. Blinova; D. A. Dobrynin; Z. I. Zholdakova; V. I. Zhurko; D. Y. Fedortsova
Pages: 20 - 26
Abstract: Here we present the structure of a JSM intelligent system for toxicology. We report the results of data analysis regarding the functional cumulative activity of chemical compounds, based on which the degree of activity is predicted for unstudied compounds.
PubDate: 2017-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517010022
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 1 (2017)

• The construction of classification schemes: Methods and technologies of
expert formation
• Authors: I. M. Zatsman; O. Yu. Inkova; V. A. Nuriev
Pages: 27 - 41
Abstract: This paper explores the problem of constructing a classification scheme of logical-semantic relations between parts of sentences, sentences and fragments of text regardless of its language. The proposed technology for the construction of the classification scheme involves two main steps: the automated formation of a classification heading list and the development of a scheme based on the generated list. The developed method of automated heading formation makes it possible to create verifiable classifications for a wide range of subject areas in which methods of text (and other information objects) processing are applied, for example, in the field of scientific and technical information.
PubDate: 2017-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517010071
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 1 (2017)

• Asymptotic probability of encountering an accidental similarity in the
presence of counter examples
Pages: 42 - 44
Abstract: Previously, we found the generating function of an accidental resemblance to the b parent examples at m counter examples [1]. In this paper, we restrict ourself to the case where b = 2 with equal success probabilities p in Bernoulli trials for all attributes of each counter example and a success probability р 2 for each attribute in an accidental similarity. If the number n of attributes tends to infinity, the success probability is defined as $$p = \sqrt {a/n}$$ , and m = b√n counter examples are considered, then the probability of the occurrence of an accidental similarity avoiding these m counter examples tends to 1 − e −a − ae −a [1 − e −b√a ]..
PubDate: 2017-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s000510551701006x
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 1 (2017)

• One approach for evaluating the complexity of word combinations and
sentences based on a fractal analogy
• Authors: N. V. Maksimov; O. L. Golitsyna; E. I. Yakovenko
Pages: 45 - 52
Abstract: A model based on a fractal approach is proposed, which makes it possible to quantify the complexity of text structures in terms of the fragmentation of representing the meaning. By analogy with fractal dimensionality, based on the system-functional approach, indicators of the dimensionality of word combinations denoting concepts and sentences of natural language are introduced. A geometric illustration of the vector model of the formation of meaning expressed by such constructions as word combinations and sentences is presented.
PubDate: 2017-01-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105517010034
Issue No: Vol. 51, No. 1 (2017)

• The rubrication of new areas of research in connection with the needs of
the national economy based on the example of spintronics in physics
• Authors: N. M. Builova; V. Yu. Zitserman
Pages: 215 - 222
Abstract: This article deals with problems of rubrication of dynamically developing directions associated with the permanent appearance of new objects, processes, methods, and technologies. These problems are considered based on the example of spintronics, a new field of solid-state physics that concerns the preservation and transmission of information according to electron spins in addition to or instead of their charge. We described a multi-level rubrication for spintronics, which includes all its major development directions at the moment, in accordance with which the publications are distributed in issues of the Physics. Spintronics AJ. A comparison of the proposed rubrication with the one that was proposed several years ago during the creation of a profile AJ was made. Among others, two new and promising branches of spintronics were allocated in the new rubrication: valley electronics (or valleytronics) and magnonics, and rubrics were introduced that reflect the roles of nano-objects and nano-technology in spintronic devices. The bibliometric analysis allowed us to evaluate the extent and distribution on different criteria of a publication flow in spintronics and to determine the adequacy of the developed rubrication.
PubDate: 2016-11-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105516060029
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2016)

• An accelerated parallel algorithm for constructing the nonredundant matrix
of implications during the construction of fault-tolerant nonredundant
diagnostic tests
• Authors: A. E. Yankovskaya; A. V. Yamshanov
Pages: 223 - 236
Abstract: In this article the relevance of using test methods of pattern recognition while developing intelligent systems for decision making support for various problem areas is discussed. The advantage of fault-tolerant diagnostic tests used in intelligent systems is shown, namely, a tool for registering and processing different kinds of errors in databases and knowledge bases. The results of testing two algorithms for constructing the nonredundant matrix of implications are compared; the technical particulars of program implementation are discussed such as synchronization means, test environment, test-program structure, and bottlenecks of program implementation; methods of their elimination, and further development of parallel algorithms.
PubDate: 2016-11-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105516060042
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2016)

• Decision chains in analyzing multicriteria choice problems
• Authors: V. V. Podinovski
Pages: 237 - 242
Abstract: This article provides a comparative analysis of chains of alternatives that emerge in solving multicriteria choice problems by methods of the criteria importance theory and the even swap method and brings to light the essential difference between these chains.
PubDate: 2016-11-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105516060030
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 6 (2016)

• Knowledge discovery as a tool for the formation of the structure of
society
• Authors: S. M. Gusakova; M. A. Mikheyenkova
Pages: 179 - 188
Abstract: Description of the structure of social systems, which is the ultimate goal of empirical social research, presents a special difficulty in the case of qualitative (non-quantitative) data due to the difficulties of application of formal tools. Analysis of such data using the means of a JSM-type intelligent system (JSM Socio) allows one to create the structure of society based on a study of a system of relations that characterize it. In this paper we formulate and prove the conditions under which the potential hypotheses of the direct and inverse method of similarity in the JSM-method turn out to be real hypotheses. This allows for the selection of strategies of JSM-reasoning that are relevant to the available data.
PubDate: 2016-09-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105516050022
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 5 (2016)

• A virtual scientific communication environment based on a semantic
scientific information system
• Authors: M. R. Kogalovsky; S. I. Parinov
Pages: 189 - 194
Abstract: This paper focuses on the principles and capabilities of a virtual communication system that facilitates new forms of scientific communications and evaluation of research productivity, as well as the specifics of its implementation based on the major Socionet open access research-information system. The innovative potential of the discussed environment is shaped by the use of a multi-aspect taxonomy of semantic linkages between the system’s information objects, their online declaration by the users, and the availability of a service to notify the authors of the objects being linked together of such event.
PubDate: 2016-09-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105516050046
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 5 (2016)

• An analysis of the scientific activities of researchers from Belarus
according to bibliometric indicators
• Authors: G. S. Khrenova; O. N. Chikun
Pages: 195 - 201
Abstract: This paper considers the results of scientific research conducted by the Central Scientific Library of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (CSL NAS of Belarus) using the bibliometric indicators of the Web of Science Core Collection Database (WoS CC): the degree of reflection and citation of articles of Belarusian authors in this database. Attention is paid to the rating of the research institutes of the NAS of Belarus according to scientific productivity. The fields of the scientific work of Belarusian scientists are shown. The paper estimates the productivity of the joint scientific activity of Belarusian scientists and scientists of different countries, which is an indicator of the level of integration of the country into the international scientific community.
PubDate: 2016-09-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105516050034
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 5 (2016)

• Etiological analysis as an approach to the detection of association
networks in the case of a shortage of external information
• Authors: T. G. Petrov; S. V. Chebanov
Pages: 202 - 213
Abstract: An approach to the enhancement of mental alertness in order to extract implicit knowledge and convert it into new information is considered. The approach is based on multifaceted analysis of certain objects, situations, problems, ideas, or confusions that appear to be important for a person or a legal entity. The distinctive feature of the approach is the formulation of a large number of “relevant” statements at the initial stage. Each of these statements is used to construct (1) a set of ”factors,” or statements that express the causes, the pretexts, and the conditions (including starting and boundary conditions) and (2) a set of “effects,” or statements that present the consequences, the results, the conclusions, novel requirements and/or suggestions concerning the conditions of implementation, etc. Each factor and effect is subsequently considered as a statement that requires analysis of the same type as the primary statements. The procedure is repeated until the factors and effects that were detected become limited by factors that are not amenable to further analysis or effects that can be regarded as boundary effects relatively to all other effects. The analytical procedure has been validated and is used to solve diverse tasks of pedagogics, to resolve conflicts, and to conduct research.
PubDate: 2016-09-01
DOI: 10.3103/s000510551605006x
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 5 (2016)

• On determining semantic similarity based on relationships of a combined
thesaurus
• Authors: O. L. Golitsyna; N. V. Maksimov; V. A. Fedorova
Pages: 139 - 153
Abstract: Problems of the use of thesauruses for fuzzy comparisons of conceptual patterns are considered. A measure of semantic similarity that can be calculated using hierarchical and association relationships of a thesaurus is proposed, as well as an algorithm to compile a semantic intersection of conceptual patterns based on the coinciding maximum principle. A massive of texts and conceptual search patterns of thesis papers was used for experimental studies, which proved that the use of the lexis of different subject fields of a multi-area thesaurus produced a more precise identification of sematic similarity. The power of the pattern intersection increased significantly through pairs of descriptors linked by the semantic similarity measure; however, the average degree of pairwise intersection only increased by 1–2%, which implies an insignificant “expansion” of a conceptual pattern as it is used as a search pattern in creating search-result outputs in automated search mechanisms.
PubDate: 2016-07-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105516040026
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2016)

• The cognitive approach to a document and the document sphere
• Authors: A. V. Sokolov
Pages: 154 - 160
Abstract: This paper considers the problems of using the cognitive approach to uncovering the essence of a document and the field of the existence of documents. The need for the “document sphere” concept is substantiated and different interpretations of this concept are proposed. The article is written at the interface of information science, document science, and library science.
PubDate: 2016-07-01
DOI: 10.3103/s000510551604004x
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2016)

• The principles of the design of the state scientometric system
• Authors: P. A. Kalachikhin
Pages: 161 - 172
Abstract: This paper reviews the methodology that underlies the development of the state scientometric system in the Russian Federation. International practices of scientometric system design are explored. The goals and targets of the Russian scientometric system are defined. The selection principles are formulated. A set of scientometric indicators is proposed for the inclusion in the Russian scientometric system.
PubDate: 2016-07-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105516040038
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2016)

• Evaluation of the efficiency of the chi-square metric
• Authors: V. A. Yatsko
Pages: 173 - 178
Abstract: The efficiency of using the chi-square metrics to weigh terms used in text documents is evaluated. The procedure includes the selection and advanced processing of class C and ~C texts, compilation of a reference dictionary and calculation of scores for all the terms in the dictionary, calculation of χ2 coefficients for terms from a class C text, and calculation of the general efficiency factor by the sum of the coefficients found for the terms from the reference dictionary. The weighting by the χ2 formula, odds-ratio (OR) formula, and on the basis of probabilistic variables is analyzed and compared. It was found that the best result is yielded by the OR-based weighting.
PubDate: 2016-07-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105516040051
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 4 (2016)

• Supervized machine learning: Computer-aided development of a specialized
dictionary
• Authors: E. V. Isaeva; V. A. Suvorova; V. V. Bakhtin
Pages: 104 - 111
Abstract: This paper presents a software complex for the computer-aided modeling of a term system. The project is implemented as an expert system that consists of a research team, a terminological knowledge base, a developer interface (the Semograf information system), and a user interface (TSBuilder and TSReader). Computer-aided design of a term system was achieved using data-mining methods, namely, decision-making trees and a modification of Rosenblatt’s perceptron.
PubDate: 2016-05-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105516030031
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2016)

• Scientific information: Modern epistemological problems in the context of
the ethos of science
• Authors: S. M. Olenev
Pages: 112 - 116
Abstract: We consider modern problems of epistemological analysis of scientific information, scientific information, and research activities. The author presents a point of view in relation to production processes, viz., the use of scientific information and the ideological and applied priorities of science. The bases for the assessment and systematization of scientific information in connection with its praxeological characteristics in line with the actual problems of reforming the country’s scientific infrastructure are offered.
PubDate: 2016-05-01
DOI: 10.3103/s0005105516030080
Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2016)

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