for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help
  Subjects -> MATHEMATICS (Total: 1040 journals)
    - APPLIED MATHEMATICS (83 journals)
    - GEOMETRY AND TOPOLOGY (23 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (770 journals)
    - MATHEMATICS (GENERAL) (43 journals)
    - NUMERICAL ANALYSIS (23 journals)
    - PROBABILITIES AND MATH STATISTICS (98 journals)

MATHEMATICS (770 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 401 - 538 of 538 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Humanistic Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hyperbolic Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Industrial Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inequalities and Applications     Open Access  
Journal of Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Integrable Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of K-Theory     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Knot Theory and Its Ramifications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kufa for Mathematics and Computer     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Logical and Algebraic Methods in Programming     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Manufacturing Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of mathematical and computational science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematical Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematical Cryptology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mathematical Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematical Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Mathematical Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematical Modelling and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mathematical Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Mathematical Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Mathematics and the Arts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematics in Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mathematics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Metallurgy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Modern Mathematics Frontier     Open Access  
Journal of Multidisciplinary Modeling and Optimization     Open Access  
Journal of Multivariate Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Natural Sciences and Mathematics Research     Open Access  
Journal of Nonlinear Analysis and Optimization : Theory & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nonlinear Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Numerical Cognition     Open Access  
Journal of Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Peridynamics and Nonlocal Modeling     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Problem Solving     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Progressive Research in Mathematics     Open Access  
Journal of Pseudo-Differential Operators and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Quantitative Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Scientific Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Symbolic Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Australian Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Egyptian Mathematical Society     Open Access  
Journal of the European Mathematical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Institute of Mathematics of Jussieu     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the London Mathematical Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Nigerian Mathematical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Topology and Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Turbulence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Uncertainty Analysis and Applications     Open Access  
Journal of Universal Mathematics     Open Access  
Journal of Urban Regeneration & Renewal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Water and Land Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
JRAMathEdu : Journal of Research and Advances in Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
JURING (Journal for Research in Mathematics Learning)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmiah AdMathEdu     Open Access  
Jurnal Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Matematika Integratif     Open Access  
Jurnal Matematika, Sains, Dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal Natural     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Raflesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Sains (JPS)     Open Access  
Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Matematika dan Statistika     Open Access  
Jurnal Tadris Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi dan Sistem Komputer     Open Access  
Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Le Matematiche     Open Access  
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Lettera Matematica     Hybrid Journal  
Limits : Journal of Mathematics and Its Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Linear Algebra and its Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Linear and Multilinear Algebra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Lithuanian Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal  
LMS Journal of Computation and Mathematics     Free  
Lobachevskii Journal of Mathematics     Open Access  
Logic and Analysis     Hybrid Journal  
Logic Journal of the IGPL     Hybrid Journal  
Logica Universalis     Hybrid Journal  
manuscripta mathematica     Hybrid Journal  
MaPan : Jurnal Matematika dan Pembelajaran     Open Access  
Marine Genomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Matemáticas, Educación y Sociedad     Open Access  
Matematicheskie Zametki     Full-text available via subscription  
Matematika     Open Access  
Matematychni Studii     Open Access  
Mathematica Eterna     Open Access  
Mathematica Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematica Slovaca     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical and Computational Forestry & Natural-Resource Sciences     Free  
Mathematical Communications     Open Access  
Mathematical Computation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematical Medicine and Biology: A Journal of the IMA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematical Methods of Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematical Modelling and Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mathematical Notes     Hybrid Journal  
Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Programming Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematical Sciences     Open Access  
Mathematical Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Theory and Modeling     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Mathematical Thinking and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Mathematics Education Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics Education Research Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 17)
Mathematics in Science and Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Mathematics of Control, Signals, and Systems (MCSS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mathematics of Quantum and Nano Technologies     Open Access  
Mathématiques et sciences humaines     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Mathematische Annalen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematische Nachrichten     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mathematische Semesterberichte     Hybrid Journal  
Mathematische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
MATI : Mathematical Aspects of Topological Indeces     Open Access  
MATICS     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Matrix Science Mathematic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Measurement Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Mediterranean Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Memetic Computing     Hybrid Journal  
Mendel : Soft Computing Journal     Open Access  
Metaheuristics     Hybrid Journal  
Metals and Materials International     Hybrid Journal  
Metascience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Milan Journal of Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Mitteilungen der DMV     Hybrid Journal  
MLQ- Mathematical Logic Quarterly     Hybrid Journal  
Monatshefte fur Mathematik     Hybrid Journal  
Moroccan Journal of Pure and Applied Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Moscow University Mathematics Bulletin     Hybrid Journal  
MSOR Connections     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multiscale Modeling and Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
MUST : Journal of Mathematics Education, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nagoya Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Nano Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nanotechnologies in Russia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Natural Resource Modeling     Hybrid Journal  
New Mathematics and Natural Computation     Hybrid Journal  
Nonlinear Analysis : Modelling and Control     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nonlinear Analysis : Theory, Methods & Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications NoDEA     Hybrid Journal  
Nonlinear Engineering     Open Access  
Nonlinear Oscillations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
North Carolina Journal of Mathematics and Statistics     Open Access  
North-Holland Mathematical Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
North-Holland Mathematics Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
North-Holland Series in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Note di Matematica     Open Access  
NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Numeracy : Advancing Education in Quantitative Literacy     Open Access  
Numerical Analysis and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Numerical Functional Analysis and Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Numerical Linear Algebra with Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Numerical Mathematics : Theory, Methods and Applications     Full-text available via subscription  
Numerische Mathematik     Hybrid Journal  
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Modelling and Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Operations Research Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Optimization Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Optimization Methods and Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Opuscula Mathematica     Open Access   (Followers: 108)
Order     Hybrid Journal  
ORiON     Open Access  
P-Adic Numbers, Ultrametric Analysis, and Applications     Hybrid Journal  
PAMM : Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics     Free   (Followers: 1)
Parallel Processing Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Peking Mathematical Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Periodica Mathematica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectivas da Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Petroleum Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Philosophia Mathematica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
PNA. Revista de Investigación en Didáctica de la Matemática     Open Access  
Polar Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Positivity     Hybrid Journal  
Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics, The     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.907
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1364-503X - ISSN (Online) 1471-2962
Published by Royal Society, The Homepage  [11 journals]
  • Extracontextuality and extravalence in quantum mechanics
    • Authors: Auffeves, A; Grangier, P.
      Pages: 20170311 - 20170311
      Abstract: We develop the point of view where quantum mechanics results from the interplay between the quantized number of ‘modalities’ accessible to a quantum system, and the continuum of ‘contexts’ that are required to define these modalities. We point out the specific roles of ‘extracontextuality’ and ‘extravalence’ of modalities, and relate them to the Kochen–Specker and Gleason theorems.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0311
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • 'Space is blue and birds fly through it
    • Authors: Rovelli C.
      Pages: 20170312 - 20170312
      Abstract: Quantum mechanics is not about ‘quantum states’: it is about values of physical variables. I give a short fresh presentation and update on the relational perspective on the theory, and a comment on its philosophical implications.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0312
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • Causality re-established
    • Authors: DAriano G. M.
      Pages: 20170313 - 20170313
      Abstract: Causality has never gained the status of a ‘law’ or ‘principle’ in physics. Some recent literature has even popularized the false idea that causality is a notion that should be banned from theory. Such misconception relies on an alleged universality of the reversibility of the laws of physics, based either on the determinism of classical theory, or on the multiverse interpretation of quantum theory, in both cases motivated by mere interpretational requirements for realism of the theory. Here, I will show that a properly defined unambiguous notion of causality is a theorem of quantum theory, which is also a falsifiable proposition of the theory. Such a notion of causality appeared in the literature within the framework of operational probabilistic theories. It is a genuinely theoretical notion, corresponding to establishing a definite partial order among events, in the same way as we do by using the future causal cone on Minkowski space. The notion of causality is logically completely independent of the misidentified concept of ‘determinism’, and, being a consequence of quantum theory, is ubiquitous in physics. In addition, as classical theory can be regarded as a restriction of quantum theory, causality holds also in the classical case, although the determinism of the theory trivializes it. I then conclude by arguing that causality naturally establishes an arrow of time. This implies that the scenario of the ‘block Universe’ and the connected ‘past hypothesis’ are incompatible with causality, and thus with quantum theory: they are both doomed to remain mere interpretations and, as such, are not falsifiable, similar to the hypothesis of ‘super-determinism’.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0313
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • Quantum reversibility is relative, or does a quantum measurement reset
           initial conditions'
    • Authors: Zurek W. H.
      Pages: 20170315 - 20170315
      Abstract: I compare the role of the information in classical and quantum dynamics by examining the relation between information flows in measurements and the ability of observers to reverse evolutions. I show that in the Newtonian dynamics reversibility is unaffected by the observer’s retention of the information about the measurement outcome. By contrast—even though quantum dynamics is unitary, hence, reversible—reversing quantum evolution that led to a measurement becomes, in principle, impossible for an observer who keeps the record of its outcome. Thus, quantum irreversibility can result from the information gain rather than just its loss—rather than just an increase of the (von Neumann) entropy. Recording of the outcome of the measurement resets, in effect, initial conditions within the observer’s (branch of) the Universe. Nevertheless, I also show that the observer’s friend—an agent who knows what measurement was successfully carried out and can confirm that the observer knows the outcome but resists his curiosity and does not find out the result—can, in principle, undo the measurement. This relativity of quantum reversibility sheds new light on the origin of the arrow of time and elucidates the role of information in classical and quantum physics. Quantum discord appears as a natural measure of the extent to which dissemination of information about the outcome affects the ability to reverse the measurement.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0315
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • The quantum theory of time, the block universe, and human experience
    • Authors: Vaccaro J. A.
      Pages: 20170316 - 20170316
      Abstract: Advances in our understanding of the physical universe have dramatically affected how we view ourselves. Right at the core of all modern thinking about the universe is the assumption that dynamics is an elemental feature that exists without question. However, ongoing research into the quantum nature of time is challenging this view: my recently introduced quantum theory of time suggests that dynamics may be a phenomenological consequence of a fundamental violation of time reversal symmetry. I show here that there is consistency between the new theory and the block universe view. I also discuss the new theory in relation to the human experience of existing in the present moment, able to reflect on the past and contemplate a future that is yet to happen.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: atomic and molecular physics, quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0316
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • Dealing with indistinguishable particles and their entanglement
    • Authors: Compagno, G; Castellini, A, Lo Franco, R.
      Pages: 20170317 - 20170317
      Abstract: Here, we discuss a particle-based approach to deal with systems of many identical quantum objects (particles) that never employs labels to mark them. We show that it avoids both methodological problems and drawbacks in the study of quantum correlations associated with the standard quantum mechanical treatment of identical particles. The core of this approach is represented by the multiparticle probability amplitude, whose structure in terms of single-particle amplitudes we derive here by first principles. To characterize entanglement among the identical particles, this new method uses the same notions, such as partial trace, adopted for non-identical ones. We highlight the connection between our approach and second quantization. We also define spin-exchanged multipartite states which contain a generalization of W states to identical particles. We prove that particle spatial overlap plays a role in the distributed entanglement within multipartite systems and is responsible for the appearance of non-local quantum correlations.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0317
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • Locality and quantum mechanics
    • Authors: Unruh W. G.
      Pages: 20170320 - 20170320
      Abstract: It is argued that it is best not to think of quantum mechanics as non-local, but rather that it is non-realistic.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0320
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • Operational locality in global theories
    • Authors: Krämer, L; del Rio, L.
      Pages: 20170321 - 20170321
      Abstract: Within a global physical theory, a notion of locality allows us to find and justify information-processing primitives, like non-signalling between distant agents. Here, we propose exploring the opposite direction: to take agents as the basic building blocks through which we test a physical theory, and recover operational notions of locality from signalling conditions. First, we introduce an operational model for the effective state spaces of individual agents, as well as the range of their actions. We then formulate natural secrecy conditions between agents and identify the aspects of locality relevant for signalling. We discuss the possibility of taking commutation of transformations as a primitive of physical theories, as well as applications to quantum theory and generalized probability frameworks. This ‘it from bit’ approach establishes an operational connection between local actions and local observations, and gives a global interpretation to concepts like discarding a subsystem or composing local functions.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: mathematical physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0321
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • What is quantum in quantum randomness'
    • Authors: Grangier, P; Auffeves, A.
      Pages: 20170322 - 20170322
      Abstract: It is often said that quantum and classical randomness are of different nature, the former being ontological and the latter epistemological. However, so far the question of ‘What is quantum in quantum randomness'’, i.e. what is the impact of quantization and discreteness on the nature of randomness, remains to be answered. In a first part, we make explicit the differences between quantum and classical randomness within a recently proposed ontology for quantum mechanics based on contextual objectivity. In this view, quantum randomness is the result of contextuality and quantization. We show that this approach strongly impacts the purposes of quantum theory as well as its areas of application. In particular, it challenges current programmes inspired by classical reductionism, aiming at the emergence of the classical world from a large number of quantum systems. In a second part, we analyse quantum physics and thermodynamics as theories of randomness, unveiling their mutual influences. We finally consider new technological applications of quantum randomness that have opened up in the emerging field of quantum thermodynamics.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0322
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • The small stellated dodecahedron code and friends
    • Authors: Conrad, J; Chamberland, C, Breuckmann, N. P, Terhal, B. M.
      Pages: 20170323 - 20170323
      Abstract: We explore a distance-3 homological CSS quantum code, namely the small stellated dodecahedron code, for dense storage of quantum information and we compare its performance with the distance-3 surface code. The data and ancilla qubits of the small stellated dodecahedron code can be located on the edges respectively vertices of a small stellated dodecahedron, making this code suitable for three-dimensional connectivity. This code encodes eight logical qubits into 30 physical qubits (plus 22 ancilla qubits for parity check measurements) in contrast with one logical qubit into nine physical qubits (plus eight ancilla qubits) for the surface code. We develop fault-tolerant parity check circuits and a decoder for this code, allowing us to numerically assess the circuit-based pseudo-threshold.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum computing, quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0323
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • Quantum information versus black hole physics: deep firewalls from narrow
           assumptions
    • Authors: Braunstein, S. L; Pirandola, S.
      Pages: 20170324 - 20170324
      Abstract: The prevalent view that evaporating black holes should simply be smaller black holes has been challenged by the firewall paradox. In particular, this paradox suggests that something different occurs once a black hole has evaporated to one-half its original surface area. Here, we derive variations of the firewall paradox by tracking the thermodynamic entropy within a black hole across its entire lifetime and extend it even to anti-de Sitter space–times. Our approach sweeps away many unnecessary assumptions, allowing us to demonstrate a paradox exists even after its initial onset (when conventional assumptions render earlier analyses invalid). The most natural resolution may be to accept firewalls as a real phenomenon. Further, the vast entropy accumulated implies a deep firewall that goes ‘all the way down’ in contrast with earlier work describing only a structure at the horizon.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics, relativity, thermodynamics, cosmology
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0324
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • Transforming graph states using single-qubit operations
    • Authors: Dahlberg, A; Wehner, S.
      Pages: 20170325 - 20170325
      Abstract: Stabilizer states form an important class of states in quantum information, and are of central importance in quantum error correction. Here, we provide an algorithm for deciding whether one stabilizer (target) state can be obtained from another stabilizer (source) state by single-qubit Clifford operations (LC), single-qubit Pauli measurements (LPM) and classical communication (CC) between sites holding the individual qubits. What is more, we provide a recipe to obtain the sequence of LC+LPM+CC operations which prepare the desired target state from the source state, and show how these operations can be applied in parallel to reach the target state in constant time. Our algorithm has applications in quantum networks, quantum computing, and can also serve as a design tool—for example, to find transformations between quantum error correcting codes. We provide a software implementation of our algorithm that makes this tool easier to apply. A key insight leading to our algorithm is to show that the problem is equivalent to one in graph theory, which is to decide whether some graph G' is a vertex-minor of another graph G. The vertex-minor problem is, in general, -Complete, but can be solved efficiently on graphs which are not too complex. A measure of the complexity of a graph is the rank-width which equals the Schmidt-rank width of a subclass of stabilizer states called graph states, and thus intuitively is a measure of entanglement. Here, we show that the vertex-minor problem can be solved in time O( G 3), where G is the size of the graph G, whenever the rank-width of G and the size of G' are bounded. Our algorithm is based on techniques by Courcelle for solving fixed parameter tractable problems, where here the relevant fixed parameter is the rank width. The second half of this paper serves as an accessible but far from exhausting introduction to these concepts, that could be useful for many other problems in quantum information.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0325
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • From quantum foundations to applications and back
    • Authors: Gisin, N; Fröwis, F.
      Pages: 20170326 - 20170326
      Abstract: Quantum non-locality has been an extremely fruitful subject of research, leading the scientific revolution towards quantum information science, in particular, to device-independent quantum information processing. We argue that the time is ripe to work on another basic problem in the foundations of quantum physics, the quantum measurement problem, which should produce good physics in theoretical, mathematical, experimental and applied physics. We briefly review how quantum non-locality contributed to physics (including some outstanding open problems) and suggest ways in which questions around macroscopic quantumness could equally contribute to all aspects of physics.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0326
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • Exploring the boundaries of quantum mechanics: advances in satellite
           quantum communications
    • Authors: Agnesi, C; Vedovato, F, Schiavon, M, Dequal, D, Calderaro, L, Tomasin, M, Marangon, D. G, Stanco, A, Luceri, V, Bianco, G, Vallone, G, Villoresi, P.
      Pages: 20170461 - 20170461
      Abstract: Recent interest in quantum communications has stimulated great technological progress in satellite quantum technologies. These advances have rendered the aforesaid technologies mature enough to support the realization of experiments that test the foundations of quantum theory at unprecedented scales and in the unexplored space environment. Such experiments, in fact, could explore the boundaries of quantum theory and may provide new insights to investigate phenomena where gravity affects quantum objects. Here, we review recent results in satellite quantum communications and discuss possible phenomena that could be observable with current technologies. Furthermore, stressing the fact that space represents an incredible resource to realize new experiments aimed at highlighting some physical effects, we challenge the community to propose new experiments that unveil the interplay between quantum mechanics and gravity that could be realizable in the near future.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: optics, quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0461
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • Quantum theory of the classical: quantum jumps, Borns Rule and objective
           classical reality via quantum Darwinism
    • Authors: Zurek W. H.
      Pages: 20180107 - 20180107
      Abstract: The emergence of the classical world from the quantum substrate of our Universe is a long-standing conundrum. In this paper, I describe three insights into the transition from quantum to classical that are based on the recognition of the role of the environment. I begin with the derivation of preferred sets of states that help to define what exists—our everyday classical reality. They emerge as a result of the breaking of the unitary symmetry of the Hilbert space which happens when the unitarity of quantum evolutions encounters nonlinearities inherent in the process of amplification—of replicating information. This derivation is accomplished without the usual tools of decoherence, and accounts for the appearance of quantum jumps and the emergence of preferred pointer states consistent with those obtained via environment-induced superselection, or einselection. The pointer states obtained in this way determine what can happen—define events—without appealing to Born’s Rule for probabilities. Therefore, pk= k 2 can now be deduced from the entanglement-assisted invariance, or envariance—a symmetry of entangled quantum states. With probabilities at hand, one also gains new insights into the foundations of quantum statistical physics. Moreover, one can now analyse the information flows responsible for decoherence. These information flows explain how the perception of objective classical reality arises from the quantum substrate: the effective amplification that they represent accounts for the objective existence of the einselected states of macroscopic quantum systems through the redundancy of pointer state records in their environment—through quantum Darwinism.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2018.0107
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • Quantum reference frames and their applications to thermodynamics
    • Authors: Popescu, S; Sainz, A. B, Short, A. J, Winter, A.
      Pages: 20180111 - 20180111
      Abstract: We construct a quantum reference frame, which can be used to approximately implement arbitrary unitary transformations on a system in the presence of any number of extensive conserved quantities, by absorbing any back action provided by the conservation laws. Thus, the reference frame at the same time acts as a battery for the conserved quantities. Our construction features a physically intuitive, clear and implementation-friendly realization. Indeed, the reference system is composed of the same types of subsystems as the original system and is finite for any desired accuracy. In addition, the interaction with the reference frame can be broken down into two-body terms coupling the system to one of the reference frame subsystems at a time. We apply this construction to quantum thermodynamic set-ups with multiple, possibly non-commuting conserved quantities, which allows for the definition of explicit batteries in such cases.This article is part of a discussion meeting issue ‘Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society’.
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2018.0111
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
  • Foundations of quantum mechanics and their impact on contemporary society
    • Authors: Adesso, G; Franco, R. L, Parigi, V.
      Pages: 20180112 - 20180112
      Keywords: quantum physics
      PubDate: 2018-05-28T10:26:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2018.0112
      Issue No: Vol. 376, No. 2123 (2018)
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 18.207.249.15
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-