Subjects -> MINES AND MINING INDUSTRY (Total: 81 journals)
Showing 1 - 42 of 42 Journals sorted alphabetically
American Mineralogist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Applied Earth Science : Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Mining Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AusiMM Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BHM Berg- und Hüttenmännische Monatshefte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Clays and Clay Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Coal Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Environmental Geochemistry and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Mineralogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Exploration and Mining Geology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Extractive Industries and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Gems & Gemology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Geology of Ore Deposits     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geotechnical and Geological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ghana Mining Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Gold Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Inside Mining     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Coal Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Coal Preparation and Utilization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Coal Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Mineral Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy, and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Mining and Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Mining Engineering and Mineral Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Mining Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Analytical and Numerical Methods in Mining Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Central South University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of China Coal Society     Open Access  
Journal of China University of Mining and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Convention & Event Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Geology and Mining Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Materials Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Metamorphic Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Mining Institute     Open Access  
Journal of Mining Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Quality Assurance in Hospitality & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Mining     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Lithology and Mineral Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Lithos     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Mine Water and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mineral Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy : Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mineralium Deposita     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mineralogia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mineralogical Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Minerals     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Minerals & Energy - Raw Materials Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Minerals Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Mining Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Mining Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Mining Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mining Technology : Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration     Hybrid Journal  
Natural Resources & Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Natural Resources Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Physics and Chemistry of Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Podzemni Radovi     Open Access  
Rangeland Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Réalités industrielles     Full-text available via subscription  
Rem : Revista Escola de Minas     Open Access  
Resources Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista del Instituto de Investigación de la Facultad de Ingeniería Geológica, Minera, Metalurgica y Geográfica     Open Access  
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Rocks & Minerals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Rudarsko-geološko-naftni Zbornik     Open Access  
Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
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Journal of China University of Mining and Technology
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1006-1266
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3203 journals]
  • Waste-filling in fully-mechanized coal mining and its application
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      A fully-mechanized coal mining (FMCM) technology capable of filling up the goaf with wastes (including solid wastes) is described. Industrial tests have proved that by using this technology not only can waste be re-used but also coal resources can be exploited with a higher recovery rate without removing buildings located over the working faces. Two special devices, a hydraulic support and a scraper conveyor, run side-by-side on the same working face to simultaneously realize mining and filling. These are described in detail. The tests allow analysis of rock pressure and ground subsidence when backfilling techniques are employed. These values are compared to those from mining without using backfilling techniques, under the same geological conditions. The concept of equivalent mining height is proposed based on theoretical analysis of rock pressure and ground subsidence. The upper limits of the rock pressure and ground subsidence can be estimated in backfilling mining using this concept along with traditional engineering formulae.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Gas seepage equation of deep mined coal seams and its application
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      In order to obtain a gas seepage law of deep mined coal seams, according to the properties of coalbed methane seepage in in-situ stress and geothermal temperature fields, the gas seepage equation of deep mined coal seams with the Klinkenberg effect was obtained by confirming the coalbed methane permeability in in-situ stress and geothermal temperature fields. Aimed at the condition in which the coal seams have or do not have an outcrop and outlet on the ground, the application of the gas seepage equation of deep mined coal seams in in-situ stress and geothermal temperature fields on the gas pressure calculation of deep mined coal seams was investigated. The comparison between calculated and measured results indicates that the calculation method of gas pressure, based on the gas seepage equation of deep mined coal seams in in-situ stress and geothermal temperature fields can accurately be identical with the measured values and theoretically perfect the calculation method of gas pressure of deep mined coal seams.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Comprehensive analysis of slope stability and determination of stable
           slopes in the Chador-Malu iron ore mine using numerical and limit
           equilibrium methods
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      One of the critical aspects in mine design is slope stability analysis and the determination of stable slopes. In the Chador-Malu iron ore mine, one of the most important iron ore mines in central Iran, it was considered vital to perform a comprehensive slope stability analysis. At first, we divided the existing rock hosting pit into six zones and a geotechnical map was prepared. Then, the value of MRMR (Mining Rock Mass Rating) was determined for each zone. Owing to the fact that the Chador-Malu iron ore mine is located in a highly tectonic area and the rock mass completely crushed, the Hoek-Brown failure criterion was found suitable to estimate geo-mechanical parameters. After that, the value of cohesion (c) and friction angle (ö) were calculated for different geotechnical zones and relative graphs and equations were derived as a function of slope height. The stability analyses using numerical and limit equilibrium methods showed that some instability problems might occur by increasing the slope height. Therefore, stable slopes for each geotechnical zone and prepared sections were calculated and presented as a function of slope height.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Quick determination of gas pressure before uncovering coal in cross-cuts
           and shafts
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      The determination of gas pressure before uncovering coal in cross-cuts and in shafts is one of the important steps in predicting coal and gas outbursts. However, the time spent for testing gas pressure is, at present, very long, seriously affecting the application of outburst prediction techniques in opening coal seams in cross-cuts and shafts. In order to reduce the time needed in gas pressure tests and to improve the accuracy of tests, we analyzed the process of gas pressure tests and examined the effect of the length of boreholes in coal seams in tests. The result shows that 1) the shorter the borehole, the easier the real pressure value of gas can be obtained and 2) the main factors affecting the time spent in gas pressure tests are the length of the borehole in coal seams, the gas emission time after the borehole has been formed and the quality of the borehole-sealing. The longer the length of the borehole, the longer the gas emission time and the larger the pressure-relief circle formed around the borehole, the longer the time needed for pressure tests. By controlling the length of the borehole in a test case in the Huainan mining area, and adopting a quick sealing technique using a sticky liquid method, the sealing quality was clearly improved and the gas emission time as well as the amount of gas discharged greatly decreased. Before the method described, the time required for the gas pressure to increase during the pressure test process, was more than 10 days. With our new method the required time is only 5 hours. In addition, the accuracy of the gas pressure test is greatly improved.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Theory and technology of preventing water from flooding roadways
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      According to the principle of effective stress action of rock and soil, we established a mechanical model of water flooding into roadways, analyzed the constitutive relation of hydrodynamic pressure and contact pressure of rock and soil and discovered that the process of pre-grouting of a roadway curtain is a dynamically balancing process in which effective stress keeps gradually increasing and pore water pressure gradually declines. In such a grouting process, the initial water plugging effect is realized when the effective stress and total stress reaches equilibrium. A rigid-flexible packing layer is designed behind the brickwork to increase the effective stress and reduce pore water pressure in order to have a permanent water proof performance. This provides a theoretical basis for roadway driving and permanent water prevention. The monitoring and application results show that the initial and permanent waterproof theory has provided an effective method for roadway driving and making it waterproof.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • CFD simulation of spontaneous coal combustion in irregular patterns of
           goaf with multiple points of leaking air
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      Based on the non-linear air leakage seepage equation for an anisotropic porous medium, on the seepage diffusion equation of multicomponent gas and on the seepage synthetic heat transfer equation of a porous medium, the numerical model for field flow problems of irregular patterns of a goaf with multiple points of leaking air is established and simultaneously solved by the upwind mode finite element method (G3 computer program). According to the complexity of irregular patterns of a goaf with multiple points of leaking air, the flow pattern in a large area of such a goaf and the variation in gases of methane, oxygen and CO and in temperature are theoretically described. In the calculation, the goaf is regarded as a caving anisotropic medium and the coupling effect of methane effusion on spontaneous combustion is considered. The simulation results agree well with practical experience. In addition, the spontaneous combustion process is also simulated, indicating that 1) the spontaneous combustion often takes place near the area where fresh air leaks in and 2) the fire sources can be classified into static and dynamic zones. Therefore, in practical fire preventing and extinguishing, we should clearly distinguish the upstream air leaking points from the downstream ones in order to take proper measures for leakage stopping.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Effect of pre-tensioned rock bolts on stress redistribution around a
           roadway—insight from numerical modeling
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      The importance of the pre-tensioned force of rock bolts has been recognized by more and more researchers. To investigate the effect of pre-tensioned rock bolts on stress redistribution around roadways, a numerical analysis was carried out using FLAC3D and a special post-process methodology, using surfer, is proposed to process the numerical simulation results. The results indicate that pre-tensioned rock bolts have a significant effect on stress redistribution around a roadway. In the roof, pre-tensioned rock bolts greatly increase vertical stress; as a result, the strength of the rock mass increased significantly which results in a greater capacity of bearing a large horizontal stress. The horizontal stress decreases in the upper section of the roof, indicating that pre-tensioned rock bolts significantly reduce the coefficient and the size of the region concentration of horizontal stress. At the lateral side, pre-tensioned rock bolts greatly increase the horizontal stress; therefore, the rock mass strength significantly increases which results also in a greater capacity of bearing a large vertical stress. The greater the size of pre-tensioned force, the larger the region of stress redistribution around a roadway is affected and the higher the size of the stress on the roadway surface the more the rock mass strength increases.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Forecasting water disaster for a coal mine under the Xiaolangdi reservoir
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      Xin'an coal mine, Henan Province, faces the risk of water inrush because 40% of the area of the coal mine is under the surface water of the Xiaolangdi reservoir. To forecast water disaster, an effective aquifuge and a limit of water infiltration were determined by rock-phase analysis and long term observations of surface water and groundwater. By field monitoring, as well as physical and numerical simulation experiments, we obtained data reflecting different heights of a water flow fractured zone (WFFZ) under different mining conditions, derived a formula to calculate this height and built a forecasting model with the aid of GIS. On the basis of these activities, the coal mine area was classified into three sub-areas with different potential of water inrush. In the end, our research results have been applied in and verified by industrial mining experiments at three working faces and we were able to present a successful example of coal mining under a large reservoir.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Method for predicting economic peak yield for a single well of coalbed
           methane
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      The development of coalbed methane (CBM) in China poses great difficulties because of high investments, low production and high risks. So a study of the economic effect of a single well at its preliminary stage is helpful for commercial exploitation of CBM. Affected by wellbore flow pressure, initial reservoir pressure, relative permeability, Langmuir pressure and other factors, the trend of declining production of a single CBM well agrees, by and large, with a hyperbolic pattern of decline. Based on Arps's equation, nearly 200 wells production with different peak yields and initial rates of were simulated. Given the present cost of drilling, gas production and engineering on the ground, the gross investment for the development of a single coalbed methane well was estimated for the Fanzhuang block in central China. Considering the current industrial policies for CBM, we established an economic assessment model and analyzed economic peaks. The results show the economic benefits with or without government subsidies at different peak yields of a single CBM well. The results of the evaluation can be directly applied in the Fanzhuang block. The evaluation method, formulated in our study, can be used to other areas with similar conditions.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Side abutment pressure distribution by field measurement
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      Given the 7123 working face in the Qidong Coal Mine of the Wanbei Mining Group, nine dynamic roof monitors were installed in the crossheading to measure the amount and velocity of roof convergence in different positions and at different times and three steel bored stress sensors were installed in the return airway to measure rock stress at depth. On the basis of this arrangement, the rule of change of the distribution of the side abutment pressure with the advance of the working face and movement of overlying strata was studied. The rule of change and the stability of rock stress at depth were measured. Secondly, the affected area and stability time of the side abutment pressure were also studied. The results show that: 1) During working, the face advanced distance was from 157 m to 99 m, the process was not effected by mining induced pressure. When the distance was 82 m, the position of peak stress was 5 m away from the coal wall. When the distance was 37 m, the position of peak stress away from the coal wall was about 15 m to 20 m and finally reached a steady state; 2) the time and the range of the peak of side rock pressure obtained from stress sensors were consistent with the results from the dynamic roof monitors; 3) the position of the peak pressure was 25 m away from the coal wall.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Application of remote-sensing-image fusion to the monitoring of mining
           induced subsidence
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      We discuss remote-sensing-image fusion based on a multi-band wavelet and RGB feature fusion method. The fused data can be used to monitor the dynamic evolution of mining induced subsidence. High resolution panchromatic image data and multi-spectral image data were first decomposed with a multi-ary wavelet method. Then the high frequency components of the high resolution image were fused with the features from the R, G, B bands of the multi-spectral image to form a new high frequency component. Then the newly formed high frequency component and the low frequency component were inversely transformed using a multi-ary wavelet method. Finally, color images were formed from the newly formed R, G, B bands. In our experiment we used images with a resolution of 10 m (SPOT), and TM30 images, of the Huainan mining area. These images were fused with a trinary wavelet method. In addition, we used four indexes—entropy, average gradient, wavelet energy and spectral distortion—to assess the new method. The result indicates that this new method can improve the clarity and resolution of the images and also preserves the information from the original images. Using the fused images for monitoring mining induced subsidence achieves a good effect.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Prospecting for coal in China with remote sensing
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      With the rapid development of China's economy, coal resources are increasingly in great demand. As a result, the remaining coal reserves diminish gradually with large-scale exploitation of coal resources. Easily-found mines which used to be identified from outcrops or were buried under shallow overburden are decreasing, especially in the prosperous eastern regions of China, which experience coal shortages. Currently the main targets of coal prospecting are concealed and unidentified underground coal bodies, making it more and more difficult for coal prospecting. It is therefore important to explore coal prospecting by taking advantage of modern remote sensing and geographic information system technologies. Given a theoretical basis for coal prospecting by remote sensing, we demonstrate the methodologies and existing problems systematically by summarizing past practices of coal prospecting with remote sensing. We propose a new theory of coal prospecting with remote sensing. In uncovered areas, coal resources can be prospected for by direct interpretation. In coal bearing strata of developed areas covered by thin Quaternary strata or vegetation, prospecting for coal can be carried out by indirect interpretation of geomorphology and vegetation. For deeply buried underground deposits, coal prospecting can rely on tectonic structures, interpretation and analysis of new tectonic clues and regularity of coal formation and preservation controlled by tectonic structures. By applying newly hyper-spectral, multi-polarization, multi-angle, multi-temporal and multi-resolution remote sensing data and carrying out integrated analysis of geographic attributes, ground attributes, geophysical exploration results, geochemical exploration results, geological drilling results and remote sensing data by GIS tools, coal geology resources and mineralogical regularities can be explored and coal resource information can be acquired with some confidence.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Time-depth conversion of transient electromagnetic method used in coal
           mines
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      Accuracy of time-depth conversion in data processing of transient electromagnetic prospecting always affects the accurate positioning of water bodies in coal mines. In order to improve the accuracy of time-depth conversion, we established a mathematical model of time-depth conversion for a transient electromagnetic method based on the theory of “double smoke ring effect” of full space transient electromagnetic field transmission. Using a 3-layer as well as a 4-layer geo-electric model for roadway floors, we performed the time-depth conversion of theoretical curves of apparent resistance varying over time. In these curves, the depth corresponding to extreme value points is nearly the same as the depth of a geo-electric model. The position of water body determined by our time-depth conversion method agrees well with the result of borehole drilling, indicating that the established time-depth conversion model can clearly improve the accuracy of spatial positioning of water bodies in coal mines.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Using particle swarm optimization algorithm in an artificial neural
           network to forecast the strength of paste filling material
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      In order to forecast the strength of filling material exactly, the main factors affecting the strength of filling material are analyzed. The model of predicting the strength of filling material was established by applying the theory of artificial neural networks. Based on cases related to our test data of filling material, the predicted results of the model and measured values are compared and analyzed. The results show that the model is feasible and scientifically justified to predict the strength of filling material, which provides a new method for forecasting the strength of filling material for paste filling in coal mines.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Land subsidence induced by groundwater extraction and building damage
           level assessment — a case study of Datun, China
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      As in many parts of the world, long-term excessive extraction of groundwater has caused significant land-surface subsidence in the residential areas of Datun coal mining district in East China. The recorded maximum level of subsidence in the area since 1976 to 2006 is 863 mm, and the area with an accumulative subsidence more than 200 mm has reached 33.1 km2 by the end of 2006. Over ten cases of building crack due to ground subsidence have already been observed. Spatial variation in ground subsidence often leads to a corresponding pattern of ground deformation. Buildings and underground infrastructures have been under a higher risk of damage in locations with greater differential ground deformation. Governmental guideline in China classifies building damages into four different levels, based on the observable measures such as the width of wall crack, the degree of door and window deformation, the degree of wall inclination and the degree of structural destruction. Building damage level (BDL) is estimated by means of ground deformation analysis in terms of variations in slope gradient and curvature. Ground deformation analysis in terms of variations in slope gradient has shown that the areas of BDL III and BDL II sites account for about 0.013 km2 and 0.284 km2 respectively in 2006, and the predicted areas of BDL (define this first) III and II sites will be about 0.029 km2 and 0.423 km2respectively by 2010. The situation is getting worse as subsidence continues. That calls for effective strategies for subsidence mitigation and damage reduction, in terms of sustainable groundwater extraction, enhanced monitoring and the establishment of early warning systems.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Sensor deployment strategy for chain-type wireless underground mine sensor
           network
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are very important for monitoring underground mine safety. Sensor node deployment affects the performances of WSNs. In our study, a chain-type wireless underground mine sensor network (CWUMSN) is first presented. A CWUMSN can monitor the environment and locate miners in underground mines. The lowest density deployment strategies of cluster head nodes are discussed theoretically. We prove that the lifetime of CWUMSN with a non-uniform deployment strategy is longer than with a uniform deployment strategy. Secondly, we present the algorithm of non-uniform lowest density deployment of cluster head nodes. Next, we propose a dynamic choice algorithm of cluster head nodes for CWUMSN which can improve the adaptability of networks. Our experiments of CWUMSN with both non-uniform lowest density and uniform lowest density deployments are simulated. The results show that the lifetime of CWUMSN with non-uniform lowest density deployment is almost 2.5 times as long as that of the uniform lowest density deployment. This work provides a new deployment strategy for wireless underground mine sensor networks and then effectively promotes the application of wireless sensor networks to underground mines.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Mine-hoist fault-condition detection based on the wavelet packet transform
           and kernel PCA
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      A new algorithm was developed to correctly identify fault conditions and accurately monitor fault development in a mine hoist. The new method is based on the Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT) and kernel PCA (Kernel Principal Component Analysis, KPCA). For non-linear monitoring systems the key to fault detection is the extracting of main features. The wavelet packet transform is a novel technique of signal processing that possesses excellent characteristics of time-frequency localization. It is suitable for analysing time-varying or transient signals. KPCA maps the original input features into a higher dimension feature space through a non-linear mapping. The principal components are then found in the higher dimension feature space. The KPCA transformation was applied to extracting the main nonlinear features from experimental fault feature data after wavelet packet transformation. The results show that the proposed method affords credible fault detection and identification.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Desulfurization of coal by an electrochemical-reduction flotation
           technique
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      The optimum conditions for sulfur removal from coal by electrochemical reduction flotation in an aqueous NaCl solution were determined from orthogonal experiments. The effect of electrolytic conditions on the desulfurization ratio was also studied. The electrochemical-reduction processed coal was examined by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and wet chemical analysis. The results show that electrochemical reduction converts hydrophobic pyrite in Nantong coal into hydrophilic FeS and S2- and leads to an increase in the concentration of hydroxyl groups and aliphatic moieties and a corresponding decrease in carboxyl and carbonyl groups, which enhances the flotation desulfurization of the coal.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Laws of motion of particles in a jigging process
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      The laws of motion of particle groups in a jigging process are studied. These describe the macroscopic phenomena that occur during jigging. During jigging the heavier and bigger particles concentrate at the bed bottom while lighter and smaller particles move to the upper part of the bed. Particles with equivalent properties tend to concentrate at a certain position centered around the inherent height of their distribution. The particle distribution variance gradually diminishes to some asymptotic value. The state equation group of the jigging bed is deduced and a calculation method, called the λ value judgment method, is proposed. The method is used to calculate the layer number and the inherent height of each particle group. A mathematical expression for the particle distribution variance is also given.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Research on super-low-ash anthracite preparation
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      The fundamental question of super-low-ash coal preparation is how to furthest depress high ash component pollution. A jigging process was used to remove high ash refuse and middling, then a high precision heavy medium cyclone was used to further separate near gravity light material. A two-stage heavy medium cylindrical cyclone with the same separation density was used to increase the precision of separation. The feed was de-slimed and fine-grind coal was added with media to improve the stability of the suspension. The pump frequency conversion timing and an air spring were used to steady the cyclone inlet pressure. Based on a series of study and pilot tests, a 1.00 Mt/a (output) commercial separation system with Ep value under 0.015 was built up. Super low ash (Ad 2.00%) Taixi Anthracite has been put into commercial production.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • FEM analyses of stress and deformation of a flexible inner pressure bolt
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      The flexible inner pressure bolt is a new kind and new structural bolt (anchor rod). A number of structural improvements and performance test have been carried out. The bolt has superior compatibility to the soft crag and the large distortion tunnel with its flexibility. In order to study its stress, deformation and interaction mechanism thoroughly, a number of large distortion calculations and analyses have been carried out on the bolt by FEM (finite element method), especially with the ANSYS software, based on the updated Lagrangian law. The results show that the maximum stress of the inner wall of the bolt is consistent with an elastic analytic solution. The maximum stress on the body occurs in the vicinity of the enhancement material. The link enhancement of the body seems to be quite essential. The experimental results indicate that the maximum injection pressure in the bolt is 2.5 MPa without link enhancement and 8.3 MPa with the enhancement. This link enhancement effect is highly significant. These results provide some basis for the design, application and anchoring stress analysis of the bolt.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Sedimentation behavior of indoor airborne microparticles
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      Experiments on the behavior of airborne microparticle sediments and their adhesion on glass slides were conducted in a laboratory located on the first floor of a teaching building. Clean tiles and glass slides were placed at different angles (0°, 45° and 90°) with respect to the horizontal plane in the laboratory. The sedimentation of microparticles was investigated at certain time intervals (1 d, 3 d, 10 d and 30 d). The results of testing, at day 30, show that the diameters of particles on the horizontal tiles varied from 20 to 80 μm; few particles with diameter less than 0.5 μm or greater than 100 μm were found. The amount of particle sediment on all the slides increased along over time, while the average diameter of particles was not correlated with time, nor with the angle of placement. The maximum particle size, the total particle surface area, the total perimeter of all particles and the cover ratio of light (the proportion of total area of particles to the observed area of the slides surfaces) did not change significantly within the first 10 days. Inspection of all the samples for the last 20 days, however, showed that these variables increased substantially with the passage of time and were in reverse proportion to the placement angles, which indicates a concentration of particles, as well as physical and chemical changes.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Recognition of Milankovitch cycles in the stratigraphic record:
           application of the CWT and the FFT to well-log data
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      The authors applied a the combination of Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) and Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) methods to gamma ray well-log data from the Q3, G1 and D2 wells. This high-resolution stratigraphic study was based on Milankovitch's orbital cycle theory. It was found that the CWT scale factors, ‘a,’ of 12, 24 and 60 match the ratios of the periodicities of precession, obliquity and eccentricity very well. Nine intervals of the Permo-carboniferous strata were recognized to have Milankovitch cycles in them. For example, section A of well Q3 has 29 precession cycles, 15 obliquity cycles and 7 short eccentricity cycles. The wavelengths are 2.7, 4.4 and 7.8 m for precession, obliquity and eccentricity, respectively. Important geological parameters such as the stratigraphic completeness and the accumulation rate were also estimated. These results provide basic information for further cyclostratigraphic correlation studies in the area. They are of great significance for the study of ancient and future climate change.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Evolution of a hydrodynamic field and its effect on hydrocarbon
           accumulation in the Biyang depression, Henan province
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      The hydro-geologic stages in the Biyang Depression, Henan Province, were defined and factors controlling the evolution of the hydrodynamic field in this area were analyzed. The evolution of the paleo-hydrodynamic field was studied by using the method of sedimentary-water-head and the changing patterns of the present hydrodynamic field as determined from measured pressure data. The results show that the evolution of the hydrodynamic field is one of inheritance and that it controls hydrocarbon accumulation. The deposition center in the southeast of the depression is always a high-value zone for water-head and a dynamic-source zone of the hydrodynamic field. The slope zone in the northwest of the depression is always a low-value zone for water-head and is the main discharge area for groundwater; this is the hydrocarbon accumulation zone. Hydrocarbon accumulation is controlled by the hydrodynamic field. The reservoir shows a ring-shaped horizontal pattern. Accumulation occurs in a pressure equilibrium zone at the frontal surface between sedimentary water and infiltrating water. The hydrocarbon accumulations occur in two vertically different discharge units, Eh3 1 and Eh3 2 under the action of overpressure.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Biotribological behavior of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene
           composites containing bovine bone hydroxyapatite
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      Wear particles of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) are the main cause of long-term failure of total joint replacements. Therefore, increasing its wear resistance or bioactivity will be very useful in order to obtain high quality artificial joints. In our study, UHMWPE composites filled with the bovine bone hydroxyapatite (BHA) were prepared by the method of compression moulding. A ball-on-disc wear test was carried out with a Universal Micro-Tribometer to investigate the friction and wear behavior of a Si3N4 ceramic ball, cross-sliding against the UHMWPE/BHA composites with human plasma lubrication. At the same time, the profiles of the worn grooves on the UHMWPE/BHA surface were scanned. The experimental results indicate that the addition of BHA to UHMWPE had a significant effect on the biotribological behavior of UHMWPE cross-sliding against the Si3N4 ceramic ball. The addition of BHA powder enhanced the hardness and modulus of elasticity of these composites and decreased the friction coefficients and wear rates under conditions of human plasma lubrication. When the added amount of BHA powders was up to 20%∼30%, UHMWPE/BHA composites demonstrated the designed performance of the mechanical properties and biotribological behavior.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Catalytic effects of trace ruthenium on oxidation of dimethyl yellow with
           bromate and its application
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      A spectrophotometric method for the determination of ruthenium(III) is described, based on its catalytic effect on the oxidation reaction of dimethyl yellow (DMY) with potassium bromate in an acid solution medium and in the presence of an OP emulsifier (p-iso-octyl phenoxy polyethoxy ethanol) at 100 °C. This reaction was followed spectrophotometrically by measuring the decrease in the absorbance at 530 nm of the catalytic reaction of DMY. The calibration curve for the recommended method was linear in the concentration range over 0.0–1.0 μg/Land the detection limit of the method for Ru(III) was 0.01 μg/L. The method is highly sensitive, selective and very stable and has been successfully applied for the determination of trace amounts of ruthenium in some ores and metallurgy products with the relative standard deviations (RSD) over 1.6%–2.8% and a recovery over 98.7%–104.0%.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • RC beam strengthened with pre-stressed CFP under the secondary load
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      Feasibility of using pre-stressed carbon fiber plates to strengthen reinforced concrete beams was studied. Based on the characteristics of carbon fiber plates, we developed a pre-stress clamp and a device for applying the pre-stress. Contrast tests were conducted between ordinary carbon fiber plates and a pre-stressed carbon fiber plate and between secondary loaded carbon fiber plates and a concrete beam strengthened with a secondary loaded carbon fiber plate. On this basis, we analyzed the failure pattern, the width of cracks and their distribution, the cracking load, the yield load, the limit load and the relation between load and deflection. The results indicate that using pre-stressed carbon fiber plates to strengthen concrete beams is feasible and effective.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Degradation of microcystin-RR in water by chlorine dioxide
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      Due to the potent hepatotoxicity and tumor-promoting activity of microcystins, a successful removal of these toxins during drinking water treatment processes is of increasing concern. The oxidation kinetics of MC-RR by chlorine dioxide (ClO2) was studied with HPLC and characterization of the reaction products was performed with UV-spectrometry, TOC and LC-MS. Our experimental results show that the oxidation process is a second order overall and a first order with respect to ClO2 and MC-RR. The activation energy of MC-RR degradation by ClO2 is 53.07 kJ/mol. The rate constant k of the action can be increased by increasing temperature and decreasing pH value and ranged from 6.11×102 L/(mol·min) to 5.29×102 L/(mol·min) at pH from 3.44 to 10.41 at 10 °C. Reaction products were determined to be organic and volatile, because they could be almost removed from aqueous solution by heating for 15 min at 60 °C. In addition, the main oxidation products have m/z values of 1072 and are identified as di-hydroxy isomers of MC-RR.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Dynamic characteristics of conveyor belts
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      The dynamic characteristics of a belt conveyor are determined to a large extent by the properties of the belt. This paper describes experiments designed to establish the dynamic properties of belting material. The dynamic elastic modulus, viscous damping and rheological constants of the belt were measured. Several properties were studied as a function of the tensile loading on the belt. These included longitudinal vibration, the natural vibration frequency in the transverse direction and the response to an impulse excitation. Vibration response was observed under several different excitation frequencies. Most of these properties have not been tested previously under conditions appropriate for the ISO/DP9856 standard. Two types of belt were tested, a steel reinforced belt and a fabric reinforced belt. The test equipment was built to provide data appropriate for designing belt conveyors. It was observed that the stress wave propagation speed increased with tensile load and that tensile load was the main factor influencing longitudinal vibrations.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Characteristics of a magnetic fluid seal and its motion in an axial
           variable seal gap
    • Abstract: December 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 4

      With suitable assumptions a hydrodynamic model for the magnetic fluid motion in an axial variable gap seal was constructed, and the solution to the equations of the model was deduced. The characteristics of a magnetic fluid seal and its motion, including the speed and pressure distribution, and the seal capacity of a magnetic fluid rotating seal were systematically described. The factors affecting seal capacity and ways to improve seal capacity based on the hydrodynamic model are discussed. The basic condition for dynamic seal availability is presented. The rotating speed and radius of the shafts should be decreased. The work can provide proof of a seal design or suggest ways to improve the seal capacity of magnetic fluid seals.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Study on fault induced rock bursts
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      In order to study the rules of rock bursts caused by faults by means of mechanical analysis of a roof rock-mass balanced structure and numerical simulation about fault slip destabilization, the effect of coal mining operation on fault plane stresses and slip displacement were studied. The results indicate that the slip displacement sharply increases due to the decrease of normal stress and the increase of shear stress at the fault plane when the working face advances from the footwall to the fault itself, which may induce a fault rock burst. However, this slip displacement will be very small due to the increase of normal stress and the decrease of shear stress when the working face advances from the hanging wall to the fault itself, which results in a very small risk of a fault rock burst.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Fault diagnosis of a mine hoist using PCA and SVM techniques
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      A new method based on principal component analysis (PCA) and support vector machines (SVMs) is proposed for fault diagnosis of mine hoists. PCA is used to extract the principal features associated with the gearbox. Then, with the irrelevant gearbox variables removed, the remaining gearbox, the hydraulic system and the wire rope parameters were used as input to a multi-class SVM. The SVM is first trained by using the one class-based multi-class optimization algorithm and it is then applied to fault identification. Comparison of various methods showed the PCA-SVM method successfully removed redundancy to solve the dimensionality curse. These results show that the algorithm using the RBF kernel function for the SVM had the best classification properties.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Analysis of underground fires in Polish hard coal mines
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      In the period of the first twenty years after World War II the number of fires in Polish hard coal mines reached annually the value of several thousands of cases. About 80% of fires constituted spontaneous fires. Investigations into the development of new methods of fire hazard prediction and implementation of new methods and means of fire prevention as well as the introduction of prohibition concerning the use of products manufactured of combustible organic materials in underground mine workings reduced considerably the hazard of underground fire rise. The worked out at the Central Mining Institute (GIG) new method of underground fire prediction allows the correct selection of fire prevention means. The introduction into common use of fire-resistant conveyor belts, the main factor giving rise to spontaneous fires, and methods of assessment of their fire resistance eliminated practically the fire hazard. These activities contributed in an efficient way to the reduction of the number of underground fires to a satisfactory level.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Vacuum chamber suppression of gas-explosion propagation in a tunnel
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      To control and reduce the harm of a gas explosion, a new method is proposed for suppressing gas-explosion propagation in a tunnel by using a vacuum chamber. We studied the suppression effect on gas explosions by placing a vacuum chamber at different positions along the tunnel. The results indicate that: 1) the vacuum chamber can absorb the explosion wave and explosion energy as much as possible at the beginning of the gas explosion, and; 2) when the vacuum chamber is used the closer it is to the ignition source the more significant the suppression effect. In addition, by using the vacuum chamber: 1) the flame propagation velocity decreases from ultrasonic to subsonic; 2) the flame propagation distance is remarkably shortened; 3) the maximum peak value of overpressure (pm) decreases from 0.34 to 0.17 MPa or less, and; 4) the impulse of the blast wave (I decreases from 20 to 8 kPa·s or less.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Numerical simulation of rock deformation during the mineralization of the
           Xiangshan uranium deposit, Jiangxi province, south China
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      The Xiangshan uranium deposit in Jiangxi province is one of the most important uranium deposits in China. The aim of our study is to obtain a better understanding of rock deformation and dilation associated with mineralization, to predict the most favorable locations of mineralization, and to assist with future mineral exploration in this deposit. On the basis of geological and structural data from previous studies, we have constructed a coupled deformation and fluid flow numerical model and simulated the faulting deformation and major mechanical factors controlling mineralization in the deposit. Particular attention has been paid to variations in regional stress, distributions of shear strain, volumetric strain and pore pressure. The relationship between the structural/faulting movement and mineralization is obtained through analyzing the deformation state of fault zones. The results suggest that the mineralization is related to volumetric strain, shear strain and pore pressures. The locations displaying all these factors represent the most favorable sites for mineralization. These model results are important for guiding the exploration of new uranium deposits in Xiangshan.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Numerical simulation analysis by solid-liquid coupling with 3DEC of
           dynamic water crannies in overlying strata
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      To solve the problem of water loss during mining of shallow, buried coal seams, we have first analyzed the mechanism and suitability of solid-liquid coupling, i.e., we used the FLUID-MECHANICS system of 3-Dimensional Distinct Element Code (3DEC) in simulating dynamic water crannies in overlying strata, under mining conditions of a large longwall coalface. Next the dynamic initiation of a water cranny, its propagation and close phases were studied with 3DEC, along with the overlying strata breakage and recombination as the mining space of the shallow, buried coal seam increased. Combined with the change in the stress and displacement fields, the distribution features of the mining cranny were systematically studied. The effect of regularities and their effective measures of local filling and mine slicing technology in controlling mine crannies were investigated and the potential danger areas of water loss identified. Our results can be applied to decrease water loss during the exploitation of shallow, buried coal seams with a thin bedrock. The results also prove that 3DEC is a credible numerical analytical method to predict initiations of dynamic water crannies, their propagation, their closure phases and other concomitant hazards.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Structural motion of water-resisting key strata lying on overburden
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      Water-preserved mining is one of the important parts of the 'Green Mining' technological system. The purpose of water-preserved mining is to prevent water from bursting out in coal mines and thus to protect water resources. The principle of water-resisting key strata (WKS) is proposed to establish a model capable of guiding and developing water-preserved mining technology. The experimental model of the WKS is constructed following requirements of the Data Image Correlative Method (DICM). Five experimental schemes are designed according to different combined patterns of the WKS. The water-resisting performance of the WKS is analyzed from observation of structural stability. All of them provide referential value for water-preserved mining.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • A mathematical model of the temperature in a coalfield fire area
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      The regular pattern of temperature change in a coalfield fire area while the fire is being extinguished was studied. To determine the extinguishing effect, a series of linear, logarithmic, polynomial or exponential mathematical regression models were constructed using the observed temperature data from the Xinjiang coalfield fire extinguishing project. The quadratic polynomial mathematical model had the best fit. A large coal fire oven was also used to simulate the coal fire extinguishing process. The same mathematical regression experiments were carried out on that observed data. The results verified that the quadratic polynomial mathematical model had the best fit. Therefore, a quadratic polynomial mathematical model is proposed to accurately model the temperature-time relationship in a coalfield fire area. An application to coalfield fire suppression shows that the deduced mathematical model can be used to predict the temperature conditions and to determine the effect of fire extinguishing, thereby helping to speed up the fire suppression process in the coalfield fire area.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Characteristics of the main polluting trace elements in the water
           environment of mining subsidence pools
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      Mining subsidence pools are water bodies formed by soil subsidence near mines. We studied the impact the surrounding coal production activities and power plants have on these waters by measuring the concentrations of harmful trace elements in these waters. The concentration of the four elements F, Hg, Se and As increased by 0.92%, 0.78%, 0.70% and 0.81%, respectively, in the Datong mining subsidence pool from November 2004 to November 2006. The four elements increased by 1.58%, 1.23%, 1.08% and 0.92%, respectively, in the Xie'er mining subsidence pool and 1.16%, 1.06%, 1.02% and 1.01%, respectively, in the Pansan mining subsidence pool over the same time period. The absolute levels of F, Hg, Se and As in the pool are related to the background levels of the elements. A close relationship between nearby coal mines and power plants and increasing levels of the measured elements is noted.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Comparison between open phase fault of arc suppression coil and single
           phase to earth fault in coal mine distribution network
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      When, in a coal mine distribution network whose neutral point is grounded by an arc suppression coil (ASC), a fault occurs in the ASC, compensation cannot be properly realized. Furthermore, it can damage the safe and reliable run of the network. We first introduce a three-phase five-column arc suppression coil (TPFCASC) and discuss its autotracking compensation theory. Then we compare the single phase to ground fault of the coal mine distribution network with an open phase fault at the TPFCASC using the Thévenin theory, the symmetrical-component method and the complex sequence network respectively. The results show that, in both types of faults, zero-sequence voltage of the network will appear and the maximum magnitude of this zero-sequence voltage is different in both faults. Based on this situation, a protection for the open phase fault at the TPFCASC should be established.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • A management information system for mine railway transportation equipment
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      Good equipment management is essential for the day to day management of an enterprise. Targeted at production operation of the railway transportation department of a mining group and aimed at mine railway equipment management, we have established a management information system for the equipment in the entire process of the life cycle of equipment. The project deals with basic data about equipment, initial management, maintenance, operation and even disposal, based on a C/S and B/S structure. We adopted an object-oriented approach, dealing with software engineering, information engineering, economic and organizational measures. Thus, effective monitoring and control of the operation of railway equipment and its status in the entire process has been achieved.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Application of GPS technology to build a mine-subsidence observation
           station
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      We propose the design of an observation station to establish a reliable datum for displacement and deformation analysis at the first working-face subsidence observation station of Liuzhuang Mine. The design considers various geologic and mining conditions. Having analyzed the aims of the joint survey and the comprehensive survey, we propose design principles, and work modes, for adopting GPS technology as the position measuring technique to be used in these two stages. Baseline vectors and spatial adjustments of the GPS network were calculated after study of data processing and quality estimation methods. A coordinate system transformation and error estimates of the transformed GPS network data are discussed. The error estimates in all stages show that the GPS control network of the observation station has sufficient accuracy and is highly efficient. The network thus provides a reliable datum for analyzing the laws of surface displacement and deformation induced by mining.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • An OGC standard-oriented architecture for distributed coal mine map
           services
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      GIS- or CAD-based technology has been widely used for cartographic maps in coal mines, but structural gaps between such maps make it difficult to provide an integrated map service, for any specific purpose, at higher levels. There is no uniform platform that can be used to manage all involved maps. The main reason for this is that datasets are submitted by individual coal mines using their individual, diverse software. No consistent model is used within the software for data abstraction and symbolization. This paper first reviews all the essential specifications concerning OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) interoperability. Then an OGC standard-oriented architecture is proposed to provide distributed coal mine map services. Within this new architecture the management of spatial data archives, and the integration of coal mine maps, are achieved through the interfaces of geospatial services. Finally an open source geospatial approach is suggested to implement the proposed scheme. A case study of the Huaibei Coal Group is used to demonstrate the proposal.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Research on fault mode and diagnosis of methane sensor
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      To improve the reliability of coal mine safety monitoring systems we have analyzed the characteristics of a methane sensor, an important component of the monitoring system of production safety in a coal mine and studied the main type and mode of faults when the sensor was used on-line. We introduced a new method based on artificial neural network to detect faults of methane sensors. In addition, using the output information of a single methane sensor, we established a sensor output model of a dynamic non-linear neural network for on-line fault detection. Finally, the fault of the heating wire of the sensor was simulated, indicating that, when the methane sensor had a fault, the predicted output of the neural network clearly deviated from the actual output, exceeding the pre-set threshold and showing that a fault had occurred in the methane sensor. The result shows that the model has good convergence and stability, and is quite capable of meeting the requirements for on-line fault detection of methane sensors.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Classification of conditions for short-wall continuous mechanical mining
           in shallowly buried coal seam with thin bedrock
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      The room and pillar method is usually used to extract coal from shallowly buried seams with thin bedrock. This results in a very low production efficiency and in a low degree of extraction. In recent years short-wall continuous mechanical mining has been extensively used in many situations except shallowly buried coal seams with thin bedrock. The principles governing movement of the overlying strata above the 2-2 coal seam were deduced from in-situ experience, laboratory data, calculations and computer simulations. The thicknesses of the bedrock in the Shendong Coal Field where the coal is shallowly buried are classified into 5 types: 35 m, which was done using fuzzy clustering results. A series of reasonable, relative parameters in each category have been calculated and analyzed. One proposed way to perform short-wall continuous mechanical mining in shallowly buried coal seams is given. This is significant for coal mines with similar geological conditions.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Adsorption mechanism of different coal ranks under variable temperature
           and pressure conditions
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      Variable temperature and pressure adsorption tests were conducted on four coal samples with different coal ranks, under simulated temperatures and pressures corresponding to coal reservoirs at different depths. The regularity of the variation in the amounts of adsorption by coals under variable temperature and pressure and 30° C isothermal conditions are compared and the adsorption characteristics of coal under the composite effect of temperature and pressure were obtained. The adsorption test and data processing method of coal under variable temperature and pressure are presented and the effect of the mechanism of temperature and pressure on the adsorption capacity of coal has been studied. The research results are of significant importance in the investigation of coalbed methane storage mechanism and for the prediction of the amounts of coalbed methane at various depths.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Physical simulation of rock burst induced by stress waves
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      The behavior of stress wave propagation in rock walls and the process of rock bursts were simulated by application tests of material similar to rock. Results show that 1) the attenuation characteristics of stress waves were related to the material properties, stress waves attenuate more quickly in soft material and 2) when the explosion load was applied at the top of the roadway, the number and the length of the cracks increased with a decrease in the distance between the explosive point and roof of the roadway. When the distance was 280 mm, only some chips appeared near the source, when the distance was 210 mm, some small cracks started to appear near the road-rib and when the distance was reduced to 140 mm, larger cracks appeared at the road-rib. It can be concluded that, under a given stress the number of cracks is closely related to the intensity of stress waves. The cracks in the surrounding rock can be reduced by controlling the intensity of the stress waves and rock bursts can be avoided to some extent by preventing the formation of layered crack structures. A new experimental approach has been provided for studying rock bursts by using physical simulation.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Mechanism of CO2 enhanced CBM recovery in China: a review
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      Permeability of coal reservoirs in China is in general low. Injection of CO2 into coal seams is one of the potential approaches for enhancing coalbed methane (CBM) production. The feasibility of this technology has been investigated in China since the 1990s. Advances in mechanism of CO2 enhanced CBM recovery (CO2-ECBM) in China are reviewed in light of certain aspects, such as the competitive multi-component gas adsorption, sorption-induced coal swelling/shrinkage and its potential effect on CBM production and numerical simulation for CO2-ECBM recovery. Newer investigations for improving the technology are discussed. It is suggested that a comprehensive feasibility demonstration in terms of geology, technology, economics and environment-carrying capacity is necessary for a successful application of the technology for CBM recovery in China. The demonstration should be carried out after more investigations into such facets as the control of coal components and structure to a competitive multi-component-gas adsorption, the behavior and essence of supercritical adsorption by coal of gas, environmental and safe feasibility of coal mining after CO2 injection and more extensive pilot tests for CO2-ECBM recovery.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • Mechanical characteristics and microcosmic mechanisms of granite under
           temperature loads
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      The relationships between mechanical characteristics of rock and microcosmic mechanism at high temperatures were investigated by MTS815, as well as the stress-strain behavior of granite under the action of temperatures ranging from room temperature to 1200 °C. Based on a micropore structure analyzer and SEM, the changes in rock porosity and micro structural morphology of sample fractures and brittle-plastic characteristics under high temperatures were analyzed. The results are as follows: 1) Mechanical characteristics do not show obvious variations before 800 °C; strength decreases suddenly after 800 °C and bearing capacity is almost lost at 1200 °C. 2) Rock porosity increases with rising temperatures; the threshold temperature is about 800 °C; at this temperature its effect is basically uniform with strength decreasing rapidly. 3) The failure type of granite is a brittle tensile fracture at temperatures below 800 °C which transforms into plasticity at temperatures higher than 800 °C and crystal formation takes place at this time. Chemical reactions take place at 1200 °C. Failure of granite under high temperature is a common result of thermal stress as indicated by an increase in the thermal expansion coefficient, transformation to crystal formation of minerals and structural chemical reactions.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
  • On the optimization of froth flotation by the use of an artificial neural
           network
    • Abstract: September 2008
      Publication year: 2008
      Source:Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, Volume 18, Issue 3

      A multi layered, feed forward Artificial Neural Network (ANN) was used to study the effect of feed mean size, collector dosage and impeller speed on flotation recovery and grade. The results of 30 flotation experiments conducted on Jordanian siliceous phosphate were used for training the network while another 10 experiments were used for validation. Simulation results showed that a four layer network with a [9 11 5 9 2] architecture was the one that gave the least mean squared error (MSE). Using this ANN to optimize the flotation process showed that the optimum flotation parameters were 321.28 μm for the feed mean size, 0.7354 kg/TOF for the collector dosage and 1225.25 RPM for the impeller speed. Studying the effect of these parameters on flotation recovery and grade was done by analysis of variance, ANOVA. The results showed that grade was more sensitive to changes in flotation parameters than was recovery. They also showed that changes in collector dosage had a more significant effect on flotation grade and recovery than did changes in feed mean size or impeller speed.

      PubDate: 2012-12-18T09:16:33Z
       
 
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