Subjects -> TEXTILE INDUSTRIES AND FABRICS (Total: 40 journals)


Showing 1 - 16 of 16 Journals sorted alphabetically
AATCC Journal of Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
AATCC Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4) - Revista EletrĂ´nica de Moda     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Textile     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Autex Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CerĂ¢mica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Composites Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 245)
Fashion and Textiles     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Fashion Practice : The Journal of Design, Creative Process & the Fashion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Fibers     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fibre Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Focus on Pigments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geosynthetics International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geotextiles and Geomembranes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research (IJFTR)     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Textile Science     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Fashion Technology & Textile Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Industrial Textiles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Leather Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Natural Fibers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Textile Design Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Textile Science & Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India) : Series E     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Textile Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Text and Performance Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Textile History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Textile Progress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Textile Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Textiles and Clothing Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Textiles and Light Industrial Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Third Text     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Wearables     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India) : Series E
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.197
Number of Followers: 2  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2250-2483 - ISSN (Online) 2250-2491
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Enhancement of Thermo-mechanical Properties of Okra Fiber by Photografting
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, okra fibers were chemically modified with three different monomers such as ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and methyl methacrylate (MMA) solutions in the presence of methanol (MeOH) and photoinitiator (Irgacure-500) under ultraviolet (UV) radiation with a view to improve thermo-mechanical characteristics. Based on grafting efficiency and mechanical attributes the intensity of UV radiation and monomer concentration were maximized. A series of solutions by varying the concentrations (10–70%) of monomers in MeOH along with 2% photoinitiator were prepared. Experimental results revealed that fibers grafted with 30% EGDMA at 30th pass, 30% HEMA at 20th pass and 40% MMA at 30th pass of UV radiation achieved optimum mechanical properties over untreated fiber. The optimized solutions were further enhanced by adding various concentrations (1–2%) of urea, and the best properties were obtained with 1.5% urea-treated fiber. The chemical bonds formed due to photografting were inspected by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Degradation behavior under heat was performed through thermogravimetric analysis (TGA/DTG) and found that photografted fiber showed well-improved thermal stability than the untreated sample. Water uptake test exhibited that grafting reduced water retention capacity of treated fiber significantly. Furthermore, simulating weathering test also executed.
      PubDate: 2021-01-21
  • Ab Initio Investigation on Interaction of Zig-Zag Graphene Nanoribbon and
           ZnO Buckyball
    • Abstract: Abstract The first-principle Density Functional Theory (DFT) approach was used for the optimization of nanostructured ZnO Buckyball (ZnO-B) and Zig-Zag Graphene nanoribbon (Z-Graphene). Different investigations were carried out to study its structural, electronic, and optical properties, for better understanding. Initially, ZnO-B and Z-Graphene structures were investigated separately, and finally, the interaction between the two of them was observed. The acquired Bandgap of ZnO-B and Z-Graphene structure was around 1.5 eV and 0.7 eV, respectively. The detailed study included the observation of structures, bond length, and the density of states, the partial density of states, absorbance, refractive index, and reflectance. This DFT study produced good comparative results with solid-state physics, showing improved electronic and optical properties. The outcomes may be useful for various applications in the field of optoelectronic devices.
      PubDate: 2021-01-19
  • Preparation and Characterisation of Zirconia Nano-materials Prepared From
           Zircon Minerals of Brahmagiri Coast
    • Abstract: Abstract Zirconium oxide or zirconia is a valuable material for many applications. It is more encouraging when its particle size reduced to nanometre range. In the present paper, zircon mineral is recovered from beach placer deposits of Brahmagiri coastline of Puri District, Odisha, India, using different unit operations such as spiral concentrator, wet high-intensity magnetic separator, flotation cell and high-tension separator. Then, its value addition is done by preparation of zirconia nanoparticles through chemical route and the nano-material is also characterised. Characterisation of zirconia includes XRD, SEM/TEM, Raman spectra, etc. The photocatalytic activity of zirconia is also studied using methylene blue. It is found that zirconia behaves in an excellent way in methylene blue decolourisation and follows the first-order kinetics.
      PubDate: 2021-01-18
  • Water Absorption, Thermal and Microstructural Properties of Plastic
           Composites Developed from Isoberlinia Doka Wood Sawdust and Polystyrene
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, the water absorption, thermal conductivity and microstructural properties of Isoberlinia doka wood sawdust polystyrene composite, synthesised by the hand layup method, were investigated as a function of filler content. It was observed that the thermal conductivity increased with increase in the fibre loading. The thermal conductivity value obtained for the synthesised composite samples was an average of 0.147 Wm−1 k−1. The composites absorbed water until equilibrium was achieved on the 9th day. The maximum water absorbed at equilibrium for the composite with filler concentration of 10, 20, 30 and 40 wt% was 36.46, 40.34, 57.53, 128.65 wt%, respectively. The mass transfer kinetics revealed that water sorption rate increased at higher filler composition due to the increased interstitial pores and gaps that are exacerbated by increased fibre loading. The mass transfer kinetic constants for the composite with filler concentration of 10, 20, 30 and 40 wt% were 0.738, 0.661, 0.996 and 1.155 day−1. Microstructural analysis revealed that the dispersion of wood sawdust particles improved as the fibre loading increased.
      PubDate: 2021-01-12
  • Conversion of Glycerol to Solketal using Heterogeneous Catalysts
    • Abstract: Abstract Recently, there is sustainable growth in the biodiesel industry due to high utilization of fossil fuels all over the world. Therefore, biodiesel production is increasing very high which shows the production of the by-product glycerol is also increasing which has huge applications of producing value-added products like solketal, lactic acid, dihydroxy acetone, glyceraldehydes. Among them, solketal has a key important to improve properties of gasoline by increasing the octane number. In this work, conversion of glycerol to solketal is carried out by using heterogeneous catalysts like zeolite beta, mordenite, ZSM-5, SAPO-34, SAPO-11, and Y-zeolite. The reaction was done in a batch reactor at 60 °C with a time of 180 min. Highest conversion was observed over zeolite mordenite catalyst due to highest Bronsted acidity among them.
      PubDate: 2021-01-04
  • Separation and Recovery of 4-Hydroxybenzoic Acid Using Molecular
           Imprinting Technique from Dilute Solution
    • Abstract: Abstract Fruits and vegetable waste (FVW) have been reported to have micronutrient and bioactive compound like polyphenol albeit in very small quantity (μg g−1). The challenge of selective separation and recovery of one of the polyphenols from dilute solution is addressed in the present work using molecular imprinting technique, which uses molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). This study focuses on the extraction of a high value bioactive compound [P-Hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA)] which is present in FVW. Chitosan-based PHBA imprinted polymer was synthesized using PHBA as template and TEOS as cross-linker to achieve the above goal. MIP was characterized using SEM, EDAX and FTIR. Batch adsorption studies were conducted to optimize the adsorbent dose, initial concentration, and contact time. Two-parameter isotherm models namely Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich and three-parameter isotherm model Sips was used to analyze the experimental data. The equilibrium data fitted best into Langmuir isotherms model with capacity of 74.56 mg g −1 and followed pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The reusability confirmed that MIP retained its adsorption capacity up to 6 cycles.
      PubDate: 2021-01-04
  • Study and Fabrication on Heat Efficient Stove of Low Smoke Emission
    • Abstract: Abstract This work addresses the rural-based chulha (stove) fabrication with less smoke emission. Many traditional cooking techniques used in Indian villages are inappropriate and cause environmental and health hazards like respiratory and vision problems as well as monetary loss. The main objective of this work is to design a stove that overcomes these problems. Emphasis has been made to increase the thermal efficiency of the stove and reduce smoke emission. Here, the focus is to incorporate proper supply of air to the burning chamber for clean burning and ensure primary and secondary combustion. Air is supplied for two purposes; these are primary and secondary combustion. Primary combustion is held in the fuel holder where fuel is burnt by the direct supply of preheated air. Secondary combustion takes place at the top of the burning chamber by burning the smoke that is produced during the primary combustion. This results in reduction of smoke and also ensures clean burning of the fuel. Moreover, refractory materials have also been used to reduce the heat loss. The materials utilized for building this model are locally available and these are low cost. The experiment has been carried out in three stages in terms of each prototype model where the modification is done on the predecessor. The effort has been made to maintain a proper balance between the efficiency of the stove and the low smoke production tendency of the stove. Experiments have been performed in each of the prototype for finding the thermal efficiency.
      PubDate: 2021-01-03
  • Smartphone-Assisted Detection of Chlorine Concentration in Water Samples
           Using a Microfluidic Chip
    • Abstract: Abstract Chlorine is a strong oxidizing agent, aids in killing viruses and bacteria present in the water. The presence of free chlorine in the water eliminates the presence of pathogens and ensures safe drinking water. Meanwhile, residual free chlorine in the water if consumed in excess will lead to various health problems including cancer. World Health Organization has given out suggestions for the safe usage of chlorine in the water treatment. Adequate controlling and monitoring the amount of the chlorine present in the water is crucial for domestic as well as industrial use of water. Various commercial systems are available in the market for chlorine analysis. But these systems are bulky and very expensive. Herein a simple low-cost portable smartphone device is introduced which can be used for the rapid determination of free chlorine content in water. The proposed model relies on the colorimetric action of DPD reagent followed by data processing using the sensing system. The sensing system consists of a smartphone camera as a detector, which captures images and processes data with the help of a smartphone application. The software app is developed to use with the phone for recording and analyzing the RGBA value of the color of the image captured. The portability of the designed system was ensured by using a casing assembly designed using additive manufacturing procedures. The linear range of residual free chlorine estimation is 0–10 ppm with a sensitivity of measurement of 0.02 ppm was confirmed with known chlorine concentration samples as well as blind testing.
      PubDate: 2021-01-03
  • Lithium–Molybdenum–Borate Glasses Doped with Cu 2+ ions as
           Solid Electrolytes
    • Abstract: Abstract Glasses are synthesized with a particular composition (in mol%) of 40Li2O–(4 − x)MoO3–56B2O3: xCuO by melt quenching process. Dielectric properties like dielectric constant (ε') and loss tangent (tanδ) are measured at different frequencies 102–105 Hz in temperature range 30 °C–280 °C by using LCR meter (HP model 4263B). The studied glass material with x = 0.6 mol% has exhibited the highest values for AC conductivity (σac), molar polarizability (αm) and nonlinear optical susceptibility (χ(3)). These glass materials can act as electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries and as optical elements in photonics applications.
      PubDate: 2021-01-01
  • Development of Antimicrobial and Wound Healing Properties on Cotton
           Medical Bandage by using the Extract of Eco-Friendly Herbs
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of the study is to produce herbal medical bandages which have antimicrobial properties as well as which will heal the wound place without applying any dressing materials. In this purpose, extracts of two eco-friendly herbs Bikash leaf (Mikania micrantha) and Durba grass (Cynodon dactylon) were used. After the sample preparation, odor test, antimicrobial activity and FTIR analysis were done. To justify healing properties, implementations of the samples were done on the wound place of a rabbit with the permission of local veterinary department. Both the herbs showed excellent results upon odor test and got rating 2 (weak odor) according to odor rating scale. In case of antibacterial activity, samples padded with C. dactylon possessed zone of inhibition (ZOI) of 11mm and 20 mm whereas M. micrantha padded samples possessed ZOI of 10 mm and 19 mm against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, respectively. The FTIR result confirmed the presence of phytochemicals on both herbal-treated fabrics. Results of wound healing were also satisfactory. After five days, the bandages were opened up and the place was healed completely. There are large demands on eco-friendly products in medical fields. So, these treated samples can be used as medical bandages in commercial basis.
      PubDate: 2021-01-01
  • Cleaner Production of Methyl Benzoate Using Solid Heterogenous Catalyst
           via Electromagnetic Waves as an Energy Source
    • Abstract: Abstract Methyl benzoate (MB) is synthesized in a batch reactor conventionally and with the use of microwave (MW) energy as a source of heat. MW-assisted esterification has added advantage of competent energy use in volumetric region which provides a safe, economic and green method of heating. In microwave-assisted MB esterification, the amount of solvent is minimized. Also this work aims to study the product distribution and selectivity using heterogeneous zeolite Hβ catalyst. The esterification is studied by variation in operating conditions such as reaction time, feed composition, microwave energy and reaction temperature. It has been found that 88% conversion of BA with 74% selectivity of MB is formed using a conventional batch reactor, while with the use of MW energy as a source of heating, at 70 °C, 300 W MW power, 99.99% conversion of BA was achieved within 10 min with the highest selectivity of 86% using sulfuric acid and 67% of MB using Hβ catalyst, respectively.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)-Bonded Carbon Electrodes for Desalination of Brackish
           Water Using Capacitive Deionization
    • Abstract: Abstract Permeable carbon atoms or aerogels support novel electrode materials. It is essential to improve the wetting surface area of carbon electrode for higher Capacitive Deionization (CDI) potency. To enhance the wettability of CDI electrodes, poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) binder (a water-soluble polymer) was used to fabricate the carbon electrodes, followed by the cross-linking of PVA with Glutaric Acid (GA). Morphological characteristics of modified electrodes were ascertained by Scanning Electron Microscopy. The primary purpose of this work is to investigate the desalting performance of PVA-bonded carbon electrodes by arranging a modified electrode with activated carbon powder and to observe its efficiency at a varied initial concentration of salt (400–1000 ppm). This makes CDI a feasible and economical means for the desalination of brackish water. The energy consumption during experiments was low, i.e., 2–5 kWh/m3 of desalted wastewater.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Synthesis and Characterization of Microcrystalline Cellulose from Rice
    • Abstract: Abstract Rice husk was used as a raw material for synthesizing microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) through mechanical and chemical pre-treatment process. Sodium hydroxide treatment (10%) followed by varying concentration of sodium chlorite (0.5%, 0.7%, 1%) treatment has resulted in substantial weight loss. The synthesized MCC was characterized through different instrumental analyses. ATR-IR spectroscopic analysis showed the successful removal of hemicellulose and lignin. Crystallinity index and crystal size were measured through powder XRD technique and was found to be 64.74% and 6.86 nm, respectively. SEM images indicated the average particle size, shape and porosity of MCC. Higher concentration of sodium chlorite treatment has led to minimum particle size, which is confirmed via DLS technique. The onset of thermal degradation of MCC from rice husk was around 340 °C.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • A Study on the Potential Biomass Available in Northeast India for Its
           Applicability in Certain Clean Energy Generation Purposes
    • Abstract: Abstract A detailed study was conducted to investigate the applicability of various ligno-cellulosic biomasses for clean energy generation purposes using thermo-chemical treatments like gasification, pyrolysis etc. The samples were selected depending on their robust availability in the form of unutilized wastes. In the present investigation, characteristics data of seven forest wood residues, one agricultural residue and one household waste have been reported. The biomasses were analysed by various physical and chemical methods to characterize their composition and structure. The proximate and ultimate analysis of the biomass samples were also carried out. Characterization techniques like HPLC, DSC, FTIR and CHNS elemental analyser were also carried out and presented in this article. The high heating value (HHV) of these biomasses were analysed to be as high as 21.42 MJ/kg. This detailed study will provide a comprehensive idea about the feasibility of the biomass samples found extensively in the areas of Northeast India for generation of clean energy using gasification, pyrolysis etc.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Optimization of Structurally Modified Wool/Polyester Blended Yarns Using
           Desirability Function
    • Abstract: Abstract Fibers are structural unit of a staple yarn, and its properties influence the properties of yarn. Structural modification through selective removal of component opens further scope of application. Yarns were prepared according to the mixture design for different fibers using design expert software. The effect of composition and selective removal of PVA on yarn properties has been reported. The potential of different fibers optimization to achieve maximum desirability for different properties of yarn for treated and untreated yarns with the help of desirability function has also been reported. It has been observed that dissolution of PVA component led to an increase in compressibility and reduction in packing fraction. Results of optimization for treated and untreated yarns show that almost same overall desirability can be achieved by using lower percentage of wool fiber in the case of treated yarn.
      PubDate: 2020-12-01
  • Effects of Structural Modification and Some Parameters on Inverse
           Relaxation Behaviour of Polyvinyl Alcohol-Blended Polyester Yarn
    • Abstract: Abstract Inverse relaxation is an undesirable phenomenon occurring with textile fibres or yarns which leads to certain fabric faults such as weft bars when fabric formation process gets interrupted due to unavoidable stoppages for indefinite times. In the present article, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) fibre-blended polyester ring-spun yarns are prepared having different blend percentage and twist multiplier and their structure is modified by dissolution of PVA fibres. The inverse relaxation behaviour of polyvinyl alcohol fibre-blended polyester ring-spun yarns and modified yarns is assessed. Effects of various parameters such as level of extension, retraction, fineness of polyester fibre, proportion of PVA fibre and twist multiplier on inverse relaxation behaviour of the both parent and modified yarns are investigated by employing Box–Behnken design of experiments and response surface methodology.
      PubDate: 2020-07-28
  • Enhancing Dyeability and Antibacterial Feature of Cotton Through
           Nano-chitosan Attachment
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, cotton fabrics were chemically attached with nano-chitosan using cyanuric chloride as an anchor in order to enhance its dyeability towards direct dyes and its bacterial resistance. Low molecular weight chitosans were synthesized by hydrolysing chitosan by nitrous acid. The molecular weight was assessed viscometrically. The particle size of chitosans was reduced by ionic gelation technique, and the sizes were measured using particle size analyser. The nano-sized particles were then attached to cotton which was reacted to cyanuric chloride earlier. FTIR spectra and scanning electron microphotographs of the samples were analysed. The treated and untreated cotton samples were dyed using three direct dyes. The dye absorption of the treated samples in the absence of salt was found to be much higher compared with the untreated samples dyed in the presence of salt and could also improve wash fastness. The treated cotton samples showed improved antimicrobial behaviour as evaluated by agar diffusion method. Attachment of nano-chitosan to cotton did not adversely affect the feel of the fabric as found in case of unmodified cotton.
      PubDate: 2020-07-20
  • Study on the Mechanical Properties of Banana and Jute Nonwovens
    • Abstract: Abstract Natural fibres like banana and jute are recyclable and biodegradable. The effective utilization of the natural fibre in various applications is gradually increasing due to their environment friendliness. The present work focusses on the dimensional and mechanical properties of banana and jute-blended needle-punched nonwoven fabrics. The needle-punched nonwoven fabrics have been produced with 100% banana, 100% jute and in various blend proportions of banana/jute; 80/20, 60/40 and 40/60, respectively. The dimensional, mechanical properties and pore size of the needle-punched fabrics were tested. The needle-punched fabrics produced with 100% banana and 80/20 banana/jute shows lower air permeability, higher bursting strength and better puncture resistance. The 100% banana fabric also shows lower pore size structure which makes it suitable for geo-textile and agriculture textile applications, where the properties like biodegradability and minimum mechanical strength are critical.
      PubDate: 2020-07-17
  • Improvement of Interface Adhesion of Poultry Feathers Used as Reinforcing
           Fibers in Composites
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, untreated poultry feather (UPF) was used and highly split and hydrophilic poultry feathers were successfully prepared via chemical treatment and low temperature nitrogen plasma treatment. Then, the chemically treated poultry feather (CPF) and chemical-plasm-treated poultry feather (CPPF) were, respectively, used as shorted-fiber reinforcement for keratin composite films. The microscope images showed that CPF was highly splitted. The morphology, evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, indicated that plasma treatment increased the surface roughness of poultry feather. XPS test results showed that chemical treatment removed the biological wax layer on the feather surface, and after being treated by plasma, many functional groups containing N and O were introduced on the fiber surface. The results of wettability test showed that plasma treatment could greatly improve the hydrophilicity of feather fiber. The breaking strength and fracture images of the different kind of composite films, including non-fiber composite film, UPF composite film, CPF composite film and CPPF composite film, indicated that matrix could be better combined with highly bifurcated and hydrophilic poultry feather. The outcome obtained from this study is believed to assist the development of environmentally friendly composites from discarded feathers.
      PubDate: 2020-06-27
  • Performance Analysis of Some Low-Cost and Locally Available Adsorbents
           that Remove Excess Fluoride Ion from Raw Water to Develop a Filter for the
           Rural Population
    • Abstract: Abstract The fluoride content in drinking water is an existing concern for public health engineers and water scientists. An optimum concentration of fluoride in drinking water has beneficial effect including the prevention of dental caries and calcification of dental enamel for the children. However, on the contrary, excess fluoride content over permissible concentration galvanizes the risk of dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis, and crippling skeletal fluorosis. In this study, an effort has been made to have an insight into the fluorosis affected states of India and to recommend some cost-effective and efficient technology to eradicate fluorosis from India. The column study has been adopted for activated alumina, bone charcoal, and a batch study for cement granule. The present study has revealed the fluoride uptake capacity of 97.9% in the case of bone charcoal and 85.3% in the case of activated alumina which is more promising and efficient as compared to cement granules. But the manufacturing process of bone charcoal has certain environmental constraints and the cost is also much higher for the same. The maximum removal capacity has been obtained as 3.44 mg/g of activated alumina at a flow rate of about 5 l/h. The test results found for activated alumina have best fitted to the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model. Therefore, considering the economic constraints of the rural population and the ease of operation, the adsorption filter using activated alumina as the media might be recommended to remove fluoride from drinking water at the domestic level.
      PubDate: 2020-06-17
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Heriot-Watt University
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