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  Subjects -> ANIMAL WELFARE (Total: 122 journals)
Showing 1 - 22 of 22 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acrocephalus     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Botanical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Animal Sentience : An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Animal Welfare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives Animal Breeding     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Botanical Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
British Birds     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
British Poultry Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Buletin Ilmu Makanan Ternak     Open Access  
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência e Agrotecnologia     Open Access  
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Derecho Animal. Forum of Animal Law Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
European Journal of Wildlife Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hayvansal Üretim     Open Access  
Human-Wildlife Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
İstanbul Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Animal Learning and Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media Peternakan     Open Access  
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Access Animal Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
People and Animals : The International Journal of Research and Practice     Open Access  
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rangifer     Open Access  
Research Journal of Parasitology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Acadêmica : Ciência Animal     Open Access  
Revista Argentina de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de primatologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scientific Papers Animal Science and Biotechnologies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Society and Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South African Journal of Wildlife Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Stockfarm     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Professional Animal Scientist     Hybrid Journal  
TRACE ∴ Finnish Journal for Human-Animal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Tropical Animal Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ursus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Veeplaas     Full-text available via subscription  
Vestnik Zoologii     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Wildfowl     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Zoologica Poloniae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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South African Journal of Wildlife Research
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0379-4369
Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [185 journals]
  • The road ahead for SAJWR : editorial

    • Authors: Dan Parker
      Abstract: With this second issue of South African Journal of Wildlife Research for 2014, my second as editor-in-chief, I thought it would be expedient to briefly reflect on where it is that I would like the journal to go during my tenure.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • Replacing grasslands with pine plantations on the Karkloof Plateau : the
           edge effects on downslope forest understorey birds

    • Authors: Gerard Malan
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine if and how the exposure of indigenous forest edges to flanking exotic pine plantations transform the avian community and forest ecosystem found in the forest periphery. I compared bird diversity indices between forest bordering grassland and forest bordering pine plantation at 10 study locations. At each location, understorey birds were sampled with mist nets at the edge (0m) and progressively deeper into each forest interior in spring and autumn. Crown cover was measured at these sites in autumn. Crown cover decreased from the edge into the forest, more so in forest bordering plantation, and at 60 m was, on average, 18% lower than forest bordering grassland. Furthermore, in forest bordering grassland, bird species richness and total abundance (of individuals) increased with edge distance in both seasons, but in forest bordering plantation, these trends were absent. In addition, in forest bordering plantation, different dominant species were recorded in spring and species only found in this habitat only fed in the forest mid-stratum. I therefore recommend that plantations be planted 15 m from forest edges to prevent perforation and edge-effect loss that will allow the edge and understorey avifauna to function as a natural part of the indigenous Afrotemperate forest patch in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • The relative importance of trophy harvest and retaliatory killing of large
           carnivores : South African leopards as a case study

    • Authors: Lourens H. Swanepoel; Michael J. Somers, Wouter Van Hoven, Fredrik Dalerum Peter Lindsey
      Abstract: There are considerable challenges in the conservation of large carnivores, caused by large area requirements, low reproduction rates and low population densities coupled with their tendency to cause conflict with humans. Trophy hunting is one strategy to increase support for large carnivore conservation. Leopards, Panthera pardus, rank among the most soughtafter trophies in South Africa. However, trophy hunting has been suggested as partly responsible for leopard population declines, and leopards are also killed in retaliatory actions. In this study we used a stochastic population model to evaluate the relative influences of retaliatory killing and trophy harvest on leopard population persistence, and to assess the sustainability of the current leopard trophy harvest in South Africa. There was a stronger effect of variation in retaliatory killing than of harvest on population persistence. Although we found low extinction risks for South African leopards within 25 years, high risks of population declines across a wide range of simulation scenarios call for concern regarding the viability of the South African leopard population. We suggest that conflict mitigation may be more effective in promoting leopard persistence than restricting trophy harvest, and that accurate estimates of retaliatory killing are necessary for assessments of harvest sustainability.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • Habitat selection by transient African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in
           northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa : implications for range expansion

    • Authors: Brendan M. Whittington-Jones; Dan M. Parker, Ric T.F. Bernard, Brendan M. Whittington-Jones Harriet T. Davies-Mostert
      Abstract: Reintroductions of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in the KwaZulu-Natal Province, through the managed metapopulation approach, promoted a population expansion from one pack in Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park in 1997 to nine packs in three reserves by 2009. Consequently, the likelihood of dispersing wild dogs leaving their natal ranges from within fenced reserves also increased. Land outside these reserves could potentially be utilized to expand wild dog distribution and provide connectivity between the geographically isolated subpopulations. We used Maximum Entropy Modelling (Maxent) to characterize habitat niche selection of transient wild dogs outside of resident reserves, and to identify potential dispersal linkages between subpopulations. A habitat suitability model indicated four variables (elevation, land cover, road density and human density) best predicted probability of presence for transient wild dogs. Elevation (AUC > 0.80) and land cover (AUC > 0.75) were the two most influential variables when considered independently. Transient wild dogs preferred lower lying locations (130-330ma.s.l.) covered by woodland or bushland; habitat indicative of the preferred prey of wild dogs. Considerable habitat exists for subpopulation linkages; however, the majority of wild dog movements between subpopulations required mitigation of potential or real game or livestock losses. Development of formal linkages and wild dog management between subpopulations will require a sustained approach to improving tolerance towards wild dogs, clarity on financial obligations and management responses to pack and prey population dynamics.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • Disturbance and habitat factors in a small reserve : space use by
           establishing black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis)

    • Authors: Karen Odendaal-Holmes; Karen Odendaal-Holmes, Jason P. Marshal Francesca Parrini
      Abstract: Continued persistence of black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) will likely depend on the cooperation of many reserves and the application of metapopulation models to manage across reserves. The suitability of any reserve, however, depends on factors that promote and constrain occupancy. Constraining factors, particularly human disturbance, are of concern in small reserves because constraints have potentially greater effects, relative to reserve size, than in large reserves. We investigated landscape use by black rhinos at Zululand Rhino Reserve. South Africa, as a function of elevation, slope, patch type, areas burnt and factors associated with disturbance (distances to nearest water point, human settlement, boundary fence, and roads). Estimated home ranges consistently demonstrated avoidance of human settlements, fragmentation of home ranges and sometimes multi-modal core areas. Resource selection functions confirmed that use of areas increased with greater distance from human settlements (log-odds = 1.3831 ± 0.4623 [95% CI]) and from perennial water points (2.2859 ± 0.8261). Space use was greater for thicket (1.0072 ± 0.5775) and closed savanna (0.8656 ± 0.6153) than for other patch types. Managers who plan reintroductions of black rhinos should consider availability of forage and cover, disturbances that might restrict access to resources, and effects of reserve size on those disturbances.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • Using artificial passageways to facilitate the movement of wildlife on
           Namibian farmland

    • Authors: Florian J. Weise; Stuart Munro, Matthew Solberg Quenton Wessels
      Abstract: Wildlife-proof fencing is increasing in extent as a result of the growing wildlife industry on private lands in southern Africa. In environments where such fences hinder the movements of free-ranging wildlife, the provision of artificial passageways can restore connectivity for some species. We tested the use of 49 discarded car tyres as wildlife passageways along the border of a Namibian wildlife farm. Tyres were installed into a wildlife-proof fence to reduce regular warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) damage to the fence and to provide connectivity and dispersal opportunities for selected indigenous wildlife species between adjacent farmland properties. The total cost for all 49 tyre installations was USD 252, which is significantly cheaper than daily fence patrols and maintenance. In addition, one tyre was monitored specifically for large carnivore activity with a motion-triggered camera trap (n = 96 trap days between August and December 2010). Eleven mammalian species used the tyre as a passageway and both cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) and leopards (Panthera pardus) made regular and repeated use of the tyre. Nine independent recordings of cheetahs, representing seven individuals, were made. One leopard was photographed four times. The suitability of discarded tyres as cost-effective artificial wildlife passageways for a range of mammalian species is stressed.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • A review of the anthropogenic threats faced by Temminck's ground pangolin,
           Smutsia temminckii, in southern Africa

    • Authors: Darren W. Pietersen; Andrew E. McKechnie, Raymond Jansen, Darren W. Pietersen Raymond Jansen
      Abstract: Throughout its range, Temminck's ground pangolin, Smutsia temminckii, is becoming increasingly threatened, predominantly as a result of anthropogenic pressures. This species is currently listed as Vulnerable in South Africa and Least Concern globally, although many assessment criteria are data deficient and thus hamper an accurate assessment of its actual status. Current knowledge of the threats faced by Temminck's ground pangolin largely stem from a handful of ecological studies and ad hoc observations. Here we synthesize data on the known threats faced by this species in southern Africa and highlight a number of new threats not previously recognized. The main threats faced by this species include electrocution on electrified fences, the traditional medicine (muthi) trade, habitat loss, road mortalities, capture in gin traps, and potentially poisoning. Electrocutions arguably pose the greatest threat and mortality rates may be as high as one individual per 11 km of electrified fence per year. However, the magnitude of the threat posed by the muthi trade has not yet been quantified. Most southern African countries have adequate legislation protecting this species, although implementation is often lacking and in some instances the imposed penalties are unlikely to be a deterrent. We propose mitigating actions for many of the identified threats, although further research into the efficacy of these actions, and the development of additional mitigating procedures, is required.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • The influence of season and sex on the carcass yield of common warthog
           (Phacochoerus africanus)

    • Authors: Monlee Swanepoel; Alison J. Leslie Louwrens C. Hoffman
      Abstract: The carcass yield and dress out percentage of the common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) was investigated as influenced by season and sex. Season did not have a significant impact on carcass weight (P = 0.64) and dress out percentages (P = 0.28) of adult warthogs (n = 46). Males (n = 21) had heavier carcasses (35.24 kg ± 2.59) than females (n = 25) (27 kg ± 0.96) (P = 0.03) and had a higher dress out percentage (57.14% ± 0.91) than females (52.14% ± 0.91) (P < 0.01).Due to the imbalance in sampled populations age was not included as a variable in the final analyses. Warthogs have a favourable carcass yield and can be utilized for commercial game meat production.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • Distribution and numbers of breeding cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae) and
           herons (Ardeidae) in Lesotho : short communication

    • Authors: Grzegorz Kopij
      Abstract: Owing to a scarcity of larger natural wetlands, waterbirds are, in general, uncommon in Lesotho (Osborne & Tigar 1990; Bonde 1992; Hockey et al. 2005). Besides Anseriformes, the most characteristic species in this group are represented by Ciconiiformes and Pelecaniformes. In Lesotho, Reed Cormorant (Phalacrocorax africanus), White-breasted Cormorant (Phalacrocorax lucidus), Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis), Black-headed Heron (Ardea melanocephala), Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) and Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) have been recorded breeding (Osborne & Tigar 1990; Bonde 1992). Other members of Ciconiifomes, such as the Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta), Black Stork (Ciconia nigra) and Southern Bald Ibis (Geronticus calvus) are not regarded as waterbirds, but do breed in Lesotho (Osborne & Tigar 1990; Bonde 1992).From a conservation perspective, it is important and relatively easy to survey colonially breeding waterbirds, i.e. herons and cormorants. Since these colonies are occupied annually, their status can be monitored on a regular basis (Sutherland 1996, 2000). However, only the distribution and abundance of the Cattle Egret has been thoroughly investigated in Lesotho (Kopij 2008). The purpose of this study was to determine the status and distribution of all other herons and cormorants breeding in Lesotho.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • A note on the population structure of leopards (Panthera pardus) in South
           Africa : short communication

    • Authors: Laura Tensen; Dick Roelofs, Lourens H. Swanepoel Lourens H. Swanepoel
      Abstract: The leopard (Panthera pardus) occurs throughout Africa and Asia, although their range in Africa has declined by 37% in the last century (Ray et al. 2005). The main factors contributing to the decline in leopard distribution seem to be a combination of habitat destruction, human persecution, and prey depletion (Henschel et al. 2011). These activities have increased habitat fragmentation and can affect leopard behaviour through home range shifts and limited dispersal (Ngoprasert et al. 2007).Limited dispersal, and hindered gene flow, can decrease genetic variation and increase genetic differentiation in fragmented subpopulations due to inbreeding, genetic drift and selection (Haag et al. 2010). Lowered genetic diversity may in turn cause reduced survival and reproduction success because of increased accumulation of deleterious mutations and increased probabilities in allele loss (Whitlock 2000; Reed & Frankham 2003; Frankham et al. 2004).
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • Build a bridge and get over it : the effect of bridges over water on
           terrestrial animal presence : short communication

    • Authors: Ashley Pearcy
      Abstract: Human infrastructure has resulted in habitat disturbance both inside and outside protected areas (Makki et al. 2013). Infrastructure disturbs habitats through fragmentation, resulting in changes in species composition (Brittingham & Temple 1983; Yahner 1988; Winslow et al. 2000). Roads have been widely studied as causes of habitat fragmentation because they divide the landscape and decrease canopy cover (McLaren et al. 2011). Despite the similarity between bridges and roads as man-made infrastructure, bridges link habitats and can facilitate rather than hinder movement (e.g. Way 2009).
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • Mapping correlates of parasitism in wild South African vervet monkeys
           (Chlorocebus aethiops), South African Journal of Wildlife Research 44(1)
           April 2014 : pp. 56-70 : erratum

    • Authors: T.J. Gaetano; J. Danzy, M.S. Mtshali, N. Theron, C.A. Schmitt, J.P. Grobler, N. Freimer T.R. Turner
      Abstract: Mapping correlates of parasitism in wild South African vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops), South African Journal of Wildlife Research 44(1) April 2014 : pp. 56-70 : erratum
      PubDate: 2014-10-01T00:00:00Z
  • Functional habitat heterogeneity and large herbivore seasonal habitat
           selection in northern Botswana

    • Authors: Richard W.S. Fynn; Michael Chase, Michael Chase Achim Roder
      Abstract: This study aimed to determine the functional seasonal attributes for herbivores of the major habitats and landscapes of the Savuti-Mababe-Linyanti ecosystem (SMLE) of northern Botswana and how various herbivore species responded to this heterogeneity. Floodplain grasslands and dambo grasslands provided the only significant green forage and biomass during the late dry season, whereas short grasslands of the Mababe Depression provided the highest forage quality of all habitats during the wet season. The ability to provide reliable forage and drinking water in floodplain, swamp and dambo grasslands attracted large concentrations of zebra and buffalo during the dry season, which was mediated by fire. Large concentrations of zebra were observed in mineral-rich grasslands of the Mababe Depression during the wet season, whereas buffalo were not observed in these open grassland landscapes in this season. Other herbivore species appeared to use the same landscapes year-round where lechwe were observed mainly in floodplain and swamp landscapes on the western edge of the Linyanti Swamps, while wildebeest and impala were observed in floodplains and adjacent woodlands near permanent water suggesting that these species had access to sufficient resources at a landscape scale. Thus various herbivore species responded differently to functional heterogeneity across seasons and scales.
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • Trapping and capture myopathy in Ludwig's Bustard

    • Authors: Jessica M. Shaw; Ben J. Dilley, Delia Davies Peter G. Ryan
      Abstract: Banding and deploying tracking devices are important techniques to study birds of conservation concern, but require that individuals can be safely and efficiently caught and handled. We describe the trapping techniques used to catch Ludwig's Bustards (Neotis ludwigii) in the Karoo, South Africa, for a satellite tracking programme aiming to better understand the movement biology of this poorly known and threatened bird. Trapping sites on transformed land used as congregation sites were difficult to locate for these nomadic and partially migratory birds, but six of nine prospective trapping trips were successful. Although labour-intensive, extensive deployment of leg nooses coupled with guide-lines to direct birds proved effective. We caught 12 bustards at four sites across the Karoo over 37 trapping days in 2010-2012. Success was male-biased, with only two females caught. Noose traps were safe, with no injuries to captured birds. However, in common with other studies, we encountered problems with capture myopathy after handling five bustards; two subsequently died and three recovered. We designed a 'harnessing chair' to reduce the risk of capture myopathy, but still encountered problems. We recommend noose traps with guide-lines to catch other large, wary birds in open environments where there is some predictability of habitat use,but caution against long handling times and trapping in extreme temperatures.
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • Vocal behaviour of the Red-crested Korhaan, Lophotis ruficrista, in South

    • Authors: Johann H. Van Niekerk
      Abstract: The purposes of the study were to describe the vocal repertoire of the Red-crested Korhaan, (Lophotis ruficrista) and the nature and intensity of male call rivalry during the breeding season. Many hours of field sound data were recorded and behavioural observations were recorded in the field. During the breeding season two or three adult male Red-crested Korhaans group together in close proximity to one another at established sites (~2.4 ha), calling simultaneously and continuously, while performing aerial displays. The Red-crested Korhaan's repertoire consists of three basic calls. One of these, the peep call, was often uttered in four identifiable variations. The main function of these peep calls is to facilitate courtship and hence reproduction. The peeping call of males overlap to mask one another's calls. Alternate calling, and variations of the peep call, suggest that females are attracted to males that group together. Females respond to male peep calls at the start of the breeding season.
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • Managing charismatic carnivores in small areas : large felids in South

    • Authors: Sam M. Ferreira; Markus Hofmeyr
      Abstract: Large carnivores are key foci for conservationists, tour operators and hunters alike. They provide revenue-generating opportunities, but also can be keystone species in conservation areas, influencing the maintenance of biological diversity. They often degrade livelihoods of people when coming into conflict with livestock land-uses. We acknowledge these challenges specifically for cases where large carnivores are present in small areas and propose an alternative strategy to the traditional carrying capacity approaches, directed at managing the effects of large carnivores. We advocate an approach where managers of small areas mimic natural social dynamics such as coalition tenure, density dependent changes in litter size, age at first birth and birth intervals, as well as subadult dispersal. This assists with achievement of population and evolutionary targets through a process-based approach mimicking drivers of variance in social groups. Such an applied conservation husbandry approach may have robust outcomes that do not compromise conservation values.
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • Rapid growth rates of lion (Panthera leo) populations in small, fenced
           reserves in South Africa : a management dilemma

    • Authors: Susan M. Miller; Paul J. Funston
      Abstract: Managers of reintroduced lion (Panthera leo) populations in small reserves (
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • Mapping correlates of parasitism in wild South African vervet monkeys
           (Chlorocebus aethiops)

    • Authors: Tegan J. - University of Wisconsin Gaetano; Jennifer - University of Wisconsin Danzy, Trudy R. - University of Wisconsin Turner, Moses Sibusiso Mtshali, Nicholas Theron, J. Paul Grobler, Trudy R. Turner, Christopher A. - University of California Schmitt Nelson - University of California Freimer
      Abstract: A growing focus of nonhuman primate conservation and management planning concerns factors affecting the dynamics of parasite infection and disease transmission. Here, we examine the effects of anthropogenic and environmental components of the landscape on the prevalence, richness, and species diversity of gastrointestinal parasites in wild-caught vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops) in South Africa. Nematodes of the genus Trichuris and the family Strongylidae and protists of the subclass Coccidia were present in 55.13% of sampled animals (n = 43). Parasitological, geographical, demographic and climatic correlates of infection were assessed in a geographical information systems (GIS) platform. The findings of this study suggest that parasitism in South African vervets may be better predicted by environmental factors than by degree of anthropogenic contact. This research represents one of the first surveys of parasitic infection in a wild monkey species in southern Africa.
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • Historical incidence of springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) in the
           northeastern Eastern Cape : further evidence

    • Authors: J.M. Feely
      Abstract: Two historical records of the springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) made by Thomas Baines, the well-known English artist, naturalist and traveller, in April 1848 in part of the northeastern Eastern Cape, have escaped attention. These records, together with two archeological records from the same area, provide additional insights into the occurrence of this ungulate in the region during earlier times.
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • Flight behavioural responses to sport hunting by two African herbivores

    • Authors: Tawanda Tarakini; Peter Mundy, Tawanda - Univ. Claude Bernard Tarakini, William-Georges - Univ. Claude Bernard Crosmary, Herve - Univ. Claude Bernard Fritz, William-Georges Crosmary Tawanda Tarakini
      Abstract: Sport hunting may have severe behavioural consequences, and possibly conservation implications for wildlife populations. We used flight initiation distances by two herbivores, impala (Aepyceros melampus) and greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) to assess the impacts of sport hunting on their flight behaviour. We compared Gwaai, a designated hunting area adjacent to Hwange National Park, a protected area in Zimbabwe. We aimed to estimate flight initiation distances (FIDs) for impala and kudu as this can be a good measure of hunting effect on behaviour. Our results suggest that impala and kudu are more flight prone in hunting areas than in non-hunting areas. We propose habituation to explain the shorter FIDs in the protected area,and the risk of being shot by hunters the higher FIDs in the hunting area. We concede that more field observations are needed to estimate the distance at which animals will always trigger an immediate flight response from approaching predators (Dmin) and the distance above which prey will not move away from an approaching predator as it is not perceived to be dangerous (Dmax) in our study area. However, we suggest that Dmin is a useful index for wildlife managers to assess predation risk.
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • Lake Basotu and Lake Tlawi are essential wetlands for waterbirds : short

    • Authors: Robert D. Fyumagwa; Grayson Mwakalebe, Machoke Mwita Emmanuel Clamsen Mmassy
      Abstract: Waterbirds are an important component of aquatic ecosystems which constitute a resource of great economic, cultural, scientific, recreational and aesthetic value (Galbraith et al. 2002). Migratory birds transcend frontiers as an international resource (Brown et al. 2012). Lake Basotu and Lake Tlawi are small inland freshwater bodies situated in areas inhabited by agricultural and agro-pastoral communities. Anecdotal evidence suggests Lake Basotu has an underground connection with a water current, most likely derived from Lake Victoria, while Lake Tlawi has uphill water streams and springs which sustain it in years of severe drought. Although the two small lakes have permanent fresh water even in years of prolonged drought, little information is available on their ecological importance for waterbird conservation.
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • Fine-scale differences in predicted and observed cheetah diet : does
           sexual dimorphism matter? : short communications

    • Authors: Craig J. Tambling; John W. Wilson, Peter Bradford Michael Scantlebury
      Abstract: In a world where the natural environment is being altered rapidly by the activities of a burgeoning human population, large predators (individuals with body mass greater than 21.5 kg which consume mainly meat; Carbone & Gittleman 2002) face increased competition for space and food in the remaining refuges they inhabit (Balme et al. 2009). As a consequence, understanding the resource requirements of large predators is imperative if we are to conserve these species. In the past decade, our understanding of large predators' prey preferences have advanced from a conglomeration of single site studies with limited connectivity to a field dedicated to the meta-analysis of predator resource acquisition (Hayward 2009). These meta-analyses have given us insight into the patterns driving prey preference in the suit of large African predators (Hayward et al. 2006).
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • A preliminary assessment of the carnivore community outside Johannesburg,
           South Africa : short communication

    • Authors: Brian F. Kuhn
      Abstract: The UNESCO Sterkfontein, Swartkrans, Kromdraai and Evirons World Heritage Site, known as the Cradle of Humankind (-25.948938°S;27.784395°E) in South Africa, is known for its numerous fossil sites (Hilton-Barber & Berger 2002; Dirks et al. 2010) but little is known regarding its current carnivore diversity. Occasionally a leopard (Panthera pardus) attack will make the news and a leopard den was examined in 2000 (de Ruiter & Berger 2000;de Ruiter & Berger 2001), while local ranchers and farm managers report a high number of black-backed jackals (Canis mesomelas) in the area (H. Visser & T. Nash, pers. comm.). In addition, brown hyaenas (Hyaena brunnea) are frequently sighted by locals (H. Visser & T. Nash, pers. comm.).
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • Special carnivore issue - call for papers

    • Abstract: The Southern African Wildlife Management Association (SAWMA) is currently inviting research and review papers on African carnivores and their ecology, behaviour or conservation for publication in the March 2015 issue of South African Journal of Wildlife Research.
      PubDate: 2014-04-01T00:00:00Z
  • Structure and composition of Ankarafa Forest, Sahamalaza-Iles Radama
           National Park, Madagascar : implications for the frugivorous endemic
           blue-eyed black lemur (Eulemur flavifrons)

    • Authors: M. Sylviane N. Volampeno; Colleen T. Downs Guy Randriatahina
      Abstract: The composition, structure and distribution of forest trees in Ankarafa Forest in the Sahamalaza-Iles Radama National Park, Madagascar, were evaluated to determine the influence of their fruiting on the seasonal feeding/foraging ecology of the mainly frugivorous, endemic blue-eyed black lemur (Eulemur flavifrons). Plots were sampled within the forest core and on the forest edges. A total of 848 live trees belonging to 42 species, 39 genera and 28 families were recorded. Ankarafa Forest is dominated by Mangifera indica (an exotic), Garcinia pauciflora, Sorindeia madagascariensis, Grangeria porosa, bamboo spp. and Mascarenhasia arborescens. More than 20% of the stems counted were exotic, long-lived species which has a negative consequence for future forest dynamics. In particular the predominance of the exotic M. indica has negative implications for fruit availability at the end of the dry season and during the wet season. Canopy height was lower than most tropical forests but similar to other Malagasy forests with an average tree height of 10 ± 3.6 m and a mean diameter at breast height of 13.8 ± 11.7 cm. Height and diameter of trees differed significantly between the edge and core of the forest. However, most trees were between 5 and 15 m high, and most of smaller diameter, both at the edge and core, suggesting it is a complex system. Along the forest edge, many trees were burnt by uncontrolled fire. Trees felled by cyclones were recorded both on the edge and in the core of the forest. Fruit availability was similar throughout the forest on a spatial scale, but differed temporally. Being relatively high in tree species diversity, Ankarafa Forest needs to be protected to continue to support its endemic fauna, particularly those with restricted distribution such as the blue-eyed black lemur. In particular, further forest degradation and fragmentation needs to be avoided.
      PubDate: 2013-10-01T00:00:00Z
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