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  Subjects -> ANTHROPOLOGY (Total: 422 journals)
Showing 1 - 90 of 90 Journals sorted alphabetically
(con)textos: revista d'antropologia i investigació social     Open Access  
AbeÁfrica : Revista da Associação Brasileira de Estudos Africanos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abstracts in Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
ACENO - Revista de Antropologia do Centro-Oeste     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Baltico-Slavica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Ethnographica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Orientalia Vilnensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
African American Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
African Anthropologist     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
African Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 488)
AIBR. Revista de Antropologia Iberoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aldaba     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alteridades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Anthropologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 219)
American Ethnologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
American Indian Culture and Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Physical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Anadolu Araştırmaları     Open Access  
Anales de Antropología     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anales de Arqueología y Etnología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Andes     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis / Studia de Cultura     Open Access  
Annals of Anthropological Practice     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Bioanthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 209)
AnthropoChildren     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anthropoetics : the journal of generative anthropolgy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anthropologia integra     Open Access  
Anthropologica     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Anthropologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Anthropological Forum: A journal of social anthropology and comparative sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Anthropological Journal of European Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Anthropological Linguistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anthropological Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anthropological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
AntHropológicas Visual     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anthropologie & Développement     Open Access  
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anthropologie et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropologischer Anzeiger     Full-text available via subscription  
Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Anthropology & Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Anthropology & Humanism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Anthropology & Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Anthropology & Aging     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Anthropology & Materialism     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Anthropology in Action : Journal for Applied Anthropology in Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Anthropology News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Anthropology Now     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anthropology of Consciousness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Anthropology of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Anthropology of Work Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Anthropology Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anthropology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92)
Anthropozoologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anthrovision     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Antipoda : Revista de Antropología y Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antiquaries Journal, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Antropologia     Open Access  
Antropologia e Teatro. Rivista di Studi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antropología Experimental     Open Access  
Antropologia Portuguesa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antropología Social y Cultural en Uruguay     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antropologías del Sur     Open Access  
Antropológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AntropoWebzin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anuário Antropológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archeological Papers of The American Anthropological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archivio Antropologico Mediterraneo     Open Access  
Arctic Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Artefact : the journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Ateliers d'anthropologie     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ateneo Chinese Studies Program Lecture Series     Open Access  
Australian Cultural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian Historical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Avá. Revista de Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Behemoth     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Boletim Gaúcho de Geografia     Open Access  
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boletin de Antropologia Universidad de Antioquia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin Amades     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’APAD     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletins et Mémoires de la Société d'anthropologie de Paris     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cadernos CERU     Open Access  
Cadernos de Arte e Antropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Campo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Estudos Africanos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cadernos do LEPAARQ     Open Access  
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers d’études africaines     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cambridge Journal of Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Chinese Sociology & Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Chungara (Arica) - Revista de Antropologia Chilena     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência & Trópico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
City & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Civilisations     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Collaborative Anthropologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Collegium Antropologicum     Open Access  
Communication, technologies et développement     Open Access  
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Critical Romani Studies     Open Access  
Critique of Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Cuadernos de Antropología     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Antropología     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Antropologia Social     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuadernos del Instituto Nacional de Antropología y Pensamiento Latinoamericano - Series Especiales     Open Access  
Cuadernos Inter.c.a.mbio sobre Centroamérica y el Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuicuilco     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuicuilco. Revista de Ciencias Antropológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultural Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 239)
Cultural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Culture & Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Current Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 225)
Current Narratives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos : Revista de Antropología Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access  
Dialectical Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Discourse Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Dotawo : A Journal of Nubian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Durkheimian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
E&G Quaternary Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
East Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ecocycles     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Economic Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Episteme : Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Equatorial : Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Antropologia Social     Open Access  
Estudios Atacameños     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ethnobiology Letters     Open Access  
Ethnographic Encounters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ethnographic Praxis in Industry Conference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ethnography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 199)
Ethnohistory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Ethnologia Actualis     Open Access  
Ethnology : An International Journal of Cultural and Social Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Ethnomusicology Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ethnos: Journal of Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 312)
Ethnoscientia : Brazilian Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology     Open Access  
Ethos     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EtnoAntropologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Etnografías Contemporáneas     Open Access  
Etnográfica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Evolutionary Anthropology Issues News and Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Evolutionary Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Exchange     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Field Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Fieldiana Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Focaal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Folia Praehistorica Posnaniensia     Open Access  
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
French Politics, Culture & Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
General Anthropology Bulletin of The General Anthropology Division     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geografiska Annaler, Series B : Human Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geographica Helvetica     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
GEOUSP : Espaço e Tempo     Open Access  
Gesture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
GIS : Gesto, Imagem e Som – Revista de Antropologia     Open Access  
Global Change, Peace & Security: formerly Pacifica Review: Peace, Security & Global Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 415)
Governare la paura. Journal of interdisciplinary studies     Open Access  
Gradhiva     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Grafo Working Papers     Open Access  
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Heidelberg Ethnology     Open Access  
Historical Biology: An International Journal of Paleobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Histories of Anthropology Annual     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Historische Anthropologie. Kultur – Gesellschaft – Alltag     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
History and Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Horizontes Antropológicos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)

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HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.335
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0018-442X - ISSN (Online) 0018-442X
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3207 journals]
  • Reevaluation of the earlobe types in Koreans
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 6Author(s): K.E. Kim, W.J. Song, D.K. KimAbstractThe shape of the earlobes has a variety of genetic significance. This study analyzed the frequencies of the earlobe shapes in the Korean population. Data were collected on randomly selected 500 males and 500 females in Daegu Metropolitan City, with all participant ages being in their twenties. Obtuse angled earlobes accounted for 41.2% of the earlobes observed, while acute angled earlobes prevalence was calculated at 38.8% and right angled earlobe was 20.0% of the total (sexes combined). In men, the acute angled earlobe was the most frequent type (43.0%), while the obtuse angled earlobe was the most frequent type in females (45.2%). These differences were statistically significant (p = 0.015). Overall, attached type earlobe (61.2%) was more frequent than free type earlobe. The attached type earlobe was more common in both sex groups (57.0% in male and 65.4% in female), and the proportion was significantly higher for females (p = 0.006). In conclusion, the findings in this study suggest that the attached earlobe type is the most common among Koreans, and the proportion of earlobe types among males and females is significantly different. Further studies are needed to understand the genetic background of earlobe types among Koreans.
       
  • The asymmetry of dermatoglyphic finger ridge counts and the geographic
           altitude of the Jujenean population in northwest Argentina
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 6Author(s): J.E. Dipierri, E. Gutiérrez-Redomero, N. Rivaldería, M.C. Alonso-Rodríguez, E. AlfaroAbstractAsymmetry is omnipresent in the living world and therefore is a measure of developmental noise and instability. The main stressing agent in high-altitude ecosystems is hypobaric hypoxia. The variation in bilateral dermatoglyphic symmetry in populations from the Province of Jujuy in northwest Argentina is analyzed, and these results are compared to those for other populations with different ethnic and environmental backgrounds. Fingerprints were collected from 310 healthy students (140 males and 170 females) aged 18–20 years from three localities in Jujuy Province—Abra Pampa (3484 m above sea level), Humahuaca (2939 m above sea level), and San Salvador de Jujuy (1260 m above sea level). Asymmetry by sex was assessed based on radial and ulnar ridge counts to determine its pattern of variability (directional asymmetry [DA], fluctuating asymmetry [FA] and antisymmetry), and asymmetry and diversity indices were calculated. A bivariate plot and principal component analysis (PCA) were used to compare these indices with those for other populations. Homogeneity was found between populations and sexes when radial and ulnar ridges were counted. FA values did not show significant differences by locality or side (ulnar and radial), but significant differences were found by finger and sex, with males showing significantly greater FA values. The asymmetry and diversity indices clearly group the Andean populations and separate them from populations of different ethnic and geographic origin. Only the diversity index showed significant differences by locality in males, which suggests a substantially different genetic component in Abra Pampa male samples.
       
  • Influence of maternal height on children’s health status and mortality:
           A cross-sectional study in poor Roma communities in rural Serbia
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 6Author(s): Jelena ČvorovićAbstractTo determine possible variations in children’s health status and mortality associated with variations in maternal stature, an anthropometric and demographic study was conducted in a Roma population of poor socio-economic status in rural Serbia. Data were collected during several years of anthropological fieldwork. The sample consisted of 691 women, ranging from 16 to 80 years of age. In addition to stature, Roma women’s demographics, reproductive history, reproductive outcomes and health status of their children were collected. The results provide evidence of a significant association between mother's stature and their children’s health and mortality, with a shorter mother's stature predisposing children to poor health and survival outcomes. The findings could prompt development of a definition of short stature among Roma women to evaluate the risk based on height distribution among the general Roma population.SažetakAntropometrijsko i demografsko istraživanje je sprovodeno među romskim stanovništvom lošijeg socioekonomskog stanja u seoskim sredinama u Srbiji, sa ciljem utvrđivanja mogućih varijacija u mortalitetu i zdravstvenom stanju dece i njihovoj povezanosti sa telesnom visinom majke. Uzorak se sastojao od 691 žene, starosti od 16 do 80 godina. Osim visine majke, sakupljeni su i osnovni demografski i podaci o reproduktivnoj istoriji, te podaci o zdravstvenom stanju dece ispitivanih Romkinja. Rezultati ukazuju na značajnu povezanost između visine majki i zdravlja i mortaliteta njihove dece, pri čemu majčina niža visina negativno utiče na zdravlje i preživljavanje dece. Ovi rezultati se mogu iskoristiti u svrhu definisanja rizične visine kod romskih žena.
       
  • Mitochondrial DNA diversity of the Roma from northeastern Bosnia, Bosnia
           and Herzegovina
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 6Author(s): Adisa Ahmic, Belma Kalamujic, Anel Ismailovic, Lejla Lasic, Emir Halilovic, Irma Mujkic, Naris PojskicAbstractThis study is the first report on the mtDNA diversity in the Roma population from Bosnia. The main aim of this study was to analyse the mtDNA diversity in the studied population, evaluate the genetic relations with other European Roma populations, and analyse the influences of the Roma gene flow on the mitochondrial profile of the Roma from northeastern Bosnia. MtDNA variability in the analysed population has been studied by means of hypervariable segment I and II (HVSI/II) of the control region sequencing and analysis of restriction fragment-length polymorphisms of the coding region. Our results show that genetic structure of the Roma from northeastern Bosnia has a combination of lineages of three main layers: specific founder of Indian origin (M5a1 and M35b) and founder non-M lineages of Indian/European origin (H7a, X2b and X2d) and lineages of European/Middle East origin (H, H1, H11a, V, T2b, K1b and W). The distribution of the haplogroups in the gene pool of the comparative European Roma populations indicates the separate origin of the Bosnian Roma and the Bulgarian Vlax and Croatian Vlax Roma. The data suggest that mitochondrial gene pool of the Roma population from northeastern Bosnia might be a consequence of early parting and the later different migration routes that are part of their demographic history. Our data confirm the high genetic heterogeneity of the Roma populations that can be shaped by effects of genetic drift, isolation and low effective population size, and this correlates with the migratory history of the Roma.
       
  • New linear regression equations to calculate body height from tibial
           length in modern Maya populations
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 6Author(s): Saul Chay, José Batún, Alonso Vázquez-Gómez, Vera Tiesler, Federico DickinsonAbstractHeight cannot always be measured directly, hence the need for height estimation formulae. This study presents two new linear regression equations for estimating height from tibial length among Maya populations. Body height and percutaneous tibial length were measured in two living Maya samples from the state of Yucatan, Mexico. The first sample comprises 100 adults (63 females and 37 males) from the community of Dzemul, (Group 1) and the second sample comprises 71 adults (26 females and 45 males) from the city of Mérida (Group 2). A linear regression model equation was then adjusted to estimate height from tibia length for each group. These models were then compared using 95% confidence intervals for the estimated variables. No differences were observed between the equations at this interval. Thus, both equations appear adequate for estimating body height from tibia length in contemporary Yucatecan populations. While the formula of Group 1 is applicable also to bioarcheological studies, the formula of Group 2 is more appropriate for studies in living populations.
       
  • The mental foramen: A cone beam CT study of the horizontal location, size
           and sexual dimorphism amongst living Jordanians
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 6Author(s): Firas Alsoleihat, Farah A. Al-Omari, Ayat R. Al-Sayyed, Ayah A. Al-Asmar, Ameen KhraisatAbstractAccurate information regarding the horizontal location and size of mental foramen (MF) has a well-known clinical importance. In addition, these variables have been reported to exhibit inter-population variation. The aims of the present study were to study the horizontal position and size of MF, as seen on cone beam CT (CBCT) images, and to assess sexual dimorphism in these variables. Total of 139 CBCT images of a random Jordanian sample (50 males, 89 females, average age = 43.5, SD = 13.0, range = 23–69 years) were included. The most frequent horizontal locations of MF were found to be: between the two lower premolars (50%), and in line with lower second premolar (40%). The average long diameter of MF was 3.08 mm, SD = 0.65 mm in males (n = 50, range = 1.5–4.8 mm) and 2.46 mm, SD = 0.58 mm in females (n = 89, range = 1.2–4.0 mm), and the difference was statistically significant. Very weak positive correlation was found between age and MF diameter in females (r = 0.161) and the correlation was approaching statistical significance (p-value = 0.066), while a weak negative correlation was found between these two variables in males (r = −0.276) and the correlation was statistically significant (p-value = 0.038). It could be inferred from the results of the present study that about 95% success rate for mental nerve block anesthesia is expected when the anesthetic solution is administered between the two premolars; however this needs to be tested experimentally. It appears that there is a tendency for an increase in MF size with age in females as opposed to a tendency for size reduction with age in males; this might suggest a role for sexual hormones in influencing MF size.
       
  • A palaeopathological analysis of skeletal remains from Bronze Age Mongolia
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 6Author(s): S. Karstens, J. Littleton, B. Frohlich, T. Amgaluntugs, K. Pearlstein, D. HuntAbstractLittle is known about the lifeways of the people who inhabited the Mongolian steppe during the Bronze Age (c. 4450-2650 BP). Palaeopathological analysis allows us to draw inferences about the lifeways of past people from the indicators of health and lifestyle recorded in human remains. This paper presents results of analysis of the remains of 25 individuals excavated in northern Mongolia. Overall, the remains demonstrated very little pathology. In particular the lack of evidence for both infectious and non-communicable diseases, along with the patterns of dental pathology indicate a group of people who experienced few health insults and little stress. The types of trauma, Schmorl’s nodes and patterns of degenerative joint disease present in the sample are suggestive of interpersonal violence and horse riding. The findings are consistent with a traditional pastoral lifeway where people live in small groups, rely on a protein-rich diet and use animals for transportation.
       
  • Illuminating the processes of microevolution: A bioarchaeological analysis
           of dental non-metric traits from Armenian Highland
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 6Author(s): A.Yu. KhudaverdyanAbstractNon-metric dental traits provide useful information for assessing temporal changes as well as for assessing biological relationships among living and ancient populations. Dental morphological traits were employed in this study as direct indicators of biological affinities among the populations that inhabited the Armenian Highland from the Late Chalcolithic-Early Bronze Age to Modern times. Sixteen morphological features in 2643 permanent adult teeth from 41 samples coming from 5 areas within the Armenian Highland were scored. Both Zubov’s standard protocol and Turner’s ASUDAS were employed. Given the paucity of odontological data for this area, this study contributes to the dental non-metric traits’ history of Armenian Highland and is a summary compilation and comparison of previously conducted work where non-metric traits were used in relation to dental reductions within the ancient Caucasus and Near East. The chronological sequence is considerable and spans from the Late Chalcolithic-Bronze Age to the Modern Age. It is suggested that offspring of ancient inhabitants of Armenian Highland continued to inhabit this area during the Late Iron Age, Classical/Late Antiquity, Middle Age and Modern period. This scenario indicates genetic continuity and gene flow between populations. Such a perspective is supported by the archaeological and molecular findings.
       
  • Differential evolution of cerebral and cerebellar fossae in recent Homo: A
           new methodological approach
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 6Author(s): M.A. Cabestrero-Rincón, A. Balzeau, C. LorenzoAbstractThe endocranium shows the influence of the shape and development of brain tissues and overall brain modifications. During the late Upper Pleistocene and Holocene smaller brains appeared and the higher position of endinion relative to inion might indicate changes in cerebellar and occipital lobes. In previous studies, the depths of the cerebral and cerebellar fossae were not specifically considered; new tools for quantitatively measuring these irregular, problematic curved areas need to be developed. This paper’s main objective is to investigate to what degree changes in the fossae’s depths of extant humans have occurred with respect to fossil anatomically modern humans (AMH) and older Homo species. The proportions of the occipital and nuchal planes are compared measuring the inner and outer surfaces of the bone. Additionally, this paper proposes a quantitative geometric methodology based on endocranial landmarks that create a plane with which to measure the position of the deepest part of the fossa: it represents a curvature maxima – concavity – associated with local structures. The four points thus obtained could be framed in Bookstein’s Type II landmarks but without biomechanical implication.Through univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses (principal components analysis) of raw and size-corrected data we study the differential evolution in recent Homo species, which presents a more vertical occipital area than ancient fossils. Our results corroborate this derived trait; additionally, we have observed a tendency towards a relative decrease in the depth of the cerebral fossae and maintenance of the cerebellar fossae.
       
  • Before Kukulkán. Bioarchaeology of maya life, death, and identity at
           classic period Yaxuná. Vera Tiesler, Andrea Cucina, Travis W. Stanton and
           David A. Freidel (foreword by Traci Ardren). The University of Arizona
           Press, Tucson (2018), 305 pp., price USD 76, hardcover, ISBN
           978-0-8165-3264-3
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 5Author(s): Mónica Rodríguez Pérez
       
  • Determinants of demographic characteristics of the Lamkang tribe, Manipur
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 5Author(s): Gangaina Kameih, Gautam K. KshatriyaAbstractThe present study provides the demographic account of the Lamkang tribe of Manipur who suffered the bottleneck effect in 1840s and 1992. The objectives are: (i) to determine the age-sex composition of the Lamkang, (ii) to see the sex disparity among the Lamkang (iii) to examine the various biological and social factors that govern the fertility pattern among the Lamkang tribe of Manipur. The present study reveals that the Lamkang population is showing tendency towards fertility transition as evident from the population pyramid. This has shown the beginning of positive effects of education and employment on the reduction of fertility. Overall, males have a higher literacy and better occupation than their female counterparts. One-way analysis of variance reveals that the mean number of conceptions and mean number of live births show statistically significant differences with respect to women’s education and family type, which is also reaffirmed by correlation analysis indicating that factors such as family type and women’s education along with the other factors such as age at marriage, age at first conception, age at menarche show significant association with fertility.
       
  • Biological living standards in North Korea as reflected in famine to
           post-famine trends in birthweight, 1998–2009
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 5Author(s): D. SchwekendiekAbstractThis research investigates the trend in birthweight as an indicator of living conditions in early life inside North Korea, one of the most secluded nations in the world that experienced a great famine in the 1990s. Descriptive analysis based on data taken from officially released national nutrition survey reports suggests that prevalence of low birthweight (= below 2500 g) declined from 9.0% in the famine year of 1998–5.7% in the post-famine period of 2009. Mean birthweight improved from 2800 g in 1998–2940 g in 2002, although more recent surveys await implementation. Based on raw data comprising 2495 newborns measured at birth from 2000 to 2002 from a national nutrition survey conducted in 2002, neither contingency analysis nor error bar analysis showed statistically significant improvements during the observed periods. Regression analysis indicates that there is a significant positive relation between birthweight and birthyear, but the effect is negligibly small (0.0001 g). Raw data analysis of the 2002 survey further revealed that prevalence of low birthweight hovered at around 7% from 2000 to 2002. Overall, this prevalence of low birthweight was closer to the mean percentage for industrialized nations (6%) than that of developing nations (17%), although being expectedly much higher (that is, twice the rate) compared to its “twin” in South Korea (3.5%) at that time. Some technical, biological, and socio-economic biases affecting birthweight measurements in North Korea are discussed in a latter section of this paper.
       
  • Union of the medial clavicular epiphysis in a South African Black skeletal
           sample
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 5Author(s): T. Mahon, L.J. Friedling, G.M. GordonAbstractCurrent research points to an increase in the interest in and focus on the age at which the medial end of the clavicle begins and completes union in various populations worldwide. As it currently stands, no information exists for the South African population detailing the age at which this skeletal developmental marker commences or completes union. The aim of this study was to establish the age at which partial and complete unions occur and to find if there is any correlation between the age and the assigned stage score in a South African Black skeletal sample. Paired clavicles of 211 males and females (M = 101, F = 110) with ages ranging between 12 and 45 years from the Raymond A. Dart Collection of Human Skeletons were included. A strong correlation between age and the assigned stage score was observed for both males and females (rs = 0.73). No statistically significant differences between the stage of union at the left and right clavicles were observed (p = 0.9). In this sample, partial union was commonly observed in individuals in their third decade of life; while complete union occurred more often in individuals older than 30 years of age. Assessing and recording the degree of union at the medial end of the clavicle can be a helpful additional age-at-death indicator to use when establishing an age-at-death range. However, overlap and variability between the ages of individuals categorized as either displaying signs of partial or complete union were evident.
       
  • Age estimation accuracies from black South African os coxae
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 5Author(s): M. Jones, G. Gordon, D. BritsAbstractThe accurate estimation of age is considered important from an ethical, legal and archaeological perspective. Among the numerous methods based on macroscopic skeletal studies for age estimation, the Brooks and Suchey (1990) method for aging from the pubic symphysis and the Buckberry and Chamberlain (2002) method for aging from the auricular surface are considered more reliable. However, both these methods have been derived from American populations. Therefore, the following study aimed to assess the accuracy of the estimation of age-at-death from morphological age related changes seen on the pubic symphysis and the auricular surface in a black South African population. A total of 197 individuals of known age of both sexes using both left and right ossa coxae were investigated. Age was estimated using descriptions stipulated by Brooks and Suchey (1990) and Buckberry and Chamberlain (2002). Correlation coefficients, inaccuracies and bias were calculated for both skeletal elements for both sexes and sides. Inaccuracies and bias were lower in the pubic symphysis than in the auricular surface thus making the pubic symphysis a more reliable age estimator. Similarly, males indicated lower inaccuracies and bias than did females. Overall, the pubic symphysis outperformed the auricular surface, even though the method described by Buckberry and Chamberlain (2002) is considered more reliable. It is advised that these two methods be improved to produce better accuracies, particularly when applying the methods to a black South African population.
       
  • Sex estimation from cranial morphological traits: Use of the methods
           across American Indians, modern North Americans, and ancient Egyptians
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 5Author(s): K. Godde, M.M. Thompson, S.M. HensAbstractThis paper focuses on estimating sex by visual assessment of human cranial morphology. Practitioners in the field report variation in sexual dimorphism across populations. This study evaluates again the general hypothesis that populations vary in their pattern of sexual dimorphism. Specifically, the study tests the degree of expression of four cranial morphological traits (glabella, supraorbital margins, nuchal crest, and mastoid process) across three samples from different time periods and which vary in sociocultural transitions: 1) modern Americans of rural and urban areas spanning the last 186 years; 2) Dynastic Egyptians; and 3) Averbuch American Indians, spanning approximately 1255 CE to 1425 CE, from the southeastern United States. These three populations were specifically chosen for sampling as they represent distinct temporal and groups of varied ancestral composition. Crania from these samples were scored 1–5, with 1 being consistent with expected female morphology. The estimated sex was compared to either documented sex (when available) or discriminant functions derived from craniometrics. Freeman-Fisher-Halton tests examined sample differences, within sexes, affecting the visual assessment method. Post hoc tests were applied to pinpoint where the differences lie between the samples. The findings of this study support the hypothesis that the method does not estimate the sex of crania from all populations in the same manner, indicating that populations display differing patterns of sexual dimorphism. However, understanding these patterns and adjusting for how the method is applied will lead to reliable assessments. A relative frequency table and graphs of distributions are provided for practitioners who can use the information to make successful assessments of sex.
       
  • Hemihyperplasia: History of medicine assists medical genetics
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 5Author(s): Michael Shterenshis, Yulia Roitblat, Sari Rosenberg, Monica Singer, Jeanne LumbrosoAbstractThis paper examines the role of the history of medicine in case of congenital isolated hemihyperplasia. Isolated hemihyperplasia is a genetic disorder in which one side of the body grows more than the other, causing visible lateral asymmetry of the human body. The date of the occurrence of the genetic mutation that leads to hemihyperplasia is not known yet. The aim of the current research was to confirm or to disprove the fact that isolated hemihyperplasia was first described in the first half of the 19th century. Using the case of hemihyperplasia we aimed to demonstrate how historical analysis may assist medical genetics in cases when estimating a mutation date is necessary. Medical literature from 1573 onwards was searched for any mention of hemihypertrophy, hemihyperplasia, hemi-gigantism, partial gigantism, hemi-macrosomia and other possible descriptions for pathological lateral body overgrowth. Historical analysis suggests that the mutation in question occurred in the first half of the 19th century, approximately 200 years ago. This led to the appearance of hemihyperplasia and subsequent hemihyperplasia-including syndromes. An additional genetic research is needed for investigation of the development of the involved chromosomal region instability since this period. Such research may use the timeline orientation provided by the history of medicine.
       
  • Juvenile scurvy from Late Medieval Knin, Croatia
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: HOMO, Volume 69, Issue 5Author(s): D. Nikitovic, P. Rajić ŠikanjićAbstractIn this study, we examine the scurvy associated skeletal lesions among juveniles from the late Medieval site Uzdolje-Grablje in Croatia. The study aims to establish a demographic pattern of scurvy using existing diagnostic criteria. The sample consists of 16 well-preserved and fairly complete juveniles, excavated from a cemetery dating to 1420–1920. Skeletal remains were analyzed macroscopically for signs of porosity and new bone formation. Scurvy is diagnosed using the “Ortner criteria” of cranial and postcranial lesions. Depending on the location of the lesions, individuals were diagnosed with either scurvy or possible scurvy. Half of the individuals in our sample are diagnosed with scurvy, with additional 25% being diagnosed with possible scurvy. Along with porotic lesions, all individuals diagnosed with scurvy/possible scurvy showed new bone formation on at least one skeletal element. The occurrence of lesions associated with scurvy in our sample is unusually high. Instead of focusing solely on diet and insufficient intake of the vitamin C, a more likely explanation lies in the synergy between diet, exposure to infections, and the environment.
       
 
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