Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1473 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (676 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (384 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 117 of 117 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACSMs Health & Fitness Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACTIVE : Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ágora para la Educación Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
American Journal of Sexuality Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Applied Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Exercise in Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arquivos de Ciências do Esporte     Open Access  
Athletic Training & Sports Health Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
BMC Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éthique & Santé     Full-text available via subscription  
Fat Studies : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Body Weight and Society     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Fisioterapia em Movimento     Open Access  
Fitness & Performance Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food Science and Human Wellness     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Sports and Active Living     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gelanggang Pendidikan Jasmani Indonesia     Open Access  
German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research : Sportwissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geron     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Journal of Health and Physical Education Pedagogy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health Education Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Health Marketing Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Health Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Home Healthcare Now     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Human Movement     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Human Movement Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
IISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors     Hybrid Journal  
Indonesia Performance Journal     Open Access  
İnönü Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 56)
International Journal of Athletic Therapy & Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
International Journal of Men's Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90)
International Journal of Obesity Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Spa and Wellness     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Sport, Exercise & Training Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Isokinetics and Exercise Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of American College Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Motor Learning and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Physical Activity and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Physical Activity and Hormones     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Physical Education and Human Movement     Open Access  
Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Physical Education Health and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Sport and Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Sport Sciences and Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kinesiology : International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Kinesiology     Open Access  
Kinesiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Krankenhaus-Hygiene - Infektionsverhütung     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Mental Health and Physical Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Movimiento Humano y Salud     Open Access  
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Obesity Research & Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Obesity Science & Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pain Management in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
PALAESTRA : Adapted Sport, Physical Education, and Recreational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Physical Activity and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Physical Education & Sport Pedagogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Preventing Chronic Disease     Free   (Followers: 2)
Psychology of Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Quality in Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access  
RBPFEX - Revista Brasileira de Prescrição e Fisiologia do Exercício     Open Access  
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport     Hybrid Journal  
Retos : Nuevas Tendencias en Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación     Open Access  
Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Atividade Física & Saúde     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista da Educação Física : UEM     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología del Ejercicio y el Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte : International Journal of Medicine and Science of Physical Activity and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue phénEPS / PHEnex Journal     Open Access  
SIPATAHOENAN : South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education     Open Access  
Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Sport and Fitness Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sport Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sport Sciences for Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sport- und Präventivmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sports Biomechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Strength & Conditioning Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Timisoara Physical Education and Rehabilitation Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise     Open Access  
Yoga Mimamsa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Здоровье человека, теория и методика физической культуры и спорта     Open Access  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.181
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Online) 1886-6581
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3147 journals]
  • Familiar hypercholesterolemia in high performance athletes: A case series
           and short clinical review
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 January 2019Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'EsportAuthor(s): Mindaugas Gudelis, Ricard PrunaAbstractChronically elevated cholesterol levels in the blood cause hypercholesterolemia. High levels of low-density lipoprotein increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. The children are not excluded from this pathology and usually, the early or familial hypercholesterolemia is related to genetic predispose. A reduction in total cholesterol is considered to be the gold standard in preventative cardiovascular medicine. Actually, statins, the hydroxy-methyl-glutaryl CoA reductase inhibitors, are the most effective medication for reducing LDL high concentrations in the blood. It is very rare that high sports performers could suffer from elevated cholesterol but there are several cases of familial hypercholesterolemia in professional athletes and they need to be treated with a statin in early ages.ResumenEl colesterol elevado crónicamente en la sangre causa hipercolesterolemia. Altos niveles de lipoproteína de baja densidad aumentan el riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular. Los niños no están excluidos de esta enfermedad y, por lo general, la hipercolesterolemia temprana o familiar está relacionada con la predisposición genética. Para prevenir la enfermedad cardiovascular, el tratamiento estándar consiste en reducir el colesterol total. Las estatinas, los inhibidores de la hidroxi-metil-glutaril CoA reductasa, son el medicamento más efectivo para reducir las altas concentraciones de colesterol en sangre. Es muy raro que los deportistas de alto rendimiento sufran de colesterol elevado, pero hay varios casos de hipercolesterolemia familiar en atletas profesionales que debe tratarse con estatinas en edades tempranas.
       
  • Plantaris tendon and association with mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy.
           Is the plantaris tendon a contributing factor in mid-portion Achilles
           tendinopathy'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 January 2019Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'EsportAuthor(s): Lorenzo Masci, Hakan Alfredson, Christoph SpangAbstractPlantaris tendon is implicated in some cases of load-resistant Achilles tendinopathy. The tendon courses close to the medial Achilles tendon mid-portion prior to insertion onto the medial calcaneus, although there is variation in course and insertion. Clinical suspicion of plantaris involvement includes persistent medial Achilles pain unresponsive to a rehabilitation programme and imaging revealing a thickened plantaris tendon and/or focal medial Achilles tendinosis. Potential mechanisms include compression or shearing forces between the plantaris and Achilles tendons. Initial treatment should consist of a modified loading programme avoiding end-range loading. Resistant cases may be amenable to surgical excision of the plantaris demonstrating good clinical outcomes in the short and long term, although the evidence is limited to case series. Percutaneous methods show promise but require further evaluation.ResumenEl tendón del plantar delgado está implicado en algunos casos de tendinopatía de Aquiles resistente a la carga. El tendón se desplaza cerca de la porción media del tendón de Aquiles antes de su inserción en la región medial del calcáneo, aunque existen variaciones anatómicas en el curso y la inserción. La influencia del plantar delgado en la tendinopatía de Aquiles debe sospecharse ante un dolor en la región medial del Aquiles persistente y que no responde a un programa de rehabilitación y en el que las pruebas de imagen revelan un tendón plantar engrosado y / o tendinosos medial focal del tendón de Aquiles. Los mecanismos potenciales incluyen fuerzas de compresión o cizallamiento entre el tendón de Aquiles y el plantar delgado. El tratamiento inicial debe consistir en un programa de carga modificado que evite la carga en el tramo final. Los casos resistentes pueden ser susceptibles a la extirpación quirúrgica del plantar delgado que ha demostrado buenos resultados clínicos a corto y largo plazo, aunque la evidencia se limita a series de casos. Los métodos percutáneos son prometedores, pero se requieren más estudios que demuestren su validez real.
       
  • Length of the free tendon is not associated with return to play time in
           biceps femoris muscle injuries
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 January 2019Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'EsportAuthor(s): Ricard Pruna, Javier Yanguas, Anne D. van der Made, Lluís Capdevila, Ramon Balius, Xavier Alomar, Javier Arnaiz, Johannes L. Tol, Gil RodasAbstractPurpose and hypothesisEvaluate the association between long head biceps femoris (BFLH) injuries, BFLH free tendon length, and to return to play time (RTP) and determine the measurement reliability.MethodsIn 108 athletes with acute BFLH injury, BFLH free tendon length (cm) was measured by magnetic resonance image (MRI) and RTP time (days) was recorded. To evaluate intra-observer reliability, two different and well-trained musculoskeletal radiologists recorded bilateral free tendon length in 30 subjects and repeated the process one week later. To evaluate inter-observer reliability, the radiologists performed the measurements independently. Subsequently, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) analysis was carried out. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the relationship between tendon length and RTP time.ResultsIntra-observer reliability expressed by ICC ranged from 0.921 (95 CI: 0.832–0.963) to 0.983 (95 CI: 0.963–0.992). Inter-observer ICC ranged from 0.977 (95 CI: 0.952–0.989) to 0.984 (95 CI: 0.966–0.993). Average proximal BFLH free tendon length was 4.8 ± 2.4 cm (right biceps), and 5.0 ± 2.2 cm (left). Average time to return to play (RTP) was 29 ± 15 days. There was no statistically significant correlation between proximal BFLH free tendon length and RTP time (Pearson correlation coefficient = −0.037; p = 0.712).ConclusionFree tendon length can be reliably measured with excellent intra-observer and inter-observer agreement. Length of the proximal BFLH free tendon is not associated with RTP time in BFLH injuries.ResumenObjetivo e hipótesisEn lesiones musculares de la porción larga del bíceps femoral, estudiar la asociación entre la longitud del tendón libre de la inserción proximal del bíceps femoral y el tiempo de vuelta a la competición, y determinar la fiabilidad de esta medición.MétodosEn 108 deportistas con lesiones agudas de la inserción proximal del bíceps femoral, se determinó la longitud del tendón libre mediante resonancia magnética (RM), y se registró el tiempo (en días) hasta la vuelta a la competición. Para evaluar la fiabilidad intra-observador, dos radiólogos especialistas en el sistema musculoesquelético midieron de manera bilateral la longitud de los tendones libres en 30 sujetos, y repitieron la medición una semana más tarde. Para evaluar la fiabilidad inter-observador, los radiólogos realizaron las mediciones individualmente. También se determinó el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (ICC, por sus siglas en inglés). El coeficiente de correlación de Pearson se utilizó para analizar la relación entre la longitud del tendón libre y el tiempo de vuelta a la competición.ResultadosFiabilidad intra-observador expresada en forma de ICC: de 0,921 (CI 95: 0,832-0,963) a 0,983 (CI 95: 0,963-0,992). Fiabilidad inter-observador ICC de 0,977 (CI 95: 0,952-0,989) a 0,984 (CI 95: 0,966-0,993). La media de la longitud del tendón libre de inserción proximal de la porción larga del bíceps femoral fue de 4,8 ± 2,4 cm (derecho) y 5,0 ± 2,2 cm (izquierdo). El tiempo medio para la vuelta a la competición fue de 29 ± 15 días. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la longitud del tendón libre y el tiempo de vuelta a la competición (coeficiente de correlación de Pearson = −0,037; p = 0,712).ConclusiónLa medida de la longitud del tendón libre presenta una excelente fiabilidad intra e inter-observador. Sin embargo, la longitud del tendón libre de inserción proximal de la porción larga del bíceps femoral no está asociada al tiempo de vuelta a la competición en este tipo de lesiones.
       
  • The MLG-R muscle injury classification for hamstrings. Examples and
           guidelines for its use
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'EsportAuthor(s): Xavier Valle, Sandra Mechó, Ricard Pruna, Carles Pedret, Jaime Isern, Joan Carles Monllau, Gil Rodas
       
  • Relationship between strength and flexibility levels in young soccer
           players
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'EsportAuthor(s): Sarah Ramos, Roberto Simão, Carlos Herdy, Pablo Costa, Ingrid DiasAbstractIntroductionBalance of strength and flexibility between the dominant (DL) and non-dominant limbs (NDL) in young soccer players is essential, since it can minimize the possible injury-triggering mechanisms and their negative influence on performance. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the unilateral and bilateral strength and flexibility between the DL and NDL in young soccer players.Material and methodsThe sample consisted of 30 individuals (aged 15.97 ± 0.67 years). The isokinetic strength was measured at the velocities of 60° s and 180° s in the concentric action of the quadriceps and hamstrings as well as eccentric of the hamstrings, and in the conventional and functional ratios, along with hip flexion range of motion.ResultsThe results showed the athletes had an eccentric strength of the hamstrings at 60° s in the DL significantly (p 
       
  • Is there a difference toward strength, muscular endurance, anaerobic power
           and hormonal changes between the three phase of the menstrual cycle of
           active girls'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 December 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'EsportAuthor(s): Hamid Arazi, Sabikeh Nasiri, Ehsan EghbaliAbstractBackgroundMenstrual cycles are affected by the concentration of estrogen and progesterone hormones affecting the individual's functional and physical factors.AimsThe purpose of this study was to investigate the difference (and relationship) toward strength, muscular endurance, anaerobic power and hormonal changes between the three (follicular, ovulation, luteal) phases of the menstrual cycle of active young girls.MethodsTwenty young girls were selected randomly and purposefully in the age group from 20 to 30. Hormonal changes in follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), one repetition maximum (1RM or strength) of upper body and lower body, and muscular endurance test with 60% 1RM of upper body and lower body in the three phases of the menstrual cycle were measured. Also, running-based anaerobic sprint test (RAST) was used to estimate anaerobic power.ResultsThe results of this study showed that there was no significant difference between muscular strength and endurance in the three phases of the menstrual cycle (upper and lower body muscle strength: P = 0.13, P = 0.23; muscular endurance: P = 0.33, P = 0.5, respectively). Also, the results indicated no significant difference in anaerobic power in the three phases of the menstrual cycle (P = 0.45). In contrast, there was a significant difference between LH and FSH levels in the menstrual cycle phases (P = 0.001).ConclusionsThe different phases of the menstrual cycle practically do not limit the physical and physiological performance of active young girls, and girls can participate in sports activities without worrying about a drop in performance.ResumenAntecedentesLos ciclos menstruales son afectados por la concentración de estrógeno y progesterona, que afectan a los factores funcional y físico del individuo.ObjetivoEl objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la diferencia (y relación) entre fuerza y resistencia muscular, potencia anaeróbica y cambios hormonales entre las tres fases (folicular, ovulación, lútea) del ciclo menstrual de las jóvenes activas.MétodosSe seleccionaron veinte chicas intencionada y aleatoriamente del grupo de edad comprendido entre 20 y 30 años. Se midieron los cambios hormonales de la hormona folículo-estimulante (FSH), la hormona luteinizante (LH), una repetición máxima (1RM o fuerza) del tren superior y el tren inferior, y la prueba de resistencia muscular con un 60% de 1RM del tren superior y el tren inferior en las tres fases del ciclo. Se utilizó también la prueba de carrera anaeróbica en sprint (RAST) para calcular la potencia anaeróbica.ResultadosLos resultados de este estudio reflejaron que no existía diferencia significativa entre fuerza y resistencia muscular en las tres fases del ciclo menstrual (fuerza muscular de los trenes superior e inferior: p = 0,13, p = 0,23, y resistencia muscular: p = 0,33, p = 0,5, respectivamente). Los resultados indicaron también que no existía diferencia significativa en cuanto a potencia anaeróbica en las tres fases del ciclo menstrual (p = 0,45). Por contra, existía una diferencia significativa entre los niveles de LH y FSH en las fases del ciclo menstrual (p = 0,001).ConclusionesLas diferentes fases del ciclo menstrual no limitan prácticamente el desempeño físico y fisiológico de las jóvenes activas, pudiendo participar las chicas en actividades deportivas sin preocuparse acerca de la caída de rendimiento.
       
  • Effects of rehydration on the physical and technical condition in soccer
           players
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 October 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'EsportAuthor(s): Antonella Cariolo, Juan Del Coso, Francisco Manuel Argudo, Pablo José Borges-HernandezAbstractThis study aimed to determine the effect of rehydration on the physical condition and technique of twelve semi-professional soccer players (21.14 ± 1.69 years) underwent regular soccer training (129 ± 7 min). On one occasion, participants ingest water ad libitum or were hydrated according to standardized recommendations. In each session, temperature, three maximum vertical jump height and accuracy were measured in a four penalty kick with auditory and visual stimulus, before and after the training sessions. The dehydration achieved and the rate of sweating was greater when the players drank freely at will against a recommended rehydration (1.3 ± .8% vs. 0.5 ± 0.6%, p = .01) (730.3 ± 275.6 vs. 516.9 ± 111.2 ml/h, p = .02). The tympanic temperature of a single movement in the session where the hydration scheduled (p = 0.06 vs. p 
       
  • A systematic review of “myokines and metabolic regulation”
    • Abstract: Publication date: October–December 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport, Volume 53, Issue 200Author(s): Henry H. León-Ariza, María P. Mendoza-Navarrete, María I. Maldonado-Arango, Daniel A. Botero-RosasAbstractBad habits such as sedentary lifestyle, obesity or overfeeding, are related to the production of chronic pro-inflammatory states, the main risk factor for the development of chronic noncommunicable diseases (CNCD). However, modifying only the body weight does not reduce the risk, it is necessary to increase muscle mass, this implies there is a beneficial relationship associated with the muscle tissue that is not fully elucidated. During the last years, the most interesting cellular explanations have focused on the production of muscle cytokines called myokines, among which stand out interleukin 6, the inhibitory factor of leukemia, with others recently studied such as mionectine and muscline. Due to the multiple advances, this intends to present the most recent and representative findings about myokines, correct concepts and demonstrate their applicability in the prescription of physical exercise for health.ResumenMalos hábitos como el sedentarismo, obesidad o sobrealimentación, se relacionan a la evolución de estados pro-inflamatorios crónicos, principal factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles (ECNT). Sin embargo, modificar únicamente el peso corporal no reduce el riesgo, es necesario también aumentar la masa muscular, dando a entender que existe una relación benéfica asociada a este tejido que no está totalmente dilucidada. Durante los últimos años, las explicaciones celulares más interesantes se han enfocado en la producción de citokinas musculares denominadas miokinas, dentro de las que se destacan la interleucina 6, el factor inhibidor de la leucemia, entre otras recientemente estudiadas como lo son la mionectina y la musclina. Debido a los múltiples avances, se realiza una revisión que pretende: presentar los hallazgos más recientes y representativos acerca de las miokinas, corregir conceptos y demostrar su aplicabilidad en la prescripción del ejercicio físico para la salud.
       
  • Proposal of a protocol for the primary prevention of hamstring strains in
           football players
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 October 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'EsportAuthor(s): Pau Sintes, Toni CaparrósAbstractHamstring strains, mainly in the femoral biceps, are the most common football injury. In spite of all the studies carried out on preventing these injuries, their incidence has not fallen. One of the possible causes of this is incorrect choice of strength exercises and the traditional reductionist vision that fails to consider the interrelation between risk factors. The aim of this article is to review the risk factors presented in the literature and propose a correct choice of exercises for prevention based on the location of muscle activation, as well as offering a multifactor description of risk factors.ResumenLa distensión en la musculatura isquiosural, principalmente en el bíceps femoral, es la lesión más común en el fútbol. A pesar de todos los estudios realizados sobre su prevención, la incidencia no se ve reducida. Las posibles causas son la incorrecta elección de los ejercicios para el desarrollo de la fuerza y la no consideración de las interrelaciones entre los factores de riesgo. El objetivo de este artículo es revisar los factores de riesgo que expone la literatura y hacer una propuesta específica de ejercicios para su prevención en esta modalidad deportiva, en función de la localización de la activación muscular.
       
  • Effectiveness of a multimodal low–moderate intensity exercise
           rehabilitation program for stroke survivors
    • Abstract: Publication date: October–December 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport, Volume 53, Issue 200Author(s): Montserrat Grau-Pellicer, Bernat-Carles Serdà-Ferrer, Josep Medina-Casanovas, Andrés Chamarro-LusarAbstractIntroductionThe amount of people who survive a stroke is increasing annually. Persons with stroke suffer neurological deficits and a physical deconditioning that compromise walking ability, basic activities of daily living and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of the study was to determine the effects of a 12-week multimodal low–moderate intensity exercise rehabilitation program on walking speed, walking endurance and adherence to physical activity.Material and methodsAn observational repeated-measures design was used. The intervention consisted of 24 sessions of 1 hour per session two alternative days a week. A total of 31 participants were recruited and were evaluated at baseline, post-intervention and at six months follow up.ResultsTwenty-five participants completed the rehabilitation program. Significant improvements were found at the end of the intervention and those were maintained at six months on walking speed (10MWT *p ≤ 0.004), walking endurance (6MWT **p ≤ 0.000) and adherence (walking min/day **p ≤ 0.000). Participants reported an overall satisfaction with the rehabilitation program of 94%: fitness, walking capacity, balance, accomplished expectations, satisfaction with the rehabilitation program, satisfaction with self-efficacy, learned strategies to improve QoL, adequate timing and would recommend the low–moderate intensity exercise rehabilitation program.ConclusionsPromoting low–moderate intensity physical activity may be an interesting rehabilitation strategy for stroke survivors.ResumenIntroducciónla cantidad de personas que sobreviven a un accidente cerebrovascular aumenta cada año. Las personas con ictus sufren déficits neurológicos y un desacondicionamiento físico que compromete la capacidad para caminar, las actividades básicas de la vida diaria y la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (CdVRS). El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar los efectos de un programa de rehabilitación multimodal de 12 semanas de duración, basado en ejercicios de intensidad baja- moderada, en la velocidad de deambulación, la resistencia al caminar y la adherencia a la actividad física.Material y métodosestudio observacional de medidas repetidas. La intervención consistió en 24 sesiones de 1 hora de duración dos días alternos por semana. Se reclutó un total de 31 participantes que se evaluaron al inicio, después de la intervención y a los seis meses.Resultadosveinticinco participantes completaron el programa de rehabilitación. Al final de la intervención se detectaron mejoras significativas de la velocidad de deambulación (10MWT p ≤ 0.004*), resistencia al caminar (6MWT p ≤ 0.000**) y adherencia (minutos de caminata/día p ≤ 0.000**). Estos resultados se mantuvieron a los seis meses. Los participantes manifestaron una satisfacción general con el programa de rehabilitación del 94% en relación a los siguientes ítems: condición física, capacidad para caminar, equilibrio, expectativas cumplidas, satisfacción con el programa, satisfacción con la autoeficacia, estrategias aprendidas para mejorar la calidad de vida, momento adecuado para participar en el programa y lo recomendarían a terceras personas.ConclusionesPromover la actividad física de intensidad baja-moderada puede ser una estrategia de rehabilitación interesante para los supervivientes de ictus.
       
  • Does cognition play a role in injury prevention and return to play in the
           elite football player' A perspective from the field
    • Abstract: Publication date: October–December 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport, Volume 53, Issue 200Author(s): Khatija Bahdur, Ricard Pruna, Henrico Erasmus, Carles PedretAbstractFootball matches expose players to high cognitive demands, require various mental skills and subsequently trigger decisions and physical reactions. Potential stressful athletic situations such as this can contribute to increased injury risk. If we could be able to introduce strategies to reduce the risk of incurring an injury, accelerate the recovery time after an injury or reduce the re-injury risk in football players then, this can contribute greatly to the performance of the individual and the team.ResumenLos partidos de fútbol exponen a los jugadores a elevadas demandas cognitivas, demandan diversas técnicas mentales y, ulteriormente, desencadenan decisiones y reacciones físicas. Las situaciones atléticas estresantes potenciales como esta pueden contribuir a un incremento del riesgo de lesiones. Por tanto, si pudiéramos introducir estrategias para reducir el riesgo de incurrir en lesiones, acelerar el tiempo de recuperación tras la lesión, o reducir el riesgo de re-lesión en los jugadores de fútbol, ello podría contribuir grandemente al desempeño del individuo y del equipo.
       
  • Determining the ventilatory inter-threshold area in individuals with
           different endurance capacities
    • Abstract: Publication date: July–September 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport, Volume 53, Issue 199Author(s): Irma Lorenzo Capellá, Pedro J. Benito Peinado, María I. Barriopedro Moro, J. Butragueño Revenga, Nuno Koch Esteves, Francisco J. Calderón MonteroAbstractThere is a general consensus in the literature regarding the existence of two ventilation break points during incremental exercise, i.e., Ventilatory Threshold 1 (VT1) and Ventilatory Threshold 2 (VT2), which mark the boundaries of the aerobic–anaerobic transition. The Inter-Threshold Area (ITA) has been defined as a parameter that connects the ventilatory thresholds. The main aim of the present study was to examine the ITA i.e., the expressed area between VT1 and VT2 for the function: ventilation ÷ oxygen uptake (VE/VO2 in L2 min2) in individuals with various endurance capacities. Six hundred and six men with different levels of endurance completed an incremental exercise test and their ventilatory thresholds were recorded. The ITA is a trapezoid whose area is calculated as the sum of the area of the triangle and rectangle that form it between VT1 and VT2 below the VO2/VE function. The mean ITA for the function VO2–VE was greater in cyclists, as the main representatives for endurance athletes, than the mean corresponding to physical education students, who averaged a lower endurance level (120 ± 34 vs. 86 ± 40 L2/min2). The results suggest that the determination of the ITA can reflect metabolic status throughout the aerobic–anaerobic transition during maximal incremental exercise tests.ResumenExiste un consenso general de que hay dos puntos de ruptura de la ventilación durante el ejercicio incremental, el umbral ventilatorio 1 (VT1) y el umbral ventilatorio 2 (VT2), que marcan los límites de la transición aeróbica-anaeróbica. El área interumbral se ha definido como un parámetro que relaciona los umbrales ventilatorios. El objetivo principal del presente estudio fue examinar el área entre los umbrales (ITA), es decir, el área entre VT1 y VT2 para la función ventilación/absorción de oxigeno. Seiscientos seis varones con diferentes estados de condición física, desarrollaron una prueba de esfuerzo incremental y se registraron los umbrales ventilatorios. EL ITA es un trapecio cuya área se calcula como la suma del área del triángulo y rectángulo que lo forman, tal como se muestra en la figura entre VT1 y VT2 y que permanecen por debajo de la función VO2/VE. La media de ITA para la función VO2-VE fue mayor en los ciclistas, como representantes de deportistas de resistencia, frente al área correspondiente a los estudiantes de educación física con menores niveles de resistencia (120 ± 34 vs. 86 ± 40 L2/min2). Estos resultados sugieren que la determinación del ITA puede reflejar adecuadamente el estado metabólico durante el proceso de transición aeróbico-anaeróbico durante las pruebas de esfuerzo incrementales.
       
  • Can running kinetics be modified using a barefoot training program'
    • Abstract: Publication date: July–September 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport, Volume 53, Issue 199Author(s): Marcos Muñoz Jiménez, Felipe García-Pinillos, Víctor M. Soto-Hermoso, Pedro A. Latorre-RománAbstractIntroductionThere is limited information about barefoot transition programs and this study will help to increase knowledge about this growing trend. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to determine the effect of a twelve-week barefoot training program on kinematic variables in long-distance runners.Materials and methodsA total of 32 well-trained, habitually shod, long-distance runners, randomized in a control group and an experimental group who undertook a barefoot training program. At pre-test and post-test, all participants, wearing their usual sneakers, performed running tests at self-selected recovery and competitive running speeds on a treadmill. Both conditions were recorded with a 240 Hz video rate system and analyzed using a 2-D video editing program using photogrammetric techniques. Contact time, flight time, step duration and cadence were measured using an analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures was performed.ResultsIn posttest, only the duration of landing phase at high speed showed significant difference, the experimental group achieved a shorter time than the control group after the barefoot training program (0.032 ± 0.007 s vs. 0.038 ± 0.006 s). In relation to within-group differences, the control group showed an increase of duration of stance phase at low speed (Δ = 0.014 s, p = 0.024) and a reduction of flight time at high speed (Δ = −0.014 s, p = 0.034). Moreover, the experimental group achieved a reduction of duration of landing phase at high speed (Δ = −0.008 s, p = 0.004).ConclusionsA twelve-week program of barefoot running changes the duration of the landing phase at high speed, being shorter in long-distance runners. In contrast, the runners who did not undertake the training showed an increase of duration of stance phase at low speed.ResumenIntroducciónExiste información limitada acerca de los programas de transición a carrera descalza, y este estudio ayudará a incrementar el conocimiento acerca de esta tendencia creciente. Por tanto, el objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el efecto de un programa de entrenamiento descalcista de 12 semanas sobre las variables cinéticas en los corredores de larga distancia.Materiales y métodosUn total de 32 corredores de larga distancia, bien entrenados, y habitualmente calzados, fueron distribuidos aleatoriamente en un grupo experimental para llevar a cabo un programa de entrenamiento descalcista. Durante las pruebas previas y posteriores, todos los participantes realizaron las pruebas a velocidades de carrera de recuperación y competitiva auto-seleccionadas, utilizando sus zapatillas deportivas en una cinta ergométrica. Ambas situaciones se registraron con un sistema de calificación por vídeo de 240 Hz, y se analizaron mediante un programa de edición de vídeo 2D con técnicas fotogramétricas. Se midieron el tiempo de contacto, la duración del paso y la cadencia mediante análisis de la varianza (ANOVA) con mediciones repetidas.ResultadosEn la prueba posterior, solo la duración de la fase de aterrizaje a alta velocidad reflejó una diferencia significativa, logrando el grupo experimental un tiempo inferior que el grupo control tras el programa de entrenamiento descalcista (0,032 ± 0,007 s frente a 0,038 ± 0,006 s). Con relación a las diferencias entre grupos, el grupo control reflejó un incremento en la duración de la fase de apoyo a baja velocidad (Δ = 0,014 s; p = 0,024) y una reducción del tiempo de vuelo a alta velocidad (Δ = −0,014 s; p = 0,034). Además, el grupo experimental logró una reducción de la duración de la fase de aterrizaje a alta velocidad (Δ = −0,008 s; p = 0,004).ConclusionesUn programa de carrera descalcista de 12 semanas modifica la duración de la fase de aterrizaje a alta velocidad, que es más corta en los corredores de larga distancia. Por contra, los corredores que no realizaron el entrenamiento reflejaron un incremento de la duración de la fase de apoyo a baja velocidad.
       
  • Physical activity and health in Peruvian teachers
    • Abstract: Publication date: July–September 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport, Volume 53, Issue 199Author(s): Kiara Saenz-Lujan
       
  • Support strategies for high competition performance
    • Abstract: Publication date: July–September 2018Source: Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport, Volume 53, Issue 199Author(s): Ricard Pruna, Antonia Lizarraga, Luis Vergara, Carles Pedret
       
 
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