Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1499 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (697 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (385 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (106 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (121 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (121 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 121 of 121 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACSMs Health & Fitness Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Acta Facultatis Educationis Physicae Universitatis Comenianae     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACTIVE : Journal of Physical Education, Sport, Health and Recreation     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ágora para la Educación Física y el Deporte     Open Access  
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Sexuality Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annals of Applied Sport Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Exercise in Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arquivos de Ciências do Esporte     Open Access  
Arquivos em Movimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arrancada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Athletic Training & Sports Health Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
BMC Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éthique & Santé     Full-text available via subscription  
Fat Studies : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Body Weight and Society     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Fisioterapia em Movimento     Open Access  
Fitness & Performance Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food Science and Human Wellness     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Sports and Active Living     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gelanggang Pendidikan Jasmani Indonesia     Open Access  
German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research : Sportwissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geron     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Journal of Health and Physical Education Pedagogy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health Education Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Health Marketing Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Health Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Home Healthcare Now     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Human Movement     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Human Movement Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
IISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors     Hybrid Journal  
Indonesia Performance Journal     Open Access  
İnönü Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
International Journal of Athletic Therapy & Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Men's Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
International Journal of Obesity Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Spa and Wellness     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Sport, Exercise & Training Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Yoga     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Isokinetics and Exercise Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of American College Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Human Sport and Exercise     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Motor Learning and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Physical Activity and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Physical Activity and Hormones     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Physical Education and Human Movement     Open Access  
Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Physical Education Health and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Sport and Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Sport Sciences and Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Kerbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kinesiology : International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Kinesiology     Open Access  
Kinesiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Krankenhaus-Hygiene - Infektionsverhütung     Full-text available via subscription  
Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Mental Health and Physical Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Movimiento Humano y Salud     Open Access  
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Obesity Research & Clinical Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Obesity Science & Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pain Management in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
PALAESTRA : Adapted Sport, Physical Education, and Recreational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Physical Activity and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Physical Education & Sport Pedagogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Preventing Chronic Disease     Free   (Followers: 2)
Psychology of Sport and Exercise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Quality in Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access  
RBPFEX - Revista Brasileira de Prescrição e Fisiologia do Exercício     Open Access  
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport     Hybrid Journal  
Retos : Nuevas Tendencias en Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación     Open Access  
Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Atividade Física & Saúde     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista da Educação Física : UEM     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología del Ejercicio y el Deporte     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte : International Journal of Medicine and Science of Physical Activity and Sport     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue phénEPS / PHEnex Journal     Open Access  
SIPATAHOENAN : South-East Asian Journal for Youth, Sports & Health Education     Open Access  
Spor Bilimleri Dergisi / Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences     Open Access  
Sport and Fitness Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sport Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sport Sciences for Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sport- und Präventivmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sports Biomechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Strength & Conditioning Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Timisoara Physical Education and Rehabilitation Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise     Open Access  
Yoga Mimamsa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Здоровье человека, теория и методика физической культуры и спорта     Open Access  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Mental Health and Physical Activity
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.864
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 17  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1755-2966 - ISSN (Online) 1878-0199
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3206 journals]
  • Associations among physical activity and smartphone use with perceived
           stress and sleep quality of Chinese college students
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 February 2020Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Xiangyu Zhai, Mei Ye, Can Wang, Qian Gu, Tao Huang, Kun Wang, Zuosong Chen, Xiang Fan This study aimed to examine the associations among physical activity and smartphone use with sleep quality and perceived stress, after controlling for potential confounding factors. The sample population was taken from three Chinese universities and consisted of 3,864 college sophomores. The study was performed in April 2019. Sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle behaviors such as physical activity, smartphone use, sleep quality and perceived stress were assessed using questionnaires. Participants were respectively divided into three categories according to the tertile of smartphone use and perceived stress scores. The results showed that a combination of insufficient physical activity and heavy smartphone use was positively associated with high levels of perceived stress and poor sleep quality. Furthermore, students with both insufficient physical activity and heavy smartphone use behaviors tended to have significantly higher odds of reporting high levels of perceived stress and poor sleep quality than students with only one behavior or neither of them, even after controlling for the effects of gender, age, nationality, BMI, tobacco use, alcohol use, and mother’s educational level. We conclude that interventions meant to improve sleep quality and decrease perceived stress of college students should aim to increase physical activity and reduce smartphone use.
       
  • Acute and Chronic Effects of Resistance Exercise Training Among Young
           Adults With and Without Analogue Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A Protocol
           for Pilot Randomized Controlled Trials
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 February 2020Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Brett R. Gordon, Cillian P. McDowell, Mark Lyons, Matthew P. Herring ObjectivesRecent meta-analyses support the chronic anxiolytic effects of resistance exercise training (RET) among women with diagnosed Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). However, the effects of RET among those with subclinical, or analogue, GAD (AGAD) is unknown. The purpose of the pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) detailed in this protocol was to quantify the acute and chronic effects of RET on signs and symptoms of GAD among young adults with and without AGAD.MethodsThis protocol details the full methods of two parallel, RCTs of an eight-week RET intervention compared to a wait-list control condition among young adults with and without AGAD. AGAD status was determined using validated cut-scores for both the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire GAD subscale (≥6) and the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (≥45). The ecologically-valid RET was designed according to World Health Organization and American College of Sports Medicine guidelines. The primary outcome was AGAD status, assessed pre- and post-intervention. Secondary outcomes were assessed weekly. Two acute RET trials were nested within the design at pre- and post-intervention to determine response and change in response to a single bout of RET.ConclusionsThis pilot RCT examines the effect of an ecologically-valid RET intervention among young adults with subclinical levels of GAD. Given that GAD most often emerges during young adulthood, and young adults who display elevated subclinical symptoms are more likely to develop clinically significant psychopathology, investigating the effects of RET among individuals with emerging signs and symptoms of an anxiety disorder is particularly important.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04116944.
       
  • Physical activity, mental health and academic achievement: a
           cross-sectional study of Norwegian adolescents
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 February 2020Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Ingeborg Barth Vedøy, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen, Hege Eikeland Tjomsland, Knut Ragnvald Skulberg, Miranda Thurston BackgroundThe purpose of this study was to describe associations between physical activity (PA), mental health and academic achievement in a Norwegian adolescent cohort.MethodsIn total, 1001 adolescents were invited to participate, of whom 599 (54.4 % female, mean age ± SD 13.3 ± 0.3y) entered the study. PA was measured objectively using accelerometers, variables on mental health were assessed through an online questionnaire and academic achievement was assessed using grade point average (GPA) collected through school records. The associations between PA, mental health and academic achievement were modelled using multiple linear regression.ResultsPA was positively associated with mental wellbeing (p≤.05), self-perception of athletic competence (p≤.001) and self-perception of social acceptance (p≤.001). It was not associated with global self-esteem or mental health complaints. No significant association between PA and GPA was found. However, results showed a significant association between PA and grade in physical education among girls (p≤.001).ConclusionPA was associated with mental wellbeing and domain specific self-esteem although the causal significance of the association requires further investigation. The current study does not support associations between PA and mental health problems or PA and academic achievement. Further studies are necessary to investigate the longitudinal relationship between PA, variables of mental health and academic achievement amongst adolescents.
       
  • Walking effects on memory in children: Implications for individual
           differences in BMI
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 January 2020Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Eric S. Drollette, Charles H. Hillman BackgroundRecent evidence suggests improvements in memory performance following a single bout of physical activity in young children. However, few investigations have explored individual differences associated with these activity-induced changes in memory performance.ObjectivesThe present study investigated the effects of acute physical activity on recognition memory during and after treadmill walking in preadolescent children (n = 39; 24 females) with further exploration of individual differences in body mass index (BMI).MethodsWord recognition memory performance was assessed during and after the cessation of a moderate bout of walking (60% heart rate max; 20-minute duration) or seated rest on separate days.ResultsChildren demonstrated unaltered word recall performance during walking compared to seated rest. Additionally, performance after walking revealed greater improvements in primacy accuracy (probability of correctly identifying the first ten words) relative to during walking and after seated rest. Additionally, evaluating only children who are overweight/obese (≥85th BMI percentile) revealed greater improvements in primacy accuracy following the walking bout with no effect observed for the normal weight group.ConclusionsTogether, these findings demonstrate that single bouts of walking are more effective for improving memory performance than non-active rest periods of a similar duration and may be enhanced to a greater degree among children who are overweight/obese. Such findings add to the growing body of literature supporting the need for active opportunities among all youth and further indicate the importance of advancing such opportunities among overweight/obese children to improve memory performance along with physical health.
       
  • University students' and clinicians’ beliefs and attitudes towards
           physical activity for mental health
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2020Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity, Volume 18Author(s): Melissa L. deJonge, Janine Omran, Guy E. Faulkner, Catherine M. Sabiston ObjectivePost-secondary campuses provide students with a range of physical activity resources and programs. Despite the wide-ranging and accessible nature of on-campus physical activity and exercise facilities, limited research has explored physical activity as a treatment for poor mental health within the post-secondary context. The current study aimed to explore students' and mental health stakeholders’ beliefs and attitudes towards physical activity for mental health.MethodsSemi-structured individual interviews were conducted with students experiencing depressive symptoms (N = 15) and with mental health stakeholders (i.e., mental health counsellors, psychiatrists and the lead director of mental health services; N = 5) from a large Canadian university. The interviews were analyzed separately using a data-driven inductive thematic analysis, and then cross-referenced to generate common themes.ResultsMental health stakeholders voiced their attitudes and beliefs on clinical discussions of physical activity for mental health, while students discussed their uptake to physical activity for mental health. Comparable themes broadly situated attitudes and beliefs within positive perceptions of physical activity as a unique mental health support; barriers that influence clinical discussions and student uptake; and strategies to facilitate clinical discussions and student uptake. Taken together, the discussions portrayed a need for accessible resources and programs specifically tailored towards physical activity for mental health.ConclusionsThe findings highlight the acceptability of physical activity as a mental health intervention tool within a post-secondary context. Importantly the results provide implications for developing strategies to incorporate physical activity as an acceptable support method within mental health services.
       
  • Effect of physical exercise intervention on mood and frontal alpha
           asymmetry in internet gaming disorder
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 January 2020Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Ji Sun Hong, Sun Mi Kim, Kyoung Doo Kang, Doug Hyun Han, Jeong Soo Kim, Hyunchan Hwang, Kyoung Joon Min, Tae Young Choi, Young Sik LeeABSTRACTPurposeWe aimed to evaluate the effect and neurophysiological mechanism of physical exercise intervention combined with cognitive behavioral therapy on mood and frontal alpha asymmetry in the treatment of Internet gaming disorder.MethodsFifty male adolescents with Internet gaming disorder were randomly assigned to one of two groups. In the cognitive behavioral therapy + physical exercise group (CBT+PE group, n=25), participants underwent eight sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy and six sessions of exercise intervention; in the cognitive behavioral therapy-only group (CBT-only group, n=25), participants underwent eight sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy and six sessions of supportive counseling. A resting quantitative electroencephalogram, Young Internet Addiction Scale, the Korean Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Anxiety Inventory were evaluated before and after the intervention.ResultsAlthough both the CBT+PE and CBT-only groups showed a significant reduction in Beck Depression Inventory and Young Internet Addiction Scale scores, indexing a decrease in depression, this effect was more pronounced in the CBT+PE group than in the CBT-only group. An increase in the F4-F3 and F8-F7 frontal alpha asymmetry values was more pronounced in the CBT+PE group than in the CBT-only group.ConclusionPhysical exercise intervention in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy for individuals with Internet gaming disorder seems to improve the severity of internet use and depressive mood and enhance left prefrontal activation.Graphical abstractImage 1
       
  • Do we need physical activity guidelines for mental health: what does the
           evidence tell us'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Megan Teychenne, Rhiannon L. White, Justin Richards, Felipe B. Schuch, Simon Rosenbaum, Jason A. Bennie The aims of this commentary are to (1) examine the current global physical activity recommendations for adults and its relation to mental health, based on findings from meta-analyses primarily of prospective studies, and (2) determine whether there is a need to extend the scope/focus of existing guidelines to ensure they are mental health informed.
       
  • Association between non-locomotive light-intensity physical activity and
           depressive symptoms in Japanese older women: a cross-sectional study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Aiko Imai, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Kimura Daisuke, Noriko Tanaka, Kiyoshi Sanada AimThis study aimed to examine associations between accelerometer-based intensity and type of physical activity (PA) and depressive symptoms in older Japanese women.MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, data were obtained from 143 community-dwelling older Japanese women aged 65–86 years, and depressive symptoms were assessed based on self-reported scores of the Geriatric Depression Scale-15-J. PA was measured objectively using an accelerometer worn continuously for ≥10 h/day for 4 days, and average daily durations of light-intensity PA (LPA) and moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA), as well as type of PA (locomotive vs. non-locomotive), were examined.ResultsDepressive symptoms were present in 23 participants (19.1%). One-way Analysis of covariance revealed participants without depressive symptoms had a significantly higher non-locomotive LPA compared to those with depressive symptoms (357 ± 82 vs 298 ± 66 min/day, F = 9.69, p < 0.01). However, no significant differences in the duration of locomotive LPA (48 ± 20 vs 43 ± 16 min/day; F = 0.80, p = 0.373), locomotive MVPA (23 ± 16 vs 26 ± 18 min/day; F = 0.34, p = 0.559), and non-locomotive MVPA (37 ± 25 vs 23 ± 16 min/day; F = 3.07, p = 0.082) between participants with and without depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Our results suggest that individuals with lower LPA have a higher risk of depressive symptoms compared to those undertaking higher durations of LPA. In particular, non-locomotive LPA may be one of the important factors contributing to the prevention of depressive symptoms in Japanese older women.
       
  • Motor competence Moderates Relationship between Moderate to Vigorous
           Physical Activity and Resting EEG in Children with ADHD
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 October 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Chien-Lin Yu, Ting-Yu Chueh, Shu-Shih Hsieh, Yu-Jung Tsai, Chiao-Ling Hung, Chung-Ju Huang, Chien-Ting Wu, Tsung-Min Hung BackgroundChildren with ADHD display abnormal electroencephalographic (EEG) activity, in particular an elevated theta to beta ratio (TBR) during the resting state.AimsTo assess whether the motor competence (MC) and moderate–to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were associated with TBR, and whether MC moderated the relationship between MVPA and TBR.MethodsData from a total of 73 children with ADHD (69 boys and 4 girls, mean age= 9.92 years, SD=1.56 years) were analyzed. EEG readings were taken as participants rested with their eyes open. MC was assessed using the Movement ABC-2 measure, and MVPA was evaluated using an ActiGraph accelerometer.ResultsMC was negatively associated with TBR, and an interaction between MVPA and MC on TBR was observed. It was found that there was a negative correlation between MVPA and TBR in those with high MC, whereas the relationship was positive in those with low MC.Conclusions and ImplicationsThe current study found that increased MC was associated with less deviant cortical activity in the resting state, as measured by TBR, and that MC moderated the relationship between MVPA and TBR after controlling for age. It highlights the importance of increasing motor competence within physical activity to improve cortical functioning of children with ADHD.
       
  • Physical Activity and Health-Related Quality of Life in Adults: The “Pas
           a Pas” Community Intervention Programme
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 October 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Felipe Villalobos, Angels Vinuesa, Roser Pedret, Teresa Basora, Josep Basora, Victoria Arija Physical activity is associated with improved mental health and well-being, both factors closely linked to health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Studies that analyse the effect of aerobic physical activity on HRQoL have shown inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness a supervised aerobic physical activity programme consisted on walking groups and including socio-cultural activities on HRQoL in adult who attend primary care centres. We conducted a randomized clinical trial with controlled group, which consisted of a 9-month intervention comprising 120 minutes of supervised group walking per week and socio-cultural activities. Socio-demographic characteristics, diagnoses of chronic diseases, BMI (Kg/m2) and self-esteem score (Rosenberg Scale) were recorded. Physical activity (IPAQ-s) and HRQoL (SF-36) were assessed at baseline and post-intervention and multivariate models adjusted for potential confounders were applied. A total of 440 patients were recruited; 419 met the inclusion criteria and were individually randomized to either the control (n= 114) or intervention groups (n= 305). Results from post-intervention showed that total physical activity significantly increased in the intervention group compared to the control group (+832.7 vs -162.1 MET/min/week, respectively). In women, the intervention had a positive effect significantly on the following HRQoL items: Physical Functioning (+10.19 points), Bodily Pain (+7.32 points), General Health (+2.53 points) and Mental Health (+5.65 points). No significant effects were observed in men. Participation in the physical activity intervention programme including socio-cultural activities improved HRQoL in women who attend primary-health care centres.
       
  • Embedding an exercise professional within an inpatient mental health
           service: a qualitative study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 September 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Hamish Fibbins, Philip B. Ward, Robert Stanton, Louise Czsonek, Jeanette Cudmore, Sarah Michael, Zachary Steel, Simon Rosenbaum BackgroundIntegrating exercise professionals into mental health settings is a key strategy in addressing the physical health inequalities of people living with mental illness. Workforce culture surrounding physical health may impact the utilisation of exercise professionals across inpatient settings.AimsTo evaluate clinician perspectives regarding the implementation of an exercise professional at the mental health service in a large, urban hospital in Sydney, Australia.MethodsA qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of mental health staff was conducted. Data were analysed using thematic analysis.ResultsFourteen mental health clinicians (approximately 35% of all eligible staff) participated in interviews. Three themes emerged regarding the role of the exercise professional; i) drivers and facilitators; ii) support from leadership; and iii) directions for future practice.ConclusionsAn exercise professional within a mental health service was identified as an effective strategy in improving consumer health outcomes while increasing the knowledge and confidence of mental health clinicians regarding the provision of physical health care. Exercise professionals should be recognised as important members of the standard multidisciplinary mental health team for in patients being treated for mental illness.
       
  • Effects of resistance training on depression and cardiovascular disease
           risk in black men: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 September 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Andrew M. Busch, Mark E. Louie, Nicholas J. SantaBarbara, Alex A. Ajayi, Neil Gleason, Shira I. Dunsiger, Michael P. Carey, Joseph T. Ciccolo BackgroundDepression is severely undertreated in Black men. This is primarily because Black men are less likely to seek traditional psychiatric treatment, have less access and more barriers to treatment, and perceive more stigma associated with treatment. Depression contributes to cardiovascular disease (CVD), and Black men have the highest rate of mortality from CVD. Resistance training (RT) can have beneficial effects on both depression and CVD. This study will be the first randomized controlled trial to test the effects of RT on depression and cardiovascular health in a sample of depressed Black men.Method/Design: Fifty Black men with clinically significant symptoms of depression will be randomized to either (a) a 12-week RT or (b) an attention-control group. Behavioral Activation techniques will be used to support adherence to home-based RT goals. Both groups will meet on-site twice/week during the 12-week program, and follow-up assessments will occur at the end-of-treatment and 3 months post-treatment. Qualitative interviews will be conducted after the 3-month follow-up. The objectives of this study are (1) to assess the feasibility and acceptability of recruitment, retention, and intervention procedures, (2) to obtain preliminary evidence of efficacy, and (3) to explore potential mediators of the effects of RT on depression.DiscussionThis study will advance the field of minority men's health by producing new data on the effects of RT for depression, the potential mechanisms of action that may support its use, and its effects on markers of CVD risk in Black men.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03107039);
       
  • The effect of high-intensity interval training on inhibitory control in
           adolescents hospitalized for a mental illness
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 September 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Jacqueline S. Lee, Addo Boafo, Stephanie Greenham, Patricia E. Longmuir IntroductionInhibitory control is essential for treatment of, and recovery from mental illness. An acute bout of exercise has been shown to improve inhibitory control in healthy adolescents.PurposeThe primary goal was to examine the effect of an acute bout of high-intensity interval training on inhibitory control immediately, and 30 min post-exercise in adolescents hospitalized for a mental illness.MethodsParticipants were recruited at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario. Participants performed exercise and control conditions in a randomized, counterbalanced manner. The Colour-Word Stroop Task (CWST) assessed Interference Cost (reaction time) pre, post, and 30-min post for each condition (exercise/control). The exercise condition included a 12 min HIIT circuit, consisting of body weight exercises performed in a 1:1 work to rest ratio. The control condition involved reading magazines. Repeated-measures ANOVA evaluated changes in the interference cost and accuracy measures of the CWST.ResultsThere was a significant interaction between condition and time for the interference cost measure, F(1.6,43.3) = 13.6, p 
       
  • It's more than just a referral: Development of an evidence-informed
           exercise and depression toolkit
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 August 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Krista Glowacki, Guy Faulkner, Kelly Arbour, Meghan Burrows, Leslie Chesick, Lyn Heinemann, Sarah Irving, Raymond W. Lam, Soultana Macridis, Erin Michalak, Aidan Scott, Adrian Taylor ObjectiveThe aim of this article is to describe this systematic and phased process in developing the evidence-based ‘Exercise and Depression Toolkit’ for health care providers working with adults with depression.MethodsThe Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II tool was consulted throughout the developmental phased process, and used to guide toolkit content and dissemination strategies. The four phases included a review of relevant literature, formative interviews, an expert panel meeting, and finally toolkit development. A Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) analysis was also used to determine behaviour change techniques (BCT) to be included in the toolkit. Various stakeholders were involved throughout the process including health care providers, adults who have lived experience with depression, researchers, and exercise professionals who have experience working with adults with depression.ResultsRecommendations from the consultation process included that the toolkit be ‘depression tailored’ including specific barriers that adults with depression face to engaging in PA and strategies they can use. The toolkit should promote collaboration and a person-centered approach. Different parts of the toolkit should be created for the intended audience of health care providers and adults with depression. BCTs were included to target the ‘Emotion’ and ‘Social Influences’ domains of the TDF.ConclusionsThese recommendations have resulted in the development of the ‘Exercise and Depression Toolkit’. This toolkit is a resource for health care providers, adults with depression, and exercise professionals to help exercise become an accessible treatment option for the many Canadians living with depression.
       
  • Engaging youth with major depression in an exercise intervention with
           motivational interviewing
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Yasmina Nasstasia, Amanda L. Baker, Terry J. Lewin, Sean A. Halpin, Leanne Hides, Brian J. Kelly, Robin Callister BackgroundExercise has beneficial effects on depression; however, research is constrained by low program adherence. This paper investigates: 1) whether there are improvements in stage of change (exercise readiness) and exercise self-efficacy from before to after a brief motivational interviewing (MI) intervention designed to enhance program engagement among youth with major depressive disorder (MDD); and 2) any prospective association between baseline stage of change (exercise readiness) category and exercise program participation, retention and treatment outcomes.MethodsSelected pre- versus post-intervention and related secondary analyses based on pooled data from an initial pilot (n = 14) and subsequent two-armed RCT (n = 68). Participants were aged 15–25 years and met diagnostic criteria for MDD. Following psychological and physical fitness assessments, participants in the active treatment condition received a brief MI intervention followed by a supervised 12-week multi-modal exercise intervention.ResultsHigher initial exercise readiness was significantly related to baseline weekly exercise participation and self-efficacy, with trend-level associations with behavioural activation. There was a trend level differential improvement in exercise readiness post MI, and a significant increase in self-efficacy among the intervention group. Post MI self-efficacy was also correlated with increased exercise participation. Clear post-intervention benefits were detected for most outcome measures; however, these were not differential by baseline stage of change category.ConclusionEarly MI based interventions increase exercise readiness and enhance self-efficacy, which may promote increased engagement and exercise adherence. Integrating MI as a prelude to exercise intervention shows promise as an effective engagement and treatment strategy among youth with MDD.
       
  • Objectively measured sedentary time and mental and cognitive health:
           Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations in The Rotterdam Study
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Chantal M. Koolhaas, Frank J.A. van Rooij, Desana Kocevska, Annemarie I. Luik, M. Arfan Ikram, Oscar H. Franco, Henning Tiemeier IntroductionBased on studies using self-reported sitting time, sedentary behavior has been suggested as a risk factor for poor mental health and cognition. However, it remains unclear whether objectively measured sedentary behavior is longitudinally associated with depression, anxiety disorders or cognition.MethodsIn the population-based Rotterdam Study, cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of objectively assessed sedentary time with depressive symptoms, anxiety disorders and cognition were assessed among 1841 participants (mean follow-up:5.7 years). Participants wore a wrist actigraph for seven days between 2004 and 2007 to assess sedentary time(hours/day). Depression, anxiety disorders and cognition were assessed twice between 2004 and 2014. Depressive symptoms were continuously measured with the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) and a diagnoses of anxiety disorder (n = 147) was obtained by interview, using an adapted version of the Munich Composite International Diagnostic Interview(M-CIDI). Cognition was assessed using a test-battery. Linear regression was performed for all continuous outcomes, and logistic regression for all binary outcomes.ResultsIn analyses adjusted for age, sex, cohort and time awake only, 1 h/day more sedentary time was cross-sectionally associated with a 0.25 point (95% confidence interval(95%CI): 0.08,0.41) higher CES-D score, 1.11(95%CI:1.01,1.21) higher odds of anxiety disorder, and 0.03 (95%CI: 0.05,-0.01) lower global cognition score. After adjustment for confounders, these associations no longer remained. Sedentary time at baseline was not associated longitudinally with changes in depressive symptoms, anxiety disorders and cognition.ConclusionsNo support was found for an association between actigraphically measured sedentary time and mental health or cognition. All observed associations were explained by confounders, in particular, disability, occupational status and smoking. The previously reported association between sitting time and mental health might reflect residual confounding, bias of subjective measures, or the social context of sedentary behavior.
       
  • Frequent physical exercise is associated with better ability to regulate
           negative emotions in adult women: The electrophysiological evidence
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity, Volume 17Author(s): Tomasz S. Ligeza, Patrycja Kałamała, Olga Tarnawczyk, Marcin Maciejczyk, Miroslaw Wyczesany The study aimed to investigate the relationship between the frequency of physical exercise and the ability to control negative emotions in adult women. On the basis of the pre-screening, 26 frequently active and 26 infrequently active young adult women (mean age = 22.9, and 23, respectively) were invited to participate in the study. We assessed their ability to control negative emotions using behavioral and electrophysiological measures during an emotion regulation task. To control negative emotions, participants were trained in reappraisal, a cognitive strategy which involves reinterpretation of emotional stimuli (here negative emotional pictures). Although no significant effects were observed in behavioral measures, the late positive potential (LPP, an electrophysiological marker of emotional response) showed that more frequently active group displayed better efficacy of negative emotion regulation (i.e., greater difference in response to reinterpreted vs passively watched negative pictures). This effect was further confirmed by a positive relationship between the frequency of physical exercise and the LPP index of reappraisal efficacy: the more frequently active the participants were, the larger the reappraisal efficacy they demonstrated. Overall, the study suggests that frequent physical exercise may lead to better efficacy of controlling negative emotions in women.
       
  • Effects of acute physical activity on NIH toolbox-measured cognitive
           functions among children in authentic education settings
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 June 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): H.G. Calvert, J.M. Barcelona, D. Melville, L. Turner IntroductionIdentifying a dose of physical activity (PA) that can improve cognitive function in children has important implications for school-day PA recommendations. Researchers and educators have interest in this link as it relates to both health and academic performance. This study examined the dose-response relationship between PA and improvement in cognition in a sample of fifth and sixth grade students.MethodsParticipants (n = 156) from eight classes each completed two of four different cognitive assessments on an iPad, both before and after exposure to one of four randomized, 10-min PA conditions (sedentary, light, moderate, and vigorous). Conditions were standardized through use of videos to lead movement, and participants wore accelerometers to confirm fidelity to PA condition. The four cognitive assessments were selected from the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery, and included Dimensional Change Card Sort, Flanker, Pattern Comparison, and Picture Sequence Memory tests. Hierarchical linear regression models were used to estimate the effects of condition on each test using an intention to treat analysis.ResultsFidelity to PA condition was acceptable for sedentary and light conditions, but became less precise for moderate and vigorous conditions. No significant time by condition interaction was observed for any of the cognitive assessment scores.ConclusionsResults did not substantiate a dose-response link between PA intensity and selected measures of cognitive function. More research is needed to investigate the potentially nuanced effects of short bouts of PA on cognitive functioning in children.
       
  • ‘Think Football’: Exploring a football for mental health initiative
           delivered in the community through the lens of personal and social
           recovery
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2019Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity, Volume 17Author(s): Adam Benkwitz, Laura C. Healy The practice and discourse of mental health recovery is evolving, with increasing appreciation given to personal recovery and now social recovery. It therefore follows that we need initiatives that enhance levels of social capital, positive social identities and social inclusion within the community, not just within mental health services. These initiatives must bring people together in ways that allow them to feel that they have ownership of any new social infrastructures and use evidence-based frameworks to evaluate them. One context that has been given some consideration is the use of community sport. This paper therefore contributes to the steadily growing literature in this area by exploring the specifics of a community mental health football project, through the utilisation of the personal and social recovery frameworks that have been established within the ‘mainstream’ mental health evidence base. This relativist study utilised seventeen semi-structured interviews (with participants and staff) and, as a deliberate departure from existing research, chose to adopt a deductive, theoretical approach to the analysis that located the data within the personal recovery and social recovery literature. Both participants and staff were considerably positive about the sessions, and data suggested an adherence to the empirically based CHIME personal recovery framework. In terms of alignment with the social recovery concepts, the data was particularly robust in supporting active citizenship processes, which can increase levels of social capital and enhance social identities. Future work is required to further explore the contextual impact of poverty and employment, and the role that sport can potentially play.
       
 
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