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EARTH SCIENCES (469 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 371 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Geophysica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Algological Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Geographia, Geologia, Mineralogia et Petrographia     Open Access  
Annals of Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Annals of GIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Glaciology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Anthropocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Remote Sensing Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atlantic Geology : Journal of the Atlantic Geoscience Society / Atlantic Geology : revue de la Société Géoscientifique de l'Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Boreas: An International Journal of Quaternary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cadernos de Geociências     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Plant Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Carbonates and Evaporites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Espaciales     Open Access  
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cogent Geoscience     Open Access  
Comptes Rendus Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Trends in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Depositional Record     Open Access  
Developments in Geotectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Quaternary Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal  
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
E&S Engineering and Science     Open Access  
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Earth and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Earth Interactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth Surface Dynamics (ESurf)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Earth System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth System Dynamics Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth, Planets and Space     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Earthquake Spectra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Environmental Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal  
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
European Journal of Mineralogy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Facies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Física de la Tierra     Open Access  
Folia Musei rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis. Geologica et Paleobiologica     Open Access  
Folia Quaternaria     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Earth Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geo-Marine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoacta     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geocarto International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Geochemical Perspectives     Hybrid Journal  
Geochemistry : Exploration, Environment, Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Geochronometria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geodinamica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geodynamics & Tectonophysics     Open Access  
Geoenvironmental Disasters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geofluids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Géographie physique et Quaternaire     Full-text available via subscription  
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geoheritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoinformatica Polonica : The Journal of Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences     Open Access  
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Geology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription  
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geomorphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geophysical Journal International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Geophysical Prospecting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
GeoResJ     Hybrid Journal  
Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geoscience Canada : Journal of the Geological Association of Canada / Geoscience Canada : journal de l'Association Géologique du Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geoscience Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoscience Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Geoscience Letters     Open Access  
Geoscience Records     Open Access  
Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoscientific Model Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotectonic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geotectonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
GISAP : Earth and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global and Planetary Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Global Biogeochemical Cycles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Gondwana Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Grassland Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ground Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Groundwater for Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription  
GSA Today     Partially Free  
Helgoland Marine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Hydrobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Hydrogeology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Hydrological Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Indian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisciplinary Environmental Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Geology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Advanced Geosciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
International Journal of Advancement in Earth and Enviromental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Advancement in Remote Sensing, GIS, and Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
International Journal of Coal Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Forest, Soil and Erosion     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Annales Henri Poincaré
  [SJR: 1.377]   [H-I: 32]   [3 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1424-0637 - ISSN (Online) 1424-0661
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Multi-Component Ginzburg-Landau Theory: Microscopic Derivation and
    • Authors: Rupert L. Frank; Marius Lemm
      Pages: 2285 - 2340
      Abstract: Abstract This paper consists of three parts. In part I, we microscopically derive Ginzburg–Landau (GL) theory from BCS theory for translation-invariant systems in which multiple types of superconductivity may coexist. Our motivation are unconventional superconductors. We allow the ground state of the effective gap operator \({K_{T_c}+V}\) to be n-fold degenerate and the resulting GL theory then couples n order parameters. In part II, we study examples of multi-component GL theories which arise from an isotropic BCS theory. We study the cases of (a) pure d-wave order parameters and (b) mixed (s + d)-wave order parameters, in two and three-dimensions. In part III, we present explicit choices of spherically symmetric interactions V which produce the examples in part II. In fact, we find interactions V which produce ground state sectors of \({K_{T_c}+V}\) of arbitrary angular momentum, for open sets of of parameter values. This is in stark contrast with Schrödinger operators \({-\nabla^2+V}\) , for which the ground state is always non-degenerate. Along the way, we prove the following fact about Bessel functions: At its first maximum, a half-integer Bessel function is strictly larger than all other half-integer Bessel functions.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0473-x
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 9 (2016)
  • Topological Properties of Neumann Domains
    • Authors: Ram Band; David Fajman
      Pages: 2379 - 2407
      Abstract: Abstract A Laplacian eigenfunction on a two-dimensional manifold dictates some natural partitions of the manifold; the most apparent one being the well studied nodal domain partition. An alternative partition is revealed by considering a set of distinguished gradient flow lines of the eigenfunction—those which are connected to saddle points. These give rise to Neumann domains. We establish complementary definitions for Neumann domains and Neumann lines and use basic Morse homology to prove their fundamental topological properties. We study the eigenfunction restrictions to these domains. Their zero set, critical points and spectral properties allow to discuss some aspects of counting the number of Neumann domains and estimating their geometry.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0468-7
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 9 (2016)
  • Quantum Scattering in a Periodically Pulsed Magnetic Field
    • Authors: Tadayoshi Adachi; Masaki Kawamoto
      Pages: 2409 - 2438
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we study the quantum dynamics of a charged particle in the plane in the presence of a periodically pulsed magnetic field perpendicular to the plane. We show that by controlling the cycle when the magnetic field is switched on and off appropriately, the result of the asymptotic completeness of wave operators can be obtained under the assumption that the potential V satisfies the decaying condition \({ V(x) \le C(1 + x )^{-\rho}}\) for some \({\rho > 0}\) .
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0457-x
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 9 (2016)
  • On the Spectral Gap of a Quantum Graph
    • Authors: James B. Kennedy; Pavel Kurasov; Gabriela Malenová; Delio Mugnolo
      Pages: 2439 - 2473
      Abstract: Abstract We consider the problem of finding universal bounds of “isoperimetric” or “isodiametric” type on the spectral gap of the Laplacian on a metric graph with natural boundary conditions at the vertices, in terms of various analytical and combinatorial properties of the graph: its total length, diameter, number of vertices and number of edges. We investigate which combinations of parameters are necessary to obtain non-trivial upper and lower bounds and obtain a number of sharp estimates in terms of these parameters. We also show that, in contrast to the Laplacian matrix on a combinatorial graph, no bound depending only on the diameter is possible. As a special case of our results on metric graphs, we deduce estimates for the normalised Laplacian matrix on combinatorial graphs which, surprisingly, are sometimes sharper than the ones obtained by purely combinatorial methods in the graph theoretical literature.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0460-2
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 9 (2016)
  • The Spectral Properties of the Strongly Coupled Sturm Hamiltonian of
           Eventually Constant Type
    • Authors: Yan-Hui Qu
      Pages: 2475 - 2511
      Abstract: Abstract We study the spectral properties of the Sturm Hamiltolian of eventually constant type, which includes the Fibonacci Hamiltonian. Let s be the Hausdorff dimension of the spectrum. For V > 20, we show that the restriction of the s-dimensional Hausdorff measure to the spectrum is a Gibbs type measure; the density of states measure is a Markov measure. Based on the fine structures of these measures, we show that both measures are exact dimensional; we obtain exact asymptotic behaviors for the optimal Hölder exponent and the Hausdorff dimension of the density of states measure and for the Hausdorff dimension of the spectrum. As a consequence, if the frequency is not silver number type, then for V big enough, we establish strict inequalities between these three spectral characteristics. We achieve them by introducing an auxiliary symbolic dynamical system and applying the thermodynamical and multifractal formalisms of almost additive potentials.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0462-0
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 9 (2016)
  • Energy-Time Uncertainty Principle and Lower Bounds on Sojourn Time
    • Authors: Joachim Asch; Olivier Bourget; Victor Cortés; Claudio Fernandez
      Pages: 2513 - 2527
      Abstract: Abstract One manifestation of quantum resonances is a large sojourn time, or autocorrelation, for states which are initially localized. We elaborate on Lavine’s time-energy uncertainty principle and give an estimate on the sojourn time. For the case of perturbed embedded eigenstates the bound is explicit and involves Fermi’s Golden Rule. It is valid for a very general class of systems. We illustrate the theory by applications to resonances for time-dependent systems including the AC Stark effect as well as multistate systems.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0467-8
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 9 (2016)
  • Homogenized Diffusion Limit of a
           Vlasov–Poisson–Fokker–Planck Model
    • Authors: Mohamed Lazhar Tayeb
      Pages: 2529 - 2553
      Abstract: Abstract The approximation by diffusion and homogenization of the initial-boundary value problem of the Vlasov–Poisson–Fokker–Planck model is studied for a given velocity field with spatial macroscopic and microscopic variations. The L1-contraction property of the Fokker–Planck operator and a two-scale Hybrid-Hilbert expansion are used to prove the convergence towards a homogenized Drift–Diffusion equation and to exhibit a rate of convergence.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0484-7
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 9 (2016)
  • Attractors for Damped Quintic Wave Equations in Bounded Domains
    • Authors: Varga Kalantarov; Anton Savostianov; Sergey Zelik
      Pages: 2555 - 2584
      Abstract: Abstract The dissipative wave equation with a critical quintic non-linearity in smooth bounded three-dimensional domain is considered. Based on the recent extension of the Strichartz estimates to the case of bounded domains, the existence of a compact global attractor for the solution semigroup of this equation is established. Moreover, the smoothness of the obtained attractor is also shown.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0480-y
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 9 (2016)
  • On the Convergence to Equilibrium of Unbounded Observables Under a Family
           of Intermittent Interval Maps
    • Authors: Johannes Kautzsch; Marc Kesseböhmer; Tony Samuel
      Pages: 2585 - 2621
      Abstract: Abstract We consider a family \({\{T_{r}: [0, 1] \circlearrowleft \}_{r\in[0, 1]}}\) of Markov interval maps interpolating between the tent map \({T_{0}}\) and the Farey map \({T_{1}}\) . Letting \({\mathcal{P}_{r}}\) denote the Perron–Frobenius operator of \({T_{r}}\) , we show, for \({\beta \in [0, 1]}\) and \({\alpha \in (0, 1)}\) , that the asymptotic behaviour of the iterates of \({\mathcal{P}_{r}}\) applied to observables with a singularity at \({\beta}\) of order \({\alpha}\) is dependent on the structure of the \({\omega}\) -limit set of \({\beta}\) with respect to \({T_{r}}\) . The results presented here are some of the first to deal with convergence to equilibrium of observables with singularities.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-015-0451-8
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 9 (2016)
  • Elliptic Genera and 3d Gravity
    • Authors: Nathan Benjamin; Miranda C. N. Cheng; Shamit Kachru; Gregory W. Moore; Natalie M. Paquette
      Pages: 2623 - 2662
      Abstract: Abstract We describe general constraints on the elliptic genus of a 2d supersymmetric conformal field theory which has a gravity dual with large radius in Planck units. We give examples of theories which do and do not satisfy the bounds we derive, by describing the elliptic genera of symmetric product orbifolds of K3, product manifolds, certain simple families of Calabi–Yau hypersurfaces, and symmetric products of the “Monster CFT”. We discuss the distinction between theories with supergravity duals and those whose duals have strings at the scale set by the AdS curvature. Under natural assumptions, we attempt to quantify the fraction of (2,2) supersymmetric conformal theories which admit a weakly curved gravity description, at large central charge.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0469-6
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 10 (2016)
  • On the Elliptic Genera of Manifolds of Spin(7) Holonomy
    • Authors: Nathan Benjamin; Sarah M. Harrison; Shamit Kachru; Natalie M. Paquette; Daniel Whalen
      Pages: 2663 - 2697
      Abstract: Abstract Superstring compactification on a manifold of Spin(7) holonomy gives rise to a 2d worldsheet conformal field theory with an extended supersymmetry algebra. The \({\mathcal{N} = 1}\) superconformal algebra is extended by additional generators of spins 2 and 5/2, and instead of just superconformal symmetry one has a c = 12 realization of the symmetry group \({\mathcal{S}W(3/2,2)}\) . In this paper, we compute the characters of this supergroup and decompose the elliptic genus of a general Spin(7) compactification in terms of these characters. We find suggestive relations to various sporadic groups, which are made more precise in a companion paper.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-015-0454-5
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 10 (2016)
  • The Infrared Problem in QED: A Lesson from a Model with Coulomb
           Interaction and Realistic Photon Emission
    • Authors: Giovanni Morchio; Franco Strocchi
      Pages: 2699 - 2739
      Abstract: Abstract The scattering of photons and heavy classical Coulomb interacting particles, with realistic particle–photon interaction (without particle recoil) is studied adopting the Koopman formulation for the particles. The model is translation invariant and allows for a complete control of the Dollard strategy devised by Kulish–Faddeev and Rohrlich (KFR) for QED: in the adiabatic formulation, the Møller operators exist as strong limits and interpolate between the dynamics and a non-free asymptotic dynamics, which is a unitary group; the S-matrix is non-trivial and exhibits the factorization of all the infrared divergences. The implications of the KFR strategy on the open questions of the LSZ asymptotic limits in QED are derived in the field theory version of the model, with the charged particles described by second quantized fields: i) asymptotic limits of the charged fields, \({\Psi_{{\rm out}/{\rm in}}(x)}\) , are obtained as strong limits of modified LSZ formulas, with corrections given by a Coulomb phase operator and an exponential of the photon field; ii) free asymptotic electromagnetic fields, \({B_{{\rm out}/{\rm in}}(x)}\) , are given by the massless LSZ formula, as in Buchholz approach;   iii) the asymptotic field algebras are a semidirect product of the canonical algebras generated by \({B_{{\rm out}/{\rm in}}}\) , \({\Psi_{{\rm out}/{\rm in}}}\) ;   iv) on the asymptotic spaces, the Hamiltonian is the sum of the free (commuting) Hamiltonians of \({B_{{\rm out}/{\rm in}}}\) , \({\Psi_{{\rm out}/{\rm in}}}\) and the same holds for the generators of the space translations.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0486-5
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 10 (2016)
  • Matrix Models from Operators and Topological Strings, 2
    • Authors: Rinat Kashaev; Marcos Mariño; Szabolcs Zakany
      Pages: 2741 - 2781
      Abstract: Abstract The quantization of mirror curves to toric Calabi–Yau threefolds leads to trace class operators, and it has been conjectured that the spectral properties of these operators provide a non-perturbative realization of topological string theory on these backgrounds. In this paper, we find an explicit form for the integral kernel of the trace class operator in the case of local \({{\mathbb{P}}^1 \times {\mathbb{P}}^1}\) , in terms of Faddeev’s quantum dilogarithm. The matrix model associated to this integral kernel is an \({O(2)}\) model, which generalizes the ABJ(M) matrix model. We find its exact planar limit, and we provide detailed evidence that its \({1/N}\) expansion captures the all genus topological string free energy on local \({{\mathbb{P}}^1 \times {\mathbb{P}}^1}\) .
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0471-z
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 10 (2016)
  • Bartnik’s Mass and Hamilton’s Modified Ricci Flow
    • Authors: Chen-Yun Lin; Christina Sormani
      Pages: 2783 - 2800
      Abstract: Abstract We provide estimates on the Bartnik mass of constant mean curvature surfaces which are diffeomorphic to spheres and have positive mean curvature. We prove that the Bartnik mass is bounded from above by the Hawking mass and a new notion we call the asphericity mass. The asphericity mass is defined by applying Hamilton’s modified Ricci flow and depends only upon the restricted metric of the surface and not on its mean curvature. The theorem is proven by studying a class of asymptotically flat Riemannian manifolds foliated by surfaces satisfying Hamilton’s modified Ricci flow with prescribed scalar curvature. Such manifolds were first constructed by the first author in her dissertation conducted under the supervision of M. T. Wang. We make a further study of this class of manifolds which we denote Ham3, bounding the ADM masses of such manifolds and analyzing the rigid case when the Hawking mass of the inner surface of the manifold agrees with its ADM mass.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0483-8
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 10 (2016)
  • On Differentiability of Volume Time Functions
    • Authors: Piotr T. Chruściel; James D. E. Grant; Ettore Minguzzi
      Pages: 2801 - 2824
      Abstract: Abstract We show differentiability of a class of Geroch’s volume functions on globally hyperbolic manifolds. Furthermore, we prove that every volume function satisfies a local anti-Lipschitz condition over causal curves, and that locally Lipschitz time functions which are locally anti-Lipschitz can be uniformly approximated by smooth time functions with timelike gradient. Finally, we prove that in stably causal space-times Hawking’s time function can be uniformly approximated by smooth time functions with timelike gradient.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-015-0448-3
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 10 (2016)
  • Rigidity of Stable Marginally Outer Trapped Surfaces in Initial Data Sets
    • Authors: Alessandro Carlotto
      Pages: 2825 - 2847
      Abstract: Abstract In this article, we investigate the restrictions imposed by the dominant energy condition (DEC) on the topology and conformal type of possibly non-compact marginally outer trapped surfaces (thus extending Hawking’s classical theorem on the topology of black holes). We first prove that an unbounded, stable marginally outer trapped surface in an initial data set (M, g, k) obeying the dominant energy condition is conformally diffeomorphic to either the plane \({\mathbb{C}}\) or to the cylinder \({\mathbb{A}}\) and in the latter case infinitesimal rigidity holds. As a corollary, when the DEC holds strictly, this rules out the existence of trapped regions with cylindrical boundary. In the second part of the article, we restrict our attention to asymptotically flat data (M, g, k) and show that, in that setting, the existence of an unbounded, stable marginally outer trapped surface essentially never occurs unless in a very specific case, since it would force an isometric embedding of (M, g, k) into the Minkowski spacetime as a space-like slice.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0477-6
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 10 (2016)
  • Local Inverse Scattering at a Fixed Energy for Radial Schrödinger
           Operators and Localization of the Regge Poles
    • Authors: Thierry Daudé; François Nicoleau
      Pages: 2849 - 2904
      Abstract: Abstract We study inverse scattering problems at a fixed energy for radial Schrödinger operators on \({\mathbb{R}^n}\) , \({n \geq 2}\) . First, we consider the class \({\mathcal{A}}\) of potentials q(r) which can be extended analytically in \({\Re z \geq 0}\) such that \({\mid q(z)\mid \leq C \ (1+ \mid z \mid )^{-\rho}}\) , \({\rho > \frac{3}{2}}\) . If q and \({\tilde{q}}\) are two such potentials and if the corresponding phase shifts \({\delta_l}\) and \({\tilde{\delta}_l}\) are super-exponentially close, then \({q=\tilde{q}}\) . Second, we study the class of potentials q(r) which can be split into q(r) = q 1(r) + q 2(r) such that q 1(r) has compact support and \({q_2 (r) \in \mathcal{A}}\) . If q and \({\tilde{q}}\) are two such potentials, we show that for any fixed \({a>0, {\delta_l - \tilde{\delta}_l \ = \ o \left(\frac{1}{l^{n-3}}\ \left({\frac{ae}{2l}}\right)^{2l}\right)}}\) when \({l \rightarrow +\infty}\) if and only if \({q(r)=\tilde{q}(r)}\) for almost all \({r \geq a}\) . The proofs are close in spirit with the celebrated Borg–Marchenko uniqueness theorem, and rely heavily on the localization of the Regge poles that could be defined as the resonances in the complexified angular momentum plane. We show that for a non-zero super-exponentially decreasing potential, the number of Regge poles is always infinite and moreover, the Regge poles are not contained in any vertical strip in the right-half plane. For potentials with compact support, we are able to give explicitly their asymptotics. At last, for potentials which can be extended analytically in \({\Re z \geq 0}\) with \({\mid q(z)\mid \leq C (1+ \mid z \mid)^{-\rho}}\) , \({\rho >1}\) , we show that the Regge poles are confined in a vertical strip in the complex plane.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-015-0453-6
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 10 (2016)
  • Aharonov–Bohm Effect and High-Momenta Inverse Scattering for the
           Klein–Gordon Equation
    • Authors: Miguel Ballesteros; Ricardo Weder
      Pages: 2905 - 2950
      Abstract: Abstract We analyze spin-0 relativistic scattering of charged particles propagating in the exterior, \({\Lambda \subset \mathbb{R}^3}\) , of a compact obstacle \({K \subset \mathbb{R}^3}\) . The connected components of the obstacle are handlebodies. The particles interact with an electromagnetic field in Λ and an inaccessible magnetic field localized in the interior of the obstacle (through the Aharonov–Bohm effect). We obtain high-momenta estimates, with error bounds, for the scattering operator that we use to recover physical information: we give a reconstruction method for the electric potential and the exterior magnetic field and prove that, if the electric potential vanishes, circulations of the magnetic potential around handles (or equivalently, by Stokes’ theorem, magnetic fluxes over transverse sections of handles) of the obstacle can be recovered, modulo 2π. We additionally give a simple formula for the high momenta limit of the scattering operator in terms of certain magnetic fluxes, in the absence of electric potential. If the electric potential does not vanish, the magnetic fluxes on the handles above referred can be only recovered modulo π and the simple expression of the high-momenta limit of the scattering operator does not hold true.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0466-9
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 10 (2016)
  • Asymptotics for Erdős–Solovej Zero Modes in Strong Fields
    • Authors: Daniel M. Elton
      Pages: 2951 - 2973
      Abstract: Abstract We consider the strong field asymptotics for the occurrence of zero modes of certain Weyl–Dirac operators on \({\mathbb{R}^3}\) . In particular, we are interested in those operators \({\mathcal{D}_B}\) for which the associated magnetic field \({B}\) is given by pulling back a two-form \({\beta}\) from the sphere \({\mathbb{S}^2}\) to \({\mathbb{R}^3}\) using a combination of the Hopf fibration and inverse stereographic projection. If \({\int_{\mathbb{s}^2} \beta \neq 0}\) , we show that $$\sum_{0 \leq t \leq T} {\rm dim Ker} \mathcal{D}{tB}=\frac{T^2}{8\pi^2}\,\Big \int_{\mathbb{S}^2}\beta\Big \,\int_{\mathbb{S}^2} {\beta} +o(T^2)$$ as \({T\to+\infty}\) . The result relies on Erdős and Solovej’s characterisation of the spectrum of \({\mathcal{D}_{tB}}\) in terms of a family of Dirac operators on \({\mathbb{S}^2}\) , together with information about the strong field localisation of the Aharonov–Casher zero modes of the latter.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0478-5
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 10 (2016)
  • Wedge-Local Fields in Integrable Models with Bound States II: Diagonal
    • Authors: Daniela Cadamuro; Yoh Tanimoto
      Abstract: Abstract We construct candidates for observables in wedge-shaped regions for a class of 1 + 1-dimensional integrable quantum field theories with bound states whose S-matrix is diagonal, by extending our previous methods for scalar S-matrices. Examples include the Z(N)-Ising models, the A N−1-affine Toda field theories and some S-matrices with CDD factors. We show that these candidate operators which are associated with elementary particles commute weakly on a dense domain. For the models with two species of particles, we can take a larger domain of weak commutativity and give an argument for the Reeh–Schlieder property.
      PubDate: 2016-09-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00023-016-0515-4
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