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  Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 651 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (466 journals)
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EARTH SCIENCES (466 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 371 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Geophysica     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Algological Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Geographia, Geologia, Mineralogia et Petrographia     Open Access  
Annals of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annals of GIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anthropocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Asian Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atlantic Geology : Journal of the Atlantic Geoscience Society / Atlantic Geology : revue de la Société Géoscientifique de l'Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Boreas: An International Journal of Quaternary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cadernos de Geociências     Open Access  
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Carbonates and Evaporites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia del suelo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Espaciales     Open Access  
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cogent Geoscience     Open Access  
Comptes Rendus Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Contemporary Trends in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Depositional Record     Open Access  
Developments in Geotectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Quaternary Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
E&S Engineering and Science     Open Access  
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 129)
Earth and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Earth Interactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Earth Surface Dynamics (ESurf)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Earth System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Earth System Dynamics Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth, Planets and Space     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Earthquake Spectra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Environmental Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal  
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
European Journal of Mineralogy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
European Journal of Remote Sensing     Open Access  
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Facies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Física de la Tierra     Open Access  
Folia Musei rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis. Geologica et Paleobiologica     Open Access  
Folia Quaternaria     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Earth Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geo-Marine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoacta     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geocarto International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Geochemical Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geochemistry : Exploration, Environment, Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Geochronometria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geodinamica Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geodynamics & Tectonophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoenvironmental Disasters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Géographie physique et Quaternaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoheritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoinformatica Polonica : The Journal of Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences     Open Access  
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Geology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Geology, Geophysics and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geomorphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geophysical Journal International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Geophysical Prospecting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
GeoResJ     Hybrid Journal  
Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geoscience Canada : Journal of the Geological Association of Canada / Geoscience Canada : journal de l'Association Géologique du Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geoscience Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoscience Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Geoscience Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoscience Records     Open Access  
Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geoscientific Model Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotectonic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Geotectonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
GISAP : Earth and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Global and Planetary Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Global Biogeochemical Cycles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Gondwana Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Grassland Science     Hybrid Journal  
Ground Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Groundwater for Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Helgoland Marine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hydrobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Hydrogeology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Hydrological Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Indian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisciplinary Environmental Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Geology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Advanced Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of Advancement in Earth and Enviromental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advancement in Remote Sensing, GIS, and Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of Coal Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Earthquake and Impact Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Erwerbs-Obstbau
  [SJR: 0.198]   [H-I: 10]   [0 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1439-0302 - ISSN (Online) 0014-0309
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • The Growth of Apple Central Fruits as Affected by Thinning with NAA, BA
           and Naphthenic Acids
    • Authors: Biserka Milić; Jelena Tarlanović; Zoran Keserović; Lana Zorić; Bojana Blagojević; Nenad Magazin
      Pages: 185 - 193
      Abstract: Abstract Plant growth regulators such as α‑naphthylacetic acid (NAA) or 6‑benzyladenine (BA) are commonly used for thinning apple fruits. NAs exhibits an auxin- and gibberellin-type biological activity, stimulate the uptake and translocation of auxins in plant tissue, as well as IAA synthesis and act as surfactants. It was assumed that NAs applied at the stadium of early fruit growth might cause fruit abscission in apple, similarly to NAA. The goal of the research was to test the presumed thinning effect of naphthenic acids on apple cultivars ‘Golden Delicious’ and ‘Red Delicious’. Three treatments were applied on both apple cultivars including 16.5 μL L−1 NAA, 200 μL L−1 BA and 2.63 mg L−1 potassium salts of NAs. Cortical cell size and the number of cell layers were measured in order to determine the contribution of cell size and cell division in early fruit growth, as affected by chemical thinning treatments. The effects of plant growth regulators NAA, BA and NAs on fruit set, fruit size and the anatomy of the fruit cortex highly depend on varietal differences. In ‘Golden Delicious’ fruit set reduction by chemical thinning increases both the number of cell layers and cell size of apple fruit, while in ‘Red Delicious’ NAA inhibits fruit growth, while BA is ineffective. Cell growth promoting activity of NAA and NAs, accompanied by the decrease in fruit set and reduced competition among fruits within the canopy, results in a significant fruit weight increase at harvest. The research confirms the auxinic properties of NAs, and their assumed thinning activity.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0310-x
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 3 (2017)
  • Determination of Chemical Composition and Nutritive Value with Fatty Acid
           Compositions of African Mangosteen ( Garcinia Livingstonei )
    • Authors: Kadanthottu Sebastian Joseph; Sushma Bolla; Kavita Joshi; Medha Bhat; Krupa Naik; Sridevi Patil; Sreevani Bendre; Brunda Gangappa; Vidya Haibatti; Shivanand Payamalle; Smita Shinde; Yaser Hassan Dewir; Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy
      Pages: 195 - 202
      Abstract: Abstract African mangosteen (Garcinia livingstonei T. Anderson) is native to Africa and is exotic to other parts of the world. It is a fruit bearing tree with multiple uses. This study was purposed to determine, by analysis, the chemical compositions and nutritive value of the fruits of African mangosteen. Proximate compositions varied with the portions such as epicarp, mesocarp, endocarp and seed tested. All fruit portions contained carbohydrate (37.67–95.02%) and crude protein (0.65–31.76%) as their major components. Moisture (0.45–3.42%), crude fat (1.23–19.55%), crude fiber (2.93–21.13%) and ash (1.76–5.44%) were also found at different levels, depending upon the portions. All portions of fruit were rich in macro and micro elements. The fruits also possessed phenolics (174.02–10.725 mg GAE per g), flavonoid (19.25 to 99.98 µg QE per g) and alkaloid (1.56 to 9.49 mg/kg) contents. The constitution of tannins and oxalate which contribute towards the anti-nutritive value was also low, thus making the fruits beneficial for consumption. Quality attributes like relative amount of oleic acid, total unsaturated fatty acid, acid value, free fatty acid, peroxide value and iodine value showed that the seed oil of African mangosteen can become one among the oleic acid based vegetable oils for consumption.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0311-9
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 3 (2017)
  • Morphological, Biochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Local Loquat (
           Eriobotrya Japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.) Germplasm from Turkey
    • Authors: Mustafa Akbulut; Sadiye Gozlekci; Sezai Ercisli; Ozlem Cakir
      Pages: 203 - 209
      Abstract: Abstract Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica L.) grown well for commercial purposes in subtropical regions nearly 30 countries and originated from China. The most important loquat producers in the world are China, Spain, Turkey, Pakistan, India, Italy and Brazil. In this study, ten pre-selected promising loquat genotypes sampled from eastern Black region and analyzed for their important morphological, biochemical and antioxidant characteristics. The standard cultivar ‘Sayda’ is also included in the study. The results indicated differences for all of the morphological, biochemical and antioxidant characteristics among tested genotypes. Fruit mass and fruit flesh percentage of the genotypes ranged from 35.40 g (LOQ-8) to 46.90 g (LOQ-5) and from 79.40 (%) to 86.32 (%) indicating some local genotypes had higher fruit mass and fruit flesh percentage than standard cultivar ‘Sayda’. Total phenolic content was the highest as 263 μg GAE/g in LOQ-7 genotype while the lowest in LOQ-8 genotype (185 μg GAE/g). LOQ-7 genotype had the highest total antioxidant capacity. Local genotypes in general have higher total phenolic, total carotenoid, vitamin C and antioxidant activity than cv. ‘Sayda’.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0313-7
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 3 (2017)
  • Postharvest Quality Maintenance of Table Grapes cv. ’Alphonse
           Lavallée’ by Exogenous Applications of Salicylic Acid, Oxalic Acid and
    • Authors: Ferhan K. Sabir; Ali Sabir
      Pages: 211 - 219
      Abstract: Abstract Treating the grape with elicitors such as jasmonic, oxalic or salicylic acid can reportedly activate several defense mechanisms, including the accelerated expression of defense genes, enhances in the cell wall composition, and the accumulation of antimicrobial compounds such as phytoalexins. Salicylic acid (SA) and oxalic acid (OA) with or without MAP (Modified Atmosphere Packaging) were tested for their effects on extending storage life of grapes cv. ’Alphonse Lavallée’. After treatments (control, MAP, 5 mM OA, 2 mM SA, SA + MAP, OA + MAP) grapes were stored at 1 °C, 90% R.H. up to 60 days. Overall, all the treatments had significant positive effects on postharvest quality of grapes. SA + MAP was the most effective treatment with the lowest weight loss and decay incidence, the greatest rachis chlorophyll content and berry detachment force at the end of 60 d storage. Effects of SA were also very close to those obtained by the combined treatment. SA alone or SA + MAP treatment may be recommended as an environmental friendly, healthy and sustainable method for extending postharvest quality of grapes up to 60 d, without significant adverse effect on produces. Considering the cost and ease of application, SA alone could be preferred as an effective alternative strategy for traditional chemical treatments.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0314-6
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 3 (2017)
  • Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Phenolic Compounds from Unripe Grape
    • Authors: Hatef Bagheri; Mohsen Esmaiili
      Pages: 221 - 226
      Abstract: Abstract Optimization of the extraction and analysis of phytochemicals can improve the production and quality of foods. The aim of this study is to evaluate ultrasound-assisted extraction of phenolic compounds from unripe grape (Vitis vinifera). At first stage, conventional thermal extraction was carried out in order to optimize the temperature (50, 70, 90 °C) and duration (20, 40, and 60 min) of the process (control). Investigations showed that the optimum condition of temperature and duration is 70 °C and 30 min, respectively. Then, grape pulp was treated for 30 min by ultrasound at a fixed frequency of 20 kHz. Results showed that ultrasound application increased the total phenolic content of the samples considerably. In addition, individual phenolic composition of the samples, namely rutin, gallic acid, hydroxybenzoic acid, syringic acid, p-coumaric acid, quercetin, and resveratrol were measured by HPLC. A good relation was observed between chromatographic and total phenol results. This study showed that ultrasound-assisted extraction is a sufficient method to produce verjuice as a rich and inexpensive source of antioxidants.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0315-5
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 3 (2017)
  • The Genus Fragaria in Croatia
    • Authors: Dubravka Dujmović Purgar; Boris Duralija; Aleš Vokurka; Marija Todorić; Vesna Židovec
      Pages: 227 - 233
      Abstract: Abstract Only three native species of genus Fragaria (F. moschata, F. vesca and F. viridis) are recorded in three regions of Croatia. These species as well as many of their hybrids, are, or once were, cultivated for their edible fruits. The majority of cultivated strawberries in Europe belong to garden strawberries F. x ananassa (hybrids of F. chiloensis and F. virginiana). The most expanded wild strawberry species in Croatia is a woodland strawberry (F. vesca) whose berries are gathered seasonally as wild edible fruits. They often contain higher amount of nutrients and bioactive compounds in comparison to cultivated varieties. The research on the genus Fragaria species distribution in Croatia has not been carried out, and so is the case with many others wild growing fruit species in Croatia. By summing up a number of individual citations and observations, it is possible to get a perspective regarding the current state of their distribution.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0318-x
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 3 (2017)
  • The Use of Multi Criteria Models for Decision Support System in Fruit
    • Authors: Črtomir Rozman; Aleksandar Maksimović; Adis Puška; Zoan Grgić; Karmen Pažek; Boris Prevolšek; Ferhat Ćejvanović
      Pages: 235 - 243
      Abstract: Abstract The success or failure of an investment project in fruit production also depends on the selection of the fruit species and variety. When selecting the variety for the creation of a new orchard it is necessary to perform the synthesis of different data and to look at all aspects of the investment. This paper presents the application of DEX multi-criteria decision making. The model was applied on 7 varieties of plum from the western Balkans region that were assessed by experts from “The association of agricultural economists of Western Balkans” using the Delphi method. By applying this model it has been shown that the ’Stanley’ is the most suitable for starting a new orchard while the varieties ’Čačanska ljepotica’ and ’Čačanska rodna’ are also very suitable for starting new fruit orchards and they have also received the value attribute “very acceptable”. Using this model all strong and weak sides of the observed plum variety were shown. For the final selection it is necessary to conduct research at a specific micro location where all characteristics of that area would also be taken into consideration.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0320-3
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 3 (2017)
  • Seed Oil Quantity and Fatty Acid Composition of Different Sea Buckthorn (
           Hippophae Rhamnoides  L.) Wild Populations in Iran
    • Authors: Ali Kuhkheil; Ali Mehrafarin; Vahid Abdossi; Hassanali Naghdi Badi
      Abstract: Abstract Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) is a valuable multipurpose medicinal plant belonging to Elaeagnaceae family. In this study, oil content and fatty acid composition of seed oil from 20 sea buckthorn wild populations of Iran were evaluated in 2014 and 2015. Oil extraction was done using n-hexane solvent in a Soxhlet apparatus and then GC analysis of fatty acid methyl esters was performed. The highest and lowest amount of seed oil content in two years were obtained from Sarein and Kejel populations, respectively (3.88 to 8.63% in 2014 and from 4.07 to 9.66% in 2015). Importance of seed oil is related to it’s highly amount of unsaturated fatty acids. Maximum content of oleic acid cis were existed in Kelavenga (21.19%) on 2014. The highest value of oleic acid trans were related to Shahrestanak (6.34%) in 2015. Maximum content of linoleic acid in 2014 were existed in Baladeh (42.03%) on 2015. The highest linolenic acid content were obtained from Dehdar (30.73%) in 2014. Factor analysis based on PCA revealed, first three components (PC1–PC3) explained 63.86% of the total variation. The first component (PC1) was contributed by some traits such as seed oil percentage, Palmitoleic acid, oleic acid trance and linoleic acid contents with about 29% of total variation. Hierarchical cluster analysis divided the populations into four main groups with high diversity. Wide range of variation across the sea buckthorn populations in seed oil traits could be exploited for selection of suitable genotypes to improvement and commercial exploitation of this plant.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0351-9
  • Physiological Responses of Cherry Rootstocks to Short Term Salinity
    • Authors: Servet Aras; Ahmet Eşitken
      Abstract: Abstract The physiological responses of cherry rootstocks were evaluated under moderate salinity in short term. MaxMa 14, CAB-6P and Mazzard rootstocks were treated with 35 mM NaCl solution for 1 month to assess physiological responses. Under NaCl stress, rootstocks’ physiological parameters were compared with their own control, with the greatest alterations in SPAD value, leaf relative water content (LRWC), membrane permeability and stomatal conductivity. SPAD value was reduced by 9.5, 2.17 and 2.27% in saline-treated plants of MaxMa 14, CAB-6P and Mazzard, respectively. MaxMa 14 and CAB-6P exhibited a rapid decrease in stomatal conductivity by 39.90 and 47.60%, respectively compared with their control, while in Mazzard there was a reduction by 5.28% compared with its control. Moreover, LRWC of the plants decreased by 11.24 and 13.75% in salt-treated MaxMa 14 and CAB-6P, respectively. In comparison, a lower reduction of LRWC (6.11%) was observed in NACl-treated Mazzard. As seen in the result of experiment, the inhibitory effects of NaCl were less in Mazzard compared with MaxMa 14 and CAB-6P.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0350-x
  • A Study on the Effect of Nitrogen Spray at Different Times on Color and
           Yield Parameters of Grape cv. Pykany
    • Authors: Mina Razmi; Bahram Abedy; Ali Tehranifar
      Abstract: Abstract In order to study the effect of nitrogen spray at different times on color and yield parameters of grape cv. Pykany, an experiment was carried out in factorial based on randomized complete block design with four replications in Khalil Abad County in 2015. The treatments included three concentrations of nitrogen (0, 5 and 10 ppm) and three spray times (Late April, before bloom stage, and after pollination and fruit set stage). Color parameters such as brightness rate (L), redness (a) and yellowness (b), chroma, hue angle and browning index were evaluated in this experiment. The results of variance analysis and means comparison showed that the effect of treatment containing spray at concentration of 10 ppm on yield was significant at 1%. There were not significant differences among treatments of urea concentrations and spray times on L and b but different concentrations of urea had significant effect on a* at the level of 1%, so that the highest amount of significant difference was due to the treatment of urea spray at the concentration of 10 ppm and the lowest amount was due to the control treatment. Furthermore, the interaction effect of concentration and different times of nitrogen application on color intensity index was significant at the level of 5%. Based on the results, the effect of different concentrations of urea spray on hue angle was significant at 1% so that the highest level of significant difference was due to the concentration of 10 ppm and the lowest was related to control treatment.
      PubDate: 2017-10-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0348-4
  • Genetic Diversity Among Juglans Regia Genotypes Based on Morphological
           Characters of Nut
    • Authors: Sina Cosmulescu; Dragos Stefanescu; Mariana Birsanu Ionescu
      Abstract: Abstract Walnut germplasm from three different sites in Oltenia region, located in the southwestern part of Romania, was evaluated to determine the variability and to identify promising types. A total of 64 genotypes were evaluated using morphological characteristics of nuts. Considerable genetic variation in the measured traits was found in native trees which were of seedling origin. Variability found was between 7.62–20.90 g in nut weight, between 31.17 and 53.60 mm in nut length, between 24.81 and 37.48 mm in nut diameter I, and between 23.64 and 36.18 mm in nut diameter II. Separation of the three areas in multivariate space was assessed by calculating the Mahalanobis distance. The highest inter-populations value was observed between Bechet and Ostroveni population (1.83), followed by Sadova and Ostroveni population (1.08), which indicates a wide genetic distance between these populations. Cluster analyses showed a considerable diversity within the same germplasm population. The results indicated that most of genotypes were suitable in terms of morphological traits of nut. These data demonstrated large phenotypic diversity of nut among the selected genotypes that can be considered as a valuable gene stock for breeding programs.
      PubDate: 2017-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0347-5
  • Changes in Morphological, Physiological Traits and Enzyme Activity of
           Grafted and Ungrafted Grapevine Rootstocks Under Drought Stress
    • Authors: Seda Sucu; Adem Yağcı; Kubilay Yıldırım
      Abstract: Abstract American grapevine rootstocks are used as the most efficient control method for phylloxera disease. Vitis vinifera species are grown over these rootstocks. The rootstocks may have different drought tolerances. In present study, morphological and physiological responds and enzyme activities of grafted and ungrafted grapevines were investigated under drought stress. The rootstocks Rupestris du Lot, 420A, 5BB, SO4, 8B, 110R, 1103P, 140Ruggeri and Ramsey and K‑7 clone of Sultani Seedless grape cultivar were used as the plant material of this study. Drought stress was exerted as water deficits and stress treatments were terminated when the available moisture level dropped to 5%. Current findings revealed that grafted plants were less influenced morphologically from the droughts than the ungrafted ones. In control group, average leaf water potential was measured as −0.51 MPa for ungrafted plants and −0.46 MPa for grafted plants. In stress group, leaf water potential was measured as −2.03 MPa for ungrafted plants and as −1.69 MPa for grafted ones. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) enzyme activities of both grafted and ungrafted plants increased with drought stress. Considering the enzyme activities of ungrafted plants in control and stress groups, it was observed that SOD activity increased from 508 (unit/mg protein) to 852 (unit/mg protein); APX activity increased from 153 (micromole/mg protein/min) to 584 (micromole/mg protein/min). In grafted plants, SOD activity increased from 639 (unit/mg protein) to 796 (unit/mg protein); APX activity increased from 414 (micromole/mg protein/min) to 1002 (micromole/mg protein/min). The drought resistant rootstocks (like 140Ru, 110R) exhibited higher enzyme activity in both control and stress groups than drought sensitive rootstocks (like 5BB, SO4).
      PubDate: 2017-08-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0345-7
  • Erratum to: Leaf Removal Treatments Combined with Kaolin Particle Film
           Technique from Different Directions of Grapevine’s Canopy Affect the
           Composition of Phytochemicals of cv. Muscat Hamburg ( V. Vinifera  L.)
    • Authors: Demir Kok; Erdinc Bal
      PubDate: 2017-08-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0346-6
  • Usage of Shoot Analyses to Assess Early-Season Nutritional Status of Apple
    • Authors: Kadir Uçgun; Mesut Altındal; Murat Cansu
      Abstract: Abstract Mid-summer leaf analyses are commonly used as the standard method worldwide to assess the nutritional status of fruit trees. However, the analyses performed at this period yield information only about current nutritional status of the trees. Several physiological processes influencing yield and quality take place early in spring. It was reported in previous studies that dormant-season shoot analyses for some nutrients may reliably be used to assess early-season nutritional status of peach trees. The present study was conducted with the shoot samples taken in dormant-season of 150 apple orchards from Isparta region during the years 2010 and 2011. Shoot samples were taken 15 days before full bloom stage and samples were subjected to nutrient analyses. Reference values for each nutrient were indicated as 25 and 75% of the resultant values. The shoot reference values for N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Zn and B were respectively observed as 0.66–0.82%, 0.12–0.15%, 0.37–0.45%, 0.84–1.24%, 0.11–0.16%, 24.55–32.24 ppm, 11.12–17.55 ppm, 12.96–21.90 ppm and 13.33–16.00 ppm. To check the reliability of shoot analyses, leaf samples were taken from the same orchards in 7 different periods until mid-vegetation season and correlations between nutrient contents of shoots and nutrient contents of leaves taken in all periods were investigated. Significant correlations were observed between N, P, K, Mg, Mn and B contents of shoots and leaves. Therefore, it was concluded that early-season shoot N, P, K, Mg, Mn and B analyses could reliably be used to assess nutritional status of apple trees.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0342-x
  • Leaf Removal Treatments Combined with Kaolin Particle Film Technique from
           Different Directions of Grapevine’s Canopy Affect the Composition of
           Phytochemicals of cv. Muscat Hamburg ( V. Vinifera  L.)
    • Authors: Demir Kok; Erdinc Bal
      Abstract: Abstract In some viticulture regions of the world, high temperature and irradiance can negatively affect the grapevine growth and grape quality. Particle film technology is a remarkable tool, leading to decrease in environmental stress conditions for grape production. In current study, leaf removal and kaolin particle film treatments were performed on east and west sides of grapevine’s canopy of cv. Muscat Hamburg and five different treatments were respectively evaluated: Control (C), leaf removal treatment from east side of grapevine’s canopy (LR-E), leaf removal treatment from east side of grapevine’s canopy plus kaolin particle film treatment (LR-E + K), leaf removal treatment from west side of grapevine’s canopy (LR-W), leaf removal treatment from west side of grapevine’s canopy plus kaolin particle film treatment (LR-W + K). In present research, the higher total phenolic compounds contents were measured in LR-W (2010.56 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-W + K (2006.42 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E (1925.58 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E + K (1913.15 mg GAE/kg fw) and C treatment (1851.46 mg GAE/kg fw). Furthermore, means of higher total anthocyanin content were obtained from LR-W (737.68 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-W + K (736.16 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E (706.50 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E + K (701.94 mg GAE/kg fw) and C treatment (679.12 mg GAE/kg fw). Consequently, it was observed that both LR-W and LR-W + K treatments had especially advantages in terms of increasing grape quality attributes of cv. Muscat Hamburg; were followed by LR-E and LR-E + K treatments.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0337-7
  • Einfluss verschiedener Lagertemperaturen auf Lagerfähigkeit sowie
           physikalisch-chemische und sensorische Eigenschaften von Früchten der
           Goji-Beere ( Lycium barbarum  L.)
    • Authors: Mushtaque Ahmed Jatoi; Mladen Fruk; Josip Buhin; Marko Vinceković; Marko Vuković; Tomislav Jemrić
      Abstract: Abstract Goji berries are considered as the latest super food or fruit due to its excellent nutritive and medicinal properties and usually consumed and marketed as a dried or as a juice due to its short storage life and lack of information about its postharvest behavior. The current study was an attempt to prolong its storage life simply by using different storage temperatures (−2, 0, 10 and 20 °C) and evaluating the post-storage biochemical and fruit quality. The fruits stored at 0 °C and −2 °C appeared with lowest weight losses (13.08 and 14.95%) and significantly different from fruit stored at 10 °C (18.29%) for 12 days of storage. Whereas, the fruits stored at 20 °C deteriorated within a day due to fungal decay. However, some storage disorders like cracking, peel disorder, shriveling were observed in the fruits stored under −2 and 10 °C. There were significant differences in the phytochemical attributes like SSC, TA, SSC/TA ratio, total polyphenols, DPPH, ABTS and β‑carotene while the amount of anthocyanins and CIE color variables were found non-significant. In addition, the fruits stored under 0 °C appeared fresh and healthy and hence received highest scores during sensory analysis and strongly recommended for storage of this important horticultural commodity.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0344-8
  • Interaction of Maximum Daily Trunk Shrinkage and Fruit Quality in European
    • Authors: Yousef Rezaei Kalaj; Martin Geyer; Werner B. Herppich; Manuela Zude-Sasse
      Abstract: Abstract Maximum daily trunk shrinkage (MDS) has been suggested as an appropriate indicator of plant water status because it is closely related to stem water potential. Interaction of MDS and fruit quality was studied in plum (Prunus domestica L. ‘Jojo’/Wavit and ‘Tophit plus’/Wavit) in temperate climate. According to the MDS data, trees were grouped as low MDS (LMDS) and high MDS (HMDS). Fruit quality was analysed during fruit development (95, 103, 117 DAFB for ‘Jojo’ and 99, 112, 121 DAFB for ‘Tophit plus’) before commercial harvest. Fruit picked at commercial harvest (137 DAFB and 140 DAFB for ‘Jojo’ and ‘Tophit plus’, respectively) were stored at 2 ± 0.5 °C (90 ± 2% RH) for 28 days, and 2 days shelf life at 20 °C providing 6 measuring dates postharvest. Results confirmed that MDS was positively correlated with water vapour pressure deficit also in the apparent temperate, semi-humid climate. Transpiration of fruit from high crop load and resulting HMDS trees, which can be assessed as physiologically drought, was low compared to that of fruit from LMDS trees. Furthermore, HMDS tree grown plums had enhanced soluble solids and dry matter contents with a tendency of reduced fruit size.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0341-y
  • Dactylonectria torresensis as the Main Component of the Black Root Rot
           Complex of Strawberries and Raspberries in Northern Germany
    • Authors: Roland W. S. Weber; Alfred-Peter Entrop
      Abstract: Abstract In a long-term survey of black root rot of strawberries and raspberries in Northern Germany in 2007–2014, fungi with and without Cylindrocarpon-like anamorphs were isolated as potential pathogens. Dactylonectria torresensis was the most common species, being isolated from 18% of strawberry roots obtained from nursery plants and 37% of roots from production fields, as well as 21% and 29% (respectively) of raspberry roots. Less frequently isolated fungi with Cylindrocarpon-like anamorphs included Ilyonectria crassa, Ilyonectria sp. 2, I. pseudodestructans, I. robusta, C. obtusisporium and Ilyonectria sp. 1. Severe disease symptoms were reproduced by artificial inoculation of strawberries with D. torresensis, I. crassa and Ilyonectria sp. 2, milder symptoms with C. obtusisporium. A wide range of other root-pathogenic fungi such as Fusarium oxysporum, Verticillium dahliae, Ceratobasidium fragariae, Gnomoniopsis fructicola, Hainesia lythri, and species of Cadophora, Leptodontidium, Pythium, Phytophthora, Plectosporella, Pestalotiopsis and Truncatella were either isolated only sporadically or were not associated with black root rot symptoms, suggesting that they did not play any major role in this disease in Northern Germany. Visible disease symptoms and high frequencies of D. torresensis isolations in many batches of nursery plants indicated that these may comprise a major source of contamination of production fields. The previously unrecognised prominence of D. torresensis resolves a long-standing puzzle concerning the cause of the ongoing black root rot epidemic in Northern German strawberry and raspberry production.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0343-9
  • Vegetative Growth, Productivity, Berry Quality Attributes and Leaf
           Macronutrients Content of Currants as Affected by Species and Cultivars
    • Authors: Tomo Milošević; Nebojša Milošević
      Abstract: Abstract Bush vigor, berry physical traits and chemical composition, seasonal changes of leaf macronutrients content and leaf mineral status at mid-summer (120 DAFB, Days After Full Bloom) were evaluated in black, red and white currants and their cultivars which are grown on heavy soil, and with reduced cultural practices, except pruning, fertilization with cattle manure and weed control with herbicide, under western Serbian conditions. Results indicated that black currant had lower bush size, yield, bunch weight and number of berries per bunch, but had significantly higher berry weight as compared to red and white currants. Red and white currants had similar bush size, yield and bunch weight. Berries of black currant contained much higher levels of soluble solids content, acidity, vitamin C, total phenolics and flavonoids content than both red and white currants, whereas ripening index was similar. Leaf of black currants had lower macronutrients content, except leaf Mg, as compared with others. Very high excesses of all leaf macronutrients content, except in some cases for leaf N and Mg, were observed in currants in mid summer, i. e. at 120 DAFB. Black currant showed the best balanced nutritional values, whereas red currant showed a wider imbalance in nutritional values. Beside currant species, strong effect of cultivar per se was found on the most of evaluated features. Generally, black currant cv. ‘Eva’, red currant cv. ‘Slovakia’, somewhat ‘Detvan’, and white currant cv. ‘Primus’ had higher bush size, better berry physico-chemical attributes and higher leaf macronutrients content than others. Finally, ‘Eva’, ‘Tatran’ and ‘Meridian’ showed the best balanced nutritional values at 120 DAFB.
      PubDate: 2017-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0339-5
  • Dietary Elements and Quality Parameters of 34 Old and Eight Commercial
           Apple Cultivars Grown at the same Site in South Tyrol, Italy
    • Authors: Sara Agnolet; Flavio Ciesa; Evelyn Soini; Anna Cassar; Aldo Matteazzi; Walter Guerra; Peter Robatscher; Alberto Storti; Sanja Baric; Josef Dalla Via; Michael Oberhuber
      Abstract: Abstract Apple is one of the most widely produced and consumed fruits worldwide and hence, complete data of apple composition are important for human diet. Currently, a limited number of cultivars dominate the market, while many others, with a potentially higher nutritional value, are neglected by consumers. The present work reports the content of the dietary elements potassium (K), phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) as well as the content of the macroelement nitrogen (N) of 34 old cultivars grown at the same site under identical conditions in South Tyrol, Italy. Their elemental composition was assessed along with quality parameters such as fruit weight, firmness, and soluble solid content and total acidity at harvest and post storage. For selected cultivars the measurements were performed over two or even three different harvest years. Comparison with eight commercial cultivars chosen to represent the fruit currently dominating the market was performed. Besides offering a valuable insight in the variation of dietary elements among old and commercial apple cultivars in up to three harvest years, this study, that complements current nutritional databases, recommends several old cultivars with high content of dietary elements for further study and eventual re-introduction in niche markets.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0336-8
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