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  Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 653 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (466 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (73 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (28 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (22 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (64 journals)

EARTH SCIENCES (466 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 371 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Geophysica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Algological Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Geographia, Geologia, Mineralogia et Petrographia     Open Access  
Annals of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annals of GIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anthropocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Asian Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atlantic Geology : Journal of the Atlantic Geoscience Society / Atlantic Geology : revue de la Société Géoscientifique de l'Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Boreas: An International Journal of Quaternary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cadernos de Geociências     Open Access  
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Carbonates and Evaporites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia del suelo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Espaciales     Open Access  
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cogent Geoscience     Open Access  
Comptes Rendus Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Contemporary Trends in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Depositional Record     Open Access  
Developments in Geotectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Quaternary Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
E&S Engineering and Science     Open Access  
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 124)
Earth and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Earth Interactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Earth Surface Dynamics (ESurf)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Earth System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Earth System Dynamics Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth, Planets and Space     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Earthquake Spectra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Environmental Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal  
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
European Journal of Mineralogy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Remote Sensing     Open Access  
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Facies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Física de la Tierra     Open Access  
Folia Musei rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis. Geologica et Paleobiologica     Open Access  
Folia Quaternaria     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Earth Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geo-Marine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoacta     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geocarto International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Geochemical Perspectives     Hybrid Journal  
Geochemistry : Exploration, Environment, Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Geochronometria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geodinamica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geodynamics & Tectonophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoenvironmental Disasters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Géographie physique et Quaternaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoheritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoinformatica Polonica : The Journal of Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences     Open Access  
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Geology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Geology, Geophysics and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geomorphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geophysical Journal International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Geophysical Prospecting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
GeoResJ     Hybrid Journal  
Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geoscience Canada : Journal of the Geological Association of Canada / Geoscience Canada : journal de l'Association Géologique du Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geoscience Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoscience Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Geoscience Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoscience Records     Open Access  
Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geoscientific Model Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotectonic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Geotectonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
GISAP : Earth and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Global and Planetary Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Global Biogeochemical Cycles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Gondwana Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Grassland Science     Hybrid Journal  
Ground Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Groundwater for Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Helgoland Marine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hydrobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Hydrogeology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Hydrological Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Indian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisciplinary Environmental Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Geology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Advanced Geosciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of Advancement in Earth and Enviromental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advancement in Remote Sensing, GIS, and Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of Coal Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Earthquake and Impact Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Erwerbs-Obstbau
  [SJR: 0.198]   [H-I: 10]   [0 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1439-0302 - ISSN (Online) 0014-0309
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Spezifisches Gewicht neuer Apfelsorten
    • Authors: Irene Höller; Walter Guerra; Karin Gummerer
      Pages: 85 - 91
      Abstract: Zusammenfassung Am Land- und Forstwirtschaftlichen Versuchszentrum Laimburg wurde in den Jahren von 2007 bis 2013 das spezifische Gewicht von 121 Apfelsorten aus der eigenen Sortensammlung mittels hydrostatischer Methode (Archimedisches Prinzip) ermittelt. Dazu wurde jährlich im selben Zeitraum eine Stichprobenanzahl von 10 Äpfeln pro Sorte mit einer einheitlichen sortentypischen Fruchtgröße untersucht. Die Sorten stammten vorwiegend von den Standorten Laimburg (220 m Meereshöhe) und Latsch (700 m Meereshöhe). Mit den Messdaten wurde eine Klasseneinteilung nach 4 spezifischen Gewichtskategorien von 0,75 bis 0,91 g/cm3 vorgenommen. 76 % der Sorten gliederten sich in die mittleren Kategorien ein, da sie spezifische Gewichtsgrößen von 0,80 bis 0,86 g/cm3 aufwiesen. Bei den spezifisch „sehr leichten“ Sorten war zum Beispiel ‘Golden Delicious’ enthalten und bei den spezifisch „sehr schweren“ Sorten ‘Braeburn’, ‘Nicoter Kanzi®’ und ‘Scifresh Jazz®’. Das spezifische Gewicht verändert sich kaum durch Jahres- oder Standorteinflüsse, da es vielmehr von vorwiegend genetisch bedingten Merkmalen wie beispielsweise dem Interzellularvolumen und dem Trockensubstanzgehalt der Frucht abhängig ist. Auch Fruchtgröße und Reifegrad zählen zu den Einflussfaktoren. Das spezifische Gewicht ist eine interessante Zusatzinformation zur Beschreibung einer Apfelsorte.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0316-4
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effects of Sewage Sludge Amendment on Some Soil Properties, Growth, Yield
           and Nutrient Content of Raspberry ( Rubus idaeus  L.)
    • Authors: Ilker Angin; Rafet Aslantas; Adem Gunes; Murat Kose; Gursel Ozkan
      Pages: 93 - 99
      Abstract: Abstract This study was focused not only at the assessment of effects of different sewage sludge application rates on vegetative parameters and yield of raspberry (Rubus ideaus L.) but also heavy metal accumulation in the soil and raspberry leaves. A three-year field study was set up in a completely randomized block design with five sewage sludge application rates (0.0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10.0 kg of dry matter per plant) and three replications. One-year-old, virus free ‘Heritage’ saplings were used for the experiment. The results of this study clearly indicated that the sewage sludge application is an effective mean for improvement of vegetative growth, yield, soil and plant chemical properties of raspberry in light textured soils. In addition to macro-element contents, sewage sludge application also caused significant changes in micro-element content of soils. No adverse effects of these increases were observed on plants throughout the experimental period. The most effective application rate was found as 7.5 kg per plant for this ecological condition. It can be concluded that when properly treated and applied to farmland sewage sludge is not only disposed economically but also improved vegetative growth and yield of raspberry.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0303-9
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A Field Survey of Promising Mulberry (M orus spp .) Genotypes from
           Turkey
    • Authors: Nurgül Türemiş; Lütfi Pirlak; Ahmet Eşitken; Ümmügülsüm Erdoğan; Aytaç Tümer; Burhanettin İmrak; Ayşegül Burğut
      Pages: 101 - 107
      Abstract: Abstract In this study the mulberry population in the Mediterranean and Eastern Anatolia Turkey was examined with regard to fruit properties. The research material consisted of uncultivated mulberry (Morus spp.) trees. Thirty five mulberry genotypes for table, 6 genotypes for fruit juice, 11 genotypes for syrup (pekmez) and 9 genotypes for drying, were selected, 32 of which belonged to Morus alba, 12 to Morus rubra and 8 genotypes to Morus nigra. Continued and more detailed selection studies with this population of genotypes are necessary to provide material that is suitable for future breeding efforts. It may also be possible to select some of this native material that has sufficient commercial value to justify its release to growers.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0304-8
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Forecasting Apple Fruit Color Intensity with Machine Learning Methods
    • Authors: Blaž Germšek; Črtomir Rozman; Tatjana Unuk
      Pages: 109 - 118
      Abstract: Abstract In this study, we focused on the possibility of forecasting the development of skin color in apples on the basis of weather forecast by using a machine learning methods. We used supervised learning and generated models via the use of six decision trees. The purpose of the research was to build models that would allow for in-practice-acceptable accuracy in the prediction of the development of fruit skin color (especial a colour parameter a*), for three apple varieties. For cv. ‘Gala, Brookfield’, the most accurate models were generated by using decision tree J48 (89.13% accuracy). For late ripening cv. ‘Fuji, Kiku 8’ and cv. ‘Braeburn, Maririred’, the most accurate model was obtained by using decision tree LMT (91.73 and 96.65% accuracy). The data confirm that the applicability of predictive models strongly depends on the accuracy of weather forecasts. In regard to the seven-day weather forecast, which was used for expert models, the accuracy of the models was, on average, reduced by 10.73%.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0305-7
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effect of Different Treatments on Branching of Some Apple Trees in Nursery
    • Authors: Muzaffer İpek; Şeyma Arikan; Lütfi Pirlak; Ahmet Eşitken
      Pages: 119 - 122
      Abstract: Abstract This study was conducted to determine effect of different treatments on branching of one-year-old ‘Fuji’, ‘Granny Smith’ and ‘Red Delicious, Red Chief’ trees which grafted on M9 rootstock. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (Pseudomonas BA-8) strain, 6‑Benzyl Adenin (BA) and pinching were used to promote branching. The BA (300 ppm) and BA-8 (109CFU/ml) were applied to first twenty centimeters of the top part of trees. The BA, BA-8 and Pinching was applied to trees at 75 cm in length. According to our results, BA-8 and pinching increased number of branches compared to control and BA treatments for all cultivars. BA-8 increased number of branches in ‘Fuji’, ‘Red Delicious, Red Chief’ and ‘Granny Smith’ from 2.71, 1.70 to 4.25 branches/tree, respectively while pinching increased 1,95 branches/tree in ‘Red Delicious, Red Chief’ and 4,01 branches/tree. The highest branch’s angle was obtained from BA-8 bacteria in ‘Fuji’ (64.46°), and ‘Red Delicious, Red Chief’ (52.08°) and ‘Granny Smith’ (56.91°). BA-8 bacteria treatment was found alternative practice instead of pinching in terms of branching performance.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0306-6
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Antioxidant Compounds, Nutritional Quality and Colour of Two Strawberry
           Genotypes from Fragaria  × Ananassa
    • Authors: Violeta Nour; Ion Trandafir; Sina Cosmulescu
      Pages: 123 - 131
      Abstract: Abstract In this study, average weight, colour, soluble solids content and titratable acidity were determined as quality parameters of strawberry fruits while ascorbic acid, total anthocyanins, total phenolics, total flavonoids, minerals and trace elements content as nutritional parameters. All these attributes along with the DPPH radical scavenging activity were screened in two strawberry genotypes grown on the same site at the ripe stage. Also, the phenolic profiles of the strawberry fruits were obtained by HPLC. Except colour, results showed no significant differences between cultivars in quality parameters. Ascorbic acid found for ‘Premial’ cv. (81.62 mg/100 g) was twice the amount found in ‘Magic’ cv. (42.15 mg/100 g), total phenolics varied from 207.95 (cv. ‘Premial’) to 249.98 (cv. ‘Magic’) mg GAE/100 g while total flavonoid content in fruits of ‘Magic’ cultivar (79.56 mg/100 g) was 2‑fold higher than the one of the ‘Premial’ cv. The quercetin content ranged from 2.72 to 4.66 mg/100 g, whereas free ellagic acid ranged from 6.79 to 9.03 mg/100 g. The pale shiny fruits of ‘Premial’ cv. (higher L*, ho and chroma index) had a lower total anthocyanin content (19.07 mg CG/100 g) than the bluish fruits of the ‘Magic’ cv. (23.96 mg CG/100 g). An inverse relationship between the levels of ascorbic acid and anthocyanin contents was also noticed in strawberry samples. Significant differences were found also in minerals and trace elements content of the two strawberry cultivars. The results revealed the importance of genetic background for the content of antioxidant compounds in strawberry fruits.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0307-5
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Highly Cited Articles in Science Citation Index Expanded – Subject
           Category of Horticulture: A Bibliometric Analysis
    • Authors: S. R. Kolle; T. H. Shankarappa; Y.-S. Ho
      Pages: 133 - 145
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we have analyzed the characteristics of 781 highly cited articles in the Science Citation Index Expanded of category of horticulture published from 1961 to 2014. A total of 33 journals were grouped under Web of Science category of horticulture. Article has been cited more than 100 times being published since 1961 assessed in the terms of their distribution in the journals, and citation life cycle. Further, we have evaluated performance of authors, country and institutions. The Journal Theoretical and Applied Genetics and American Journal of Enology and Viticulture were more productive journals. Most of the highly cited articles published in 1990s and 2000s, respectively. Average authors per article also kept increasing from 1960s to 2000s, respectively. University of California, Davis and Cornell University in USA were the most productivity institutions and USA and the UK were the most contributing countries. The citation life cycles of the highly cited articles indicate that majority of the highly cited articles had received less citation in their publication decade, later started to receive good number of citations.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0308-4
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Economic Analysis of Integrated Pest Management Adoption in Apple
           Cultivation: a Turkish Case Study
    • Authors: Mevlüt Gül; Metin Göksel Akpinar; Vecdi Demircan; Hasan Yilmaz; Tufan Bal; Ş. Evrim Arici; Mehmet Polat; Bekir Şan; Figen Eraslan; M. Çağla Örmeci Kart; Damla Gurbuz; Şerife Gülden Yilmaz
      Pages: 147 - 154
      Abstract: Abstract This study aims to determine adoption level of farmers to integrated pest management (IPM) program and also to analyse the agricultural pesticide usage in apple growing. The primary data includes a research carried out through a questionnaire method which was conducted to apple producers in Antalya, Denizli, Isparta, Karaman, Konya and Niğde. According to the information received from the survey farms were separated into four groups according to IPM adoption level. It has been found out that the amount of pesticides used per hectare decreases according to the adoption of integrated pest management. While 1 kg apple cost found USD 0.40 in farms which does not follow IPM, USD 0.38 in farms which follow IPM. However, net profit per hectare is USD 556.75 in farms which does not follow integrated pest management; it is USD 482.51 in farms which follow high level IPM. In conclusion; to implement an efficient IPM, producers primarily should take cultural precautions and in the last resort they should look for chemical methods. They should avoid extreme use of nitrogenous fertilization, they should use high quality saplings, create a suitable ecological infrastructure and habitat management to conserve natural enemies of pests, select environment friendly pesticides, make descriptions of natural enemies of apple pests, give trainings about how to prevent pests contamination.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0309-3
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Usage of Shoot Analyses to Assess Early-Season Nutritional Status of Apple
           Trees
    • Authors: Kadir Uçgun; Mesut Altındal; Murat Cansu
      Abstract: Abstract Mid-summer leaf analyses are commonly used as the standard method worldwide to assess the nutritional status of fruit trees. However, the analyses performed at this period yield information only about current nutritional status of the trees. Several physiological processes influencing yield and quality take place early in spring. It was reported in previous studies that dormant-season shoot analyses for some nutrients may reliably be used to assess early-season nutritional status of peach trees. The present study was conducted with the shoot samples taken in dormant-season of 150 apple orchards from Isparta region during the years 2010 and 2011. Shoot samples were taken 15 days before full bloom stage and samples were subjected to nutrient analyses. Reference values for each nutrient were indicated as 25 and 75% of the resultant values. The shoot reference values for N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Zn and B were respectively observed as 0.66–0.82%, 0.12–0.15%, 0.37–0.45%, 0.84–1.24%, 0.11–0.16%, 24.55–32.24 ppm, 11.12–17.55 ppm, 12.96–21.90 ppm and 13.33–16.00 ppm. To check the reliability of shoot analyses, leaf samples were taken from the same orchards in 7 different periods until mid-vegetation season and correlations between nutrient contents of shoots and nutrient contents of leaves taken in all periods were investigated. Significant correlations were observed between N, P, K, Mg, Mn and B contents of shoots and leaves. Therefore, it was concluded that early-season shoot N, P, K, Mg, Mn and B analyses could reliably be used to assess nutritional status of apple trees.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0342-x
       
  • Leaf Removal Treatments Combined with Kaolin Particle Film Technique from
           Different Directions of Grapevine’s Canopy Affect the Composition of
           Phytochemicals of cv. Muscat Hamburg ( V. Vinifera  L.)
    • Authors: Demir Kok; Erdinc Bal
      Abstract: Abstract In some viticulture regions of the world, high temperature and irradiance can negatively affect the grapevine growth and grape quality. Particle film technology is a remarkable tool, leading to decrease in environmental stress conditions for grape production. In current study, leaf removal and kaolin particle film treatments were performed on east and west sides of grapevine’s canopy of cv. Muscat Hamburg and five different treatments were respectively evaluated: Control (C), leaf removal treatment from east side of grapevine’s canopy (LR-E), leaf removal treatment from east side of grapevine’s canopy plus kaolin particle film treatment (LR-E + K), leaf removal treatment from west side of grapevine’s canopy (LR-W), leaf removal treatment from west side of grapevine’s canopy plus kaolin particle film treatment (LR-W + K). In present research, the higher total phenolic compounds contents were measured in LR-W (2010.56 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-W + K (2006.42 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E (1925.58 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E + K (1913.15 mg GAE/kg fw) and C treatment (1851.46 mg GAE/kg fw). Furthermore, means of higher total anthocyanin content were obtained from LR-W (737.68 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-W + K (736.16 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E (706.50 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E + K (701.94 mg GAE/kg fw) and C treatment (679.12 mg GAE/kg fw). Consequently, it was observed that both LR-W and LR-W + K treatments had especially advantages in terms of increasing grape quality attributes of cv. Muscat Hamburg; were followed by LR-E and LR-E + K treatments.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0337-7
       
  • Einfluss verschiedener Lagertemperaturen auf Lagerfähigkeit sowie
           physikalisch-chemische und sensorische Eigenschaften von Früchten der
           Goji-Beere ( Lycium barbarum  L.)
    • Authors: Mushtaque Ahmed Jatoi; Mladen Fruk; Josip Buhin; Marko Vinceković; Marko Vuković; Tomislav Jemrić
      Abstract: Abstract Goji berries are considered as the latest super food or fruit due to its excellent nutritive and medicinal properties and usually consumed and marketed as a dried or as a juice due to its short storage life and lack of information about its postharvest behavior. The current study was an attempt to prolong its storage life simply by using different storage temperatures (−2, 0, 10 and 20 °C) and evaluating the post-storage biochemical and fruit quality. The fruits stored at 0 °C and −2 °C appeared with lowest weight losses (13.08 and 14.95%) and significantly different from fruit stored at 10 °C (18.29%) for 12 days of storage. Whereas, the fruits stored at 20 °C deteriorated within a day due to fungal decay. However, some storage disorders like cracking, peel disorder, shriveling were observed in the fruits stored under −2 and 10 °C. There were significant differences in the phytochemical attributes like SSC, TA, SSC/TA ratio, total polyphenols, DPPH, ABTS and β‑carotene while the amount of anthocyanins and CIE color variables were found non-significant. In addition, the fruits stored under 0 °C appeared fresh and healthy and hence received highest scores during sensory analysis and strongly recommended for storage of this important horticultural commodity.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0344-8
       
  • Interaction of Maximum Daily Trunk Shrinkage and Fruit Quality in European
           Plum
    • Authors: Yousef Rezaei Kalaj; Martin Geyer; Werner B. Herppich; Manuela Zude-Sasse
      Abstract: Abstract Maximum daily trunk shrinkage (MDS) has been suggested as an appropriate indicator of plant water status because it is closely related to stem water potential. Interaction of MDS and fruit quality was studied in plum (Prunus domestica L. ‘Jojo’/Wavit and ‘Tophit plus’/Wavit) in temperate climate. According to the MDS data, trees were grouped as low MDS (LMDS) and high MDS (HMDS). Fruit quality was analysed during fruit development (95, 103, 117 DAFB for ‘Jojo’ and 99, 112, 121 DAFB for ‘Tophit plus’) before commercial harvest. Fruit picked at commercial harvest (137 DAFB and 140 DAFB for ‘Jojo’ and ‘Tophit plus’, respectively) were stored at 2 ± 0.5 °C (90 ± 2% RH) for 28 days, and 2 days shelf life at 20 °C providing 6 measuring dates postharvest. Results confirmed that MDS was positively correlated with water vapour pressure deficit also in the apparent temperate, semi-humid climate. Transpiration of fruit from high crop load and resulting HMDS trees, which can be assessed as physiologically drought, was low compared to that of fruit from LMDS trees. Furthermore, HMDS tree grown plums had enhanced soluble solids and dry matter contents with a tendency of reduced fruit size.
      PubDate: 2017-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0341-y
       
  • Dactylonectria torresensis as the Main Component of the Black Root Rot
           Complex of Strawberries and Raspberries in Northern Germany
    • Authors: Roland W. S. Weber; Alfred-Peter Entrop
      Abstract: Abstract In a long-term survey of black root rot of strawberries and raspberries in Northern Germany in 2007–2014, fungi with and without Cylindrocarpon-like anamorphs were isolated as potential pathogens. Dactylonectria torresensis was the most common species, being isolated from 18% of strawberry roots obtained from nursery plants and 37% of roots from production fields, as well as 21% and 29% (respectively) of raspberry roots. Less frequently isolated fungi with Cylindrocarpon-like anamorphs included Ilyonectria crassa, Ilyonectria sp. 2, I. pseudodestructans, I. robusta, C. obtusisporium and Ilyonectria sp. 1. Severe disease symptoms were reproduced by artificial inoculation of strawberries with D. torresensis, I. crassa and Ilyonectria sp. 2, milder symptoms with C. obtusisporium. A wide range of other root-pathogenic fungi such as Fusarium oxysporum, Verticillium dahliae, Ceratobasidium fragariae, Gnomoniopsis fructicola, Hainesia lythri, and species of Cadophora, Leptodontidium, Pythium, Phytophthora, Plectosporella, Pestalotiopsis and Truncatella were either isolated only sporadically or were not associated with black root rot symptoms, suggesting that they did not play any major role in this disease in Northern Germany. Visible disease symptoms and high frequencies of D. torresensis isolations in many batches of nursery plants indicated that these may comprise a major source of contamination of production fields. The previously unrecognised prominence of D. torresensis resolves a long-standing puzzle concerning the cause of the ongoing black root rot epidemic in Northern German strawberry and raspberry production.
      PubDate: 2017-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0343-9
       
  • Vegetative Growth, Productivity, Berry Quality Attributes and Leaf
           Macronutrients Content of Currants as Affected by Species and Cultivars
    • Authors: Tomo Milošević; Nebojša Milošević
      Abstract: Abstract Bush vigor, berry physical traits and chemical composition, seasonal changes of leaf macronutrients content and leaf mineral status at mid-summer (120 DAFB, Days After Full Bloom) were evaluated in black, red and white currants and their cultivars which are grown on heavy soil, and with reduced cultural practices, except pruning, fertilization with cattle manure and weed control with herbicide, under western Serbian conditions. Results indicated that black currant had lower bush size, yield, bunch weight and number of berries per bunch, but had significantly higher berry weight as compared to red and white currants. Red and white currants had similar bush size, yield and bunch weight. Berries of black currant contained much higher levels of soluble solids content, acidity, vitamin C, total phenolics and flavonoids content than both red and white currants, whereas ripening index was similar. Leaf of black currants had lower macronutrients content, except leaf Mg, as compared with others. Very high excesses of all leaf macronutrients content, except in some cases for leaf N and Mg, were observed in currants in mid summer, i. e. at 120 DAFB. Black currant showed the best balanced nutritional values, whereas red currant showed a wider imbalance in nutritional values. Beside currant species, strong effect of cultivar per se was found on the most of evaluated features. Generally, black currant cv. ‘Eva’, red currant cv. ‘Slovakia’, somewhat ‘Detvan’, and white currant cv. ‘Primus’ had higher bush size, better berry physico-chemical attributes and higher leaf macronutrients content than others. Finally, ‘Eva’, ‘Tatran’ and ‘Meridian’ showed the best balanced nutritional values at 120 DAFB.
      PubDate: 2017-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0339-5
       
  • Rootstock Induced Seasonal Changes of N, P and K Nutrient Levels in
           Satsuma Mandarin cvs. ‘Okitsu’, ‘Clausellina’ and ‘Silverhill’
           
    • Authors: Ercan Yıldız; Mustafa Kaplankıran; Veli Uygur
      Abstract: Abstract Rootstocks-scion relations have critical consequences about nutritional status, tree vigour, resistance to pest and pathogens, yield and yield quality. In this study, we therefore investigated seasonal variations of leaf mineral nutrient concentrations in Satsuma mandarin’s cvs. ‘Okitsu’, ‘Clausellina’ and ‘Silverhill’ budded on different citrus rootstocks under Dörtyol-Hatay, Turkey ecological conditions. Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and K (potassium) concentrations of the leaves showed slightly similar trend each other, in general these nutrients reduced from January to March–April, and increased during the growing season until mid- and late summer, then decreased until December. Despite rootstocks did not significantly affect the leaf N, P and K concentrations rootstock-scion relation was pre-eminent and nutrient dependent. Most conspicuous scion dependent changes were recorded for K concentration whereas P concentration was little influenced. In terms of scion-rootstock combination, the range of N and K concentrations were 2.11% (‘Okitsu’/sour orange) to 2.34% (Silverhill/sour orange), and 1.09% (‘Okitsu’/Carrizo citrange) to 1.39% (‘Clausellina’/Carrizo citrange), respectively; but P concentrations were highly similar %0.13 (‘Okitsu’/sour orange) – %0.16 (‘Clausellina’/Carrizo citrange), in the entire growing season. It can be concluded that there are considerable differences in nutrient uptake ability of scion-rootstock combination.
      PubDate: 2017-06-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0340-z
       
  • Evaluation of Energy Balance in Organic Olive ( Olea Europaea  L.)
           Production in Turkey
    • Authors: Osman Gökdoğan; Oktay Erdoğan
      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study is to evaluate the energy balance of organic olive production in Aydın-Karpuzlu Region in Turkey in 2015. In order to evaluate the energy input-output of organic olive, data has been provided by Aydın-Karpuzlu Organic Olive Producers Association. The agricultural input energies and output energies used in organic olive production have been calculated to evaluation the energy inputs and energy output. According to the research findings, the energy inputs in organic olive production have been calculated respectively as 19,426.95 MJ ha−1 (50.31%) diesel fuel energy, 12,960 MJ ha−1 (33.56%) machinery energy, polyethylene trap energy 3520 MJ ha−1 (9.12%), 2116.80 MJ ha−1 (5.48%) human labour energy, 276.48 MJ ha−1 (0.72%) electricity energy, 231.60 MJ ha−1 (0.60%) organic chemical energy and 81.87 MJ ha−1 (0.21%) transportation energy. Total input energy has been calculated as 38,613.70 MJ ha−1. Total output energy have been calculated as 104,888.78 MJ ha−1. The energy output/input ratio, specific energy, energy productivity and net energy calculations have been calculated respectively as 2.72, 4.34 MJ kg−1, 0.23 kg MJ−1 and 66,275.08 MJ ha−1 in organic olive production.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0338-6
       
  • Responses of Hazelnut Trees to Organic and Conventional Managements in the
           Dryland
    • Authors: Selçuk Özmen
      Abstract: Abstract Hazelnut trees (Corylus avellana L.) give yields without any more reduction under dryland. However, it is not known how plant water status and gas exchanges response to organic management under the dryland. In an attempt to answer this question, such responses, which are leaf water potential (LWP), stomatal conductance (gs) and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) of hazelnut trees, were studied under organic and conventional managements in the dryland conditions. It was also investigated possible effects of those parameters on organic and conventional hazelnut trees vs. SWC and atmospheric stress (i. e., air vapour pressure deficit-VPD). Organic hazelnut trees had slightly higher ET and yield, and lower SWC than conventional hazelnut trees. However, generally, slightly higher LWP and gs values were obtained for conventional hazelnut trees while the value of VPD was higher in organic hazelnut orchards. LWP, PAR, gs response to SWC and VPD and relationships between each others were generally imperceptibly higher in organic hazelnut trees than conventional hazelnut trees but no stronger responses and relationships. Plant canopy measurements were mostly parallel with the results obtained values of ET, yield, SWC and VPD. Precipitation during the year influenced both hazelnut orchards managements to have higher yield and keep life alive. However, it could be emphasized that hazelnut trees under organic and conventional hazelnut managements required supplement irrigation to avoid summer water stress, and for providing fruit fulling and accumulation of reserves for the following year. Finally, it can be conclude that organic farming is a good alternative for hazelnut orchards in dryland.
      PubDate: 2017-05-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0334-x
       
  • Dietary Elements and Quality Parameters of 34 Old and Eight Commercial
           Apple Cultivars Grown at the same Site in South Tyrol, Italy
    • Authors: Sara Agnolet; Flavio Ciesa; Evelyn Soini; Anna Cassar; Aldo Matteazzi; Walter Guerra; Peter Robatscher; Alberto Storti; Sanja Baric; Josef Dalla Via; Michael Oberhuber
      Abstract: Abstract Apple is one of the most widely produced and consumed fruits worldwide and hence, complete data of apple composition are important for human diet. Currently, a limited number of cultivars dominate the market, while many others, with a potentially higher nutritional value, are neglected by consumers. The present work reports the content of the dietary elements potassium (K), phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) as well as the content of the macroelement nitrogen (N) of 34 old cultivars grown at the same site under identical conditions in South Tyrol, Italy. Their elemental composition was assessed along with quality parameters such as fruit weight, firmness, and soluble solid content and total acidity at harvest and post storage. For selected cultivars the measurements were performed over two or even three different harvest years. Comparison with eight commercial cultivars chosen to represent the fruit currently dominating the market was performed. Besides offering a valuable insight in the variation of dietary elements among old and commercial apple cultivars in up to three harvest years, this study, that complements current nutritional databases, recommends several old cultivars with high content of dietary elements for further study and eventual re-introduction in niche markets.
      PubDate: 2017-05-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0336-8
       
  • Energy Input-Output Analysis in Organic Mulberry ( Morus spp. ) Production
           in Turkey: a Case Study Adiyaman-Tut Region
    • Authors: Osman Gokdogan; Halil Ibrahim Oguz; Mehmet Firat Baran
      Abstract: Abstract The goal of this study is to do the energy input-output analysis of organic mulberry. This study was conducted at the organic mulberry producing facilities during the 2015–2016 production seasons in Adiyaman-Tut region of Turkey. The agricultural input energies and output energies used in organic mulberry production were computed to determine the energy input-output analysis. According to the research findings, the energy inputs in organic mulberry production were computed respectively as 3948 MJ ha−1 (59.01%) drip and sprinkler irrigation energy, 1092.42 MJ ha−1 (16.33%) gravity irrigation energy, 449.33 MJ ha−1 (6.72%) diesel fuel energy, 416.52 MJ ha−1 (6.23%) farmyard manure energy, 335.14 MJ ha−1 (5.01%) human labour energy, 253.52 MJ ha−1 (3.79%) machinery energy, 93.12 MJ ha−1 (1.39%) transportation energy, 75.78 MJ ha−1 (1.13%) animal labour energy and 26.62 MJ ha−1 (0.40%) organic fertilizer energy. Total input energy was computed as 6690.46 MJ ha−1. Production output organic mulberry yield were calculated as 37,627.84 MJ ha−1. The energy output/input ratio, specific energy, energy productivity and net energy computations were computed respectively as 5.62, 1.51 MJ kg−1, 0.66 kg MJ−1 and 30,937.37 MJ ha−1. The consumed total energy input in organic mulberry production could be classified as 88.20% direct, 11.80% indirect, 88.10% renewable and 11.90% non-renewable.
      PubDate: 2017-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0333-y
       
  • Pflanzenkrankheiten, die die Welt beweg(t)en
    • Authors: Iris Sauer
      PubDate: 2017-03-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0329-7
       
 
 
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