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  Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 667 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (469 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (80 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (27 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (24 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (67 journals)

EARTH SCIENCES (469 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 371 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Geophysica     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Algological Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Geographia, Geologia, Mineralogia et Petrographia     Open Access  
Annals of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annals of GIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Asian Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atlantic Geology : Journal of the Atlantic Geoscience Society / Atlantic Geology : revue de la Société Géoscientifique de l'Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Bonorowo Wetlands     Open Access  
Boreas: An International Journal of Quaternary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Cadernos de Geociências     Open Access  
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Carbonates and Evaporites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia del suelo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Espaciales     Open Access  
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cogent Geoscience     Open Access  
Comptes Rendus Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Contemporary Trends in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Depositional Record     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Developments in Geotectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Developments in Quaternary Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
E&S Engineering and Science     Open Access  
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 145)
Earth and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Earth Interactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Earth Science Frontiers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Earth Surface Dynamics (ESurf)     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Earth System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Earth System Dynamics Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth, Planets and Space     Open Access   (Followers: 67)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Earthquake Spectra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Environmental Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal  
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
European Journal of Mineralogy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
European Journal of Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Facies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Física de la Tierra     Open Access  
Folia Musei rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis. Geologica et Paleobiologica     Open Access  
Folia Quaternaria     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers in Earth Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geo-Marine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geoacta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geocarto International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Geochemistry : Exploration, Environment, Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Geochronometria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geodinamica Acta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geodynamics & Tectonophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoenvironmental Disasters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geofluids     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Géographie physique et Quaternaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoheritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoinformatica Polonica : The Journal of Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences     Open Access  
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Geological Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Geology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Geology, Geophysics and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geomorphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geophysical Journal International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Geophysical Prospecting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
GeoResJ     Hybrid Journal  
Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geoscience Canada : Journal of the Geological Association of Canada / Geoscience Canada : journal de l'Association Géologique du Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Geoscience Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoscience Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Geoscience Letters     Open Access  
Geoscience Records     Open Access  
Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geoscientific Model Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotectonic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geotectonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
GISAP : Earth and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Global and Planetary Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Biogeochemical Cycles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Gondwana Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Grassland Science     Hybrid Journal  
Ground Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Groundwater for Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Helgoland Marine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hydrobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Hydrogeology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Hydrological Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Indian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisciplinary Environmental Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Geology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Advanced Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Advancement in Earth and Enviromental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Advancement in Remote Sensing, GIS, and Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
International Journal of Coal Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Erwerbs-Obstbau
  [SJR: 0.198]   [H-I: 10]   [0 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1439-0302 - ISSN (Online) 0014-0309
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Possible Use of Data Mining for Analysis and Prediction of Apple Physical
           Properties
    • Authors: Bunyamin Demir; Feyza Gurbuz; Ikbal Eski; Zeynel Abidin Kus; Kadir Uğurtan Yilmaz; Sezai Ercisli
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Data mining is used as a popular technique in several scientific researches. In agriculture, application of data mining is a relatively new approach. One of the most popular data mining approaches is to find prediction rules from experimental data sets. The present study was conducted in two stages to find out a rule for estimation of width of stalk cavity, depth of stalk cavity, width of eye basin and depth of eye basin of different apple varieties (‘Amasya’, ‘Starking’, ‘Granny Smith’, ‘Pink Lady’, ‘Golden Delicious’ and ‘Arapkızı’) based on physical properties and to propose an equation for calculating these parameters. In the first stage, data processing was performed and in the second stage, Find Laws was used for prediction of apple properties. Current results revealed that data mining technique had a superior performance and could reliably be used in estimation of physical characteristics of agricultural products. Further research is recommended for possible use of datamining in other agricultural application.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0330-1
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • A Pragmatic Approach for Obtaining Lines Possessing Desirable Traits
           in Silk Banana
    • Authors: A. A. Waman; P. Bohra; B. N. Sathyanarayana; S. C. Chandrasekhar; B. L. Divya
      Pages: 9 - 19
      Abstract: Silk Banana is amongst the most popular groups of bananas grown in different parts of the world. However, the commercial scale cultivation requires identification of superior genotypes with desirable attributes including growth, yield, quality and resistance to Panama wilt disease which is a major concern. Panama disease caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense has been wreaking havoc in banana plantations throughout the world. A large number of varieties fall prey to the pathogen and hence world’s banana production has been threatened to a considerable extent, Silk Banana being the most vulnerable. Long term use of chemicals has not only failed to provide protection against the disease but has also raised concern about the environmental health. Resistance breeding is thus only viable alternative; however, breeding in banana is hindered by a number of inherent problems. In this communication, a systematic approach was proposed taking a typical case of Silk Banana var. Nanjanagud Rasabale to preselect lines possessing Panama wilt resistance and other desired traits. The proposed methodology comprised of identification of spontaneous variants in growing regions of the variety and their subsequent screening using a multi-pronged strategy. A number of lines exhibiting superiority in terms of tolerance to panama wilt, precocity, plant stature, physicochemical and shelf life related attributes have been reported. Considering overall performance, six promising lines were identified. This methodology has wider applicability as it could be effectively exploited with suitable modifications for identifying lines with desired traits in other varieties of banana.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0331-0
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Responses of Hazelnut Trees to Organic and Conventional Managements in the
           Dryland
    • Authors: Selçuk Özmen
      Pages: 21 - 30
      Abstract: Hazelnut trees (Corylus avellana L.) give yields without any more reduction under dryland. However, it is not known how plant water status and gas exchanges response to organic management under the dryland. In an attempt to answer this question, such responses, which are leaf water potential (LWP), stomatal conductance (gs) and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) of hazelnut trees, were studied under organic and conventional managements in the dryland conditions. It was also investigated possible effects of those parameters on organic and conventional hazelnut trees vs. SWC and atmospheric stress (i. e., air vapour pressure deficit-VPD). Organic hazelnut trees had slightly higher ET and yield, and lower SWC than conventional hazelnut trees. However, generally, slightly higher LWP and gs values were obtained for conventional hazelnut trees while the value of VPD was higher in organic hazelnut orchards. LWP, PAR, gs response to SWC and VPD and relationships between each others were generally imperceptibly higher in organic hazelnut trees than conventional hazelnut trees but no stronger responses and relationships. Plant canopy measurements were mostly parallel with the results obtained values of ET, yield, SWC and VPD. Precipitation during the year influenced both hazelnut orchards managements to have higher yield and keep life alive. However, it could be emphasized that hazelnut trees under organic and conventional hazelnut managements required supplement irrigation to avoid summer water stress, and for providing fruit fulling and accumulation of reserves for the following year. Finally, it can be conclude that organic farming is a good alternative for hazelnut orchards in dryland.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0334-x
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Genetic Identification and Conservation of Local Turkish Grapevine ( Vitis
           vinifera  L.) Genotypes on the Edge of Extinction
    • Authors: Ali Sabir; Hatice Ikten; Nedim Mutlu; Duygu Sari
      Pages: 31 - 38
      Abstract: In the second half of the nineteenth century, intensive renovation of vineyards took place due to the losses caused by phylloxera and local varieties were mostly replaced by several worldwide cultivars. Shift in genotypic structure in favor of modern cultivars resulted in the decrease or even disappearance of regionally typical local varieties. A total of sixty five Turkish grape genotypes, including 5 references (four cultivars and one rootstock), were genotyped with 16 SSR and 15 SRAP markers. Sixteen SSR primers generated a total of 60 SSR amplicons in which 43 were polymorphic with 73.4% average polymorphism percentage. A total of 111 well-resolved clear DNA bands were obtained from 15 SRAP primers. Of these bands, 53 were highly polymorphic with an average of 47.74%. Cluster analysis based on pooled marker data generated a well resolved grouping pattern. The analyzed genotypes grouped basing on their geographical belongings. There were many cultivar pairs on the dendrogram most of which occurred between 0.75 and 0.90 levels. SSR and SRAP data revealed a wide genetic variability as well as certain synonyms among the historical grape varieties cultivated for decades in local vineyards lengthwise the mountainous regions of Konya, Karaman and Mersin provinces. All the genotypes have been maintained in a grapevine germplasm glasshouse. Preservation and use of these endangered genotypes will be helpful to avoid genetic erosion and diversity loss in this part of Turkey. Also, the molecular data generated in this study could be of great use in determining the optimal breeding strategies to allow continued progress in grapevine breeding.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0335-9
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Leaf Removal Treatments Combined with Kaolin Particle Film Technique from
           Different Directions of Grapevine’s Canopy Affect the Composition of
           Phytochemicals of cv. Muscat Hamburg ( V. Vinifera  L.)
    • Authors: Demir Kok; Erdinc Bal
      Pages: 39 - 45
      Abstract: In some viticulture regions of the world, high temperature and irradiance can negatively affect the grapevine growth and grape quality. Particle film technology is a remarkable tool, leading to decrease in environmental stress conditions for grape production. In current study, leaf removal and kaolin particle film treatments were performed on east and west sides of grapevine’s canopy of cv. Muscat Hamburg and five different treatments were respectively evaluated: Control (C), leaf removal treatment from east side of grapevine’s canopy (LR-E), leaf removal treatment from east side of grapevine’s canopy plus kaolin particle film treatment (LR-E + K), leaf removal treatment from west side of grapevine’s canopy (LR-W), leaf removal treatment from west side of grapevine’s canopy plus kaolin particle film treatment (LR-W + K). In present research, the higher total phenolic compounds contents were measured in LR-W (2010.56 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-W + K (2006.42 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E (1925.58 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E + K (1913.15 mg GAE/kg fw) and C treatment (1851.46 mg GAE/kg fw). Furthermore, means of higher total anthocyanin content were obtained from LR-W (737.68 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-W + K (736.16 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E (706.50 mg GAE/kg fw), LR-E + K (701.94 mg GAE/kg fw) and C treatment (679.12 mg GAE/kg fw). Consequently, it was observed that both LR-W and LR-W + K treatments had especially advantages in terms of increasing grape quality attributes of cv. Muscat Hamburg; were followed by LR-E and LR-E + K treatments.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0337-7
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Evaluation of Energy Balance in Organic Olive ( Olea Europaea  L.)
           Production in Turkey
    • Authors: Osman Gökdoğan; Oktay Erdoğan
      Pages: 47 - 52
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the energy balance of organic olive production in Aydın-Karpuzlu Region in Turkey in 2015. In order to evaluate the energy input-output of organic olive, data has been provided by Aydın-Karpuzlu Organic Olive Producers Association. The agricultural input energies and output energies used in organic olive production have been calculated to evaluation the energy inputs and energy output. According to the research findings, the energy inputs in organic olive production have been calculated respectively as 19,426.95 MJ ha−1 (50.31%) diesel fuel energy, 12,960 MJ ha−1 (33.56%) machinery energy, polyethylene trap energy 3520 MJ ha−1 (9.12%), 2116.80 MJ ha−1 (5.48%) human labour energy, 276.48 MJ ha−1 (0.72%) electricity energy, 231.60 MJ ha−1 (0.60%) organic chemical energy and 81.87 MJ ha−1 (0.21%) transportation energy. Total input energy has been calculated as 38,613.70 MJ ha−1. Total output energy have been calculated as 104,888.78 MJ ha−1. The energy output/input ratio, specific energy, energy productivity and net energy calculations have been calculated respectively as 2.72, 4.34 MJ kg−1, 0.23 kg MJ−1 and 66,275.08 MJ ha−1 in organic olive production.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0338-6
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Vegetative Growth, Productivity, Berry Quality Attributes and Leaf
           Macronutrients Content of Currants as Affected by Species and Cultivars
    • Authors: Tomo Milošević; Nebojša Milošević
      Pages: 53 - 65
      Abstract: Bush vigor, berry physical traits and chemical composition, seasonal changes of leaf macronutrients content and leaf mineral status at mid-summer (120 DAFB, Days After Full Bloom) were evaluated in black, red and white currants and their cultivars which are grown on heavy soil, and with reduced cultural practices, except pruning, fertilization with cattle manure and weed control with herbicide, under western Serbian conditions. Results indicated that black currant had lower bush size, yield, bunch weight and number of berries per bunch, but had significantly higher berry weight as compared to red and white currants. Red and white currants had similar bush size, yield and bunch weight. Berries of black currant contained much higher levels of soluble solids content, acidity, vitamin C, total phenolics and flavonoids content than both red and white currants, whereas ripening index was similar. Leaf of black currants had lower macronutrients content, except leaf Mg, as compared with others. Very high excesses of all leaf macronutrients content, except in some cases for leaf N and Mg, were observed in currants in mid summer, i. e. at 120 DAFB. Black currant showed the best balanced nutritional values, whereas red currant showed a wider imbalance in nutritional values. Beside currant species, strong effect of cultivar per se was found on the most of evaluated features. Generally, black currant cv. ‘Eva’, red currant cv. ‘Slovakia’, somewhat ‘Detvan’, and white currant cv. ‘Primus’ had higher bush size, better berry physico-chemical attributes and higher leaf macronutrients content than others. Finally, ‘Eva’, ‘Tatran’ and ‘Meridian’ showed the best balanced nutritional values at 120 DAFB.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0339-5
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Rootstock Induced Seasonal Changes of N, P and K Nutrient Levels in
           Satsuma Mandarin cvs. ‘Okitsu’, ‘Clausellina’ and ‘Silverhill’
           
    • Authors: Ercan Yıldız; Mustafa Kaplankıran; Veli Uygur
      Pages: 67 - 73
      Abstract: Rootstocks-scion relations have critical consequences about nutritional status, tree vigour, resistance to pest and pathogens, yield and yield quality. In this study, we therefore investigated seasonal variations of leaf mineral nutrient concentrations in Satsuma mandarin’s cvs. ‘Okitsu’, ‘Clausellina’ and ‘Silverhill’ budded on different citrus rootstocks under Dörtyol-Hatay, Turkey ecological conditions. Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and K (potassium) concentrations of the leaves showed slightly similar trend each other, in general these nutrients reduced from January to March–April, and increased during the growing season until mid- and late summer, then decreased until December. Despite rootstocks did not significantly affect the leaf N, P and K concentrations rootstock-scion relation was pre-eminent and nutrient dependent. Most conspicuous scion dependent changes were recorded for K concentration whereas P concentration was little influenced. In terms of scion-rootstock combination, the range of N and K concentrations were 2.11% (‘Okitsu’/sour orange) to 2.34% (Silverhill/sour orange), and 1.09% (‘Okitsu’/Carrizo citrange) to 1.39% (‘Clausellina’/Carrizo citrange), respectively; but P concentrations were highly similar %0.13 (‘Okitsu’/sour orange) – %0.16 (‘Clausellina’/Carrizo citrange), in the entire growing season. It can be concluded that there are considerable differences in nutrient uptake ability of scion-rootstock combination.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0340-z
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Enhancing Skin Color and Phenolic Compounds of Cv. Red Globe Table Grape (
           V. Vinifera  L.) Utilizing of Different Preharvest Treatments
    • Authors: Demir Kok; Erdinc Bal
      Pages: 75 - 81
      Abstract: Foliar sprayings of grapevines with different plant growth regulators or chemicals were evaluated for determining grape skin color and phenolic compounds content and enhancing table grape quality characteristics of cv. Red Globe in this study. Grape skin color is one of the most important quality factors for table grapes. Sometimes, it can be viewed difficulties in skin coloration of some red table grape cultivars grown in various grape growing regions of the world and poor skin coloration of red table grapes is a frequent trouble that reduces production efficiency. Despite the fact that it is utilized from some canopy management practices; plant growth regulators, chemicals with plant hormones and hormone-like compounds as active ingredients can be recently used for improving anthocyanin accumulation in growing of some table grape cultivars. In current study, nine different preharvest treatments were used for improving quality parameters of cv. Red Globe, including 1‑Control (C), 2–300 mg/L Abscisic acid (ABA), 3–300 mg/L Ethephon (Eth), 4–30% Ethanol (EtOH), 5–300 mg/L ABA + 300 mg/L Eth, 6–300 mg/L ABA + 30% EtOH, 7–300 mg/L Eth + 30% EtOH, 8–300 mg/L ABA + 300 mg/L Eth + 30% EtOH and 9‑Cluster tip cutting (CTC). Although the best results from total phenolic compounds content and total anthocyanin content of cv. Red Globe were obtained in CTC treatment in all preharvest treatments, Eth+ETOH treatment especially gave rise to the best results among the preharvest chemical treatments.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0352-8
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Buchankündigung
    • Pages: 83 - 83
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0355-5
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Erratum to: Leaf Removal Treatments Combined with Kaolin Particle Film
           Technique from Different Directions of Grapevine’s Canopy Affect the
           Composition of Phytochemicals of cv. Muscat Hamburg ( V. Vinifera  L.)
    • Authors: Demir Kok; Erdinc Bal
      Pages: 87 - 88
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0346-6
      Issue No: Vol. 60, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Freeze Injure and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity of Grapevine ( Vitis
           Vinifera ) Under Bio-Boron Fertilizer Applications
    • Authors: Cafer Köse; Adem Güneş; Özkan Kaya; Nurgül Kıtır; Metin Turan; Fikrettin Şahin
      Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the effects of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPR) and boron (Bio-B) on the plant freeze injury, antioxidant enzyme activity and fruit yield of grapevine cultivar. The experimental plot was a completely randomized design with 5 replicates. As a trial model Bio-B and control were used as fertilizer agent. Bio-B fertilizer has been applied in different ways as soil + foliar, soil and foliar application methods to grapevine plants. Data through 2 years trials results showed that the use of Bio-B significantly decreased freeze injury and increased antioxidant enzyme activity of grapevine leaf. The highest damage rate at control group occurred with −20 °C and 94.89% ratio. In the same temperature degree at grape plant, the damage ratio of the Bio-B application from soil decreased by 21.55%; the application from leaf by 25.53% and with the application from soil + leaf by 26.24%. In addition to this, compared with control, in the CAT, POD and SOD enzyme activities increases occurred with the ratios as 28.57%, 22.05% and 39.25%, respectively. Generally, as results of this study under field conditions, Bio-B fertilizer application decreased freeze injure and increased antioxidant enzyme activity of the grapevine plant.
      PubDate: 2018-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-018-0370-1
       
  • Influence of Bagging on Color, Anthocyanin and Anthocyanin Biosynthetic
           Genes in Peel of Red Colored Mango Cv . ‘Lily’
    • Authors: G. R. Karanjalker; K. V. Ravishankar; K. S. Shivashankara; M. R. Dinesh
      Abstract: Sunlight influences many morphological, biochemical and molecular changes in fruits and the most important is color change associated with the development of pigments. The exposure to sunlight influences the anthocyanin content of the fruit peel. With the aim to understand the influence of bagging of fruits on the mango peel color, anthocyanin and expression of anthocyanin biosynthetic genes, an experiment was conducted by covering fruits of red colored cv. ‘Lily’ with muslin cloth. The observations were recorded for fruits of control (non-bagged) and fruits developing in shade. In bagged fruits, the color of peel changed towards lightness and yellowness. The reduction in anthocyanin was observed up to 17 times in bagged and shaded fruits. We also observed the down-regulation of all anthocyanin biosynthetic genes in fruits under bagged and shaded conditions. This study reports the influence of bagging and shade on anthocyanin biosynthetic genes and subsequent change in the color of fruit peel.
      PubDate: 2018-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-018-0371-0
       
  • Storability of ‘Conference’ Pear Under Various Controlled
           Atmospheres
    • Authors: Adriano Arriel Saquet
      Abstract: In two consecutive experimental seasons it was investigated the storage capacity of ‘Conference’ pear (Pyrus communis, L.) under regular air (RA) and various controlled atmosphere (CA) conditions during six months at 0 °C (±0.3). The occurrence flesh browning (FB), core browning (CB) and cavity formation (CF) was evaluated at each 2‑months storage intervals and the ripening quality traits analyzed immediately at the end of storage period and after 7 days of shelf-life in air at 20 °C. The storage conditions were: RA; 0.5 kPa O2 + 0.5 kPa CO2; 1.5 kPa O2 + 1.5 kPa CO2, 2.0 kPa O2 + 1.0 kPa CO2; 3.0 kPa O2 + 6.0 kPa CO2 and 0.5 kPa O2 + 6.0 kPa CO2. After six months, ‘Conference’ pear was very susceptible to FB, CB and CF under CA-storage. The damages started to develop at the second month of storage, increasing continuously until end of storage period. At storage end, pear fruits kept under 0.5 kPa O2 + 6.0 kPa CO2 showed a dramatic high occurrence of FB, CB and CF with a severity index of 50.6, 45.3 and 27.1, respectively. The lowest incidences of FB, CB and CF were scored in fruits kept at 2.0 kPa O2 + 1.0 kPa CO2 with severity indexes of 1.1, 1.1 and 1.0, respectively. Flesh firmness, skin color, titratable acidity and total soluble solids were satisfactory under 2.0 kPa O2 + 1.0 kPa CO2. In conclusion, ‘Conference’ pear cannot be stored under O2 partial pressure lower than 2.0 kPa and CO2 higher than 0.5 kPa.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-018-0369-7
       
  • Grape Growth, Anthocyanin and Phenolic Compounds Content of Early Ripening
           Cv. Cardinal Table Grape ( V. vinifera  L.) as Affected by Various Doses
           of Foliar Biostimulant Applications with Gibberellic Acid
    • Authors: Demir Kok
      Abstract: Uneven skin coloration of early ripening table grapes is characterized by a lack of coloring berries within a cluster and the failure of some berries to develop color even with an uncertain delay of harvest. Biostimulants and plant growth regulators are known to have considerable roles on skin color development in the course of grape maturation. This study was carried out to compare the effects of different biostimulant doses, including 0, 1000, 2000 and 4000 ppm (BSt 0, BSt 1, BSt 2 and BSt 4, respectively) with or without gibberellic acid (GA3; 20 ppm) on grape characteristics and chemical composition of early ripening cv. Cardinal grape. Study results of cv. Cardinal grape revealed that alone effects of biostimulant doses had more effective on grape characteristics, total anthocyanin content and total phenolic compounds content from phytochemical characteristics. Although different foliar spray applications had varying effects on physical and chemical parameters; BSt 2 application had especially more superior effects on grape growth and phytochemical characteristics of cv. Cardinal grape.
      PubDate: 2018-02-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-018-0366-x
       
  • Sensory Acceptability of the Autochthonous Fruits of Bosnia and
           Herzegovina
    • Authors: Adnan Alihodzic; Fuad Gasi; Pakeza Drkenda; Asima Akagic; Amila Vranac; Mekjell Meland; Osman Music; Nermina Spaho
      Abstract: Introduction and background: Autochthonous fruits in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) represent great opportunities for fruit breeding, because they could be grown without costly agricultural inputs and offer valuable assets for the fruit processing industry providing a specific and different sensory taste for the fruit products. Hence, the objective of this study was to sensory evaluate fruits from 34 autochthonous apple and 29 pear cultivars in 2012 and 2013 from an ex-situ collection in B&H by eight trained panelists, using Quantitative Descriptive Analysis (QDA). Experimental: Flavour of fruits was described by the eight sensory attributes a) flavour: odour intensity, b) sweet, c) sour, d) green, fruit, e) floral flavour, f) typically, g) after taste and h) overall conception and subjected to principal component analysis (PCA) to visualise the sensory attributes. Results: For apple, the traditional cvs. ‘Prijedorska Zelenika’, ‘Paradija’, ‘Srebrenička’, ‘Bukovija’ and ‘Ljepocvijetka’ reached the best flavour scores in both years, while in pear, cvs. ‘Takiša’, ‘Hambarka’, ‘Dolokrahan’ and ‘Kačmorka’ exhibited the best flavour in both years, followed by cvs. ‘Begarika’, ‘Jeribasma’, ‘Ahmetova’ and ‘Hambarka’ with intense floral flavour and odour. In these tastings, B & H grown apple cv. ‘Golden Delicious’ also scored highly compared with cvs ‘Idared’, ‘Granny Smith’ and ‘Gala’ with a lesser characteristic apple flavour and pear cvs ‘Williams’ and ‘Sweet Harrow’ scored better than ‘Alexander Lukas’ and ‘Gellerts’ from B & H.
      PubDate: 2018-01-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-018-0365-y
       
  • Electrochemical Properties and Biochemical Composition of Cv. Shiraz Wine
           Grape ( V. vinifera  L.) Depending on Various Dose and Application Time
           of Foliar Microbial Fertilizer Treatments
    • Authors: Demir Kok; Erdınc Bal
      Pages: 263 - 268
      Abstract: Utilization from bio fertilization is well known a considerable tool to improve the yield and fruit quality of various crop fruits through the increasing emphasis on maintain of soil health, minimize environmental pollution and decrease the use of chemical fertilization. In this study, in order to improve wine grape quality features of cv. Shiraz, four different doses of foliar microbial fertilizer, including 0, 1000, 2000 and 3000 ppm were applied at two different terms as Term I (mostly; pre-bloom applications) and Term II (mostly; post-bloom applications). However, there were no influences of application terms of foliar microbial fertilizer treatments; treatment doses had considerable effects on yield and quality parameters. The lowest p-values, meaning the highest berry quality, from doses of foliar microbial fertilizer were obtained from 2000 ppm (105.08 μW), 1000 ppm (110.40 μW), 3000 ppm (112.97 μW) and 0 ppm (119.58 μW). Comparing the applications of foliar microbial fertilizer, it was observed that doses of 2000 ppm (3155.56 mg/kg), 1000 ppm (3000.92 mg/kg) and 3000 ppm (2530.19 mg/kg) exhibited higher total phenolic compounds content when compared with 0 ppm treatment (2206.97 mg/kg). Berries from grapevines applied with the doses of 2000, 1000 and 3000 ppm foliar microbial fertilizer respectively shown higher total anthocyanin content such as 1230.19, 1160.85 and 865.86 mg/kg compared to 0 ppm (637.37 mg/kg). As a result, research the findings indicated that 2000 and 1000 ppm doses of foliar microbial fertilizer were obviously effective on wine grape quality features of cv. Shiraz in terms of electrochemical property, total phenolic compounds content and total anthocyanin content.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0319-9
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Study of Genetic Diversity of Pear Genotypes and Cultivars ( Pyrus
           communis L.) Using Inter - Simple Sequence Repeat Markers (ISSR)
    • Authors: Shadan Khorshidi; Gholamhossein Davarynejad; Leila Samiei; Mohammad Moghaddam
      Pages: 301 - 308
      Abstract: ISSR molecular marker was used to investigate genetic diversity of ‘Dare Gazi’ genotypes of Mashhad Esteghlal orchard and its relationship with other commercial and native cultivars of pear. Among ‘Dare Gazi’ genotypes of Mashhad Esteghlal orchard 23 genotypes were selected base on difference in tree vigor, leaf color, shape and color of fruit and also 33 other commercial and native pear cultivars from Esteghlal orchard and other Mashhad commercial orchards were studied. A total number of 230 DNA fragments were obtained using 11 primers of which 225 were polymorphic. On average, each primer produced 20.9 bands. Dice similarity coefficient ranged from 0.27 (between ‘Dom Kaj’ and Asian pear) to 1 (between ‘Dare Gazi’ 1 and 2 genotypes). Sample cluster dendrogram indicated that 56 genotypes were divided into 12 distinct clusters. The dendogram generated on the principle of Unweight Pair Wise Method using Arithmetic Average (UPGMA) was constructed by Dice coefficient and the genotypes were grouped into 12 clusters. ‘Dare Gazi’ genotypes did not show 100% similarity due to seed propagation or mutation, as ‘Dare Gazi’ 3 and 18 genotypes had the lowest similarity coefficient (0.64). Asian pears were placed in a separate group from European pears. And ‘Dare Gazi’ genotypes from different orchards were grouped separately, but all of them are called as ‘Dare Gazi’ pear for convenience. ISSR molecular marker can well identify the genetic variability among genotypes and cultivars and found suitable for grouping them.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0325-y
      Issue No: Vol. 59, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Horticultural Characteristics of Chestnut Growing in Turkey
    • Authors: Ümit Serdar; Burak Akyüz; Vedat Ceyhan; Kerem Hazneci; Cevriye Mert; Ercan Er; Engin Ertan; Kıymet Senan Çoskuncu Savaş; Vildan Uylaşer
      Abstract: Chestnut is one of the important nut crops in Turkey. However, studies on production, marketing, and characteristics of chestnut growers is very limited in the literature. Also, the type of chestnuts production changes depending on the region. This is the result of being chestnut is a natural forest tree. To find out the growing characteristics of chestnut in Turkey a highly structured questionnaire study is done. The purposes of this study, therefore, are (i) to explore the typology of chestnut growers; (ii) to outline the characteristics of the farms, their production, care activities (such as weed management, fertilization, orchard floor etc., major insects and disease problems and their management), and harvest characteristics; and, (iii) to analyze marketing characteristics (storage, marketing channel, market structure). The bulk of the research data are collected from randomly selected 279 chestnut growers all around the Turkey. Descriptive statistics were used for summarize the research results. The results of per characteristic were presented with detailed according to the regions. For this aim, recommendations are also provided for improving chestnut production.
      PubDate: 2017-12-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0364-4
       
  • Nachruf
    • PubDate: 2017-11-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-017-0360-8
       
 
 
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