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  Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 649 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (469 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (70 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (27 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (21 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (62 journals)

EARTH SCIENCES (469 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 371 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Geophysica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Algological Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Geographia, Geologia, Mineralogia et Petrographia     Open Access  
Annals of Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Annals of GIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Annals of Glaciology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Remote Sensing Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Asian Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atlantic Geology : Journal of the Atlantic Geoscience Society / Atlantic Geology : revue de la Société Géoscientifique de l'Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Boreas: An International Journal of Quaternary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cadernos de Geociências     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Plant Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Carbonates and Evaporites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Espaciales     Open Access  
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Cogent Geoscience     Open Access  
Comptes Rendus Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Trends in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Depositional Record     Open Access  
Developments in Geotectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Quaternary Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
E&S Engineering and Science     Open Access  
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 100)
Earth and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Earth Interactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth Surface Dynamics (ESurf)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Earth System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth System Dynamics Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth, Planets and Space     Open Access   (Followers: 64)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Earthquake Spectra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Environmental Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal  
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
European Journal of Mineralogy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Facies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Física de la Tierra     Open Access  
Folia Musei rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis. Geologica et Paleobiologica     Open Access  
Folia Quaternaria     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Earth Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geo-Marine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoacta     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geocarto International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Geochemical Perspectives     Hybrid Journal  
Geochemistry : Exploration, Environment, Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Geochronometria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geodinamica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geodynamics & Tectonophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoenvironmental Disasters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geofluids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Géographie physique et Quaternaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geoheritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoinformatica Polonica : The Journal of Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences     Open Access  
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Geology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription  
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geomorphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geophysical Journal International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Geophysical Prospecting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
GeoResJ     Hybrid Journal  
Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geoscience Canada : Journal of the Geological Association of Canada / Geoscience Canada : journal de l'Association Géologique du Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geoscience Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoscience Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Geoscience Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoscience Records     Open Access  
Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geoscientific Model Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotectonic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geotectonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
GISAP : Earth and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Global and Planetary Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Biogeochemical Cycles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Gondwana Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Grassland Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ground Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Groundwater for Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription  
GSA Today     Partially Free  
Helgoland Marine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hydrobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Hydrogeology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Hydrological Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Indian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisciplinary Environmental Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Geology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Advanced Geosciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
International Journal of Advancement in Earth and Enviromental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advancement in Remote Sensing, GIS, and Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
International Journal of Coal Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Earthquake and Impact Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Erwerbs-Obstbau
  [SJR: 0.198]   [H-I: 10]   [0 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1439-0302 - ISSN (Online) 0014-0309
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Study on Antioxidant Components in Rosé Wine Originating from the Wine
           Growing Region of Moravia, Czech Republic
    • Authors: Mojmir Baron; Jiri Sochor; Lenka Tomaskova; Bozena Prusova; Michal Kumsta
      Abstract: Abstract The estimation of antioxidants in fruit, vegetables, beverages, and foodstuffs has been discussed in a great number of scientific studies, but until now, problems concerning the analysis of antioxidant components of rosé wine has not been adequately investigated. This paper presented results of a study on antioxidant components contained in some samples of rosé wine originating from the Moravian wine growing region. The experiments involved altogether 48 samples of rosé wine made of grapes of the varieties ‘Blaufränkisch’, ‘Blauer Portugieser’, ‘Pinot Noir’, ‘Sankt Laurent’, and ‘Zweigeltrebe’. Grapes were harvested in 2013. Spectrophotometry was used to estimated antioxidant activity (53–73 mg L−1 GAE), content of total polyphenols (152–369 mg L−1), hydrocinnamic acid (52–148 mg L−1), flavonols (25–294 mg L−1) and anthocyanins (88–1754 mg L−1). The HPLC method was used for the detection of some important antioxidants, i. e. catechin, epicatechin, malvidin-3-glucoside, cis- and trans-resveratrol, ferrulic acid, coumaric acid and caftaric acid. This study enabled to determine basic profiles of the most important antioxidant components of the most popular Moravian red grapevine varieties. The studied wines were analyzed from several different aspects, which is not standard.
      PubDate: 2017-01-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0317-3
       
  • Postharvest Quality Maintenance of Table Grapes cv. ’Alphonse
           Lavallée’ by Exogenous Applications of Salicylic Acid, Oxalic Acid and
           MAP
    • Authors: Ferhan K. Sabir; Ali Sabir
      Abstract: Abstract Treating the grape with elicitors such as jasmonic, oxalic or salicylic acid can reportedly activate several defense mechanisms, including the accelerated expression of defense genes, enhances in the cell wall composition, and the accumulation of antimicrobial compounds such as phytoalexins. Salicylic acid (SA) and oxalic acid (OA) with or without MAP (Modified Atmosphere Packaging) were tested for their effects on extending storage life of grapes cv. ’Alphonse Lavallée’. After treatments (control, MAP, 5 mM OA, 2 mM SA, SA + MAP, OA + MAP) grapes were stored at 1 °C, 90% R.H. up to 60 days. Overall, all the treatments had significant positive effects on postharvest quality of grapes. SA + MAP was the most effective treatment with the lowest weight loss and decay incidence, the greatest rachis chlorophyll content and berry detachment force at the end of 60 d storage. Effects of SA were also very close to those obtained by the combined treatment. SA alone or SA + MAP treatment may be recommended as an environmental friendly, healthy and sustainable method for extending postharvest quality of grapes up to 60 d, without significant adverse effect on produces. Considering the cost and ease of application, SA alone could be preferred as an effective alternative strategy for traditional chemical treatments.
      PubDate: 2017-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0314-6
       
  • Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Phenolic Compounds from Unripe Grape
           (Qora)
    • Authors: Hatef Bagheri; Mohsen Esmaiili
      Abstract: Abstract Optimization of the extraction and analysis of phytochemicals can improve the production and quality of foods. The aim of this study is to evaluate ultrasound-assisted extraction of phenolic compounds from unripe grape (Vitis vinifera). At first stage, conventional thermal extraction was carried out in order to optimize the temperature (50, 70, 90 °C) and duration (20, 40, and 60 min) of the process (control). Investigations showed that the optimum condition of temperature and duration is 70 °C and 30 min, respectively. Then, grape pulp was treated for 30 min by ultrasound at a fixed frequency of 20 kHz. Results showed that ultrasound application increased the total phenolic content of the samples considerably. In addition, individual phenolic composition of the samples, namely rutin, gallic acid, hydroxybenzoic acid, syringic acid, p-coumaric acid, quercetin, and resveratrol were measured by HPLC. A good relation was observed between chromatographic and total phenol results. This study showed that ultrasound-assisted extraction is a sufficient method to produce verjuice as a rich and inexpensive source of antioxidants.
      PubDate: 2017-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0315-5
       
  • Effects of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) on Growth, Yield
           and Fruit Quality of Sour Cherry ( Prunus cerasus  L.)
    • Authors: Şeyma Arikan; Lütfi Pirlak
      Pages: 221 - 226
      Abstract: Abstract The sour cherry cv. ‘Kütahya’ is one of the most produced cultivars in Turkey. This study was conducted with cultivar ‘Kütahya’ cultivated on Prunus mahalep both 2010 and 2011 years. In this study, the effects of Bacillus mycoides T8 and Bacillus subtilis OSU-142 bacteria strains on yield, fruit properties and plant growth was aimed to investigate. Floral and foliar applications of T8, OSU-142 and T8+OSU-142 on sour cherry significantly increased the yield per tree, shoot length and leaf area, compared with the control. The highest shoot length was found in the T8+OSU-142 (51.74 cm) application while the least value was found in the control (46.71 cm). The yield increased from 8.229 kgtree−1 (in control) to 13.663 (T8 application) and to 11.660 kgtree−1 (T8+OSU-142 application) in average of two years. The results of the present study suggested that Bacillus T8 and Bacillus OSU-142, alone or in combination, have a great potential for the enhancement of yield and plant growth of sour cherry and therefore they have been suggested in growth promotion in sour cherry cultivation.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0278-6
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Effects of Preharvest Foliar Calcium Applications on the Storage Quality
           of ‘0900 Ziraat’ Sweet Cherry Cultivar
    • Authors: Neslihan Ekinci; Funda Özdüven; Engin Gür
      Pages: 227 - 231
      Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate effects of foliar calcium application on storage of sweet cherry. Different concentrations of CaCl2 (2.4, 3.2, and 4.0 g/l) and Ca(NO3)2 (3.4, 4.6, and 5.8 g/l) were applied six times by foliar spraying on leaves and fruits of the sweet cherry variety ‘0900 Ziraat’. Harvested fruits were packaged in 500 g plastic boxes and stored for four weeks at 0 0C and 90–95 % relative humidity. During the experiment, flesh firmness, titratable acidity value (TA), pH, total soluble solids content (SSC) ratio, and weight losses were weekly assessed. The results indicated that there were positive effects of foliar calcium applications on fruit quality coupled with improved firmness, and enhancement of TA, an additional advantage for consumer acceptability. It was found that lower concentrations of both calcium treatments were not affective. On the other hand, 3.2 g/l calcium chloride and 4.6 g/l calcium nitrate were advised. Higher concentrations (4.0 g/l calcium chloride and 5.8 g/l calcium nitrate) caused a decrease in fruit quality through deformations on the fruit surfaces, especially after the third week of storage.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0281-y
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • The Determination of Nematode Tolerance and Seedling Performance of The
           Selected Almond ( Prunus amygdalus  L.) Genotypes in Isparta Province
    • Authors: M. Fatih Kızıltan; Adnan Nurhan Yıldırım; M. Ali Söğüt
      Pages: 233 - 239
      Abstract: Abstract In the present study, selected almond genotypes in Keciborlu/Isparta region by Yıldırım (2007) based on late blooming and superior nut chacteristics were used to evaluate seedling growth performances and the reaction to root knot nematodes. Seeds were planted on perlite medium and stored 60 days at +4 °C in order to break seed dormancy. After germinating, seedlings were transferred to plastic pots to evaluate seedling growth characteristics and remaining seedlings were inoculated with Meloidogyne javanica and Meloidogyne incognita in order to asses resistance status of the selected seedlings. The highest germination percentage was obtained from Genotype 54 (96.1 %), the highest plant was observed from Genotype 9 (62.18 cm), the longest primary root was found from Genotype 54 (30.28 cm), the average secondary root lenght was highest in Genotype 9 (31.04 cm) and the widest root collar was observed in Genotype 33 (8.38 mm). Seedling stem diameter changed between 4.76 mm (Genoype 40) to 7.67 mm (Genotype 33). The lowest variation for stem widht was observed in Genotype 55 (0.58 %) while the lowest variation for seedling hight was found in Genotype 33 (0.50 %). Evaluated almond genotypes showed different reactions to studied nematode species, M. javanica and M. incognita. Resistant reactions of almond genotypes to nematode species were classified as susceptible, tolerant and resistant based on gal index values. Genotype 9 and 31 classified as tolerant to M. javanica while Genotype 54 classified as resistant to M. incognita.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0282-x
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Variation in Total Phenolic Compounds, Anthocyanin and Monoterpene Content
           of ‘Muscat Hamburg’ Table Grape Variety ( V. vinifera L.) as Affected
           by Cluster Thinning and Early and Late Period Basal Leaf Removal
           Treatments
    • Authors: D. Kok
      Pages: 241 - 246
      Abstract: Abstract Cluster thinning (CT) and basal leaf removal (BLR) are common canopy management practices used in grape growing. In recent years, novel viticultural techniques have been evolved all around the world to decrease costs of yield management, causing improvement in grape quality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of CT and early and late period BLR treatments on yield and quality components of cv. ‘Muscat Hamburg’. While BLR treatments were performing at pre-bloom (PB, early), berry set (BS), berries with pea size (PS), verasion (V), CT treatment was conducted at verasion period. Compared to Control, while the total phenolic compounds content, total anthocyanin content, free volatile terpenes content and potentially volatile terpenes content were made better by CT treatment and BLR treatments applied from berry set to verasion period gradually raised all these quality components. As a result, BLR-PB treatment from BLR treatments, which was alternative to usual cluster thinning treatment in yield controlling grapevines was especially determined as powerful tool for improving quality characteristics of cv. ‘Muscat Hamburg’.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0283-9
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Morphological Variability of Berberis integerrima from Iran
    • Authors: Abbasali Jannatizadeh; Abdollah Khadivi-Khub
      Pages: 247 - 252
      Abstract: Abstract Barberry is a valuable medicinal plant that belongs to family Berberidaceae. In the current research, phenotypic variations of 34 individuals of wild barberry (Berberis integerrima) were evaluated. Significant phenotypic diversity was detected between the studied accessions based on morphological traits. Significant correlations were found for variables related to seed and berry, so that seed quantity, seed width, seed weight and seed length were positively correlated with berry quantity, berry weight, skin bloom and berry length, respectively. Leaf length was in significant positive correlation with berry shape, berry skin bloom, seed length, and seed weight and in negative correlation with seed quantity. Principal component analysis showed that 77.75 % of the phenotypic variability was explained by all components for the studied individuals. Variables such as seed length, width and weight, berry length and weight, spine length, leaf length, berry quantity, and seed quantity were predominant in the first three components and contributed most of the total variation. The present results have an important implication for characterization, improvement and conservation of barberry germplasm.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0285-7
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Seedless Berry Growth and Bioactive Compounds of cv. ‘Recel Uzümü’ (
           V. Vinifera L.) as Affected by Application Doses and Times of Pre-Harvest
           Thidiazuron
    • Authors: Demir Kok; Erdinc Bal
      Pages: 253 - 258
      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this research was to appreciate the impact of the synthetic cytokinin, well known as thidiazuron (TDZ) on seedless berry quality of cv. ‘Recel Uzümü’. Three concentration levels including 0, 5 and 10 mg/L were applied on the grapevines during different phenological stages of grapevine such as Time 1: beginning of berry stetting, Time 2: berries pepper corn size and Time 3: berries pea size. While TDZ application times had no impacts on cultivar characteristics, it was determined that the application doses of TDZ had major impacts on yield and quality components of cv. ‘Recel Uzümü’. Consequently, ascending TDZ doses increased berry and cluster size and led to decreases in total soluble solids content, total phenolic compound content, total anthocyanin content and p-value of grape juice regardless of TDZ application time. The most effective TDZ dose was 10 ppm for improving berry and cluster size in cv. ‘Recel Uzümü’.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0286-6
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Relationships Among some Pears Genotypes ( Pyrus Communis L.) Based on
           ISSR and RAPD Analysis
    • Authors: Ozgun Kalkışım; Melih Okcu; Zuhal Okcu; Besim Karabulut; Nalan Yildirim; Guleray Agar
      Pages: 259 - 264
      Abstract: Abstract Thirty one pears genotypes from east blacksea region were evaluated for genetic relationships by using Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and ISSR (Inter-Simple Sequence Repeats) markers from total 70 RAPD and ISSR primer investigated, 22 could amplify clearly and consistently. Cluster analysis of the pears genotypes was performed based on data from polymorphic bands RAPD and ISSR by using Jaccard’s similarity coefficient and the Unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic average (UPGMA) clustering method. The 31 pear genotypes were classified into two major groups. Cluster A was divided into 2 subclusters: Gumushane pears and Trabzon pears. Cluster B consisted of Artvin pears. The similarity matrix values ranged between 0.105 and 0.968.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0287-5
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Cherry 2016 – Abschlusskonferenz des EU Projektes COST Cherry FA 1104 im
           Anbaugebiet der Tragana Rodochori-Kirsche in Nordgriechenland
    • Authors: M. Blanke
      Pages: 265 - 268
      Abstract: Zusammenfassung Die Abschlusskonferenz des vierjährigen COST Cherry FA 1104 Projektes fand in Griechenland statt, dem nach Polen, Italien und Spanien viertgrößten Kirschproduzenten der EU. Höhenlagen um 600 m sorgen in Makedonien (40°N) für ausreichend Kältestunden (1200 Chilling Hours), um die frühe Blüte bereits Anfang April zu induzieren; Honigbienen dienen zur Bestäubung. Die Kirschen reifen vom 25. Mai bis 15. Juni und werden auf fruchtbarem Boden ohne Frostschutz und ohne Folientunnel sowohl mit Lokal – als auch internationalen Sorten und früher großen Bäumen, heute auf Gisela 6 oder Piku angebaut. Lokale Baumschulen sorgen für Pflanzmaterial und Gewebelabors für Mikrovermehrung der Kirschunterlagen. Vor 50 Jahren – 1961 – wurde aus der ehemaligen Rebschule in Naoussa das Obstbauinstitut zur Forschung und Fortbildung gegründet, das sich seit 1970 auch mit Kirschen beschäftigt. Von den 60.000 t Kirschernte werden 13–17 % (8–10.000 t) vornehmlich nach Europa bzw. bis zum Embargo bzw. bis einschl. 2014 6000 t nach Russland exportiert. Diese Premiumware für den Export wird z. T. aufwendig von Hand ausgedünnt und erzielt Abgabepreise von 2–3 €/kg bei Vermarktung einer Genossenschaft in Naoussa als „Tragana-Kirschen aus Rodochori“, einer von der EU geschützten Herkunftsbezeichnung.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0288-4
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Erstnachweis der räuberischen Gallmücke Lestodiplosis diaspidis
           (Kieffer, 1910) (Nematocera: Cecidomyiidae) als Prädator der
           Maulbeerschildlaus Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targioni-Tozzetti, 1886)
           (Homoptera: Diaspididae) in Deutschland
    • Authors: Helmut Rauleder; Klaus Schrameyer; Olaf Zimmermann
      Pages: 269 - 272
      Abstract: Zusammenfassung Im Jahr 2015 wurde bei einem Tastversuch zur biologischen Regulierung der Maulbeerschildlaus (Diaspididae: Pseudaulacaspis pentagona) in einem an einen Obstbaubetrieb angeschlossenen Hausgarten in Pfinztal-Söllingen nahe Karlsruhe an einem mit Maulbeerschildläusen stark befallenem Maulbeerbaum (Morus nigrum) eine räuberisch lebende Gallmücke der Art Lestodiplosis diaspidis (Kieffer, 1910) (Nematocera: Cecidomyiidae) als räuberischer Gegenspieler der Maulbeerschildlaus nachgewiesen. Der Fund dieses Nützlings ist ein Erstnachweis für Deutschland. Die Bedeutung der nachgewiesenen Gallmücken als Gegenspieler der Maulbeerschildlaus sollte in weiteren Untersuchungen geklärt werden.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0289-3
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Quantification of Leaf Water Potential, Stomatal Conductance and
           Photosynthetically Active Radiation in Rainfed Hazelnut
    • Authors: Selçuk Özmen
      Pages: 273 - 280
      Abstract: Abstract Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is mostly grown in rainfed condition in Turkey as well as other some countries in the world without more yield reduction. However, there is not enough information about how to give yield without more reduction in rainfed hazelnut orchard. In an endeavor to search this question, quantifications of leaf water potential (LWP), stomatal conductance (gs) and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) of hazelnut tree were investigated in rainfed hazelnut orchard in the summer of 2013 and 2014. Additionally, possible effects of those quantifications on rainfed hazelnut trees vs. soil water content (SWC) was investigated. Results of this study exhibited that yearly ET (evapotranspiration) of rainfed hazelnut trees was higher in 2014 than 2013 even though seasonal ET of rainfed hazelnut trees was higher in 2013 than 2014. Hence, yield, LWP and gs were higher in 2014 than 2013 but PAR and SWC (even all the study season) were mostly higher in 2013 than 2014. Moreover, relationships of LWP, gs and PAR and responses of LWP, gs and PAR to SWC were non stronger. These differences could be attributed differences of climate variability such as precipitation and temperature during the observed period throughout the season in the studied years. However, rainfed hazelnut trees may be required supplement irrigation in dry summer, such as year of 2013, to avoid summer water stress. Finally, it can be concluded that hazelnut trees can be grown well and give normal yield for the areas which have about 950 mm precipitation.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0292-8
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • EUFRIN Tagung in Porto 2016 – Themen von Ausdünnung
           bis Stippigkeit
    • Authors: M. Blanke
      Pages: 281 - 283
      Abstract: Zusammenfassung Der Beitrag berichtet vom diesjährigen Treffen der EUFRIN-Ausdünngruppe in Porto im März 2016 mit folgenden Ergebnissen 1) Die Mehrzahl der Vorträge beschäftigte sich mit dem neuen Ausdünnprodukt BrevisTM zur Fruchtausdünnung im 8–10 mm Stadium bei Apfel (und Birne); die Wirkung beruht auf einer Photosynthesehemmung; die Zulassung ist in den meisten europäischen Ländern bereits erfolgt oder beantragt. 2) In Vorversuchen wurde die Ethylenvorstufe ACC (1‑Aminocyclopropancarbonsäure) zur Ausdünnung sowohl von Kern- als auch Steinobst auf 3 Kontinenten erprobt. Im späten 18–20 mm Fruchtstadium, nach der empfindlichen Zeit für Berostung, führte ACC bei Apfel zu dem gewünschten Fruchtfall verbunden mit leichtem Blattfall, einer Photosynthesehemmung in Abhängigkeit von der Konzentration und einer Alternanzbrechung. 3) In einem ersten, einjährigen Experiment an der Cornell Universität erhöhte S-ABA (Abscisinsäure) den Calciumgehalt der Frucht von 3 auf 5 mg/100 g FM und verminderte damit die Stippigkeit bei der amerikanischen Clubsorte ‘Honeycrisp’. Allerdings waren dazu 5 Anwendungen in 10-tägigem Abstand nach der Blüte notwendig und damit relativ aufwendig und teuer und sowohl mit leichten Blattvergilbungen, in Abhängigkeit von der Konzentration von S‑ABA, als auch mit 10–15 % kleineren Früchten verbunden. Weitere Forschungsergebnisse werden zeigen, welche Versuchsmittel sich für unsere Sorten und unser Klima eignen und dann auch zur Registrierung kommen.
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0295-5
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Norddeutschlands Apfelsorten
    • Authors: Rolf Stehr
      Pages: 285 - 286
      PubDate: 2016-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0302-x
      Issue No: Vol. 58, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Determination of Chemical Composition and Nutritive Value with Fatty Acid
           Compositions of African Mangosteen ( Garcinia Livingstonei )
    • Abstract: Abstract African mangosteen (Garcinia livingstonei T. Anderson) is native to Africa and is exotic to other parts of the world. It is a fruit bearing tree with multiple uses. This study was purposed to determine, by analysis, the chemical compositions and nutritive value of the fruits of African mangosteen. Proximate compositions varied with the portions such as epicarp, mesocarp, endocarp and seed tested. All fruit portions contained carbohydrate (37.67–95.02%) and crude protein (0.65–31.76%) as their major components. Moisture (0.45–3.42%), crude fat (1.23–19.55%), crude fiber (2.93–21.13%) and ash (1.76–5.44%) were also found at different levels, depending upon the portions. All portions of fruit were rich in macro and micro elements. The fruits also possessed phenolics (174.02–10.725 mg GAE per g), flavonoid (19.25 to 99.98 µg QE per g) and alkaloid (1.56 to 9.49 mg/kg) contents. The constitution of tannins and oxalate which contribute towards the anti-nutritive value was also low, thus making the fruits beneficial for consumption. Quality attributes like relative amount of oleic acid, total unsaturated fatty acid, acid value, free fatty acid, peroxide value and iodine value showed that the seed oil of African mangosteen can become one among the oleic acid based vegetable oils for consumption.
      PubDate: 2016-12-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0311-9
       
  • Morphological, Biochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Local Loquat (
           Eriobotrya Japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.) Germplasm from Turkey
    • Abstract: Abstract Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica L.) grown well for commercial purposes in subtropical regions nearly 30 countries and originated from China. The most important loquat producers in the world are China, Spain, Turkey, Pakistan, India, Italy and Brazil. In this study, ten pre-selected promising loquat genotypes sampled from eastern Black region and analyzed for their important morphological, biochemical and antioxidant characteristics. The standard cultivar ‘Sayda’ is also included in the study. The results indicated differences for all of the morphological, biochemical and antioxidant characteristics among tested genotypes. Fruit mass and fruit flesh percentage of the genotypes ranged from 35.40 g (LOQ-8) to 46.90 g (LOQ-5) and from 79.40 (%) to 86.32 (%) indicating some local genotypes had higher fruit mass and fruit flesh percentage than standard cultivar ‘Sayda’. Total phenolic content was the highest as 263 μg GAE/g in LOQ-7 genotype while the lowest in LOQ-8 genotype (185 μg GAE/g). LOQ-7 genotype had the highest total antioxidant capacity. Local genotypes in general have higher total phenolic, total carotenoid, vitamin C and antioxidant activity than cv. ‘Sayda’.
      PubDate: 2016-12-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0313-7
       
  • Personalia
    • Authors: Georg Noga
      PubDate: 2016-12-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0312-8
       
  • Economic Analysis of Integrated Pest Management Adoption in Apple
           Cultivation: a Turkish Case Study
    • Authors: Mevlüt Gül; Metin Göksel Akpinar; Vecdi Demircan; Hasan Yilmaz; Tufan Bal; Ş. Evrim Arici; Mehmet Polat; Bekir Şan; Figen Eraslan; M. Çağla Örmeci Kart; Damla Gurbuz; Şerife Gülden Yilmaz
      Abstract: Abstract This study aims to determine adoption level of farmers to integrated pest management (IPM) program and also to analyse the agricultural pesticide usage in apple growing. The primary data includes a research carried out through a questionnaire method which was conducted to apple producers in Antalya, Denizli, Isparta, Karaman, Konya and Niğde. According to the information received from the survey farms were separated into four groups according to IPM adoption level. It has been found out that the amount of pesticides used per hectare decreases according to the adoption of integrated pest management. While 1 kg apple cost found USD 0.40 in farms which does not follow IPM, USD 0.38 in farms which follow IPM. However, net profit per hectare is USD 556.75 in farms which does not follow integrated pest management; it is USD 482.51 in farms which follow high level IPM. In conclusion; to implement an efficient IPM, producers primarily should take cultural precautions and in the last resort they should look for chemical methods. They should avoid extreme use of nitrogenous fertilization, they should use high quality saplings, create a suitable ecological infrastructure and habitat management to conserve natural enemies of pests, select environment friendly pesticides, make descriptions of natural enemies of apple pests, give trainings about how to prevent pests contamination.
      PubDate: 2016-12-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0309-3
       
  • The Growth of Apple Central Fruits as Affected by Thinning with NAA, BA
           and Naphthenic Acids
    • Authors: Biserka Milić; Jelena Tarlanović; Zoran Keserović; Lana Zorić; Bojana Blagojević; Nenad Magazin
      Abstract: Abstract Plant growth regulators such as α‑naphthylacetic acid (NAA) or 6‑benzyladenine (BA) are commonly used for thinning apple fruits. NAs exhibits an auxin- and gibberellin-type biological activity, stimulate the uptake and translocation of auxins in plant tissue, as well as IAA synthesis and act as surfactants. It was assumed that NAs applied at the stadium of early fruit growth might cause fruit abscission in apple, similarly to NAA. The goal of the research was to test the presumed thinning effect of naphthenic acids on apple cultivars ‘Golden Delicious’ and ‘Red Delicious’. Three treatments were applied on both apple cultivars including 16.5 μL L−1 NAA, 200 μL L−1 BA and 2.63 mg L−1 potassium salts of NAs. Cortical cell size and the number of cell layers were measured in order to determine the contribution of cell size and cell division in early fruit growth, as affected by chemical thinning treatments. The effects of plant growth regulators NAA, BA and NAs on fruit set, fruit size and the anatomy of the fruit cortex highly depend on varietal differences. In ‘Golden Delicious’ fruit set reduction by chemical thinning increases both the number of cell layers and cell size of apple fruit, while in ‘Red Delicious’ NAA inhibits fruit growth, while BA is ineffective. Cell growth promoting activity of NAA and NAs, accompanied by the decrease in fruit set and reduced competition among fruits within the canopy, results in a significant fruit weight increase at harvest. The research confirms the auxinic properties of NAs, and their assumed thinning activity.
      PubDate: 2016-12-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10341-016-0310-x
       
 
 
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