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  Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 652 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (470 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (71 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (27 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (21 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (63 journals)

EARTH SCIENCES (470 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 371 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Geochimica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Geophysica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Algological Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Geographia, Geologia, Mineralogia et Petrographia     Open Access  
Annals of Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Annals of GIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Glaciology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Remote Sensing Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Asian Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atlantic Geology : Journal of the Atlantic Geoscience Society / Atlantic Geology : revue de la Société Géoscientifique de l'Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Boletín de Ciencias de la Tierra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Boreas: An International Journal of Quaternary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cadernos de Geociências     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Plant Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Carbonates and Evaporites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Espaciales     Open Access  
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Cogent Geoscience     Open Access  
Comptes Rendus Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Trends in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Depositional Record     Open Access  
Developments in Geotectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Quaternary Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
E&S Engineering and Science     Open Access  
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 98)
Earth and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Earth Interactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth Sciences Research Journal     Open Access  
Earth Surface Dynamics (ESurf)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Earth System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth System Dynamics Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth, Planets and Space     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Earthquake Spectra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Environmental Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal  
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
European Journal of Mineralogy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Facies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Física de la Tierra     Open Access  
Folia Musei rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis. Geologica et Paleobiologica     Open Access  
Folia Quaternaria     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Earth Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geo-Marine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoacta     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geocarto International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Geochemical Perspectives     Hybrid Journal  
Geochemistry : Exploration, Environment, Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Geochronometria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geodinamica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geodynamics & Tectonophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoenvironmental Disasters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geofluids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Géographie physique et Quaternaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geoheritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoinformatica Polonica : The Journal of Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences     Open Access  
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Geology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription  
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geomorphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geophysical Journal International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Geophysical Prospecting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
GeoResJ     Hybrid Journal  
Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Geoscience Canada : Journal of the Geological Association of Canada / Geoscience Canada : journal de l'Association Géologique du Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geoscience Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoscience Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Geoscience Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geoscience Records     Open Access  
Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geoscientific Model Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotectonic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geotectonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
GISAP : Earth and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global and Planetary Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Biogeochemical Cycles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Gondwana Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Grassland Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ground Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Groundwater for Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription  
GSA Today     Partially Free  
Helgoland Marine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hydrobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Hydrogeology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Hydrological Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Indian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisciplinary Environmental Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Geology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Advanced Geosciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
International Journal of Advancement in Earth and Enviromental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advancement in Remote Sensing, GIS, and Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
International Journal of Coal Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Annals of Geophysics
  [SJR: 0.624]   [H-I: 35]   [12 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1593-5213 - ISSN (Online) 2037416X
   Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The first month of the 2016 central Italy seismic sequence: fast
           determination of time domain moment tensors and finite fault model
           analysis of the ML 5.4 aftershock
    • Authors: Laura Scognamiglio, Elisa Tinti, Matteo Quintiliani
      Abstract: We present the revised Time Domain Moment Tensor (TDMT) catalogue for earthquakes with M_L larger than 3.6 of the first month of the ongoing Amatrice seismic sequence (August 24th - September 25th). Most of the retrieved focal mechanisms show NNW–SSE striking normal faults in agreement with the main NE-SW extensional deformation of Central Apennines. We also report a preliminary finite fault model analysis performed on the larger aftershock of this period of the sequence (M_w 5.4) and discuss the obtained results in the framework of aftershocks distribution.
      PubDate: 2016-12-02
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Fossil landscapes and youthful seismogenic sources in the central
           Apennines: excerpts from the 24 August 2016, Amatrice earthquake and
           seismic hazard implications
    • Authors: Gianluca Valensise, Paola Vannoli, Roberto Basili, Lorenzo Bonini, Pierfrancesco Burrato, Michele Matteo Cosimo Carafa, Umberto Fracassi, Vanja Kastelic, Francesco Emanuele Maesano, Mara Monica Tiberti, Gabriele Tarabusi
      Abstract: We show and discuss the similarities among the 2016 Amatrice (Mw 6.0), 1997 Colfiorito-Sellano (Mw 6.0-5.6) and 2009 L’Aquila (Mw 6.3) earthquakes. They all occurred along the crest of the central Apennines and were caused by shallow dipping faults between 3 and 10 km depth, as shown by their characteristic InSAR signature. We contend that these earthquakes delineate a seismogenic style that is characteristic of this portion of the central Apennines, where the upward propagation of seismogenic faults is hindered by the presence of pre-existing regional thrusts. This leads to an effective decoupling between the deeper seismogenic portion of the upper crust and its uppermost 3 km.The decoupling implies that active faults mapped at the surface do not connect with the seismogenic sources, and that their evolution may be controlled by passive readjustments to coseismic strains or even by purely gravitational motions. Seismic hazard analyses and estimates based on such faults should hence be considered with great caution as they may be all but representative of the true seismogenic potential.
      PubDate: 2016-11-30
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Strong-motion observations recorded in Strategic Public Buildings during
           the 24 August 2016 Mw 6.0 Amatrice (Central Italy) Earthquake
    • Authors: Chiara Ladina, Simone Marzorati, Giancarlo Monachesi, Marco Cattaneo, Massimo Frapiccini, Viviana Castelli
      Abstract: The Marche Region, in collaboration with INGV, has promoted a project to monitoring public strategic buildings with permanent accelerometer installed at the base of the structures. Public structures play a primary role to maintain the functionality of a local community. Information about vibratory characteristics of the building and subsoil, in addition to the seismic instrumental history that describe the seismic shaking at the base of the structure are collected for each buildings. The real-time acquisition of seismic data allows to obtain accelerometric time history soon after the occurrence of an earthquake. The event of 24 August 2016 in Central Italy was an opportunity to test the functionality of this implemented system. In this work the parameters obtained from strong motion data recorded at the base of the structures were analyzed and the values obtained were inserted with some empirical relationships used to provide intensity microseismic values and damage indices.
      PubDate: 2016-11-30
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • The ShakeMaps of the Amatrice, M6, earthquake
    • Authors: Licia Faenza, Valentino Lauciani, Alberto Michelini
      Abstract: In this paper we describe the performance of the ShakeMap software package and the fully automatic procedure, based on manually revised location and magnitude, during the main event of the Amatrice sequence with special emphasis to the M6 main shock, that struck central Italy on the 24th August 2016 at 1:36:32 UTC. Our results show that the procedure we developed in the last years, with real-time data exchange among those institutions acquiring strong motion data, allows to provide a faithful description of the ground motion experienced throughout a large region in and around the epicentral  area. The prompt availability of the rupture fault model, within three hours after the earthquake occurrence, provided a better descriptions of the level of strong ground motion throughout the affected area.  Progressive addition of  station data and  manual verification of the data insures improvements in the description of the experienced ground motions.  In particular, comparison between the MCS intensity shakemaps and preliminary field macroseismic reports show favourable similarities.  Finally the overall  spatial pattern of the ground motion of the main shock is consistent with reported rupture directivity toward NW and reduced levels of ground shaking toward SW probably linked to the peculiar source effects of the earthquake.
      PubDate: 2016-11-30
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • New insights in the seismic history of Monti della Laga area
    • Authors: Viviana Castelli, Romano Camassi, Carlos H. Caracciolo, Mario Locati, Carlo Meletti, Andrea Rovida
      Abstract: The earthquake of August 24, 2016 hit an Apenninic "border” area, now at the crossroads of four regions, but for many past centuries on the edge of two independent Italian states. The geographic, cultural and historical marginality of this area did certainly affect the level of knowledge available on its historical seismicity. However, the recent publication of the new Italian Macroseismic Database and Parametric Catalogue produces a significant improvement of knowledge, based on the analysis of new sources on two major seismic clusters that characterize the seismic history of the area. Further improvements are possible, but these new data define what are the key issues that research is now facing. 
      PubDate: 2016-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • GPS observations of coseismic deformation following the 2016, August 24,
           Mw 6 Amatrice earthquake (central Italy): data, analysis and preliminary
           fault model
    • Authors: Daniele Cheloni, Enrico Serpelloni, Roberto Devoti, Nicola D'Agostino, Grazia Pietrantonio, Federica Riguzzi, Marco Anzidei, Antonio Avallone, Adriano Cavaliere, Gianpaolo Cecere, Ciriaco D'Ambrosio, Alessandra Esposito, Luigi Falco, Alessandro Galvani, Giulio Selvaggi, Vincenzo Sepe, Stefano Calcaterra, Roberta Giuliani, Maurizio Mattone, Piera Gambino, Luigi Abruzzese, Vincenzo Cardinale, Angelo Castagnozzi, Giovanni De Luca, Angelo Massucci, Antonio Memmolo, Franco Migliari, Felice Minichiello, Luigi Zarrilli
      Abstract: We used continuous Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements to infer the fault geometry and the amount of coseismic slip associated to the August 24, 2016 Mw 6 Amatrice earthquake. We realized a three dimensional coseismic displacement field by combining different geodetic solutions generated by three independent analyses of the raw GPS observations. The coseismic deformation field described in this work aims at representing a consensus solution that minimizes the systematic biases potentially present in the individual geodetic solutions. Because of the limited number of stations available we modeled the measured coseismic displacements using a uniform slip model, deriving the geometry and kinematics of the causative fault, finding good agreement between our geodetically derived fault plane and other seismological and geological observations. 
      PubDate: 2016-11-28
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • The Amatrice 2016 seismic sequence: a preliminary look at the mainshock
           and aftershocks distribution
    • Authors: Maddalena Michele, Raffaele Di Stefano, Lauro Chiaraluce, Marco Cattaneo, Pasquale De Gori, Giancarlo Monachesi, Diana Latorre, Simone Marzorati, Luisa Valoroso, Chiara Ladina, Claudio Chiarabba, Valentino Lauciani, Massimo Fares
      Abstract: We relocated the aftershocks of the MW 6.0 Amatrice 2016 mainshock by inverting with a non-linear probabilitstic method P- and S-arrival time readings produced and released in near realtime by the analyst seismologists of IGNV on duty in the seismic monitoring room. Earthquakes distribution shows the activation of a normal fault system with a main SW-dipping fault extending from Amatrice to NW of Accumoli village for a total length of 40 km. On the northern portion of the main fault hanging-wall volume, the structure become more complex activating an antithetic fault below the Norcia basin. It is worth nothing that below 8-9 km of depth, the whole fault system has an almost continuous sub-horizontal layer interested by an intense seismic activity, about 2 km thick.
      PubDate: 2016-11-25
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Surface faulting during the August 24, 2016, Central Italy earthquake (Mw
           6.0): preliminary results
    • Authors: Franz A. Livio, A. M. Michetti, E. Vittori, L. Gregory, L. Wedmore, L. Piccardi, E. Tondi, G. Roberts, CENTRAL ITALY EARTHQUAKE W.G., A. M. Blumetti, L. Bonadeo, F. Brunamonte, V. Comerci, P. Dimanna, M. F. Ferrario, J. Faure Walker, C. Frigerio, F. Fumanti, L. Guerrieri, F. Iezzi, G. Leoni, K. McCaffrey, Z. Mildon, R. Phillips, E. Rhodes, R. J. Walters, M. Wilkinson
      Abstract: We present some preliminary results on the mapping of coseismically-induced ground ruptures following the Aug. 24, 2016, Central Italy earthquake (Mw 6.0). The seismogenic source, as highlighted by InSAR and seismological data, ruptured across two adjacent structures: the Vettore and Laga faults. We collected field data on ground breaks along the whole deformed area and two different scenarios of on-fault coseismic displacement arise from these observations. To the north, along the Vettore fault, surface faulting can be mapped quite continuously along a well-defined fault strand while such features are almost absent to the south, along the Laga fault, where flysch-like marly units are present. A major lithological control, affects the surface expression of faulting, resulting in a complex deformation pattern.
      PubDate: 2016-11-24
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • A multisensor approach for the 2016 Amatrice earthquake damage assessment
    • Authors: Vito Romaniello, Alessandro Piscini, Christian Bignami, Roberta Anniballe, Salvatore Stramondo
      Abstract: This work proposes methodologies aimed at evaluating the damage occurred in the Amatrice town by using optical and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) change features obtained from satellite images. The objective is to achieve a damage map employing the satellite change features in a classifier algorithm, namely the Features Stepwise Thresholding (FST) method. The main novelties of the proposed analysis concern the estimation of derived features at object scale and the exploitation of the unsupervised FST algorithm. A segmentation of the study area into several buildings blocks has been done by considering a set of polygons, over the Amatrice town, extracted from the open source Open Street Map (OSM) geo-database. The available satellite dataset is composed of several optical and SAR images, collected before and after the seismic event. Regarding the optical data, we selected the Normalised Difference Index (NDI), and two quantities coming from the Information Theory, namely the Kullback-Libler Divergence (KLD) and the Mutual Information (MI). In addition, for the SAR data we picked out the Intensity Correlation Difference (ICD) and the KLD parameter. The exploitation of these features in the FST algorithm permits to obtain a plausible damage map that is able to indicate the most affected areas.
      PubDate: 2016-11-23
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • The August 24th 2016 Accumoli earthquake: surface faulting and Deep-Seated
           Gravitational Slope Deformation (DSGSD) in the Monte Vettore area
    • Authors: Domenico Aringoli, Piero Farabollini, Marco Giacopetti, Marco Materazzi, Silvia Paggi, Gilberto Pambianchi, Pietro Paolo Pierantoni, Eugenio Pistolesi, Alan Pitts, Emanuele Tondi
      Abstract: On August 24th 2016 a Mw=6.0 earthquake hit central Italy, with the epicenter located at the boundaries between Lazio, Marche, Abruzzi and Umbria regions, near the village of Accumoli (Rieti, Lazio). Immediately after the mainshock, this geological survey has been focused on the earthquake environmental effects related to the tectonic reactivation of the previously mapped active fault (i.e. primary), as well as secondary effects mostly related to the seismic shaking (e.g. landslides and fracturing in soil and rock).This paper brings data on superficial effects and some preliminary considerations about the interaction and possible relationship between surface faulting and the occurrence of Deep-Seated Gravitational Slope Deformation (DSGSD) along the southern and western slope of Monte Vettore.
      PubDate: 2016-11-23
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Regional macroseismic field and intensity residuals of the August 24,
           2016, Mw=6.0 central Italy earthquake
    • Authors: Valerio De Rubeis, Paola Sbarra, Patrizia Tosi
      Abstract: A macroseismic investigation of the August 24, 2016, Mw=6.0 Central Italy earthquake, was carried out through an online web survey. Data were collected through a macroseismic questionnaire available at the website www.haisentitoilterremoto.it, managed by the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV). Over 12000 questionnaires were compiled soon after the seismic occurrence, coming from over 2600 municipalities. A statistical analysis was applied to the data collected in order to investigate the spatial distribution of intensity of the earthquake. The macroseismic intensity field (I) was described by identifying three main components: an isotropic component (II), a regional anisotropic component (IA) and a local random variations parameter (). The anisotropic component highlighted specific and well-defined geographical areas of amplification and attenuation. In general, the area between the Adriatic coast and Apennines Chain was characterized by an amplification of intensity, while the West side of the Apennines showed attenuation, in agreement with the domains found by other works focused on the analysis of instrumental data. Moreover, the regional macroseismic field showed similarities with instrumental PGA data. The results of our analysis confirm the reliability of web questionnaire data.
      PubDate: 2016-11-22
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • The 24 August 2016 Amatrice earthquake: macroseismic survey in the damage
           area and EMS intensity assessment
    • Authors: QUEST W.G. :, Raffaele Azzaro, Andrea Tertulliani, Filippo Bernardini, Romano Camassi, Sergio Del Mese, Emanuela Ercolani, Laura Graziani, Mario Locati, Alessandra Maramai, Vera Pessina, Antonio Rossi, Andrea Rovida, Paola Albini, Luca Arcoraci, Michele Berardi, Christian Bignami, Beatriz Brizuela, Corrado Castellano, Viviana Castelli, Salvatore D'Amico, Vera D'Amico, Antonio Fodarella, Ilaria Leschiutta, Alessandro Piscini, Manuela Sbarra
      Abstract: The 24 August 2016 earthquake very heavily struck the central sector of the Apennines among the Lazio,Umbria, Marche and Abruzzi regions, devastating the town of Amatrice, the nearby villages and other localities along the Tronto valley. In this paper we present the results of the macroseismic field survey carried out using the European Macroseismic Scale (EMS) to take the heterogeneity of the building stock into account. We focused on the epicentral area, where geological conditions may also have contributed to the severity of damage. On the whole, we investigated 143 localities; the maximum intensity 10 EMS has been estimated for Amatrice, Pescara del Tronto and some villages in between. The severely damaged area (8-9 EMS) covers a strip trending broadly N-S and extending 15 km in length and 5 km in width; minor damage occurred over an area up to 35 km northward from the epicenter.
      PubDate: 2016-11-22
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Spatial variation in b-values before and after the 24 August 2016, ML 6.0
           Amatrice earthquake (Central Italy)
    • Authors: Caterina Montuori, Maura Murru, Giuseppe Falcone
      Abstract: This paper deals with a preliminary spatial and temporal analysis of the b-value variability, observed in the ar-ea where the August 2016 Amatrice earthquake (M_L 6.0) occurred. With comparison of the pre-and post-periods of the mainshock, an investigation of anomalous zone of b-values was performed aiming to find possi-ble links with barriers and/or asperities in the crustal volume where seismic sequence was developed. Prelimi-nary results show an area with high b-value (b=1.6) where the mainshock originated. Conversely, two low b-value (b=0.8) volumes are located at the border of the seismogenic structure. The location of these two areas is consistent with a preliminary fault slip inversion, suggesting the presence of two highly stressed patches of co-seismic deformation located NW and SE of the mainshock, with a high potentiality to rupture causing a possible moderate or larger event: the first one in the North (Norcia), the second one in South, next to the area of Amatrice and Campotosto.
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • New paleoseismic data across the Mt. Marine Fault between the 2016
           Amatrice and 2009 L’Aquila seismic sequences (central Apennines)
    • Authors: Marco Moro, Emanuela Falcucci, Stefano Gori, Michele Saroli, Fabrizio Galadini
      Abstract: Paleoseismological investigations have been carried out along the Mt. Marine normal fault, a probable source of the February 2, 1703 (Me=6.7) earthquake. The fault affects the area between the 2016 Amatrice and 2009 L’Aquila seismic sequences. Paleoseismological analysis provides data which corroborate previous studies, highlighting the occurrence of 5 events of surface faulting after the 6th–5th millenium B.C., the most recent of which is probably the 2 February 1703 earthquake. A minimum displacement per event of about 0.35 m has been measured. The occurrence of a minimum four faulting events within the last 7,000 years suggests a maximum 1,700 years recurrence interval.
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • The MCS intensity distribution of the devastating 24 August 2016
           earthquake in central Italy (MW 6.2)
    • Authors: P. Galli, E. Peronace, F. Bramerini, S. Castenetto, G. Naso, F. Cassone, F. Pallone
      Abstract: Here we describe the macroseismic survey of the 24 August 2016 earthquake in central Italy (M_W 6.2). By applying a revised version of the Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg scale, we estimated the site intensity in more than 300 localities of Lazio, Abruzzi, Umbria and Marche regions, providing the Civil Protection with a quick and robust snapshot of the earthquake. The most severe effects are focused south of the instrumental epicenter, in the Amatrice intermountain basin, where intensity reached 10-11 MCS. Highest damage (area inside 9 MCS isoseismal) is focused in a NNW-SSE belt of the hangingwall of the causative faults, i.e. the southern segment of the Mount Vettore fault system and the northern segment of the Laga Mounts fault system, with northward damage propagation in the far-field. The intensity dataset allows to evaluate a M_W 6.16±0.5, which is very close to the instrumental magnitude, with a seismogenic box striking N161°, mimicking the geological active faults. Epicentral intensity is I_0 10 MCS, I_MAX 10-11. The elevated level of destruction is mainly due to the high vulnerability of buildings, mostly made by cobblestone masonry. Integrating the macroseismic information with the geological, geodetical and geophysical data it is possible to hypothesize a bidirectional rupture propagation (toward NNW and SSE) along the two different faults. It is also possible to attribute the 1639, M_W 6.0 earthquake to the same source of the southern 2016 rupture (northernmost Laga Mounts faults).
      PubDate: 2016-11-18
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Contemporary stress field in the area of the 2016 Amatrice seismic
           sequence (central Italy)
    • Authors: Maria Teresa Mariucci, Paola Montone
      Abstract: We update the last present-day stress map for Italy relatively to the area of 2016 Amatrice seismic sequence (central Italy) taking into account a large number of earthquakes occurred from August 24 to October 3, 2016. In particular in this paper, we discuss the new stress data from crustal earthquake focal mechanisms selecting those with Magnitude ≥ 4.0; at the same time, we revise the borehole data, analyze the stratigraphic profiles and the relative sonic logs in 4 deep wells located close to the Amatrice sequence along the Apennine belt and toward east along the Adriatic foredeep. From these data we consider the P-wave velocity trend with depth and estimate rock density following an empirical relationship. Then we calculate the overburden stress magnitude for each well. The new present-day stress indicators confirm the presence of prevalent normal faulting regime and better define the local stress field in the area, highlighting a slight rotation from NE-SW to ENE-WSW of extension. The analysis evidences that the lithostatic gradient gradually changes from ~26 MPa/km in the belt to less than 23 MPa/km along the Adriatic foredeep. Finally, at a depth of 5 km we estimate the vertical stress magnitude varying from 130 MPa to 114 moving from the Apennine belt to the Adriatic foredeep. Although the wells are very close each other they show different P wave velocities from the belt to the foredeep with values ~7km/s and ~4 km/s at 5 km depth, respectively.
      PubDate: 2016-11-17
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Preliminary macroseismic survey of the 2016 Amatrice seismic sequence
    • Authors: Mariano Angelo Zanini, Lorenzo Hofer, Flora Faleschini, Paolo Zampieri, Nicola Fabris, Carlo Pellegrino
      Abstract: After the recent destructive L’Aquila 2009 and Emilia-Romagna 2012 earthquakes, a sudden Mw 6.0 seismic event hit Central Italy on August 24, 2016. A low population density characterizes the area but, due to its nighttime occurrence, about 300 victims were registered. This work presents the first preliminary results of a macroseismic survey conducted by two teams of the University of Padova in the territories that suffered major damages. Macroseismic intensities were assessed according to the European Macroseismic Scale (EMS98) for 180 sites.
      PubDate: 2016-11-17
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Preliminary analysis of the accelerometric recordings of the August 24th,
           2016 MW 6.0 Amatrice earthquake
    • Authors: Giovanni Lanzano, Lucia Luzi, Francesca Pacor, Rodolfo Puglia, Maria D'Amico, Chiara Felicetta, Emiliano Russo
      Abstract: On 24 August 2016, at 1.36:32 GMT, a MW 6.0 earthquake with epicenter located below the village of Accumoli, struck a wide area among the boundaries of Lazio, Abruzzo, Umbria and Marche regions (Central Italy): the main event caused the collapse of several buildings and about 300 fatalities, mainly in the towns of Amatrice, Arquata del Tronto and Accumoli. The main event was recorded by about 350 sensors, belonging to Italian Accelerometric Network (Rete Accelerometrica Nazionale, RAN), operated by the Department of Civil Protection (DPC), to the Italian Seismic Network (Rete Sismica Nazionale, RSN), managed by the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) and to other local networks. All the corrected data are available at the Engineering Strong Motion Database (esm.mi.ingv.it). This paper reports the preliminary results of the analysis of the strong-motion recordings.
      PubDate: 2016-11-11
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Imaging the tectonic framework of the 24 August 2016, Amatrice (central
           Italy) earthquake sequence: new roles for old players?
    • Authors: Lorenzo Bonini, Francesco Emanuele Maesano, Roberto Basili, Pierfrancesco Burrato, Michele Matteo Cosimo Carafa, Umberto Fracassi, Vanja Kastelic, Gabriele Tarabusi, Mara Monica Tiberti, Paola Vannoli, Gianluca Valensise
      Abstract: We reconstruct the tectonic framework of the 24 August 2016, Amatrice earthquake. At least three main faults, including an older thrust fault (Sibillini Thrust), played an active role in the sequence. The mainshock nucleated and propagated along an extensional fault located in the footwall of the Sibillini Thrust, but due to the preliminary nature of the data the role of this thrust is still unclear. We illustrate two competing solutions: 1) the coseismic rupture started along an extensional fault and then partially used the thrust plane in extensional motion; 2) the thrust fault acted as an upper barrier to the propagation of the mainshock rupture, but was partially reactivated during the aftershock sequence. In both cases our tectonic reconstruction suggests an active role of the thrust fault, providing yet another example of how structures inherited from older tectonic phases may control the mainshock ruptures and the long-term evolution of younger seismogenic faults.
      PubDate: 2016-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Active faults in the epicentral and mesoseismal Ml 6.0 24, 2016 Amatrice
           earthquake region, central Italy. Methodological and seismotectonic issues
           
    • Authors: Emanuela Falcucci, Stefano Gori, Fabrizio Galadini, Giandomenico Fubelli, Marco Moro, Michele Saroli
      Abstract: The August 24, 2016 Amatrice earthquake (Ml 6.0) struck a region of the central Apennines (Italy) where several active faults were known since decades, most of which are considered the surface expression of seismogenic sources potentially able to rupture during earthquakes with M of up to 6.5-7. The current debate on which structure/s activated during the mainshock and the possibility that conterminous faults may activate in a near future urged us gathering all the data on surface geological evidence of fault activity we collected over the past 15-20 years in the area. We then map the main tectonic structures of the 2016 earthquake epicentral and mesoseismal region. Our aim is to provide hints on their seismogenic potential, as possible contribution to the national Database of Individual Seismogenic Source (DISS) and to the Database of the active and capable fault ITaly HAzard from CApable faults (ITHACA).
      PubDate: 2016-11-10
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Preliminary analysis of radon time series before the Ml=6 Amatrice
           earthquake: possible implications for fluid migration
    • Authors: Valentina Cannelli, Antonio Piersanti, Elena Spagnuolo, Gianfranco Galli
      Abstract: On August 24, 2016, a Ml=6.0 earthquake occurred in Central Apennines, Italy, between the towns of Norcia and Amatrice, causing severe destruction and casualties in a wide area around the epicenter. We present a preliminary analysis of continuous radon concentration data collected from the second half of 2012 to the day after the earthquake by a long term radon monitoring station, installed at Cittareale (Rieti, Italy), about 11 km south-west of the epicenter. We combine the field data analysis with the outcome of dedicated laboratory experiments, aimed to study real time radon emission dynamics from rock samples subject to normal and shear stress loads in absence of fluid transport and migration phenomena. Our results suggest the possibility of a minor role played by phenomena related to fluid migration for the Amatrice seismic event with respect to other recent Apennine earthquakes.
      PubDate: 2016-11-09
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • What is the impact of the August 24, 2016 Amatrice earthquake on the
           seismic hazard assessment in central Italy?
    • Authors: Maura Murru, Matteo Taroni, Aybige Akinci, Giuseppe Falcone
      Abstract: The recent Amatrice strong event (Mw6.0) occurred on August 24, 2016 in Central Apennines (Italy) in a seismic gap zone, motivated us to study and provide better understanding of the seismic hazard assessment in the macro area defined as “Central Italy”. The area affected by the sequence is placed between the Mw6.0 1997 Colfiorito sequence to the north (Umbria-Marche region) the Campotosto area hit by the 2009 L’Aquila sequence Mw6.3 (Abruzzo region) to the south. The Amatrice earthquake occurred while there was an ongoing effort to update the 2004 seismic hazard map (MPS04) for the Italian territory, requested in 2015 by the Italian Civil Protection Agency to the Center for Seismic Hazard (CPS) of the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia INGV. Therefore, in this study we brought to our attention new earthquake source data and recently developed ground-motion prediction equations (GMPEs). Our aim was to validate whether the seismic hazard assessment in this area has changed with respect to 2004, year in which the MPS04 map was released. In order to understand the impact of the recent earthquakes on the seismic hazard assessment in central Italy we compared the annual seismic rates calculated using a smoothed seismicity approach over two different periods; the Parametric Catalog of the Historical Italian earthquakes (CPTI15) from 1871 to 2003 and the historical and instrumental catalogs from 1871 up to 31 August 2016. Results are presented also in terms of peak ground acceleration (PGA), using the recent ground-motion prediction equations (GMPEs) at Amatrice, interested by the 2016 sequence.
      PubDate: 2016-11-09
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Minor shallow gravitational component on the Mt. Vettore surface ruptures
           related to MW 6, 2016 Amatrice earthquake
    • Authors: Matteo Albano, Michele Saroli, Marco Moro, Emanuela Falcucci, Stefano Gori, Salvatore Stramondo, Fabrizio Galadini, Salvatore Barba
      Abstract: On 24th August 2016 a ML 6.0 earthquake occurred near Amatrice (central Italy) causing nearly 300 fatalities. The mainshock ruptured a NNW-SSE striking, WSW dipping normal fault. The earthquake produced several coseismic effects at ground, including landslides and ground ruptures. In particular, ground surveys identified a 5.2 km long continuous fracture along the Mt. Vettore flank, both on rock and slope deposits, along one of the active normal fault segments bounding the relief to the west. In this work, we evaluated the contribution of seismically-induced surface instabilities to the observed ground fractures by means of a permanent-displacement approach. The results of a parametric analysis show that the computed seismically-induced gravitational displacements (about 2-10 cm) are not enough to explain field observations, testifying to a mean 20-25cm vertical offset. Thus, the observed ground fractures are the result of primary faulting related to tectonics, combined with gravitational phenomena.
      PubDate: 2016-11-04
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Coseismic effects of the 2016 Amatrice seismic sequence: first geological
           results
    • Authors: EMERGEO W.G. :, S. Pucci, P.M. De Martini, R. Civico, R. Nappi, T. Ricci, F. Villani, C.A. Brunori, M. Caciagli, V. Sapia, F.R. Cinti, M. Moro, D. Di Naccio, S. Gori, E. Falcucci, R. Vallone, F. Mazzarini, S. Tarquini, P. Del Carlo, V. Kastelic, M. Carafa, R. De Ritis, G. Gaudiosi, R. Nave, G. Alessio, P. Burrato, A. Smedile, L. Alfonsi, P. Vannoli, M. Pignone, S. Pinzi, U. Fracassi, L. Pizzimenti, M.T. Mariucci, N. Pagliuca, A. Sciarra, R. Carluccio, I. Nicolosi, M. Chiappini, F. D’Ajello Caracciolo, G. Pezzo, A. Patera, R. Azzaro, D. Pantosti, P. Montone, M. Saroli, L. Lo Sardo, M. Lancia
      Abstract: Since the beginning of the ongoing Amatrice seismic sequence on August 24, 2016, initiated by a Mw 6.0 normal faulting earthquake, the EMERGEO Working Group (an INGV team devoted to earthquake aftermath geological survey) set off to investigate any coseismic effects on the natural environment. Up to now, we surveyed about 750 km2 and collected more than 3200 geological observations as differently oriented tectonic fractures together with intermediate- to small- sized landslides, that were mapped in the whole area. The most impressive coseismic evidence was found along the known active Mt. Vettore fault system, where surface ruptures with clear vertical/horizontal offset were observed for more than 5 km, while unclear and discontinuous coseismic features were recorded along the Laga Mts. Fault systems.
      PubDate: 2016-11-04
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
 
 
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