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  Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 592 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (438 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (66 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (27 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (17 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (44 journals)

EARTH SCIENCES (438 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Algological Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annales UMCS, Geographia, Geologia, Mineralogia et Petrographia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annals of GIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Annals of Glaciology     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Remote Sensing Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Atlantic Geology : Journal of the Atlantic Geoscience Society / Atlantic Geology : revue de la Société Géoscientifique de l'Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Boreas: An International Journal of Quaternary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Bulletin of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Plant Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Carbonates and Evaporites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Central European Journal of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia del suelo     Open Access  
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Comptes Rendus Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Trends in Geoscience     Open Access  
Continental Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Developments in Geotectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Developments in Quaternary Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal  
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 172)
Earth Interactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth Surface Dynamics (ESurf)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Earth System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Earth System Dynamics Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth, Planets and Space     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Earthquake Spectra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Environmental Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Geotechnics     Open Access  
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Journal Cover Annals of Geophysics
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [11 followers]  Follow    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
     ISSN (Print) 1593-5213 - ISSN (Online) 2037416X
     Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Homepage  [1 journal]   [SJR: 0.507]   [H-I: 25]
  • Krakatau caldera deposits: revisited and verification by geophysical means
    • Authors: Izumi Yokoyama
      Abstract:  One of the differences between volcanic craters and calderas is that the latter bottoms are flatways filled with caldera deposit with lower density in comparison to country rocks. The 1883 Krakatau eruption affords us important knowledge on caldera formation even if it was not observed with modern sophisticated instruments. First, volcanic activities of the Krakatau Islands before and after the 1883 eruption are reexamined: previous suppositions involving a caldera-forming eruption of the proto-Krakatau prior to 1883 proved to be unsupported by the bathymetric topographies and gravity anomalies on and around the Krakatau Islands. Then, Anak Krakatau is interpreted as a parasitic cone of the main Krakatau volcano. As supplementary knowledge to discussion of caldera deposits, the results of drillings at several calderas in Japan and Mexico are introduced. Mass deficiency of the caldera deposit at Krakatau caldera is estimated by the gravity anomaly observed there and converted to probable volume with suitable density. For quantitative examination of the subsurface structure beneath the Krakatau complex, spatial distributions of seismic S-wave attenuation and Vp/Vs ratios have been already studied by temporary seismological observations and their results have been published. The high ratios of Vp/Vs observed approximately at Krakatau caldera may be attributable to the caldera deposit that is low density and contain much water. As additional remarks, a zone having both the characters, S-wave attenuation and zones of relatively high Vp/Vs ratio, may be a probable magma reservoir centering at a depth of about 10 km.

      PubDate: 2014-10-14
      Issue No: Vol. 57 (2014)
       
  • Analysis of soil radon data in earthquake precursory studies
    • Authors: Hari Prasad Jaishi, Sanjay Singh, Raghavendra Prasad Tiwari, Ramesh Chandra Tiwari
      Abstract: Soil radon data were recorded at two selected sites along Mat fault in Mizoram (India), which lies in the highest seismic zone in India. The study was carried out during July 2011 to May 2013 using LR-115 Type II films. Precursory changes in radon concentration were observed prior to some earthquakes that occurred around the measuring sites. Positive correlation was found between the measured radon data and the seismic activity in the region. Statistical analysis of the radon data together with the meteorological parameters was done using Multiple Regression Method. Results obtained show that the method employed was useful for removing the effect of meteorological parameters and to identify radon maxima possibly caused by seismic activity.
      PubDate: 2014-10-14
      Issue No: Vol. 57 (2014)
       
  • Analysis of the spatial distribution between successive earthquakes in
           aftershocks series
    • Authors: Elisaveta Georgieva Marekova
      Abstract: The earthquake spatial distribution is being studied, using catalogs for different recent aftershock series. The quality of the available data, taking into account the completeness of the magnitude, is examined. Based on the analysis of the catalogs, it was determined that the probability densities of the inter-event distance distribution collapse into a single curve when the data were rescaled. The collapse of the data provides a clear illustration of aftershock-occurrence self-similarity in space.
      PubDate: 2014-10-14
      Issue No: Vol. 57 (2014)
       
  • Rake rotation introduces ambiguity in the formulation of slip-dependent
           constitutive models: slip modulus or slip path?
    • Authors: Andrea Bizzarri
      Abstract: The linear slip–weakening (SW) law, predicting that the traction decreases for increasing fault slip, is one of the most widely adopted governing models to describe the traction evolution and the stress release processes occurring during coseismic slip failures. We will show that, contrary to other constitutive models, the SW law inherently poses the problem of considering the Euclidean norm of the slip vector or its cumulative value along its path. In other words, it has the intrinsic problem of its analytical formulation, which does not have a solution a priori. By considering a fully dynamic, spontaneous, 3–D rupture problem, with rake rotation allowed, in this paper we explore whether these two formulations can lead to different results. We prove that, for homogeneous configurations, the two formulations give the same results, with a normalized difference less than 1%, which is comparable to the numerical error due to grid dispersion. In particular, we show that the total slip, the resulting seismic moment, the fracture energy density, the slip–weakening curve and the energy flux at the rupture front are practically identical in the two formulations. These findings contribute to reconcile the results presented in previous papers, where the two formulations have been differently employed. However, this coincidence is not the rule. Indeed, by considering models with a highly heterogeneous initial shear stress distribution, where the rake variation is significant, we have also demonstrated that the overall rupture history is quite different by assuming the two formulations, as well as the fault striations, the traction evolution and the scalar seismic moment. In this case the choice of the analytical formulation of the governing law does really matter.
      PubDate: 2014-10-14
      Issue No: Vol. 57 (2014)
       
  • Archaeological, archaeomagnetic and thermoluminescence investigation of a
           baked clay kiln excavated at Chieri, northern Italy: contribution to the
           rescue of our cultural heritage
    • Authors: Evdokia Tema, Fulvio Fantino, Enzo Ferrara, Silvia Allegretti, Alessandro Lo Giudice, Alessandro Re, Federico Barello, Silvia Vella, Luigi Cirillo, Monica Gulmini
      Abstract: Combining different dating techniques is fundamental to constrain the ages of archaeological findings, mainly when direct evidences for their chronological context are not available. This paper presents the results of a combined archaeological, archaeomagnetic and thermoluminescence study of a kiln discovered during a rescue excavation at Chieri, northern Italy. The archaeological site is quite complex mainly due to the interposition of different stratigraphic levels that span from Roman times to present day. The studied kiln belongs to the post-medieval stratigraphic level but the lack of datable diagnostic objects strongly limits the possibility of its accurate dating only by means of archaeological evidences. Archaeomagnetic study was performed on 26 baked clay samples, isolating stable characteristic remanent magnetizations. The statistic comparison of the averaged direction with reference secular variation curves suggests two possible dating intervals. Independent dating from thermoluminescence study of 2 samples is consistent with the second time interval proposed by archaeomagnetism, suggesting that the kiln was abandoned at the beginning of the 17th century. The successful combination of the two independent laboratory techniques provides accurate dating of archaeological baked clays and can be used as routine for future archaeological investigations of rescue excavations.
      PubDate: 2014-10-14
      Issue No: Vol. 57 (2014)
       
  • Latitudinal characteristics of GPS derived ionospheric TEC: a comparative
           study with IRI 2012 model
    • Authors: Monti Chakraborty, Sanjay Kumar, Barin Kumar De, Anirban Guha
      Abstract: The present study investigates the variation of Total Electron Content (TEC) using Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites from four equatorial to mid-latitudes stations over a period of one year. The stations are Port Blair (11.63°N, 92.70°E), Agartala (23.75°N, 91.25°E), Lhasa (29.65°N, 91.10°E) and Urumqi (43.46°N, 87.16°E). The diurnal, monthly and seasonal variations of TEC have been explored to study its latitudinal characteristics. Analysis of TEC data from these stations reveals the characteristics of latitudinal variation of Equatorial Ionospheric Anomaly (EIA). To validate the latest IRI 2012 model, the monthly and seasonal variations of GPS-TEC at all the four stations have been compared with the model for three different topside options of electron density, namely, NeQuick, IRI-01-corr and IRI-2001. TEC predictions from IRI-2001 top side electron density option using IRI 2012 model overestimates the observed TEC especially at the low latitudes. TEC from IRI- NeQuick and IRI-01-corr options shows a tendency to underestimate the observed TEC during the day time particularly in low latitude region in the high solar activity period. The agreement between the model and observed values are reasonable in mid latitude regions. However, a discrepancy between IRI 2012 derived TEC with the ground based observations at low latitude regions is found. The discrepancy appears to be higher in low-latitude regions in comparison to mid latitude regions. It is concluded that largest discrepancy in TEC occur as a result of poor estimation of the hmF2 and foF2 from the coefficients.
      PubDate: 2014-10-14
      Issue No: Vol. 57 (2014)
       
  • A numerical study of the windstorm Klaus: sensitivity to sea surface
           temperature
    • Authors: Nazario Tartaglione, Rodrigo Caballero
      Abstract: This article investigates the role of sea surface temperature (SST) as well as the effects of evaporation and moisture convergence on the evolution of cyclone Klaus, which occurred on January 23 and 24, 2009. To elucidate the role of sea surface temperature (SST) and air–sea fluxes in the dynamics of the cyclone, ten hydrostatic mesoscale simulations were performed by Bologna Limited Area Model (BOLAM). The first one was a control experiment with European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) SST analysis. The nine following simulations are sensitivity experiments where the SST are obtained by adding a constant value by 1 to 9 K to the ECMWF field. Results show that a warmer sea increases the surface latent heat fluxes and the moisture convergence, favoring the development of convection in the storm. Convection is affected immediately by the increased SST. Later on, drop of mean sea level pressure (MSLP) occurs together with increasing of surface winds. The cyclone trajectory is not sensitive to change in SST differently from MSLP and convective precipitation.
      PubDate: 2014-10-14
      Issue No: Vol. 57 (2014)
       
  • Acoustic ray tracing in the atmosphere: with gravitational effect and
           attenuation considered
    • Authors: Yang Song, Yuannong Zhang, Chen Zhou, Zhengyu Zhao
      Abstract: An acoustic ray tracing model is developed to take into account the impacts of gravitational field and realistic atmospheric attenuation. Ray tracing equations are deduced from the real part of the dissipative dispersion relation, while the acoustic attenuation coefficient and growth rate in a stratified moving atmosphere are deduced from the imaginary part of the dispersion relation. To account for the non-isothermal effect and realistic attenuation, the buoyancy frequency and the cut-off frequency are substituted by the values in the slowly varying atmosphere, and the attenuation coefficient is corrected by the realistic absorption. In the validation by numerical experiment, the ray trajectory obtained by this ray tracing model agrees well with the result calculated by the FDTD method. It is shown that the acoustic trajectory can be accurately predicted by this ray tracing model. The numerical results for 5 Hz acoustic waves show that in the stratospheric ducting the gravitational effect plays a leading role while the attenuation effect could be neglected. But for the thermospheric ducting, the contribution of the absorption becomes more important.
      PubDate: 2014-10-14
      Issue No: Vol. 57 (2014)
       
  • Detection of gravity changes before powerful earthquakes in GRACE
           satellite observations
    • Authors: Mohsen Shahrisvand, Mehdi Akhoondzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sharifi
      Abstract: The variations of gravity field have been analyzed in this article, in order to find disturbances in the vicinity of recent great earthquakes epicenters including Chile (February 27, 2010), Tohoku-Oki (March 11, 2011) and Indian Ocean (April 11, 2012) prior to the events. For this purpose, the 10 years long time series of gravitational gradient components obtained from weekly Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment (GRACE) solutions have been used. Some of gravitational gradient components are independent to GRACE stripy error and amplify high frequency components of gravity field. Therefore that preseismic activity can be better illustrated. The interquartile method has been used to construct the higher and lower bounds in time series to detect outlying solution outside the bounds associated with impending earthquakes. Afterwards, Nonlinear Auto-Regressive models with eXogenous inputs (NARX) neural network has been proposed in the detection process of prominent gravity field anomalies prior the earthquakes. Both methods detect considerable anomalous occurrences during 2-5 weeks prior to the earthquakes. Our results statistics show that the anomalous deviations before the earthquakes have different signs and amplitudes at different cases.
      PubDate: 2014-10-14
      Issue No: Vol. 57 (2014)
       
  • A new method for the validation of the GOMOS high resolution temperature
           profiles products
    • Authors: Rosario Quirino Iannone, Stefano Casadio, Bojan Bojkov
      Abstract: This article proposes a new validation method for GOMOS HRTP atmospheric temperature and density profiles, with the aim of detecting and removing 0.2 to 5 km scale vertical structures in order to minimise the impact of atmospheric artefacts in the comparison exercises. The proposed approach is based on the use of the “Morlet” Continuous Wavelet Transformation (CWT), for the characterisation and removal of non-stationary and localised vertical structures, in order to produce wave-free profiles of atmospheric temperature and density. Comparison of wave-free temperature/density profiles and wavy structures profiles with those estimated from a limited number of collocated SHADOZ soundings for the years of 2003, 2004 and 2008, is discussed in detail. First results suggest that the proposed approach could lead to a significantly improved HRTP validation scheme, in terms of reduced uncertainties in the estimated biases. Furthermore, this method may be adopted for the study of the vertical component of gravity waves from high spatial/temporal resolution data.
      PubDate: 2014-10-14
      Issue No: Vol. 57 (2014)
       
 
 
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