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  Subjects -> EARTH SCIENCES (Total: 644 journals)
    - EARTH SCIENCES (467 journals)
    - GEOLOGY (70 journals)
    - GEOPHYSICS (26 journals)
    - HYDROLOGY (21 journals)
    - OCEANOGRAPHY (60 journals)

EARTH SCIENCES (467 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 371 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Geophysica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Algological Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Geographia, Geologia, Mineralogia et Petrographia     Open Access  
Annals of Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annals of GIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Annals of Glaciology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Anthropocene     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Remote Sensing Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Artificial Satellites : The Journal of Space Research Centre of Polish Academy of Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Asian Review of Environmental and Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atlantic Geology : Journal of the Atlantic Geoscience Society / Atlantic Geology : revue de la Société Géoscientifique de l'Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Boreas: An International Journal of Quaternary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cadernos de Geociências     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Plant Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Carbonates and Evaporites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Espaciales     Open Access  
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Cogent Geoscience     Open Access  
Comptes Rendus Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Trends in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Depositional Record     Open Access  
Developments in Geotectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Quaternary Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal  
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
E&S Engineering and Science     Open Access  
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Earth and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth Interactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Earth Surface Dynamics (ESurf)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Earth System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Earth System Dynamics Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth, Planets and Space     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Earthquake Spectra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ecological Questions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Environmental Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Environmental Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Geotechnics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Erwerbs-Obstbau     Hybrid Journal  
Estuaries and Coasts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
European Journal of Mineralogy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Facies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Física de la Tierra     Open Access  
Folia Musei rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis. Geologica et Paleobiologica     Open Access  
Folia Quaternaria     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Frontiers in Earth Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers of Earth Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
GEM - International Journal on Geomathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geo-Marine Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoacta     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geocarto International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geochemistry : Exploration, Environment, Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Geochronometria     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geoderma Regional : The International Journal for Regional Soil Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geodinamica Acta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geodynamics & Tectonophysics     Open Access  
Geoenvironmental Disasters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geofluids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Géographie physique et Quaternaire     Full-text available via subscription  
Geography and Natural Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geoheritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geoinformatica Polonica : The Journal of Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences     Open Access  
Geoinformatics & Geostatistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geological Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Geology Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geomatics, Natural Hazards and Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
GEOmedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geomorphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geophysical Journal International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Geophysical Prospecting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
GeoResJ     Hybrid Journal  
Georisk: Assessment and Management of Risk for Engineered Systems and Geohazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Geoscience Canada : Journal of the Geological Association of Canada / Geoscience Canada : journal de l'Association Géologique du Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geoscience Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoscience Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Geoscience Letters     Open Access  
Geoscience Records     Open Access  
Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geosciences Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geoscientific Model Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Geotectonic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Geotectonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
GISAP : Earth and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global and Planetary Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Global Biogeochemical Cycles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Gondwana Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Grassland Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ground Water     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ground Water Monitoring & Remediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
GSA Today     Partially Free  
Helgoland Marine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Hydrobiologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Hydrogeology Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Hydrological Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Indian Geotechnical Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisciplinary Environmental Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Geology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Advanced Geosciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Remote Sensing and GIS     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Advancement in Earth and Enviromental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Advancement in Remote Sensing, GIS, and Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Coal Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Forest, Soil and Erosion     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of Geographical Information Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)

        1 2 3 | Last

Journal Cover Annals of Geophysics
  [SJR: 0.886]   [H-I: 28]   [9 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1593-5213 - ISSN (Online) 2037416X
   Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Harmonizing and comparing single-type natural hazard risk estimations
    • Authors: Kevin Fleming, Stefano Parolai, Alexander Garcia-Aristizabal, Sergey Tyagunov, Sergiy Vorogushyn, Heidi Kreibich, Holger Mahlke
      Abstract: Single-type hazard and risk assessment is the usual framework followed by disaster risk reduction (DRR) practitioners. There is therefore a need to present and compare the results arising from different hazard and risk types. Here we describe a simple method for combining risk curves arising from different hazard types in order to gain a first impression of the total risk. We show how the resulting total (and individual) risk estimates can be examined and compared using so-called risk matrices, a format preferred by some DRR practitioners. We apply this approach to Cologne, Germany, which is subject to floods, windstorms and earthquakes. We then use a new series of risk calculations that consider epistemic uncertainty. The Mann-Whitney test is applied to determine if the losses arising from pairs of hazards are comparable for a given return period. This benefits decision makers as it allows a ranking of hazards with respect to expected damage. Such a comparison would assist planners in the allocation of resources towards the most efficient mitigation actions. However, the results are dependent upon the distribution of estimates (i.e., level of uncertainty), which is in turn a function of our state of knowledge.
      PubDate: 2016-05-27
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • A coupled model study on the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
           under extreme atmospheric CO2 conditions
    • Authors: Rita Lecci, Simona Masina, Annalisa Cherchi, Marcelo Barreiro
      Abstract: This study investigates the climate sensitivity to a strong CO2 atmospheric forcing focusing on the North Atlantic Ocean (NA). The analysis is based on a set of 600 years long experiments performed with a state-of-the-art coupled general circulation model (CGCM) with the 1990 reference value of atmospheric CO2 multiplied by 4, 8 and 16. Extreme increases in atmospheric CO2 concentration have been applied to force the climate system towards stable states with different thermo-dynamical properties and analyze how the different resulting oceanic stratification and diffusion affect the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). The AMOC weakens in response to the induced warming with distinctive features in the extreme case: a southward shift of convective sites and the formation of a density front at mid-latitudes. The analysis of the density fluxes reveals that NA loses density at high latitudes and gains it southward of 40°N mainly due to the haline contribution. Our results indicate that the most important processes that control the AMOC are active in the high latitudes and are related to the stability of the water column. The increased ocean stratification stabilizes the ocean interior leading to a decreased vertical diffusivity, a reduction in the formation of deep water and a weaker circulation. In particular, the deep convection collapses mainly in the Labrador Sea as a consequence of the water column stratification under high latitudes freshening.
      PubDate: 2016-05-23
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • The study of equatorial plasma bubble during January to April 2012 over
           Kolhapur (India)
    • Authors: Parashram T. Patil, Rupesh N. Ghodpage, Alok K. Taori, Rohit P. Patil, Subramanian Gurubaran, Suraj N. Nikte, Dada P. Nade, Ashok K. Sharma, Sridhar Banola, V. Lakshmi Narayanan, Devendraa Siingh
      Abstract: Over 53 nights of all sky airglow imager data collected during January-April 2012 from the low latitude station Kolhapur (16.68°N, 74.26°E; 10.6°N dip latitude) have been analyzed to study the F-region dynamics through the imaging of OI 630 nm emission line. The observed night airglow data were supported by the ionosonde measurements from Tirunelveli (8.7°N, 77.8°E; 0.51°N dip latitude). Well defined magnetic field aligned depletions were observed during the observation period. Out of 53 nights, 40 nights exhibited the occurrence of north-south aligned equatorial plasma bubbles. These plasma bubbles were found moving towards east with drift speed in range between 70 to 200 m s-1. We have analyzed the zonal drift velocity variation and relation of bubble occurrence with the base height of the ionosphere together with the effects of the geomagnetic Ap and solar flux F10.7 cm index in its first appearance.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • An analytical expression for early electromagnetic signals generated by
           impulsive line-currents in conductive Earth crust, with numerical examples
           
    • Abstract: Changes in the electromagnetic (EM) field after an earthquake rupture but before the arrival of seismic waves (“early EM signals”) have sometimes been reported. Quantitative evaluations are necessary to clarify whether the observed phenomena are accounted for by known theories and to assess whether the phenomenon can be applied to earthquake early warning. Therefore, analytical expressions for the magnetic field generated by an impulsive line-current are derived for a conductive half-space model, and for a two-layer model; the somewhat simpler situation of a conductive whole-space is also considered. By analyzing the expressions obtained for the generated EM field, some expected features of the early EM signals are discussed. First, I verify that an early EM signal arrives before the seismic waves unless conductivity is relatively high. Second, I show that early EM signals are well approximated by the whole-space model when the source is near the ground surface, but not when it is at depth. Third, I show that the expected amplitudes of early EM signals are within the detection limits of commonly used EM sensors, provided that ground conductivity is not very high and that the source current is sufficiently intense. However, this does not mean that the EM signals are easily distinguishable, because detector sensitivity does not account for additive noise or false positive detections.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Multi-quasi-parabolic ionosphere model with EF-valley
    • Authors: Jie Sun, Xiao-Juan Zhang, Shun Wang, Zhao-Qian Gong, Guang-You Fang
      Abstract: We improve the conventional multi-quasi-parabolic (MQP) model and develop two MQP models with EF-valley by applying the predicted EF-valley parameter of the newest version of the International Reference Ionosphere. On the basis of the conventional MQP model and these two improved MQP models with EF-valley, we generate one-hop oblique sounding ionograms between Wuhan and Beijing. Comparisons between the generated ionograms and the sounding ionogram in the experiments illustrate that the improved MQP models are more suitable for describing the true ionosphere than the conventional MQP model is. In contrast to the conventional MQP model, the improved MQP models can increase the accuracy of ray tracing and reduce the errors in shortwave single location and over-the-horizon-radar registration.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Use of the ESI-2007 scale to evaluate the 2003 Boumerdès earthquake
           (North Algeria)
    • Authors: Aicha Heddar, Hamoud Beldjoudi, Christine Aurhemayou, Roza SiBachir, Abdelkrim Yelles-Chaouche, Azzedine Boudiaf
      Abstract: In this study, we applied the environmental seismic intensity (ESI-2007) scale to a major recent Algerian earthquake. The ESI-2007 scale is an effective tool to assess the seismic hazard and has been applied to onshore earthquakes. Here we applied the scale to a recent earthquake (Mw 6.8, 2003) that took place offshore in the province of Boumerdès in the north of Algeria along the boundary between African and Eurasian plates. The main shock was associated to an unknown submarine structure. No surface ruptures were observed on the onshore domain, but many earthquake environmental effects (EEEs) were reported during several field investigations. In addition to onshore ground effects, this event triggered turbidity currents responsible for 29 submarine cable breaks. Mapping and describing coseismic ground effects allowed us to distinguish primary and secondary effects like coastal uplifts, liquefaction phenomena, tsunami waves, turbidity currents, cracks, rock falls, slope movements and hydrological anomalies. Considering the total area affected and the distribution of ground effects, we suggest intensity X that appears in agreement with intensity calculated in previous study with the EMS-98 scale. Thus, this method is validated even in the case of a coastal earthquake, and could be applied in the future to Algerian historical earthquakes that have affected scarcely inhabited zones but where EEEs were listed and located.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • Exploring the submarine Graham Bank in the Sicily Channel
    • Abstract: In the Sicily Channel, volcanic activity has been concentrated mainly on the Pantelleria and Linosa islands, while minor submarine volcanism took place in the Adventure, Graham and Nameless banks. The volcanic activity spanned mostly during Plio-Pleistocene, however, historical submarine eruptions occurred in 1831 on the Graham Bank and in 1891 offshore Pantelleria Island. On the Graham Bank, 25 miles SW of Sciacca, the 1831 eruption formed the short-lived Ferdinandea Island that represents the only Italian volcano active in historical times currently almost completely unknown and not yet monitored. Moreover, most of the Sicily Channel seismicity is concentrated along a broad NS belt extending from the Graham Bank to Lampedusa Island. In 2012, the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) carried out a multidisciplinary oceanographic cruise, named “Ferdinandea 2012”, the preliminary results of which represent the aim of this paper. The cruise goal was the mapping of the morpho-structural features of some submarine volcanic centres located in the northwestern side of the Sicily Channel and the temporary recording of their seismic and degassing activity. During the cruise, three OBS/Hs (ocean bottom seismometer with hydrophone) were deployed near the Graham, Nerita and Terribile submarine banks. During the following 9 months they have recorded several seismo-acoustic signals produced by both tectonic and volcanic sources. A high-resolution bathymetric survey was achieved on the Graham Bank and on the surrounding submarine volcanic centres. A widespread and voluminous gas bubbles emission was observed by both multibeam sonar echoes and a ROV (remotely operated vehicle) along the NW side of the Graham Bank, where gas and seafloor samples were also collected.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • A high-resolution processing technique for improving the energy of weak
           signal based on matching pursuit
    • Authors: Shuyan Wang, Yanchun Wang, Chen Yu, Xueqing Liu, Bowen Yang
      Abstract: This paper proposes a new method to improve the resolution of the seismic signal and to compensate the energy of weak seismic signal based on matching pursuit. With a dictionary of Morlet wavelets, matching pursuit algorithm can decompose a seismic trace into a series of wavelets. We abstract complex-trace attributes from analytical expressions to shrink the search range of amplitude, frequency and phase. In addition, considering the level of correlation between constituent wavelets and average wavelet abstracted from well-seismic calibration, we can obtain the search range of scale which is an important adaptive parameter to control the width of wavelet in time and the bandwidth of frequency. Hence, the efficiency of selection of proper wavelets is improved by making first a preliminary estimate and refining a local selecting range. After removal of noise wavelets, we integrate useful wavelets which should be firstly executed by adaptive spectral whitening technique. This approach can improve the resolutions of seismic signal and enhance the energy of weak wavelets simultaneously. The application results of real seismic data show this method has a good perspective of application.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
  • A dynamical study of frictional effect on scaling of earthquake source
           displacement spectra
    • Authors: Jeen-Hwa Wang
      Abstract: The scaling of earthquake source displacement spectra is analytically studied based on the continuous form of one-dimensional dynamical spring-slider model in the presence of either linearly slip-weakening friction or linearly velocity-weakening friction. The main parameters of the model are the natural angular frequency, wo, and the (dimensionless) decreasing rate, D, of friction with slip (or the characteristic displacement) for slip-weakening friction as well as the (dimensionless) decreasing rate, u, of friction with velocity (or the characteristic velocity) for velocity-weakening friction. The analytic solution includes the complementary and particular parts. The former shows the travelling wave and the latter denotes vibrations at a site. The complementary solution exhibits w-1 scaling in the whole range of w for both friction laws. For the particular solution, slip-weakening friction results in spectral amplitudes only at three values of w. For velocity-weakening friction with u>0.5, the log-log plot of spectral amplitude versus w exhibits almost w0 scaling when w is lower than the corner angular frequency, wc, which is independent on u and increases with wo. When w>wc, the spectral amplitude monotonically decreases with w following a line with a slope value of -1, which is the scaling exponent.
      PubDate: 2016-05-06
      Issue No: Vol. 59 (2016)
       
 
 
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