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EARTH SCIENCES (463 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 | Last

Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Geophysica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Acta Geotechnica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Acta Meteorologica Sinica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aeolian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Aquatic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Algological Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alpine Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AMBIO     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Andean geology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales UMCS, Geographia, Geologia, Mineralogia et Petrographia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Annals of GIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Glaciology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Marine Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anthropocene     Hybrid Journal  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Applied Clay Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Geomatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Ocean Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Applied Remote Sensing Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Arctic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Artificial Satellites     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Earth Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Atlantic Geology : Journal of the Atlantic Geoscience Society / Atlantic Geology : revue de la Société Géoscientifique de l'Atlantique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Atmosphere-Ocean     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences: An International Geoscience Journal of the Geological Society of Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletim de Ciências Geodésicas     Open Access  
Boreas: An International Journal of Quaternary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Bragantia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin of Geosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Bulletin of Volcanology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Plant Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Mineralogist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Carbonates and Evaporites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CATENA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Central European Journal of Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Central European Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Geographical Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Journal of Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia del suelo     Open Access  
Climate and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coastal Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Cogent Geoscience     Open Access  
Comptes Rendus Geoscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computers and Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Trends in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Continental Shelf Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Coral Reefs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cretaceous Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cybergeo : European Journal of Geography     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Depositional Record     Open Access  
Developments in Geotectonics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Quaternary Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal  
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
E3S Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Earth and Planetary Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Earth and Space Science     Open Access  
Earth Interactions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Earth Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Earth Surface Dynamics (ESurf)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Earth System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Earth System Dynamics Discussions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Earth's Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Earth, Planets and Space     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Earthquake Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Earthquake Spectra     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Ecohydrology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Electromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Energy Efficiency     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Energy Exploration & Exploitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover   Annals of Geophysics
  [SJR: 0.886]   [H-I: 28]   [10 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1593-5213 - ISSN (Online) 2037416X
   Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Homepage  [1 journal]
  • A summary of hazard datasets and guidelines supported by the Global
           Earthquake Model during the first implementation phase
    • Authors: Marco Pagani, Julio Garcia, Damiano Monelli, Graeme Weatherill, Anselm Smolka
      Abstract: The Global Earthquake Model (GEM) initiative promotes open, transparent and collaborative science aimed at the assessment of earthquake risk and its reduction worldwide. During the first implementation phase (2009-2014) GEM sponsored five projects aimed at the creation of global datasets and guidelines toward the creation of open, transparent and, as far as possible, homogeneous hazard input models. These projects concentrated on the following global databases and models: an instrumental catalogue, a historical earthquake archive and catalogue, a geodetic strain rate model, a database of active faults, and set of ground motion prediction equations. This paper describes the main outcomes of these projects illustrating some initial applications as well as challenges in the creation of hazard models.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program - GSHAP legacy
    • Authors: Laurentiu Danciu, Domenico Giardini
      Abstract: Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program - or simply GSHAP, when launched, almost two decades ago, aimed at establishing a common framework to evaluate the seismic hazard over geographical large-scales, i.e. countries, regions, continents and finally the globe. Its main product, the global seismic hazard map was a milestone, unique at that time and for a decade have served as the main reference worldwide. Today, for most of the Earth’s seismically active regions such Europe, Northern and Southern America, Central and South-East Asia, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, the GSHAP seismic hazard map is outdated. The rapid increase of the new data, advance on the earthquake process knowledge, technological progress, both hardware and software, contributed all in updates of the seismic hazard models. We present herein, a short retrospective overview of the achievements as well as the pitfalls of the GSHAP. Further, we describe the next generation of seismic hazard models, as elaborated within the Global Earthquake Model, regional programs: the 2013 European Seismic Hazard Model, the 2014 Earthquake Model for Middle East, and the 2015 Earthquake Model of Central Asia. Later, the main characteristics of these regional models are summarized and the new datasets fully harmonized across national borders are illustrated for the first time after the GSHAP completion.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • Building monitoring in Bishkek and Dushanbe by the use of ambient
           vibration analysis
    • Authors: Bojana Petrovic, Dino Bindi, Marco Pilz, Matteo Serio, Sagynbek Orunbaev, Jafar Niyazov, Farhad Hakimov, Pulat Yasunov, Ulugbek T. Begaliev, Stefano Parolai
      Abstract: Within the framework of the EMCA - Earthquake Model Central Asia - project, the cities of Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan) and Dushanbe (Tajikistan) were selected for building monitoring using measurements of seismic noise to obtain the dynamical properties of the buildings. Eight buildings of different construction types, date of construction and building height, both, Soviet-era and recently constructed buildings, were instrumented for a period of a few hours. In this study, an overview of the experiment is given, including a short description of each monitored building’s structure and the performed installation. Preliminary results for a representative Soviet-era residential building in Dushanbe are presented. Modal analysis is performed using the Frequency Domain Decomposition (FDD) method to estimate the natural frequencies and the mode shapes. The wave propagation velocities in the two directions along the building axes are determined by an interferometric approach. Although the experimental set-up was not the optimal, valuable information about the dynamical characteristics of the buildings were still obtained.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • Toward a cross-border early-warning system for Central Asia
    • Authors: Jacek Stankiewicz, Dino Bindi, Adrien Oth, Stefano Parolai
      Abstract: Rapidly expanding urban areas in Central Asia are increasingly vulnerable to seismic risk; but at present, no earthquake early warning (EEW) systems exist in the region despite their successful implementation in other earthquake-prone areas. Such systems aim to provide short (seconds to tens of seconds) warnings of impending disaster, enabling the first risk mitigation and damage control steps to be taken. This study presents the feasibility of a large scale cross-border regional system for Central Asian countries. Genetic algorithms are used to design efficient EEW networks, computing optimal station locations and trigger thresholds in recorded ground acceleration. Installation of such systems within 3 years aims to both reducing the endemic lack of strong motion data in Central Asia that is limiting the possibility of improving seismic hazard assessment, and at providing the first regional earthquake early warning system in the area.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • On-site early-warning system for Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan)
    • Authors: Dino Bindi, Tobias Boxberger, Sagynbek Orunbaev, Marco Pilz, Jacek Stankiewicz, Massimiliano Pittore, Iunio Iervolino, Enrico Ellguth, Stefano Parolai
      Abstract: In this work, the development of an on-site early warning system for Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan) is outlined. Several low cost sensors equipped with MEMS accelerometers are installed in eight buildings distributed within the urban area. The different sensing units communicate each other via wireless links and the seismic data are streamed in real-time to the data center using internet. Since each single sensing unit has computing capabilities, software for data processing can be installed to perform decentralized actions. In particular, each sensing unit can perform event detection task and run software for on-site early warning. If a description for the vulnerability of the building is uploaded in the sensing unit, this piece of information can be exploited to introduce the expected probability of damage in the early-warning protocol customized for a specific structure.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • The contribution of EMCA to landslide susceptibility mapping in Central
    • Authors: Annamaria Saponaro, Marco Pilz, Dino Bindi, Stefano Parolai
      Abstract: Central Asia is one of the most exposed regions in the world to landslide hazard. The large variability of local geological materials, together with the difficulties in forecasting heavy precipitation locally and in quantifying the level of ground shaking, call for harmonized procedures to better quantify the hazard and the negative impact of slope failures across the Central Asian countries. As a first step towards a quantitative landslide hazard and risk assessment, a landslide susceptibility analysis at regional scale has been carried out, by benefitting of novel seismic hazard outcomes reached in the frame of Earthquake Model Central Asia (EMCA) project. By combining information coming from diverse potential factors, it is possible to detect areas where a potential for landslides exists. Initial results allow the identification of areas that are more susceptible to landslides with a level of accuracy greater than 70%. The presented method is, therefore, capable of supporting land planning activities at the regional scale in places where only scarce data are available.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • Towards a cross-border exposure model for the Earthquake Model Central
    • Authors: Marc Wieland, Massimiliano Pittore, Stefano Parolai, Ulugbek Begaliev, Pulat Yasunov, Jafar Niyazov, Sergey Tyagunov, Bolot Moldobekov, Saidislom Saidiy, Indalip Ilyasov, Tanatkan Abakanov
      Abstract: This work provides an insight into the development of the first harmonized exposure model for Central Asia. The model was derived in the frame of the Earthquake Model Central Asia (EMCA) project, which is the regional initiative for Central Asia to the Global Earthquake Model (GEM). The EMCA exposure model combines commonly used data sources and acquisition techniques (e.g., rapid visual screening) with novel rapid assessment approaches (e.g., satellite remote sensing and omnidirectional imaging) in the framework of an integrated sampling scheme and stores the data in a multi-resolution spatio-temporal database. The exposure model implements a newly developed building typology, harmonized for the five Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) and follows the international building taxonomy of the GEM. Emphasis is given to the multi-scale nature and the temporal dynamics of exposure data. Results from a selected urban area are provided to illustrate the current state of the continuously updated exposure model.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • Focus maps: a means of prioritizing data collection for efficient geo-risk
    • Authors: Massimiliano Pittore
      Abstract:  Efficient Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) management constantly calls upon high-quality information to be collected or updated for vulnerability monitoring and risk assessment. This process is often resource- and time-intensive, which many economically developing states (including most Central Asian countries) can seldom afford. In this paper, we introduce the concept of focus maps as a useful tool to quantify the spatial probability of sampling. Focus maps allow for a data collection prioritization scheme to be put in place, enabling the realization of optimized spatial sampling which assigns a higher priority to locations where the need for high-quality information is greater. In practice, smaller samples can be drawn with the same (or better) resulting accuracy of the estimates, resulting in a more efficient use of time and resources. The factors that affect such a spatial sampling scheme include the usual components of risk assessment (hazard, exposure, vulnerability) where available, as well as other potentially critical factors, such as the extent and quality of previously collected data. The practical application of the proposed approach to the case of Central Asia will be exemplified and discussed.

      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • Probabilistic seismic hazard assessment of Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan,
           considering empirically estimated site effects
    • Authors: Shahid Ullah, Dino Bindi, Marco Pilz, Stefano Parolai
      Abstract: It is well known that variability in the surface geology potentially leads to the modification of earthquake-induced ground motion over short distances. Although this effect is of major importance when seismic hazard is assessed at the urban level, it is very often not appropriately accounted for. In this paper, we present a first attempt at taking into account the influence of the shallow geological structure on the seismic hazard assessment for Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, using a proxy (Vs30) that has been estimated from in situ seismic noise array analyses, and considering response spectral ratios calculated by analyzing a series of earthquake recordings of a temporary seismic network. To highlight the spatial variability of the observed ground motion, the obtained results are compared with those estimated assuming a homogeneous Vs30 value over the whole urban area. The seismic hazard is evaluated in terms of peak ground acceleration (PGA) and spectral acceleration (SA) at different periods (frequencies). The presented results consider the values obtained for a 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years. The largest SA estimated considering a rock site classification of the area (0.43 g) is observed for a period of 0.1 s (10 Hz), while the maximum PGA reaches 0.21 g. When site effects are included through the Vs30 proxy in the seismic hazard calculation, the largest SA, 0.67 g, is obtained for a period of 0.3 s (about 3.3 Hz). In terms of PGA, in this case the largest estimated value reaches 0.31 g in the northern part of the town. When the variability of ground motion is accounted for through response spectrum ratios, the largest SA reaches a value as high as 1.39 g at a period of 0.5 s. In general, considering site effects in the seismic hazard assessment of Bishkek leads to an increase of seismic hazard in the north of the city, which is thus identified as the most hazardous part within the study area and which is more far away from the faults.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • An overview on the seismic microzonation and site effect studies in
           Central Asia
    • Authors: Marco Pilz, Tanatkan Abakanov, Kanatbek Abdrakhmatov, Dino Bindi, Tobias Boxberger, Bolot Moldobekov, Sagynbek Orunbaev, Natalya Silacheva, Shahid Ullah, Sheyshenaly Usupaev, Pulat Yasunov, Stefano Parolai
      Abstract: During the past centuries, many cities in Central Asia have suffered significant damages caused by earthquakes. A crucial step towards preparedness for future events, the definition of the optimal engineering designs for civil structures and the mitigation of earthquake risks involves the accomplishment of site response studies. To accurately identify local variations of the site response at different locations within the cities, earthquakes recorded by seismic networks as well as measurements of the seismic noise can be used for estimating the resonance frequencies and for evaluating the expected level of ground motion at each site. Additionally, the measurements can help identifying site specific features like more-dimensional resonances and directional effects. This information can be complemented with array measurements of ambient seismic noise in order to estimate local shear-wave velocity profiles, an essential parameter for evaluating the dynamic properties of soil, and to characterize the corresponding sediment layers at each site. The present study gives an overview on the progressive development of the seismic zonation studies in the frame of EMCA carried out in several cities in Central Asia.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • Probabilistic seismic hazard assessment for Central Asia
    • Authors: Shahid Ullah, Dino Bindi, Marco Pilz, Laurentiu Danciu, Graeme Weatherill, Elisa Zuccolo, Anatoly Ischuk, Natalya N. Mikhailova, Kanat Abdrakhmatov, Stefano Parolai
      Abstract: Central Asia is one of the seismically most active regions in the world. Its complex seismicity due to the collision of the Eurasian and Indian plates has resulted in some of the world’s largest intra-plate events over history. The region is dominated by reverse faulting over strike slip and normal faulting events. The GSHAP project (1999), aiming at a hazard assessment on a global scale, indicated that the region of Central Asia is characterized by peak ground accelerations for 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years as high as 9 m/s2. In this study, carried out within the framework of the EMCA project (Earthquake Model Central Asia), the area source model and different kernel approaches are used for a probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA) for Central Asia. The seismic hazard is assessed considering shallow (depth < 50 km) seismicity only and employs an updated (with respect to previous projects) earthquake catalog for the region. The seismic hazard is calculated in terms of macroseismic intensity (MSK-64), intended to be used for the seismic risk maps of the region. The hazard maps, shown in terms of 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years, are derived by using the OpenQuake software [Pagani et al. 2014], which is an open source software tool developed by the GEM (Global Earthquake Model) foundation. The maximum hazard observed in the region reaches an intensity of around 8 in southern Tien Shan for 475 years mean return period. The maximum hazard estimated for some of the cities in the region, Bishkek, Dushanbe, Tashkent and Almaty, is between 7 and 8 (7-8), 8.0, 7.0 and 8.0 macroseismic Intensity, respectively, for 475 years mean return period, using different approaches. The results of different methods for assessing the level of seismic hazard are compared and their underlying methodologies are discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • Central Asia earthquake catalogue from ancient time to 2009
    • Authors: Natalya N. Mikhailova, Aidyn S. Mukambayev, Irina L. Aristova, Galina Kulikova, Shahid Ullah, Marco Pilz, Dino Bindi
      Abstract: In this work, we present the seismic catalogue compiled for Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan) in the framework of the Earthquake Model Central Asia (EMCA) project. The catalogue from 2000 B.C. to 2009 A.D. is composed by 33,034 earthquakes in the MLH magnitude (magnitude by surface waves on horizontal components widely used in practice of the former USSR countries) range from 1.5 to 8.3. The catalogue includes both macroseimic and instrumental constrained data, with about 32,793 earthquake after 1900 A.D. The main sources and procedure used to compile the catalogues are discussed, and the comparison with the ISC-GEM catalogue presented. Magnitude of completeness analysis shows that the catalogue is complete down to magnitude 4 from 1959 and to magnitude 7 from 1873, whereas the obtained regional b value is 0.805.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
  • Preface
    • Authors: Stefano Parolai, Jochen Zschau, Ulugbek Begaliev
      Abstract: Central Asia is one of the regions of the world with the highest seismic hazard. A number of large events have occurred in this region between the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, when urbanization was still limited. However, the recent increase in population and, in particular, the expansion of urban areas after the collapse of the Soviet Union has greatly increased the seismic risk of Central Asian countries. Within the framework of the Earthquake Model Central Asia (EMCA), the regional partnership of the Global Earthquake Model (GEM) for Central Asia, new Probabilistic Seismic Hazard models have been recently derived, along with site effects studies in several cities, and new models for exposure and vulnerability generated based on newly acquired data sets. This volume consist of 12 papers providing both an overview of the activities undertaken and a general description of the main results of the first phase of the EMCA initiative and of other projects that directly benefited from their cooperation with EMCA.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
      Issue No: Vol. 58 (2015)
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