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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1273 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (247 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (32 journals)
    - HOMOSEXUALITY (38 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (15 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (17 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (145 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (521 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (38 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (200 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (521 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6     

Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access  
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultura - Hombre - Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultura Científica     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access  
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 208)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription  
Educación y Territorio     Open Access  
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EMPIRIA. Revista de Metodología de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enfoques     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EspacesTemps.net     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios del Desarrollo Social : Cuba y América Latina     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access  
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access  
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Family Process     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Family Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Fijian Studies: A Journal of Contemporary Fiji     Full-text available via subscription  
FIVE : The Claremont Colleges Journal of Undergraduate Academic Writing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flaubert     Open Access  
Formation emploi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FORO. Revista de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fourth World Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Future Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Genocide Studies and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Genocide Studies International     Hybrid Journal  
Géographie et cultures     Open Access  
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Graduate Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal  
Hallazgos     Open Access  
He Puna Korero: Journal of Maori and Pacific Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Headmark     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
História e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription  
Hydra : Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IAMURE International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iberoforum. Revista de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Iberoamericana     Open Access  
Iconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IdeAs. Idées d'Amérique     Open Access  
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
IDS Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Illness, Crisis, & Loss     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Immigrants & Minorities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Impact     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
InPsych : The Bulletin of the Australian Psychological Society Ltd     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
INTERAÇÕES - Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  

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Journal Cover International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero [32 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 0144-333X
     Published by Emerald Homepage  [308 journals]
  • The perversity of business case approaches to CSR: nuancing and extending
           the critique of Nijhof & Jeurissen
    • Authors: Lars Moratis et al
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 9/10, August 2014. Purpose The purpose of this article is to provide a reaction to the article of Nijhof & Jeurissen in IJSSP on limitations of business case approaches to CSR by nuancing some of their critique as well as extending it by addressing a more fundamental flaw in such approaches. In addition, the article aims to also provide a case of a company that integrates various approaches to CSR into its business model that goes beyond the CSR business case. Design/methodology/approach The article both has a conceptual approach through drawing on critical studies and theoretical arguments on CSR as well as an empirical approach through examining the integrative sustainability business model developed by the company Patagonia, a recognized and innovative CSR leader. Findings The article argues that the ‘cherry-picking argument’ by Nijhof & Jeurissen on the limitations of the business case approach to CSR does not reflect the idiosyncrasy of the CSR concept. Also, their glass ceiling metaphor may not be well-chosen. Second, stage models of CSR maturity that detach ethics from CSR development should be revised to include these, also from a credibility perspective. Third, the theory of the firm perspective on CSR may be adjusted to capture the reality of new market relations that companies pioneering with sustainability business models are developing. Originality/value The article formulates a new critique on business case approaches to CSR, adding to the stream of critical studies on CSR and provides an example of a company that pioneers an integrative approach to CSR.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Aug 2014 16:09:06 GMT
       
  • It's better than stealing: informal street selling in Brussels
    • Authors: Dominique Boels et al
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 9/10, August 2014. Purpose To gain insight into the organisation of informal street selling in the capital of Belgium, its association with formal and illegal selling and the perceptions, choices and decisions of the sellers. Design/methodology/approach a qualitative approach (case study) was employed, including interviews, observations and document analyses. Findings Our results point to different types of informal street selling, which are mainly executed by (illegal) migrants as a survival strategy. The case illustrates the different interrelations between the formal, informal and criminal economy. Notwithstanding the precarious situation of many informal sellers, (informal) street selling is preserved by the government as a social safety net. Moreover, informal selling is neutralised by the suggestion that it is a better alternative than stealing or committing crimes which inflict physical harm and feelings of insecurity. Research limitations/implications Our results have limited generalisability, but are theoretically and methodologically important. Practical implications Implications for migration policy (e.g. more preventative actions in countries of origin, shorter procedures, development of migration regulations accounting for other policy domains, e.g. employment market). Originality/value The study fills a gap in the literature as there is limited empirical research on informal economy and Belgian informal street selling. Results are discussed in relation to international literature, thus overcoming a purely national perspective.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:23:57 GMT
       
  • A representative workforce: the BME police recruitment target and the
           politics of enumeration and categorisation
    • Authors: Karim Murji et al
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 9/10, August 2014. Purpose To examine the inter-relationship between target setting, racial categories and racism via the case of a race employment target set for the police. Drawing on and extending public administration and governmentality perspectives, the work explores the shifting politics of enumeration and categorisation within a set of organisational manoeuvres. Design/methodology/approach The data is qualitative and mainly based on interviews with senior figures involved in managing the organisational response to the target, as well as some documentary sources. Findings The discussion reveals that both racial enumeration and categorisation are contested rather than fixed, but that debates about it ebb and flow in variable and uneven ways. They are the subject of manoeuvring around the number itself and of what counts as race. This indicates the complexity of governing race targets, which appear set but are made fluid in various ways. Research limitations/implications The research is based on interviews with senior and prominent figures involved in governance who spoke ‘off the record’, as described in the article. These conversations are not in the public domain and the justification for using them is that they reveal the thinking behind the public debate about the BME target, as well as a process of negotiation and manoeuvring. Originality/value The BME target has been the subject of considerable media and political attention, plus some academic research. The article presents a new and unique account of the target as it was implemented. It is of value to researchers interested in racism and policing interested in the organisational background that shaped the public debates about the target.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:23:56 GMT
       
  • The (non)politicisation of age discrimination in Finland and Sweden
    • Authors: Mikael Nygård et al
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 9/10, August 2014. Purpose The article aims at examining the politicisation of age discrimination in relation to the enactment of anti-discrimination legislation in Finland and Sweden in the early-2000s. By showing how politicians constructed the meaning of age discrimination, it seeks to highlight the drivers of country variation in terms of the implementation of directives from the European Union. Design/methodology/approach The article uses a comparative design based on content analyses of parliamentary documents. Theoretically, it uses discursive institutionalism as a starting point but it also builds on previous research/theories on age discrimination. Findings The findings show that although age was seen as a ground for discrimination in both countries, there was surprisingly little debate about discrimination as societal problem. There was however considerable differences between the countries suggesting that age discrimination was a much more heated subject in Sweden. Research limitations/implications Although the analysis focuses on a small part of the policy-making process it highlights drivers (such as political culture) that may cause variation in the ways age discrimination is politicised, even within similar welfare state regimes. It also suggests that more research is needed to fully understand such drivers. Originality/value By analysing the ways in which age discrimination was constructed as a problem within national policy-making frameworks, the article presents valuable insights as to the sources of country variation in relation to the implementation of EU directives
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:23:55 GMT
       
  • Standard of living, consumption norms, and perceived necessities
    • Authors: Riikka Aro et al
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 9/10, August 2014. Purpose This article focuses on the material conditions of peoples’ daily lives by investigating changes in the self-perceived necessities of ten technology- and leisure- related consumer goods and services between 1999 and 2009. We also look at the socio-demographic predictors of the perceptions and the development of the ownership of the goods under investigation. Design/methodology/approach The data is derived from surveys “Finland - Consumption and way of life” 1999(N=2,417), 2004(N=3,574), and 2009(N=1,202). The statistical analysis methods include ANOVA and descriptive statistics. Also official statistics are used. Findings Many technological goods, in particular, have become necessities for most people, and the ownership rates have increased notably. Age, type of household, place of residence and gender affected the necessity of most items. Income affected the necessity of expensive goods and services. Practical implications The ways goods become social decencies does not always follow economic rationalities or are explained by conventional socio-economic determinants. The meaning of life course stage and related daily practices are probably more important than is usually recognized in social studies. Particularly many ICT goods become socially perceived necessities soon after their emergence, which changes the perceptions of adequate living standards, affecting thus the definition of “basic needs” and related social policy. Originality/value The perceptions of necessities and other measures of living standards have been mainly looked at from the viewpoint of poverty and income. This study explains the perceived necessity of goods and services by several socio-demographic variables.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:23:55 GMT
       
  • The protestant ethic and the spirit of democracy: what is the democratic
           effect of Calvinism'
    • Authors: Milan Zafirovski et al
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 9/10, August 2014. Purpose The paper considers whether and how Calvinism as a specific type of religion, ideology, and social system impacts political democracy in modern society. In contrast to the previous sociological and related literature assuming only a positive or negative linear effect, the paper proposes that Calvinism exerts mixed positive-negative and non-linear effects on democracy. The paper aims at making a contribution to the sociological theory and research on Calvinism and democracy and modern society in general. Design/methodology/approach A combination of comparative and historical sociological methodology. Findings The main proposition and finding is that whether Calvinism is likely to have a positive or negative impact on democracy is the function of its specific position within social structure and its concrete phase of development. Thus, different positions of Calvinism in social structure are linked to its differential consequences in aggregate for democracy, and various stages of its development to time-variable non-linear effects in sequence. Originality/value This is a relatively novel finding innovating and expanding on the literature’s assumption that Calvinism has a structurally uniform, either positive or negative, and linear, time-constant effect on democracy.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:23:54 GMT
       
  • Gender, education and labour market: evidence from Mauritius
    • Authors: Deepa Gokulsing et al
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 9/10, August 2014. Purpose The paper analyses the role of women in the small island economy by focussing on the education sector and labour market access. First, we analyse the educational path of women in Mauritius and second we examine the labour market opportunities available to them. We link the two sectors by adopting a gender perspective. Third, we investigate whether the same opportunities are made available to both men and women and whether or not there exist a gender gap in economic participation in the country. Design/methodology/approach We used data from the World Bank Development Indicators (2012) for a comparative analysis of the gender situation in Mauritius relative to other African countries. Gender statistics were also made available from the statistical office: Statistics, Mauritius. The Global Gender Gap Report (2012) and the SADC Gender Protocol Barometer 2012 were used as secondary data. Findings Our analysis reveals that though girls’ outperform boys at all education levels, starting from primary, secondary and tertiary level, their access to job opportunities are reduced. Female unemployment rate is higher than that of male unemployment and even for those women who manage to enter the labour market, they remain in the low occupation jobs. This puzzling relationship between good educational performance and female unemployment or low occupation may first be explained by the wrong choice of subjects at secondary and tertiary levels. Mauritian women are more likely to obtain a degree in education and humanities which are the traditional areas rather than moving to the non-traditional spheres of science and engineering. Hence, not only is it difficult for them to penetrate the labour market which is already saturated in these traditional disciplines but jobs in these fields may not be in the high wage range. Consequently, these subject choices have repercussions for the occupations they choose and the wages they earn. Significant and persistent gaps remain in the fields of study that women and men choose as part of their formal education. These gaps translate henceforth into gender differences in employment and ultimately into differences in productivity and earnings. Originality/value No study has focussed on the puzzling link between good education performance of girls and their inability to access the labour market in Mauritius.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:23:54 GMT
       
  • Domiciliary care and migrant domestic workers: grasping the new
           institutional landscape
    • Authors: Manuel Abrantes et al
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 9/10, August 2014. Purpose This article addresses the nexus of domiciliary care demand and vulnerable migrant women recruited as domestic workers, focusing on the role of two types of organizations operating at the meso-level: commercial companies and nongovernmental organizations. The purpose is to identify the ways in which these organizations seek to change the dynamics of paid domestic work and explore how they attempt to shape the voice of domestic workers and their employers. Design/methodology/approach An actor-based approach is applied to the metropolitan area of Lisbon, a relevant setting for empirical research given local developments in the realms of care, employment, migration, and public policy. Qualitative case study techniques of data collection and analysis are adopted. The analysis is based on institutional records and open-ended interviews with managers of commercial companies and activists of nongovernmental organizations. Background contributions are drawn from interviews with domestic workers, private employers, and privileged informants. Findings Data from fieldwork demonstrate that the organizations under examination offer a significant and innovative contribution to raise and shape the voice of both paid domestic workers and their employers. More than introducing a radical perspective on the nature or content of domestic work, these organizations are engaged in stimulating a more efficient and sustainable organization of paid care in private households. Research limitations/implications Given the novelty of the approach, the present analytical endeavour is chiefly exploratory and much of the regulatory interactions and behavioural patterns remains in the penumbra. Suggestions for future research include a more systematic and detailed scrutiny of the role of organizations, as well as the incoporation of other institutional actors such as state bodies and charitable organizations active in this field. Originality/value The original emphasis on a meso-level of analysis and the choice of empirical qualitative examination – against a normative landscape of public regulation at the top and individualized actors down below – furthers our understanding of the topic and paves the way to promising developments in both scholarly research and policy debate.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Aug 2014 08:23:54 GMT
       
  • A quantitative and qualitative analysis of social dominance orientation
           and race-related comments
    • Authors: Aneika L. Simmons et al
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 7/8, Page 531-544, July 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine how social dominance orientation (SDO) might influence perceptions of bias when the race of the offender and the target of the biased comment is either white or black. Design/methodology/approach – This investigation was conducted in a laboratory with undergraduate students. Findings – In a study utilizing American student participants, the authors found that when an individual is high in SDO they are more likely to perceive racism/stereotyping when a low-status group member (i.e. African-American) makes a racially biased comment about high-status group members (i.e. Caucasian). Originality/value – The authors determined the influence of SDO on the perception of racial comments regarding African-Americans and Caucasians. These findings are also unique in that the authors manipulate the authority (i.e. status) of the offender and target.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Aug 2014 08:24:00 GMT
       
  • Assessing natural disaster survivor evacuation attitudes to inform social
           policy
    • Authors: Kenneth David Strang
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 7/8, Page 485-510, July 2014. Purpose – The literature was reviewed to locate the most relevant social-psychology theories, factors, and instruments in order to measure New York State resident attitudes and social norms (SNs) concerning their intent to evacuate Hurricane Irene in the summer of 2011. The purpose of this paper is to develop a model which could be generalized to improve social policy determination for natural disaster preparation. Design/methodology/approach – A post-positivist ideology was employed, quantitative data were collected from an online survey (nominal, binary, interval, and ratio), and inferential statistical techniques were applied to test theory-deductive hypotheses (Strang, 2013b). Since the questions for each hypothesized factor were customized using a pilot for this study, exploratory factor analysis were conducted to ensure the item validity and reliabilities were compared to a priori benchmarks (Gill et al., 2010). Correlation analysis along with logistic and multiple regression were applied to test the hypothesis at the 95 percent confidence level. Findings – A statistically significant model was developed using correlation, stepwise regression, ordinary least squares regression, and logistic regression. Only two composite factors were needed to capture 55.4 percent of the variance for behavioral intent (BI) to evacuate. The model predicted 43.9 percent of the evacuation decisions, with 13.3 percent undecided, leaving 42.8 incorrectly classified), using logistic regression (n=401 surveyed participants). Research limitations/implications – Municipal planners can use this information by creating surveys and collecting BI indicators from citizens, during risk planning, in advance of a natural disaster. The concepts could also apply to man-made disasters. Planners can use the results from these surveys to predict the overall likelihood that residents with home equity (e.g. home owners) intend to leave when given a public evacuation order. Practical implications – Once municipal planners know the indicators for personal attitudes (PAs) (in particular) and SNs, they could sort these by region, to identify areas where the PAs were too low. Then additional evacuation preparation efforts can be focussed on those regions. According to these findings, the emphasis must be focussed on a PA basis, describing the extreme negative impacts of previous disasters, rather than using credible spokespersons, to persuade individuals to leave. Originality/value – A new model was created with a “near miss disaster” severity factor as an extension to the theory of reasoned action.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Aug 2014 08:23:30 GMT
       
  • Low-status work repercussions on Egyptians’ collective organisation
    • Authors: Theodoros Fouskas
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 7/8, Page 418-437, July 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on the repercussions of work and employment in low-status jobs upon the collective organisation and representation of Egyptian immigrant workers. Design/methodology/approach – Focusing on results from 117 in-depth interviews, the qualitative research (2010-2013) and analysis examines the case of Egyptians in Athens, Greece and on how the frame of their work and their employment affects participation in the immigrant work association Union of Egyptian Workers in Greece/EL-RAPTA and in Greek trade unions as well. Findings – Evidence from in-depth interviews proves that Egyptians are supported by friendly and relative relations in search for solidarity; they develop individualistic behaviours and find alternative solutions for survival and protection. Practical implications – Through the research, what is analysed is how immigration has affected social welfare and collective forms of representation but also how the immigrants themselves view and act within the collective frameworks. The results are of great concern to immigration policymakers to facilitate integration, combat undeclared work and identify weaknesses in worker rights and organisations. Originality/value – The research, the first in Greece specifically for Egyptians immigrant workers and their work association, contributes to the broader body of sociological literature on the study of labour migration and immigrant voluntary associations and it is original as it is based on primary research on the experiences of Egyptian immigrants.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Aug 2014 08:22:57 GMT
       
  • Active entrepreneurs and blue-collar workers. Cultural understandings
           mirrored in European youth unemployment policies
    • Authors: Bettina Grimmer et al
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 7/8, Page 559-576, July 2014. Purpose – With a particular focus on cultural understandings and the concepts behind welfare policies, the purpose of this paper is to analyse commonalities and dissimilarities in the patterns of social policy, and more precisely youth unemployment policies, in Sweden and Germany. Design/methodology/approach – A document analysis of Swedish and German youth unemployment policies was conducted with regard to how the two welfare regimes’ policies define the underlying problem, the instruments through which this problem is tackled, and the aim of youth activation policies. Findings – The findings show congruency concerning the definitions of the problem of youth unemployment, in which the unemployed are regarded as lacking in discipline, as well as in the policies through which the problem is tackled: through conditionality and pastoral power as policy tools. The solution of the problem on the other hand, found in the notion of the ideal worker to be produced, diverges between active entrepreneurs in one country, and blue-collar workers in the other. The authors conclude that the introduction of supranational policy concepts is not a matter of mere implementation, and that concepts like activation are reinterpreted according to differing cultural ideologies and accommodated into the context of particular welfare states. Originality/value – This paper provides an innovative framework for the understanding of the influence of cultural understandings on policy making, but also on challenges facing activation governance on the one hand and European Union policy initiatives and transnational policy diffusion on the other.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Aug 2014 08:22:41 GMT
       
  • The choice of the necessary: class, tastes and lifestyles
    • Authors: Christopher Deeming
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 7/8, Page 438-454, July 2014. Purpose – Our attitudes, values and tastes are shaped by our position in social space. At least, that was the argument Pierre Bourdieu set out in his seminal work, La Distinction. The purpose of this paper is to consider Bourdieu's theory of cultural reproduction and his argument that working-class families exhibit cultural attitudes and tastes for social necessity. Design/methodology/approach – Attitudinal data relating to social necessity are taken from a national social survey of the British population. The results provide a rich source of data for exploring classed attitudes towards necessity in contemporary Britain. Findings – Bourdieu's original claims for working-class “choice of the necessary” and working-class “taste for necessity” are based on his observations grounded in social survey evidence drawn from 1960s French society. Analysis of contemporary British social survey and attitudinal data also reveals sharp contours and differences in attitudes and tastes according to class fractions. These are evident in classed tastes and preferences for food, clothes, the home and social life. Social implications – Within the Bourdieusian theoretical framework, we understand that the tastes of necessity are preferences that arise as adaptations to deprivation of necessary goods and services. La Distinction and Bourdieu's approach to unmasking inequalities and structures in social space continue to be relevant in contemporary Britain. More generally, study findings add to the growing evidence that casts some doubt on current arguments concerning “individualisation”, claiming that social class has ceased to be significant in modern societies. Originality/value – This paper sheds fresh light on the empirical validity and continuing theoretical relevance of Bourdieu's work examining the role of social necessity in shaping working-class culture. Bourdieu argues that the real principle of our preferences is taste and for working-class families, this is a virtue made of necessity.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Aug 2014 08:22:37 GMT
       
  • Factors underlying sex preference of domestic servants in Nigeria
    • Authors: Oludayo Tade et al
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 7/8, Page 511-530, July 2014. Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine factors underlying gender preference of domestic servants (DS). Children in domestic service constitute the most common form of urban child labour. Literature has shown that domestic service employment has a gender face with the girl-child more susceptible. This is the gap this research fills. Design/methodology/approach – The study employed both quantitative and qualitative strategies selecting respondents and analysing the study. The respondents were employers of DS and were mainly women. Qualitative data were generated from 15 employers reached through the snowball method. The stratified purposive sampling technique was used to identify private and public organisations in the selected localities where copies of a questionnaire were administered. Findings – The results showed that factors considered for employing DS are linked to traditional conception of household tasks. Consequently, girls (86.4 per cent) were preferred for performing domestic chores, providing emotional support for employers’ children and were viewed as receptive, “mouldable”, and hardworking to male (11.4 per cent). Not minding these functional roles they perform, some employers reported that female DS could “snatch” their husbands, influence their children negatively, and may be spiritually possessed and physically “unclean”. Male servants were considered foul, repulsive, and revolting to correction; besides, they sexually assault female children of employers; hence they were least demanded. Research limitations/implications – Because of the size of the sample which is small, the research results may lack generalisability. More expansive works are needed in this regard. Practical implications – The paper includes implications for policy initiative concerning the plight of working women and security of DS. Social implications – The paper reveals the social factors considered in recruiting DS and their implications on family relations. Originality/value – This paper fulfills the identified gap to study gender preference in domestic servitude.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Aug 2014 08:22:18 GMT
       
  • Developing sustainable urban transportation
    • Authors: Daniel Béland
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 7/8, Page 545-558, July 2014. Purpose – Shedding light on urban transportation and, more specifically, the contemporary development of “smart” bikesharing systems (i.e. short-term bicycle rental services), the purpose of this paper is to focus on Montreal's bikesharing experiment. Known as BIXI (a contraction of the words BIcycle and taXI) since its inception in 2009, this system has been exported to other cities around the world, making it especially relevant for the analysis of this innovative and sustainable form of urban mobility. Design/methodology/approach – By tracing the policy history of BIXI and the current political debate about its future while using a framework focusing on the role of ideas in public policy, the paper directly contributes to the literature on the growing role of bicycles in sustainable urban transportation. The qualitative analysis is based on a systematic review of government documents and BIXI-related articles published in the Montreal French- and English-language press. To complement this analysis and provide information about behind-the-lesson drawing processes leading to the creation of BIXI, six semi-structured interviews were conducted with officials in charge of bikesharing policy in Montreal, as well as in Boston and London, England, two cities that have adopted (and adapted) the BIXI model. Findings – This analysis stresses the role of lesson drawing and framing processes in the development of Montreal's bikesharing system. While it is clear that the technological and policy developments of BIXI illustrate systematic and positive lesson drawing, on the framing and public relations side, the Montreal experiment suggests it is politically risky to boost public expectations about the potential costs of bikesharing systems for taxpayers. In addition to their innovative and sustainable contributions to urban transportation and pro-bike strategies, bikesharing systems are public investments that are not necessary free of costs for taxpayers. Framing these systems as public investments rather than a “free ride” for taxpayers would be a more accurate, and potentially effective, way to promote their development in the context of the current push for sustainable transportation policy in cities around the world. Originality/value – What this paper offers is a sociological perspective on an emerging and important policy issue, through an original combination of lesson drawing and framing perspectives on policy development. Montreal's BIXI is one of the most discussed (and exported) bikesharing systems around the world, and this is the first detailed policy analysis devoted to its genesis and politics.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Aug 2014 08:22:13 GMT
       
  • Establishing the connection between demographic and economic factors, and
           gender status in the Middle East
    • Authors: Elhum Haghighat
      Abstract: International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Volume 34, Issue 7/8, Page 455-484, July 2014. Purpose – Multiple dimensions influencing women's status in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region – factoring in socio-demographic, economic, and political forces are discussed in this paper. Process of modernization has been complicated by a strong patriarchal culture, the overlap of religion and government, and the absence of a diversified economy along with presence of wealth producing oil resources. Religious ideology, cultural beliefs, and traditional principles, however, cannot be argued as the only reason for women's status lagging behind in these countries. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach – Six diverse MENA countries – Iran, Libya, Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen – that differ from one another with respect to geography, economy, demographics, modernization characteristics and cultural history are examined for comparative reasons. Findings – Even though Islam is commonly portrayed as the main factor controlling women's lives and opportunities in MENA, the analysis shows that there are other significant processes at work. To date, women's higher level of educational attainment and unusually swift fertility decline in the MENA region deviates from the expectation that predicts a strong positive correlation between these demographic factors and increased women's social status and higher social mobility. Originality/value – This conceptual paper demystifies the connection between women's social status and empowerment in the MENA region and its connection to economic development, employment opportunities, and political stability.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Aug 2014 08:22:01 GMT
       
 
 
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