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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1313 journals)
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SOCIAL SCIENCES (654 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access  
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access  
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 135)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
África     Open Access  
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno CRH     Open Access  
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access  
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access  
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access  
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Family Process     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Family Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Fijian Studies: A Journal of Contemporary Fiji     Full-text available via subscription  
FIVE : The Claremont Colleges Journal of Undergraduate Academic Writing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover European Journal of Social Psychology
  [SJR: 1.625]   [H-I: 78]   [30 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0046-2772 - ISSN (Online) 1099-0992
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1589 journals]
  • Iridium Catalysed Cascade Synthesis of Oxindoles using Diazo Compound: A
           Quick Entry to the C7-Functionalized Oxindoles
    • Authors: Ujjwal Karmakar; Debapratim Das, Rajarshi Samanta
      Abstract: A cascade iridium catalyzed oxindole synthesis was achieved successfully using pyridyl-protected anilines and bis (2,2,2-trifluoroethyl) 2-diazomalonate. The developed protocol is simple, scalable and distinguished by a brilliant scope with excellent regioselectivity profile. The pyridyl directing group can easily be removed. The method was further extended to afford C7 functionalized oxindole derivatives in straightforward manner. The role of bis(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl) 2-diazomalonate for oxindole preparation has been explored.
      PubDate: 2017-03-30T11:20:26.173493-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700214
  • Structural Insights into the Hydrogen-Bonding and Folding Pattern in
           Ant-Ant-Pro-Gly Tetrapeptides
    • Authors: Sachin B Baravkar; Amol S Kotmale, Samir R Shaikh, Rajesh G Gonnade, Gangadhar J. Sanjayan
      Abstract: In this paper, we provide structural insights into the hydrogen-bonding and folding pattern in Ant-Ant-Pro-Gly tetrapeptides (Ant: anthranilic acid; Pro: proline; and Gly: glycine). Comparison of the C-terminal ester and their amide analogs revealed strikingly different H-bonding networks. Whereas the ester analogs displayed an open structure without having terminal H-bonding interactions, the amide analogs showed completely folded structure. Structural details were obtained using a combination of X-ray crystal structure studies and nOe-based MD simulation studies.
      PubDate: 2017-03-30T06:20:40.988137-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700181
  • Dibenzo-azacyclooctyne as Reactive Chain Stopper for [2]Rotaxanes
    • Authors: Zhanyao Hou; Bahar Yeniad, Joachim Van Guyse, Patrice Woisel, Kathleen Mullen, Floris Rutjes, Jan Van Hest, Richard Hoogenboom
      Abstract: A strained dibenzo-azacyclooctyne (DIBAC) derivative was introduced for the preparation of a rotaxane via strain promoted azide-alkyne cycloaddition (SPAAC), also referred to as copper free click reaction. It is demonstrated that the DIBAC can efficiently act as bulky reactive chain-stopper to transform a pseudo-rotaxane architecture consisting of a diazo-functionalized dialkoxynaphthalene guest and tetracationic cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (CBPQT4+) as host into the corresponding [2]rotaxane. Furthermore, the use of the DIBAC is demonstrated to be limited to short rigid macrocycles as it is unable to act as stopper for a rotaxane featuring a larger crown ether macrocyclic host.
      PubDate: 2017-03-29T14:25:22.282256-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700305
  • Cobalt-catalyzed ortho-methylation of ODG substituted ferrocenes:
           Catalytic directed C-H bond activation of ferrocene derivatives bearing
           ortho-directing groups
    • Authors: David Schmiel; Holger Butenschön
      Abstract: Transition-metal-catalyzed C-H functionalization is an emerging powerful alternative to ortho-lithiation protocols. For ferrocene systems almost exclusively noble metal catalysts have so far been used. Herein we present the first examples of cobalt-catalyzed ortho-methylations by C-H activation at ferrocenes bearing various ortho-directing groups (ODGs). The cobalt-catalyzed ortho-methylation results in the formation of racemic 1,2-disubstituted ferrocenes in 21 to 89 % yield. In some cases symmetrical 2,5-dimethylated ferrocenes prevailed or even were the only isolated products.
      PubDate: 2017-03-29T05:30:34.730244-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700358
  • Cross-Conjugated π-Scaffolding with Pendant N-Heterocyclic Metal
    • Authors: Djawed Nauroozi; Clemens Bruhn, Rüdiger Faust
      Abstract: The synthesis of geminal enediyne scaffolds with pendant N-heterocyclic metal-coordination sites based on either dipyridylmethylidene and diazafluorenylidene are reported. Pd-catalysed cross-coupling reactions with the corresponding heterocyclic dibromoolefins and terminal alkynes provides a convenient acces to the new ligand systems. Their photophysical and electrochemical properties are investigated by UV/vis spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry and reveal a more efficient π-delocalisation in the cross-conjugated diazafluorenylidene systems. Coordination of a PdCl2-fragment to each of the different types of ligand of each ligand along with a comprehensive X-ray crystallographic analysis of ligands and complexes is reported. The structural data confirm the almost coplanar arrangement of the N-heterocyclic metal binding site and the cross-conjugated π-delocalized enediyne scaffold as a prerequisite for efficient electronic communication between the two molecular constituents.
      PubDate: 2017-03-28T05:26:11.744754-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700294
  • Cinchona Alkaloid Derived Primary Amine Catalyzed Intramolecular
           Desymmetrizing Aldolization of Diacetonyl Oxindoles
    • Authors: Xing-Wang Wang; Bing-Bing Sun, Ya-Fei Zhang, Jun-Qi Zhang, Shao-Jie Yin, Wei-Tai Fan, Hai-Yan Li
      Abstract: By the use of 3,3'-diacetonyl modified oxindole derivatives as substrates, an asymmetric intramolecular desymmetrizing aldolization reaction had been developed under catalysis of a cinchona alkaloid-quinine derived primary amine in combination with organic Brønsted acids. All reactions carried out smoothly and afforded thecorresponding spiro[cyclohexenone-oxindole] derivatives in high yields with excellent enantioselectivities. Due to the amine salt catalyst exerting faster dehydration for the aldol products, no α-hydroxyl ketone products was generated for this transformation.
      PubDate: 2017-03-27T00:25:33.865066-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700155
  • Silver mediated synthesis of 4H-benzoxazin-4-ones by intramolecular
           decarboxylative O-acylation reactions with -oxocarboxylic acid
    • Authors: kuppusamy bharathimohan; thanasekaran ponpandian, Ahamed A Jafar
      Abstract: The first example of intramolecular decarboxylative acylation reaction with α-oxocarboxylic acid has been described. This method offers a mild and rapid synthesis of 4H-benzoxazin-4-ones derivatives in high yields with silver salt.
      PubDate: 2017-03-26T21:25:25.389654-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700176
  • Synthesis of a Chiral Borate Counteranion, its Trityl Salt, and
           Application Thereof in Lewis-Acid Catalysis
    • Authors: Phillip Pommerening; Jens Mohr, Jonas Friebel, Martin Oestreich
      Abstract: The preparation of a chiral derivative of [B(C6F5)4]- where the fluorine atom in the para position of each of the C6F5 groups is replaced by a 1,1'-binaphthalen-2-yl group is described. The new counteranion is isolated as its lithium, sodium, and trityl salt. The chiral trityl salt is then used as a catalyst in selected counteranion-directed Diels-Alder reactions and a Mukaiyama aldol addition but no asymmetric induction is achieved. Application of the chiral trityl salt to the generation of silicon cations by silicon-to-carbon hydride transfer from hydrosilanes failed, presumably as a result of the incompatibility of the relatively electron-rich naphthyl groups in the borate and cationic silicon electrophiles.
      PubDate: 2017-03-24T13:05:24.157691-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700239
  • Corrigendum: Reflective minds and open hearts: Cognitive style and
           personality predict religiosity and spiritual thinking in a community
    • PubDate: 2017-03-23T00:55:24.59379-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2271
  • SSelective Late-Stage Hydrodefluorination of Trifluoromethylarenes: A
           Facile Access to Difluoromethylarenes
    • Authors: Surya G. Prakash; Chuanfa Ni, Socrates B Munoz, Zhe Zhang, Fang Wang, Nan Shao, Thomas Mathew, George A Olah
      Abstract: A selective hydrodefluorination reaction of trifluoromethyl aromatics was achieved. Mediated by magnesium metal, various difluoromethylated aromatics were prepared at room temperature in the presence of acetic acid. Late-stage hydrodefluorination of complex pharmaceutical compounds was established.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22T14:20:24.69503-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700396
  • Synthesis and characterization of hairpin mimics that modulate amyloid
           beta-peptide early oligomerization and fibrillization
    • Authors: Umberto Piarulli; Leila Vahdati, Julia Kaffy, Dimitri Brinet, Guillaume Bernadat, Isabelle Correia, Silvia Panzeri, Roberto Fanelli, Olivier Lequin, Miriam Taverna, Sandrine Ongeri
      Abstract: Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder linked to oligomerization and fibrillization of different amyloid beta peptide isoforms. Among these amyloid peptides, A-beta 1-42 is considered as the most aggregative and neurotoxic species. We report herein the synthesis of four beta-sheet mimics composed of a peptidomimetic arm based on a 5-amino-2-methoxy benzhydrazide derivative, a 2,5-diketopiperazine scaffold (either cis-DKP or trans-DKP) and a tetrapeptide sequence (either Gly-Val-Val-Ile, GVVI, or Lys-Leu-Val-Phe, KLVF). The derivatives containing the cis-DKP were shown by NMR and computational studies to adopt a stable beta-hairpin conformation in solution, whereas the trans-DKP scaffold promoted the formation of extended structures. The activity of these compounds in modulating the aggregation of A-beta 1-42 peptide was investigated by Thioflavin T fluorescence assay to measure the kinetics of aggregation. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were then used to monitor the formation of small soluble A-beta oligomers and higher molecular weight and insoluble A-beta aggregates, respectively. As a result, small hairpin mimics containing the cis-DKP scaffold are able to prevent the formation of small A-beta1-42 oligomeric and neurotoxic species.
      PubDate: 2017-03-21T12:20:49.663131-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700010
  • Unified Approach for Fused and Spirocyclic Oxindoles via Lewis Acid
           Promoted Opening of Spiro-epoxyoxindoles with Allylsilanes: Application to
           Formal Synthesis of ()-Physovenine
    • Authors: Pradeep Kumar; Brijesh M Sharma, Mahesh Yadav, Rajesh Gonnade
      Abstract: Abstract: A protocol for the construction of oxindoles bearing all-carbon quaternary centers in a highly regioselective manner has been developed. The reaction involves opening of spiro-epoxyoxindoles with allylsilanes to give Hosomi-Sakurai type products as well as novel silicon containing spirocyclic oxindoles. A formal synthesis of () physovenine is accomplished in short steps using this protocol.
      PubDate: 2017-03-21T03:20:37.388079-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700259
  • Base-Mediated Domino Reaction of ortho-Carbonylated Alkynyl-Substituted
           Arylaldehydes with Indoles: Access to Indole-Functionalized Isobenzofurans
    • Authors: Rumeng Zhang; Hongbo Zhu, Xin Meng, Ziping Cao, Guang Chen, Laijin Tian, Xuejun Sun, Jinmao You
      Abstract: Base-mediated domino reaction of ortho-carbonylated alkynyl-substituted arylaldehydes with indoles has been developed, and a variety of indolyl-substituted isobenzofuran derivatives can be rapidly obtained in high yields. Notably, selective N-alkylation of indoles and 5-exo-dig cyclization of alkynes can be achieved efficiently for providing N-functionalized products. The present reaction features a domino procedure for the formation of two bonds under simple conditions and bearing broad substrate scope.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T23:26:06.066559-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700050
  • Recognition of Chiral Amines by a Terpyridine-Zn(II) Complex-Based
           Circular Dichroism Sensor
    • Authors: Lin Pu; Liming Chen, Shanshan Yu, Meng Xiao, Zeng Huang, Kaili Wen, Yimang Xu, Feng Zhao, Xiaoqi Yu
      Abstract: A terpyridine-based aldehyde is discovered to exhibit strong circular dichroism (CD) signals at wavelengths much greater than the absorptions of the chiral substrates when treated with chiral amines, amino alcohols and amino acids in the presence of Zn2+. This sensor system can be used to determine the enantiomeric composition of the chiral compounds by CD measurement.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T14:30:38.431278-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700066
  • Synthesis of Functionalized Quinolines from 4-(o-Nitroaryl)-substituted
           3-Acyl-4,5-dihydrofurans: Reductive Cyclization and C=C Double Bond
    • Authors: Sergey Zaytsev; Elena Villemson, Konstantin Ivanov, Ekaterina Budynina, Mikhail Melnikov
      Abstract: A new synthetic approach to functionalized quinolines was developed based on the application of Zn-AcOH system as a simple and efficient reductive agent towards 4-(o-nitroaryl)-3-acyl-substituted 4,5-dihydrofurans. Reduction of 3-carbonyl-substituted dihydrofurans is accomplished by C=C double bond cleavage in the dihydrofuran ring and 1,6-cyclization leading to 3,4-dihydroquinolines. The latter can be easily oxidized to quinolines or reduced to tetrahydroquinolines. For dihydrofuran-3-carboxylates, reduction proceeds with retention of the dihydrofuran ring and affords a tricyclic dihydrofuroquinoline core under harsher conditions. The proposed general reaction pattern was supported by results of DFT calculations. Moreover, a similar reductive system can be successfully applied in the conversion of dihydrofuran acyclic precursors, -(o-nitroaryl) α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds, into quinoline derivatives.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T09:21:04.09094-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700256
  • Phase-Transfer-Catalyzed Asymmetric Michael Addition of
           Iminomethylphosphonates to α, β-Unsaturated Ketones: Acess to
           α-Aminophosphonic Acids Derivatives
    • Authors: Jun-An Ma; Jin-Shan Li, Han-Feng Cui, Ke-Feng Zhang, Jing Nie
      Abstract: A phase-transfer catalytic asymmetric Michael addition of iminomethylphosphonates to α, β-unsaturated ketones is described. In the presence of 1 mol-% chiral dinuclear N-spiro-ammonium salts, the addition reaction proceeded smoothly to afford the adducts in up to 96% yield with 99/1 dr and 78% ee. One of the adducts could be readily converted into cyclic α-aminophosphonic acid derivative without any erosion of its enantiopurity.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T02:10:45.259449-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700249
  • Redox Center Modification of Lapachones Toward the Syntheses of
           Nitrogenated Heterocycles as Selective Fluorescent Mitochondrial Imaging
    • Authors: Fabíola dos Santos; Gleiston G. Dias, Rossimiriam P. de Freitas, Lucas S. Santos, Guilherme F. de Lima, Hélio A. Duarte, Carlos A. de Simone, Lidia Rezende, Monique J. X. Vianna, José R. Correa, Brenno A. D. Neto, Eufrânio Nunes da Silva Júnior
      Abstract: This work describes a synthetic strategy for the syntheses of new fluorescent imidazole and phenazine derivatives synthesized from lapachol, a naturally occurring naphthoquinone isolated from Tabebuia species (ipê tree). Photophysical properties and computational details of these compounds were studied aiming at a complete understanding of the potential of these derivatives as probes capable of staining mitochondria selectively. Cell imaging experiments proved the imidazole derivatives capacity as selective fluorescent mitochondrial imaging probes. These heterocycles presented the same staining patterns of MitoTracker red corroborating the potential of these compounds as new mitochondria markers permeable to the cell membrane
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T02:05:38.370319-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700227
  • Malonic Acid Derivatives on Duty as Electron-Withdrawing Units in
           Push-Pull Molecules
    • Authors: Milan Klikar; Veronika Jelínková, Zdeňka Růžičková, Tomáš Mikysek, Oldřich Pytela, Miroslav Ludwig, Filip Bures
      Abstract: Based on the 2 (N-piperidinyl)thiophene central donor, 32 model push-pull molecules with systematically varied malonic acid-derived peripheral acceptors have been prepared. Further property tuning has been achieved by modifying the π-linker and the structural arrangement (linear vs. quadrupolar D-π-A systems). Malonic acid derivatives such as cyanoacetic acid, malondinitrile, diethyl malonate, Meldrum´s acid, and N,N´-dibutyl(thio)barbituric acid as well as 1,3-diketo analogues dimedone and indan-1,3-dione were employed as acceptor moieties. Knoevenagel condensation with four thiophene aldehydes afforded target chromophores in satisfactory yields. Withdrawing abilities of malonic acid acceptors were examined both by experiment including X-ray analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, electrochemistry, and UV Vis absorption spectroscopy and by DFT calculations. Thorough structure-property relationships have been elucidated. According the increasing electron withdrawing ability, the widely used malonic acid acceptor units can be ordered as follows: diethyl malonate ≤ cyanoacetic acid ˂ malondinitrile ˂ Meldrum's acid ˂ dimedone ≤ N,N'-dibutylbarbituric acid ˂ indan-1,3-dione ≤ N,N' dibutylthiobarbituric acid.
      PubDate: 2017-03-16T07:40:56.8009-05:00
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700070
  • Multicomponent Reactions of Arylglyoxal, 4-Hydroxycoumarin, and Cyclic
           1,3-C,N-Binucleophiles: Binucleophile Directed Synthesis of Fused Five and
           Six Membered N-Heterocycles
    • Authors: Md.Lokman H. Choudhury; Richa Mishra, Anoop Kumar Panday, Jagannath Pal, Ranga Subramanian, Ajay Verma
      Abstract: Multicomponent reaction of arylglyoxal, 4-hydroxycoumarin and various cyclic 1,3-C,N-binucleophiles in acetic acid medium under microwave conditions provide fused five or six membered N-heterocycles depending on the ring size of the binucleophiles. 1,3-C,N-binucleophiles such as amino pyrazole/oxazole having five membered ring provided fused six membered dihydropyrdines or pyridine derivatives whereas amino uracil, cytosine and 4/3-amino coumarines having six membered ring provided corresponding five membered fused pyrroles. Using DFT calculation, mechanism of the ring size dependent multicomponent cyclization has also been explained. Cyclic 1,3- C,N-binucleophiles such as aminopyrazole, aminooxazole, aminocoumarin, aminouracil and cytosine have been explored in this MCR and corresponding fused pyrroles/dihydropyridine or pyridines were obtained in very good yields. The structures of fused molecules have been unambiguously confirmed by spectroscopic techniques as well as by Single crystal X-ray analysis.
      PubDate: 2017-03-16T05:40:49.977426-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700115
  • Ferrier-Nicholas cations from (C3)-alkynyl glycals: Access to C3-branched
           allylic glycosides and ring-opening derivatives
    • Authors: Silvia Miranda; Fernando Lobo, Ana M Gomez, J. Cristobal Lopez
      Abstract: Dicobalt hexacarbonyl (C3)-alkynyl-substituted glycal derivatives, when treated with BF3.OEt2 give rise to Nicholas-stabilized Ferrier cation intermediates (Ferrier-Nicholas cations) that react with alcohols or C-nucleophiles to give C3-branched 2,3-unsaturated glycosides or C-glycosides, respectively. α-C-Glycosides are the sole compounds obtained when allyltrimethylsilane was used as the nucleophile. On the contrary, the reaction of (C3)-alkynyl glycals with heteroaryl or alcohol nucleophiles led to anomeric mixtures in which the β-anomers prevailed. The presence of the C3-alkynyl-hexacarbonyl substituent seems to be of key importance in the stereoselectivity of these transformations, since the reaction of C3 alkynyl glycals -devoid of the hexacarbonyl moiety− displayed a preferred α-stereoselectivity. Furthermore, a bis-indolyl linear compound could be obtained in the reaction of a dicobalt hexacarbonyl (C3)-alkynyl glycal with two equivalents of indol.
      PubDate: 2017-03-15T14:35:55.833223-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700189
  • An Articulate Oxidative Transition Metal-Free Homocoupling of Imidazo
           Heterocycles via C(sp2)-C(sp2) Bond Formation
    • Authors: S M Abdul Shakoor; Sanjay Mandal, RAJEEV Sakhuja
      Abstract: Direct oxidative homocoupling of 2-arylimidazo heterocycles was successfully achieved by phenyliodine diacetate-mediated BF3.OEt2-accelerated protocol at room temperature. A series of biimidazo heterocycles were synthesized under ambient conditions without the prior activation of C(sp2)-H bond. The desired biimidazo heterocycles were also obtained using catalytic amounts of iodobenzene and m-CPBA/AcOH in an organocatalytic fashion.
      PubDate: 2017-03-13T23:20:26.602483-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700238
  • Copper-Catalyzed Multicomponent Reactions: Synthesis of Fused
    • Authors: Fernando Peringer; José Edmilson R Nascimento, Paola B Abib, Thiago Barcellos, Erik V Van der Eycken, Gelson Perin, Raquel G Jacob, Diego Alves
      Abstract: We describe herein our results on the synthesis of fused 1,2,3-triazolo-1,3,6-triazonines through a copper-catalyzed multicomponent reaction. The named products were obtained in moderate to excellent yields by the reaction of 2-azidobenzaldehydes, substituted diaminobenzenes and a range of terminal alkynes, using a catalytic amount of copper iodide, Et3N as base in DMSO at 100 °C. This methodology proved to be efficient for the combinatorial synthesis of new medium-sized N-heterocyclic rings with potential applications in biological studies.
      PubDate: 2017-03-13T10:20:24.561228-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700170
  • Molecular tweezers inhibit PARP-1 by a new Mechanism
    • Authors: Michael Kirsch; Peter Talbiersky, Utta Berchner-Pfannschmidt, Torsten Schaller, Frank-Gerrit Klaerner, Thomas Schrader
      Abstract: Inhibition of the key enzyme for DNA quality control, i.e. PARP-1, by synthetic molecular tweezers is demonstrated via a non-competitive mechanism with an IC50 value of 3 µM. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays and molecular docking experiments point to a simultaneous inclusion of lysine side chains in the tweezers cavity and one phosphate arm to the central Zn2+ ion of the zinc finger thereby displacing DNA.Abstract Text, 800-1000 characters.
      PubDate: 2017-03-13T09:22:49.073296-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201601596
  • Direct Regioselective Alkylation of Non-Basic Heterocycles with Alcohols
           and Cyclic Ethers through a Dehydrogenative Cross-coupling Reaction under
           Metal-Free Conditions
    • Authors: Ebrahim Kianmehr; Maryam Fardpour, Khalid Mohammed Khan
      Abstract: A metal-free, simple and highly efficient method for the direct alkylation of non-basic heterocycles as well as basic ones with various alcohols and cyclic ethers has been developed based on an oxidative C-H activation process. The corresponding products were generated through a dehydrogenative C-C cross-coupling reaction in the presence of di-tert-butyl peroxide in good to high yields.
      PubDate: 2017-03-10T12:37:42.404508-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700030
  • Towards sustainable amino acid-derived organocatalysts for asymmetric
           syn-aldol reactions
    • Authors: Vasiliy V. Gerasimchuk; Alexandr S. Kucherenko, Artem N. Fakhrutdinov, Michael G. Medvedev, Yulia V. Nelyubina, Sergei G. Zlotin
      Abstract: Undesirable side processes responsible for fast deactivation of primary amino acid-derived organocatalysts in asymmetric aldol reactions have been identified. Novel ionic liquid-supported (S)-valine / (S)-a,a-diphenylserinol-derived catalyst 9 designed basing on these results exhibited much better recyclability in asymmetric syn-aldol reaction between hydroxyacetone and aldehydes. Furthermore, this catalyst appeared useful for the stereoselective synthesis of the naturally occurring 1(3H)-isobenzofuran-1-one scaffold via the asymmetric syn-aldol / lactonization cascade reaction.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09T10:40:24.844673-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700166
  • Cu-catalyzed hydrophosphonylation of 2-(2-enynyl) pyridines: Easy access
           to indolizine containing diarylmethylphosphonates
    • Authors: Sriram Mahesh; Ramasamy Vijaya Anand
      Abstract: A competent method for the synthesis of indolizine based diarylmethylphosphonates is described. This protocol involves a metal catalyzed 5-endo-dig cyclization of 2-(2-enynyl)pyridine derivatives followed by a remote addition of diarylphosphites to provide indolizine-containing diarylmethylphosphonates in good yields.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09T10:35:56.019036-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201700146
  • Evaluation of a NIS-mediated Oxidative Cyclisation from Phenol-Containing
           N-Acyl Tryptamine Precursors Towards Phalarine: Synthesis of
    • Authors: Terry Tomakinian; Hussein Abou Hamdan, Natacha Denizot, Régis Guillot, Jean-Pierre Baltaze, Cyrille Kouklovsky, Guillaume Vincent
      PubDate: 2017-03-09T02:36:05.490347-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201601563
  • Self-image and schadenfreude: Pleasure at others' misfortune enhances
           satisfaction of basic human needs
    • Authors: Marco Brambilla; Paolo Riva
      Abstract: The present research tested whether observing the failure of another individual and experiencing schadenfreude (i.e., pleasure at others' misfortune) enhance the satisfaction of basic psychological needs in terms of self-esteem, control, belongingness, and meaningful existence. Considering hypothetical scenarios (Experiments 1 and 4), real-life experiences (Experiment 2), and ostensibly real interactions (Experiment 3), four experiments revealed that individuals reported higher levels of need satisfaction when another's setback occurred in a competitive circumstance rather than in a non-competitive circumstance. Moreover, the increased feeling of schadenfreude accounted for the effect of observing the misfortune befalling a competitor on the subsequent satisfaction of human needs. Results are discussed in terms of their theoretical implications for research on schadenfreude, and future research directions are outlined.
      PubDate: 2017-01-12T09:35:23.133963-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2229
  • Ostracism, resources, and the perception of human motion
    • Authors: Jamie L. Gorman; Kent D. Harber, Maggie Shiffrar, Karen S. Quigley
      Abstract: Is perception of human motion affected by psychosocial resources? According to the Resources and Perception Model, perception is jointly affected by subjective threat and psychosocial resources that buffer threat. Two experiments tested whether social threat (i.e., ostracism) and psychosocial resources affect perception of human motion. Observers attempted to identify human movement in ambiguous point-light displays after being ostracized or not ostracized. Additionally, trait resources (self-esteem plus social support) were measured (Studies 1 and 2), and self-affirmation was manipulated (Study 2). Study 1 showed that ostracism reduced sensitivity for detecting human motion but not among people with ample trait resources. Study 2 replicated this ostracism-by-trait resources interaction. It also showed that self-affirmation improved human motion perception for all included participants but only benefited ostracized participants with ample trait resources. These studies show that a basic visual skill—detecting human motion—is jointly affected by social threats and psychosocial resources.
      PubDate: 2017-01-12T09:30:29.594609-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2213
  • Value tradeoffs propel and inhibit behavior: Validating the 19 refined
           values in four countries
    • Authors: Shalom H. Schwartz; Jan Cieciuch, Michele Vecchione, Claudio Torres, Ozlem Dirilen-Gumus, Tania Butenko
      Abstract: We assess the predictive and discriminant validity of the basic values in the refined Schwartz value theory by examining how value tradeoffs predict behavior in Italy, Poland, Russia, and the USA. One thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven respondents reported their values and rated their own and a partner's behavior. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis supported the distinctiveness of the 19 values and the 19 self-rated and other-rated behaviors. Multidimensional scaling analyses supported the circular motivational order of the 19 values. Findings affirmed the theorizing that behavior depends upon tradeoffs between values that propel and values that inhibit it. Across four countries, value importance, behavior frequency, and gender failed to moderate the strength of value–behavior relations. This raises the question of the conditions under which the widely cited assumption that normative pressure weakens value–behavior relations holds.
      PubDate: 2017-01-11T02:00:31.608297-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2228
  • The moral contents of anti-atheist prejudice (and why atheists should care
           about it)
    • Authors: Ain Simpson; Kimberly Rios
      Abstract: Anti-atheist prejudice is pervasive worldwide. Past research indicates that this is driven by perceptions of atheist immorality, yet such perceptions have not been explored in detail. Using Moral Foundations Theory and samples of U.S. Christians, we investigated whether anti-atheist prejudice is explained by atheists' perceived adherence to certain foundational moral values more than others. Study 1 participants completed measures of moral value endorsements from the perspective of a typical atheist. Study 2 participants read that either atheists or people in general strongly endorse one of five moral foundations. Anti-atheist prejudice was consistently explained best by perceived atheist concern for values of caring/compassion rather than fairness/justice, loyalty, deferential respect, or purity/decency. Findings suggest that efforts to reduce anti-atheist prejudice should emphasize atheists' capacity for kindness and caring.
      PubDate: 2017-01-11T02:00:23.205871-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2219
  • Fit between decision mode and processing style predicts subjective value
           of chosen alternatives
    • Authors: Koen A. Dijkstra; Joop Pligt, Gerben A. Kleef
      Abstract: Intuition is associated with a global processing style, whereas deliberation is associated with a local processing style. Drawing on previous research on the effects of decisional fit on the subjective value attached to chosen alternatives, we examined the possibility that a fit between processing style and decision mode results in greater subjective value than a lack of fit. In three experiments employing various combinations of naturally occurring and experimentally manipulated processing styles and decision modes, we found that when congruence was high (i.e., global processing style and intuitive judgment, or local processing style and deliberative judgment) participants judged their chosen item to be more expensive than when congruence was low. These findings indicate that increased fit resulted in higher estimated value. We discuss implications for judgment and decision-making.
      PubDate: 2016-07-25T01:45:50.857501-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2217
  • Self-transcendence as a psychological parenthood motive: When mortality
           salience increases the desire for non-biological children
    • Authors: Annedore Hoppe; Immo Fritsche, Nicolas Koranyi
      Abstract: Reminders of existential threat increase people's desire for offspring. In line with terror management theory, we explain these effects by the motivation to transcend the self via offspring which complements biological accounts of reproduction motivation under threat. Accordingly, Study 1 shows that mortality salience increases self-transcendence motivation but not other parenthood motivations. Furthermore, mortality salience increased willingness to adopt children (Study 2) or a 14-year-old child (Study 3) only for those participants who were told that the personality of children is the product of nurture (and thus determined by their parent's self). In addition, mortality salience increased general willingness to adopt, irrespective of whether nurture or genetic influence was made salient in Study 3, where participants imagined being unable to have biological offspring. We discuss how these findings contribute to explaining increased reproduction intentions under existential threat and processes of terror management.
      PubDate: 2016-07-13T04:10:21.904005-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2218
  • Are economic conditions related to non-normative life satisfaction
           development? Evaluating the relative impact of economic conditions,
           personality, and subjective health
    • Authors: Heike Heidemeier
      Abstract: This study examined the relative contribution of psychological and socioeconomic resources to explaining qualitative individual differences in life satisfaction development. We used growth mixture modeling and a cohort-sequential design to investigate life satisfaction development from age 25 to 65, in a nationally representative panel (the SOEP). Eighty-three percent of the participants experienced stability in life satisfaction. In a subgroup of individuals (10%) life satisfaction declined. This subgroup lived under less favorable economic conditions, and reported downward moves on an index of socioeconomic status. In another subgroup (7%) life satisfaction was low at age 25, and increased up to age 65. This group was also socioeconomically disadvantaged, but scored higher on adaptive personality traits and experienced upward social mobility. Generally, personality traits explained level differences in life satisfaction better than economic conditions. However, economic conditions explained non-normative life satisfaction development better than generalized control beliefs and the Big Five traits.
      PubDate: 2016-07-11T10:05:28.453304-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2227
  • Janus-faced nature of colorblindness: Social dominance orientation
           moderates the relationship between colorblindness and outgroup attitudes
    • Authors: Kumar Yogeeswaran; Thomas Davies, Chris G. Sibley
      Abstract: Colorblindness is a popular diversity ideology promoted as a means to intergroup harmony in ethnically diverse nations. While some research suggests that colorblindness reduces intergroup bias, other work suggests that colorblindness may increase it. The present research utilizes a national sample of European New Zealanders to examine whether the relationship between colorblind endorsement and outgroup attitudes is moderated by perceivers' individual differences in social dominance orientation (SDO). Data revealed that for participants low in SDO, colorblind beliefs predicted more negative attitudes toward ethnic minorities. However, for those high in SDO, colorblind beliefs predicted more positive attitudes toward ethnic minorities. Taken together, these findings suggest that colorblindness is not all good or bad for intergroup relations—instead, its effects may depend on perceivers' own egalitarian sentiments.
      PubDate: 2016-07-11T09:50:25.119036-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2225
  • When being far away is good: Exploring how mortality salience, regulatory
           mode, and goal progress affect judgments of meaning in life
    • Authors: Matthew Vess; Ross Rogers, Clay Routledge, Joshua A. Hicks
      Abstract: Research indicates that death-relevant thoughts (mortality salience) have a nuanced effect on judgments of life's meaningfulness. Thoughts of death diminish meaning in life only among people who lack or do not readily engage psychological structures that confer meaning. Building on this past research, the current research examined how an important source of meaning, long-term goal progress, affects the ways that death-relevant cognitions impact judgments of life's meaning. In Study 1 (N = 118), mortality salience decreased perceptions of meaning in life only among participants who were induced to feel closer to (vs. farther from) completing a long-term goal. Study 2 (N = 259) extended these findings by demonstrating the moderating influence of individual differences in locomotion. Mortality salience again decreased perceptions of meaning in life among participants who felt closer to accomplishing a long-term goal, but it only did so among people who do not quickly adopt new goals to pursue (i.e., those low in locomotion). The implications of these findings for better understanding how people maintain meaning in the face of existential concerns and how aspects of goal pursuit affect these processes are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-07-11T09:40:22.475306-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2192
  • Making sense of positive self-evaluations in China: The role of
           sociocultural change
    • Authors: Rui Zhang; Kimberly A. Noels, Yanjun Guan, Liping Weng
      Abstract: Recent research points to Chinese people's elevated tendency to make positive self-evaluations, despite the general claim that East Asians do not self-enhance. We present three studies in support of a novel prediction that sociocultural change in China plays an important role in augmenting self-enhancement. We operationalized self-enhancement primarily in terms of the better-than-average effect (BTAE) and accounted for trait desirability or importance. We found that: (i) compared with Chinese Canadians, Chinese showed a stronger BTAE; (ii) within the Chinese, identification with contemporary Chinese culture uniquely predicted a stronger BTAE; and (iii) priming contemporary (vs. traditional) Chinese culture led to a stronger BTAE. Finally, we provided further evidence that motivation, in part, underlies the rising Chinese BTAE. We conclude by discussing the importance of both socioeconomic and cultural perspectives for understanding how and when of self-enhancement in contemporary China and other societies undergoing social change.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T08:50:25.941091-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2214
  • (Still) Modern Times: Objectification at work
    • Authors: Luca Andrighetto; Cristina Baldissarri, Chiara Volpato
      Abstract: A great deal of research has investigated gender-related objectification. In the current work, we aim to extend the empirical research on this phenomenon to the working domain. Consistent with several theoretical assumptions, we expected that factory workers would be objectified as a consequence of their work. In Study 1, we showed that each of the critical features of factory work (i.e., repetitiveness of movements, fragmentation of activities and dependence on the machine) significantly affected the view of the worker as an instrument (vs. a human being) and as less able to experience human mental states. Coherently, we found that factory workers, unlike artisans, were perceived as more instrument-like (Study 2) and as less able to experience mental states (Study 3) when participants were asked to focus on the target's manual activities rather than on the target as a person. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are considered.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T07:25:33.360083-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2190
  • Perspective taking and member-to-group generalization of implicit racial
           attitudes: The role of target prototypicality
    • Authors: Andrew R. Todd; Austin J. Simpson
      Abstract: Actively considering an individual outgroup member's thoughts, feelings, and other subjective experiences – perspective taking – can improve attitudes toward that person's group. Here, we tested whether such member-to-group generalization of implicit racial attitudes is more likely when perspective-taking targets are viewed as prototypical of their racial group. Results supported a gendered-race-prototype hypothesis: The positive effect of perspective taking on implicit attitudes toward Black people and Asian people, respectively, was stronger when the perspective-taking target was a Black man or Asian woman (gender–race prototypical) versus a Black woman or Asian man (gender–race nonprototypical). These findings identify a boundary condition under which perspective taking may not improve intergroup attitudes and add to a growing literature on social cognition at the intersection of multiple social categories.
      PubDate: 2016-06-29T22:45:25.472243-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2204
  • Mortality salience effects on reckless driving intentions in a
           motorcyclist sample: The moderating role of group riding
    • Authors: Igor Ivanov; Tobias Vogel
      Abstract: Campaigns against reckless driving often mention the risk of dying. Research on terror management theory indicates that death claims may backfire and foster reckless driving. Here, we studied such mortality salience effects in a motorcyclist sample. Two moderating variables, particularly interesting regarding the sample of motorcyclists, were considered: group riding (vs. riding alone) and driving-related self-esteem. Motorcyclists were exposed to a campaign, either highlighting mortality or not. Orthogonally, cyclists were primed with riding in a group (vs. riding alone). Driving-related self-esteem was assessed via a questionnaire. We predicted that reminders of riding in a group would buffer against ironic mortality effects. Supporting this hypothesis, mortality salience effects interacted with the group prime. The results indicate that death appeals are likely to backfire with cyclists riding alone rather than cyclists riding in a group, especially if motorcycling is relevant to the self.
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T00:55:24.337904-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2197
  • On the generalization of attitude accessibility after repeated attitude
    • Authors: Mathilde Descheemaeker; Adriaan Spruyt, Russell H. Fazio, Dirk Hermans
      Abstract: The more accessible an attitude is, the stronger is its influence on information processing and behavior. Accessibility can be increased through attitude rehearsal, but it remains unknown whether attitude rehearsal also affects the accessibility of related attitudes. To investigate this hypothesis, participants in an experimental condition repeatedly expressed their attitudes towards exemplars of several semantic categories during an evaluative categorization task. Participants in a control condition performed a non-evaluative task with the same exemplars and evaluated unrelated attitude objects. After a 30-minute interval, participants in the experimental condition were faster than controls to evaluate not only the original exemplars but also novel exemplars of the same categories. This finding suggests that the effect of attitude rehearsal on accessibility generalizes to attitudes towards untrained but semantically related attitude objects.
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T00:40:26.792011-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2206
  • From marginal to mainstream: The role of perceived social norms in the
           rise of a far-right movement
    • Authors: Isabelle Portelinha; Guy Elcheroth
      Pages: 661 - 671
      Abstract: The present research intends to shed light on the processes enabling political minorities to transition into normatively acceptable groups, by investigating how a previously marginalised far-right movement (the French National Front) is progressively becoming mainstream. Drawing on the social representations approach, we argue that perceived social norms play a pivotal role in this process. Using a longitudinal and experimental design, the study (N = 233) was implemented in the ecological context of the 2012 French presidential election at a Parisian university campus, a traditional anti-far-right bastion. We tested whether the electoral campaign altered the perceptions of social norms, whether the perceived social norms were easily malleable in this specific context and, most important, whether they influenced people's willingness to speak out in public against the far-right movement. The findings support affirmative answers to all three questions. We conclude that, in periods of collective uncertainty, changing perceptions of social norms might play an important role in the weakening of public opposition to far-right movements. This, in turn, helps to explain the recent transition to mainstream recognition of a number of previously marginalised political movements in Europe and around the globe.
      PubDate: 2016-07-19T22:16:50.58783-05:0
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2224
  • The effect of the belief in free market ideology on redressing corporate
    • Authors: Peter Kardos; Bernhard Leidner, Laszlo Zsolnai, Emanuele Castano
      Pages: 672 - 686
      Abstract: Many people in the major Western economies (e.g., United States, UK, and Germany) subscribe to free market ideology (FMI), which claims that institutional oversight of the market is unnecessary for public reaction can force corporations to regulate their own behavior. The question then becomes how people's belief in FMI affects their reactions to corporate transgressions. Given its ingroup-centered values, we hypothesized that FMI beliefs would bias reactions to corporate transgressions. We report results of a pilot study showing that FMI beliefs are predicted by selfishness, tradition, conformity, and lack of universalism. We then report three experiments, which showed that stronger FMI beliefs predict weaker demands to redress corporate injustices committed by ingroup (but not outgroup) corporations (Studies 1–3), especially when victims of corporate wrongdoings belong to an outgroup (rather than the ingroup; Study 3). The findings inform our conceptual understanding of FMI and give insights about its implications for market justice.
      PubDate: 2016-06-20T22:40:29.668749-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2222
  • Going to political extremes in response to boredom
    • Authors: Wijnand A. P. Van Tilburg; Eric R. Igou
      Pages: 687 - 699
      Abstract: Boredom makes people attempt to re-establish a sense of meaningfulness. Political ideologies, and in particular the adherence to left- versus right-wing beliefs, can serve as a source of meaning. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that boredom is associated with a stronger adherence to left- versus right-wing beliefs, resulting in more extreme political orientations. Study 1 demonstrates that experimentally induced boredom leads to more extreme political orientations. Study 2 indicates that people who become easily bored with their environment adhere to more extreme ends of a political spectrum compared with their less easily bored counterparts. Finally, Study 3 reveals that the relatively extreme political orientations among those who are easily bored can be attributed to their enhanced search for meaning. Overall, our research suggests that extreme political orientations are, in part, a function of boredom's existential qualities.
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T01:21:21.370732-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2205
  • Religious identification and interreligious contact in Indonesia and the
           Philippines: Testing the mediating roles of perceived group threat and
           social dominance orientation and the moderating role of context
    • Authors: Agnieszka Kanas; Peer Scheepers, Carl Sterkens
      Pages: 700 - 715
      Abstract: This study integrates three theoretical perspectives provided by social identity theory, realistic group conflict theory, and social dominance theory to examine the relationship between religious identification and interreligious contact. It relies on a unique dataset collected among Christian and Muslim students in ethnically and religiously diverse regions of Indonesia and the Philippines, where social cleavages occur along religious lines. Religious identification directly predicts a higher quality of interreligious contact, whereas it indirectly predicts a lower quantity and quality of contact, mediated by higher perception of group threat, and a higher quality of contact, mediated by lower social dominance orientation. Furthermore, these direct and indirect relationships are moderated by religious group membership and relative group size. We conclude that religious identification functions as a ‘double-edged sword’ predicting both higher quality and lower quantity and quality of interreligious contact through various pathways and with a varying strength depending on intergroup context.
      PubDate: 2016-07-19T07:20:27.794434-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2212
  • Reactions to tokenism: The role of individual characteristics in shaping
           responses to token decisions
    • Authors: Moran Anisman-Razin; Tamar Saguy
      Pages: 716 - 731
      Abstract: When only a handful of members from a disadvantaged group occupy positions of power, they are considered tokens. Previous research suggests that observers tend to consider tokenism as an egalitarian practice. Given its ambiguous nature, we hypothesized that reactions to tokenism would be shaped by individuals' sensitivity to inequality. In Study 1, we showed that women (vs. men) and individuals low (vs. high) on social dominance orientation differentiated more between a token and an egalitarian decision in the context of gender-related practices. Similar findings were observed in Study 2, which involved gender and feminist identification as independent variables. Additional support, particularly for the role of social dominance orientation, was found in Study 3, which involved an ethnic token. Together, results demonstrate the role of individuals' chronic sensitivity to inequality in shaping their reactions to token practices. Theoretical and practical implications regarding the effect of tokenism on individuals' evaluations and responses to inequality are discussed. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T07:45:22.291882-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2215
  • Leaders' achievement goals and their integrative management of creative
           ideas voiced by subordinates or superiors
    • Authors: Roy B. L. Sijbom; Onne Janssen, Nico W. Van Yperen
      Pages: 732 - 745
      Abstract: The purpose of this research was to examine the joint impact of leader achievement goals and hierarchical position of the voicer of creative ideas (subordinate vs. superior) on the extent to which leaders (intent to) integrate these voiced creative ideas with their own ideas (integrative idea management). In a scenario-based survey (study 1; N = 189), in which we measured participants' achievement goals, we found that the relationship between leaders' performance goals and their intention to integrate voiced creative ideas is contingent on the hierarchical position of the idea voicer. Similarly, in an experimental study (study 2; N = 94), in which we experimentally induced achievement goals, we found that leaders display lower integrative intentions when ideas are voiced by a subordinate rather than a superior, but this was only true for leaders pursuing performance goals. Furthermore, the results of an additional, exploratory analysis suggest that the hierarchical position of the voicer of creative ideas had an indirect effect on integrative behavior through integrative intentions for performance goal leaders and no effect for mastery goal leaders. Together, these findings advance our understanding of how middle management leaders are influenced by their own achievement goals when managing the creative ideas voiced by subordinates and superiors.
      PubDate: 2016-06-21T21:30:38.600201-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2223
  • Exploring cooperation and competition in the Centipede game through verbal
           protocol analysis
    • Authors: Eva M. Krockow; Andrew M. Colman, Briony D. Pulford
      Pages: 746 - 761
      Abstract: The Centipede game is an abstract model of reciprocal relationships in which two individuals alternate in helping each other at relatively small personal cost. Whereas mutual cooperation can benefit both individuals in the long run, a paradoxical but logically compelling backward induction argument suggests that cooperation is irrational. Empirical studies have reported reliable deviations from the non-cooperative backward induction solution, but their exclusively quantitative methods allow only a limited range of predefined motives to be explored. Our study uses verbal (‘think aloud’) protocols and qualitative data analysis to identify motives for cooperation in the Centipede game. The results provide little evidence for sophisticated backward induction reasoning. Instead, a wide range of motives emerged, their relative saliences varying according to the stage of the game. Activity bias affected decisions mainly at the beginning of the game, whereas cooperative and altruistic social value orientations most frequently accounted for cooperation towards its natural end.
      PubDate: 2016-07-11T09:55:24.607173-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2226
  • Does avoidance-attachment style attenuate the benefits of being listened
    • Authors: Dotan R. Castro; Avraham N. Kluger, Guy Itzchakov
      Pages: 762 - 775
      Abstract: We tested both Rogers's hypothesis that listening enables speakers to experience psychological safety and our hypothesis that the benefit of listening for psychological safety is attenuated by avoidance-attachment style. We tested these hypotheses in six laboratory experiments, a field correlational study, and a scenario experiment. We meta-analyzed the results of the laboratory experiments and found that listening increased psychological safety on average but that the variance between the experiments was also significant. The between experiment variance in the effect of listening manipulation on psychological safety exposes a methodological challenge in choosing a research paradigm of good-versus-normal listening, as opposed to normal-versus-poor listening. More importantly, we found, as expected and across all designs, that the higher the avoidance-attachment style was, the lower the effect of listening on psychological safety. This finding has implications both for practice and for placing a theoretical boundary on Rogers's theory.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T07:10:47.855348-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2185
  • System-justifying behaviors: When feeling dependent on a system triggers
           gender stereotype-consistent academic performance
    • Authors: Virginie Bonnot; Silvia Krauth-Gruber
      Pages: 776 - 782
      Abstract: Based on system-justification theory, we hypothesized that men and women would perform in accordance with gender stereotypes mainly when justification of the system is necessary. In this research, system-justification motivation was triggered using a system-dependency manipulation. Study 1 shows that when feeling highly (vs. less) dependent on the system, people endorsed system-justifying beliefs more. In Study 2, men performed better in math than in verbal domains, while women showed the reverse pattern, but only when they felt highly dependent on the system. Similar results were obtained on performance self-evaluation. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
      PubDate: 2016-06-29T21:45:29.571536-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2201
  • Effects of diversity versus segregation on automatic approach and
           avoidance behavior towards own and other ethnic groups
    • Authors: Juliane Degner; Iniobong Essien, Regina Reichardt
      Pages: 783 - 791
      Abstract: We present the results of a study in which we measured automatic intergroup behavior and evaluations in ethnic majority and minority group members. We focus our attention on the level of segregation and diversity of immediate life contexts as indicators of outgroup exposure. Specifically, Dutch ethnic minority and majority students enrolled at ethnically segregated and diverse schools completed a measure of automatic approach and avoidance behavior and reported explicit intergroup attitudes. The research is framed into prevailing theories in the field: Social Identity Theory and System Justification Theory. Results of our study suggest that segregation of minority group members' immediate life context may be an important moderator of evaluations as well as approach and avoidance behavior toward ingroup and outgroup. In particular, minority members in segregated schools showed an approach bias towards their ingroup, whereas minority members in diverse schools showed an approach bias towards the majority outgroup.
      PubDate: 2016-11-29T03:42:08.299903-05:
      DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2234
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