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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1540 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (255 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (18 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (91 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (51 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (845 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (170 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (845 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 401 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Advanced Academic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Journal of Applied Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Arts and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of ASIAN Behavioural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Contemporary African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Critical Race inquiry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Development Effectiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Educational Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Globalization and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Human Security     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Humanity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Ilahiyat Researches     Open Access  
Journal of Interdisciplinary Gender Studies: JIGS     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Iran Cultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Korean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Markets & Morality     Partially Free  
Journal of Mediterranean Knowledge     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Men, Masculinities and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Methods and Measurement in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Migration and Refugee Issues, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Organisational Transformation & Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pan African Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 278, SJR: 4.302, CiteScore: 6)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Progressive Research in Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Relationships Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Research in National Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Responsible Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social Change     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social Intervention: Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Social Science Education : JSSE     Open Access  
Journal of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Social Structure     Open Access  
Journal of Social Studies Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Studies in Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Technology in Human Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Polynesian Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the University of Ruhuna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Transnational American Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Trust Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Abdimas     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora     Open Access  
Jurnal Kawistara     Open Access  
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Teori dan Praksis Pembelajaran IPS     Open Access  
Jurnal Terapan Abdimas     Open Access  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Kaleidoscope     Open Access  
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kervan. International Journal of Afro-Asiatic Studies     Open Access  
Kimün. Revista Interdisciplinaria de Formación Docente     Open Access  
Kırklareli Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Knowledge Management for Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Kontext : Zeitschrift für Systemische Therapie und Familientherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Korean Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Kotuitui : New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Kulturwissenschaftliche Zeitschrift     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
KZfSS Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
L'Homme. Europäische Zeitschrift für Feministische Geschichtswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
L'Ordinaire des Amériques     Open Access  
Labyrinthe     Open Access  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Lectio Socialis     Open Access  
Les Cahiers des dix     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Les Cahiers d’EMAM     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Letras Verdes. Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Socioambientales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Letters on Evolutionary Behavioral Science     Open Access  
Lex Social : Revista de Derechos Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lilith: A Feminist History Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Liminar. Estudios Sociales y Humanisticos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Literacy Learning: The Middle Years     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Local-Global: Identity, Security, Community     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Lucero     Open Access  
Lúdicamente     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lutas Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Macedon Digest, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Maine Policy Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Mathématiques et sciences humaines     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Mayéutica Revista Científica de Humanidades y Artes     Open Access  
McNair Scholars Research Journal     Open Access  
McNair Scholars Research Journal     Open Access  
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Meanjin Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Media Information Australia     Full-text available via subscription  
Media International Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Media International Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Melbourne Journal of Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mémoire(s), identité(s), marginalité(s) dans le monde occidental contemporain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Memorias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Meridional : Revista Chilena de Estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Methodological Innovations     Open Access  
Methods, Data, Analyses     Open Access  
México y la Cuenca del Pacífico     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Migration Action     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Mikarimin. Revista Científica Multidisciplinaria     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
Misión Jurídica     Open Access  
Mitologicas     Open Access  
Módulo Arquitectura - CUC     Open Access  
Monthly, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Moving the Social : Journal of Social History and the History of Social Movements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mukaddime     Open Access  
Mütefekkir     Open Access  
Müvészettörténeti Értesitö     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
National Observer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Navigations : A First-Year College Composite     Open Access  
New Left Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
New Perspectives on Turkey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
New Zealand International Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Newsletter of the Gypsy Lore Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Nineteenth-Century Contexts: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Noesis. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nómadas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nómadas. Revista Crítica de Ciencias Sociales y Jurídicas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Journal of Social Research     Open Access  
Northeast African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nouvelles perspectives en sciences sociales : revue internationale de systémique complexe et d'études relationnelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Novos Cadernos NAEA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Novos Estudos - CEBRAP     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Occasional Series in Criminal Justice and International Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Oceania     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Öneri Dergisi     Open Access  
Opcion     Open Access  
Open Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Open Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Opticon1826     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Orbis. Revista Cientifica Ciencias Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Orbith : Majalah Ilmiah Pengembangan Rekayasa dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oregon Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Outlines. Critical Practice Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pacific Northwest Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access  
Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Palgrave Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Palimpsesto : Revista Científica de Estudios Sociales Iberoamericanos     Open Access  
Pandora's Box     Full-text available via subscription  
Panggung     Open Access  
Panorama     Open Access  
Papeles de Europa     Open Access  
Papeles de Trabajo     Open Access  
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Pecvnia : Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de León     Open Access  
Península     Open Access  
Pensamento & Realidade. Revista do Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Administração     Open Access  
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
People and Society (Mens & Maatschappij)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Percurso Acadêmico     Open Access  
Perfiles Latinoamericanos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Periférica. Revista para el análisis de la cultura y el territorio     Open Access  
Periodica Polytechnica Social and Management Sciences     Open Access  
Persona y Bioetica     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 166)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Perspectivas em Diálogo : Revista de Educação e Sociedade     Open Access  
Perspective Youth Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives on Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Philippine Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Planning News     Full-text available via subscription  
Poblacion de Buenos Aires     Open Access  
Polêm!ca     Open Access  
Polis : Revista Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Polisemia     Open Access  
Ponto-e-Vírgula. Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Population Horizons. Analysis and debate on policy questions raised by population change     Open Access  
Portal de la Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Journal Cover
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2452-3151
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3157 journals]
  • Development of conceptual framework and indicators for assessment of power
           development fund in Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 July 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Pongpoj Putarungsi This study developed a conceptual framework and indicators for evaluating the Power Development Fund (the Fund) in Thailand by collecting information and data from interviews with key informants such as the Energy Regulatory Commission, the Fund Committee, and employees of the Fund. The funds were characterized into two groups namely three Funds in category A and three Funds in category B. The Sustainability Balanced Scorecard concept was selected as a framework and used to produce indicators to evaluate the management of the Fund. The conceptual framework contained six perspectives and each perspective had indicators as follow: 1) Learning and Development (2 indicators); 2) Management Process (5 indicators); 3) Overall Efficiency of operation and management (5 indicators); 4) Stakeholders (3 indicators); 5) Environmental (5 indicators); and 6) Social (4 indicators). There were 23 indicators in total.
       
  • Beyond the economy: Education for development

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 July 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Hyejin Bak This paper explores the meaning of development and the limitations of economic development which centers on capitalism, and argues that by understanding the role of education in development, we can overcome some of these limitations. The study discusses definitions of development, especially the concept of ‘good change’. Then, the case of South Korea is considered in order to illustrate the links between development and education. This paper puts emphasis on the need for a balance between materialism and humanism when understanding the relationship between development and education.
       
  • A cross-cultural pragmatic study of the speech act of complaining by
           native Thai and Chinese speakers

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 July 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Li Yang, Anchalee Wannaruk This cross-cultural study investigated the semantic formulae of complaints employed by native Thai speakers speaking Thai (TTs) and native Chinese speakers speaking Chinese (CCs). A sample of 60 native Thai speakers speaking Thai (TTs) and 60 native Chinese speakers speaking Chinese (CCs) responded to a twelve-scenario Discourse Completion Task questionnaire and ranked the severity of the offence in each situation. The complaining data were coded into 12 semantic formulae based on Murphy and Neu’s (1996), Tanck’s (2002) and Gallaher’s (2011) models. The Mann–Whitney U test was employed to find similarities and differences between TTs and CCs in the semantic formulae and a repeated measures test was employed to examine the effects of social distance and social status. The results showed that CCs complained more explicitly than TTs, since CCs perceived the offence as more serious than TTs. Although both TTs and CCs complained explicitly to a stranger of lower status, TTs complained less directly to an acquaintance of lower status than CCs did. Moreover, TTs complained more explicitly to an acquaintance than to an intimate whereas CCs complained more directly to an intimate than to an acquaintance. These findings may facilitate Thai-Chinese cross-cultural communication and even Thai and Chinese English as lingua franca (ELF) language teaching.
       
  • The impact of abundancy of resources and regime type on income inequality:
           The case of less-developed countries

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 June 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Fadi Fawaz, Eric Frey This paper examined the effects of natural resource abundance on income inequality for lower-and higher-income earners in less-developed countries, as well as the effect of natural resources and the existence of democracy on the distribution of income. In light of previous studies, this study used panel data and a fixed-effects econometric model, which took into account the individuality of each less-developed country, to examine the effects of natural resource abundance on income inequality in lower- and higher-income brackets in less-developed countries. In the case of less-developed countries with natural resource abundance, we found that democratic countries experienced less income inequality than non-democratic countries. In addition, current economic standing and natural resource abundance had varying, yet significant, results; low-income less-developed countries generally had less income inequality if they lacked an abundance of natural resources. On the other hand, natural resource abundance resulted in less income inequality among high-income, less-developed countries. Regardless of current economic standing, our results showed an abundance of natural resources leads to a more rapid decline in income inequality over time—so long as that country continues on its path of economic growth.
       
  • Implementation effects of incentive policies on Tanzanian wetland
           ecosystems

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 June 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Norbert John Ngowi, Agnes Godfrey Mwakaje Incentive conservation policies are acknowledged to reduce the degradation of natural resources for improved ecosystem services worldwide. However, there have been few studies conducted on the contribution of development programs using such policies in wetlands of local importance. This paper examined the implementation effects of an incentive-based Wetlands Friendly Investments (WFI) strategy in the Ndembera Valley, Tanzania. Data were collected using a survey of 208 households and in-depth interviews, supplemented by Landsat 8 imagery and topographical maps. ERDAS Imagine 15 was used to process land cover changes and water flow using the TREND software. The results indicated: (i) all major wetlands areas had declined; (ii) the differences in land cover (t = −.418, df = 8, p = .687) and water flow (t = −.418, df = 8, p = .9) before and after introduction of the strategy were not significant; (iii) weak correlation was observed between rainfall and water flow (r = .37); and (iv) land conversion was the main driver for the decline in cover. These findings represent a failure of the WFI incentives to improve the ecological effects of wetland cover and water flow. This suggests that application of the strategy alone was not sufficient for substantial improvement of the desired short-term cover and flow effect. Integrating land use and livelihood into incentive policies can improve WFI incentive implementation practices for sustainable land conservation in the study area. The multi-method approach used minimized human behavior-response limitations, therefore it can be replicated elsewhere.
       
  • Construct validity of Thai lifelong learning inventory: Evidence from
           high-school students in Phrae, Kalasin, Prachin Buri, and Pangnga
           provinces

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 June 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Saksit Rittilun, Nuttaporn Lawthong, Sirichai Kanjanawasee This study aimed to assess the construct validity of Thai lifelong learning inventory: evidence from high-school students in Phrae, Kalasin, Prachinburi, and Pang-nga provinces. The participants in this study were 1,939 high-school students and were selected through multi-stage sampling. The tools were two sets of an inventory to determine the students of lifelong learning, each of which contained 70 items. The first set was a 5-scale Likert inventory and the second was a situational inventory with 4 choices for each item. The data were validated using second order confirmatory factor analysis followed by the LISREL 8.72. The results indicated that the models fitted to the empirical data found in the former inventory, χ2 = 125.79, df = 106, p = .09, GFI = 1.00, AGFI = 0.98 and RMSEA = 0.01, and those found in the latter,χ2 = 149.96, df = 127, p = .08, GFI = 0.99, AGFI = 0.98, RMSEA = 0.01.
       
  • Practical agricultural communication: Incorporating scientific and
           indigenous knowledge for climate mitigation

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 May 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Sukanya Sereenonchai, Noppol Arunrat Agricultural communication to mitigate climate change enables information dissemination of both scientific knowledge (SCK) and indigenous knowledge (IDK) for practical farming. This research analyzed knowledge utilization and conducted community-based participatory communication to propose a practical agricultural communication framework for climate mitigation. Based on a qualitative method of data collection in Phichit province, the key findings showed that SCK and IDK can be mutually utilized to enhance the good relationship among the people and for the people with nature. The participatory communication processes consisted of planning, interventions, and monitoring and empowerment. The successful farmers employing the farming practices of not burning rice straw, rice straw composting, and alternative wetting and drying technique were the main senders. The messages were related to their farming practices focusing on a practical and understandable message and graphic explanations. Vinyl was selected as a communication material for signage in the most noticeable areas in their communities. This research highlights that participatory communication with group dynamics and communication promotion mechanisms at both local and national levels should be enhanced.
       
  • Determination of order pattern frequency analysis using the copula method

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 May 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Somkid Naprom, Kullapapruk Piewthongngam, Thanaporn Athipanyakul The frequency and voluminosity of orders play a crucial role in determining the operation and scheduling, as well as the bird weight to be supplied to chicken processors. Due to the variability in frequency and voluminosity of each product, part, and size, orders have stochastic characteristics in nature; hence, the proper means to investigate orders is using probability theory and the stochastic process method. In this study, copula distributions were exploited to incorporate chicken order features into frequency analysis. This approach enabled the elucidation of the complex features of order frequency and voluminosity. These probabilistic properties provide useful information for order assessments and can be used for production/chicken supply planning and further scheduling of the industry.
       
  • Farmers' perceptions of impacts of climate variability on agriculture and
           adaptation strategies in Songkhla

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 May 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Buncha Somboonsuke, Purawich Phitthayaphinant, Sayan Sdoodee, Chaiya Kongmanee In the past decade, there have been signs of climate variability that might have already affected certain aspects of the Songkhla Lake basin. This research was conducted to 1) identify the key problems of climate variability on the agricultural activities of farmers, 2) assess farmers' perceptions of the negative impacts of climate variability on agricultural activities, and 3) propose a set of adaptation strategies for agricultural development in the Songkhla Lake basin. Data were collected using structured interviews from a total sample of 271 farmers selected using the purposive and snowball techniques. The arithmetic mean was applied for data analysis. It was found that the key problem of climate variability on the agricultural activities of farmers in the Songkhla Lake basin was a reduction in crop yields. Farmers involved in fruit production, and fisheries suffered the most negative impacts of climate variability. The negative impacts of climate variability on para-rubber production, rice production, and oil palm production were at a high level. Five adaptation strategies for agricultural development were identified: 1) enhancement of capacity in impact assessment, 2) prevention and avoidance of negative impacts, 3) mitigation of negative impacts, 4) reduction of loss from negative impacts, and 5) rehabilitation of devastated areas and other losses. Furthermore, relevant agencies should campaign to raise awareness and understanding by farmers in terms of climate variability.
       
  • Exploring the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for Vietnamese
           adolescents with anger problems

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 May 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Huyen Thi Bui, Lynn Mackie, Phuoc Anh Hoang, Thu Thi Tran The evidence base for cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is promising for the treatment of anger in both adults and children in most European and Western countries. The goal of the current study was to explore the effectiveness of this therapeutic approach for anger problems in Vietnam as a non-Western culture and non-English speaking country. A randomized controlled trial was undertaken with 40 adolescents for three months, using different CBT techniques. A medium effect size of .64 (Cohen's d) was found for a CBT intervention. Anger management skills of older adolescents (aged from 14 to 16) improved more than those of younger adolescents (aged from 12 to 13). The findings of the current study replicated previous studies regarding the high cost-effectiveness of CBT intervention for anger problems in children and adolescents. Furthermore, the suitability of the group CBT format for the treatment of anger within this study was consistent with other studies as well. This adds valuable evidence to the paucity of CBT literature on culturally responsive CBT in diverse populations. Despite this, more research is needed to produce evidence-based CBT for other Asian countries as well as other populations.
       
  • Reconstruction of social ideology through the power of music: Case study
           of Suntaraporn band, Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 May 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Kammales Photikanit, Patcharin Sirasoonthorn During 1939–1942 (2482–2485 BE), Thailand was governed by a junta led by Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram. Numerous traditional cultures were redefined based on the “Thai-ness” policy. Suntaraporn was the most outstanding band sponsored by the Thai government. On one hand, the band was used as a State apparatus for instilling the “Thai-ness” ideology. On the other hand, it created development discourses of civilization, modernity, and cultural discrimination. This article: 1) investigated the discourse of Suntaraporn's music and the establishment of social stratification in Thai society, and 2) illustrated the cultural power of music as a social-ideological mechanism to increase State power over the Thai people.Documentary research was applied to identify the historical development, forms, and values appreciated in Suntaraporn's music. Social exclusion leading to a new form of social stratification was investigated. The author adopted semiotic analysis by focusing on the aesthetic level. To identify perception, cognition, interpretation, and reception history, the socio-cultural roles of Suntaraporn's music were highlighted as: 1) the establishment of modern Thai music as a symbol of new class differentiation, and 2) the role of music as a social mechanism to increase State power over the life of commoners.
       
  • A cross-sectional study on understanding and attitude of peri-urban
           Malaysians towards monosodium glutamate use

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 May 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Kingston Rajiah, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Jeleine Tee, Kar Mun Yong, Yusra Ahmad Zahdi, Wong Ia Ling The aim of this research was to explore the understanding of peri-urban Malaysians toward monosodium glutamate (MSG) use and their attitude toward its use and whether there were any correlations among the respondents' understanding, attitude, and their demographic profile. This was a cross-sectional study which involved 600 respondents. The respondents were conveniently approached and recruited from Gurun and Jitra, in Kedah region and Kampung Lemal, Kampung Cherang Hangus, Pasir Mas, and Rantau Panjang, in Kelantan region. Information about the understanding and attitude of peri-urban Malaysians toward MSG use were collected using an interview-administered structured questionnaire. The study incorporated an interviewer so that the uneducated were not left out and also to reduce the non-response rate. Slightly more than half of the respondents (53%) were aware that there are only a few unwanted effects attributed to the consumption of MSG. This showed a significant association with the age of respondents (p = .014), with 41.5 percent (out of 53%) from the age group above 35 years. A significant association was also noted between income and the bad effects caused by MSG consumption (p = .016) with a high propensity among those earning below MYR 2,000. This study revealed a relatively high percentage of respondents who were using or had previously used MSG. Significant associations were found between respondent's income and their understanding of MSG, with the higher income respondents having a better understanding.
       
  • Analysis of moves, rhetorical patterns and linguistic features in New
           Scientist
    articles

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 May 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Pornsiri Muangsamai This paper investigated the moves, rhetorical patterns based on Swales' genre analysis, and common linguistic features in health and medical science reports in the New Scientist journal. Twenty-four articles, one from each weekly issue, were randomly selected from the articles with a length between 350 and 600 words published online in New Scientist between July and December 2012. They were analyzed according to the content, categorized and coded with corresponding descriptions. The findings revealed seven obligatory and two optional moves. The key linguistic features common in the articles were modals and voice.
       
  • Factors contributing to disadoption of conservation agriculture among
           smallholder farmers in Petauke, Zambia

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 May 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Estone Jiji Habanyati, Progress Hazwida Nyanga, Bridget Bwalya Umar This study identified factors that contribute to the disadoption of conservation agriculture (CA) among smallholder farmers in Petauke, Zambia. Data were collected through interviews with 92 randomly selected smallholder CA households, seven key informants, and four focus group discussions. The results showed that 29 percent of the sampled households disadopted CA. The four most commonly cited factors leading to disadoption of CA were lack of transport for manure (31%), high labor demands (25%), inadequate knowledge on CA (16%), and lack of material incentives (16%). The study recommends that CA promoters should stop inducing CA adoption through the provision of material incentives to adopters.
       
  • Iranian advertisements: A postcolonial semiotic reading

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 May 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Azra Ghandeharion, Leili Badrlou This paper is a postcolonial reading of a number of Iranian brands and logos to discover the influence of Western hegemony on the design of Iranian advertisements. The advertising's pivotal role in supporting the brands has made producers employ creative strategies. Benefiting from the tenets of semiotics, we aim to uncover the hidden meanings within different advertisements, brand names, and logos as the paragons of the products' identity and image. The brands and logos discussed in this study belong to different companies and categories (food, cosmetics, airline, clothing, and bank). The measures of their Westernization level is analyzed according to Homi K. Bhabha's definition of mimicry which signifies imitating some famous Western brands (iconic mimicry), using English language (linguistic mimicry), utilizing Western-looking models or celebrities, and displaying female bodies (visual mimicry), and resistance. The results show the effect of Western supremacy, the negotiations of Iranian and Western culture, and cases of resistance in Iranian advertisements.
       
  • Place attachment in an old commercial district: A case study in Ubon
           Ratchathani, Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 May 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Nopadon Thungsakul, Danai Nilsakul This article explored place attachment for historical places in an old commercial district in Ubon Ratchathani where a variety of groups of people (both insiders and outsiders) are connected with places in the district. The research methodology was an integration of quantitative and qualitative research including the measurement of people's experience using structured questionnaires and interview forms and the interpretation of the quantitative method results. The results indicated that people are attached to historical places socially and physically as a result of cultural, memories, experiences, and physical factors. The study area appeared to have cultural prominence, a variety of living spaces that people can experience, including a physical environment that reflects the past of the district, a memorable symbol, and contributes to social activities.
       
  • Identifying factors affecting the success of rail infrastructure
           development projects contributing to a logistics platform: A Thailand
           case study

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 May 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Waralee Peetawan, Kamonchanok Suthiwartnarueput This research identified factors affecting the success of rail infrastructure development projects contributing to Thailand's logistics platform. Projects included in this research were double tracking the existing railways and the construction of new routes. Most projects were in the preparatory stage. The researchers extracted 24 factors from the literature review and categorized them into five dimensions. AHP and fuzzy AHP were deployed and leading success factors were identified. It was found that a rail development master plan has the highest influence on a project's success. The researchers recommend that the Thai government should establish a large-scale, long-term, integrative rail master plan for not only freight transport but also passenger services, since both cannot be solely developed. Along with the initiation of the rail master plan; stimulation should proceed in parallel on: a transit-oriented development scheme; promotion of local market development for a rail parts and assembly industry; implementation of public-private partnerships; and the institution of a new rail regulative agency.
       
  • Effects of Facebook usage on English learning behavior of Thai English
           teachers

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Phiyapa Sirivedin, Weerachat Soopunyo, Sunti Srisuantang, Achara Wongsothorn This research investigated the use of Facebook to enhance the effectiveness of English writing and learning among English language teachers. English language learning through Facebook design was evaluated using the results from data collected from 403 completed copies of a questionnaire. The questionnaire sought responses on the problems, needs, readiness, and suggestions of the respondents—Thai teachers of English in 437 Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) schools. Seventeen BMA teachers who exhibited a keen interest in using Facebook over other social media were selected as test subjects. One facilitator was included. All participants used the English language to interact on Facebook every day for six weeks. A mixed method consisting of qualitative and quantitative approaches was employed to analyze the collected data. The frequency, percentage, and content analysis were used to analyze the qualitative data consisting of the survey questionnaires, observations on interaction through Facebook sites, in-depth interviews, participants' reflections, and self-notes. A t-test was used to analyze quantitative pre- and post-test data. The findings of this study indicated that Facebook could significantly help improve writing skills, namely accuracy, meaningfulness, clarity, and relevance. It also effectively enhanced teachers' English learning attributes, namely fluency, confidence, satisfaction, value, and self-efficacy belief.
       
  • Relationship between perceived directors' leadership and classroom quality
           of primary schools in Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Dawruwan Thawinkarn, Keow Ngang Tang, Wallapha Ariratana This study explored the relationship between the perceptions of creative leadership and classroom quality of schools under the Office of Khon Kaen Primary Educational Service Area 1, Thailand. A survey design was employed to obtain 437 samples consisting of 127 directors and 310 teachers from 163 primary schools to collect information on creative leadership practices and the classroom quality level. Descriptive statistics were used to examine the perceptions of creative leadership and the classroom quality level while inferential statistics (correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression) were used to examine relationships between the two main variables. The findings revealed that school directors had a high level of practicing creative leadership, particularly from a positive cultural aspect. The classroom quality was found to be high too. Classroom quality was significantly related to the five aspects of creative leadership practice at a significance level of .05. The significant predictors were the vision, initiation, and management of creative leadership. These three creative leadership aspects were successfully contributing 71.3 percent of the variance towards the classroom quality level. The results contribute significantly to knowledge proposing creative leadership which can guide school directors in promoting classroom quality.
       
  • Relationships between Islamic ethical behavior and Islamic factors among
           Muslim youths in the three southern border provinces of Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Kasetchai Laeheem This research investigated the relationships between Islamic ethical behavior and Islamic factors (Islamic way of upbringing, knowledge of the religion, participation in Islamic activities, and practicing Islamic principles) among Muslim youths in the three southern border provinces, Thailand. A cross-sectional study was conducted in which 2,160 Muslim youths were surveyed and relevant data collected. They were recruited using multi-stage sampling methods. The data were analyzed with the R program to calculate Pearson's product–moment correlation coefficients and multiple linear correlation coefficients. The study found that there were statistically significant correlations between Islamic ethical behavior and the Islamic way of upbringing, knowledge of the religion, participation in Islamic activities, and practicing Islamic principles (R2 = .474, p 
       
  • Youth perceptions toward corruption and integrity: Indonesian context

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 13 April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Sabrina O. Sihombing Corruption is a crime against humanity—it destroys the country and infects every level of government. Country development is inhibited and poverty increases. Youth, which is the hope of the nation, plays an important role in the fight against corruption. Attitudes towards the fight against corruption and the importance of understanding integrity need to be instilled from a young age. However, not many researchers have investigated or tried to understand the perceptions of young people against corruption and integrity, especially in the Indonesian context. Thus, this research identified youth perceptions toward corruption and integrity. This paper describes the first stage (item generation) in developing a scale for corruption and integrity. Data were collected among Indonesian youth through an open-ended questionnaire and in-depth interviews. The results showed that Indonesian youth are not really familiar with the word integrity. More than half of the respondents could not define the word. From those who could, honesty was perceived as a main characteristic of integrity. Indonesian youth defined corruption as taking away the rights of others. They pointed out that taking away others money is an example of corruption. All the research findings combined with the literature review on corruption and integrity will become indicators to measure corruption and integrity in the next steps of the scale development.
       
  • Self-regulating blood sugar control in women with uncontrolled diabetes
           mellitus

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Yauvarade Visutyothin, Pimpawan Boonmongkon The purpose of this study was to examine self-regulation of blood sugar control using the governmentality concept. Key informants were eight diabetic women with uncontrolled blood sugar levels in a community hospital. Semi-structured in-depth interviews and participatory observation techniques were used. Narrative analysis using Foucault's governmentality concept was applied for data analysis.The findings showed that the power of medical knowledge dominated the diabetic women's thoughts and directed their health practices. This had become the diabetic women's power for self-regulation. There were four patterns of self-regulation. 1) Surrendering and accepting: they accepted medical knowledge to manage their lives intensively, they surrendered their thoughts, and their bodies became docile; 2) Negotiation: disciplinary power was exercised more to control their bodies when the diabetes treatments were uncertain. They would be fearful, nervous and vague. Their health seeking process became a negotiation for managing their bodies without medical technology, for example, selecting alternative treatment. 3) Resistance: they sometimes resisted the diabetes regulations because of their lifestyles and their cultural limitations in the role of housewives. They had to go through a process of trial and error until attaining a desirable blood sugar level that harmonized with their life-styles. 4) A conduct of conduct: the diabetic women were learning and sharing amongst themselves ways to control their blood sugar level and live their usual lives. The methods were experimental and applied without disclosure to the medical experts. Lay knowledge was created and transferred to others.Recommendations are that health care services should implement collaborative treatment which balances the power of medical knowledge and the power of the patient's self. Understanding self-regulation would enhance the patient's ability to control the blood sugar level and attain effective treatment.
       
  • Motivation and challenge: Working for international nongovernmental
           organizations in Cambodia

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Dick Pratt, Sekson Yongvanit The factors that motivate Cambodians working for International Nonprofit Organizations (INGOs) were explored and compared to perceived challenges to their ability to be effective. It was based on interviews conducted with individuals working for INGOs in the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh and the regional city of Battambang. For most, the primary motivations were not pragmatic, but about learning, having an impact, and making a difference. The external environment, rather than personal or organizational issues, brought the primary challenges. The balance between motivation and challenge among these “idealistic” individuals may be important in shaping their future commitments and impact on society.
       
  • Cultural intercourse of the Lao Vieng ethnic groups that reflects on the
           architectural style and the use of space in the Korat house

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Karun Suphamityotin, Warunee Wang Lao Vieng ethnic groups were taken as prisoners of war to Nakhon Ratchasima in 1778, resulting in a continuous cultural intercourse with the Thai Korat people, especially in the construction of Korat house styles. Recent research has investigated residential housing and the use of space by the two groups of Lao Vieng—Laos Vieng Taku and Laos Vieng Japoh—who settled either close to or away from the center of administration. This article focuses on the comparison of the cultural intercourse of these two groups against the main cultural group which is reflected in the development of housing and the use of interior space. A study of architectural history is applied along with anthropology and sociology. The methodology includes housing surveys, case studies, and interviews with residents. Comparative analysis between the two groups aimed at studying the phenomena of cultural intercourse, including its contributing factors. The study findings show that in a historical context, both groups have maintained to some extent, aspects according to traditional Lao culture. However, the housing patterns of the Lao Vieng Japoh reflect more the adoption of the Korat house than the other, as the location of their community is closer to the administrative center and trade routes, and is surrounded by different cultural groups, especially the Thai Korat group, resulting in social interactions, cultural intercourse, and blending in with the mainstream culture at a greater level.
       
  • Key success factors of disaster management policy: A case study of the
           Asian cities climate change resilience network in Hat Yai city, Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Somporn Siriporananon, Parichart Visuthismajarn The objective of this research was to study the key success factors of public policy in disaster management in Songkhla province, based on a case study of the Hat Yai Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) in order to propose guidelines for sustainable disaster management in the area. The methodologies applied in this research were both quantitative and qualitative. In the quantitative approach, the researcher used a questionnaire with 400 samples from three representative communities in Hat Yai city. The qualitative approach used the focus group technique with the stakeholders of policy implementation. The results of the survey regarding the problems within some communities affected by flooding indicated that most of the respondents had faced flooding in their community. Moreover, these respondents had participated in the policy and were aware of information about ACCCRN from different media, as well as having participated disaster management activities and had meetings with the organizations or personnel involved with disaster management. Moreover, the results showed a relationship between the individual factors and the information awareness of ACCCRN at the 95% confidence level. Additionally, the results using the qualitative method showed that the model of disaster management in Hat Yai, Songkhla province, involved three key success factors of disaster management policy: (1) there is a balance between self-interest and the public interest; (2) private participation is required; (3) addressing obstacles to policy implementation and its effective implementation. The benefits from this research are enormous in terms of successfully implementing disaster management policy and this policy can be applied to other contexts in Thailand as well.
       
  • Causal relationship model of factors affecting collaboration between local
           administrative organizations in early childhood education management in
           Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Khemapat Yenpiam, Somboon Sirisunhirun, Wisut Wichitputchrapron The purpose of this research was to study the consistency between the causal relationship model of factors affecting collaboration between local administrative organizations in early childhood education management in Thailand and the empirical data, and to examine the factors which directly and indirectly affect collaboration between local administrative organizations in early-childhood education management in Thailand. The methodology in the research was quantitative, using questionnaires as a research tool. The sample based on simple random sampling and drawing lots consisted of 62 child development centers and 372 participants. The findings of this study showed that the casual relationship model was inconsistent with the empirical data and therefore had to be adjusted. It was also discovered that only the law, and financial and budget limitations have direct effects on collaboration between local administration organizations in early childhood education management in Thailand.
       
  • Reflections on learning experience for self-management: The concepts and
           practices of Sanam Chai Khet Organic Agricultural Group, Chachoengsao
           province, Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Aphinya Udomwech, Apichart Jai-Aree, Sunti Srisuantang This qualitative research examined the background and synthesized the concepts and practices of the Sanam Chai Khet Organic Agricultural Group, Chachoengsao province which have led to self-management. Data were collected from the analysis of documents and evidence, a survey of farmers' plots, participatory and non-participatory observation, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussion. The informants were randomly selected using purposive and snowball sampling methods and consisted of 45 leaders and farmers in the organic farmer group, community scholars, representatives of farmers in sustainable agriculture systems, independent organizations and government officials. Data were analyzed based on content analysis and verification of data used a triangulation technique. The results revealed that there were five main aspects driving the Sanam Chai Khet Organic Agricultural Group in the development of farmer potential in a group system with learning and participation based on community capital strengthening, leading to self-management to create food security and exercising the principles of self-reliance, sufficiency, and organic agriculture to manage community resources that are reflected from practices. These aspects were: 1) management of the group system to create power and development, 2) learning to establish organic agricultural sources and ways of distributing safe food from the family to society, 3) creating a balance among life, nature, and the ecosystem, 4) maintaining the resources base and plants and inheriting local wisdom and culture, and 5) self-adaptation, protection of rights, and network creation for sustainable development.
       
  • Determinants of maize farmers' performance in Benin, West Africa

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Cocou Jaurès Amegnaglo Increased agricultural productivity is the primary aim of all agricultural policies undertaken in developing countries. Increased agricultural productivity involves not only the analysis of factors limiting productivity but also efficiency because improved efficiency leads to productivity improvement. This paper investigated the factors limiting maize productivity in Benin based on a survey of 354 maize farmers. The mean maize yield was 1,347 kg/ha. The low level of maize yield in Benin is due to the lack of access to inputs, capital, and the weak institutional environment in which farmers operate. Furthermore, the efficiency model revealed that an increase in maize output of about 25 percent can be achieved in the short run by adopting the best farming practices and by addressing socio-economic and structural constraints. Policy should be encouraged that would facilitate access to inputs, capital, and training, and promote the development of infrastructure in farming areas.
       
  • The effects of perspective-taking on prejudice reduction among Thais: The
           moderating role of relational self-esteem

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Narut Pornprasit, Watcharaporn Boonyasiriwat Perspective-taking has successfully been used to reduce prejudice, especially when perspective takers have high self-esteem. However, only a few studies have been conducted to explore the effects of perspective-taking on reducing prejudice in Asian countries. This study investigated the moderating role of relational self-esteem on the effects of perspective-taking on prejudice reduction. In this study, high or low relational self-esteem was activated, and participants were either allocated in the perspective-taking manipulation group or the control group. The results showed that using perspective-taking techniques when individuals have high relational self-esteem increased, instead of decreased, prejudice toward homosexuality. This study showed that manipulating perspective-taking may present different results in different cultures.
       
  • Monetary penalties: An empirical study on the enforcement of Thai
           insider trading sanctions

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Sakda Thanitcul, Tir Srinopnikom A monetary penalty, as one type of regulatory enforcement tool, can provide a more effective enforcement outcome compared to a conventional criminal prosecution concerning the enforcement of an insider trading penalty. An empirical study of cases and interviews showed that a monetary penalty can result in a greater number of people receiving sanctions, greater success of cases, and more flexible enforcement actions, thereby cutting off certain hindrances existing in the conventional criminal prosecution process. Therefore, monetary penalties should be increasingly introduced and incorporated as an alternative enforcement mechanism into other financial and economic laws, for instance, insurance and banking legislation, in order to provide a robust enforcement action.
       
  • EFL learners' perceptions of factors influencing learner autonomy
           development

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Thao Quoc Tran, Tham My Duong Together with recent technological advances in a variety of tools (such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, YouTube), learners have been provided with freedom and openness to communicate with each other and to become proactive and independent in their learning. It is believed, however, that Asian learners seem to possess reactive autonomy so that while they can organize their resources autonomously to achieve their learning goals, they are unable to take responsibility for their own learning. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to explore the factors that influence Vietnamese EFL learners' support for or resistance to promoting learner autonomy within a 15-week, portfolio-based writing course. The data were collected using semi-structured interviews and writing logs in this qualitative research and analyzed through content analysis. The findings showed three major factors (personal, academic, and external) supporting and resisting developing learner autonomy in the portfolio-based writing course.
       
  • A causal relationship model of purchasing behavior of consumers in
           Thailand regarding processed fish products

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Paween Chokenukul, Sasiwemon Sukhabot, Idsaratt Rinthaisong This research developed a causal relationship model of purchasing behavior of consumers in Thailand regarding processed fish products. The research sample of 700 consumers of fish products in the southern part of the country was recruited using a multi-stage sampling method. The results indicate that the model was consistent with the empirical data (χ2 = 1960.84, df = 403, χ2 / df = 4.87, RMSEA = 0.07, CFI = 0.92, TLI = 0.91, SRMR = 0.06). The results of data analysis showed that factors related to both consumers and external factors had direct and statistically significant influence on the consumer purchasing behavior of processed fish products. The factors related to consumer comprised—perception of product quality, effect of family member, mood-related product, attitude of consumer, and health consciousness—had a direct and positive influence on consumer purchasing behavior at levels of 0.397, 0.163, 0.145, 0.144, and 0.099 respectively. The external factors—suitability of product price and suitability of store environment—directly and positively influenced consumer purchasing behavior at levels of 0.290 and 0.156, respectively. In addition, the consumer purchasing behavior regarding processed fish products was indirectly but positively and significantly influenced by factors related to the consumers and the external factors. Consumer family members, consumer experience, and perception of product quality had an indirect but positive influence on consumer purchasing behavior at levels of 0.082, 0.074, and 0.013, respectively. The external factors of suitability of product price and convenience-related product indirectly but positively influenced the purchasing behavior of consumers at levels of 0.318 and 0.277, respectively. The results also showed that these causal variables could mutually explain 58 percent of the variance of consumer purchasing behavior regarding processed fish products.
       
  • Effect of 5E instructional model on mobile technology to enhance reasoning
           ability of lower primary school students

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Weeracha Siwawetkul, Prakob Koraneekij The objective of the study was to examine the effects of the use of a 5E instructional model on mobile technology to enhance the reasoning ability of lower primary school students (5EMR). The subjects of the study were 30 lower primary school students. The instruments employed in the study consisted of: 1) 5E on a mobile application; and 2) a learning management plan. The data collection instruments comprised: 1) a reasoning ability test; and 2) a reasoning behavior observation form. The results showed that the average reasoning ability of the lower primary student subjects before and after the lessons differed significantly (p = .05). In addition, the observation of the reasoning ability of the subjects based on the 14-item checklist showed that the three most frequently exhibited behaviors found in the classroom were: conduct an experiment or an investigation to determine causes of a problem or a phenomenon (96.6%); cite empirical evidence obtained from an investigation or a laboratory experiment in concluding an investigation or responding to a question (96.6%); and utilize the scientific method in researching and investigating (93.3%). The results revealed that 5EMR had positive effects on reasoning ability, intrinsic motivation, reasoning behaviors, and achievement.
       
  • Cooperation between public and private sectors in providing workforces and
           development of labor efficiency in the motorcycle industry

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Songvut Chanapai, Chokchai Suttawet The main goals of this research were to analyze the situation and problems of public-private cooperation in providing workforces and the development of labor efficiency in the Thai motorcycle manufacturing industry and to provide suggestions for a new model of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) in line with workforce demand and national development. Primary and secondary data were collected from in-depth interviews with 26 key informants, and three focus group discussions with 24 selected experts from concerned public and private sector stakeholders. The questionnaires were used to collect quantitative data from 400 human resources officers and the management level of production and quality of eight motorcycle manufacturers in Thailand. The results revealed that developments in providing workforce and labor efficiency development were linked to the National Development Plan and operated under the National Education Plan. The private sector has provided education for the workforce since the launching of education reform in 1999. Currently, diverse types of cooperation operate under several committees. Operational problems and continuity reflect the low level of labor efficiency. Quantitative analysis found that job performances of people with vocational education were at the least and moderate levels while those with Bachelor degrees were also at the low and moderate levels. A future, appropriate model regarding cooperation between public and private policy and management as a PPP should be utilized to set up a new model of the agency or institute aimed at creating a roadmap and national plans for developing workforces in the motorcycle manufacturing industry.
       
  • The effects of innovation management on school performance of secondary
           schools in Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 March 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Junrat Sitthisomjin, Kanokorn Somprach, Songsak Phuseeorn This study aimed to shed light on the effect of innovation management factors in promoting high-performance on the part of 800 secondary schools in Thailand. A sample of 2,400 educationalists was selected according to the ratio of one school director to two teachers from the respective schools using multi-stage sampling. The research sample number of 800 schools was determined as being 10 times the parameters required in the model. The researchers utilized a quantitative survey design using a questionnaire as the instrument for data collection. The findings revealed that the innovation management factors, namely transformational leadership, organizational learning, resource management, and school innovation, affected school performance and were found to be consistent with the empirical data (χ2 = 184.948, df = 159, χ2/df = 1.163, p = .0779, RMSEA = .016, SRMR = .012, CFI = .888, TLI = .998).
       
  • Types of Indonesian-English code-switching employed in a novel

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 February 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf, Ika Apriani Fata, Chyntia This study investigated the types of code-switching between Indonesian and English and vice versa in an Indonesian novel. The code-switching employed in the novel entitled Antologi Rasa (literally translated as ‘The Anthology of Taste’) by Ika Natassa was chosen as the data for this study. The method used was qualitative in nature, with the code-switching being identified, noted, and finally analyzed and categorized into the framework developed by Hoffman who proposed four types of code-switching: inter-sentential switching, intra-sentential switching, tag switching, and establishing continuity with the previous speaker. The results showed that the most frequently used code-switching type in the novel was inter-sentential switching (62.3%), followed by intra-sentential switching (20.9%), tag switching (12.4%), and establishing continuity with the previous speaker (4.4%). Inter-sentential was presumed to be used the most because this type of code-switching signals bilingual proficiency and the novel does focus on readers who are adults and live in the metropolitan area. These readers are believed to be fluent speakers of both Indonesian and English. Establishing continuity with the previous speaker was the least frequently used code-switching type in the novel. This type of switching is mostly affected by social distance whereas in the novel, most of the characters had a close relationship with each other, perhaps explaining this low frequency. Finally, further studies on code-switching in written work are suggested, expanding on the current case of a single novel, since the influence of each language is essential to the significance of literary work at large.
       
  • Price perception on weights and measures at the local markets of Ghana

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 February 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Adwoa Oforiwa Antwi, Kenichi Matsui In local markets in Ghana, merchants typically place vegetables and crops in pales, cans or plastic containers of varying sizes even though the central government has introduced standard weights and measures for more efficient market transactions. The introduction of these standardized weights and measures appears to be a prerequisite for nearly all aspects of economic growth. This paper used a questionnaire survey to understand how marketers perceive and interpret weights and measures in selling or buying three main vegetables (tomato, pepper, and eggplant) and rice in Berekum municipality, Ghana. Using a random selection of 30 marketers and 30 farmers, the research examined the types of weights and measures used in the market to understand how marketers perceived weights and measures in price setting. In addition, various policies governing these local measures were examined to better understand their perceptions and interpretations. The results indicated that despite long experience in marketing and the use of ad hoc weights and measures, 55 percent of respondents did not adhere to standards or policies in setting prices. About 44 percent of retailing was done using the popular traditional weights called “olonka” and 69 percent of wholesale was done using baskets. About 60 percent of respondents perceived weights and measures as a reliable tool for trade, setting prices, and maximizing profit. The use of containers or varying sizes and shapes imposed market inefficiencies and pricing challenges on the local market. This paper concludes with recommendations on how responsible market agencies can craft standard weights and measures by taking into consideration the existing customary practices.
       
  • The effect of a flipped classroom with online group investigation on
           students' team learning ability

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 February 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Chanakan Sojayapan, Jintavee Khlaisang This study examined the effects on the team learning ability of upper secondary school students using a flipped classroom model with online group investigation. The subjects of the study were 30 upper secondary school students. The instruments employed in the study consisted of: (1) a flipped classroom model with online group investigation, (2) a website for flipped classrooms, and (3) a learning management plan. The data collection instruments comprised: (1) a self-assessment form of team learning ability and (2) a team learning behaviour observation form. The study found that the average team learning ability of the learners was significantly higher after the lessons, and those with different learning abilities were able to learn as a team at significantly different rates. Post-hoc multiple comparison tests (LSD) revealed that the team learning ability scores of the learners with high learning ability differed significantly from those of the intermediate and beginner learning ability groups, while the team learning ability scores of the intermediate and the beginner groups were not significantly different. The beginner group scored the highest regarding team learning ability, followed by the intermediate group and the advanced group, respectively.
       
  • Development of a sustainable tourist destination based on the creative
           economy: A case study of Klong Kone Mangrove Community, Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 February 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Aunkrisa Sangchumnong Klong Kone Mangrove Community in Central Thailand is a famous destination for eco-tourism. The sustainability of tourist destinations is of vital concern to the creative economy concept. Thus, participatory action research was applied to investigate the local tourist attractions, to identify this destination's problems, and to discuss potential solutions among the participants in the community. The results demonstrated that the main issue at this destination is the unequal distribution of income generated by tourism, which has caused severe conflicts among the local people. The solutions sourced from the panel discussion and questionnaires indicated that the majority of local people should be involved in the tourism industry and that tourism careers can attract younger people to return and work at home after graduation. Moreover, in order to enhance this destination's sustainability based on the creative economy concept, the results from the study were summarized and four significant identities of Klong Kone were suggested: mangrove planting, opossum shrimp paste, water sports activities, and seafood restaurants. All of these should be promoted based on four keys: 1) careful design and planning in line with creative ideas, 2) prudence in the design and planning of tourism development that corresponds to the market, 3) community involvement that is capable of thinking, planning, using resources, and sharing consequences, and 4) designing tourism that adheres to the concepts of sustainable tourism.
       
  • A re-examination of the impact of irrigation on rice production in Benin:
           An application of the endogenous switching model

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Gbetondji Melaine Armel Nonvide Irrigation offers important opportunities for enhancing crop yield and production in developing countries. This paper provides a re-examination of the impact of irrigation on rice production in Benin. It employed an endogenous switching model to account for bias due to observable and unobservable factors. The results indicated that the age of the farmer, gender, education, extension services, credit, access to media, ownership of mobile phone, off-farm income, and distance from home to irrigation scheme are factors affecting the probability of the adoption of irrigation. The results also revealed that adoption of irrigation is positively associated with rice productivity improvement. Farm variables such as soil fertility, labor, and fertilizer and herbicide application have a positive effect on rice productivity. Other variables increasing the rice yield were: education, credit, off-farm income, and access to media. These findings suggest that investments in irrigation should be accompanied by the provision of institutional support measures and complementary farm inputs to enhance the impact of irrigation on rice production.
       
  • The importance of soft skills acquisition by teachers in higher education
           institutions

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 February 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Keow Ngang Tang The aim of this research was to explore the soft skills acquisition of lecturers and to thus determine the importance of soft skills in the teaching profession. A mixed method was employed utilizing a questionnaire and interview protocol as research instruments. In total, eight lecturers and 163 students from four programs of an international college in Khon Kaen, Thailand were selected using a purposive sampling method. The quantitative findings indicated that teamwork and lifelong learning skills were the most important soft skills acquired by lecturers from all of four programs, except for tourism management. In addition, the qualitative findings revealed the importance aspects of soft skills acquisition are: (i) delivery of effective and quality teaching; (ii) career development and enrichment, and (iii) managing student skills. In summary, the findings contribute to and substitute for training and provide significant pronouncements towards the knowledgeable and dexterous development of the country as a total.
       
  • Causal model of fear of crime among people in Bangkok

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 February 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Wichien Prechathamwong, Veenunkarn Rujiprak Quantitative research was applied to explore the fear-of-crime level among people in Bangkok by distributing questionnaires to 960 Bangkok residents living in the Inner Bangkok, urban fringe, and suburban areas. The findings suggest that females exhibited higher vulnerability and risk perception of fear of crime than males, whereas gender, perceived social disorganization, and experience of victimization indirectly affected fear of crime through perceived risk of victimization, satisfaction with the police community crime preventive measures, and people participation in the campaign. Moreover, gender and the experience of being a crime victim also indirectly affected fear of crime. The research findings provide primary data to promote preventive measures regarding community crimes and guidance on how to reduce the fear-of-crime level.
       
  • Selling labor-domain livelihood assets: A qualitative approach to
           non-subcontracting home-based garment workers in the Lao PDR

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 February 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Hanvedes Daovisan, Buapun Promphakping, Thanapauge Chamaratana This article examines how informal household workers selling labor are domain of livelihood assets required as a means to make a living. It is argued that five types of assets are well established in the livelihood work of workers in the Lao PDR (Laos). Qualitative methods were used to collect data, including in-depth interviews with 20 key informants. Contextual content analyses were performed using the ATLAS.ti program. Our main findings indicate that two groups are differently involved in livelihoods work in Laos. The first group of home-based garment workers (kinship, combines, and self-employed) highly transformed the social assets, human assets, and economic assets to achieve their livelihoods. Even selling one's labor involves a high transformation of progressive assets into livelihood outcomes. The second group of home-based garment workers (neighboring and industrial outworkers) were poor at transforming capital assets to achieve livelihoods. Further obstacles including lack of employment opportunities, welfare, and labor protections lead to fluctuating incomes. Finally, the contributions of actively selling labor are presented in the context of the key elements of empirical evidence.
       
  • Approaches to promoting Islamic ethics in adherence to the faith among
           Thai Muslim youths in Pattani province, Southern Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Kasetchai Laeheem The purpose of this study was to investigate approaches to promoting Islamic ethics in adherence to the faith among Thai Muslim youths. Data were collected through brainstorming meetings, focus group discussions, and critique meetings with 10 representatives from each group of religious leaders, local leaders, core youth leaders, and parents, totaling 40 representatives. Then, content analysis was performed on the data using comparative logic of concepts, theories, research reports, and context. The study found that the approach to promoting Islamic ethics in adherence to the faith among Thai Muslim youths was to use a program for promoting Islamic ethics for faith-based socialization, which is a program that applies Islamic principles in modern activities that correspond to youth interests. The program places emphasis on religious practice, providing opportunities for parents to participate, creating motivation, arranging Islamic environments that contribute to Islamic ethical promotion, and conducting activities step-by-step regularly and continuously. The results of this study would be beneficial to promoting Muslim youths to have stronger Islamic ethics in adherence to the faith and would be one way of solving, preventing, and reducing the problems among youths of a lack of Islamic ethics in devotion to the faith.
       
  • The impact of age structure on technical efficiency in Thai agriculture

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 February 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Pakapon Saiyut, Isriya Bunyasiri, Prapinwadee Sirisupluxana, Itthipong Mahathanaseth The purpose of this paper was to estimate the age structure effect of agricultural labor on technical efficiency by using stochastic frontier analysis. The translog stochastic frontier production function with the technical inefficiency model was estimated simultaneously using maximum likelihood methods. Panel data of agricultural production at the provincial level from 76 provinces for 2009–2013 were used for estimating the model. The estimated results of the technical inefficiency model identified that the labor force aged 60 years and over increased the technical inefficiency, while the labor force aged 15–59 years reduced the technical inefficiency in Thai agricultural production. Therefore, the public sector should be determined in establishing policy options to encourage young people to become young, smart farmers. The use of agricultural mechanization that is easily used by older farmers should also be promoted, along with financial support to enable them to increase production efficiency.
       
  • Factors influencing the rural students' acceptance of using ICT for
           educational purposes

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 January 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Siti Hajar Halili, Hamidah Sulaiman This study investigated rural students' acceptance toward using information, communication, and technology (ICT) for educational purposes based on the UTAUT model. Using the purposive sampling method, respondents were selected from secondary students living in a rural district in Malaysia. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 450 respondents. The SPSS software was used for data analysis in the form of descriptive statistics and correlation analysis. The study found that the facilitating conditions, social influence, performance expectancy, and effort expectancy were all significant determinants of behavioral intentions to use ICT for educational purposes. Comparing factors, the majority of students had higher mean values for the facilitating condition factor. Thus, the study provides recommendations to help authorities to prepare the appropriate technology equipment before new technology is introduced to rural students. It also provides recommendations for further research examining rural students' acceptance and use of technology.
       
  • Thai cooperating teachers' motivations and challenges in supervising
           student teachers during their internship program

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Chatree Faikhamta, Anthony Clarke In Thai teacher education, cooperating teachers play a vital role in educating student teachers during their internship for the fifth and final year of the students' Bachelor of Education program. This study sought to understand Thai cooperating teachers' motivations and challenges in supervising student teachers for the internship. Outcomes are reported from a dataset consisting of 171 responding cooperating teachers who took the Mentoring Perspectives Inventory. All quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results indicated that cooperating teachers were significantly more motivated than challenged in this work. They were equally motivated by benefits to themselves and others and were equally challenged by interpersonal issues and systemic issues. Recognizing and understanding cooperating teachers' motivations and challenges can form the basis for reflecting upon and rethinking the components of teacher preparation programs in Thailand. Key outcomes from this study suggest: (1) empowering cooperating teachers; (2) designing professional learning for their mentoring practices; and (3) further investigating their thinking and reasoning in practicum settings.
       
  • Effects of Brain-Based Teaching Method on Physics achievement among
           ordinary school students

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 January 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Salmiza Saleh, Lechimi Subramaniam This study was conducted to determine whether or not there is a significant difference in Physics achievement of ordinary school students (i) between those who were exposed to the Brain-Based Teaching Method (BBTM) versus those who followed the conventional teaching method (CTM), and (ii) between males and females who were exposed to the BBTM. The effects of the BBTM within the targeted context were assessed using a quasi-experimental research approach involving 90 students from two ordinary schools in Penang, Malaysia. Data collected through the Physics Achievement Test (PAT) were then analyzed descriptively and inferentially. The results showed that students who were exposed to the BBTM obtained a significantly higher mean score in the PAT compared to those who followed the CTM. It was also found that there was no significant difference in the PAT mean scores between male and female students in the BBTM group. These findings indicate that BBTM was effective in improving Physics achievement as well as in reducing the gender gap in Physics achievement among ordinary school students.
       
  • Multidimensional competency construct for social entrepreneurs: A logistic
           regression approach

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 12 January 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Garima Saxena Do social entrepreneurs running a for-profit (private, limited) enterprise require different competencies from those running a not-for-profit enterprise' The present research study aimed to answer the above question by proposing and vindicating a multidimensional competency construct that can serve as a succinct base to distinguish for-profit social entrepreneurs from not-for-profit social entrepreneurs. An online survey method was used to elicit responses from 400 Indian social entrepreneurs. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the data and to test the hypothesis. The empirical results revealed that for-profit social entrepreneurs did not differ not-for-profit social entrepreneurs in four competencies. By vindicating the competencies relevant for the two different forms of social enterprises, the study contributes to theory development in the field of social entrepreneurship. Furthermore, the study makes an attempt to explore new avenues for social entrepreneurial competencies research, which offer special insight with regard to enterprise form/type. The logistic regression model provides valuable insights for future enquiries by postulating and vindicating competencies as an underpinning for differentiation. The research study is limited to India; hence, it provides scope for further research in other geographical regions in order to generalize the results.
       
  • Affective forecasting for cosmetic surgery of Thai women:
           A qualitative study

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 January 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Daraphak Yenchai, Veena Sirisook The objectives of this research were to study the components and mental simulation in affective forecasting for cosmetic surgery of Thai women. In this qualitative case-study, 17 participants were purposively selected using snowball sampling. Both prospective and retrospective approaches were designed for data collection in which nine cosmetic surgery prospective and eight cosmetic surgery retrospective participants were grouped, respectively. Narrative and in-depth interviews were used in collecting data. The results showed that the participants forecasted that after undergoing the cosmetic surgery, they would have positive emotions (satisfaction, happiness, feeling proud, confidence) which were more intense than their negative emotions (fear, irritation, annoyance, worry, disappointment, stress), with the duration of forecasted emotions expected to last longer than the negative ones. However, the actual emotions after the surgery were different from the forecasted emotions (for example, feeling fine and dissatisfaction). It was revealed that positive emotions were more intense than negative emotions. The duration of the forecasted emotion showed that positive emotions were forecasted to last longer than negative emotions. It was found that negative emotions were more intense and seemed to last longer than forecasted. The discrepancies could be attributed to mental simulation, such as unrepresentative simulation and decontextualized simulation. The results could be applied to reduce the discrepancy between expectations and reality and to guide related organizations in implementing some strategies for controlling cosmetic surgery clinics/hospitals to provide clients with accurate information before making any wrong decision or undergoing re-surgery, as well as to help those with negative emotions after surgery.
       
  • Being nurse–politicians in Thailand: A phenomenological research

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 January 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Palatip Sarnkwawkum, Areewan Oumtanee The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experiences of being a nurse–politician using Heidegger's hermeneutic phenomenology. Seven nurse–politicians willingly participated in this study. They used to be members of the House of Representatives in Thailand and had held at least one term in their political position. In-depth tape-recorded interviews, observation and field notes were used for data collection. The data were analyzed using content analysis and van Manen's method. The study findings fell into three major themes: 1. Becoming a politician. Nurses entered a political party for different reasons including: 1.1) born into a politician's family, 1.2) intention to stop corruption, 1.3) response to a family request, and 1.4) invitation from an idolized politician; 2. Applying nursing science to help people by: 2.1) being an honest politician, 2.2) applying holistic healthcare to help people, and 2.3) supporting health promotion rather than curative measures; and 3. Supporting the nursing profession. They supported the nursing profession by: 3.1) promoting the Professional Nursing Act, 3.2) fighting for adequate nurse staffing, and 3.3) assisting nurses who get into trouble from unfair management systems. The findings from this study provide an understanding of how nurse–politicians experience being both a nurse and a politician. It is recommended that nursing institutions and nursing organizations should encourage professional nurses to participate in political activities and to promote nurse citizens in their efforts to become nurse–politicians.
       
  • Attitude toward the elderly and social interaction: Approach toward an
           intergenerational society

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 January 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Somkiat Eiamkanchanalai, Nuttapol Assarut, Suwanee Surasiengsunk This research aimed to study the Bangkok population aged 18–59 years in terms of their attitude toward the elderly and social interaction. The survey data of the lifestyle and values of the respondents were analyzed using two-step cluster analysis. The 1,020 respondents were classified into seven main clusters and 16 sub-groups based on their lifestyle and values. Attitude toward the elderly and the social interaction of individual sub-groups were also analyzed. Policies for improving attitude toward the elderly and social interaction enhancement for each sub-group were suggested to promote a harmonious intergenerational society.
       
  • Economic growth and environmental pollution in West Africa: Testing the
           Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 January 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Derick Taylor Adu, Elisha Kwaku Denkyirah Several studies suggest that increased economic activities result in poor environmental quality while others argue otherwise, due to the demand for improved environmental quality as a result of higher incomes. This paper empirically tested the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis by analyzing the relationship between economic growth and environmental pollution (carbon dioxide emission, CO2 and combustible renewable waste, CoWaste) using a panel dataset from 1970 to 2013 for selected West African countries with similar income status. This study is important in order to ascertain if economic growth really lead to a reduction in environmental pollution and at what income level would this be achieved. The results revealed that economic growth in the short-run significantly increases CO2 emissions and CoWaste but does not significantly decrease CO2 emission and CoWaste in the long-run. The non-significant relationship between economic growth and environmental pollution indicates the non-existence of EKC in West Africa. The results of the study further revealed a very low turning point at which CO2 emission and CoWaste start to decrease; however, the non-existence of the EKC implies that the relationship between economic growth and environmental degradation in West African countries cannot be explained by an inverted U-shaped curve. The study recommends that West African economies should pursue efficiency improvement policy intervention to prevent environmental degradation.
       
  • Foreign literacy practices and learning skills among Indonesian and Thai
           students of graduate education studies

    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 January 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social SciencesAuthor(s): Riswanda Setiadi, Araya Piyakun The research aimed to identify the English language competence of Indonesian (N = 73) and Thai (N = 60) students through describing their study skills by documenting their foreign language learning strategies, and documenting ways they used their competence in English or other foreign languages to facilitate their learning processes. Participants of the study possessed foreign language skills other than English. In this case, some Indonesian students were able to speak French and Japanese, and some Thai students were able to speak Chinese and Lao. However, their foreign language skills were mostly poor. Only a few students claimed that they were good foreign language speakers. It is believed that when individuals did not practice their foreign language skills frequently, they lost their skills acquisition as they were not able to keep their language knowledge in their memory. In terms of language use, they spoke their foreign language(s) mostly for academic and cultural purposes. In sum, both Indonesian and Thai graduate students were mostly classified into the receptive type of learners because they tended to manipulate receptive skills rather than productive ones. For their academic purposes, they only needed to read and listen. Hence, their writing skills were rarely developed. It is recommended that the students improve their literacy skills in order to enhance their study skills and a further study be conducted to gather more valid and accurate data.
       
  • Service quality improvement of ground staff at Don Mueang International
           Airport

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Sittichai Sricharoenpramong The purposes of this research were to: 1) evaluate the service quality of the ground staff at Don Mueang International Airport (DMK), 2) compare the ground staff quality service perception of Thai passengers at DMK, and 3) provide guidelines for service quality improvement of the DMK airlines ground staff. A sample size of 400 Thai domestic passengers was accidentally selected at DMK. A questionnaire was used as a research tool for data collection. Five dimensions of service quality were evaluated: reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy, and tangibles. It was found that the service quality of ground staff was moderate. The highest dimension of service quality realization was tangibles, followed successively by reliability, assurance, empathy, and responsiveness. The passengers' perception of the ground staff's service quality varied by gender and age group. Guidelines were proposed for the improvement of ground staff service quality at DMK based on the findings.
       
  • Economic and socio-cultural impacts of Mainland Chinese tourists on Hong
           Kong residents

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Manisa Piuchan, Chi Wa Chan, Jack Kaale The aim of this study was to investigate the economic and socio-cultural impacts from the burgeoning mainland Chinese tourists on Hong Kong residents. Ten individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect Hong Kong residents' views. Content analysis was employed to analyze the data. The results showed that the socio-cultural aspects were reported negatively with regard to culture, shopping and dining, and transportation but conversely, it had a positive impact on education and infrastructure. The economic aspect showed that residents accepted and appreciated the economic benefits brought by the inflow of mainland Chinese tourists. The Hong Kong government should consider these impacts, and then provide better solutions for residents' lives and plans to cope with the upcoming scenario which might arise regarding Hong Kong's economic boom and more tourists traveling to Hong Kong. Recommendations are also suggested in this study for further development.
       
  • Examining progress in research on public value

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Mayuree Yotawut This article reviews a new three-volume collection of previously published articles on how public or private organizations are operationalizing the principles of public value: firstly, ‘Measuring the public value of e-government: A case study from Sri Lanka’; secondly, ‘New Public Management to public value: Paradigmatic change and managerial implications’, and lastly, ‘Developing an understanding of result-based management through public value theory’. All three articles in this paper also explain how public value creates service, trust, and other positive outcomes, and how public organizations use public value in measuring the dimensions of public value generation in terms of e-government. Finally, an article on the idea of public value has been proposed as a way of understanding government activity, informing policy-making and constructing service delivery. Employing public value as a tool for result-based management through New Public Management, and achieving it through public organization is an essential recommendation of this article.
       
  • An innovation model of alumni relationship management: Alumni segmentation
           analysis

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Natthawat Rattanamethawong, Sukree Sinthupinyo, Achara Chandrachai The purpose of this study was to cluster alumni into segments to better understand the alumni's characteristics, lifestyles, types of behavior, and interests. A sample of 300 university alumni records was used to obtain their respective attribute values consisting of demographics, preferred communication channels, lifestyle, activities/interests, and expectation from university, needed information, donation willingness, and frequency of contact. The researcher used logistic regression and the k-mean clustering technique to analyze the data from the survey. Five segments could be derived from the analysis. Segment 3, the so-called “Mid Age Religious” contained the highest portion while segment 5, the so-called “Elaborate Cohort” had the least portion. Most of the population under these two segments was female. Differences were identified in age, marital status, education, occupation, position, income, experience, and field of work. The Elaborate Cohort segment represented young females having a bachelor degree, with low experience and low income, working for their first employer, and still enjoying being single. Another segment with similar values of attributes as the Elaborate Cohort was segment 1, the so-called “Activist Mainstreamer” whose field of work was computer technology. The segment called “Senior League” consisted of members older than 41 years like the Mid Age Religious segment, however all members were male. The last segment, the so-called “Passionate Learner” had members aged between 31 and 40 years. In conclusion, the results of this study can assist in formulating strategic marketing by alumni associations to satisfy and engage their alumni.
       
  • Beliefs and rituals related to Chao Bao Noi, a sacred tree on Khuan Sung
           hill, Southern Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Jureerat Buakaew This study explored beliefs and rituals related to Chao Bao Noi (the Little Bridegroom) on Khuan Sung hill, Southern Thailand. The data of this qualitative study were collected from related documents, research reports, and in-depth interviews with Phru To locals. The study found that the beliefs in Chao Bao Noi have existed for over 100 years and Phru To locals still have a strong belief that Chao Bao Noi is the sacred tree dwelled in by gods. In the past, Phru To locals tended rice farming and fruit plantations and had to depend on the uncertainties of nature. Thus, they had to learn to struggle for survival by adapting to nature and requesting Chao Bao Noi to give them soil fertility, and when their wishes were fulfilled, they performed rituals as repayment for the favors given by Chao Bao Noi. However, villagers of the new generation, especially those of working age, still want Chao Bao Noi to provide them with spiritual support but they have adapted the rituals of paying respect to Chao Bao Noi to suit the present social situation.
       
  • Investigation of rubber-based intercropping system in Southern Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Arisara Romyen, Palakorn Sausue, Somboon Charenjiratragul The objectives were: to investigate the differences in the socio-economic characteristics of rubber farmers who operate either a rubber mono-cropping system (RMCS) or a rubber-based intercropping system (RBIS), to identify RMCS farmer's attitudes toward RBIS, to determine the decision-making factors influencing the adoption of RBIS, and to examine the different types of intercrop available. The study areas were in Kaopra sub-district, Songkhla province and Tamod sub-district, Phattalung province, Thailand, since in these areas there is already some practice of RBIS. The findings revealed that the size of the rubber tapping area is a significant factor in the adoption of either RMCS or RBIS. The significant factors positively influencing RMCS farmers toward adopting RBIS were: members in the household, level of RBIS knowledge, attendance at an RBIS workshop, and rubber growing experience. The study's findings suggest that rubber intercropping tutorials are a driving force behind the adoption of RBIS. Whilst, it would seem to be a good idea to promote the expansion of the RBIS area in the future, this will be quite difficult to achieve in practice if left to happen naturally and there should be positive measures adopted to promote this expansion.
       
  • Socio-economic status of youth non-participation in Yala province:
           Population-based study using Thailand 2000 census data

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Sunaree Suwanro, Phattrawan Tongkumchum, Chamnein Choonpradub, Arinda Ma-a-lee, Nurin Dureh This study investigated the effects of demographic and socio-economic factors on youth non-participation in Yala province using data from the 2000 Population and Housing Census of Thailand. The study sample comprised 23,642 youths aged 15–17 years. The binary outcome was youth non-participation (yes/no). The determinants were demographic and socio-economic factors. The demographic factors included gender, religion (Muslim or non-Muslim), and region (subdistrict or aggregated subdistrict) of residence. The proportion of non-participation and determinants was modeled using logistic regression. Youths from families with 5–10 and 11–15 members were more likely to be non-participants. Higher levels of education for the head of household resulted in lower rates of non-participation. Having a family head who worked as a state enterprise employee had a lower rate of non-participation whereas having a family head who worked as a private sector employee had a higher rate than the reference. Muslim males had a high non-participation rate. There was a high non-participation rate in the subdistricts of ThaSap and NaTham (5), Betong (7), BannangSata and Bacho (10), TalingChan (12), KrongPinang and Purong (13), MaeWat (15), Yaha (16), and Kabang and Bala (19).
       
  • Board of directors and profitability ratio of Thai non-life insurers

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Pongpitch Petchsakulwong, Naratip Jansakul The aim of this paper was to investigate the impact of board of directors' characteristics on the profitability ratio of Thai public non-life insurers. A Hausman test was employed on the selection between fixed and random effects in our panel data for a sample of 208 firm-years from 2000 to 2012. Return on total assets (ROA), return on equity (ROE), and return on net written premiums (RNP) were used as proxies for the profitability ratio. The findings of our analyses revealed positively related and statistically significant results between board size and the profitability ratio. On the contrary, board meeting frequency was negatively related and statistically significant with ROA and RNP. In addition, firm size was negatively related and statistically significant with the profitability ratio.
       
  • A review of theoretical perspectives on language learning and acquisition

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Norbahira Mohamad Nor, Radzuwan Ab Rashid This paper reviews three main theoretical perspectives on language learning and acquisition in an attempt to elucidate how people acquire their first language (L1) and learn their second language (L2). Behaviorist, Innatist and Interactionist offer different perspectives on language learning and acquisition which influence the acceptance of how an L2 should be taught and learned. This paper also explicates the relationship between L1 and L2, and elaborates on the similarities and differences between the two. This paper concludes that there is no one solid linguistic theory which can provide the ultimate explanation of L1 acquisition and L2 learning as there are many interrelated factors that influence the success of language acquisition or language learning. The implication is that teachers should base their classroom management practices and pedagogical techniques on several theories rather than a single theory as learners learn and acquire language differently. It is hoped that this paper provides useful insights into the complex process involved in language acquisition and learning, and contributes to the increased awareness of the process among the stakeholders in the field of language education.
       
  • Excessive use of Facebook: The influence of self-monitoring and Facebook
           usage on social support

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Vikanda Pornsakulvanich This study examined the influence of self-monitoring and the amount of Facebook use on Facebook addiction, and the associations among self-monitoring, Facebook addiction, Facebook usage, and social support. A cross-sectional design was used to collect the data from 257 college students who have used Facebook. The findings indicated that high self-monitors were more likely to be addicted to Facebook than were low self-monitors. In addition, the number of friends and Facebook activities were the major predictors of the amount of time on Facebook. High self-monitors, Facebook activities, and the amount of time predicted Facebook addiction. Moreover, the number of friends and low-self-monitors were linked to social support.
       
  • Are we Baby Boomers, Gen X and Gen Y' A qualitative inquiry into
           generation cohorts in Malaysia

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Hiram Ting, Tze-Yin Lim, Ernest Cyril de Run, Hannah Koh, Murni Sahdan Notwithstanding the prevalent use of generation labels and descriptions from U.S. sources in the marketing literature and segmentation practices in Malaysia, there is an extreme lack of studies that justify such adoption with theoretical support and empirical evidence. The present study was performed to explore generation cohorts in Malaysia using sociological theories of generations as the underpinning basis. The purpose was to identify the major external events which have impacted Malaysians during their formative years and to define actual generation cohorts in the Malaysian context. A qualitative approach via personal interview was administered and 80 nationwide interviews were conducted and audio-recorded. The data were then transcribed and analyzed using content analysis with the aid of the ATLAS.ti software. The findings suggested that the experiences of external events which Malaysians have are different from the experiences of the U.S. population. As such, five generation cohorts were proposed based on the collective experience of the events which transpired during the formative years respectively. The study not only unearthed actual Malaysian generation cohorts, it can also pioneer future investigation pertaining to generation cohorts in Malaysia and the use of generations in various studies and practices.
       
  • Regulatory impact assessment and its challenges: An empirical analysis
           from Indonesia

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Teguh Kurniawan, Muh Azis Muslim, Eko Sakapurnama Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) is a tool for improving the quality of new or modified government regulations. The absence of RIA can result in a regulation being unaccountable, non-transparent, or inconsistent. Moreover, the government will find it difficult to create policies that will benefit economic and social-welfare. In Indonesia's context, the use of RIA is just in the form of a pilot project and unsustainable both in the central and regional governments. Based on empirical research, this paper explored the existing conditions of RIA application by central and regional government in Indonesia. Moreover, this paper also analyzed the perception of the benefits and the challenges in utilizing it. The study found that RIA is still little and not optimally used in the preparation of various regulations in Indonesia both at the central and regional government levels although there are a number of benefits that would be obtained if it were used. This condition has arisen due to the lack of leader commitment, lack of apparatus knowledge of mindset and perception as well as limitations in budget, legal support, and socialization.
       
  • Using participatory action research for injury prevention in child
           development centers, Suratthani province

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Naturthai Suwantip, Banchong Witthayawirasak This study investigated the effects of using participatory action research (PAR) in the prevention of injury to children in 14 child development centers (CDCs) under local administrative organizations in one district in Suratthani province, Thailand. In total, 98 stakeholder representatives participated in the study, consisting of 7 managers or representatives of the CDCs, 14 caregivers, 7 local health officials and 70 children's parents. They participated in all stages of the study—problem identification, setting the objectives and goals of the study, planning the study, development of research tools, data collection, risk analysis, risk management, monitoring, evaluation, and revision. The physical environments that were in non-compliance with safety standards were identified after a walk-through survey with the participants using an approved checklist. The number of injuries to children was collected before and after the risk management. The participants' knowledge and awareness of child injury prevention were collected using questionnaires. Optimal solutions for injury prevention were obtained through several focus group discussions between the participants within each CDC and among the CDCs. Active participation of the stakeholders resulted in significantly more knowledge and awareness relating to child injury prevention. The environments of CDCs in compliance with safety standards were significantly increased. The number of injuries to the children decreased. The participatory action model in this research was developed through collaboration between the 14 CDCs. The executives of local administrative organizations and local health officials can take the model used in this study and apply it to injury prevention in other CDCs which have a similar environment across the province.
       
  • Using a social story intervention to decrease inappropriate behavior of
           preschool children with autism

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Angkhana Khantreejitranon This research investigated the inappropriate behavior of preschool children with autism in a classroom and examined the effectiveness of the use of social stories to decrease inappropriate autistic behavior. An A-B-A-B single subject design was used across the five participants selected for the study. Investigating the problematic social skills and developing a social story intervention for the preschool autistic children was completed, followed by an examination of the effectiveness of the social story intervention. Ten common problematic social skills among the autistic children in preschool were identified—walking around, making loud noises, not sharing their toys with others, showing frustration when feeling unsatisfied, having no patience, not putting toys away when finished, taking other people's belongings without permission, not knowing how to greet others, destroying things when feeling frustrated, and giving a hug to other people at inappropriate times. It was found that the social story intervention helped to decrease inappropriate behavior in children with autism. The social story intervention consisted of five social story books and five e-books (one story per child) using a single subject design with an A-B-A-B pattern. The autistic children preferred social stories from the hardcopy books compared with stories from the e-books. A fourth stage time trial was used over 6 weeks, five times per week, for a total of 30 times. The findings suggested that the use of properly constructed social stories can be effective in decreasing the inappropriate behavior of children with autism. However, each story intervention should be applied with caution because of individual differences between children. The social story intervention should be designed only for autistic children who exhibit specific inappropriate social behavior.
       
  • The development and validation of the Blended Socratic Method of Teaching
           (BSMT): An instructional model to enhance critical thinking skills of
           undergraduate business students

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Eugenia Arazo Boa, Amornrat Wattanatorn, Kanchit Tagong Enhancing critical thinking skills is one of the paramount goals of many educational institutions. This study presents the development and validation of the Blended Socratic Method of Teaching (BSMT), a teaching model intended to foster critical thinking skills of business students in the undergraduate level. The main objectives of the study were to 1) to survey the critical thinking skills of undergraduate business students, and 2) to develop and validate the BSMT model designed to enhance critical thinking skills. The research procedure comprised of two phases related to the two research objectives: 1) surveying the critical thinking skills of 371 undergraduate business students at Naresuan University International College focusing on the three critical thinking competencies of the RED model—recognize assumptions, evaluate arguments, and draw conclusion, and the determination of the level of their critical thinking; and 2) developing the instructional model followed by validation of the model by five experts. The results of the study were: 1) the undergraduate business students have deficient critical thinking based on the RED Model competencies as they scored “below average” on the critical thinking appraisal, and 2) the developed model comprised six elements: focus, syntax, principles of reaction, the social system, the support system, and application. The experts were in complete agreement that the model is “highly appropriate” in improving the critical thinking skills of the business students. The main essence of the model is the syntax comprising of five steps: group assignment, analysis and writing of case studies; group presentation of the business case analysis in class; Socratic discussion/questioning in class; posting of the case study on the class Facebook account; and online Socratic discussion/questioning. The BSMT model is an authentic and comprehensive model combining the Socratic method of teaching, information and communication technology (ICT), and business case analysis.
       
  • Effects of prototype training package on attitudes and constructive
           participation behavior in university activities of Rajabhat University
           students

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Adul Panya, Kosol Meekhun, Laddawan Na Ranong This research investigated using different levels of a training package on the psychological traits and constructive participation behavior of Rajabhat University students. The effect of training was studied using a combination of different levels of psychological readiness and the biosocial background of the trainees to predict the psychological traits and participating behavior after the training. The study employed experimental research. The sample consisted of Lampang Rajabhat University sophomores, who were randomly assigned into 4 groups each of which consisted of 30 students with 3 experimental groups and 1 control group. The instruments were the training package and rating scale questionnaires. The statistics used for testing the hypothesis were analysis of variance, Scheffe's method, and multiple regression analysis. The findings revealed that the effects of training using a package of different components were (1) integrated psychological training together with integrated skills tended to yield the best results when evaluated immediately and one month after the training on students' attitudes and behaviors, (2) the integrated psychological training yielded better results than the other types of training regarding the students' readiness to participate in institutional activities; and (3)integrated skill training yielded better results than any other kind of training on students' achievement motivation and intention for participating in activities when evaluated immediately. Other findings were that the level of a family's income was a combinative factor affecting the training regarding psychological traits training, attitudes, and behaviors of students when participating in the institutional activities. Finally, groups of psychological factors and situational factors together with groups of factors measured after the training predicted student's attitude and behavior when participating in the activities better than only one group of factors. Significant factors found in combination with the training factors were having a good model, achievement motivation, future orientation and self-control, constructive attitude towards participation in the activities, integrated psychological training, and integrated skill training.
       
  • The influence of professional teachers on Padang vocational school
           students' achievement

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Ramli Bakar This study determined: (1) the competency of professional teachers teaching in the classroom, (2) students' achievement in vocational schools in Padang, and (3) the influence of professional teachers on vocational school students' achievement in Padang. The population was 2,647 students in vocational schools. The sample, consisting of 160 students, was selected using a multistage, random sampling technique. Data were collected using questionnaires and documentation, and then analyzed and presented using the SPSS software. The results showed: (1) overall, the professional teachers of vocational schools in Padang had good qualifications in pedagogical competence, professional competence, social competence, and personal competence, (2) the learning process of vocational schools in Padang was going well and in general, student achievement was at a good level of performance, and (3) there was a significant influence of professional teachers on vocational school students' achievement in Padang.
       
  • Community public policy process for solving cadmium contamination problems
           in the environment: A case study of Mae Sod district, Tak province

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Worayuth Nak-ai, Uthaithip Jiawiwatkul, Lakkhana Temsirikulchia, Kitipat Nontapattamadul The aim of this qualitative research was to study the community public policy process for solving environmental problems that affect the lifestyle of community members. Mae Sod district, Tak province, Thailand was selected to be a case study. The research question was what public policy process does the community have for solving cadmium contamination problems in the environment' Qualitative research methods were applied among 14 network members and stakeholders on policy movement. Data were collected for this study using the snowball sampling technique, in-depth interviews, and nonparticipating observations. The data selection method and content analysis were applied.The result of this study showed the community had processes to drive public policy in solving environmental problems involving cadmium contamination through using legal action. The five steps were: forming groups of affected people, issuing plans and procedures for the movement, searching for networks, communicating and expanding knowledge, and issuing public policy proposals through the administrative court. The community public policy process was successful as the administrative court declaration resulted in the affected area being placed under environmental protection, and the related administrative agencies were required to resolve the problems causing the adverse effects on the community and its lifestyle. Therefore, the application of the policy or the direction of development by the Government should consider the after effects including the environment, society, and health of the people. An assessment must be made of a policy's effect before a decision is made to go forward with the policy. Therefore, good public policy should derive its developmental basis from the community or its members as it will sustain the policy impact on the community.
       
  • Investigation and recommendations on the promotion of sustainable
           consumption behavior among young consumers in Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Nottakrit Vantamay This study investigated sustainable consumption behavior (SCB) and its determinants among undergraduate youths in Thailand using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a theoretical framework. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 1,000 university students in Thailand. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis at the .05 level of statistical significance were used to analyze the data. The results showed that all three independent variables derived from TPB (Attitude toward the behavior, Subjective norm, and Perceived behavioral control) can co-predict the intention to perform SCB at 31.1 percent and sustainable consumption behavior at 22.3 percent. For intention, Perceived behavioral control had the most influence (β = .382), followed by Attitude toward the behavior (β = .302), and Subjective norm (β = .228), respectively. For sustainable consumption behavior, Perceived behavioral control also had the most influence (β = .389), followed by Attitude toward the behavior (β = .215), and Subjective norm (β = .133), respectively. The findings strongly suggested that these three independent variables should be considered in planning social marketing communication campaigns to increase effectiveness. “3-Alteration strategies” are described and recommended and a logic model is proposed for the promotion of sustainable consumption behavior among young consumers in Thailand for sustained success.
       
  • Understanding youth motivation for water onion (Crinum thaianum J.
           Schulze) conservation in Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Nuttasun Athihirunwong, Penporn Janekarnkij, Santi Sanglestsawai Water Onion is an aquatic plant endemic to the coastal plains of southern Thailand. The species is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List. Despite rapidly declining stocks, the species is not protected under any Thai legislation nor under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). At the local level, Water Onion is protected and conserved by young people and adults for various socio-economic reasons. The study explored the participation and underlying conservation motivations of 312 youths in Kapoe district, Ranong province. Using principal component analysis, the youth's motivation for Water Onion conservation was classified into four categories: pro-social, pro-nature, social image, and extrinsic. The results from a logit regression indicated that pro-nature is one of the key motivational factors enhancing actual youth participation in the protection and conservation of Water Onion. It is important for policy makers to understand the effects of various types of motivation on different policy mechanisms in order to craft more effective policies that can further enhance youth participation in conservation initiatives.
       
  • The performance of the environmental management of local governments in
           Thailand

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Napawan Panya, Chamlong Poboon, Wisakha Phoochinda, Ratiporn Teungfung This study evaluated the performance of the environmental management of local governments (EMLG) in Thailand and examined the relationship between specific management factors (context, input, and process) and output. Data were collected by using questionnaires with 385 local governments consisting of municipalities and sub-district administration organizations (SAOs) selected by multistage sampling and systematic random sampling countrywide. The findings revealed that the performance of the EMLG in Thailand was at a moderate level (x¯ = 3.05, SD = 0.442). The performance of both municipalities (urban areas) and SAOs (rural areas) was at a moderate level. However, the mean score for the overall performance of municipalities (x¯ = 3.18, SD = 0.391) was higher than that of the SAOs (x¯ = 3.00, SD = 0.453). The structural equation model (SEM) analysis indicated a significant relationship (R2 = 0.88) between the context and the outputs (t-test = 7.59, p 
       
  • Application of livelihood vulnerability index in assessing smallholder
           maize farming households' vulnerability to climate change in Brong-Ahafo
           region of Ghana

    • Abstract: Publication date: January–April 2018Source: Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 39, Issue 1Author(s): Derick T. Adu, John K.M. Kuwornu, Henry Anim-Somuah, Nophea Sasaki Climate change is adversely affecting smallholder farming households in Africa and in particular in Ghana because their activity depends on climate-regulated water resources. This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming households to climate change in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana by employing the Livelihood Vulnerability Index with particular emphasis on access to and utilization of water resources. The primary data were based on 150 maize farming households, complemented by secondary data on rainfall and temperature over the period 1983–2013. To assess the climate change effects and related vulnerability, a comparative analysis was performed for the Wenchi and Techiman municipalities in the Brong-Ahafo region. The empirical results revealed that farming households in Wenchi municipality were more vulnerable to climate change and weather variability in terms of food, water, and health than those in Techiman municipality. Furthermore, farming households in Wenchi municipality were more vulnerable in terms of adaptive capacity, taking into account the socio-demographic aspects, social networks, and livelihoods of households in the municipality than those in Techiman municipality. These results have implications for the initiation and implementation of climate change adaptation and household resilience projects by the government, donor agencies, and other related organizations in the two municipalities in the region.
       
 
 
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