Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1761 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (257 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (92 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (54 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (1052 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (178 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (1052 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
(En)clave Comahue. Revista Patagónica de Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abant Kültürel Araştırmalar Dergisi     Open Access  
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi / Adiyaman University Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 225)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Ágora de Heterodoxias     Open Access  
Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Akademik Bakış Uluslararası Hakemli Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademik Hassasiyetler     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
AKADEMOS     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al Farabi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Qadissiya Magzine for Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia : Revista de Desarrollo Humano, Educativo y Social Contemporáneo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alinteri Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
Ambigua : Revista de Investigaciones sobre Género y Estudios Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Anais do Congresso de Pesquisa e Extensão e da Semana de Ciências Sociais da UEMG/Barbacena     Open Access  
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Análisis     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anduli : Revista Andaluza de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Anka E-Dergi     Open Access  
Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Open Access  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbetsliv i omvandling     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Argumentos : Revista do Departamento de Ciências Sociais da Unimontes     Open Access  
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Artvin Coruh University International Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of German and European Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Astrolabio, Nueva Época     Open Access  
Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararasi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi / Journal of Asian Studies     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Atatürk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Ateneo Chinese Studies Program Lecture Series     Open Access  
Aurum Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Population Studies     Open Access  
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Beykent Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University Journal of Social Science Institute     Open Access  
Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Black Sea Journal of Public and Social Science     Open Access  
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boletín Memoria     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BU Academic Review     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of Social Informatics Theory and Application     Open Access  
Búsqueda     Open Access  
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cadernos de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas     Open Access  
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Campos en Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Caradde : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chandrakasem Rajabhat University Journal of Graduate School     Open Access  
Changing Societies & Personalities     Open Access  
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Social Science and Management     Open Access  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cidadania em Ação : Revista de Extensão e Cultura: Notícias     Open Access  
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Ciencia Sociales y Económicas     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Técnica y Mainstreaming Social     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencias Sociales y Religión/Ciências Sociais e Religião     Open Access  
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Científic@ : Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CMU Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Community Empowerment     Open Access  
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ConCiencia     Open Access  
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Connections     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
CONTRA : RELATOS desde el Sur     Open Access  
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Convergencia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cooperativismo y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)

        1 2 3 4 5 6     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0126-5008
Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [11 journals]
  • Taman Melayu: Konsep dan pelestariannya dalam dunia moden

    • Authors: Md Azalanshah Md Syed, Azizah Hamzah, Halijah Ibrahim
      Abstract: Kajian kualitatif ini memfokuskan kepada konsep pembinaan taman dalam pelestarian ilmu pengetahuan dan kecemerlangan Melayu. Taman merupakan suatu konsep penting dalam seni dan budaya Melayu. Keunikan taman disebut dalam pelbagai manuskrip lama atau hikayat Melayu dan biasanya dihubungkaitkan sebagai kawasan larangan yang hanya boleh digunakan oleh keluarga diRaja dan golongan bangsawan. Kewujudan taman dalam budaya Melayu memberikan dua aspek pemahaman mengenai kearifan tempatan itu sendiri. Pertama, daya imaginasi tempatan yang mendorong kepada konsep pembinaan taman yang setanding dengan ketamadunan lain di dunia ini. Kedua, tumbuhan yang tidak sahaja menjadi lanskap estetika pembinaan sesebuah taman malah menyumbang kepada kemajuan ilmu perubatan tradisi dalam merawat penyakit tempatan. Meskipun sumber dan kajian terdahulu yang wujud dalam bentuk manuskrip atau hikayat lama, laporan kolonial Barat, filem klasik Melayu dan kajian sarjana tempatan menyebut dengan jelas mengenai taman Melayu, dapatan ini masih lagi tidak memberikan takrifan dan model yang lengkap dan tersusun untuk digunakan oleh khalayak massa bagi tujuan pembinaan sebuah taman yang boleh dipanggil sebagai Taman Melayu. Justeru, kajian ini mengemukakan suatu konsep taman Melayu bagi tujuan pelestarian dan pemeliharaan pengetahuan kecemerlangan Melayu. Selain itu, kajian ini turut mengemaskini senarai tumbuhan dan kedudukannya yang lebih bersifat sistematik yang seterusnya memberikan pandangan baharu mengenai konsep taman Melayu dari segi takrifan, tafsiran dan pelan pembangunannya.
      PubDate: 2019-09-06
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Faktor-Faktor Penentu Kecenderungan Keusahawanan dalam Kalangan Pelajar
           Sekolah Menengah (The Determinant Factors an Entrepreneurship Inclination
           among Secondary School Students)

    • Authors: Wan Mohd Zaifurin Wan Nawang, Ibrahim Mamat
      Abstract: Kecenderungan golongan muda terutamanya pelajar sekolah menengah melibatkan diri dalam kerjaya keusahawanan memberi kebaikan kepada negara. Bagaimanapun, SME Corp (2016) melaporkan kadar kecenderungan keusahawanan dalam kalangan masyarakat Malaysia telah mencatatkan aliran menurun daripada 13 peratus (2012), 12 peratus (2013), 12 peratus (2014) kepada hanya enam peratus sahaja (2015/2016).Situasi ini memberikan gambaran bahawabilangan usahawan semakin sedikit dan pelaburan Kerajaan bagi merangsang keusahawanan dalam kalangan golongan muda kurang mampu memberi manfaat kepada ekonomi negara untuk tempoh jangka panjang.Maka tujuan kajian ini dijalankan adalah untuk mengkaji faktor penentu kecenderungan keusahawanan dalam kalangan pelajar sekolah menengah di Terengganu. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif melibatkan penggunaan borang soal selidik.Kajian ini melibatkan seramai 161 orang pelajar Tingkatan 4 yang mengikuti kelab keusahawanan di 16 buah sekolah menengah di Terengganu dipilih secara rawak mudah untuk dijadikan responden. Data dianalisis menggunakan statistikdeskriptif dan inferensi seperti ujian Korelasi Pearson dan Regresi Pelbagai.Secara keseluruhannya, hasil kajian ini mendapati majoriti responden mempunyai kecenderungan keusahawananpada tahap tinggi. Kajian ini juga mendapati kewangan, model peranan, halangan, pengenalan sosial, norma sosial, pengetahuan keusahawanan dan kemahiran keusahawanan adalah faktor penentu yang mempengaruhi kecenderungan keusahawanan dalam kalangan responden.Faktor penentu kemahiran keusahawananpaling dominan mempengaruhi kecenderungan keusahawanan dalam kalangan responden. Maka kajian ini mencadangkan kepada Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia supaya membuka lebih banyak kelab keusahawanan di sekolah menengahagar ramai pelajar dapat belajar kemahiran keusahawanan dalam situasi sebenar pada usia belasan tahunkerana mempengaruhikecenderungan mereka menceburi kerjaya keusahawanan.  Kata kunci: Faktor penentu; kecenderungan keusahawanan; pelajar sekolah menengah; ahli kelab keusahawanan; usahawan muda Abstract The inclination of young adults especially secondary school students to engage in entrepreneurship benefit the nation. However, SME Corp (2016) reported that entrepreneurship inclination rates among Malaysians recorded a downward trend from 13 percent (2012), 12 percent (2013), 12 percent (2014) to just six percent (2015/2016). This situation illustrates that the number of entrepreneurs is getting smaller and the Government's investment in stimulating entrepreneurship among young people less to benefit the country's economy for a long term.Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the determinantfactors an entrepreneurship inclination among secondary school students in Terengganu.The studyused a quantitative approach involving the use of a set of questionnaires. There are a total of 161 random selected respondents who are form 4 entrepreneurship club member from 16 secondary schools in Terengganu. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential analysis such as Pearson Correlation and Multiple Regression. Overall, this study concluded that the majority of respondents have high level entrepreneurship inclination. This study also found financial, role models, barriers, social identities, social norms, entrepreneurship knowledge and entrepreneurship skills were the determinantfactors of influencing entrepreneurship inclination among respondents. Entrepreneurship skills is the most dominant determinant factors influence entrepreneurship inclination among respondents. Hence, this study suggested to the Ministry of Education to open more entrepreneurship clubs in secondary schools so that many students can learn entrepreneurship skills in real situations because its will influence their inclination to involve into entrepreneurship career. Keyword:Determinant factors; entrepreneurship inclination; secondary school student; entrepreneurship club members; young entrepreneur 
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Had Fungsi Rumah Perantaraan sebagai Penempatan Sementara untuk Bekas
           Banduan di Malaysia (Function Limitations of Halfway Houses as Temporary
           Homes Intended for Former Prisoners in Malaysia)

    • Authors: Mohd Alif Jasni, Siti Hajar Abu Bakar Ah, Jal Zabdi Mohd Yusoff, Khairiyah Md. Shahid, Noralina Omar, Zaiton Azman
      Abstract: Kejayaan sistem keadilan jenayah di Malaysia dalam menubuhkan program rumah perantaraan untuk bekas banduan yang dibebaskan harus dibanggakan. Hal ini selari dengan usaha pelbagai negara maju dalam menyediakan sebuah penempatan buat  bekas banduan yang dibebaskan dari penjara. Idea utama adalah bagi memastikan transisi bekas banduan berjalan lancar dari kehidupan di dalam penjara untuk masuk ke dalam kehidupan masyarakat berkomuniti. Rumah perantaraan ini adalah begitu penting buat bekas banduan yang mengalami masalah ketiadaan rumah untuk ditujui selepas dibebaskan. Situasi ini terjadi akibat penolakan keluarga yang membuatkan bekas banduan ini tidak tahu hala tuju selepas dibebaskan. Pengumpulan data kertas konsep ini adalah bersifat kualititatif dengan mengunakan kaedah ulasan literatur dari kajian-kajian terdahulu untuk menyokong perbincangan ini. Maklumat-maklumat yang realistik daripada ulasan literatur daripada pengalaman negara maju digunakan dalam merangka program-program yang bersesuaian yang dapat disuntik ke dalam rumah perantaraan sedia ada. Hasil perbincangan kertas konsep ini mendapati program rumah perantaraan yang diadakan mempunyai had fungsi tersendiri. Perbincangan yang dilakukan telah mendapati wujudnya had fungsi dari segi ketiadaan program penempatan pekerjaan, program anti-penyalahgunaan dadah dan program pengukuhan kekeluargaan. Hal ini kerana peluang pekerjaan, bebas dari sebarang penyalahgunaan dadah serta dapat bersatu semula dengan keluarga dilihat sebagai elemen-elemen yang sangat penting dalam memastikan integrasi bekas banduan yang lancar.  Keadaan ini membawa kepada usaha untuk mencadangkan elemen-elemen ini sebagai program sepanjang bekas banduan menyertai rumah perantaraan ini. Diharap kertas konsep ini dapat menjadi panduan kepada sistem keadilan jenayah dalam memperbaiki program rumah perantaraan sedia ada ini. Kata kunci: Rumah perantaraan; bekas banduan; had fungsi; limitasi;integrasi Abstract The success of the criminal justice system in Malaysia in setting up an intermediary home program for ex-prisoners is an initiative to be proud of. It is in line with the efforts of various developed countries in providing halfway houses for ex-prisoners. The main idea is to ensure the transition of ex-prisoners runs smoothly from life in jail to joining the community. This halfway house is so important especially for ex-prisoners who have no homes to live in after their released. One of the reasons is due to family rejections. The research methodology of this concept paper is qualitative in nature with reference of previous studies in the field of criminal justice. Information from literature reviews of developed countries is used in designing suitable programs for the existing halfway houses in Malaysia. This paper would further address the functional limit found in the previous studies’ discussions. The absence of job replacement program, drug abuse program and family reinforcement program are among the functional limits of halfway houses in Malaysia. Such programs are vital in integrating the ex-prisoner’s re-entry in the community. The suggestions promote a dynamic input for the policymakers to better equipped the existing halfway houses with such programs. The end results of this study are hoped to benefit the ex-prisoners prior re-entering the community once again and the government in building more valuable intermediary programs in the near future. Keywords: Halfway houses; ex-prisoner; criminal justice; community re-entry; functional limitations. 
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Pembentukan Model Toleransi Beragama Belia Pelbagai Etnik di Malaysia (The
           Development of Religious Tolerance Model Among Multiethnic Youth in
           Malaysia)

    • Authors: Fazilah Idris, Khadijah Muda, Khairul Anwar Mastor
      Abstract: Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pembentukan model toleransi beragama belia pelbagai etnik di Malaysia. Beberapa konstruk dalam membentuk model toleransi beragama dikenalpasti melalui teori dan kajian-kajian lepas. Seramai 500 orang belia dari etnik Melayu, Cina dan India dari negeri Selangor, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Perak dan Johor dipilih sebagai responden kajian. Data dikumpul melalui edaran soal selidik dengan menggunakan soal selidik Toleransi Sosio-Agama dan pembentukan model berasaskan kepada teori tingkahlaku terancang. Kesahan dan kebolehpercayaan data ditentukan oleh ujian rintis dan nilai Cronbach Alpha bagi setiap item dan konstruk. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif dan statistik inferensi, iaitu Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) digunakan dalam membentuk model toleransi beragama yang sepadan. Data kajian turut menjalani proses Confirmation Factor Analysis (CFA) untuk memastikan data yang digunakan mempunyai kebolehpercayaan yang memenuhi syarat dan boleh digunakan untuk pengukuran dan penstrukturan model. Hasil dapatan menunjukkan bahawa model toleransi beragama mencapai tahap kesepadanan apabila beberapa konstruk dan item dibuang dan konstruk yang sepadan adalah sikap dan persepsi menyumbang kepada tingkahlaku toleransi beragama. Namun, kedua-dua faktor ini hanya menyumbang sebanyak 41% sahaja dalam tingkahlaku responden terhadap toleransi beragama. Ini bermakna, selain daripada sikap dan persepsi, beberapa faktor lain perlu dikaji dalam memberi pengaruh kepada tingkahlaku toleransi beragama. Implikasi daripada kajian ini menunjukkan bahawa golongan belia perlu sentiasa didedahkan dengan pergaulan dan interaksi dengan kaum yang berbeza agar tingkahlaku toleransi antara penganut yang berbeza dapat dikekalkan. Sikap-sikap negatif seperti prasangka buruk, sterotaip negatif, prejudis, rasisme, diskriminasi dan etnosentrisma perlu dijauhi dan dielakkan agar keharmonian dalam perbezaan dapat dikekalkan. Kata kunci: Toleransi beragama; belia pelbagai etnik; pembentukan model; persepsi; tingkahlaku Abstract The purpose of this paper is to study the development of religious tolerance model among multi-ethnic youths in Malaysia. A few constructs are identified to develop religious tolerance model through past researchs and theory. The samples consist of 500 youths among Malay, Chinese and Indian from five different states in Malaysia: Selangor, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Perak and Johor. Data were collected using Socio-religious tolerance questionnaire and the development model is based on planned behaviour theory. The data of validity and reliability are determined by pilot test and Cronbach Alpha for every item and construct. Data were analyses in descriptive and statistical inference, which is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) is used in develop religious tolerance model fit. Before data was analysed, the data will go through to Confirmation Factor Analysis (CFA) to make sure the data is reliable to use and can proceed to measurement and structural model. The results show that religious tolerance model is fit when some items and constructs are deleted. The religious tolerance model shows that perception and attitude contribute to religious tolerance behaviour. However, both of these two factors only contribute to 41% towards respondents’ religious tolerance behaviour. This findings indicate that, other than attitude and perception factors, there are others factor need to identify in contribute to religious tolerance behaviour. The implications of this study, Malaysians need to be exposed thoroughly to the association and interaction between people of other faiths or ethnics. Bad attitudes such as prejudice, stereotype, prejudice, racism, discrimination and ethnocentrism should be avoided to keep harmony living.  Keywords: Religious tolerance; multiethnic youth; model development; perception; behaviour
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Profil Jenayah Banduan Wanita di Malaysia: Satu Kajian Kualitatif
           (Criminal Profile of Female Prisoners in Malaysia: A Qualitative Study)

    • Authors: Siti Nurkhairina Mohd Nor, Mohammad Rahim Kamaluddin, Wan Shahrazad Wan Sulaiman
      Abstract: Walaupun perlakuan jenayah kebiasaannya sering menjadi simbol yang dikaitkan dengan golongan lelaki, namun golongan wanita juga tidak terkecuali dalam penglibatan mereka sebagai pelaku jenayah. Jenayah yang dilakukan oleh mereka tidak hanya terhad kepada jenayah kecil-kecilan, malah hari demi hari, jenayah yang dilakukan dilihat semakin serius, agresif dan ekstrem. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk meneroka profil jenayah banduan wanita di Malaysia. Dengan menggunakan kaedah kualitatif melalui temu bual secara bersemuka, kajian ini dijalankan di dua buah penjara di Semenanjung Malaysia dalam kalangan 21 banduan wanita berwarganegara Malaysia yang melakukan pelbagai jenis jenayah. Kajian ini telah menggunakan reka bentuk jenis kualitatif yang menggunakan pendekatan falsafah fenomenologi transedental. Satu protokol temu bual yang mengandungi soalan semi struktur dibangunkan sebagai instrumen untuk mengumpul data kualitatif daripada peserta kajian. Data kualitatif ini dianalisis dengan menggunakan kaedah Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Hasil dapatan kajian menunjukkan banduan wanita terlibat dalam empat jenis jenayah dan merupakan jenayah kali pertama. Terdapat motif jenayah yang berbeza dan jenayah dilakukan di lokasi yang tertutup. Sesuatu objek sebagai senjata hanya digunakan di dalam jenayah kekerasan. Selain itu, jenayah yang dilakukan merupakan jenayah bukan perseorangan. Dapatan kajian ini dibincangkan dalam konteks jenayah, kriminologi dan juga psikologi tingkah laku. Diharapkan bahawa hasil dapatan kajian ini dapat dijadikan sebagai bahan rujukan untuk pihak berkuasa dalam menyelesaikan jenayah-jenayah yang melibatkan wanita sebagai pelaku. Kata kunci: Banduan wanita; jenayah; profil jenayah; tingkah laku jenayah; wanita Abstract Although criminal act is often a symbol associated with men, women are also no exception in their involvement as criminal offenders. Crimes committed by them are not limited to small-scale crime, but day by day, the crime is seen as serious, aggressive and extreme. The present study aimed to explore the criminal profile of female prisoners in Malaysia. Using a qualitative method through face-to-face interviews, the study was done in two prisons in Peninsular Malaysia among 21 Malaysian female prisoners who committed various types of crime. The study has used a qualitative type of design that used a transcendental phenomenology philosophical approach. An interview protocol consisting semi-structured questions was developed as an instrument to collect qualitative data from research participants. These qualitative data were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). The results showed that female prisoners were involved in four types of crimes and it was their first criminal offense. There were different criminal motives and crime was committed in a closed location. An object as a weapon was only used in violent crimes. In addition, the crime committed was not done individually. The findings of this study are discussed in the context of crime, criminology and behavioural psychology. It is hoped that the results of this study can be used as a reference material for authorities in resolving crimes involving women as perpetrators. Keywords: Female prisoners; females; crime; criminal profile; criminal behaviour
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Ahimsa Mahatma Gandhi: Perspektif Tokoh Hindu di Malaysia (Ahimsa of
           Mahatma Gandhi: Malaysian Hindu Scholars’Perspectives)

    • Authors: Zulkeffly Adimun, Indriaty Ismail
      Abstract: Ahimsa, konsep tanpa kekerasan mempunyai pengaruh yang besar samaada dalam dunia akademik, agama, politik dan pergerakan sosial. Ia telah menjadi bahan kajian oleh ramai pengkaji dan juga pengamal politik atau aktivis yang memperjuangkan hak mereka. Makalah ini ditulis untuk mendapatkan perspektif baru berkenaan ahimsa Mahatma Gandhi iaitu daripada tokoh-tokoh Hindu di Malaysia.Objektifnya adalah untuk melihat ahimsa dari sudut pandang tokoh-tokoh agama Hindu di Malaysia, seterusnya menilaikan keboleh-terimaannya di dalam negara ini. Kajian ini berekabentuk kualitatif, di mana kaedah pengumpulan data yang digunakan ialah temubual responden. Temu bual dijalankan melibatkan tokoh-tokoh Hindu yang memegang jawatan penting di Ibu Pejabat pertubuhan mereka di sekitar Selangor dan Kuala Lumpur. Data-data yang diperoleh dibentang dalam bentuk deskriptif. Hasil kajian mendapati, ahimsa secara umumnya dapat diterima dalam pengamalan di Malaysia. Namun, terdapat perbezaan pandangan berkenaan pengamalan ahimsa Gandhi dalam konteks dan suasana di negara ini. Ini menunjukkan bahawa Gandhi dengan ahimsanya tidak diterima secara sepakat oleh tokoh-tokoh Hindu walaupun konsep ahimsa ini ada dalam agama mereka. Kata kunci: Ahimsa; Mahatma Gandhi; Hindu Malaysia; tokoh Hindu; konsep tanpa kekerasan Abstract
      The concept of nonviolence or Ahimsa has great influence whether in academic, politic, religion and social movements. It has become a study material by many researchers as well as political practitioners or activists who fight for their rights. This paper was written to get a new perspective on ahimsa Mahatma Gandhi, from the Hindu figures in Malaysia. The objective is to look at ahimsa from the point of view of Hindu religious figures in Malaysia, thus evaluating its acceptability in this country. This study is qualitative, where the method of data collection used is interview. The interviews were held involving Hindu figures who held important positions at the headquarters of their organizations around Selangor and Kuala Lumpur. The data obtained are presented in descriptive form. The findings show that ahimsa is generally acceptable in practice in Malaysia. However, there is a difference in views on Gandhi’s practice of ahimsa in the context and atmosphere of this country. This shows that Gandhi with his aim is not accepted in agreement by Hindu figures although the concept of ahimsa is in their religion.Keywords: Ahimsa; Mahatma Gandhi; Malaysian Hindus, Hindu scholar; non-violent
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Pembentukan Istilah dan Stratifikasi Aristokrat Melayu Selangor Era Sultan
           Salehuddin, Sultan Selangor Pertama, 1766-1782 (The Formation of the Terms
           and Stratification of the Selangor Malay Aristocracy in the Era of Sultan
           Salehuddin, First Sultan of Selangor, 1766-1782)

    • Authors: Ahmad Farhan Abdullah Zakaria, Mohd. Samsudin
      Abstract: Istilah dan stratifikasi aristokrat Melayu Selangor dibentuk pada November 1766. Namun begitu, ia kurang diketengahkan oleh J. M. Gullick (1998), Khoo Kay Kim (1985), Barbara Watson Andaya (1974), Mohd. Yusoff Hashim (2001) dan Abdullah Zakaria bin Ghazali (1999/2000)menyebabkan Abdur-Razzaq Lubis (2018) kurang memahamihal tersebut. Oleh itu, artikel ini bertujuan memperkenalkan konsep istilah dan stratifikasi aristokrat Melayu Selangor yangdibentuk oleh Sultan Salehuddin ibni Daeng Chelakselaku pengasas kesultanan Selangor yang kurang ditonjolkan dalam disiplin sejarah supaya diketahui umum. Tulisan ini akan menganalisis pembentukan kesultanan Selangor pada November 1766 terlebih dahulu. Kemudian, akan mensintesis perkembangan sebelum tokoh-tokoh tersebut diiktiraf sebagai aristokrat Melayu Selangor. Seterusnya, akan menilai seseorang itu sama ada layak diiktiraf sebagai raja serta orang besar Selangor yang merupakan waris negeri Selangor sekaligus aristokrat Melayu Selangor atau sebaliknya dan stratifikasi golongan ini pada era Sultan Salehuddin. Sumber primer antaranya Pejabat Setiausaha Kerajaan Negeri Selangor (B/SUK) dan sumber sekunder digunakan bagi menjawab perkara dikemukakan. Secara keseluruhan, istilah ini merangkumi raja dan orang besar Selangor sekaligus merupakan waris negeri Selangor dibentuk secara sah setelah status entiti politik Selangor diiktiraf sebagai sebuah kerajaan negeri berdaulat pada November 1766 yang diasaskan oleh Sultan Salehuddin. Secara lazimnya, stratifikasi dalam komuniti aristokrat Melayu Selangor tidak diamalkan dalam konteks kesultanan Selangor. Namun begitu, ia wujud dalam konteks ini sekiranya diteliti secara mendalam kerana mempunyai lapisan-lapisan tertentu sama ada sebagai raja atau orang besar Selangor bagi membezakan seseorang itu dalam sesebuah komuniti sosial.                                                                                                                                        Kata kunci: Aristokrat Melayu Selangor; Raja Selangor; Orang Besar Selangor; Sultan Salehuddin ibni Daeng Chelak; Kesultanan Selangor. Abstract The terms and stratification of the Selangor Malay aristocracy began taking shape in November 1766. However, this development has not been highlighted in the writings of J. M. Gullick (1998), Khoo Kay Kim (1985), Barbara Watson Andaya (1974), Mohd. Yusoff Hashim (2001) and Abdullah Zakaria bin Ghazali (1999/2000) and even Abdur-Razzaq Lubis (2018) had limited understanding of the topic. This article aims to introduce the concept of the terms and stratification of the Selangor Malay aristocracy established by Sultan Salehuddin ibni Daeng Chelak, the founder of sultanate of Selangor, to give this topic its proper place in Malaysian history. This article will first analyse the formation of sultanate of Selangor in November 1766. In addition, it will synthesise the developments prior to the recognition of certain figures as members of the Selangor Malay aristocracy. Furthermore, it will evaluate if someone is eligible or not for recognition as raja and orang besar of Selangor collectively identified as the waris negeri Selangor and the stratification within this community in the Sultan Salehuddin era. The primary sources used in this article include Selangor Secretariat Office (B/SUK), as well as multiple secondary sources. Overall, the terms used include the raja and orang besar of Selangor who are the waris negeri Selangor legally established after the political entity of Selangor was founded by Sultan Salehuddin and recognised as a sovereign kingdom in November 1766. Generally, the stratification within the Selangor Malay aristocracy is not practised in the context of sultanate of Selangor. Nevertheless, some level of hierarchy was present, especially in identifying the status of raja and orang besar of Selangor within a social community. Keywords: Selangor Malay Aristocracy; Raja of Selangor; Orang Besar of Selangor; Sultan Salehuddin ibni Daeng Chelak; Sultanate of Selangor. 
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Taman Melayu: Konsep dan Pelestariannya dalam Dunia Moden (Malay Garden:
           Concept and Survivability in the Modern World)

    • Authors: Md Azalanshah Md Syed, Azizah Hamzah, Halijah Ibrahim
      Abstract: Kajian kualitatif ini memfokuskan kepada konsep pembinaan taman dalam pelestarian ilmu pengetahuan dan kecemerlangan Melayu. Taman merupakan suatu konsep penting dalam seni dan budaya Melayu. Keunikan taman disebut dalam pelbagai manuskrip lama atau hikayat Melayu dan biasanya dihubungkaitkan sebagai kawasan larangan yang hanya boleh digunakan oleh keluarga diRaja dan golongan bangsawan. Kewujudan taman dalam budaya Melayu memberikan dua aspek pemahaman mengenai kearifan tempatan itu sendiri. Pertama, daya imaginasi tempatan yang mendorong kepada konsep pembinaan taman yang setanding dengan ketamadunan lain di dunia ini. Kedua, tumbuhan yang tidak sahaja menjadi lanskap estetika pembinaan sesebuah taman malah menyumbang kepada kemajuan ilmu perubatan tradisi dalam merawat penyakit tempatan. Meskipun sumber dan kajian terdahulu yang wujud dalam bentuk manuskrip atau hikayat lama, laporan kolonial Barat, filem klasik Melayu dan kajian sarjana tempatan menyebut dengan jelas mengenai taman Melayu, dapatan ini masih lagi tidak memberikan takrifan dan model yang lengkap dan tersusun untuk digunakan oleh khalayak massa bagi tujuan pembinaan sebuah taman yang boleh dipanggil sebagai Taman Melayu. Justeru, kajian ini mengemukakan suatu konsep taman Melayu bagi tujuan pelestarian dan pemeliharaan pengetahuan kecemerlangan Melayu. Selain itu, kajian ini turut mengemaskini senarai tumbuhan dan kedudukannya yang lebih bersifat sistematik yang seterusnya memberikan pandangan baharu mengenai konsep taman Melayu dari segi takrifan, tafsiran dan pelan pembangunannya. Kata kunci: Taman Melayu; Lanskap Keras; Lanskap Lembut; Kearifan Tempatan; Hikayat Melayu Abstract This qualitative study focuses on the concept of Malay garden in the preservation of Malay knowledge and excellence. The garden is an important concept in Malay art and culture. The uniqueness of garden is mentioned in a variety of old manuscripts and Malay Hikayat and typically associated as a prohibited area that can only be accessed by royal families and nobles. The existence of garden in Malay culture provides two aspects of understanding of the local Malay wisdom. First, the local imagination that drives the concept of garden design is comparable to other world civilisations. Secondly, plants that contributed to the aesthetic landscape and the advancement of traditional medicine knowledge for treating local diseases. Despite the earlier sources and studies from the old Malay manuscripts or folklores, Western colonial reports, Malay classical films and local scholarly studies that explicitly mentioned about the Malay garden, there is no accurate definition or structured concept that potentially can be applied by the public to contextualise the Malay Garden. Hence, this study presents a definition and concept of the Malay garden for the purpose of preservation of knowledge and Malay excellence. Additionally, this study also updates the list of plants and its systematic position and thus provides a new perspective on Malay garden in term of definition, interpretation and its development plan.Keywords: Malay Garden; Hard Landscape; Soft Landscape; Local Wisdom; Malay Epics
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Pencemaran Bunyi Bising Trafik di Bandar Batu Pahat, Johor (Traffic Noise
           Pollution In Batu Pahat, Johor)

    • Authors: Nur Shazwanie Rosehan, Azlan Abas
      Abstract: Pencemaran bunyi bising trafik di bandar sememangnya tidak dapat dielakkan bagi kawasan yang sedang membangun. Justeru itu, matlamat kajian ini adalah untuk menilai tahap pencemaran bunyi bising trafik di kawasan bandar yang sedang pesat membangun iaitu Bandar Batu Pahat, Johor. Alatan yang digunakan bagi mencerap data kebisingan trafik ialah Integrating Sound Level Meter RS-232. Nilai purata kebisingan serta bilangan kenderaan juga direkodkan bagi kesemua sembilan (9) stesen persampelan Bandar Batu Pahat yang dipilih secara persampelan mudah pada hari bekerja dan hari hujung minggu, di waktu pagi,
      tengah hari, petang dan malam. Hasil kajian yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahawa nilai purata tertinggi keseluruhan bagi kawasan pusat bandar ialah 74.0 dBA pada hari hujung minggu mengatasi purata tertinggi pada hari bekerja iaitu 73.0 dBA. Secara keseluruhannya, purata kebisingan bunyi bising trafik di lokasi kajian ini adalah melebihi piawaian yang ditetapkan oleh JAS iaitu melebihi 65 dBA. Oleh itu, perundangan yang berkaitan dengan pencemaran bunyi perlu dikuatkuasakan dengan lebih tegas di samping langkah bukan perundangan. Sementara itu, masyarakat perlu sedar akan bahayanya pencemaran bunyi ini kepada manusia agar dapat bersama-sama membantu dalam meningkatkan kualiti hidup manusia dan pengurusan persekitaran yang sistematik.Kata kunci: Pencemaran bunyi bising; trafik; pencemaran bandar; Bandar Batu Pahat; pengurusan persekitaran
      AbstractUrban traffic noise pollution is inevitable for developing areas. Hence, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the level of traffic noise pollution in the rapidly developing urban area, Bandar Batu Pahat, Johor. The tools used to observe the data of traffic noise was RS-232 Integrating Sound Level Meter. Average noise value and number of vehicles were also recorded for all nine (9) sampling stations at Batu Pahat that was selected by convenient sampling method on weekdays and weekends, in the morning, noon, evening and night. The
      results showed that the highest average overall rating for the city center area on weekends was 74.0 dBA which is higher than the average of the working day which was 73.0 dBA. Overall, the average noise of traffic at this study location exceeded the standard set by the DOE which was more than 65 dBA. Therefore, legislation relating to sound and noise pollution should be enforced more strictly in addition to non-legislative measures. Meanwhile, the community should be aware of the dangers of this noise to humans in order to help in improving human’s quality of life and a systematic environmental management.Keywords: Noise pollution; traffic; urban pollution; Bandar Batu Pahat; environmental management  
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Persekitaran Ekosistem dalam Novel Kanak-Kanak Terpilih (Exosystem
           Environment in Selected Children’s Novel)

    • Authors: Rohayati Binti Junaidi, Tengku Intan Marlina Binti Tengku Mohd Ali, Madiawati Mustaffa @ Mamat
      Abstract: Makalah ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis persekitaran kanak-kanak dari sudut ekosistem dalam novel kanak-kanak yang terpilih. Novel-novel kajian, ialah Memori Atikah (2002), Azrul Wira Anak Laut (2006), Umairah dan Kuda Putih (2008), Suteki De Ne Aleena (2013) dan Rahsia Dhia (2014). Persekitaran yang melingkungi kehidupan kanak-kanak terdiri daripada sistem dan peraturan yang digubal oleh manusia dan organisasi tertentu dalam mempengaruhi perkembangan kanak-kanak. Berdasarkan persekitaran yang melingkungi kanak-kanak dalam novel, didapati persekitaran ekosistem memainkan peranan penting dalam mempengaruhi perkembangan psikologi kanak-kanak. Oleh itu, kajian ini menganalisis persekitaran ekosistem yang melingkungi kehidupan kanak-kanak dalam mempengaruhi perkembangan psikologi dan akademik kanak-kanak. Masalah yang melibatkan kanak-kanak semakin berleluasa dan persekitaran ekosistem turut memainkan peranan penting dalam mempengaruhi kanak-kanak. Oleh yang demikian, persekitaran ekosistem perlu dititikberatkan dalam novel kanak-kanak supaya memberi panduan kepada ibu bapa khususnya, dan masyarakat amnya terhadap pengaruh ekosistem dalam pembentukan psikologi dan akademik kanak-kanak. Kajian ini mengaplikasikan salah satu prinsip dalam Teori Ekologi Bronfenbrenner (1979), iaitu ekosistem bagi menganalisis teks pilihan. Kaedah yang digunakan dalam kajian ini kaedah analisis kandungan teks dan kaedah kepustakaan. Dapatan analisis memperlihatkan bahawa persekitaran ekosistem yang terdiri daripada pekerjaan ibu bapa dan sistem pendidikan mempengaruhi perkembangan psikologi dan akademik kanak-kanak. Jelaslah, berdasarkan analisis yang dilakukan memperlihatkan bahawa persekitaran ekosistem menekankan persekitaran yang tidak melibatkan kanak-kanak dalam membuat keputusan, namun akibat daripada keputusan dan tindakan akan memberi kesan terhadap perkembangan psikologi kanak-kanak. Kesimpulannya, kajian ini memperlihatkan bahawa keperluan persekitaran ekosistem perlu diberi perhatian dalam melahirkan kanak-kanak yang seimbang dari segi psikologi dan akademik. Kata kunci: Ekosistem; Teori Ekologi Bronfenbrenner; Novel Kanak-kanak; Psikologi; Akademik; Persekitaran Kanak-kanak
      Abstract 
      This study aims to examine the environment of children from an exosystem perspective in children's selected novels. Research novels, are Memori Atikah (2002), Azrul Wira Anak Laut (2006), Umairah dan Kuda Putih (2008), Suteki De Ne Aleena (2013) and Rahsia Dhia (2014). The environment surrounding children's lives is comprised of systems and regulations designed by humans and organizations influencing the development of children. Based on the environment surrounding children in the novel, exosystem environment is playing an important role in influencing children's psychological development. Thus, this study analyzes the exosystem environment surrounding children's lives in influencing the psychological and academic development of children. Problems involving children are increasingly widespread and the exosystem environment also plays an important role in influencing children. Consequently, exosystem environments need to be emphasized in children's novels to guide parents, in particular, and the general public on the influence of exosystems on the children development of psychological and academic. This study applies one of the principles in Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Theory (1979), a exosystem of analyzing texts. The method used in this study is library method and text analysis. The findings show that exosystem environments consisting of parents and educational systems affect the psychological and academic development of children. Obviously, based on the analysis it shows that the exosystem environment emphasizes environment that does not involve children in making decision but as a consequence of decisions and actions will affect the psychological development of children. In conclusion, the exosystem environment needs to be given attention to producing balanced children in psychologically and academically. Keywords: Exosystem; Ecological Theory Bronfenbrenner; Children’s Novel; Psychology; Academic; Children Environmental
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Masyarakat Perkampungan Portugis di Jakarta: Persanakan, Petempatan dan
           Penamaan (The Portuguese Village in Jakarta: Kinship, Residence and
           Naming)

    • Authors: Raan Hann Tan
      Abstract: Although the Portuguese never colonized Batavia (Jakarta), the Kampung Tugu in North Jakarta is known as Portuguese Village. The early settlers of Tugu Village since 1661 consisted of the Mardijkers (liberated slaves). After so many years, there are people from Tugu who still refer to themselves as “of Portuguese descent”. So far, media reports and academic research have largely focused on their traditional music known as Keroncong Tugu. Ehtnographic research of the present-day Tugu is still lacking. This paper begins with the context of Batavia, the Mardijkers and then focuses on aspects of the contemporary Tugu People. The methodology of the study was based on primary data from field work in Jakarta and secondary data from historical narratives and linguistic studies. This study shows that not only in Kampung Tugu, but this “Portuguese” community also exists in Pejambon, Central Jakarta, as a result of the diaspora that occurred in the 1950s. The study finds that the discourse of the Tugu people often involves genealogy to explain how they are of Portuguese descent, in other words, Native Tugu, and how they are related to one another. In addition to that, interviews findings, family genealogies, household surveys, kinship terms and naming further indicate that the Tugu people are a heterogenous group. Keywords: Mardijkers; Kampung Tugu; Keroncong; Portuguese Creole; Kinship  Abstract Walaupun Portugis tidak pernah menjajah Batavia (Jakarta), tetapi jejaknya masih dapat dilihat. Sebagai contoh, kewujudan Kampung Tugu yang juga dikenali sebagai Perkampungan Portugis di Jakarta Utara. Mengikut sejarah, golongan Mardijker (orang merdeka)adalah sebuah kelompok masyarakat yang memperolehi kemerdekaan daripadabekas penjajah Belanda. Kelompok ini adalahpengasas Kampung Tugu sejak tahun 1661 dan merupakan nenek moyang orang Tugu. Selama beberapa dasawarsa, orang Tugu masih merujuk diri mereka sebagai “keturunan Portugis”. Sehingga ke hari ini, kajian dan laporan media mengenai Kampung Tugu lebih terarahkepada muzik tradisional mereka, iaitu Keroncong Tugu.Meskipun pelbagai kajian dan laporan telah dihasilkan, kekurangan penyelidikan melalui kaedah etnografi mengenai Kampung Tugu dapat dikesan. Justeru,makalah ini bermula daripada konteks masyarakat Batavia, Kaum Mardijkers dan seterusnya mendalami aspek kekeluargaan orang Tugu padazaman ini. Metodologi kajian adalah berdasarkan data primer melalui kerja lapangan di Jakarta dan data sekunder dari naratif sejarah serta kajian linguistik. Kajian ini menunjukkan bahawa bukan sahaja di Kampung Tugu, tetapi komuniti Portugis juga wujud di Pejambon, Jakarta Pusat—akibat daripada diaspora yang berlaku pada tahun 1950-an. Kajian ini mendapati bahawa, salasilah keluarga sering digunakan dalam wacana orang Tugu sebagai penjelasan terhadap dakwaan mereka yang dikatakan mempunyai talian persaudaraan dengan keturunan Portugis atau “Orang Tugu Asli.” Namun begitu, hasil temubual, kajian salasilah keluarga, tinjauan isi rumah, istilah kekeluargaan dan penamaan menunjukkan bahawa orang Tugu merupakan sebuah masyarakat yang majmuk. Kata kunci: Mardijkers; Kampung Tugu; Keroncong; Kreol Portugis; persanakan 
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Dialek Melayu Perlis: Pemetaan Geodialek Beraplikasikan GIS (Perlis Malay
           Dialect: Mapping of Geodialect Using GIS)

    • Authors: Fazal Mohamed Mohamed Sultan, Nor Hashimah Jalaluddin, Harishon Radzi, Junaidi Kasdan, Muhammad Faiz Aizuddin Suhami
      Abstract: Perlis ialah sebuah negeri yang unik kerana bersempadan dengan sebuah negara asing di utaranya iaitu Thailand dan dengan sebuah negara tempatan di selatannya iaitu Kedah. Kedudukannya yang unik ini turut  memberikan impak kepada dialekMelayu yang dituturkan olehpenuturnatif di Perlis. Justeru kajian ini akan cuba mengkaji taburan dialek Perlis serta sempadan dialek dalam negeri Perlis. Kajian distribusi dialek ini dikenali sebagai dialek geografi. Dialekgeografi juga dikenalisebagaigeodialek. Kajian ini mengenal pasti sempadannya melalui pemilihan taburan variasi leksikal di Perlis menggunakan teknologi Geographic Information System (GIS). Teknologi ini digunakan bagi melakar peta lengkap dan tepat yang mampu menghuraikan penyebaran dialek seterusnya membentuk peta isogloss yang lebih canggih. Teknologi GIS inimempunyaikebolehanuntukmemproses data rayasertaberkemampuanuntukmengenalpastidialek yang berbebazadengantepatdancepat walaupun kawasan itu luas. Kajian ini meneliti variasi bagi tiga butir leksikal yang melibatkan 660 orang responden di 18 buah mukim, merangkumi 66 buah kampung di Perlis. Responden ditemu bual bagi mendapatkan variasi bagi leksikal /punggung/, /baling/, dan /comot/. Kajian ini berjaya membahaskan satu penemuan baru bahawa terdapat beberapa variasi leksikal yang mewakili variasi dialek Perlis. Antara dialek yang dikenalpastiialahDialekMelayu Kedah danDialekMelayuSatun. Kajianini juga berjayamengenalpastisubdialek Perlis yang hanyamuncul di beberapatempatsahajaberikutankurangnyapenutursubdialekini. Selain itu, kajian ini membahaskan bahawa faktor-faktor penyebaran variasi dialek adalah dikaitkan dengan faktor sejarah dan faktor geografi. Kata kunci: geodialek; SistemMaklumatGeografi (GIS); geodialek; Perlis; dialek Melayu; peta
      Abstract Perlis is a unique state because it is bordered by Thailand, a foreign country in the north and Kedah, a local state in the south. Its unique position also has an impact on Malay dialect spoken by the indigenous Malays in Perlis. Therefore, this study will try to study the distribution of Perlis dialect and dialect boundary within the state of Perlis. The study of a dialect distribution is known as a geographical dialect. The geographical dialect is also known as geodialect. This study identifies its boundaries through the selection of lexical variants distributed in Perlis using the Geographic Information System (GIS) technology. This technology is used to draw a complete and precise map that is able to elaborate the diffusion of dialects thus forming a more sophisticated isogloss map. This GIS technology has the capability to process big data as well as has the ability to identify different dialects accurately and quickly even if the area is wide. This study examined the variation of threelexical items involving 114 respondents in 18 countries, comprising 66 villages in Perlis. Respondents were interviewed to get variations for lexical /punggung/, / baling /, and / comot /. This study successfully described a new discovery that there are several lexical variations that represent the variation of the Perlis dialect. Among the dialects identified are the Kedah Malay Dialect and the Satun Malay Dialect. The study also identified that the Perlis subdialect which only appeared in some places were due to the lack of subdialect speakers. In addition, this study concludes that the spreading factors of the dialect variation are associated with historical factors and geographical factors. Keywords: geodialect; Geographic Information System (GIS); Perlis; Malay dialect; map
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Analisis Trend Indeks Harga dan Taburan Jenis Perumahan Mengikut Kelas
           Sosioekonomi di Kuala Lumpur (Trend Analysis of Prices Index and
           Distribution Types of Housing Based on Socioeconomic Classes in the Kuala
           Lumpur)

    • Authors: Saripah Osman, Khairos Md Saini
      Abstract: Rumah merupakan satu keperluan asas yang harus dimiliki bagi memastikan kesejahteraan hidup rakyat dapat dipertingkatkan. Namun begitu, isu harga rumah yang tidak konsisten dan mampu milik menimbulkan pelbagai spekulasi dalam kalangan penduduk. Secara umum, keadaan ini berpunca daripada peningkatan harga rumah yang dipengaruhi oleh nilai tanah, dan jarak daripada pusat bandar. Oleh itu, kajian ini memfokuskan kepada indeks harga rumah dan taburan jenis perumahan yang wujud di sekitar bandar Kuala Lumpur. Data yang diperoleh daripada Jabatan Penilaian dan Perkhidmatan Harta Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur (JPPHKL) dijadikan sebagai sumber utama untuk mengenal pasti indeks harga rumah dan jenis perumahan. Untuk memaparkan imej secara visual, Sistem Maklumat Geografi (GIS) akan diguna pakai untuk menganalisis taburan. Indeks harga rumah di sekitar bandar Kuala Lumpur dilihat semakin meningkat secara konsisten merangkumi semua jenis perumahan yang ditawarkan. Nilai tanah yang semakin meningkat di Kuala Lumpur menyebabkan wujudnya taburan jenis perumahan yang tersendiri dan dapat dikaitkan dengan tahap sosioekonomi penduduk. Perumahan jenis kondominium yang hanya mampu dimiliki golongan berpendapatan tinggi cenderung untuk dibina berdekatan dengan pusat bandar. Manakala, taburan rumah pangsapuri adalah lebih seragam dan rumah teres jauh di pinggir bandar. Kedua-dua jenis perumahan ini kebiasaannya dimiliki oleh golongan pertengahan. Taburan perumahan pangsa yang dibina untuk kelompok berpendapatan rendah juga adalah lebih seragam. Oleh itu, adalah penting untuk pihak berkuasa tempatan mengambil kira harga dan jenis taburan perumahan sebagai panduan sebelum menyediakan kemudahan perkhidmatan yang diperlukan.  Kata kunci: Harga rumah; trend; taburan perumahan; jarak dari pusat bandar; taraf sosioekonomi

      Abstract The home is a basic necessity that must be owned to ensure the well-being of the people can be enhanced. However, the inconsistency and affordability of housing prices led to many speculations among the population. Generally, it is happened due to the increasing value of land prices, and the distance from the city centre. Therefore, this study will focus on the housing price index and the distribution of housing types that exist around the Kuala Lumpur. Data obtained from the Federal Territory of Property and Property Services Department are used as the main source for identification of housing price index and housing types. To display an image, the Geographic Information System (GIS) will be used to analyze the distribution.  The housing price index is increased consistently including all types of housing are offered. High value of land in Kuala Lumpur has led to the distribution of distinctive housing types and can be attributed to the socioeconomic level of the population. Condominiums that are only affordable for high-income group tend to be built close to the city center. Meanwhile, the distribution of apartment houses is more uniform and the terrace houses is at suburbs area. Both types of housing are usually owned by the middle class communities. Distribution of flat housing built for the lower income group is also uniformly. Therefore, it is important for local authorities to take into consideration the price and type of housing distribution as a guide before providing the necessary service facilities. Keywords: Housing price; trend; distribution of houses; distance from city centre; socioeconomic class
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Fasa Peralihan Nelayan Laut Dalam serta Kesan ke atas Ekonomi, Sosiobudaya
           dan Persekitaran (Transitional Phase of Deep-Sea Fishermen and Impact on
           Economic, Sociocultural and Environment)

    • Authors: Norfatiha Othman, Abdul Rahman Abdul Latip, Nor Hayati Sa'at
      Abstract: Globalisasi dalam industri perikanan telah memberi kesan kepada pendapatan negara, pendapatan nelayan dan interaksi sosial di Malaysia khususnya di Wilayah ECER. Makalah ini mempunyai dua tujuan, pertama membincangkan perkembangan industri perikanan di wilayah ECER; kedua, meneliti kesan perkembangan industri perikanan dan kaitannya dengan titik peralihan nelayan laut dalam. Kajian menggabungkan data primer dan data sekunder untuk mendapatkan hasil kajian. Kajian dilakukan menerusi pendekatan kualitatif dengan menemu bual 17 orang informan yang terdiri daripada juragan laut dalam. Informan dipilih menerusi pensampelan bertujuan dan pensampelan bola salji. Kajian dilakukan di wilayah ECER (East Coast Economic Region) yang melibatkan empat buah negeri iaitu Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang dan Johor Timur. Hasil temu bual ditranskripsikan dalam bentuk data verbatim iaitu sedutan kata daripada informan. Data verbatim dianalisis menggunakan analisis tematik yang melibatkan proses pengekodan, pengkategorian dan akhirnya pengeluaran tema bagi menjawab soalan kajian.Analisis kajian mendapati bahawa perkembangan industri perikanan mempengaruhi proses peralihan yang berlaku kepada nelayan laut dalam. Peralihan tersebut menunjukkan bahawa nelayan laut dalam dapat menerima perubahan yang berlaku dalam industri perikanan. Malah proses peralihan nelayan itu sendiri memberi kesan dari segi sosial, ekonomi, fizikal dan polisi kepada industri perikanan. Penemuan penting adalah nelayan laut dalam khususnya sebahagian juragan laut dalam telah menjadi pengusaha perikanan atau usahawan perikanan yang dikenali sebagai juragan-pengusaha. Pengiktirafan juragan-pengusaha sebagai usahawan secara tidak langsung memberi kesan kepada polisi strategik dalam industri perikanan berkaitan dengan jaminan keselamatan makanan negara.  Kata kunci: peralihan nelayan; industri perikanan; globalisasi; nelayan laut dalam; juragan Abstract Globalization in the fishery industry has affected the country's income, fishermen's income and social interaction in Malaysia, especially in the ECER Region. This paper has two objectives, first discussing the development of the fishery industry in the ECER region; Secondly, examine the impression of industrial fisheries development and its relation to the transitional point of the deep-sea fishermen. The study combines primary data and secondary data to get results studies. The study was conducted through a qualitative approach by interviewing 17 informants consisting of deep-sea skipper. Informants are selected through purposive sampling and snowball sampling. The study was conducted in ECER (East Coast Economic Region) which involved four states namely Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang and East Johor. The results of the interview are transcribed in the form of verbatim words which are the words of informants. The verbatim data were analysed using thematic analysis involving the coding process, the categorization and finally the theme output to answer the questionnaire. The analysis of the study found that the development of the fisheries industry affected the transitional process that occurred to deep-sea fishermen. The transition shows that deep-sea fishermen can accept changes in industry fisheries. In fact, the fishery transition process itself affects the social, economic, physical and policy aspects of the fisheries industry. An important discovery is some deep-sea skipper, have become fishery entrepreneurs known as ‘juragan-pengusaha’ (skipper-entrepreneur). Recognition of skipper as entrepreneurs indirectly impacts strategic policies in the fisheries industry in relation to the national food security assurance. Keyword: fisherman transitional; fishing industry; globalisation; deep-sea fisherman; skipper 
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Sikap Pihak Berkepentingan terhadap Teknik Fogging di Malaysia
           (Stakeholder’s Attitude towards Fogging Technique in Malaysia)

    • Authors: Latifah Amin, Ahmad Firdhaus Arham, Zurina Mahadi, Muhammad Rizal Razman, Noor Sharizad Rusly
      Abstract: Pelbagai teknik pengawalan denggi telah diperkenalkan dalam usaha untuk melindungi kesihatan masyarakat umum dan mempromosi alam sekitar tanpa denggi. Namun, fogging kekal sebagai teknik kaedah utama untuk mengawal vektor denggi di Malaysia.Artikel ini bertujuanuntuk menilai dan membandingkan tahap sikap terhadap teknik fogging merentas faktor jantina, pihak berkepentingan, agama, tahap pendidikan dan umur. Seramai 399 responden dewasa di kawasan Lembah Klang, Malaysia telah dipilih berdasarkan persampelan rawak mudah untuk terlibat dalam kajian ini. Hasil kajian mendapati pihak berkepentingan dalam kalangan saintis dan orang awam amat yakin kepada kewibawaan pihak berkeutamaan seperti kerajaan, institusi penyelidikan dan industri pengeluar racun serangga atau farmaseutikal yang terlibat dalam pengawalan denggi. Mereka menganggap fogging sebagai mempunyai faedah yang tinggi disamping mendapat galakan yang tinggi bagi pengunaannya. Namun, mereka juga bersikap berhati-hati dengan mengakui ‘fogging’ juga mempunyai risiko yang sederhana. Pihak berkepentingan dalam kajian ini mengakui mempunyai komitmen keagamaan yang tinggi.Malahan, mereka lebih cenderung untuk mengutamakan alam semulajadi berbanding nilai material. Ujian MANOVA sehala telah mengesan perbezaan signifikan merentas faktorjantina, pihak berkepentingan, agama, tahap pendidikan dan umur. Analisis Post Hoc mengesahkan perbezaan yang signifikan bagi tanggapan risiko dan galakan merentas umur, sementara komitmen keagamaan merentas tahap pendidikan. Manakalaanalisis lanjutan ANOVA mengesahkan perbezaan signifikan tanggapan risiko merentas pihak berkepentingan, sementara komitmen keagamaan berbeza merentas jantina danagama. Hasil kajian ini penting sebagai penanda aras yang bermanfaat kepada pihak yang terlibat dalam pengawalan denggi untuk memahami sikap pihak berkepentingan terhadap teknik fogging. Kata kunci: Sikap; pihak berkepentingan; teknik fogging; latar belakang berbeza; Malaysia Abstract Several dengue control techniques have been introduced in order to protect public health and promote a dengue-free environment. However, fogging remains the main technique of controlling dengue vectors in Malaysia. This study was aims to evaluate and compare the attitudes towards fogging across gender, stakeholders, religion, education level and age. A total of 399 adult respondents in the Klang Valley, Malaysia were chosen randomly to be involved in this study. Results of the study showed that the stakeholders, which are mostly scientists and general public, have high trust on the key actors such as government, research institutions, pesticides and pharmaceutical industries which involves controlling dengue. They rated fogging highly beneficial while encouraging its application. The stakeholder’s attitudes were also found to be attached with religious values. In relation, they were more inclined to prioritize nature as compared to materials.  One-way MANOVA detected significant differences across gender, stakeholders, religion, education level and age. PostHoc analysis confirmed that significant differences were only detected for perceived risk and encouragement across age, while religiousness differs across education level. Further analysis of ANOVA also confirmed significant differences for perceived risk across stakeholders, while religiousness differs across gender and religion. The results of this study are important as a useful benchmark for those involved in dengue control to understand the attitude of stakeholders towards fogging techniques.                                           Keywords: Attitude; stakeholders; fogging technique; different backgrounds; Malaysia
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Efficiency of Counselor in ConductingVarious Cultural Counseling Services
           (Kecekapan Kaunselor dalam Menjalankan Perkhidmatan Kaunseling Pelbagai
           Budaya)

    • Authors: Kamarul Md Shah
      Abstract: Multicultural counseling competencies are one of the important aspects to the practice of counselors in order to provide effective counseling services. However, studies of multicultural counseling competencies among counselors in Malaysia are still not sufficient to serve as a referral source. This study aims to identify the level of multicultural counseling competencies as a whole and by domain competence as practiced by counselors in Malaysia. The study also aims to identify the difference levels of multicultural counseling efficiency of the respondents based on gender, level of education, and professional experience in the counseling area. The study consisted of 102 counselors who were randomly selected in Malaysia and served as counselors at the Ministry of Education. The instrument used in this study was developed by the researchers based on the theory, interviews, expert panel, and also reviews of literature.The findings showed that the overall mean score of the respondents’ multicultural counseling competency level is at a high level. Although in terms of the overall level of efficiency is at a high level, the knowledge domain level is at the highest level compared to the domain of consciousness and domain of skills. The study also found that there were significant differences in the level of multicultural counseling competencies among the respondents based on the level of education. In contrast, there were no significant differences in the efficiency of the respondents based on gender and professional experience. This study suggested implications for counseling training in improving the efficiency of multicultural counseling. Keywords: Counselor; multicultural counseling efficiency; counseling process, culture; counseling services
      Abstract Kecekapan kaunseling pelbagai budaya merupakan salah satu aspek penting dalam amalan kaunselor untuk menyediakan perkhidmatan kaunseling yang berkesan. Walau bagaimanapun, kajian ke atas kecekapan kaunseling pelbagai budaya dalam kalangan kaunselor di Malaysia masih tidak mencukupi untuk dijadikan sumber rujukan. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenalpasti tahap kecekapan kaunseling pelbagai budaya secara keseluruhan dan mengikut domain kecekapan yang diamalkan oleh kaunselor di Malaysia. Kajian ini juga bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti tahap perbezaan kecekapan kaunseling pelbagai budaya responden berdasarkan jantina, tahap pendidikan, dan pengalaman profesional dalam bidang kaunseling. Kajian ini melibatkan responden seramai 102 orang kaunselor yang telah dipilih secara rawak dan berkhidmat sebagai kaunselor di agensi-agensi di bawah pentadbiran Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam kajian ini telah dibangunkan oleh para penyelidik berdasarkan teori, wawancara, panel pakar, dan juga tinjauan literatur. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa skor min keseluruhan tahap kompetensi kaunseling pelbagai budaya responden berada pada tahap yang tinggi. Walaupun dari segi tahap kecekapan keseluruhan berada pada paras yang tinggi, namun tahap domain pengetahuan berada pada tahap tertinggi berbanding dengan domain kesadaran dan domain kemahiran. Kajian ini juga mendapati terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan dalam tahap kebolehan kaunseling pelbagai budaya dalam kalangan responden berdasarkan tahap pendidikan. Sebaliknya, tidak terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan tahap kecekapan responden berdasarkan jantina dan pengalaman profesional. Kajian ini juga telah mencadangkan implikasi untuk latihan kaunseling dalam usaha untuk meningkatkan kecekapan kaunseling pelbagai budaya. Kata kunci: Kaunselor; kecekapan kaunseling pelbagai budaya; proses kaunseling; budaya; perkhidmatan kaunseling
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Ulasan Makalah / Article Review Will There Be Malaysia Spring' A
           Comparative Assessment on Social Movements by Nidzam Sulaiman & Kartini
           Aboo Talib @ Khalid Jurnal Komunikasi (Malaysian Journal of Communication)
           Jilid 33(1) 2017: 43-58

    • Authors: Mohd Irwan Syazli Saidin
      Abstract: “Will there be a Malaysian Spring'”- as the title suggests, it seems that this article attempts to predict whether the waves of mass uprisings and regime change in the Middle East and North Africa would claim a new ‘victim’ – the state of Malaysia. In the early part of the article Nidzam and Kartini (2017) pay attention to the historical aspect of revolutions and mass mobilizations that occurred around the world, including in several states of Southeast Asia such as Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines. According to the authors, the region of Southeast Asia had already experienced an Arab Uprisings style of public protest when mass mobilizations and protests succeeded in toppling several dictators – specifically Marcos of the Philippines (1986), Suharto of Indonesia (1998) and Thaksin of Thailand (2006). The Malaysian regime is a close neighbour that yet seemed ‘immune’ from the ‘threat’ of civil protest. There are several reasons pointed out by the authors which may have prevented the success of regime change via street protests to take place in Malaysia such as those seen during the Arab Uprisings.
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
  • Ulasan Buku/Book Review. "The Remembered, Preserved and Imagined Past. My
           Heritage Memoirs" by Tun Ahmad Sarji, Petaling Jaya, Pelanduk, 2018

    • Authors: Lee Jing, Sharina Abdul Halim, Sarah Aziz, Halimaton Saadiah Hashim, Puay Liu Ong, Rahimah Abdul Aziz, Geraldin K.L. Chan, Tanot Unjah
      Abstract: Since a Book Review has no Abstract, I hereby provides the first paragraph of the Book Review here:  “If we believe that heritage buildings tell a story of the city, its people, its way of life, then what happens when they are destroyed'” (pg. 10). Starting with such a poignant line of enquiry, which sets the scene for the book on Tun Ahmad Sarji’s collection of Heritage Memoirs, we could say that the book’s title - “The Remembered, Preserved and Imagined Past. My Heritage Memoirs” – captures the heart of one man’s passion for heritage recognition and conservation. This book has six chapters, which encompassed Tun Ahmad Sarji’s commitment to heritage identification, recognition, preservation and conservation, through his various capacities and involvement in different organisations. 
      PubDate: 2019-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 89, No. 2 (2019)
       
 
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