Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1838 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (261 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (96 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (57 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (1110 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (186 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (1110 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
(En)clave Comahue. Revista Patagónica de Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AAS Open Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abant Kültürel Araştırmalar Dergisi     Open Access  
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actes de la Journée des Sciences et Savoirs     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi / Adiyaman University Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 253)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Ágora de Heterodoxias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Akademik Bakış Uluslararası Hakemli Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademik Hassasiyetler     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
AKADEMOS     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al Farabi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Qadissiya Magzine for Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aleph : UCLA Undergraduate Research Journal for the Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aletheia : Revista de Desarrollo Humano, Educativo y Social Contemporáneo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Algarrobo-MEL     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Alinteri Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
Ambigua : Revista de Investigaciones sobre Género y Estudios Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Anais do Congresso de Pesquisa e Extensão e da Semana de Ciências Sociais da UEMG/Barbacena     Open Access  
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Análisis     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anduli : Revista Andaluza de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Anka E-Dergi     Open Access  
Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Open Access  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbejdspapirer : Professionshøjskolen Metropol     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arbetsliv i omvandling     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Argumentos : Revista do Departamento de Ciências Sociais da Unimontes     Open Access  
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
ArtefaCToS : Revista de estudios sobre la ciencia y la tecnología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Artvin Coruh University International Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of German and European Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Astrolabio, Nueva Época     Open Access  
Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararasi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi / Journal of Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Atatürk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Ateneo Chinese Studies Program Lecture Series     Open Access  
Aurum Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Population Studies     Open Access  
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Beykent Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 52)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University Journal of Social Science Institute     Open Access  
Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Black Sea Journal of Public and Social Science     Open Access  
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boletín Memoria     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
BU Academic Review     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of Social Informatics Theory and Application     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Búsqueda     Open Access  
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cadernos de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Estudos Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Campos en Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Caradde : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chandrakasem Rajabhat University Journal of Graduate School     Open Access  
Changing Societies & Personalities     Open Access  
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Social Science and Management     Open Access  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cidadania em Ação : Revista de Extensão e Cultura: Notícias     Open Access  
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Ciencia Sociales y Económicas     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Técnica y Mainstreaming Social     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencias Sociales y Religión/Ciências Sociais e Religião     Open Access  
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Científic@ : Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CMU Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Community Empowerment     Open Access  
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ConCiencia     Open Access  
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Connections     Open Access  
Conocimiento, Investigación y Educación CIE     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4 5 6     

Similar Journals
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Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0126-5008
Published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Homepage  [21 journals]
  • Identity Experiments in works by two Female Photographers of Yemeni Women
           (Eksperimen Identiti dalam Karya Fotografi oleh Dua Jurugambar Wanita
           Yemeni)

    • Authors: Shada Bokir, Ruzy Suliza Hashim, Anita Harris Satkunananthan, Eric Olmedo
      Abstract: Boushra Al-Mutawakkil and Amira Alsharifare two of the most important Yemeni photographers; they are both pioneers in presenting facets of Yemeni women through photography. Their works are considered controversial because they present bold and challenging opinions concerning social taboos against women in terms of space of freedom and veiling. Dress codes in Yemen have always been a very sensitive topic for discussion since they are generally linked to religious roots and customary traditions. Through their photographs, Al-Mutawakkil and Alsharif attempt to show the changes in hijab-wearing that range from the elegant traditional Yemeni veil with its diverse designs to the monochromatic abaya, always black and shapeless, a costume imported from the Gulf countries where women’s individual identities slowly disappear. By sharply contrasting the traditional Yemeni costume, the black abaya, and various stages of veiling as women become increasingly invisible as they are shrouded in black, Al-Mutawakkiland Alsharif express the determination,  beauty, mystery,  significance,  danger, and  fear as Yemeni women’s identitiesare regulated by politics,  religion and culture.  This papertherefore highlights Al-Mutawakkil and Al-sharif’s “identity experiments” as they produce scenarios of veiling in deliberately arranged settings as well as in natural public life. The implications of this study towards society are in the dissection of the male gaze in Yemeni society as well as a non-exotic representation of the hijaband how this influences the female identity in conservative Yemeni society. Keywords: Social taboos; Veil; Yemeni women;Photography; Male gaze. Abstract Boushra Al-Mutawakkil dan Amira Alsharif merupakan dua jurugambar wanita Yemeni yang penting. Kedua-dua merupakan peneroka di dalam memaparkan aspek-aspek kehidupan wanita Yemeni melalui seni fotografi. Karya mereka ini dianggap berkontroversi kerana menonjolkan perspektif yang berani dan mencabar taboo sosial mengenai peranan wanita dari aspek kebebasan dan penutupan rambut serta aurat. Peraturan mengenai pemakaian di Yemen merupakan topik yang sensitive kerana ia berkaitan dengan asas-asas keagamaan serta tradisi masyarakat majmuk di Yemen. Melalui karya fotografi mereka, Al-Mutawakkil dan Alsharif menonjolkan kepelbagaian dan evolusi pemakaian hijab di Yemen dari tudung Yemeni yang tradisional dengan pelbagai rekabentuk kepada abaya monokromatik yang lazimnya berwarna hitam dan tidak berbentuk. Abaya merupakan penutup aurat yang diimpot daripada negara-negara Timur Tengah yang lain di mana identiti wanita sentiasa diselindungi. Dengan membandingkan peringkat penutupan aurat serta kepelbagaiannya di dalam masyarakat majmuk Yemen, Al-Mutawakkil dan Al-Sharif menonjolkan kegigihan, kecantikan, misteri, suasana bahaya dan perasaan takut apabila identiti wanita Yemeni dikongkong oleh politik dan budaya Yemeni. Artikel ini menganalisa eksperimen identiti oleh Al-Mutawakkil dan Alsharif yang menghasilkan pelbagai scenario pemakaian tudung di dalam latarbelakang yang diolah serta di dalam aksi yang semulajadi. Implikasi kajian ini adalah di dalam memberi pencerahan mengenai identiti wanita di dalam masyarakat majmuk Yemeni serta memberi representasi hidup di sebalik tabir hijab yang realistic dan tidak eksotik.Kata kunci: Taboo sosial; hijab; wanita Yemeni; fotografi; renungan lelaki
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • The Evolution of Indonesia’s Military Doctrines in Old Order, New Order
           and Reformation Era (Evolusi Doktrin Ketenteraan Indonesia Masa Orde Lama,
           Orde Baru dan Era Reformasi)

    • Authors: Kus Hananto, Sity Daud
      Abstract: This study examines the evolution of the Indonesian military doctrines during the Old Order, the New Order, and the Reformation Era. Under Sukarno’s leadership, the use of military force was outward looking and offensive, apart from constantly viewing neighbouring countries as potential enemies. Suharto prioritised homeland security and built synergies among nations within the region. The military doctrine during the Reformation Era has undergone four amendments as an effort to improve military professionalism. This study analyses factors that led to the evolution of the Indonesian military doctrine and explains the evolution that took place during the three periods. This study employed a qualitative method supported by Neoclassical Realism analysis through literature study, document analysis, and interviews as an attempt to analyse various factors for the military doctrine evolution. The study outcomes showed that domestic politics emerged as the most dominant factor that sparked the evolution of military doctrine. Finally, this study concludes that the evolutionary doctrine of the Indonesian military reflects a form of adjustment to political developments and strategic environment in maintaining the Indonesian national security.Keywords: Evolution; military doctrine; New Order; Old Order; Reformation Era Abstrak Kajian ini membincangkan evolusi doktrin ketenteraan Indonesia dalam tempoh Orde Lama, Orde Baru dan Era Reformasi. Di bawah kepimpinan Sukarno, penggunaan kekuatan ketenteraan tertuju keluar dan ofensif serta melihat negara-negara jiran berpotensi sebagai musuh. Suharto mengutamakan keselamatan dalam negeri dan membangun sinergi antara negara serantau. Doktrin ketenteraan di Era Reformasi telah mengalami empat perubahan sebagai upaya untuk mempertingkatkan profesionalisme tentera. Kajian ini menganalisis faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan evolusi doktrin ketenteraan Indonesia dan menjelaskan evolusi doktrin yang berlaku selama tiga period. Penyelidikan ini menggunakan kaedah kualitatif yang disokong dengan analisis Realisme Neoklasik ke atas data yang diperoleh melalui kajian kepustakaan, analisis dokumen dan temu bual sebagai usaha untuk menganalisis pelbagai faktor dalam evolusi doktrin ketenteraan. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa politik domestik adalah faktor yang paling dominan dalam evolusi doktrin ketenteraan. Akhirnya, dapat disimpulkan bahawa evolusi doktrin ketenteraan Indonesia adalah suatu bentuk penyesuaian dengan perkembangan politik dan lingkungan strategis dalam mengawal keselamatan nasional Indonesia.Kata kunci: Evolusi; doktrin ketenteraan; Order Lama; Order Baru; Era Reformasi
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Smuggling of Rohingyas from Myanmar to Malaysia: A Threat to Human
           Security (Penyeludupan Etnik Rohingya dari Myanmar ke Malaysia: Satu
           Ancaman Keselamatan Insan)

    • Authors: Andika Ab Wahab, Aizat Khairi
      Abstract: Irregular migration of the Rohingyas from Myanmar to Malaysia has been made possible by the presence of smuggling networks, which activities are not well understood due to their clandestine and complex modus operandi. Although the smuggling of Rohingyas can help to ensure their safe migration to Malaysia, it is also associated with a variety of risks and threats against the Rohingya victims. This study seeks to describe the smuggling of Rohingyas from Myanmar to Malaysia and aims to explain how their smuggling becomes a threat to their human security. Deriving from a two-part field work engaging the Rohingya refugees, activists and community leaders between 2013 and 2016 in Klang Valley, Malaysia, this studyfound that the smuggling of Rohingyas consists of several typical activities such as recruitment of victims, negotiating the terms of their smuggling, embarkation from points of origin, and transiting in transit countries before their arrival in Malaysia. While some Rohingya victims managed to be smuggled without encountering any unfortunate incidents, other victims were exploited, deceived, coerced and physically assaulted and/or tortured throughout their smuggling journey. These extreme incidents depict that their smuggling can turn into another humanitarian crime, namelyhuman trafficking, and most importantly, puts their lives at greater risk of human (in) security. This studyfurther argues that the risks and threats facing by Rohingya victims are interlinked to one another. As such, any effort to eliminate the smuggling of Rohingyas should address the root causes including ensuring their full enjoyment of human rights and guaranteeing their safety and protection in Myanmar.Keywords: Human security; Rohingya; smuggling of migrants; trafficking in persons; victims
      Abstrak
      Migrasi tanpa izin pelarian etnik Rohingya dari Myanmar ke Malaysia dipengaruhi oleh kewujudan rangkaian penyeludupan yang mana aktivitinya masih tidak difahami kerana bersifat kompleks dan rahsia. Walaupun penyeludupan pelarian Rohingya boleh memastikan migrasi mereka secara selamat ke Malaysia, ia masih mempunyai pelbagai risiko dan ancaman terhadap mangsa penyeludupan Rohingya. Kajian ini dijalankan bagi memperihalkan penyeludupan pelarian Rohingya dari Myanmar ke Malaysia dan menjelaskan bagaimana penyeludupan mereka ke Malaysia merupakan satu ancaman terhadap keselamatan insan. Berdasarkan dua sesi kajian lapangan terhadap pelarian, aktivis dan pemimpin komuniti Rohingya di Lembah Klang, Malaysia pada tahun 2013 dan 2016, kajian ini mendapati terdapat beberapa aktiviti lazim penyeludupan pelarian Rohingya seperti merekrut mangsa, perbincangan mengenai terma penyeludupan, perjalanan dari wilayah asal dan perhentian di negara transit sebelum ketibaan mereka di Malaysia. Walaupun terdapat mangsa pelarian Rohingya yang Berjaya diseludup ke Malaysia tanpa sebarang malapetaka menimpa mereka, terdapat mangsa pelarian Rohingya lain yang berhadapan dengan eksploitasi, pemerdayaan, pemaksaan dan kekerasan fizikal. Kes-kes seumpama ini menunjukkan bahawa penyeludupan mereka boleh bertukar menjadi satu lagi jenayah kemanusiaan iaitu pemerdagangan orang, dan lebih penting lagi, ia menyebabkan keselamataninsan mereka terancam. Kajian ini juga berhujah bahawa bahaya dan ancaman yang dihadapi mangsa pelarian Rohingya adalah saling bergantung antara satu sama lain. Oleh itu, sebarang usaha untuk menghapuskan penyeludupan pelarian Rohingya perlu mengambil kira faktor-faktor asas termasuk memastikan mereka menikmati hak asasi manusia di samping menjamin keselamatan dan perlindungan mereka di Myanmar.Kata kunci:Keselamatan insan; Rohingya; penyeludupan migran; pemerdagangan orang; mangsa
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Hubungan di antara Konsep Kendiri dan Kesedaran Komuniti dengan Sokongan
           Sosial bagi Pesalah Muda di Malaysia (Relationship between Self-Concept
           and Sense of Community with Social Support among Young Offenders in
           Malaysia)

    • Authors: N.K. Tharshini, Fauziah Ibrahim, Mohd Suhaimi Mohamad, Ezarina Zakaria
      Abstract: Artikel ini disediakan untuk mengenalpasti hubungan di antara konsep kendiri dan kesedaran komuniti dengan sokongan sosial bagi pesalah muda di Malaysia. Satu kajian kuantitatif telah dijalankan ke atas 306 pesalah muda yang sedang menjalani hukuman Perintah Khidmat Masyarakat di bawah pengawasan Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat. Data kajian dianalisis dengan menggunakan perisian Statistical Package for the Sosial Sciences (SPSS). Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa majoriti daripada responden yang terlibat dalam kajian ini terdiri daripada pesalah muda lelaki (100%) yang berusia 20 tahun (36.3), bujang (94.4%), berpendidikan pada tahap Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (52.1%), dan tidak bekerja (49.7%). Keputusan analisis kolerasi Pearson menunjukkan bahawa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan di antara konsep kendiri (r=.699, p<0.01) dan kesedaran komuniti (r=.606, p<0.01) dengan sokongan sosial. Dapatan kajian memberi implikasi kepada pihak yang berkepentingan seperti Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat agar melakukan penambahbaikan terhadap modul pemulihan yang sedia ada dengan memberi penekanan terhadap aspek konsep kendiri, kesedaran komuniti, dan sokongan sosial bagi membantu memulihkan kefungsian sosial pesalah muda pada masa hadapan.Kata kunci: Konsep kendiri; kesedaran komuniti; sokongan sosial; pesalah muda, Malaysia
      Abstract
      This article is prepared to identify the relationship between self-concept and sense of community with social support among young offenders in Malaysia. Data was collected using a quantitative approach among 306 young offenders undergoing Community Service Order initiated by the Social Welfare Department. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Sosial Sciences (SPSS) software. The result shows that majority of respondents who took part in this study consisted of male young offenders (100%) aged 20 years old (36.3), single in marital status (94.4%), completed educational level up to Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (52.1%), and unemployed (49.7%). The results of the correlation analysis unveiled that there is a significant relationship between self-concept (r = .699, p <0.01) and sense of community (r = .606, p <0.01) with social support. As an overall impact, the study provided implications to the concerned parties such as Social Welfare Department to improvise the existing rehabilitation module by giving emphasis on aspects such as self-concept, sense of community, and social support in order to restore the social functioning of the young offenders in the future.Keywords: Self-concept; sense of community; social support; young offender, Malaysia
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Analisis Terhadap Peruntukan Penentuan ʻIddah dalam Enakmen UndangUndang
           Keluarga Islam Malaysia (A Critical Analysis on the Determination of
           ʻIddah in the Malaysian Islamic Family Law Enactment)

    • Authors: Mek Wok Mahmud, Naimah Mohamad Nasir, Saidatolakma Mohamad Yunus, Mohammed Farid Ali
      Abstract: Penceraian sering dikaitkan dengan ‘iddah; iaitu suatu tempoh pra-penceraian tertentu bagi isteri perlu menunggu sebelum berkahwin baru atau diruju’ semula oleh bekas suami dan juga suatu tempoh bagi bekas suami memberi nafkah ‘iddah kepada isterinya. Penentuan ‘iddah disisi Shariʻah ini sangat penting dan perlu diteliti bagi menjaga kemaslahatan isteri yang diceraikan semasa dalam tempoh ‘iddah. Walaubagaimanapun, berdasarkan kepada peruntukan Undang-Undang Keluarga Islam di setiap negeri didapati tiada garis panduan atau peruntukan undangundang yang khusus bagi rujukan pengamal undang-undang dan hakim dalam penentuan ‘iddah bagi seseorang wanita yang diceraikan. Jesteru, keadaan ini menjurus kearah interpretasi yang berbeza sehingga boleh menyebabkan perlaksanaan boleh dipertikaikan. Maka, kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji dan menganalisis peruntukan undangundang dan perlaksanaannya dalam kes atau isu penentuan ‘iddah. Kajian ini juga bertujuan memberi kefahaman umum kepada masyarakat, pengamal undang-undang dan kehakiman akan kesan ketidakjelasan garis panduan secara terperinci terhadap penentuan iddah. Kajian ini mengadaptasi metode kualitatif dengan menggunakan analisis konten terhadap kes-kes yang berkaitan dengan penentuan ‘iddah untuk memahami isu ini dengan baik. Hasil kajian mendapati tempoh ‘iddah tidak diperjelas secara teliti ketika pembicaraan kes penceraian, penentuan tempoh tuntutan nafkah ‘iddah oleh orang awam dan pengamal undang-undang syariah hanya setakat tiga bulan dan kebanyakan kes bergantung kepada tuntutan pihak yang menuntut tanpa meneliti terlebih dahulu kondisi dan tempoh haid sebenar bagi ‘iddah wanita. Maka, kajian ini mencadangkan pembahagian ʻiddah secara komprehensif dan padat perlu dimasukkan sebagai seksyen dalam enakmen Undang-Undang Keluarga Islam dan penelitian pada keadaan wanita harus dititikberatkan oleh pihak peguam cara dan hakim sebelum Mahkamah menetapkan sebarang keputusan penentuan ʻiddah. Maka, moga kajian ini membantu dalam menambah baik penghakiman penentuan ʻiddah di Malaysia agar lebih efektif dan sesuai dengan tuntutan Syariah.Kata kunci: ‘Iddah, nafkah ‘iddah; hakim; pengamal undang-undang; Enakmen Undang-Undang Keluarga IslamAbstractDivorce is often associated with ‘iddah; a waiting period for the wife before a new marriage or ruju’ being made by the former husband and a period for the former husband to provide nafaqah for his wife. Determination of ‘iddah in Islam is very crucial to safeguard the welfare of divorced wives during the period of ‘iddah and need to be scrutinized and well determined. However, in the reality there is absence of specific guidelines in provisions of Islamic family law in determining ‘iddah for a divorced woman for law practitioners and judges resulting the provisions had interpreted distinctively and has lead its implementation to be criticiz Therefore, the study aims to analyse the related provisions and its implementation in determining ‘iddah for a divorced wife. In addition, this study also aims to provide an insight to the community in general and practicioners in particular about the adverse effect of unclear and uncertain guideline on determining of ʻiddah. This study adopted qualitative content analysis which addressed and focused on related document concerning determination of ʻiddah cases for better understand this issue. The findings showed that the duration of ‘iddah period was not clarified during the divorce proceedings, the determination of the period of nafaqah is limited for only three months and the judgment relied solely on the claims without first indentifying the menstruation’s condition of the divorced women. This study suggests a comprehensive and precise classification of ʻiddah should be included as a section in the enactment of Islamic family law and the determination of women’s condition should be considered by the lawyers and court before taking any decision. Therefore, it is hoped that this study may help to improve the existing judgment in Malaysia in producing effective decisions of ʻiddah determination which in line with Sharīʻah.Keywords: ‘Iddah, nafaqah ‘iddah; judges; law practitioners; Malaysian Islamic Family Law Enactment
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Meanings of the Qur’anic Near-Synonyms: Al-Ṣirāṭ and Al-Sabīl (the
           Path) and Their English Translations (Maksud Sinonim Hampir dalam
           Al-Qur’ān: Al-ṣirāṭ dan Al-sabīl (Jalan) dan Terjemahan dalam
           Bahasa Inggeris)

    • Authors: Abdul-Qader Khaleel Mohammed Abdul-Ghafour, Norsimah Mat Awal, Intan Safinaz Zainudin, Ashinida Aladdin
      Abstract: This study investigates the meanings of the Qur’ānic near-synonyms  اصراطal-ṣirāṭ and  السبيلal-sabīl (the path) and their English translations. It aims to identify the contextual meanings of these near-synonyms based on the exegeses of the Holy Qur’ān. Then, it explains the differences in meaning between these near-synonyms and how such semantic differences are reflected in the English translations of the Holy Qur’ān. The RC-S approach by Murphy (2003) is adopted in this study as a theoretical framework for the analysis of data. The qualitative approach is also employed for collecting and analyzing the data of the study. Moreover, the exegeses of the Holy Qur’ān are consulted to find out the semantic differences between the selected near-synonyms. The results of the study reveal that there are some differences in the denotative and connotative meaning between the Qur’ānic near-synonyms and that the differences in meaning between both near-synonyms are not reflected in the English translations. The study provides recommendations for readers and translators especially the translators of the Holy Qur’ān.Keywords: contextual meaning; connotative meaning; denotative meaning; near-synonyms; synonym translation
      Abstrak
      Kajian ini menyiasat maksud kata-kata Al-Qur’ān yang sinonim hamper bagi pasangan kata  الصراطal-ṣirāṭ dan  السبيلal-sabīl (jalan) dan terjemahan ke dalam bahasa Inggeris. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti maksud kontekstual bagi pasangan kata sinonim hamper ini berdasarkan tafsir Al-Qur’ān. Kemudian, kajian menjelaskan perbezaan maksud di antara sinonim hamper ini dan bagaimana perbezaan semantic ditunjukkan dalam Al-Qur’ān terjemahan bahasa Inggeris. Pendekatan RC-S oleh Murphy (2003) digunakan dalam kajian ini sebagai rangka kerja teori untuk analisis data. Pendekatan kualitatif juga digunakan untuk mengumpul dan menganalisis data kajian. Selain itu, tafsir Al-Qur’ān juga dirujuk untuk mengetahui perbezaan maksud antara kedua kata sinonim hampir yang mempunyai maksud yang hamper sama. Hasil kajian mendedahkan bahawa terdapat beberapa perbezaan maksud denotatif dan konotatif untuk pasangan kata sinonim hampir yang dikaji dalam Al-Qur’ān dan perbezaan maksud antara kedua sinonim hamper tidak disampaikan dalam terjemahan bahasa Inggeris. Kajian ini memberi cadangan untuk pembaca dan penterjemah terutamanya penterjemah Al-Qur’ān.Kata kunci: Maksud kontekstual; maksud konotatif; maksud denotatif; sinonim hampir; sinonim; terjemahan
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Kajian Keselarian antara Filem Inception dengan Pemikiran Al-Ghazali (A
           Parallel Study of Inception and Al-Ghazali’s Thought)

    • Authors: Mohd Syahmir Alias
      Abstract: Inception is a science-fiction action film directed by Christopher Nolan. The film is primarily concerned with dreams and reality. This film raises a question that hovers among the philosophers of mind i.e. are dreams conscious experiences that occur during sleep' The debates on the relationship between consciousness and dreams have been discussed for centuries. For example, in the history of Western philosophy, the prominent Greek philosopher Aristotle first discussed the topic in his work entitled On Dreams. However, from the context of Islamic philosophy, Fazlur Rahman emphasizes that al-Ghazali is the earliest Muslim thinker who uses dreams to prove the objective existence or ontological existence of things which regards to the end of human souls, also known as eschatology. Therefore, this paper seeks to analyse major themes of the Inception parallel to al-Ghazali’s views on dreams. Using research design based on content analysis and data collection through document analysis, this paper presents four key themes in Inception that can be compared to al-Ghazali’s thought which are reality of death, reality of illness, scepticism, and imagination. In general,this paper analyses the film and al-Ghazali’s thought by dividing the discussion into two: ontology and epistemology. Theoretically, the findings of this paper contribute to the relevance of al-Ghazali’s thought from the aspect of ontology and epistemology in comprehending a film that contains such philosophical elements.Keywords: Inception; dream; al-Ghazali; science fiction film; epistemology
      Abstrak
      Inception merupakan sebuah filem aksi cereka sains (sci-fi) di bawah pengarahan Christopher Nolan. Mauduk utama filem ini berkisar mengenai mimpi dan realiti. Filem ini cuba mengangkat satu persoalan yang berlegar-legar dalam komuniti ahli falsafah minda iaitu: apakah makna sebenar untuk mengatakan bahawa mimpi ialah pengalaman sedar ketika tidur' Perbahasan mengenai perkaitan antara kesedaran dengan mimpi telah dibincangkan berabad lamanya. Misalnya, dalamsejarah falsafah Barat, ahli falsafah Yunani terkemuka iaitu Aristotle paling awal membahaskan topik tersebut dalam karyanya yang bertajuk On Dreams. Walau bagaimanapun, dari konteks falsafah Islam, Fazlur Rahman menekankan bahawa al-Ghazali merupakan pemikir Muslim terawal yang menggunakan mimpi untuk membuktikan kewujudan objektif atau kewujudan secara ontologi berkenaan hal-hal pengakhiran jiwa manusia yang disebut juga dalam eskatologi. Oleh itu, makalahini berhasrat menganalisis tema-tema utama dalam filem Inception secara berselari dengan pandangan al-Ghazali berkaitan mimpi. Dengan menggunakan reka bentuk kajian berasaskan analisis kandungandan kaedah pengumpulan data menerusi analisis dokumen, makalah ini mengemukakan empat tema penting dalam Inception yang dapat dibandingkan dengan pemikiran al-Ghazali iaitu realiti kematian, reality sakit, skeptisisme dan imaginasi. Secara garis besarnya, makalah ini menganalisis filem tersebut dan pemikiran alGhazali dengan membahagikan perbincangan kepada dua iaitu ontologi dan epistemologi. Dapatan makalah ini secara teorinya menyumbang kepada kerelevanan pemikiran al-Ghazali dari aspek ontologi dan epistemologi dalam memahami sesebuah filem yang mengandungi sekian unsur kefalsafahan.Kata kunci:Inception; mimpi; al-Ghazali; filem cereka sains;epistemologi
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Thinking Cancer Metaphorically: A Sociocultural Perspective Study On The
           Cancer Patients’ Narratives. (Kanser dan Metafora: Kajian Perspektif
           Sosiobudaya dalam Mempengaruhi Naratif Pesakit Kanser)

    • Authors: Monica Kah-Pei Liaw, Collin Jerome
      Abstract: Cancer is a complex disease that is usually difficult to talk about. Many cancer patients turn to metaphors in describing the disease and their cancer experiences as this allows them to communicate those experiences more effectively. While much research has been carried out on examining the different types of metaphors used by cancer patients, much more needs to be known about the metaphors used by them in relation to their sociocultural background and cognition. This study seeks to address this knowledge gap by examining the metaphors used among cancer patients to describe the disease and their cancer experiences. Most importantly, the study aims to investigate how these metaphors are shaped by the patients’ sociocultural background. Using the Metaphorical Identification Procedure (MIP), the study analysed the data collected from 31 cancer patients from Kuching, Sarawak through semi-structured interview. The results show that the patients turned to “structural”, “conspiracy” and “journey” metaphors and several other metaphors to describe the disease and their cancer experiences. The results also show that the cancer metaphors used by these patients were mostly shaped by their personal life experiences and their sociocultural understanding. The study concludes that the findings could have implications on the current debates over the use of cancer metaphors in oncology and help to drive some recommendations.Keywords: Cancer; metaphor; Metaphorical Identification Procedure; sociocultural background; Malaysia
      Abstrak
      Kanser merupakan penyakit yang biasanya sukar untuk dibicarakan. Ramai pesakit kanser telah menggunakan metafora untuk mendeskripsikan penyakit kanser serta pengalaman mereka. Hal ini kerana metafora telah membolehkan pengalaman-pengalaman kanser ini dikomunikasikan dengan lebih berkesan. Walaupun kajian terhadap penggunaan metafora yang digunakan oleh pesakit telah banyak dijalankan, banyak lagi tentang penggunaan metafora untuk mendeskripsikan kanser oleh pesakit perlu difahami. Oleh sebab yang demikian, kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengisi kelompangan kajian dengan mengenalpasti jenis metafora yang digunakan oleh pesakit untuk mendeskripsikan kanser. Bukan itu sahaja, kajian ini juga bertujuan untuk mengenalpasti perkaitan antara metafora yang digunakan mendeskripsikan penyakit kanser denganpengalaman sosiobudaya dan kognisi pesakit. Dengan menerapkan pendekatan ProsedurPengenalpastian Metafora, kajian ini telah menganalisis data yang dikumpul dari 31 pesakit kanser di Kuching, Sarawak yang telah ditemu bual secara separa struktur. Hasil analysis mendapati pesakit kanser telah menggunakan metafora “stuktural”, “konspirasi” dan “perjalanan” sertapelbagai metafora yangberlainan untuk mendeskripsikan penyakit kanser serta pengalaman kanser mereka. Selain itu, hasil analisis juga mendapati metafora yang digunakan oleh pesakit kanser untuk mendeskripsikan penyakit kanser telah dipengaruhi oleh pengalaman kehidupan dan pemahaman sosiobudaya mereka. Kesimpulannya,hasil dapatan ini mempunyai implikasi terhadap perdebatan semasa mengenai penggunaan metafora kanser dalam bidang onkologi serta memberi cadangan untuk kajian masa depan.Kata kunci: Kanser; metafora;Prosedur Pengenalpastian Metafora; latar belakang sosiobudaya; Malaysia
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Penerimaan Bahasa Melayu dalam Kalangan Pelajar Universiti Rajabhat Yala
           (Yru) Thailand (Acceptance of Malay Language Among Rajabhat Yala Thailand
           University Students)

    • Authors: Pareeda Hayeeteh, Shahidi A.H., Rahim Aman
      Abstract: Bahasa Melayu di institusi pengajian tinggi di Thailand telah dijadikan pilihan utama oleh pelajar dalam pembelajaran bahasa asing. Demikian juga di Universiti Rajabhat Yala (YRU). Setelah kerajaan memberi kelonggaran dalam melaksanakan pengajaran dan pembelajaran bahasa asing, bahasa Melayu bukan sekadar dijadikan sebagai kursus sarjana muda, sujbek wajib dan subjek pilihan, malah bahasa Melayu menjadi salah satu identiti di universiti ini. Kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengukur tahap penerimaan bahasa Melayu dalam kalangan responden YRU yang terdiri daripada 30 orang responden yang mengambil kursus Sarjana Muda Program Bahasa Melayu. Kajian ini berbentuk kajian deskriptif yang menggunakan kaedah kuantitatif dalam menganalisis tahap penerimaan bahasa Melayu dalam kalangan responden. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam kajian ini ialah soal selidik yang dibina dan direka sendiri oleh pengkaji. Soal selidik terdiri daripada daripada 20 item. Hasil kajian mendapati tahap penerimaan Bahasa Melayu secara umum responden mempunyai penerimaan pada tahap yang sederhana, iaitu mempunyai skor min 3.97 dan sisihan piawai 0.66. Didapati tiga belas item mencapai skor min pada tahap yang sederhana dan hanya tujuh item sahaja mencapai skor min pada tahap yang tinggi. Sikap penerimaan responden YRU yang mempunyai skor min yang paling tinggi ialah pada item ‘bahasa Melayu harus diberikan kebebasan sepenuhnya untuk berkembang dan maju’ dengan mempunyai skor min 4.80 dan sisihan piawai 0.41. Dapatan kajian ini boleh dijadikan panduan oleh para pendidik bahasa Melayu di YRU atau mana-mana universiti di Thailand dalam menanamkan perasaan cinta terhadap bahasa Melayu dan memahami fungsi serta peranan bahasa Melayu di arena antarabangsa demi untuk memupuk sikap penerimaan bahasa Melayu terhadap pelajar pada tahap yang memuaskan.Kata kunci: Bahasa Melayu; bahasa asing; pelajar; sikap tahap penerimaan
      Abstract
      Malay in higher education institutions in Thailand have become the preferred choice by students in learning foreign languages. The same goes for Rajabhat Yala University. After the government gave leeway in implementing the teaching and learning of foreign languages, Malay language is not just used as undergraduate courses, sujbek compulsory and optional subjects, even the Malay language became one of the university’s identity. This study was conducted to see the acceptance of Malay language among respondents Rajabaht University Yala consisting of 30 students who took a course in Bachelor of Malay Language Program. This research is a descriptive study using quantitative methods to analyze the level of acceptance of Malay language among the respondents. The instrument used in this study was a questionnaire designed and designed by the researcher. The questionnaire consisted of 20 items. The study found that the attitude of the general acceptance of Malay respondents have a reception at the medium level, which has a mean score of 3.97 and a standard deviation of 0.66. It was found that thirteen items reached the mean score at a moderate level and only seven items reached the mean score at a high level. Acceptance BRU respondents who have the highest mean score is in the item ‘Malay language should be given full freedom to grow and develop’ with a mean score of 4.80 and a standard deviation of 0.41. The findings of this study can serve as a guide for Malay educators in YRU or any other university in Thailand in instilling love for the Malay language and to understand the function and role of the Malay language in the international arena. This, thus fosters acceptance of the Malay language among students, as an importance language, at an accepted level.Keywords: Malay language; foreign language; student; attitude; level of acceptance
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Hubungan Rakyat dan Pemerintah dalam Tradisi Lisan dari Perspektif
           Kepimpinan (People and Government Relationship in Oral Traditional Based
           on Leadership Perspective)

    • Authors: Madiawati Mustaffa, Tengku Intan Marlina Tengku Mohd Ali, Rohayati Junaidi, Maizira Abdul Majid
      Abstract: Hubungan rakyat dan pemerintah adalah berkait rapat dan mempunyai hubungan timbal balas antara satu sama lain. Ungkapan “rakyat dan raja berpisah tiada” menunjukkan keakraban hubungan dua kelompok ini. Pengisahan tentang pemerintah dan rakyat banyak terlihat dalam sastera hikayat. Namun kajian ini melihat sejauh mana pandangan rakyat terhadap pemerintah dari kaca mata rakyat melalui sastera rakyat. Sastera rakyat merupakan dokumentasi masyarakat dahulu serta merupakan salah satu medium dalam melihat persekitaran yang mempengaruhi hubungan antara rakyat dan pemerintah. Masalah yang melibatkan hubungan rakyat dan pemerintah merupakan salah satu situasi yang memberi kesan jangka panjang terhadap keharmonian dan kesejahteraan negara. Justeru, persekitaran yang bertimbal balas secara aktif dan baik antara rakyat dan pemerintah membantu memelihara sistem sosial sesebuah masyarakat. Sehubungan itu, kajian ini bertitik-tolak daripada dua objektif utama, iaitu mengenal pasti hubungan antara rakyat dan pemerintah dalam cerita-cerita lisan Pahang, serta menganalisis kesan hubungan timbal balas antara pemimpin dan rakyat dalam tradisi lisan berdasarkan Teori Kepimpinan oleh Northouse (2013). Kajian analisis teks ini meneliti cerita rakyat Pahang koleksi Zakaria Hitam dengan melihat hubungan antara rakyat dengan pemimpin dalam konteks kepimpinan. Dapatan kajian memperlihatkan pengaruh kepimpinan tradisional yang memberikesan timbal balas dalam hubungan antara rakyat dan pemerintah, iaitu saling mempengaruhi dalam membentuk system sosial masyarakat. Kesimpulannya, pemimpin dan rakyat saling memerlukan dalam memastikan kelangsungan dan keharmonian negara.Kata kunci: Tradisi lisan; Teori Kepimpinan; rakyat; pemerintah; cerita rakyat Pahang
      Abstract
      People-government relations are closely intertwined and reciprocal. The phrase “rakyat dan raja berpisahtiada” indicates the closeness of the two groups. The narrative of the government and the people is widely seen in the pedagogical literature. But this study looks at the extent to which the public views the government through the eyes of the people through the literature of the people. People’s literature is a document of society and is one of the mediums in looking at the environment that influences the relationship between the people and the government. Issues involving public and government relations are one of the long-term issues affecting the country’s harmony and well-being. Thus, an active and positive response between the people and the government helps to maintain the social system of a society. As such, this study draws on two main objectives, namely, identifying the relationship between the people and the government in Pahang oral stories, and analyzing the impact of reciprocal relationships between leaders and people in oral tradition based on Theory of Leadership Northouse’s (2013). This text analysis study examines the folklore of Pahang’s Zakaria Hitam collection by looking at the relationship between people and leaders in the context of leadership. The findings show that the influence of traditional leadership has a reciprocal effect on the relationship between the people and the government, which in turn influences the social structure of society. In conclusion, leaders and citizens need each other in ensuring the survivaland the harmony of the nation.Keywords: Oral tradition; leadership theory; people; government; Pahang folklore
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Hubungan Antara Gaya Kepimpinan dengan Komitmen Organisasi dan Hasrat
           Untuk Kekal: Penilaian Analisis Sobel (Relationship between Leadership
           Style with Organizational Commitment andIntention to Stay: Assessment via
           Sobel Analysis)

    • Authors: Zafir Khan Mohamed Makhbul, Mohd Iqhsan Shahfarie Ibrahim, Zaini Jamaludin
      Abstract: Gaya kepimpinan merupakan salah satu atribut yang sering mendapat perhatian penyelidik. Karektor seseorang pemimpin merupakan faktor yang signifikan dalam menentukan kejayaan atau kegagalan sesebuah organisasi. Kajian ini menumpukan kepada gaya kepimpinan spiritual, gaya kepimpinan transformasional dan transaksional yang diamalkan oleh pemimpin politik dan pengaruhnya terhadap komitmen organisasi serta hasrat untuk kekal para pegawai parti politik yang dilantik. Gaya kepimpinan spiritual yang masih belum mendapat perhatian yang luas daripada para penyelidik menjadi fokus utama di dalam kajian ini. Secara spesifik, kajian ini turut menilai peranan faktor pengantara iaitu komitmen afektif dan normatif terhadap perhubungan antara gaya kepimpinan spiritual, transformasional dan transaksional dengan hasrat untuk kekal bersama institusi. Kajian dijalankan dalam kalangan Ahli-ahli Jawatankuasa UMNO Bahagian dan PAS Kawasan di seluruh negeri Selangor. Sejumlah 357 borang soal selidik telah dianalisis daripada 1,290 borang yang diedarkan. Pengujian hipotesis menggunakan kaedah analisis regresi berbilang dan analisis Sobel. Hasil kajian mendapati ketiga-tiga gaya kepimpinan memainkan peranan yang signifikan dalam meningkatkan tahap komitmen afektif dan normatif terhadap organisasi. Gaya kepimpinan juga didapati mempunyai hubungan yang positif dengan hasrat untuk kekal. Analisis kesan pengantara mendapati komitmen normatif berperanan sebagai pengantara kepada hubungan antara gaya kepimpinan spiritual, transformasional dan transaksional dengan hasrat untuk kekal. Dapatan kajian menyumbang kepada aspek teoretikal dan aplikasi pengurusan terutamanya berkaitan gaya kepimpinan spiritual.Kata kunci: Gaya kepimpinan spiritual; transformasional; transaksional; komitmen organisasi; hasrat untuk kekal.
      Abstract
      Leadership style is one of the attributes that always garners researchers’ attention. A leader’s character is a significant factor that contributes to organizations’ success of failure. This research focuses on spiritual leadership style that gains very little attention from researchers, transformational and transactional leadership styles that are practiced by political leaders and the styles’ impacts towards organizational commitment and intention to stay among parties’ appointed committee members. Spiritual leadership styles that have not get much attention from researchers are the main focus of this study. Specifically, this research also examines the roles of affective and normative commitment as the mediating factors to the relationship of spiritual, transformational and transactional leadership styles and the intention to stay with an institution. This research was embarked on UMNO Divisions’ and PAS Zones’ committee members in Selangor. Out of 1,290 distributed questionnaires, 357 were analyzed. Hypothesis testing was done via Sobel and multiple regression analyses. The results reveal that all styles have significant roles in enhancing the committee members’ affective and normative commitment towards their organizations. The leadership style also has a positive relationship with the intention to stay. The mediating effect analysis discovers that normative commitment acts as a mediator to the relationship of spiritual, transformational and transactional leadership styles and the intention to stay. These findings contribute to the theoretical and managerial aspects especially that relate to spiritual leadership style.Keywords: Spiritual leadership style; transformational; transactional; organizational commitment; intention to stay
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Migrasi dan Lanskap Baharu Dialek di Johor (Migrations and New Dialect
           Landscapes of Johor)

    • Authors: Nor Hashimah Jalaluddin, Khairul Ashraaf Saari, Harishon Radzi, Fazal Mohamed Mohamed Sultan
      Abstract: Pengaruh migrasi antara wilayah dan dalam wilayah telah menjadikan negeri Johor sebagai salah sebuah negeri yang rencam dengan kepelbagaian subdialek dan bahasa. Faktor sebaran bahasa standard kelainan /ə/ (schwa) yang berpusat di negeri Johor tidak mampu menghalang perubahan dan penggunaan bahasa migran yang berpunca daripada penghijrahan. Pendapat Asmah (1986) yang mengkategorikan tiga sub dialek di Johor boleh dihurai semula dalam kajian ini. Kajian ini memfokuskan pada pengenalpastian bahasadan dialekyang digunapakai di negeri Johor, kesan migrasi lantas membentuk peta lanskap isoglos baharu dialek di negeri Johor berbantukan perisian Sistem Maklumat Geografi (GIS). Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kajian lapangan sepenuhnya dengan melibatkan 123 buah kampung dengan 900 orang informan kajian dan 40 data leksikal di seluruh negeri Johor. Informan yang terdiri daripada golongan remaja, dewasa dan tua telah membantu memberikan input dialek dan bahasa yang dituturkan di Johor. Kajian ini telah berjaya menggantikan pengkategorian tiga sub dialek oleh Asmah. Pada masa yang sama, kajian ini memperlihatkan empat penggunaan bahasayang ketara ditemui selain dialek Johor iaitu bahasa Jawa, Bugis, Banjar, danMinang kesan dari migrasi antara wilayah. Kesan migrasi dalam wilayahjuga menunjukkan wujudnya dialek Melayu Kelantan, dialek Melayu Terengganu dan dialek Melayu Melaka dituturkan di Johor.Natijahnya,migrasi khususnya yang melibatkanantara wilayah dan dalam wilayah ini secara tidak langsung telah mencorakkan lanskap penggunaan dialek dan bahasa yang baharu di negeri Johor.Kata kunci: migrasi; antara wilayah; dalam wilayah; dialek Johor; Sistem Maklumat Geografi
      Abstract
      The influence of inter-regional and intra-regional migration has made the state of Johor as one of the most vibrant in the variation of subdialects and languages. The factor for the distribution of the standard language of /ə / (schwa) which centralized in Johor was not able to prevent the changes and the usage of migrants languages, which resulted from the migration. Asmah(1986)’s suggestion to categorize three sub-dialects of Johor Malay language will be reiterated in this study. This study focuses on the identification of languages and dialects used in the state of Johor, the effects of migration and mapping new isoglosses in dialect landscapes in the state of Johor by utilizing the Geographic Information System (GIS) software. The study implemented a field study method that involved 123 villages with 900 informants and 40 lexical data throughout Johor. Informants are teenagers, adults and the elderly who helped to provide dialects and languages input in Johor. This study has successfully replaced the categorization of three sub-dialects by Asmah. At the same time, this study showed four significant use of languages other than the Johor dialects such as Javanese, Bugis, Banjar and Minang as a result of inter-regional migration. The effect of intra-regional migration also shows that there are Malay dialects of Kelantan, Terengganu and Malacca spoken in Johor. As a result, migrations in particular that involve the inter-region and intra- regional have indirectly paved the landscape for the use of new dialects and languages in the state of Johor.Keywords: migration; inter-regional;intra-regional; Johor dialect; Geographic Information System
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Pendekatan Terhadap Bukan Muslim dalam Gerakan Dakwah di Malaysia:
           Perbincangan Hadith-Hadith Berkaitan (The Non-Muslim Approach to the
           Da’wah Movement in Malaysia: The Related Hadith Discussions )

    • Authors: Muhammad Arif Yahya, Muhammad Haikal Mohd Hedzir
      Abstract: Pendekatan terhadap bukan Muslim dalam gerakan dakwah di Malaysia dilihat memiliki pendekatan yang berbeza khususnya berkaitan hubungan politik dengan bukan Muslim.Perkara ini membawa implikasi dalam pemilihan dan pemahaman terhadap hadis-hadis oleh gerakan dakwah yang membincangkan pendekatan terhadap bukan Muslim. Artikel ini membincangkan hadith-hadith berkaitan pendekatan terhadap bukan Muslim dalam Gerakan Dakwah di Malaysia. Gerakan dakwah yang menjadi fokus kajian dalam melihat hadith-hadith yang dikemukakan ini ialah dua badan Pertubuhan Bukan Kerajaan (NGO) di Malaysia iaitu Ikatan Muslimin Malaysia (ISMA) dan Pertubuhan Ikram Malaysia (IKRAM).Hadith-hadith yang dikaji meliputi aspek pendalilan dan pemahaman berkaitan pendekatan terhadap Bukan Muslim di kalangan Gerakan Dakwah ini.Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa hadis-hadis yang digunapakai oleh kedua-dua gerakan dakwah ada yang menjadi persamaan dan perbezaan dalam pemahaman berkaitan pendekatan terhadap golongan bukan Muslim di Malaysia ini.Persamaan adalah berkaitan pemahaman terhadap isu al-Insaniah atau kebaikan berkaitan aspek kemanusiaan kepada bukan Muslim. Manakala isu perbezaan adalah aspek hubungan politik dengan bukan Muslim dimana ISMA melihat situasi politik di Malaysia dengan berpandangan tidak bersetuju pendekatan dalam kesepakatan politik (Tahaluf siyasi )bersama bukan Muslim disamping mendatangkan dalil yang menjurus kearah larangan tersebut. Manakala IKRAM lebih mengambil pendekatan membina hubungan politik bersama bukan Muslim dan lebih melihat kepada aspek tatakelola dan tadbir urusyang baik dalam pemerintahan disamping peluang menyampaikan dakwah dan suara Islam kepada bukan Muslim. Implikasi kajian ini memberikan pemahamanbahawa perbincangan hadis-hadis ini adalah bersifat ijitihadi oleh kedua-dua gerakan dakwah dan setiap pandangan memiliki justifikasi serta hujjah masing-masing dalam usaha menjaga kemaslahatan Islam di Malaysia dan kesinambungan dakwah di negara ini.Kata Kunci: Hadis, Bukan Muslim, Gerakan Dakwah, IKRAM, ISMA.
      Abstract
      The approach to non-Muslims among the da’wah movement in Malaysia has brought different approaches especially in relation to political relations with non-Muslims. This matter has implications in the selection and understanding by the dakwah movement of the hadiths that deal with non-Muslim approaches. This article discusses the hadiths relating to non-Muslims approach to the Dakwah Movement in Malaysia. The da’wah movement which is the focus of the study in looking at these hadiths is the two NGOs in Malaysia namely the Ikatan Muslimin Malaysia (ISMA) and the Ikram Malaysia Organization (IKRAM). The studied Hadiths include the aspects of reconstruction and understanding of the approach to Non-Muslims among the Da’wah Movement. The findings show that the hadiths used by both da’wah movements have become similar and differentiated in the understanding of the approach towards non-Muslims in Malaysia. Equality is related to the understanding of the issue of al-Insaniah or the virtues of humanity towards nonMuslims. While the issue of difference is the aspect of political relations with non-Muslims where ISMA looks at the political situation in Malaysia with a view to disagree with the approaches in non-Muslim co-political (tahaluf siyasi) arrangements besides bringing the traditions that lead to the ban.While IKRAM is more concerned with building a non-Muslim political relationship and looking at good governance in government as well as the opportunity to convey dakwah and Islamic voices to non-Muslims.The implications of this study provide an understanding that the discussion of these hadiths is ijtihadi by both da’wah movements and each view has its own justification and argument in an effort to safeguard the welfare of Islam in Malaysia and the continuity of da’wah in this country.Keywords : Hadis; Non Muslim; Da’wah Movement; IKRAM; ISMA
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Kolumnis Tafsir Al-Quran Majalah Pengasuh Tahun 1953-2017 (Columnists of
           Quranic Exegesis of The Pengasuh Magazine from 1953-2017)

    • Authors: Mazlan Ibrahim, Ahmad Yunus Mohd Noor, Abdullah Aqil Fahmi Che Mohd Rahim
      Abstract: Pengajian Tafsir Al-Quran merupakan salah satu cabang ilmu agama yang berkembang pesat di dalam majalah Pengasuh sejak sebelum era kemerdekaan Tanah Melayu. Kemunculannya seawal tahun 1950an menjadikan ilmu ini sebagai salah satu ilmu agama yang paling lama bertahan di dalam majalah tersebut sejak ia pertama kali diterbitkan pada 11 Julai 1918. Walaubagaimanapun perkembangan penulisan tafsir ini gagal mendapat tempat di pentas perbincangan akademik menjadikan ilmu ini dan penulisnya kurang dikenali oleh masyarakat dan para sarjana Melayu. Dengan menggunakan kaedah analisis dokumen, penulisan ini akan menjelaskan dengan lebih terperinci kronologi penulisan Tafsir Al-Quran di dalam majalah Pengasuh bermula dari tahun 1953 hingga tahun 2017 dengan dinyatakan siapakah kolumnis yang bertanggungjawab ke atas penulisan tersebut. Hasil kajian mendapati sepanjang 64 tahun pengajian Tafsir Al-Quran berlangsung, seramai 9 kolumnis tafsir telah terlibat, mereka ialah Hassan Haji Muhammad, KH Munawwar Khalil, Guru Muda, Dato' Dr. Wan Hussein Azmi, M Iqbal, M.Zulni, Dato' Yusoff Zaky, Roslan Abdul Ghani dan Abdul Hafiz Abdullah. Kesemua penulis ini telah meyumbangkan karya tafsir mereka di dalam majalah Pengasuh dengan pelbagai metode seperti tafsir bi al-Mathur, tafsir bi al-Ra’yi, tafsir bi Ilmi dan tafsir Maw’dui. Sumbangan kajian ini diharap dapat menaikkan kembali kolum Tafsir Al-Quran di dalam majalah Pengasuh bersesuaian dengan taraf ilmunya yang telah sekian lama menyumbang kepada masyarakat.Kata Kunci: Kolumnis, Tafsir Al-Quran, Majalah Pengasuh, 1953-2017
      Abstract Quranic exegesis is one of the branches of religious science that has grown rapidly in the Pengasuh’s magazine since before the era of independence in the country. Its emergence as early as the 1950s made this knowledge one of the longest surviving religious sciences in the magazine since it was first published on 11 July 1918. However, the development of this interpretation of the writings has failed to take place in the academic discussion stage to make this knowledge and author less familiar with society and the Malay scholars. By using the document analysis method, this writing will explain in more detail the chronology of the interpretation of the Quran in the Pengasuh's magazine from 1953 to 2017, with whom the columnist is responsible for the writing. The study finds that over a total of 64 years of Tafsir Al-Quran course, 9 interpretative columnists have been involved, they are Hassan Haji Muhammad, KH Munawwar Khalil, Young Teachers, Dato 'Dr. Wan Hussein Azmi, M Iqbal, M.Zulni, Dato 'Yusoff Zaky, Roslan Abdul Ghani and Abdul Hafiz Abdullah. All of these authors have contributed their interpretations in the caretaker magazine with a variety of unique writing methods such as tafsir bi al-Mathur, tafsir bi al-Ra’yi, tafsir bi Ilmi dan tafsir Maw’dui. The contribution of this study is hoped to revitalize the Tafsir Al-Quran column in the Pengasuh's magazine in line with the long-standing knowledge of the community.Keywords: Columnist, Quran, Exegesis, Pengasuh Magazine, 1953-2017
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      Issue No: Vol. 90, No. 3 (2020)
       
 
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