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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1342 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
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    - FOLKLORE (28 journals)
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    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (682 journals)
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    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (159 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (682 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 147)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Balkan Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno CRH     Open Access  
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access  
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access  
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover African Renaissance
  [2 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1744-2532
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [188 journals]
  • Editorial
    • Authors: Francoise Ugochukwu
      Abstract: It is a known fact that, with the end of the decolonisation and the migrations that followed, twenty-first century western societies have become increasingly multicultural. The proportion of their population that is plurilingual (able to communicate, to varying degrees, in several languages) and pluricultural (has experience of several cultures and is able to take part in intercultural interaction) is on the rise, partly due to long-term international migrants, defined by the United Nations as persons "who move to a country other than that of [their] usual residence for a period of at least a year (12 months), so that the country of destination effectively becomes [their] new country of usual residence." 1 In June 2016, the two bigger contingents of immigrants from West Africa in the UK were from Nigeria (9,000) and Ghana, with the Nigerian diaspora in Britain being probably the largest in Europe. In 2009 already, according to the Office for national statistics, there were approximately 154,000 Nigerians in the UK. Migrants from francophone African countries, the two Congos in particular, have also settled in Britain. In this context, the role that languages and cultures play in relation to one's sense of self,appears more complex to grasp than ever.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
  • Home in the mind of the African Diaspora
    • Authors: Chukwudum Ikeazor
      Abstract: The question of home is an enduring issue for Africans in the Diaspora, whether they are in Europe, the Caribbean, North or South America, regardless of their generational proximity or distance from Africa. It has been expressed in music, poetry, literature, names and dressing for centuries by countless individuals and communities across South America, the Caribbean, the United States, Britain, Europe, Arabia and indeed the Indian sub-continent. The home question for Africans in the Diaspora will be discussed here to find more about home, its definition and location, its roots, its duality and association with home town.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
  • Native or diaspora : notions of home and identity among mixed race
    • Authors: Dominique Otigbah
      Abstract: The African diaspora in Britain is a large multicultural and multifaceted segment of the population. Within this, there are many different groupings and communities, one of which includes "mixed-race diasporans". This is another very broad grouping, but this article will focus on mixed-race individuals who formerly lived in Africa and then migrated to the UK, and mixed-race individuals who are the offspring of 1st and 2nd generation diasporans. Because of their background, those who identify as mixed race can be placed at a crossroads where they can embody two or more different cultures: would they identify themselves as natives of Africa or the UK and or Europe, as diasporans or as something in the middle? And where do they consider as home? The aim of this paper is to look at concepts of home and identity held by mixed race diasporans so as to consider more nuanced perspectives within the study of the African diaspora in Britain. In order to do so, a survey was carried out to gather the perspectives of those who identify as mixed race and fall into the group which we are concerned with. As one's identity is highly personal and unique to the individual, by considering the survey responses this paper hopes to present a variety of means of conceptualising African identities of mixed race individuals who either currently live or have lived in the United Kingdom.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
  • "What stops me from having a multi-cultural thing within myself?"
           languages and perception of self among plurilingual pupils of West African
           Heritage (Ivory Coast)
    • Authors: Xaviere Hassan
      Abstract: This short study explores the lived experiences of two plurilingual pupils of West African heritage (Ivory Coast), focusing upon the role they perceived languages and cultures have played in shaping aspects of their identities. Two 19years-old female pupils were interviewed and the data were analysed using qualitative thematic analysis. Adopting a phenomenological perspective, key concepts of the Life world (spatiality, temporality, embodiment and intersubjectivity) were also used as part of the heuristic process. Three overarching themes were identified in the participants' narratives: 'language and empowerment', 'feeling stigmatised as foreign' and 'feeling divided, on the wrong side of the fence'. Participants generally expressed a positive attitude towards plurilingualism, a desire to maintain and expand their linguistic skills as a means to increase their life choices. While the impact of European languages acquired through schooling or migration was perceived as overwhelmingly positive and empowering, heritage language seems to have been associated with less successful experiences overall, and impacted negatively on the participants' sense of self. In conclusion, plurilingualism, despite its many advantages, can also have a negative impact on one's sense of self. Some strategies need to be in place in order to overcome problematic situations and potential identity threat arising from being plurilingual.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
  • Language & identity : Nigerian video-films and diasporic communitie
    • Authors: Françoise Ugochukwu
      Abstract: Today, the Nigerian diaspora in Britain is probably the largest in Europe. Research carried out between January and March 2011 shows that diasporic Nigerians spend part of their recreational time viewing Nigerian video films, massively preferred to foreign films. Those films seem to have empowered them to reclaim their culture and history and present it to others. This paper, based on two sets of questionnaires and interviews dated 2009 and 2011, seeks to evaluate the impact of Nigerian video-films among resettled communities in the UK and reasons behind the success of these films among Nigerians, focusing on Igbo and Yoruba speakers. It investigates the potential importance of language in viewers' motivations and practices, the role played by the cultural message of the language in identity-reinforcement within the Nigerian community, and the impact of these video-films on the revival of language and cultural practices among diasporic communities.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
  • The Mirror Boy (2011) - an excerpt
    • Authors: Obi Emelonye
      Abstract: Tasie, a London-born African boy, returns to Nigeria against his will but goes missing on his second day. Through his contact with an enigmatic street boy, he gets closer to unravelling the mystery of an intertwined fate with a father he has never met. In this period of identity crisis amongst young Africans in the diaspora, The Mirror Boy explores the element of spiritual connection with Africa, symbolised by the ancient practice of burying a child's umbilical cord in his native land ' tie him to the destiny of his people'. Below is an excerpt from the first pages of the film script.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
  • From Nwana (1933) to Adichie (2006) - Britishness goes full circle in
           Nigerian Literature
    • Authors: Francoise Ugochukwu
      Abstract: Since the early years of British contact with Nigeria, dating back to the mid-nineteenth- century, Nigerian literature has been reflecting on the changing persona of the British in the country through its frequent inclusion and handling of British characters. This paper will consider ten novels published between 1933 and 2006, to track changes in Nigerian writers' perception of Britishness, from the prejudiced or accommodating colonial administrators and district officers of Omenuko to the city girl's husband of People in the City, from the young female teachers of Emecheta's school to the arrogant university professors sketched by Ike and the lonely journalist that dominates Adichie's second novel. Focusing on the last of these novels, the study will then reveal a significant shift in the presentation of British attitudes and interests, with the central character of Richard Churchill, the young journalist from Shropshire, standing out as very different from his compatriots. He desired to see the country, and his move away from the partying Lagos to the University of Nigeria, Nsukka gradually leads to his transformation as he falls in love, learns Igbo and chooses to stay in Igbol and through the war years. He ends up writing an essay to denounce the British stand on the civil war - The World Was Silent When we Died, embedded in the novel. This latest write-up, while echoing Achebe's district officer's monograph on The Pacification of the Primitive Tribes of the Lower Niger, stands in sharp contrast with it, as its author now takes sides with the embattled Biafrans.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
  • Exils et migrations postcoloniales. De l'urgence du départ á la
           nécessité du retour. Mélanges offerts áAmbroise Kom, Fandio Pierre &
           Tchumkam Hervé, (Eds.) : book review
    • Authors: Francoise Ugochukwu
      Abstract: This book, which has been compared to a PhD viva report,announces future conferences on Ambroise Kom, and contextualises the experience of the writers studied here in time and space, "from the urgency of their leaving to their necessary return". The theme of exile, presented as central in African literature, is treated here by 21 authors from all over Africa and the Caribbean guided by Socrates's password: "Know thyself", revealing the link between exile and the quest for identity. Writers considered here represent the whole of the African continent: Morocco (Ben Jelloun), Soudan (Salih), Senegal (Cheikh Hamidou Kane, Diome, Sembene and Sow Fall), Ivory Coast (Dadié), Cameroon (Beti, Essomba, Mbembe, Miano and Philombe), Congo(Biyaoula and Mudimbe), but also France and the Caribbean (Condé, Chamoiseau and Glissant). This comparative study on exile, mostly written in French, and outstanding both in style and in the number of its contributions, includes other international writers such as Pinto, Bessora, Etoke, Guene, Le Clézio, Mabanckou and Thomté. Two additional chapters enrich this volume with studies on Burkina films and South African music.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
  • Variations métisses. Dix étaphores pour penser le métissage, Chanson
           Philippe (ed.) : book review
    • Authors: F. Ugochukwu
      Abstract: This is a magnificent book, right from the introduction and the quotes taken from Montaigne, Gide, Césaire, Laplantine and Nouss, right to its conclusion, opening to a vast, open-minded and multiple universe. Chanson patiently explores the various components of a metissage presented here by twelve authors chosen for their impact on the advancing of research: Segalen, Lévi-Strauss, Bastide, Deleuze and Guattari, Balandier, Ricoeur, Depestre, Gruzinski, Amselle, Laplantine and Nouss. Each of the ten chapters starts with a short presentation of the author studied, his time and thought, before opening a key publication addressed to a university public. This is an invitation to discover at close range and in their context, some of the metaphors of a cultural mix characterised by variety and presented successively as mosaic, rhizome or banyan, but equally as craft, movement, story-text,melange, connection and vibration. These metaphors, inspired by various schools of thought and coming from often distant horizons ranging from poetics to physics, biology and philosophy, are each supported by the study of a key publication.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01T00:00:00Z
  • Editor's note
    • Authors: Ismaila Ceesay
      Abstract: We are pleased to introduce the June 2016 issue of the African Renaissance which focuses on scholarship from the Gambia. Although the Gambia is the smallest country on mainland Africa, its culture is the product of very diverse influences. The Gambia's dynamic economic and socio-cultural landscape makes it a fertile ground for social scientific scholarly research. However, very little has been written on the Gambia, its society and socio-cultural diversity. This issue will attempt to fill this void and contribute immensely to producing knowledge on the Gambia by Gambians. The articles in this issue focus on several topics of importance in Gambian studies, ranging from maternal wellness, fertility, youth livelihoods and tourism and information and communication technologies.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Promoting maternal wellness and survival in the Gambia through nutrition
           and exercise
    • Authors: Haddy Tunkara-Bah
      Abstract: Pregnancy-related mortality is an enormous topic that others have studied comprehensively and widely. Despite this, the contribution of nutrition and exercise to maternal wellness and survival has not been addressed systematically. Nutrition, antenatal exercise and maternal health practice are often not effectively integrated. However, malnutrition in pregnancy can lead to increased risk of death, complications, susceptibility to infection, reduced activity levels, and lower productivity. The health benefits of regular physical exercise in pregnancy include maintenance and improvement of physical fitness and cardiovascular endurance, prevention of excessive gestational weight gain and glucose intolerance, conditioning of the muscles needed to facilitate labor and improvement in psychological adjustment to changes in pregnancy. Nonetheless, most of the causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in the Gambia such as anaemia, haemorrhage, prolong labor and eclampsia has some degree of association with the status of maternal nutrition and level of physical activity. Under-nutrition and obesity among women co-exist as major nutritional problems in the Gambia. The Gambian culture plays a major role in limiting exercise during pregnancy. Despites all the efforts on nutritional supplementation during pregnancy, malnutrition and lack of exercise is still a major problem affecting the health of pregnant women in this country. Therefore maternal health programs in the Gambia should alert pregnant women of the need to adjust their nutritional and physical exercise levels in order to achieve and maintain a desirable nutritional status and weight for their own health as well as for better birth outcomes.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Sociocultural factors influencing fertility among the Soninke tribe in the
    • Authors: Haddy Tunkara-Bah
      Abstract: Fertility is one of the most dynamic variables that can affect the demographic characteristics of a population, its size, rate of increase, geographic distribution, age and sex structure, life expectancy and family composition. Today, following the path of More Developed Countries (MDCs), a demographic transition from high fertility and mortality to low fertility and mortality can be said to be underway in most of the Less Developed Countries (LDCs) (Adebusoye, 2001). However, this transition is reported to be slowest in Sub-Saharan Africa (ibid). Similarly, slow decline in infertility rates are noted in the Gambia (Gambia Bureau of Statistics, GBOS). The fertility rates recorded during the population and housing census of 2003 and 2013 were 6.7 and 5.4 respectively. Moreover, the report of these censuses also show that Basse, the southern part of the country and predominantly a Soninke community, had the highest fertility rates of 6.9 in 2003 and 6.2 in 2013. The Soninke society in the Gambia is primarily rural and its highly gender-stratified culture is very supportive of high fertility. Indeed the patrilineal descent, patrilocal residence, inheritance and succession practices and hierarchical relations have remained unchanged in this society. Low status of women, early marriage, extended family system and polygamy are the main driving forces of high fertility among the Soninke people. However, the desire for large family size is restricted by the practice of child-spacing achieved by traditional family planning methods, which are not effective and sometimes dangerous to the health of the women. Despite the free contraceptive services in the Gambia, contraceptive uptake is still low (9%). Low patronage for modern contraceptives is associated with the low status of women in this society. Therefore, the problem of high fertility in the Gambia, especially among the Soninke tribe should be considered from a sociocultural perspective if programs to ameliorate this critical problem are to achieve success.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • 'We align and rhythm the toubabs' : the strategies of beach hustlers
    • Authors: Ismaila Ceesay
      Abstract: This study investigates the economic strategies that young Gambians employ to achieve their aspirations of fulfilling socio-cultural obligations. In particular, the study explores the economic activities of young Gambians who engage in diverse informal economic activities in the fringes of the Gambia's tourism sector to provide for themselves and their families. Known as beach hustlers, they consist of small entrepreneurs, principally peddlers, vendors and others who provide informal services with the aim of making a livelihood directly from tourists. Whilst existing research tends to mostly focus on the activities of beach hustlers who engage in transactional sexual activities with tourists as a means of earning a living or getting an opportunity to travel, this study focuses on the strategies of those of those who resort to alternative economic strategies. Drawing on data collected from multi-sited ethnographic fieldwork conducted between 2013 and 2014 in Kololi, the country's main tourism hotspot on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean, the study uses the cases of two 'beach hustlers' to shed light on hustling strategies of young Gambians. The study discusses how 'beach hustlers' take advantage of the Gambia's booming tourism industry by engaging in diverse informal economic activities. This study shows that majority of young Gambians who find it increasingly difficult to migrate to the West pursue local livelihoods to fulfil their aspirations of social and economic advancement. The study further shows that the strategies young Gambians employ are influenced by the structural constraints and opportunities that appear in specific space-time conditions. By doing so, this study contributes to the literature on the economic strategies that young urban youths employ to achieve their aspirations.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Public access to ICTs in the Gambia : the case of cybercafés
    • Authors: Ismaila Ceesay
      Abstract: New Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), the internet in particular, have the potential to bring about unprecedented social and economic development (World Bank, 2011). In developing countries, ICTs have been envisioned as innovative and indispensable tools of growth and poverty reduction. This view, which is being promoted within the framework of the Information Society (Castells, 1996) and later the Millennium Development Goals (Byrne, Nicholson & Salem, 2011), is envisaged to be achieved through development interventions (Mercer, 2005; World bank, 1998, 2000; UNDP, 2001). This is premised on the notion that ICTs, the internet in particular, is the biggest driving force behind economic growth and access to them will help poor and marginalised communities to get access to the information and services they need to improve their livelihoods.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Impact of falling oil prices on Nigeria's economy
    • Authors: Afeikhena Jerome
      Abstract: Nigeria is currently ranked as the 12th largest producer of oil in the world and Africa's biggest oil producer, with daily production estimated at about 2.4 million barrels. Nigeria also has the second largest proven oil reserves in Africa and the 10th largest in the world.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Decline of commodity prices and the South African economy
    • Authors: Oluyele Akinkugbe
      Abstract: This chapter examines the upward and downward swings that characterize global commodity markets and prices; these phenomena have been regular occurrences over past decades and may continue far into the future, until at least, suitable substitutes are found for oil, gas and other non-renewable solid minerals. The sharp swings have been identified as one of the significant forces driving macroeconomic instability and the apparent inability of African countries in general to, on any sustained basis; efficaciously utilize the gains from export earnings in the last four to five decades - after political independence in most of the countries. But for Botswana and South Africa, the African countries whose foreign exchange earnings, and by implication, government revenue and fiscal space depend significantly on commodity export trade - Nigeria, Angola, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea (oil export dependent); Namibia, Zambia, Tanzania (Solid Minerals export dependent); Ghana, Cote D'Ivoire (Cocoa export dependent), etc. - have not done particularly well in terms of managing earnings from the extractive industry and agricultural products' exports. Hence the effects of the booms and bursts in global prices of primary commodities are easily transmitted in the form of declines in output (real GDP) and income, fall in external reserves, deficits in trade and current account balances, depreciation of national currencies, increases in public debts and budget deficits. Computed correlation matrix reveals rather strong relationship between these variables and the weighted indices of all commodity prices, oil price and metal price indices averaged over all sub-Saharan Africa (see UNDP RBA 2016). Available statistics from the UNDP, IMF, the World Bank, African Development Bank and other relevant sources, also reveal the extent of the importance of one or two commodities - high commodity concentration (monocultural nature of export trade) and low diversification - on autonomous foreign exchange earnings and by implication in many cases, government fiscal space, in a number of sub-Saharan African countries.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Political economy of war and violence : the Boko Haram in the Lake Chad
    • Authors: Simeon H.O. Alozieuwa
      Abstract: This paper focuses on economics of the Boko Haram violence on Africa's most populous black nation, Nigeria. While it adds to the corpus of the literature on the insurgency, its point of departure is that it looks beyond the analyses that view the crisis essentially in a non-materialistic religious terms to perspectives that focus on the underlying economic factors driving the insurgency. In this context, the paper does not necessarily dwell on the socio-economic factors that provide the army of socially-disadvantaged northern youths from which Boko Haram recruits its foot soldiers. The paper focuses on the economics of the area in which the violence occurs and argues that beyond the façade of Boko Haram's religious posturing, a robust underground economy and profiteering, including the prospect of an oil economy around the Lake Chad Basin area, have sustained the violence and have the potential to prolong the crisis.
      PubDate: 2016-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Interrogating the concept and practice of terrorism within a changing
           global and historical context
    • Authors: Lucky E. Asuelime; Ojochenemi J. David
      Abstract: The article presents an analysis on the construct of terrorism as a phenomenon with many contestations, explanations and understanding in variety. Pertinent among these is the relative interpretations of socio-economic relevance as a driver for terror activities. Since the advent of terrorism, the term's use shifted from the regime de la terreurs during the French revolution, to anarchist and socio-revolutionary bombers in the 19th century, to the Red terror, to anti-colonial struggle, then to the Palestinian struggles in the 1960, and finally the religious fundamentalism since the 1990s to date. These episodes and differential motives for terror activities also beckon the question around its justification. Also, the evolution of term has brought about problems in understanding its causality and conceptualization and by implication in articulating an approach to finding a panacea or wherever and whenever it is witnessed. This article argues that the prism to which terrorism can be understood is highly subjective and open to different interpretations for different times and era.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • What makes terrorism special in Africa?
    • Authors: Bheki R. Mngomezulu
      Abstract: This article looks at what makes terrorism special in Africa, especially given that it is a global phenomenon which transcends geographical boundaries. Specifically, the objective is to look at how Africa is affected differently by terrorist activities citing several factors which make the African continent peculiar. To achieve this objective, I scanned the literature with the view to identify and enumerate the characteristic features of the African continent and established how each of them creates fertile ground for terrorism to thrive. In order to locate the study to the broader context I premised it on the Frustration-Aggression theory which holds that when people are frustrated they act in an abnormal manner and sometimes direct their anger to innocent victims. The findings of the study show that Africa is more vulnerable to terrorism due to a confluence of factors. Some are endogenous while others are exogenous. Among these factors are: porous borders, ethnic and religious differences, lack of financial resources which force countries to rely on Western countries, multiplicity of political parties and many others. Based on these findings, the article recommends inter alia: strengthening borders, reducing the number of political parties as well as electing political leaders based on their credentials and not ethnic or religious affiliation.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Miguel De Unamuno and the political rhetoric of counterterrorism : a
           paradigmatic lesson for Africa
    • Authors: Godwyns Ade'Agbude
      Abstract: The phenomenon of terrorism has taken a dimension in our globalized world that betrays a force that has come to stay. Terrorism in whatever dimension poses threats and insecurities to human existence. To this end, defenseless nation-states live in perpetual fears and anxieties and strong and 'secured' nations-states quake. The growth and the evolution of terrorist groups such as Al-Qaeda, Liberation Tiger of Tamil Eelam, Taliban, Hezbollah, Hamas, ISIS, Bodu Bala Sena, Boko Haram, Al-Shabaab among others have defined the foreign policies of many countries. Thus, domestic terrorism has transformed into globalized terror, defiling the borders of sovereign states. Some nation-states earlier thought that the viable strategy to avoiding terrorist activities is by standing aloof the countries experiencing them. This is possibly woven around Miguel De Unamuno's existentialist philosophy. While employing secondary source of data, this paper discusses Miguel De Unamuno's analysis of human nature in giving justification for political rhetoric of counterterrorism by the so-called 'secured' nation-states. This theory promotes a form of enclosed nationalism. The insufficiency of enclosed nationalism gives room to the need to embrace wider scope of counterterrorist measures against this cancerous 21st century phenomenon. On the basis of this, the paper concludes and recommends that due to the nature of terrorism as a contagious cancer, nation-states, regional and global organizations should once again embrace the idea of cooperationism and collectivism as against isolationism and absolutism in responding to the phenomenon of terrorism wherever and whenever it arises. There should be a formation of Global Alliance against Terrorism [GAATE]. More so, the paper recommends, for the African continent, self-reliance, citizenship (peoples') hegemony, vibrant political activitism and uncompromising civil society as necessary paradigms in effective counterterrorism.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Al-Shabaab : an emerging terrorist group in Somalia
    • Authors: Segun Joshua; Felix Chidozie
      Abstract: Since the Al-Qaeda terrorist group struck in the United States in September 2011, the upsurge of terrorism has become more frequent and deadly globally. Using sociology of education, with emphasis on indoctrination, the article explored Al-Shabaab as an emerging terrorist group in Somalia. The study found that Al-Shabaab emerged from some Islamic movement with the goal of establishing an Islamic state in Somalia. The group has established networks in some foreign countries and has also created several avenues to raise funds for its operations. The terrorist group has carried out several attacks, killing and wounding several thousands of people. Although efforts have been made to curb the gruesome activities of the group, the end of the group seems not to be in sight going by its spread. It is therefore recommended among others, the need for counter-media-war especially through the social media platform to dissuade young people from joining the group.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Unravelling Al Qaeda terrorism in the Maghreb region
    • Authors: Richard Chelin; Bheki R. Mngomezulu
      Abstract: Terrorism has recently become a menace to society, more especially in the African continent which already faces other challenges. However, not all parts of the continent affected by terrorism feature in the literature. Thus, the primary aim of this article is to fill that lacuna by discussing Al Qaeda terrorism in the Maghreb region which covers most of the region in north and north-west Africa. Using historical analysis, the article demonstrates how terrorism has evolved and changed forms in the Maghreb region in countries such as Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Western Sahara and Mauritania. Sources such as reports and internet sources are used to trace the origins of terrorist activities in the Maghreb region, bearing in mind the historical links between the region and the Middle East through trade and religion. The findings show that Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) has evolved over time and devised various strategies in order to ensure its continued existence. Based on these findings, the article proposes resolute effort by African and international role-players to address illegal trafficking of humans and drugs; a need to appeal to the traditional codes of ethics which prohibit illicit activities; help to be given to the local population find sustainable alternative income-generating activities; and formalisation and control of the financial systems by formulating appropriate standards for overseeing financial institutions and adopting effective tools for monitoring money laundering.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Is Boko Haram poverty driven?
    • Authors: Ojochenemi J. David; Lucky E. Asuelime
      Abstract: The Islamic sect generally dubbed Boko Haram has led a campaign of terror on the Nigeria state for years and without end in sight. Following their set objective of an Islamizing mission, it has generally been considered a strictly religious driven problem. However, we argue in the article that this approach is fairly narrow since it almost ignores other compelling factors. We argue also that despite the overbearing religious camouflage of Boko Haram mission, there is an almost ignored underlying causal factor - Poverty. Based on this, we employ the root cause approach to understanding poverty in Northern Nigeria as a driving force behind the taking up arms against the Nigerian state and as viable approach to understanding the enigmatic and dreadful Boko Haram sect.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Boko Haram insurgency and the challenges of securing Nigerian state
    • Authors: Azeez Olaniyan
      Abstract: Nigeria, it seems, has given birth to a new danger and it is called Boko Haram. Rare have been the months over the past three years that have not witnessed at least one attack carried out by the group. Since the climax of the battle of Maiduguri in early August 2009, it has steadily escalated its armed campaign to the extent that it now threatens the lives and peace of mind of millions of people living throughout northern and central Nigeria. So rapid and dramatic has its growth been and so audacious and well-executed some of its attacks, that it is now looked upon as a global threat. However, its potency is its implication for governance and security in Nigeria. This paper takes a historical and theoretical look at the spate of insurgencies in Nigeria as prelude to the emergence of Boko Haram. It then highlights the various impacts of the group's activities on the Nigerian state, stating the various crimes being committed in all areas of operation. It then identifies the reasons accounting for the seeming helplessness of the Nigerian government in combating the murderous sect. Specifically, the paper argues that the Boko Haram insurgency presents a frontal attack on the Nigerian state, particularly in the onerous task of securing it. The paper then concludes with suggestions on workable option for combating what has turned out a menace.
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Acknowledgement
    • Abstract: Acknowledgement
      PubDate: 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z
  • Boko Haram insurgency and the challenges of securing Nigerian state
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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