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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1357 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (243 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (28 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (17 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (90 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (52 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (688 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (42 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (161 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (688 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 156)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Balkan Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access  
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access  
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access  
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Debats. Revista de cultura, poder i societat     Open Access  
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EspacesTemps.net     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
eTropic : electronic journal of studies in the tropics     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences
  [10 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1805-3602
   Published by European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Influence of Parenting Styles on Mental Health of Adolescents

    • Authors: Ahmad Rezvan, Lancy D'Souza
      Abstract: Positive mental health is a key factor in maintaining good health status. A good mental health is very essential for a person to deal with daily stresses of his/her life, and it is also an important component of total health. Present study makes an attempt to study the influence of parenting styles on mental health of adolescents studying in and around Mysore city.  A sample of 200  subjects whose age ranged between 10 to 14 years were considered as early adolescents and 200 subjects whose age ranged between 15 to 19 years were considered as late adolescents in the present study. Thus a total sample of 400 subjects (200 boys and 200 girls) from in and around Mysore city were randomly selected as the participants of the study. They were provided with Parental authority questionnaire (PAQ; Buri, 1991) to measure perceived parenting styles and GHQ-28 (Goldberg, 1978) to measure mental health of the participants. The data was subjected to Two-way ANOVA. Results revealed that, Parenting styles did not have significant influence over mental health of the adolescents in somatic symptoms, anxiety, social dysfunction, depression and total scores. Late adolescent’s expressed more somatic symptoms, anxiety, social dysfunction, depression than early adolescents. In general, this study showed that the developmental stages had considerable effect on the general health of both early and late adolescents.
      PubDate: 2017-12-05
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • International Trade and Exchange Rate Behavior

    • Authors: Arif Hussain, Basheer Ahmad, Saud Masud
      Abstract: Exchange rate is one of the factors that affect exports and imports of any country. Current study is an effort to present empirical evidence on the relationship between exchange rate and trade (exports & imports) with reference to Pakistan. Annual data of real exchange rate, imports, and exports has been collected, for the period 1967 to 2014, from World Bank’s and State Bank of Pakistan’s websites. Johannsen Cointegration technique and VECM (Vector Error Correction Model) are applied to find long run relationship among the variables. Study findings indicate significant and long run relationship between real exchange rate and trade (exports & imports).  Results reveal that higher the rate of exchange of Pakistani rupee against US dollar, higher would be the exports.  
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Oil Factor in USA Foreign Policy until 2014: the Paradigm of the
           Perception

    • Authors: Ardak K. Kapyshev, Saltanat K. Kapysheva
      Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of a paradigm of influence perception of the oil factor on foreign policy of the United States until mid-2014. Based on the comparative historical and problem-chronological methods is conducted the analysis of various data and research on the place and role of oil in the energy sector in connection with the USA ensuring its national security as a world leader in oil consumption in the era of high oil prices. Based on generalized data available from various studies, we have introduced a common point of view on how the oil factor affects the formation of assertive foreign policy of the United States that can exist independently on the back of changing global oil market. Understanding the shown in the article paradigm of perception of the USA as a global controller of the world oil market allows to outline the typical clichés of the prevalent point of view about the Washington's responsibility for everything that happens in the oil-rich regions of the world, including for the development of ambiguous political and economic processes in the oil exporting countries.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Solving Poverty through Management: Experience in Pakistan

    • Authors: Irfan Hussain Khan, Sadia Bibi, Amber Javaid
      Abstract: There has been a consensus in the development literature that the poor have received insufficient credit from the formal financial sector. This is because the department rated the poor as a dangerous borrower because of the lack of appropriate collateral. This provides, therefore, the rationale for promoting the policy position of the microfinance sector to strengthen access to credit for the poor. Microcredit is expected to reduce poverty by increasing household income. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to this debate. It is achieved by investigating the impact of microcredit on poverty in Pakistan. This paper uses the 1985-2015 time series data to assess the relationship between the human development index as a representative of poverty and its socioeconomic characteristics and microfinance visits. The error correction model is used to estimate the relationship between microcredit and household demographic variables and family poverty. Data analysis shows that there is a positive correlation between the human development index and small business credit, which is conducive to all previous expectations Thus, this evidence provides support for the "positive impact" of the debate and provides some guidance on how policy reform should focus on strengthening the performance of the Pakistani microfinance sector. In addition, the evidence for this study provides some guidance on policy reforms to improve Pakistan's microfinance performance.
      PubDate: 2017-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Situation Modeling of Regional Development in the Republic of Kazakhstan

    • Authors: Turlybek Turkpenovich Musabaev, Tabyldy Kayupov, Duman Kataevna Seylhanova
      Abstract: The methodology of situation modeling was based on the application of fuzzy cognitive maps, indistinct regional data and indistinct time horizon. Based on indistinct number of involved concepts, the model enables users to create their own situations with fuzzy quantity of available concepts including both the existing and the added ones. The added concepts are characterized by the set properties and database related to no less than three fuzzy time horizons. The number of set impulses is fuzzy as well. Cognitive map training was based on the artificial intelligence element – the active Hebb learning rule. The impact of concepts was defined in the course of training. Fine adjustment of the fuzzy cognitive map was achieved by changing the training order using a rank scale and Saati’s sorting algorithm. The developed computer software was used in simulation modeling of regional socio-economic processes related to the project aiming at tourism development of the Alacol Lake in Almaty region. Research results are shown in the form of a fuzzy cognitive map reflecting internal and external relations within the region, graphs reflecting socio-economic development and the Bossel criterion. Simulation of allocations had a positive effect: GRP (Gross Regional Product) growth along with increase in employment and environmental improvement. The proposed approach provides a tool for forecasting of regional development and solution of different regional problems. This approach can be used with regard to any administrative-territorial entity, provided relevant statistical data.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Edible Oil Market Liberalization in Iran: Producer and Consumer Welfare
           Effects

    • Authors: Saeid Satari Yuzbashkandi, Sadegh Khalilian, Seyed Abolghasem Mortazavi
      Abstract: Due to importance of edible oils in nutrition and food security of the community as well as of creating employment and income for its producers, it is always subsidized by several protection policies in Iran. Considering the importance of edible oil as a necessary ingredient in the consumer basket of urban and rural households, reducing or eliminating subsidies for edible oils can have considerable welfare effects. In this study, we used the partial equilibrium model of edible oils market to determine the extent of welfare changes of producers and consumers for the period of 1981-2010. After estimating the supply and demand functions of edible oil, the changes in welfare due to the prices changes by 25, 50, 75 and 100 percent were evaluated. The results indicated that edible oil is a necessity commodity with regard to income elasticity’s for urban consumers and is a luxury commodity for rural consumers. Furthermore, the price elasticity of demand for urban consumers is less than that for rural consumers implying that the edible oil is less elastic to urban consumer. Moreover, the welfare of producers would increase and consumers would decrease as a consequence of the price increment in edible oil. There was a greater Change in urban consumer welfare relative to change of rural consumer welfare. In addition, the overall decline in urban and rural consumer welfare was higher than that in the welfare of the producers gain.
      PubDate: 2017-11-09
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • The Relationship between Capital Flight, Labor Migration and Economic
           Growth

    • Authors: Sana Tabassum, Abdul Quddoos, Muhammad Rizwan Yaseen, Azeem Sardar
      Abstract: Capital flight and labor migration have been increasing in developing nation like Pakistan. This study is used to check the relationship between capital flight, labor migration and economic growth of Pakistan. Time series data is used from 1983-2014 for variables like unemployed labor, capital outflow, unemployment and political instability. Different techniques such as unit root test, granger causality test, ordinary least square and two stages least square are used. Granger causality test showed that capital flight and economic growth have bidirectional causality, while labor migration and economic growth showed unidirectional causality. Two stage least square showed that political instability, labor migration, capital flight and unemployment have the negative impact on the economic growth of Pakistan. Political and security situation should be improved for better economic growth.
      PubDate: 2017-11-05
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Economic Mechanisms of Management of Socio-Ecological Systems’
           Sustainability

    • Authors: Elena Popkova, Elena Yakovleva, Yulia Dubova, Yulia Tyurina, Maria Troyanskaya, Tatiana Alferova
      Abstract: The purpose of the article is to develop perspective economic mechanisms of management of socio-ecological systems’ sustainability. In order to achieve this goal, the authors use the method of correlation and regression analysis, scenario analysis, method of modeling and forecasting, as well as methods of systemic and problem analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, and graphic and table representation of information. In the process of the research, the authors determine the essence of socio-ecological systems’ sustainability, study the contradiction of interests of society’s development and protection of the environment. For realization of the set tasks, the authors determine the current state of socio-ecological systems from the point of view of balance of these interests and analyze the connection between economic and ecological indicators of the countries’ development. A tool for confirming the offered hypothesis is calculation of correlation of ecological effectiveness index and gross internal products. As a result of the research, the authors come to the conclusion that economic reasons are the main ones for emergence and aggravation of the problem of harmonic and sustainable development of socio-ecological systems; thus, economic tools are required for solving this problem. The authors offer perspective mechanisms of management of sustainability of modern socio-ecological systems and view scenarios of future development of events in the sphere of management of sustainability of socio-ecological systems.
      PubDate: 2017-10-29
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Identifying and Prioritizing the Factors Relating to Tehran's Medical
           Tourism

    • Authors: Abolfazl Tajzadeh Namin, Nastaran Malekzadeh
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to identify and prioritize the significant factors relating to Tehran's medical tourism. The study has employed the descriptive research as its research type. The population of this study consisted of all nurses and high leveled- nurses of Tehran's hospitals. Among them, three hospitals were selected for the current research (i.e. Bahman hospital, Day hospital and Heart hospital). The results show that high medical skills, Iran huge mineral spa capabilities, four season climate, low cost accommodation and Iran's natural & historical attractions are confirmed as Iran's medical tourism strengths.  However entertainment facilities is the most important medical tourism weaknesses and transportation infrastructure is the Iran's least important medical tourism weaknesses. Also the results show all of the S.W.O.T  factors  are  significantly  important  in Tehran's medical tourism.
      PubDate: 2017-10-29
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • The Effect of Private Language Institutes on High School Students’
           Final Exam Performance

    • Authors: Mahmood Safari, Abolfazl Shafie
      Abstract: The present research investigated the effect of attending private language institutes on Iranian high school students' performance on English final exams. The participants of the study were 160 high school students, eighty of whom had attended private language institutes. The performance of the students who had attended English institutes on high school English final exam was compared to that of the students who had not attended private institutes. The analysis of their English final scores revealed that attending private institutes had no significant effect on the final-exam performance of the students, there was no significant difference between male and female students in their final-exam performance, and there was no significant relationship between the length of study at private institutes and performance on English final exams. However, further investigations revealed that the high school and private institutes' textbooks, teaching methodologies and final exams are different. Private institutes focus on communicative ability and oral skills, while the focus of high school is on grammar, vocabulary and reading. The study implies that high school textbooks, teaching method and final exams must be more communicative and include more oral/aural activities.
      PubDate: 2017-10-24
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Synergistic Effect of Seaweed Extract and Urea Fertilizer on Growth and
           Biochemical Parameters of Triticum aestivum at Vegetative Stage

    • Authors: Azin Ghafarizadeh, Seyyed Mansour Seyyed nejad, Abdolali Gilani
      Abstract: This study was designed in order to investigate the Synergistic effect of seaweed extract (Nizamuddinia zanardinii) and urea fertilizer on growth and biochemical parameters of Triticum aestivum at vegetative stage. Experiment was factorial with completely randomized design, with three replication at five levels (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 percent) of brown seaweed extract and three levels of urea (0, 25 and 50 percent of recommended amount). According to the results, maximum dry weight of leaf, shoot and root (0/85, 0/87 and 0/09 g), shoot and root length (46/67 and 13/5 cm), content of total chlorophyll and carotenoid (0/73 and 0/16 mgg-1fr.wt), activity of peroxidase and ascorbateperoxidase enzyme (8/6 and 0/82 ΔOD.min-1/mg.protein) was observed at 10% concentration of brown seaweed extract with 25% recommended rate of urea fertilizer. The maximum amount of malondialdehyde (19/42 mM/g.FW) and Catalase activity (0/64 ΔOD.min-1/mg.protein) was observed in 20% concentration of brown seaweed.
      PubDate: 2017-10-17
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • A Study of Private Hospital's Waiting area

    • Authors: Sheyda Sharareh
      Abstract: A serious look at our hospitals and clinics shows that the space was not built for human comfort and is difficult for maintaining and cleaning. Windowless, dull, depressing environment and lack of natural light can increase patients’ stress and anxiety. The aim of this research is to realize and investigate the hospital design problems in hospital’s waiting area in aspects of space planning, furniture design and material and finishes. Waiting areas are the first places which give impact on customers and patients, and if these spaces neglected to consider the impact towards the stress and anxiety of the customers and patients, undesired consequences will arise. This research studied aspects on the space planning, furniture design and use of material and finishes of waiting area. Investigating these factors will help to provide information to enable designers and hospitals to provide for their customers and patients as guests to the premise. This can change the patients’ thoughts and perception of the hospital. A case study was carried out on a private hospital, Darul Eshan Medical Center (DEMC) Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. Observations, physical measurements and site observations were carried out.  In-depth interview with experts and questionnaires for users were also carried out. Data collected were analyzed.
      PubDate: 2017-10-17
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Sequence Variation in GAL1 and GAL2 Genes in Khuzestan Local Chickens

    • Authors: Salim Morammazi, Hasan Habibi
      Abstract: Beta defensins were small, cationic peptides that bind to microbial membranes and disrupt their integrity, thereby exerting antimicrobial effects. These peptides play an important role in innate immunity against microbial pathogens. The aim of the present study was to detect sequence variations, if any, in some beta-defensin gene (GAL1 and GaL2) sequences in Khuzestan local chickens. Blood samples were collected from 20 local chickens and the genomic DNA was isolated using the standard phenol chloroform method. To detect sequence variation, the interested regions of GAL1 and GAL2 were amplified by specific primers with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Then, the PCR products were sequenced in both directions. Analysis of the GAL1 gene found many sequence variations in the promoter region. GAL2 gene sequencing determined various sequence variations in intronic and exonic regions. These results suggest the existence of numerous genetic variations in these genomic sequences. Further association studies may help the development of a PCR-based genotyping test to select parents with a better immunity.
      PubDate: 2017-10-08
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Transition from Intangible to Tangible in Landscape Architecture Basic
           Design Course

    • Authors: Tugba Düzenli, Elif Merve Alpak, Doruk Görkem Özkan
      Abstract: Basic design is a unique, essential and obligatory course for all disciplines that tackle with design. In this course, students learn basic concepts on their fields while they learn design elements and principles with applied work. When design is considered as a type of problem-solving act, Basic Design course teaches abstract thinking, which is the most basic tool of this act. We construct the content of the Basic Design course to analyze the facts and a given problem, solve it, to transform the concrete to the abstract. Design educators need to produce information utilizing original methods and share them with all design educators. The present study aims to share a design method that entails the translation of intangible to tangible. The process of approaching the tangible spatial construct from abstract concepts was examined in the freshmen basic design course in landscape architecture education and the contribution of this process to landscape architecture education was addressed. Thus, in the first phase of the study, the work produced by the students during the semester and finals during the basic design course at Karadeniz Technical University Landscape Architecture Department were sampled and examined. In the second stage, a survey study was conducted to investigate the students’ level on abstract concepts, how they were able to translate intangible to tangible, their level of associating the design concepts with spatial construct and the effects of the design process on learning. Thus, the process within the basic design course was examined and the instruction level was attempted to be determined. As a result, it was determined that students learned abstract concepts well during the basic design process, but they experienced difficulties when relating these concepts to the spatial construct, in other words translating the intangible to tangible, due to their low level of experience in design. Therefore, it was determined that the students found the course instructive but the process challenging.
      PubDate: 2017-10-08
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
  • Leadership Effectiveness, Turnover Intention and the Mediating Role of
           Employee Commitment: A Case of Academic Institutions of Pakistan

    • Authors: Hudda Riaz, Nargis Akhtar, Anum Moazzam, Rabia Luqman, Hina Naz, Hafiza Sobia Tufail
      Abstract: According to its scope of practice and research, Leadership is one of the most important areas these days. Many scholars have theorized different definitions and dimensions of this very construct leadership that gives a clear indication about its importance both in society and also in the context of people management in organizations in different countries. In today’s world where complexity driven by different factors has changed the face of organizations, different procedures have been devised to retain the employees in the organization. But apart from all the system level changes, there is one important factor that directly links with the employee turnover intention and that is leadership effectiveness. There has been much focus on leadership effectiveness and many researches have been done to study it. This study is trying to address the issue at hand that is about studying the effectiveness of leadership. For this purpose this study is investigating the relationship of leadership effectiveness and turnover intention along with a third variable participation that is employee commitment in the academic sector of Pakistan. This study is focusing on the relationship of leadership effectiveness and employee turnover intention specifically in the academic institutions and implying the facts that how these institutions are constructing this relationship according to the specific culture and norms posed by the Pakistani context. In this study the predictor is leadership effectiveness and outcome is turnover intention. Besides, this study is also focusing on the third variable involvement that is employee commitment. So this study is testing and reflecting upon whether such relationship exists in this context or not. This study uses the sample size of 345. The population is faculty members of different academic institutions. The software used is SPSS along with process plugin to run the regression (mediation) analysis. This study has presented some important findings related to the nature of the relationship of leadership effectiveness, employee commitment and turnover intention that will be an important knowledge addition in the literature and will be helpful for the management to make important decisions regarding the management and turnover of employees in the academic institutions of Pakistan.
      PubDate: 2017-10-08
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
       
 
 
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