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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1345 journals)
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    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (684 journals)
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SOCIAL SCIENCES (684 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 148)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Balkan Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno CRH     Open Access  
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access  
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access  
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences
  [10 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1805-3602
   Published by European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The Impact of Workplace Incivility on The Psychological Wellbeing of
           Employees Through Emotional Exhaustion

    • Authors: Shakeel Akhtar, Rabia Luqman, Faiza Raza, Hudda Riaz, Hafiza Sobia Tufail, Jawad Shahid
      Abstract: Workplace environment has received a lot attention from many authors for research purpose. The present study extends the scope of the workplace incivility literature by adding the dependent variable like psychological wellbeing, prohibitive voice behaviour, intention to leave. I have selected these research variables because of its importance however, the association of these variables with the workplace incivility as independent variable is the unique contribution of the study to the existing body of knowledge. All the dependent variables are also helpful in the career development of employees and make contribution to achieve organization goals. This research will help organizations to study how workplace incivility affects the behaviour of the employees, besides it helps organizations to consider the workplace incivility effects on the employees while making decisions in achieving organization goals. Another significant achievement of the study is the use of emotional exhaustion as a mediator. The mediation role of emotional Exhaustion between workplace incivility and dependent variables like psychological wellbeing, prohibitive voice behaviour and intention to leave reveals much truth through mediation analysis. The use of prohibitive voice behaviour as an independent variable is also uniqueness of this study, it will reveal a lot of facts how prohibitive voice behaviour effects the employees in the organization. This study also uses the mechanism of the Conservation of resource theory to explain and justify the impact of workplace incivility on prohibitive voice behaviour, psychological wellbeing of employees and intention to leave. Although various researchers use the COR theory this study the theory describes how employees have the negative feelings and out of their resources (Knowledge, skills, ability) when dealing with workplace incivility.
      PubDate: 2017-09-08
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Investigation of Glucose and Mannose Separation by HPLC Method

    • Authors: Hedieh Alavi Talab
      Abstract: Glucose (Glc) and mannose (Man) are monosaccharides. Due to the six atoms of carbon and one aldehyde group both belong to the group of aldohexoses. Possible configurations of these monosaccharides are the D- or L-form, depending on configuration of fifth carbon atom in chain. D-forms mostly occur in nature. The aim of this work was to separate the mixture of glucose and mannose using cation exchanger in Na form. The data obtained from tests are used for simulation of SMB mannose isolation and separation efficiency guess estimation. D-mannose and D-glucose were used for chromatographic separation on SMB unit and HPLC analysis Solution of 5 % glucose and 5 % of mannose has been prepared for this work. Separation was firstly realized on two columns which were subsequently temperate on 35.5 °C, 44.8 °C, 54.5 °C and 62.5 °C. The feed mixture has been injected for 3 min at flow rate 1.5 l h-1. The fraction collecting started, when the signal generated by refractometer at the column output differs from its zero level base line. Fractions have been collected in time intervals of 2 to 3 min. The aim of this measurement was the searching of optimal temperature. In this case separation of binary mixture glucose and mannose is programmed with highest separation efficiency. Comparing the obtained data from both views was found, that the separation efficiency in given range is the highest at temperature 62.5 °C. At this temperature the continuous chromatographic separation was performed using chromatographic separator KCHS-SMB-8-N. The achieved concentration profile of separated compounds shows, that the mixture did not ideally separated and the resulting course of compounds cannot verify the steady state. In this work the separation was performed again with wider set of operational parameters. The possibility of continuous separation and the separation efficiency of column were verified firstly with mixture glucose and fructose using chromatographic separator on two serially connected columns at four different temperatures 35.5 °C, 44.8 °C, 54.5 °C and 62.5 °C . The maximum achieved purity and HETP were chosen as the criteria for evaluating the separation efficiency at given temperatures.
      PubDate: 2017-09-05
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Pedagogical Conditions of Formation Professional Competences of the
           Bachelor-Economist on the Basis of Understanding

    • Authors: Mansour T. Kantureev, Marina N. Frolovskaya, Gulfariza S. Sultanova, Aygul T. Sakhybayeva, Barkhudar Sh. Gussenov
      Abstract: The article describes the issues of professional training of bachelors of Economics in the modern University as a specific educational system. The work clarifies the specificity of professional activity of future bachelors of Economics as subjects of study. The article simulated the educational process as organized in the module-rating system of education in the modern University, developed a conceptual and technological models that determine our understanding of the nature of the content, technologies of formation of professionally significant competences of future bachelors of economy in the modern University. Besides, in the article the organizational-pedagogical conditions providing efficiency of realization of the model are formulated.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Effect of Human Capital on Organization Performance: An Analysis from
           Service Sector of Punjab, Pakistan

    • Authors: Hina Ali, Imran Sharif Chaudhry
      Abstract: In today’s fast changing environment, where globalization is taking place, competition is increasing day by day. So, it has become a challenge for organizations to remain competitive. In order to remain competitive, it has become necessary for organizations to find ways through which they can compete in competitive world. For this reason, human capital is such a resource that can provide organizations with competitive advantage as human capital resource cannot be easily copied or imitated. In order to find out the impact of human capital on organization performance, present study is carried out in service sector of Punjab, Pakistan. For this purpose data was collected from five major cities of Punjab, Pakistan. Respondents were faculty members of universities and officer grade employees of banking sector. Analysis showed that human capital does affect the career, job and life satisfaction of employees which are indicators of organization performance. Empirical analysis showed that human capital positively affects the career satisfaction as was shown by β = 0.500, and significant at p = 0.000. Same is case with human capital and job satisfaction as represented by β = 0.281, and significant at p = 0.000. Human Capital and life satisfaction was also found to be dependent as shown by β = 0.301, significant at p = 0.000.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • The Extent of Tariff Pass-Through to Agricultural Prices and Wage in Urban
           and Rural Regions in Iran

    • Authors: Mohammad Ghahremanzadeh, Samaneh Khalili Malakshah, Esmaeil Pishbahar
      Abstract: Because of critical dependence of households to agricultural in terms of income and consumption identifying the effects of agriculture trade liberalization in developing countries is necessary. Effect of trade liberalization policies with respect to the factors that influencing price transmission from world markets to domestic market and wages are different and a similar trade policy will likely have different results in different countries. The aim of this study is investigate extent of tariff pass-through to prices of major groups of agricultural products and wages in different sector of country using pseudo-panel data in 2005- 2014. Results indicate an incomplete tariff pass-through for different groups of agricultural products. Also, tariff pass-through is different in urban and rural area and different regions. Results show different effect of agricultural tariff change on skilled and unskilled wages in urban and rural during the study. In addition, results show that sensitivity of skilled wage in both regions, particularly in rural to changes in tariff is more than unskilled wage. It is important for policymakers to consider market price transmission mechanism, infrastructure and regional wages changes and wage inequality from tariff changes.
      PubDate: 2017-08-22
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Simulation of Synthesis Gas Production by Using a Plasma Reactor

    • Authors: Elnaz Valizade, Hamid Reza Bozorgzadeh, Mohammad Irani
      Abstract: There are multiple methods for producing synthesis gas and one of the most important of these methods is dry reforming in which two preparations of carbon dioxide and methane are converted into synthesis gas. Carbon dioxide as one of the destructive environmental factors and methane as the main component of natural gas exist in copious amounts in the world, especially in Iran, which has the second largest gas resources of the world after Russia. Therefore, the importance of this method is in converting pollutants into an intermediate substance known as synthesis gas which has considerable applications. In this study, first, synthesis gas production by using dry reforming with the use of plasma technology is studied and for this purpose, glow electric discharge plasma at atmospheric pressure with DC power supply was used. Feed flow rate and the distance between the electrodes were studied as the parameters. In addition, voltage effect on optimal conditions was studied as well. Next, by using fluent software, dynamic simulation of computational fluid of this system was performed which gives us velocity and pressure distributions in the system. For optimization of laboratory conditions, it was assumed that our system has two incoming paths instead of one and the results obtained from this assumption showed that this assumption increases the residence time of the material between the two electrodes which in turn increases the percentage of conversion.
      PubDate: 2017-08-18
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Thermodynamic Analysis and Optimization of a Cooling and Power
           Cogeneration System using GMDH and Genetic Algorithm

    • Authors: Pezhman Pourhabib Yekta sharami, Hannaneh ghasemi
      Abstract: In today's world, the demand for energy is increasing and energy conversion must be done with the lowest environmental consequences to use energy resources. The use of electrical energy in this way was very effective, and major supply sources of the world will be provided through the application of thermodynamic cycles that have been established to work in heat engines. In this regard, a Cooling and Power Cogeneration System has been examined specifically on a limited scale. This study tries to use this type of system and dual operating fluids in order to extract optimal results for these cycles. The aim of this study is finding the system performance by changing the number of selected entries (backpressure turbine, condenser temperature and super heater temperature). The proposed combined thermodynamic cycle is based on Rankine Cycle and absorption refrigeration cycle with ammonia recovery. This cycle uses a mixture of water and ammonia as the working fluid. With the proposal of the cycle and by changing the turbine inlet pressure from 18 to 32 Bar and temperature changes for condenser input from 330 to 360 degrees, as well as temperatures ranging from 400 to 500 degrees for a turbine inlet are used to study the impact of effective parameters using a thermodynamic analysis toward the reviews of turbine work and the amount of cooling and the overall efficiency using EES software in each component of the systems. The results show that change in some of these parameters causes an improvement in one of the outputs performances and destroys the other. Thus the need for a multi-objective optimization will be felt. In this regard, in order to determine the output functions, first, by changing the input parameters in the selected range, 500 data output will be created and then by using the method of grouping, numerical data will be specified in the number of output function Information based on the input. Then, by using genetic algorithms and MATLAB software, simultaneous optimization (turbine power and cooling capacity and efficiency of the system) will be done for the input Selective variables. According to the results of the optimization, it turns out that in order to achieve the system performance in the production of all three objective functions, the temperatures in system design must have the lowest level range. In addition, if there is no need to produce cold, the mentioned temperatures can be adjusted in high levels of range.
      PubDate: 2017-08-17
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Examining the Academic Success of the Students in Drawing Techniques
           Course: The Case of Freshmen in Landscape Architecture

    • Authors: Serap Yilmaz, Sema Mumcu, Tugba Düzenli
      Abstract: In Landscape Architecture education the students are expected to produce a unique and creative product and express this product in two or three dimensions. For this aim drawing techniques related to visualizing the design are instructed in the first year of landscape architecture education in the Drawing Techniques course using conventional methods of expression. As a result, the students can express themselves and acquire the ability to use the lines and the pencil. Knowing how to draw enables students to obtain basic knowledge about what to express and how; acquiring the ability to use the pencil provide them the opportunity to draw quality images - good sketches. After learning these skills, it will become easier for them to transfer their thoughts to digital media and to express their designs in digital media. In Landscape architecture education, to improve freshmen's technical drawing skills, practices related to two (plan, profile-view) and three (perspectives) dimensional drawing techniques are conducted within the scope of Drawing Techniques course. In the present study, the practices that are implemented by freshmen who took Drawing Techniques course during five semesters between 2012-2017 academic years were examined. The change in the drawing performance of the students in practices was analyzed. It was also examined whether the two or three dimensional drawing techniques led to this change and whether the type of drawing techniques utilized affected their level of making mistakes and the variety of those mistakes.
      PubDate: 2017-08-11
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • The Impact of Public Expenditure Components on Economic Growth in

    • Authors: Muhammad Ijaz Hussain, Tasneem Zafar
      Abstract: This study examines the relationship between health expenditure, expenditure on education, Gross Fixed Capital Formation, Military Expenditure, Fiscal Balance (Deficit) and economic growth in Pakistan. The period of study is from 1972 to 2015. ARDL Bounds Testing approach for co-integration and ECM Technique were applied to study the long run and short run relationship among the above mentioned variables. “Granger Causality Test” was applied to find out the direction of causality. The results reveal a long run relationship between Military Expenditure, Gross Fixed Capital Formation, Fiscal Balance and Economic Growth. The results of “ECM” show the short run relationship among these variables. However, there is no long run relationship between Health Expenditure, Expenditure on Education and Economic Growth. The speed of adjustment is high which 62.28% is. “Granger Causality” test reveals that “causality runs from Military Expenditure to Economic Growth”. It further reveals causality from health expenditure to fiscal balance and from fiscal balance to Military Expenditure. It is concluded that fiscal policy has an important role in boosting economic growth.
      PubDate: 2017-08-07
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • How Internship Experience Mediates Career Decision' Insight from
           Business Institutions

    • Authors: Muhammad Sarfraz, Qasim Ali Nisar, Asma Imran, Summaira Malik, Usman Yousaf
      Abstract: This research paper aims to examine business graduates’ pre-employment decisions relevant to pursue a satisfied and successful career after going through internship training. Subjects were the students who have undergone through an internship program and data was analyzed by using SPSS software. A five point Likert Scale has been used to examine the relation of dependent variable person career (PC) fit and independent variables (job attributes, PO-fit and PJ-fit).The internees degree of perceived pay, benefits, promotion as related to future growth opportunities , job location, peers’ relationship, firm’s image and job duties as major factors and key criterion to pursue a satisfied and successful career .The results also indicate that person job (PJ) fit contributes more than person organization (PO) fit towards person career (PC) fit.Offering internship programs and trainings allows employers the opportunity of exploring full time fresh graduates pool and best talent to recruit.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Crime and Labor Market: A panel data analysis

    • Authors: Saba Shabbir, Qasim Ali, Muhammad Rizwan Yaseen
      Abstract: This study empirically investigates the causal relationship between crime and labor market. Panel regression analysis with time period 2012- 2014 along with pool OLS method has been used for this purpose. The countries under study are divided into three categories: high, moderate and low crime index. The variables used in this study are also of three kinds: socio economic, demographic and deterrence variables. The results indicate that in high crime index countries (UDCs) unemployment & urbanization have significant positive impact on crime index whereas inflation, GDP growth rate, prison population rate and participation of youth 18-24 years in education and training are insignificant. In moderate crime index countries (UDCs) GDP growth rate & urbanization have significant negative impact on crime index. Whereas inflation, unemployment, prison population rate and participation of youth 18-24 years in education and training are insignificant.  In low crime index countries, the same socioeconomic and demographic factors as are noticed in high crime index countries i.e. unemployment and urbanization in addition to prison population rate are found to be responsible for labor market crimes. In order to control labor market crimes, the study recommends the improvement in GDP growth rate, discouraging the trend of urbanization, enhancement in education and training programs so that unemployment level be controlled and hence labor market can be saved from crimes.
      PubDate: 2017-07-20
      Issue No: Vol. 6 (2017)
  • Checking the Plentitude of (BLA-SHV) ß-lactamase Gene in Separated E.
           Colis in Children under 6 Years-Old Infected with Urinary Tract Infection
           Referring to Tehran Central Pathobiology Laboratory (2014)

    • Authors: Sohrab Ahrabi, Jalaluddin Derakhshanpour Khamene
      Abstract: Increasing consumption of Antibiotics like β-lactam antibiotics including Penicillins and Cephalosporins has resulted in the creation of refractory E. coli levels to these antibiotics. The aim of this study is investigating the presence of resistant gene to β-lactam antibiotics and third-generation Cephalosporins among separated E. coli levels from urine sample of the referring children under 6 infected with urinary tract infection to Tehran central pathobiology laboratory.  130 s E.coli sample were collected from urine sample of the children. Sensitivity of the collected levels to β-lactam antibiotics including Ampicillin, Amoxicillin and third generation Cephalosporins was measured. Also, PCR was implemented for finding BLA-SHV gen.  Among 130 samples under study, 45 samples comported BLA-SHV gen. 100 samples (77%) were resistant toward Amoxicillin and Ampicillin antibiotics and 30 samples (23%) were sensitive to these antibiotics. In this study, resistant percentage rate to non-ß-lactam antibiotics like Amikacin, Gentamicin, Cotrimoxazole, and Ciprofloxacin was respectively 0%, 14%, 66% and 23%. This study has shown the presence of BLA-SHV gen with an abundance of 35% in E. coli bacteria and it also confirms the importance of awareness of growing increase of Antibiotic resistance and reduction and change in antibiotics’ consumption strategy.
      Issue No: Vol. 6
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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