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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1641 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (21 journals)
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    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
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SOCIAL SCIENCES (960 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 401 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
International Journal of Iberian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Information, Diversity, & Inclusion     Open Access  
International Journal of Innovative Research in Social and Natural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Integrated Education and Development     Open Access  
International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Korean Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Language and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Management and Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies     Open Access  
International Journal of Punishment and Sentencing, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Qualitative Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Social and Allied Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Social and Humanistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Social And Humanities Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Social and Organizational Dynamics in IT     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
International Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity Studies     Open Access  
International Journal of Synergy and Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal Pedagogy of Social Studies     Open Access  
International Quarterly for Asian Studies     Open Access  
International Review of Qualitative Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
International Review of Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 209)
International Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Studies. Interdisciplinary Political and Cultural Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Internationale Revue Fur Soziale Sicherheit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
InterSciencePlace     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigación Valdizana     Open Access  
Investigación y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigaciones Geográficas (Esp)     Open Access  
Irish Journal of Applied Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Issues in Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ithaca : Viaggio nella Scienza     Open Access  
IULC Working Papers     Open Access  
Ius et Praxis     Open Access  
Izvestia Ural Federal University Journal. Series 3. Social and Political Sciences     Open Access  
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
JICSA : Journal of Islamic Civilization in Southeast Asia     Open Access  
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Addiction & Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Academic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Applied Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Arts and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of ASIAN Behavioural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Burirum Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Journal of Business and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Business and Social Sciences Research     Open Access  
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Community Development and Life Quality     Open Access  
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Contemporary African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Critical Race inquiry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Development Effectiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Economy Culture and Society     Open Access  
Journal of Educational Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Geography, Politics and Society     Open Access  
Journal of Globalization and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Journal of Graduate School Sakon Nakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Journal of Graduate Studies in Northern Rajabhat Universities     Open Access  
Journal of Graduate Studies Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Journal of Human Security     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Surin Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, Rajapruk University     Open Access  
Journal of Humanity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ilahiyat Researches     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Ocean World Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Interdisciplinary Gender Studies: JIGS     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Korean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Markets & Morality     Partially Free  
Journal of Mediterranean Knowledge     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Men, Masculinities and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Methods and Measurement in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Migration and Refugee Issues, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Organisational Transformation & Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pan African Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 313, SJR: 4.302, CiteScore: 6)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Progressive Research in Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Relationships Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Research in National Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Responsible Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Change     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social Intervention: Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Social Science Education : JSSE     Open Access  
Journal of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Review     Open Access  
Journal of Social Structure     Open Access  
Journal of Social Studies Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Studies in Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Technology in Human Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Polynesian Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the University of Ruhuna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Transnational American Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Trust Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Abdimas     Open Access  
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora     Open Access  
Jurnal Kawistara     Open Access  
Jurnal Lakon     Open Access  
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Teori dan Praksis Pembelajaran IPS     Open Access  
Jurnal Terapan Abdimas     Open Access  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Kaleidoscope     Open Access  
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kervan. International Journal of Afro-Asiatic Studies     Open Access  
Kimün. Revista Interdisciplinaria de Formación Docente     Open Access  
Kırklareli Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Knowledge Management for Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Kontext : Zeitschrift für Systemische Therapie und Familientherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Korea : Politik, Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft     Open Access  
Korean Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Kotuitui : New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Kulttuurintutkimus     Open Access  
Kulturwissenschaftliche Zeitschrift     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
KZfSS Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
L'Homme. Europäische Zeitschrift für Feministische Geschichtswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
L'Ordinaire des Amériques     Open Access  
La Tercera Orilla     Open Access  
Labyrinthe     Open Access  
Lambda Nordica     Open Access  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Lavboratorio : Revista de Estudios sobre Cambio Estructural y Desigualdad Social.     Open Access  
Lectio Socialis     Open Access  
Les Cahiers des dix     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Les Cahiers d’EMAM     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Letras Verdes. Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Socioambientales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Letters on Evolutionary Behavioral Science     Open Access  
Lex Social : Revista de Derechos Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lilith: A Feminist History Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Liminar. Estudios Sociales y Humanisticos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Literacy Learning: The Middle Years     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Local-Global: Identity, Security, Community     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Lucero     Open Access  
Lúdicamente     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lutas Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Macedon Digest, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Maine Policy Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Maskana     Open Access  
Mathématiques et sciences humaines     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Mayéutica Revista Científica de Humanidades y Artes     Open Access  
McNair Scholars Research Journal     Open Access  
McNair Scholars Research Journal     Open Access  
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Meanjin Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Media Information Australia     Full-text available via subscription  
Media International Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Media International Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Melbourne Journal of Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mémoire(s), identité(s), marginalité(s) dans le monde occidental contemporain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Memorias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Meridional : Revista Chilena de Estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Methodological Innovations     Open Access  
Methods, Data, Analyses     Open Access  
México y la Cuenca del Pacífico     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Migration Action     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Mikarimin. Revista Científica Multidisciplinaria     Open Access  
Mirai : Estudios Japoneses     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
Misión Jurídica     Open Access  
Mitologicas     Open Access  
Módulo Arquitectura - CUC     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Pandora's Box
Number of Followers: 0  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1835-8624
Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [397 journals]
  • Issue 2017 - About Pandora's box
    • PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - A note from the editors
    • Abstract: Gluer, Eloise; Johnson, Samantha
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - Introduction from the Queensland law society
    • Abstract: Smyth, Christine
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - Foreword
    • Abstract: Mildren, Dean
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - Humanizing the laws of war: The red cross and the development
           of international humanitarian law [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Kurnadi, Fauve B
      Review(s) of: Humanizing the laws of war: The red cross and the development of international humanitarian law, edited by Professors Robert Geiss and Andreas Zimmermann and German Red Cross Legal Adviser Stefanie Haumer.

      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - Nuke kid in town: How much does the treaty on the prohibition
           of nuclear weapons actually change'j
    • Abstract: White, Alexander; Paterson, Matthew
      Immediately after their first and only use by the United States on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, there was recognition that recourse to atomic weapons was morally reprehensible. Despite this, nuclear-armed States have maintained that the possession and use of nuclear weapons is permissible under international law. In 1996 the International Court of Justice (ICJ) confirmed that their use might be permissible in a limited set of circumstances. While the successful adoption by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons2 (TPNW) is a significant development, it is unlikely to lead to the immediate prohibition of the use of nuclear weapons.

      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - Theories of punishment: A critical analysis of retributive
           theory in international criminal law
    • Abstract: Germantis, Erin
      In The Brothers Karamazov, Dostoyevsky speaks to a very human desire for moral harmony. He reminds us that harmony is an unattainable want; a fiction born of a yearning to eliminate suffering - and never fully grasped. Ultimately, the suffering of one is not eradicated by the punishment of another, despite our aim to eliminate the wrong that has been caused. Our understanding of wrong and the converse desire to punish the wrongdoer translates into contemporary retributive understandings of international crime and punishment. By answering crime with proportionate justice, retributive theory aids society in cancelling the moral debt owed to victims - a chaotic and frustrated search for harmony. The thesis here advanced, however, is that traditional international legal avenues as they presently stand do not deliver the moral harmony Ivan Karamazov rhetorically demands. Strongly underpinning international criminal law is a retributive theory of justice, a context in which individual perpetrators are punished in proportion to the 'moral magnitude' of their crimes. I suggest that retributive justice in the context of international criminal law relating to genocide does not form a complete basis for society's pursuit of harmony. Due to the enormity of the crime and the social complexities involved in the organic development of genocide, a society subject to genocide cannot be healed through retributive justice alone. The cannibalisation of retributive theory by international criminal law from its national counterpart reminds us that both the ordinary criminal and the extraordinary g nocidaire are frustratingly subject to the same penology; whereas in reality, of course, international and national crime are fundamentally different.

      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - R2P in the Age of Trump
    • Abstract: Boreham, Kevin
      The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) principle has been at the forefront of international debate about 'humanitarian intervention' since it was adopted by the UN World Summit in 2005. Yet the mass atrocity crimes which R2P was intended to prevent or stop continue to be committed with impunity, most notably in Syria. R2P has inspired some potentially useful practical developments in conflict prevention but its debatable status as an emerging norm has not advanced since its adoption. The new Trump Administration is following the principle of 'America First', reflected in a highly transactional foreign policy approach, which seems ill-suited to decisive acts of international altruism.

      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - How to avoid 'summoning the demon': The legal review of
           weapons with artificial intelligence
    • Abstract: Copeland, Damian; Reynoldson, Luke
      Elon Musk famously referred to the development of artificial intelligence (AI) as 'summoning the demon'. His concern is shared by many; however, it has not deterred the research and development of AI. International corporations such as Google and IBM are investing heavily in AI to capitalise on increasingly powerful computers that process enormous volumes of data to make decisions for commercial, scientific and medical purposes. As AI is revolutionising civil sectors with its speed, accuracy and efficiency, for the same reasons, its military applications are the subject of State research and development. For example, Australia's Defence Science and Technology Group is studying the military applications of AI with autonomous communications nodes, unmanned aerial systems (UAS) and sub-surface vessels.

      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - Refugee protection and state security in Australia: Piecing
           together protective regimes
    • Abstract: Billings, Peter
      The Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (Convention), and the protections contained therein, applies to those persons who answer the description of a refugee. Article 1A(2) of the Convention provides the positive elements of the refugee definition, stating that a refugee is a person outside their country of origin or place of habitual residence, who is unable or unwilling to return, due to a 'well-founded fear of persecution', by reason of, 'race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion'. A refugee is someone who engages the protection obligations assumed by a State party to the Convention, unless particular exclusionary provisions apply. The foundation of refugee protection is art 33(1): it prohibits the return, either directly or indirectly, of a person to a place where they have a well-founded fear of persecution (non-refoulement). The principle of non-refoulement is a fundamental human right and, in conjunction with art 32(1) (prohibition on expulsion of refugees lawfully residing), it imposes 'significant obligations' on Contracting States. Indeed, the observance of the non-refoulement obligation (in the absence of a status determination) may equate, functionally, to a grant of asylum. For a State to remove a person, claiming refugee status, to their country of nationality, or some third country willing to receive them, without first having assessed whether that person is a refugee, would put that State in breach of its international obligations under art 33(1).

      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - Proportionality in self-defence - proportionate to what'
    • Abstract: Pert, Alison
      Since at least 1945, the use of armed force by one state against another has been prohibited in international law, both by treaty (art 2(4) of the Charter of the United Nations) and at customary international law, as confirmed by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the Nicaragua case. There are two unquestioned exceptions to this prohibition: self-defence, and collective action authorised by the Security Council. This article concerns the right of self-defence, a customary international law right which is both recognised and qualified by art 51 of the Charter of the United Nations.

      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - Interpolative statements of suffering: Victim-led justice at
           the ECCC
    • Abstract: Mohan, Mahdev
      Often deemed perfunctory, victims' Statements of Suffering can become an important aspect of internationalised criminal trials. At the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), Statements of Suffering have evolved through the Trial Chamber's jurisprudence, and at times through the questions posed by Civil Parties to senior leaders of the Khmer Rouge. Comparing Statements of Suffering at the ECCC to the 'views and concerns' that victims may express at the International Criminal Court (ICC), this article outlines the power of interpolative statements in vindicating victims' desires for transitional justice. It concludes that linguistic theory may hold the key to formulating a new inter-disciplinary model of victimology at these trials; one which recognises that for victims of mass crime, the opportunity to ask questions of defendants could ultimately be as important as having the opportunity to recount the horrors victims have experienced.

      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - Protecting cultural property in the event of armed conflict:
           A heritage view
    • Abstract: Stone, Peter
      The protection of cultural property (CPP) in the event of armed conflict has become a much debated topic since the failures, with respect to CPP, of the US/UK led Coalition that invaded Iraq in 2003. In reality, however, the failure of Coalition forces to stop the fully anticipated (at least by the heritage community) looting of archaeological sites, archives, art galleries, libraries, and museums was the very public culmination of a systemic failure to take CPP seriously by the military since the Second World War (WWII). At a superficial level, this failure is rather difficult to comprehend as, appalled by the destruction of cultural property during WWII, the international community had reacted by preparing the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict1 and its Protocol (1954 Convention). Surely, with such a specific piece of international humanitarian law (IHL - also referred to, especially by the military, as the Law of Armed Conflict, [LOAC]) focussed entirely on this one issue we could assume all States Parties would abide by the 1954 Convention and do all in their power to protect cultural property. What went wrong, and why were the good intentions of 1954 apparently allowed to slip silently away, and fall completely off the political and military agenda'

      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - An interview with professor Penelope Mathew
    • Abstract: Mathew, Penelope
      Professor Mathew, thank you so much for agreeing to be interviewed by Pandora's Box for our 2017 edition titled War and Pieces.' It has been more than 60 years since the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees entered into force, and 50 years since the Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees was signed and entered into force. Could you please explain what were the aims of these treaties'

      The aims are fairly simple: to protect refugees as defined in those two instruments. As you probably know regarding the 1951 Convention, it was a backward looking instrument, so it was really concerned with people who had fled as a result of World War II and its aftermath - the division into the Communist and Capitalist world. It was thought that it would be a temporary exercise to give protection to those people who had fled as a result of those events. So, the definition in the 1951 Convention actually has a deadline and you were only considered a refugee if you fled events before 1 January 1951. The States that became parties to the treaty also had the option of limiting their obligations to people who had fled events occurring in Europe. It was thought that this was a temporary problem, which is quite amazing when you think about the current refugee crisis from Syria.

      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - Autonomous weapon systems, the law of armed conflict and the
           exercise of responsible judgment
    • Abstract: Stephens, Dale
      Military technology continues to outpace the law. Recent developments in cyber warfare, space warfare and air and missile warfare have generated creative initiatives by groups of lawyers, scientists, military professionals and NGO's to articulate legal frameworks that confine these technologies to existing legal regimes. These efforts have been underpinned by the enduring hope that such efforts to distill and apply relevant law will ultimately ameliorate the impacts of these new technologies of war and constrain their malevolent potential.

      PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2017 - About the contributors
    • PubDate: Wed, 28 Feb 2018 13:45:14 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - A note from the editors
    • Abstract: Gifford, Madeleine; Potts, Michael
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - The future is now
    • Abstract: Potts, Bill
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - Foreword
    • Abstract: Derrington, Sarah
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - The fate of 'privacy' in an automated society
    • Abstract: Richardson, Megan
      I am grateful to the editors of Pandora's Box for suggesting I contribute a short piece for the journal. The article below is based on presentations I gave at a conference on Defining the Sensor Society organised by Mark Andrejevic and Mark Burdon at the University of Queensland, and a Smart Cities forum hosted by the Victorian Privacy and Data Protection Commissioner David Watts as part of Privacy Week in April 2016. My thinking has evolved a little since these events and the paper has been expanded accordingly.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - An interview with professor Brad Sherman
    • Abstract: Sherman, Brad
      PB: Brad Sherman, thank you for joining us. To start off with I'd like to ask you about the project you've been working on: Harnessing Intellectual Property to Build Food Security. The goal of the project is to minimise the cost and maximise the benefit of using intellectual property to improve agricultural productivity and food security in Australia and the Asia Pacific. What have you found to be the greatest barriers to achieving this goal'

      BS: Most of the research to date has been very narrowly focused both in terms of the areas it looks at and the approaches taken. What we're trying to do with the project is to extend our exploration into all aspects of the food chain: the collection of genetic resources, breeding, scientific research, on farm practice, processing, packaging, storage, consumption and waste. At every point along the food chain we're thinking of the potential intellectual property ramifications.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - Closing Pandora's box': The EU proposal on the regulation
           of robots
    • Abstract: Schafer, Burkhard
      Thus starts the Motion for a European Parliament Resolution with recommendations to the Commission on Civil Law Rules on Robotics, submitted by the Committee on Legal Affairs. (henceforth: "the Motion"). This paper will attempt a first analysis of key notions of the proposal, by following the proposers in exploring the emerging discourse on robot regulation through the prism of literature and mythology.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - Intellectual property and free trade agreements: A call to
           return to basics
    • Abstract: Mercurio, Bryan
      As a free trader with a slightly libertarian bent, I am excited when barriers to trade tumble and become confused, saddened and even frightened when populists vilify the reduction of trade barriers as being against the interests of the working population.1 Lower barriers broaden choice and reduce prices on both inputs and finished products. Conversely, barriers that reduce imports restrain markets from performing efficiently and raise costs. For instance, if a country makes imports of steel uncompetitive through tariffs or other barriers it is not just the users of steel who pay for the increased cost, these price hikes are also felt by consumers who pay more for home construction, automobiles and all other products that use steel as an input.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - Myriad in Australia: A patent U-turn in the right
    • Abstract: Ng, Elizabeth Siew-Kuan
      The rapid advancement in new technologies continues to pose immense challenges to the patent system, particularly at the interface between law and biotechnology. In the nascent field of human gene patenting, much academic discourse has been generated on issues relating to patenting of the Code of Life. This subject-matter has divided proponents and opponents to gene patents along the lines of ethics, policy and even self- and national interests. Opponents to patents on human genes portend that the grant of patent rights on the Code of Life (or part thereof) may be akin to a modern day construction of the Tower of Babel. They argue that the grant of patents over an inherent and natural part of a human being is intuitively, ethically and morally repugnant. Others view gene patenting, not as a moral quandary, but fear that the grant of gene patents may impede further research and development and hinder genetic advancement in this promising field. Still others express concern that it may adversely impact on public health and patients' right of access to healthcare services. Proponents of gene patents, on the other hand, rely inter alia on the incentive theory which is fundamental to the patent system. They contend that patents are critical to incentivising and promoting scientific and technological progress which leads to the creation of useful inventions which are beneficial to mankind.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - Choice-of-court agreements in electronic consumer contracts
           in China
    • Abstract: Tang, Zheng Sophia; Xu, Lu
      The past a few decades have witnessed the fast-growing development of electronic commercial transactions. Digital buyers worldwide accounted for 24.3% of the world population in 2015. Now nearly 1.8 billion people are engaged in online shopping. E-commerce, by its nature, is cross-border and international. It creates an international virtual market, removing access barriers and costs in traditional commerce. The international nature of ecommerce inevitably raises jurisdictional problems, i.e. since a transaction may have connections with more than one country, which court is competent to decide the dispute if anything goes wrong is in question. E-commerce, unfortunately, challenges traditional jurisdiction rules, which largely depend on geographic connecting factors. One needs to look at the place of contracting, place of performance, the habitual residence/domicile of the parties, etcetera to determine the competent court. Some connecting factors may not always be easy to determine in e-commerce, where contracts are concluded or performed online. Other connecting factors may not be easily predictable by the parties, such as the other party's habitual residence.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - How could technology improve the working of Australian
    • Abstract: Wallace, Anne
      In an address to a packed audience in Melbourne earlier this year, the British legal technology expert and futurist, Professor Richard Susskind, gave a compelling insight into the way that modern technology is transforming the work of lawyers and courts.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - 3D printing jurassic park: Copyright law, cultural
           institutions, and makerspaces
    • Abstract: Rimmer, Matthew
      3D printing is a field of technology, which enabled the manufacturing of physical objects from three-dimensional digital models.

      The discipline of copyright law has been challenged and disrupted by the emergence of 3D printing and additive manufacturing. 3D Printing poses questions about the subject matter protected under copyright law. Copyright law provides for exclusive economic and moral rights in respect of cultural works - such as literary works, artistic works, musical works, dramatic works, as well as other subject matter like radio and television broadcasts, sound recordings, and published editions. Copyright law demands a threshold requirement of originality. There have been sometimes issues about the interaction between copyright law and designs law in respect of works of artistic craftsmanship. In addition, 3D printing has raised larger questions about copyright infringement. There has been significant debate over the scope of copyright exceptions - such as the defence of fair dealing, and exceptions for cultural institutions. Moreover, there has been debate over the operation of digital copyright measures in respect of 3D printing. The takedown and notice system has affected services and sites, which enable the sharing of 3D printing designs. Technological protection measures - digital locks - have also raised challenges for 3D printing. The long duration of copyright protection in Australia and the United States has also raised issues in respect of 3D printing.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - About the contributors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - About Pandora's box
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - The legal profession disrupt
    • Abstract: Horton, Fabian
      In the 2011 movie The Lincoln Lawyer, Matthew McConaughey plays the role of a lawyer who operates his practice out of the back of his car (a Lincoln Continental sedan). While this depiction is very much a product of the Hollywoodisation of lawyers, it serves well as a metaphor of modern practice and the disruption that is taking place. The concept of the lawyer who is mobile, without a fixed address, and who meets with the clients where convenient, is one that is representative of a growing number of legal practices. It constitutes a way of practising that is in contrast to the traditional model where the bricks and mortar office is the symbol of the lawyer's profession, where the way that the lawyer interacts with the client, usually through face-toface meetings and letters, has been the same for decades, if not centuries.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - Territorial sovereignty in the cyber age
    • Abstract: Fraser, Angus
      While the internet is often utilised as a tool for greater connectivity and cooperation, the capacity to transmit information globally has created new threats for States. The 21st century has heralded an increasing variety of malicious cyber activity, ranging from espionage to the destruction of physical infrastructure. The most sophisticated of these attacks are State-sponsored.3 The challenge for international law is to regulate the conduct of States by reconciling traditional concepts of Westphalian sovereignty with novel situations created by emergent technologies. The territorial boundaries separating States, which have existed since the inception of modern international law, appear anachronistic compared to cyber activities that can traverse those same boundaries with ease. As State-sponsored cyber activities continue to infringe upon the sovereign interests of other States, it is becoming increasingly pertinent to circumscribe the exact parameters of international law in cyberspace. Articulating prohibitive rules would demonstrate to States that their behaviour is not tolerated and their conduct may be subject to international adjudication.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - A proposed convention on electronic evidence
    • Abstract: Mason, Stephen
      The draft Convention on Electronic Evidence is the first attempt to prepare a text on electronic evidence that crosses jurisdictional boundaries. It deals with the status of electronic evidence; the investigation and examination of electronic evidence, and sets out a number of general provisions regarding the recognition and admissibility of electronic evidence from foreign jurisdictions. The main objective of the Convention is to pursue a common policy towards electronic evidence, taking into account the differences in the treatment of evidence in individual jurisdictions. Another aim is to encourage judges and lawyers to more fully understand the concept of electronic evidence in the interests of providing for fairness in legal proceedings; to promote adequate legal procedures; to implement appropriate legislation where necessary and to promote international co-operation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - Virtual courts - a fundamental change to how courts operate
    • Abstract: Kaplan, Keith B
      A virtual court is a conceptual idea of an online judicial forum that has no physical presence, but still provides the same justice services that are available in courthouses. Virtual courts are becoming a reality, in part, in many venues as litigants expect more accessibility to courts without having to be physically present. While many courts are beginning to adopt technology to remove the barrier of physically having to be present, courts face significant challenges when attempting to exist solely in a virtual environment.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - Defining cybercrime based on roles of data processing systems
    • Abstract: Li, Xingan
      The purpose of this article is to perform theoretical study of cybercrime through defining the phenomenon based on evaluation of earlier investigation. The article reviews the previous notions of computer crime and cybercrime and explores into deficiencies of previous definitions. The article also gives explanation to the socio-technical implications of employing the label "cyber". The article suggests a comprehensive definition of cybercrime as any type or any form of traditional or untraditional crime involving data processing systems in use as mass media, operating mechanism, place of occurrence, transfer channel, targeted object, and multiple-purpose instrument, or used in the preparation for other crimes and theoretically expands the roles of data processing systems in cybercrime.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - Private lawmaking in commercial cyberspace
    • Abstract: Mik, Eliza
      No discussion of "Law and Technology" would be complete without at least one essay centred on the Internet. While the Internet no longer captures our imagination with the same force as it did 20 years ago, we cannot assume that it no longer creates (or perpetuates') multiple legal problems. When we talk about the Internet we must, however, refrain from the popular "Internet metanarrative" that often leads to superficial arguments and unhelpful generalisations. We must always remain aware of the multiplicity of the Internet's technical applications and the wide range of legal contexts in which the term gains significance. Discussing the Internet in the context of freedom of speech or cybercrime raises different legal issues than in the context of commerce or contract. In most instances, we should avoid mentioning the Internet altogether and refer to specific Internet-enabled technologies or services, such as the web or video streaming. This brief essay addresses one specific issue: the regulation of online activity by means of private agreement. I have, however, chosen yet another term to provide the backdrop for the discussion: "cyberspace." Although we know that cyberspace only exists at some esoteric, conceptual level, I have chosen the term to pay homage to early cyberspace scholarship, to invoke the reader's memories of its idealistic values and its promotion of separatist, self-regulatory thinking. Consequently, embellishing cyberspace with the adjective "commercial" seems highly inappropriate, if not heretical. After all, cyberspace is supposed to be free, permeated with community spirit and libertarian values. How can it be commercial'

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - International cybercrime investigations and prosecutions:
           Cutting the gordian knot
    • Abstract: Maras, Marie-Helen
      Cybercrime challenges the security and stability of countries by transcending traditional borders and having an international impact. Because cybercrime often involves more than one jurisdiction, collaboration between countries in the investigation of this illicit activity is required. Such cooperation between countries was observed in Operation Shrouded Horizon. This operation involved the investigation of Darkode, an online password-protected site, which sold illicit goods and services (e.g. malware), and stolen data (e.g. personal and financial data). This site operated by invitation only and required new members to be sponsored and vetted by existing members of the forum. The investigation of Darkode involved 19 countries and resulted in the arrest of approximately 70 members of the forum and their associates from various countries around the globe. Operation Shrouded Horizon is by no means unique; it is highlighted here as a case study to illustrate the importance of countries working together on cybercrime cases.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
  • Issue 2016 - The trouble with using search engines as the primary vector
           of exercising the right to be forgotten
    • Abstract: Hargreaves, Stuart
      European privacy law currently implements the 'right to be forgotten' by positioning commercial search engine operators as the initial site of decision-making regarding its exercise. This is problematic for a number of reasons. First, there are a number of structural flaws in the mode of this decision-making that make it unclear that search engines are capable of (or interested in) incorporating a robust account of competing interests. Second, right to be forgotten requests are not susceptible to the same kind of algorithmic techniques search engines use to deal with other kinds of removal requests, meaning large numbers of decisions must be made rapidly and primarily by staff lacking formal legal qualifications. When compounded with the possibility of heavy penalties for failure to comply with the right under European law, these two issues suggest there is a significant potential for bias toward deletion rather than preservation of borderline links. A third problem is that the simple online forms provided by search engines for European data users making a deletion request mask a complicated legal analysis, meaning those who properly structure their requests in an appropriately technical and legal manner may have a higher chance of success in their claims. This threatens to open up a new digital divide along the axis of reputation. Finally, the massive compliance costs associated with this new right may serve as a form of anti-competitive lock-in, preventing the emergence of innovative new companies in 'search'. In sum, if the right to be forgotten is to have real meaning in European law, search engines are not the correct vector for its implementation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:21 GMT
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