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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1345 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
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    - FOLKLORE (28 journals)
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    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (684 journals)
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    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (160 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (684 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 148)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Balkan Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno CRH     Open Access  
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access  
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access  
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EspacesTemps.net     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover Fijian Studies: A Journal of Contemporary Fiji
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   ISSN (Print) 1728-7456
   Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [403 journals]
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Valuable Stepping Stone to Pacific Media South
           Pacific Islands Communication: Regional Perspectives, Local Issues [Book
           Review]
    • Abstract: Latu, Josephine
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Shedding Silence - an Anthology of Writing from Fiji
           Prisons [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Prasad, Mohit
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Turnings: Fiji Factions [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Koya, Cresantia Frances
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Media and Development: Issues and Challenges in the
           Pacific Islands [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Nicholl, Rae
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - 2000 Retrospective: Coup Coup Land - the Press and
           the Putsch in Fiji
    • Abstract: Robie, David
      On 19 May 2000, an insurrection led by failed businessman George Speight and renegade members of the elite 1st Meridian Squadron Special Forces engulfed the Fiji Islands in turmoil for three months. Speight and his armed conspirators stormed Parliament and seized the Labour-led Mahendra Chaudhry Government, keeping members hostage for 56 days. On Chaudhry's release from captivity, he blamed the media in part for the overthrow of his government. Some sectors of the media were accused of waging a bitter campaign against the Fiji Labour Party-led administration and its roll-back of privatization. In the early weeks of insurrection, the media enjoyed an unusually close relationship with Speight and the hostage-takers, raising ethical questions. Dilemmas faced by Fiji and the foreign journalists were more complex than during the 1987 military coups. As Fiji faced a fresh general election in August 2001, this article examined the reportage of the Coalition Government's year in office, media issues over coverage of the putsch, and a controversy over the author's analysis presented at a Journalism Education Association (JEA) conference in Australia in December 2000.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - The Media and the Truth
    • Abstract: Gounder, Padmini
      A vital function of the press in a democracy is to perform the role of a public watchdog, protecting the people's right to know and protecting them against bad government. Journalists in a developing or newly independent nation have an arguably greater responsibility than their colleagues in more developed nations. If a newspaper happens to be the only daily in the country, it needs to be more responsible than its counterparts in a country where readers have many newspapers to choose from. Unfortunately this has not always been the case in Fiji.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Response to Dr. James Anthony's Draft Report on the
           Inquiry into Freedom and Independence of the Fiji Media as Commissioned by
           the Fiji Human Rights Commission
    • Abstract: Fiji Media Council Public Members
      Report is presented by the Public Members of the Media Council (Fiji) Ltd in response to the draft report presented by Dr. James Anthony. It discusses the flaws in Anthony's report and concludes that it lacks factual evidence.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Freedom and Independence of the Media in Fiji: A
           Report Executive Summary
    • Abstract: Fiji Human Rights Commission
      Summary note is presented on the report commissioned by the Fiji Human Rights Commission about the media in Fiji. It presents the developments in international telecommunications technology including print, voice and visual medias and also suggest recommendations to the government to protect Fiji's human rights.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Self-regulation with More Accountability and
           Transparency
    • Abstract: Foster, Sophie
      Fiji government is bringing a change to its existing laws with regard to the media as it changed a lot with the emergence of online media. However change in law alone does not work until the journalists themselves ensure the self-regulation and open to criticism.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - The Fiji Media Council: Form, Function and Challenges
    • Abstract: Tarte, Daryl
      The Fiji Media Council is set up to promote high journalistic standards, to safeguard the media freedom and to uphold freedom of speech and expression. It is established by legislation thus making it controlled by government which is not taken well by its members as many of them are privately owned.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Reflections: Challenges Faced by Journalists in
           Multiethnic Fiji
    • Abstract: Raicola, Verenaisi
      Fiji is a multiethnic society where media faces many challenges when it offers people an opportunity to express their views. Fiji's multi ethnic socio-political environment is challenging for journalists and this makes them to be more sensitive to issues involving race, gender and religion.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - New World Journalism
    • Abstract: Naidu, Richard Francis
      The media underwent a major change in recent years because of development of modern science and technology which in turn changed the way media's working. Technology brought greater opportunity for common people to involve in news gathering which brought the new concept of journalism.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Power and Influence': A Commentary on 'New
           Culture' and Its Role in Shaping Political Views
    • Abstract: Anderson, Kylie
      Identifying precise sources of political influence in Fiji has always been difficult. Tradition, provincialism and religion have all been identified as major factors. This commentary, based primarily on ongoing research for a pilot study to be published later, shows that aspects of what can be deemed as 'new culture' in Fiji are also an important tool for analyzing influence. Accordingly, the media - as a corner stone of this 'new culture' - should also be understood to be one of the major influences on political viewpoints in Fiji.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Freedom of Information and Media Accountability in
           the Pacific: Case Studies of Fiji, Cook Islands and Papua New Guinea
    • Abstract: Thomas, Caroline; Tawhiao, Carly; Burling, Natasha
      Journalists have long been seen as taking a Fourth Estate role or being 'watchdogs' of the state. However, in order to fulfil this role, journalists need access to government documents and to be able to get information about governments activities. Therefore, freedom of information (FOI) legislation is necessary to enable the media to have access to state information. The implementation of FOI legislation has been slow in the Pacific, with the first such law due to be implemented in the Cook Islands in 2009. This paper examines media accountability systems and FOI legislation in the Cook Islands, Fiji and Papua New Guinea and compares them with Australia and New Zealand, which have FOI legislation since 1982.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Pacific Islands Diaspora Media: Conceptual and
           Methodological Considerations for a Pilot Study
    • Abstract: Papoutsaki, Evangelia; Strickland, Naomi
      Despite an extensive and newly emerging literature on diaspora communities and ethnic media as distinct research fields, there is limited evidence of research on Pacific diasporas and the increasing presence of Pacific diasporic media across the Asia Pacific rim countries. This paper identifies conceptual and methodological considerations for a research that seeks to identify the different forms and contents of diasporic media available to South Pacific Island diasporic communities in New Zealand; the information needs of these communities; the role of these media in sustaining their island identities and the extent to which these media promote integration in the host country, socio-cultural separation from their new environment, and/or creation of new hybrid cultures/ identities.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Bridging the Divide with Participatory Video
    • Abstract: Harris, Usha Sundar
      Participatory video (PV) projects have put video technology in the hands of the most marginalised in society for self-representation and social reform. PV has gained a favoured place in many development projects and has been used by non-government organisations, development workers and indeed communities themselves to foster dialogue and to instigate change and empowerment. The case study discussed here combined action research and visual ethnography to study the process of PV production and how the community's engagement in it contributes to dialogue and community building in a post-conflict society. This study found that rural women in Fiji use social capital - their relationships and social networks - as a key element in video production to highlight community needs and linkages.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Sites of Resistance: Fiji's Untamed Media
    • Abstract: Harborow, Hannah
      As one of the younger progeny of the internet, 'blogs' have shown they too have the potential to act as genuine tools of democracy and social change. As alternative media, blogs represent horizontal networks of communication, bypassing traditional media structures. They not only signal the debates going on in the public sphere, but as a new form of media, facilitate and mediate communication by providing space for dialogue, information sharing and opinions. This paper examines the phenomenon of 'blogging' in the Fijian context of blogs serving as sites of resistance and social mobilisation in the struggle for the defence of human rights and democracy, while considering the 'blogosphere' as a new, contemporary form of the democratic notion of the 'public sphere'.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Journalism in the New Age of Participation: Meeting
           the Challenge in Fiji Newsrooms
    • Abstract: Foster, Sophie
      This study of mainstream media and its approach to online publications and participatory journalism comes at a time of significant change in technological and telecommunication regulation in Fiji. It specifically seeks to analyse attitudes and practices within the local media industry, particularly towards greater interaction between the audience and journalists (or media companies) through advances provided through the Internet.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Women, the Press, and the Fiji Coups d'etat
    • Abstract: Nicholl, Rae
      Coups d'etat are major events that gain the attention of governments and citizens alike. As a result, the international media become saturated with stories surrounding them - and most of those stories are about men. This article examines how women were portrayed by the press in the aftermath of the Fijian coups and relates their stories as they appeared in the daily papers. By analysing the Fiji Times and the Fiji Sun for twelve days following three of the coups, evidence will show that Fiji's press has begun to recognise the role played by women as decision-makers and human rights activists and that, during these times of crisis, they moved from the periphery of the news in 1987 to play a more central role in 2000 and 2006.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Freedom of the Gatekeepers: A Free Media Study of NZ
           and Fiji - Self-regulation or State Intervention'
    • Abstract: Robie, David
      In almost four decades of independence, Fiji has faced the paradox of a traditionally free press and a succession of mostly authoritarian or paternalistic governments, whether elected or installed as results of coups. In 2007 the regime began consolidating all existing media laws into a separate 'Media Promulgation' law. This was on the basis of a media review commissioned by the Fiji Human Rights Commission. During a comparable time frame, the New Zealand Press Council engaged two consultants to conduct an independent review of the activities and operations of the Council, recommending a higher profile for its role in promoting freedom of expression through responsible media and high editorial standards. With reference to Bertrand's media accountability systems model, this paper examines media processes involved with media self-regulatory bodies in an authoritarian regime and a social responsibility democratic government context. The paper recommends a fresh independent review of the structure and role of the Fiji Media Council.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Media and Democracy in Fiji: An Assessment of the
           Print Media's Coverage of the Office of the Auditor General
    • Abstract: Grey, Susan Naisara; Hassall, Graham
      Fiji's Constitution requires the Office of the Auditor General to report to the Parliament annually on the financial accounts of the Government of Fiji. These reports, when tabled, invariably result in front-page headlines lamenting the extent of public sector corruption and the ongoing failure of state authorities to respond effectively. This paper examines whether the Fiji media has responded effectively and appropriately to the findings of the Auditor General's report. Our findings suggest that the reports of the Auditor General generally receive strong coverage in the news media on their initial tabling in Parliament. However, there is little follow-up of these issues as they are considered by parliamentary committees or parliament as a whole.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Reproducing Disengagement: Citizens' Orientations,
           the News Media, and Democracy in Fiji
    • Abstract: Larson, Erik
      For news media to fulfill democratic functions, citizens must consult these media and use the information they provide. In this article, I examine how the media fit into the polity by analyzing how citizens use and understand the place of news media in Fiji. I base my analysis on data from in-depth semistructured interviews with citizens randomly selected through multi-stage cluster sampling. I find that while citizens regularly consult news outlets, the predominant public orientation toward news media results in most citizens experiencing news as disconnected from their daily lives. This orientation reflects and reproduces processes of news gathering simultaneously centred on the state and disconnected from citizens, reinforcing thin democratic participation in governance. This social organization of the news media within Fiji's polity hinders the prospects for fulfilling media's democratic functions.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1/2 - Coups, Media and Democracy in Fiji
    • Abstract: Singh, Shailendra; Prasad, Biman
      Fiji faced severe economic downturn in history because of illegal political force. This not only affected the country's economy but also marred the media, in spite of this media played a major role in Fiji's democracy.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Fiji's Current Poverty Situation
    • Abstract: Barr, Kevin J
      Statistics and data collected by various Household Income and Expenditure Surveys show that Fiji's poverty situation is very severe. Survey results observed that in Fiji as high as 34.4% of population was living in below poverty line in the year 2002-03 when compared to 1977 where 9% were living below poverty line.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - The Capability Approach: Mainstreaming Gender into
           Poverty Discourses in Fiji
    • Abstract: Chattiar, Priya
      This article is concerned with the frequently 'silence' and 'hidden' aspects of women's lives which highlights that there are dimensions beyond the material aspects of engendered hardship and subordination. This is an important element in stimulating more multidimensional analyses of poverty in Fiji. The first section provides a synopsis of the ways in which poverty analysis and research have been conducted in Fiji. This discussion centres on two objectives. Firstly, to highlight the gaps in the current literature, notably the persistent insensitivity towards gender related issues within the mainstream approaches to poverty analysis in Fiji and secondly, to introduce the capability approach as a means to conceptualize and assess gender inequality and women's wellbeing in the context of Fiji. It is argued that to characterize women as especially "poor" is to misrepresent gender disadvantage. Rather than mainstreaming gender into poverty by defining women as especially poor within existing poverty concepts, efforts must be made to reformulate the understanding of poverty to reflect the distinctly gendered nature of disadvantages for both women and men. The gendered nature of poverty sharpens poverty discourses by suggesting how the experience of poverty is conditioned by the gender identities.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - The Impact of Political and Economic Instability on
           Poverty in Fiji
    • Abstract: Khan, Anas; Khan, Riad
      Poverty is a global phenomenon and its escalating implications have left many multi-ethnic communities in Fiji with widespread suffering and hardship. Poverty has significantly increased since the first Military coup in 1987 which continues to be felt even today. Political instability, resulting in the down turn in economic performance are some of the most pressing issues facing the government now when it comes to turning around the former British colony towards economic prosperity. The interim regime, with the assistance of non-Government Organizations, and concerned stakeholders, needs to put in place effective policies to reach out to poverty stricken people to alleviate their hardship to enhance wellbeing of the depressed communities. This study explores the types and depths of poverty, income inequality and economic and political discord amongst the communities in Fiji. It further investigates the issues of discrimination and elements of social fracture that leads to bitterness and social fragmentation of people.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Poverty Reduction Policies for Fiji
    • Abstract: Naidu, Vijay; Barr, Kevin; Seniloli, Kesaia
      Report presented discusses the wide range of policies and processes which can be used to face complex challenges posed by state of social inequality and poverty. Government plays major role in developing such well-designed pro-poor policies, process and initiatives which helps in meeting basic needs of poor people.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Poverty, Health and Nutrition in Fiji
    • Abstract: Razak, Fozia N; Prasad, Biman C
      Poverty is considered to be a multidimensional problem which progressively needs public attention at all levels. Health and poverty are intertwined and each impacts on the other. Poverty contributes towards ill-health as individuals strive to adequately meet the nutritional requirements, whereas people with poor health are normally unable to work or earn well and gradually end up in chronic poverty. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of poverty, health, and nutrition in Fiji, and in doing so, identify the implicit linkages amongst them. Trends in poverty and health indicators in Fiji are examined together with a discussion of what poverty does to health and nutrition.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Social Welfare and Poverty Alleviation Programs in
           Fiji: Are They Pro-poor'
    • Abstract: Kaitani, Miliakere
      Governments direct poverty assistances programs have not been as successful as they could have been. For long, a number of government programs have been tarnished as racially biased and ineffective. While in many ways the programs have been generous towards indigenous Fijians, the real help has failed to reach the poorest of the poor Fijians. The family assistance scheme has not been given clear direction on the assessment process for identifying the poor. A lot of resources have been wasted funding projects that did not even start off since the schemes were not traceable. The waste of resources has been significant when aggregated over the years and will continue if drastic steps are not taken now. If poor people are to be assisted in the future, better income generating projects need to be implemented with stringent monitoring and follow-up plans. Past reviews of the programs have not been given serious consideration and there is a need for planners to revisit the recommendation from the past.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Economic and Social Sector Development for Poverty
           Reduction in Fiji
    • Abstract: Gounder, Rukmani
      Economic growth together with social development has been the objective of the government to improve the standards of living of the poor. Fiji's poor economic performance, political instabilities and economic crises have pushed more people into poverty without recourse. The purpose of this paper is three-fold. First, it reviews the incidence of poverty in Fiji and the various studies, second, it reviews government's poverty reduction policies and third, it suggests policies to make poverty alleviation measures more effective. The paper notes that strengthening of national development policies with the aim of creating gainful employment opportunities for the unemployed is vital to the process of addressing the problems of the poor. Under various policies and programmes the manifestations of such activities provide the policy initiatives to reduce poverty in Fiji. The lesson of the last three decades is to make changes in thinking and cultivating a genuine public spirit to get its development priorities right.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Poverty and Affirmative Action Policies in Fiji:
           Paradigmatic Fault Lines
    • Abstract: Kumar, Sunil
      There are a number of social, political and economic reasons to support ethnic based affirmative action policies in Fiji. Such policies, however, cannot be considered as substitute for or continued at the cost of national poverty alleviation programs.Fiji has unique political and economic problems. It is a small economy with ethnically divided society where substantial proportions of the people from various communities live below the poverty line and need state support for survival. According to a number of researchers, well over 50% of people are struggling to remain buoyant economically. There are around 85,000 people in the needy or destitute category, which is the lowest 10% of the population. The lowest 10% of the households are extremely poor earning around $FJ4000 per annum on average. This article examines some aspects of the national poverty alleviation programs, particularly, the ethnic dimensions and points out a number of paradigmatic fault lines that persist amongst the policy makers and politicians.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - The Incidence of Poverty and the Poverty Gap in Fiji:
           Unpalatable Facts for Ethnocentric Political Parties
    • Abstract: Narsey, Wadan
      The major political parties in Fiji have derived their majority support from either their ethnic vote banks: indigenous Fijis for the Alliance Party, SVT and SDL and Indo-Fijians for NFP and FLP. The parties frequently carried the message that 'their' ethnic groups were the 'poorest' and therefore, the party would, if in power, take care of the interests of 'their' poor. This tunnel vision situation has continued in Fiji despite the most recent national data indicating that while the incidence of poverty is higher for Indo-Fijians, the 'poverty gap' in aggregate is larger for indigenous Fijians. With data on poverty giving mixed outcomes, both the major political parties have shown little interest in publicly disseminating and discussing the poverty results of government's own national surveys run through the Fiji Islands Bureau of Statistics.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Stolen Worlds: Fijiindian Fragments [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Luangphinith, Seri I
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - British Documents on the End of Empire, Fiji [Book
           Review]
    • Abstract: Tuimalealiifano, Morgan
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Institutions, Economic Performance and Sustainable
           Development: A Case Study of Fiji Islands [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Shah, Sukhdev
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Trends in Industrial Disputes in Fiji, 1987-2001
    • Abstract: Khan, Anas; Khan, Riad
      This paper examines the trends in trade disputes between 1987 and 2001, and argues that the machinery of trade dispute reporting and resolution works in an environment where law and order is maintained. It suggests that where democratic institutions are weakened, industrial relations institutions are also weakened.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Reflections on the 1987 Fiji Coups
    • Abstract: Ramesh, Sanjay
      The claim by the then Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka, that intervention of the army in Fiji's political process was necessary to avert ethnic bloodshed and it was entirely on an instinct to save the indigenous Fijian race from the Indo-Fijian political designs, is presented. The claims and counter claims by the ruling party and the opposition is analysed.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Caught in the Web: Public Discourse in the Age of
           Electronic Communication
    • Abstract: Lal, Brij V
      The comments provided by people about the opinion and analysis expressed by experts is discussed. It is mentioned that however the public may view an article, the moral and ethical responsibility of expressing honest, bold and truthful opinion lies with Public intellectuals.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Diplomatic Exchanges in the Pacific Islands: Mapping
           the Networks
    • Abstract: Herr, Richard; Nair, Robin
      Given their small size and limited means, virtually all the Pacific Island Forum countries (FICs) pursue diplomatic relationships with states that are larger, more powerful and better resourced. This paper reviews the differing strategies and methods used by foreign ministries of the FICs to cope with their diplomatic limitations. Few states within the Pacific area have formal inter se relations; multilateral institutions loom unusually large in the FICs' diplomacy. This has led to some imaginative techniques to extend the reach of their very limited overseas representation.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - 1987 to 2007: The Complexities of Fiji's Four Coups
    • Abstract: Ramesh, Sanjay
      An account of Fiji since the first coup in Fiji on 14 May 1987 is provided and the way race was used by the various Fiji governments and indigenous activists to justify the nationalist control of the state is demonstrated. The contradictions and divisions within both the Indo-Fijian and the indigenous Fijian communities in Fiji, is highlighted.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - 'This Process of Political Readjustment': Aftermath of
           the 2006 Fiji Coup
    • Abstract: Lal, Brij V
      The first six months after the December 2006 coup have been a time of great anxiety and concern to the people of Fiji as the military-backed Interim Administration has attempted, without much success, to entrench itself into the public consciousness as a force for good of the nation. Several court cases loom, challenging the legality of the Interim Administration and of the Fiji Independent Commission Against Corruption. Important institutions of the state remain deeply politicised, including the Fiji Human Rights Commission and the judiciary. International opinion remains firmly set against the interim regime. Six months after the coup, nothing is resolved except the Interim Administration's determination to remain in power at all costs.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Education and Integration in Fiji: A Historical
           Perspective
    • Abstract: Gaunder, Padmini
      The policy of segregation that the colonial government practised in schools during most of its rule contributed to Fiji becoming a plural society. Though there was no segregation from the time Fiji became self governing in the mid-1960s, there was little integration at the time of independence in 1970. On coming to power, the Alliance government of Ratu Mara wanted to use education for integrating the different ethnic groups in the country by having multiracial schools and cross cultural language learning. It failed in its efforts because the Opposition did not support the attempts by the government to implement its policies for achieving integration.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - The 'Fijian Dilemma': The Revolving Door Syndrome in
           Ethnic Fijian Rural Development, 1950s-1987
    • Abstract: Mausio, Asinate
      This paper seeks to revive discourse on Fiji's rural development history. It focuses on the nexus of vakamatanitu, vakavanua, ethnic- preference and traditionalism in rural development policies of the colonial administration and the Alliance government. The paper aims to provide a more holistic view of, what Nayacakalau called, the 'Fijian dilemma', in rural development. It identifies two underlying rural development principles - traditionalism and ethnic-preference - and links these to vakamatanitu and vakavanua. It is argued that these four complementary concepts have informed the state's approach to rural development in the colonial period and beyond. Elite manipulation of the four concepts to drive rural development translated into ethnic demarcation of agricultural production, the grid-locking of rural Fijian farmers into semi-subsistence and marginal-profit agriculture, and the perpetuation of past mistakes (revolving door syndrome) by the state in the postcolonial period.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Fiji's Exports and Comparative Advantage
    • Abstract: Gani, Azmat; Prasad, Biman C
      In this paper, an index of revealed comparative advantage (IRCA) is computed for Fiji's twelve major export products at the three-digit level of the Standard International Trade Classification for the period 1988-2001. Our results provide confirmation of Fiji having comparative advantages in its resource based products, namely sugar, canned fish, fresh fish, dalo, wood chips, gold, and manufactured goods such as textiles, garments and footwear. Our results also confirm that the comparative advantage position weakened for canned fish and gold over time while that for sugar, fresh fish, wood chips and garments strengthened over the post 1987. Interestingly, our IRCA scores reveal that yaqona, copra and coconut oil do not have any comparative advantages.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Is the Twin Deficits Hypothesis Relevant to Fiji'
    • Abstract: Jayaraman, TK; Choong, Chee-Keong
      Fiji has been experiencing current account deficits in its balance of payments since the late 1990s, despite the emergence of a boom in remittances. The deficits have become increasingly more pronounced since 2001 due to a decline in the country's traditional exports of sugar, a sharp fall in the exports of garments following the expiry of the Multifibre Agreement, and a decrease in the exports of gold following operational problems. On the other hand, there was a surge in imports of capital goods and machinery for the building and construction industry, due mainly to expansionary fiscal policies pursued by the government since 2001. Additionally, a steep rise in private sector credit in the post-coup years of 2000 ensued, contributing to a further widening of current account deficit. This paper seeks to investigate whether the popular twin deficit hypothesis is relevant in the case of Fiji.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - The Centre for International and Regional Affairs
           (CIRA)
    • Abstract: Nair, Robin R
      The key aims and objectives of the Centre for International and Regional Affairs (CIRA), launched at the University of Fiji, Saweni are discussed. CIRA has been started to enhance Fiji's capacity to deal with the many opportunities and challenges of globalization as well as strengthen Fiji's efforts to integrate its economy and society with its immediate region as well as that of Australia and New Zealand.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - The Geopolitics of Pacific Islands' Regionalism: From
           Strategic Denial to the Pacific Plan
    • Abstract: Herr, Richard
      The ways in which the changing geo-political interests have shaped security perspectives of the myriad islands of the Central and Southwest Pacific Ocean are discussed. The Pacific Plan may be the latest iteration of a regional solution to meeting the challenging geo-politics of the Pacific Island, but will have to overcome some hugely challenging obstacles.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Fiji in Asia: India's 'New' Look East Policy - Looking
           beyond Southeast Asia at the South Pacific
    • Abstract: Sundararaman, Shankari
      The key aspects and features of India's new 'Look East' policy and its implications for Southeast Asia and the South Pacific are discussed. Some of the key challenges that are critical to India's 'Look East' policy are also highlighted.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Sovereignty and Responsibility: Some Issues in
           Chinese/Taiwanese Rivalry in the Pacific Islands
    • Abstract: Herr, Richard
      The recent developments in Chinese/Taiwanese rivalry in the Pacific Islands are discussed to assess some of the implications of using sovereignty as an economic resource by small island countries. The various factors that need to be taken into account in considering the impact on governance posed by the in Chinese/Taiwanese rivalry in the Pacific Islands region are highlighted.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Fiji's Trade, Investment and Infrastructure Development
    • Abstract: Lyon, Bob
      A vision for Fiji's future in terms of trade, investment and infrastructure development is discussed. Some of the various challenges that Fiji needs to address in order to meet its full potential are highlighted.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Comments: 'WTO Doha Round: An Opportunity or Mirage for
           Fiji'
    • Abstract: Chand, Satish
      The author comments on and analyzes the article 'WTO DOHA Round: An Opportunity or a Mirage for Fiji'' by Professor Biman Prasad Chand. His opinion is that Fiji is in a highly privileged position of being the natural hub for the island Pacific; and what Fiji reaps from the WTO and Doha Development Round is more in its own hands rather than with the hand dealt out by her trading partners.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - WTO Doha Round: An Opportunity or a Mirage for
           Fiji'
    • Abstract: Prasad, Biman Chand
      The key aspects and features of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Development Round, and its advantages and disadvantages for Fiji are discussed. For Fiji and other PICs, agreements with Australia and New Zealand are vital for long-term sustainable growth of exports.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Comments: Regionalism - an Opportunity or an
           Imposition'
    • Abstract: Chand, Satish
      The author comments and analyzes the article 'Regionalism: An Opportunity or an Imposition on Fiji'' by Jane Kelsey. Some controversies and questions posed by the article are answered; and the author's view on Fiji's role in regional integration as being a positive one, is highlighted.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Regionalism: An Opportunity or an Imposition on
           Fiji'
    • Abstract: Kelsey, Jane
      The idealistic rhetoric on regionalism that has accompanied the Pacific Plan by examining its main concrete element - the economic integration agreements that Fiji and other Pacific Island governments have signed - is discussed. The idea of sub-regional arrangements and institutional cooperation that reflect the priorities of the people and their shared values is similar to that followed by Pacific Islands like Fiji and others.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Introduction
    • Abstract: Nair, Robin
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy in Fiji [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Singh, Rup
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Women and Men of Fiji Islands: Gender Statistics and
           Trends [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Robertson, Robbie
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - The Fiji Tourism Forum 2005: A Report
    • Abstract: Rao, Dorasamy
      Details of the events at the Fiji Tourism Forum held from 6-8 July, 2005, are presented. The opinions and suggestions offered by the official stakeholders in the tourism industry are reported, as also the resolutions passed which focussed on the development of human resources, resorts and the environment in order to advance tourism in Fiji.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Making Multiparty Government Work in Fiji: A Case for
           Building Consensus Democracy through a Permanent Joint Multiparty
           Parliamentary Committee
    • Abstract: Ramesh, Sanjay
      The need to form a permanent Joint Multiparty Parliamentary Committee (JMPC) to ensure the smooth functioning of the multiparty government in Fiji is emphasised. It is believed that the JMPC would facilitate the establishment of appropriate institutional structures to overcome racial differences in the government and enable the building of consensus democracy in Fiji.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - A Blend of Good Governance in Pacific Culture
    • Abstract: Qalo, Ropate R
      This paper proposes that the hybridisation or blending of South Pacific culture with good governance practices will empower our efforts to continue to sustain our culture. The five broad areas underpinning the grand theories of development addressed here are those on good governance; market economy, structures, functions and pre-conditions; traditional authority of the subsistence economy; adaptation, blending or reinventing a hybrid of good governance; and the all-encompassing unique Pacific environment that sustained a quality of life for millennia. The paper aims to rekindle interest in a discourse that has been lying dormant for some years, i.e. the importance of our own knowledge base and its relationship with good governance. The paper argues for a blend of local governance with colonial structures as the ideal model of good governance for us.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Protection and Promotion of Culture at the Community
           Level: A Case Study of Rotumans
    • Abstract: Anderson, Kylie; Isimeli, Feskatoa
      In the Pacific, human rights debates often focus on political and economic discussions, leaving issues related to culture and language aside. Yet the potential loss of language and culture has been identified as being of great concern to many within the region. This concern is also apparent on an international level with a growing number of international declarations and other documents focusing on the area. This article focuses on the attempts of one community - the Rotumans - to 'safeguard' language and culture. The paper also reviews the compatibility of these efforts with various international agreements.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Poverty and Deprivation amongst Ethnic Minorities in
           Fiji: The Case of Ni Solomoni and Rabi Islanders
    • Abstract: Kumar, Sunil; Terubea, Teata; Nomae, Vincent D; Manepora'a, Andrew
      Poverty issues in the Pacific are now coming into the open as governments come under domestic and international pressures to attend to the Millennium Development Goals and address local developmental needs. Unfortunately the problems of the minorities have not found much space on the national agenda on poverty in Fiji. Fiji's Melanesian and Rabi Island minorities are two such minority communities that have faced increasing poverty for a long time. This paper shows that the welfare positions of these two specific groups are distinctively different from the rest of Fiji. They have significantly higher poverty rates, while their leaders are after distinctive solutions.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Indo-Fijian Women and the Fertility Debate, 1920 - 1950
    • Abstract: Srivastava, Satya
      The Indian woman in colonial Fiji has been a controversial subject, often inviting conflicting comments. She has been defamed, eulogized, defended and criticized, all at the same time. Her critics have included colonialists, capitalists, traditionalists and 'nationalists'. But her true position in Indo-Fijian history - and her various contributions towards Fiji's progress during and after Indenture - have not featured in Fijian history. This paper examines the fertility debate in Fiji's population discourse, and places Indo-Fijian female fertility within the context of socio-economic and political policies of the country and the associated objective conditions of reproduction of the Indo-Fijian and indigenous Fijian populations in Fiji.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Looking Back: Fiji and Malaysia
    • Abstract: Verebalavu, Jese
      This paper examines developments in ethnic policies in Fiji and compares them with developments in Malaysia. A major focus is on the policies in the two countries on increasing indigenous participation in commerce. It is found that the policies of various governments in Fiji on increasing indigenous Fijian participation in commerce, closely resembles the model followed in Malaysia. The results in Fiji also closely mirror the results in Malaysia.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Budgetary Allocation for Affirmative Action: Making
           Sense of Race
    • Abstract: Nandan, Ruvendra
      State budgets have become very influential in the emergence and functioning of modern states and societies worldwide. This paper goes beyond the narrow technical and objective roles of state budgets, and examines how state budgets with provision for affirmative action have become a tool for racial differentiation. It is argued that a state budget with annual budgetary allocations for affirmative action in Fiji create a pattern of visibility and power, and when drawn upon in daily interaction, the state budget not only shapes race and race related tensions, but also gets shaped by such conditions.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Public Sector Auditing in Fiji: Tracing Its Development
           and Expansion
    • Abstract: Nath, Nirmala; van Peursem, Karen; Lowe, Alan
      This paper examines the processes of public sector auditing, and its influence in Fiji over the period 1874-2003. Analyses of historical documents indicate that there were four major themes that influenced expansion of traditional auditing into performance auditing. This paper examines these. It also provides insights into the development of accountability practices as a result of changes in the Auditor-General's role. Conclusions drawn from the analysis indicate that traditional public sector auditing in Fiji expanded in accountability terms, possibly driven by public pressure through the media and elected representatives.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Vertical Inequity in Unimproved Value System: Evidences
           from Suva City
    • Abstract: Hassan, Abdul
      This paper examines the inequity in the present local government tax (rate) system in Fiji. Property rate has been the major source of revenue for local councils since the colonial period. It accounts for more than fifty percent of the revenue of municipal councils. Over much of its history the tax has not been critically scrutinised. Vertical assessment equity is a fundamental requirement of valuation for rating purposes. This paper examines the rating system in Suva City, and finds that the unimproved value system is vertically inequitable.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - Selected Bibliography and Afterword: Women and Gender
           in Fiji
    • Abstract: Leckie, Jacqueline
      The selective bibliography in relation to women and gender in Fiji is discussed. The bibliography does not have any intentional omissions; however, does not include newspaper articles and has limited coverage of reports from official and NGO agencies or creative works of fiction.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - Rights of Sexual Minorities
    • Abstract: Leckie, Jacqueline; Yabaka, Akuila
      The different views of Fijian law with regards to the rights of sexual minorities are discussed. The NGO Coalition on Human Rights includes individuals and organizations from a range of different faiths, embraces full acceptance of gays and lesbians.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - Paradise Revisited: Women's Writing from Fiji
    • Abstract: Wisker, Gina
      Like many other women of the Pacific, women in Fiji have conventionally been represented as exotic, an idealised presence in the minds and writing of Western men. The constraint of such representations effectively silences many women, and, coupled with the various oppressions of local traditions, it is not surprising that there has been relatively little poetry and prose from Fijian women writers. This essay explores the conventional representation and controls over women, and their recent challenges to these. It considers ways in which speaking from gendered experiences and their cultural positions in Fiji, several women writers have turned the demeaning, colonially influenced myths on their heads, exposed the traditionally oppressive behaviours, and written powerfully and lyrically not just of a move beyond silencing but of the self, language, identity, love and education.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - From Little Girl to Young Woman: The Menarche Ceremony
           in Fiji
    • Abstract: Sniekers, Marijke
      This article examines female gender identity in Fiji. It focuses on the menarche ceremony in Fijian women's lives. The menarche ceremony is celebrated to acknowledge a little girl's transition into a young woman. During the ceremony perceptions of female gender identity are expressed explicitly, whereas in daily life a girl implicitly and gradually learns how to become a woman. The study explains how these perceptions are expressed, examines what these expressions are and looks at the impact the ceremony has on a girl's life.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - Wild and Domesticated: Matailobau Foods, Gender, and
           Rituals
    • Abstract: Turner, Diane Michalski
      This paper considers gender concepts in Matailobau Fijians' everyday speech and the possible transformation of such ideas in three rituals focusing on food, gender, and reproduction. Two of these rituals concentrate on women and one focuses on men. The pre-Christian ruku ritual, known only through textual accounts, suggesting that women had to be 'warmed' for the reproduction process, has themes and utilizes foods that recur in the other two rituals. Whereas the contemporary bisaba ritual pertains to women, their maternity and childrearing activities, the annual first fruits ceremony centres on men and their securing prosperity from ancestral forces.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - A Tale of Two Mothers: Colonial Constructions of Indian
           and Fijian Maternity
    • Abstract: Luker, Vicki
      This paper outlines the ways in which British colonial administration in Fiji, during the period until World War II, characterized Fijian and Indian mothers. These characterizations were important because they influenced the provision of services in maternal and infant health. I argue that the administration saw Fijian and Indian mothers according to the differing roles in the colony that it had assigned to their peoples on a racial basis: yet their reproductive performance appeared to undermine these agenda. While this tale of two mothers is in many respects distressing, the treatment of Indian maternity was especially so, and receives greater emphasis here.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - Gender, Health Inequality, and Hidden Healers in Rural
           Fiji
    • Abstract: Harthorn, Barbara Herr
      This study of gendered patterns of illness, anxiety and depression in rural Lau, Fiji presents data on indicators of anxious and depressed affect among ethnic Fijians in a small island, analyzes the social production of psychogenic distress, and explores issues of inequality and feminine agency in indigenous healing practices. Based on ethnographic and survey data from pre-coup Fiji, the article argues that status (rank) and gender interacted with social, cultural, economic, and political forces to produce distinctive, gendered patterns of both depressive and anxious affect among rural native Fijians, often in somatized forms. Profound social inequities of gender and social status interact with economic marginality and poverty, harsh environmental constraints, high incidence of tropical cyclones, and social change accompanying development to produce community patterns of illness. However, women's largely unexamined dual roles as fishers and as healers also reflected women's agency in a highly constrained social environment.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - The Embodiment of Gender and Madness in Colonial Fiji
    • Abstract: Leckie, Jacqueline
      This paper presents findings into the history and construction of madness in colonial Fiji, primarily through the lens of gender. It is based upon original research at St Giles, currently still a major psychiatric institution in the Pacific Islands that was founded as Fiji's Public Lunatic Asylum in 1884. The paper emphasises a gendered history of madness that was embodied. Moral insanity remained a dominant discourse but was reflected in the corporeal world, as the mad (gendered) body was the object that was worked on. This paper also explores this in Fiji concerning a specifically female form of insanity, considered inextricably linked with women's bodies: the once common diagnosis of puerperal insanity. The bulk of the paper concerns the gendering of madness discourse. I consider this through narratives of gender roles, constructs of madness, especially sex and ethnic stereotypes, in which work and sexuality were embodied.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - Making a Difference Where It Counts: A Case of
           Activism, Advocacy and Action-research with Two Women's Groups in Fiji
    • Abstract: Nabalarua, Eci
      This paper examines innovative and viable options of addressing the role of civil society as challenges of indigenous and local development are pursued against a backdrop of rapid globalization. If organized in a semi-structured framework, civil society has the capacity to respond to unanticipated national events like civil and political upheavals thereby playing a critically significant role in efforts directed at national reconstruction and reconciliation. Interrelationship between ideas and concept application through action research lays the basis for more effective intervention. This in turn has a greater success rate at directing better-informed policy towards effective governance and sustainable community development in Pacific societies. Drawing on the experiences of PROWESS a women's empowerment initiative and fem' LINKpacific, an urban-based multicultural women's collective, the paper illustrates the relationship between concept formulation and application.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - Violence, Agency and Freedom of Movement: Issues
           Emerging out of the Lata Sisters' Disappearance
    • Abstract: Trnka, Susanna
      This paper analyses the Indo-Fijian public's responses to the suspected kidnapping and possible murders of three Indo-Fijian sisters from the Rakiraki area. It considers some of the cultural dynamics that shape young Indo-Fijian women's domestic lives. Focusing on the disappearances of Aashika, Renuka, and Radhika Lata in June 2005. The paper examines how middle-class Indo-Fijians imaginatively reconstructed the events surrounding the fate of the three girls. My interest is in both what the events surrounding their disappearance as well as the public's speculations over them tell us about familial and community concerns over young women's freedom of movement. I also consider related issues of women's agency and measures for empowering young women against violence.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - Understanding Poverty from a Gender Perspective:
           Thinking 'Small' through Paaru's Story
    • Abstract: Chattier, Priya D
      Recent thinking on poverty and poverty reduction in Fiji tends to be 'big' in terms of ideas, units of analysis, data sets, plans and ambitions. While recognizing the benefits of such approaches, this paper argues that researchers should counterbalance and supplement big ideas through 'thinking small'. In this context, a narrative of a single household in a rural Indo-Fijian settlement confirms much current thinking about persistent poverty in Fiji and why social exclusion based on gender and ethnicity keeps people poor. This story raises challenges to contemporary orthodoxies by examining aspects of human agency and well-being, in particular women's agency and well-being that have long been neglected in previous studies of poverty. It demonstrates that 'listening to silent voices' provides an invaluable reference for scholars contributing to a more expansive, human concept of development.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - The Church versus Women's Push for Change: The Case of
           Fiji
    • Abstract: Varani-Norton, Eta
      The burdensome impact created by the church on Pacific women has left rural women facing dire situations. Despite their doctrinal differences, most churches have similar expectations of women. This article concerns the difficulties rural Fijian women face in trying to meet their family needs while fulfilling their obligations to the Methodist Church. This pressure is compounded by the very close relations between the church, the state and the vanua. Women are torn between fulfilling their obligations to these institutions and caring for their families. The strengthening call from international Pentecostal churches and United Nations organisations to adapt both Christianity and tradition to western ideology emphasising individual agency, shows up the conservative Methodist Church to be ill-prepared, even to the point of intolerance. This paper suggests that the women's organisation within the church, despite the uphill battle it is presently facing, could be made a platform for change.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 2 - Articulated Cultures: Militarism and Masculinities in
           Fiji during the Mid 1990s
    • Abstract: Teaiwa, Teresia K
      This article highlights some of the areas that would benefit from a closer analysis of the cultures of militarism. It examines how militarism extends beyond the confines of military institutions, and traces how military values and ideals influence and reflect social, political and cultural divisions in Fiji. The concept of articulation informs the discussion of militarism and its cultures in contemporary Fiji. More specifically, the paper examines the cultural dynamics of militarism in Fiji in a period after the military coups of 1987 and before the putsch of 2000, paying particular attention to representations of the military and militarizing processes collected from news media reporting between 1995 and 1996. Prior to pacification, Fijian men kept their weapons near them at all times (Williams, 1982). These habits of preparedness, as well as ideas about acceptable forms of aggression, gender roles, the content of exchange relationships between the living and their ancestors and ancestral gods (for instance, human sacrifice and cannibalistic communion), and the configuration of the social landscape (for instance, the composition and placement of villages), were all transformed by the elimination of warfare (Turner, 1997: 370-1).

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Introductory Commercial Studies [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Dulare, Chandra; Nand, Ashwin Vikash
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Tears in Paradise: A Personal and Historical Journey
           1879 - 2004 [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Kumar, Avinash
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Stolen Worlds: Fijiindian Fragments [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Thomas, Larry
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - A Wake-up Call for Pacific Journalism Mekim Nius: South
           Pacific Media, Politics and Education [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Singh, Shailendra
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Violence in Fiji: Presentations from a Panel Discussion
           on Violence in Fiji Held on 28 August 2004 at the Cathy Hotel, Lautoka
    • Abstract: Naidu, Vijay; Driver, Moses; Tuisawau, Susana; Rouse, Prue; Urai, Daniel; Goundar, Gunasegran
      The Keynote paper on Violence in Fiji is presented which gives a broad overview of the causes for violence in Fiji and some possible ways of reducing it.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Bahut Julum: Reflections on the Use of Fiji Hindi
    • Abstract: Lal, Brij V
      The author reflects on Fiji Hindi, a unique language, a product of a particular historical, cultural and social experience. He protests against the rejection of Fiji Hindi as Broken Hindi, thus denying of cultural value to Fiji Hindi. Fiji Hindi should be preserved as it is a product of a particular set of historical circumstances. It provides a fascinating insight into the social and cultural evolution of the Indo-Fijian community.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Fuel Pricing in Fiji
    • Abstract: Rao, Gyaneshwar
      This paper looks at the fuel pricing structure in Fiji for unleaded petrol and diesoline. It examines the components of the final retail prices, and shows that there is a component which remains unexplained by the pricing template used in Fiji. This component could be said to reflect the oligopoly rent which oil companies in Fiji are deriving.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Sairusi Nabogibogi
    • Abstract: Lal, Brij V
      The history of Sairusi Nabagibogi, a complex, conflicted character, a hero of the Fijian underworld of the 1950s and 60s is traced. Viewed historically, he belongs to a long list of dissident Fijians swimming against the currents of their time and the tenets of their own society.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Diagnostic Test for Mathematics Students at USP
    • Abstract: Dixit, Ulhas J; Reddy, Muni V
      To see if there is a need to conduct a diagnostic test for MA111 students having different form seven mathematics marks or Foundation Mathematics grades at the University of the South Pacific (USP), an analysis of variance for a one-way classification with unequal numbers is carried. Using data for the years 1998-2002 the analysis results indicate that there is no need to conduct a mathematics diagnostic test for incoming MA111 students.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Student Ethnicity and Academic Performance: First-year
           University Accounting Education
    • Abstract: Patel, Arvind; Patel, Reema
      This study investigates the effect of ethnicity on student performance in first-year university accounting education at the University of the South Pacific (USP). Results suggest that ethnic Indian students outperform ethnic Fijian students in first-year university accounting. More interestingly, results indicate that ethnic Fijian students who complete first-year university accounting through the extension mode (distance mode) outperform ethnic Fijian students who complete the same on-campus (face-to-face) courses, while ethnic Indian students show no difference in either mode of study. Both Indo-Fijian and Ethnic-Fijian students who completed Fiji Seventh Form Examination did better than Indo-Fijian and Ethnic-Fijian students who complete the Foundation program at the USP.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Fiji's Public-private Sector Investment, Policy,
           Institutions and Economic Growth: Evidence from Time Series Data
    • Abstract: Gounder, Rukmani
      Fiji experienced two military coups in 1987 and a coup in 2000. Their effects on investment and growth need to be estimated. This paper attempts to do this. In particular, it provides an empirical analysis of the effects of public and private investment on growth, as well as the impacts of 'policy' and coups on private and public investment components. It also examines the links between democracy and economic growth. Results show that private investment plays a far more important role than public investment. Coups and political instability adversely affect economic growth. Fiji has good investment policy, however coups negatively affect this. The impact of policy on private investment is negative. Democracy is relevant and irrespective of the level of economic freedom a democratic government is important for growth prospects.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Culture and Entrepreneurship: An Exploratory Essay
    • Abstract: Rao, Dorasamy
      The roles of culture and entrepreneurial disposition in entrepreneurship have been widely researched. Some researchers have concluded that an individualist culture fosters entrepreneurial disposition and entrepreneurship while a collectivist culture retards them. Others have argued that collectivism does not have much bearing on these two factors. This essay explores entrepreneurship in Fiji by focusing on the roles of cultural values and entrepreneurial disposition displayed by the three ethnic groupings - Indo-Fijians, Fijians and Others. The study shows that the higher entrepreneurial achievements of Indo-Fijians and Others are due to the ethics of individual and material acquisition while Fijian entrepreneurship is considerably impeded by collectivism and associated behaviour.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Privatisation of the Government Shipyard and Public
           Slipways - Some Lessons
    • Abstract: Narayan, Jashwini Jothishna
      Public enterprise reforms have dominated public policy making in Fiji for the past 15 years. While there has been much debate on the logic for privatisation, there have been very few case studies on the processes which privatisation has taken. The Government Shipyard and Public Slipways was one of the first public enterprises that was privatised in Fiji. The venture failed, leading the state to buy back the private company. This paper examines the reasons for the privatisation of the Government Shipyard and Public Slipways, and the processes that were followed in its privatisation. It also examines some of the causes of the failure, and the lessons learnt by the privatisation and the re-nationalisation of the enterprise.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Subsidy Dependence and Financial Sustainability in
           Development Banks: The Case of the Fiji Development Bank
    • Abstract: Sharma, MD; Timiti, Uriam
      The importance of financial systems in development has been widely established. The issue of subsidisation in development banking has come under public scrutiny. In the Pacific, development banks have continued to face dual pressures to perform their developmental role, as well as achieve financial sustainability. By using and applying three measurement methods - the Subsidy Dependence Index (SDI), the Net Present Cost to Society (NPCs), and the Subsidy Dependence Ratio (SDR) - to the Fiji Development Bank, this study concludes that while the level of subsidy dependence has increased, it has no demonstrative linkages to key performance indicators, and that moves to eliminate subsidy dependence would prove counter productive to policy efforts aimed at developing the traditionally weaker but critical sectors and segments of society. Given that subsidisation will remain to be an important component of good public policy, it is argued that development banks will remain to be legitimate institutions in channeling and monitoring subsidies, provided they continue to demonstrate institutional and financial efficiency.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 3 Issue 1 - Returns from Fiji National Provident Fund: Accounting
           Myth vs Economic Reality
    • Abstract: White, Michael
      This paper reviews the accounting practices employed by the Fiji National Provident Fund in reporting its investment interests in Amalgamated Telecom Holdings Fiji Limited. It demonstrates that the FNPF initially failed to observe financial reporting regulations and by so doing reflected a higher return on the investment then would have been the case under generally accepted accounting practices. FNPF changed its accounting practices only when conformity with regulations allowed it to report superior returns than the non-compliant approach initially adopted. The paper demonstrates that FNPF's opportunistic reporting practices have served to benefit those who have recently taken a pension, or are about to do so and those who have recently or will shortly leave fund membership. Conversely newer members and those about to join have been disadvantaged. The paper also considers developments in the regulation of financial reporting, which are due to be adopted in Fiji in 2006 that will impact on the returns the FNPF reports and the consequences for fund members' accounts.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 2 Issue 2 - The Art of Governance: A Review of Discussions of
           Governance in Pacific Island Countries
    • Abstract: Hannan, Kate
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 2 Issue 2 - 'Remembering Girmit' [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Lal, Brij V
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 2 Issue 2 - Tradition, Lotu and Militarism in Fiji [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Tarte, Sandra
      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 2 Issue 2 - How Significant Is the Colonial History of the
           Pacific'
    • Abstract: Campbell, Ian C
      The Pacific is important because of its comparatively successful transition from colonization, and the atypical experience remains important because it continues to shape the manner in which the islands are governed and relate to the outside world. Contemporary issues associated with governance and development have a history which has its roots deep in the colonial past.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
  • Volume 2 Issue 2 - From Campus to Newsroom in the South Pacific:
           Governance and the Quest for a Professional Journalism Ethos
    • Abstract: Robie, David; Singh, Shailendra
      Educated and well-informed journalists provide a key underpinning of good governance. The University of the South Pacific's Regional Journalism Programme began producing double major graduate journalists for the South Pacific from 1996. Two-thirds of the graduates live and work in Fiji. While some news media organisations in Fiji have generally recruited graduates, others have preferred to hire untrained school leavers. Increasingly, parallel with draft legislation designed to turn the self-regulating Fiji Media Council into a statutory body, there have been public calls for higher media standards and more professional training and education. This paper explores the career attitudes and destination of the university's 68 journalism graduates between 1996 and 2002 based on empirical data from a six-year monitoring project that started in 1998. It also examines the policies of the Fiji media industry towards graduates and education.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Feb 2011 09:48:50 GMT
       
 
 
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