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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1408 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (250 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (18 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (89 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (51 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (729 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (43 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (162 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (729 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 166)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Análisis     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balkan Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BOSAPARIS : Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga     Open Access  
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Convergencia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cooperativismo y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Debats. Revista de cultura, poder i societat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Didáctica de las Ciencias Experimentales y Sociales     Open Access  
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
E-Dimas : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-Gnosis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eat, Sleep, Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
El Ágora USB     Open Access  
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EspacesTemps.net     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
eTropic : electronic journal of studies in the tropics     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover Family Matters
  [SJR: 0.259]   [H-I: 8]   [10 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1832-8318 - ISSN (Online) 1030-2646
   Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [400 journals]
  • Issue 99 - Institute seminars
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 99 - The expert panel project: What have we learned to date'
    • Abstract: Robinson, Elly
      The Australian Institute of Family Studies (AIFS) was commissioned by the Department of Social Services (DSS) to establish a panel of experts to assist agencies funded under the department's Families and Children Activity ("the Panel"; 2014-2019). The role of the Panel is to advise, mentor, support and train service providers to increasingly offer services and programs that are shown to improve outcomes for families and children.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 99 - Supported playgroups for parents and children: The evidence for
           their benefits
    • Abstract: Commerford, Joanne; Robinson, Elly
      Playgroups are local, community-based groups that bring together preschool-aged children and their parents or carers for the purpose of play and social activities (Dadich and Spooner, 2008). The delivery of playgroups throughout Australia has been an integral part of the landscape of early childhood programs for many decades; however, despite the prominence of playgroups in the lives of Australian families, there have been limited efforts to establish through formal evaluation processes whether they contribute to outcomes for children, parents and/or communities. While there is generally a lack of evaluation studies to support the effectiveness of playgroups, vastly different funding and operational models also contribute to a highly diverse group of programs being labelled as playgroups. This creates difficulties in establishing an understanding of "what works".

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 99 - Insights from the Australian government department of social
           services' families group
    • Abstract: Baxter, Roslyn
      The focus of the Department of Social Services (DSS) is on the development of policies, programs and payments to improve the lifetime wellbeing of people and families in Australia. Over the last few years, DSS has worked with service providers, peak organisations and state and territory governments to lay solid foundations, through embedding evidencebased practice and increasing our focus on early intervention and prevention, where we know we are likely to have the greatest and most lasting impact on families and children.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 99 - Evaluating the outcomes of programs for Indigenous families and
           communities
    • Abstract: Muir, Stewart; Dean, Adam
      This resource outlines some issues and common challenges that require careful thought when planning an evaluation of a program targeting Indigenous people. This is not, however, a how-to guide to evaluation. Child Family Community Australia (CFCA) has an extensive range of resources that outline evaluation principles and methods. In any case, the specifics of an evaluation will depend on the program and the context. Rather, this resource highlights the need for commissioning organisations and funding bodies to adequately plan for evaluation, to consider potential barriers and solutions before the evaluation starts, and to ensure the meaningful participation of Indigenous people. Developing an Indigenous-focused evaluation culture will not guarantee an evaluation's success, however the absence of such a culture is likely to make the evaluation task more difficult and less likely to meet local community needs.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 99 - Practitioners on evidence
    • Abstract: Morley, Sam
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 99 - What can early interventions really achieve, and how will we
           know'
    • Abstract: Lynch, John
      The call for "evidence-based" policymaking has become common. This has been attributed to the confluence of a better-educated public, a rapid rise in research capacity, and vastly expanded information technology. Overall, there is a drive for more accountability in public spending that moves with the political times and the ability to demonstrate better outcomes with less waste.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 99 - Research to recommendations
    • Abstract: Coate, Jennifer
      The idea of translating "research to results" is at the heart of one of the key mechanisms of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse (the Royal Commission). In an endeavour to meet our terms of reference, the Royal Commission has engaged in a major research program, which has assisted us to arrive at recommendations that are likely to span policy, legislative reform, structural reform and administrative reform.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 99 - Director's report
    • Abstract: Hollonds, Anne
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 99 - Two-generation programs Can 1 + 1 be more than 2'
    • Abstract: Duncan, Greg
      Two-generation programs provide services to both parents and children. Their goal is to help disadvantaged families by coordinating services offered to parents and children in synergistic combinations.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 99 - "Working out what works for families": Evidence and the
           Australian child and family service system
    • Abstract: Hand, Kelly
      My one word is "Data". The collection and application of data will have a massive effect on service delivery in social services and indeed in most other areas in government ...

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 97 - Welfare conditionality as a child protection tool
    • Abstract: Hand, Kelly; Katz, Ilan; Gray, Matthew; Bray, JRob
      Child neglect is a significant issue in Australia, as it is many other countries. While the primary responses to child neglect are child protection and welfare systems and legal processes, welfare conditionality is increasingly being used to try to ensure that children receive the best possible parenting and are not neglected.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 97 - Assessing the effectiveness of school-based sexual abuse
           prevention programs
    • Abstract: Walsh, Kerryann; Zwi, Karen; Woolfenden, Susan; Shlonsky, Aron
      Child sexual abuse is a serious problem for children worldwide with prevalence estimated at between 10-20% for girls and 5-10% for boys when sexual abuse is measured on a continuum from exposure through unwanted touching to penetrative assault prior to 18 years of age (Barth, Bermetz, Heim, Trelle, and Tonia, 2013; Ji, Finkelhor, and Dunne, 2013; Pereda, Guilera, Forns, and Gomez-Benito, 2009; Stoltenborgh, Van Ijzendoorn, Euser, and Bakermans-Kranenburg, 2011). Many individuals, however, do not ever disclose their abuse (London, Bruck, Ceci, and Shuman, 2005) nor report it to authorities (Wyatt, Loeb, Solis, and Carmona, 1999); the data available, therefore, may underestimate the true prevalence.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 97 - Why do families matter for our future'
    • Abstract: Hollonds, Anne
      It was recently put to me as the new Director of the Australian Institute of Family Studies (AIFS) that a key policy question for Australia right now is: "Why are families important'" This surprising comment highlighted that an understanding of the important role of families in our national life may not necessarily be a given, requiring fresh consideration by a new generation of policy makers. At the beginning of 2016 - coincidentally the 40th anniversary of the Family Court of Australia - it's a good moment to pause and reflect on some of our recent learnings about families to inform investment in future policy directions.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 97 - Doing gender overnight': Parenthood, gender and sleep
           quantity and quality in Australia
    • Abstract: Plage, Stefanie; Perales, Francisco; Baxter, Janeen
      The importance of sleep for individuals in all life-course stages cannot be underestimated. Sleep affects physical and mental health, workrelated productivity, and longevity, among other things (see e.g., Grandner, Hale, Moore, and Patel, 2010; Lamberg, 2004; Leproult and Van Cauter, 2010; Taheri, Lin, Austin, Young, and Mignot, 2004). Hence, the promotion of healthy sleeping habits is a fundamental pillar of public health strategies to improve population wellbeing (Altevogt and Colten, 2006). In Australia, the annual direct and indirect costs of poor sleep amount to over $5 billion (Hillman and Lack, 2013). Yet, we know surprisingly little about the social determinants of sleep in contemporary Australia.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 97 - The Expert Panel project: Towards better outcomes for families
    • Abstract: Robinson, Elly; Esler, Marian
      The Australian Government Department of Social Services (DSS) commissioned the Australian Institute of Family Studies (AIFS) in 2014 to assist with the establishment of a panel of experts to help agencies funded under the department's Families and Children Activity. The Families and Children Activity provides early intervention and prevention programs and services to improve the wellbeing of families and children.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 97 - Marriage and relationship education: Recent research findings
    • Abstract: Commerford, Joanne; Hunter, Cathryn
      The ways in which intimate couple relationships1 are entered into and sustained have altered significantly over the last few decades (Moloney and Weston, 2012), with many unprecedented changes to how couples form and dissolve relationships and make decisions to have children (Weston and Qu, 2013). Couples choosing to live together without being married, getting married at increasingly later ages and having greater access to divorce, are some of the trends in relationships that are important to consider when designing programs and delivering services to couples and families (Weston and Qu, 2013).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 97 - Parent-only care in Australia What it is and why it matters
    • Abstract: Phillips, Emma; Baron, Paula
      This article is concerned with parent-only care. Recently, there has been much in the media about increasing women's workforce participation1 and the related issue of child care. These discussions largely assume that parents are prepared to outsource their child care. But this assumption does not apply universally. To date, the views of parent-only carers have not been raised.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 97 - Payee mothers' interactions with the department of human
           services - child support
    • Abstract: Natalier, Kristin; Cook, Kay; Pitman, Torna
      In Australia, an estimated 85% of separated parents share the costs of raising their children under the Child Support Scheme (CSS), with some interaction with the Department of Human Services - Child Support (DHS-CS) (previously the Child Support Agency [CSA]) (Fehlberg, Kaspiew, Millbank, Kelly, and Behrens, 2014). Yet despite its impact on the finances of separated parents and their children, there is no recent research that directly and systematically investigates clients' interactions with DHS-CS. In a first step to addressing this empirical gap, this paper summarises findings from a qualitative study of payee mothers' descriptions of their interactions with DHS-CS.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 97 - Research to results: Using evidence to improve outcomes for
           families: AIFS conference 2016
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 97 - Settlement experiences of recently arrived humanitarian
           migrants: Building a New Life in Australia - Wave 1
    • Abstract: Jenkinson, Rebecca; Silbert, Michelle; De Maio, John; Edwards, Ben
      Humanitarian migrants are fleeing trauma and persecution. Many have spent periods of time in refugee camps or detention centres pending resolution of their status. The journey that people make from refugee to citizen is one where they will encounter many hurdles, but also support from people who took the journey before them, from the community, and from different levels of government.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 98 - From the editors
    • Abstract: Kaspiew, Rae; Carson, Rachel
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 98 - Director's report
    • Abstract: Hollonds, Anne
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 98 - Identifying and responding to family violence and child safety
           concerns: Findings from the AIFS evaluation of the 2012 family violence
           amendments
    • Abstract: Carson, Rachel; Kaspiew, Rae; Dunstan, Jessie; Qu, Lixia; Horsfall, Briony; De Maio, John; Moore, Sharnee; Moloney, Lawrie; Coulson, Melissa; Tayton, Sarah
      The Family Law Legislation Amendment (Family Violence and Other Measures) Act 2011(Cth) introduced amendments to the Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) that were primarily intended to improve the family law system's screening of, and response to, family violence and child abuse. The reform agenda responded to the concerns raised about the capacity of the family law system to respond effectively in cases involving family violence and child abuse. These concerns had been raised in a number of reports examining the operation of the family law system (including Australian and New South Wales Law Reform Commissions, 2010; Chisholm, 2009; Family Law Council, 2009; Kaspiew et al., 2009).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 98 - One way or many ways: Screening for family violence in family
           mediation
    • Abstract: Cleak, Helen; Bickerdike, Andrew
      There have been multiple significant amendments to the Family Law Act 1975 (Cth), but two of the three most recent major legislative changes, the 'Family Law Amendment (Shared Parental Responsibility) Act 2006 (Cth)' and the 'Family Law Legislation Amendment (Family Violence and Other Measures) Act 2011' (Cth), have, at their core, aspirations aimed at privileging the wellbeing of children, reinforcement of the legitimate place of both parents in the lives of children and the protection of children and former partners from family violence (Moloney, Weston, and Hayes, 2013). A further aspect of these reforms, provided as part of the 2006 family law reforms, required separating parents in dispute to attempt family dispute resolution (FDR) by registered FDR practitioners (family mediators) before proceeding to court. These changes resulted in a 25% decrease in court filings in parenting matters (Kaspiew, R., Moloney, L., Dunstan, J., and De Maio, J., 2015).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 98 - Donor identification: Victorian legislation gives rights to all
           donor-conceived people
    • Abstract: Allan, Sonia
      On Tuesday, 23 February 2016, the state parliament of Victoria passed legislation that will enable all donor-conceived people the opportunity to receive identifying information about their sperm, oocyte or embryo donor(s).1 Referred to as "Narelle's Law", the passing of the legislation honours the memory of a donor-conceived woman who died in 2013 from hereditable bowel cancer. Narelle Grech had searched for her donor for 15 years, and had engaged in extensive lobbying, alongside many others, to create legal change for donorconceived people to know their biological heritage (Tomazin, 2013).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 98 - Context: The responding to family violence study's discussion
           of family law DOORS
    • Abstract: Kaspiew, Rae; Carson, Rachel
      The Responding to Family Violence (RFV) study was one part of a very significant research program that examined the impact of the 2012 family violence amendments.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 98 - The family law doors: Research and practice updates
    • Abstract: McIntosh, Jennifer E; Lee, Jamie; Ralfs, Claire
      The Family Law DOORS (FL-DOORS) is a whole-of-family, first level risk screening framework designed for use across the family law sector. It was released in Australia in March 2013. During the summer of 2013-14, the Australian Institute for Family Studies (AIFS) surveyed the sector about its use and views of FL-DOORS, as part of a broader evaluation of the 2012 family violence amendments. AIFS published the findings in October 2015 in the Responding to Family Violence Report (RFV) and concluded, "At this stage, there is evidence of limited take-up of the FL-DOORS risk assessment tool in the family law system and some participants held concerns about the implications of its use in legal settings" (Kaspiew, Carson, Coulson, Dunstan, and Moore, 2015, p. xx). The data published in the RFV were sourced more than 30 months ago, and when read alongside other comments in the RFV, may give the impression that FL-DOORS failed to reach its potential. Here we provide a series of updates on current use of and research with the FL-DOORS, referring to data from over 7,200 cases. We restate the rationale of FL-DOORS and address specific critique about the framework reported in the RFV. We consider the possibilities of universal screening in the family law sector, including the place of the Family Law DOORS as the only validated whole-of-family risk screening tool, applicable across the whole family law system.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 98 - Laying the guideposts for participatory practice: Children's
           participation in family law matters
    • Abstract: Beckhouse, Kylie
      The legal representation of vulnerable children is conceivably the most critical role played by lawyers in the family law system. Perhaps reflecting the importance of the role performed by these legal representatives for children's best interests (called Independent Children's Lawyers or ICLs) the last decade has seen a flurry of research around children's participation from the perspectives of children, their families, academics and the legal profession.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 98 - AIFS conference 2016
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 98 - Elder abuse in Australia
    • Abstract: Kaspiew, Rae; Carson, Rachel; Rhoades, Helen
      Elder abuse presents a range of complex challenges for the Australian community.

      The structures and frameworks in the areas of ageing generally and elder abuse particularly have parallels with those that shape responses to family and domestic violence and child protection, but the range of frameworks is greater and more complex. From a policy perspective, Commonwealth, state and territory governments have intersecting responsibilities in relation to ageing, aged care and health. Local governments also have responsibility for the delivery of services to the aged.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 98 - The family law implications of early contact between sperm
           donors and their donor offspring
    • Abstract: Kelly, Fiona; Dempsey, Deborah
      Over the past decade, increasing domestic and international attention has been given to the rights of children conceived using donated sperm, eggs or embryos (Law Reform Committee, 2012; Legal and Constitutional Affairs References Committee, 2011; Nuffield Council on Bioethics, 2013). In particular, concerns have been raised about the psychological implications for donor-conceived people of being unable to access the identity of their donor(s) (Applehy, Blake, and Freeman, 2012; Blyth, Crawshaw, Frith, and Jones, 2012; Rodino, Burton, and Sanders, 2011). Donor linking - the process whereby donor- conceived people, donors and/or recipient parents seek access to each other's identifying information - has emerged as a key response to these concerns. While Australia lacks a national framework for donor linking, three states (Victoria, NSW and Western Australia) have introduced legislation that prospectively prohibits donor anonymity. The legislation requires that all donors recruited in those states consent to having their identity revealed to their donor offspring when the children reach the age of majority.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 96 - Director's report
    • Abstract: Hayes, Alan
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 96 - Challenges in the family: Problematic substance use and sibling
           relationships
    • Abstract: Incerti, Lisa; Henderson-Wilson, Claire; Dunn, Matthew
      Families influence who we are and whether we function in a healthy or unhealthy way (Mayberry, Espelage, and Koenig, 2009). As such, stressful or difficult life crises can pose significant life challenges not only for the individual but also for the individual's family (Bertrand et al., 2013). When considering potential challenges within the family, it can be helpful to reflect on models that explore what a "healthy", strong family looks like. One model is DeFrain's (1999) Family Strengths Model, which considers six elements of a strong, healthy family. These elements are commitment to one another, positive communication, spending time together, showing affection to one another, working through a crisis effectively and having a sense of spiritual wellbeing (DeFrain, 1999). By focusing on family strengths rather than problems, a positive understanding of how families cope with life difficulties can be achieved (DeFrain and Asay, 2007). Some family members have complex needs that can affect these strong family qualities and create challenges within the family structure. One significant challenge that families may be faced with is problematic substance use by one or multiple family members.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 96 - Marriage, cohabitation and mental health
    • Abstract: Amato, Paul R
      Research consistently shows that married people have better mental health, on average, than do single people. This general conclusion applies to a range of outcomes, including depression (Brown, 2000; Ross, 1995), happiness (Zimmerman and Easterlin, 2006), life satisfaction (Williams, 2003), psychological wellbeing (Kamp Dush and Amato, 2005) and mortality from suicide (Rogers, 1995). Moreover, the marriage advantage has been demonstrated in a variety of countries and regions, including the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Europe and Asia (Diener, Gohm, Suh, and Oishi, 2000; Lee and Ono, 2012; Soons and Kalmijn, 2009).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 96 - The triple p-positive parenting program: An example of a public
           health approach to evidence-based parenting support
    • Abstract: Pickering, John A; Sanders, Matthew R
      Why parenting programs are so important

      The quality of parenting that children receive has a major influence on their development, wellbeing and life opportunities (Repetti, Taylor, and Seeman, 2002; Griffin, Botvin, Scheier, Diaz, and Miller, 2000). Parenting programs that seek to improve parenting practices while simultaneously enhancing child development are vital to establishing a nurturing environment that acts to offset the development of behavioural and psychological problems and lays the foundation for children to contribute to a healthy and functional society (Biglan, Flay, Embry, and Sandler, 2012). There is now broad scientific and interdisciplinary consensus that behaviourally oriented active skills training programs that teach parents positive parenting and contingency management skills are effective. Such programs have transformed child and family-focused mental health support and prevention services (Comer, Chow, Chan, Cooper-Vince, and Wilson, 2013; McCart, Priester, Davies, and Azen, 2006; Menting, de Castro, and Matthys, 2013).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 96 - A public health approach to enhancing safe and supportive
           family environments for children
    • Abstract: Higgins, Daryl J
      Families are the mainstay of safety and support for children's positive development (Bowes, Watson, and Pearson, 2009). Although families can be the source of harm (e.g., from child abuse, neglect or exposure to domestic violence), they can also be the most important source of protection from harm for children when they provide a sense of security, foster self-esteem and respond appropriately to children's needs.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 96 - Ethical research involving children: Putting the evidence into
           practice
    • Abstract: Graham, Anne; Powell, Mary Ann; Taylor, Nicola
      Undertaking research with children and young people gives rise to a number of ethical challenges, dilemmas and issues, both predictable and unforseen. The stewardship of ethical research is the responsibility of everybody involved, including those engaged in funding, approving and undertaking it, as well as policy-makers and practitioners using research findings in their work. Consequently, there is a need for critical engagement by all stakeholders around some basic, but important, questions that are essentially ethical in nature and require close attention long before the research makes its way to any kind of ethics review committee. Such questions include, "Does this research need to be done'" and "Who will the research benefit and how'" The importance of these kinds of questions intensifies when the research involves children and young people: "Is children's participation in the research necessary or can the information be obtained in other ways'"; "What would be the likely [ethical] consequences of not involving children'"

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 96 - Children in Australia: Harms and hopes
    • Abstract: Scott, Dorothy
      There are many harms to which children in Australia are exposed today. Many of us here would be concerned about harms such as children growing up in poverty; children of asylum seekers being held in detention; children being bullied at school; and, in some communities, children being poisoned by lead.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 96 - Institute seminars
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 96 - Family law update
    • Abstract: Carson, Rachel; Dunstan, Jessie
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 96 - Attitudes to post-separation care arrangements in the face of
           current parental violence
    • Abstract: Moloney, Lawrie; Weston, Ruth; Qu, Lixia
      The issue of appropriate post-separation parenting arrangements in cases of alleged, acknowledged or proven violence in the spousal relationship continues to exercise the minds of judicial officers, legal and social science practitioners, researchers, advocates and, of course, family members themselves - including the children. Among the many variables at play in this difficult area of decision-making are community attitudes to family violence.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 94 - Building a new life in Australia: Introducing the longitudinal
           study of humanitarian migrants
    • Abstract: De Maio, John; Silbert, Michelle; Jenkinson, Rebecca; Smart, Diana
      Building a New Life in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Humanitarian Migrants is a newly initiated study that aims to better understand the factors that aid or hinder the successful settlement of humanitarian migrants in Australia, and to provide an evidence base to inform policy and program development. This ground-breaking longitudinal study will employ annual data collections over five years to trace the settlement journey of humanitarian migrants from their arrival in Australia through to their eligibility for citizenship. All study participants have received a permanent humanitarian visa enabling them to settle in Australia, granted either before their arrival in Australia as part of Australia's refugee program, or since their arrival, through Australia's asylum seeker humanitarian program. Study participants have come from a diverse range of backgrounds and a multitude of migration pathways.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 94 - Director's report
    • Abstract: Hayes, Alan
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 94 - "I expect my baby to grow up to be a responsible and caring
           citizen": What are expectant parents' hopes, dreams and expectations for
           their unborn children'
    • Abstract: Peterson, Elizabeth R; Schmidt, Johanna; Reese, Elaine; Lee, Arier C; Carr, Polly Atatoa; Grant, Cameron C; Morton, Susan MB
      Even before a child is born, parents have hopes, dreams and expectations for their child. These are shaped by the parents' beliefs, morals, rules, values and ways of thinking, which are transmitted to children through their parents' behaviour toward them, shaping the child's development and future in potentially important ways (Edwards, Knoche, Aukrust, Kumru, and Kim, 2006; Suizzo, 2007; Tamis-LeMonda et al., 2007). For example, children whose parents have high educational expectations tend to demonstrate better academic performance at all ages (Benner and Mistry, 2007; Kaplan, Liu, and Kaplan, 2001), stay at school longer (Choy, Horn, Nuez, and Chen, 2000; Ensminger and Slusarcick, 1992), be more engaged with learning, and have high educational aspirations themselves (Choy et al., 2000; Jacobs and Harvey, 2005).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 94 - 30 years on
    • Abstract: Vassallo, Suzanne; Sanson, Ann; Olsson, Craig A
      On a mild autumn afternoon in 2013, about 150 people gathered at Melbourne's Royal Children's Hospital for a 30th birthday celebration. This commemoration differed from many 30th birthday parties as it was not for a person, but rather for a research study, with a guest list that comprised researchers, study participants and their families. Back in 1983, when the study began, few of the researchers or participants would have anticipated that the study would still be going strong 30 years later. Yet, over the past three decades, the Australian Temperament Project (ATP) has grown from a pioneer study of child temperament to become one of Australia's longest running studies of human development. It also recently became one of only a few in the world with data on three generations of family members.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 94 - Pathways of care: Longitudinal study on children and young
           people in out-of-home care in New South Wales
    • Abstract: Paxman, Marina; Tully, Lucy; Burke, Sharon; Watson, Johanna
      Out-of-home care (OOHC) is alternative care for children and young people under 18 years of age who are unable to live with their parents. Children and young people enter OOHC for a variety of reasons, including exposure to significant risk of harm from physical, sexual or emotional abuse and neglect, or because their parents' ability to care for them has been severely compromised by factors such as poor mental health, drug and alcohol misuse or domestic violence. The NSW Standards for Statutory OOHC are that children and young people are safe, developing well in a stable and positive environment matched to their needs and, where possible, successfully restored to their family. The standards stipulate that children's and young people's rights are a primary focus for their care; they have a positive sense of identity and connections with family and significant people; they contribute to decisions relating to their lives; and carers are supported to raise children and young people (NSW Office of the Children's Guardian, 2013).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 94 - The role and efficacy of Independent Children's Lawyers:
           Findings from the AIFS independent children's lawyer study
    • Abstract: Carson, Rachel; Kaspiew, Rae; Moore, Sharnee; Deblaquiere, Julie; De Maio, John; Horsfall, Briony
      The passage of the Family Law Legislation Amendment (Family Violence and Other Measures) Act 2011 (Cth) saw, for the first time, Australia's obligations as a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) acknowledged in the Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) (the FLA). The FLA s 60B(4) now provides that an additional object of Part VII of the FLA is to give effect to the UNCRC. The UNCRC provides for the right of children and young people to participate in proceedings relevant to their care (Article 9) and to make their views known in relevant judicial and administrative proceedings (Article 12). The appointment of an Independent Children's Lawyer (ICL) - a lawyer who represents the best interests of children and young people in family law proceedings - is a key means by which Australia can meet these obligations.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 94 - The experience of choice in voluntary relinquishment
    • Abstract: Castle, Phillipa
      In Australia, adoption requires the voluntary relinquishment of the child. The free will or choice of the mother is evidenced in the very deliberate act of signing a binding consent form, witnessed in a court of law. Notwithstanding the voluntary nature of adoption, on 21 March 2013, the then Australian Prime Minister publicly apologised to those people affected by adoption practices dating from before the 1980s that are now recognised as 'forced'. The use of this term refers to the findings of the 2012 Senate Inquiry into the Commonwealth Contribution to Former Forced Adoption Policies and Practices. The inquiry heard over 400 submissions, including cases where babies were taken from their mother without consent (some mothers were affected by medical drugs at the time) and instances where the mother felt compelled to give consent against her will or wishes. The Senate inquiry also heard from social workers representing the 'many thousands of adoptions undertaken in good faith by women who did so in the best interests of their children' (Browne, 2012, p. 64). The Senate inquiry was aware of the sensitivity around language when discussing adoption and this paper will reflect the Senate decision to, wherever possible, use the term 'mother' to refer to the person who gave birth to the child.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 94 - Re-thinking ageing research: Questions we need to know more
           about
    • Abstract: Edgar, Patricia
      I want to talk about the need for more and better research on ageing in Australia. My recent book In Praise of Ageing did not start out as a formal research project, but from my interest in the whole process of ageing - as I got older myself - and why some people seem to age better than others, living to a ripe old age in an engaged and meaningful way, despite having the same problems that everyone has as they age with failing health, loss of loved ones or economic decline. My inspiration was a woman called Lesley Falloon, aged now 94, who managed to stand up and chat throughout a long event at University College while I (with a then current hip problem) had to sit down and wonder at her energy. I was also pretty impressed with my friend Jim Brierley who, at 87, was still sky-diving, the oldest active parachutist in the world.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 94 - Social science and family law: From fallacies and fads to the
           facts of the matter
    • Abstract: Hayes, Alan
      It would be tempting in an article on this topic to focus on some of the current controversies bubbling and boiling in family law circles surrounding the uses and abuses of social science "evidence". Rather, I have assumed a dispassionate and detached perspective that is usually associated with the scholar, scientist or others who daily exercise the Wisdom of Solomon! I will examine some of the fallacies and fads regarding social science "evidence" that can get in the way of determining the facts of the matter. As such, it bears on the broader question of how social science "evidence" is to be used in family law matters.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 95 - Growing up in Australia: The longitudinal study of Australian
           children: Entering adolescence and becoming a young adult
    • Abstract: Edwards, Ben
      In March 2014, the fifth wave of Growing Up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) was released. For the K cohort (kindergarten cohort) this means that information has been collected and released on children from 4-5 through to 12-13 years of age. That span of time marks an important transition to adolescence. Adolescence is widely considered to begin with the onset of puberty, with early adolescence typically spanning 10 to 14 years of age and late adolescence, 15 to 19 years of age. In the remainder of this article, these age groups will be referred to as young people. This period of development is marked by rapid development physically, cognitively and emotionally, and LSAC is uniquely placed to provide a national perspective on this period of life to inform the development of better policies, programs and services to support young people in a successful transition to young adulthood (20 to 24 years).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 95 - Director's report
    • Abstract: Hayes, Alan
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 95 - Introducing growing up in Australia's child health check point:
           A physical health and biomarkers module for the longitudinal study of
           Australian children
    • Abstract: Wake, Melissa; Clifford, Susan; York, Elissa; Mensah, Fiona; Gold, Lisa; Burgner, David; Davies, Sarah
      The right of every child to enjoy the highest attainable standards of health is enshrined in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (United Nations, 1989). Although the last century has seen remarkable gains, children's physical health remains of considerable concern to parents and to policy-makers. Chronic health conditions experienced during childhood are rising. In 2004, 7% of US children were reported by parents as having a limitation of activity due to a chronic condition lasting for three months or more, compared to just 2% in 1960 (Perrin, Bloom, and Gortmaker, 2007; National Centre for Health Statistics, 2006). Social disparities in health are widening, links between physical and psychological wellbeing are becoming more evident, and their biologic bases more clearly delineated. Of equal importance, the asymptomatic precursors of adult disease (such as obesity, inactivity, poor oral health, high blood pressure, and low lung function) are evident by late childhood. Important challenges for population health care systems are to understand the overall impact of health conditions on children's life experiences, and thus to improve outcomes through prevention and appropriate, effective intervention at the earliest possible stage.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 95 - Preschool participation among indigenous children in Australia
    • Abstract: Hewitt, Belinda; Walter, Maggie
      Learning begins long before formal school enrolment, and research demonstrates the positive impact of quality preschool programs. The early childhood years are formative in setting the framework for later educational achievement (Elliot, 2006; Magnusson, Ruhm, and Waldfogel, 2004; Sylva, Melhuish, Sammons, Siraj-Blatchford, and Taggart, 2009) with the benefits of preschool magnified for those from disadvantaged backgrounds (Lynch, 2005; Schweinhart et al., 2005). These advantages are recognised in government policy through a range of Council of Australian Governments (COAG) programs. The $970 million National Partnership on Early Childhood education program, for example, commits to providing every Australian child with access to a quality preschool program in the year before fulltime school (Productivity Commission, 2013). The particular preschool needs of Indigenous children living in remote communities are also central to the Closing the Gap Indigenous policy framework targets (Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs [FaHCSIA], 2009). Since 2008, consecutive Closing the Gap Prime Minister's Reports (Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, 2010; 2014) have noted substantial enrolment growth, with the 2014 report estimating that 88% of Indigenous children in remote areas are enrolled in preschool, up from around 55% in 2006 (Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS], 2006).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 95 - Footprints in time: The longitudinal study of indigenous
           children: Up and running
    • Abstract: Skelton, Fiona; Barnes, Sharon; Kikkawa, Deborah; Walter, Maggie
      Five waves of data from Footprints in Time became available in April 2014. This article provides an overview of the study including: the Indigenous area-based interviewers; high retention rates; and the study's repeating and changing content. There is also information about the release of participants' own words, whereby data users and readers can see quotes from study children and their families in response to some questions. The article includes features from Professor Maggie Walter, who summarises the keynote speech she delivered at the LSAC/LSIC conference in November 2013, and Sharon Barnes, who currently manages the interviewers and has been with the study since its inception. There are key findings from the study relating to school attendance, English reading, child health, languages, life events, and social and emotional wellbeing.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 95 - Impacts of caring for a child with chronic health problems on
           parental work status and security: A longitudinal cohort study
    • Abstract: Spencer, Nick
      Caring for a family member with chronic health problems is known to have an effect on carers' emotional and physical health as well as on household finances and engagement in paid employment (Edwards, Higgins, Gray, Zmijewski, and Kingston, 2008). There is broad agreement in the literature that caring for a child with chronic health problems impacts negatively on maternal paid employment (DeRigne 2012; Stabile and Allin, 2012). More severe conditions and those of longer duration (DeRigne, 2012; Stabile and Allin, 2012) increase the likelihood of mothers reducing working hours or stopping work all together. Caring for children with a range of conditions including asthma (Baydar, Joesch, Kieckhefer, Kim, and Greek, 2007), autism (Kogan et al., 2008), other developmental disorders (Parish, Seltzer, Greenberg, and Floyd, 2004) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (Kvist, Nielsen, and Simonsen, 2013) has been shown to affect maternal employment.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 95 - Institute seminars
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 95 - Trends in family transitions, forms and functioning: Essential
           issues for policy development and legislation
    • Abstract: Weston, Ruth; Qu, Lixia
      This article focuses on various ways in which family formation pathways and the characteristics and functioning of families have changed over the decades. The picture is largely one of increasing diversity, with important implications for policies and legislation designed to protect the wellbeing of all families - the bedrock of society.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 95 - Measuring the socio-economic status of women across the life
           course
    • Abstract: Baxter, Jennifer; Taylor, Matthew
      An extensive research literature highlights the significance of socio-economic status in explaining disparities in outcomes among women across the life course, including in areas such as education, employment and health (see McLachlan, Gilfillan, and Gordon, 2014). Developing and implementing appropriate policy responses requires an understanding of why such disparities occur, and which women they affect. This, in turn, requires appreciation of the challenges in the measurement of socio-economic status. In 2013, the Australian Institute of Family Studies was contracted by Women NSW in the NSW Department of Family and Community Services (FACS) to explore issues related to the measurement of socio-economic status (SES) of women in NSW over the life course. This article presents some highlights from this research. The full research paper contains more extensive analyses and discussion of related policy issues and approaches (see Baxter and Taylor, 2013).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 95 - Social determinants of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in
           the longitudinal study of indigenous children
    • Abstract: Thurber, Katherine A; Bagheri, Nasser; Banwell, Cathy
      Sugar-sweetened beverages such as non-diet soft drinks, cordial and sports drinks are prime examples of discretionary foods (National Health and Medical Research Council [NHMRC], 2013). They are high in sugar, devoid of nutrients, and provide limited satiety (Malik, Schulze, and Hu, 2006). The average serving of sugar-sweetened beverage contains around ten teaspoons of sugar; this exceeds the new World Health Organization (WHO; 2014) recommended daily limit of sugar for an adult, let alone a child. Sugar-sweetened beverages have been demonstrated to have detrimental impacts on health at the individual and population level: among other impacts, they are associated with dental caries (decay) and erosion (Hector, Rangan, Gill, Louie, & Flood, 2009; Jamieson, Roberts-Thomson, and Sayers, 2010), and growing consumption of these beverages is linked to increasing obesity globally (Basu, McKee, Galea, and Stuckler, 2013). These conditions contribute significantly to healthcare costs in Australia (Hector et al., 2009), as well as to health inequity between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians (Christian and Blinkhorn, 2012; Vartanian, Schwartz, and Brownell, 2007; Zhao, Wright, Begg, and Guthridge, 2013).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 93 - Institute seminars
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 93 - Family law update
    • Abstract: Moore, Sharnee; Carson, Rachel
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 93 - Multi-type maltreatment and polyvictimisation: A comparison of
           two research frameworks
    • Abstract: Price-Robertson, Rhys; Higgins, Daryl; Vassallo, Suzanne
      Child maltreatment and child protection have commanded much public attention in recent years. From persistent media scrutiny of child protection systems to public outrage such as that in 2008 surrounding the photographs of artist Bill Henson,1 the protection of Australia's children is a topic that ignites popular interest like few others. It is easy to forget, then, that academic interest in child abuse and neglect only gathered momentum relatively recently, catalysed by Kempe and colleagues' seminal 1962 article on 'battered child syndrome' in the Journal of the American Medical Association (described in Feerick and Snow, 2006; James, 2000). Although concern about child maltreatment dates back centuries, it is only in the last few decades that it has been widely acknowledged, systematically studied and recognised as a public policy issue (Feerick and Snow, 2006; Miller-Perrin and Perrin, 2007).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 93 - An extended family for life for children affected by parental
           substance dependence
    • Abstract: Tsantefski, Menka; Parkes, Anne; Tidyman, Anne; Campion, Maureen
      Parental substance use features among 50-80% of families involved with child welfare services in Australia (Battams and Roche, 2011), and has, unsurprisingly, been referred to as the most critical issue facing the Australian child protection system (Ainsworth, 2004; McGlade, Ware, and Crawford, 2012). Children for whom parental drug use is problematic are not only more likely to be brought to the attention of child protection services but also to be repeatedly reported. This group of children tends to be placed in out-of home-care earlier and to remain longer; reunification is often delayed while parents undergo assessment and treatment (Jeffreys, Hirte, Rogers, and Wilson, 2009). The resulting 'bottle-neck' effect, coupled with difficulty in the recruitment and retention of foster carers (McHugh, 2005), has led to an unsustainable out-of-home care system and an urgent need to reduce the number of children entering state care.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 93 - Workplace support, breastfeeding and health
    • Abstract: Smith, Julie P; McIntyre, Ellen; Craig, Lyn; Javanparast, Sara; Strazdins, Lyndall; Mortensen, Kate
      This paper aims to identify best-practice strategies for breastfeeding support in the Australian workplace. It uses data from Australian employers and their female employees who had initiated breastfeeding and returned to work. Our aims were to (a) identify key barriers to and enablers of combining breastfeeding with employment, including employment arrangements and workplace factors linked with exclusively breastfeeding for six months; and (b) explore the implications for maternal/child health and absenteeism of infant feeding practices among employed women.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 93 - From training to practice transformation: Implementing a public
           health parenting program
    • Abstract: Gaven, Sally; Schorer, Janet
      Parenting is an intensely private journey, both joyful and fraught, and often traversed in the wee dark hours in lonely conditions, or perhaps more dauntingly in the full glare of a shopping centre crowd. But parenting is also critical to many aspects of public health. Longitudinal research such as the Christchurch Health and Development Study, which has followed 1,265 New Zealanders from birth to adulthood, shows that childhood conduct disorder may be the most important determinant of problematic lifelong development - being strongly associated with imprisonment, drug dependence, mental illness, early parenthood, inter-partner violence and suicide (Fergusson, Boden, and Horwood, 2009).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 93 - Early education and care experiences and cognitive skills
           development: A comparative perspective between Australian and American
           children
    • Abstract: Coley, Rebekah Levine; Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Sims, Jacqueline; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth
      Australia and the US, while sharing many cultural and economic similarities, show notable differences in policies and practices regarding children's early education and care (EEC). Although both countries rely on the private market for EEC, Australia has stronger supports for high-quality EEC and provides parents of all income levels greater financial support for EEC. Little research has compared the EEC experiences of young children in the two contexts and resultant links with children's readiness for formal schooling. This research uses nationally representative longitudinal birth cohort studies from Australia and the US to address two primary questions. First, what are the types and extent of EEC experiences during infancy, toddler and preschool years in the two contexts' Second, do EEC experiences promote the cognitive skills essential for children's success at school'

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 93 - Early childhood poverty and adult achievement, employment and
           health
    • Abstract: Duncan, Greg J; Kalil, Ariel; Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M
      Using a poverty line of about US$23,000 for a family of four, the United States Census Bureau counted more than 16 million US children living in poor families in 2011. Poor children begin school academically and behaviourally well behind their more affluent peers and, if anything, lose ground during their school years. On average, poor US kindergarten children have lower levels of reading and mathematics skills and are rated by their teachers as less well-behaved than their more affluent counterparts. As we show in this essay, children from poor families also go on to complete less schooling, work and earn less, and are less healthy. Understanding the origins and persistence of these differences in fortunes is a vital step toward ensuring the prosperity of future generations.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 93 - Poverty and welfare: Marginalisation and destitution in the
           aftermath of the United States recession
    • Abstract: Lein, Laura
      The United States recession continues to illuminate the experience of poverty in this country and the weaknesses in programs designed to protect families from the effects of poverty. The poverty rate has risen over the last four years, and is just beginning to stabilise (Smith, 2010). However, even the most optimistic analyses project very slow economic recovery from high unemployment (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2012), with relatively high unemployment rates continuing through the next few years. This economic progression has affected the degree and nature of poverty in the United States. Under these conditions, difficulties with our human services systems and the joint effects of the recession economy and fractures in our social welfare services are increasingly visible.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 93 - Greater gender equality: What role for family policy'
    • Abstract: Adema, Willem
      There remain persistent gender differences in economic outcomes throughout the world. In 2010 the OECD Gender Initiative was launched to examine existing barriers to gender equality in education, employment, and entrepreneurship (the 'three Es') across Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. In fact, the OECD Gender Initiative was developed as an integral part of a wider policy imperative for new sources of economic growth, and it argues the economic case for achieving gender equality through a more efficient use of everyone's skills in terms of education and economic participation (OECD, 2012a; 2012b).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 93 - Director's report
    • Abstract: Hayes, Alan
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 92 - Institute seminars
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 92 - Families working together: Getting the balance right
    • Abstract: Baxter, Jennifer
      The National Families Week theme for 2013 draws attention to the sometimes difficult task of achieving balance in our lives. Achieving balance can be helped by working together in our immediate and extended families, as well as with friends, neighbours and the wider community.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 92 - Parental involvement in preventing and responding to
           cyberbullying
    • Abstract: Robinson, Elly
      Internet use has become virtually universal among Australian adolescents. In the 12 months prior to April 2012, 96% of 9-11 year olds and 98% of 12-14 year olds used the Internet at home or school, and use increases with age (Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS], 2012). Alongside this is a growing recognition that Australia's long-term social and economic prosperity will increasingly rely on professionals with high-quality skills in the use of technology, as outlined in the National Digital Economy Strategy (Department of Broadband, Communications & the Digital Economy, 2011). As such, technological competence will be crucial for the children and adolescents of today, who are destined to become the next generation of professionals.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 92 - Bullying in schools and its relation to parenting and family
           life
    • Abstract: Rigby, Ken
      Bullying has been defined broadly as the 'systematic abuse of power' (Rigby, 2002). Its prevalence in schools has been confirmed in many countries (Due et al., 2009; Molcho et al., 2009). In Australia, it has been estimated that one child in four is bullied in some way every several weeks (Cross et al., 2009). The harm it can do has also been widely investigated (Rigby, 2003). Not only has it been reported that children who are bullied at school have significantly poorer mental health than others, but they are also significantly more likely than others to experience mental illness as adults.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 92 - Good practices with culturally diverse families in family
           dispute resolution
    • Abstract: Armstrong, Susan
      The development of the field of family dispute resolution (FDR) in Australia since 2008 has invited reflection about the practice of family mediation. Are FDR services accessible to all Australians, particularly those who may be vulnerable or disadvantaged' Is FDR practice sufficiently responsive to difference' How might FDR practitioners be supported to ensure their practice is culturally competent'

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 92 - Children's direct participation and the views of Australian
           judges
    • Abstract: Fernando, Michelle
      Children's proceedings are unlike any other civil litigation in this land. I mean, where else do you have the principal party, about whom the action is and the orders will affect, who doesn't have an audience' (Family Court judge in interview, 2009).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 92 - Post-separation parenting and financial arrangements over time
           Recent qualitative findings
    • Abstract: Fehlberg, Belinda; Millward, Christine
      Increasing fathers' involvement in their children's lives post-separation, encouraging parental agreement without lawyers and courts, and protecting children from family violence and abuse were key aims of major Australian family law and process changes from 2006 to 2008. The changes included significant amendment to the parenting provisions of the Family Law Act 1975 (Cth) (FLA), the introduction of pre-filing family dispute resolution (FDR) for parenting disputes in most cases (along with the establishment of 65 federally funded Family Relationship Centres to help provide this), and a new Child Support formula from July 2008 (reflecting the shared parenting ethos of the FLA changes).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 92 - The effects of co-parenting relationships with ex-spouses on
           couples in step-families
    • Abstract: Cartwright, Claire; Gibson, Kerry
      According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS; 2007) approximately one in ten couple families contain resident step-children. In Wave 3 of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey, 13% of households had either residential or non-residential step-children, or both (Qu and Weston, 2005). In the United States, approximately 9% of married couple households, and 12% of cohabiting households contain resident step-children (Teachman and Tedrow, 2008). Step-family data are not collected in the New Zealand Census. However, 19% of the 1,265 child participants in the longitudinal Christchurch Health and Development Study had lived in a step-family between the ages of 6 and 16 years (Nicholson, Fergusson, and Horwood, 1999).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 92 - Violence, abuse and the limits of shared parental
           responsibility
    • Abstract: Parkinson, Patrick
      Anyone who has followed Australian family law over the last few years will be acutely aware of the level of conflict there is over the text of the Family Law Act 1975, especially in relation to parenting after separation. Family law is a field full of advocates. Views are often passionately held, and debate can too often resemble a form of trench warfare in which the goal is to capture territory rather than finding the common ground between different views and concerns. This adversarial approach to the issues also affects research. In this field, there is too much policy-based "evidence", and too little evidence-based policy. The outcomes of this approach to public policy have been unsatisfactory. The Family Law Act 1975 reflects various compromises between advocacy groups, and lacks coherence as a result.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 92 - Director's report
    • Abstract: Hayes, Alan
      Over the life course, Australian families undergo many transitions and are influenced by many social and economic factors. The variety of influences on the wellbeing of Australian families is reflected in the breadth of the Institute's evolving program. The Institute provides a valuable service by delivering sound, objective evidence for policy-makers, researchers, community practitioners and the Australian community.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Institute seminars
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Family law update
    • Abstract: Carson, Rachel; Moore, Sharnee; Kaspiew, Rae
      The High Court of Australia recently considered the issue of separate child representation in matters arising from Australia's obligations under the Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (the Child Abduction Convention), and held that the absence of a child representative did not constitute a denial of procedural fairness.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Do individual differences in temperament matter for Indigenous
           children': The structure and function of temperament in Footprints in
           Time
    • Abstract: Little, Keriann; Sanson, Ann; Zubrick, Stephen R
      It is well known that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (hereafter Indigenous) people suffer disproportionately from a range of physical and mental health issues (Thomson et al., 2012). Understanding the origin of these problems is fundamental to the development of effective policy, prevention and interventions that would "close the gap" in health and wellbeing between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. Given the connection between adjustment in early childhood and later wellbeing (Power and Hertzman, 1997; Rutter, 1991), it is critical to identify factors that promote socio-emotional adjustment for Indigenous children. Research to date that has examined influences on adjustment in Indigenous children has most often focused on the effect of environmental factors, particularly those relating to social disadvantage or disparities in physical health (Priest, Mackean, Waters, Davis, and Riggs, 2009). Significantly less is known about the contribution of more normative psychological processes to socio-emotional wellbeing.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Post-separation parenting and Indigenous families
    • Abstract: Walter, Maggie; Hewitt, Belinda
      The patterns and practices of post-separation parenting are central to ensuring children's ongoing wellbeing (Amato, 2000; Smyth, 2004). Yet, there is very little existing Australian literature on post-separation parenting practices among Indigenous families. On parenting arrangements, the only directly relevant literature is a presentation by Qu and Weston (2012) that compared the pre and post-separation parenting circumstances of Indigenous and non-Indigenous mothers and fathers. This study found that separated Indigenous parents were younger, poorer, had younger children at the time of separation and were far more likely to be in a cohabiting rather than a married relationship at the time of separation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Footprints in time: The longitudinal study of Indigenous
           children: A guide for the uninitiated
    • Abstract: Dodson, Mick; Hunter, Boyd; McKay, Matthew
      Indigenous disadvantage has many of its roots tied to experiences found within the context of early childhood. Policy recognises this as the overarching Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage framework and includes positive child development as one component of the three priority areas (Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision [SCRGSP], 2011). Of the other two priority areas, there is considerable focus on the importance of positive social environments in the local community and family. Given this emphasis, the historical lack of adequate research on the factors associated with positive development of Indigenous children, vis- -vis other Australian children, constrain the ability of policy to achieve its stated goals. The very concept of child development means that it is a process that evolves, so the absence of longitudinal data on Indigenous children is one of the main reasons for poor evidentiary basis for policy.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Footprints in time: The longitudinal study of Indigenous
           Children: An overview
    • Abstract: Kneebone, Laura Bennetts; Christelow, Jodie; Neuendorf, Annette; Skelton, Fiona
      Footprints in Time: The Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children (LSIC) is an Australian Government-funded survey managed by the Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA). It is guided by a steering committee of experts in the fields of early childhood, education and health, which has been chaired by Professor Mick Dodson AM since 2003. LSIC was established to help us understand how what happens to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in early childhood affects their later life. The study looks at the different developmental pathways Indigenous children take to see what contributes to improved social, emotional, educational and developmental outcomes.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Housing and children's wellbeing and development: Evidence from
           a national longitudinal study
    • Abstract: Taylor, Matthew; Edwards, Ben
      Very little is understood about the influence of housing on children's development in Australia. For example, a recent review of the literature on this issue (Dockery et al., 2010) suggested that: "there is noticeably a lack of empirical research conducted in Australia on the links between housing and child development" (p. 2). In this paper, we begin to fill the gap in the Australian evidence on the influences of housing on children's development, using national data from Growing Up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). Specifically, we examine the association between housing tenure, residential mobility, and housing stress on children's cognitive development and social-emotional functioning.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Joint attention and parent-child book reading: Keys to help
           close gaps in early language development, school readiness and academic
           achievement
    • Abstract: Farrant, Brad M
      Good language development is an integral component of school readiness and academic achievement (Brinkman, Sayers, Goldfeld, and Kline, 2009; Hoff, 2012; Janus and Offord, 2007). It is also a key facilitator of the social skills that optimise an individual's capability to participate at the social, economic and civic levels (Zubrick et al., 2009). Language development therefore has a central role to play in efforts to enhance the wellbeing and capability of individuals and populations. There is also an increasing recognition of the importance of research into early childhood development - the years before school in particular - to provide access to a better understanding of human development and as a means to address policy and practice concerns around issues such as the intergenerational transmission of disadvantage (e.g., Halfon, Russ, Oberklaid, Bertrand, and Eisenstadt, 2009; Huston, 2008). This paper describes, integrates and elaborates on the results of studies at the nexus of these important issues, using data from Growing Up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Evaluating the effectiveness of the Home Interaction Program
           for Parents and Youngsters (HIPPY)
    • Abstract: Barnett, Tony; Roost, Fatoumata Diallo; McEachran, Juliet
      There is now a substantial body of evidence that highlights the importance of the early/preschool years in predicting a child's developmental trajectory and later-life outcomes. In the early years the architecture of the child's brain is being formed and is extremely sensitive to inputs from the caretaking environment. Developmental gaps open up early, are predictive of future life outcomes and are more difficult and costly to close later in life (Hart and Risley, 1995; Heckman and Lochner, 2000; Heckman, 2008). Some challenging later-life outcomes that have their roots in early childhood include poor literacy, aggressive and antisocial behaviour, mental health problems, family violence, welfare dependency, crime, obesity and substance abuse (Oberklaid, 2007). The cost to society in terms of lost productivity and attempts to ameliorate these problems is greater than the cost of early childhood intervention. Investment in early years programs that target developmentally vulnerable children and their parents or caretaker(s) is realistically estimated to return a benefit to society of as much as $4 for every $1 spent (Duncan, Lugwig, and Magnuson, 2007; Heckman and Masterov, 2007). Thus, human capital investment in the early years has been described as a 'win - win' policy, with no social or economic trade-off. It is described as a macro-policy that simultaneously enhances both economic competitiveness and social cohesion (Esping-Andersen, 2009; Heckman and Masterov, 2007).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Digital natives': New and old media and children's language
           acquisition
    • Abstract: Bittman, Michael; Rutherford, Leonie; Brown, Jude; Unsworth, Leonard
      Growing Up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) presents a rare research opportunity. Not only does the study allow us to see how children's language develops as they grow, but it also provides information specific to the generation of children known as "digital natives". The children in the study are "native speakers of the digital language of computers, video games and the Internet"; in contrast to their parents, who are "digital immigrants", having largely grown up in a world without personal computers or the Internet (Prensky, 2001).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Growing up in Australia: The longitudinal study of Australian
           children: The first decade of life
    • Abstract: Edwards, Ben
      With the release in August 2011 of the fourth wave of Growing Up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC), Australia now has national longitudinal data on children's development for the first decade of children's lives. Longitudinal surveys offer opportunities to understand changes in children's development over time and how their earlier experiences shape that development, not only in the middle school years but late adolescence and into adulthood. These types of data can inform policy-makers about how and when to develop preventative strategies or interventions to achieve the best outcomes for children.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Overview
    • Abstract: Edwards, Ben
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 91 - Director's report
    • Abstract: Hayes, Alan
      Accurately tracing the pathways that people take through life requires looking at the same individuals across time - a longitudinal research approach. Such research provides the method of choice for understanding both what stays the same, as well as what changes, over the course of life. Longitudinal studies also serve to highlight the similarities and differences between people and how these relate to background characteristics, social circumstances, and life opportunities and experiences. Australia now has a set of national longitudinal studies that are a very valuable resource for researchers, policy-makers, those who provide services and supports, and the community at large. Importantly, these now include the first major longitudinal study of the development, health and wellbeing of Indigenous children - Footprints in Time: The Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children (LSIC). Developed and conducted by the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA), LSIC is a ground-breaking initiative.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 90 - Institute seminars
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 90 - The child family community Australia
    • Abstract: Robinson, Elly; Knight, Ken
      The Australian Institute of Family Studies has a long history of providing research in an easy-to-use format to inform the development of policy and practice. A rigorous, evidence-informed approach to policy and practice is important not only to help achieve intended outcomes, but also to reduce the possibility of unintended outcomes (Peterson, 2006) or costly mistakes (Banks, 2009).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 90 - Family law update
    • Abstract: Moore, Sharnee; Carson, Rachel
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 90 - Facts sheet
    • Abstract: Baxter, Jennifer; Higgins, Daryl; Hayes, Alan
      This Facts Sheet has been prepared for the 2012 National Families Week, with this year's theme being "Families make all the difference: Helping kids to grow and learn". It provides a range of information on ways in which families nurture and support children's physical, learning and social emotional development.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
  • Issue 90 - AIFS research directions 2012-15
    • Abstract:
      The Australian Institute of Family Studies (AIFS), as the Australian Government's key family research agency, has the overarching aim to advance understanding of the factors affecting family wellbeing in Australia.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:42 GMT
       
 
 
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