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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1423 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (252 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
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    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (742 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (43 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (162 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (742 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 167)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Análisis     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balkan Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BOSAPARIS : Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga     Open Access  
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Convergencia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cooperativismo y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Dalat University Journal of Science     Open Access  
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Debats. Revista de cultura, poder i societat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Didáctica de las Ciencias Experimentales y Sociales     Open Access  
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
E-Dimas : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-Gnosis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eat, Sleep, Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Educación, Lenguaje y Sociedad     Open Access  
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
El Ágora USB     Open Access  
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enfoques     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EspacesTemps.net     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover Communities, Children and Families Australia
  [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1833-6280
   Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [400 journals]
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Permanency planning and ideology in western child
           welfare systems: Implications for Victoria
    • Abstract: Mackieson, Penny; Shlonsky, Aron; Connolly, Marie
      This paper considers the history of 'permanency planning', a concept which has become central to Western child welfare systems. Permanency planning developed in the US in the 1970s in response to foster care 'drift', whereby increasing numbers of children removed from their families for reasons of child protection were remaining in temporary out-of-home placements for long periods and experiencing multiple moves. A range of ideological perspectives on the relationships between child, family and state have subsequently influenced permanency planning models in different jurisdictions. This paper uses Fox Harding's four-fold classification of value perspectives in child welfare to better understand the underlying values and beliefs inherent in the main approaches to permanency in child care, the principles of which derive from seventeenth-century English common law doctrines. The paper also considers the implications for permanency policies and practice in the Australian state of Victoria where legislation prioritising adoption from out-of-home care was recently introduced.

      PubDate: Wed, 6 Dec 2017 16:01:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Aims and scope
    • PubDate: Wed, 6 Dec 2017 16:01:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - The continuing patterns of institutional stress for
           child welfare systems
    • Abstract: Benedetti, Anthony
      The continuing failings of child welfare systems highlighted by media scandals causes deep concern. A proliferation of responses such as Inquiries, investigations, recommendations and apologies fails to restructure a flawed child welfare model. Upon analysis, a continuing pattern or theory underpins these failures revealing four dimensions of 'crisis continuum theory'.

      Increasing demand, expectations and complexities causes child welfare systems to become crisis driven and distressed. There is incapacity to stop significant harm, which continues in 'silence'. A cultural shift in breaking the silence attracts media 'scandal'. The 'response', although comprehensive, sustains a flawed model. The integrity of responses is eroded because of an imperative for budget 'maintenance' or savings. With growing demand, these systems remain distressed and the circuity of this theory continues.

      Failings attract media condemnation and resurgent neoliberal criticism that state assistance be abolished and traditional welfare, like that provided by the family, ensures care for the common good. These protective systems are vital and need defending and restructuring away from a punitive, controlling child welfare model, which is at odds with real assistance. Unless the model shifts to proper support, the pattern of silence, scandal, response and maintenance will endure as continuing evidence of a distressed, flawed system.

      PubDate: Wed, 6 Dec 2017 16:01:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - 'Who's my mob'' Pro-active searching for the
           extended families of Aboriginal children in care
    • Abstract: Clare, Mike; Oakley, Ann
      The paper explores theoretical and applied characteristics of an innovative model of proactively searching for - and finding - safe family placements for Aboriginal children in care in Western Australia; the model extends a notional continuum of care placement options for vulnerable children and families. The model was initially developed by Extreme Recruitment in St Louis, Missouri in North America, and has been adapted by Mrs Ann Oakley, CEO of Kinship Connections Aboriginal Corporation, an emerging agency in WA. The paper is in two parts; the first part makes the case for innovative policy and practice in the context of evidence of the dislocation and vulnerability of Aboriginal children, families and communities in Western Australia - and the extent of their over- involvement with child protection, juvenile justice and adult prison services. Core knowledge, principles and skills embedded in the practice model are identified in the context of the Aboriginal Child Placement Principle. The second part reflects on a two-year trial and evaluation of the model in four metropolitan District Offices of the State child and family welfare agency. Key findings of the external evaluation are presented, as well as reflections on internal evaluation of service benefits; these include the production of a comprehensive Family History Book of stories, genograms and photographs, together with the identification of an additional average of 151 family members for each referred Aboriginal child. Professional skills are identified with attention to the practitioner's emotional intelligence in fraught relationship-based service delivery, informed by trans-generational family theory and the concept of 'community-as-network'. Practice links with Family Group Conferencing are made, with obvious child, family, community and agency benefits of this model. The paper concludes with recommendations for future policy and practice developments for family placement and for leaving care - for both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children.

      PubDate: Wed, 6 Dec 2017 16:01:06 GMT
       
  • Volume 10 Issue 1 - Aims and scope
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 10 Issue 1 - Editorial
    • Abstract: Lonne, Bob
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 10 Issue 1 - Theory and research considerations in implementing the
           Circle of Security Parenting (COS-P) Program
    • Abstract: Caruana, Theresa
      The Circle of Security Parenting (COS-P) program is the second most frequently offered group parenting course in NSW, but the evidence of its effectiveness is still emerging. Initial research has shown some improvements for parents in reducing stress, increasing self-efficacy and parenting skills, and in promoting understanding of child behaviour. Its underlying theory is to promote a more secure attachment in the parent-child relationship, and evaluations of its initial, more intensive format have shown some findings supporting this. However, the COS-P version has an overall parent education focus rather than a role in assessing quality of attachment, and thus is more suited to preventing, rather than addressing, risks to children. This paper evaluates the research and theory behind COS-P, and discusses principles and outcomes of group parenting programs generally, to provide an evidence-informed approach to implementation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 10 Issue 1 - "Listen to me": Exploring children's participation
           during child protection assessment
    • Abstract: Finan, Samantha; Salveron, Mary; Bromfield, Leah
      A mixed-methods pilot study was undertaken to (1) to gain insight into children's experiences using a children's rating tool and structured interview process, developed in this study; and (2) to determine the feasibility of conducting research with children aged 12 years and under at the assessment phase of the child protection process. Utilising structured interviews and an ageappropriate rating tool, six children (6-12 years) were interviewed during July 2013. While children's quantitative ratings of their worker and child protection experience were generally positive, further thematic analysis revealed mixed experiences. Salient results included: (1) Engagement and support, (2) Uncertainty surrounding worker and practice and (3) Importance of communication. Children were also generally positive about their participation in this study. Themes from this research affirm the importance of ensuring children's participation in child protection practice. Further research is required to understand and address the uncertainty children experience during the child protection assessment phase.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 10 Issue 1 - Connection to culture by indigenous children and young
           people in out-of-home care in Australia
    • Abstract: McDowall, Joseph J
      Given the relatively large numbers of Indigenous children and young people in out-of-home care in Australia, and the fact that one third across the country are not placed according to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Child Placement Principle, it is important to ensure that those in care maintain contact with their families and cultural community to satisfy their basic human rights, and to contribute to identity formation and lifelong support. To explore the extent to which this is happening at present, 296 Indigenous children and young people aged 10-18 years from all states and territories were surveyed to determine the strength of their connection to culture, and to identify mechanisms that might facilitate this connection, including the level of cultural support planning and contact with family members. Findings revealed that 31% did not feel connected to culture, while only 14% reported being aware of a personal cultural support plan, in spite of the possession of such a plan being a requirement of the National Standards in Out-of-Home Care introduced in 2011. Knowledge of family story was found to be a major factor in predicting strength of connection to culture, as were support from carers and frequency of contact with father. Contact with siblings was found to be negatively associated with connection to culture, possibly because of competing time interests; with limited free time, periods spent with siblings, which has a high priority in young persons' lives, is time not available for other pursuits. Based on these findings, it is argued that those responsible for Indigenous children and young people in out-of-home care must do more to ensure that these young people understand the long-term importance of being part of their culture and, if the young people wish, do everything possible to help them maintain that connection.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 10 Issue 1 - Guidelines for contributors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 10 Issue 1 - Factors for restoration of children to their families
           after final care orders have been made
    • Abstract: Costa, Tracy
      Section 90 of the NSW Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998 No 157 refers to an Application for rescission or variation of final Care Orders for children who have previously been removed from the family home and placed into permanent care. The Act provides specific criteria for considering the restoration of a child to their family. These criteria provided a framework to evaluate how well the current literature addressed the factors that impact on the outcomes for children after final Care Orders have been made. A key difference between children in temporary care and those under final Care Orders is the length of time they have been in care at the time of the application. This paper's analysis identified length of time in care, issues related to attachment between parent and child, parenting capacity, and placement stability as key factors for determining the suitability of restoring children to their families. Considerable literature referred to children in temporary care arrangements, highlighting a need for further research to specifically evaluate the short- and long-term impact when final Care Orders are varied or rescinded.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 10 Issue 1 - "Legal: But is it moral'": Newspaper discourses of
           asylum seeker and refugee children
    • Abstract: Shee, Ramona
      This paper outlines a thematic analysis of the competing discourses within the Australian print media regarding asylum seeker and refugee children. It examines how these discourses reflected and influenced community perceptions and policy development, and how care for children was juxtaposed with harsh border security policy. Data collection was undertaken by a key word search of the terms "asylum seeker*" OR refugee*, detention, child* during the period of 1/1/16-30/6/16 in the highest circulating newspapers in each Australian state and territory, plus one national paper. Descriptive quantitative data analysis was combined with qualitative thematic analysis. In total, 151 articles were analysed and five major discourses were identified. The dominant discourse found was border protection, the secondary discourse was found to be morality versus legality, the subversive discourse was dissenters, the latent discourse was "othering", while the emerging discourse was Europe as warning. The role of the print media in leading to children being released from mainland detention centres was also considered. While it was found that child asylum seekers elicited more compassion than adults, further research is required to confirm these findings.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 10 Issue 1 - Reaching 'vulnerable' families through court-based
           referral projects: Professional accounts of two models in urban and
           regional New South Wales
    • Abstract: Gray, Rebecca; Calder-Hickey, Silvie; Bishop, Leona
      Changes to the Family Law Act (2006) triggered the establishment of Family Relationship Centres (FRCs) throughout Australia. Tasked with supporting the local community, these centres provide an entry point for people experiencing relationship distress, family dysfunction and parental separation. For the most part, centres provide referrals and direct services include case management, parenting seminars, and dispute resolution. While positioned as shopfronts in prominent community spaces to enable access, engaging potential clients requires initiative. One such initiative is the Court Referral model where professionals from the local FRC are situated at court, in this case Bathurst Local Court and Sydney Family Court. Findings indicated that these initiatives achieved intended outcomes, that being an increase in the engagement and retention of 'vulnerable' clients who would not otherwise have approached relationships services. Interestingly, respondents reported some unforeseen benefits in that court-based professionals and the e stakeholders noted reductions in court presentations for some clients. The aim of this paper is to describe the potential benefits of outreach referral officers in courts, and contribute to what is known about how professionals perceive the impact of these projects. Study limitations and research recommendations will also be provided.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 2 - Deliberative democracy or democratic dilemma': The
           curious case of Australia's statutory parental leave policy
    • Abstract: McCurdy, Samone; Knell, Caroline
      At a macro level this paper explores gendered assumptions of work and care and their potential to be transformed or replicated in public consultations and corollary policymaking. Using enumerative content analysis, 349 public submissions from the Productivity Commission Inquiry into Paid Parental Leave (PPL) were reviewed. The first analysis located submissions within one of three main models of caregiving suggested in parental leave literature - exclusive mother care, shared care between parents, and the maternal primary carer/paternal secondary carer model. The second analysis utilised a simple word count technique, contrasting and comparing the words contributors used to describe caregiving responsibility and the need for a statutory leave policy. The results suggest a highly gendered paradigm of care was likely to be presented to the Inquiry. Exclusive care by the mother was the most frequent care model of caregiving forwarded by contributors. Paid Leave for the mother was positioned as the ideal policy focus, underscored by the traditional gender roles of mother as primary carer with support care from the father shaped around their paid work responsibility. Similarly, the word count analysis showed a distinctly maternal narrative of care for children. The authors assert this maternal lexicon was likely to have influenced the final policy model and reflect a highly gendered ideology of work and care that remains embedded in the Australian policy landscape. This secondary data analysis serves as a reminder for policy analysts to include interrogation of the policy making process and mechanisms in addition to policy design when undertaking contemporary policy analysis.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 2 - Editorial
    • Abstract: Clare, Mike; Lonne, Bob
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 2 - Aims and Scope
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 2 - Implementing a relationship education program for new
           parents in rural Australia
    • Abstract: Crisp, Beth R; Taket, Ann
      Baby Makes 3 is a couple's relationship education program for new parents that has previously been found to be successful in metropolitan Melbourne. However, programs developed in urban areas may face challenges when implemented in rural and regional Australia. This paper reports on research that evaluated the implementation of Baby Makes 3 in rural Victoria, drawing on semi-structured interviews with 15 service providers involved with the program in the Great South Coast Region. Despite some concerns about the receptivity of the community to a program focusing on gender equity, facilitators and parents were recruited across the region. However, adaptations to the original model developed in an urban context were required including consideration as to the number of facilitators to be recruited, smaller groups, and groups running less often where there are few children being born to new parents. The timing of groups may also need to take into account farming and sporting cultures in the region. Furthermore, the research revealed a need to recognise the heterogeneity of agricultural communities, and associated variety in issues which need to be addressed in scheduling group programs for parents.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 2 - Removal at birth and infants in care: Maternity under
           stress
    • Abstract: Harrison, Celine; Harries, Maria; Liddiard, Mark
      This paper focuses on the removal and placement in state care of newborns and infants. National child protection data show a growing proportion of infants entering care. Pre-birth provides an unparalleled opportunity for early intervention. Arguably, the removal of infants from their mothers undermines this opportunity and unarguably, creates cascading negative effects on women and their families. Western Australia is used as a case study wherein data over a seven-year period details an increase in infants entering care. This paper presents these data and examines the policy text to identify how they portray the problem of risk to infants, represent their mothers and shape practice. The findings suggest a lack of attention to the interdependence of the mother-infant relationship and the needs of vulnerable women. Being exploratory and interpretive, these findings constitute a guide for alternative representations and solutions that promote the health and wellbeing of the mother-child unit.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 2 - Response to Broadley et al., 'The ethical obligations
           of research with vulnerable young people who have dependent children'
    • Abstract: Mendes, Philip; Snow, Pamela; Baidawi, Susan
      In our article in Communities, Children and Families Australia (Mendes, Snow and Baidawi, 2014), we noted that care leavers are a traumatised group of young people recovering from childhood abuse, whose needs have been sorely neglected by policy makers and under-resourced by service providers. We argued that interviewing care leavers, whilst certainly not without risks, gives voice in the public sphere to their traumatic and sometimes confronting experiences. Indeed, many care leavers have commented in interviews that they hope an airing of their needs and experiences will influence improvements in policy and practice and, hence, benefit other young people leaving care in the future. So it is imperative that research strategies and procedures serve to advance the rights of care leavers, and do not in any way exploit their participation, or worsen their existing distress.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 2 - The ethical obligations of research with vulnerable
           young people who have dependent children
    • Abstract: Broadley, Karen; Hunt, Susan; Goddard, Chris; Mudaly, Neerosh
      In their 2014 article, Mendes, Snow, and Baidawi explored the ethical challenges of conducting research with young people who have been in out-of-home care. The heightened vulnerability of care leavers presents researchers with major ethical complexities, with little research to assist them. These complexities are magnified when care leavers are parents, and responsible for the care and protection of their own very young children. Although we commend Mendes and his colleagues for examining these issues, we are concerned that their paper focuses on why researchers should not report suspicions of child abuse and neglect, or violent crime, yet provides virtually no reasons why they must. Our response to their paper provides the legal, ethical and moral imperatives for researchers to report suspicions of child abuse and neglect.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 2 - How women perceive men who attend domestic violence
           programs
    • Abstract: Gray, Rebecca M; Broady, Timothy R; Gaffney, Irene; Lewis, Pamela
      Since 2010, Relationships Australia (NSW) has conducted a mixed methods evaluation of their domestic violence group program: Taking Responsibility. This article explores 21 interviews with women (the partners and former partners of clients) gathered at program completion. Key findings indicated the complex nature of change within ongoing relationship dynamics, particularly the interplay between client motivation and their partner's new found knowledge about relationships gained from victim/survivor groups. This increased awareness had the tendency to reduce women's tolerance of their partners' behaviour, and their expectations about their ongoing relationships. This article contributes to what is known about service responses to domestic violence, through the qualitative accounts of women.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 1 - Professional accounts of effective interagency
           collaboration in child and family services
    • Abstract: Yates, Kenneth; Erofeyeff, Michelle; Gray, Rebecca
      Effective interagency collaboration is essential to safeguard children. Some, however, have questioned the extent to which service integration results in improved outcomes for children and families. Moreover, the area of child and family services has no single set of best-practice standards to guide professionals or networks. Despite the lack of research to guide interagency collaboration, professionals are tasked with making such collaborations effective and demonstrating positive outcomes. The Northern Sydney Child and Family Interagency Coordination Project established a project evaluation at the outset, in order to contribute to what is known about collaborations in this sector. Drawn from 17 interviews with professionals, findings indicate that the coordinator's personality and style is a key factor in the network's effectiveness, and that stakeholders were more energised by the network, which led to an increase in referrals between agencies. These findings have implications for the sustainability of these networks.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 1 - Integrating a relational approach in post-separation
           family dispute resolution
    • Abstract: Wheeler, Amelia; Gray, Rebecca; Hewlett, Bill
      This article presents qualitative accounts from clients involved in the Parental Regard Pilot Project, undertaken at Blacktown Family Relationship Centre (FRC) between 2011 and 2013. All Family Advisors employed in the Centre were trained in the Parental Regard model of family dispute resolution, which focuses on helping separated parents to reduce conflict and improve the family environment by building a more positive regard towards the other parent. It was found that parents seen by Family Advisors after training had been completed were more likely to use respectful language when speaking about the other parent, and spoke at a greater depth about the impact of conflict in the co-parenting relationship on their children. Findings are analysed in the context of family dispute resolution and therapeutic mediation literature. While the pilot project is specific to the Blacktown FRC practice context, the findings inform a gap in the research around the exploration of relational models in the FRC sector. The article concludes with a reflection on the current practice context and suggestions for further research.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 1 - The efficacy of co-locating a supported playgroup in a
           shopping centre
    • Abstract: McEwin, Serenity; Stagnitti, Karen; Andrews, Fiona
      This study evaluated the efficacy of co-locating a playgroup to a shopping centre to engage hard-to-reach families. We hope to contribute to the evidence base on supported playgroups in shopping centres. This small qualitative descriptive study utilised semi-structured interviews with twelve parents/caregivers of children who attended the playgroup and the two facilitators of the playgroup. Detailed notes were taken during interviews with the parents/caregivers. A detailed field journal was utilised which also included observations of the children's play. Data were thematically analysed using a qualitative descriptive approach. Four themes reflecting the value of the playgroup emerged from the data: Playgroup location and convenience; Playgroup flexibility; Space and security of the playgroup; and Support to families. In this small study, the co-location of playgroups to shopping centres was found to be a valuable method of engaging a wide variety of families, including families who are hard to reach. Larger studies are recommended to better demonstrate the importance of highly accessible supported playgroups for those unlikely to access playgroups in formal service settings.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 1 - Guidelines for contributors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 1 - A modest proposal for treating children with respect in
           care proceedings
    • Abstract: Hollingworth, Anne
      Children separated from their families in child protection proceedings have a right to a comprehensible explanation about the need for statutory intervention. Information is collected and stored about children who enter out-of-home care but virtually nothing is specifically prepared for them. Based on experience in the NSW Children's Court Clinic this paper presents a view about what sort of texts might be produced to assist young people make sense of their lived experience.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 1 - Intervening early: The case for "middle class welfare"
    • Abstract: Macfarlane, Kym; Lakhani, Ali; Holmes, Rodney; Nelson, Melinda
      Investment in universal services in Australia can be perceived as "middle class welfare" and is highly contested. Middle class welfare includes government funds available to individuals or families universally such as the government baby bonus and parental leave entitlements. Using a case study method with a Communities for Children (CfC) early intervention program run by the Salvation Army, this paper shows that the universal provision of early childhood services has many benefits for communities and for the economy. The less stigmatised approach enabled through universal provision, can be particularly useful in building the skills and confidence of families.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 1 - Aims and scope
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 9 Issue 1 - Guest editorial
    • Abstract: Clare, Mike
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 2 - A rapid evidence assessment of Australian evaluations
           of parenting programs
    • Abstract: Macvean, Michelle L; Wade, Catherine; Devine, Ben; Falkiner, Jessica; Milden, Robyn
      While the international literature provides a wealth of information about the effectiveness of parenting programs, little has been done to examine the breadth of evidence from Australia regarding the effectiveness of parenting programs. This paper describes the methodology and findings of a Rapid Evidence Assessment of Australian evaluations of parenting programs. Findings suggested there were two Well Supported programs (Triple P and Stepping Stones Triple P) and 23 Supported programs, while the largest proportion of programs received a rating of Emerging. There is good evidence from within Australia for some programs, particularly for those targeting behaviour-oriented outcomes for preschool-aged children and older, however, much of the evidence targeting a wider range of outcomes and populations is still at the emerging stage. Findings provide policy makers and practitioners with evidence for particular programs that target specific populations and outcomes, while gaps reveal opportunities for further investigation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 2 - Guidelines for contributors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 2 - Australian print media framing of mandatory reporting
    • Abstract: Gillespie, Kerri M; McCosker, Laura K; Lonne, Bob; Marston, Greg
      Mandatory reporting is a key aspect of Australia's approach to protecting children and is incorporated into all jurisdictions' legislation, albeit in a variety of forms. In this article we examine all major newspaper's coverage of mandatory reporting during an 18-month period in 2008-2009, when highprofile tragedies and inquiries occurred and significant policy and reform agendas were being debated. Mass media utilise a variety of lenses to inform and shape public responses and attitudes to reported events. We use frame analysis to identify the ways in which stories were composed and presented, and how language portrayed this contested area of policy. The results indicate that within an overall portrayal of system failure and the need for reform, the coverage placed major responsibility on child protection agencies for the over-reporting, under-reporting, and overburdened system identified, along with the failure of mandatory reporting to reduce risk. The implications for ongoing reform are explored along with the need for robust research to inform debate about the merits of mandatory reporting.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 2 - The coalition's paid parental leave scheme: What are we
           really signing up for'
    • Abstract: McCurdy, Samone
      On 7 September, 2013, Australia voted in our 44th Parliament of Australia. Tony Abbott and the Liberal/National Coalition party were ushered to power. In the lead up to this election, Tony Abbott's version of Australia's first statutory paid parental leave scheme occupied an almost unprecedented level of media attention. There remains some speculation that the generosity and fervor with which Mr. Abbott pursued his 'signature policy' was little more than a carrot designed to win back female voters and fix Mr. Abbott's long standing issues with women of the electorate (Priestly, 2014). Some 15 months after the election, this 'carrot' is yet to come to fruition for women and is dwindling fast, with Mr. Abbott recently announcing yet another reduction of his election promise and original policy plans. This article provides an overview of the policy debate since the controversial paid parental leave policy was announced in August 2013. It contends there has been a significant oversight in the policy analysis of the scheme, failing to expose the highly gendered view of work and care embedded in the Prime Minister's PPL policy platform. The paucity of gender analysis of the scheme obscures the true potential of paid parental leave policy to recalibrate the gender contract at work and in the home amongst Australia's working parents.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 2 - Editorial
    • Abstract: Lonne, Bob
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 2 - Aims and scope
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 2 - Some ethical considerations associated with researching
           young people transitioning from out-of-home care
    • Abstract: Mendes, Philip; Snow, Pamela; Baidawi, Susan
      This paper considers some contentious ethical questions associated with researching young people transitioning from out-of home care. We consider the potential benefits and costs for care leavers of involvement in research, alongside managing limits to confidentiality, and the social, psychological, and legal harms that may arise from breaching confidentiality. Some recommendations are made concerning strategies that are most likely to minimise the risk of harm for care leaver participants and the agencies that support them.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 2 - Masculinity, sexuality, theology and child sexual abuse
           by personnel in Christian Institutions
    • Abstract: Death, Jodi
      There is growing recognition that a contributor to the repeat crises of child sexual abuse (CSA) by personnel in Christian institutions (PICIs), is the often gendered culture of Christian institutions themselves. This work explores theological discursive constructions of masculinity and sexuality and their implications for addressing CSA by PICIs. The perspectives discussed here are of PICIs who participated in a research project conducted in Australia. From these perspectives, male gendered and sexual performance is constructed through discourse as both an explanation and solution to offending behaviour. Similarly, sexuality is viewed as God-given, heteronormative and legitimately expressed only within the bounds of marriage. This work draws on Foucault and feminist discourses as they relate to CSA by PICIs and institutional discourses. This work offers a perspective of PICIs that may not otherwise be heard in the common discourses of CSA in Christian Institutions.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 2 - But the wheels are square! Synchronizing outcome-based
           and relational practice
    • Abstract: LaFrance, Jean; Morris, Kristine
      The perennial tension between the social work aspiration to engage in their clients' lives and the ever growing administrative requirements of their jobs is growing, accompanied by increased risk avoidance fuelled by public crises of confidence in child welfare. The net effect on service providers has been a massive growth in procedural work and data gathering in a vain attempt to prevent the next tragedy that will inexorably lead to even more of the same. This has substantially reduced the time available for child welfare caseworkers to fully engage with the families and communities they serve. Results based management, or in Alberta Outcome Based Service Delivery (OBSD), asks caseworkers to more fully engage with the families and communities they serve. Early experiences from the U.K. tell some cautionary tales about relational objectives taking second place to the administrative work of outcome delineation, and management having to manipulate the statistical outcome data as caseworkers fail to keep up. The province of Alberta in Canada is currently implementing OBSD. This paper raises concerns about the direction taken and some ideas on how to ensure quality partnerships with families and communities that are not overwhelmed by increased paperwork, the curse of child welfare work for the past 30 years.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 2 - The perfect storm: Politics, media and child welfare
           policy making
    • Abstract: Harrison, Celin; Harries, Maria; Liddiard, Mark
      This paper is the first of a series emerging from a study of the practice of policy creation when a child welfare event comes to the notice of the public as a scandal and engages the attention of politicians and the media. The daily newspaper, The West Australian reported extensively on the Coroner's finding into the death of an 11month old toddler, Wade Scale, known to the child protection department. Debate and policy responses in the West Australian Parliament during the period of four months in 2006 are used as a case study to explore and identify the policy proposals that emerge out of a politicized landscape. The aim was the development of a theoretical framework and practical strategies to enable the public to have a more nuanced understanding of this complex issue and develop more supportive practice models for vulnerable families. The analysis identified specific policies dominated by a discourse of blame and regulation.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 1 - Valuing local knowledge in child protection practice
    • Abstract: Tilbury, Clare; Aitchison, Rosslyn; Chenoweth, Lesley; McAuliffe, Donna; Stehlik, Daniela; Osmond, Jennifer
      Causes of child abuse and neglect stem from the interplay of social and individual factors at community, parental and child levels. Yet as child protection practice has become routinized within jurisdictions, there is less attention to social factors, including the local context. We examined child protection practice with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families in two rural Australian communities. Based on interviews with 30 government and nongovernment child protection workers, the study investigated how practice responded to community needs. We found different types and sources of local knowledge that require building relationships with community members. Local knowledge was used both conceptually and instrumentally to influence practice. We conclude that local knowledge is vital to child protection practice in order to legitimise and respect the diverse perspectives of families and communities.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 1 - Editorial
    • Abstract: Lonne, Bob
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 1 - Aims and scope
    • Abstract: Lonne, Bob
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 1 - Guidelines for contributors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 1 - "I don't like seeing 'land sold' signs!": Children's
           views about their community
    • Abstract: Boddy, Jennifer; Le Bon, Gabrielle; Lakhani, Ali
      Despite the importance of community in mitigating the problems associated with disadvantage in children's lives, there are very few studies which seek to understand what is important about community to primary-school aged children from their perspective. Using Photovoice, this study sought to address this gap in the literature and hear from children about their likes and dislikes about the community in which they live. Photovoice was employed with 33 primary-school aged children in a regional Australian primary school, with 26 children later interviewed. Findings highlighted the importance that children placed on their natural environment and the areas which facilitate their play and recreation. It also showed how children believed that the maintenance of such areas contributed to their sense of health and wellbeing. This paper concludes with recommendations for future research and practice.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 1 - Talking circles: Building relationships with children
    • Abstract: Cartmel, Jennifer; Casley, Marilyn
      Talking Circles can be used to build relationships. They are based on thinking about learning as a process of self-awareness and community building, and providing opportunities for communicating with children about their ideas and perspectives. The process is underpinned by the notion of generative listening (Scharmer, 2009) - listening to oneself, listening to others, and listening to what emerges from the group or collective. This paper discusses the method and findings from an Australian action research project with children in school-age child care (SAC) services and undergraduate university students specialising in child and family studies. The project was formulated to examine how children could be encouraged to ask questions about how they can make a difference for themselves, each other and their community. The authors devised a conversational process that the students implemented with small groups of children in their field education sites. Through the process of listening to and talking with one another, children collaborated and established relationships with each other and the adults involved. Data were gathered about the children's topics of conversation and the university students' experiences of facilitating the conversations. The findings illuminated thinking about knowledge and skills required for relationship building between the adult and children and between children.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 1 - Team-based rotation in social work field education: An
           alternative way of preparing students for practice in statutory child
           welfare services
    • Abstract: Vassos, Sevi; Connolly, Marie
      The workforce pressures facing child protection systems across Australia are well documented. The change agenda has therefore included a focus on enhancing current workforce capabilities. Using social work student placements is one recruitment strategy that is frequently adopted by child protection agencies, although demand pressure on the frontline often compromises student supervision capacity in busy child protection systems. This article reports on a small trial of a team-based alternative approach to student supervision in a child protection agency designed to build supervision capacity and create recruitment opportunities for students in statutory child protection. The trial involved a teambased model of field education where students rotate from one area of practice to the next (Intake, Investigation and Response, Case Management), also changing supervisor with a focus on collective learning. The findings suggest potential gains for both students and the child protection service system and point to ways of directly linking student education with workforce needs and employment opportunities.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 1 - Conceptualising elder abuse: Does this label fit'
    • Abstract: Clare, Mike; Clare, Brenda; Blundell, Barbara Black; Clare, Joe
      This article is based on the findings of two recent West Australian studies (Black Blundell and Clare, 2012; Clare, Black Blundell and Clare, 2011), which, respectively consider: the nature and extent of elder abuse in the Western Australian community; and elder abuse services for older Australians whose first language is not English. The focus of the paper is twofold: it considers the conceptual difficulties associated with identifying who should be included under the umbrella term 'elderly', and the equally problematic definition of behaviours deemed to be abusive. It goes on to reflect on the challenges associated with the provision of services for older people subject to abuse. The paper reports the recommendations that emerged from the WA studies. It identifies the need for an integrated service response that explicitly acknowledges the continuum of needs and concerns of older Australians and is clearly located within a broad-based legislative, policy and practice framework.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 8 Issue 1 - Advancing the visibility of the child in adult and
           child and family services
    • Abstract: McDougall, Stewart; Gibson, Christine
      The National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children promotes the view that to better serve Australia's children all services, communities and individuals need to work together: 'Protecting Children is Everyone's Business'. The Australian Centre for Child Protection conducted a major workforce development initiative, Protecting and Nurturing Children: Building Capacity, Building Bridges, to enhance the capacity of practitioners from a diverse range of services, both child- and family- and adult-focused, to work purposefully with the parents of vulnerable children to prevent child abuse and neglect. This initiative also aimed to build effective connections and support collaboration between adultfocused and child- and family-focused services at both local and strategic levels. By reflecting on the learnings gained from the Building Capacity, Building Bridges initiative, this paper discusses why such an initiative is necessary and identifies some the barriers to achieving the changes called for by the Framework.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - Guidelines for contributors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - Red brother, white brother [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Pritchard, Jim
      Review(s) of: Red brother, white brother, by Dr. Jean Lafrance, published on iUniverse, 2013, ISBN 978-1-47596-834-7, available on iUniverse, Amazon and at Chapters, Indigo for $18.99 print or $3.99 ebook.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - Let's talk kinship: Innovating Australian social work
           education, theory, research and practice through Aboriginal knowledge
           [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Brough, Mark
      Review(s) of: Let's talk kinship: Innovating Australian social work education, theory, research and practice through Aboriginal knowledge, by Christine Fejo-King, published by Christine Fejo-King Consulting, ISBN: 978-0-9922814-0-3.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - A comparison of children's needs models in the
           Australian and Chinese context
    • Abstract: Hu, Yang; Burton, Judith; Lonn, Bob
      The diverse needs of children have been drawing global attention from both academic and practitioner communities. Based on semi-structured interviews with 23 kin caregivers and five school personnel in the Shijiapu Town of Jilin province, China, this paper presents a needs model for rural school-age children left behind by their migrant parents. This Chinese model is compared to the needs identification mechanism developed by the Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth. The paper outlines the common needs of children in different contexts, and also highlights the needs that are not explicit in the Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth framework, such as empowerment and agency or perhaps given insufficient weight, such as education. In discussing relationships among different needs, aspects that are missing in the framework it is argued that culture should be more explicitly recognised when defining need.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - Maintaining connectedness: Family contact for children
           in statutory residential care in South Australia
    • Abstract: Iannos, Marie; McLean, Sara; McDougall, Stewart; Arney, Fiona
      Children and young people in residential care represent a vulnerable group, yet little is known about their family contact experiences. Studies asking children directly suggest that children in residential care have unique family contact patterns and needs, however, no studies have asked residential care workers about children's family contact experiences. This paper describes workers' reports of the family contact experiences of children in residential care in South Australia. Fifty-six workers from 12 residential care units were interviewed regarding 73 children. Worker's reports reflected similar trends in family contact patterns to previous surveys asking children directly. Sibling contact was the most common form of family contact, and the majority of children wanted to reunify or increase contact with their families, even if this was not possible. Relationships with mothers and other relatives were also seen as important, while fathers comparatively less. The pragmatic and psychological barriers to family contact are also discussed.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - The hopes and dreams of Australian young mothers in
           receipt of income support
    • Abstract: McArthur, Morag; Winkworth, Gail
      The previous Rudd/Gillard Australian Governments adopted measures specifically designed to more actively combat 'intergenerational welfare dependence'. Building on the previous emphasis on social inclusion, a range of measures were introduced that specifically target or affect young parents, including measures that require teenage parents to undertake compulsory activities once their child is one year old; and moving single parents off parenting payments once their youngest child turns eight. In doing so, single and partnered families that are not in the workforce have been singled out as requiring change in their personal behaviour. This paper reports on qualitative research, commissioned by the Australian Government in 2010, which explored the experiences of young mothers in receipt of income support. It found that the hopes and dreams of these young mothers were entirely consistent with key policy outcomes for children and families. However, the achievement of these hopes and dreams is hampered by stigma, lack of access to resources, networks and social support, and the everyday realities of caring for very young children. The study's findings suggest that policy directions which further stigmatise young mothers may undermine their willingness to engage with the formal and informal support systems which could otherwise assist them.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - Past adoption experiences: Impacts, insights and
           implications for policy and practice
    • Abstract: Kenny, Pauline; Higgins, Daryl; Sweid, Reem; Soloff, Carol
      The National Research Study on the Service Response to Past Adoption Practices examined the extent and effects of closed adoptions in Australia, to strengthen the evidence available to governments and service providers in addressing the current needs of those affected. With over 1500 participants, the study results provide an indepth understanding of the complex and, in many cases, urgent public health needs of those affected. These implications not only include the addressing the effects of ongoing trauma, grief and loss associated with past practices, but also the implications for adopted individuals and subsequent generations who want access to genetic and medical histories. The article highlights the characteristics of practice interventions that study participants deemed necessary to adequately respond to their current needs and, importantly, reflects on the parallels existing between the current adoption and assisted reproduction environments and the lessons needing to be learned from past practices.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - Placement trajectory: Mapping the journeys of children
           and young people in out-of-home care
    • Abstract: Withington, Tania; Burton, Judith; Lonne, Bob
      Significant problems confront our child protection out-of-home care system including: high costs; increasing numbers of children and young people entering and remaining in care longer; high frequency of placement movement; and, negative whole-of-life outcomes for children and young people who have exited care. National policy and research agendas recognise the importance of enhancing the evidence base in out-of-home care to inform the development of policy, programs and practice, and improve longitudinal outcomes of children and young people. The authors discuss the concept of placement trajectory as a framework for research and systems analysis in the out-of-home context. While not without limitations, the concept of placement trajectory is particularly useful in understanding the factors influencing placement movement and stability. Increasing the evidence base in this area can serve to enhance improved outcomes across the lifespan for children and young people in the out-of-home care system.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - Reshaping our protective systems: Issues and options
    • Abstract: Lonne, Bob
      Australia's systems for protecting children from child abuse and neglect are undergoing reform in light of the National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children and innumerable judicial and other inquiries into their operations and outcomes. This article examines the current context for child protection practice and critically examines the dominant policy and practice frameworks, highlighting issues confronting policy makers and practitioners. Within the current systemic reform agendas, it is posited, there are key priorities that must be attended to in order to bring about necessary change, workforce support and a renewed emphasis on quality professional practice and re-orientation of practice approaches. Also required is the embedding of ethics into a relationship-based practice framework, and revitalising localised community involvement in a protective web of care that provides practical, compassionate and accessible help to needy and vulnerable children and families.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - Vision splendid or desert mirage': The National
           Framework for Protecting Australia's Children
    • Abstract: Babington, Brian
      Just over four years ago all Federal, State and Territory Governments agreed to establish the National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020 (the 'National Framework'). It was to be a twelve year plan; it was to be a dramatic 'game changer' in tackling the nation's seemingly intractable problems of child abuse and neglect; and, it was to achieve 'a substantial and sustained reduction in child abuse and neglect in Australia over time' (COAG, 2009).

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - Editorial perspectives
    • Abstract: Lonne, Bob
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - Guest editorial
    • Abstract: Clare, Mike
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 7 Issue 1 - Aims and scope
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1 - Guidelines for contributors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1 - Successful outcomes for high-risk families: What
           works'
    • Abstract: Lines, Katrina A
      This paper presents an evaluation of the ACT for Kids Active Parenting Program for families at risk of child abuse and neglect. The program is run in two centres, Cairns and the Gold Coast. Family coaches work with parents in their homes to help them address issues that may be putting their children at risk. Through collaborative arrangements, families are linked with services in the community to assist them with different issues. Analyses of the differences between pre and post outcome measures indicate that, on average, families make significant improvements in all domains of functioning. Effect sizes indicate a very robust and consistent pattern of positive change. Results also indicate that the longer the family is engaged in the program the more likely it is that they will experience positive outcomes. More than 60% of families engage for the maximum length of time.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1 - Examining the health and mental health care needs and
           experiences of a group of young people transitioning from out of home care
           in rural Victoria
    • Abstract: Mendes, Philip
      Young people leaving state out-of-home care are arguably one of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups in society. Many have been found to experience significant health, social and educational deficits. In recent years, most Australian States and Territories have introduced specialist leaving care and after care programs and supports, but there has been only limited examination of policy and practice outcomes. This paper examines the experiences of a group of young people involved in the leaving care and after care support program introduced by St Luke's Anglicare in the Victorian town of Bendigo which provides a strengths-based holistic safety net for care leavers. Particular attention is drawn to their health and mental health needs including issues of substance abuse.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1 - Understanding the needs of children and young people in
           care: Towards a taxonomy of needs
    • Abstract: Redshaw, Stewart
      A decade of inquiries into child protection and out-of-home care in Australia has seen the concept of 'need' and the needs of children and young people in out-of-home care settings emerge as a prominent theme. Within this context, the purpose of this paper is to examine the richness of the philosophical discourse on need and introduce a research project that examined the needs of children and young people in care, with an emphasis on developing a taxonomy of needs. It is suggested that the understanding of need, derived from both the philosophical literature and the description of need provided in the taxonomy of needs, has the potential to enrich our understanding of the needs of these vulnerable children and young people and, importantly, provide a theoretical and empirical basis for considering the importance of 'need' in out-of-home care policy and practice.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1 - Investigating cyberbullying: Emerging research and
           e-safety strategies within families and communities
    • Abstract: Burgess, Jill; McLoughlin, Catherine
      As new technologies and ways of communicating become increasingly central to daily life, new forms of social aggression using digital tools are emerging globally. Social networking technologies have brought about opportunities to engage in cyberbullying and place considerable pressures on families, schools and communities to remain informed and vigilant to this developing phenomenon. While research findings suggest that up to one in four children report being cyberbullied, the impact of this negative behaviour is often hidden from parents, carers, teachers and the broader community. This paper aims to provide an overview of the forms and effects of cyberbullying by reviewing the research literature, the incidence of, and factors contributing to cyberbullying. The paper also explores emerging approaches to developing e-safety strategies across Australia.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1 - From the new editor
    • Abstract: Lonne, Bob
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 6 Issue 1 - Guest editorial
    • Abstract: Arney, Fiona
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Guidelines for Contributors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Kinship Care for Children in New South Wales
    • Abstract: Zhou, Albert; Paxman, Marina; Chen, Shuling; Chilvers, Marilyn
      This article presents the results of a recent analysis of New South Wales (NSW) Department of Human Services, Community Services (CS) client data concerning children in kinship care in NSW. Its purpose is to provide a general picture of the characteristics of children placed in kinship care and their trajectory through the child welfare system. Children from certain demographic groups were found to be more likely than others to be placed in kinship care. Indigenous children, regardless of gender, aged less than 15 years were more likely to be first placed in kinship care. Comparisons were drawn between kinship care and foster care, and findings are compared and contrasted to those from studies conducted elsewhere. Kinship care placements are typically of longer duration and are associated with lower re-entry rates.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Foster Carer Experiences of Leaving Foster Care in the
           Australian Capital Territory
    • Abstract: Thomson, Lorraine; McArthur, Morag
      Meeting the demand for foster care homes is recognised as an ongoing challenge in Australia and internationally. Understanding the needs of foster care families and supporting them in this important role is central to meeting this demand. This article reports on qualitative data from a small study of former foster carers in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) who were interviewed about their reasons for leaving foster care. The results are consistent with those of larger studies, which indicate a complex interplay of foster care related and life event related reasons for leaving the foster caring role. The quality of support received and the extent to which it is perceived to meet the individual needs of the foster care family is critical. Relationship based practice is a practice approach that may facilitate this support. Transparent and respectful foster carer exit processes are vital to the wellbeing of both the former foster carers and the care system.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - From Inspiration to Action: The Shaken Baby Prevention
           Project in Western Sydney
    • Abstract: Tolliday, Fran; Simons, Martine; Foley, Sue; Benson, Suzanne; Stephens, Amanda; Rose, Donna
      The Shaken Baby Prevention Project developed an audiovisual based education strategy to inform parents, carers, perinatal health educators and other stakeholders about the dangers of shaking a baby combined with knowledge about positive and safe strategies to respond to a crying baby. The three-minute animated film and the accompanying brochure and poster were collaboratively developed by professionals, community members and parent representatives. The resources were designed to promote positive parental attributions towards an infant by increasing understanding of crying as normal behaviour rather than indicating that the baby is naughty, spoilt or demanding. Our hope is that the new knowledge will encourage reflection and, as a result, an empathic and safe response to a crying baby. The resources were trialled in a range of hospital and community settings with over 180 parent and professional participants. Questionnaire measurements were undertaken pre and post the participants viewing the film and receiving the brochure. The results indicated that participants' attributions about a crying baby and their knowledge of the negative impact of shaking changed significantly, and this change was sustained at the three-month follow-up. The film is now being used in clinical, medical and university settings around the world.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Women's Stories of Collaboration between Domestic
           Violence and Mental Health Services
    • Abstract: Laing, Lesley; Irwin, Jude; Toivonen, Cherie
      The connection between domestic violence and mental ill health has been well-established yet domestic violence and mental health services often experience difficulty in working effectively together. Tension between these service sectors can contribute to poor outcomes for women who live with both domestic violence and a mental illness. This has implications for children's wellbeing and development because children's resilience to exposure to domestic violence is linked to their mother's mental health. Based on a qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with 33 women who experienced both domestic violence and mental health concerns/ illness, this article outlines women's experiences of their contacts with domestic violence and mental health services. It identifies barriers to service collaboration and pinpoints changes that could lead to much more comprehensive responses to women.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Supporting Rights-based Ideas in Policy and Practice
    • Abstract: Connolly, Marie; Ward, Tony
      Principles of human rights rest at the heart of social justice and notions of an inclusive society. This article seeks to refocus practice attention on the issue of human rights and the ways in which rights-based ideas can be integrated across practice, policy and legal domains. It argues that creating systems in which critical components mutually reinforce rights-based ideas will be more likely to have the depth of influence required to shift thinking toward rights-based practice and maintain its endurance over time.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Child Protection in Australia: It's Better than You
           Think
    • Abstract: Berry, Marianne
      The outstanding that Australia has played in child protection as compared to the U.S. is discussed. The key aspects and features of a strong network of services established by the Australian government for children and families aimed at preventing poor outcomes for children are highlighted.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 2 - Child Abuse and Neglect and Their Underlying Causes
           Require Multiple Lenses with Which to Fully Understand Them
    • Abstract: McArthur, Morag
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Guidelines for Contributors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - A Lantern on the Stern: Drawing Inference from the Way
           We Protect Children
    • Abstract: Babington, Brian
      The immense value of nurturing and protecting children, the way they were treated and the policies that needs to be adopted by the government and societies for betterment of the children is discussed. The abuse and neglect and the failure of adults to discharge properly their duty of care to minors is mentioned.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Step by Step: Working Together to Increase the Safety
           and Life Chances of Children Whose Parents Misuse Substances
    • Abstract: McArthur, Morag; Winkworth, Gail
      Parental alcohol and drug misuse is increasingly recognised as having major implications for children's safety and wellbeing. More than half the children currently reported to child protection authorities throughout Australia live in families where drug and alcohol use is an identified issue. However, parental substance misuse rarely exists alone; it is more likely to be one of a number of underlying and interrelated factors that contribute to unsafe environments. This paper outlines the features of unsafe environments for children where drug and alcohol misuse is an identified issue. It argues that just as the harms suffered by children arise from complex interrelated factors, so too should interventions to address children's needs be collaborative and interlinked. To increase the safety and life chances of children, it is critical that drug and alcohol and other adult focused services view adults who use their services as parents and family members as well as individuals and actively work with them and others to build parenting capacity. Using a model of developmental collaboration, this paper presents four case studies that highlight different ways of working. The case studies represent a range of different contexts: mainstream and specialised drug and alcohol services changing the way they work; cross-sectoral policy development; and a specialised initiative that takes an integrated approach to keeping very young children safe. Discussion of each of these case studies is framed by what we know increases collaborative approaches.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - Homelessness and Child Wellbeing
    • Abstract: Gibson, Christine
      In 1989, the Burdekin report entitled Our homeless children (Burdekin, 1989) highlighted the plight of homeless children and young people. Twenty years later, increasing numbers of children and their families are not only homeless but confronting a range of issues such as parental substance misuse, mental illness and domestic violence. Recent policy directions in the white paper on homelessness entitled The road home: A national approach to reducing homelessness (Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs [FaHCSIA], 2008) place greater emphasis on the needs of homeless children and young people. This paper identifies some innovative and promising approaches to lessen the incidence, duration and impact of homelessness.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - 'Mental Health Is One Issue. The Child Is Another
           Issue. Issues Bounce Back and Clash Against Each Other': Facilitating
           Collaboration between Child Protection and Mental Health Services
    • Abstract: Arney, Fiona; Zufferey, Carole; Lange, Ruth
      Parental mental health problems are identified in a significant proportion of families coming into contact with child protection services. A number of innovative responses have been developed to facilitate collaboration between the mental health and child welfare sectors and to enhance the skills of individual practitioners to be able to work across mental health and child protection issues. This paper looks in detail at one such initiative - the Mental Health Liaison Project - to examine the factors that help and hinder such an intersectoral approach. It includes the perspectives of practitioners and clients of the service. The findings are used to provide direction for future work involving the intersection of child-focused and adult-focused services.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - May Do, Should Do, Can Do: Collaboration between
           Commonwealth and State Service Systems for Vulnerable Children
    • Abstract: Winkworth, Gail; White, Michael
      The National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020 (Council of Australian Governments [COAG], 2009) recognises that, despite significant investment in family support and child protection, separate efforts by service systems still fail many children and young people. A major shift in government policy, it lays a foundation for working together across Commonwealth and state boundaries. However, collaborative models within state jurisdictions are at best emergent in Australia and are even more scarce across Commonwealth and state jurisdictions. In this paper, the authors set out the case for collaboration between Commonwealth family relationship and state child protection and family support systems. Drawing on Moore's Public Value model (Moore, 2000), together with other literature of specific relevance to collaboration, they propose a theoretical framework for examining the status of collaboration across these systems in two Victorian localities. Consultations with service providers indicate that there are lessons to be learned from existing successful partnerships, especially the use of multiple channels for communication. These are dedicated positions that work in the interface between systems and roundtables which regularly bring people together to address complex issues. However, in specifically answering the questions posed by the theoretical framework, the authors found that although there are creative examples of working together within and between services, overall collaboration between state and Commonwealth systems is at best emergent. The authors argue that, if these emergent collaborations are to expand, there is a need for action in three key areas: policy and legislative authorisation of collaboration (what may be done); common agreement on the value of collaboration (what should be done); and specific actions to support collaboration (what can be done). The paper proposes that the elements of the framework used in this project could also provide the basis for analysing the status of cross-sectoral collaboration and for implementing improved collaboration in other localities and contexts. With this in mind, the authors have included a tool that services and funding agencies can use to assess the readiness of service systems to undertake collaborative engagements.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 5 Issue 1 - '... Service Delivery Organisations and Their
           Practitioner Workforces Need the Resources and the Values, Knowledge and
           Skills to Turn the 'Joined Up' Rhetoric into Reality'
    • Abstract: Scott, Dorothy
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Guidelines for Contributors
    • PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Smacking: Is it Child Discipline or a Child Protection
           Issue'
    • Abstract: Reid, Elsa; Davies, Carmel
      Smacking is a contentious issue that often provokes a debate between children's and parents' rights. However, smacking is rarely seen from the legal or health promotion perspective within the nursing literature. This paper looks at smacking as physical discipline from a legal rather than a rights perspective. The discussion highlights an association between smacking and child abuse. Further, by distinguishing between discipline and corporal punishment, the aims of discipline and some of the effects of using corporal punishment on children are reviewed. The current Australian position on smacking within a health promotion framework is explored and specific examples are cited. In conclusion, the role of health promotion, particularly as used by child health nurses, in altering the transgenerational tendency to use smacking as a form of discipline is discussed and supported.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Permanency Planning Decision-making for Sibling Groups:
           A Systematic Review of the Literature
    • Abstract: Kane, Jacinta; Darlington, Yvonne
      Permanency planning has become a key feature of child protection systems throughout the world. A core principle of permanency planning is that maintaining stability and continuity of relationships promotes children's growth and functioning. Given this focus on the continuity of relationships, a key challenge for child protection workers making permanency decisions is to consider the role and importance of sibling relationships. This paper presents a systematic review of published research on sibling placements and relationships for children in care. The method is a core component of any systematic review, providing the basis for a rigorous review and also allowing replication. Thus, the paper includes details of the question refinement, search strategy, inclusion criteria and assessments of relevance and quality. Screening of articles identified 11 studies for inclusion in the systematic review. Included studies varied significantly in methodology, definition of siblings and key findings. The review highlights the paucity of research in relation to sibling groups in care and the need for further research in this area to inform permanency planning decision-making.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Foster Carers' Perceptions of the Effects of Parental
           Contact upon Children's Psychosocial Wellbeing in Long-term Foster Care
    • Abstract: Osborn, Alexandra L; Delfabbro, Paul H
      This study examined the perceived effects of parental visitation upon the psychosocial adjustment of 56 children in South Australian foster care. Foster carers were selected to ensure inclusion of placements involving both young (4-9 years) and older children (10+ years) of both genders. The results showed that foster parents were generally pessimistic about the value of family contact. This discontent arose not so much from concerns about the logistics and contact arrangements, but from the perceived effects of family contact upon children's short-term psychological adjustment and the extent to which biological parents undermined the integrity of the foster home. Although children were not generally perceived to be in danger during contact, most biological parents were seen as poor role models and were considered to have a negative influence on children's behaviour and attachment to the foster family. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for policies and practices governing the recruitment and training of foster carers as well as the maintenance of satisfactory contact arrangements.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - A 'Stock and Flow' Analysis of Australian Child
           Protection Data
    • Abstract: Tilbury, Clare
      While the number and rate of children in out-of-home care in Australia has increased significantly in recent years, the number of children entering care each year has decreased in many jurisdictions. This highlights the need to consider both prevalence and incidence (also known as 'stock and flow') data in understanding trends in the care system. Such analyses provide a more accurate and dynamic picture of the current system drivers. The main reason for the trend of rising prevalence alongside stable incidence rates at entry to care is the increasing length of time children stay in care.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - Major Social Change Required to Improve Child and Youth
           Wellbeing
    • Abstract: Emerson, Lance
      The ARACY Report Card on the wellbeing of young Australians has ranked Australia as average or on the lower side in child and youth wellbeing outcomes as compared to other developed countries. The only way to improve child and youth wellbeing is through a population-level societal change, led through social marketing and other primary prevention initiatives, that will make a difference to the future of young Australians.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 2 - '...Need to Understand What is Actually Happening for
           Children in Australia and How Little We Actually Know'
    • Abstract: Winkworth, Gail
      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Rejoinder: A Responsive Approach to Child Protection
    • Abstract: Harris, Nathan; Braithwaite, Valerie; Ivec, Mary
      Our article was intended to question the "regulatory" assumptions, whether acknowledged or unacknowledged, that underpin the operation of current child protection systems. Approaching child protection as a form of regulation is in itself a fairly uncommon approach, and orienting the debate around the unique questions that this perspective might ask is important in its own right. We hoped to elicit new thinking about the principles that governments and other actors might want to endorse to engage in a more fundamental debate about the aims and justifications of intervening in the lives of families. In doing so, we very partially outlined elements of responsive regulation theory (Ayres & Braithwaite, 1992; Braithwaite, 2002), which has guided our own recent thinking in this area. The invitation to write a rejoinder presents an opportunity to outline some elements of what we think might be key to a responsive regulation approach. Many of the points made by other contributors to the special edition resonate with these ideas, and some of the concerns might also be addressed through providing further detail.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Regulatory Principles and Reforming Possibilities in
           Child Protection: What Might be in the Best Interests of Children'
    • Abstract: Scott, Dorothy
      Clarifying and applying principles related to responsive regulation offers some new possibilities for reforming Australia's struggling and unsustainable child protection systems at a time when the climate may be more conducive to change than in the past. However, there are two major challenges. One is the knowledge gap in relation to determining whether child protection policy based on responsive regulation delivers better outcomes for children. The other is the need to encompass within a responsive regulation framework population based preventive strategies that can reduce the risk factors associated with child abuse and neglect

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - How Child Centred are Our Child Protection Systems and
           How Child Centred Do We Want Our Child Protection Regulatory Principles To
           Be'
    • Abstract: Parton, Nigel
      The paper by Valerie Braithwaite, Nathan Harris and Mary Ivec is important. It recognises that many of the stresses and difficulties experienced by child protection systems in Australia and other English-speaking countries result from a failure to satisfactorily address some of the fundamental regulatory principles on which the systems are based. Their paper discusses three key functions which any system needs to consider seriously: identifying the purposes of intervention; justifying the intervention in a way that is respectful of broader principles of democratic governance; and understanding how the informal regulatory system intersects with the formal child protection system. These are all issues with which I have been intimately concerned over a number of years in an English context (e.g., Parton, 1985; 1991; 2006; Frost & Parton, 2009) and, increasingly, internationally (Lonne et al., 2009).. Any attempts to consider the future principles and purposes of child protection systems should place the views and experiences of children and young people at the centre. I argue that in order to advance the arguments presented by Braithwaite, Harris and Ivec (this issue), two additional questions need serious consideration: (1) how child centred are our child protection systems' and (2) how child centred do we want our child protection regulatory principles to be' Unless we try to address these questions, our regulatory principles, however responsive, will continue to be "adult-centric". Before doing so, I will briefly analyse what I see are some of the key contextual issues that inform the operation of contemporary child protection systems in the English-speaking world. This will help us understand their adult-centric nature.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Critical Questions about the Quest for Clarity in Child
           Protection Regimes
    • Abstract: Healy, Karen
      This paper is a response to the article by Braithwaite, Harris and Ivec (this issue) entitled "Seeking to Clarify Child Protection's Regulatory Principles". While I agree with their observations about the capacity of child protection systems to exacerbate harm to vulnerable children and their families, I raise critical questions about the authors' proposed directions for reform. I take issue with the position of Braithwaite et al. (this issue) that clarification of the purpose and responsibilities of child protection regimes will reduce their potential for harm. Drawing on examples from recent reforms in the Queensland child protection system, I argue that the quest for clarity can lead to a dangerous oversimplification of the purpose and nature of child protection systems. I contend that any attempt to clarify the regulatory principles of child protection systems must also embrace the inherent complexity of these systems.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - The Downside of Regulation and the Opportunities for
           Public Engagement about the Care and Protection of Children
    • Abstract: Harries, Maria
      In this response I embrace the theoretical challenges presented by Braithwaite, Harris and Ivec in their depiction of child protection as a series of regulatory processes and in so doing acknowledge that there are numerous problems that have become apparent as child protection regulatory frameworks have expanded and consolidated worldwide. I argue that urgent review of the regulatory systems of child protection is indeed required and that this could well be undertaken using the concept of 'responsive regulation'. Finally, I suggest that such an analysis could usefully accommodate contemporary stakeholder views and research on the paradigms, assumptions, processes and outcomes associated with contemporary child protection practices.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Beyond Political Imperatives and Rhetoric in Child
           Protection Decision-making
    • Abstract: Delfabbro, Paul
      This article provides a response to the critique by Braithwaite et al. (this issue) of current approaches to child welfare in Australia and other similar countries. The present paper underscores concerns that political imperatives and media scrutiny have led to a system that focuses more strongly on protecting children, minimising risk and assessing families rather than the provision of community-level interventions to prevent abuse and enhance child wellbeing. The paper highlights the difficulties associated with a sole reliance on self-regulatory systems in the child protection context. Drawing from evidence related to actual intervention or out-of-home care cases, this paper draws attention to the need for balance in the child protection system. Although there may be evidence of over-regulation and extension in current government practices in many cases, the variety of family problems and complexity in cases suggests the need for a mixture of regulatory systems. Finally, while the paper agrees that risk assessment tools and "need-based" approaches to resource allocation have led to an overemphasis on tertiary interventions at the expense of prevention, it is argued that risk assessment and tools (if used appropriately and in context) have a place in primary interventions, as is certainly the case in the broader area of public health provision.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Professional Responses: Who Does What in Domestic
           Violence and Child Protection'
    • Abstract: Connolly, Marie
      In recent years most English speaking child protection jurisdictions have seen significant increases in the number of children reported in situations of domestic violence. A child's exposure to witnessing domestic violence in the home consequently been framed as a child protection issue. This article explores a number of questions relating to this: is a child protection intervention justified in these situations'; does the child protection approach provide the most responsive regulatory framework'; and do we have the right service responses to facilitate change' In considering these questions the article suggests the need for more nuanced family violence systems responses.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Relational Aspects in the Regulation of Systems for
           Protecting Children
    • Abstract: Cashmore, Judy
      One of the key points Braithwaite, Harris and Ivec (this issue) make is that the formal child protection system, with its largely coercive approach, intrudes upon and discourages the informal regulatory and self-regulatory processes in families and communities. An essential element of these processes is the way relationships are managed, and these relational aspects are the focus of this commentary. Relational features are central to several aspects of regulation outlined by Braithwaite et al. (this issue) the purpose, consequences and manner of intervention of formal regulatory processes in the child protection system. In particular, providing families and children affected by the decision-making process a chance to be heard; protecting children's relationships with those who are important to them; and building networks around children in care are essential relational features of a system that is respectful and supportive.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Who's Regulating Whom' Challenges to Families
           Looking after Their Children
    • Abstract: Burford, Gale
      Like the systems in place to scrutinise them, families have experienced an increasingly complex landscape of challenges, expectations and assumptions in self-regulating. This paper unpacks what is meant by "family" in this context and examines what happens when parents and extended family attempt to self-regulate in the face of a system that is built on regulatory formalism. Evidence suggests that many more parents, family members and other non-government supports are willing to step up to help families self-regulate in child protection than happens at present. The bigger challenge would seem to be creating responsive and transparent systems that enlist and support their efforts rather than exclude and undermine them.

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
  • Volume 4 Issue 1 - Seeking to Clarify Child Protection's Regulatory
           Principles
    • Abstract: Braithwaite, Valerie; Harris, Nathan; Ivec, Mary
      Child protection systems are expected to scrutinise the care offered to children and to coordinate the provision of improved quality of care. They are under stress in many developed countries with burgeoning case loads and a mixture of positive and negative outcomes. Because child protection systems seek to change the course of parenting, they can be thought of as highly formalised regulatory systems that cut across one of our most entrenched informal systems how parents raise children. This paper asks whether the stress experienced by child protection workers, support agencies and families alike is associated in part with failures to satisfactorily address three basic regulatory principles: identifying the purposes of the intervention; justifying the intervention in a way that is respectful of broader principles of democratic governance; and understanding how the informal regulatory system intersects with the formal child protection system. Child protection interventions are plagued by multiple purposes that are not necessarily compatible; non-transparent processes; and a high risk of counter-productive outcomes

      PubDate: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:47:18 GMT
       
 
 
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