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SOCIAL SCIENCES (684 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 148)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Balkan Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno CRH     Open Access  
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access  
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access  
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover Australian Journal on Volunteering
  [1 followers]  Follow
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1325-8362
   Published by RMIT Publishing Homepage  [403 journals]
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Editorial
    • Abstract: Cordingley, Sha
      PubDate: Sat, 6 Oct 2012 13:09:26 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - Editorial
    • Abstract: Maher, Annette
      PubDate: Tue, 3 Apr 2012 10:03:42 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - Editorial
    • Abstract: Maher, Annette
      PubDate: Tue, 3 Apr 2012 10:03:42 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Editorial
    • Abstract: Maher, Annette
      PubDate: Tue, 3 Apr 2012 10:03:42 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - The Inaugural Margaret Bell Spirit of Volunteering
           Address: Towards Volunteering for the Future
    • Abstract: Bell, Margaret
      Margaret Bell, the Founding President/CEO of Volunteering Australia Delivered the inaugural Margaret Bell Spirit of Volunteering address at the 12th National Conference on Volunteering at Gold Coast, Queensland from 3-5 September, 2008. As part of our modern value system our society is now harbouring fear about issues such as border safety, health, climate change, social inclusion, ethnicity, and a downturn in the economy. We seek to know who will really provide forums to build coalitions of humanity wherein we can ensure legitimacy for the long-term response to all of this. Will it be government or big business that will decide' With short-term agendas of their own neither of these institutions are seen to work very much beyond their own survival. It is, therefore, only the citizens of Australia, and volunteers in particular, who can take a totally unbiased decision to work wholly for the common good.

      PubDate: Thu, 13 Jan 2011 09:51:20 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Culturally Diverse Youth and Volunteerism: How to
           Recruit, Train, and Retain Culturally Diverse Youth Volunteers [Book
    • PubDate: Mon, 18 Oct 2010 11:25:15 GMT
  • Volume 14 Volunteering among Christian Church Attendees 1991-2006
    • Abstract: Leonard, Rosemary; Bellamy, John; Ollerton, Richard
      Although volunteering is a strongly held value in many Christian churches, there may be important denominational differences in the extent to which this volunteering is encouraged as a church activity or whether attendees volunteer in the wider community. Some information about the voluntary activities of church attendees across Australia was collected as part of the National Church Life Surveys in 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2006. This analysis examined denominational differences in volunteering within and beyond the congregation to identify whether the patterns have changed or remained stable over time. Involvement in social welfare and social justice volunteering also showed a fairly stable denominational pattern across the four years for both congregational-based and community-based involvement. Information on the total hours of volunteering was collected in 2001 and 2006 only. After demographic differences were taken into account, Pentecostals volunteered more hours within the congregation and Catholics volunteered fewer; however, there were no denominational differences in hours of volunteering beyond the congregation. The number of hours volunteered in each congregation was stable across 2001 and 2006. The strongest finding was that volunteering within the congregation was strongly related to volunteering beyond the congregation with many people volunteering in both the congregation and the community.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 14 The Value of Volunteering: The Volunteer's Story
    • Abstract: Holmes, Kirsten
      The value of formal volunteering has received attention from researchers seeking to measure volunteer contributions economically and more recently the social capital discourse has brought attention to the community and social benefits of volunteering. Few studies have examined the volunteers' perceptions of the value that their activities generate for the organisation they support; for other potential beneficiaries (including clients); and for the wider community. This paper uses data from 37 interviews with volunteers recruited from seven different organisations to examine the value of volunteering from the volunteers' perspective. The interviews examine the financial and time costs associated with volunteering and the personal, organisational, client and community benefits generated by the volunteer activity. Respondents primarily reported that their activities generated personal and organisational benefits, with some benefits to clients but only tangential community contributions. A number of financial and time costs associated with volunteering were also identified. Overall, the main beneficiary of the volunteering was the volunteer.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 14 Recruitment and Retention of Volunteers in Emergency Services
    • Abstract: Baxter-Tomkins, Tony; Wallace, Michelle
      This paper reports recruitment and retention findings from a series of comprehensive, in-depth interviews with emergency service volunteers from the NSW Rural Fire Service (RFS) and the NSW State Emergency Service. The research shows that the strongest inducement to join emergency services is based on mobilising personal relationships. The research also shows that issues around retention are manifested at a personal level, where the relationships in the team are vital, but that organisational factors also have an impact on turnover. It is concluded that recruitment and retention of emergency services volunteers, like their paid counterparts, is an issue and that this may affect sustainability of emergency services and other organisations that rely on volunteers. Recommendations are made to enhance recruitment and retention in emergency services and other organisations utilising volunteers.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 14 Volunteering as a Participation Option for Income Support
           Recipients: Unconscionable or Underutilised'
    • Abstract: Levy, Marc
      Drawing on the results of a mixed methods study conducted in inner Melbourne in 2007, this paper contends that the benefits of volunteering may offset some of the debilitating ill-effects of unemployment and underemployment; and that Work for the Dole, the dominant participation option for the long-term unemployed, is less effective in this regard. On this basis, it argues that volunteering is underutilised in the Government's economic and social participation framework in spite of implementation challenges and reasonable and substantive philosophical and practical concerns within the voluntary sector.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 14 The Geography of Civic Participation in Northern Adelaide
    • Abstract: Wilson, Lou; Spoehr, John
      This paper examines the geography of civic voluntary participation in northern Adelaide, South Australia. Voluntary participation refers to the spectrum of activities encompassing formal volunteering with an organisation, participation in clubs and societies and informal neighbourhood activities. We review the literature on the geography of voluntary participation and address data from the 2005 Northern Adelaide Social Inclusion Survey of two thousand respondents conducted by the SA Department of Health. Our study examines how variables such as age, gender, socio-economic status and location relate to the forms of voluntary participation evident at the local area level. We examine differences in the way respondents participate in voluntary and civic activities according to where they live and by demographic variables and offer an explanatory framework for understanding the geography of voluntary participation.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 14 Organisational and Occupational Commitment as Predictors of
           Volunteer Coaches' Burnout
    • Abstract: Engelberg-Moston, Terry; Stipis, Catherine; Kippin, Brydie; Spillman, Sara; Burbidge, Kate
      Volunteer coaches play a significant role in the provision of sport and have a great impact on those they coach. Issues such as increasing numbers of athletes, coupled with more stringent legislation affecting safety and child protection, are putting added pressure on coaches. Some of the consequences are burnout and high drop out rates. The purpose of this research is to examine the organisational and the occupational commitment of volunteer coaches in community-based sporting organisations and the implications of such commitment for coaches' experience of burnout. This research is a work in progress conducted in Townsville, northern Queensland. Volunteer coaches in various sports including hockey, rugby league, basketball, soccer, and surf lifesaving completed a survey instrument which assessed their demographic and background characteristics (including experience, qualifications, and hours dedicated to coaching) organisational and occupational commitment, and burnout. The findings of the analyses conducted to date indicate that affective occupational commitment is a predictor of two aspects of burnout: reduced professional efficacy and exhaustion and cynicism; normative organisational commitment was a moderate predictor of reduced professional efficacy only. These findings suggest that commitment to the coaching role may be an important aspect of volunteer coaches' sense of self. Future research should focus on further exploring the impact of commitment components on coaches' burnout to better understand their inter-relationships and their implications for coaches' wellbeing.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 14 Sensemaking and the Management of Older Volunteers
    • Abstract: Paull, Megan
      Many organisations across the sector are increasingly finding that the ageing population also means an increase in the number of older volunteers in their organisations. This paper will present the findings of a recently completed doctoral study which investigated what happens when the manager of volunteers believes that a volunteer's performance is declining and that this decline may be associated with ageing. The mixed method approach employed sensemaking as a diagnostic tool, and the findings bring to light the perspectives of both the manager and the volunteers. Key elements of the findings include the different responses of managers and volunteers to the same evidence of changing capabilities and the desire of volunteers to be involved in decisions about what action should be taken. The managers' decisions about action draw on their experience, knowledge, skills, and the organisational support which they have available. The context in which this takes place includes their confidence in their own abilities, the status of volunteering and the social construction of age. This paper suggests that some of these areas need to be addressed in offering managers further support in their work.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - Volunteering: Why We Can't Survive without It [Book
    • Abstract: Maynard, Hazel
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - Volunteering: Pathway to Inclusion
    • Abstract: Leong, Rosalind
      Newly arrived migrants are a significant group in the south-eastern region of Melbourne. The majority congregate in the City of Greater Dandenong, the most disadvantaged municipality in Victoria, with high unemployment rates and low incomes. Many newly arrived migrants are highly skilled in their home countries, yet face great barriers gaining employment. Potential employers seek local experience and look more kindly on Australian qualifications. As a result, men and women lose their self confidence and self worth. Their independence and self reliance suffer as they are not able to provide for their families. This paper looks at how volunteering can provide a gateway to gain inclusion into Australian society by increasing confidence, employment skills and experience while strengthening personal, family and community capacity.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - Locked Out, Locked In: Social Inclusion as a Survival
           Imperative for Small Community Groups
    • Abstract: Lee-Ack, Emily
      The place of 'social inclusion' on the national agenda represents a major opportunity for the volunteer sector. A strong emphasis on the inclusion of groups and individuals who might otherwise be excluded from participation in all areas of community life has the potential to both boost volunteer numbers and ensure the ongoing strength of many community groups. Social inclusion is not, however, as easy as it appears. While the predominantly static nature of small rural populations and 'country hospitality' would seem to exempt many communities from social tensions, there is clear evidence that some communities are struggling to engage with newcomers to their towns. This paper discusses the question, 'Is social inclusion second nature in the country, or has the privation experienced by rural Australia set communities on a collision course''

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - The Application of the Job-demands Resources Model in
           Predicting Stress and Satisfaction in Volunteer Populations: A Literature
    • Abstract: Huynh, Ngan; Metzer, Jacques
      This literature review presents an overview of the research to date on occupational stress and satisfaction in volunteer workers. First, the paper reviews several different models of occupational stress (Person-Environment Fit, Job Demand-Control, Effort-Reward Imbalance and the Job Demands-Resources model) and provides an explanation in favour of the Job Demands-Resources model as a theoretically comprehensive model in understanding volunteer wellbeing. Second, a critical examination is conducted of current research studies supporting the JD-R model, particularly in volunteer populations. Third, empirical evidence is summarised for the support of the negative and positive pathways of the JD-R model in volunteers. Finally, the psychological concepts of engagement and connectedness as mediators in the positive pathway are differentiated. It is concluded that the JD-R model provides a comprehensive and potentially useful theoretical framework for understanding volunteer wellbeing. With regards to the positive pathway, the emerging concept of connectedness is introduced as a possibly better mediating variable between job resources and positive work outcomes than engagement. The inclusion of connectedness to the model would be expected to increase the flexibility of the JD-R model by improving the predictability of positive outcomes such as good health, satisfaction and determination to continue in volunteer work.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - Volunteer Motives and Retention in Community Sport: A
           Study of Australian Rugby Clubs
    • Abstract: Hoye, Russell; Cuskelly, Graham; Taylor, Tracy; Darcy, Simon
      The retention of volunteers has been identified as a significant organisational challenge for community sport organisations. However, little is known about the relationship between volunteer motives and their intentions to remain with an organisation. In this study, 402 volunteers from community rugby clubs were surveyed about their motivations to volunteer and intention to remain as volunteers. The results indicate that while volunteer motivations are primarily based on altruistic values, intentions of volunteers to remain with their club are only moderately affected by these motives.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - Why Do They Do It': A Case Study of National Trust
           (NSW) Volunteers
    • Abstract: Mackaway, Jacqueline
      Volunteers play an important role in the day-to-day operation of organisations within the arts and culture sector in Australia. Their contribution is becoming more significant as organisations within this sector face a range of challenges including economic pressures. In spite of this, little research has been undertaken in the arts and culture sector in Australia to understand why people give their time freely to these organisations. This paper examines the findings of a pilot case study of the National Trust (NSW), the largest non-government conservation organisation in Australia, exploring the hypothesis put forward by Edwards (2005a) that volunteer motivation in the arts and culture sector is predominantly self-driven.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - Volunteer Firefighting and Family Life: An
    • Abstract: Cowlishaw, Sean; McLennan, Jim; Evans, Lynette
      Protection to Australian communities from fire and other emergencies is provided mostly by volunteers. However, declining volunteer numbers have forced emergency service agencies to consider factors impacting adversely on volunteer retention. The current study provides an organisational perspective on the difficulties of balancing volunteering and family commitments through semi-structured interviews with managers of Australian volunteer firefighters. A thematic analysis of interviews identified several themes, including: volunteers' difficulty prioritising family needs ahead of brigade responsibilities; leaving household and business responsibilities with family members; a lack of time with family; and interruptions to family routines and activities. Findings are discussed in the context of existing research and a theoretical model of Work-Family Conflict, and inform recommendations for agencies to support families and minimise conflicts between volunteer firefighting and family life.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - Closing Address: Developing a Research Agenda in
    • Abstract: Warburton, Jeni
      Professor Jeni Warburton delivered the closing address at the 12th National Conference on Volunteering at the Gold Coast, Queensland from 3-5 September, 2008. The theme of this year's conference was 'Catch the new waves' and many of the presentations talked of what the new wave in volunteering was about - the way people volunteer, new forms of management, or changing demographics and the effect that this will have on volunteering. There were also some interesting discussions about partnerships within and across organisations. To understand this new context and the impact it is having on volunteering in Australia, we need researchers. It's the role of researchers within the volunteer context that I would like to discuss briefly here.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - Ministerial Address
    • Abstract: Stephens, Ursula
      Sen. The Hon. Ursula Stephens delivered the Ministerial address at the12th National Conference on Volunteering at Gold Coast, Queensland from 3-5 September, 2008. She spoke about the invaluable contribution of volunteers in adult education, especially in helping new migrants to build their lives in Australia.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - Opening Address: Catch the New Waves
    • Abstract: Pedicini, Cary
      Cary Pedicine, the Chief Executive Officer, Volunteering Australia delivered the opening address at the 12th National Conference on Volunteering at the Gold Coast, Queensland from 3-5 September, 2008. With so many potentially positive forces in play why is it that one in five organisations we surveyed recently reported a decline in volunteer participation' Why is it that the areas of greatest need such as aged care, health, and welfare service cannot attract and retain volunteers to meet their demand' Why are rural communities finding it hard to maintain volunteer support for local sport and recreation and where is the next wave of volunteer workers to support our emergency services'

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - Foreword to Keynote Conference Papers
    • PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 2 - Volunteering - Not All Beer and Skittles
    • Abstract: Maher, Annette; Wilson, Sandra
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - Turn Your Organisation into a Volunteer Magnet [Book
    • Abstract: Conner, Ellen
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - Volunteer Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction: The Impact
           on Attrition
    • Abstract: Osborn, Jane
      This paper presents a pilot study on volunteer satisfaction. It explores the relationship between volunteer satisfaction and attrition obtained from a survey of volunteers and volunteer managers in South Australia.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - On the Road Again: Stage Two of the Grey Nomad
           Research Project
    • Abstract: Onyx, Jenny; Leonard, Rosemary; Maher, Annette
      The grey nomad research project New Partnerships: promoting development in outback towns through voluntary programs for grey nomads is now in stage two and follow-up visits have been made to towns to interview stakeholders. The towns have put their own individual imprint on their grey nomad project. The results of the follow-up visits emphasise the vibrancy of towns and their determination to develop sustainable volunteer programs involving grey nomads. This article outlines some of the practical steps the research team has made for developing grey nomad volunteer projects in outback towns.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - Eyes, Minds and Doors Wide Open
    • Abstract: Noble, Joy
      The world is changing, calling for new thinking and new action. This year, 2008, will be a year to remember in Australian history with the Federal government finally saying 'sorry' to the Stolen Generations and promising action in a number of key areas such as climate change, education, health and the economy. While welcoming initiatives by the Federal Government to open up debate with volunteer-involving organistions, readers are urged to open their minds, think big and act creatively so that this year becomes a landmark year for volunteering in Australia. Why not make 2008 a year to remember in the history of volunteering in this country' Great things are already happening.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - The Rising Tide of Volunteerism: Negotiating Disaster
           Relief Processes in Post-tsunami Thailand
    • Abstract: Morgan, Rebecca
      Volunteers are involved in many areas of development and disaster relief worldwide. Their involvement is pivotal in the implementation and delivery of aid. One of the most notable outcomes of the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami lay in the extraordinary number of volunteers who arrived to assist. This paper explores the various roles volunteers took on after the tsunami and the challenges they faced while negotiating processes involved in dealing with the relief effort. These processes continuously shape the experience of volunteers. By examining the roles volunteers play in short-term assistance and long-term development, and acknowledging the growth of volunteer tourism as an industry, this paper raises a number of issues regarding how volunteering is approached.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - Spoken and Unspoken: What Are the Issues for Volunteer
           Organisations in South-west Victoria'
    • Abstract: Lee-Ack, Emily
      In volunteering circles, there is an expectation that the level of volunteering in rural and regional areas is comparatively stable, and certainly higher than that of metropolitan areas. Volunteering is considered central to the rural way of life. Accompanying this assumption is a view that the relative stability of populations and 'traditional' nature of volunteering has diminished the impact of sector-wide volunteering issues such as volunteer retention and flexibility of volunteer roles. However, evidence gathered in south-west Victoria suggests that rural volunteer organisations are struggling to meet a range of new expectations, and to meet the challenges of a changing volunteer workforce.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - A Discussion on Volunteering in the Biotechnology
           Industry in Australia
    • Abstract: Ko, Henry; Hawthorn, Hamish
      What are the issues and benefits of volunteering in the biotechnology industry in Australia, and how do Australian youth and young professionals' attitudes and activities compare to international attitudes and activities for industry-specific volunteering' This article explores volunteerism within the Australian biotechnology industry and profession. Within this field, volunteering is yet to be widely promoted to young professionals as a way to develop valuable skills, experiences and networks. We believe, however, that volunteerism is an important part of a working biotechnology industry. References to some of the best volunteer initiatives within the science, technology and engineering disciplines are discussed to highlight the importance of volunteerism. To sustain a networked and supportive industry, the value of volunteerism needs to be more actively promoted to young professionals and we provide some suggestions on how this may be to achieved.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - Volunteering in a Mining Community: Challenges and
    • Abstract: Hales, Michelle
      When it comes to volunteering there is no 'one size fits all' approach. This is particularly evident in the mining community of Roxby Downs, South Australia. The remote location, young population and transient community are all factors that make volunteer management difficult. This article not only highlights some of the problems faced but also offers some insight on how one community tackles obstacles and embraces opportunity.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - Sustainability of a Long-term Volunteer-based Bird
           Monitoring Program: Recruitment, Retention and Attrition
    • Abstract: Wolcott, Ilene; Ingwersen, Dean; Weston, Michael A; Tzaros, Chris
      With an increasing demand and reliance on volunteers in a host of different sectors, the need for organisations to understand motivating factors behind volunteering, and how to retain volunteer services, is crucial. This paper examines the recruitment, retention and attrition among a group of volunteers participating in a long-term monitoring program for the critically endangered orange-bellied parrot Neophema chrysogaster. This project is one of the longest running of its type in Australia with more than 20 years of survey activities. Volunteers were most often recruited via other environmental agencies. Almost three-quarters of respondents had been involved in birdwatching or other bird monitoring activities usually in connection with conservation organisations. The modal response was an involvement of 10-20 years, with most other responses in the range 0-5 years. The majority intend to continue volunteering, but cited perceived health and time commitments as the main factors behind possible future decisions to cease volunteering. Respondents suggested improvements in the volunteer management of the program, and in particular, thought a personal 'thank you', would maintain motivation and participation.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - The Complexities of Attracting and Retaining
    • Abstract: Drummond, Claire
      School canteens are an important part of the school environment and a major supplier of food in schools. Many schools depend on their canteen for two reasons: 1) provision of a 'good' service for students; and 2) maintaining a profit so as to fund other areas of the school. In many instances schools employ managers to oversee the supervision of the canteen yet rely on volunteers to assist in the day-to-day running of the service. However, the burden of attracting and retaining volunteers in school canteens is leading many to either close or 'outsource' the business to larger catering companies. This paper provides an insight into the involvement of volunteers in one school canteen that was part of a larger study investigating the 'healthiness' of school canteens in South Australia. Using a variety of qualitative data collection methods within a case study design, the research indicated that the school struggled with attracting and retaining a good volunteer base to assist in the school canteen and therefore maintained difficulties with offering 'healthy' food alternatives due to the lack of assistance in preparing the food.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - Volunteers and Community Building in Regional
           Australia: The Creative Volunteering Training Program 2000-2004
    • Abstract: Leader-Elliott, Lyn; Smiles, Ruth; Vanzo, Lynn
      Many of the community organisations that sustain cultural life in regional Australia are run entirely or mostly by volunteers. These organisations are a vital part of the nation's cultural capital and they need skills in planning, marketing, obtaining resources and building networks to survive. A specially designed program, Creative Volunteering - No Limits, has been developed to train community-based volunteers in regional communities throughout Australia. The program was delivered successfully through 500 workshops in 125 Australian regions throughout 2003-2004. While it originated from the cultural sector, this training program has proved relevant to a broad range of community organisations and small businesses in, often isolated, rural communities, and appears to have met its community-building and cultural development objectives. This paper discusses the background to the program, philosophies that underpinned its development, and key factors that led to its success. Findings from the program evaluation show that Creative Volunteering has strengthened existing organisations, and encouraged extensive community networking between organisations and individuals. New cultural and community activities have been planned or implemented by people who attended workshops, and many of them report that they have gained the confidence necessary to work with change as a consequence of taking part in one or more of the workshops.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - The Motivation of Volunteers: Australian Surf
    • Abstract: Hall, Jenelyn; Innes, Peter
      Volunteers play a crucial role in contributing to the nation's economy. The media has helped to underscore the successful roles played by volunteers in national sporting competitions such as the Sydney Olympics and Melbourne Commonwealth Games. However, a larger contribution of volunteers to everyday Australian organisations goes relatively unnoticed and understudied, especially with respect to the motivation of volunteer workers. What are the individual drivers that sustain this effort made continuously in Australian organisations' This paper focuses on exploring the drivers of motivation among volunteers in Australian Surf Lifesaving. The results support the primacy of intrinsic factors and the supporting role of extrinsic factors as organisational resources and practices common to several motivation theories.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 13 Issue 1 - Change in Volunteering Roles Managing Change to Build
           Volunteer Capacity
    • Abstract: Healy, Karen; Lyons-Crew, Cate; Michaux, Annette; Gal, Inbal
      The roles of volunteers, like those of employees, may be subject to change. While the importance of assisting paid workers to manage change is well recognised, less attention has been paid to understanding and responding to volunteers' experiences of change. Change, if effectively managed, can be a positive force for building volunteer capacity and sustainability in volunteering organisations. Conversely, poorly managed change can limit the capacity of the organisation to effectively build and involve volunteers. In essence, change in volunteer roles may enhance the volunteer experience or lead to increased tensions within it. In this paper, we will draw on a three-year study on enhancing volunteer capacity in three diverse volunteer-involving organisations. We report on findings from responses from 454 volunteers about their perceptions and expectations of change. We analyse how perceptions and experiences of change vary according to organisational type, type of volunteer activity, and demographic factors, specifically gender, age and country of birth. We found statistically significant relationships among these variables suggesting considerable differential impact of change on various groups within the volunteering population. The study finds that half the volunteers felt their roles and responsibilities had changed since they began volunteering with their organisation. In addition, we found that only a quarter of the volunteers wanted to be involved in these changes. We consider the implications of these findings for improving support to volunteers experiencing change in their roles and responsibilities.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - An Offering of Websites and Refereed Journals
    • PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - Building Stronger Communities [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Jenkins, Jackie; Ferrie, Damian
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - The Long and Winding Road: Grey Nomad Research Update
    • Abstract: Maher, Annette
      As part of the research project New Partnerships: Promoting Development in Outback Towns through Voluntary Programs for Grey Nomads researchers Professor Jenny Onyx (UTS) and Associate Professor Rosemary Leonard (UWS) with support from Volunteering Australia staff, visited two more towns, Bingara and Barmedman and welcomed the latest town to be involved, Milparinka.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - 'Fido exposure' - a Winner for Not-for-profits: A
           Brief Report on the Skilled Volunteer Search Service in the Sydney Morning
    • Abstract: Mischewski, Anton; Porter, Denis
      Fido Skilled Volunteering Search service (Fido) connects skilled, experienced volunteers with not-for-profit organisations that want to recruit volunteers for short-term or long-term positions. This article presents an evaluation of Fido.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - The Role of Volunteering in a Cancer Support
           Framework: Vital Support at a Critical Time
    • Abstract: Jakob, Laura; Holland, Warren; Vallentine, Paula; Batt, Gillian
      The role of volunteers within Australian organisations is undergoing significant change. The 'professional volunteer' has changed the nature and responsibilities of volunteers, creating new opportunities for programs to expand into previously unexplored territories. The Cancer Council NSW has experienced a dramatic shift in the culture of the organisation through its development and appreciation of complex volunteer roles. This paper describes the development and management of the Call Back Service, a volunteer-based initiative of the Cancer Council NSW. This service is an example of how professional volunteers can be integrated into a team of health-care professionals in a non-profit setting to enhance existing cancer support services. The Call Back Service is now an integral part of service delivery within the Cancer Council NSW. The volunteers in the Call Back Squad are a dynamic part of the eclectic team who deliver these support services.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - Volunteer Recognition: Evaluation of an Annual
           Volunteer Christmas Luncheon
    • Abstract: Hoey, Marianne; Abell, Liz; Reading, Bernadette
      An important way of encouraging volunteers to remain with an organisation is to give them adequate recognition. One way that the Cancer Council South Australia (TCCSA) recognises the efforts and contributions of its volunteers collectively is by hosting an annual Volunteer Christmas Luncheon. In 2005 an evaluation of the Luncheon was undertaken. Results indicated that the majority of that year's attendees and almost half of non-attendees felt that the Luncheon was an important event for volunteers. A majority of respondents indicated that they thought the Volunteer Christmas Luncheon should continue as it provides volunteers a chance to meet and socialise with other volunteers and TCCSA staff, giving them a feeling of connectedness. Volunteers appreciated the recognition and gratitude that the Volunteer Christmas Luncheon represents but expressed interest in receiving an alternative of a less expensive token of recognition. This feedback has been integrated into future plans for volunteer recognition strategies and results of the evaluation are considered in the light of theories on what factors motivate people to volunteer.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - Yoga for the Volunteer Manager: The Practicalities of
           Remaining Flexible
    • Abstract: Fryar, Andy
      This article draws out the connections between research and practice on a particular aspect of volunteering. The focus is on three key areas: flexibility in activity choice; flexibility in process; and flexibility in assignment. This article challenges managers of volunteers to consider their programs in light of these three areas and consider their willingness to be flexible in the way that they consider and structure their volunteer involving workplace.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - Citizen Participation as Volunteering':
           Opportunities and Challenges for an Inclusive Definition
    • Abstract: Petriwskyj, Andrea M
      Considerable debate has taken place in recent years regarding definitions of volunteering, particularly around the need for a globally appropriate definition. An internationally recognised definition includes a broad range of activities, including civic engagement behaviours such as citizen participation in governance. Citizen participation is certainly seen in democratic societies as a right, and even a responsibility of citizenship; however, if it is included in the definition of volunteering, what might be the implications for governments, for citizens, for governance processes, and for researchers in the field' This paper explores the pitfalls and potential of a complex definitional issue.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - Perspectives on Leading Volunteers in the
           Not-for-profit Sector
    • Abstract: Nisbet, Matthew; Wallace, Michelle
      The leadership of volunteers offers a unique relationship in contrast to the leadership of waged workers, therefore, effective and appropriate leadership of volunteers is critical. While the literature offers a clear picture of the elements, including leadership discussion of the actual daily workplace practices of leaders of volunteers is sparse. The case studies reported here involve leaders from four not-for-profit organisations involved in human and animal welfare in an Australian metropolitan area. Each of the four leaders in this study leads a workforce made up of a large proportion of volunteers, with some waged workers. The leaders were interviewed about their backgrounds, attitudes and leadership practices in relation to volunteers. A number of the volunteers in each of the organisations were also interviewed about their perceptions of their leader's style. Overall, these leaders display consultative leadership styles and a great deal of sensitivity to the interests and needs of volunteers. A number of relevant issues have emerged that accord with, and extend, the knowledge base. These include the attitudes of leaders and volunteers towards the education and training of volunteers, leaders' perceptions of the importance to volunteers of the social and relational aspects of their time in the organisation and desire for input into and flexibility in their roles. Issues of retention and performance, and the potential for mentoring in the leadership and development of volunteers also emerged. Another outcome relates to some perceived negative attitudes on the part of paid employees towards volunteers in their organisations and the implications of this for the social capital and capacity building within the organisations. Important practical elements in the leadership of volunteers are outlined and areas for further research are suggested.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - Factors Impacting on Recruiting and Retaining
           Australia's Volunteer Firefighters: Some Research Evidence
    • Abstract: McLennan, Jim; Birch, Adrian; Beatson, Ruth; Cowlishaw, Sean
      Findings from four studies that examined issues impacting on the recruitment and retention of women volunteer firefighters are described. Two studies involved surveying current volunteers; one involved a survey of members of rural communities who were not volunteers whereas the other involved interviews with agency staff. Women are deterred from volunteering because: (a) they fear not being welcomed in a male environment; (b) they believe that they are not suited to firefighting; and (c) they have child-care responsibilities. There are few meaningful differences between women and men in motivations to become volunteer firefighters. Women volunteers overwhelmingly reported feeling welcomed and accepted, however a significant number reported experiences of discrimination and harassment. A greater number reported difficulties with the fit of protective clothing and the usability of equipment. While some of the problems described are relatively intractable, others could be addressed quickly and effectively, albeit at some financial cost.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - The Importance of Volunteering Functions to University
    • Abstract: McCabe, Tamara L; White, Katherine M; Obst, Patricia L
      Volunteer work plays a key role in the functioning of social services within our communities. Younger volunteers now comprise a major component of the volunteer population. However, little work on the volunteerism of younger people, especially students, has been conducted in an Australian context. The present study investigated the psychological functions that volunteering serves amongst young tertiary students who volunteer and the perception of the functions served by volunteering by those who do not volunteer. A survey of a cohort of Australian university students, comprising both volunteers and non-volunteers, showed that 43% of the sampled university students were recent volunteers and that 74.4% had volunteered at some point in the past, thus demonstrating the importance of this cohort for volunteering practices in Australia. For the functions that volunteering serves, the results indicated that both volunteer and non-volunteer students rated the values and understanding functions as significantly more important than any other function. Further, non-volunteers rated the career function as more important than current volunteers. The implications of these results are discussed in terms of strategies that are most effective in engaging younger volunteers.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - Flexibility in the Tourism Sector: Do Organisations
           and Events Need to be Flexible in Order to Recruit and Retain
    • Abstract: Lockstone, Leonie; Smith, Karen; Baum, Tom
      The concept of flexibility in the workplace has received widespread attention beyond its theoretical roots in manufacturing. It has been applied to the services sector, including tourism and hospitality; however, little work has investigated the transference of its basic tenets to volunteering. Research is lagging behind practice in contemporary volunteering as the value of flexible attitudes and flexible work options in terms of recruitment and retention outcomes is increasingly recognised. To address this gap, the current paper proposes a conceptual model that takes into account levels of reciprocal flexibility between host organisations and their volunteers, against the backdrop of volunteer supply. A comprehensive explanation of the literature supporting this model and its accompanying research questions serve as a way forward to determine whether all types of tourism organisations, offering a range of volunteering opportunities, need to be flexible in order to recruit and retain volunteers.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - Differences between Older Adult Volunteers and
           Non-volunteers in Depression and Self-efficacy
    • Abstract: Helmes, Edward; Govindan, Anita
      High levels of self-efficacy are associated with successfully handling stressful situations and increased confidence and independence. This study explored whether self-efficacy was also related to volunteering among older adults. Levels of self-efficacy and depression were contrasted among 87 older volunteers and 84 non-volunteers on measures of self-efficacy, depression, years of education and age. The study hypothesis was that self-efficacy and depression would be the most salient measures in discriminating between volunteers and non-volunteers. The results found that self-efficacy, depression and age all discriminated significantly between volunteers and non-volunteers. The present study highlights the importance volunteering may have in fostering self-efficacy in older people, and while exploratory in nature, it has important implications for promoting independent functioning in later life and improving the quality of life of older people.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - Making the Invisible Link Visible: The Symbiotic
           Relationship between the Paid and Voluntary Labour of Women in the NSW
           Institute for Educational Research
    • Abstract: Fleming, Rebecca
      Links are increasingly being made in volunteer literature between paid labour and voluntary labour, yet conceptually the two forms of labour are often seen as being in opposition to each other. This is particularly evident in fears that volunteers will replace paid workers. This paper argues that the two forms of labour can actually be complementary and in some cases act in a kind of symbiotic relationship throughout the lives of individual volunteers. The possibilities of such a relationship are explored in this paper, through data gathered in research conducted for a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) thesis. This research involved five semi-structured interviews with female volunteers of the New South Wales Institute for Educational Research, a not-for-profit research organisation run by a voluntary executive committee. The relationship between their voluntary labour in this organisation and their paid labour in the university sector is explored here.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 2 - Current Trends in the Selection, Training and Support
           of Australian and Canadian Volunteers: The Issue of Volunteer Stress
    • Abstract: Balvin, Nikola; Bornstein, Jackie; Bretherton, Di
      Recent studies of humanitarian aid fieldwork report increased stress levels among workers, urging agencies to improve pre-departure training and field support. The first part of the present study examined agency selection, training and support mechanisms, while the second part examined volunteers' perceptions of their field placements. Representatives from four Australian and three Canadian volunteer sending agencies participated in structured interviews, revealing that agencies in these countries operate similarly, but most need some improvement in their volunteer selection, training and support processes. Particular attention is needed in areas of stress management and re-entry shock. In the second part, thirteen Australian and five Canadian volunteers from the interviewed agencies participated in focus groups. Participants reported gaining valuable skills, cultural knowledge and career prospects, but also indicated that more stress management training was needed before deployment and upon re-entry into the home culture. The findings lead to recommendations for cooperation between agencies, governments and academic institutions to improve and broaden the applicability of volunteer skills and experiences. Suggestions for future research are also made.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - Lobbying in Australia [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Deslandes, Moira
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - Working with Volunteers in Sport: Theory and Practice
           [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Roffey, Kate
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - On the Road Again: Next Stop for the Grey Nomads and
           Volunteering Research Project
    • Abstract: Lord, Jennifer
      Last October saw members of the research team of New Partnerships: Promoting Development in Outback Towns through Voluntary Programs for Grey Nomads making for the outback once again. Volunteering Australia staff members, Jennifer Lord and Irena Bukhshtaber headed off for Kimba and Roxby Downs in South Australia, where they rendezvoused with researchers Professor Jenny Onyx (UTS) and Associate Professor Rosemary Leonard (UWS) to investigate potential new volunteer programs attractive to grey nomads with two more rural/remote communities.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - Allowing Volunteers to Take the Lead
    • Abstract: Purcell, Donna
      Despite the volumes of writings on leadership as part of management, there is surprisingly little practical analysis of what it means when put in the context of volunteers. The traditional concept of leadership can be based on the assumptions that followers are powerless, lack vision and are unable to master the forces of change that can only be remedied by the existing appointed leaders. A new view of leadership is emerging where leaders are responsible for building organisations that are forever changing, and both staff and volunteers are constantly expanding their capabilities. In developing a sustainable volunteer program to support its mission to defeat cancer, the Cancer Council NSW is developing a volunteer leadership initiative based on empowering volunteers, giving them an active role in designing their own work and granting them the permission to exercise independent judgment. Existing and potential leaders are not only identified and encouraged, but are also trained and developed to create other new leaders within both the volunteer network and across all levels of staff. The volunteer leaders are also involved in the Cancer Council NSW's strategic planning and program development. This volunteer leadership initiative is based on the premise that leadership is not the property of an individual, but rather a complex relationship between volunteers and staff and the ever-changing variables they confront together. This article looks at the Cancer Council NSW's initiative. It is being designed to empower volunteers to recognise the needs and demands of followers, look at their motives, develop and satisfy their higher needs and engage the full person to potentially become a future leader.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - Policy Update
    • Abstract: Mitchell, Louise
      The Australian Government Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs has recently clarified the information available on its website. This information confirms that visitors to Australia may be able to work as a volunteer whilst on a tourist visa if their main purpose in visiting Australia is tourism, and any voluntary work remains incidental to this, the work is genuinely voluntary and that no remuneration is received in return for the activities.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - A Book of Volunteers' Stories
    • Abstract: Lee, Shirley
      For the past two years I have been collecting volunteers' stories. When a volunteer retires, I write the formal thank-you letter on behalf of Mercy Western Palliative Care and ask if they would like to contribute to a book of volunteer stories. I explain that the book will be both a record of their participation and an inspiration to new volunteers. They can write about their volunteering in general or a special memory. Any identifying details of patients are removed from the stories and volunteers have the option of contributing anonymously. More recently, I have also asked current volunteers to write up their experience if they have had a long and/or especially meaningful involvement with a patient, however the focus of the collection remains on retiring volunteers. Contributions have been both humorous and poignant, and have taken the form of poems, prose recollections and more pragmatic factual accounts of work undertaken. The stories function as an exit interview, a testimony of each volunteer's work, an anecdotal history of this organisation and, in the case of current volunteers, an informal debrief.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - Corporate Volunteering: What Employers and Employees
           Really Think
    • Abstract: Cavallaro, Lisa
      The Corporate Volunteering Survey (Volunteering Australia 2006) found that the primary driver for a company investing in employee volunteering (EV) programs is a sense of obligation to be socially responsible corporate citizens. Also, the benefits accruing to staff were identified as having almost equal weight in justifying the existence of these programs. In this article we explore the findings of two online surveys Volunteering Australia carried out, with support from internet job search provider Seek, which investigated how employers promote their volunteering programs to potential employees and how they measure those programs' impact on retention, job satisfaction and productivity, and secondly, an investigation on jobseeker perceptions of volunteer programs in the workplace.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - Reflections of an Interim Episodic Volunteer
    • Abstract: Bryen, Leonie
      There is no doubt that episodic volunteering is becoming increasingly prevalent in our society. As workplace and family demands increase, people are looking for greater flexibility in their volunteering, opting for either project-based opportunities with clear beginning and endings or seeking out rich, rewarding volunteering 'experiences'. Whilst a myriad of complexities surround what exactly is meant by 'modern day', 'episodic' or '21st century' volunteering, it remains apparent that it is different to long-term, traditional volunteering. Although three distinct styles of episodic volunteering have emerged in recent times, based on time and duration of service, this article's focus is on interim volunteering, which is characterised by someone who volunteers for a period of less than six months. The following article is a personal recount of an interim episodic volunteering experience.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - The Value of Training Volunteers
    • Abstract: Maynard, Hazel
      In 'The use of volunteer leaders to support older adults in physically active leisure', by Patterson, Bartlett, Marshall and Mitchell (2007), part of the researchers' investigation was to ascertain how important training was to volunteer leaders in a pilot study. Volunteer leaders in the study assisted and supported participants aged 65 years and older to participate in community-based physical leisure activities. This article by Hazel Maynard takes one component of this research, training, and considers from a personal and professional viewpoint the implications and impact of training volunteers on the individuals, not-for-profit organisations and the community.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - The Use of Volunteer Leaders to Support Older Adults
           in Physically Active Leisure
    • Abstract: Patterson, Ian; Bartlett, Helen; Marshall, Alison; Mitchell, Geoff
      A number of government reports have advocated the importance of healthy ageing and the need to develop multiple strategies to increase the physical activity levels of older Australians. One approach recommended is to use social support strategies to increase exercise adherence as well as improving health related outcomes. This study recruited a number of volunteer leaders (who were known by the acronym PAM, that is 'Physical Activity Motivator'). These volunteer leaders assisted and supported participants aged 65 years and older to participate in a community-based physical leisure activity. This activity was chosen by the older participant from an inventory of existing physical activity programs in the community. This paper reports on the effectiveness of strategies used to recruit volunteer leaders to help provide social support for older participants. In addition, it explores the volunteer leaders' perceptions of the training program and the contribution volunteer leaders made in helping to achieve long-term exercise adherence for older participants.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - Organisational Commitment: Implications for Voluntary
           Sport Organisations
    • Abstract: Engelberg, Terry; Zakus, Dwight; Skinner, James
      The not-for profit sport sector is heavily reliant on volunteers for its functioning and ultimately its survival. Recent social and legal/policy changes are having a profound impact on volunteers' attitudes and behaviour. One vehicle for understanding the role of attitudes and behaviour in volunteer settings is the examination of organisational commitment. Committed individuals are believed to be more likely to remain in their organisations and to expend more effort on their behalf. This paper examines theory and research on organisational commitment with a specific focus on the implications of commitment to volunteer retention and performance. These implications are important for a sustainable volunteer management programs and the future of Australian sport.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - Who's Interested': The NSW Grain Belt Community
           Survey about Volunteering with the Rural Fire Service
    • Abstract: Birch, Adrian; McLennan, Jim
      In rural and urban-fringe regions of Australia, bushfires are a major seasonal threat to life and property. Since European settlement, communities have progressively responded to this threat by establishing volunteer fire brigades. Australia, with its sparse population, is highly reliant on the commitment of an estimated 220,000 volunteer firefighters. Unfortunately, volunteer numbers have been declining steadily over the past two decades. As part of an effort to understand this decline, and hopefully to reverse it, the New South Wales Rural Fire Service (RFS) engaged the Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre (Bushfire CRC) to survey communities in central and western NSW. The aim of the survey was to explore how well community members understood RFS and what factors affect their availability and willingness to volunteer with the service. This article reports some key findings from the survey about the level of interest in volunteering with RFS, factors that inhibit people from volunteering and initiatives fire agencies could take to make it easier to volunteer.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 12 Issue 1 - Redefining Volunteering for the Global Context: A
           Measurement Matrix for Researchers
    • Abstract: Petriwskyj, Andrea M; Warburton, Jeni
      Many definitions of volunteering are used in research, creating confusion for readers and researchers alike. Further, many of these definitions are narrow and result in exclusion of a range of activities, behaviours, and sectors of society. In a more global environment, researchers need to recognise the diversity of activities that can be included under a definition of volunteering. In recognition of this diversity, a new typology or measurement matrix is proposed that delineates these differences and ensures clarity for the research community.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - 'Volunteer Management Program Toolkit' [Book Review]
    • PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - 'NSW Grain Belt Community Survey 2005: Evaluating the
    • Abstract: Birch, Adrian; McLennan, Jim
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - 'Survey of South Australian Country Fire Service Women
           Volunteers: South Australian Country Fire Service Report Number 2006 :1.
           Bushfire CRC Enhancing Volunteer Recruitment and Retention Project (D3)'
           [Book Review]
    • Abstract: McLennan, Jim; Birch, Adrian
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - 'Can Do! Volunteering: A Guide to Involving Young
           Disabled People as a Volunteers' [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Moore, Danielle; Fishlock, Stephanie
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Lending a Helping Hand: A Short Report of the Centre
           for Volunteering NSW's Member Survey 2006
    • Abstract: Mischewski, Anton
      The Centre for Volunteering NSW conducted an online survey of its current and past members to better identify who they are, the services they use and the challenges they face. Findings indicate a similar pattern to the USA in the ways volunteering has changed over time. Recommendations are made to develop strategies to address member's needs and seek greater engagement with under-represented volunteering sectors such as sports and recreation groups, universities and environmental groups. Finding ways to support organisations balance their challenges and opportunities is a key area in which the Centre can productively engage its members.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - 'You're Much Older Than You Sound on the Phone, Dear':
           A Personal Perspective on Working with Remote Volunteers
    • Abstract: Maynard, Hazel
      Supporting and managing a volunteer program can be one of the most interesting jobs in the not-for-profit sector. Depending on the size of the program and the organisational setting, the volunteer program manager may face many challenges and frustrations. However, these are usually outnumbered by the rewards of working with volunteers and by the satisfaction gained from playing a significant role in the program's development, particularly if the organisation is proactive in its acknowledgement of the volunteers' contribution to the success of the organisation. When many of us think about working with volunteers, the typical scenarios feature volunteers in an office environment or participating in a specific fundraising event. However not all volunteers are conveniently based in a central office or one central location. Many not-for-profit organisations and community groups run state-wide, national or international programs where both volunteers and paid staff are scattered across a wide geographical area. This presents a different set of challenges, but with a positive approach, endless creativity, resourcefulness and a sense of humour, these can be overcome.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Volunteering on the Move: Grey Nomads and Volunteering
    • Abstract: Bates, Kylee
      A research team's findings are presented who visited outback towns in Central West Queensland, Barcaldine and Winton, with a view to exploring the avenues to develop the volunteer programs which would attract grey nomads to these towns, and encourage them to stay on once they have exhausted the usual array of tourist activities. The nomads spend considerable time travelling making a significant economic contribution to the communities they visited.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Third Cultured Volunteer Tourists and the Process of
           Re-assimilation into Home Environments
    • Abstract: Leigh, Danielle
      With so many people partaking in volunteering activities around the world, it is likely that some of these tourists will experience a clash of cultures and ideals as they struggle to reconcile all they have learned in their host community with that which they are expected to follow in their home communities. This article examines volunteer tourism against the larger backdrop of ecotourism and the traditionally recognised mass tourism models to understand why this phenomenon is so important to the tourist experiences of volunteer tourists. It then examines the phenomena of biculturalism and third-culturalism as they pertain to reverse culture shock in volunteer tourists. Finally recommendations are be made as to what is necessary for a volunteer tourist to be able to reintegrate back into their home culture upon their return.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - A Survey of Contributors to an Australian Bird
           Atlassing Project: Demography, Skills and Motivation
    • Abstract: Weston, Michael A; Silcocks, Andrew; Tzaros, Chris; Ingwersen, Dean
      Worldwide, tens of thousands of volunteers conduct surveys for centralised databases that describe the spatial and temporal occurrence of birds. We surveyed contributors to the 'Atlas of Australian Birds' to establish basic information on their motivation, skills and demography (n = 707 survey respondents). The vast majority (99%) of participants were volunteers and 78% belonged to natural history, land management, wildlife or conservation groups. Primary motivations for participation were to help conserve and research birds, and to help conserve habitat. More than half of respondents were 60 years of age or older, and over half had retired. Participants were highly skilled; 82% had done previous volunteering, 82% kept a personal bird species list, and more than half went birdwatching 1-5 times per month, some went birdwatching more than once a day. Participation also led to improved birdwatching (79% of respondents) and the development of associated skills (e.g. the use of Global Positioning System [GPS] units). Most participants indicated they would contribute more if they could (92%) and that lack of time was their main constraint (67%).

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Older Australians: Involvement in Civil Society in the
    • Abstract: Reed, Ken; McNeil, Nicola; Blunsdon, Betsy
      As Australia's population continues to age, questions about how older individuals use their time holds increasing interest and significance for scholars and policy makers. As individuals near the end of their paid working life, and family roles and responsibilities diminish, the type of activities that will fill this time void have important implications for the health and well-being of older Australians and for the strength of civil society. In Australia, there have been sustained moves at all levels of government to encourage the more active engagement in community services of this group of citizens, given the size and significant amount of human capital of this cohort. However, international research suggests that this enthusiasm has not translated into increased volunteer activity for seniors, and that older citizens tend to spend their expanding discretionary time pursuing leisure activities, such as watching television or listening to the radio (Robinson & Godbey 1997; Wilson & Musick 1997; Thoits & Hewitt 2001). This study builds on a broader interest in how people choose to utilise time across the life course and how the experience of ageing shapes such decisions. This aim of this paper is twofold - first, to investigate how older Australians allocated their time in the 1990s, and how these time use patterns changed over a 5-year period, using nationally representative, longitudinal data from two waves of the Australian Time Use Survey. Second, the time use characteristics of those individuals who devote more time to social participation activities are examined, to investigate trends in volunteering across age cohorts, with a focus on those above the age of fifty.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - The Relationship between Religion and Volunteering in
    • Abstract: Lyons, Mark; Nivison-Smith, Ian
      This article draws on a household survey of giving and volunteering conducted by Roy Morgan Research early in 2005 to explore the relationship between religion and volunteering among adult Australians. We find that people who identify themselves as religious and demonstrate religious commitment by attending religious services frequently are more likely to volunteer and to volunteer more hours on average than people who are not religious. By contrast, those who claim to be religious but do not attend religious service or do so rarely are a little less likely to volunteer than those who profess to have no religion. The relationship holds even after allowing for other factors that affect the rate and amount of volunteering. It also holds for volunteering for non-religious causes (i.e. when volunteering for religion is omitted). However, when we omit volunteering for charities (many of which are operated or sponsored by religious organisations) as well as for religion and look at volunteering for civic causes alone we find that those with a strong religious commitment are less likely to support such causes and when they do volunteer, on average they volunteer less hours than even those who have no religious identity. However, those who attend religious service at least monthly, but less than weekly are more likely than others to volunteer for civic causes. A claim in some of the literature that the relationship between religion and volunteering operates through the social networks associated with involvement in other religious organisations is not supported.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Volunteering Within and Beyond the Congregation: A
           Survey of Volunteering among Christian Church Attendees
    • Abstract: Leonard, Rosemary; Bellamy, John
      Although volunteering is a strongly held value in many Christian churches, there may be important differences in the extent to which this volunteering benefits the church itself or the wider community. Volunteering patterns of church attendees across Australia were explored as part of the National Church Life Surveys, a research project conducted jointly by the Uniting Church NSW Board of Mission, Anglicare Diocese of Sydney and the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference. This analysis examined denominational, faith identity and demographic differences in volunteering within and beyond the congregation. The strongest finding was that volunteering within and beyond the congregation was highly correlated. After demographic differences were taken into account, there were no denominational differences in volunteering beyond the congregation. Differences in faith identity did not reveal any groups who volunteered within the congregation at the expense of the wider community.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 2 - Emergency Service Volunteers: What Do We Really Know
           about Them'
    • Abstract: Wallace, Michelle; Baxter-Tomkins, Tony
      Recent world events have thrown into high relief the vital importance to society of those who form the tactical response to natural and human-made emergency and disaster situations. Many of those who attend emergencies in Australia are volunteers in organisations such as the State Emergency Services or Rural Fire Services. The second national survey of voluntary work undertaken by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) reports that of all volunteers 4.5% were engaged as volunteers in a range of emergency services (ABS 2001, p.24). It is estimated that these emergency service volunteers save governments and society in general millions of dollars per annum (Martin 1993; Howard 2000/2001; McNamara 2001/2002) and provide a vital service to their communities. Australian society cannot do without this type of volunteer and this paper examines what is currently known about such volunteers in the Australian context. Some characteristics of emergency service volunteers are examined, including the vital role they play, their demographic composition and the in.uence on them of motivation, recruitment and retention practices. Gaps in the knowledge base are also outlined. This paper acknowledges the eighteen member organisations of the Australian Emergency Management Volunteer Forum, however, in this instance it concentrates on the New South Wales State Emergency Service (NSW SES) and the New South Wales Rural Fire Service (NSW RFS). This examination of the current knowledge base is a prelude to a major study of emergency service volunteers who have chosen to join the NSW SES or the NSW RFS.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - The 21st Century Volunteer - A Report on the Changing
           Face of Volunteering in the 21st Century [Book Review]
    • PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Emerging Areas of Volunteering (Volume 1, No. 2) [Book
    • PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Australian Social Attitudes: The First Report [Book
    • PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - How to Value an Australian Icon: The Economic and
           Social Value of Surf Lifesaving in Australia
    • Abstract: O'Connell, Sean
      In the lead-up to the centenary of the surf-lifesaving movement in 2007, to be officially known as the Year of the Surf Lifesaver, the role of the surf lifesaver in the Australian community is being re-examined. As part of this process, Surf Life Saving Australia (SLSA) commissioned a study into the economic and social value of volunteer surf-lifesaving services in Australia. The study showed that were it not for the presence of these volunteers on our beaches, 485 people would drown each year and 313 people would be permanently incapacitated, resulting in a cost to the community of $1.4 billion.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Volunteering and Work/life Balance
    • Abstract: Mitchell, Louise
      How Australians combine and balance their working lives, family, caring commitments and recreation is a strongly debated issue in the media and academia. Volunteering Australia conducted survey consulting volunteers and not profit organisations involved in volunteering organisations, which showed that the volunteering is vulnerable to pressure form the demands of paid work and caring that many prospective and current volunteers experience.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Policy Wrap: Volunteering Australia
    • Abstract: Mitchell, Louise
      A update is provided on the policy submission and consultation Volunteering Australia has been involved in since the previous issue of the Australian Journal of Volunteering, published in late 2005. It is also to alert readers to the significantly updated and expanded policy section of the Volunteering Australia website.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Corporate Volunteering Survey: The Extent and Nature
           of Corporate Volunteering Programs in Australia
    • Abstract: Cavallaro, Lisa
      Volunteering Australia, in partnership with Australia Cares, and with the support of Esanda Finance, commissioned Orima Research to undertake a survey of Australian companies that currently operate voluntary program. Companies can express a sense of corporate social responsibility through corporate volunteering programs which aim to encourage and facilitate the participation of their employees in volunteering activities for not-for-profit organisations.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Count Me In: People with a Disability Keen to
    • Abstract: Bruce, Leanne
      People with a disability are generally not viewed by the community as potential volunteers. This undervaluing of human potential negates the abilities of people who belong to this special group. People with a disability, as well as those who are missing out on the service and contribution people with a disability might provide, are being disadvantaged. This article delivers a message to volunteer and community organisations, expressing the views and opinions of people with a disability. It outlines the barriers that people with a disability experience in seeking volunteer positions and in performing such roles. It speaks to organisations that have the capacity to recruit volunteers with disabilities and the ways in which their communities can benefit. This community development project provided a mechanism whereby people with a disability gained a voice and provided practical information to redress organisational and management issues. It calls upon organisations to become creative and proactive and to lead the way forward in answering the call from people with a disability to 'count them in'. It is time the community responds to this call and gives people with a disability the opportunity to be valued for the contribution they can make to our communities.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Line Dancing Not Lion Dancing!
    • Abstract: Verity, Fiona
      Using data drawn from the author's research, this paper examines whether insurance and risk management continue to present difficulties for community organisations, and if so to what effect. Analysis of survey data shows a continued upward trend in insurance costs. Two hundred and sixty-three respondents provided an estimate of the overall percentage increase in the costs of their insurance premiums for the financial year ending 2003/04 compared to the previous financial year. Half of this number reported an increase in the costs of insurance of at least 20% over this period. The mean percentage increase was 35 per cent. Extra fundraising, including redirecting resources through cuts to services and raising membership fees, financed these increases. A majority of the respondents undertook a form of risk management. Only a small proportion considered that risk management had a positive impact in assisting them to secure affordable insurance. Analysis reveals the pressures of insurance and risk management are especially acute for smaller organisations. This study was conducted as part of an ongoing project with the SA Council of Social Services.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Volunteering for the Dole: Good or Bad'
    • Abstract: Levy, Marc
      Income support recipients can meet their participation and mutual obligation requirements by signing up for volunteering programs such the Voluntary Work Initiative and Community Work. Tens of thousands of unemployed people have done so. Many more are volunteering without having their contributions recognised by Centrelink. This paper, which is based on a paper presented by the author at the 2005 Australian Social Policy Conference, explores issues associated with the inclusion of volunteering in the Government's participation and mutual obligation framework, in particular arguments about whether it is ultimately good or bad for unemployed people that volunteering is included in the framework. The paper also covers potential policy ramifications of these arguments.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Organisational Perspectives on the Value of Volunteer
    • Abstract: Handy, Femida; Mook, Laurie; Quarter, Jack
      Using data from 661 nonprofit organisations from across Canada, this study investigates why some use more volunteer labour than others. To understand this, we examine the organisational perspectives on the use and value of volunteer labour and some of the organisational factors that influence its use. In particular, we examine if there are any differences in volunteer labour use that are associated with organisation size, structure, use of paid labour, age, orientation, activity and the value assigned to volunteer labour. The study finds that nonprofit organisations that place a higher value on their volunteer labour are more likely to have greater reliance on volunteers and are more willing to spend resources to manage them efficiently. In addition, the utilisation of volunteer labour is impacted by size, age, the existence of paid staff, the organisation's field of activities, but not its orientation or structure.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Museum Volunteers: A Discussion of Challenges Facing
           Managers in the Cultural and Heritage Sectors
    • Abstract: Edwards, Deborah; Graham, Margaret
      In a context of change volunteers undertake a diverse range of roles that although work related satisfy a range of evolving instrumental expectations. Although it is accepted that volunteers are critically important to cultural attractions like museums, research is limited in this field. A review of articles covering a wide range of volunteering in the wider voluntary sector worldwide has identified common organisational challenges that present dilemmas for organisations that utilise volunteers. These challenges include developing a wider interest in volunteering through recruiting, retaining, motivating and managing them. In order to meet this challenge in the cultural attraction sector we need to understand more about volunteers, their motivations and changing lifestyles, the next generation and career development, personal and social development and their expectations. This paper will consider these issues and the implications they may have for the future development of volunteers in the context of museums as both civic institutions and cultural tourist attractions.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - Australian Volunteers in Post-conflict Situations
    • Abstract: Tyler, Melissa Conley; Walter, Gotz
      Australians contribute as volunteers all around the world, including in countries recovering from violent conflict. The working environment in post-conflict situations can be highly challenging and the contribution volunteers can make may be limited by factors such as their training, skills, management and support. However there has yet to be a comprehensive evaluation of the impact of post-conflict situations on volunteers or analysis of best practice in volunteer management in these situations. This paper reports on a study of Australian volunteers' experience in post-conflict situations based on focus groups with Australian volunteers returned from countries such as Cambodia, Afghanistan, East Timor, Papua New Guinea and Sri Lanka. Returned volunteers were positive about the benefits they received from volunteering and, contrary to expectations, none of the volunteers experienced psychosocial problems such as traumatising events during their placements. However they identified dealing with a traumatised population as a major challenge and reported experiences of culture shock upon returning to Australia. While the study was small scale, it produced clear recommendations for volunteer management practice to include pre-departure training on dealing with those who have been traumatised by conflict and post-return support including the creation of informal networks among returned volunteers to counter reintegration problems. Measures to improve these areas will increase the impact that volunteers can make in post-conflict environments and maximise the effectiveness of Australia's peace-building efforts worldwide.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 11 Issue 1 - In Memoriam Mary Merrill
    • Abstract: Stratton, Wendy
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 10 Issue 2 - Author/Title Index
    • PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 10 Issue 2 - Subject Index
    • PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 10 Issue 2 - Social Capital and Community Building: Spinning Straw
           into Gold [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Kerr, Lorraine
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 10 Issue 2 - Global Civil Society: Dimensions of the Nonprofit
           Sector, Volume Two [Book Review]
    • Abstract: Onyx, Jenny
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 10 Issue 2 - Follow-up to the Implementation of the International
           Year of Volunteers
    • Abstract: Secretary-General, United Nations
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 10 Issue 2 - From Marching Girls to Cryptic Crosswords: Volunteer
           Recognition in a Social Support Context
    • Abstract: Nicholas, Rosemary
      Volunteer attendance at ongoing education is as much of a challenge as is providing adequate volunteer recognition. A successful strategy implemented three years ago is Wesley Do Care Southern Region's annual volunteer recognition day. Held on a weekend (Saturday) the program contains presentation of certificates, educational and pampering components, information expo, food and drink and plenty of opportunities for networking.

      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
  • Volume 10 Issue 2 - Policy Wrap: Volunteering Australia
    • Abstract: Mitchell, Louise
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Sep 2010 09:06:14 GMT
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