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    - BIRTH CONTROL (18 journals)
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SOCIAL SCIENCES (590 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6     

Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access  
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access  
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access  
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access  
E-Jurnal Kajian Budaya (Online Journal of Cultural Studies)     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription  
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EMPIRIA. Revista de Metodología de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enfoques     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios del Desarrollo Social : Cuba y América Latina     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access  
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access  
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access  
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Family Process     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Family Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Fijian Studies: A Journal of Contemporary Fiji     Full-text available via subscription  
FIVE : The Claremont Colleges Journal of Undergraduate Academic Writing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flaubert     Open Access  
Formation emploi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FORO. Revista de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Fourth World Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Future Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Genocide Studies and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Genocide Studies International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Géographie et cultures     Open Access  
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Graduate Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal  
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hallazgos     Open Access  
He Puna Korero: Journal of Maori and Pacific Development     Full-text available via subscription  

  First | 1 2 3 4 5 6     

Journal Cover   Journal of Social Sciences
  [19 followers]  Follow
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1549-3652
   Published by Science Publications Homepage  [28 journals]
  • Internal Migration and Poverty Reduction: Rethinking the Debate on the
           North-South Movement in Ghana

    • Abstract: In the past few years the nexus that link internal migration and poverty reduction has been a subject of interest among researchers and policy makers. Internal movements constitute a major coping mechanism in poverty stricken areas although the evidence supporting this claim is equivocal. This paper critically examines the extent to which internal migration could acts as an important route out of poverty in areas where conventional poverty reduction policies have failed by drawing on empirical literature on the north-south movement in Ghana. We argue that internal migration may not be a silver bullet in the fight against poverty. This position is premised on two strands of thought. First, migrants may not always be able to improve upon their livelihood, earn income and leap-out of the malaise of poverty and the impact of remittances may not also be straightforward. Secondly, the very poor in the places where conventional development efforts have had limited success may not always have the wherewithal to move as migration is shaped inter alia by institutional, market and financial resources.
  • Retrospecting National Unity, Safety and Security in India: Foraging an
           United Nationhood

    • Abstract: Unlike many other developing nations India experiences a unique spatio-temporal cultural, economic, political diversity both natural and manmade. It is thus important to understand the source of national identity, the centripetal force that has held all the elements together. Historically exposure to various unifying forces in form of kingdoms and empires both native and foreign has contributed much to its composite culture. India exhibited exceptional tolerance and collaboration. The struggle for independence further strengthened the national identity which was later reaffirmed by the constitution of India. However, certain contemporary issues like lop sided development and disparities, extreme regionalism, insurgency, left wing extremism and ethnic discrimination and violence have challenged the national unity and endangered safety and security. The paper strives to redefine the existing ideologies and social norms of national unity. However, we suggest reinforcing national unity by inclusion of a cultural, political and economic unity to forge a united nationhood both in concept and practice.
  • Using the Analytic Hierarchy Process to Establish a Tour Guide Selection
           and Evaluation Model

    • Abstract: This study aims to examine the criteria for the selection of tour guides, in order to help travel agencies in Taiwan selecting suitable tour guides with a more objective and consistent approach. A tour guide is the life and soul of an organized tour, as well as an important key for the success of the tour. Following the acquisition of expert opinions by the Delphi method, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is used to allocate the selection criteria of a tour guide into different levels of hierarchy. The selection criteria include personal attributes, professional knowledge, professional skills and customer service attitude. The results suggested that professional skills are more important than customer service attitude, while professional knowledge is more important than personal attributes. The top three criteria for the selection of a tour guide are “possessing a qualified tour guide license”, “being able to provide explanations clearly and fluently” and “handling matters sensibly and meticulously”, indicating that personal attributes are the priority criteria for the evaluation of a tour guide. The findings can help to shorten the tour guides selection process, as well as assist travel agencies to recruit suitable tour guides in a more objective and consistent manner.
  • Work-Family Conflict: A Synthesis of the Research from Cross-National

    • Abstract: Changing demographic trends occurring in the work and family spheres have made combining work and family responsibilities an increasingly challenging task for employees in virtually every nation. However, previous studies on work-family conflict have focused predominantly on Western and developed nations, with little attention to the experience of work-family conflict across different national contexts. Only recently have studies begun to examine work-family conflict from cross-national perspective. This paper presents a review of cross-national studies on work-family conflict focusing on the influences of cultural, institutional and economic factors. Overall, the review suggests that existing cross-national research on work-family conflict is narrow in scope, with most studies focused mainly on identifying differences in prevalence of the phenomenon across national contexts. The paper outlines agenda for future research to increase understanding of contextual influences on the experience of work-family conflict.
  • Theoretical Construction of Job Satisfaction in Medical Professionals
           Working for Mexican Companies

    • Abstract: Occupational Health physicians coexist in a work environment where they perform activities other than the ones developed by other doctors. Hence, there is interest in analyzing the theoretical construction of their job satisfaction. Inductive and qualitative study was conducted based on grounded theory and with the support of the software Atlas-ti. As a result of carrying out in-depth interviews and through the open, axial and selective coding process, 12 categories and five dimensions were integrated. They shaped the final definition of job satisfaction of these professionals. The conclusions showed that they are currently satisfied, although they were not satisfied at the beginning of their work life.
  • Perception and Awareness of Young Internet Users towards Cybercrime:
           Evidence from Malaysia

    • Abstract: Cybercrime is a criminal (unethical and unlawful) activities using internet facilities such as virus infections, identity theft and hacking. There is high risk of becoming a victim especially for young internet user. The purpose of this study is to protect them by providing empirical evidence to the policy makers in combating cybercrime. The study examines the relationship between perception and gender, age and knowledge as well as the relationship between awareness and gender, age and knowledge towards cybercrime. A field survey is conducted among 342 students in the faculty of accountancy of Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) with a structured questionnaire that covers demographic information and seven most known cybercrimes. Percentile analysis, correlation matrix, multivariate regressions are done to test the hypotheses. In addition, Post Hoc test is conducted to locate where the significant differences lies. The study finds: (1) Female students are more aware and have affirmative insights than male, (2) students in the age group of 18-23 years have lower perception and awareness than those aged 24 years and above and (3) those with higher academic qualifications are more aware at cybercrime and perceived the issue of risk differently. The study provides empirical evidence to the top management of the higher level institutions on the needs to improve their policies and procedures to protect young generation reducing the high risk of becoming a victim.
  • A Theoretical Analysis of Chinese Ingratiation

    • Abstract: Literature about ingratiation has mainly focused on non-Chinese societies with a Western viewpoint, which regards ingratiation as an attraction-seeking behavior. However, the viewpoint may not reflect accurately the meanings of ingratiation in Chinese societies, because ingratiation is a culture-specific behavior. Therefore, there is a limited understanding about the natures, motives, consequences and patterns of Chinese ingratiation. Since Chinese ingratiation is an everyday and everywhere occurrence affecting every social actors in Chinese societies, it is necessary to pay much attention to Chinese ingratiation. Therefore, this article attempts to theoretically analyze Chinese ingratiation from the guanxi perspective and then propose a theoretical framework of Chinese ingratiation for further studies. According to the guanxi perspective, Chinese ingratiation is regarded as a guanxi management strategy and defined as a set of social behaviors designed to establish, maintain and promote guanxi through the exercises of renqing, mianzi and attraction. Moreover, this article proposes Chinese ingratiation has three dimensions: renqing orientation, mianzi orientation and attraction orientation. Finally, the pattern of Chinese ingratiation is identified as the follows: (1) The ingratiatory intention decreases progressively along the direction from familiar persons to family and then to strangers in normal situations and (2) renqing and mianzi orientations would be more likely to occur than attraction orientation within familiar persons; attraction and mianzi orientations would be more likely to occur than renqing orientation within family; attraction orientation would be more likely to occur than renqing and mianzi orientations within strangers.
  • Realizing the Impact of Cognitive Dissonance in Predicting Consumer

    • Abstract: Consumer psychology has always been the centre of concern for the marketers from the old time and understanding the underlying aspects leads to effective decision making. The present study elicits the concept of post purchase cognitive dissonance in the consumers and embraces its implications in studying the consumer behaviour. A survey was conducted and well framed questionnaire was constructed covering various dimensions of variables studied. Some of the underlying dimensions of cognitive dissonance have been rigorously discussed and statistically tested in this study. Specifically, the impact of product involvement, time taken to make a purchase decision and level of information search on the cognitive dissonance have been analysed that provides really significant benefits to the marketers.
  • Organizational Well-Being in a Public Research Agency: The Point of View
           of Administrative Staff and Researchers

    • Abstract: The aim of this paper is to investigate organizational well-being in a Public Research Agency, exploring the point of view of two different categories of workers, administrative staff and researchers, employed in the same organization. We hypothesized that, in a complex organization, the kind of work performed, along with other factors, could influence the representation of organizational well-being. The study involved 37 administrative staff and 24 researchers of the Italian National Research Council (CNR), the largest Public Research Agency in Italy. According to different key areas of organizational well-being in CNR, seven focus groups were carried out and collected data was analyzed using the qualitative data analysis software NVivo9. Results of this study seem to confirm the authors’ hypothesis. In effect, even though the framework of organizational well-being is the same for the two categories of employees considered, there are differences in meaning and in importance given by stakeholders to each dimension of the construct. As a whole, the specificity of the points of view might be explained by considering not only the different working conditions and the different kind of work performed, but also the different cultural values of the Research Institutes and of the Central Administration. These aspects should be taken into account in the predisposition of tools for evaluation of organizational well-being, above all in complex organizations, in order to have at the organization’s disposal research tools able to be representative of the entire population. A set of recommendations for improving organizational well-being in complex organizations are provided.
  • Nature of Price Adjustment and Market Integration among Stages in Cassava
           Value Addition Chain in Southern Nigeria

    • Abstract: Agricultural price behaviour in the long run depends on several factors ranging from the socio-economic, environmental and political environment among others. This study tested for the long run price adjustment mechanism between the producer price of raw cassava in the rural market and retailed price of its derivatives in urban market in the Southern region of Nigeria. The study was built from the Engle-Granger to Enders-Siklos methodologies to verify the symmetric and asymmetric price relationship between the source price (raw cassava) and its derivative prices (garri, fufu, chip, starch and flour) along the food chain. The result confirmed significant short and long run market integration between the source and its derivatives. However, the source price equilibrium in the long run followed asymmetric adjustment with respect to urban prices of fufu and cassava flour; whereas symmetric adjustment was obtained with respect to prices of garri, cassava chip and starch. It is suggested that, the cassava market/industry in the study area has problems that need intervention in order to remove price distortion or externality costs in the long run. Issues such as seasonality, many middlemen, high perishability and poor processing technologies among others were mentioned. Hence, these issues need to be addressed adequately in order to achieve high efficiency in the industry.
  • Barriers to Children and Young People’s Participation in Policy
           Making in Ghana

    • Abstract: This research examined the barriers to young people’s participation as strategic stakeholders in the formulation of public policy, using the formulation of Ghana’s youth policy as a case study. The aim was to gain knowledge about the processes that facilitate or hinder young people’s participation in the policy process at national level. The study involved the use of semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions with 20 stakeholders in the policy process. Findings showed discrepancy in the attitudes and behaviour of policy makers towards young people. For example, on one hand policy-makers recognised young people’s right to participate but on the other hand they did not seek to involve young people in the policy process. This paper presents a number of factors contributing to this discrepancy and how to overcome them. The paper concludes that to effectively involve young people in the formulation of public policies young people must possess and exercise democratic franchise.
  • Why Construction Grammar Catches the Worm and Corpus Data can Drive you
           Crazy: Accounting for Idiomatic and Non-Idiomatic Idiomaticity

    • Abstract: This article outlines why the treatment ofidiomatic elements in language in terms of constructions can be considered areal step forward in the understanding of the character of language. It isargued that construction grammar provides a theoretical basis for accommodatinginsights into the phraseological character of language that were gained in anumber of fields such as corpus linguistics, foreign language teaching and traditionalphraseology and lexicography.
  • Italian Phrasemes as Constructions: How to Understand and Use Them

    • Abstract: The present article describes the objectives and methods for a learner-centered description of Italian idioms based on the theoretical principles of Construction Grammar (CxG). The aim of the underlying research project is to develop a new way of looking at idioms, taking into account all linguistic aspects that could help to fully understand and usethem in a formally and functionally adequate manner, including situational and discursive features. By phrasemes we understand different kinds of word combinations characterized by idiomaticity and/or entrenchment. I will focus here on (a) “predicative phrasemes” (typically figurative and containing an inflected verb as a predicate, also called expressions idiomatiques verbales), (b) “phraseotemplates” (lexically open or formal idioms, in German phraseology Phraseoschablonen) and (c) “pragmatemes” (according to the French term pragmatème, i.e. pragmatically highly conventionalized phrases, also called expressions-énoncés). Idiomaticity is characterized by non compositionality of its components and unpredictability of the whole structure. Italian examples for each of the three types are: (a) Tenere il piede in due staffe (‘to run with the hare and hunt with the hounds’), (b) Cosa me lo chiedi a fare? (‘Why are you asking me at all?’) and (c) In bocca al lupo! (‘Break a leg’). In chapter 2 I will first discuss basic concepts of Construction Grammar and Cognitive Grammar. In the following part (chapter 3) I will present my ideas about CxG and its ability to create a greater awareness of how many word combinations (in this context called constructions) in a language are idiosyncratic and unpredictable and about how to use fundamental theoretical issues of usage-based CxG (mainly Goldberg, Croft) and unification-based approaches in order to describe idioms in a new holistic way. Chapter 4 will deal with some important classifications of phrasemes and their practical aptitude for phraseodidactics. Chapter 5 will finally present my idea of applying methods of Construction Grammar and Fillmore’s semantics of understanding to build a new digital lexicographical format for phrasemes which is going to be called phraseoframe. This will be illustrated for the three types of phrasemes mentioned above. Each phraseme will be described by means of a simple meta language which is easy to understand and has links to prosodic, morphological, syntactic, semantic and pragmatic and discourse functional properties. As my approach is corpus based empirical evidence will be given for each of the three types of idioms by using several corpora of Italian spoken and written language (e.g., BADIP, PAISÀ and WEBBIT).
  • ‘Someone to Open Each and Every Door’: Construction
           Grammar as a Learner Grammar: The Case of English Indefinite Pronouns

    • Abstract: This paper sets out an applied model of Cognitive Construction Grammar along three dimensions: Compositionality, form as a vehicle for promoting the emergence of grammatical meaning from lexical meaning and construal. The model of Cognitive Construction Grammar put forward here implies that the Applied Linguist may have to collect and explain a wider repertoire of grammatical forms than were considered previously. This extended repertoire may have the advantage of giving the learner a deeper understanding of semantic constraints on how we use a particular construction. It also means that forms once considered idiomatic are now being studied as productive and hence grammatical on some sense. The disadvantage is that we have to deal with a larger number of forms and have no clear principle as to where grammar learning ends and lexical or idiom learning begins. This paper discusses the question of what to include under the rubric of grammatical description and how to include it in relation to the SOME-and-ANY-SERIES (somebody/anyone, etc.) indefinite pronouns. It asks how this applied model of construction grammar affects what we present to learners by looking first at the formal attributes of the English SOME- and ANY-SERIES indefinite pronouns themselves and then at some of the types of clause in which the SOME-SERIES appears.
  • Contrastive Analysis of Stretched Collocations with Get and Take: Their
           use and Pedagogical Implications

    • Abstract: Thispaper explores the pedagogical implications of contrastive analyses of lightverb constructions containing get and take in English and Spanishbased on electronic corpora, the British National Corpus (BNC) and the Corpusde Referencia del Español Actual (CREA). The main tenets of collocationsfrom a contrastive perspective-and the points of contact and departure betweenboth languages-are discussed prior to examining the commonest types of verb+ nouncombinations (i.e., take a bath, take advantage of), verb+ adjective(i.e. get ready, get worse, get angry), verb+ participle (i.e., getmarried, get dressed) as significant cases of so-called “light”, “empty”,“thin”, “stretched” or “support” verbs. A quantitative and qualitative-orientedcase study is accordingly conducted, determining the weight of get and takein stretched collocations in the BNC and ofthe Spanish equivalent verbs constructions within the CREA. Based on empiricaldata obtained this way, this paper provides relevant insights for more accuratetranslations, helping to enhance the collocational competence of L2 students,who tend to avoid constructions including empty verbs in favour of full verbforms. The findings in this study shed light on the potential of corporaresources for improving the collocational usage of foreign-language learners,as quantitative and qualitative comparisons of collocations serve to highlightthe similarities and, more importantly, the lexical, cognitive and typologicaldifferences between these phraseological constructions in the two languages,thereby substantiating the very useful role that corpus analysis may play forlanguage teaching in general and for collocational knowledge and proficiency inparticular.
  • “Fruits are Results”: On the Interaction between
           Universal Archi-Metaphors, Ethno-Specific Culturemes and Phraseology

    • Abstract: This paper deals with therelation between language, culture and reality, as it manifests itself infigurative words, idioms and proverbs involving the concept of fruit in several language families. Someproductive metaphoric macro-models are identified and analysed, archi-metaphorsas well as culturemes, analysinghow the “experiential” and “cultural” motivational backgrounds can interact. Wealso investigate how grammatical metaphors depend on the underlying images andhow cognitive mappings can be reversed.
  • Items and Generalizations: Evidence from Decir within the Family of
           Subjective-Transitive Constructions in Spanish

    • Abstract: This paper explores the existence of a continuumbetween regular, productive, conventional configurations and fixed,idiosyncratic and novel configurations within the full gamut of instances ofsecondary predication with decir (‘say’) and verba dicendi inpresent-day Spanish. Drawing on Cognitive Construction Grammar, it is arguedthat instances of the secondary predication with these verbs can be aptlyregarded as forming part of the family of subjective-transitive constructions.Specifically, schematic configurations involving decir and other verbadicendi are shown to be instances of the denominative subjective-transitiveconstruction. Configurations of this kind interact with partially filled ininstances of secondary predication involving coercion via a reflexive pronounin the postverbal NP slot as well as coercion in combination with an imperativeform. This continuum is even more clearly observable in the case of configurationsinvolving the reflex passive clitic se, giving rise to a three-pointcline between (i) non-gramaticalized (compositional) configurations with anactive counterpart, (ii) non-grammaticalized constructions without an activecounterpart and (iii) grammaticalized (non-compositional) configurationswithout an active counterpart. At a higher level of delicacy, it is shown that loque se dice XPCOMP construction, understood as the result of incipient grammaticalization, may function as afocusing/emphasizer subjunct or as a summative conjunct in present-day Spanish.One of the broad-scale generalizations emerging from this study is that theXPCOMP must lend itself to a subjective, evaluative construal on the part ofthe subject/speaker. All the instances of the subjective-transitiveconstruction surveyed here impose this restriction on the XPCOMP. However, the loque se dice XPCOMP construction functioning as a emphasizer/focusingsubjunct also allows a more disparate range of non-evaluative XPCOMPs. Adefault inheritance system of the type invoked in Cognitive ConstructionGrammar is shown to capture the commonalities as well as the idiosyncraticparticulars of this family of constructions and can thus be informally used tooptimize the input for the instruction of grammar in the advanced Spanish L2class.
  • Sequential Patterns: A new Corpus-Based Method to Inform the Teaching of
           Language for Specific Purposes

    • Abstract: In this study, we present an original study that aims to show how pedagogically important lexico-grammatical patterns, which are typical of certain genres, can be identified and taught at every educational level, in particular for learners of French for Specific Purposes. These patterns, called Sequential Patterns, constitute a more powerful paradigm than lexical bundles or “P-frames” because they combine different levels of abstraction (word forms, lemmas, POS tags). As they are typical of a textual genre, some of these items reveal the abstract phraseological dimension of texts.
  • On the Systematic Variation of German Idioms: Converse Pairs as a
           Constructional Phenomenon

    • Abstract: This paper presents some findings of my research on the systematic variation of German idioms, with attention focused on converse transformations such as (jmdm.) eins/eine/einen aufs Dach geben literally “to give someone <let someone have> one on the roof”, meaning ‘to strike <beat> someone’ or ‘to punish someone’ – eins/eine/einen aufs Dach bekommen (von jmdm.) literally “to get one on the roof from someone”, meaning ‘to be struck <beaten> by someone’ or ‘to be punished by someone’. To be subjected to converse transformations an idiom must have two active valencies. These valencies are usually filled by the Agent and Patient, more seldom by the Agent and Addressee or Beneficiary. This semantico-syntactic condition is also a constructional phenomenon because it is governed by the argument structure of a given expression. Within every semantic field, a certain constructional pattern underlies the converse transformation. Cf. for the semantic fields (1) PHYSICAL COERCION, PHYSICAL VIOLENCE and (2) PUNISHMENT, which is derived from (1): [X gab eins in/auf “gave one in/on” {body part} of Y] meaning ‘X struck <beat> Y’ ↔ [Y bekam eins in/auf “got one in/on” {body part} of Y vom “from” X] meaning ‘Y was struck <was beaten> by X’.
  • Entrenching Inferences in Implicational and Illocutionary Constructions

    • Abstract: The starting point for the present paper is the classification of constructions, understood as fixed pairings of form and meaning, into four levels of meaning representation, i.e., the argument-structure, implicational, illocutionary and discourse levels. The meaning part of constructions contains fixed and variable elements. In argument-structure constructions the fixed elements are generic and, as such, they are open to parameterization through the integration of lower-level lexical structure into them. For example, the ‘caused-motion’ construction, which takes the form X CAUSES Y TO MOVE Z, can parameterize ‘cause to move’ by means of such predicates as ‘push’, ‘kick’ and ‘drag’. In constructions from other levels of description, the fixed part, which is non-generic, contains sets of conditions that are stably realized by specific formal configurations, which are highly idiomatic. For example, the sentence Who's been messing up the bulletin board? is usually not a question about the identity of the person that has performed the described action, but an expression of irritation on the part of the speaker at someone having handled the notices on the board inefficiently. The underlying configuration, which can be labeled Who's Been VP-ing (Y)?, is an implicational construction whose VP component-which completes the past perfect form of the fixed part-is necessarily a progressive form, thus indicating that the action has taken place in the recent past and is of consequence to the present moment. The rest of the meaning cannot be derived compositionally but is obtained from previous inferential activity based on the non-grammatical content of the “VP Y” part of the construction: People are expected not to misuse what is not theirs. Such content is a matter of socio-cultural conventions that regulate human interaction with other humans and the inferences originally derived from it have become entrenched through frequent association with the expressive pattern that now constitutes the formal part of the construction. The same is the case with illocutionary meaning, which is often captured by idiomatic constructions. For example, Can't you please stop making noise? derives its combination of directive and expressive force (it is a request and a complaint at the same time) from the entrenchment of meaning implications arising from the fact that it is not socially acceptable for people to act in ways that bother other people. Along these lines, the paper explores other such socio-cultural conventions, examines the type of inferences that they underlie and makes correlations with formal expression patterns. Such a correlation reveals networks of meaning relations among formal patterns that enable us to give structure to the implicational and illocutionary segments of the ‘constructicon’ of English. It also sets up explicit connections between the constructional and inferential domains of linguistic research.
  • How to Apply CxG to Phraseology: A Multilingual Research Project

    • Abstract: In the present research project, we will set out to design and populate a multilingual database which lists and describes Italian, Chinese, English, French, German, Japanese, Russian and Spanish phraseologisms. We firmly believe that the multilingual database will prove particularly useful in second language teaching. We will endorse the holistic perspective of Construction Grammar as our theoretical and applied framework (Goldberg, 1995; Croft, 2001): we conceive of phraseologisms, in particular idiomatic expressions, as ‘constructions’, i.e., form-meaning pairings whose meaning is not compositional. With reference to Croft (2001), we will describe multi-word units in their phonological, morpho-syntactic, semantico-pragmatic and discursive aspects (Schafroth, 2013) with the aim of providing an updated tool for second language acquisition and teaching purposes.
  • Antiphrasis-Based Comparative Constructional Idioms in Spanish

    • Abstract: The aim of this studyis to show the constructional character of the antiphrasis-based comparativestructures in Spanish [SUBJ[anaph] VTENER de S1 como/loque yo de S2] and [SUBJ[anaph] V[COGN] de S1 como/loque yo de S2], respectively with the referential meaning ‘not to be S1’ and‘to not know/understand absolutely anything about S1’ and the pragmatic meaningdisagreement/criticism. These schemata in Spanish have not been studiedpreviously, either from the perspective of phraseology (in terms of theircharacter as idiomatic schemata) or that of Construction Grammar (looking attheir value as constructional idioms). Hence, this study has a double aim: onthe one hand to fill a gap in Spanish phraseological research, exploring indetail the value of these structures in terms of schematicity and as constructional idioms and on the other to establish a unifying bridge betweenSpanish phraseology and Construction Grammar. For the study a corpus has beencompiled of 435 occurrences of the construction [SUBJ[anaph] VTENERde S1 como/lo que yo de S2] and 240 occurrences of theconstruction [SUBJ[anaph] V[COGN] de S1 como/loque yo de S2], these drawn either from the CREA corpus or from theInternet/Google using the Webcorp tool.

    • Abstract: The study explores the variety of causal constructions with an adjective in French and German, as they are realized in French Pierre est rouge de colère (‘Peter is red with anger’), German Maria ist gelb vor Eifersucht (‘Maria is yellow with jealousy’), French Il est fou d’amour (lit. ‘He is crazy of love’), or French Anne est morte de faim (lit. ‘Anne is dead of hunger’). First, the different elements of the construction are described in detail in the framework of Goldberg’s Construction Grammar model (1995 and 2006) and of different phraseological studies (Burger, 2007; Dobrovol’skij, 2011; Donalies, 2009; Fleischer, 1997; Gries, 2008). One and the same syntactic structure can convey different meanings (also a non-causal meaning) with different degrees of idiomaticity. In a contrastive approach, the study further highlights the typological differences in the causal construction between the Germanic language German and the Romance language French. These differences can lead to difficulties for French-speaking learners of German. The study proposes some teaching strategies to facilitate the learning of such causal constructions with an adjective. We advocate a teaching methodology which privileges holistic sequences or so-called ‘chunks’ (Handwerker, 2008) and which further focuses on the typological differences in the lexicalization patterns (e.g. different prepositions in German, different color terms,…), but also on conceptual metaphor and metonymy (Barcelona, 2001; Lakoff and Johnson, 1980; Niemeier, 1998). This helps foreign learners to ‘rethink for speaking’ (Ellis and Cadierno, 2009: 123) in the foreign language.
  • Difficulties in Translating Terminological Phrasemes in Economic Print

    • Abstract: The aim of this study is to demonstrate that thecorrect identification, understanding and translating of terminologicalphrasemes can cause difficulty for students, translators, managers andentrepreneurs. The theoretical framework of this study comprises phraseology,phraseodidactics and one branch of cognitive linguistics - construction grammar-whichtakes into account phrases and not only individual words. Professional economicphrasemes were first compiled on the International Monetary Fund (IMF) glossaryweb 2014 terminological database. From this database, 126 figurative compoundterms were selected in three source languages (Spanish, French and English) andcompared with terms in one target language (Slovak).We have primarily focusedon the occurrence of these terminological phrasemes in the print media and theyhave been analysed from the point of view of difficulties which might be causedwithin the process of translation. Similarities and peculiarities of theseterminological phrasemes have been discovered through analysis of theequivalents in the four aforementioned languages and the outcomes of this studyalso highlight differences regarding intercultural aspects. The acquisition ofgeneral phrasemes and in this case terminological phrasemes, is the importantpart of language skills not only for students of economics, but also for futuretranslators and professional translators.
  • The Grammaticalization of the Spanish Complement-taking Verb without a

    • Abstract: This study examines authentic data samples taken from the Corpus de Referencia del Español Actual (CREA) in order to uncover any semantic trends that can be commonly observed in verbs taking a sentential complement without the complementizer que in Spanish. In doing so, special attention is given to the grammaticalization process that can account for epistemic fragments in which the semantic meaning of the verb becomes attenuated and where the main verb alone without a complementizer functions like an adverbial phrase. Four semantic groups of verbs with a zero complementizer are analyzed: (i) Verbs of cognition/mental act (e.g., creer ‘think’); (ii) verbs of communication (e.g., decir ‘say’); (iii) verbs of volition and desire (e.g., esperar ‘hope’); and iv) verbs of emotion (e.g., temer ‘fear’). These verb groups allowing a zero complementizer show differences with respect to (i) the subjunctive and indicative use in the embedded clause, (ii) the formal Vs. informal registers and (iii) the use of the complement-taking verbs as a fragment/parenthetical or an epistemic marker (in order to capture the degree of grammaticalization). This study proposes that not all the verbs that allow for the omission of the complementizer undergo the same degree of grammaticalization, but the semantics of the main verb interacting with all those factors play a role in determining the likelihood of the omission and the possibility that the main verb can actually be used as a floated parenthetical with a more subjective meaning that involves a more active process of grammaticalization. It is also shown that the degree of grammaticalization differs from verb to verb, as well as from verb class to verb class.
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