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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1330 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (19 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (246 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (31 journals)
    - HOMOSEXUALITY (39 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (19 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (152 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (560 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (39 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (209 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (560 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6     

Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access  
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access  
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription  
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
EMPIRIA. Revista de Metodología de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enfoques     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EspacesTemps.net     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios del Desarrollo Social : Cuba y América Latina     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access  
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access  
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Family Process     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Family Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Fijian Studies: A Journal of Contemporary Fiji     Full-text available via subscription  
FIVE : The Claremont Colleges Journal of Undergraduate Academic Writing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flaubert     Open Access  
Formation emploi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FORO. Revista de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Fourth World Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Future Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Genocide Studies and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Genocide Studies International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Géographie et cultures     Open Access  
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Graduate Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal  
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hallazgos     Open Access  
He Puna Korero: Journal of Maori and Pacific Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Headmark     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
História e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hydra : Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IAMURE International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
IAMURE International Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iberoforum. Revista de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Iberoamericana     Open Access  
Iconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IdeAs. Idées d'Amérique     Open Access  
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5 6     

  Journal of Social Sciences
  [17 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1549-3652
   Published by Science Publications Homepage  [28 journals]
  • The Diaspora Nigerians’ Image Problem of Drug and Fraud: A Case
           Study of the Malaysian-Indonesian Experience through Newspaper Reports

    • Abstract: It is no longer news that theeconomic and social problems in Nigeria have led to mass migration of Nigeriansto other parts of the world for better job opportunities and/or education.South-East Asia has had its fair intake of some of these Nigerians especiallyin recent times. However, some unscrupulous Nigerians in their bid to makequick money have used the opportunity afforded by some of their host nations tocommit crimes ranging from drug trafficking to internet fraud. The negativeactivities of these few have had a bad impact on the image of the entirecitizenry of Nigeria in diaspora and this has led to stereotyping andprejudices-at times with dire consequences. Using the textual analysis method,this paper looks at the activities of some of these criminal minded Nigeriansin diaspora through newspaper reports in Malaysia and Indonesia with a view topinpointing the problems they are creating in these societies, their negativeeffect on other Nigerians and what solution(s) could possibly be implemented incurbing their activities.
       
  • The Grammaticalization of the Spanish Complement-Taking Verb without a
           Complementizer

    • Abstract: This study examines authentic data samples taken fromthe Corpus de Referencia del Español Actual (CREA) in order to uncoverany semantic trends that can be commonly observed in verbs taking a sententialcomplement without the complementizer que in Spanish. In doing so,special attention is given to the grammaticalization process that can accountfor epistemic fragments in which the semantic meaning of the verb becomesattenuated and where the main verb alone without a complementizer functionslike an adverbial phrase. Four semantic groups of verbs with a zerocomplementizer are analyzed: (i) Verbs of cognition/mental act (e.g., creer‘think’); (ii) verbs of communication (e.g., decir ‘say’); (iii) verbsof volition and desire (e.g., esperar ‘hope’); and iv) verbs of emotion(e.g., temer ‘fear’). These verb groups allowing a zero complementizershow differences with respect to (i) the subjunctive and indicative use in theembedded clause, (ii) the formal Vs. informal registers and (iii) the use ofthe complement-taking verbs as a fragment/parenthetical or an epistemic marker(in order to capture the degree of grammaticalization). This study proposesthat not all the verbs that allow for the omission of the complementizerundergo the same degree of grammaticalization, but the semantics of the mainverb interacting with all those factors play a role in determining thelikelihood of the omission and the possibility that the main verb can actuallybe used as a floated parenthetical with a more subjective meaning that involvesa more active process of grammaticalization. It is also shown that the degreeof grammaticalization differs from verb to verb, as well as from verb class toverb class.
       
  • Perceptions of Care, Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Health Care
           Utilisation among Health Insurance users in Ghana

    • Abstract: The socio-demographic characteristics of clients and their perception ofquality of care play a major part in people’s decision making processespecially in service utilization. This study assesses the relationship betweenclients’ socio-economic features as well as their perceived quality on healthcare utilization. The study adopted a non-experimental cross sectional designin eliciting information from health clients who accessed health services inten selected hospitals in the Kumasi Metropolis with a cluster sampling designto select 400 clients from the ten health facilities purposely selected. The researcherused interviews and semi structured questionnaires to collect data and usedSPSS version 20 for processing whiles descriptive and inferential statisticswas supported with STATA 11. Perception about the quality of health provisioninfluenced access of healthcare with NHIS cards. Clients who viewed the overallquality of health provision as good or very good were more likely to accesshealthcare with NHIS card as compared to those who rated the overall healthprovision as poor or very poor (OR = 2.1; p<0.01). Socio-demographic factorscontinuously play a strong role in influencing clients to access health careunder the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) as the high income groupsstill dominate in utilizing health care services under the scheme than thedeprived and the poor. Increased enrolment in the scheme should be supportedwith provision of quality services to enhance clients’ satisfaction. Also,socio-demographic characteristics influence the utilization of health care.
       
  • Subjective Perception and Causal Attributions for Poverty in Italy

    • Abstract: Doesa relation between subjective perception of one’s own socioeconomic status andwhat one believes about impoverishment exist? Are people’s causal attributionsfor poverty related to their concern for cost of living, their evaluation ofeconomic situation in the last 12 months or prevision for next 12 months? Thispaper aims at studying these relations in order to better understand people'sviewpoint on what originates poverty. The study considers data collected into aresearch carried out in 2012, in Italy and that has involved around 1000participants. A Principal Component Analysis has allowed detecting three maincomponents and the following analyses have showed significant relations betweenattributions and factors like, e.g., the perception of the personalsocioeconomic status and concern for cost of living.
       
  • &lsquo;Someone to Open Each and Every Door&rsquo;: Construction
           Grammar as a Learner Grammar: The Case of English Indefinite Pronouns

    • Abstract: This paper sets out an applied model of CognitiveConstruction Grammar along three dimensions: Compositionality, form as avehicle for promoting the emergence of grammatical meaning from lexical meaningand construal. The model of Cognitive Construction Grammar put forward hereimplies that the Applied Linguist may have to collect and explain a widerrepertoire of grammatical forms than were considered previously. This extendedrepertoire may have the advantage of giving the learner a deeper understandingof semantic constraints on how we use a particular construction. It also means thatforms once considered idiomatic are now being studied as productive and hencegrammatical on some sense. The disadvantage is that we have to deal with alarger number of forms and have no clear principle as to where grammar learningends and lexical or idiom learning begins. This paper discusses the question ofwhat to include under the rubric of grammatical description and how to includeit in relation to the SOME-and-ANY-SERIES (somebody/anyone, etc.) indefinitepronouns. It asks how this applied model of construction grammar affects whatwe present to learners by looking first at the formal attributes of the EnglishSOME- and ANY-SERIES indefinite pronouns themselves and then at some of thetypes of clause in which the SOME-SERIES appears.
       
  • On the Systematic Variation of German Idioms: Converse Pairs as a
           Constructional Phenomenon

    • Abstract: Thispaper presents some findings of my research on the systematic variation ofGerman idioms, with attention focused on converse transformations such as (jmdm.)eins/eine/einen aufs Dach geben literally “to give someone <let someonehave> one on the roof”, meaning ‘to strike <beat> someone’ or ‘topunish someone’ – eins/eine/einen aufs Dach bekommen (von jmdm.)literally “to get one on the roof from someone”, meaning ‘to be struck<beaten> by someone’ or ‘to be punished by someone’. To be subjected toconverse transformations an idiom must have two active valencies. Thesevalencies are usually filled by the Agent and Patient, more seldom by the Agentand Addressee or Beneficiary. This semantico-syntactic condition is also aconstructional phenomenon because it is governed by the argument structure of agiven expression. Within every semantic field, a certain constructional patternunderlies the converse transformation. Cf. for the semantic fields (1) physical coercion, physical violence and(2) punishment, which is derivedfrom (1): [X gab eins in/auf“gave one in/on” {body part} of Y] meaning ‘X struck <beat> Y’ ↔ [Y bekameins in/auf “got one in/on” {body part} of Y vom “from” X] meaning‘Y was struck <was beaten> by X’.
       
  • Sequential Patterns: A new Corpus-Based Method to Inform the Teaching of
           Language for Specific Purposes

    • Abstract: In this study, we present an original study that aimsto show how pedagogically important lexico-grammatical patterns, which aretypical of certain genres, can be identified and taught at every educationallevel, in particular for learners of French for Specific Purposes. Thesepatterns, called Sequential Patterns, constitute a more powerful paradigm thanlexical bundles or “P-frames” because they combine different levels ofabstraction (word forms, lemmas, POS tags). As they are typical of a textualgenre, some of these items reveal the abstract phraseological dimension oftexts.
       
  • Adoption Factors of Electronic Human Resource Management (e-HRM) in
           Banking Industry of Bangladesh

    • Abstract: Thepurpose of the study is identifying the important factors that contribute toadoption of e-HRM among banks in Bangladesh. Stratified random samplingtechnique was used to consider 265 respondents from twenty eight privatecommercial banks. A pre-tested and close-ended questionnaire adaptingfive-point Likert scale was used for data collection. In this study,descriptive statistics and exploratory factor analysis are exercised asstatistical tools. The result shows that employee’s individual attributes, topmanagement support, compatibility, IT infrastructure and industry pressure areimportant factors that influencing management decision to adopt e-HRM amongbanks. The practical implication of the findings is discussed at the end ofthis paper and recommendations for further research are also addressed.
       
  • Omission of Men from Gender-Development Theory and Praxis: A Pathway for
           Addressing the Plights of Women?

    • Abstract: Within thegender-development discourse, there have been widespread concerns in relationto the neglect of women in benefitting from the process and outcomes ofdevelopment. This has led in part to the proliferation of policy programmingdesigned for women to achieve gender equality while ensuring that women benefitproportionally from development. However the extent to which gender-basedinterventions will succeed in relation to their aims will depend inter alia onhow such programmes view other members (men) of the household. This papercritically examines the consequences of men’s omission from gender-developmenttheory and practice. We draw our discussion on the theoretical and empiricalliterature by focusing on two gender-based programmes i.e., microfinanceschemes and HIV/AIDs interventions that have been implemented widely across thedeveloping world with the aim of transforming gender relations and addressinggender subordination. We argue that in isolating men from gender baseddevelopment programmes, interventions may fail to tackle the root causes ofwomen’s subordinate position in society. Central to our argument lies the factthat women’s lives are embedded within the wider socio- cultural dynamics andpower structures and thus the lack of critical assessment of these elements mayact as potential constraining factors hindering the success of theseprogrammes. Besides, though it is undisputed that women have beenunderprivileged, the insipient emergence of “men in crisis” in developmentdiscourse may suggest that policies have not benefited all men either. Thepaper concludes with  recommendations inimproving the design of gender based programmes in efforts towards addressingthe plight of women.
       
  • Social Psychology and Performative Interventions in Human Systems. The
           GENERATIVE Method

    • Abstract: Thepurpose of this paper is to describe the GENERATIVE method, a methodology forpromoting change in human systems (i.e., contexts involving human interactions,such as organizations, communities, institutions). The first part of the paperis focused on the description of the interactionist and constructionistepistemological background adopted. The second is dedicated to the presentationof human systems as socially constructed realities. The third part is dedicatedto the description of the three recursive steps of the GENERATIVE methodology: Thesystem analysis, the negotiation and redefinition of goals and the pragmaticintervention. Finally, the presentation of the methodological steps iscritically discussed in order to show how this methodology is particularlyuseful and effective in promoting change in human systems. The paper aims toprovide insights and guidelines to professionals, practitioners and consultantsworking in contexts involving human interactions.
       
  • Women&rsquo;s Participation in Agricultural Activities at Forest Land
           Areas of Bangladesh

    • Abstract: Women first initiated agricultural practices and demonstratedthe art of science of farming. Women played a key role in the conservation ofbasic support system. The main objective of this research was to determine theextent of participation in agricultural activities by the rural women inMadhupur forest areas. An attempt was made to explore the potentials factorsthat influence their participation in agricultural activities in Madhupur forestareas in Bangladesh. Data were collected from randomly selected 70 rural womenby using a pre-tested structured interview schedule. The findingsof the study showed that the highest proportion of the respondents (95.7%) hadhigh level of participation in agricultural activities, where only 4.3% hadmedium and 1.4% had low level of participation. Among nine selectedcharacteristics of the rural women, two of these namely years of schooling andfamily farm size did not show positive significant relationships with theirextent of participation in agricultural activities. On the other hand,extension media contact and access to training on agriculture showed positivesignificant relationship with their extent of participation in agriculturalactivities. The findings of the study indicate that the respondents of thestudy area have no alternatives other than agricultural activities. Here, morethan half of respondents (62.9%) motivated towards agricultural activities asthey have no alternatives to do, where, 25.7 and 11.4% of them wereself-motivated and enforced by other to practice agricultural activities,respectively. More training should be provided to the women farmers of thestudy areas and require more exposure to extension media which helps the peopleto become more conscious, rational decision maker and informative aboutagricultural activities. So the authority should implement adequate developmentprogram in the forest areas for the welfare of women farmers.
       
  • Theory Practice Gaps in Nursing Education: A Qualitative Perspective

    • Abstract: The last three decades have focused on moving thenursing education from the hospitals toward the universities. The theoreticalpart has started to gain more popularity in nursing education. The literatureshows that there is a clear gap between what is taught in the classroom andwhat the student nurses experience in the clinical area. This study aimed toidentify the reasons for this gap and present suggestions to overcome it. Anexploratory qualitative approach was adopted. Individual face-to-face semi-structured interviewswith thirty students were done.The findings shed light on one main theme “the reasons for theory-practice gap”.Many of the students explained that the lack of qualifications of the clinicalinstructors formed a key stone in increasing the gap between theory andpractice. Lack of communication between Theory and Practice teachers was viewedas another reason for this gap. The students showed the complexity of theclinical learning environment in comparison with the theory controlledenvironment. Poor communication between clinical instructors and lack of supportin the clinical training was viewed crucial and was expected to increase thefeelings of frustration and dissatisfaction among nursing students. Inconclusion, qualitative design used in this study provided deep and rich dataabout the theory-practice gaps in nursing education in Jordan. The results ofthis study could be useful for the undergraduate students, the nursing schools,the nursing teachers and the stakeholders in Jordan.
       
  • Economic Development of Pak Dome Community in the Lower Mun River Basin
           for Good Life Quality in Northeastern Thailand

    • Abstract: This qualitative research was carried out of the Pak Dome community, Mu 1 Tambon Posai, Amphoe Phibun Mang sahan, Ubon Ratchathani. The 15 samples went through learning process by raising plants and animals. The field data were collected using interviews and participant observations. The data were analyzed descriptively and the results were as follows the people who settled at the Pak Dome community migrated from Tapthai Pha Aw and Sao thong villages. The community was located near the area where the Pak Dome creek met the Mun River. The area was and still is plentiful of fish and edible plants. The Pak Dome community experienced change due to external and internal factors as early as 1855 when Thailand signed the Bowring Treaty with the United Kingdom and the Government railway reached Nakhon Ratchasima in 1900. Such events opened up free trade among major towns and large communities located along the Mun River basin. The Kukrit Promoter’s government policy of putting the money or budget back to the countryside for improvement of infrastructure and/or employment in 1990. The change taught the Pak Dome people to readjust their subsistence economy to market economy. To a large extent, the people some people went back to growing food crops and raised animals using home or community made fertilizer. The new experience helped the people to reduce their risk from market economy, improve soil fertility and free of chemical deposits. The impact of the newly selected project was immense. Economically, the people almost doubled their annual income from 15,000 baht to about 24,000 baht per family. Their quality of life improved due to improved environment, food consumption, self-help or subsistence economy and improved learning experience initiated or brought by resource persons from within and outside of the community and reduced cost and increased farm produce.
       
  • The Role of Developmental Psychology to Understanding History, Culture and
           Social Change

    • Abstract: Developmental psychology of the past generations has evidenced that the whole pre-modern humankind stood on pre-operational or concrete-operational stages. Only the modern humankind has also developed the fourth stage of human development, the adolescent stage of formal operations. Lew Vygotski was 1933 one of the first to earmark convincingly the connection of socialisation (school education) and cognitive development as a precondition to reach the “higher psychological processes”, as the Russian school designated what the school of Geneva called “formal operations”. The essay documents that developmental psychology is necessary to reconstruct the history of magic, religion, sciences, philosophy, law, morals, politics, economy, population, arts, customs and mentality. It is impossible to understand human’s history on earth and social change from Pleistocene up to modern times without developmental psychology. Moreover, the emergence of the formal operations during the early modern times caused the rise of modern, industrial society, including its main parts “industrialism”, “sciences”, “Enlightenment”, “humanism” and “democracy”. These five main phenomena of modernity manifest higher stages of psyche and cognition, having arisen in the same region and in the same era. Developmental psychology is able to explain their nature and their internal coherence, while traditional social sciences have no means available to deal with these phenomena, considering their common origination as an accidental phenomenon or misinterpreting it.
       
  • Factors Influencing Online Shopping in Mauritius: An Application of
           Principal Component Analysis and Binary Logistic Regression

    • Abstract: In our modern world, the intensive use of internet has imposed new lifestyles and encouraged new behaviour amongst many across the globe. With the development in Internet technologies, the emergence of online shopping has altered the way businesses operate. While many of them have embraced this platform to present their offerings, many customers on the other hand, are finding it more cost-effective and convenient to carry out their transactions online. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to refine our understanding on consumers’ attitudes, perception and behaviour towards online shopping in a Mauritian context. Data was collected among 224 respondents in Mauritius whereby a questionnaire was administered through personal interviews with the aim of achieving a higher response rate. Principle Component Analysis (PCA) was performed to reveal the underlying factors influencing people’s perceptions and attitudes towards online shopping and the results uncovered that ‘online shopping conveniences’, ‘security and product risk’, ‘complexity and waiting time’ and ‘enjoyment and pleasure’ were major contributors to overall attitudes towards online shopping attributes. The binary regression model was also fitted and factors such as marital status and internet at home were the significant factors to contribute towards online shopping.
       
  • Perceived Social Support and Opinions on Poverty: Is it Chronic or
           Transient?

    • Abstract: This article discusses the relation between perceptual component of social support and the beliefs about stability of poverty condition. To what extent individual’s perception about having back covered, resulting from opinion about family’s or friends’ resources or their moral support, influences his belief about poverty as a chronic or a transient condition? Analyses-Chi2 test on bivariate crossings-have been carried out on a sample of 992 individuals resident in Lazio, an Italian region. They were asked to respond to a multidimensional semi‐structured questionnaire on their social‐economic status and beliefs about poverty. Outcomes emerged revealed a relation between the feeling safe thanks to personal supportive network and opinion on poverty: Respondents showing a greater feeling of back covered consider poverty a chronic condition more than others. On the contrary, the evaluation of poverty as a condition that is possible to escape from is more frequent among people who reported to feel morally supported or they can count on family’s or friends’ resources.
       
  • Personality Traits and Exposure to Stressful Life Events Among Smokers and
           Nonsmokers

    • Abstract: Early studies supposed that personality traits and students’ life, which include brings many social and academic changes, may be relevant factors in initiation and maintenance of smoking. The aims of this study were to investigate differences in personality dimensions, as well as exposure to stressful life events among students’ smokers and nonsmokers and finally to examine the predictive contribution of these variables to smoking status. The study was conducted on the sample of 200 students from the University of Mostar, with a median age of 21 (interquartile range, 3) who completed Goldberg’s Personality Questionnaire and Scale of stressful life events. The group of students who never smoke (N = 101) and the group of smokers (N = 99) took part in the study. The results have shown that personality dimension of neuroticism and stressful life events related to social alienation, academic failure and everyday social conflict differed the smokers and non-smokers group. The smokers had higher scores in comparison to non-smokers group of students. Neuroticism and stressful life events academic failure and academic maladjustment were also significant predictors to smoking status.
       
  • Rural and Urban Attitudes toward Immigrants in the U.S. Midwest and Great
           Plains

    • Abstract: Recent immigration has transformed much of the Midwest and Great Plains regions of the United States, affecting its rural and urban areas through dramatic increases in the foreign-born population and in particular Latino immigrant populations. This study examines three theories of prejudice: Perceptions of threat, contact with immigrants and a cosmopolitanism outlook, in predicting rural and urban attitudes toward immigrants in Nebraska, a state experiencing a substantial rise in immigrant populations. We use a large, randomly drawn sample of individuals across the state of Nebraska. Using ordinary least squares methods we show that the effects of perceived threat, contact and a cosmopolitan outlook vary within and between rural and urban areas of the state. Perceived threat was found to have the greatest negative effects on attitudes toward immigrants for those who live in small cities and the open country or on farms, while contact with immigrants and a cosmopolitan outlook was found to have the greatest positive effect on attitudes for those living in large cities and for towns. Implications for growing the Latino population are discussed.
       
  • A New Look At Our Old Attitude Problem

    • Abstract: Across the disciplines, attitudes are commonly measured through the use of unidimensional scaling (e.g., Likert scaling). Given that the Likert measurement scale (multiple equivalent items regarding an attitudinal target from which a summated score is produced) and the Likert response format (positive to negative judgements) were developed over 80 years ago, this article questions whether Likert scaling is still optimal for attitude investigation. In this article, it is argued that the lack of resolution of the debate around the dimensionality of attitudes has encouraged a simplistic view of attitudes (assumed unidimensionality of both attitudes and attitudes responses) to predominate, without empirical justification for this view.
       
  • RELATIONSHIP AMONG E-SERVICE QUALITY, CULTURE, ATTITUDE, TRUST, RISK OF
           ONLINE SHOPPING

    • Abstract: Purchasing is considered a risky business specifically in the online purchasing environment. The research was designed to fill the gap in the existing body of knowledge regarding attitudes and differences in electronic service quality perception between two different geographical and cultural countries-Malaysia and Saudi Arabia-regarding online shopping. Specifically, this research extended previous effort done in an online shopping context by providing evidence that high service quality increase consumers’ trust perception, which in turn results in favorable attitude toward online shopping, with risk perception on consumer’s trust. Findings indicated differences between Saudis and Malaysians in e-service quality perception. Also attitude toward online shopping was affected by e-service quality perception, but it had mediated effects through trust. Finally, researcher found that perceived risk moderated the relationship between e-service quality and trust. The findings provide practical suggestions for managers on how to develop consumer trust online and enhance purchase attitude even when customers have high risk perception. E-service quality should strongly influence trust for individuals with a higher perceived risk associated with online purchase in comparison to those with a lower perceived risk.
       
  • ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF THE STATES BEFORE AND AFTER THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

    • Abstract: Even though, the American Civil War is considered as a seminal event in the history of the United States, there are not many empirical studies examining economic conditions of the Union and the Confederate states. Even though, economic conflict is not considered to be a cause of the Civil War, economic conditions after the war were vastly different in the Union and the Confederate states. The purpose of this study is to analyze the economic outcomes of individuals in the Confederate states and the Union states before and after the American Civil War using census data for 1860 and 1880. Our goal is to analyze the improvements in the occupation income scores. Since the slaves were freed, we also examine whether there was a reduction in the farm households.
       
  • WOMEN AND POLITICS: SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION AND A POLICY OF DECONSTRUCTION

    • Abstract: Female representation in politics is not unusual but the significance can be questionable. Women’s involvement in politics has been minimal in Malaysia. The improvement in the number of female representatives over the years has been surprisingly slow. Thus the political landscape is still a man’s world. Although the number of female registered voters is higher than male, women’s representation in the parliament fails to reflect this societal majority. The feminist perspective argues that deterrent factors to women’s active involvement are due to social construction and such a claim is supported when reviewing this phenomenon. Women are still viewed as the supportive group and unfit to lead the society. Despite the National Policy for Women that was adopted to deconstruct such double standards for women, the struggles for women in politics are tremendous. This research applies the qualitative method to examine women and politics. Secondary data is gathered to challenge the claim that the National Policy for women has empowered women in politics. This article examines the meaning of social construction and deconstruction mechanisms that are unable to boost women’s participation in politics. Overall, women are certainly capable of carrying out political responsibilities but the miles to significant political participation are still far.
       
  • GENDER PREFERENCES FOR ALTERNATIVE ENERGY TRANSPORT WITH FOCUS ON ELECTRIC
           VEHICLE

    • Abstract: Transportation has become an important part of our day to day life. Due to changing lifestyle, frequent travels whether related to work or leisure has become a common phenomenon. Such lifestyle also demands comfortable transport medium and reasonable availability of fuels. As need of vehicle for transportation is rising, it has put pressure of fuel supply, fuel prices and environment as well. The rising prices of fuel, increasing pressure on resources and threatening environment pollution is driving the need for alternative and clean sources of energy. Increasing competition among nations to own the resources is becoming a serious threat for many developing countries. This paper empirically examines the gender preference for alternative energy sources and related technologies for vehicles. In total, 1168 questionnaires were received from respondents (male-711, female-442, not disclosed-15) from eleven cities in India viz. Bengaluru, Chennai, Cochin, Coimbatore, Hyderabad, Pune, Imphal, Rohtak, Sagar and Tiruvanathpuram in India and one city from Bhutan-Thimpu. Respondents who did not disclose their gender were excluded from the study. The study was conducted from October 2013 to June 2014. The objective of the study was to understand the social dimensions and gender preferences of the respondents regarding their preference for electric vehicle as an alternative energy transport for personal and public use. The primary data was collected through a structured questionnaire. The data was analyzed through the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS®). Findings indicate that in general fueled vehicles are still preferred over electric vehicles. However there is a strong interest in electric vehicles. It was observed that more than 66% of the respondents in the age group of 18-30 can become prospective customers in the near future, if the electric vehicles meet their expectations. In this age group, 59% of the respondents were male and 41% were female. Most of the respondents indicated that they would purchase the electric vehicle as it would save operating costs, it is environment friendly and less dependent on fossil fuel. It was observed that as compared to female, male respondents were more inclined towards the influential factors like fuel efficiency, safety, vehicle power and reliability and early availability of vehicle in the market. In all 93% of respondents confirm that they are willing to pay the premium price and among them, 61% were male and 39% were female.
       
  • THEY SHOULDN’T POST THAT! STUDENT PERCEPTION OF
           INAPPROPRIATE POSTS ON FACEBOOK REGARDING ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND THE
           IMPLICATIONS FOR PEER SOCIALIZATION

    • Abstract: Many students believe that drinking alcohol is part of the collegiate experience and showing that one consumes alcohol is an important part of establishing that one fits into this atmosphere. Facebook is one means in which college students present the appearance of social conformity in order to gain peer approval; yet, in accordance with Privacy Calculus Theory, students also need to weigh the potential cons of non-peer disapproval for drinking disclosures. However, for the process of Privacy Calculus theory to work with regards to peer acceptance, students need to obtain feedback from their peers in order to accurately assess the pros and cons of different levels of disclosure. Seven separate focus groups involving a total of 46 students at a small, private college in Pennsylvania were conducted to explore whether college students perceive limitations in appropriateness for Facebook drinking posts and, subsequently if they do anything to peers to express disapproval if this line is crossed. Findings suggest that college students consider Facebook posts about underage drunken behavior and about drunken vomiting inappropriate because non-peer Facebook friends, such as family, may see the posts; and, additionally, in the case of vomiting, because sharing such behavior is deemed unnecessary and excessive. However, findings also suggest that students ignore these inappropriate posts without offering any sanctioning comments to their peers and in many instances actually find these posts “entertaining” even though these students form negative opinions of the discloser. This questions how well Facebook works towards helping late adolescents understand the approved behaviors of their cohort and, in accordance with Privacy Calculus Theory, how accurately peers can evaluate the pros and cons of disclosure.
       
  • RESILIENCE IN IGBO RURAL COMMUNITY ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG ADULTS

    • Abstract: While involved in organising an empowerment seminar for the Igbo rural youths, the authors investigated resilience among rural adolescents and young adults. Three hundred and twenty nine (329) adolescents (n = 162) and young adults (n = 167), comprising 159 males and 170 females, were participants. They completed the 14-item Resilience scale and provided some relevant demographic information. Analysis Of Variance (ANOVA) was used to test for differences in resilience on account of age, gender and level of education. Young adults had significantly higher resilience scores than adolescents. No significant difference was found in resilience scores of males and females. Participants with higher education had significantly higher resilience scores than those with lower education. Of all the interaction effects tested, only age * gender * education had a significant interaction effect on resilience. Discussion of the findings were based on the literature, realities of life in contemporary Igbo society and the authors’ observations.
       
 
 
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