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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1347 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (240 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (28 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (17 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (89 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (52 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (683 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (42 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (160 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (683 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 201 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Family Process     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Family Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Fijian Studies: A Journal of Contemporary Fiji     Full-text available via subscription  
FIVE : The Claremont Colleges Journal of Undergraduate Academic Writing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flaubert     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Formation emploi     Open Access  
FORO. Revista de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Forum Ilmu Sosial     Open Access  
Forum Marsilius-Kolleg     Open Access  
Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Fourth World Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Fronteras : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Future Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Genocide Studies and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Genocide Studies International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Géographie et cultures     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Global Journal of Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Graduate Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Grafía     Open Access  
Grief Matters : The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Gruppendynamik und Organisationsberatung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
GSTF Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hallazgos     Open Access  
Harmoni Sosial : Jurnal Pendidikan IPS     Open Access  
He Puna Korero: Journal of Maori and Pacific Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Headmark     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Herencia     Open Access  
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
História e Cultura     Open Access  
Human Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hydra : Interdisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Iberoforum. Revista de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Iberoamericana     Open Access  
Iconos. Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IdeAs. Idées d'Amérique     Open Access  
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
IDS Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Illness, Crisis & Loss     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Im@go. A Journal of the Social Imaginary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Immigrants & Minorities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Impact     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Informação em Pauta     Open Access  
Infrastructure Complexity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
InPsych : The Bulletin of the Australian Psychological Society Ltd     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Communication of Chinese Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Development Planning Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal for Transformative Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Bahamian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Business and Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Canadian Studies / Revue internationale d’études canadiennes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Conflict and Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Cultural Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Iberian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Language and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Management and Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Punishment and Sentencing, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Qualitative Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Social and Allied Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Social and Humanistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Social and Organizational Dynamics in IT     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
International Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Review of Qualitative Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
International Review of Social Research     Open Access  
International Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 206)
International Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Studies. Interdisciplinary Political and Cultural Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Internationale Revue Fur Soziale Sicherheit     Hybrid Journal  
InterSciencePlace     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigación y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigaciones Geográficas (Esp)     Open Access  
Irish Journal of Applied Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Issues in Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ius et Praxis     Open Access  
Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Addiction & Prevention     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Academic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Journal of Applied Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Contemporary African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Critical Race inquiry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cultural Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Development Effectiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Educational Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Globalization and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Human Security     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Humanity     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Interdisciplinary Gender Studies: JIGS     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Korean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Markets & Morality     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mediterranean Knowledge     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Men, Masculinities and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Methods and Measurement in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Migration and Refugee Issues, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Organisational Transformation & Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Pan African Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 242)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Progressive Research in Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Research in National Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Responsible Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social Change     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Intervention: Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Social Science Education : JSSE     Open Access  
Journal of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Social Studies Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Studies in Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Technology in Human Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers     Open Access  
Journal of the Polynesian Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the University of Ruhuna     Open Access  
Journal of Transnational American Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Trust Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access  
Jurnal Abdimas     Open Access  
Jurnal Kawistara     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Sosial     Open Access  
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora     Open Access  
Jurnal Terapan Abdimas     Open Access  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Kaleidoscope     Open Access  
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Kimün. Revista Interdisciplinaria de Formación Docente     Open Access  
Knowledge Management for Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Korean Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Kotuitui : New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Kulturwissenschaftliche Zeitschrift     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
KZfSS Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
L'Homme Europäische Zeitschrift für Feministische Geschichtswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
L'Ordinaire des Amériques     Open Access  
Labyrinthe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Les Cahiers des dix     Full-text available via subscription  
Les Cahiers d’EMAM     Open Access  
Letras Verdes. Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Socioambientales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Letters on Evolutionary Behavioral Science     Open Access  
Lex Social : Revista de Derechos Sociales     Open Access  
Lilith: A Feminist History Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Liminar. Estudios Sociales y Humanisticos     Open Access  
Literacy Learning: The Middle Years     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Local-Global: Identity, Security, Community     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
Lúdicamente     Open Access  
Lutas Sociais     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Macedon Digest, The     Full-text available via subscription  
Maine Policy Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathématiques et sciences humaines     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
McNair Scholars Research Journal     Open Access  
McNair Scholars Research Journal     Open Access  
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Meanjin Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Media Information Australia     Full-text available via subscription  
Media International Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Media International Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Melbourne Journal of Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mémoire(s), identité(s), marginalité(s) dans le monde occidental contemporain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Memorias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

  First | 1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover Journal of Social Sciences
  [19 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1549-3652
   Published by Science Publications Homepage  [28 journals]
  • Double Working Day in Female Higher Education Teachers in Mexico City

    • Abstract: Nowadays, women are fully integrated to all the productive sectors of life. However, women continue to be the only responsible ones for housework and reproductive work. This paper analyzes the perception of women University professors with a double workday in Mexico City. We use the Participatory Action Research methodology. The diagnosis results show that these women perceive their conflict situation as natural, but changing.
       
  • A Comparison of Price Effect and Country of Origin Effect on Consumer
           Counterfeit Products Purchase

    • Abstract: Proliferation of Counterfeit Consumer Products is one of the insistent apprehensions confronting managers and companies in many countries. The current study compared the influence of price and country of origin effects on consumer attitude and purchase intention of counterfeit consumer products in the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana. The study adopted a positivist research philosophy and a descriptive research design in gathering and analysing the data. A total of 265 respondents was sampled for the study. A Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was employed using T - Test statistic as well as the Kruskal - Wallis test in cross examining the demographic features and the study's variables. Structural Equation Modelling statistical (SEM) technique using Partial Least Square (PLS) software version 3.0 was employed in determining the hypothesised relationships of the study. It was observed that, country of origin effect has a superior influence on both consumer attitude and purchase intention than price of the counterfeit products. The results also showed a significant association between level of education and consumer counterfeit products purchased. The findings contribute to the scant empirical studies that compare price factor and country of origin effect on attitude and intention to purchase in a single survey research.
       
  • City Growth: Issues and Challenges of Urban Sustainability in Republic of
           Benin

    • Abstract: The reason behind the sustainable urban development in many developing countries, including Benin are diverse such as socio-economic, environment and cultural challenge. The aim of this paper therefore is to examine the growth of cities in Benin, issues and challenges of urbanization in order to have a sustainable urban development. The mains area addressed in the paper are: issues related to local institutions and local governance, the challenge of urban growth sustainability in Benin and then the need to reinvent a new model of governance for a sustainable urbanization and for the financial sufficient of municipalities in Benin. Further, to reach my goal I will answer to the following questions: which policies for the effective and sustainable urban development' How cities/municipalities can accumulate wealth from local resources in order to be more or less dependent from the central state or others external source rather than their own'
       
  • Parenting, Adolescents’ Future Orientation, and
           Adolescents’ Efficient Financial Behaviors in Young Adulthood
           

    • Abstract: The current study examined how parenting behaviors during adolescence would be related to adolescent children’s financial efficiency in early adulthood. We also examined if there was a possible mediator o f this link. Data for this investigation (N = 1385) were drawn from the high school and young adult in the Michigan Study of Adolescent Life Transitions, 22-year 9-wave investigation. It was found that parenting behaviors including parental advice for children’s future and parents’ involvement in children’s activities in middle adolescence (10th grade) predicted children’s future oriented attitudes in late adolescence (12th grade), which in turn predicted efficient financial behaviors in their early adulthood (21 years old and 24 years old). Contribution, limitations and implication of the study were discussed. 
       
  • A Comparative Examination of Unhealthy Behaviors and Negative-LGBT
           Experiences among Individuals in Legal Same-Sex Marriages and in Committed
           Same-Sex Relationships

    • Abstract: Extant literature on different-sex marriage has widely demonstrated its beneficial and protective effects. Given that legal same-sex marriage has been available on a state-by-state basis only since 2004 starting with Massachusetts and nationwide since 2015 after the Supreme Court Ruling on Obergefell v. Hodges, it is imperative to understand if those in entering legal same-sex marriage are different from those who are not entering this institution. We identify unhealthy behaviors, such as binge drinking and not being faithful and negative LGB-experiences, such as stigma and bullying, to examine if those in legal same-sex marriage participate in these behaviors or have these experiences at different levels compared to those in committed relationships. Using a U.S. convenience sample (N = 158), represented strongly by the state of Texas, we found that those in legal marriages participated in unhealthy behaviors and experienced negative LGB-experiences at levels lower than those in committed relationships. Results from multivariate analyses, using Poisson’s regression model, indicate that being legally married as opposed to being in committed relationship reduced unhealthy behaviors and negative experiences after controlling for sociodemographic factors. We recommend further research on same-sex marriage because of its potential implications on health.
       
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  • A New Experimental Method for Generating Locus of Control using a Wooden
           Labyrinth

    • Abstract: The labyrinth was investigated as a means of generating stimuli in a locus of control paradigm. The experiment consisted of 56 undergraduates. Following completion of the Rotter I-E locus of control measure, participants negotiated a steel ball through a series of 44 obstacles over several trials. Analyses revealed evidence of greater persistence in participants with an internal locus of control than in participants with an external locus of control. The findings of this experiment indicate that the labyrinth is a useful apparatus to study locus of control under laboratory conditions.
       
  • The Moderating Effect of Sibling Delinquency on Risky Behavior during
           Emerging Adulthood

    • Abstract: This study examines the relationship between sibling delinquency and respondent risky behavior of emerging adults. This study attempts to understand the influence a sibling has on deviant behavior, sexual behavior and substance use during emerging adulthood. Sibling support and sibling contact were the two components of sibling relationships that were examined. A social learning theory framework was used. It was hypothesized that an individual who has high contact and support from a deviant sibling would be more likely to engage in risky behavior, be more sexually active and have increased alcohol use. The sample was comprised of 690 undergraduates enrolled in a large state university. A test of the moderating effects of sibling support and contact was conducted. Results indicate that there is a moderating relationship between the influence of sibling delinquency on respondent deviance, sexual permissiveness and alcohol use for females. As contact and support with a delinquent sibling increases, the level of respondent deviance, sexual permissiveness and alcohol use also increases
       
  • The Geography of Sex Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children in
           Minnesota, 2007-2015

    • Abstract: This article provides a snapshot of the geographic patterns of sex trafficking and sexual exploitation of minors' court cases and the affected communities in the U.S. state of Minnesota. The regional distributions of cases seen in court dealing with solicitation, inducement and promotion of prostitution, solicitation of children to engage in sexual conduct and use of a minor in a sexual performance are compared here. According to the visual examination of the thematic maps and the spatial statistics analyses, the greatest clustering for any of the offenses potentially related to sexual exploitation and trafficking is for cases that involve solicitation, inducement and promotion of prostitution. These clusters are located in Minnesota's major metropolitan areas and transportation hubs. The maps and the spatial statistics dealing with solicitation of a child to engage in sexual conduct and the use of a minor in a sexual performance are less likely to display clusters of cases in metropolitan areas and transportation hubs. In the majority of cases the patterns are random. Based on news reports and the thematic maps' patterns, the Internet has become a centrifugal force that has maintained a considerable number of child solicitation cases happening outside metropolitan areas traditionally linked to other sex crimes such as prostitution.
       
  • Public Risk Perceptions of Handgun Use in the United States

    • Abstract: This study explores public risk perceptions of other people's use of handguns and the influence of demographics on individuals' risk perceptions of other people's use of handguns. Data were collected from a nationally representative online survey of 2,008 individuals in the United States. The results indicate that the public views other people's use of handguns as highly risky (3.6 on a scale of 1 to 5). This result is not particularly interesting by itself, but when analyzing individuals' risk perceptions of other people's use of handguns along various demographics, interesting insights emerge. Specifically, the results indicate that women and minority groups, as well as older and more educated individuals have a significantly higher risk perception of other people's use of handguns. A better understanding of public risk perceptions of other people's use of handguns can provide critical insights needed to design appropriate gun safety policies.
       
  • Assessing the Impact of Community Life Improvement Program (CLIP) on the
           Livelihood Assets of Women in the Sheabutter Processing Business in Karaga
           District of Northern Ghana

    • Abstract: The poverty situation in Northern Ghana is a major challenge to sustainable development. As a result of socio-cultural factors, women are vulnerable and their poverty situation is even more overwhelming. Development agencies, Governmental and Non-Governmental Organizations have adopted and implemented different strategies aimed at reducing poverty in these areas. Micro-credit delivery to the poor especially women is one of these strategies that seems to be making impact towards improving the livelihoods of the rural poor women. The Community Life Improvement Program (CLIP), a Non-Governmental Organization has instituted a micro-credit scheme to help the poor rural women in Karaga district of Northern region to expand their sheabutter processing micro-business. The objective of the study was to assess the impact of the CLIP Project on the livelihood assets of sheabutter processing women in Karaga district of Northern region. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to select 110 respondents (80 beneficiary and 30 non-beneficiary women) who were interviewed for the study. Interview guide and focus group discussions were tools used to obtain information from the sheabutter processing women. The results of the study revealed that the livelihood assets of the beneficiary women have been improved. The study further revealed that the livelihood assets of the beneficiary women were far better off as compared to that of the non-beneficiary women of the CLIP Project. The study recommended that, the CLIP Project should extend its financial services to many more non-beneficiary sheabutter processing women in the target communities.
       
  • Inculcating Human Values among School Students through Effective Teaching

    • Abstract: Education is an essential process for inculcating values to enhance the learner in such a way so that they can lead a life that is gratifying to the individual in accordance with the cultivated values as well as with the ideals of the society. Values are those tools which help them for betterment of the quality of life. The value forms the basics of character formation and the development of personality. The values that spring from within or the core of the heart, like love, humanity, compassion, kindness, appreciation, patience, etc. lay the foundation for the external practiced values like fairness, discipline, punctuality and faith. It is important to recall that values are priceless, while valuables are priced. It is difficult to create value without the processes and orientations of other parts of the school system. If values are integrated with the educational system as a whole, the better will be the result of imparting values. Through quality teaching teacher can transfer true knowledge which helps to raise values among the students.
       
  • Feminist Movement Obstacles in Saudi Arabia

    • Abstract: In this article, the authors discuss the feminist movement obstacles in Saudi Arabia and the mechanism for decreasing them. Therefore, this paper attempted to achieve two objectives. First, a prospective study was conducted through a social survey of 130 women in leadership positions in government. Using a purposive sample technique, the private sector was focused on in the following ministries: Education, social affairs, health and the Shura Council. This survey was followed by two main questions: What are obstacles to the feminist movement in Saudi Arabia; and what are the mechanisms for decreasing this obstacles and activating a leadership role and effective participation in society for Saudi women to achieve the national objectives' By applying SPSS software, the questionnaires were then verified to test the indications of reliability and validity, which, in turn, will ensure the validity and reliability of the answers regarding empowering Saudi Women.
       
  • Knowledge, Attitude and Beliefs of the Patients about Condom use as Seen
           in Mulago Referral Hospital, Uganda, between 2008-2011

    • Abstract: This was cross sectional, descriptive laboratory based study, whose objective was to determine knowledge, attitude and beliefs of the patients about condom use and its associated benefits. The study was done at Assessment Center, Mulago Referral Hospital, Uganda. The sample size of 113 was calculated for the study and 100 participants enrolled for the study (74 males; 26 females). Their ages ranged between (16-63) years with mean age of 39.5. A structured questionnaire was used to capture the data from the participants after consenting. Findings showed that although all the respondents were aware of a condom, only 6% of the respondents with informal education were aware of it compared to 10% with primary education (p>0.05). Notably, 60.6% and 63.6% of the participants with secondary and tertiary education respectively, were aware of condom compared to those with informal and primary education (p<0.001). Thirty three percent of the respondents claimed to know how to use a condom and 67% claimed they did not know how to use it (p<0.001). Surprisingly, 60.6% of the respondents who claimed to know how to use condom had positive attitude towards condom use compared to 39.4% with negative attitude. Notably, 76.9% of the respondents with negative attitude felt that a condom "limits sexual satisfaction, while 61.5% were of the view that "condom has bad smell". However, 73% of the respondents believed that condom use could prevent STI/HIV transmission. In conclusion the majority of the patients with low education background did not know how to use a condom, although they were aware of it. The attitude and beliefs about condom use varied among the respondents. There is therefore a need to sensitize the communities about condom use and its associated benefits.
       
  • Girl-Pupil School Dropouts in Secondary Education in Masvingo District,
           Zimbabwe: Influencing Factors and Effects

    • Abstract: Literacy levels in Zimbabwe are at an average of ninety two percent, which is amongst the highest in Africa. Despite significant levels of transformation in the education system,  which has seen skyrocketing  literacy rates, secondary education still lacks transformation of other structures that have a direct impact on the rate of girl child secondary school dropouts. Through purposive sampling and snowballing sampling technique, a qualitative descriptive study was conducted in the geographical location of Masvingo district in Zimbabwe. The study revealed that secondary education empowers the girl child and contributes to socio-development process and poverty alleviation. In view of these findings, the study concluded that education is a human right and everyone has the right to acquire education regardless of their gender. The study recommended that Non-Governmental Organisations and government should implement tailor-made programmes that adequately tackle the rate of girl child secondary school dropouts in Masvingo district.
       
  • Psychological Effects of Youth Unemployment in Ghana

    • Abstract: This study investigated the psychological effects of youth unemployment in Ghana. Youths within the ages of 18 and 35 years in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana constituted the research population. A sample of 362 youths, comprising both the employed (n = 172) and the unemployed (n = 190), were purposively selected. The employed youths served as a control group for comparative analyses. The cross-sectional survey design was adopted. The Hopelessness Depression Symptom Questionnaire (HDSQ), the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ), the Rosenberg’s Self-esteem Scale and the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R) were used to assess psychological health (i.e., depression, cognitive distortions, self-esteem and suicidality) of the respondents. The Pearson r test, the Linear Regression test and the Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) test were used to analyze the data. The findings showed poorer psychological health among unemployed youths than employed youths. Duration of unemployment significantly predicted poorer psychological health among the youths. The findings and their implications are discussed with references to the existing literature and theories.
       
  • Pre-Service Teachers and Educators Perception toward Use of Technology in
           Education-Challenge and Reforms for West Azerbaijan Iran

    • Abstract: Lack of proper use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in modern education and training for pre-service teachers-PSTs- (students who are not yet teaching professionally) is confronting globalized education system. Iran is not exception where the use of ICT is rather for entertainment and amusement purposes. PST perceptions and attitudes do affect quality of education and hence, performance of students. Structured questions were made to delineate the perceptions of PST regarding use of ICT education of West Azerbaijan (Iran). The study found that most of universities PSTs are adapting ICT in their lectures but not in its optimal capacity. Still many challenges and opportunities are there to improve the usage of ICT in education and training for PSTs and this calls for up-to-date reforms. New academic equipments equipped with flux ICT and uses of audio-visual aids for lecturing are highly recommended. Further study suggested the school based training module for PSTs to policy makers and educationalist who involved in training programs.
       
  • Analysis of Market Orientation on Business Performance in the
           Multinational Service Industries

    • Abstract: The paper examined the extent of market orientation on business performance in the multinational service industries in Ghana. It applied the behavioral viewpoint of market orientation measurement using MKTOR scale as a base in eliciting information from eleven marketing managers through in - depth interview while one hundred and sixty-three marketing managers were also surveyed using structured questionnaires. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) statistical technique was used in analysing the data using Partial Least Square (PLS) software version 3.0. The findings revealed that, customer orientation and competitor orientation have significant positive relationships with business performance of the multinational service companies' activities whereas, inter-functional coordination did not have any influence on business performance. The study contributes to the negligible studies on market orientation measurement as a uni-dimensional construct as well as the limited studies on marketing managers as drivers of market oriented activities in the Sub-Saharan African countries.
       
  • Researcher, Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University

    • Abstract: This paper aims to provide an overview of the American Muslim giving patterns and specifically also attempts to map American Muslim giving, over the last 10 years, i.e., 2002-2012. It is also an attempt to capture the major shifts, trends and challenges to the Islamic philanthropic sector in the U.S. There are several competing theories about how the giving patterns and norms have shifted in the last years, from religious to secular giving and from international to local giving; as a result of regulations in the non-profit sector and also technological changes and innovation in fund-raising practices. Some scholars and advocacy groups have argued that there has been a substantial drop in American Muslim giving although there is no quantitative giving data to support this assertion. While there are a few qualitative studies and case-studies about American Muslim giving, there is neither a quantitative study that is nationally representative, nor a study that explains how and why this shift has occurred. This paper aims to remedy this gap and provides the context and narrative of American Muslim giving, using qualitative data, literature review and analysis of the three largest Muslim Humanitarian relief agencies and some quantitative data from the Center on Philanthropy Panel Study (COPPS) dataset at the Lilly School of Philanthropy, IUPUI, which is a nationally representative sample of U.S households.
       
  • Determinants of Spatial Patterns of Sex Ratio in Haryana, India

    • Abstract: The sex ratio is an important social indicator of gender equality and status in a society. As such, it also reveals social development of a society. In a society wherein gender discrimination is in practice and devaluation of women is prevalent, sex-selective feticide, female infanticide, death of girl child's due to neglect and discrimination in food as well as in provision of medical help and maternal deaths as result of no provision of timely health care during child birth find expression in the sex ratio of a society which is observed to be highly masculine. Haryana stands out as a prominent case study from the geographical perspective as the state could never reach a sex ratio near about national average since 1901 and even it could never cross the mark of 900. The paper aims to analyze the determinants which have great influence on the sex ratio in Haryana at rural and urban level. The results reveal that F-value of the regression models in both the cease is significant as much as less than 1%. The spatial variability value of the sex ratio in rural Haryana as indicated by R2 ensures that 58.3% or at minimum 57.4%, as indicated by adjusted R2. The model for urban sex ratio explains its variance that is highest than that of rural. The R2 returned by the model indicates that 74.7 or at least, as indicated by adjusted R2, 72.2% spatial variation in urban sex ratio.
       
  • Fathers' Anger and Their Sons' Socioemotional and Academic
           Outcomes with Implications for Forgiveness

    • Abstract: It has been empirically supported that father involvement has positive influences on child outcomes, but depending on the ways through which fathers engage with their children, negative child outcomes can ensue as well. The goal of the study was to examine which specific areas of child outcomes would be influenced by fathers' state and trait anger and total anger expression (anger expressed minus controlled) and to explore the potential of fathers' forgiveness in ameliorating child outcomes. Eighty-two couples with sons between 9-11 years of age from a national sample responded to an online survey where mothers filled out an instrument on their sons' socioemotional and academic outcomes and gave demographic information about their sons' fathers and subsequently, fathers filled out instruments on their anger and forgiveness. Results showed that fathers' state and trait anger and total anger expression were positively associated with their sons' emotional sensitivity/anxiety and fathers' state anger and total anger expression were positively associated with their sons' negative peer relationships. While there was a positive relationship between sons' socioemotional and academic outcomes, there was no relationship between father outcomes and sons' academic outcomes. Lastly, a negative correlation between fathers' anger and forgiveness was found as expected, but no relationship between fathers' forgiveness and child outcomes was found. The potential effects of reducing father's anger on child outcomes as well as limitations of the study and future directions are discussed.
       
  • The Evolution of Women&#039;s Political Participation in Various
           Public Offices in Jordan

    • Abstract: The study aimed at identifying the evolution of political participation of Jordanian women by monitoring their effective participation during the past decades in the State's legislative and executive authorities. It also aimed at tracing milestones taken towards women's quota law and motives that urge women to run for elections and factors that affect their winning. The study concluded that Jordan worked to include women's issues within the priorities for action and development. Jordanian women made great strides towards their appropriate roles in political life. Women were appointed deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation, Minister of Culture, Minister of Social Development and others, but women were not entrusted with "sovereign" ministries. The percentage of women's representation in the House of Representatives developed rapidly, rising from (1.3%) in (1993) with one woman deputy to (12.0%) in (2013) after the amendment of the electoral law. The number of women Senators increased to nine in the council formed in (2013) which is an indication of the political leadership desire to support women's political participation. A progress has been made; nevertheless women's representation in the Parliament is still under the world average (22%). Women got satisfactory results in the (2013) municipal elections by winning (29%) of the seats. The total number of women judges in (2012) was (250) judges. The study pointed out factors that helped women gain seats in the House of Representatives such as: (Women's quota), tribal support, woman's strong personality and previous experiences.
       
  • Academic Motivation to Learn English in a Malaysian private University

    • Abstract: Motivation is accepted as one of the key factors in promoting second language teaching and learning. The study is based on the Self Determination Theory (SDT) developed by Deci and Ryan who were greatly interested in both the quantity and the quality of motivation. They categorized motivation from the unmotivated to the motivated and in between there are many levels of motivation. This study investigated 230 trainee teachers' Academic Motivation (AM) to learn in English in terms of gender, nationality, ethnic group, specialization and years of study at the Faculty of Education in a Malaysian private university. The results revealed that participants were significantly different in their Academic motivation based on their specialization and the period they spent in the Faculty of Education. There were no significant differences based on gender or nationality. Significant differences were noticed among participants from different ethnic groups in Intrinsic Motivation. Building on the findings a better understanding of trainee teachers' cognitive abilities, attitudes about self and university, as well as their language skills would help in improving their Academic Motivation to learn English. Providing opportunities to learn English outside the classroom through English language clubs, journeys to English speaking countries, debates, drama, songs and free writing competitions can help motivate them away from traditional classroom activities. Furthermore, communication between faculty and home is important to better understand the factors that may affect trainee teachers' Academic motivation to learn English.

       
  • Financing Higher Education and Education Loans in India: Trends and
           Troubles

    • Abstract: The paper attempts to investigate the trends in financing higher education which convey that student loans is the dominating source of financing higher education in India. This leads us to explore various factors that influence, viz., enrolment growth, growing private sector, bulging youth population with growing middle class with a wider acceptability of loan culture and increasing earning premium of higher education and the willingness to pay. Using various secondary data sources besides using the unique data set made available on Interest Subsidy Scheme on Student Loans, we examine various troubles, namely who gets access to student loans and interest subsidy, what are the risks associated in terms of default or recovery and how the employability is linked with better repayments. We conclude that fees, grants/scholarships and student loans need to be examined in the context of increasing cost and role of markets in higher education along with affordability within the domain of family characteristics.
       
  • Access to and Uptake of Contraception by Women with Disabilities

    • Abstract: Contraception has been identified as an imperative for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. In poor countries, the need for contraception is highest among the most vulnerable population groups. One such group is women with disabilities. The objectives of this study were to examine uptake of and identify the predictors of use of contraception by women in Uganda with disabilities. The study used cross-sectional data on 1128 sexually experienced women in the 15-49 year age group with disabilities. The data were obtained from the 2011 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey. The binary logistic regression model was used to analyse the data. The study found that only 26.1% of the women had ever used contraception and the results confirmed the hypothesis that access to health facilities and access to family planning information on radio significantly increased uptake of contraception. Other factors that significantly increased uptake of contraception were attending 4 or more Antenatal Care (ANC) visits, being in the 25-34 year age group, living in Kampala region, having primary, secondary or higher education, being in the middle or richer wealth index groups and having almost daily access to radio. We conclude that uptake of contraception by women with disabilities is low and reflects the high unmet need for contraception for women in Uganda, which could be explained by the pervasive structural inequalities in access to contraception services.
       
 
 
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