Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1815 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (260 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (96 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (57 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (1091 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (183 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (1091 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6     

Showing 401 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
Identities : Journal for Politics, Gender and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IDS Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Illness, Crisis & Loss     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Im@go. A Journal of the Social Imaginary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
imagonautas : Revista interdisciplinaria sobre imaginarios sociales     Open Access  
Immigrants & Minorities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Impact     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
In Situ : Au regard des sciences sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Inclusión y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Indiana University Journal of Undergraduate Research     Open Access  
Indonesia Prime     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informação em Pauta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Informes Científicos - Técnicos UNPA     Open Access  
Infrastructure Complexity     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Inkanyiso : Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
InPsych : The Bulletin of the Australian Psychological Society Ltd     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
INSANCITA : Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia     Open Access  
Integrated Social Science Journal : Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mahidol University     Open Access  
Inter Faculty     Open Access  
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
Interim : Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Communication of Chinese Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Development Planning Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International E-journal of Advances in Social Sciences (IJASOS)     Open Access  
International Journal for Transformative Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Academic Research in Business, Arts & Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Arab Culture, Management and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Bahamian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Business and Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Canadian Studies / Revue internationale d’études canadiennes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Conflict and Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Cultural and Social Studies (IntJCSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cultural Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Growth and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Iberian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Information, Diversity, & Inclusion     Open Access  
International Journal of Innovative Research and Scientific Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Innovative Research in Social and Natural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Integrated Education and Development     Open Access  
International Journal of Intercultural Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Korean Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Language and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Management and Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies     Open Access  
International Journal of Punishment and Sentencing, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Qualitative Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Social and Allied Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Social and Humanistic Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Social And Humanities Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Social and Organizational Dynamics in IT     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social Research Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
International Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Synergy and Research     Open Access  
International Journal of the Sociology of Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal Pedagogy of Social Studies     Open Access  
International Quarterly for Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Review of Qualitative Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
International Review of Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Scholarly Research Notices     Open Access   (Followers: 226)
International Social Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Studies. Interdisciplinary Political and Cultural Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Internationale Revue Fur Soziale Sicherheit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
InterSciencePlace     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intersticios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigación Valdizana     Open Access  
Investigación y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigaciones Geográficas (Esp)     Open Access  
Irish Journal of Applied Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Issues in Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ithaca : Viaggio nella Scienza     Open Access  
IULC Working Papers     Open Access  
Ius et Praxis     Open Access  
Iztapalapa : Revista de ciencias sociales y humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Izvestia Ural Federal University Journal. Series 3. Social and Political Sciences     Open Access  
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Janapriya Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JICSA : Journal of Islamic Civilization in Southeast Asia     Open Access  
JISIP-UNJA : Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Fisipol Universitas Jambi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for New Generation Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal for Undergraduate Ethnography     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Addiction & Prevention     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Academic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Journal of Applied Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Arts and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of ASIAN Behavioural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Burirum Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Journal of Business and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Business and Social Sciences Research     Open Access  
Journal of Cape Verdean Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Community Development and Life Quality     Open Access  
Journal of Community Services and Engagement     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Comparative Family Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Comparative Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Computational Social Science     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Contemporary African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Critical Race inquiry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Cultural Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Development Effectiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Economy Culture and Society     Open Access  
Journal of Educational Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Geography, Politics and Society     Open Access  
Journal of Globalization and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Journal of Graduate School Sakon Nakhon Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Journal of Graduate Studies in Northern Rajabhat Universities     Open Access  
Journal of Graduate Studies Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Journal of Human Security     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Surin Rajabhat University     Open Access  
Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, Rajapruk University     Open Access  
Journal of Humanity     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ilahiyat Researches     Open Access  
Journal of Indian Ocean World Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Interdisciplinary Gender Studies: JIGS     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of International Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Korean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Language and Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Markets & Morality     Partially Free  
Journal of Mediterranean Knowledge     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Men, Masculinities and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Methods and Measurement in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Migration and Refugee Issues, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Multicultural Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of New Brunswick Studies / Revue d’études sur le Nouveau-Brunswick     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Organisational Transformation & Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Pan African Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 353, SJR: 4.302, CiteScore: 6)
Journal of Policy Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Policy Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Population and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Progressive Research in Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Relationships Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Research in National Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Responsible Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Change     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social Intervention: Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Social Science Education : JSSE     Open Access  
Journal of Social Science Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Review     Open Access  
Journal of Social Structure     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Social Studies Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Studies in Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Technology in Human Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Bangladesh Association of Young Researchers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Polynesian Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the University of Ruhuna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Transnational American Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Trust Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Abdimas     Open Access  
Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora     Open Access  
Jurnal Karya Abdi Masyarakat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Kawistara     Open Access  
Jurnal Lakon     Open Access  
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Teori dan Praksis Pembelajaran IPS     Open Access  
Jurnal Terapan Abdimas     Open Access  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Kaleidoscope     Open Access  
Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kervan. International Journal of Afro-Asiatic Studies     Open Access  
Kimün. Revista Interdisciplinaria de Formación Docente     Open Access  
Kırklareli Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
KZfSS Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.559
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 17  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0023-2653 - ISSN (Online) 1861-891X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Licensing, Educational Credentialing, and Wages Among Foreign Skilled
           Workers in Germany
    • Abstract: Abstract The article studies whether foreign skilled workers have similar access to licensed and more credentialed occupations, and whether they profit from these regulations in terms of similar wages in these occupations to comparable domestic skilled workers. The theoretical foundations of this article are concepts of signaling and occupational closure. The analyses use a sample of 60,000 employed persons from the 2006, 2012 and 2018 Employment Surveys of the German Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) and the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA), and a reweighting approach to account for the selection on observables. Results show an ambivalent picture of the regulation of occupations: on the one hand, at least foreign skilled men earn similar wages to domestic skilled men in more closed occupations; on the other hand, foreign skilled workers are less likely to enter these positions and they have monetary disadvantages compared with domestic skilled workers in less closed occupations.
      PubDate: 2020-07-03
  • How National Institutions Shape Skilled Immigrants’ Chances of Getting
           Hired: Evidence from Harmonised Factorial Surveys with Employers in
           Germany and England
    • Abstract: Abstract This study provides novel insights into the institutional conditions under which skilled immigrants get hired for skilled jobs in different countries. We argue that immigrants’ hiring chances depend on the interplay between institutions in sending countries, which determine the type of education that immigrants bring, and institutions in receiving countries, which shape employers’ preferences for certain types of education. We develop a research design that considers this interplay and allows us to directly compare how education from sending countries with different institutional arrangements is rated by employers in two countries with widely divergent institutional contexts of reception, Germany and England. Using harmonised factorial surveys, we simulate hiring processes and evaluate the chances of German and English employers inviting foreign-educated immigrants to interviews for jobs commensurate with their education. The survey design makes it possible to experimentally vary the institutional settings in which immigrants acquired their education in the sending country, and isolate their effect on employers’ ratings. Our key finding is that immigrants from sending countries with highly standardised occupation-orientated education systems prevail in the hiring competition, irrespective of the education system in the receiving country.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Gender Discrimination in the Hiring of Skilled Professionals in Two
           Male-Dominated Occupational Fields: A Factorial Survey Experiment with
           Real-World Vacancies and Recruiters in Four European Countries
    • Abstract: Abstract The present article investigates gender discrimination in recruitment for two male-dominated occupations (mechanics and IT professionals). We empirically test two different explanatory approaches to gender discrimination in hiring; namely, statistical discrimination and taste-based discrimination. Previous studies suggest that, besides job applicants’ characteristics, organisational features play a role in hiring decisions. Our article contributes to the literature on gender discrimination in the labour market by investigating its opportunity structures located at the recruiter, job and company level, and how gender discrimination varies across occupations and countries. The analysed data come from a factorial survey experiment conducted in four countries (Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland). Real job advertisements were sampled, and the recruiters in charge of hiring for these positions (n = 1,920) rated up to ten hypothetical CVs (vignettes). We find gender discrimination in Bulgaria and Greece and to a lesser degree in Switzerland, but not in Norway. The degree of gender discrimination appears to be greater in mechanics than in IT. Multivariate analyses that test a number of opportunity structures for discrimination suggest that mechanisms of statistical discrimination rather than those of taste-based discrimination might be at work.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • No Way Out or No Way In' The Effect of Standardization, Licensing, and
           Skills Specificity of the Initial and Target Occupations on Status
    • Abstract: Abstract Occupational mobility is becoming increasingly important today owing to technological change and changing requirements in the employment system. This article examines the extent to which institutional characteristics of occupations hamper intragenerational occupational mobility on the labor market. By combining data from the Adult Cohort of the German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS) with occupational information from the German Federal Employment Agency, we test the power of the characteristics of the initial and target occupations to explain horizontal and vertical status mobility. The occupational characteristics that we focus on are the standardization of certificates, occupational licensing, and the specificity of skills. Using multinomial logistic regression, we find that both initial and target occupations with such characteristics might generate mobility constraints and impede the correction of a disadvantageous starting position. Status increases are mainly possible from standardized to nonstandardized, from specific to nonspecific and, in some instances, from nonlicensed to licensed occupations.
      PubDate: 2020-06-25
  • Occupational Closure and Wage Inequality: How Occupational Closure Effects
           Vary Between Workers
    • Abstract: Abstract Occupational closure continuously establishes, contests, or reinforces institutional boundaries around occupations. Occupational closure thereby interferes with wage-setting processes in the labor market. Recent research shows a substantial impact of occupational closure on wage determination processes in Germany. However, research on occupational closure is based on the assumption that all incumbents of an occupation benefit in the same way. We challenge this assumption by showing that occupational closure works differently for different workers. Using the 2006 sample of the German Structure of Earnings Survey, we distinguish nine worker profiles (three educational groups crossed with three career stages). For each of these profiles we investigate the effects of five closure sources (credentialism, standardization, licensure, representation by occupational associations, and unionization) on the expected mean wages of occupations, employing a two-step multilevel regression model. Our results show that occupational closure does indeed differ between workers. We can show that closure plays out differently throughout employees’ careers. For example, representation through occupational associations pays off the most as employees’ careers advance. Closure sources are unequally distributed across occupations and benefit employees with tertiary degrees more than employees with vocational qualifications. Credentialism also yields the largest advantages for workers with tertiary degrees regarding wage rents. However, our analyses also point to complex interactions between credentialism and standardization, demanding further research, to investigate the interplay between individual worker characteristics and the various sources of occupational closure.
      PubDate: 2020-06-24
  • Occupation-Based Measures—An Overview and Discussion
    • Abstract: Abstract Occupational information is among the most versatile categories of information about a person available in quantitative data. The goal of this paper is to provide an overview of occupation-based measures in different topic areas. These include not only measures for analyzing social stratification, such as prestige scales, socioeconomic indices and class schemes but also measures of workplace tasks, occupation-specific health risks, gender segregation, and occupational closure. Moreover, as the quality of such data depends on the quality of the underlying occupational information, we also provide an overview of how to collect occupational information in surveys, how to code this information, and how occupational classifications are commonly used. By doing so, we hope to increase researchers’ awareness of the potential of occupation-based analyses, as well as their knowledge of how to properly handle such measures in empirical analyses.
      PubDate: 2020-06-24
  • Trade and Wage Inequality: The Mediating Roles of Occupations in Germany
    • Abstract: Abstract Recent evidence shows that rising wage inequality in industrialized countries can partially be attributed to trade integration. However, it is unclear what the mechanisms behind this relationship are. Previous explanations pointed toward the displacement of mid-wage manufacturing workers as a response to rising imports. However, for Germany it has been shown that rising exports likewise create manufacturing jobs, indicating that industry-based explanations fall short. We argue that focusing on changes of the occupational composition, as well as changes in the occupation-specific median and top wages, may help to explain the effects of trade on inequality. We draw on a task-based approach, theories of power relations between occupations, as well as self-selection by firms to arrive at predictions about the mediating role of occupations. We analyze German trade relations with China between 1994 and 2010 using social security data (BHP, IEB) and data on international trade flows (COMTRADE). Applying an instrumental variable approach, we find that, surprisingly, imports do not affect wage inequality. Instead, rising exports to China are responsible for the effects of trade integration on inequality as they increase wage dispersion within German labor market regions. Although increased trade integration alters the occupational task composition, we find no evidence that these shifts mediate the effects of exports on wage inequality. Instead, exports increase the wages of some occupations, especially for top earners, highlighting the importance of focusing on within-occupation dynamics.
      PubDate: 2020-06-17
  • Wieviel Schule braucht die Berufsbildung' Eintrittsdeterminanten und
           Wirkungen von Berufslehren mit geringem schulischen Anteil
    • Abstract: Zusammenfassung Die berufliche Grundbildung auf Sekundarstufe II ist in der Schweiz stark vertikal stratifiziert. Schulisch anspruchsvollen Berufslehren mit hohem Bildungs- und Laufbahnpotenzial stehen anspruchsärmere Lehren mit geringerem Potenzial gegenüber. Die Selektionsmechanismen, die beim Zugang zu diesem stratifizierten System am Werk sind, sind bislang kaum erforscht, ebenso wenig wie die Wirkungen solcher Programme auf die weitere Ausbildungs- und Erwerbslaufbahn. Der vorliegende Beitrag auf Basis der Daten von TREE (Transitionen von der Erstausbildung ins Erwerbsleben) modelliert zunächst die Selektion beim Übertritt in berufliche Grundbildungen mit unterschiedlich hohem (berufs-)schulischen Anteil. Mit einem Matchingverfahren werden in einem zweiten Schritt die Wirkungen solcher Programme auf die weitere Ausbildungs- und Erwerbslaufbahn abgeschätzt. Die Ergebnisse belegen, dass die Eintrittsselektion in die berufliche Grundbildung stark institutionell kanalisiert erfolgt und weniger von Leistungsmerkmalen als vielmehr von Merkmalen der sozialen Herkunft bestimmt ist. Die Wirkungsanalyse zeigt, dass es sich auch bei vergleichbaren schulischen und familiären Ausgangsbedingungen ungünstig auf die späteren Ausbildungs- und Arbeitsmarktchancen von Jugendlichen auswirkt, wenn Jugendliche nach der obligatorischen Schule eine Lehre mit geringem (berufs-)schulischen Anteil durchlaufen.
      PubDate: 2020-06-15
  • Skill Specificity of Upper-Secondary Training Occupations and the Gender
           Pay Gap
    • Abstract: Abstract Gender disparities in wages are still fairly large. On average, women earn less than men from the beginning of their careers. This article investigates whether young men and women with vocational education and training receive different returns for occupation-specific and general skills, a topic that has hitherto received little attention. Theoretically, we draw on a culturalist approach, as well as on the varieties of capitalism approach. The analyses are based on a combination of detailed occupation-level data on the specificity of training occupations and individual-level data from the Swiss Labour Force Survey on the incomes of upper-secondary vocational diploma holders. The results of multilevel regression models show that men’s and women’s incomes are affected by a complex interplay between gender and skill endowment. Occupation-specific vocational skills only secure a high income early in the careers of men who trained in male-typed or gender-neutral occupations. Women profit from a high proportion of general knowledge in their training. Furthermore, we find evidence for a general devaluation of female-typed skills. In sum, the findings suggest that employers’ discriminatory remuneration practices, a general devaluation of female-typed skills and young people’s rational skill investment decisions contribute jointly to the gender gap in income.
      PubDate: 2020-06-15
  • No Future, No Training' Explaining Cross-national Variation in the
           Effect of Job Tasks On Training Participation
    • Abstract: Access to further training among adults on the labor market is unequally distributed. In particular, workers in occupations that are likely to be replaced by machines in the future participate less in training. This is mainly because of the job tasks they conduct: workers conducting routine tasks are more likely both to be replaced and to receive less training. As a consequence, technological change may lead to further polarization on the labor market. However, this trend may be cushioned by educational and labor market institutions. In this article, to assess the impact of institutions, the association between job tasks and participation in non-formal job-related training is analyzed in 24 countries from the first and second rounds of the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). Multilevel regression analysis is applied to test the influence of macro variables on the task gradient in training. The results reveal that tasks are important predictors of training participation in all countries. Comparing the effects across countries, it is found that tracking in initial education increases inequality in training participation owing to abstract tasks. Vocational orientation, on the other hand, reduces the effect. Furthermore, collective bargaining coverage decreases the effects of tasks on training, whereas strong employment protection legislation increases them. This indicates that the inclusiveness of lifelong learning is already influenced by the initial educational system. Strong unions and dynamic labor markets further enhance access to additional training among vulnerable workers.
      PubDate: 2020-06-15
  • Occupational Inequality in Wage Returns to Employer Demand for Types of
           Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Skills: 1991–2017
    • Abstract: Abstract Is employer demand for particular types of ICT skills needed for job performance associated with a wage premium' The claim is that a wage premium is contingent upon whether an ICT skill is a core component of the occupational skill set or a newly introduced (i.e., novel) skill element, thus engendering occupational inequality in wage returns. The study proposes a sophisticated conceptualization and extraction of types of ICT skills. It is the first one to measure employer demand for these skills directly, repeatedly (i.e., annually) and from a long-term perspective. Analyses are based on data from job advertisements taken from the Swiss Job Market Monitor (SJMM), a longitudinal dataset from 1950 onwards of annual representative samples of job vacancies advertised in the press and online that are matched to wage data taken from the Swiss Labor Force Survey (SLFS). Results show that novel ICT skills in occupations do reap a wage return, whereas core ICT skills in occupations do not. This corroborates the assumption that the unequal exposure of occupations to the digital transformation introduces a new dimension of occupational inequality in wage returns that is related to ICT skills.
      PubDate: 2020-06-09
  • Berufliche Aspirationen im Kontext regionaler Berufsstrukturen
    • Abstract: Zusammenfassung Jugendliche entwickeln ihre beruflichen Pläne und Erwartungen in Interaktion mit signifikanten Anderen in den sozialen Kontexten, in denen sie sich bewegen. Innerhalb gleicher institutioneller Gelegenheitsstrukturen sind regionale Arbeitsmärkte wichtige sozialräumliche Kontexte, die über das unmittelbare Umfeld der Familie, der Schule oder der Nachbarschaft hinaus die Entwicklung von beruflichen Aspirationen bedingen. In unserem Beitrag untersuchen wir die Relevanz der regionalen Berufsstruktur, d. h. der Präsenz von unterschiedlichen Berufen auf dem regionalen Arbeitsmarkt, für die Berufswahl von nichtstudienberechtigten Jugendlichen in Deutschland. Unsere Ergebnisse basieren auf Daten der Startkohorte 4 des Nationalen Bildungspanels, die wir um beruflich-regionale Indikatoren auf Grundlage administrativer Statistiken der Bundesagentur für Arbeit ergänzen. Anhand von konditionalen logistischen Regressionsmodellen zeigen wir, dass sich die Jugendlichen in ihren beruflichen Aspirationen am Ende der Schulzeit an den Berufen der Erwerbstätigen in ihrer Region orientieren: Je höher der Anteil eines Berufs an der regionalen Berufsstruktur ist, desto wahrscheinlicher ist es, dass Jugendliche diesen Beruf aspirieren. Dieser Zusammenhang wird nicht über das berufliche Prestige oder die Geschlechterkomposition des Berufs moderiert. Unser Beitrag macht somit deutlich, dass die Wahl eines Berufs – und damit auch die mit dieser Wahl einhergehenden ungleichen längerfristigen Erwerbs- und Lebensbedingungen – zu einem gewissen Grad „per Lotterie“ über den Wohnort im Jugendalter bestimmt werden.
      PubDate: 2020-05-19
  • Der Einfluss der beruflichen Geschlechtersegregation und beruflicher
           Arbeitszeitarrangements auf Teilzeitarbeit
    • Abstract: Zusammenfassung Teilzeitarbeit gilt in Deutschland als ein wichtiges Instrument für die Vereinbarkeit von Beruf und Familie. Bisherige Erklärungen von Teilzeitarbeit fokussieren vorrangig auf Frauen und diskutieren individuelle, haushaltsbezogene und institutionelle Faktoren. Männer sowie berufsstrukturelle Einflussfaktoren auf Teilzeitarbeit wurden bislang jedoch kaum adressiert. In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir daher die Bedeutung von Berufsmerkmalen für Übergänge von Vollzeit- in Teilzeitbeschäftigung von Frauen und Männern zwischen 1992 und 2015 in Deutschland. Im Fokus steht die Frage, inwiefern die berufliche Geschlechtersegregation und berufliche Arbeitszeitarrangements als Rahmenbedingungen den Übergang in Teilzeit erklären können und ob sie geschlechterdifferente Effekte aufweisen. Unsere theoretischen Überlegungen basieren auf Krügers Institutionenansatz und Ackers Ansatz der Gendered Organizations. Für die Analysen werden Daten des Nationalen Bildungspanels (Startkohorte 6) mit aggregierten beruflichen Merkmalen, basierend auf dem Mikrozensus, kombiniert. Die Ergebnisse der Cox Proportional Hazard-Modelle zeigen, dass weniger die berufliche Geschlechtersegregation, sondern vor allem berufliche Arbeitszeitarrangements Übergänge in Teilzeit beeinflussen, allerdings auf geschlechterdifferenzierte Weise. Während die Vielarbeitsnorm in Berufen, gemessen an Vollzeitarbeit und Überstunden, Teilzeitarbeit für Männer verhindert, gehen Frauen unter diesen Rahmenbedingungen häufiger in Teilzeit über.
      PubDate: 2020-05-19
  • Thanatosoziologie
    • PubDate: 2020-05-18
  • Zurück zur Norm' Kompromissbildung zwischen geschlechtstypischen und
           -untypischen Berufsaspirationen, Bewerbungs- und Ausbildungsberufen
    • Abstract: Zusammenfassung Die Studie untersucht, inwieweit Schülerinnen und Schüler in Haupt- und Realschulzweigen zum Ende der Schulzeit geschlechts(un)typische Aspirationen haben, sich in ihren Bewerbungen und mit dem ersten Ausbildungsberuf jedoch für davon abweichende Berufe entscheiden. Die Untersuchung zieht dafür Daten aus einer lokalen Längsschnittbefragung Jugendlicher im Schulentlassjahr aus dem Jahr 2011/2012 heran, die sich für betriebliche und schulische Ausbildungsplätze beworben haben. Mit Mehrebenenmodellen werden Differenzen in der Geschlechtstypik zwischen realistischen Berufsaspirationen, Zielberufen im Bewerbungsverlauf sowie dem ersten Ausbildungsberuf geschätzt. In den Ergebnissen stellt sich die Bewerbungsphase als Prozess der Kompromissbildung hin zur geschlechterkonformen Norm dar. Dabei weichen die Bewerbungsberufe und Ausbildungsberufe der jungen Frauen unabhängig vom Schultyp und Schulleistungen stärker von ihren Aspirationen ab als bei den jungen Männern. Insbesondere junge Frauen aus den höheren Statusgruppen geben untypischere Aspirationen im Bewerbungsprozess auf. Bei den jungen Männern sind vor allem die Bewerbungs- und Ausbildungsberufe von Hauptschülern sowie Schülern mit geschlechtsuntypischen Notenrelationen geschlechterkonformer als ihre Aspirationen. In Summe tragen diese Anpassungsprozesse im Bewerbungsverhalten und der Platzierung im Ausbildungssystem – zusätzlich zu geschlechtstypischen Aspirationen – zur Persistenz beruflicher Segregation in Deutschland bei.
      PubDate: 2020-05-04
  • Shitstorms
    • PubDate: 2020-04-24
  • Kollektive Professionalisierungsprozesse in der Frühen Bildung –
           Entwicklung des Mandats, der Lizenzierung und der beruflichen Mobilität
           im Zeitraum 1975 bis 2018 in Westdeutschland
    • Abstract: Zusammenfassung Das Berufsfeld der Kindertagesbetreuung hat in den letzten 50 Jahren eine starke Expansion erfahren, die einen seit 20 Jahren anhaltenden Fachkräftemangel verursacht hat. Gleichzeitig gab es einen Paradigmenwechsel hinsichtlich des gesellschaftlichen Auftrags von Kindertagesbetreuung sowie Ausbildungs- und Gesetzesreformen. Der Beitrag befasst sich mit Professionalisierungsprozessen auf kollektiver Ebene und untersucht auf Basis von professions- und segmentationstheoretischen Ansätzen die Entwicklung des Mandats, der Lizenzierung sowie der beruflichen Mobilität der Beschäftigten im Berufsfeld der Kindertagesbetreuung seit den 1970er-Jahren als spezifische Aspekte beruflicher Regulierung. Ergebnisse einer qualitativen Gesetzesanalyse und Auswertungen der Integrierten Erwerbsbiografien (IEB) des Instituts für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung deuten darauf hin, dass eine Homogenisierung des Bildungsmandats stattgefunden hat, aber gleichzeitig das Betreuungsmandat gestärkt wurde. Die berufliche Mobilität ist seit den 1970er-Jahren zurückgegangen, Prozesse der Verfachlichung haben stattgefunden. Allerdings kann der Teilarbeitsmarkt trotz Lizenzierung nur als mäßig geschlossen angesehen werden.
      PubDate: 2020-04-23
  • Berufliche Zugänge zum Homeoffice
    • Abstract: Zusammenfassung Die Möglichkeiten der digitalen Vernetzung und standortunabhängigen Kommunikation in der Arbeitswelt lassen eine zunehmende Bedeutung von Homeoffice erwarten. Dabei sind die Chancen auf einen Homeofficezugang unter Beschäftigten ungleich verteilt. Bei der Erklärung dieser Chancenungleichheit kommt der Ebene des ausgeübten Berufs eine eigenständige Bedeutung zu. Die Analysen auf Basis der repräsentativen Erwerbstätigenbefragung des Bundesinstituts für Berufsbildung (BIBB) und der Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin (BAuA) aus dem Jahr 2018 zeigen, dass es innerhalb der Berufe überwiegend Tätigkeiten sind, die den Zugang zum Homeoffice prägen. Die Chance auf einen Homeofficezugang steigt mit dem Ausmaß an kognitiven Tätigkeiten bei der Arbeit, während manuelle Tätigkeiten zu einer Verringerung dieser Chance führen. Die Ergebnisse verweisen darüber hinaus auf die Bedeutsamkeit spezifischer Einzeltätigkeiten, die einen Zugang zum Homeoffice ermöglichen (z. B. E‑Mails bearbeiten, Forschen oder auch Beraten, Recherchieren) oder eher verhindern (z. B. Bewirten, Reinigen oder Pflegen). Dabei hängt der Einfluss beruflicher Tätigkeiten auf den Homeofficezugang von der Betriebsgröße ab. Mit diesen Erkenntnissen schließt der explorativ ausgerichtete Beitrag eine Forschungslücke und ergänzt das Wissen über Berufseffekte im Kontext ungleicher Chancenverhältnisse auf dem Arbeitsmarkt.
      PubDate: 2020-04-17
  • Zur gemeinsamen Interpretation von Haupt- und Interaktionseffekten in
           linearen Regressionsmodellen
    • PubDate: 2020-04-08
  • Soziologie der Unternehmerfamilie
    • PubDate: 2020-03-30
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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