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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1318 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
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    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (660 journals)
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    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (157 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (660 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access  
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 136)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
África     Open Access  
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access  
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno CRH     Open Access  
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access  
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access  
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Family Process     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Family Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover Body Image
  [SJR: 1.111]   [H-I: 50]   [12 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1740-1445
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3031 journals]
  • Correlates of muscle dysmorphia symptomatology in natural bodybuilders:
           Distinguishing factors in the pursuit of hyper-muscularity
    • Authors: Lachlan Mitchell; Stuart B. Murray; Matthew Hoon; Daniel Hackett; Tania Prvan; Helen O’Connor
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Lachlan Mitchell, Stuart B. Murray, Matthew Hoon, Daniel Hackett, Tania Prvan, Helen O’Connor
      Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by the pathological pursuit of muscularity and leanness, which includes eating- and exercise-related practices. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify correlations of MD symptomatology in natural bodybuilders. An online survey assessing diet, supplementation and training practices, and MD and eating disorder symptoms was completed by male bodybuilders with recent experience competing in a drug-tested competition. Sixty participants (age 29.6±7.1 years) completed the survey. Eating disorder scores (β =.298), rate of pre-competition weight loss (β =.307) and number of competitions (β =−.257) were significant predictors of MD. The association between the EAT-26 and MDDI underscores the salience of disordered eating pathology in presentations of MD. Supporting this, greater rate of pre-competition weight loss, which may reflect disordered eating practices, is also associated with MD symptomatology. The inverse association of competition experience suggests novice bodybuilders may display increased MD symptomatology.

      PubDate: 2017-05-20T12:14:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • The importance of body image concerns in overweight and normal weight
           individuals with binge eating disorder
    • Authors: Angelina Yiu; Susan M. Murray; Jean M. Arlt; Kalina T. Eneva; Eunice Y. Chen
      Pages: 6 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Angelina Yiu, Susan M. Murray, Jean M. Arlt, Kalina T. Eneva, Eunice Y. Chen
      Body image concerns in binge eating disorder (BED) have been examined almost exclusively in overweight individuals with BED. The current study extends past research by including overweight and normal weight BED and non-BED groups to assess the multifactorial construct of body image using subscales of the Eating Disorder Examination 16.0 (EDE-16.0) and a Body Comparison Task. Independent of weight status and when controlling for age and race, women with BED are distinguished from those without BED by significantly greater overvaluation of shape and weight on the EDE-16.0 and significantly reduced weight satisfaction after a Body Comparison Task. Both BED diagnosis and weight status were independently associated with Weight Concern and Shape Concern subscales on the EDE-16.0. Taken together, these data provide further support for the consideration of body image concerns in the diagnostic criteria for BED.

      PubDate: 2017-05-20T12:14:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.005
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Got yoga?: A longitudinal analysis of thematic content and models’
           appearance-related attributes in advertisements spanning four decades of
           Yoga Journal
    • Authors: Erin Vinoski; Jennifer B. Webb; Jan Warren-Findlow; Kirstyn A. Brewer; Katheryn A. Kiffmeyer
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Erin Vinoski, Jennifer B. Webb, Jan Warren-Findlow, Kirstyn A. Brewer, Katheryn A. Kiffmeyer
      Yoga has become an increasingly common health practice among U.S. adults over the past decade. With this growth in popularity, yoga-related print media have been criticized for shifting away from yoga’s traditional philosophies and promoting a thin, lean ideal physique representing the “yoga body.” The purpose of this study was to (a) analyze the presence and content of advertisements over the 40-year publication history of Yoga Journal magazine and (b) explore female advertisement models’ socio-demographic and appearance-related attributes over time. Results suggested that Yoga Journal now contains significantly more advertisements for food, nutritional supplements, and apparel and fewer advertisements for meditation and nutritional practices than in its early years of publication. Models were more frequently rated as White and in their 20s and 30s in recent years of publication. Trends in model body size matched shifts in culturally dominant body ideals over time. Implications and future research directions are considered.

      PubDate: 2017-02-18T21:55:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.01.006
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Positive comments, negative outcomes? The potential downsides of
           appearance-related commentary in ethnically diverse women
    • Authors: Sylvia Herbozo; Steven D. Stevens; Christina P. Moldovan; Holly E.R. Morrell
      Pages: 6 - 14
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Sylvia Herbozo, Steven D. Stevens, Christina P. Moldovan, Holly E.R. Morrell
      Although research has shown that appearance-related commentary influences body dissatisfaction and disordered eating, limited research has studied such commentary among ethnically diverse women. The current study examined ethnic group differences in the frequency and impact of appearance-related commentary and associations with body dissatisfaction and eating disorder psychopathology. Participants included 280 undergraduate women aged 18–25 (56.1% European American, 28.6% African American, and 15.3% Latina American). Results indicated no ethnic group differences in frequencies of positive weight/shape, positive general appearance, or negative weight/shape commentary while controlling for BMI. However, African American and Latina American women reported stronger negative responses to positive weight/shape commentary than European American women. Negative responses to positive weight/shape commentary were correlated with more body dissatisfaction in African American women, after controlling for frequency of commentary. Findings suggest that positive weight/shape commentary may be associated with poor outcomes in a subgroup of ethnic minority college women.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T23:22:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.01.008
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Confirmatory factor analysis and psychometric properties of the Spanish
           version of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations
           Questionnaire-Appearance Scales in early adolescents
    • Authors: José H. Marco; Conxa Perpiñá; María Roncero; Cristina Botella
      Pages: 15 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): José H. Marco, Conxa Perpiñá, María Roncero, Cristina Botella
      The main aim of this study was to confirm the factorial structure of the Spanish version of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scales in early adolescents from 12 to 14 years. The sample included 355 participants, 189 girls and 166 boys, with ages ranging from 12 to 14 years old. The original MBSRQ-AS 5-factor structure was confirmed, and the model showed a good fit to the data: Appearance Evaluation, Appearance Orientation, Body Areas Satisfaction, Overweight Preoccupation, and Self-Classified Weight. The internal consistency of the test scores was adequate. Girls had higher score s than boys on Appearance Orientation, Overweight Preoccupation, and Self-Classified Weight, and lower scores on Appearance Evaluation and Body Areas Satisfaction. This study confirms the factor structure of the MBSRQ-AS.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T23:22:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.01.003
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Patient-identified events implicated in the development of body dysmorphic
    • Authors: Hilary Weingarden; Erin E. Curley; Keith D. Renshaw; Sabine Wilhelm
      Pages: 19 - 25
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Hilary Weingarden, Erin E. Curley, Keith D. Renshaw, Sabine Wilhelm
      Little is known about the causes of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but researchers have proposed a diathesis-stress model. This study uses a patient-centered approach to identify stressful events to which patients attribute the development of their BDD symptoms. An Internet-recruited sample of 165 adults with BDD participated. A large minority of participants attributed the development of their BDD to a triggering event. Bullying experiences were the most commonly described type of event. Additionally, most events were interpersonal and occurred during grade school or middle school. There were no differences in severity of psychosocial outcomes between participants who did or did not attribute their BDD to a specific triggering event. However, participants who specifically attributed their BDD development to a bullying experience had poorer psychosocial outcomes (i.e., perceived social support, depression severity, functional impairment, quality of life) compared to those who attributed their BDD development to another type of triggering event.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.003
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • An examination of the factor structure and sex invariance of a French
           translation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 in university students
    • Authors: Sevag Kertechian; Viren Swami
      Pages: 26 - 29
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Sevag Kertechian, Viren Swami
      The Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) is a measure of positive body image that has been found that have a one-dimensional factor structure in a number of different cultural groups. Here, we examined the factor structure and sex-based measurement invariance of a French translation of the BAS-2. A total of 652 university students (age M =21.33, SD =3.18) completed a newly-translated French version of the BAS-2. Exploratory factor analyses with a randomly selected split-half subsample revealed that the BAS-2 had a one-dimensional factor structure in both sexes. Confirmatory factor analyses with a second split-half subsample indicated that the one-dimensional factor structure had adequate fit following modifications and was invariant across sex. French BAS-2 scores had adequate internal consistency and men had significantly higher body appreciation than women (ds=.16–.23). These results provide preliminary support for the factorial validity of the French BAS-2.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.005
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Negative body image and eating disorder symptomatology among young women
           identifying with goth subculture
    • Authors: Viren Swami
      Pages: 30 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Viren Swami
      The present study compared the rates of negative body image and risk for disordered eating in young women who identify as part of goth subculture and a matched sample. Participants were 80 women who identified as part of goth subculture and a matched sample of 82 women from London, United Kingdom. Participants completed measures of self-ideal body size discrepancy, body appreciation, appearance investment, and eating disorder symptomatology. Between-group comparisons indicated that goth women reported significantly higher drive for thinness (d =0.51), body dissatisfaction (d =0.62), and dysfunctional appearance investment (d =0.52), as well as lower body appreciation (d =0.55), than the matched sample. Heightened expectations about appearance and self-presentation, alongside appearance competitiveness, may result in more negative body image and disordered eating in young women who identify with goth subculture, but further research is necessary on this under-studied youth subculture.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Love me Tinder: Body image and psychosocial functioning among men and
    • Authors: Jessica Strubel; Trent A. Petrie
      Pages: 34 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Jessica Strubel, Trent A. Petrie
      Based on objectification theory, we examined the main effects of Tinder use, and its interaction with gender, in relation to men’s and women’s body image concerns, internalization processes, and self-esteem. Tinder users (men=31; women=69) and non-users (men=203; women=844) anonymously completed measures via an online survey. Through a series of ANCOVAs, with BMI and age as covariates, Tinder users, regardless of gender, reported significantly lower levels of satisfaction with face and body and higher levels of internalization, appearance comparisons, and body shame and surveillance than non-users. For self-esteem, male Tinder users scored significantly lower than either male or female non-users. Our results suggest that Tinder represents a contemporary medium for appearance pressures and its use is associated with a variety of negative perceptions about body and self and with increases in individuals’ likelihood to internalize appearance ideals and make comparisons to others.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.006
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Two sides of the same coin? A new instrument to assess body checking and
           avoidance behaviors in eating disorders
    • Authors: Tanja Legenbauer; Franziska Martin; Ariane Blaschke; Anne Schwenzfeier; Jens Blechert; Katja Schnicker
      Pages: 39 - 46
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Tanja Legenbauer, Franziska Martin, Ariane Blaschke, Anne Schwenzfeier, Jens Blechert, Katja Schnicker
      Body checking (BC) and avoidance behaviors (BA) are the dominant behavioral features of body image disturbances (BID) that characterize most individuals with eating disorders (EDs). Whereas BC can be reliably assessed, a valid assessment tool for BA is lacking, preventing an adequate assessment of BID differences across different EDs (anorexia nervosa, AN; bulimia nervosa, BN; binge eating disorder, BED). A total of 310 women with EDs and 112 nonclinical controls completed measures of BC-, BA- and ED-related symptoms. BA did not differentiate between EDs, whereas BC did: it was highest in AN and BN, and lowest in BED. Multivariate analyses also discriminated AN from BN based on BC. Given that results are of preliminary nature, evidence is promising that EDs can be discriminated from healthy controls and that differential BID profiles for the behavioral component among ED subgroups exist. However, replication of the factor structure remains open within ED subsamples.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.004
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Beauty in the eye of the beholder: Using facial electromyography to
           examine the association between eating disorder symptoms and perceptions
           of emaciation among undergraduate women
    • Authors: Dorian R. Dodd; Elizabeth A. Velkoff; Lauren N. Forrest; Lauren M. Fussner; April Smith
      Pages: 47 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Dorian R. Dodd, Elizabeth A. Velkoff, Lauren N. Forrest, Lauren M. Fussner, April Smith
      Thin-ideal internalization, drive for thinness, and over-evaluation of the importance of thinness are associated with eating disorders (EDs). However, little research has examined to what extent perceptions of emaciation are also associated with ED symptoms. In the present study, 80 undergraduate women self-reported on ED symptomatology and perceptions of emaciated, thin, and overweight female bodies. While participants viewed images of these different body types, facial electromyography was used to measure activation of facial muscles associated with disgust reactions. Emaciated and overweight bodies were rated negatively and elicited facial responses consistent with disgust. Further, ED symptomatology was associated with pronounced aversion to overweight bodies (assessed via self-report pleasantness ratings), and attenuated negative affect to emaciated bodies (assessed via facial electromyography). The latter association was significant even when controlling for self-reported perceptions of emaciation, suggesting that psychophysiological methods in ED research may provide valuable information unavailable via self-report.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Effects of the exposure to self- and other-referential bodies on state
           body image and negative affect in resistance-trained men
    • Authors: Martin Cordes; Silja Vocks; Rainer Düsing; Manuel Waldorf
      Pages: 57 - 65
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Martin Cordes, Silja Vocks, Rainer Düsing, Manuel Waldorf
      Previous body image research suggests that first, exposure to body stimuli can negatively affect men’s body satisfaction and second, body concerns are associated with dysfunctional gaze behavior. To date, however, the effects of self- vs. other-referential body stimuli and of gaze behavior on body image in men under exposure conditions have not been investigated. Therefore, 49 weight-trained men were presented with pictures of their own and other bodies of different builds (i.e., normal, muscular, hyper-muscular) while being eye-tracked. Participants completed pre- and post-exposure measures of body image and affect. Results indicated that one’s own and the muscular body negatively affected men’s body image to a comparable degree. Exposure to one’s own body also led to increased negative affect. Increased attention toward disliked own body parts was associated with a more negative post-exposure body image and affect. These results suggest a crucial role of critical self-examination in maintaining body dissatisfaction.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.007
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Trappings of femininity: A test of the “beauty as currency” hypothesis
           in shaping college women’s gender activism
    • Authors: Rachel M. Calogero; Tracy L. Tylka; Lois C. Donnelly; Amber McGetrick; Andrea Medrano Leger
      Pages: 66 - 70
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Rachel M. Calogero, Tracy L. Tylka, Lois C. Donnelly, Amber McGetrick, Andrea Medrano Leger
      This study investigated whether believing beauty is a primary currency for women operates as an antecedent force in the relation between self-objectification and gender activism. Ninety-four ethnically diverse women attending a small liberal arts college in the southeastern United States completed the study questionnaires online for course credit. Preliminary results demonstrated beauty as currency belief, self-objectification, and support for the gender status quo were negatively associated with gender activism. A serial mediation analysis revealed support for the proposed model: Beauty as currency belief was indirectly and inversely linked to gender activism through self-objectification and support for the gender status quo, offering initial evidence for our beauty as currency hypothesis. These findings suggest belief in the notion women will reap more benefits from their bodies than other attributes or pursuits may be an important legitimizing feature of feminine beauty ideology that works through self-objectification against gender social change.

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T15:22:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.008
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • “I’ll do anything to maintain my health”: How women aged 65–94
           perceive, experience, and cope with their aging bodies
    • Authors: Erica V. Bennett; Laura Hurd Clarke; Kent C. Kowalski; Peter R.E. Crocker
      Pages: 71 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Erica V. Bennett, Laura Hurd Clarke, Kent C. Kowalski, Peter R.E. Crocker
      We explored how physically active women perceived, experienced, and coped with their aging bodies, and examined their perceptions of the utility of self-compassion to manage aging body-related changes. Findings from a thematic analysis of interviews with 21 women aged 65–94 revealed that they were appreciative of how their bodies worked and accepting of their physical limitations, yet concurrently critical of their body’s functionality and appearance. Participants engaged in physical activity and healthy eating to maintain their health and body functionality, yet also used diet, hair styling, anti-aging creams, makeup, physical activity, and clothing to manage their appearances. To assess their bodies (in)adequacies, they engaged in upward or downward social comparisons with others their age. Participants perceived self-compassion for the aging body to be idealistic and contextual. Findings highlight the importance of health and body functionality in influencing the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral management of the aging body.

      PubDate: 2017-03-25T20:46:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Performance or appearance? Young female sport participants’ body
    • Authors: Carolina Lunde; Kristina Holmqvist Gattario
      Pages: 81 - 89
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Carolina Lunde, Kristina Holmqvist Gattario
      The aim of this qualitative study was to examine young female sport participants’ experiences and thoughts in terms of sport, their bodies, and social appearance norms. Six focus groups with female sport participants (N =25) from Sweden were conducted. Participants raised many positive experiences in relation to their sport participation, but they also witnessed a conflict in the intersection between the culture within their sport (emphasizing physical performance) and the culture outside their sport (emphasizing physical appearance). Through thematic analysis, four themes illustrating the balancing act between these two cultures were formed: (a) the performing body versus the objectified body, (b) food as fuel versus source of shame, (c) appreciation of body type diversity versus appearance prejudice, and (d) empowerment and agency versus disempowerment and restraints. The findings of this study indicate that young women who engage in sport have to face complex, ambiguous, and restricting norms and notions.

      PubDate: 2017-04-01T14:01:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Risk for eating disorders modulates interpretation bias in a semantic
           priming task
    • Authors: Kaylee Misener; Maya Libben
      Pages: 103 - 106
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Kaylee Misener, Maya Libben
      The current study used a semantic priming paradigm to investigate the presence of implicit interpretation biases for food and body shape words among 118 undergraduate females. Reaction times (RTs) were recorded while participants made lexical decisions (i.e., word vs. non-word judgments) to lexical targets that were preceded by negatively valenced eating disorder related (e.g., fat-PIZZA), eating disorder unrelated (e.g., party-PIZZA), or semantically unrelated (e.g., umbrella-PIZZA) prime words. Self-reported eating disorder traits were assessed using the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), and the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE-Q 6.0). Results suggested that biased RT priming effects for eating disorder related word pairs were strongly associated with measures of body dissatisfaction and ED symptomology. Specifically, scales targeting eating disordered cognitions (the BSQ-34 and the Shape/Weight Concern subscales of the EDE-Q 6.0) demonstrated the strongest association with implicit interpretation biases as assessed by performance on the semantic priming task.

      PubDate: 2017-04-22T18:40:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • “Warning: This image has been digitally altered”: The effect of
           disclaimer labels added to fashion magazine shoots on women’s body
    • Authors: Marika Tiggemann; Zoe Brown; Mia Zaccardo; Nicole Thomas
      Pages: 107 - 113
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Marika Tiggemann, Zoe Brown, Mia Zaccardo, Nicole Thomas
      The present experiment aimed to investigate the impact of the addition of disclaimer labels to fashion magazine shoots on women’s body dissatisfaction. Participants were 320 female undergraduate students who viewed fashion shoots containing a thin and attractive model with no disclaimer label, or a small, large, or very large disclaimer label, or product images. Although thin-ideal fashion shoot images resulted in greater body dissatisfaction than product images, there was no significant effect of disclaimer label. Internalisation of the thin ideal was found to moderate the effect of disclaimer label, such that internalisation predicted increased body dissatisfaction in the no label and small label conditions, but not in the larger label conditions. Overall, the results showed no benefit for any size of disclaimer label in ameliorating the negative effect of viewing thin-ideal media images. It was concluded that more extensive research is required before the effective implementation of disclaimer labels.

      PubDate: 2017-04-29T18:51:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Validation of the Body Concealment Scale for Scleroderma (BCSS):
           Replication in the Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network
           (SPIN) Cohort
    • Authors: Lisa R. Jewett; Linda Kwakkenbos; Marie-Eve Carrier; Vanessa L. Malcarne; Diana Harcourt; Nichola Rumsey; Maureen D. Mayes; Shervin Assassi; Annett Körner; Rina S. Fox; Shadi Gholizadeh; Sarah D. Mills; Catherine Fortune; Brett D. Thombs
      Pages: 99 - 106
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Lisa R. Jewett, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Vanessa L. Malcarne, Diana Harcourt, Nichola Rumsey, Maureen D. Mayes, Shervin Assassi, Annett Körner, Rina S. Fox, Shadi Gholizadeh, Sarah D. Mills, Catherine Fortune, Brett D. Thombs
      Body concealment is an important component of appearance distress for individuals with disfiguring conditions, including scleroderma. The objective was to replicate the validation study of the Body Concealment Scale for Scleroderma (BCSS) among 897 scleroderma patients. The factor structure of the BCSS was evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis and the Multiple-Indicator Multiple-Cause model examined differential item functioning of SWAP items for sex and age. Internal consistency reliability was assessed via Cronbach’s alpha. Construct validity was assessed by comparing the BCSS with a measure of body image distress and measures of mental health and pain intensity. Results replicated the original validation study, where a bifactor model provided the best fit. The BCSS demonstrated strong internal consistency reliability and construct validity. Findings further support the BCSS as a valid measure of body concealment in scleroderma and provide new evidence that scores can be compared and combined across sexes and ages.

      PubDate: 2017-01-06T18:26:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.11.007
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Intergenerational transmission of disordered eating: Direct and indirect
           maternal communication among grandmothers, mothers, and daughters
    • Authors: Analisa Arroyo; Chris Segrin; Kristin K. Andersen
      Pages: 107 - 115
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Analisa Arroyo, Chris Segrin, Kristin K. Andersen
      The current study explored disordered eating (i.e., dieting, bulimia and food preoccupation, and oral control) among grandmothers, their daughters, and their granddaughters, and also explored specific direct (i.e., maternal commentary) and indirect (i.e., maternal modeling) communication behaviors as mechanisms by which disordered eating is intergenerationally transmitted. A sample of 242 grandmother–mother–daughter triads provided self-reports of their own disordered eating and perceptions of their mothers’ weight-related behaviors. Results revealed that only mothers’ and daughters’ reports of disordered eating were related, but not grandmothers’ and mothers’ nor grandmothers’ and daughters’. However, a number of indirect effects were observed through maternal commentary and maternal modeling, including an indirect effect of grandmothers’ reports of maternal communication on their granddaughters’ disordered eating. Data from three generations of women illustrate the intergenerational transmission of disordered eating within families, specific communication variables that may propagate this relationship, and possible cohort and age effects within the sample.

      PubDate: 2017-01-29T16:23:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Everyone else is doing it (I think): The power of perception in fat talk
    • Authors: Courtney B. Rogers; Denise M. Martz; Rose Mary Webb; Amy T. Galloway
      Pages: 116 - 119
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Courtney B. Rogers, Denise M. Martz, Rose Mary Webb, Amy T. Galloway
      Fat talk (FT) involves critiquing one’s own appearance in social conversations. Although peers are known to prompt FT behavior, there has been little exploration of the influence of mothers and research has not distinguished between self-reported FT and perceptions of FT. This study addresses this research gap by investigating the relationships between participants’ FT and corresponding FT of both self-reported and perceived FT of their mothers and friends. A sample of 120 undergraduate women, along with their mothers and friends, reported their FT behavior. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that friend-reported (but not mother-reported) FT and the daughters’ perceived FT of both friends and mothers were significant predictors of daughter FT. However, daughters’ perceptions of their friends’ and mothers’ FT predicted a significantly larger portion of variance than self-reported FT of friends and mothers. These results are important to consider when examining potential influences on the development of FT behavior.

      PubDate: 2017-02-12T16:34:57Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.01.004
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • “I just feel so guilty”: The role of introjected regulation in linking
           appearance goals for exercise with women’s body image
    • Authors: Megan Hurst; Helga Dittmar; Robin Banerjee; Rod Bond
      Pages: 120 - 129
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Megan Hurst, Helga Dittmar, Robin Banerjee, Rod Bond
      Appearance goals for exercise are consistently associated with negative body image, but research has yet to consider the processes that link these two variables. Self-determination theory offers one such process: introjected (guilt-based) regulation of exercise behavior. Study 1 investigated these relationships within a cross-sectional sample of female UK students (n =215, 17–30 years). Appearance goals were indirectly, negatively associated with body image due to links with introjected regulation. Study 2 experimentally tested this pathway, manipulating guilt relating to exercise and appearance goals independently and assessing post-test guilt and body anxiety (n =165, 18–27 years). The guilt manipulation significantly increased post-test feelings of guilt, and these increases were associated with increased post-test body anxiety, but only for participants in the guilt condition. The implications of these findings for self-determination theory and the importance of guilt for the body image literature are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-02-12T16:34:57Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.12.002
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • Can you feel the body that you see? On the relationship between
           interoceptive accuracy and body image
    • Authors: Giorgia Zamariola; Flavia Cardini; Emanuel Mian; Andrea Serino; Manos Tsakiris
      Pages: 130 - 136
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Giorgia Zamariola, Flavia Cardini, Emanuel Mian, Andrea Serino, Manos Tsakiris
      Interoception and exteroception for body signals are two different ways of perceiving the self: the first from within, the second from outside. We investigated the relationship between Interoceptive Accuracy (IAcc) and external perception of the body and we tested if seeing the body from an external perspective can affect IAcc. Fifty-two healthy female subjects performed a standard heartbeat perception task to assess the IAcc, before and after the Body Image Revealer (BIR), which is a body perception task designed to assess the different aspects of body-image. The performance of the lower IAcc group in the heartbeat perception task significantly improved after the exteroceptive task. These findings highlight the relations between interoceptive and exteroceptive body-representations, supporting the view that these two kinds of awareness are linked and interact with each other.

      PubDate: 2017-02-18T21:55:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.01.005
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2017)
  • The Seymour Fisher Annual Award (info page and announcement)
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21

      PubDate: 2017-05-20T12:14:58Z
  • Thin and sexy vs. muscular and dominant: Prevalence of gendered body
           ideals in popular dolls and action figures
    • Authors: Hope Boyd; Sarah Murnen
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Hope Boyd, Sarah K. Murnen
      We examined the extent to which popular dolls and action figures were portrayed with gendered body proportions, and the extent to which these gendered ideals were associated with heterosexual “success.” We coded internet depictions of 72 popular female dolls and 71 popular male action figures from the websites of three national stores in the United States. Sixty-two percent of dolls had a noticeably thin body, while 42.3% of action figures had noticeably muscular bodies. Further, more thin dolls were portrayed with more sex object features than less thin dolls, including revealing, tight clothing and high-heeled shoes; bodies positioned with a curved spine, bent knee, and head cant; and with a sexually appealing facial expression. More muscular male action figures were more likely than less muscular ones to be shown with hands in fists and with an angry, emotional expression, suggesting male dominance.

      PubDate: 2017-04-16T05:33:48Z
  • Adapting the Body Appreciation Scale-2 for Children: A psychometric
           analysis of the BAS-2C
    • Authors: Emma Halliwell; Hannah Jarman Tracy Tylka Amy Slater
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Emma Halliwell, Hannah Jarman, Tracy Tylka, Amy Slater
      Positive body image among adults is related to numerous indicators of well-being. However, no research has explored body appreciation among children. To facilitate our understanding of children’s positive body image, the current study adapts and validates the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a) for use with children. Three hundred and forty-four children (54.4% girls) aged 9–11 completed the adapted Body Appreciation Scale-2 for Children (BAS-2C) alongside measures of body esteem, media influence, body surveillance, mood, and dieting. A sub-sample of 154 participants (62.3% girls) completed the questionnaire 6-weeks later to examine stability (test-retest) reliability. The BAS-2C displayed a unidimensional factor structure and evidence of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct, criterion-related, and incremental validity. Additionally, the results suggest adaptive properties of body appreciation for body-related and emotional well-being among children. The BAS-2C could serve as an essential component within research to understand and estimate children’s positive body image.

      PubDate: 2017-04-16T05:33:48Z
  • The Seymour Fisher Outstanding Body Image Dissertation Annual Award
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T15:22:18Z
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T15:22:18Z
  • Acknowledgement of Consulting Reviewers
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 February 2017
      Source:Body Image

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T23:22:40Z
  • Social comparisons with media images are cognitively inefficient even for
           women who say they feel pressure from the media
    • Authors: Stephen C. Want; Alyssa Saiphoo
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Stephen C. Want, Alyssa Saiphoo
      The present study investigated whether social comparisons with media images are cognitively efficient (demanding minimal mental effort) or cognitively effortful processes, in a sample of female undergraduate students (N =151) who reported feeling pressure from the media regarding their appearance. Two groups were shown 12 images of thin and attractive female models. One group was asked to memorize a complex 8-digit number during exposure to the images (Cognitively Busy condition), while the other memorized a much simpler number (Free View condition). A third group (Control condition) viewed images without people. Participants in the Free View condition demonstrated significantly increased negative mood and lowered appearance satisfaction from before to after exposure, while participants in the Cognitively Busy and Control conditions did not. We argue that these results suggest social comparisons with media images are at least somewhat cognitively effortful even among women who say they feel pressure from the media.

      PubDate: 2016-11-14T11:52:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.10.009
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2016)
  • Why do women engage in fat talk? Examining fat talk using
           Self-Determination Theory as an explanatory framework
    • Authors: Camille Guertin; Kheana Barbeau; Luc Pelletier; Gabrielle Martinelli
      Pages: 7 - 15
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Camille Guertin, Kheana Barbeau, Luc Pelletier, Gabrielle Martinelli
      This study used Self-Determination Theory to examine the motivational processes involved in individuals’ engagement in fat talk and its association with unhealthy eating behaviors. Female undergraduate students (N =453) completed an online questionnaire, which assessed general and contextual motivation, importance placed on goals, fat talk, and unhealthy eating behaviors. Structural equation modeling revealed that being generally non-self-determined and placing more importance on extrinsic goals, such as thinness, was associated with fat talk. Fat talk was further associated with non-self-determined motivation for eating regulation, which in turn was associated with unhealthy eating. General self-determination and placing more importance on intrinsic goals, such as health, were not associated with fat talk, but instead, were associated with more adaptive forms of eating regulation and diet quality. Findings further current knowledge on the respective roles of motivation and goals on the engagement in fat talk, and its consequences on eating regulation and behavior.

      PubDate: 2016-11-14T11:52:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.10.008
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2016)
  • Representations of female body weight in the media: An update of Playboy
           magazine from 2000 to 2014
    • Authors: Alan Roberts; Sena Muta
      Pages: 16 - 19
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Alan Roberts, Sena Muta
      Most content analyzes of Playboy magazine have reported a trend toward increased thinness over time. However, recent research suggests that this trend may be reversing. The current study updates this research by examining changes in the body mass index (BMI) of Playboy models from 2000 to 2014. Results revealed that the average model BMI increased during most of this period with 95% of models now possessing BMIs that are either normal weight or only slightly underweight.

      PubDate: 2016-11-14T11:52:51Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.08.009
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2016)
  • Healthy me: A gender-specific program to address body image concerns and
           risk factors among preadolescents
    • Authors: Marita P. McCabe; Catherine Connaughton; Gemma Tatangelo; David Mellor
      Pages: 20 - 30
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Marita P. McCabe, Catherine Connaughton, Gemma Tatangelo, David Mellor
      This study evaluated a gender-specific, school-based program to promote positive body image and address risk factors for body dissatisfaction. In total, 652 children aged 8–10 years participated (335 intervention, 317 wait-list control). Children participated in four 60min sessions and a recap session at three months post-intervention. The broad content areas were body image, peer relationships, media awareness, healthy diet, and exercise. The activities and examples for each session were gender specific. The recap session was an overview of the four sessions. Assessment measures were completed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and after the recap. Boys and girls in the intervention demonstrated higher muscle esteem and vegetable intake at post-intervention, compared to children in the control condition. Boys and girls demonstrated higher body esteem, muscle esteem and fruit and vegetable intake at the recap. Boys in the intervention demonstrated less investment in masculine gender norms at post-intervention and at recap.

      PubDate: 2016-11-20T12:23:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.10.007
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2016)
  • The impact of appearance comparisons made through social media,
           traditional media, and in person in women’s everyday lives
    • Authors: Jasmine Fardouly; Rebecca T. Pinkus; Lenny R. Vartanian
      Pages: 31 - 39
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Jasmine Fardouly, Rebecca T. Pinkus, Lenny R. Vartanian
      Appearance comparisons are an important sociocultural factor influencing women’s body image. These comparisons can occur in different contexts (e.g., through magazines, social media, in person). However, little is known about the frequency and outcome of appearance comparisons made in different contexts in women’s everyday lives. Using Ecological Momentary Assessment methods, female undergraduate students (n =146) completed a brief online survey at random times every day for 5 days. They reported the frequency, direction (upward, lateral, downward), and context of appearance comparisons, and also reported their appearance satisfaction, mood, and diet and exercise thoughts and behaviors. Upward appearance comparisons were the most common across all contexts. Upward comparisons through social media were associated with more negative outcomes on all measures (except diet and exercise behavior) than comparisons made in person, and with more negative mood than comparisons in any other context. These findings highlight the importance of the appearance comparison context.

      PubDate: 2016-12-05T04:40:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.11.002
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2016)
  • A model-driven approach to studying dissociations between body size mental
           representations in anorexia nervosa
    • Authors: Anne-Laure Moscone; Michel-Ange Amorim; Christine Le Scanff; Pascale Leconte
      Pages: 40 - 48
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Anne-Laure Moscone, Michel-Ange Amorim, Christine Le Scanff, Pascale Leconte
      This study compared dissociations between mental representations of current, ideal and normal body sizes (i.e., Current BS, Ideal BS and Normal BS) for women with anorexia nervosa (AN group, n=56) and healthy women (control group, n=56). Along the lines of the single channel model of Cornelissen et al. (2013), the discrepancy between Current BS and BMI for both groups was adequately described along a common linear continuum of Current BS (mis)perception. Body size mental representations were ranked similarly (Ideal BS<Current BS<Normal BS) in each group. Whilst the over-estimation of Current BS was much greater among the AN group than the control group, body dissatisfaction was better explained by Current BS for the AN group and by BMI for the control group. Dissociation between Current BS and participants’ BMI appears to be a key element when seeking to understand AN.

      PubDate: 2016-12-05T04:40:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.11.003
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2016)
  • Is body shame a significant mediator of the relationship between
           mindfulness skills and the quality of life of treatment-seeking children
           and adolescents with overweight and obesity?
    • Authors: Helena Moreira; Maria Cristina Canavarro
      Pages: 49 - 57
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Helena Moreira, Maria Cristina Canavarro
      This study aimed to examine (a) whether mindfulness skills were associated with higher quality of life through lower body shame for treatment-seeking children/adolescents with overweight and obesity and (b) whether this indirect effect was moderated by children/adolescents’ age and gender. The sample included 153 children/adolescents with overweight/obesity followed in individual nutrition consultations. Participants completed self-report measures of mindfulness, body shame, and quality of life. Moderated mediation analyses showed that higher levels of mindfulness were associated with better perceived quality of life through lower body shame, but only among girls. For boys, higher levels of body shame did not translate into a poorer perception of quality of life, and the indirect effect of mindfulness on quality of life via lower body shame was not significant. These results suggest that body shame is an important mechanism to explain why mindfulness may help girls with overweight/obesity perceive a better quality of life.

      PubDate: 2016-12-11T13:45:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.11.004
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2016)
  • Body image and emotional distress in newly diagnosed cancer patients: The
           mediating role of dysfunctional attitudes and rumination
    • Authors: Jianlin Liu; Chao Xu Peh; Rathi Mahendran
      Pages: 58 - 64
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Jianlin Liu, Chao Xu Peh, Rathi Mahendran
      Body image concerns (BIC) has been reported to be associated with emotional distress for cancers across various sites. This study sought to examine two cognitive vulnerability mechanisms: dysfunctional attitudes and rumination, and their combined effects on the relationship between BIC and emotional distress in newly diagnosed Asian cancer patients. Participants were 221 newly diagnosed adult cancer patients who were assessed on BIC, rumination, dysfunctional attitudes, and emotional distress. Path analysis was used to examine the hypothesized mediation model. The hypothesized mediation model controlling for age, sex, marital status, education level, cancer type, cancer stage, and treatment modality revealed that both dysfunctional attitudes and rumination mediated the relationship between BIC and emotional distress. The present study provides evidence for a mediating role of dysfunctional attitudes and rumination between BIC and emotional distress. Psychological treatment should target dysfunctional attitudes and rumination in cancer patients experiencing BIC.

      PubDate: 2016-12-11T13:45:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.11.001
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2016)
  • Sketching people: Prospective investigations of the impact of life drawing
           on body image
    • Authors: Viren Swami
      Pages: 65 - 73
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Viren Swami
      Three studies were conducted to establish the extent to which life drawing is effective at promoting positive body image. Study 1 (N =84 women) showed that life drawing had a positive impact on state body image, but only if artists observed a human model and not non-human objects. Study 2 (N =61 women, 61 men) showed that life drawing had a positive impact on state body image for women and men, irrespective of whether artists observed a sex-congruent or -incongruent model. Study 3 (N =23) showed that participating in weekly life drawing sessions for a 6-week period resulted in significantly elevated trait positive body image (body appreciation and body pride) and embodiment, and in reduced social physique anxiety; however, the intervention had no significant impact on negative body image (drive for thinness or muscularity). These results highlight the potential of life drawing for promoting positive body experiences.

      PubDate: 2016-12-19T15:34:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.12.001
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2016)
  • “Skinny is prettier and normal: I want to be normal”—Perceived body
           image of non-Western ethnic minority children in the Netherlands
    • Authors: Jolanda Veldhuis; Fam te Poel; Rian Pepping; Elly A. Konijn; Marloes L.C. Spekman
      Pages: 74 - 86
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Jolanda Veldhuis, Fam te Poel, Rian Pepping, Elly A. Konijn, Marloes L.C. Spekman
      While the prevalence of overweight and obesity is higher among children of some non-Western ethnic minorities than among their Caucasian counterparts, their body image is understudied. The current study examined the body image of Dutch children of non-Western ethnic minorities (i.e., Surinamese, Antillean, Moroccan, and Turkish). Sociocultural influences from school, media and home environments and their perceptions of overweight prevention programs were taken into account. Fifty-two non-Western ethnic minority children (aged 8–12 years) participated in semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Results showed that the children generally underestimated their current body size, which was often overweight, and preferred thin and ‘normal’ body sizes. Results further revealed important insights into culturally determined themes, relating to perceived preferences in media, peers, parents, and teachers, nutritional habits, and children’s beliefs about school-based health interventions. We conclude that targeting culturally sensitive awareness about actual body size and healthy body images seems paramount in future interventions.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T15:59:05Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.11.006
      Issue No: Vol. 20 (2016)
  • A critical review of cosmetic treatment outcomes in body dysmorphic
    • Authors: Laura Bowyer; Georgina Krebs; David Mataix-Cols; David Veale; Benedetta Monzani
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Body Image, Volume 19
      Author(s): Laura Bowyer, Georgina Krebs, David Mataix-Cols, David Veale, Benedetta Monzani
      A high proportion of individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) undergo cosmetic treatments in an attempt to ‘fix’ perceived defect/s in their physical appearance. Despite the frequency with which such procedures are sought, few studies have prospectively examined the outcomes of cosmetic procedures in individuals with BDD. This article aims to critically review the literature and discuss the current debate that exists on outcomes of cosmetic treatment for individuals with BDD. An emerging literature suggests the majority of individuals with BDD have poor outcomes after cosmetic interventions; however, based on the current literature, it cannot be fully ruled out that certain individuals with mild BDD and localised appearance concerns may benefit from these interventions. Gaps in the current literature are highlighted, alongside recommendations for future research. Carefully conducted longitudinal studies with well-characterised patient populations are needed.

      PubDate: 2016-08-13T21:37:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.07.001
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2016)
  • The role of media literacy in body dissatisfaction and disordered eating:
           A systematic review
    • Authors: Siân A. McLean; Susan J. Paxton; Eleanor H. Wertheim
      Pages: 9 - 23
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Body Image, Volume 19
      Author(s): Siân A. McLean, Susan J. Paxton, Eleanor H. Wertheim
      This study comprised a systematic review of literature examining empirical relationships between levels of media literacy and body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. The review aimed to integrate research on this topic. Electronic databases were searched for key concepts: media literacy, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating. Media literacy measures were coded for consistency with media literacy constructs. Sixteen eligible studies were identified. Cross-sectional outcomes depended upon the media literacy construct assessed. Some relationships between high scores on measures consistent with media literacy constructs and low scores on body dissatisfaction and related attitudes were found. Media literacy-based interventions revealed improvements in media literacy constructs realism scepticism, influence of media, and awareness of media motives for profit, and improvements in body-related variables, but not disordered eating. Further research examining relationships between theoretically driven media literacy constructs and body and eating concerns is needed. Recommendations are made for evaluating media literacy-based eating disorder prevention.

      PubDate: 2016-08-27T23:23:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.08.002
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2016)
  • Self-compassion as a mediator between attachment anxiety and body
           appreciation: An exploratory model
    • Authors: Trisha L. Raque-Bogdan; Sarah Piontkowski; Kayi Hui; Kathryn Schaefer Ziemer; Patton O. Garriott
      Pages: 28 - 36
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Body Image, Volume 19
      Author(s): Trisha L. Raque-Bogdan, Sarah Piontkowski, Kayi Hui, Kathryn Schaefer Ziemer, Patton O. Garriott
      Body appreciation has been found to be linked to interpersonal and intrapersonal factors, with attachment styles and self-compassion separately identified as important correlates. The present study examined these variables together in a model, and we hypothesized that maternal attachment anxiety was related to peer and romantic attachment anxiety, which, in turn, was associated with self-compassion and body appreciation. Using structural equation modeling, this cross-sectional study with a sample of 1306 incoming first year college women found that the proposed model explained 40% of the variance in body appreciation. Results further revealed that peer and romantic attachment anxiety mediated the relationships between maternal attachment anxiety and self-compassion, and that self-compassion mediated the associations between peer and romantic attachment anxiety and body appreciation. Self-compassion appears to hold a central role in explaining the relation between attachment anxiety and body appreciation.

      PubDate: 2016-09-08T23:38:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.08.001
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2016)
  • Attractive celebrity and peer images on Instagram: Effect on women's mood
           and body image
    • Authors: Zoe Brown; Marika Tiggemann
      Pages: 37 - 43
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Body Image, Volume 19
      Author(s): Zoe Brown, Marika Tiggemann
      A large body of research has documented that exposure to images of thin fashion models contributes to women's body dissatisfaction. The present study aimed to experimentally investigate the impact of attractive celebrity and peer images on women's body image. Participants were 138 female undergraduate students who were randomly assigned to view either a set of celebrity images, a set of equally attractive unknown peer images, or a control set of travel images. All images were sourced from public Instagram profiles. Results showed that exposure to celebrity and peer images increased negative mood and body dissatisfaction relative to travel images, with no significant difference between celebrity and peer images. This effect was mediated by state appearance comparison. In addition, celebrity worship moderated an increased effect of celebrity images on body dissatisfaction. It was concluded that exposure to attractive celebrity and peer images can be detrimental to women's body image.

      PubDate: 2016-09-08T23:38:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.08.007
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2016)
  • Parental bonds and body dissatisfaction in a clinical sample: The
           mediating roles of attachment anxiety and media internalization
    • Authors: Renee Grenon; Giorgio A. Tasca; Hilary Maxwell; Louise Balfour; Genevieve Proulx; Hany Bissada
      Pages: 49 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Body Image, Volume 19
      Author(s): Renee Grenon, Giorgio A. Tasca, Hilary Maxwell, Louise Balfour, Genevieve Proulx, Hany Bissada
      We evaluated an attachment theory model in which mother and father care were hypothesized to be indirectly related to body dissatisfaction mediated by attachment anxiety and media internalization. Participants were 232 women diagnosed with an eating disorder who completed a retrospective measure of parental bonds, and measures of attachment anxiety, media internalization, and body image. Mother care was negatively associated with body dissatisfaction, suggesting that recollection of mothers as less caring was directly related to poorer body image. Lower father care, was indirectly associated with greater body dissatisfaction mediated by higher attachment anxiety and higher media internalization. That is, women with an eating disorder who recollected fathers as less caring had higher attachment anxiety, which was related to greater internalizing of media-related thin ideals, that in turn was associated with poorer body image. Mothers and fathers may impact body dissatisfaction by differing mechanisms in clinical samples.

      PubDate: 2016-09-08T23:38:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.08.005
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2016)
  • Grooming ten-year-olds with gender stereotypes? A content analysis of
           preteen and teen girl magazines
    • Authors: Elizabeth A. Daniels; Marlee C. Layh; Linda K. Porzelius
      Pages: 57 - 67
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Body Image, Volume 19
      Author(s): Elizabeth A. Daniels, Marlee C. Layh, Linda K. Porzelius
      Extensive research shows a strong body focus in media aimed at teen girls and adult women; less is known about the content of media aimed at preteen girls. The present study investigated differences in the content of preteen versus teen girl magazines. Additionally, the content of independent compared to mainstream magazines was examined. Media frames, which are dominant themes present in media stories, used in content about the body were examined. Finally, the prevalence of appearance-focused versus non-appearance-focused content was assessed. Advertisements and general stories were analyzed. Results indicate that teen and mainstream magazines contained more appearance content than preteen and independent magazines. Appearance media frames were more common in teen than preteen magazines. Finally, teen and mainstream magazines contained more appearance-focused than non-appearance-focused content, whereas the opposite was true for preteen and independent magazines. Findings are discussed in terms of objectification theory and gender socialization practices.

      PubDate: 2016-09-13T23:55:55Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.08.011
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2016)
  • Personality and body image: A systematic review
    • Authors: Mark S. Allen; Emma E. Walter
      Pages: 79 - 88
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Body Image, Volume 19
      Author(s): Mark S. Allen, Emma E. Walter
      This study systematically reviewed the evidence for personality as a correlate of body image. Electronic databases and reference lists were searched in May 2016 for studies reporting an association between at least one dimension of personality and at least one component of negative body image. Twenty-six studies (33 discrete samples) met inclusion criteria. Sixteen samples were coded as medium-high quality. The results indicated that negative body image was associated with higher levels of Neuroticism and lower levels of Extraversion. Agreeableness was not related to body image, and findings for Conscientiousness and Openness were indeterminate. After taking study quality into account, negative body image was also associated with lower levels of Conscientiousness. Neuroticism was associated with negative body image in both women and men. Sex moderation effects for Extraversion, Openness, and Conscientiousness were indeterminate. Large-sample, prospective studies of personality and body image are recommended.

      PubDate: 2016-09-20T23:58:22Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.08.012
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2016)
  • Parental, child, and adolescent experience of chronic skin conditions: A
           meta-ethnography and review of the qualitative literature
    • Authors: Kate Ablett; Andrew R. Thompson
      Pages: 175 - 185
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2016
      Source:Body Image, Volume 19
      Author(s): Kate Ablett, Andrew R. Thompson
      Childhood skin conditions can affect the quality of life of children, adolescents, and families. As such, paediatric dermatological conditions have been the focus of a number of qualitative studies and there is now a need to integrate the findings. A meta-ethnography was carried out with the existing 12 studies, which included nine studies examining parental experiences and three studies of child experiences. Meta-ethnographic analysis of the studies identified themes focused on the child’s sense of stigmatisation and the challenges for families that arose from this. Common experiences across studies were feelings of difference relating to the appearance of the skin. The results highlight that children and adolescents can experience negative social reactions and that parents may struggle with some aspects of the physical management of the condition. The studies indicate the need to examine in more detail the psychosocial aspects of childhood skin conditions and the role played by stigmatisation.

      PubDate: 2016-10-23T23:51:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.10.001
      Issue No: Vol. 19 (2016)
  • Is the “Yoga Bod” the new skinny?
    • Authors: Jennifer Webb; Erin Vinoski Jan Warren-Findlow Meagan Padro Elizabeth Burris
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 20
      Author(s): Jennifer B. Webb, Erin R. Vinoski, Jan Warren-Findlow, Meagan P. Padro, Elizabeth N. Burris, Elizabeth M. Suddreth
      As yoga has gained popularity in Western culture, concerns have been raised about its increased commercialization and assimilation into the predominantly appearance-focused exercise and fitness culture. In this context, the present study examined the physical appearance-related characteristics (e.g., race/ethnicity, body size, shape, objectifying apparel) of 142 female models and the media frames of 567 captions (e.g., commercialism, body competence, health, weight/physical appearance) featured on the covers of three Westernized yoga lifestyle magazines published between 2010–2015. Results indicated that most models were White, embodying the contemporary “thin-and-lean” media fitness aesthetic. Models were actively posed with high body visibility; an appreciable minority was partially-clad in skin-revealing or form-fitting upper-body attire. Media frames conveying commercialism and body competence were equally present. The pattern of effects tended to reflect the strength of the magazine title’s endorsement of exercise and fitness cultural values. Clinical and public health implications along with future research directions are discussed.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T15:59:05Z
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