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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1345 journals)
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    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (684 journals)
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SOCIAL SCIENCES (684 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 148)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Balkan Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno CRH     Open Access  
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
California Journal of Politics and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access  
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access  
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Review of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European View     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExT : Revista de Extensión de la UNC     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Family Matters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover Body Image
  [SJR: 1.111]   [H-I: 50]   [13 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1740-1445
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3044 journals]
  • A pilot yoga physical education curriculum to promote positive body image
    • Authors: Anne E. Cox; Sarah Ullrich-French; Holly S. Howe; Amy N. Cole
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Anne E. Cox, Sarah Ullrich-French, Holly S. Howe, Amy N. Cole
      We examined the effects of a pilot yoga-based physical education (PE) curriculum by testing for change in trait body surveillance, physical self-worth, and body appreciation. Further, we examined the relationships among change in body image variables and the role of state mindfulness in predicting state body surveillance during classes. Adolescents participated in 12 weeks of yoga-based (n =20; M age =16.45, 90% female) or traditional (n =23; M age =14.52, 57% female) PE. Results showed significant (p =.004), moderate decreases in trait body surveillance and minimal nonsignificant (p =.11) increases in physical self-worth. Change in trait body surveillance was inversely related to change in physical self-worth and body appreciation in yoga participants. Multi-level modeling analyses revealed that more mindful students also surveyed their body less during class. Intentionally structured yoga participation may support positive body image among adolescents.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.007
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Does the work environment matter' Sexual objectification and
           waitresses’ body dissatisfaction
    • Authors: Dawn M. Szymanski; Renee Mikorski
      Pages: 9 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Dawn M. Szymanski, Renee Mikorski
      We investigated the relations between working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments and body dissatisfaction in a sample of 252 United States waitresses. Supporting our hypotheses, results indicated that working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was positively correlated with waitresses’ body dissatisfaction. Our findings also supported a theorized serial three-chain mediation model in which working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was related to body dissatisfaction through more thin ideal internalization and greater self-objectification/body surveillance. Furthermore, thin ideal internalization had a direct, unique link to body dissatisfaction. Our findings highlight the importance of working conditions and internalization processes in understanding waitresses’ body image concerns.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.009
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Socializing girls whose bodies may not align with contemporary ideals of
           thinness: An interpretive study of US mothers’ accounts
    • Authors: Jennifer Paff Ogle; Kelly Reddy-Best; Juyeon Park
      Pages: 13 - 27
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Jennifer Paff Ogle, Kelly Reddy-Best, Juyeon Park
      We sought to understand how mothers of young adolescent girls who are perceived as overweight or at risk for becoming so and whose body mass indices are at the 70th percentile or higher socialize their daughters about body, weight, eating, and health. In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 US mothers, and data were analyzed using constant comparison processes. Findings revealed that mothers adopted a variety of strategies – including teaching, modeling, managing, avoiding, and comforting – to achieve varied socialization goals for their daughters. Specifically, mothers sought to help their daughters to accept the self, reject the hegemonic ideal, maintain “healthful” eating, avoid overeating/monitor the self for over-eating, engage in regular physical activity, and/or navigate stigmatizing social situations. Mothers’ sometimes experienced ambivalence or uncertainty as they socialized their daughters about the body, suggesting that they may benefit from professional counseling designed to resolve this tension/hesitancy.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.006
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • The Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS): Development and psychometric
           evaluation in U.S. community women and men
    • Authors: Jessica M. Alleva; Tracy L. Tylka; Ashley M. Kroon Van Diest
      Pages: 28 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Jessica M. Alleva, Tracy L. Tylka, Ashley M. Kroon Van Diest
      Body functionality has been identified as an important dimension of body image that has the potential to be useful in the prevention and treatment of negative body image and in the enhancement of positive body image. Specifically, cultivating appreciation of body functionality may offset appearance concerns. However, a scale assessing this construct has yet to be developed. Therefore, we developed the Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS) and examined its psychometric properties among three online community samples totalling 1042 women and men (ns=490 and 552, respectively). Exploratory factor analyses revealed a unidimensional structure with seven items. Confirmatory factor analysis upheld its unidimensionality and invariance across gender. The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, criterion-related, and construct (convergent, discriminant, incremental) validity of its scores were upheld. The FAS is a psychometrically sound measure that is unique from existing positive body image measures. Scholars will find the FAS applicable within research and clinical settings.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.008
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • A multi-method analysis of distress tolerance in body dysmorphic disorder
    • Authors: Natalie L. Matheny; Berta J. Summers; Richard J. Macatee; Ashleigh M. Harvey; Sarah A. Okey; Jesse R. Cougle
      Pages: 50 - 60
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Natalie L. Matheny, Berta J. Summers, Richard J. Macatee, Ashleigh M. Harvey, Sarah A. Okey, Jesse R. Cougle
      Distress tolerance (DT) is a transdiagnostic construct linked to multiple psychiatric disorders. We conducted three studies using different methods to investigate the relationship between DT and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Study 1 found a significant relationship between low DT and more severe BDD symptoms in an adult community sample (N =81). In Study 2, we found a similar relationship between lower DT and greater BDD symptoms in a student sample (N =192). Furthermore, we found a unique relationship between greater BDD symptoms and lower self-reported tolerance of anger and sadness mood induction tasks. Greater BDD symptoms were not significantly associated with lower self-reported tolerance of a fear mood induction task. In Study 3, a clinical sample of individuals with BDD (N =40) reported lower DT than a sample of healthy controls (N =36). Findings suggest that low DT is a broad vulnerability factor related to BDD.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.005
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Factor structure and psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of
           the Body Appreciation Scale-2
    • Authors: Viren Swami; Otilia Tudorel; Cosmin Goian; David Barron; Mona Vintila
      Pages: 61 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Viren Swami, Otilia Tudorel, Cosmin Goian, David Barron, Mona Vintila
      We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 10-item Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2). A total of 453 university students from Romania completed the BAS-2, along with measures of disordered eating, self-esteem, satisfaction with life, and subjective happiness. In addition, a separate sample of university students (N =109) completed only the BAS-2 at two time-points three weeks apart. Principal-axis factor analysis indicated that BAS-2 scores had a one-dimensional factor structure in both women and men. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that this factor structure had adequate fit, but invariance across sex was not supported. Further analyses indicated that BAS-2 scores evidenced internal consistency, convergent validity, and test–retest reliability in both women and men. These results suggest that BAS-2 scores reduce to one dimension in Romanian adults, but the lack of sex invariance may indicate that the same latent construct is not being measured in women and men.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.001
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • How do you define body image' Exploring conceptual gaps in
           understandings of body image at an exercise facility
    • Authors: K. Alysse Bailey; Kimberley L. Gammage; Cathy van Ingen
      Pages: 69 - 79
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): K. Alysse Bailey, Kimberley L. Gammage, Cathy van Ingen
      The definition of body image has evolved within research; however, less is known about the layperson’s understanding of the construct. This study explored how members and student trainees of an exercise facility (designed for older adults, people with physical disability, and those with cardiac complications) defined body image. Nineteen participants completed a one-on-one interview, and seven of those participants took part in six additional focus group meetings. The following main themes were found: stereotypical assumptions about body image (e.g., it is solely a person’s weight or merely a woman’s issue), body image continua for positive and negative body image, degree of complexity of body image dimensions, broad considerations of body image (e.g., it is self-esteem), and limited knowledge about body image. These findings suggest a need for knowledge translation between researchers and the general public which informs future body image program design.

      PubDate: 2017-09-06T07:22:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.003
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Body checking is associated with weight- and body-related shame and
           weight- and body-related guilt among men and women
    • Authors: Shauna Solomon-Krakus; Catherine M. Sabiston
      Pages: 80 - 84
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M. Sabiston
      This study examined whether body checking was a correlate of weight- and body-related shame and guilt for men and women. Participants were 537 adults (386 women) between the ages of 17 and 74 (M age =28.29, SD =14.63). Preliminary analyses showed women reported significantly more body-checking (p< .001), weight- and body-related shame (p< .001), and weight- and body-related guilt (p< .001) than men. In sex-stratified hierarchical linear regression models, body checking was significantly and positively associated with weight- and body-related shame (R 2 =.29 and .43, p< .001) and weight- and body-related guilt (R 2 =.34 and .45, p <.001) for men and women, respectively. Based on these findings, body checking is associated with negative weight- and body-related self-conscious emotions. Intervention and prevention efforts aimed at reducing negative weight- and body-related self-conscious emotions should consider focusing on body checking for adult men and women.

      PubDate: 2017-09-06T07:22:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.005
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Challenging fat talk: An experimental investigation of reactions to body
           disparaging conversations
    • Authors: Suman Ambwani; Megan Baumgardner; Cai Guo; Lea Simms; Emily Abromowitz
      Pages: 85 - 92
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Suman Ambwani, Megan Baumgardner, Cai Guo, Lea Simms, Emily Abromowitz
      Although “fat talk” is associated with increased eating disorder risk, the predictors of fat talk engagement and viable alternatives to these pervasive conversations remain unclear. The current experiment examined responses to fat talk versus feminist-oriented challenging fat talk scenarios. Undergraduate women (N =283) completed baseline questionnaires assessing body dissatisfaction, fat talk engagement, and positive impression management. One week later, they were randomized to view one of the two scenarios, followed by assessment of mood, fat talk engagement, social acceptability, and social likeability. Results indicated that the challenging fat talk vignette (versus the fat talk vignette) yielded less negative affect and fat talk and was perceived as more socially attractive with a more likeable target character. Baseline body dissatisfaction, baseline fat talk tendencies, and momentary negative affect predicted post-exposure fat talk engagement. Current findings highlight possibilities for implementing feminist language and psychoeducation in fat talk prevention efforts.

      PubDate: 2017-09-06T07:22:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.007
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • A pilot controlled trial of a cognitive dissonance-based body
           dissatisfaction intervention with young British men
    • Authors: Glen S. Jankowski; Phillippa C. Diedrichs; Melissa J. Atkinson; Helen Fawkner; Brendan Gough; Emma Halliwell
      Pages: 93 - 102
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Glen S. Jankowski, Phillippa C. Diedrichs, Melissa J. Atkinson, Helen Fawkner, Brendan Gough, Emma Halliwell
      This pilot study evaluated a body image intervention for men, Body Project M. Seventy-four British undergraduate men took part in two 90-min intervention sessions, and completed standardised assessments of body image, bulimic pathology, and related outcomes at baseline, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up. Fifty-three other men completed the questionnaires as an assessment-only control group. Per-protocol analysis showed that Body Project M improved men’s dissatisfaction with body fat and muscularity, body appreciation, muscularity enhancing behaviours, appearance comparisons, and internalization (ds=0.46–0.80) at post-intervention. All except dissatisfaction with muscularity and internalization were sustained at 3-month follow-up. No effects were found for bulimic pathology. Post-intervention effects for dissatisfaction with muscularity and internalization only were retained under intention-to-treat analysis. Participants were favourable towards the intervention. This study provides preliminary evidence for the acceptability and post-intervention efficacy of Body Project M. Further development of the intervention is required to improve and sustain effects.

      PubDate: 2017-09-18T07:39:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.006
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
  • Correlates of muscle dysmorphia symptomatology in natural bodybuilders:
           Distinguishing factors in the pursuit of hyper-muscularity
    • Authors: Lachlan Mitchell; Stuart B. Murray; Matthew Hoon; Daniel Hackett; Tania Prvan; Helen O’Connor
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Lachlan Mitchell, Stuart B. Murray, Matthew Hoon, Daniel Hackett, Tania Prvan, Helen O’Connor
      Muscle dysmorphia (MD) is characterized by the pathological pursuit of muscularity and leanness, which includes eating- and exercise-related practices. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify correlations of MD symptomatology in natural bodybuilders. An online survey assessing diet, supplementation and training practices, and MD and eating disorder symptoms was completed by male bodybuilders with recent experience competing in a drug-tested competition. Sixty participants (age 29.6±7.1 years) completed the survey. Eating disorder scores (β =.298), rate of pre-competition weight loss (β =.307) and number of competitions (β =−.257) were significant predictors of MD. The association between the EAT-26 and MDDI underscores the salience of disordered eating pathology in presentations of MD. Supporting this, greater rate of pre-competition weight loss, which may reflect disordered eating practices, is also associated with MD symptomatology. The inverse association of competition experience suggests novice bodybuilders may display increased MD symptomatology.

      PubDate: 2017-05-20T12:14:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • The importance of body image concerns in overweight and normal weight
           individuals with binge eating disorder
    • Authors: Angelina Yiu; Susan M. Murray; Jean M. Arlt; Kalina T. Eneva; Eunice Y. Chen
      Pages: 6 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Angelina Yiu, Susan M. Murray, Jean M. Arlt, Kalina T. Eneva, Eunice Y. Chen
      Body image concerns in binge eating disorder (BED) have been examined almost exclusively in overweight individuals with BED. The current study extends past research by including overweight and normal weight BED and non-BED groups to assess the multifactorial construct of body image using subscales of the Eating Disorder Examination 16.0 (EDE-16.0) and a Body Comparison Task. Independent of weight status and when controlling for age and race, women with BED are distinguished from those without BED by significantly greater overvaluation of shape and weight on the EDE-16.0 and significantly reduced weight satisfaction after a Body Comparison Task. Both BED diagnosis and weight status were independently associated with Weight Concern and Shape Concern subscales on the EDE-16.0. Taken together, these data provide further support for the consideration of body image concerns in the diagnostic criteria for BED.

      PubDate: 2017-05-20T12:14:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.005
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Factor structure and psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of
           the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2)
    • Authors: Viren Swami; Antonio Alías García; David Barron
      Pages: 13 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Viren Swami, Antonio Alías García, David Barron
      We examined the psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) in a community sample of 411 women and 389 men in Almería, Spain. Participants completed the 10-item BAS-2 along with measures of appearance evaluation, body areas satisfaction, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and self-reported body mass index (BMI). Exploratory factor analyses with one split-half subsample revealed that BAS-2 scores had a one-dimensional factor structure in women and men. Confirmatory factor analysis with a second split-half subsample showed the one-dimensional factor structure had acceptable fit and was invariant across sex. There were no significant sex differences in BAS-2 scores. BAS-2 scores were significantly and positively correlated with appearance evaluation, body areas satisfaction, self-esteem, and life satisfaction. Body appreciation was significantly and negatively correlated with BMI in men, but associations in women were only significant in the second subsample. Results suggest that the Spanish BAS-2 has adequate psychometric properties.

      PubDate: 2017-05-30T12:45:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.05.002
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Should women be “All About That Bass?”: Diverse body-ideal messages
           and women’s body image
    • Authors: Diana E. Betz; Laura R. Ramsey
      Pages: 18 - 31
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Diana E. Betz, Laura R. Ramsey
      While most body image research emphasizes the thin ideal, a wider variety of body-ideal messages pervade U.S. popular culture today, including those promoting athleticism or curves. Two studies assessed women’s reactions to messages conveying thin, athletic, and curvy ideals, compared to a control message that emphasized accepting all body types. Study 1 (N =192) surveyed women’s responses to these messages and found they perceived body-acceptance and athletic messages most favorably, curvy messages more negatively, and thin messages most negatively. Further, greatest liking within each message category came from women who identified with that body type. Study 2 (N =189) experimentally manipulated exposure to these messages, then measured self-objectification and body satisfaction. Messages promoting a body-ideal caused more self-objectification than body-acceptance messages. Also, athletic messages caused more body dissatisfaction than thin messages. Together, these findings reveal the complexity of women’s responses to diverse messages they receive about ideal bodies.

      PubDate: 2017-05-30T12:45:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.004
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Body dissatisfaction and associated factors among Brazilian adolescents: A
           longitudinal study
    • Authors: Ana Carolina Soares Amaral; Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
      Pages: 32 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Ana Carolina Soares Amaral, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
      We conducted a longitudinal investigation of body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys and girls, in order to evaluate the influence of biological, psychological, and sociocultural predictors for body dissatisfaction, and its association with eating disorder symptoms. Validated self-administered scales were selected, thereby assessing the various aspects of body image, symptoms of eating disorders, depression, and self-esteem. Four hundred and ninety-eight adolescents (236 girls) participated in the study. Most of the evaluated outcomes remained stable for over a year. Overall, results pointed to sociocultural influence, as evaluated by SATAQ-3, as the main influencing factor on body dissatisfaction in both boys and girls, with less drastic effects seen for both biological and psychological variables. Body dissatisfaction also predicted symptoms of eating disorders. These results produce longitudinal evidence of the importance of sociocultural influence on body image among Brazilian boys and girls.

      PubDate: 2017-05-30T12:45:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.006
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Repressive coping among British college women: A potential protective
           factor against body image concerns, drive for thinness, and bulimia
    • Authors: Changiz Mohiyeddini
      Pages: 39 - 47
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Changiz Mohiyeddini
      Repressive coping, as a means of preserving a positive self-image, has been widely explored in the context of dealing with self-evaluative cues. The current study extends this research by exploring whether repressive coping is associated with lower levels of body image concerns, drive for thinness, bulimic symptoms, and higher positive rational acceptance. A sample of 229 female college students was recruited in South London. Repressive coping was measured via the interaction between trait anxiety and defensiveness. The results of moderated regression analysis with simple slope analysis show that compared to non-repressors, repressors reported lower levels of body image concerns, drive for thinness, and bulimic symptoms while exhibiting a higher use of positive rational acceptance. These findings, in line with previous evidence, suggest that repressive coping may be adaptive particularly in the context of body image.

      PubDate: 2017-06-10T12:57:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.002
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Adopting a dyadic perspective to better understand the association between
           physical attractiveness and dieting motivations and behaviors
    • Authors: Tania Reynolds; Andrea L. Meltzer
      Pages: 48 - 52
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Tania Reynolds, Andrea L. Meltzer
      The relationship between women’s objective physical attractiveness and their dieting motivations and behaviors may depend upon their social environment—specifically, their romantic partners’ attractiveness—such that less attractive women with more attractive partners may be particularly motivated to diet. Theoretically, men’s dieting motivations should not depend on their partners’ attractiveness. We tested this possibility using a sample of 223 U.S. newlywed spouses. After completing measures assessing dieting motivations, each participant was photographed; we used those photographs to code spouses’ objective facial and body attractiveness. Results demonstrated that own and partner attractiveness interacted to predict only women’s dieting motivations and behaviors. Less attractive wives married to more (versus less) attractive husbands reported more dieting motivations and behaviors. In contrast, men’s dieting motivations were not significantly associated with their own and their partners’ attractiveness. These findings highlight the value of adopting a dyadic approach to understanding dieting motivations.

      PubDate: 2017-06-10T12:57:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.05.001
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Fat is fashionable and fit: A comparative content analysis of Fatspiration
           and Health at Every Size® Instagram images
    • Authors: Jennifer B. Webb; Erin R. Vinoski; Adrienne S. Bonar; Alexandria E. Davies; Lena Etzel
      Pages: 53 - 64
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Jennifer B. Webb, Erin R. Vinoski, Adrienne S. Bonar, Alexandria E. Davies, Lena Etzel
      In step with the proliferation of Thinspiration and Fitspiration content disseminated in popular web-based media, the fat acceptance movement has garnered heightened visibility within mainstream culture via the burgeoning Fatosphere weblog community. The present study extended previous Fatosphere research by comparing the shared and distinct strategies used to represent and motivate a fat-accepting lifestyle among 400 images sourced from Fatspiration- and Health at Every Size®-themed hashtags on Instagram. Images were systematically analyzed for the socio-demographic and body size attributes of the individuals portrayed alongside content reflecting dimensions of general fat acceptance, physical appearance pride, physical activity and health, fat shaming, and eating and weight loss-related themes. #fatspiration/#fatspo-tagged images more frequently promoted fat acceptance through fashion and beauty-related activism; #healthateverysize/#haes posts more often featured physically-active portrayals, holistic well-being, and weight stigma. Findings provide insight into the common and unique motivational factors and contradictory messages encountered in these fat-accepting social media communities.

      PubDate: 2017-06-19T13:53:30Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.05.003
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Idealised media images: The effect of fitspiration imagery on body
           satisfaction and exercise behaviour
    • Authors: Lily Robinson; Ivanka Prichard; Alyssa Nikolaidis; Claire Drummond; Murray Drummond; Marika Tiggemann
      Pages: 65 - 71
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Lily Robinson, Ivanka Prichard, Alyssa Nikolaidis, Claire Drummond, Murray Drummond, Marika Tiggemann
      Recent studies have documented a shift in the cultural ideal of physical attractiveness, with women subscribing to a visibly toned ideal that emphasises health and fitness. The present study experimentally investigated the impact of athletic and muscular fitness-idealised images compared to traditional thin ideal images on women’s body dissatisfaction and exercise behaviour, under the framework of Social Comparison Theory. Participants were 106 female undergraduate students randomly assigned to view one of three sets of images (thin ideal, athletic ideal, or muscular ideal) followed by a bout of exercise. Acute exposure to athletic ideal and thin ideal images led to increased body dissatisfaction, but exposure to muscular ideal images did not. Relative to thin ideal images, fitness-idealised images did not motivate participants to engage in higher levels of exercise suggesting that this type of fitness inspiration might not motivate actual exercise behaviour.

      PubDate: 2017-06-27T13:57:49Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.001
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Experiential avoidance and dysfunctional beliefs in the prediction of body
           image disturbance in a nonclinical sample of women
    • Authors: Shannon M. Blakey; Lillian Reuman; Jennifer L. Buchholz; Jonathan S. Abramowitz
      Pages: 72 - 77
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Shannon M. Blakey, Lillian Reuman, Jennifer L. Buchholz, Jonathan S. Abramowitz
      Body image disturbance (BID) refers to persistent dissatisfaction, distress, and dysfunction related to some aspect(s) of one’s physical appearance. Cognitive models of BID highlight the importance of dysfunctional beliefs in maintaining BID. Relational Frame Theory (RFT), in contrast, posits that psychological distress is sustained by the unwillingness to experience aversive internal experiences (i.e., experiential avoidance [EA]). The present study tested the hypothesis that both dysfunctional beliefs and EA uniquely predict BID even after accounting for general distress. A nonclinical female sample (N =100) completed measures of general distress, dysfunctional beliefs about appearance, EA, and BID in addition to providing in vivo anxiety ratings after looking at their most dissatisfactory facial feature in a vanity mirror. Linear regression analyses showed that dysfunctional beliefs, but not EA, accounted for significant unique variance in BID outcomes. Implications for understanding, assessing, and treating clinically significant BID are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-07-08T06:58:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.003
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • The effect of interpersonal rejection on attentional biases regarding
           thin-ideal and non-thin images: The moderating role of body weight- and
           shape-based self-worth
    • Authors: Elizabeth Rieger; Ashleigh Dolan; Brittany Thomas; Jason Bell
      Pages: 78 - 86
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Elizabeth Rieger, Ashleigh Dolan, Brittany Thomas, Jason Bell
      Interpersonal dysfunction and weight/shape-based self-worth have been implicated as key constructs for eating disorders, although the relationship between these two concepts is under-researched. This study investigated the moderating role of weight/shape-based self-worth in terms of the impact of interpersonal rejection on attentional bias regarding thin-ideal and non-thin images. Participants were 94 females without an eating disorder, who were exposed to either interpersonal rejection or acceptance (using the Cyberball paradigm), and subsequently assessed in terms of their attentional biases regarding thin-ideal and non-thin images. Results revealed that weight/shape-based self-worth moderated the relationship between interpersonal rejection/acceptance and attentional biases for thin-ideal (but not non-thin) images. Specifically, participants with a greater tendency to base their self-worth on weight/shape demonstrated reduced avoidance of thin-ideal images when rejected relative to those who were accepted. The findings support the role of interpersonal rejection in eliciting attentional disturbances among those with higher body weight/shape-based self-worth.

      PubDate: 2017-07-21T07:18:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.002
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Assessment of English–French differential item functioning of the
           Satisfaction with Appearance Scale (SWAP) in systemic sclerosis
    • Authors: Lisa R. Jewett; Linda Kwakkenbos; Marie Hudson; Murray Baron; Brett D. Thombs
      Pages: 97 - 102
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Lisa R. Jewett, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie Hudson, Murray Baron, Brett D. Thombs
      The Satisfaction with Appearance Scale (SWAP) has been used to assess body image distress among people with the rare and disfiguring disease systemic sclerosis (SSc); however, it has not been validated across different languages groups. The objective was to examine differential item functioning of the SWAP among 856 Canadian English- or French-speaking SSc patients. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the SWAP two-factor structure (Dissatisfaction with Appearance and Social Discomfort). The Multiple-Indicator Multiple-Cause model was utilized to assess differential item functioning. Results revealed that the established two-factor model of the SWAP demonstrated relatively good fit. Statistically significant, but small-magnitude differential item functioning was found for three SWAP items based on language; however, the cumulative effect on SWAP scores was negligible. Findings provided empirical evidence that SWAP scores from Canadian English- and French-speaking patients can be compared and pooled without concern that measurement differences may substantially influence results.

      PubDate: 2017-07-21T07:18:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.005
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • The effects of female “Thin Ideal” media on men’s appearance schema,
           cognitive performance, and self-evaluations: A self-determination theory
    • Authors: Amanda Baker; Céline Blanchard
      Pages: 103 - 113
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Amanda Baker, Céline Blanchard
      Research has primarily focused on the consequences of the female thin ideal on women and has largely ignored the effects on men. Two studies were designed to investigate the effects of a female thin ideal video on cognitive (Study 1: appearance schema, Study 2: visual-spatial processing) and self-evaluative measures in male viewers. Results revealed that the female thin ideal predicted men’s increased appearance schema activation and poorer cognitive performance on a visual-spatial task. Constructs from self-determination theory (i.e., global autonomous and controlled motivation) were included to help explain for whom the video effects might be strongest or weakest. Findings demonstrated that a global autonomous motivation orientation played a protective role against the effects of the female thin ideal. Given that autonomous motivation was a significant moderator, SDT is an area worth exploring further to determine whether motivational strategies can benefit men who are susceptible to media body ideals.

      PubDate: 2017-07-21T07:18:39Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.006
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Physical activity and body image among men and boys: A meta-analysis
    • Authors: Rebecca Bassett-Gunter; Desmond McEwan; Aria Kamarhie
      Pages: 114 - 128
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Desmond McEwan, Aria Kamarhie
      Three meta-analytic reviews have concluded that physical activity is positively related to body image. Historically, research regarding physical activity and body image has been disproportionately focused on female samples. For example, the most recent meta-analysis (2009) extracted 56 effect sizes for women and only 12 for men. The current paper provides an update to the literature regarding the relationship between physical activity and body image among men and boys across 84 individual effect sizes. The analysis also provides insight regarding moderator variables including participant age, and physical activity type and intensity. Overall, physical activity was positively related to body image among men and boys with various moderator variables warranting further investigation. Pragmatic implications are discussed as well as the limitations within existing research and need for additional research to further understand moderator and mediator variables.

      PubDate: 2017-07-28T08:41:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.007
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Body appreciation, interest in cosmetic enhancements, and need for
           uniqueness among U.S. college students
    • Authors: Meghan M. Gillen; Jamie Dunaev
      Pages: 136 - 143
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Meghan M. Gillen, Jamie Dunaev
      The aim of the current study was to examine associations between body appreciation and putative correlates that focus on self-enhancement and self-expression. Students (N =261; mean age=20.16years, SD =3.68; 60.9% female) from a non-residential college in the northeastern United States completed a questionnaire measuring body appreciation, interest in cosmetic enhancements, and need for uniqueness. Individuals with higher body appreciation and African Americans/Blacks reported significantly higher self-attributed need for uniqueness and significantly higher investment in a distinctive appearance. The association between body appreciation and interest in cosmetic enhancements (e.g., hair coloring) was not significant. Results suggest that body appreciation may be linked to a desire to express one’s own unique qualities.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.008
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Perceptions of plagiarisers: The influence of target physical
           attractiveness, transgression severity, and sex on attributions of guilt
           and punishment
    • Authors: Viren Swami; Elizabeth Arthey; Adrian Furnham
      Pages: 144 - 147
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Viren Swami, Elizabeth Arthey, Adrian Furnham
      The attractiveness-leniency effect (ALE) suggests that physically attractive targets are less likely to be perceived as guilty compared to less attractive targets. Here, we tested the ALE in relation to attributions of students who have committed plagiarism. British adults (N =165) were shown one of eight vignette-photograph pairings varying in target sex (female/male), physical attractiveness (high/low), and transgression severity (serious/minor), and provided attributions of guilt and severity of punishment. Analyses of variance revealed significant interactions between attractiveness and transgression severity for both dependent measures. Attractive targets were perceived as guiltier and deserving of more severe punishments in the serious transgression condition, but there was no significant difference between attractive and less attractive targets in the minor transgression condition. These results are discussed in terms of a reverse attribution bias, in which attractive individuals are judged more negatively when they fail to live up to higher standards of conduct.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.009
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Body image in emerging adults: The protective role of self-compassion
    • Authors: Rachel F. Rodgers; Debra L. Franko; Elizabeth Donovan; Tara Cousineau; Kayla Yates; Kayla McGowan; Elizabeth Cook; Alice S. Lowy
      Pages: 148 - 155
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Rachel F. Rodgers, Debra L. Franko, Elizabeth Donovan, Tara Cousineau, Kayla Yates, Kayla McGowan, Elizabeth Cook, Alice S. Lowy
      Self-compassion is thought to protect from body image concerns. However, the mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. This study examined three positive dimensions of self-compassion as moderators of the mediated relationship between perceived overweight status, appearance comparison, and appearance esteem. A sample of 232 youth aged 13–18 years, mean=18.36 (SD =1.5) years, reported on appearance esteem, appearance comparison, perceived weight status, and self-compassion dimensions including self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness. Among boys, mindfulness and common humanity moderated the perceived weight status to appearance comparison pathway of the mediation (ps =.01), such that this relationship was weaker among boys with higher levels of these dimensions of self-compassion. These findings were not replicated among girls. None of the self-compassion dimensions moderated the appearance comparison to appearance esteem pathway. Self-compassion dimensions that decrease the focus on the self may protect against body image concerns among boys.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.003
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
  • Got yoga?: A longitudinal analysis of thematic content and models’
           appearance-related attributes in advertisements spanning four decades of
           Yoga Journal
    • Authors: Erin Vinoski; Jennifer B. Webb; Jan Warren-Findlow; Kirstyn A. Brewer; Katheryn A. Kiffmeyer
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Erin Vinoski, Jennifer B. Webb, Jan Warren-Findlow, Kirstyn A. Brewer, Katheryn A. Kiffmeyer
      Yoga has become an increasingly common health practice among U.S. adults over the past decade. With this growth in popularity, yoga-related print media have been criticized for shifting away from yoga’s traditional philosophies and promoting a thin, lean ideal physique representing the “yoga body.” The purpose of this study was to (a) analyze the presence and content of advertisements over the 40-year publication history of Yoga Journal magazine and (b) explore female advertisement models’ socio-demographic and appearance-related attributes over time. Results suggested that Yoga Journal now contains significantly more advertisements for food, nutritional supplements, and apparel and fewer advertisements for meditation and nutritional practices than in its early years of publication. Models were more frequently rated as White and in their 20s and 30s in recent years of publication. Trends in model body size matched shifts in culturally dominant body ideals over time. Implications and future research directions are considered.

      PubDate: 2017-02-18T21:55:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.01.006
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Positive comments, negative outcomes? The potential downsides of
           appearance-related commentary in ethnically diverse women
    • Authors: Sylvia Herbozo; Steven D. Stevens; Christina P. Moldovan; Holly E.R. Morrell
      Pages: 6 - 14
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Sylvia Herbozo, Steven D. Stevens, Christina P. Moldovan, Holly E.R. Morrell
      Although research has shown that appearance-related commentary influences body dissatisfaction and disordered eating, limited research has studied such commentary among ethnically diverse women. The current study examined ethnic group differences in the frequency and impact of appearance-related commentary and associations with body dissatisfaction and eating disorder psychopathology. Participants included 280 undergraduate women aged 18–25 (56.1% European American, 28.6% African American, and 15.3% Latina American). Results indicated no ethnic group differences in frequencies of positive weight/shape, positive general appearance, or negative weight/shape commentary while controlling for BMI. However, African American and Latina American women reported stronger negative responses to positive weight/shape commentary than European American women. Negative responses to positive weight/shape commentary were correlated with more body dissatisfaction in African American women, after controlling for frequency of commentary. Findings suggest that positive weight/shape commentary may be associated with poor outcomes in a subgroup of ethnic minority college women.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T23:22:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.01.008
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Confirmatory factor analysis and psychometric properties of the Spanish
           version of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations
           Questionnaire-Appearance Scales in early adolescents
    • Authors: José H. Marco; Conxa Perpiñá; María Roncero; Cristina Botella
      Pages: 15 - 18
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): José H. Marco, Conxa Perpiñá, María Roncero, Cristina Botella
      The main aim of this study was to confirm the factorial structure of the Spanish version of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scales in early adolescents from 12 to 14 years. The sample included 355 participants, 189 girls and 166 boys, with ages ranging from 12 to 14 years old. The original MBSRQ-AS 5-factor structure was confirmed, and the model showed a good fit to the data: Appearance Evaluation, Appearance Orientation, Body Areas Satisfaction, Overweight Preoccupation, and Self-Classified Weight. The internal consistency of the test scores was adequate. Girls had higher score s than boys on Appearance Orientation, Overweight Preoccupation, and Self-Classified Weight, and lower scores on Appearance Evaluation and Body Areas Satisfaction. This study confirms the factor structure of the MBSRQ-AS.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T23:22:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.01.003
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Patient-identified events implicated in the development of body dysmorphic
    • Authors: Hilary Weingarden; Erin E. Curley; Keith D. Renshaw; Sabine Wilhelm
      Pages: 19 - 25
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Hilary Weingarden, Erin E. Curley, Keith D. Renshaw, Sabine Wilhelm
      Little is known about the causes of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), but researchers have proposed a diathesis-stress model. This study uses a patient-centered approach to identify stressful events to which patients attribute the development of their BDD symptoms. An Internet-recruited sample of 165 adults with BDD participated. A large minority of participants attributed the development of their BDD to a triggering event. Bullying experiences were the most commonly described type of event. Additionally, most events were interpersonal and occurred during grade school or middle school. There were no differences in severity of psychosocial outcomes between participants who did or did not attribute their BDD to a specific triggering event. However, participants who specifically attributed their BDD development to a bullying experience had poorer psychosocial outcomes (i.e., perceived social support, depression severity, functional impairment, quality of life) compared to those who attributed their BDD development to another type of triggering event.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.003
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • An examination of the factor structure and sex invariance of a French
           translation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 in university students
    • Authors: Sevag Kertechian; Viren Swami
      Pages: 26 - 29
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Sevag Kertechian, Viren Swami
      The Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) is a measure of positive body image that has been found that have a one-dimensional factor structure in a number of different cultural groups. Here, we examined the factor structure and sex-based measurement invariance of a French translation of the BAS-2. A total of 652 university students (age M =21.33, SD =3.18) completed a newly-translated French version of the BAS-2. Exploratory factor analyses with a randomly selected split-half subsample revealed that the BAS-2 had a one-dimensional factor structure in both sexes. Confirmatory factor analyses with a second split-half subsample indicated that the one-dimensional factor structure had adequate fit following modifications and was invariant across sex. French BAS-2 scores had adequate internal consistency and men had significantly higher body appreciation than women (ds=.16–.23). These results provide preliminary support for the factorial validity of the French BAS-2.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.005
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Negative body image and eating disorder symptomatology among young women
           identifying with goth subculture
    • Authors: Viren Swami
      Pages: 30 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Viren Swami
      The present study compared the rates of negative body image and risk for disordered eating in young women who identify as part of goth subculture and a matched sample. Participants were 80 women who identified as part of goth subculture and a matched sample of 82 women from London, United Kingdom. Participants completed measures of self-ideal body size discrepancy, body appreciation, appearance investment, and eating disorder symptomatology. Between-group comparisons indicated that goth women reported significantly higher drive for thinness (d =0.51), body dissatisfaction (d =0.62), and dysfunctional appearance investment (d =0.52), as well as lower body appreciation (d =0.55), than the matched sample. Heightened expectations about appearance and self-presentation, alongside appearance competitiveness, may result in more negative body image and disordered eating in young women who identify with goth subculture, but further research is necessary on this under-studied youth subculture.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Love me Tinder: Body image and psychosocial functioning among men and
    • Authors: Jessica Strubel; Trent A. Petrie
      Pages: 34 - 38
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Jessica Strubel, Trent A. Petrie
      Based on objectification theory, we examined the main effects of Tinder use, and its interaction with gender, in relation to men’s and women’s body image concerns, internalization processes, and self-esteem. Tinder users (men=31; women=69) and non-users (men=203; women=844) anonymously completed measures via an online survey. Through a series of ANCOVAs, with BMI and age as covariates, Tinder users, regardless of gender, reported significantly lower levels of satisfaction with face and body and higher levels of internalization, appearance comparisons, and body shame and surveillance than non-users. For self-esteem, male Tinder users scored significantly lower than either male or female non-users. Our results suggest that Tinder represents a contemporary medium for appearance pressures and its use is associated with a variety of negative perceptions about body and self and with increases in individuals’ likelihood to internalize appearance ideals and make comparisons to others.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.006
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Two sides of the same coin? A new instrument to assess body checking and
           avoidance behaviors in eating disorders
    • Authors: Tanja Legenbauer; Franziska Martin; Ariane Blaschke; Anne Schwenzfeier; Jens Blechert; Katja Schnicker
      Pages: 39 - 46
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Tanja Legenbauer, Franziska Martin, Ariane Blaschke, Anne Schwenzfeier, Jens Blechert, Katja Schnicker
      Body checking (BC) and avoidance behaviors (BA) are the dominant behavioral features of body image disturbances (BID) that characterize most individuals with eating disorders (EDs). Whereas BC can be reliably assessed, a valid assessment tool for BA is lacking, preventing an adequate assessment of BID differences across different EDs (anorexia nervosa, AN; bulimia nervosa, BN; binge eating disorder, BED). A total of 310 women with EDs and 112 nonclinical controls completed measures of BC-, BA- and ED-related symptoms. BA did not differentiate between EDs, whereas BC did: it was highest in AN and BN, and lowest in BED. Multivariate analyses also discriminated AN from BN based on BC. Given that results are of preliminary nature, evidence is promising that EDs can be discriminated from healthy controls and that differential BID profiles for the behavioral component among ED subgroups exist. However, replication of the factor structure remains open within ED subsamples.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.004
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Beauty in the eye of the beholder: Using facial electromyography to
           examine the association between eating disorder symptoms and perceptions
           of emaciation among undergraduate women
    • Authors: Dorian R. Dodd; Elizabeth A. Velkoff; Lauren N. Forrest; Lauren M. Fussner; April Smith
      Pages: 47 - 56
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Dorian R. Dodd, Elizabeth A. Velkoff, Lauren N. Forrest, Lauren M. Fussner, April Smith
      Thin-ideal internalization, drive for thinness, and over-evaluation of the importance of thinness are associated with eating disorders (EDs). However, little research has examined to what extent perceptions of emaciation are also associated with ED symptoms. In the present study, 80 undergraduate women self-reported on ED symptomatology and perceptions of emaciated, thin, and overweight female bodies. While participants viewed images of these different body types, facial electromyography was used to measure activation of facial muscles associated with disgust reactions. Emaciated and overweight bodies were rated negatively and elicited facial responses consistent with disgust. Further, ED symptomatology was associated with pronounced aversion to overweight bodies (assessed via self-report pleasantness ratings), and attenuated negative affect to emaciated bodies (assessed via facial electromyography). The latter association was significant even when controlling for self-reported perceptions of emaciation, suggesting that psychophysiological methods in ED research may provide valuable information unavailable via self-report.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Effects of the exposure to self- and other-referential bodies on state
           body image and negative affect in resistance-trained men
    • Authors: Martin Cordes; Silja Vocks; Rainer Düsing; Manuel Waldorf
      Pages: 57 - 65
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Martin Cordes, Silja Vocks, Rainer Düsing, Manuel Waldorf
      Previous body image research suggests that first, exposure to body stimuli can negatively affect men’s body satisfaction and second, body concerns are associated with dysfunctional gaze behavior. To date, however, the effects of self- vs. other-referential body stimuli and of gaze behavior on body image in men under exposure conditions have not been investigated. Therefore, 49 weight-trained men were presented with pictures of their own and other bodies of different builds (i.e., normal, muscular, hyper-muscular) while being eye-tracked. Participants completed pre- and post-exposure measures of body image and affect. Results indicated that one’s own and the muscular body negatively affected men’s body image to a comparable degree. Exposure to one’s own body also led to increased negative affect. Increased attention toward disliked own body parts was associated with a more negative post-exposure body image and affect. These results suggest a crucial role of critical self-examination in maintaining body dissatisfaction.

      PubDate: 2017-03-10T20:45:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.007
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Trappings of femininity: A test of the “beauty as currency” hypothesis
           in shaping college women’s gender activism
    • Authors: Rachel M. Calogero; Tracy L. Tylka; Lois C. Donnelly; Amber McGetrick; Andrea Medrano Leger
      Pages: 66 - 70
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Rachel M. Calogero, Tracy L. Tylka, Lois C. Donnelly, Amber McGetrick, Andrea Medrano Leger
      This study investigated whether believing beauty is a primary currency for women operates as an antecedent force in the relation between self-objectification and gender activism. Ninety-four ethnically diverse women attending a small liberal arts college in the southeastern United States completed the study questionnaires online for course credit. Preliminary results demonstrated beauty as currency belief, self-objectification, and support for the gender status quo were negatively associated with gender activism. A serial mediation analysis revealed support for the proposed model: Beauty as currency belief was indirectly and inversely linked to gender activism through self-objectification and support for the gender status quo, offering initial evidence for our beauty as currency hypothesis. These findings suggest belief in the notion women will reap more benefits from their bodies than other attributes or pursuits may be an important legitimizing feature of feminine beauty ideology that works through self-objectification against gender social change.

      PubDate: 2017-03-18T15:22:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.02.008
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • “I’ll do anything to maintain my health”: How women aged 65–94
           perceive, experience, and cope with their aging bodies
    • Authors: Erica V. Bennett; Laura Hurd Clarke; Kent C. Kowalski; Peter R.E. Crocker
      Pages: 71 - 80
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Erica V. Bennett, Laura Hurd Clarke, Kent C. Kowalski, Peter R.E. Crocker
      We explored how physically active women perceived, experienced, and coped with their aging bodies, and examined their perceptions of the utility of self-compassion to manage aging body-related changes. Findings from a thematic analysis of interviews with 21 women aged 65–94 revealed that they were appreciative of how their bodies worked and accepting of their physical limitations, yet concurrently critical of their body’s functionality and appearance. Participants engaged in physical activity and healthy eating to maintain their health and body functionality, yet also used diet, hair styling, anti-aging creams, makeup, physical activity, and clothing to manage their appearances. To assess their bodies (in)adequacies, they engaged in upward or downward social comparisons with others their age. Participants perceived self-compassion for the aging body to be idealistic and contextual. Findings highlight the importance of health and body functionality in influencing the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral management of the aging body.

      PubDate: 2017-03-25T20:46:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • Performance or appearance? Young female sport participants’ body
    • Authors: Carolina Lunde; Kristina Holmqvist Gattario
      Pages: 81 - 89
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Carolina Lunde, Kristina Holmqvist Gattario
      The aim of this qualitative study was to examine young female sport participants’ experiences and thoughts in terms of sport, their bodies, and social appearance norms. Six focus groups with female sport participants (N =25) from Sweden were conducted. Participants raised many positive experiences in relation to their sport participation, but they also witnessed a conflict in the intersection between the culture within their sport (emphasizing physical performance) and the culture outside their sport (emphasizing physical appearance). Through thematic analysis, four themes illustrating the balancing act between these two cultures were formed: (a) the performing body versus the objectified body, (b) food as fuel versus source of shame, (c) appreciation of body type diversity versus appearance prejudice, and (d) empowerment and agency versus disempowerment and restraints. The findings of this study indicate that young women who engage in sport have to face complex, ambiguous, and restricting norms and notions.

      PubDate: 2017-04-01T14:01:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • “Warning: This image has been digitally altered”: The effect of
           disclaimer labels added to fashion magazine shoots on women’s body
    • Authors: Marika Tiggemann; Zoe Brown; Mia Zaccardo; Nicole Thomas
      Pages: 107 - 113
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Marika Tiggemann, Zoe Brown, Mia Zaccardo, Nicole Thomas
      The present experiment aimed to investigate the impact of the addition of disclaimer labels to fashion magazine shoots on women’s body dissatisfaction. Participants were 320 female undergraduate students who viewed fashion shoots containing a thin and attractive model with no disclaimer label, or a small, large, or very large disclaimer label, or product images. Although thin-ideal fashion shoot images resulted in greater body dissatisfaction than product images, there was no significant effect of disclaimer label. Internalisation of the thin ideal was found to moderate the effect of disclaimer label, such that internalisation predicted increased body dissatisfaction in the no label and small label conditions, but not in the larger label conditions. Overall, the results showed no benefit for any size of disclaimer label in ameliorating the negative effect of viewing thin-ideal media images. It was concluded that more extensive research is required before the effective implementation of disclaimer labels.

      PubDate: 2017-04-29T18:51:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 21 (2017)
  • IFC
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
  • The Seymour Fisher Annual Award (info page and announcement)
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
  • #fitspo or #loveyourself' The impact of fitspiration and
           self-compassion Instagram images on women’s body image, self-compassion,
           and mood
    • Authors: Amy Slater; Neesha Varsani Phillippa Diedrichs
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Amy Slater, Neesha Varsani, Phillippa C. Diedrichs
      This study experimentally examined the impact of exposure to fitspiration images and self-compassion quotes on social media on young women’s body satisfaction, body appreciation, self-compassion, and negative mood. Female undergraduate students (N =160) were randomly assigned to view either Instagram images of fitspiration, self-compassion quotes, a combination of both, or appearance-neutral images. Results showed no differences between viewing fitspiration images compared to viewing neutral images, except for poorer self-compassion among those who viewed fitspiration images. However, women who viewed self-compassion quotes showed greater body satisfaction, body appreciation, self-compassion, and reduced negative mood compared to women who viewed neutral images. Further, viewing a combination of fitspiration images and self-compassion quotes led to positive outcomes compared to viewing only fitspiration images. Trait levels of thin-ideal internalisation moderated some effects. The findings suggest that self-compassion might offer a novel avenue for attenuating the negative impact of social media on women’s body satisfaction.

      PubDate: 2017-07-08T06:58:21Z
  • IFC
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21

      PubDate: 2017-06-14T13:50:52Z
  • Thin and sexy vs. muscular and dominant: Prevalence of gendered body
           ideals in popular dolls and action figures
    • Authors: Hope Boyd; Sarah Murnen
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 21
      Author(s): Hope Boyd, Sarah K. Murnen
      We examined the extent to which popular dolls and action figures were portrayed with gendered body proportions, and the extent to which these gendered ideals were associated with heterosexual “success.” We coded internet depictions of 72 popular female dolls and 71 popular male action figures from the websites of three national stores in the United States. Sixty-two percent of dolls had a noticeably thin body, while 42.3% of action figures had noticeably muscular bodies. Further, more thin dolls were portrayed with more sex object features than less thin dolls, including revealing, tight clothing and high-heeled shoes; bodies positioned with a curved spine, bent knee, and head cant; and with a sexually appealing facial expression. More muscular male action figures were more likely than less muscular ones to be shown with hands in fists and with an angry, emotional expression, suggesting male dominance.

      PubDate: 2017-04-16T05:33:48Z
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