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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1374 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (244 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (28 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (17 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (91 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (52 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (701 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (42 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (163 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (701 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 166)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access  
Balkan Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access  
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CienciaUAT     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access  
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access  
Convergencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access  
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access  
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Debats. Revista de cultura, poder i societat     Open Access  
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diálogo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
E-Dimas : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-Gnosis     Open Access  
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eat, Sleep, Work     Open Access  
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EspacesTemps.net     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethnic and Racial Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Ethnobotany Research & Applications : a journal of plants, people and applied research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
eTropic : electronic journal of studies in the tropics     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Futures Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies - Revista Europea de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover Body Image
  [SJR: 1.111]   [H-I: 50]   [13 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1740-1445
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3123 journals]
  • Do women with greater trait body dissatisfaction experience body
           dissatisfaction states differently' An experience sampling study
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Ben Richardson, Vivienne Lewis, Josh Smyth, Isabel Krug
      The present study evaluated the relation of key features of state body dissatisfaction experiences – inertia, instability from moment-to-moment, and average level across time-points – to trait body dissatisfaction and/or eating disorder risk. Participants included 161 women who completed measures of trait body dissatisfaction and disordered eating pathology, and then completed reported state body dissatisfaction and contextual influences (binge eating, dietary restraint, exercise, and appearance comparison behaviors) 6 times daily for 7 days. Results indicated that individuals with elevated trait body dissatisfaction were reliably different from those with healthier body image in terms of average state body dissatisfaction ratings, but not for inertia or instability. State mean and trait body dissatisfaction uniquely predicted eating pathology, although their predictive accuracy for clinical caseness was comparable. Cost vs. benefit of using state body image data for understanding trait body image and eating pathology is discussed.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
       
  • Factors affecting subjective appearance evaluations among patients with
           congenital craniofacial conditions: An application of Cash’s
           cognitive-behavioural model of body image development
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Kristin Billaud Feragen, Nicola Marie Stock
      Satisfaction with appearance is of central importance for psychological well-being and health. For individuals with an unusual appearance, such as congenital craniofacial anomalies (CFA), appearance evaluations could be especially important. However, few, if any papers have presented a comprehensive synthesis of the factors found to affect subjective satisfaction with appearance among children, adolescents, and adults born with a CFA. Further, only a handful of craniofacial studies have applied psychological theories or models to their findings, resulting in an overall lack of guidance for researchers in the field. This paper summarises the literature pertaining to satisfaction with appearance among those affected by CFAs, and examines the extent to which Cash’s cognitive-behavioural model of body image development (2012) fits with this literature. Given the overlap between factors of interest in the field of CFAs, and in the area of body image more broadly, a closer collaboration between the two research fields is suggested.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
       
  • The role of fat talk in eating pathology and depressive symptoms among
           mother-daughter dyads
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Chong Man Chow, Cin Cin Tan
      The present study investigated how eating pathology and depressive symptoms were related to the dyadic dynamics of fat talk in mother-daughter relationships during adolescence. The current sample included 100 mother-daughter dyads who completed a survey on their fat talk disclosure, eating pathology, and depressive symptoms. The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) was utilized for the dyadic data. Adolescent girls’ and mothers’ engagement in fat talk was related to their own eating pathology. Daughters, but not mothers, who engaged in more fat talk reported more depressive symptoms. When mothers and daughters both had high levels of fat talk, it was associated with a higher risk of daughters’ eating pathology. Adolescent girls who engaged in fat talk reported higher depressive symptoms when their mothers did not reciprocate with more fat talk. This study highlights the importance of an interpersonal approach to fat talk research and clinical interventions addressing adolescents’ eating disorders and depression.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
       
  • Yoga and body image: Findings from a large population-based study of young
           adults
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Richard F. MacLehose, Allison W. Watts, Carly R. Pacanowski, Marla E. Eisenberg
      This study explored the potential for yoga to promote body satisfaction in a general population of young adults. The sample included 1664 participants (M age: 31.1, SD = 1.6 years) in Project EAT, a 15-year longitudinal study. Data from the third and fourth waves (EAT-III and EAT-IV), collected five years apart, were utilized. Practicing yoga (≥30 min/week) was reported by 16.2% of young adults. After adjusting for EAT-III body satisfaction and body mass index, yoga practitioners had higher concurrent body satisfaction at EAT-IV than those not practicing yoga (difference: 1.5 units [95% CI: 0.1–2.8], p = .03). Among participants within the lowest quartile of prior (EAT-III) body satisfaction, there was preliminary evidence that body satisfaction at EAT-IV was higher among yoga practitioners than in other young adults. Findings suggest that yoga may be associated with improved body satisfaction, particularly among young adults with low prior body satisfaction.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
       
  • Breast size dissatisfaction, but not body dissatisfaction, is associated
           with breast self-examination frequency and breast change detection in
           British women
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Viren Swami, Adrian Furnham
      Studies examining associations between body image and breast self-examination (BSE) have returned mixed findings, but this may be a function of focusing on global body image. Here, we examined the impact of breast size dissatisfaction specifically on BSE and behaviours in relation to breast change detection. A total of 384 British women completed measures of breast size dissatisfaction, body dissatisfaction, BSE frequency, confidence in detecting breast change, and delay in contacting their doctor upon detecting a breast change. Regression analyses indicated that greater breast size dissatisfaction, but not body dissatisfaction, was significantly associated with less frequent BSE and lower confidence in detecting breast change. Both breast size and body dissatisfaction were significantly associated with greater delay in consulting a doctor following breast change, but the former was the stronger predictor. These findings suggest that improving breast size satisfaction may be a useful means of promoting improved breast awareness and self-examination.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
       
  • Exposure to natural environments, and photographs of natural environments,
           promotes more positive body image
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Viren Swami, David Barron, Adrian Furnham
      Five studies were conducted to understand the impact of nature exposure on body image. In three studies using different designs and outcome measures, British university students were exposed to photographs of natural or built environments. Results indicated that exposure to images of natural, but not built, environments resulted in improved state body image. In Study 4, British community participants went on a walk in a natural or built environment, with results indicating that the walk in a natural environment resulted in significantly higher state body appreciation, whereas the walk in a built environment resulted in significantly lower scores. In Study 5, British participants were recruited as they were entering a designed green space on their own volition. Results indicated that spending time in the green space led to improved state body appreciation. These results indicate that exposure to isomorphic or in-situ natural environments has positive effects on state body image.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
       
  • The effect of functionality-focused and appearance-focused images of
           models of mixed body sizes on women’s state-oriented body appreciation
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Gina Williamson, Bryan T. Karazsia
      Research demonstrates that exposure to appearance-focused images of models depicting societal standards of beauty negatively affect women’s state-oriented body dissatisfaction. The purpose of this research was to extend this experimental research to women’s state-oriented body appreciation. The 374 women participants were randomly assigned to view images that were either depicting a model who was representative or not representative of the thin ideal (body size), while this model was in either an appearance-focused pose or a function-oriented pose (pose type). State body appreciation increased significantly after viewing images depicting models who did not conform to societal standards of thinness (p < 0.001). Exposure to the control condition images, which were images of natural environments, also produced increases in state body appreciation (p = 0.049). These findings provide insight into the construct of state body appreciation and offer implications for future positive body image research.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
       
  • “This body is me” Discovering the ways in which the body is salient in
           people's identities
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Johanna Kling, Maria Wängqvist, Ann Frisén
      Although previous research has revealed associations between negative body image and identity problems, there are sound theoretical reasons to assume much greater diversity in relations between body image and identity. The aim of the present qualitative study was to explore the ways people find the body salient to their identities. Young adults (N = 121; 51% women) were interviewed, and four main themes were found: identification with the body, body functionality in identity-relevant tasks, appearance and identity in social interactions, and identity-relevant bodily engagement. Both positive and negative ways in which the body is salient in identity were described and descriptions included functionality, embodied experiences, and social environments. Gender differences were not found with one exception: more women than men described experiences of identifying with their bodies. These novel results have implications for the understanding of the interconnection between body image and identity and may open avenues for continued research.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
       
  • View-dependent accuracy in body mass judgements of female bodies
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Piers L. Cornelissen, Katri K. Cornelissen, Victoria Groves, Kristofor McCarty, Martin J. Tovée
      A fundamental issue in testing body image perception is how to present the test stimuli. Previous studies have almost exclusively used images of bodies viewed in front-view, but this potentially obscures key visual cues used to judge adiposity reducing the ability to make accurate judgements. A potential solution is to use a three-quarter view, which combines visual cues to body fat that can be observed in front and profile. To test this hypothesis, 20 female observers completed a 2-alternative forced choice paradigm to determine the smallest difference in body fat detectable in female bodies in front, three-quarter, and profile view. There was a significant advantage for three-quarter and profile relative to front-view. Discrimination accuracy is predicted by the saliency of stomach depth, suggesting that this is a key visual cue used to judge body mass. In future, bodies should ideally be presented in three-quarter to accurately assess body size discrimination.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
       
  • A content analysis of an online pro-eating disorder community on Reddit
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Shaina J. Sowles, Monique McLeary, Allison Optican, Elizabeth Cahn, Melissa J. Krauss, Ellen E. Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E. Wilfley, Patricia A. Cavazos-Rehg
      Pro-eating disorder communities provide a refuge for individuals with eating disorders (EDs) who are ambivalent about seeking treatment. We investigated a pro-ED community on Reddit, an anonymous social networking platform with topical forums, to identify expression of behaviors aligned with ED symptoms and support for these behaviors. A content analysis on four weeks of topic-specific discussion threads (N = 125 comments, 115 replies to comments) was conducted to identify behaviors consistent with ED psychopathology and support for these behaviors (informational, tangible assistance, esteem/emotional support). Results indicated that the content aligned with expressions of clinically relevant ED psychopathology, with eating concerns (49/125) and shape concerns (47/125) being most prevalent. The majority (92/115) of replies provided esteem/emotional support to the comment author. Online interventions and/or recovery programs are needed to counteract reinforcing dialogue that occurs on social media sites, like Reddit, and promote ED recovery through supportive messages on these platforms.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
       
  • Self-objectification, weight bias internalization, and binge eating in
           young women: Testing a mediational model
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Adrienne Mehak, Aliza Friedman, Stephanie E. Cassin
      Self-objectification and weight bias internalization are two internalization processes that are positively correlated with binge eating among young women. However, the mechanisms underlying these relationships are understudied. Consistent with objectification theory, this study examined appearance anxiety and body shame as mediators between self-objectification, weight bias internalization and binge eating. Female undergraduates (N = 102) completed self-report measures of self-objectification, weight bias internalization, appearance anxiety, body shame, and binge eating. Results indicated that women who self-objectified and internalized negative weight-related attitudes reported greater binge eating (rs  = .43 and rs = .57, respectively) and these associations were mediated by the combined effects of body shame and appearance anxiety. The contrast between the two mediators was also significant, such that body shame emerged as a stronger mediator within both mediational models. Results demonstrated that these internalization processes contribute to negative affect in young women, which may in turn lead to binge eating.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
       
  • Thinness pressures in ethnically diverse college women in the United
           States
    • Authors: D. Luis Ordaz; Lauren M. Schaefer; Emily Choquette; Jordan Schueler; Lisa Wallace; J. Kevin Thompson
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): D. Luis Ordaz, Lauren M. Schaefer, Emily Choquette, Jordan Schueler, Lisa Wallace, J. Kevin Thompson
      While research consistently supports the negative impact of thinness pressures on body image, this work has primarily utilized White samples in the United States, limiting generalizability to other ethnicities. Further, limited research has examined ethnic differences in thinness pressures from distinct sociocultural influences. This study examined distinct sources of thinness pressures in 598 White, 135 Black, and 131 Hispanic college women in the United States. Mean levels of thinness pressures significantly differed across ethnicity, with Black women generally reporting the lowest levels of each pressure. Additionally, distinct sources of thinness pressures were more highly related to negative outcomes within ethnic groups. For White women, each source was salient for disordered eating. For Black women, family pressure was particularly salient for appearance evaluation. For Hispanic women, family pressure was particularly salient for disordered eating and appearance evaluation. Findings suggest possible ethnic differences in the relative salience of some pressures over others.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.004
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • Self-objectification, body shame, and disordered eating: Testing a core
           mediational model of objectification theory among White, Black, and
           Hispanic women
    • Authors: Lauren M. Schaefer; Natasha L. Burke; Rachel M. Calogero; Jessie E. Menzel; Ross Krawczyk; J. Kevin Thompson
      Pages: 5 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Lauren M. Schaefer, Natasha L. Burke, Rachel M. Calogero, Jessie E. Menzel, Ross Krawczyk, J. Kevin Thompson
      Objectification theory asserts that self-objectification, which manifests as self-surveillance, leads to increased body shame and subsequent eating pathology. Although evidence supports the core mediational model, the majority of this work utilizes primarily White samples, limiting generalizability to other ethnic groups. The current study examined whether the core tenets of objectification theory generalize to Black and Hispanic women. Participants were 880 college women from the United States (71.7% White, 15.1% Hispanic, 13.2% Black) who completed self-report measures of self-surveillance, body shame, and disordered eating. Multivariate analysis of variance tests indicated lower levels of self-surveillance and disordered eating among Black women. Moreover, body shame mediated the relationship between self-surveillance and disordered eating for White and Hispanic women, but not for Black women. These analyses support growing evidence for the role of body shame as a mediator between body surveillance and eating pathology, but only for women in certain ethnic groups.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.10.005
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • A content analysis of thinspiration images and text posts on tumblr
    • Authors: Madeline Wick; Jennifer Harriger
      Pages: 13 - 16
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Madeline Wick, Jennifer Harriger


      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.005
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • A prospective study of adolescents’ body dysmorphic symptoms: Peer
           victimization and the direct and protective roles of emotion regulation
           and mindfulness
    • Authors: Cassie H. Lavell; Haley J. Webb; Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck; Lara J. Farrell
      Pages: 17 - 25
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Cassie H. Lavell, Haley J. Webb, Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck, Lara J. Farrell
      In this study, we examined whether peer appearance-related victimization was associated with adolescents’ increasing body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms over 12 months. Also, given emotion regulation and mindfulness have been associated with less body dissatisfaction, we expected that they would protect against the negative impact of peer victimization on BDD symptoms. Participants were 367 Australian adolescents (M age = 13 years). In multiple regressions, two aspects of emotion regulation, strategies and clarity, and two components of mindfulness, acting with awareness and being non-judgmental, were uniquely associated with fewer BDD symptoms at T2 relative to T1. There was evidence that one mindfulness component, observing, was a risk factor for more BDD symptoms. Further, acting with awareness and observing moderated the prospective relationship between victimization and BDD symptoms; low acting with awareness and high observing were risks for symptoms regardless of victimization, whereas high acting with awareness and low observing appeared protective of BDD symptoms, but only for adolescents who reported lower victimization.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:01:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.006
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • Exploring the Tripartite Influence Model of body dissatisfaction in
           postpartum women
    • Authors: Meghan E. Lovering; Rachel F. Rodgers; Jessica Edwards George; Debra L. Franko
      Pages: 44 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Meghan E. Lovering, Rachel F. Rodgers, Jessica Edwards George, Debra L. Franko
      Pregnancy and childbirth result in dramatic changes in a woman’s body shape, which can be associated with body image concerns. To date, however, little is known about how sociocultural factors may influence body dissatisfaction in postpartum women. This study aimed to test a sociocultural model of body image and eating concerns among a sample of postpartum women. A sample of N = 474 women, mean (SD) age = 30.6 (4.8), having given birth during the last year, completed an online survey and reported on sociocultural pressures from media, peers, family and partners, thin-ideal internalization, appearance comparison, body dissatisfaction, and psychological functioning. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed a good fit to the data, χ 2 (49) = 220.20, p < .001, RMSEA = .086, CFI = .93. Findings suggest that women experience strong sociocultural pressures to attain unrealistic body shapes/sizes during the post-pregnancy period, contributing to their body image concerns.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:01:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.001
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • Selective distortion of body image by asynchronous visuotactile
           stimulation
    • Authors: Daniel Perez-Marcos; Matteo Martini; Christina T. Fuentes; Anna I. Bellido Rivas; Patrick Haggard; Maria V. Sanchez-Vives
      Pages: 55 - 61
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Daniel Perez-Marcos, Matteo Martini, Christina T. Fuentes, Anna I. Bellido Rivas, Patrick Haggard, Maria V. Sanchez-Vives
      In the rubber hand illusion (RHI), a rubber hand is felt as being part of one’s body. This illusion is evoked by providing synchronous visuotactile stimulation to the fake and real hands. Asynchronous visuotactile stimulation is known not to produce such an illusion of ownership, being commonly used as the control condition. Here we explored the impact of synchronous and asynchronous visuotactile stimulation on the body image. We combined the induction of the RHI with a quantitative test for the internal representation of body metrics (i.e., the positions of key fiducial points on the body relative to each other). We found a significant recalibration of the upper/lower arm lengths following asynchronous visuotactile stimulation. In particular, we observed a selective elongation of the lower arm, a distortion typical of deafferentation. Conversely, synchronous visuotactile stimulation did not alter the estimation of the arm segments' length. Our findings are consistent with a dynamic internal representation of body image that is continuously updated based on incoming multisensory information. Furthermore, the use of asynchronous multisensory stimulation as a neutral condition should be reconsidered since it introduces changes in the body image.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:01:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.002
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • Diminishing covariation bias in women with a negative body evaluation and
           the potential roles of outcome aversiveness and interpretation of social
           feedback
    • Authors: Jessica M. Alleva; Bobby G. Stuijfzand; Carolien Martijn
      Pages: 62 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Jessica M. Alleva, Bobby G. Stuijfzand, Carolien Martijn
      Women with a more negative body evaluation perceive that their body is associated with more negative social feedback. This covariation bias could reinforce negative body evaluation. We investigated whether covariation bias could be diminished and explored the potential roles of outcome aversiveness and interpretation of negative social feedback associated with one’s body. Ninety-seven undergraduate women completed a computer task wherein photos of their body, a control woman’s body, and a neutral object were followed by negative social feedback or nothing. When the relation between each category and the negative feedback was random, women with a more negative body evaluation perceived more negative feedback following their body. They also experienced negative feedback following their body and the control woman’s body as more aversive. After a manipulation block, women with a more negative body evaluation no longer perceived more negative feedback for their body. These effects coincided with improvements in state body evaluation.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:01:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.002
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • Body Image: A joyous journey
    • Authors: Thomas F. Cash
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Thomas F. Cash


      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.001
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • A pilot yoga physical education curriculum to promote positive body image
    • Authors: Anne E. Cox; Sarah Ullrich-French; Holly S. Howe; Amy N. Cole
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Anne E. Cox, Sarah Ullrich-French, Holly S. Howe, Amy N. Cole
      We examined the effects of a pilot yoga-based physical education (PE) curriculum by testing for change in trait body surveillance, physical self-worth, and body appreciation. Further, we examined the relationships among change in body image variables and the role of state mindfulness in predicting state body surveillance during classes. Adolescents participated in 12 weeks of yoga-based (n =20; M age =16.45, 90% female) or traditional (n =23; M age =14.52, 57% female) PE. Results showed significant (p =.004), moderate decreases in trait body surveillance and minimal nonsignificant (p =.11) increases in physical self-worth. Change in trait body surveillance was inversely related to change in physical self-worth and body appreciation in yoga participants. Multi-level modeling analyses revealed that more mindful students also surveyed their body less during class. Intentionally structured yoga participation may support positive body image among adolescents.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.007
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Does the work environment matter' Sexual objectification and
           waitresses’ body dissatisfaction
    • Authors: Dawn M. Szymanski; Renee Mikorski
      Pages: 9 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Dawn M. Szymanski, Renee Mikorski
      We investigated the relations between working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments and body dissatisfaction in a sample of 252 United States waitresses. Supporting our hypotheses, results indicated that working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was positively correlated with waitresses’ body dissatisfaction. Our findings also supported a theorized serial three-chain mediation model in which working in sexually objectifying restaurant environments was related to body dissatisfaction through more thin ideal internalization and greater self-objectification/body surveillance. Furthermore, thin ideal internalization had a direct, unique link to body dissatisfaction. Our findings highlight the importance of working conditions and internalization processes in understanding waitresses’ body image concerns.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.009
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Socializing girls whose bodies may not align with contemporary ideals of
           thinness: An interpretive study of US mothers’ accounts
    • Authors: Jennifer Paff Ogle; Kelly Reddy-Best; Juyeon Park
      Pages: 13 - 27
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Jennifer Paff Ogle, Kelly Reddy-Best, Juyeon Park
      We sought to understand how mothers of young adolescent girls who are perceived as overweight or at risk for becoming so and whose body mass indices are at the 70th percentile or higher socialize their daughters about body, weight, eating, and health. In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 US mothers, and data were analyzed using constant comparison processes. Findings revealed that mothers adopted a variety of strategies – including teaching, modeling, managing, avoiding, and comforting – to achieve varied socialization goals for their daughters. Specifically, mothers sought to help their daughters to accept the self, reject the hegemonic ideal, maintain “healthful” eating, avoid overeating/monitor the self for over-eating, engage in regular physical activity, and/or navigate stigmatizing social situations. Mothers’ sometimes experienced ambivalence or uncertainty as they socialized their daughters about the body, suggesting that they may benefit from professional counseling designed to resolve this tension/hesitancy.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.006
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • The Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS): Development and psychometric
           evaluation in U.S. community women and men
    • Authors: Jessica M. Alleva; Tracy L. Tylka; Ashley M. Kroon Van Diest
      Pages: 28 - 44
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Jessica M. Alleva, Tracy L. Tylka, Ashley M. Kroon Van Diest
      Body functionality has been identified as an important dimension of body image that has the potential to be useful in the prevention and treatment of negative body image and in the enhancement of positive body image. Specifically, cultivating appreciation of body functionality may offset appearance concerns. However, a scale assessing this construct has yet to be developed. Therefore, we developed the Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS) and examined its psychometric properties among three online community samples totalling 1042 women and men (ns=490 and 552, respectively). Exploratory factor analyses revealed a unidimensional structure with seven items. Confirmatory factor analysis upheld its unidimensionality and invariance across gender. The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, criterion-related, and construct (convergent, discriminant, incremental) validity of its scores were upheld. The FAS is a psychometrically sound measure that is unique from existing positive body image measures. Scholars will find the FAS applicable within research and clinical settings.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.008
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • A multi-method analysis of distress tolerance in body dysmorphic disorder
    • Authors: Natalie L. Matheny; Berta J. Summers; Richard J. Macatee; Ashleigh M. Harvey; Sarah A. Okey; Jesse R. Cougle
      Pages: 50 - 60
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Natalie L. Matheny, Berta J. Summers, Richard J. Macatee, Ashleigh M. Harvey, Sarah A. Okey, Jesse R. Cougle
      Distress tolerance (DT) is a transdiagnostic construct linked to multiple psychiatric disorders. We conducted three studies using different methods to investigate the relationship between DT and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). Study 1 found a significant relationship between low DT and more severe BDD symptoms in an adult community sample (N =81). In Study 2, we found a similar relationship between lower DT and greater BDD symptoms in a student sample (N =192). Furthermore, we found a unique relationship between greater BDD symptoms and lower self-reported tolerance of anger and sadness mood induction tasks. Greater BDD symptoms were not significantly associated with lower self-reported tolerance of a fear mood induction task. In Study 3, a clinical sample of individuals with BDD (N =40) reported lower DT than a sample of healthy controls (N =36). Findings suggest that low DT is a broad vulnerability factor related to BDD.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.005
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Factor structure and psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of
           the Body Appreciation Scale-2
    • Authors: Viren Swami; Otilia Tudorel; Cosmin Goian; David Barron; Mona Vintila
      Pages: 61 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Viren Swami, Otilia Tudorel, Cosmin Goian, David Barron, Mona Vintila
      We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 10-item Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2). A total of 453 university students from Romania completed the BAS-2, along with measures of disordered eating, self-esteem, satisfaction with life, and subjective happiness. In addition, a separate sample of university students (N =109) completed only the BAS-2 at two time-points three weeks apart. Principal-axis factor analysis indicated that BAS-2 scores had a one-dimensional factor structure in both women and men. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that this factor structure had adequate fit, but invariance across sex was not supported. Further analyses indicated that BAS-2 scores evidenced internal consistency, convergent validity, and test–retest reliability in both women and men. These results suggest that BAS-2 scores reduce to one dimension in Romanian adults, but the lack of sex invariance may indicate that the same latent construct is not being measured in women and men.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.001
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • How do you define body image' Exploring conceptual gaps in
           understandings of body image at an exercise facility
    • Authors: K. Alysse Bailey; Kimberley L. Gammage; Cathy van Ingen
      Pages: 69 - 79
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): K. Alysse Bailey, Kimberley L. Gammage, Cathy van Ingen
      The definition of body image has evolved within research; however, less is known about the layperson’s understanding of the construct. This study explored how members and student trainees of an exercise facility (designed for older adults, people with physical disability, and those with cardiac complications) defined body image. Nineteen participants completed a one-on-one interview, and seven of those participants took part in six additional focus group meetings. The following main themes were found: stereotypical assumptions about body image (e.g., it is solely a person’s weight or merely a woman’s issue), body image continua for positive and negative body image, degree of complexity of body image dimensions, broad considerations of body image (e.g., it is self-esteem), and limited knowledge about body image. These findings suggest a need for knowledge translation between researchers and the general public which informs future body image program design.

      PubDate: 2017-09-06T07:22:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.003
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Body checking is associated with weight- and body-related shame and
           weight- and body-related guilt among men and women
    • Authors: Shauna Solomon-Krakus; Catherine M. Sabiston
      Pages: 80 - 84
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M. Sabiston
      This study examined whether body checking was a correlate of weight- and body-related shame and guilt for men and women. Participants were 537 adults (386 women) between the ages of 17 and 74 (M age =28.29, SD =14.63). Preliminary analyses showed women reported significantly more body-checking (p< .001), weight- and body-related shame (p< .001), and weight- and body-related guilt (p< .001) than men. In sex-stratified hierarchical linear regression models, body checking was significantly and positively associated with weight- and body-related shame (R 2 =.29 and .43, p< .001) and weight- and body-related guilt (R 2 =.34 and .45, p <.001) for men and women, respectively. Based on these findings, body checking is associated with negative weight- and body-related self-conscious emotions. Intervention and prevention efforts aimed at reducing negative weight- and body-related self-conscious emotions should consider focusing on body checking for adult men and women.

      PubDate: 2017-09-06T07:22:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.005
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Challenging fat talk: An experimental investigation of reactions to body
           disparaging conversations
    • Authors: Suman Ambwani; Megan Baumgardner; Cai Guo; Lea Simms; Emily Abromowitz
      Pages: 85 - 92
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Suman Ambwani, Megan Baumgardner, Cai Guo, Lea Simms, Emily Abromowitz
      Although “fat talk” is associated with increased eating disorder risk, the predictors of fat talk engagement and viable alternatives to these pervasive conversations remain unclear. The current experiment examined responses to fat talk versus feminist-oriented challenging fat talk scenarios. Undergraduate women (N =283) completed baseline questionnaires assessing body dissatisfaction, fat talk engagement, and positive impression management. One week later, they were randomized to view one of the two scenarios, followed by assessment of mood, fat talk engagement, social acceptability, and social likeability. Results indicated that the challenging fat talk vignette (versus the fat talk vignette) yielded less negative affect and fat talk and was perceived as more socially attractive with a more likeable target character. Baseline body dissatisfaction, baseline fat talk tendencies, and momentary negative affect predicted post-exposure fat talk engagement. Current findings highlight possibilities for implementing feminist language and psychoeducation in fat talk prevention efforts.

      PubDate: 2017-09-06T07:22:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.007
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • A pilot controlled trial of a cognitive dissonance-based body
           dissatisfaction intervention with young British men
    • Authors: Glen S. Jankowski; Phillippa C. Diedrichs; Melissa J. Atkinson; Helen Fawkner; Brendan Gough; Emma Halliwell
      Pages: 93 - 102
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Glen S. Jankowski, Phillippa C. Diedrichs, Melissa J. Atkinson, Helen Fawkner, Brendan Gough, Emma Halliwell
      This pilot study evaluated a body image intervention for men, Body Project M. Seventy-four British undergraduate men took part in two 90-min intervention sessions, and completed standardised assessments of body image, bulimic pathology, and related outcomes at baseline, post-intervention, and 3-month follow-up. Fifty-three other men completed the questionnaires as an assessment-only control group. Per-protocol analysis showed that Body Project M improved men’s dissatisfaction with body fat and muscularity, body appreciation, muscularity enhancing behaviours, appearance comparisons, and internalization (ds=0.46–0.80) at post-intervention. All except dissatisfaction with muscularity and internalization were sustained at 3-month follow-up. No effects were found for bulimic pathology. Post-intervention effects for dissatisfaction with muscularity and internalization only were retained under intention-to-treat analysis. Participants were favourable towards the intervention. This study provides preliminary evidence for the acceptability and post-intervention efficacy of Body Project M. Further development of the intervention is required to improve and sustain effects.

      PubDate: 2017-09-18T07:39:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.006
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Is use of social networking sites associated with young women’s body
           dissatisfaction and disordered eating' A look at Black–White racial
           differences
    • Authors: Lindsay M. Howard; Kristin E. Heron; Rachel I. MacIntyre; Taryn A. Myers; Robin S. Everhart
      Pages: 109 - 113
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Lindsay M. Howard, Kristin E. Heron, Rachel I. MacIntyre, Taryn A. Myers, Robin S. Everhart
      Maladaptive patterns of social networking site (SNS) use, such as excessive reassurance seeking, are associated with body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. However, it is unclear how these processes play out among different racial groups. This study examined racial differences in SNS use and body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Black (n =445) and White (n =477) female undergraduates completed online measures of SNS use (frequency and reassurance seeking), body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating. Black women reported less body dissatisfaction, marginally less disordered eating, and less frequent Facebook use than White women; there were no race differences in SNS reassurance seeking. More frequent Facebook use was associated with more body dissatisfaction (but not disordered eating), and more SNS reassurance seeking predicted both more body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Associations were not moderated by race, suggesting maladaptive SNS use may have negative consequences for both Black and White women.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T07:48:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.008
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • “I don’t need people to tell me I’m pretty on social media:” A
           qualitative study of social media and body image in early adolescent girls
           
    • Authors: C. Blair Burnette; Melissa A. Kwitowski; Suzanne E. Mazzeo
      Pages: 114 - 125
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): C. Blair Burnette, Melissa A. Kwitowski, Suzanne E. Mazzeo
      Social media appear to contribute to body dissatisfaction in adolescents, although few empirical studies exist. This study used six focus groups (total N =38) to explore relations between social media use and body image in early adolescent girls (ages 12–14). Thematic analysis identified patterns in the data. In this sample, social media use was high. Girls endorsed some appearance concerns and social comparison, particularly with peers. However, they displayed high media literacy, appreciation of differences, and confidence, strategies that appeared helpful in mitigating the potential negative association between social media exposure and body image. Girls reported these characteristics were nurtured by positive parental influence and a supportive school environment. Results support an ecological approach to the prevention of body dissatisfaction. Although peer influence strengthens throughout adolescence, current findings suggest that parents and the school environment are associated with girls’ attitudes and behaviors regarding social media and body image.

      PubDate: 2017-10-02T07:48:34Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.09.001
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Positive appearance and functionality reflections can improve body
           satisfaction but do not protect against idealised media exposure
    • Authors: Kate E. Mulgrew; Nicole L. Stalley; Marika Tiggemann
      Pages: 126 - 134
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Kate E. Mulgrew, Nicole L. Stalley, Marika Tiggemann
      We tested the effectiveness of a positive appearance or functionality reflective writing task on women’s body satisfaction and whether these writing task reflections offered any protective advantage when exposed to idealised imagery. Young adult women (N =230; M age =23years) wrote about positive elements of either their appearance or their body’s functionality, and then were exposed to images of scenery, or thin and attractive models presented in posed or active form. Direction and amount of social comparison were also examined. Women reported immediate gains in both appearance and physical functionality satisfaction regardless of reflection type. However, neither reflection was protective against decreased satisfaction after exposure to idealised images. Greater upward comparison on either appearance or physical functionality domains was related to poorer outcomes. Our reflection task has potential to shift body focus but future research could examine multiple sessions and reflections on a broader range of self-relevant domains.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.09.002
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • The tall and the short of it: An investigation of height ideals, height
           preferences, height dissatisfaction, heightism, and height-related quality
           of life impairment among sexual minority men
    • Authors: Scott Griffiths; Stuart B. Murray; Aimee Medeiros; Aaron J. Blashill
      Pages: 146 - 154
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Scott Griffiths, Stuart B. Murray, Aimee Medeiros, Aaron J. Blashill
      Human height has attracted empirical interest from a variety of psychological perspectives. However, little research has explored height from the perspective of sexual minority men, inclusive of their height beliefs, height preferences, height dissatisfaction, experiences of heightism, and height-related quality of life impairment. We explored these height variables in 2733 sexual minority men who completed a survey distributed nationwide to Australian and New Zealander users of geosocial-networking smartphone applications. Results showed that men’s ideal height (M =182.26cm, SD =5.93cm) was taller than their actual height (M =178.96cm, SD =7.52cm). Shorter and taller men reported negative and positive treatment from others due to their height, respectively, with the cross-over (i.e., neutral) point at approximately 175–176cm. Heightism was reported by 11.0% of men. Height dissatisfaction and heightism were uniquely associated with quality of life impairment; the size of these associations was small.

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T08:21:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.10.001
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Body dissatisfaction predicts poor behavioral weight loss treatment
           adherence in overweight Mexican American women
    • Authors: Julia L. Austin; Kelsey N. Serier; Ruth E. Sarafin; Jane Ellen Smith
      Pages: 155 - 161
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Julia L. Austin, Kelsey N. Serier, Ruth E. Sarafin, Jane Ellen Smith
      Poor adherence poses a major barrier to the success of behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs, particularly for overweight Mexican American women. Given the high prevalence and costs of overweight/obesity, factors that contribute to attendance and adherence problems should be identified, especially in ethnic minority populations. The current study examined the role of pre-treatment body dissatisfaction and depression in predicting attendance and adherence in a BWL intervention. Ninety-nine overweight/obese Mexican American women enrolled in the intervention and completed baseline measures. Eighty-one of the women attended at least one treatment session and provided measures of dietary and physical activity adherence. Simultaneous linear regression analyses suggested that although higher levels of body dissatisfaction and depression each played unique roles in predicting poorer attendance, only body dissatisfaction predicted adherence. Specifically, higher body dissatisfaction predicted poorer treatment adherence. Findings highlight the importance of addressing body dissatisfaction early in BWL treatment to increase attendance and adherence.

      PubDate: 2017-10-17T08:21:31Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.08.002
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Early adolescents’ body dysmorphic symptoms as compensatory responses to
           parental appearance messages and appearance-based rejection sensitivity
    • Authors: Kelly Densham; Haley J. Webb; Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck; Drew Nesdale; Geraldine Downey
      Pages: 162 - 170
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Kelly Densham, Haley J. Webb, Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck, Drew Nesdale, Geraldine Downey
      Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is marked by high distress and behavioral and functional impairments due to preoccupation with perceived appearance anomalies. Our aim was to examine parental correlates of offspring’s symptoms characteristic of BDD, testing both direct associations and indirect associations via appearance-based rejection sensitivity (appearance-RS). Surveys were completed by 302 Australian adolescents (9–14 years) and their parents. Findings indicated parents’ weight and appearance teasing and child-report (but not parent-report) of parental negative attitudes about weight and appearance were uniquely associated with offspring’s heightened BDD-like symptoms, and associations were partially indirect via adolescents’ appearance-RS. Findings support theory that identifies parents as socializers of children’s appearance concerns, and show that BDD-like symptoms may be partly elevated because of the mediating role of appearance-RS. We propose that BDD symptoms could partly emerge as compensatory responses to parents’ appearance messages, and the associated bias to expect and perceive rejection based on one’s appearance.

      PubDate: 2017-10-25T08:57:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.09.005
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Mechanisms of action during a dissonance-based intervention through
           14-month follow-up: The roles of body shame and body surveillance
    • Authors: Lisa S. Kilpela; Katherine E. Schaumberg; Lindsey B. Hopkins; Carolyn B. Becker
      Pages: 171 - 175
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Lisa S. Kilpela, Katherine E. Schaumberg, Lindsey B. Hopkins, Carolyn B. Becker
      Objectification theory posits that internalization of societal perspectives about the female body leads to increased body surveillance, which can result in body-related shame and subsequent eating disorder (ED) behaviors. Preliminary research indicates that these associations may be complex in nature. This study examined temporal relations among body surveillance, body shame, and eating disorder symptoms in the context of a dissonance-based body image intervention and through 14-month follow-up. College women (N =285) completed assessments at baseline, post-intervention, and at 8-week, 8-month, and 14-month follow-up. Cross-lag panel analyses revealed that changes in body surveillance significantly mediated the association between body shame and ED symptoms over time. Alternatively, body shame did not change over time and was not a significant mediator of associations between body surveillance and ED symptoms longitudinally. Results indicate that the ameliorative effects of dissonance-based interventions may be due to reductions in body surveillance, rather than decreased body shame.

      PubDate: 2017-10-25T08:57:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.10.003
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Exploring the relationship between appearance-contingent self-worth and
           self-esteem: The roles of self-objectification and appearance anxiety
    • Authors: Katherine E. Adams; James M. Tyler; Rachel Calogero; Jenifer Lee
      Pages: 176 - 182
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Katherine E. Adams, James M. Tyler, Rachel Calogero, Jenifer Lee
      Previous work has shown that both an appearance-contingent self-worth (i.e., staking one’s overall self-evaluation on one’s physical appearance) and self-objectification are associated with higher appearance anxiety and lower self-esteem among women. Although prior evidence separately links both appearance-contingent self-worth and self-objectification to these negative outcomes, no work has examined the mediating processes that may underlie this relationship. With the current project, we examined the relationship between appearance-contingent self-worth and self-objectification, and the degree to which this relationship is associated with higher appearance anxiety and lower overall self-esteem. We hypothesized that appearance-contingent self-worth would be positively associated with self-objectification; in turn, we expected self-objectification to be related to higher appearance anxiety, and ultimately, lower self-esteem. Across two studies, one cross-sectional (N =208) and one short-term longitudinal (N =191), we found compelling support for this hypothesis. These findings have practical and theoretical significance for both the self-objectification and contingent self-worth literatures.

      PubDate: 2017-10-25T08:57:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.10.004
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • The relationship between Facebook and Instagram appearance-focused
           activities and body image concerns in young women
    • Authors: Rachel Cohen; Toby Newton-John; Amy Slater
      Pages: 183 - 187
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Rachel Cohen, Toby Newton-John, Amy Slater
      The present study aimed to identify the specific social networking sites (SNS) features that relate to body image concerns in young women. A total of 259 women aged 18–29years completed questionnaire measures of SNS use (Facebook and Instagram) and body image concerns. It was found that appearance-focused SNS use, rather than overall SNS use, was related to body image concerns in young women. Specifically, greater engagement in photo activities on Facebook, but not general Facebook use, was associated with greater thin-ideal internalisation and body surveillance. Similarly, following appearance-focused accounts on Instagram was associated with thin-ideal internalisation, body surveillance, and drive for thinness, whereas following appearance-neutral accounts was not associated with any body image outcomes. Implications for future SNS research, as well as for body image and disordered eating interventions for young women, are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-10-25T08:57:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.10.002
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Exposure to thin-ideal media affect most, but not all, women: Results from
           the Perceived Effects of Media Exposure Scale and open-ended responses
    • Authors: David A. Frederick; Elizabeth A. Daniels; Morgan E. Bates; Tracy L. Tylka
      Pages: 188 - 205
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): David A. Frederick, Elizabeth A. Daniels, Morgan E. Bates, Tracy L. Tylka
      Findings conflict as to whether thin-ideal media affect women’s body satisfaction. Meta-analyses of experimental studies reveal small or null effects, but many women endorse appearance-related media pressure in surveys. Using a novel approach, two samples of women (Ns=656, 770) were exposed to bikini models, fashion models, or control conditions and reported the effects of the images their body image. Many women reported the fashion/bikini models made them feel worse about their stomachs (57%, 64%), weight (50%, 56%), waist (50%, 56%), overall appearance (50%, 56%), muscle tone (46%, 52%), legs (45%, 48%), thighs (40%, 49%), buttocks (40%, 43%), and hips (40%, 46%). In contrast, few women (1-6%) reported negative effects of control images. In open-ended responses, approximately one-third of women explicitly described negative media effects on their body image. Findings revealed that many women perceive negative effects of thin-ideal media in the immediate aftermath of exposures in experimental settings.

      PubDate: 2017-11-15T15:36:56Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.10.006
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • The effectiveness of self-compassion and self-esteem writing tasks in
           reducing body image concerns
    • Authors: Veya Seekis; Graham L. Bradley; Amanda Duffy
      Pages: 206 - 213
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Veya Seekis, Graham L. Bradley, Amanda Duffy
      This study investigated whether single-session self-compassion and self-esteem writing tasks ameliorate the body image concerns evoked by a negative body image induction. Ninety-six female university students aged 17–25 years (Mage = 19.45, SD =1.84) were randomly assigned to one of three writing treatment groups: self-compassion, self-esteem, or control. After reading a negative body image scenario, participants completed scales measuring state body appreciation, body satisfaction, and appearance anxiety. They then undertook the assigned writing task, and completed the three measures again, both immediately post-treatment and at 2-week follow-up. The self-compassion writing group showed higher post-treatment body appreciation than the self-esteem and control groups, and higher body appreciation than the control group at follow-up. At post-treatment and follow-up, self-compassion and self-esteem writing showed higher body satisfaction than the control. The groups did not differ on appearance anxiety. Writing-based interventions, especially those that enhance self-compassion, may help alleviate certain body image concerns.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.09.003
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • The importance of body image concerns in overweight and normal weight
           individuals with binge eating disorder
    • Authors: Angelina Yiu; Susan M. Murray; Jean M. Arlt; Kalina T. Eneva; Eunice Y. Chen
      Pages: 6 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Angelina Yiu, Susan M. Murray, Jean M. Arlt, Kalina T. Eneva, Eunice Y. Chen
      Body image concerns in binge eating disorder (BED) have been examined almost exclusively in overweight individuals with BED. The current study extends past research by including overweight and normal weight BED and non-BED groups to assess the multifactorial construct of body image using subscales of the Eating Disorder Examination 16.0 (EDE-16.0) and a Body Comparison Task. Independent of weight status and when controlling for age and race, women with BED are distinguished from those without BED by significantly greater overvaluation of shape and weight on the EDE-16.0 and significantly reduced weight satisfaction after a Body Comparison Task. Both BED diagnosis and weight status were independently associated with Weight Concern and Shape Concern subscales on the EDE-16.0. Taken together, these data provide further support for the consideration of body image concerns in the diagnostic criteria for BED.

      PubDate: 2017-05-20T12:14:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.005
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
       
  • Factor structure and psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of
           the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2)
    • Authors: Viren Swami; Antonio Alías García; David Barron
      Pages: 13 - 17
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Viren Swami, Antonio Alías García, David Barron
      We examined the psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2) in a community sample of 411 women and 389 men in Almería, Spain. Participants completed the 10-item BAS-2 along with measures of appearance evaluation, body areas satisfaction, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and self-reported body mass index (BMI). Exploratory factor analyses with one split-half subsample revealed that BAS-2 scores had a one-dimensional factor structure in women and men. Confirmatory factor analysis with a second split-half subsample showed the one-dimensional factor structure had acceptable fit and was invariant across sex. There were no significant sex differences in BAS-2 scores. BAS-2 scores were significantly and positively correlated with appearance evaluation, body areas satisfaction, self-esteem, and life satisfaction. Body appreciation was significantly and negatively correlated with BMI in men, but associations in women were only significant in the second subsample. Results suggest that the Spanish BAS-2 has adequate psychometric properties.

      PubDate: 2017-05-30T12:45:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.05.002
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
       
  • Should women be “All About That Bass?”: Diverse body-ideal messages
           and women’s body image
    • Authors: Diana E. Betz; Laura R. Ramsey
      Pages: 18 - 31
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Diana E. Betz, Laura R. Ramsey
      While most body image research emphasizes the thin ideal, a wider variety of body-ideal messages pervade U.S. popular culture today, including those promoting athleticism or curves. Two studies assessed women’s reactions to messages conveying thin, athletic, and curvy ideals, compared to a control message that emphasized accepting all body types. Study 1 (N =192) surveyed women’s responses to these messages and found they perceived body-acceptance and athletic messages most favorably, curvy messages more negatively, and thin messages most negatively. Further, greatest liking within each message category came from women who identified with that body type. Study 2 (N =189) experimentally manipulated exposure to these messages, then measured self-objectification and body satisfaction. Messages promoting a body-ideal caused more self-objectification than body-acceptance messages. Also, athletic messages caused more body dissatisfaction than thin messages. Together, these findings reveal the complexity of women’s responses to diverse messages they receive about ideal bodies.

      PubDate: 2017-05-30T12:45:01Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.04.004
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
       
  • Physical activity and body image among men and boys: A meta-analysis
    • Authors: Rebecca Bassett-Gunter; Desmond McEwan; Aria Kamarhie
      Pages: 114 - 128
      Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22
      Author(s): Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Desmond McEwan, Aria Kamarhie
      Three meta-analytic reviews have concluded that physical activity is positively related to body image. Historically, research regarding physical activity and body image has been disproportionately focused on female samples. For example, the most recent meta-analysis (2009) extracted 56 effect sizes for women and only 12 for men. The current paper provides an update to the literature regarding the relationship between physical activity and body image among men and boys across 84 individual effect sizes. The analysis also provides insight regarding moderator variables including participant age, and physical activity type and intensity. Overall, physical activity was positively related to body image among men and boys with various moderator variables warranting further investigation. Pragmatic implications are discussed as well as the limitations within existing research and need for additional research to further understand moderator and mediator variables.

      PubDate: 2017-07-28T08:41:15Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.06.007
      Issue No: Vol. 22 (2017)
       
  • This girl can #jointhemovement: Effectiveness of physical
           functionality-focused campaigns for women’s body satisfaction and
           exercise intent
    • Authors: Kate Mulgrew; Karen McCulloch Emily Farren Ivanka Prichard Megan S.C.
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Kate E. Mulgrew, Karen McCulloch, Emily Farren, Ivanka Prichard, Megan S.C. Lim
      We tested the effectiveness of exposure to two functionality-focused media campaigns, This Girl Can and #jointhemovement, in improving state appearance and physical functionality satisfaction, exercise intent, and protecting against exposure to idealised imagery. Across two studies, 339 (Mage  = 24.94, SD = 4.98) and 256 (Mage  = 26.46, SD = 5.50) women viewed the campaign or control video, followed by images of models who were posed or physically active, or images of landscapes. State satisfaction and exercise intent was measured at pre-test, post-video, post-images, and 1-week follow-up. Social comparison was measured at post-images. Viewing either campaign produced higher appearance satisfaction and exercise intentions than the control video. Effects weren’t maintained after viewing idealised imagery or 1 week later. Further, the campaigns did not decrease social comparisons when viewing idealised imagery. Results can inform agencies about campaign effectiveness and suggest that women benefit from campaigns that feature non-idealised depictions of women exercising.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:01:11Z
       
  • IFC
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23


      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
       
  • Fat or fiction' Effects of body size, eating pathology, and sex upon
           the body schema of an undergraduate population
    • Authors: Sophie Wignall; Nicole Thomas Michael E.R. Nicholls
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Sophie J. Wignall, Nicole A. Thomas, Michael E.R. Nicholls
      Although there is a growing consensus that women with anorexia nervosa have a distorted body schema, the origins of this disturbance remain uncertain. The present investigation examined the effects of body size, eating pathology, and sex upon the body schema of an at-risk, undergraduate population. In Study 1, 98 participants mentally simulated their passage through apertures. When aperture width was manipulated, narrow and broad women over- and under-estimated their spatial requirements for passage, respectively. This relationship was exacerbated by dietary restraint. When aperture height was manipulated, short and tall men over- and under-estimated their spatial requirements for passage, respectively. Study 2 (N =32) replicated the association between women’s veridical and internally-represented widths, although no significant effects of eating pathology were observed. Our findings suggest that body schema enlargement is not necessarily pathological, and may be driven by normal perceptual biases and internalised sociocultural body ideals.

      PubDate: 2017-10-10T09:06:32Z
       
  • IFC
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 22


      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
       
 
 
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