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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1423 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (252 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (18 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (89 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (51 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (742 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (43 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (162 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (742 journals)                  1 2 3 4     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 168)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal  
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Análisis     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Full-text available via subscription  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Astrolabio     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balkan Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BOSAPARIS : Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga     Open Access  
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access  
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Convergencia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cooperativismo y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Critical Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CTheory     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales - Universidad Nacional de Jujuy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Interculturales     Open Access  
Cultural Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture Mandala : The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture Scope     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Dalat University Journal of Science     Open Access  
De Prácticas y Discursos. Cuadernos de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Debats. Revista de cultura, poder i societat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Demographic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Derecho y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Desacatos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Desafios     Open Access  
Desenvolvimento em Questão     Open Access  
Developing Practice : The Child, Youth and Family Work Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Didáctica de las Ciencias Experimentales y Sociales     Open Access  
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discourse & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Doct-Us Journal     Open Access  
Drustvena istrazivanja     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
E-Dimas : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-Gnosis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-Hum : Revista das Áreas de Humanidade do Centro Universitário de Belo Horizonte     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E-Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Eat, Sleep, Work     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Économie et Solidarités     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Educación, Lenguaje y Sociedad     Open Access  
Education, Business and Society : Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Égypte - Monde arabe     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
El Ágora USB     Open Access  
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Electronic Journal of Radical Organisation Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentros Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Enfoques     Open Access  
Enseñanza de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Equidad y Desarrollo     Open Access  
Espace populations sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EspacesTemps.net     Open Access  
Estudios Avanzados     Open Access  
Estudios Fronterizos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
Ethics and Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)

        1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover Body Image
  [SJR: 1.111]   [H-I: 50]   [14 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1740-1445
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • Do women with greater trait body dissatisfaction experience body
           dissatisfaction states differently' An experience sampling study
    • Authors: Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz; Ben Richardson; Vivienne Lewis; Josh Smyth; Isabel Krug
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Ben Richardson, Vivienne Lewis, Josh Smyth, Isabel Krug
      The present study evaluated the relation of key features of state body dissatisfaction experiences – inertia, instability from moment-to-moment, and average level across time-points – to trait body dissatisfaction and/or eating disorder risk. Participants included 161 women who completed measures of trait body dissatisfaction and disordered eating pathology, and then completed reported state body dissatisfaction and contextual influences (binge eating, dietary restraint, exercise, and appearance comparison behaviors) 6 times daily for 7 days. Results indicated that individuals with elevated trait body dissatisfaction were reliably different from those with healthier body image in terms of average state body dissatisfaction ratings, but not for inertia or instability. State mean and trait body dissatisfaction uniquely predicted eating pathology, although their predictive accuracy for clinical caseness was comparable. Cost vs. benefit of using state body image data for understanding trait body image and eating pathology is discussed.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.004
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • An attitude of gratitude: The effects of body-focused gratitude on weight
           bias internalization and body image
    • Authors: Jamie Dunaev; Charlotte H. Markey; Paula M. Brochu
      Pages: 9 - 13
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Jamie Dunaev, Charlotte H. Markey, Paula M. Brochu
      Internalized weight bias and body dissatisfaction are associated with a number of negative psychological and physical health outcomes. The current study examined the effectiveness of body-focused gratitude, through a short writing exercise, as a strategy to reduce internalized weight bias and improve body image. Young adults (M age = 22.71, SD = 2.08, 51.2% female) were randomly assigned to either a body gratitude condition (n = 185) or a control condition (n = 184). Results indicated that participants in the gratitude condition reported significantly lower weight bias internalization and significantly more favorable appearance evaluation and greater body satisfaction when compared to the control condition. These effects were in the small range (ds = 0.27-0.33), and neither gender nor BMI moderated these effects. These findings provide preliminary support for body-focused gratitude writing exercises as an effective individual-level strategy for both reducing internalized weight bias and improving body image.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T04:49:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.006
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Development and exploration of the gratitude model of body appreciation in
           women
    • Authors: Kristin J. Homan; Tracy L. Tylka
      Pages: 14 - 22
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Kristin J. Homan, Tracy L. Tylka
      Although researchers and clinicians recognize the importance of positive body image for women’s well-being, development of theoretical frameworks for understanding positive body image has not kept pace with research documenting its many benefits. The present study proposed and tested a comprehensive model linking gratitude, contingent self-worth, social comparison, body appreciation, and intuitive eating. Path analysis indicated that this model fit the data for a sample of college and online community women (N = 263). Gratitude was indirectly linked to body appreciation via lower investment in self-worth based on appearance and others’ approval, and via lower engagement in eating and body comparison. Gratitude had a strong direct effect on body appreciation, and body appreciation accounted for a large portion (88%) of gratitude’s relationship with intuitive eating. These results provide strong preliminary support for the model, revealing that gratitude, which can be improved via intervention, plays a key role in body appreciation.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.008
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • The fit beauty ideal: A healthy alternative to thinness or a wolf in
           sheep’s clothing'
    • Authors: Laura R. Uhlmann; Caroline L. Donovan; Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck; Hayley S. Bell; Robin A. Ramme
      Pages: 23 - 30
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Laura R. Uhlmann, Caroline L. Donovan, Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck, Hayley S. Bell, Robin A. Ramme
      Anecdotal testimony suggests the ‘fit’ female body ideal is ‘healthier’ than the thin ideal, because it simultaneously focuses on muscularity. However, statistical investigation into the outcomes associated with fit ideal internalisation is absent. Moderation analyses were used to investigate whether concurrent muscular internalisation mitigated the relationship between thin internalisation and; negative affect, body dissatisfaction, bulimic symptoms, and dieting. Further analyses were used to investigate whether concurrent thin internalisation amplified the relationship between muscular internalisation, compulsive exercise, and supplement use. No significant interaction was found on any of the outcome variables. Thus, the results suggest that incorporating muscularity into an ideal of thinness does not mitigate the detrimental eating and affective outcomes commonly associated with pursuing thinness. Equally, incorporating an ideal of thinness into one of muscularity does not appear to alter the detrimental behavioural outcomes commonly associated with pursuing muscularity. Such findings do not suggest fit internalisation is healthy for women.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T04:49:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.005
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Current and ideal skin tone: Associations with tanning behavior among
           sexual minority men
    • Authors: Patrycja Klimek; Kalina M. Lamb; Kelsey A. Nogg; Benjamin M. Rooney; Aaron J. Blashill
      Pages: 31 - 34
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Patrycja Klimek, Kalina M. Lamb, Kelsey A. Nogg, Benjamin M. Rooney, Aaron J. Blashill
      Sexual minority men have high rates of skin cancer, yet little is known about skin cancer risk behaviors in this population. It was hypothesized that current skin tone would moderate the association between darker ideals and tanning behaviors. Data were collected online from 231 sexual minority men in San Diego, United States of America, with a mean age of 24.66 (SD = 5.44). Ideal and current skin tone ratings and indoor and outdoor tanning behaviors were assessed. Darker ideals were significantly associated with increased indoor and outdoor tanning. The effect of darker ideals on tanning was strongest among individuals with lighter current skin tone, indicating a significant interaction. Sexual minority men whose perceived skin tone did not match their ideal were more likely to engage in skin cancer risk behaviors. Future skin cancer prevention programs aimed at sexual minority men may consider techniques that modify ideal skin tone internalization.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T04:49:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.007
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • The provision of specialist psychosocial support for people with visible
           differences: A European survey
    • Authors: Diana Harcourt; Claire Hamlet; Kristin Billaud Feragen; Luis-Joaquin Garcia-Lopez; Ornella Masnari; Jose Mendes; Francesca Nobile; Jolanda Okkerse; Anna Pittermann; Saskia Spillekom-van Koulil; Nicola Marie Stock; Heidi Williamson
      Pages: 35 - 39
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Diana Harcourt, Claire Hamlet, Kristin Billaud Feragen, Luis-Joaquin Garcia-Lopez, Ornella Masnari, Jose Mendes, Francesca Nobile, Jolanda Okkerse, Anna Pittermann, Saskia Spillekom-van Koulil, Nicola Marie Stock, Heidi Williamson
      A substantial body of research has demonstrated the challenges commonly facing people with visible differences (disfigurements) and explored the potential benefits offered by specialist psychosocial support and intervention for those who are negatively affected. However, little is known about the availability of such support in Europe for people whose appearance is in any way different to ‘the norm’. This survey of 116 psychosocial specialists from 15 European countries, working with a range of patient groups, has shown a tendency for specialists to prioritise Cognitive-behavioural-based approaches, amongst a wide range of other approaches and interventional techniques. It indicates variations in the availability of support, and a perceived need for improved access to interventions, additional training, and greater awareness of the psychosocial issues associated with visible differences.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T04:49:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Factors Dancers Associate with their Body Dissatisfaction
    • Authors: Ana García Dantas; Diana Amado Alonso; Pedro Antonio Sánchez-Miguel; Carmen del Río Sánchez
      Pages: 40 - 47
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Ana García Dantas, Diana Amado Alonso, Pedro Antonio Sánchez-Miguel, Carmen del Río Sánchez
      Body dissatisfaction constitutes an important factor in the development of eating pathologies, particularly among dancers. The aim of this research was to test the factors that dancers identified as relevant to their body dissatisfaction using an exploratory mixed method design. Participants were 369 dancers from two Spanish dance conservatories. Questionnaires assessed body dissatisfaction, abnormal eating attitudes and behaviors, and risk factors to eating disorders in the dance domain. Nine factors were found; the “teacher”, the “uniform”, and the “mirrors” were the most common. Individuals with a greater likelihood of developing an eating disorder identified teacherś influence as a key factor in their body dissatisfaction. Specifically, ballet dancers were more likely to indicate that teachers were a negative influence compared to students in other dance genres (contemporary, flamenco, and Spanish dance). Programs to reduce negative body image and improve positive body image in dance conservatories are needed, specifically focusing on teachers.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T04:49:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.02.003
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Factor structure and psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of
           the drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) in university men
    • Authors: Viren Swami; Mona Vintila; Otilia Tudorel; Cosmin Goian; David Barron
      Pages: 48 - 55
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Viren Swami, Mona Vintila, Otilia Tudorel, Cosmin Goian, David Barron
      We examined the psychometric properties of a Romanian translation of the 15-item Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS). Male university students from Romania (N = 343) completed the DMS, as well as measures of self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that DMS scores reduced to two factors that related to muscularity-oriented attitudes and behaviours, with both first-order factors loading onto a higher-order factor. However, confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a model with two first-order factors and a higher-order factor had poor fit. A two-factor model without a higher-order construct achieved acceptable but mediocre fit. Scores on the two-factor DMS model had adequate internal consistency and demonstrated acceptable convergent validity (significant correlations with self-esteem, body appreciation, and muscle discrepancy). These results provide support for a two-factor model of DMS scores in a Romanian-speaking sample and extends the availability of the DMS to a rarely-examined linguistic group.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T04:49:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.02.004
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Weight bias internalization across weight categories among school-aged
           children. Validation of the Weight Bias Internalization Scale for Children
           
    • Authors: Anna Zuba; Petra Warschburger
      Pages: 56 - 65
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Anna Zuba, Petra Warschburger
      Anti-fat bias is widespread and is linked to the internalization of weight bias and psychosocial problems. The purpose of this study was to examine the internalization of weight bias among children across weight categories and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Weight Bias Internalization Scale for Children (WBIS-C). Data were collected from 1484 primary school children and their parents. WBIS-C demonstrated good internal consistency (α = .86) after exclusion of Item 1. The unitary factor structure was supported using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (factorial validity). Girls and overweight children reported higher WBIS-C scores in comparison to boys and non-overweight peers (known-groups validity). Convergent validity was shown by significant correlations with psychosocial problems. Internalization of weight bias explained additional variance in different indicators of psychosocial well-being. The results suggest that the WBIS-C is a psychometrically sound and informative tool to assess weight bias internalization among children.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T04:49:03Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.02.008
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • A randomised-controlled trial investigating potential underlying
           mechanisms of a functionality-based approach to improving women’s body
           image
    • Authors: Jessica M. Alleva; Phillippa C. Diedrichs; Emma Halliwell; Carolien Martijn; Bobby G. Stuijfzand; Georgia Treneman-Evans; Nichola Rumsey
      Pages: 85 - 96
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Jessica M. Alleva, Phillippa C. Diedrichs, Emma Halliwell, Carolien Martijn, Bobby G. Stuijfzand, Georgia Treneman-Evans, Nichola Rumsey
      Focusing on body functionality is a promising technique for improving women’s body image. This study replicates prior research in a large novel sample, tests longer-term follow-up effects, and investigates underlying mechanisms of these effects (body complexity and body-self integration). British women (N = 261) aged 18–30 who wanted to improve their body image were randomised to Expand Your Horizon (three online body functionality writing exercises) or an active control. Trait body image was assessed at Pretest, Posttest, 1-week, and 1-month Follow-Up. To explore whether changes in body complexity and body-self integration ‘buffer’ the impact of negative body-related experiences, participants also completed beauty-ideal media exposure. Relative to the control, intervention participants experienced improved appearance satisfaction, functionality satisfaction, body appreciation, and body complexity at Posttest, and at both Follow-Ups. Neither body complexity nor body-self integration mediated intervention effects. Media exposure decreased state body satisfaction among intervention and control participants, but neither body complexity nor body-self integration moderated these effects. The findings underscore the value of focusing on body functionality for improving body image and show that effects persist one month post-intervention.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.02.009
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Labelling fashion magazine advertisements: Effectiveness of different
           label formats on social comparison and body dissatisfaction
    • Authors: Marika Tiggemann; Zoe Brown
      Pages: 97 - 102
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Marika Tiggemann, Zoe Brown
      The experiment investigated the impact on women’s body dissatisfaction of different forms of label added to fashion magazine advertisements. Participants were 340 female undergraduate students who viewed 15 fashion advertisements containing a thin and attractive model. They were randomly allocated to one of five label conditions: no label, generic disclaimer label (indicating image had been digitally altered), consequence label (indicating that viewing images might make women feel bad about themselves), informational label (indicating the model in the advertisement was underweight), or a graphic label (picture of a paint brush). Although exposure to the fashion advertisements resulted in increased body dissatisfaction, there was no significant effect of label type on body dissatisfaction; no form of label demonstrated any ameliorating effect. In addition, the consequence and informational labels resulted in increased perceived realism and state appearance comparison. Yet more extensive research is required before the effective implementation of any form of label.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.02.010
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Factors associated with negative observer responses towards individuals
           with visible differences: A scoping review
    • Authors: Lisa R. Jewett; Stephanie T. Gumuchian; Mia Pepin; Danielle B. Rice; Franziska Kolorz; Pamela Harrison; Brett D. Thombs
      Pages: 103 - 132
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Lisa R. Jewett, Stephanie T. Gumuchian, Mia Pepin, Danielle B. Rice, Franziska Kolorz, Pamela Harrison, Brett D. Thombs
      People with visible differences are often confronted with negative observer responses, including stares, disgust, and avoidance. Characteristics of negative observer responses are well-documented, but less is known about associated factors. We conducted a scoping review to map what is known about factors associated with negative observer responses. Web of Science, PubMed, PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases were searched, and 16 articles met inclusion criteria. Two general categories of factors were identified: (1) observer characteristics, including age, sex, and socioeconomic status, experiences with disfigurements, and personal beliefs or attitudes related to visible differences; and (2) evolved internal mechanisms, including threat-detection, disgust, and disease avoidance. Additionally, there was evidence that lack of anonymity influences lower reporting of observer reactions. Efforts that increase exposure to individuals with visible differences may ameliorate adverse reactions; however, due to the limited nature of evidence reviewed, further research is needed before more concrete recommendations can be made.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.02.007
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Tweeting weight loss: A comparison of #thinspiration and #fitspiration
           communities on Twitter
    • Authors: Marika Tiggemann; Owen Churches; Lewis Mitchell; Zoe Brown
      Pages: 133 - 138
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Marika Tiggemann, Owen Churches, Lewis Mitchell, Zoe Brown
      Thinspiration and fitspiration represent contemporary online trends designed to inspire viewers towards the thin ideal or towards health and fitness respectively. The aim of the present study was to compare thinspiration and fitspiration communities on Twitter. A total of 3289 English-language tweets with hashtags related to thinspiration (n = 1181) and fitspiration (n = 2578) were collected over a two-week period. Network analysis showed minimal overlap between the communities on Twitter, with the thinspiration community more closely-connected and having greater information flow than the fitspiration community. Frequency counts and sentiment analysis showed that although the tweets from both types of accounts focused on appearance and weight loss, fitspiration tweets were significantly more positive in sentiment. It was concluded that the thinspiration tweeters, unlike the fitspiration tweeters, represent a genuine on-line community on Twitter. Such a community of support may have negative consequences for collective body image and disordered eating identity.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Mechanisms underlying weight status and healthcare avoidance in women: A
           study of weight stigma, body-related shame and guilt, and healthcare
           stress
    • Authors: Janell L. Mensinger; Tracy L. Tylka; Margaret E. Calamari
      Pages: 139 - 147
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Janell L. Mensinger, Tracy L. Tylka, Margaret E. Calamari
      Studies show that women with high BMI are less likely than thinner women to seek healthcare. We aimed to determine the mechanisms linking women’s weight status to their healthcare avoidance. Women (N = 313) were surveyed from a U.S. health-panel database. We tested a theory-driven model containing multiple stigma and body-related constructs linking BMI to healthcare avoidance. The model had a good fit to the data. Higher BMI was related to greater experienced and internalized weight stigma, which were linked to greater body-related shame. Internalized weight stigma was also related to greater body-related guilt, which was associated with higher body-related shame. Body-related shame was associated with healthcare stress which ultimately contributed to healthcare avoidance. We discuss recommendations for a Weight Inclusive Approach to healthcare and the importance of enhancing education for health professionals in weight bias in order to increase appropriate use of preventive healthcare in higher weight women.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • From competition to compassion: A caregiving approach to intervening with
           appearance comparisons
    • Authors: Kiruthiha Vimalakanthan; Allison C. Kelly; Sarina Trac
      Pages: 148 - 162
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Kiruthiha Vimalakanthan, Allison C. Kelly, Sarina Trac
      This study used a novel intervention grounded in social mentalities theory to compare the effects of cultivating a caregiving versus competitive mentality when intervening with appearance comparisons. For 48 hours, 120 female undergraduates were randomly assigned to use one of three strategies whenever they made unfavorable appearance comparisons: cultivating compassion and loving-kindness toward the comparison target (Caregiving); comparing themselves favorably to the target in non-appearance domains of superiority (Competition); or distracting themselves (Control). Although there was no main effect of condition, trait social comparison orientation interacted with condition to predict outcomes. Among women engaging more frequently in social comparison, the Caregiving condition was more effective than the Competition condition at reducing body dissatisfaction, restrained eating, and body, eating, and exercise-related comparisons. Findings suggest that cultivating a compassion-focused, caregiving mentality when threatened by appearance comparisons could be beneficial to women who engage more frequently in social comparison.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.03.003
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Feeling fat in eating disorders: Testing the unique relationships between
           feeling fat and measures of disordered eating in anorexia nervosa and
           bulimia nervosa
    • Authors: Jake Linardon; Andrea Phillipou; David Castle; Richard Newton; Philippa Harrison; Leonardo L. Cistullo; Scott Griffiths; Annemarie Hindle; Leah Brennan
      Pages: 163 - 167
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Jake Linardon, Andrea Phillipou, David Castle, Richard Newton, Philippa Harrison, Leonardo L. Cistullo, Scott Griffiths, Annemarie Hindle, Leah Brennan
      Although widely discussed in theories of eating disorders, the experience of “feeling fat” in this population has received little research attention. This study tested the unique relationships between feeling fat and measures of problematic eating behaviours and attitudes. Data were analysed from individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 123) and bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 51). Correlations revealed considerable unshared variance between feeling fat and shape and weight over-evaluation and depressive symptoms. Moreover, when over-evaluation and depressive symptoms were controlled, feeling fat predicted unique variance in restraint and eating concerns. Findings offer some support for the idea that feeling fat is a distinct and important component of body image concerns in eating disorders. Further research that develops a standardized measure of feeling fat is required. Further research that examines whether feeling fat is an important treatment mechanism is also needed.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Relating shape/weight based self-esteem, depression, and anxiety with
           weight and perceived physical health among young adults
    • Authors: Rebecca C. Kamody; Idia B. Thurston; Kristina M. Decker; Caroline C. Kaufman; Kendrin R. Sonneville; Tracy K. Richmond
      Pages: 168 - 176
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Rebecca C. Kamody, Idia B. Thurston, Kristina M. Decker, Caroline C. Kaufman, Kendrin R. Sonneville, Tracy K. Richmond
      Simultaneous contributions of self-esteem, depression, and anxiety to weight and perceived physical health in young adults is understudied. A diverse sample of 424 young adults completed measures of shape/weight based self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and perceived physical health. Height and weight were measured to calculate body mass index (BMI). Latent profile analysis was conducted to derive patterns of depression, anxiety, and shape/weight based self-esteem. Then, we examined the association of the profiles with weight status and perceived physical health. Three profiles emerged: (1) High Shape/Weight Influence (HSWI); (2) Low Shape/Weight, Depression, & Anxiety Influence (LSWDAI); and (3) High Depression & Anxiety Influence (HDAI). The HSWI profile had significantly higher BMI than the LSWDAI and HDAI profiles, and significantly lower perceived physical health than the LSWDAI profile. Over emphasis on shape/weight, regardless of depression and anxiety, is associated with elevated weight and negative internalized health views.

      PubDate: 2018-05-18T14:32:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.04.003
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • A brief facial morphing intervention to reduce skin cancer risk behaviors:
           Results from a randomized controlled trial
    • Authors: Aaron J. Blashill; Benjamin M. Rooney; Christina M. Luberto; Manuel Gonzales; Sarah Grogan
      Pages: 177 - 185
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25
      Author(s): Aaron J. Blashill, Benjamin M. Rooney, Christina M. Luberto, Manuel Gonzales, Sarah Grogan
      The current study was designed to test the efficacy of an appearance-based facial morphing program to reduce intentional UV exposure among individuals at risk for skin cancer. A three-arm randomized controlled trial was employed (N = 219) comparing facial morphing + health information to: (1) mindfulness + health information; and (2) health information only. Participants were young adults with a history of recent intentional tanning and future intentions to tan. Primary outcomes were indoor and outdoor tanning frequency and tanning intentions, with secondary outcomes of tanning attitudes, body image, and affect. Facial morphing participants reported less frequent tanning, compared to mindfulness and control participants at 1-month follow-up. Facial morphing participants also generally reported lower intentions to tan at immediate follow-up, although the magnitude of these effects weakened at 1-month follow-up. Facial morphing programs may offer a brief, efficacious, and scalable augmentation to standard of care in reducing intentional UV exposure. This trial is registered with clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03237013).

      PubDate: 2018-05-18T14:32:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.04.002
      Issue No: Vol. 25 (2018)
       
  • Body Image: Celebrating the past, appreciating the present, and
           envisioning the future
    • Authors: Tracy L. Tylka
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Tracy L. Tylka


      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.003
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
       
  • The role of fat talk in eating pathology and depressive symptoms among
           mother-daughter dyads
    • Authors: Chong Man Chow; Cin Cin Tan
      Pages: 36 - 43
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Chong Man Chow, Cin Cin Tan
      The present study investigated how eating pathology and depressive symptoms were related to the dyadic dynamics of fat talk in mother-daughter relationships during adolescence. The current sample included 100 mother-daughter dyads who completed a survey on their fat talk disclosure, eating pathology, and depressive symptoms. The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) was utilized for the dyadic data. Adolescent girls’ and mothers’ engagement in fat talk was related to their own eating pathology. Daughters, but not mothers, who engaged in more fat talk reported more depressive symptoms. When mothers and daughters both had high levels of fat talk, it was associated with a higher risk of daughters’ eating pathology. Adolescent girls who engaged in fat talk reported higher depressive symptoms when their mothers did not reciprocate with more fat talk. This study highlights the importance of an interpersonal approach to fat talk research and clinical interventions addressing adolescents’ eating disorders and depression.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.003
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
       
  • Yoga and body image: Findings from a large population-based study of young
           adults
    • Authors: Dianne Neumark-Sztainer; Richard F. MacLehose; Allison W. Watts; Carly R. Pacanowski; Marla E. Eisenberg
      Pages: 69 - 75
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Richard F. MacLehose, Allison W. Watts, Carly R. Pacanowski, Marla E. Eisenberg
      This study explored the potential for yoga to promote body satisfaction in a general population of young adults. The sample included 1664 participants (M age: 31.1, SD = 1.6 years) in Project EAT, a 15-year longitudinal study. Data from the third and fourth waves (EAT-III and EAT-IV), collected five years apart, were utilized. Practicing yoga (≥30 min/week) was reported by 16.2% of young adults. After adjusting for EAT-III body satisfaction and body mass index, yoga practitioners had higher concurrent body satisfaction at EAT-IV than those not practicing yoga (difference: 1.5 units [95% CI: 0.1–2.8], p = .03). Among participants within the lowest quartile of prior (EAT-III) body satisfaction, there was preliminary evidence that body satisfaction at EAT-IV was higher among yoga practitioners than in other young adults. Findings suggest that yoga may be associated with improved body satisfaction, particularly among young adults with low prior body satisfaction.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.003
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
       
  • Breast size dissatisfaction, but not body dissatisfaction, is associated
           with breast self-examination frequency and breast change detection in
           British women
    • Authors: Viren Swami; Adrian Furnham
      Pages: 76 - 81
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Viren Swami, Adrian Furnham
      Studies examining associations between body image and breast self-examination (BSE) have returned mixed findings, but this may be a function of focusing on global body image. Here, we examined the impact of breast size dissatisfaction specifically on BSE and behaviours in relation to breast change detection. A total of 384 British women completed measures of breast size dissatisfaction, body dissatisfaction, BSE frequency, confidence in detecting breast change, and delay in contacting their doctor upon detecting a breast change. Regression analyses indicated that greater breast size dissatisfaction, but not body dissatisfaction, was significantly associated with less frequent BSE and lower confidence in detecting breast change. Both breast size and body dissatisfaction were significantly associated with greater delay in consulting a doctor following breast change, but the former was the stronger predictor. These findings suggest that improving breast size satisfaction may be a useful means of promoting improved breast awareness and self-examination.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.004
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
       
  • Exposure to natural environments, and photographs of natural environments,
           promotes more positive body image
    • Authors: Viren Swami; David Barron; Adrian Furnham
      Pages: 82 - 94
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Viren Swami, David Barron, Adrian Furnham
      Five studies were conducted to understand the impact of nature exposure on body image. In three studies using different designs and outcome measures, British university students were exposed to photographs of natural or built environments. Results indicated that exposure to images of natural, but not built, environments resulted in improved state body image. In Study 4, British community participants went on a walk in a natural or built environment, with results indicating that the walk in a natural environment resulted in significantly higher state body appreciation, whereas the walk in a built environment resulted in significantly lower scores. In Study 5, British participants were recruited as they were entering a designed green space on their own volition. Results indicated that spending time in the green space led to improved state body appreciation. These results indicate that exposure to isomorphic or in-situ natural environments has positive effects on state body image.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.006
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
       
  • The effect of functionality-focused and appearance-focused images of
           models of mixed body sizes on women’s state-oriented body appreciation
    • Authors: Gina Williamson; Bryan T. Karazsia
      Pages: 95 - 101
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Gina Williamson, Bryan T. Karazsia
      Research demonstrates that exposure to appearance-focused images of models depicting societal standards of beauty negatively affect women’s state-oriented body dissatisfaction. The purpose of this research was to extend this experimental research to women’s state-oriented body appreciation. The 374 women participants were randomly assigned to view images that were either depicting a model who was representative or not representative of the thin ideal (body size), while this model was in either an appearance-focused pose or a function-oriented pose (pose type). State body appreciation increased significantly after viewing images depicting models who did not conform to societal standards of thinness (p < 0.001). Exposure to the control condition images, which were images of natural environments, also produced increases in state body appreciation (p = 0.049). These findings provide insight into the construct of state body appreciation and offer implications for future positive body image research.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.008
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
       
  • “This body is me” Discovering the ways in which the body is salient in
           people's identities
    • Authors: Johanna Kling; Maria Wängqvist; Ann Frisén
      Pages: 102 - 110
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Johanna Kling, Maria Wängqvist, Ann Frisén
      Although previous research has revealed associations between negative body image and identity problems, there are sound theoretical reasons to assume much greater diversity in relations between body image and identity. The aim of the present qualitative study was to explore the ways people find the body salient to their identities. Young adults (N = 121; 51% women) were interviewed, and four main themes were found: identification with the body, body functionality in identity-relevant tasks, appearance and identity in social interactions, and identity-relevant bodily engagement. Both positive and negative ways in which the body is salient in identity were described and descriptions included functionality, embodied experiences, and social environments. Gender differences were not found with one exception: more women than men described experiences of identifying with their bodies. These novel results have implications for the understanding of the interconnection between body image and identity and may open avenues for continued research.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.009
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
       
  • Self-objectification, weight bias internalization, and binge eating in
           young women: Testing a mediational model
    • Authors: Adrienne Mehak; Aliza Friedman; Stephanie E. Cassin
      Pages: 111 - 115
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Adrienne Mehak, Aliza Friedman, Stephanie E. Cassin
      Self-objectification and weight bias internalization are two internalization processes that are positively correlated with binge eating among young women. However, the mechanisms underlying these relationships are understudied. Consistent with objectification theory, this study examined appearance anxiety and body shame as mediators between self-objectification, weight bias internalization and binge eating. Female undergraduates (N = 102) completed self-report measures of self-objectification, weight bias internalization, appearance anxiety, body shame, and binge eating. Results indicated that women who self-objectified and internalized negative weight-related attitudes reported greater binge eating (rs  = .43 and rs = .57, respectively) and these associations were mediated by the combined effects of body shame and appearance anxiety. The contrast between the two mediators was also significant, such that body shame emerged as a stronger mediator within both mediational models. Results demonstrated that these internalization processes contribute to negative affect in young women, which may in turn lead to binge eating.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
       
  • View-dependent accuracy in body mass judgements of female bodies
    • Authors: Piers L. Cornelissen; Katri K. Cornelissen; Victoria Groves; Kristofor McCarty; Martin J. Tovée
      Pages: 116 - 123
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Piers L. Cornelissen, Katri K. Cornelissen, Victoria Groves, Kristofor McCarty, Martin J. Tovée
      A fundamental issue in testing body image perception is how to present the test stimuli. Previous studies have almost exclusively used images of bodies viewed in front-view, but this potentially obscures key visual cues used to judge adiposity reducing the ability to make accurate judgements. A potential solution is to use a three-quarter view, which combines visual cues to body fat that can be observed in front and profile. To test this hypothesis, 20 female observers completed a 2-alternative forced choice paradigm to determine the smallest difference in body fat detectable in female bodies in front, three-quarter, and profile view. There was a significant advantage for three-quarter and profile relative to front-view. Discrimination accuracy is predicted by the saliency of stomach depth, suggesting that this is a key visual cue used to judge body mass. In future, bodies should ideally be presented in three-quarter to accurately assess body size discrimination.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.007
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
       
  • Factors affecting subjective appearance evaluations among patients with
           congenital craniofacial conditions: An application of Cash’s
           cognitive-behavioural model of body image development
    • Authors: Kristin Billaud Feragen; Nicola Marie Stock
      Pages: 124 - 136
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Kristin Billaud Feragen, Nicola Marie Stock
      Satisfaction with appearance is of central importance for psychological well-being and health. For individuals with an unusual appearance, such as congenital craniofacial anomalies (CFA), appearance evaluations could be especially important. However, few, if any papers have presented a comprehensive synthesis of the factors found to affect subjective satisfaction with appearance among children, adolescents, and adults born with a CFA. Further, only a handful of craniofacial studies have applied psychological theories or models to their findings, resulting in an overall lack of guidance for researchers in the field. This paper summarises the literature pertaining to satisfaction with appearance among those affected by CFAs, and examines the extent to which Cash’s cognitive-behavioural model of body image development (2012) fits with this literature. Given the overlap between factors of interest in the field of CFAs, and in the area of body image more broadly, a closer collaboration between the two research fields is suggested.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.005
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
       
  • A content analysis of an online pro-eating disorder community on Reddit
    • Authors: Shaina J. Sowles; Monique McLeary; Allison Optican; Elizabeth Cahn; Melissa J. Krauss; Ellen E. Fitzsimmons-Craft; Denise E. Wilfley; Patricia A. Cavazos-Rehg
      Pages: 137 - 144
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Shaina J. Sowles, Monique McLeary, Allison Optican, Elizabeth Cahn, Melissa J. Krauss, Ellen E. Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E. Wilfley, Patricia A. Cavazos-Rehg
      Pro-eating disorder communities provide a refuge for individuals with eating disorders (EDs) who are ambivalent about seeking treatment. We investigated a pro-ED community on Reddit, an anonymous social networking platform with topical forums, to identify expression of behaviors aligned with ED symptoms and support for these behaviors. A content analysis on four weeks of topic-specific discussion threads (N = 125 comments, 115 replies to comments) was conducted to identify behaviors consistent with ED psychopathology and support for these behaviors (informational, tangible assistance, esteem/emotional support). Results indicated that the content aligned with expressions of clinically relevant ED psychopathology, with eating concerns (49/125) and shape concerns (47/125) being most prevalent. The majority (92/115) of replies provided esteem/emotional support to the comment author. Online interventions and/or recovery programs are needed to counteract reinforcing dialogue that occurs on social media sites, like Reddit, and promote ED recovery through supportive messages on these platforms.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T01:48:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2018)
       
  • The Seymour Fisher Annual Award (info page and announcement)
    • Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 25


      PubDate: 2018-05-18T14:32:32Z
       
  • Acknowledgement of Consulting Reviewers
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24


      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
       
  • The Seymour Fisher Annual Award (info page and announcement)
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24


      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
       
  • The 2017 Seymour Fisher Outstanding Body Image Dissertation Award Winner
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24


      PubDate: 2018-04-15T11:08:45Z
       
  • Thinness pressures in ethnically diverse college women in the United
           States
    • Authors: D. Luis Ordaz; Lauren M. Schaefer; Emily Choquette; Jordan Schueler; Lisa Wallace; J. Kevin Thompson
      Pages: 1 - 4
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): D. Luis Ordaz, Lauren M. Schaefer, Emily Choquette, Jordan Schueler, Lisa Wallace, J. Kevin Thompson
      While research consistently supports the negative impact of thinness pressures on body image, this work has primarily utilized White samples in the United States, limiting generalizability to other ethnicities. Further, limited research has examined ethnic differences in thinness pressures from distinct sociocultural influences. This study examined distinct sources of thinness pressures in 598 White, 135 Black, and 131 Hispanic college women in the United States. Mean levels of thinness pressures significantly differed across ethnicity, with Black women generally reporting the lowest levels of each pressure. Additionally, distinct sources of thinness pressures were more highly related to negative outcomes within ethnic groups. For White women, each source was salient for disordered eating. For Black women, family pressure was particularly salient for appearance evaluation. For Hispanic women, family pressure was particularly salient for disordered eating and appearance evaluation. Findings suggest possible ethnic differences in the relative salience of some pressures over others.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.004
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • Self-objectification, body shame, and disordered eating: Testing a core
           mediational model of objectification theory among White, Black, and
           Hispanic women
    • Authors: Lauren M. Schaefer; Natasha L. Burke; Rachel M. Calogero; Jessie E. Menzel; Ross Krawczyk; J. Kevin Thompson
      Pages: 5 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Lauren M. Schaefer, Natasha L. Burke, Rachel M. Calogero, Jessie E. Menzel, Ross Krawczyk, J. Kevin Thompson
      Objectification theory asserts that self-objectification, which manifests as self-surveillance, leads to increased body shame and subsequent eating pathology. Although evidence supports the core mediational model, the majority of this work utilizes primarily White samples, limiting generalizability to other ethnic groups. The current study examined whether the core tenets of objectification theory generalize to Black and Hispanic women. Participants were 880 college women from the United States (71.7% White, 15.1% Hispanic, 13.2% Black) who completed self-report measures of self-surveillance, body shame, and disordered eating. Multivariate analysis of variance tests indicated lower levels of self-surveillance and disordered eating among Black women. Moreover, body shame mediated the relationship between self-surveillance and disordered eating for White and Hispanic women, but not for Black women. These analyses support growing evidence for the role of body shame as a mediator between body surveillance and eating pathology, but only for women in certain ethnic groups.

      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.10.005
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • A content analysis of thinspiration images and text posts on tumblr
    • Authors: Madeline Wick; Jennifer Harriger
      Pages: 13 - 16
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Madeline Wick, Jennifer Harriger


      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.005
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • A prospective study of adolescents’ body dysmorphic symptoms: Peer
           victimization and the direct and protective roles of emotion regulation
           and mindfulness
    • Authors: Cassie H. Lavell; Haley J. Webb; Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck; Lara J. Farrell
      Pages: 17 - 25
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Cassie H. Lavell, Haley J. Webb, Melanie J. Zimmer-Gembeck, Lara J. Farrell
      In this study, we examined whether peer appearance-related victimization was associated with adolescents’ increasing body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms over 12 months. Also, given emotion regulation and mindfulness have been associated with less body dissatisfaction, we expected that they would protect against the negative impact of peer victimization on BDD symptoms. Participants were 367 Australian adolescents (M age = 13 years). In multiple regressions, two aspects of emotion regulation, strategies and clarity, and two components of mindfulness, acting with awareness and being non-judgmental, were uniquely associated with fewer BDD symptoms at T2 relative to T1. There was evidence that one mindfulness component, observing, was a risk factor for more BDD symptoms. Further, acting with awareness and observing moderated the prospective relationship between victimization and BDD symptoms; low acting with awareness and high observing were risks for symptoms regardless of victimization, whereas high acting with awareness and low observing appeared protective of BDD symptoms, but only for adolescents who reported lower victimization.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:01:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.006
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • Exploring the Tripartite Influence Model of body dissatisfaction in
           postpartum women
    • Authors: Meghan E. Lovering; Rachel F. Rodgers; Jessica Edwards George; Debra L. Franko
      Pages: 44 - 54
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Meghan E. Lovering, Rachel F. Rodgers, Jessica Edwards George, Debra L. Franko
      Pregnancy and childbirth result in dramatic changes in a woman’s body shape, which can be associated with body image concerns. To date, however, little is known about how sociocultural factors may influence body dissatisfaction in postpartum women. This study aimed to test a sociocultural model of body image and eating concerns among a sample of postpartum women. A sample of N = 474 women, mean (SD) age = 30.6 (4.8), having given birth during the last year, completed an online survey and reported on sociocultural pressures from media, peers, family and partners, thin-ideal internalization, appearance comparison, body dissatisfaction, and psychological functioning. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed a good fit to the data, χ 2 (49) = 220.20, p < .001, RMSEA = .086, CFI = .93. Findings suggest that women experience strong sociocultural pressures to attain unrealistic body shapes/sizes during the post-pregnancy period, contributing to their body image concerns.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:01:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.001
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • Selective distortion of body image by asynchronous visuotactile
           stimulation
    • Authors: Daniel Perez-Marcos; Matteo Martini; Christina T. Fuentes; Anna I. Bellido Rivas; Patrick Haggard; Maria V. Sanchez-Vives
      Pages: 55 - 61
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Daniel Perez-Marcos, Matteo Martini, Christina T. Fuentes, Anna I. Bellido Rivas, Patrick Haggard, Maria V. Sanchez-Vives
      In the rubber hand illusion (RHI), a rubber hand is felt as being part of one’s body. This illusion is evoked by providing synchronous visuotactile stimulation to the fake and real hands. Asynchronous visuotactile stimulation is known not to produce such an illusion of ownership, being commonly used as the control condition. Here we explored the impact of synchronous and asynchronous visuotactile stimulation on the body image. We combined the induction of the RHI with a quantitative test for the internal representation of body metrics (i.e., the positions of key fiducial points on the body relative to each other). We found a significant recalibration of the upper/lower arm lengths following asynchronous visuotactile stimulation. In particular, we observed a selective elongation of the lower arm, a distortion typical of deafferentation. Conversely, synchronous visuotactile stimulation did not alter the estimation of the arm segments' length. Our findings are consistent with a dynamic internal representation of body image that is continuously updated based on incoming multisensory information. Furthermore, the use of asynchronous multisensory stimulation as a neutral condition should be reconsidered since it introduces changes in the body image.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:01:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.002
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • Diminishing covariation bias in women with a negative body evaluation and
           the potential roles of outcome aversiveness and interpretation of social
           feedback
    • Authors: Jessica M. Alleva; Bobby G. Stuijfzand; Carolien Martijn
      Pages: 62 - 68
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Jessica M. Alleva, Bobby G. Stuijfzand, Carolien Martijn
      Women with a more negative body evaluation perceive that their body is associated with more negative social feedback. This covariation bias could reinforce negative body evaluation. We investigated whether covariation bias could be diminished and explored the potential roles of outcome aversiveness and interpretation of negative social feedback associated with one’s body. Ninety-seven undergraduate women completed a computer task wherein photos of their body, a control woman’s body, and a neutral object were followed by negative social feedback or nothing. When the relation between each category and the negative feedback was random, women with a more negative body evaluation perceived more negative feedback following their body. They also experienced negative feedback following their body and the control woman’s body as more aversive. After a manipulation block, women with a more negative body evaluation no longer perceived more negative feedback for their body. These effects coincided with improvements in state body evaluation.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:01:11Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.002
      Issue No: Vol. 24 (2017)
       
  • Body Image: A joyous journey
    • Authors: Thomas F. Cash
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Thomas F. Cash


      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.11.001
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • A pilot yoga physical education curriculum to promote positive body image
    • Authors: Anne E. Cox; Sarah Ullrich-French; Holly S. Howe; Amy N. Cole
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Anne E. Cox, Sarah Ullrich-French, Holly S. Howe, Amy N. Cole
      We examined the effects of a pilot yoga-based physical education (PE) curriculum by testing for change in trait body surveillance, physical self-worth, and body appreciation. Further, we examined the relationships among change in body image variables and the role of state mindfulness in predicting state body surveillance during classes. Adolescents participated in 12 weeks of yoga-based (n =20; M age =16.45, 90% female) or traditional (n =23; M age =14.52, 57% female) PE. Results showed significant (p =.004), moderate decreases in trait body surveillance and minimal nonsignificant (p =.11) increases in physical self-worth. Change in trait body surveillance was inversely related to change in physical self-worth and body appreciation in yoga participants. Multi-level modeling analyses revealed that more mindful students also surveyed their body less during class. Intentionally structured yoga participation may support positive body image among adolescents.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.007
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • Socializing girls whose bodies may not align with contemporary ideals of
           thinness: An interpretive study of US mothers’ accounts
    • Authors: Jennifer Paff Ogle; Kelly Reddy-Best; Juyeon Park
      Pages: 13 - 27
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23
      Author(s): Jennifer Paff Ogle, Kelly Reddy-Best, Juyeon Park
      We sought to understand how mothers of young adolescent girls who are perceived as overweight or at risk for becoming so and whose body mass indices are at the 70th percentile or higher socialize their daughters about body, weight, eating, and health. In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 US mothers, and data were analyzed using constant comparison processes. Findings revealed that mothers adopted a variety of strategies – including teaching, modeling, managing, avoiding, and comforting – to achieve varied socialization goals for their daughters. Specifically, mothers sought to help their daughters to accept the self, reject the hegemonic ideal, maintain “healthful” eating, avoid overeating/monitor the self for over-eating, engage in regular physical activity, and/or navigate stigmatizing social situations. Mothers’ sometimes experienced ambivalence or uncertainty as they socialized their daughters about the body, suggesting that they may benefit from professional counseling designed to resolve this tension/hesitancy.

      PubDate: 2017-08-31T06:41:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.07.006
      Issue No: Vol. 23 (2017)
       
  • This girl can #jointhemovement: Effectiveness of physical
           functionality-focused campaigns for women’s body satisfaction and
           exercise intent
    • Authors: Kate Mulgrew; Karen McCulloch Emily Farren Ivanka Prichard Megan S.C.
      Abstract: Publication date: March 2018
      Source:Body Image, Volume 24
      Author(s): Kate E. Mulgrew, Karen McCulloch, Emily Farren, Ivanka Prichard, Megan S.C. Lim
      We tested the effectiveness of exposure to two functionality-focused media campaigns, This Girl Can and #jointhemovement, in improving state appearance and physical functionality satisfaction, exercise intent, and protecting against exposure to idealised imagery. Across two studies, 339 (Mage  = 24.94, SD = 4.98) and 256 (Mage  = 26.46, SD = 5.50) women viewed the campaign or control video, followed by images of models who were posed or physically active, or images of landscapes. State satisfaction and exercise intent was measured at pre-test, post-video, post-images, and 1-week follow-up. Social comparison was measured at post-images. Viewing either campaign produced higher appearance satisfaction and exercise intentions than the control video. Effects weren’t maintained after viewing idealised imagery or 1 week later. Further, the campaigns did not decrease social comparisons when viewing idealised imagery. Results can inform agencies about campaign effectiveness and suggest that women benefit from campaigns that feature non-idealised depictions of women exercising.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T23:01:11Z
       
  • IFC
    • Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Body Image, Volume 23


      PubDate: 2017-12-12T17:15:33Z
       
 
 
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