Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1761 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (257 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (92 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (54 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (1052 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (178 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (1052 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
(En)clave Comahue. Revista Patagónica de Estudios Sociales     Open Access  
3C Empresa     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
A contrario     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abant Kültürel Araştırmalar Dergisi     Open Access  
Abordajes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
About Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Academicus International Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Access     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
ACCESS: Critical Perspectives on Communication, Cultural & Policy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
ACCORD Occasional Paper     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Acta Academica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi / Adiyaman University Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 225)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advocate: Newsletter of the National Tertiary Education Union     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
África     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
African Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
African Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Afrika Focus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ágora : revista de divulgação científica     Open Access  
Ágora de Heterodoxias     Open Access  
Ağrı İbrahim Çeçen Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Akademik Bakış Uluslararası Hakemli Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademik Hassasiyetler     Open Access  
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
AKADEMOS     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al Farabi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Al-Mabsut : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Sosial     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Qadissiya Magzine for Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia : Revista de Desarrollo Humano, Educativo y Social Contemporáneo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alinteri Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alliage     Free  
Alteridade     Open Access  
Ambigua : Revista de Investigaciones sobre Género y Estudios Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Communist History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Anais do Congresso de Pesquisa e Extensão e da Semana de Ciências Sociais da UEMG/Barbacena     Open Access  
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anales de la Universidad de Chile     Open Access  
Análisis     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Andamios. Revista de Investigacion Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anduli : Revista Andaluza de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Anka E-Dergi     Open Access  
Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access  
Annals of Humanities and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Annuaire de l’EHESS     Open Access  
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Anthurium : A Caribbean Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Approches inductives : Travail intellectuel et construction des connaissances     Open Access  
Apuntes : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Apuntes de Investigación del CECYP     Open Access  
Arbetsliv i omvandling     Open Access  
Arbor     Open Access  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Argumentos : Revista do Departamento de Ciências Sociais da Unimontes     Open Access  
Argumentos. Revista de crítica social     Open Access  
Around the Globe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Articulo - Journal of Urban Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Artvin Coruh University International Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of German and European Studies     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Astrolabio, Nueva Época     Open Access  
Asya Araştırmaları Uluslararasi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi / Journal of Asian Studies     Open Access  
Atatürk Dergisi     Open Access  
Atatürk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Ateneo Chinese Studies Program Lecture Series     Open Access  
Aurum Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Australasian Review of African Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Aboriginal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Emergency Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Australian Journal on Volunteering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Population Studies     Open Access  
Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bandung : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BARATARIA. Revista Castellano-Manchega de Ciencias sociales     Open Access  
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Basic Income Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Berkeley Undergraduate Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Beykent Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access  
Bhakti Persada : Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS     Open Access  
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Bildhaan : An International Journal of Somali Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University Journal of Social Science Institute     Open Access  
Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Black Sea Journal of Public and Social Science     Open Access  
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Bodhi : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Body Image     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Boletín Memoria     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Brain and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
British Review of New Zealand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BU Academic Review     Open Access  
Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Études Andines     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of Social Informatics Theory and Application     Open Access  
Búsqueda     Open Access  
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cadernos de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas     Open Access  
California Italian Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cambio : Rivista sulle Trasformazioni Sociali     Open Access  
Caminho Aberto : Revista de Extensão do IFSC     Open Access  
Campos en Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Caradde : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Catalan Social Sciences Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cemoti, Cahiers d'études sur la méditerranée orientale et le monde turco-iranien     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chandrakasem Rajabhat University Journal of Graduate School     Open Access  
Changing Societies & Personalities     Open Access  
China Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chinese Journal of Social Science and Management     Open Access  
Chinese Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cidadania em Ação : Revista de Extensão e Cultura: Notícias     Open Access  
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Ciencia Sociales y Económicas     Open Access  
Ciencia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Técnica y Mainstreaming Social     Open Access  
Ciencias Holguin     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciências Sociais Unisinos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencias Sociales y Religión/Ciências Sociais e Religião     Open Access  
CienciaUAT     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Científic@ : Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
Citizen Science : Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Civilizar Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Civitas - Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Claroscuro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CMU Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colección Académica de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Colonial Academic Alliance Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Communication, Politics & Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Communities, Children and Families Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Community Empowerment     Open Access  
Compendium     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal  
Comprehensive Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Comuni@cción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comunitania : Revista Internacional de Trabajo Social y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ConCiencia     Open Access  
Confluenze Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani     Open Access  
Connections     Open Access  
Contemporary Journal of African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
CONTRA : RELATOS desde el Sur     Open Access  
Contribuciones desde Coatepec     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Convergencia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cooperativismo y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CRDCN Research Highlight / RCCDR en évidence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Creative Approaches to Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Critical Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)

        1 2 3 4 5 6     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.225
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 46  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0002-7162 - ISSN (Online) 1552-3349
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1086 journals]
  • Evidence-Based Policing and Fatal Police Shootings: Promise, Problems, and
           Prospects
    • Authors: Lawrence W. Sherman
      Pages: 8 - 26
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 8-26, January 2020.
      The promise of evidence-based policing is to reduce harm with better research for targeting, testing, and tracking police actions. The problems of using evidence-based policing to reduce harm are found in the emotional dimensions of ethics and risk. These problems are most pronounced with fatal police shootings, where the risks of injury to American police are often framed as a zero-sum choice in relation to the ethics of taking citizens’ lives. Yet evidence-based policing offers good prospects for reframing the debate over fatal police shootings, in ways that could reduce harm to both police and citizens. This volume offers substantial new evidence for initiatives at all levels of U.S. government that could help to save lives in police encounters with citizens. Putting that evidence to work remains the major challenge facing the American police.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716220902073
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Organizational Accidents and Deadly Police-Involved Violence: Some
           Thoughts on Extending Theory, Expanding Research, and Improving Police
           Practice
    • Authors: David Klinger
      Pages: 28 - 48
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 28-48, January 2020.
      In recent years, violence by and against the police has been examined from the perspective of organizational accident theory. This article extends that work by reviewing some key ideas, identifying some limitations of organizational accident theory for understanding police-involved violence, and detailing some specific research topics for future empirical exploration. It concludes by offering some specific policy and practice recommendations to reduce police-involved violence.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219892913
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Firearm Availability and Fatal Police Shootings
    • Authors: Daniel S. Nagin
      Pages: 49 - 57
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 49-57, January 2020.
      Do states with more guns have higher rates of fatal police shootings' This article uses a validated measure of firearm availability (the percentage of suicides committed with a firearm) to examine the relationship between gun proliferation and fatal police shootings. It expands on existing research to include (1) measures of access to Level I and II trauma centers, (2) interpretation of the findings from the lenses of “statistical prediction,” and (3) tests for structural differences between models for black decedents versus nonblack decedents. Findings confirm the correlation between statewide prevalence of gun ownership and fatal police shootings for both all decedents and unarmed decedents. It provides partial support for “statistical prediction” by police and finds that greater access to trauma centers is associated with lower rates of citizen deaths. The analysis suggests a far broader range of policy options for saving lives, such as better enforcement of legal restrictions on firearm possession, than focusing solely on policing systems.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219896259
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • The Role of Individual Officer Characteristics in Police Shootings
    • Authors: Greg Ridgeway
      Pages: 58 - 66
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 58-66, January 2020.
      Assessing whether individual characteristics of police officers such as age, race, and prior performance influence police behavior has been a long-standing topic of social science research. The effect of officer characteristics on their risk of shooting people is confounded by police assignments and by the environmental factors associated with those assignments. This article provides a method to separate out the influence of individual officer characteristics from environmental factors. Using data from the New York City Police Department (NYPD) and the Major Cities’ Chiefs Association (MCCA), the analysis finds that police officers who join the NYPD later in their careers have a lower shooting risk: for each additional year of their recruitment age, the odds of being shooters declines by 10 percent. Both officer race and prior problem behavior (e.g., losing a firearm, crashing a department vehicle) predict up to three times greater odds of shooting, yet officers who made numerous misdemeanor arrests were four times less likely to shoot.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219896553
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Predicting Bad Policing: Theorizing Burdensome and Racially Disparate
           Policing through the Lenses of Social Psychology and Routine Activities
    • Authors: Phillip Atiba Goff, Hilary Rau
      Pages: 67 - 88
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 67-88, January 2020.
      Despite an increase in research relating to racial disparities in policing—particularly in the area of deadly force—there have been comparatively few attempts to theorize which factors predict disparate policing. We fill this gap by combining routine activity theory from criminology with situationist approaches to discrimination from social psychology. We propose that disparate policing is most likely to occur when officers who are vulnerable to situational risk factors for bias encounter citizens who are members of vulnerable out-groups. We argue that situational risk factors for bias and aggression among police provoke feelings of threat and motivate self-protection and/or feelings of disgust and out-group derogation. We present social psychological laboratory research and, where available, field research specific to policing as a way of exploring and bolstering the proposed framework. This work supports an agenda for future scientific research that may assist practitioners in identifying likely opportunities for reform even as we await further field research that tests these hypothesized parameters.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716220901349
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Network Position and Police Who Shoot
    • Authors: Linda Zhao, Andrew V. Papachristos
      Pages: 89 - 112
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 89-112, January 2020.
      This study applies the growing field of network science to explore whether police violence is associated with characteristics of an officer’s social networks and his or her placement within those networks. To do this, we re-create the network of police misconduct for the Chicago Police Department using more than 38,442 complaints filed against police officers between 2000 and 2003. Our statistical models reveal that officers who shoot at civilians are often “brokers” within the social networks of policing, occupying important positions between other actors in the network and often connecting otherwise disconnected parts of the social structure between other officers within larger networks of misconduct. This finding holds, even net measures of officer activity, career movement, and sociodemographic background. Our finding suggest that policies and interventions aimed at curbing police shootings should include not only individual assessments of risk but also an understanding of officers’ positions within larger social networks.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219901171
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Police Killings as a Problem of Governance
    • Authors: Franklin E. Zimring
      Pages: 114 - 123
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 114-123, January 2020.
      Police kill more than a thousand civilians each year in the United States, a much higher death rate than occurs in any other developed nation. One important cause of the epidemic of civilian deaths is the larger risk that the police who patrol American communities face from civilian assaults with firearms, widely owned and often not visible. Yet many hundreds of killings each year of civilians in the United States are not necessary to protect either police or others from life-threatening attacks. Governments in the United States have failed to collect reliable data, investigate the causes of high death rates, or develop administrative standards to reduce unnecessary killings. The power and expertise vacuums that govern the current ignorance and overkill in the police use of deadly force are the direct, if unintended, consequences of state and federal government failures to assert authority over the many thousands of local police forces that are progeny of the American federal system.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219888627
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Social Interaction Training to Reduce Police Use of Force
    • Authors: Scott Wolfe, Jeff Rojek, Kyle McLean, Geoffrey Alpert
      Pages: 124 - 145
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 124-145, January 2020.
      Controversial incidents involving uses of force by police in recent years have led to calls for improving officers’ de-escalation skills. A more fruitful approach to police training reform may be a broader focus on improving officers’ social interaction skills. By viewing all police-citizen encounters as social interactions that can either escalate toward or de-escalate away from the use of force, police training can develop what other fields call a “deliberate, repetitive practice” framework. This article describes the implementation of a randomized trial that brought such training to two U.S. police agencies and yielded encouraging results. We conclude that the conceptual framework was generally well received but that results depended heavily on the selection and performance of each agency’s own trainers.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219887366
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Moving beyond “Best Practice”: Experiences in Police Reform and a Call
           for Evidence to Reduce Officer-Involved Shootings
    • Authors: Robin S. Engel, Hannah D. McManus, Gabrielle T. Isaza
      Pages: 146 - 165
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 146-165, January 2020.
      In post-Ferguson America, police departments are being challenged to implement evidence-based changes in policies and training to reduce fatal police-citizen encounters. Of the litany of recommendations believed to reduce police shootings, five have garnered widespread support: body-worn cameras, de-escalation training, implicit bias training, early intervention systems, and civilian oversight. These highly endorsed interventions, however, are not supported by a strong body of empirical evidence that demonstrates their effectiveness. Guided by the available research on evidence-based policing and informed by the firsthand experience of one of the authors in implementing departmental reforms that followed the fatal shooting of a civilian by an officer, this article highlights promising reform strategies and opportunities to build the evidence base for effective use-of-force reforms. We call upon police executives to engage in evidence-based policing by scientifically testing interventions, and we call on academics to engage in rapid research responses for critical issues in policing.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219889328
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Reducing Violent Incidents between Police Officers and People with
           Psychiatric or Substance Use Disorders
    • Authors: Harold A. Pollack, Keith Humphreys
      Pages: 166 - 184
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 166-184, January 2020.
      This article describes evidence-based strategies designed to reduce the prevalence of police encounters with people in behavioral crisis (PBCs) and to make such encounters less dangerous for all parties when they do occur. Some of these strategies are implemented by law enforcement, including gun violence restraining orders and the training of officers to provide time, distance, and cover during encounters with PBCs. Other strategies involve broader systems of community care, including assertive community treatment for people with serious psychiatric disorders, and critical time interventions for individuals leaving incarceration or inpatient psychiatric care. Broader adoption of such strategies should both reduce the risk of police shootings of PBCs as well as improve the effectiveness and well-being of police officers.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219897057
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Police-to-Hospital Transport for Violently Injured Individuals: A Way to
           Save Lives'
    • Authors: Sara F. Jacoby, Paul M. Reeping, Charles C. Branas
      Pages: 186 - 201
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 186-201, January 2020.
      Transportation of violently injured individuals to the hospital by police, also known as “scoop and run,” may shorten the time between injury and hospital care when emergency medical services are delayed or unavailable. In this article, we explore the history and contemporary applications of this strategy and its broader impact on public safety systems. Current evidence suggests that when comparing police hospital transport and emergency medical services transport for violently injured individuals, survival rates are at least equivalent; in some studies, survival rates are better for violently injured individuals transported by police. Though understudied, police transport may improve survival for violently injured individuals as well as perceptions of police in communities where mistrust is common. Only a select few cities have codified this approach and police role. Geographic context, emergency response capacity, and the nature of encounters between law enforcement and victims of violence are important for other jurisdictions considering police-to-hospital transport.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219891698
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Reconciling Police and Communities with Apologies, Acknowledgements, or
           Both: A Controlled Experiment
    • Authors: Thomas C. O’Brien, Tracey L. Meares, Tom R. Tyler
      Pages: 202 - 215
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 202-215, January 2020.
      When police officers harm civilians, police leadership almost invariably makes a public statement about the incident, and these communications usually address issues of public mistrust in the police. In addressing public mistrust, political pressures may motivate police leadership to avoid acknowledging the role of police in creating that distrust. The study reported in this article examines the consequences of avoiding versus acknowledging responsibility for the role of police in creating mistrust, along with issuing an apology or not issuing an apology, in public statements. How do these various kinds of gestures shape public cooperation with police' This study reports on an experiment designed to answer that question, with our analysis focusing on the impact of these various kinds of statements on the people who are least likely to trust police. The evidence suggests that police leaders should combine acknowledgement of responsibility for the mistrust with an apology if they want to enlist the cooperation of people who are least likely to trust the police.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716220904659
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Preventing Avoidable Deaths in Police Encounters with Citizens: Immediate
           Priorities
    • Authors: Lawrence W. Sherman
      Pages: 216 - 226
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 216-226, January 2020.
      The global problem of fatal encounters between police and citizens is a massive challenge for both public health and public safety. This volume focuses on a wide range of ideas and evidence about what might be done to save lives in police-citizen encounters, at least in the United States. I focus on three ideas that could make the most difference, most quickly. Each of the ideas is supported by both substantial research evidence and a feasibility assessment of which ideas might be adopted. Three ideas that can transcend political gridlock, appeal to both supporters and critics of the American police, and appeal to police officers themselves are presented: (1) empowering police to take away legally possessed guns from manifestly dangerous people, (2) supporting police in emergency first aid and medical treatment of anyone who is injured by gunfire, and (3) developing implementation strategies based on research on the interactional tactics associated with fatalities and their prevention.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716220904048
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Five Years after Ferguson: Reflecting on Police Reform and What’s
           Ahead
    • Authors: Laurie O. Robinson
      Pages: 228 - 239
      Abstract: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Volume 687, Issue 1, Page 228-239, January 2020.
      Policing in the United States is not the same profession it was before Michael Brown’s death on a street in Ferguson, Missouri, five years ago. Police use of lethal force has become central to the debate triggered by Ferguson. In this article, I review steps taken to implement policing reforms at local, state, and federal levels; note obstacles to reform; and speculate about which proposals advanced by authors in this volume might be implemented by policy-makers at different levels of government. I conclude by suggesting four areas where attention is needed if reform measures are going to be successfully institutionalized, and I comment on current bipartisan attention in Washington to criminal justice that offers the potential for federal action.
      Citation: The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
      PubDate: 2020-02-13T06:55:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716219887372
      Issue No: Vol. 687, No. 1 (2020)
       
 
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