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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1357 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (243 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (28 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (17 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (90 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (52 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (688 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (42 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (161 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (688 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 401 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
Mémoire(s), identité(s), marginalité(s) dans le monde occidental contemporain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Memorias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Methodological Innovations     Open Access  
México y la Cuenca del Pacífico     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Migration Action     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Mikarimin. Revista Científica Multidisciplinaria     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
Misión Jurídica     Open Access  
Mitologicas     Open Access  
Monthly, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mütefekkir     Open Access  
Müvészettörténeti Értesitö     Full-text available via subscription  
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
National Observer     Full-text available via subscription  
New Left Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
New Zealand International Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Newsletter of the Gypsy Lore Society     Hybrid Journal  
Nineteenth-Century Contexts: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Noesis. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access  
Nómadas     Open Access  
Nómadas. Revista Crítica de Ciencias Sociales y Jurídicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Northeast African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nouvelles perspectives en sciences sociales : revue internationale de systémique complexe et d'études relationnelles     Full-text available via subscription  
Novos Cadernos NAEA     Open Access  
Novos Estudos - CEBRAP     Open Access  
Occasional Series in Criminal Justice and International Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Oceania     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access  
Öneri Dergisi     Open Access  
Opcion     Open Access  
Open Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Opticon1826     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orbis. Revista Cientifica Ciencias Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oregon Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal  
Outlines. Critical Practice Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pacific Northwest Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access  
Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Palgrave Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pandora's Box     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Panorama     Open Access  
Papeles de Europa     Open Access  
Papeles de Trabajo     Open Access  
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Pecvnia : Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de León     Open Access  
Península     Open Access  
Pensamento & Realidade. Revista do Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Administração     Open Access  
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
People and Society (Mens & Maatschappij)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Percurso Acadêmico     Open Access  
Perfiles Latinoamericanos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Periférica. Revista para el análisis de la cultura y el territorio     Open Access  
Persona y Bioetica     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 159)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Perspectivas em Diálogo : Revista de Educação e Sociedade     Open Access  
Perspective Youth Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives on Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Philippine Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Planning News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Poblacion de Buenos Aires     Open Access  
Polêm!ca     Open Access  
Polis : Revista Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Ponto-e-Vírgula. Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Population Horizons     Open Access  
Portal de la Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Portuguese Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal  
Portularia     Open Access  
Postmodern Openings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PRACS : Revista Eletrônica de Humanidades do Curso de Ciências Sociais da UNIFAP     Open Access  
PRISMA Economia - Società - Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Problems of Economic Transition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Problems of Post-Communism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 863)
Profanações     Open Access  
Protée     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia y Ciencia Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychiatrie et violence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Public Sector     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
PUBLICAR. En Antropología y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Puente     Open Access  
Qatar Foundation Annual Research Forum Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Qualitative Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Qualitative Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Qualitative Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Quarterly Essay     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Québec français     Full-text available via subscription  
Qui Parle : Critical Humanities and Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ra Ximhai     Open Access  
Raigal     Open Access  
Realidad : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access  
Recherches sociographiques     Full-text available via subscription  
REDHECS     Open Access  
Reencuentro     Open Access  
Reflets : revue d'intervention sociale et communautaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Reflexiones     Open Access  
Relaciones. Estudios de historia y sociedad     Open Access  
RELACult - Revista Latino-Americana de Estudos em Cultura e Sociedade     Open Access  
Representation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Research Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Research on Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Research on Language and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Researcher : A Research Journal of Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Rethinking Marxism: A Journal of Economics, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Review of Social Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Review of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RevIISE - Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access  
Revista ABRA : Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista Ánfora     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Capital Científico     Open Access  
Revista Científica de la FAREM     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Conexão UEPG     Open Access  
Revista Conhecimento Online     Open Access  
Revista Cronos     Open Access  
Revista CS en Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Cl)     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Ve)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de El Colegio de San Luis     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios Andaluces     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Estudos Sociais     Open Access  
Revista de investigación en ciencias estratégicas     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones Altoandinas - Journal of High Andean Research     Open Access  
Revista de Políticas Públicas     Open Access  
Revista de Teoria y Didáctica de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista del Centro de Investigacion. Universidad La Salle     Open Access  
Revista del CISEN Tramas/Maepova     Open Access  
Revista Digital Palabra     Open Access  
Revista do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica do Curso de Direito da UFSM     Open Access  
Revista Española de Discapacidad     Open Access  
Revista Estudios     Open Access  
Revista Estudios Hemisféricos y Polares     Open Access  
Revista Extraprensa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista FSA (Faculdade Santo Agostinho)     Open Access  
Revista Guará     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingenierías Universidad de Medellín     Open Access  
Revista Inter-Legere     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, SOCIOTAM     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Metodología de la Investigación Social     Open Access  
Revista Magazine de las Ciencias     Open Access  
Revista Memória em Rede     Open Access  
Revista MundoFesc     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Palobra     Open Access  
Revista Pensamiento Americano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Pós Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista Prâksis     Open Access  
Revista Produção e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Revista Sociedad y Equidad     Open Access  
Revista Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana     Open Access  
Revista Venezolana de Análisis de Coyuntura     Open Access  
Revue de l'OCDE sur le développement     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue de la régulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de Synthèse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revue des Etudes Multidisciplinaires en Sciences Economiques et Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue du Nouvel-Ontario     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest (RECEO)     Open Access  
Revue européenne des sciences sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue multidisciplinaire sur l'emploi, le syndicalisme et le travail     Open Access  
RIMA: Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
RIMCIS : International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista di Sessuologia Clinica     Full-text available via subscription  
RSF : The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences     Open Access  
Runa : Archivo para las Ciencias del Hombre     Open Access  
Rural Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Russian Social Science Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
SAGE Open     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Schmollers Jahrbuch     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sciences de la société     Open Access  
Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi (SEFAD) / Selçuk University Journal of Faculty of Letters     Open Access  
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Seoul Journal of Korean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Serendipities : Journal for the Sociology and History of the Social Sciences     Open Access  
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
SHS Web of Conferences     Open Access  
Si Somos Americanos     Open Access  
Simbiótica     Open Access  
Sinergi : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Manajemen     Open Access  
Social & Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social and Basic Sciences Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)

  First | 1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
  [SJR: 1.126]   [H-I: 18]   [10 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0276-5624
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3089 journals]
  • Income inequality, economic growth, and subjective well-being: Evidence
           from China
    • Authors: Xiaogang Wu; Jun Li
      Pages: 49 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 52
      Author(s): Xiaogang Wu, Jun Li
      Cross-national and longitudinal studies have previously shown mixed results on income inequality and life satisfaction, as income inequality is associated with other social trends that may affect life satisfaction differentially. This article examines the impact of income inequality on subjective wellbeing in China, where sharply rising inequality has been accompanied by rapid economic growth over the past decades. Based on a series of Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) data, we show that life satisfaction increased from 2003 to 2010, despite a dramatic rise in income inequality during the same period. Cross-sectional analysis of the CGSS in 2005, matched with prefectural-level statistics, reveals that the local economic growth rate has a positive effect, but local income inequality has a negative effect, on individuals’ life satisfaction. Provincial panel data analysis further confirms the negative effect of income inequality on life satisfaction at the aggregate level. Our findings help to clarify the mixed results in previous studies and point to the importance of both economic and social policies in improving subjective well-being in China’s transitional economy.

      PubDate: 2017-10-26T07:26:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.10.003
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2017)
       
  • Does education affect the timing or probability of family formation?
    • Authors: Stefano Cantalini
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 49
      Author(s): Stefano Cantalini
      Research has always considered education to be an important factor behind family formation. Nevertheless, it is not clear if education primarily affects the acceleration in the timing of marriage or the ultimate probability of union formation. This work aims to fill this gap and to contribute to the theoretical discussion that opposes economic (New Home Economics) and socio-demographic approaches, studying if educational attainment affects the timing or the overall probability of marriage in Italy. Our findings show that high-educated men and women delay entry into first union, because they stay longer in the educational system, face longer transitions between the completion of studies and labour market entry, etc. However, some gender differences emerge concerning the final probability of getting married, confirming that Italy provides a social context under which NHE predictions can be at work. High-educated men spend long time in finding the first job after school, but once they enter and become established in the labour market, they totally catch up with low-educated people. Opportunity costs of high-educated women, instead, do not decrease over time and still persist later in the life course and prevent them from totally catching up with low-educated ones. This pattern is especially true among younger cohorts of women, who do not only increasingly postpone transition to adulthood and family formation, but also decrease their ultimate probability of starting a family.

      PubDate: 2017-04-05T10:34:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 49 (2017)
       
  • Climbing the Ladder or Getting Stuck: An Optimal Matching Analysis of
           Racial Differences in College Football Coaches’ Job-Level Career
           Patterns
    • Authors: Jacob C. Day
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 November 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Jacob C. Day
      To better understand the documented racial inequality in access to high status positions within the American labor market, this study investigates racial differences in job-level career patterns within the college football coaching profession. Using data on the career histories of 319 college football coaches from the 2009 season, this study examines whether black and white coaches have different job-level mobility patterns throughout their careers using optimal matching sequence analysis. Descriptive results identify five common career trajectories within the college football coaching profession that are distinguished by their relative levels of job mobility and stagnation, and the amount of time spent at the lower college and high school levels of competition before reaching the highest level of college football. Subsequent analyses indicate that white coaches are more likely to follow upward career trajectories while black coaches are more likely to get stuck in careers characterized by low-level positions. These racial differences are due, in part, to coaches’ experience as football athletes (i.e. position played). However, even given the same pre-career experience, racial differences emerge in the likelihood of traversing mobile or stagnant career pathways. The results point to particularistic processes operating to perpetuate racial inequality within the college football coaching profession similar to those that have been shown to operate in other high-status labor market contexts.

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T09:50:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.11.001
       
  • Occupations and the Wage Structure: The Role of Occupational tasks in
           Britain
    • Authors: Mark Williams; Thijs Bol
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 November 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Mark Williams, Thijs Bol
      Occupations are central to the stratification system, including the stratification of wages. One compelling explanation for how occupations relate to the wage structure is through their task content. We consider the relationships between occupational tasks and the wage structure directly using unconditional quantile regression methods, examining a broader range of occupational tasks than normally considered. We find that occupational tasks have varied implications for the wage structure in ways not always consistent with dominant technology-based explanations. We conclude that the task-based approach to conceptualising how occupations determine the wage structure is a promising avenue for future research and outline some recommendations on how to proceed.

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T09:50:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.11.003
       
  • Household Registration, Urban Status Attainment, and Social Stratification
           in Contemporary Urban China
    • Authors: Xiaogang Wu; Bingdao Zheng
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 November 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Xiaogang Wu, Bingdao Zheng
      Previous studies on the household registration system (hukou) have focused either on the selective process of hukou conversion to urban status and its impact on social stratification or on the socioeconomic disadvantages and the assimilation of rural migrant workers in cities. Pooling the data from two national probability surveys in China (CGSS 2003 and 2008), we investigate socioeconomic inequality in urban labor markets and the role played by successful and unsuccessful conversion to urban hukou status for those of rural origins. Specifically, we compare the earnings of three subgroups: those who acquired urban status through their own efforts, those who gained their urban hukou via the incorporation of their villages into cities, and rural migrants who have not obtained an urban hukou. Linear regression results show that the commonly observed earnings premium associated with urban hukou status is limited only to a subgroup of rural-origin people who obtained their urban hukou through a highly selective process. Propensity-score matching analyses further reveal that the effect of urban hukou status on earnings is positively associated with the propensity of hukou conversion to urban status, and that the urban hukou only pays off among people with better education and higher-status occupations within the state sector. These findings shed new light on the relationship between mobility processes and stratification outcomes, and bear important policy implications for the ongoing reform of the hukou system in the process of China’s urbanization.

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T09:50:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.11.002
       
  • Income volatility and mobility: A conceptual exploration of two frameworks
    • Authors: Jonathan P. Latner
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 October 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Jonathan P. Latner


      PubDate: 2017-10-26T07:26:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.10.002
       
  • Change or continuity' Intergenerational social mobility and
           post-communist transition
    • Authors: Alexi Gugushvili
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 October 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Alexi Gugushvili
      Regime change experienced in post-communist societies is of great significance for research in social stratification and mobility. Nonetheless, the existing literature does not provide a clear answer if cross-national differences in social mobility are determined by communist legacies or by the divergent paths these countries followed in their transition to the capitalist system. It is hypothesised that higher income inequality and an overall decline in material wellbeing would increase the importance of parental economic capital, whereas the relative role of parental cultural capital in offspring’s life chances would decline. For 24 societies in Central and Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus, I find evidence on the decisive role of social origins, particularly parental education, in predicting individuals’ educational and occupational attainment. However, significant and systematic changes in intergenerational social mobility from pre- to post-transitional cohorts are not observed. The derived findings are robust to alternative specifications of social origins and destinations. Arguably, differences in intergenerational links between parents’ and offspring’s socio-economic status resulted from historical discrepancies in the communist period rather than the consequences of idiosyncratic developments in post-communist transition.

      PubDate: 2017-10-26T07:26:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.10.004
       
  • Social Determinants of School Continuation in Mexico for cohorts of
           children born between 1991 and 1993: Evidence using panel data
    • Authors: Erika Arenas; Graciela Teruel; Luis Rubalcava
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 October 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Erika Arenas, Graciela Teruel, Luis Rubalcava


      PubDate: 2017-10-04T17:16:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.09.001
       
  • UNDERSTANDING INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION OF DEPRIVATION IN SPAIN:
           EDUCATION AND MARITAL SORTING
    • Authors: María A. Davia; Nuria Legazpe
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 September 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): María A. Davia, Nuria Legazpe
      This paper contributes to the literature on intergenerational transmission of deprivation in Spain by exploring how this phenomenon is shaped by education and marital homogamy. To that aim, a set of univariate, bivariate and trivariate ordered probit models are estimated on a sample of Spanish-born individuals from the module on intergenerational transmission of disadvantages in the Spanish Survey on Living Conditions 2011. We split the sample into two age groups (30-39 and 40-49-year-olds), and find similar levels of intergenerational transmission of deprivation amongst younger cohorts despite their higher educational mobility. Education is more relevant as a channel for the transmission of disadvantages across generations in the younger subsample than in the elder one. Marital sorting has a more relevant impact on the transmission of social disadvantage in the younger group. Finally, in the elder subsample, there seems to be a more genuine (beyond the observed transmission channels) transmission of (dis-)advantage, while in the younger subsample, the observed transmission channels seem to fully explain the inheritance of the risk for material deprivation.

      PubDate: 2017-09-08T15:10:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.08.002
       
  • Increased Educational Attainment among U.S. Mothers and their
           Children’s Academic Expectations
    • Authors: Jennifer Augustine
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 September 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Jennifer Augustine
      Existing research provides strong evidence that children with more educated parents have higher academic expectations for themselves, but has yet to consider how an increase in the education of lower educated mothers might alter the expectations of their children. In light of the historic increase in U.S. mothers’ pursuit of additional education, this study investigates this timely question using data from a nationally representative, intergenerational sample of U.S. children and mothers participating in the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth (nmothers =3,265; nchildren =8,027). Combining random and fixed effects procedures, the findings revealed that that an increase in mothers’ educational attainment is linked to an increase in their children’s expectations to earn a Bachelor’s degree. Increased maternal education did not, however, buffer against the risk that children will downgrade these expectations upon approaching the end of high school. These results have theoretical importance to traditional models of status attainment, which typically view parental education as a stable feature of family background; extend a small but burgeoning literature that explores whether and why increased maternal education improves the mobility prospects of their children; and speak to current two-generation policy approaches that aim to leverage trends in mothers education to reduce inequality for future generations.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T14:46:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.08.001
       
  • Immigration, occupations, and native wages: Long time trends in the US
    • Authors: Debora Pricila Birgier
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 July 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Debora Pricila Birgier


      PubDate: 2017-08-03T08:31:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.07.002
       
  • Do Individuals with High Social Background graduate from more rewarding
           Fields of Study' Changing Patterns before and after the ‘Bologna
           Process’
    • Authors: Moris Triventi; Loris Vergolini; Nadir Zanini
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 July 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Moris Triventi, Loris Vergolini, Nadir Zanini
      In this article we investigate whether, in Italy, social background is related to graduation from more rewarding fields of study and if horizontal inequalities in higher education changed before and after the ‘Bologna process’. We analyse fields of study (FoS) as a categorical variable, as well as a quantitative variable measuring the expected returns in terms of probability of entering the upper classes (net of unemployment risks). We use five cross-sectional waves of the Italian Graduates Employment Survey (1998–2011) with more than 115,000 cases. Applying multinomial and fractional logistic regression models, we found that individuals from socio-economically advantaged backgrounds graduate from subjects that guarantee higher chances to enter the upper classes. Horizontal inequalities related to FoS of graduation grew over time, in line with the effectively maintained inequality thesis. A more pronounced increase in class-based inequalities occurred after the implementation of the ‘Bologna process’. Unlike what was found in the US, a large part of the social background differentials are not due to high school record before entering higher education.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T07:46:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.07.001
       
  • Intergenerational Social Mobility in Spain between 1956 and 2011: The Role
           of Educational Expansion and Economic Modernisation in a Late
           Industrialised Country
    • Authors: Carlos J. Gil-Hernández; Ildefonso Marqués-Perales; Sandra Fachelli
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 July 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Carlos J. Gil-Hernández, Ildefonso Marqués-Perales, Sandra Fachelli
      This article explores intergenerational class mobility patterns and the role played by education in Spain using counterfactuals. Both men and women born from 1926 to 1981 are analysed, meaning the study covers a period of profound economic and educational advances in a late-industrialised country. The results suggest that, among the cohorts born in the 1970s, men have experienced a slight increase in social fluidity, while women have experienced a substantial increase that seems partially driven by their massively increased access to routine non-manual positions independent of their social origins. Inequality of educational opportunities and class returns to education have declined, whereas the direct effect of social origins (DESO) has remained constant for men and has decreased considerably for women. The counterfactual analysis shows that the slight increase in social fluidity for men is mainly driven by educational expansion. For women, the DESO and educational expansion account for a great share of increasing fluidity. Therefore, certain assumptions made by the Modernization Theory and Goldthorpe’s Theory of Social Mobility can be put into question.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T15:56:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.06.002
       
  • Adult Men and the Post-industrial ‘Turn’: Breadwinning Gender Norms,
           ‘Masculine’ Occupational Tasks and Midlife School Trajectories
    • Authors: Cheryl Elman; Jennifer Chesters
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 June 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Cheryl Elman, Jennifer Chesters
      Post-1970s restructuring exacerbated occupational skill and occupational sex-segregation divides by reducing jobs in male-dominated occupations requiring less than college. Economic precarity might have motivated men to extend postsecondary careers into adulthood due to economic interests. However, men’s gender socialization as “breadwinners” and familiarity with performance of stereotypically “male” occupational tasks might have discouraged postsecondary attainment in adulthood. Using National Survey of Families of Households data (1987–2002), event history and multinomial methods, we find that adult men’s postsecondary entry and completion of baccalaureate and higher degrees was strongly motivated by economic factors, including market precarity. However, traditional gender role attitudes and exposure to “masculine” task performance, as countervailing forces, reduced adult men’s educational gains. We briefly address policies that might reduce adult men’s barriers to attainment.

      PubDate: 2017-07-02T21:57:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.06.004
       
  • From Reds to Riches: Contemporary Changes of Educational Assortative
           Mating in China
    • Authors: Freda Yanrong Wang; Raymond Sin-Kwok Wong
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 June 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Freda Yanrong Wang, Raymond Sin-Kwok Wong
      Ever since the Chinese Communist Party took power in 1949, China has endured multiple political mobilizations that shattered traditional norms and reshuffled social hierarchies. Its reversal to market liberalization since the late 1970s has been no less remarkable in disrupting previously established social structures. Using data compiled from the 2000 Census, this study explores the influences of these institutional transformations on educational assortative mating. The results indicate that early political mobilizations have reduced the strength of educational association moderately and continuously whereas the onset of market reforms sharply reverses the trend to increasing association. Additional analyses further reveal that couples with sent-down wives have no or weaker advantages in homogamy whereas educational association among couples who are both sent-down is significantly weaker than others. In sum, the results show that whilst the effects of economic reforms on assortative mating are massive and pervasive, early political disruptions significantly affected only certain groups, mostly women.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T20:51:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.06.001
       
  • The Role of the State and the Pliability of Tradition: Israeli Palestinian
           and Middle-Eastern Jewish Women in the Labor Force
    • Authors: Yuval P. Yonay; Vered Kraus
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 June 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Yuval P. Yonay, Vered Kraus
      This article deals with the question of why the labor force participation of Arab women in MENA region is the lowest among women from all other areas in the world by comparing three Arab Middle-Eastern groups in Israel—Mizrahi Jews who originated in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), Muslim Palestinians, and Christian Palestinians. The article starts with a description of the differential treatment of the three Arab groups by the state, and then explores the impact of this differential treatment by analyzing official statistical data. The analysis shows that the pace of change in employment rates has been much slower among the two Palestinian groups than among Jewish women. The findings highlight the role of the state in determining the destiny of various groups. The state pressured Jewish women to enroll in modern institutions, providing them with better education and more work opportunities than offered the Palestinians. Comparing groups that shared similar a patriarchic culture at the outset but that evolved along separate routes thus demonstrates the importance of state policies in determining women’s social standing.

      PubDate: 2017-06-06T19:33:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.05.001
       
  • The Double One Percent: Identifying an Elite and a Super-Elite Using the
           Joint Distribution of Income and Net Worth
    • Authors: Lisa A. Keister; Hang Young Lee
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 May 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Lisa A. Keister, Hang Young Lee
      Growing inequality has heightened awareness of those at the top of the income and wealth distributions, and researchers are beginning to acknowledge the need for a way to identify top households that simultaneously accounts for their income and net worth. We contribute to the literatures on top income and wealth households by introducing a measure of top status that includes a larger number of affluent households and that explicitly accounts for the interrelationship between income and wealth. Our innovation is to start with both income and wealth holders and to divide the top into three groups: those who are top income only, those who are top net worth only, and those who are at the top of both distributions (the double one percent). Our results show that the top three groups are unique financially and demographically in ways that inform understanding of inequality and the processes that lead to membership in top income and wealth positions. Perhaps most importantly, our results identify those who are merely elite and those who occupy even more exclusive, or super elite, positions at the top of both the income and wealth distributions.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T12:30:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.03.004
       
  • Legacies of opportunity and economic integration: Path dependent labor
           force participation in Puerto Rico’s development
    • Authors: Harold J. Toro
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 April 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Harold J. Toro
      Using a large-scale sample of the working-age population drawn from U.S. decennial census microdata for Puerto Rico, this article evaluates whether theories of labor markets adequately explain labor force participation rates in developing countries that are highly integrated to more developed nations. Significant differences across labor cohorts in the likelihood of participation of men and women indicate that participation is conditioned by historical timing of entry into the work force. A two-equation model is used to estimate the exogenous effect of expected earnings. Cohort differences persist net of controls for education and earnings. This evidence suggests path-dependent participation rates associated to distinct stages of the economic development process, and is most consistent with institutionalist perspectives in the sociology of labor markets. Cohort participation-experience profiles are not consistent with the labor-leisure choice model or with the international division of labor theory.

      PubDate: 2017-04-05T10:34:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.03.006
       
  • On the Relationship between Subjective Inequality and Generalized Trust
    • Authors: Anning
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 April 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Anning Hu
      Despite the well-received detrimental effect of socio-economic inequality on generalized trust, the role of subjective inequality, as defined to be the joint outcome of one's perception of factual unequal social resource distribution and normative belief about the ideal state of inequality, is elusive, which constitutes a research gap, especially in light of the increasing evidence for the independent role of subjective inequality in people's social life. Drawing on the sixth wave of the World Values Survey, this study shows that, other things being equal, one's subjective judgment of inequality has an inverted-U shape relation with generalized trust, from those who perceive the society to run short of inequality to motivate social members, to those who regard the current situation of inequality to be too serious. Such a curvilinear pattern is robust by applying to the trust in people one meets for the first time, and holds across countries with different economic, institutional, and cultural characteristics. Theoretical and policy implications are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-04-05T10:34:20Z
       
  • Fast Lane or Down the Drain? Does the Occupation Held Prior to
           Unemployment shape the Transition Back to Work?
    • Authors: Anna Erika Hägglund; Ann-Christin Bächmann (née Hausmann)
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 March 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Anna Erika Hägglund, Ann-Christin Bächmann (née Hausmann)
      In this paper, we analyse transitions from unemployment into re-employment from 1993 to 2010 among German men and women, and ask whether gender differences in unemployment trajectories can be explained by the fact that men and women work in different occupations prior to unemployment. In particular, we focus on whether the sex composition of the pre-unemployment occupation plays a crucial role in structuring unemployment trajectories, or whether other occupational characteristics, such as occupational closure, are more important. We test this framework by means of retrospective life histories drawn from the German National Educational Panel Study. This individual level data is linked to aggregated occupational information, which is constructed from the German Microcensus and the Sample of Integrated Labour Market Biographies. The results of the Cox proportional-hazard models indicate that occupational characteristics predict gender differences in unemployment trajectories. Working in a male-dominated occupation prior to unemployment influences the transition rate into employment positively. At the same time, our analyses reveal that the effects of occupational characteristics differ substantially between men and women.

      PubDate: 2017-04-05T10:34:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.03.005
       
  • Positive choices for all? SES- and gender-specific premia of immigrants at
           educational transitions
    • Authors: Dollmann
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 March 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Jörg Dollmann
      Although often disadvantaged with respect to educational achievement, immigrants usually outperform natives at educational decisions, achievement inequalities taken into account. However, less is known about whether these ethnic premia hold true for all SES-groups and for males and females alike. Using data from the German part of the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Survey in Four European Countries (CILS4EU) and focussing on the transition after lower secondary education into academic tracks or the vocational training system and the labour market, positive choice effects among immigrants are confirmed. However, this only holds true for native-immigrant comparisons of low-SES groups. Furthermore, immigrant girls seem to attain similar transitions compared to immigrant boys, indicating no additional female advantage for immigrant girls. However, group-specific analyses reveal that such a double advantage (female advantage in addition to positive choices among immigrants) actually exist for Turkish girls, with this group showing the highest probabilities of transition into upper secondary education. Regarding an explanation, positive choice effects among immigrants are due mainly to differences in aspirations and seem to be less attributable to perceived or expected discrimination on the labour market.

      PubDate: 2017-03-29T10:00:12Z
       
  • Inter- and Intra- generational Social Mobility Effects on Subjective
           Wellbeing - Evidence from Mainland China
    • Authors: Yizhang Zhao; Yaojun Li; Anthony Heath; Nick Shryane
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 February 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Yizhang Zhao, Yaojun Li, Anthony Heath, Nick Shryane
      This paper contributes to the literature on wellbeing research by showing the distinct impacts of inter- and intra- generational social mobility on subjective wellbeing in mainland China. Based on the China General Social Surveys of 2006, we used diagonal reference modelling and other regression methods to assess the effects of social mobility on wellbeing. We found that wellbeing was associated with changes in class positions. In both inter- and intra- generational mobility trajectories, moving upward into a higher position was beneficial for people's wellbeing whereas different consequences were found for downward mobility: in the case of intergenerational mobility, downward mobility into the manual class did not have a marked effect on people's wellbeing as the downwardly mobile from privileged backgrounds held the prospect of counter-mobility at early career stages and inherited valuable resources; but downward mobility in one's own career life was rather detrimental to subjective wellbeing, as the downwardly mobile had to bear not only the material disadvantages found in the lower position, but also the psychological effects ensuing from the downward trajectory. We conclude that while those experiencing downward intergenerational mobility may resort to family advantages to help maintain their wellbeing levels, a similar trajectory in one's own career life may have a direct negative consequence.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T05:48:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.02.002
       
  • INTERGENERATIONAL ACCUMULATION OF SOCIAL DISADVANTAGES ACROSS GENERATIONS
           IN YOUNG ADULTHOOD
    • Authors: Teemu Vauhkonen; Johanna Kallio; Timo M. Kauppinen; Jani Erola
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 February 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Teemu Vauhkonen, Johanna Kallio, Timo M. Kauppinen, Jani Erola
      We analyze the intergenerational transmission of social disadvantages in the context of the Finnish welfare state. Previous research on intergenerational transmission has typically concentrated on educational attainment, income and social class as separate factors. Researchers commonly measure parental standing using single indicators that are very general and do not address social disadvantage; rather, these single indicators only address socioeconomic status in general. Therefore, we measure both parental disadvantage and childreńs outcomes using three indicators: dropping out of school after completing compulsory education, unemployment, and receipt of social assistance. We assume that there are differences in how strongly different disadvantage indicators are intergenerationally inherited and how they accumulate across generations. We use high-quality register data from Finland (n=157 135). Parental information was collected when each child was 15 years old, and the young adulthood outcomes were collected when the child was 22. We analyze data with sibling methods using random-effect linear regression models to study the importance of a disadvantaged background on adulthood outcomes. According to the results, all three social disadvantages are intergenerationally inherited in Finland. Accumulation of disadvantage, receipt of social assistance and dropping out of school after compulsory education are inherited more strongly than unemployment. The lack of economic resources in the family does not explain why other family disadvantages are transferred across generations.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T05:48:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.02.001
       
  • Do nonresident fathers compensate for a lack of household resources? The
           associations between paternal involvement and children’s cognitive and
           educational assessments in the UK
    • Authors: Antti O. Tanskanen; Jani Erola
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 February 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Antti O. Tanskanen, Jani Erola
      This article investigated the associations between nonresident fathers’ involvement and cognitive and educational achievements in children. In particular, we tested the resource compensation model, which predicts that the involvement of nonresident fathers should compensate for the lack of household resources and that the effect should be strong, particularly in families with low resources. We use the British Millennium Cohort Study (n=3,445), in which 11-year-old children’s cognitive and educational assessments were measured using the British Ability Scale and household resources were measured using maternal education and occupation, family income, and number of books in the home (i.e., cultural capital). We found that the involvement of nonresident fathers was associated with higher scores more strongly in families with the lowest level of cultural capital, compared with others. However, nonresident fathers’ involvement was not associated with child scores more strongly in lower resource households than in higher resource households, when the resources were measured by maternal education and occupation and by family income. The results showed that, although the involvement of nonresident fathers might compensate for a lack of household resources, the effect tends to vary between resource types.

      PubDate: 2017-02-05T10:54:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.01.002
       
  • Preschools as language learning environments for children of immigrants.
           Differential effects by familial language use across different preschool
           contexts
    • Authors: Oliver Klein; Birgit Becker
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 January 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Oliver Klein, Birgit Becker
      Children of immigrants often enter school with lower language skills than children of native-born parents. In this paper, we analyze the impact of the duration of preschool attendance on the language development from age three to six of children of Turkish immigrants and children of native-born parents in Germany. We investigate whether the impact of preschool attendance differs by familial language use while also considering different characteristics of the preschool context (quality and ethnic composition). Using fixed effects models, we find that a longer time spent in preschool is associated with better German language skills for Turkish-origin children with low levels of German language input at home. This result is very stable across different preschool contexts. The results highlight the importance of targeted interventions at an early age.

      PubDate: 2017-01-30T10:10:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.01.001
       
  • Interpersonal Influences on Educational Expectations: New Evidence for
           Germany
    • Authors: Tobias Roth
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 December 2016
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Tobias Roth
      Previous empirical findings cast doubt on the question whether, in highly stratified education systems, interpersonal influences on students’ expectations exist after students have been tracked into different secondary school types. Against this background, we examine the effects of parents and friends on the educational expectations of secondary school students in the highly stratified German education system. For the analyses we use unique representative data from the German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS). In addition to standard cross-sectional analyses, school fixed-effects models and longitudinal fixed-effects panel regressions are conducted, which make it possible to rule out a large number of factors that might be responsible for a spurious relationship. Across all analyses, we consistently find substantive influences of parents and friends on the expectations of secondary school students.

      PubDate: 2016-12-27T15:33:58Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2016.12.001
       
  • Urban education differentiation and its socio-economic consequences: An
           internet–survey-based structural equations modeling analysis of new
           white collar workers in Nanjing, China
    • Authors: Qiyan Wu; Chunhui Liu; Heather Xiaoquan Zhang
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 November 2016
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Qiyan Wu, Chunhui Liu, Heather Xiaoquan Zhang
      Increasing education differentiation and its social consequences, that is, the way in which urban education stratification has shaped the socio-economic outcomes, are an understudied area of research on China’s higher education and its relation with social stratification and social mobility. This article examines this relationship by focusing on a specific social group whom we term as “new white collar workers” (NWCWs) in China. Our research reveals a strong correlation between the individuals’ position in a stratified educational system on the one hand, and their professional development trajectory, income and social status differentiation on the other. The article argues that educational differentiation has considerably contributed to the varied pathways and profiles of the NWCWs with regard to career development, income levels and living conditions, and that in the market-reform era, young people’s education attainment and social advancement have become increasingly determined by their family background, especially parental wealth. The policy implications of the research are discussed.

      PubDate: 2016-11-20T20:32:36Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2016.11.001
       
  • Organizations and Stratification: Processes, Mechanisms, and Institutional
           Contexts
    • Authors: Donald Tomaskovic-Devey; Dustin Avent-Holt
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 August 2016
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Donald Tomaskovic-Devey, Dustin Avent-Holt


      PubDate: 2016-09-03T11:17:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2016.08.008
       
  • The Returns to Education and Labor Market Sorting in Slovenia, 1993-2007
    • Authors: Britni L. Adams; Joe King; Andrew M. Penner; Nina Bandelj; Aleksandra Kanjuo-Mrčela
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 July 2016
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Britni L. Adams, Joe King, Andrew M. Penner, Nina Bandelj, Aleksandra Kanjuo-Mrčela
      Research on the labor market returns to education focus on explanations based on human capital, signaling, and closure. Drawing on the case of Slovenia from 1993 through 2007–as it transitioned from a planned to a market-based economy–we propose an alternative institutionally coordinated perspective. We delineate the key features of this arrangement, which include: 1) strong educational criteria for occupations; 2) pre-set job-level pay; 3) within-job educational premia (pay sub-classes) in some sectors; and 4) a portion of pay that is performance-based. This institutionally coordinated perspective helps us understand both the role education plays in matching Slovenians to jobs, and how education contributes to differential pay between individuals in the same job. We use matched employer-employee data on all Slovenians to examine the degree to which the returns to education result from sorting into different establishments, occupations, and occupation-establishment units. We find that sorting processes account for the majority of the returns to education under this institutionally coordinated arrangement. Further, the degree to which sorting matters varies by education type, with the returns to vocational education being somewhat less driven by sorting processes.

      PubDate: 2016-07-11T07:16:09Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2016.06.002
       
  • Determinants of just earnings: The importance of comparisons with similar
           others and social relations with supervisors and coworkers in
           organizations
    • Authors: Carsten Sauer; Meike J. May
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 May 2016
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Carsten Sauer, Meike J. May
      Despite the well-known consequences of perceived injustice of earnings for individuals and organizations, little research exists that explore the determinants of just earnings in organizations. This paper investigates what employees think they deserve as just earnings and why. We argue that comparisons with others in the organization allow employees to evaluate the fairness of their rewards. Moreover, social relations to supervisors and coworkers indirectly affect just earnings, as they can be beneficial or burdensome. The analyses are based on unique linked employer-employee (LEE) data on more than 1,300 respondents surveyed in Germany in 2012/13. The results show that employees justify earnings not only by individual inputs but also by comparisons to coworkers. When people with similar characteristics who work in the same organization earn more, employees think they deserve more, too. Furthermore, employees with poor social relations at the workplace with their supervisors and their coworkers think they should receive higher fair earnings. These findings support the view that besides economic factors the comparisons and social relations within organizations are determinants for what people think they deserve as just earnings.

      PubDate: 2016-06-16T18:02:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2016.05.003
       
  • Computerization and wage inequality between and within German work
           establishments
    • Authors: Joe King; Malte Reichelt; Matt L. Huffman
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 May 2016
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Joe King, Malte Reichelt, Matt L. Huffman
      Recent evidence has revealed that a significant share of the rise in wage inequality has occurred at the establishment level, underscoring the importance of workplace-level analyses for understanding growing inequality. Using longitudinal matched employment data from Germany, we provide new insights into how investments in information and communication technologies (ICT) affect earnings inequality between and within establishments over time. Focusing on the mechanisms of inequality, cross-sectional estimates provide evidence of both skill- and class-biased technological change; however, establishment fixed effects models reveal that this relationship is driven by unobserved establishment heterogeneity. Despite a strong relationship between computerization and the rise in workplace heterogeneity, we find little evidence of a causal effect of computers on changes in establishment-level inequality. Rather, establishments that invest more greatly in ICT pay on average better wages and exhibit higher within-establishment inequality. These results challenge dominant explanations about the role of computerization in rising inequality, while also reinforcing the necessity of using organizational data to study inequality processes.

      PubDate: 2016-06-16T18:02:23Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2016.05.002
       
  • Organizational environments and bonus payments: rent destruction or rent
           sharing?
    • Authors: Michael Schweiker; Martin Groß
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 11 May 2016
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Michael Schweiker, Martin Groß
      This paper investigates the impact that firms have on the amount of bonus payments employees receive from their employer. Bonus payments are an important component of a firm's pay regime and, like with wages, are subject to an interactional process of claims-making. Depending on the organizational environment, claims can be enforced more or less successfully by certain groups. Hence, we expect different effects depending on the organizational environment of a firm as well as interactions between individual attributes. We use four samples (1995, 2001, 2006, and 2010) of the German Structure of Earnings Survey (GSES), a large dataset linking employers to employees, employing unconditional quantile regression and detailed decomposition to trace the influence of three firm characteristics (mean human capital, stability, coverage by collective agreement) on bonus payments and the change of this relations between 1995 and 2010. We find that all three firm characteristics have considerable impact on bonuses and that the effects vary substantially along the bonus distribution. Over time, powerful employees seem to increase their share of the firm's revenue (rent sharing), while less powerful employees are less likely to secure their relatively small bonuses (rent destruction).

      PubDate: 2016-05-14T15:45:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2016.04.005
       
  • The Structure of Internal Job Mobility and Organizational Wage Inequality
    • Authors: Steve McDonald; Richard A. Benton
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 April 2016
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Steve McDonald, Richard A. Benton
      The movement of people among jobs within an organization reflects a process of relational position-taking − a contest among individuals for valued resources. The structure of this mobility offers clues regarding the relational dynamics associated with position-taking and how these processes might vary across low and high inequality organizations. We explore these issues using data on intra-organizational mobility networks from 7347 workers in 428 positions in 11 distribution centers from a national grocery store chain. Exponential random graph models are used to identify the local network features that characterize each organization’s pattern of job mobility. This approach is then supplemented with meta-regression that examines the extent to which those network features are associated with organizational inequality (the wage gap between supervisors and non-supervisors). Organizational inequality is unrelated to the presence of purely structural mobility features (density, reciprocity, or transitivity), but instead is characterized by the confluence of mobility structure and positional hierarchy. The findings demonstrate that workers have fewer mobility pathways into high wage jobs in high inequality organizations than in low inequality organizations.

      PubDate: 2016-04-02T14:30:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2016.03.005
       
  • Revisiting the Welfare State Paradox: A Firm-Level Analysis from Japan
    • Authors: Eunmi Mun; Mary C. Brinton
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 March 2016
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Eunmi Mun, Mary C. Brinton
      Many cross-national studies of welfare states and gender inequality report adverse effects of work-family policies on women’s labor market outcomes. Countries with generous work-family policies tend to have a lower proportion of women in positions of authority and greater occupational sex segregation than countries without such policies. In order to explain this paradox, scholars have argued that work-family policies may create incentives for employers to exclude women from well-paying jobs. This argument, however, has been left untested due to the absence of firm-level data on promotions. This paper seeks to make both a theoretical and an empirical contribution to this literature. At the theoretical level, we argue that the effect of work-family policies is contingent upon labor market context and organizational practices, which shape employers’ incentives or disincentives to implement work-family policies to more fully utilize female workers. Empirically, we use over-time firm-level data to test how government policy interventions in Japan to increase work-family benefits have affected female promotion rates in private companies. Analyzing changes in women’s promotion rates across 1000 large companies from 1987 to 2009, we find evidence that employers have tended to promote more, not fewer, women subsequent to policy interventions. Additionally, employers who provided more generous work-family benefits promoted more women. Our findings point to the importance of labor market context in structuring employers’ incentives to leverage work-family policy reforms to utilize skilled female labor.

      PubDate: 2016-04-02T14:30:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2016.03.004
       
 
 
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