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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1423 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (20 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (252 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (18 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (89 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (51 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (742 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (43 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (162 journals)

SOCIAL SCIENCES (742 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 401 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
L'Ordinaire des Amériques     Open Access  
Labyrinthe     Open Access  
Language and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Language Resources and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Les Cahiers des dix     Full-text available via subscription  
Les Cahiers d’EMAM     Open Access  
Letras Verdes. Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Socioambientales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Letters on Evolutionary Behavioral Science     Open Access  
Lex Social : Revista de Derechos Sociales     Open Access  
Lilith: A Feminist History Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Liminar. Estudios Sociales y Humanisticos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Literacy Learning: The Middle Years     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Local-Global: Identity, Security, Community     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
Lúdicamente     Open Access  
Lutas Sociais     Open Access  
Lwati : A Journal of Contemporary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Macedon Digest, The     Full-text available via subscription  
Maine Policy Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathématiques et sciences humaines     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
McNair Scholars Research Journal     Open Access  
McNair Scholars Research Journal     Open Access  
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Meanjin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Meanjin Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Media Information Australia     Full-text available via subscription  
Media International Australia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Media International Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Melbourne Journal of Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mémoire(s), identité(s), marginalité(s) dans le monde occidental contemporain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Memorias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Meridional : Revista Chilena de Estudios Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Methodological Innovations     Open Access  
México y la Cuenca del Pacífico     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Migration Action     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Mikarimin. Revista Científica Multidisciplinaria     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
Misión Jurídica     Open Access  
Mitologicas     Open Access  
Módulo Arquitectura - CUC     Open Access  
Monthly, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Mütefekkir     Open Access  
Müvészettörténeti Értesitö     Full-text available via subscription  
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
National Observer     Full-text available via subscription  
New Left Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
New Perspectives on Turkey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand International Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Newsletter of the Gypsy Lore Society     Hybrid Journal  
Nineteenth-Century Contexts: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Noesis. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access  
Nómadas     Open Access  
Nómadas. Revista Crítica de Ciencias Sociales y Jurídicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Northeast African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nouvelles perspectives en sciences sociales : revue internationale de systémique complexe et d'études relationnelles     Full-text available via subscription  
Novos Cadernos NAEA     Open Access  
Novos Estudos - CEBRAP     Open Access  
Occasional Series in Criminal Justice and International Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Oceania     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access  
Öneri Dergisi     Open Access  
Opcion     Open Access  
Open Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Opticon1826     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orbis. Revista Cientifica Ciencias Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Orbith : Majalah Ilmiah Pengembangan Rekayasa dan Sosial     Open Access  
Oregon Undergraduate Research Journal     Open Access  
Österreichische Zeitschrift für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Outlines. Critical Practice Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pacific Northwest Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access  
Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Palgrave Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Palimpsesto : Revista Científica de Estudios Sociales Iberoamericanos     Open Access  
Pandora's Box     Full-text available via subscription  
Panggung     Open Access  
Panorama     Open Access  
Papeles de Europa     Open Access  
Papeles de Trabajo     Open Access  
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Pecvnia : Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de León     Open Access  
Península     Open Access  
Pensamento & Realidade. Revista do Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Administração     Open Access  
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
People and Society (Mens & Maatschappij)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Percurso Acadêmico     Open Access  
Perfiles Latinoamericanos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Periférica. Revista para el análisis de la cultura y el territorio     Open Access  
Persona y Bioetica     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Perspectivas em Diálogo : Revista de Educação e Sociedade     Open Access  
Perspective Youth Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives on Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Philippine Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Planning News     Full-text available via subscription  
Poblacion de Buenos Aires     Open Access  
Polêm!ca     Open Access  
Polis : Revista Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Polisemia     Open Access  
Ponto-e-Vírgula. Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Population Horizons     Open Access  
Portal de la Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Portuguese Journal of Social Science     Hybrid Journal  
Portularia     Open Access  
Postmodern Openings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PRACS : Revista Eletrônica de Humanidades do Curso de Ciências Sociais da UNIFAP     Open Access  
PRISMA Economia - Società - Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Problems of Economic Transition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Problems of Post-Communism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 931)
Profanações     Open Access  
Projects     Open Access  
Protée     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia y Ciencia Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Psychiatrie et violence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Public Sector     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
PUBLICAR. En Antropología y Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Puente     Open Access  
Qatar Foundation Annual Research Forum Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Qualitative Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Qualitative Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Qualitative Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Quarterly Essay     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Québec français     Full-text available via subscription  
Qui Parle : Critical Humanities and Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ra Ximhai     Open Access  
Raigal     Open Access  
Realidad : Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades     Open Access  
Recherches sociographiques     Full-text available via subscription  
REDHECS     Open Access  
Reencuentro     Open Access  
Reflets : revue d'intervention sociale et communautaire     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Reflexiones     Open Access  
ReHuSo : Revista de Ciencias Humanísticas y Sociales     Open Access  
Relaciones Internacionales     Open Access  
Relaciones. Estudios de historia y sociedad     Open Access  
RELACult - Revista Latino-Americana de Estudos em Cultura e Sociedade     Open Access  
Representation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Research Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research on Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Research on Language and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Researcher : A Research Journal of Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Rethinking Marxism: A Journal of Economics, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Review of Social Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Review of Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
RevIISE - Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas     Open Access  
Revista ABRA : Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista Ánfora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cambios y Permanencias     Open Access  
Revista Capital Científico     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Morfológicas     Open Access  
Revista Científica de la FAREM     Open Access  
Revista Científica y Tecnológica UPSE     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Conexão UEPG     Open Access  
Revista Conhecimento Online     Open Access  
Revista Cronos     Open Access  
Revista CS en Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Cl)     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Ve)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de El Colegio de San Luis     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios Andaluces     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios Internacionales Mediterráneos     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Estudos Sociais     Open Access  
Revista de investigación en ciencias estratégicas     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones Altoandinas - Journal of High Andean Research     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia     Open Access  
Revista de Políticas Públicas     Open Access  
Revista de Teoria y Didáctica de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Revista del Centro de Investigacion. Universidad La Salle     Open Access  
Revista del CISEN Tramas/Maepova     Open Access  
Revista Digital Palabra     Open Access  
Revista do Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica do Curso de Direito da UFSM     Open Access  
Revista Española de Discapacidad     Open Access  
Revista Estudios Hemisféricos y Polares     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Extraprensa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista FSA (Faculdade Santo Agostinho)     Open Access  
Revista Guará     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ingenierías Universidad de Medellín     Open Access  
Revista Inter-Legere     Open Access  
Revista Interdisciplinar em Cultura e Sociedade     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, SOCIOTAM     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Latinoamericana de Metodología de la Investigación Social     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

Journal Cover Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
  [SJR: 1.126]   [H-I: 18]   [9 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0276-5624
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3177 journals]
  • Parental time dedication and children’s education. An analysis of
           West Germany
    • Authors: Julia Cordero-Coma; Gøsta Esping-Andersen
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 55
      Author(s): Julia Cordero-Coma, Gøsta Esping-Andersen
      Parental time dedication in childhood, at least of certain kinds, has been observed to be positive for children’s cognitive and emotional development. We examine two underexplored issues: a) the effect of time inputs in early childhood on later educational achievement (at age 17) and b) effect differences by parents’ level of education. We use data from the German Socioeconomic Panel and analyze a sample of 1141 individuals born between 1983 and 1997. Models with and without family fixed-effects are estimated. We find, firstly, that the parenting effect primarily derives from maternal involvement. Secondly, maternal time dedication (at age 4–5) increases the likelihood of attending the prestigious Gymnasium track for children of highly educated mothers. For children of less educated mothers the amount of maternal time in child care makes no substantial difference in Gymnasium attendance. Thirdly, a long-time investment by highly educated mothers is particularly influential when it occurs in early childhood. Finally, the effect of maternal dedication does not vary with mother’s employment status.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T08:53:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.03.006
      Issue No: Vol. 55 (2018)
       
  • The institutional conditions of inequality in credential and skill
           attainment and their impact on occupational placement
    • Authors: Stefan Vogtenhuber
      Pages: 13 - 24
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 55
      Author(s): Stefan Vogtenhuber
      This study comparatively analyses inequalities in educational outcomes as well as education effects on the occupational status of prime-age workers across 21 countries. Considering two distinct aspects of educational outcomes—credentials and measured worker skills—the study’s main role is to assess their partial effects on occupational placement, contingent on social origin. Overall, parental education effects on educational achievement in terms of both credentials and skills are large. Likewise, occupational status is strongly associated with educational certificate attained. Labor market placement based on worker skills is significant as well, but to a lesser extent. The individual-level path dependencies of origin-education and education-destination vary considerably across countries. In part, this variation is associated with a country’s skills formation system in terms of vocational specialization and the degree of economic coordination as measured by bargaining coordination. In line with prior research, vocational specificity relates to increased educational inequality. In addition, the study finds that economic coordination mitigates educational inequality as it reduces the intergenerational transmission of certificates and skills. In systems in which vocational specificity is accompanied by a high degree of coordination, the detrimental inequality effect of vocational specificity tends to level off. Moreover, economic coordination facilitates occupational placement based on worker skills. A concise discussion of the policy implications concludes this paper.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T08:53:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.03.005
      Issue No: Vol. 55 (2018)
       
  • What explains the negative effect of unemployment on health' An
           analysis accounting for reverse causality
    • Authors: Gerhard Krug; Andreas Eberl
      Pages: 25 - 39
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 55
      Author(s): Gerhard Krug, Andreas Eberl
      The unemployed are often in poorer health than their employed counterparts. This cross-sectional correlation is often attributed to a causal effect of unemployment on health. Recent research analyzing longitudinal data often supports alternative explanations, such as spurious correlation and/or selection of unhealthy workers into unemployment (i.e., reverse causality). In this paper, we apply a dynamic panel data estimator (system GMM) to account for both unobserved confounders and reverse causality. Despite some evidence for health selection, we still find strong support for the causality thesis. Furthermore, we show that the adverse health effect is partially explained by the loss of self-perceived social status due to unemployment but not by the loss of household income or social contacts.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T08:53:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 55 (2018)
       
  • The intergenerational transmission of educational attainment among
           non-residential fathers and their children
    • Authors: Suzanne G. de Leeuw; Matthijs Kalmijn; Ruben van Gaalen
      Pages: 40 - 50
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 55
      Author(s): Suzanne G. de Leeuw, Matthijs Kalmijn, Ruben van Gaalen
      Research on the intergenerational transmission of educational attainment tends to assume that children are raised in traditional two-parent families. However, due to the rising prevalence of divorce, non-residential fatherhood is increasingly common in Western societies. This study investigates the differences in intergenerational transmission between residential and non-residential fathers because non-residential fatherhood might disrupt mechanisms that are assumed to be crucial for intergenerational transmission, such as regular contact between parents and children. In addition, we examine three factors that might explain why some non-residential fathers are better able to transmit their educational attainment than others: (1) the number of years a father lived with the child prior to divorce (exposure), (2) the age of the child at the time of divorce (timing) and (3) the year in which non-residential fatherhood started (cohort differences). The hypotheses are based on Coleman’s concept of ‘within-family social capital’. Our study focuses on the Dutch context and we use the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study (NKPS) (birth cohorts 1960–1985) as well as register data from the System of Social statistical Datasets (SSD) (birth cohort 1995) of Statistics Netherlands. The results of the NKPS indicate that the association between the educational attainment of fathers and children is weaker for non-residential fathers than for residential fathers. However, the difference between residential and non-residential fathers is almost absent in the more recent cohorts of the SSD. We ascribe those cohort differences to an increase in shared custody arrangements since the late 1990s.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T08:53:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 55 (2018)
       
  • Overeducation, perceived career progress, and work satisfaction in young
           adulthood
    • Authors: Koji Ueno; Alexandra Krause
      Pages: 51 - 62
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 55
      Author(s): Koji Ueno, Alexandra Krause
      Some people work in occupations that require lower levels of education than their attained education, and these “overeducated” workers tend to be less satisfied than those who work in occupations that match their attained education. This study sought to extend the previous finding by answering the following previously unexplored questions: (1) Does the association depend on the level of attained education'; and (2) Does perceived career delay account for overeducated workers’ lower work satisfaction' Data from U.S. young adults (the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Study) showed that the association between overeducation and work satisfaction was limited to severely overeducated workers with bachelor’s or graduate degrees and moderately overeducated workers with high school degrees. These people also assessed their career progress more negatively, which accounted for their lower work satisfaction. Analysis of marginal effects demonstrated that among people with bachelor’s degree, the effect of severe overeducation was strong enough to cancel out the benefit of holding the degree to improve work satisfaction.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T08:53:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.03.003
      Issue No: Vol. 55 (2018)
       
  • Bringing space into the equation: Modelling the social and spatial
           interdependence of neighborhood effects on educational outcomes
    • Authors: Christoph Zangger
      Pages: 63 - 74
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2018
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 55
      Author(s): Christoph Zangger
      While there is an ever-growing body of research on neighborhood effects on various forms of life chances, the suggested social mechanisms still refer to rather ambiguous theoretical concepts. Furthermore, previous research seldom adequately models the suggested social interdependence at the individual level. Instead, researchers largely rely on contextual regression models. This paper addresses both problems by using spatial econometrics to reconstruct neighborhood effects in terms of interdependent social action. To this end, a rational action model of neighborhood effects on educational outcomes is elaborated as a theoretical alternative. Furthermore, using data on the transition to secondary school in Switzerland as an illustration, spatial probit models are estimated to directly test neighborhood effects at the individual level. It can be shown how the interdependence of parental educational motivation within neighborhoods crucially shapes students’ transition to the more advantageous school track, thereby revealing an additional path by which educational inequalities are reproduced.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T08:53:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.03.007
      Issue No: Vol. 55 (2018)
       
  • Religiosity as a Bridge or Barrier to Immigrant Children’s
           Educational Achievement'
    • Authors: Sarah Carol; Benjamin Schulz
      Pages: 75 - 88
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 April 2018
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Sarah Carol, Benjamin Schulz
      Immigrant children in Europe remain in a position of educational disadvantage. Most studies underscore the role of the parents’ education level and their socio-economic status in the educational achievement of their children. This paper adds to the literature by exploring other factors that reduce or contribute to educational inequality among immigrant children. Using research from the United States as a reference point, we specifically examine religiosity as a device for social mobility. Religiosity may be conducive to educational attainment in two ways: (1) religious organizations may provide guidance, support and beneficial social norms that foster the formation of social capital and sanction deviant behaviour; (2) religious participation may induce an internal locus of control that encourages students to focus on learning and resist counterproductive peer influence. Other scholars argue that ethno-religious in-group ties can be a mobility trap when human capital and socio-economic status in an immigrant community is low. Using the German National Educational Panel Study (NEPS), we take a cross-sectional perspective to test these arguments for Christian and Muslim students of immigrant origin living in Germany. Our analyses reveal that religiosity is primarily relevant for Muslims’ mathematical test performance. We find that students and parents’ religiosity are not necessarily a barrier to good mathematical test performance. Yet our multidimensional measure of religiosity consisting of religious engagement, praying and subjective religiosity allows us to uncover distinct relationships depending on the form of religiosity. Christians and Muslims’ frequency of praying is positively linked to academic performance. Self-rated religiosity, however, is correlated with worse performance. Finally, we find that religious community engagement is related to better academic performance only when the share of co-ethnics in a residential area is low.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T08:53:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.04.001
      Issue No: Vol. 55 (2018)
       
  • Work made us what we are: Complexity of work, self-directedness of
           orientation, and intellectual flexibility of older US and Japanese men
    • Authors: Sho Fujihara; Toru Kikkawa; Carmi Schooler
      Pages: 36 - 45
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 54
      Author(s): Sho Fujihara, Toru Kikkawa, Carmi Schooler
      Following Kohn and Schooler’s theoretical and analytical frameworks, this study establishes that the reciprocal relationships between self-directed occupational conditions and both self-directed orientation and intellectual functioning are the same for older US and Japanese men. Using longitudinal data from representative samples of US men employed in 1964 and 1994 and Japanese men employed in 1979 and 2006, we conducted multi-group structural equation modeling. In both countries, self-directed complex work increased both self-directed orientation and intellectual functioning. Reciprocally, these two types of psychological functioning had positive effects on self-directed occupational conditions. These findings indicate that although there exist cultural and structural differences in occupational settings, in stable societies, job conditions can continue to affect and reflect central aspects of psychological functioning in relatively late life stages.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T08:53:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 54 (2018)
       
  • Shifts in subjective well-being of different status groups: A longitudinal
           case-study during declining income inequality
    • Authors: Ragna B. Gardarsdottir; Rod Bond; Arndis Vilhjalmsdottir; Helga Dittmar
      Pages: 46 - 55
      Abstract: Publication date: April 2018
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 54
      Author(s): Ragna B. Gardarsdottir, Rod Bond, Arndis Vilhjalmsdottir, Helga Dittmar
      Theory holds that as income distribution becomes more equal, the well-being of those of low socioeconomic standing increases, since their relative status is improved. In this study we measure changes in individual subjective well-being (SWB) over a three year period of declining income inequality in Iceland. Using growth mixture modelling, we identified two groups whose well-being trajectories differ. One group (n = 540) whose SWB was initially high but then declined slightly, and a second group (n = 110) whose SWB was initially low, but improved over time. This second group had lower socio-economic status and stronger materialistic values. These differing shifts in SWB coincide with diminishing income inequality and class division and the results are consistent with the status anxiety explanation of the income inequality hypothesis. Our findings suggest the need to examine separate trajectories of distinct socioeconomic groups in societies generally regarded as egalitarian, and examine the role of a materialistic value orientation further.

      PubDate: 2018-04-15T08:53:27Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 54 (2018)
       
  • The Birth Order Paradox: Sibling Differences in Educational Attainment
    • Authors: Kieron J. Barclay
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 February 2018
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Kieron J. Barclay
      This study uses population register data to examine the relationship between birth order and educational attainment in Sweden, and demonstrates that while the net effect of birth order on educational attainment is negative, later-born children often spend longer in education. The explanation for this finding is due to educational expansion in Sweden in the 20th century, which outweighs the negative causal effect of birth order for the affected cohorts. This is particularly true for women due to the fact that the rate of increasing educational enrolment has been greater for women than for men. These results also show that later-borns in large families particularly benefit from educational expansion due to the longer average birth interval between the first and last child in large families, meaning that the supply of educational opportunities increased to a greater extent in the intervening period. However, in periods where education is not expanding, later-born siblings continue to fare worse than first-borns.

      PubDate: 2018-02-26T15:04:52Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.02.001
       
  • Social mobility and subjective well-being revisited: The importance of
           individual locus of control
    • Authors: Dominik Becker; Klaus Birkelbach
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Dominik Becker, Klaus Birkelbach
      It has been postulated that movements both upward and downward the social ladder across generations attenuate individual subjective well-being (SWB) in terms of life satisfaction or happiness. Yet, results remain inconclusive concerning whether only upward, only downward, or both forms of social mobility actually harm SWB or not. We argue that whether social mobility is experienced as harmful depends on individuals’ psycho-social dispositions. As an applied example, we ask whether harmful effects of intergenerational social mobility on SWB may be different for individuals with an internal vs. external locus of control, i.e. whether individuals ascribe control of events to themselves or to outside forces. An internal locus of control has been observed to act as a buffer against stressful life events, to protect from role strain, and to better suit jobs with high demands for autonomy and flexibility. For this reason, it may attenuate potentially harmful social mobility effects as well. Using German panel data of a cohort of former Gymnasium students, we estimate a multilevel panel model of the interaction between intergenerational occupational mobility and locus of control on SWB controlled for other well-known predictors of SWB. Results suggest that respondents with a more internal locus of control are hardly affected by social mobility. In contrast, respondents with a more external locus of control obviously suffer from upward social mobility. We conclude that i) an internal locus of control may buffer against harmful effects of upward social mobility on SWB, and ii) considering differential effects by individual psycho-social dispositions can contribute to resolve inconsistencies in the analysis of social mobility effects.

      PubDate: 2018-02-05T17:35:07Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2018.01.001
       
  • Income inequality, economic growth, and subjective well-being: Evidence
           from China
    • Authors: Xiaogang Wu; Jun Li
      Pages: 49 - 58
      Abstract: Publication date: December 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 52
      Author(s): Xiaogang Wu, Jun Li
      Cross-national and longitudinal studies have previously shown mixed results on income inequality and life satisfaction, as income inequality is associated with other social trends that may affect life satisfaction differentially. This article examines the impact of income inequality on subjective wellbeing in China, where sharply rising inequality has been accompanied by rapid economic growth over the past decades. Based on a series of Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) data, we show that life satisfaction increased from 2003 to 2010, despite a dramatic rise in income inequality during the same period. Cross-sectional analysis of the CGSS in 2005, matched with prefectural-level statistics, reveals that the local economic growth rate has a positive effect, but local income inequality has a negative effect, on individuals’ life satisfaction. Provincial panel data analysis further confirms the negative effect of income inequality on life satisfaction at the aggregate level. Our findings help to clarify the mixed results in previous studies and point to the importance of both economic and social policies in improving subjective well-being in China’s transitional economy.

      PubDate: 2017-10-26T07:26:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.10.003
      Issue No: Vol. 52 (2017)
       
  • Does education affect the timing or probability of family formation?
    • Authors: Stefano Cantalini
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Publication date: June 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, Volume 49
      Author(s): Stefano Cantalini
      Research has always considered education to be an important factor behind family formation. Nevertheless, it is not clear if education primarily affects the acceleration in the timing of marriage or the ultimate probability of union formation. This work aims to fill this gap and to contribute to the theoretical discussion that opposes economic (New Home Economics) and socio-demographic approaches, studying if educational attainment affects the timing or the overall probability of marriage in Italy. Our findings show that high-educated men and women delay entry into first union, because they stay longer in the educational system, face longer transitions between the completion of studies and labour market entry, etc. However, some gender differences emerge concerning the final probability of getting married, confirming that Italy provides a social context under which NHE predictions can be at work. High-educated men spend long time in finding the first job after school, but once they enter and become established in the labour market, they totally catch up with low-educated people. Opportunity costs of high-educated women, instead, do not decrease over time and still persist later in the life course and prevent them from totally catching up with low-educated ones. This pattern is especially true among younger cohorts of women, who do not only increasingly postpone transition to adulthood and family formation, but also decrease their ultimate probability of starting a family.

      PubDate: 2017-04-05T10:34:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 49 (2017)
       
  • Poorest made poorer' Welfare implications of cross-sectional and
           longitudinal income changes during the Great Recession
    • Authors: Michael Savage
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 December 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Michael Savage
      Many of the countries worst affected by the Great Recession displayed regressive patterns of income change over the recessionary period; the poorest individuals seemed to have been disproportionately impacted by falls in real incomes. But the question remains, to what extent were the higher than average losses at the bottom of the income distribution driven by income losses for the individuals that started out poorest, or to what extent were these losses driven by individuals who fell into the poorest income positions during the recession. In this paper, I apply a decomposition of income changes at the bottom of the income distribution using a longitudinal approach, which allows us to answer this question. The results show that for five European countries with regressive patterns of income loss between 2007 and 2010, the higher than average losses in the poorest deciles were driven to a large extent by changes in composition at the bottom of the income distribution, rather than income losses for individuals that started out poorest. Welfare implications of the changes in the distribution of income are shown to depend critically on whether a longitudinal (non-anonymous) perspective is taken, and indeed how this non-anonymity is interpreted in the underlying social welfare function.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T18:51:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.12.003
       
  • Climbing up a Steeper Staircase: Intergenerational Class Mobility across
           Birth Cohorts in Argentina (2003-2010)
    • Authors: Pablo Dalle
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 December 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Pablo Dalle
      This article introduces Argentina as a relevant case of intergenerational class mobility in Latin America because of its earlier modernization, relatively open and integrated class structure and its subsequent economic decline in the last quarter of the 20th Century. The article explores trends of intergenerational class mobility rates and social fluidity across men and women birth cohorts born from 1940 to 1985 and focuses on the opportunities of upward mobility from working class origins. The results firstly show the relevance of the expansion of vacancies in the service class in impelling of upward class mobility processes. The rates of vertical upward mobility have been lower for men when compared with other Latin American countries, Italy and Spain. These rates are higher for women, situated in similar levels to those in late industrialized countries which have experienced substantial economic advances. These results are related to higher rates of class structure upgrading for women than men. Secondly, results demonstrate that long distance upward mobility to the service class as well as recruitment of the service class from working class have decreased over time for both men and women in a context of low and unsteady economic development. Thirdly, the results about social fluidity across birth cohort suggest that underneath a general trend of constant fluidity, there have been suggestive changes on the pattern of class mobility that consist of an increment of fluidity between classes at the bottom half of the class structure and less long-distance mobility between working classes and the service class. The offspring’s of working class families have been climbing a steeper stairway because class barriers in the upper middle classes have increased, especially among men. These findings contribute to support previous studies which emphasize the decisive role of structural upgrading of class structure in vertical upward class mobility and the effect of the corrosion of working class welfare conditions on negative social fluidity.

      PubDate: 2017-12-26T18:51:06Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.12.002
       
  • Low- and Moderate-Income Families’ Avenues to Mobility: Overcoming
           Threats to Asset Accumulation and Remaining in Undesirable Neighborhoods
    • Authors: Ruby Mendenhall; Karen Z. Kramer; Dylan Bellisle
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 December 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Ruby Mendenhall, Karen Z. Kramer, Dylan Bellisle


      PubDate: 2017-12-17T18:07:28Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.12.001
       
  • Climbing the Ladder or Getting Stuck: An Optimal Matching Analysis of
           Racial Differences in College Football Coaches’ Job-Level Career
           Patterns
    • Authors: Jacob C. Day
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 November 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Jacob C. Day
      To better understand the documented racial inequality in access to high status positions within the American labor market, this study investigates racial differences in job-level career patterns within the college football coaching profession. Using data on the career histories of 319 college football coaches from the 2009 season, this study examines whether black and white coaches have different job-level mobility patterns throughout their careers using optimal matching sequence analysis. Descriptive results identify five common career trajectories within the college football coaching profession that are distinguished by their relative levels of job mobility and stagnation, and the amount of time spent at the lower college and high school levels of competition before reaching the highest level of college football. Subsequent analyses indicate that white coaches are more likely to follow upward career trajectories while black coaches are more likely to get stuck in careers characterized by low-level positions. These racial differences are due, in part, to coaches’ experience as football athletes (i.e. position played). However, even given the same pre-career experience, racial differences emerge in the likelihood of traversing mobile or stagnant career pathways. The results point to particularistic processes operating to perpetuate racial inequality within the college football coaching profession similar to those that have been shown to operate in other high-status labor market contexts.

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T09:50:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.11.001
       
  • Occupations and the Wage Structure: The Role of Occupational tasks in
           Britain
    • Authors: Mark Williams; Thijs Bol
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 November 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Mark Williams, Thijs Bol
      Occupations are central to the stratification system, including the stratification of wages. One compelling explanation for how occupations relate to the wage structure is through their task content. We consider the relationships between occupational tasks and the wage structure directly using unconditional quantile regression methods, examining a broader range of occupational tasks than normally considered. We find that occupational tasks have varied implications for the wage structure in ways not always consistent with dominant technology-based explanations. We conclude that the task-based approach to conceptualising how occupations determine the wage structure is a promising avenue for future research and outline some recommendations on how to proceed.

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T09:50:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.11.003
       
  • Household Registration, Urban Status Attainment, and Social Stratification
           in Contemporary Urban China
    • Authors: Xiaogang Wu; Bingdao Zheng
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 November 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Xiaogang Wu, Bingdao Zheng
      Previous studies on the household registration system (hukou) have focused either on the selective process of hukou conversion to urban status and its impact on social stratification or on the socioeconomic disadvantages and the assimilation of rural migrant workers in cities. Pooling the data from two national probability surveys in China (CGSS 2003 and 2008), we investigate socioeconomic inequality in urban labor markets and the role played by successful and unsuccessful conversion to urban hukou status for those of rural origins. Specifically, we compare the earnings of three subgroups: those who acquired urban status through their own efforts, those who gained their urban hukou via the incorporation of their villages into cities, and rural migrants who have not obtained an urban hukou. Linear regression results show that the commonly observed earnings premium associated with urban hukou status is limited only to a subgroup of rural-origin people who obtained their urban hukou through a highly selective process. Propensity-score matching analyses further reveal that the effect of urban hukou status on earnings is positively associated with the propensity of hukou conversion to urban status, and that the urban hukou only pays off among people with better education and higher-status occupations within the state sector. These findings shed new light on the relationship between mobility processes and stratification outcomes, and bear important policy implications for the ongoing reform of the hukou system in the process of China’s urbanization.

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T09:50:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.11.002
       
  • Income volatility and mobility: A conceptual exploration of two frameworks
    • Authors: Jonathan P. Latner
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 October 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Jonathan P. Latner


      PubDate: 2017-10-26T07:26:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.10.002
       
  • Change or continuity' Intergenerational social mobility and
           post-communist transition
    • Authors: Alexi Gugushvili
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 October 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Alexi Gugushvili
      Regime change experienced in post-communist societies is of great significance for research in social stratification and mobility. Nonetheless, the existing literature does not provide a clear answer if cross-national differences in social mobility are determined by communist legacies or by the divergent paths these countries followed in their transition to the capitalist system. It is hypothesised that higher income inequality and an overall decline in material wellbeing would increase the importance of parental economic capital, whereas the relative role of parental cultural capital in offspring’s life chances would decline. For 24 societies in Central and Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus, I find evidence on the decisive role of social origins, particularly parental education, in predicting individuals’ educational and occupational attainment. However, significant and systematic changes in intergenerational social mobility from pre- to post-transitional cohorts are not observed. The derived findings are robust to alternative specifications of social origins and destinations. Arguably, differences in intergenerational links between parents’ and offspring’s socio-economic status resulted from historical discrepancies in the communist period rather than the consequences of idiosyncratic developments in post-communist transition.

      PubDate: 2017-10-26T07:26:04Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.10.004
       
  • Social Determinants of School Continuation in Mexico for cohorts of
           children born between 1991 and 1993: Evidence using panel data
    • Authors: Erika Arenas; Graciela Teruel; Luis Rubalcava
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 October 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Erika Arenas, Graciela Teruel, Luis Rubalcava


      PubDate: 2017-10-04T17:16:38Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.09.001
       
  • UNDERSTANDING INTERGENERATIONAL TRANSMISSION OF DEPRIVATION IN SPAIN:
           EDUCATION AND MARITAL SORTING
    • Authors: María A. Davia; Nuria Legazpe
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 September 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): María A. Davia, Nuria Legazpe
      This paper contributes to the literature on intergenerational transmission of deprivation in Spain by exploring how this phenomenon is shaped by education and marital homogamy. To that aim, a set of univariate, bivariate and trivariate ordered probit models are estimated on a sample of Spanish-born individuals from the module on intergenerational transmission of disadvantages in the Spanish Survey on Living Conditions 2011. We split the sample into two age groups (30-39 and 40-49-year-olds), and find similar levels of intergenerational transmission of deprivation amongst younger cohorts despite their higher educational mobility. Education is more relevant as a channel for the transmission of disadvantages across generations in the younger subsample than in the elder one. Marital sorting has a more relevant impact on the transmission of social disadvantage in the younger group. Finally, in the elder subsample, there seems to be a more genuine (beyond the observed transmission channels) transmission of (dis-)advantage, while in the younger subsample, the observed transmission channels seem to fully explain the inheritance of the risk for material deprivation.

      PubDate: 2017-09-08T15:10:19Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.08.002
       
  • Increased Educational Attainment among U.S. Mothers and their
           Children’s Academic Expectations
    • Authors: Jennifer Augustine
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 September 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Jennifer Augustine
      Existing research provides strong evidence that children with more educated parents have higher academic expectations for themselves, but has yet to consider how an increase in the education of lower educated mothers might alter the expectations of their children. In light of the historic increase in U.S. mothers’ pursuit of additional education, this study investigates this timely question using data from a nationally representative, intergenerational sample of U.S. children and mothers participating in the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth (nmothers =3,265; nchildren =8,027). Combining random and fixed effects procedures, the findings revealed that that an increase in mothers’ educational attainment is linked to an increase in their children’s expectations to earn a Bachelor’s degree. Increased maternal education did not, however, buffer against the risk that children will downgrade these expectations upon approaching the end of high school. These results have theoretical importance to traditional models of status attainment, which typically view parental education as a stable feature of family background; extend a small but burgeoning literature that explores whether and why increased maternal education improves the mobility prospects of their children; and speak to current two-generation policy approaches that aim to leverage trends in mothers education to reduce inequality for future generations.

      PubDate: 2017-09-02T14:46:16Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.08.001
       
  • Immigration, occupations, and native wages: Long time trends in the US
    • Authors: Debora Pricila Birgier
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 July 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Debora Pricila Birgier


      PubDate: 2017-08-03T08:31:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.07.002
       
  • Do Individuals with High Social Background graduate from more rewarding
           Fields of Study' Changing Patterns before and after the ‘Bologna
           Process’
    • Authors: Moris Triventi; Loris Vergolini; Nadir Zanini
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 July 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Moris Triventi, Loris Vergolini, Nadir Zanini
      In this article we investigate whether, in Italy, social background is related to graduation from more rewarding fields of study and if horizontal inequalities in higher education changed before and after the ‘Bologna process’. We analyse fields of study (FoS) as a categorical variable, as well as a quantitative variable measuring the expected returns in terms of probability of entering the upper classes (net of unemployment risks). We use five cross-sectional waves of the Italian Graduates Employment Survey (1998–2011) with more than 115,000 cases. Applying multinomial and fractional logistic regression models, we found that individuals from socio-economically advantaged backgrounds graduate from subjects that guarantee higher chances to enter the upper classes. Horizontal inequalities related to FoS of graduation grew over time, in line with the effectively maintained inequality thesis. A more pronounced increase in class-based inequalities occurred after the implementation of the ‘Bologna process’. Unlike what was found in the US, a large part of the social background differentials are not due to high school record before entering higher education.

      PubDate: 2017-07-24T07:46:14Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.07.001
       
  • Intergenerational Social Mobility in Spain between 1956 and 2011: The Role
           of Educational Expansion and Economic Modernisation in a Late
           Industrialised Country
    • Authors: Carlos J. Gil-Hernández; Ildefonso Marqués-Perales; Sandra Fachelli
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 8 July 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Carlos J. Gil-Hernández, Ildefonso Marqués-Perales, Sandra Fachelli
      This article explores intergenerational class mobility patterns and the role played by education in Spain using counterfactuals. Both men and women born from 1926 to 1981 are analysed, meaning the study covers a period of profound economic and educational advances in a late-industrialised country. The results suggest that, among the cohorts born in the 1970s, men have experienced a slight increase in social fluidity, while women have experienced a substantial increase that seems partially driven by their massively increased access to routine non-manual positions independent of their social origins. Inequality of educational opportunities and class returns to education have declined, whereas the direct effect of social origins (DESO) has remained constant for men and has decreased considerably for women. The counterfactual analysis shows that the slight increase in social fluidity for men is mainly driven by educational expansion. For women, the DESO and educational expansion account for a great share of increasing fluidity. Therefore, certain assumptions made by the Modernization Theory and Goldthorpe’s Theory of Social Mobility can be put into question.

      PubDate: 2017-07-12T15:56:46Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.06.002
       
  • Adult Men and the Post-industrial ‘Turn’: Breadwinning Gender Norms,
           ‘Masculine’ Occupational Tasks and Midlife School Trajectories
    • Authors: Cheryl Elman; Jennifer Chesters
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 June 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Cheryl Elman, Jennifer Chesters
      Post-1970s restructuring exacerbated occupational skill and occupational sex-segregation divides by reducing jobs in male-dominated occupations requiring less than college. Economic precarity might have motivated men to extend postsecondary careers into adulthood due to economic interests. However, men’s gender socialization as “breadwinners” and familiarity with performance of stereotypically “male” occupational tasks might have discouraged postsecondary attainment in adulthood. Using National Survey of Families of Households data (1987–2002), event history and multinomial methods, we find that adult men’s postsecondary entry and completion of baccalaureate and higher degrees was strongly motivated by economic factors, including market precarity. However, traditional gender role attitudes and exposure to “masculine” task performance, as countervailing forces, reduced adult men’s educational gains. We briefly address policies that might reduce adult men’s barriers to attainment.

      PubDate: 2017-07-02T21:57:42Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.06.004
       
  • From Reds to Riches: Contemporary Changes of Educational Assortative
           Mating in China
    • Authors: Freda Yanrong Wang; Raymond Sin-Kwok Wong
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 15 June 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Freda Yanrong Wang, Raymond Sin-Kwok Wong
      Ever since the Chinese Communist Party took power in 1949, China has endured multiple political mobilizations that shattered traditional norms and reshuffled social hierarchies. Its reversal to market liberalization since the late 1970s has been no less remarkable in disrupting previously established social structures. Using data compiled from the 2000 Census, this study explores the influences of these institutional transformations on educational assortative mating. The results indicate that early political mobilizations have reduced the strength of educational association moderately and continuously whereas the onset of market reforms sharply reverses the trend to increasing association. Additional analyses further reveal that couples with sent-down wives have no or weaker advantages in homogamy whereas educational association among couples who are both sent-down is significantly weaker than others. In sum, the results show that whilst the effects of economic reforms on assortative mating are massive and pervasive, early political disruptions significantly affected only certain groups, mostly women.

      PubDate: 2017-06-16T20:51:32Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.06.001
       
  • The Role of the State and the Pliability of Tradition: Israeli Palestinian
           and Middle-Eastern Jewish Women in the Labor Force
    • Authors: Yuval P. Yonay; Vered Kraus
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 June 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Yuval P. Yonay, Vered Kraus
      This article deals with the question of why the labor force participation of Arab women in MENA region is the lowest among women from all other areas in the world by comparing three Arab Middle-Eastern groups in Israel—Mizrahi Jews who originated in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), Muslim Palestinians, and Christian Palestinians. The article starts with a description of the differential treatment of the three Arab groups by the state, and then explores the impact of this differential treatment by analyzing official statistical data. The analysis shows that the pace of change in employment rates has been much slower among the two Palestinian groups than among Jewish women. The findings highlight the role of the state in determining the destiny of various groups. The state pressured Jewish women to enroll in modern institutions, providing them with better education and more work opportunities than offered the Palestinians. Comparing groups that shared similar a patriarchic culture at the outset but that evolved along separate routes thus demonstrates the importance of state policies in determining women’s social standing.

      PubDate: 2017-06-06T19:33:21Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.05.001
       
  • The Double One Percent: Identifying an Elite and a Super-Elite Using the
           Joint Distribution of Income and Net Worth
    • Authors: Lisa A. Keister; Hang Young Lee
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 May 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Lisa A. Keister, Hang Young Lee
      Growing inequality has heightened awareness of those at the top of the income and wealth distributions, and researchers are beginning to acknowledge the need for a way to identify top households that simultaneously accounts for their income and net worth. We contribute to the literatures on top income and wealth households by introducing a measure of top status that includes a larger number of affluent households and that explicitly accounts for the interrelationship between income and wealth. Our innovation is to start with both income and wealth holders and to divide the top into three groups: those who are top income only, those who are top net worth only, and those who are at the top of both distributions (the double one percent). Our results show that the top three groups are unique financially and demographically in ways that inform understanding of inequality and the processes that lead to membership in top income and wealth positions. Perhaps most importantly, our results identify those who are merely elite and those who occupy even more exclusive, or super elite, positions at the top of both the income and wealth distributions.

      PubDate: 2017-05-13T12:30:41Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.03.004
       
  • Legacies of opportunity and economic integration: Path dependent labor
           force participation in Puerto Rico’s development
    • Authors: Harold J. Toro
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 April 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Harold J. Toro
      Using a large-scale sample of the working-age population drawn from U.S. decennial census microdata for Puerto Rico, this article evaluates whether theories of labor markets adequately explain labor force participation rates in developing countries that are highly integrated to more developed nations. Significant differences across labor cohorts in the likelihood of participation of men and women indicate that participation is conditioned by historical timing of entry into the work force. A two-equation model is used to estimate the exogenous effect of expected earnings. Cohort differences persist net of controls for education and earnings. This evidence suggests path-dependent participation rates associated to distinct stages of the economic development process, and is most consistent with institutionalist perspectives in the sociology of labor markets. Cohort participation-experience profiles are not consistent with the labor-leisure choice model or with the international division of labor theory.

      PubDate: 2017-04-05T10:34:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.03.006
       
  • On the Relationship between Subjective Inequality and Generalized Trust
    • Authors: Anning
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 2 April 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Anning Hu
      Despite the well-received detrimental effect of socio-economic inequality on generalized trust, the role of subjective inequality, as defined to be the joint outcome of one's perception of factual unequal social resource distribution and normative belief about the ideal state of inequality, is elusive, which constitutes a research gap, especially in light of the increasing evidence for the independent role of subjective inequality in people's social life. Drawing on the sixth wave of the World Values Survey, this study shows that, other things being equal, one's subjective judgment of inequality has an inverted-U shape relation with generalized trust, from those who perceive the society to run short of inequality to motivate social members, to those who regard the current situation of inequality to be too serious. Such a curvilinear pattern is robust by applying to the trust in people one meets for the first time, and holds across countries with different economic, institutional, and cultural characteristics. Theoretical and policy implications are discussed.

      PubDate: 2017-04-05T10:34:20Z
       
  • Fast Lane or Down the Drain? Does the Occupation Held Prior to
           Unemployment shape the Transition Back to Work?
    • Authors: Anna Erika Hägglund; Ann-Christin Bächmann (née Hausmann)
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 29 March 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Anna Erika Hägglund, Ann-Christin Bächmann (née Hausmann)
      In this paper, we analyse transitions from unemployment into re-employment from 1993 to 2010 among German men and women, and ask whether gender differences in unemployment trajectories can be explained by the fact that men and women work in different occupations prior to unemployment. In particular, we focus on whether the sex composition of the pre-unemployment occupation plays a crucial role in structuring unemployment trajectories, or whether other occupational characteristics, such as occupational closure, are more important. We test this framework by means of retrospective life histories drawn from the German National Educational Panel Study. This individual level data is linked to aggregated occupational information, which is constructed from the German Microcensus and the Sample of Integrated Labour Market Biographies. The results of the Cox proportional-hazard models indicate that occupational characteristics predict gender differences in unemployment trajectories. Working in a male-dominated occupation prior to unemployment influences the transition rate into employment positively. At the same time, our analyses reveal that the effects of occupational characteristics differ substantially between men and women.

      PubDate: 2017-04-05T10:34:20Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.03.005
       
  • Positive choices for all? SES- and gender-specific premia of immigrants at
           educational transitions
    • Authors: Dollmann
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 March 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Jörg Dollmann
      Although often disadvantaged with respect to educational achievement, immigrants usually outperform natives at educational decisions, achievement inequalities taken into account. However, less is known about whether these ethnic premia hold true for all SES-groups and for males and females alike. Using data from the German part of the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Survey in Four European Countries (CILS4EU) and focussing on the transition after lower secondary education into academic tracks or the vocational training system and the labour market, positive choice effects among immigrants are confirmed. However, this only holds true for native-immigrant comparisons of low-SES groups. Furthermore, immigrant girls seem to attain similar transitions compared to immigrant boys, indicating no additional female advantage for immigrant girls. However, group-specific analyses reveal that such a double advantage (female advantage in addition to positive choices among immigrants) actually exist for Turkish girls, with this group showing the highest probabilities of transition into upper secondary education. Regarding an explanation, positive choice effects among immigrants are due mainly to differences in aspirations and seem to be less attributable to perceived or expected discrimination on the labour market.

      PubDate: 2017-03-29T10:00:12Z
       
  • Inter- and Intra- generational Social Mobility Effects on Subjective
           Wellbeing - Evidence from Mainland China
    • Authors: Yizhang Zhao; Yaojun Li; Anthony Heath; Nick Shryane
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 24 February 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Yizhang Zhao, Yaojun Li, Anthony Heath, Nick Shryane
      This paper contributes to the literature on wellbeing research by showing the distinct impacts of inter- and intra- generational social mobility on subjective wellbeing in mainland China. Based on the China General Social Surveys of 2006, we used diagonal reference modelling and other regression methods to assess the effects of social mobility on wellbeing. We found that wellbeing was associated with changes in class positions. In both inter- and intra- generational mobility trajectories, moving upward into a higher position was beneficial for people's wellbeing whereas different consequences were found for downward mobility: in the case of intergenerational mobility, downward mobility into the manual class did not have a marked effect on people's wellbeing as the downwardly mobile from privileged backgrounds held the prospect of counter-mobility at early career stages and inherited valuable resources; but downward mobility in one's own career life was rather detrimental to subjective wellbeing, as the downwardly mobile had to bear not only the material disadvantages found in the lower position, but also the psychological effects ensuing from the downward trajectory. We conclude that while those experiencing downward intergenerational mobility may resort to family advantages to help maintain their wellbeing levels, a similar trajectory in one's own career life may have a direct negative consequence.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T05:48:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.02.002
       
  • INTERGENERATIONAL ACCUMULATION OF SOCIAL DISADVANTAGES ACROSS GENERATIONS
           IN YOUNG ADULTHOOD
    • Authors: Teemu Vauhkonen; Johanna Kallio; Timo M. Kauppinen; Jani Erola
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 February 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Teemu Vauhkonen, Johanna Kallio, Timo M. Kauppinen, Jani Erola
      We analyze the intergenerational transmission of social disadvantages in the context of the Finnish welfare state. Previous research on intergenerational transmission has typically concentrated on educational attainment, income and social class as separate factors. Researchers commonly measure parental standing using single indicators that are very general and do not address social disadvantage; rather, these single indicators only address socioeconomic status in general. Therefore, we measure both parental disadvantage and childreńs outcomes using three indicators: dropping out of school after completing compulsory education, unemployment, and receipt of social assistance. We assume that there are differences in how strongly different disadvantage indicators are intergenerationally inherited and how they accumulate across generations. We use high-quality register data from Finland (n=157 135). Parental information was collected when each child was 15 years old, and the young adulthood outcomes were collected when the child was 22. We analyze data with sibling methods using random-effect linear regression models to study the importance of a disadvantaged background on adulthood outcomes. According to the results, all three social disadvantages are intergenerationally inherited in Finland. Accumulation of disadvantage, receipt of social assistance and dropping out of school after compulsory education are inherited more strongly than unemployment. The lack of economic resources in the family does not explain why other family disadvantages are transferred across generations.

      PubDate: 2017-02-25T05:48:18Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.02.001
       
  • Do nonresident fathers compensate for a lack of household resources? The
           associations between paternal involvement and children’s cognitive and
           educational assessments in the UK
    • Authors: Antti O. Tanskanen; Jani Erola
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 February 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Antti O. Tanskanen, Jani Erola
      This article investigated the associations between nonresident fathers’ involvement and cognitive and educational achievements in children. In particular, we tested the resource compensation model, which predicts that the involvement of nonresident fathers should compensate for the lack of household resources and that the effect should be strong, particularly in families with low resources. We use the British Millennium Cohort Study (n=3,445), in which 11-year-old children’s cognitive and educational assessments were measured using the British Ability Scale and household resources were measured using maternal education and occupation, family income, and number of books in the home (i.e., cultural capital). We found that the involvement of nonresident fathers was associated with higher scores more strongly in families with the lowest level of cultural capital, compared with others. However, nonresident fathers’ involvement was not associated with child scores more strongly in lower resource households than in higher resource households, when the resources were measured by maternal education and occupation and by family income. The results showed that, although the involvement of nonresident fathers might compensate for a lack of household resources, the effect tends to vary between resource types.

      PubDate: 2017-02-05T10:54:29Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.01.002
       
  • Preschools as language learning environments for children of immigrants.
           Differential effects by familial language use across different preschool
           contexts
    • Authors: Oliver Klein; Birgit Becker
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 January 2017
      Source:Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
      Author(s): Oliver Klein, Birgit Becker
      Children of immigrants often enter school with lower language skills than children of native-born parents. In this paper, we analyze the impact of the duration of preschool attendance on the language development from age three to six of children of Turkish immigrants and children of native-born parents in Germany. We investigate whether the impact of preschool attendance differs by familial language use while also considering different characteristics of the preschool context (quality and ethnic composition). Using fixed effects models, we find that a longer time spent in preschool is associated with better German language skills for Turkish-origin children with low levels of German language input at home. This result is very stable across different preschool contexts. The results highlight the importance of targeted interventions at an early age.

      PubDate: 2017-01-30T10:10:44Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2017.01.001
       
 
 
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